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Rokot
Part of UR-100N Family
Rokot
Rokot
Credit: Khrunichev
Russian all-solid orbital launch vehicle, consisting of decommissioned UR-100N ICBMs with a Briz-KM upper stage.

AKA: 15A30; RS-18; SS-19 Mod.1; UR-100N. Status: Active. First Launch: 1990-11-20. Last Launch: 2015-09-23. Number: 27 . Payload: 1,800 kg (3,900 lb). Thrust: 1,850.00 kN (415,890 lbf). Gross mass: 107,000 kg (235,000 lb). Height: 29.10 m (95.40 ft). Diameter: 2.50 m (8.20 ft). Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

LEO Payload: 1,800 kg (3,900 lb) to a 200 km orbit at 53.00 degrees. Payload: 1,000 kg (2,200 lb) to a 800 km SSO. Launch Price $: 15.000 million in 1999 dollars.

Stage Data - Rokot

  • Stage 1. 1 x UR-100N Stage 1N. Gross Mass: 77,150 kg (170,080 lb). Empty Mass: 5,695 kg (12,555 lb). Thrust (vac): 1,778.661 kN (399,859 lbf). Isp: 310 sec. Burn time: 121 sec. Isp(sl): 285 sec. Diameter: 2.50 m (8.20 ft). Span: 2.50 m (8.20 ft). Length: 17.20 m (56.40 ft). Propellants: N2O4/UDMH. No Engines: 4. Engine: RD-0232. Status: In Production.
  • Stage 2. 1 x UR-100N Stage 2N. Gross Mass: 12,195 kg (26,885 lb). Empty Mass: 1,485 kg (3,273 lb). Thrust (vac): 214.270 kN (48,170 lbf). Isp: 322 sec. Burn time: 183 sec. Diameter: 2.50 m (8.20 ft). Span: 2.50 m (8.20 ft). Length: 3.90 m (12.70 ft). Propellants: N2O4/UDMH. No Engines: 1. Engine: RD-0235. Status: In Production. Comments: Engine has one main engine and four verniers. Verniers continue to burn for 19 seconds after main stage shutoff.
  • Stage 3. 1 x Rokot-3 Briz. Gross Mass: 6,565 kg (14,473 lb). Empty Mass: 1,600 kg (3,500 lb). Thrust (vac): 19.600 kN (4,406 lbf). Isp: 326 sec. Burn time: 1,000 sec. Diameter: 2.50 m (8.20 ft). Span: 2.50 m (8.20 ft). Length: 1.30 m (4.20 ft). Propellants: N2O4/UDMH. No Engines: 1. Engine: S5.98M. Other designations: Briz K. Status: In Production. High performance storable liquid engine. Engine system consists of main engine plus four 11D458 plus twelve 17D58E vernier thrusters. Propellant load 3300 kg N2O4 + 1665 kg UDMH. Main engine: Capable of 8 restarts. Total deliverable impulse 2,000,000 kgf-s. Minimum impulse 2500 kg-s. Maximum burn time 1000 seconds; minimum time 1 second. Time between burns between 15 seconds and 5 hours. Vernier engines: 4 x 40 kgf. Specific impulse 275 sec. Total summary impulse 14,112 kg-s. Minimum impulse 4 kg-s. Orientation engines: 12 x 1.3 kgf. Specific impulse 270 sec. Minimum impulse 0.068 kg-s. Briz KM differs from Briz K in having 'compact' components, special payload truss for Globalstar dispenser. The truss is 1.8 m in diameter and has a volume of 8.8 m3.

Family: all-solid, orbital launch vehicle. Country: Russia. Engines: RD-0235, 17D58E, RD-0232, S5.98M. Spacecraft: GOCE, MiniSil, Proteus, SKRL, SWARM, Yubeleiniy, Radio, Glonass, Strela-3, LM 700, Simsat, GRACE, Cubesat, Mimosa, Monitor, Most, SERVIS, CryoSat, KOMPSAT-2. Projects: Iridium. Launch Sites: Baikonur, Plesetsk, Baikonur LC131, Plesetsk LC133/1, Plesetsk LC133/3, Baikonur LC175/59, Baikonur LC175/2, Plesetsk LC133/4. Stages: Briz-KM, UR-100N Stage 1N, UR-100N Stage 2N. Agency: Chelomei bureau. More at: 8545.


Photo Gallery

Start LauncerStart Launcer
Start launch vehicle canister, Svobodniy


BrizBriz
Credit: Khrunichev


Universal RocketsUniversal Rockets
Chelomei's Universal Rocket Family. From left to right: UR-100 (three variants) and UR-100N (three variants). UR-200. Original UR-500 configuration, composed of clustered UR-200's. Conventional UR-500 monoblock configuration. Selected UR-500 polyblock configuration. UR-500 two-stage configuration - ICBM version and as flown. UR-500K configuration with LK-1; with Block D upper stage and L1; with Block D upper stage for satellite launch. UR-700.
Credit: © Mark Wade


RokotRokot
Rokot launch vehicle


RokotRokot
Credit: © Mark Wade



1990 November 20 - . 04:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC131. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: Rokot.
  • Naryad-V - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VKS. Apogee: 900 km (550 mi). Noted as a suborbital test mission; but one Russian source indicates the payload was a Naryad-V satellite. That would indicate a failure to achieve orbit. No other information is available on the 'Naryad-V'..

1991 December 20 - . 21:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC175/2. Launch Pad: LC175/58. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: Rokot.
  • Grand Prix test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VKS. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1994 December 26 - . 03:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC175/59. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: Rokot.
  • Radio-ROSTO RS-15 - . Payload: RS-15. Mass: 70 kg (154 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RAKA. Class: Communications. Type: Amateur radio communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Radio. Spacecraft: Radio. USAF Sat Cat: 23439 . COSPAR: 1994-085A. Apogee: 2,151 km (1,336 mi). Perigee: 1,894 km (1,176 mi). Inclination: 64.8000 deg. Period: 127.70 min.

2000 May 16 - . 08:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. Launch Pad: LC133/pad?. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: Rokot.
  • Simsat-1 - . Mass: 657 kg (1,448 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: Eurockot. Manufacturer: Chelomei bureau. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Simsat. Spacecraft: Simsat. USAF Sat Cat: 26365 . COSPAR: 2000-026A. Apogee: 562 km (350 mi). Perigee: 543 km (337 mi). Inclination: 86.3707 deg. Period: 95.62 min.

    First Rokot flight from Plesetsk, using a launch pad originally used for Kosmos rockets. The two-stage modified UR-100NUTTKh ICBM, delivered a Briz-KM upper stage to a suborbital trajectory. The first Briz burn was to an approximately 200 x 550 km transfer orbit; the second burn circularized at apogee. It placed two 660 kg dummy satellites in orbits similar to the parking orbit was used for the defunct Iridium program. The Briz-KM stage then made a third burn to lower its perigee to a 178 x 556 km x 86.4 deg disposal orbit.

  • Simsat-2 - . Mass: 657 kg (1,448 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: Eurockot. Manufacturer: Chelomei bureau. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Simsat. Spacecraft: Simsat. USAF Sat Cat: 26366 . COSPAR: 2000-026B. Apogee: 557 km (346 mi). Perigee: 545 km (339 mi). Inclination: 86.3670 deg. Period: 95.59 min.

2002 March 17 - . 09:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. Launch Pad: LC133/pad?. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: Rokot.
  • GRACE 1 - . Payload: ESSP-2A, 'Tom'. Mass: 432 kg (952 lb). Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR, NASA. Manufacturer: Friedrichshafen. Class: Earth. Type: Seismology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: GRACE. Spacecraft: GRACE. USAF Sat Cat: 27391 . COSPAR: 2002-012A. Apogee: 464 km (288 mi). Perigee: 446 km (277 mi). Inclination: 89.0000 deg. Period: 93.70 min.

    First commercial flight of Rokot booster. Launch delayed from November 23-30, 2001, February 27, March 15 and 16. The Briz-KM upper stage ignited 5 minutes after launch and after a ten minute burn reached a 300 x 500 km orbit at about 0936 UTC. A second burn at 1042 UTC placed the satellites in a 483 x 506 km x 89 deg orbit; the two GRACE gravimetric satellites separated from the dispenser at 1047 UTC. A third Briz burn then lowered the rocket stage orbit to 146 x 487 km x 89 deg so that it would reenter quickly.

  • GRACE 2 - . Mass: 432 kg (952 lb). Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR, NASA. Manufacturer: Friedrichshafen. Class: Earth. Type: Seismology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: GRACE. Spacecraft: GRACE. USAF Sat Cat: 27392 . COSPAR: 2002-012B. Apogee: 464 km (288 mi). Perigee: 445 km (276 mi). Inclination: 89.0000 deg. Period: 93.70 min. Gravimetry, Climatology first commercial flight delayed from November23-30, 2001, February27, March15 and 16. .

2002 June 20 - . 09:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/3. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: Rokot.
  • Iridium 97 - . Payload: Iridium s/n SV97. Mass: 690 kg (1,520 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Iridium. Manufacturer: Lockheed, Motorola. Program: Iridium. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: LM 700. Spacecraft: LM 700. USAF Sat Cat: 27450 . COSPAR: 2002-031A. Apogee: 669 km (415 mi). Perigee: 659 km (409 mi). Inclination: 86.6000 deg. Period: 98.00 min. Launch delayed from June 6, 19. The two Iridium replacement mobile telephone satellites were owned by Iridium Satellite LLC, the successor to bankrupt Iridium LLC..
  • Iridium 98 - . Payload: Iridium s/n SV98. Mass: 690 kg (1,520 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Iridium. Manufacturer: Lockheed, Motorola. Program: Iridium. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: LM 700. Spacecraft: LM 700. USAF Sat Cat: 27451 . COSPAR: 2002-031B. Apogee: 666 km (413 mi). Perigee: 658 km (408 mi). Inclination: 86.6000 deg. Period: 98.00 min.

2003 June 30 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/3. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: Rokot.
  • Mimosa - . Mass: 51 kg (112 lb). Nation: Czech Republic. Agency: KVR. Class: Earth. Type: Atmosphere satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Mimosa. Spacecraft: Mimosa. Decay Date: 2011-12-11 . USAF Sat Cat: 27841 . COSPAR: 2003-031B. Apogee: 829 km (515 mi). Perigee: 316 km (196 mi). Inclination: 96.8000 deg. Period: 96.10 min. Mimosa was a 65 kg polyhedron built by Space Devices Ltd. of Praha, and operated by the Astronomical Insitute of the Czech Academy of Sciences (Astronomicky ustav AV CR). It carried an accelerometer to study atmospheric density..
  • DTUSAT - . Mass: 1.00 kg (2.20 lb). Nation: Denmark. Agency: Danish Technical University. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Cubesat. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 27842 . COSPAR: 2003-031C. Apogee: 831 km (516 mi). Perigee: 816 km (507 mi). Inclination: 98.7000 deg. Period: 101.40 min. Danish 1U cubesat DTUSat remained silent after release despite several attempts to contact it. Carried a 450-meter copper wire tether for lowering the satellite orbit..
  • AAU Cubesat - . Mass: 1.00 kg (2.20 lb). Nation: Denmark. Agency: Aalborg. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Cubesat. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 27846 . COSPAR: 2003-031G. Apogee: 831 km (516 mi). Perigee: 816 km (507 mi). Inclination: 98.7000 deg. Period: 101.40 min. Aalborg University successfully contacted its AAU-Cubesat nanosatellite after it was separated. It carried a 100-meter-resolution Earth imaging camera..
  • Most - . Mass: 66 kg (145 lb). Nation: Canada. Agency: CSA. Class: Astronomy. Type: Astroseismology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Most. Spacecraft: Most. USAF Sat Cat: 27843 . COSPAR: 2003-031D. Apogee: 834 km (518 mi). Perigee: 818 km (508 mi). Inclination: 98.7000 deg. Period: 101.40 min.

    MOST (Microvariability and Oscillations of Stars) was a Canadian Space Agency project with a 0.15m telescope which would make photometric observations of stars down to mag 6 with 1 part per million accuracy in the 3500-7000 Angstrom band. Canada's tiny "humble space telescope", celebrated its tenth anniversary of operations in 2013.

  • CanX-1 - . Mass: 1.00 kg (2.20 lb). Nation: Canada. Agency: Toronto. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Cubesat. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 27847 . COSPAR: 2003-031H. Apogee: 831 km (516 mi). Perigee: 817 km (507 mi). Inclination: 98.7000 deg. Period: 101.40 min. 1U cubesat from the University of Toronto, carried a camera for attitude determination. Failed. No signal from spacecraft..
  • CubeSat XI-IV - . Mass: 1.00 kg (2.20 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: Tokyo. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Cubesat. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 27848 . COSPAR: 2003-031J. Apogee: 833 km (517 mi). Perigee: 818 km (508 mi). Inclination: 98.7000 deg. Period: 101.40 min. Cubesat XI carried technology tests for the University of Tokyo..
  • Quakesat - . Mass: 3.00 kg (6.60 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: QuakeFinder. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Cubesat. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 27845 . COSPAR: 2003-031F. Apogee: 834 km (518 mi). Perigee: 820 km (500 mi). Inclination: 98.7000 deg. Period: 101.40 min. 3U cubesat for Stanford University/Quakesat LLC Quakesat was to be used for detection of ELF radio emissions from seismic activity. Successful..
  • Cute-1 - . Mass: 1.00 kg (2.20 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: TIT. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Cubesat. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 27844 . COSPAR: 2003-031E. Apogee: 833 km (517 mi). Perigee: 817 km (507 mi). Inclination: 98.7000 deg. Period: 101.40 min. CUTE-I carried engineering test equipment and was built by the Tokyo Institute of Technology..
  • Monitor-E/SL - . Payload: Monitor E Mock-up. Mass: 700 kg (1,540 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: KVR. Spacecraft Bus: Monitor. Spacecraft: Monitor. USAF Sat Cat: 27840 . COSPAR: 2003-031A. Apogee: 835 km (518 mi). Perigee: 694 km (431 mi). Inclination: 98.7000 deg. Period: 100.10 min. Delayed from October 2002, April 2003. Monitor-E mass model not released..

2003 October 30 - . 13:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/3. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: Rokot.
  • Servis-1 - . Mass: 840 kg (1,850 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: USEF. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: SERVIS. Spacecraft: SERVIS. USAF Sat Cat: 28060 . COSPAR: 2003-050A. Apogee: 1,016 km (631 mi). Perigee: 984 km (611 mi). Inclination: 99.5000 deg. Period: 105.10 min.

    The mission of the 'Space Environment Reliability Verification of Integrated System' was to flight test a range of commerical-grade spacecraft components including a computer, star tracker, battery, and laser gyro. The objective was to lower the cost of future satellites.


2005 August 26 - . 18:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/3. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: Rokot.
  • Monitor-E - . Mass: 700 kg (1,540 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RAKA. Manufacturer: Chelomei bureau. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Monitor. Spacecraft: Monitor. USAF Sat Cat: 28822 . COSPAR: 2005-032A. Apogee: 545 km (338 mi). Perigee: 522 km (324 mi). Inclination: 97.5000 deg. Period: 95.30 min. Delayed from June 30, July 30, August 18 2005. Prototype lightweight earth monitoring satellite with 8-meter and 20-meter resolution cameras..

2005 October 8 - . 15:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/3. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: Rokot. FAILURE: The first stage burned to depletion due to a missing command in the software sequence. This resulted in the second stage failing to separate.. Failed Stage: 1.
  • CryoSat - . Mass: 717 kg (1,580 lb). Nation: Europe. Agency: ESA. Manufacturer: EADS Astrium. Class: Earth. Type: Sea satellite. Spacecraft Bus: CryoSat. Spacecraft: CryoSat. ESA Earth Explorer 1 mission failed to orbit. The satellite was to have used radar altimetry for environmental survey of polar ice with great accuracy. Delayed from November 2004, March 25, June 24, July 11, September 15 and 27, 2005..

2006 July 28 - . 07:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/3. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: Rokot.
  • Kompsat 2 - . Payload: Arirang-2. Mass: 798 kg (1,759 lb). Nation: Korea South. Agency: KARI. Manufacturer: EADS Astrium. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KOMPSAT-2. Spacecraft: KOMPSAT-2. USAF Sat Cat: 29268 . COSPAR: 2006-031A. Apogee: 701 km (435 mi). Perigee: 676 km (420 mi). Inclination: 98.1000 deg. Period: 98.50 min. Carried a 1-meter-resolution Earth surveillance camera...

2008 May 23 - . 15:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/3. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: Rokot.
  • Yubileyniy - . Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: KVR. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 32953 . COSPAR: 2008-025A. Apogee: 1,508 km (937 mi). Perigee: 1,480 km (910 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 115.80 min. Test satellite with an amateur radio payload to commemorate (belatedly) the 50th anniversary of Sputnik..
  • Cosmos 2437 - . Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: KVR. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 32954 . COSPAR: 2008-025B. Apogee: 1,510 km (930 mi). Perigee: 1,480 km (910 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 115.90 min. Three Gonets store/dump communications satellites lofted in a single launch..
  • Cosmos 2438 - . Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: KVR. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 32955 . COSPAR: 2008-025C. Apogee: 1,508 km (937 mi). Perigee: 1,477 km (917 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 115.80 min.
  • Cosmos 2439 - . Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: KVR. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 32956 . COSPAR: 2008-025D. Apogee: 1,509 km (937 mi). Perigee: 1,479 km (919 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 115.80 min.

2009 March 17 - . 14:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/3. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: Rokot.
  • GOCE - . Mass: 1,100 kg (2,400 lb). Nation: Europe. Agency: KVR. Class: Earth. Type: Climate satellite. Spacecraft Bus: GOCE. Spacecraft: GOCE. Decay Date: 2013-11-11 . USAF Sat Cat: 34602 . COSPAR: 2009-013A. Apogee: 276 km (171 mi). Perigee: 256 km (159 mi). Inclination: 96.6000 deg. Period: 89.80 min. Gravity-Field and steady-state Ocean Circulation Explorer. Carried a gravity gradiometer..

2009 July 6 - . 01:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/3. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: Rokot.
  • Cosmos 2451 - . Mass: 225 kg (496 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: KVR. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 35498 . COSPAR: 2009-036A. Apogee: 1,507 km (936 mi). Perigee: 1,499 km (931 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 116.00 min.
  • Cosmos 2452 - . Mass: 225 kg (496 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: KVR. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 35499 . COSPAR: 2009-036B. Apogee: 1,506 km (935 mi). Perigee: 1,498 km (930 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 116.00 min.
  • Cosmos 2453 - . Mass: 225 kg (496 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: KVR. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 35500 . COSPAR: 2009-036C. Apogee: 1,505 km (935 mi). Perigee: 1,496 km (929 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 116.00 min.

2009 November 2 - . 01:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: Rokot.
  • SMOS - . Nation: Europe. Agency: KVR. Class: Earth. Type: Climate satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Proteus. Spacecraft: Proteus. USAF Sat Cat: 36036 . COSPAR: 2009-059A. Apogee: 760 km (470 mi). Perigee: 759 km (471 mi). Inclination: 98.4000 deg. Period: 100.00 min. Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity mission, obtaining climate-related data using a microwave aperture-synthesis interferometer..
  • PROBA-2 - . Mass: 130 kg (280 lb). Nation: Europe. Agency: KVR. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: MiniSil. Spacecraft: MiniSil. USAF Sat Cat: 36037 . COSPAR: 2009-059B. Apogee: 729 km (452 mi). Perigee: 709 km (440 mi). Inclination: 98.3000 deg. Period: 99.20 min. Project for On-Board Autonomy technology satellite for demonstration of technologies allowing operational autonomy. Also carried sun observation and space environment instruments..

2010 June 2 - . 01:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/3. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: Rokot.
  • Servis 2 - . Mass: 900 kg (1,980 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: KVR. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: SERVIS. Spacecraft: Servis. USAF Sat Cat: 36588 . COSPAR: 2010-023A. Apogee: 1,212 km (753 mi). Perigee: 1,185 km (736 mi). Inclination: 100.4000 deg. Period: 109.40 min. Space Environment Reliability Verification Integrated System to test usability of off-the-shelf commercial components in place of space-qualified hardware..

2010 September 8 - . 03:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: Rokot.
  • Cosmos 2467 - . Payload: Kosmos-2467. Mass: 225 kg (496 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: KVR. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 37152 . COSPAR: 2010-043A. Apogee: 1,508 km (937 mi). Perigee: 1,495 km (928 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 116.00 min. Military store-dump communications satellite..
  • Strela 3 - . Payload: Gonets-M. Mass: 225 kg (496 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: KVR. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 37153 . COSPAR: 2010-043B. Apogee: 1,510 km (930 mi). Perigee: 1,497 km (930 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 116.10 min. Civilian store-dump communications satellite..
  • Cosmos 2468 - . Payload: Kosmos-2468. Mass: 225 kg (496 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: KVR. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 37154 . COSPAR: 2010-043C. Apogee: 1,509 km (937 mi). Perigee: 1,496 km (929 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 116.00 min. Military store-dump communications satellite..

2011 February 1 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/3. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: Rokot.
  • Cosmos 2470 - . Payload: Geo-IK-2 No. 11. Mass: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb). Nation: Russia. Class: Earth. Type: Geodetic satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Glonass. Spacecraft: Glonass. Decay Date: 2013-07-15 . USAF Sat Cat: 37362 . COSPAR: 2011-005A. Apogee: 1,030 km (640 mi). Perigee: 302 km (187 mi). Inclination: 99.5000 deg. Period: 98.10 min. Stranded in transfer orbit when the Rokot launch vehicle's Briz-KM upper stage failed to restart for its second burn..

2012 July 28 - . 01:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/3. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: Rokot.
  • Cosmos 2481 - . Payload: Kosmos-2481. Mass: 225 kg (496 lb). Nation: Russia. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 38733 . COSPAR: 2012-041A. Apogee: 1,511 km (938 mi). Perigee: 1,482 km (920 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 115.90 min.
  • Gonets M 03 - . Payload: Gonets-M No. 13. Mass: 225 kg (496 lb). Nation: Russia. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 38734 . COSPAR: 2012-041B. Apogee: 1,509 km (937 mi). Perigee: 1,479 km (919 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 115.90 min.
  • Yubeleiniy 2 - . Payload: MiR. Mass: 65 kg (143 lb). Nation: Russia. Class: Communications. Type: Amateur radio communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Yubeleiniy. Spacecraft: Yubeleiniy. USAF Sat Cat: 38735 . COSPAR: 2012-041C. Apogee: 1,509 km (937 mi). Perigee: 1,482 km (920 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 115.90 min. Technology testbed built by Reshetnev with the Siberian State Aerospace University, Krasnoyarsk..
  • Gonets M 04 - . Payload: Gonets-M No. 15. Mass: 225 kg (496 lb). Nation: Russia. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 38736 . COSPAR: 2012-041D. Apogee: 1,510 km (930 mi). Perigee: 1,481 km (920 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 115.90 min.

2013 January 15 - . 16:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/3. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: Rokot.
  • Cosmos 2482 - . Mass: 225 kg (496 lb). Nation: Russia. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 39057 . COSPAR: 2013-001A. Apogee: 1,515 km (941 mi). Perigee: 1,474 km (915 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 115.86 min. Strela-3M / Rodnik-S military store-dump communications satellite. Due to Briz-KM failure, used its on-board propulasion system to maneuver to 1472 km x 1515 km x 115.86 minute operational orbit..
  • Cosmos 2483 - . Mass: 225 kg (496 lb). Nation: Russia. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 39058 . COSPAR: 2013-001B. Apogee: 1,502 km (933 mi). Perigee: 1,478 km (918 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 115.76 min. Strela-3M / Rodnik-S military store-dump communications satellite. Due to Briz-KM deployment failure, remained in 1477 km x 1502 km x 115.76 minute deployment orbit..
  • Cosmos 2484 - . Mass: 225 kg (496 lb). Nation: Russia. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 39059 . COSPAR: 2013-001C. Apogee: 1,513 km (940 mi). Perigee: 1,476 km (917 mi). Inclination: 82.5100 deg. Period: 115.86 min. Strela-3M / Rodnik-S military store-dump communications satellite. Due to Briz-KM deployment failure, used its on-board propulasion system to maneuver to 1472 km x 1515 km x 115.86 minute operational orbit..

2013 September 11 - . 23:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/3. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: Rokot.
  • Gonets-M No. 14 - . Payload: Gonets-M 05. Mass: 280 kg (610 lb). Nation: Russia. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 39249 . COSPAR: 2013-048A. Apogee: 1,508 km (937 mi). Perigee: 1,481 km (920 mi). Inclination: 82.4800 deg. Period: 115.86 min. Three low orbit communications satellites in a single launch..
  • Gonets-M No. 16 - . Payload: Gonets-M 06. Mass: 280 kg (610 lb). Nation: Russia. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 39250 . COSPAR: 2013-048B. Apogee: 1,510 km (930 mi). Perigee: 1,479 km (919 mi). Inclination: 82.4800 deg. Period: 115.86 min.
  • Gonets-M No. 17 - . Payload: Gonets-M 07. Mass: 280 kg (610 lb). Nation: Russia. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 39251 . COSPAR: 2013-048C. Apogee: 1,508 km (937 mi). Perigee: 1,481 km (920 mi). Inclination: 82.4800 deg. Period: 115.85 min.

2013 November 22 - . 12:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Pad: xxx. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: Rokot.
  • SWARM-B - . Payload: Earth Explorer-B. Mass: 468 kg (1,031 lb). Nation: Europe. Class: Science. Type: Science satellite. Spacecraft Bus: SWARM. Spacecraft: SWARM. USAF Sat Cat: 39451 . COSPAR: 2013-067A. Apogee: 515 km (320 mi). Perigee: 511 km (317 mi). Inclination: 87.7600 deg. Period: 94.89 min.
  • SWARM-A - . Payload: Earth Explorer-A. Mass: 468 kg (1,031 lb). Nation: Europe. Class: Science. Type: Science satellite. Spacecraft Bus: SWARM. Spacecraft: SWARM. USAF Sat Cat: 39452 . COSPAR: 2013-067B. Apogee: 466 km (289 mi). Perigee: 462 km (287 mi). Inclination: 87.3600 deg. Period: 93.88 min.

    A follow-up to CHAMP spacecraft, the Swarm was three satellites in three different polar orbits to measure the earth's magnetic field with high precision. Each spacecraft carried an Absolute Scalar Magnetometer; a Vector Field Magnetometer; an Electric Field Instrument; an Accelerometer; and a Laser Range Reflector.

  • SWARM-C - . Payload: Earth Explorer-C. Mass: 468 kg (1,031 lb). Nation: Europe. Class: Science. Type: Science satellite. Spacecraft Bus: SWARM. Spacecraft: SWARM. USAF Sat Cat: 39453 . COSPAR: 2013-067C. Apogee: 466 km (289 mi). Perigee: 462 km (287 mi). Inclination: 87.3600 deg. Period: 93.88 min.

2013 December 25 - . 00:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/3. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: Rokot.
  • Cosmos 2488 - . Mass: 225 kg (496 lb). Nation: Russia. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 39483 . COSPAR: 2013-076A. Apogee: 1,509 km (937 mi). Perigee: 1,480 km (910 mi). Inclination: 82.4900 deg. Period: 115.86 min. Low orbit communications satellites for the Russian military..
  • Cosmos 2489 - . Mass: 225 kg (496 lb). Nation: Russia. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 39484 . COSPAR: 2013-076B. Apogee: 1,511 km (938 mi). Perigee: 1,478 km (918 mi). Inclination: 82.4900 deg. Period: 115.86 min. Low orbit communications satellites for the Russian military..
  • Cosmos 2491 - . Mass: 225 kg (496 lb). Nation: Russia. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 39497 . COSPAR: 2013-076E. Apogee: 1,508 km (937 mi). Perigee: 1,482 km (920 mi). Inclination: 82.4900 deg. Period: 115.88 min. Fourth Russian Ministry of Defense payload not announced at time of launch. It probably corresponds to the object tracked as 2013-076E, SSN 39497, which has a 0.4 sq m radar cross section. May repreresent a Russian military small satellite testbed..
  • Cosmos 2490 - . Mass: 225 kg (496 lb). Nation: Russia. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 39485 . COSPAR: 2013-076C. Apogee: 1,511 km (938 mi). Perigee: 1,478 km (918 mi). Inclination: 82.4800 deg. Period: 115.86 min. Low orbit communications satellites for the Russian military..

2014 May 23 - . 05:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/3. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: Rokot.
  • Cosmos 2496 - . Mass: 225 kg (496 lb). Nation: Russia. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 39761 . COSPAR: 2014-028A. Apogee: 1,510 km (930 mi). Perigee: 1,481 km (920 mi). Inclination: 82.4500 deg. Period: 115.88 min. Strela-3M/Rodnik-S LEO messaging relay satellite..
  • Cosmos 2497 - . Mass: 225 kg (496 lb). Nation: Russia. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 39762 . COSPAR: 2014-028B. Apogee: 1,509 km (937 mi). Perigee: 1,479 km (919 mi). Inclination: 82.4500 deg. Period: 115.85 min. Strela-3M/Rodnik-S LEO messaging relay satellite..
  • Cosmos 2498 - . Mass: 225 kg (496 lb). Nation: Russia. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 39763 . COSPAR: 2014-028C. Apogee: 1,508 km (937 mi). Perigee: 1,477 km (917 mi). Inclination: 82.4500 deg. Period: 115.82 min. Strela-3M/Rodnik-S LEO messaging relay satellite..
  • Cosmos 2499 - . Payload: OBJECT E. Mass: 45 kg (99 lb). Nation: Russia. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: SKRL. Spacecraft: SKRL. USAF Sat Cat: 39765 . COSPAR: 2014-028E. Apogee: 1,509 km (937 mi). Perigee: 1,480 km (910 mi). Inclination: 82.4500 deg. Period: 115.86 min. Additional small military payload, eventually given the cover name Cosmos-2499. It was probably built by the Reshetnev company and may have had a mass of around 45 kg..

2014 July 3 - . 12:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/4. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: Rokot.
  • Gonets M 08 (M18) - . Mass: 225 kg (496 lb). Nation: Russia. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 40061 . COSPAR: 2014-036A. Apogee: 1,510 km (930 mi). Perigee: 1,470 km (910 mi). Inclination: 82.5100 deg. Period: 115.76 min.
  • Gonets M 09 (M19) - . Mass: 225 kg (496 lb). Nation: Russia. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 40062 . COSPAR: 2014-036B. Apogee: 1,512 km (939 mi). Perigee: 1,480 km (910 mi). Inclination: 82.5100 deg. Period: 115.89 min.
  • Gonets M 10 (M20) - . Mass: 225 kg (496 lb). Nation: Russia. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 40063 . COSPAR: 2014-036C. Apogee: 1,511 km (938 mi). Perigee: 1,478 km (918 mi). Inclination: 82.5100 deg. Period: 115.86 min.

2015 March 31 - . 13:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/3. Launch Pad: Plesetsk LC133. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: Rokot.
  • Gonets-M No. 21 - . Mass: 225 kg (496 lb). Nation: Russia. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 40552 . COSPAR: 2015-020A. Apogee: 1,507 km (936 mi). Perigee: 1,482 km (920 mi). Inclination: 82.4800 deg. Period: 115.86 min. Civilian version of the military Strela-3 store/dump message relay satellite..
  • Gonets-M No. 22 - . Mass: 225 kg (496 lb). Nation: Russia. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 40553 . COSPAR: 2015-020B. Apogee: 1,506 km (935 mi). Perigee: 1,483 km (921 mi). Inclination: 82.4900 deg. Period: 115.86 min. Civilian version of the military Strela-3 store/dump message relay satellite..
  • Gonets-M No. 23 - . Mass: 225 kg (496 lb). Nation: Russia. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 40554 . COSPAR: 2015-020C. Apogee: 1,505 km (935 mi). Perigee: 1,484 km (922 mi). Inclination: 82.4800 deg. Period: 115.86 min. Civilian version of the military Strela-3 store/dump message relay satellite..
  • Cosmos 2504 - . Mass: 225 kg (496 lb). Nation: Russia. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 40555 . COSPAR: 2015-020D. Apogee: 1,506 km (935 mi). Perigee: 1,172 km (728 mi). Inclination: 82.4900 deg. Period: 112.44 min.

    Additional military payload carried on a Gonets launch, evidently to prove orbital rendezvous or anti-satellite technology. For the first time, this payload was ejected from the Briz-KM upper stage after its depletion burn, and ended up in a lower perigee orbit than the Gonets trio. The payload began small orbit maneuvers on 9 April. On 14 April it completed a rendezvous with its Briz-KM rocket stage and appeared to have deliberately or accidentally hit the stage. It made a major orbit change on 3 July around 07:10 GMT, from its 1172 km x 1506 km orbit to a lower 1119 km x 1451 km orbit. To be the first move in a new rendezvous experiment of some kind. The satellite previously


2015 September 23 - . 22:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/3. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: Rokot.
  • Cosmos 2507 - . Mass: 225 kg (496 lb). Nation: Russia. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 40920 . COSPAR: 2015-050A. Apogee: 1,503 km (933 mi). Perigee: 1,486 km (923 mi). Inclination: 82.4900 deg. Period: 115.86 min. Three Russian Defense Ministry Rodnik-S store-dump satellites lofted in a single launch..
  • Cosmos 2508 - . Mass: 225 kg (496 lb). Nation: Russia. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 40921 . COSPAR: 2015-050B. Apogee: 1,506 km (935 mi). Perigee: 1,483 km (921 mi). Inclination: 82.4900 deg. Period: 115.86 min.
  • Cosmos 2509 - . Mass: 225 kg (496 lb). Nation: Russia. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 40922 . COSPAR: 2015-050C. Apogee: 1,507 km (936 mi). Perigee: 1,482 km (920 mi). Inclination: 82.4800 deg. Period: 115.86 min.


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