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UR-100N
UR-100N ICBM
UR-100N ICBM
UR-100N ICBM Versions
Credit: © Mark Wade
Russian intercontinental ballistic missile. The UR-100N was designed as a replacement for the UR-100 at the end of its ten year storage life. Although it could be installed in the same silos, it was 50% heavier. The competing design of Yangel, the MR-UR-100, was also put into production when the Soviet hierarchy deadlocked and could not pick one design over the other.

AKA: 15A30;15P030;Rokot;RS-18A;SS-19 Mod 1 and Mod 2;Stilleto. Status: Active. First Launch: 1972-01-01. Last Launch: 1984-01-01. Number: 73 . Payload: 4,350 kg (9,590 lb). Thrust: 2,038.00 kN (458,160 lbf). Gross mass: 105,600 kg (232,800 lb). Height: 24.00 m (78.00 ft). Diameter: 2.50 m (8.20 ft). Span: 2.50 m (8.20 ft). Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

Chief Designer Vladimir Chelomei began development of the UR-100N in 1967 as a replacement for his UR-100, the most widely deployed Soviet ICBM. He conceived of a modernized 8K84M capable of launching six independently-targeted nuclear warheads. Chief Designer Yangel at KB Yuzhnoye was promoting an alternate UR-100 replacement, his MR-UR-100. The competition between the two chief designers led to a drama universally remarked upon in memoirs of Soviet rocketeers. Both design bureaus had powerful supporters in the Soviet leadership, and no consensus could be reached as to which missile to put into production. Chelomei was supported by leadership figures Grechko, Afanasyev, and designers Sergeyev, Barmin, Baryshev and V Kuznetsov. The Yuzhnoye design was supported by Central Committee Secretary Ustinov, head of the VPK Military-Industrial Commission Smirnov, Mozhorin, Tyulin, and designers Glushko, and Pilyugin.

Keldysh headed an expert commission to select a design, but the split within the technical community resulted in a deadlock. Premier Brezhnev finally made the Solomonic but extremely expensive decision at a leadership meeting at Stalin's old dacha at Yalta -- both would be built and deployed.

Decrees authorizing full development of the missile and silo were issued on 2 September 1969 and 19 August 1970. The missile was to feature a maneuverable post-boost bus for dispensing of warheads and countermeasures on different trajectories; a digital guidance system by V Sergeyev at NII-692; and shock mounting of the missile in the silo to improve survivability and the allow it to ride out an enemy counter-force nuclear attack. The rocket itself was increased in diameter to 2.41 m. The second stage engine was completely 'submerged' in the fuel tank, to allow the maximum missile mass to be packed into the existing UR-100 silos. This nearly tripled payload compared to the original UR-100. Baryshev at TsKBM Filial 2 designed the silo modifications. The new universal missile command point was designed by Krivoshein and Aksyutin at TsKB TM. The miniature nuclear warheads were the product of NII-1011 at Chelyabinsk-70.

Test flights began on 9 April 1973 at Baikonur. The last of 27 test launches were completed in October 1975. During the series tests were made with 1, 4, and 6 warhead configurations. The first regiment became active with the missile at Pervomaisk on 26 April 1975. The missile was formally accepted by the military on 30 December 1975. The first regiment with improved 'super-hardened' silos, able to resist overpressures of up to 450 atmospheres, became operational at Tatischevo on 18 December 1976. By 1979 240 missiles had been deployed. The INS, based on that developed for the R-36M by NPO Kharton, provided an 0.26 km CEP.

In service the missiles received a minor inspection and preventive maintenance visit every three months. A major inspection and maintenance is conducted every three years. The UR-100N was launched a total of 67 times by the year 2000. These included regular service launches to verify the missile's guaranteed life. In November 1994 a missile was launched successfully after 18 years in its storage container. A 10 June 1997 a twenty-year old missile, moved in its container from a silo in Kozelsk, was launched from Baikonur, followed by a 22 year old missile on 7 October 1998. These tests resulted in the missile being certified for 25 years life in 1999, which would allow field use of the UR-100N to 2010. There was every expectation that this could be extended to 30 years.

With the collapse of the Soviet Union, 130 UR-100N's at Khmelnitskiy and Pervomaisk had their warheads removed. The rockets themselves were returned to Russia between 29 August 1996 and February 1999. By September 1998 120 of the Ukrainian silos had been destroyed. The missile remained in service in 160 silos in Kozelsk (70) and Tatishchevo (90).

Maximum range: 9,650 km (5,990 mi). Number Standard Warheads: 6. Warhead yield: 550 KT. CEP: 0.26 km (0.16 mi). Alternate warhead: 4,300 kg (9,400 lb). Maximum range with alternate warhead: 9,650 km (5,990 mi). Number Alternate Warheads: 1. Alternate warhead yield: 5,000 KT. Alternate warhead CEP: 0.26 km (0.16 mi). Boost Propulsion: Storable liquid rocket. Initial Operational Capability: 1974.

Stage Data - UR-100N

  • Stage 1. 1 x UR-100N Stage 1N. Gross Mass: 77,150 kg (170,080 lb). Empty Mass: 5,695 kg (12,555 lb). Thrust (vac): 1,778.661 kN (399,859 lbf). Isp: 310 sec. Burn time: 121 sec. Isp(sl): 285 sec. Diameter: 2.50 m (8.20 ft). Span: 2.50 m (8.20 ft). Length: 17.20 m (56.40 ft). Propellants: N2O4/UDMH. No Engines: 4. Engine: RD-0232. Status: In Production.
  • Stage 1. 1 x UR-100N Stage 1N. Gross Mass: 77,150 kg (170,080 lb). Empty Mass: 5,695 kg (12,555 lb). Thrust (vac): 1,778.661 kN (399,859 lbf). Isp: 310 sec. Burn time: 121 sec. Isp(sl): 285 sec. Diameter: 2.50 m (8.20 ft). Span: 2.50 m (8.20 ft). Length: 17.20 m (56.40 ft). Propellants: N2O4/UDMH. No Engines: 4. Engine: RD-0232. Status: In Production.
  • Stage 2. 1 x UR-100N Stage 2N. Gross Mass: 12,195 kg (26,885 lb). Empty Mass: 1,485 kg (3,273 lb). Thrust (vac): 214.270 kN (48,170 lbf). Isp: 322 sec. Burn time: 183 sec. Diameter: 2.50 m (8.20 ft). Span: 2.50 m (8.20 ft). Length: 3.90 m (12.70 ft). Propellants: N2O4/UDMH. No Engines: 1. Engine: RD-0235. Status: In Production. Comments: Engine has one main engine and four verniers. Verniers continue to burn for 19 seconds after main stage shutoff.
  • Stage 2. 1 x UR-100N Stage 2N. Gross Mass: 12,195 kg (26,885 lb). Empty Mass: 1,485 kg (3,273 lb). Thrust (vac): 214.270 kN (48,170 lbf). Isp: 322 sec. Burn time: 183 sec. Diameter: 2.50 m (8.20 ft). Span: 2.50 m (8.20 ft). Length: 3.90 m (12.70 ft). Propellants: N2O4/UDMH. No Engines: 1. Engine: RD-0235. Status: In Production. Comments: Engine has one main engine and four verniers. Verniers continue to burn for 19 seconds after main stage shutoff.
  • Stage 3. 1 x UR-100N MIRV Bus. Gross Mass: 1,100 kg (2,400 lb). Empty Mass: 725 kg (1,598 lb). Thrust (vac): 4.900 kN (1,102 lbf). Isp: 200 sec. Burn time: 150 sec. Diameter: 2.50 m (8.20 ft). Span: 2.50 m (8.20 ft). Length: 0.50 m (1.64 ft). Propellants: N2O4/UDMH. No Engines: 1. Engine: RD-0237. Status: Out of Production.


More at: UR-100N.

Subtopics

UR-100NU 15A35 Russian intercontinental ballistic missile. Development of an improved version of the UR-100N was authorized on 16 April 1976 (UR-100NU; U = UTTKh = 'Improved Technical-Tactical Characteristics). Viktor Bugaisk at TsKBM headed the engineering team. The UR-100NU was to have a new warhead dispenser bus and improved guidance system by Vladimir Sergeyev of NII-692. The new system allowed up to six pre-programmed targets to be entered, any one of which could be selected at launch. This allowed deployment of better countermeasures and a considerable improvement in accuracy.

UR-100NU 15A35S Russian intercontinental ballistic missile.

UR-100NU 15A35P Russian intercontinental ballistic missile.

Rokot Russian all-solid orbital launch vehicle, consisting of decommissioned UR-100N ICBMs with a Briz-KM upper stage.

Strela launch vehicle Russian launch vehicle by NPO MASH based on UR-100N ICBMs decommissioned from Ukrainian missile fields. 106 metric ton liftoff mass.

Rokot-KS (Rockot-KS) Russian orbital launch vehicle variant.

Family: ICBM, silo-launched. Country: Russia. Engines: RD-0235, RD-0237, RD-0232. Spacecraft: GOCE, MiniSil, Proteus, SKRL, SWARM, Yubeleiniy, Radio, Glonass, Strela-3, LM 700, Kondor, Simsat, GRACE, Cubesat, Mimosa, Monitor, Most, SERVIS, CryoSat, KOMPSAT-2. Launch Sites: Baikonur. Stages: UR-100N Stage 1N, UR-100N Stage 2N. Agency: Chelomei bureau. Bibliography: 193, 2, 42, 455, 475, 476, 552, 554, 6.
Photo Gallery

Universal RocketsUniversal Rockets
Chelomei's Universal Rocket Family. From left to right: UR-100 (three variants) and UR-100N (three variants). UR-200. Original UR-500 configuration, composed of clustered UR-200's. Conventional UR-500 monoblock configuration. Selected UR-500 polyblock configuration. UR-500 two-stage configuration - ICBM version and as flown. UR-500K configuration with LK-1; with Block D upper stage and L1; with Block D upper stage for satellite launch. UR-700.
Credit: © Mark Wade


RokotRokot
Credit: © Mark Wade



1972 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Mod 1 state trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1972 September 15 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Mod 1 state trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1973 April 9 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N.
  • Mod 2 state trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1973 June 1 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1973 July 1 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1973 August 1 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1973 September 1 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1973 September 1 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1973 October 1 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1973 November 1 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1973 December 1 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1973 December 28 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N.
  • Mod 1 state trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 January 25 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 January 26 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 February 19 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 February 21 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 July 1 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1975 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1975 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1975 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1975 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1975 June 16 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1975 July 4 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1976 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1976 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1976 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1976 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1976 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1976 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N.
  • SLI missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1976 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1976 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1976 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1976 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N.
  • SLI missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1976 May 24 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1976 August 21 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1976 December 14 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1976 December 28 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1977 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1977 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1977 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1977 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1977 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1977 October 26 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU 15A35.
  • First UR-100NU launch. Joint flight trials launch. - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1977 December 1 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU 15A35.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1978 - . Launch Site: Tatishchevo. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N.
  • Off site test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1978 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU 15A35.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1978 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU 15A35.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1978 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU 15A35.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1978 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU 15A35.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1978 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU 15A35.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1978 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU 15A35.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1978 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU 15A35.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1978 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU 15A35.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1978 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU 15A35.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1978 January 1 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1978 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU 15A35.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1978 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU 15A35.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1978 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU 15A35.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1978 January 1 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1978 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1978 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU 15A35.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1979 - . Launch Site: Tatishchevo. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N.
  • Off site test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1979 - . Launch Site: Tatishchevo. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N.
  • Off site test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1979 - . Launch Site: Tatishchevo. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N.
  • Off site test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1979 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU 15A35.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1979 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU 15A35.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1979 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU 15A35.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1979 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU 15A35.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1979 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU 15A35.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1979 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU 15A35.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1979 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU 15A35.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1980 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU 15A35.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1980 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU 15A35.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1980 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU 15A35.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1980 June 5 - . Launch Site: Tatishchevo. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N.
  • Off site test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1980 July 1 - . Launch Site: Tatishchevo. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N.
  • Off site test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1981 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU 15A35.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1981 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU 15A35.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1981 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU 15A35.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1981 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU 15A35.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1981 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU 15A35.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1981 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU 15A35.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1981 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1981 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1981 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1981 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1981 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1981 April 3 - . Launch Site: Tatishchevo. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N.
  • ICBM operational test launch from missile base silo - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1981 April 12 - . Launch Site: Tatishchevo. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N.
  • ICBM operational test launch from missile base silo - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1981 September 8 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1982 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU 15A35.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1982 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU 15A35.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1982 January 8 - . Launch Site: Tatishchevo. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N.
  • ICBM operational test launch from missile base silo - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1982 June 18 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU 15A35.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1982 June 18 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU 15A35.
  • Combat training launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1982 October 21 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU 15A35S.
1982 December 8 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU 15A35S.
1982 December 22 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU 15A35S. FAILURE: Failure.
  • SLI missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1983 - . Launch Site: Tatishchevo. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU 15A35.
  • ICBM operational test launch from missile base silo - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1983 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU 15A35.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1983 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU 15A35.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1983 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU 15A35.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1983 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU 15A35.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1983 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU 15A35S.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1983 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU 15A35S.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1983 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU 15A35S.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1983 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU 15A35S.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1983 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU 15A35S.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1983 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU 15A35S.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1983 January 28 - . Launch Site: Tatishchevo. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N.
  • ICBM operational test launch from missile base silo - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1983 September 2 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU 15A35. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1984 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1984 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU 15A35.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1984 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU 15A35.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1984 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU 15A35.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1984 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1984 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU 15A35.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1984 July 10 - . Launch Site: Tatishchevo. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU 15A35.
  • ICBM operational test launch from missile base silo - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1984 December 6 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU 15A35S. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1985 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU 15A35.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1985 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU 15A35.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1985 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU 15A35.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1985 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU 15A35.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1985 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU 15A35.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1985 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU 15A35.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1986 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU 15A35S.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1986 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU 15A35.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1986 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU 15A35.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1986 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU 15A35.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1986 December 9 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU 15A35.
  • LKI - . Nation: Kazakhstan. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Not in XPC.

1987 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU 15A35.
  • UBP - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1987 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU 15A35.
  • Combat training launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1987 February 12 - . Launch Site: Tatishchevo. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU 15A35.
  • Trajectory Test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1987 June 5 - . Launch Site: Tatishchevo. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU 15A35. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Combat training launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1987 December 3 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU 15A35.
  • UBP - . Nation: Kazakhstan. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Not in XPC.

1988 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU 15A35.
  • Combat training launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1990 February 28 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU 15A35.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1990 March 29 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU 15A35P.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1990 November 20 - . 04:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC131. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: Rokot.
  • Naryad-V - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VKS. Apogee: 900 km (550 mi). Noted as a suborbital test mission; but one Russian source indicates the payload was a Naryad-V satellite. That would indicate a failure to achieve orbit. No other information is available on the 'Naryad-V'..

1990 December 21 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU 15A35P.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1991 August 15 - . 12:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU 15A35.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1991 November 26 - . 02:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU 15A35P.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1991 December 20 - . 21:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC175/2. Launch Pad: LC175/58. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: Rokot.
  • Grand Prix test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VKS. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1992 July 28 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU 15A35P.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1992 December 1 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU 15A35. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1993 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU 15A35.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1994 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU 15A35.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1994 December 26 - . 03:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC175/59. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: Rokot.
  • Radio-ROSTO RS-15 - . Payload: RS-15. Mass: 70 kg (154 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RAKA. Class: Communications. Type: Amateur radio communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela-1. Spacecraft: Radio. USAF Sat Cat: 23439 . COSPAR: 1994-085A. Apogee: 2,151 km (1,336 mi). Perigee: 1,894 km (1,176 mi). Inclination: 64.8000 deg. Period: 127.70 min.

1995 June 8 - . 12:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU 15A35.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1996 June 6 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU 15A35.
  • Operational test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1997 June 9 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU 15A35.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1998 October 7 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU 15A35.
  • Operational test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1998 December 10 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU 15A35.
  • Operational test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1999 October 20 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC175/2. Launch Pad: LC175/pad?. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU 15A35.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

2000 May 16 - . 08:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. Launch Pad: LC133/pad?. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: Rokot.
  • Simsat-1 - . Mass: 657 kg (1,448 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: Eurockot. Manufacturer: Chelomei bureau. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: Simsat. USAF Sat Cat: 26365 . COSPAR: 2000-026A. Apogee: 562 km (350 mi). Perigee: 543 km (337 mi). Inclination: 86.3707 deg. Period: 95.62 min.

    First Rokot flight from Plesetsk, using a launch pad originally used for Kosmos rockets. The two-stage modified UR-100NUTTKh ICBM, delivered a Briz-KM upper stage to a suborbital trajectory. The first Briz burn was to an approximately 200 x 550 km transfer orbit; the second burn circularized at apogee. It placed two 660 kg dummy satellites in orbits similar to the parking orbit was used for the defunct Iridium program. The Briz-KM stage then made a third burn to lower its perigee to a 178 x 556 km x 86.4 deg disposal orbit.

  • Simsat-2 - . Mass: 657 kg (1,448 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: Eurockot. Manufacturer: Chelomei bureau. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: Simsat. USAF Sat Cat: 26366 . COSPAR: 2000-026B. Apogee: 557 km (346 mi). Perigee: 545 km (339 mi). Inclination: 86.3670 deg. Period: 95.59 min.

2000 November 1 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC175/2. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU 15A35.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

2001 June 27 - . 04:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC132. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU 15A35.
  • OT (KGCh-2?) operational test launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

2001 October 26 - . 12:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC175/2. Launch Pad: LC175/pad?. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU 15A35.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

2002 March 17 - . 09:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. Launch Pad: LC133/pad?. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: Rokot.
  • GRACE 1 - . Payload: ESSP-2A, 'Tom'. Mass: 432 kg (952 lb). Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR, NASA. Manufacturer: Friedrichshafen. Class: Earth. Type: Seismology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: CHAMP. Spacecraft: GRACE. USAF Sat Cat: 27391 . COSPAR: 2002-012A. Apogee: 464 km (288 mi). Perigee: 446 km (277 mi). Inclination: 89.0000 deg. Period: 93.70 min.

    First commercial flight of Rokot booster. Launch delayed from November 23-30, 2001, February 27, March 15 and 16. The Briz-KM upper stage ignited 5 minutes after launch and after a ten minute burn reached a 300 x 500 km orbit at about 0936 UTC. A second burn at 1042 UTC placed the satellites in a 483 x 506 km x 89 deg orbit; the two GRACE gravimetric satellites separated from the dispenser at 1047 UTC. A third Briz burn then lowered the rocket stage orbit to 146 x 487 km x 89 deg so that it would reenter quickly.

  • GRACE 2 - . Mass: 432 kg (952 lb). Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR, NASA. Manufacturer: Friedrichshafen. Class: Earth. Type: Seismology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: CHAMP. Spacecraft: GRACE. USAF Sat Cat: 27392 . COSPAR: 2002-012B. Apogee: 464 km (288 mi). Perigee: 445 km (276 mi). Inclination: 89.0000 deg. Period: 93.70 min. Gravimetry, Climatology first commercial flight delayed from November23-30, 2001, February27, March15 and 16. .

2002 June 20 - . 09:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/3. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: Rokot.
  • Iridium 97 - . Payload: Iridium s/n SV97. Mass: 690 kg (1,520 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Iridium. Manufacturer: Lockheed, Motorola. Program: Iridium. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: LM 700. USAF Sat Cat: 27450 . COSPAR: 2002-031A. Apogee: 669 km (415 mi). Perigee: 659 km (409 mi). Inclination: 86.6000 deg. Period: 98.00 min. Launch delayed from June 6, 19. The two Iridium replacement mobile telephone satellites were owned by Iridium Satellite LLC, the successor to bankrupt Iridium LLC..
  • Iridium 98 - . Payload: Iridium s/n SV98. Mass: 690 kg (1,520 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Iridium. Manufacturer: Lockheed, Motorola. Program: Iridium. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: LM 700. USAF Sat Cat: 27451 . COSPAR: 2002-031B. Apogee: 666 km (413 mi). Perigee: 658 km (408 mi). Inclination: 86.6000 deg. Period: 98.00 min.

2002 December 10 - . 05:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC132. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU 15A35.
  • OT 6RVs operational test launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Suborbital ICBM test with dummy warhead. Test delayed from November 1, December 5..

2003 June 30 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/3. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: Rokot.
  • Mimosa - . Mass: 51 kg (112 lb). Nation: Czech Republic. Agency: KVR. Class: Earth. Type: Atmosphere satellite. Spacecraft: Mimosa. Decay Date: 2011-12-11 . USAF Sat Cat: 27841 . COSPAR: 2003-031B. Apogee: 829 km (515 mi). Perigee: 316 km (196 mi). Inclination: 96.8000 deg. Period: 96.10 min. Mimosa was a 65 kg polyhedron built by Space Devices Ltd. of Praha, and operated by the Astronomical Insitute of the Czech Academy of Sciences (Astronomicky ustav AV CR). It carried an accelerometer to study atmospheric density..
  • CanX-1 - . Mass: 1.00 kg (2.20 lb). Nation: Canada. Agency: Toronto. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 27847 . COSPAR: 2003-031H. Apogee: 831 km (516 mi). Perigee: 817 km (507 mi). Inclination: 98.7000 deg. Period: 101.40 min. 1U cubesat from the University of Toronto, carried a camera for attitude determination. Failed. No signal from spacecraft..
  • Most - . Mass: 66 kg (145 lb). Nation: Canada. Agency: CSA. Class: Astronomy. Type: Astroseismology satellite. Spacecraft: Most. USAF Sat Cat: 27843 . COSPAR: 2003-031D. Apogee: 834 km (518 mi). Perigee: 818 km (508 mi). Inclination: 98.7000 deg. Period: 101.40 min.

    MOST (Microvariability and Oscillations of Stars) was a Canadian Space Agency project with a 0.15m telescope which would make photometric observations of stars down to mag 6 with 1 part per million accuracy in the 3500-7000 Angstrom band. Canada's tiny "humble space telescope", celebrated its tenth anniversary of operations in 2013.

  • Quakesat - . Mass: 3.00 kg (6.60 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: QuakeFinder. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 27845 . COSPAR: 2003-031F. Apogee: 834 km (518 mi). Perigee: 820 km (500 mi). Inclination: 98.7000 deg. Period: 101.40 min. 3U cubesat for Stanford University/Quakesat LLC Quakesat was to be used for detection of ELF radio emissions from seismic activity. Successful..
  • CubeSat XI-IV - . Mass: 1.00 kg (2.20 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: Tokyo. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 27848 . COSPAR: 2003-031J. Apogee: 833 km (517 mi). Perigee: 818 km (508 mi). Inclination: 98.7000 deg. Period: 101.40 min. Cubesat XI carried technology tests for the University of Tokyo..
  • AAU Cubesat - . Mass: 1.00 kg (2.20 lb). Nation: Denmark. Agency: Aalborg. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 27846 . COSPAR: 2003-031G. Apogee: 831 km (516 mi). Perigee: 816 km (507 mi). Inclination: 98.7000 deg. Period: 101.40 min. Aalborg University successfully contacted its AAU-Cubesat nanosatellite after it was separated. It carried a 100-meter-resolution Earth imaging camera..
  • DTUSAT - . Mass: 1.00 kg (2.20 lb). Nation: Denmark. Agency: Danish Technical University. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 27842 . COSPAR: 2003-031C. Apogee: 831 km (516 mi). Perigee: 816 km (507 mi). Inclination: 98.7000 deg. Period: 101.40 min. Danish 1U cubesat DTUSat remained silent after release despite several attempts to contact it. Carried a 450-meter copper wire tether for lowering the satellite orbit..
  • Cute-1 - . Mass: 1.00 kg (2.20 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: TIT. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 27844 . COSPAR: 2003-031E. Apogee: 833 km (517 mi). Perigee: 817 km (507 mi). Inclination: 98.7000 deg. Period: 101.40 min. CUTE-I carried engineering test equipment and was built by the Tokyo Institute of Technology..
  • Monitor-E/SL - . Payload: Monitor E Mock-up. Mass: 700 kg (1,540 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: KVR. Spacecraft Bus: Yakhta. Spacecraft: Monitor. USAF Sat Cat: 27840 . COSPAR: 2003-031A. Apogee: 835 km (518 mi). Perigee: 694 km (431 mi). Inclination: 98.7000 deg. Period: 100.10 min. Delayed from October 2002, April 2003. Monitor-E mass model not released..

2003 October 30 - . 13:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/3. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: Rokot.
  • Servis-1 - . Mass: 840 kg (1,850 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: USEF. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: SERVIS. USAF Sat Cat: 28060 . COSPAR: 2003-050A. Apogee: 1,016 km (631 mi). Perigee: 984 km (611 mi). Inclination: 99.5000 deg. Period: 105.10 min.

    The mission of the 'Space Environment Reliability Verification of Integrated System' was to flight test a range of commerical-grade spacecraft components including a computer, star tracker, battery, and laser gyro. The objective was to lower the cost of future satellites.


2003 December 5 - . 06:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC175/2. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: Strela launch vehicle.
  • Payload Mockup - . Nation: Russia. Agency: KVR. Decay Date: 2015-12-15 . USAF Sat Cat: 28098 . COSPAR: 2003-055A. Apogee: 460 km (280 mi). Perigee: 454 km (282 mi). Inclination: 67.1000 deg. Period: 93.70 min. Originally reported as an ICBM test. A Reuters story, later confirmed, claimed it was the first orbital launch of the Strela version of the rocket..

2004 February 18 - . 09:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU 15A35.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Launched during a nationwide military exercise..

2004 August 11 - . 10:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU 15A35.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

2005 August 26 - . 18:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/3. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: Rokot.
  • Monitor-E - . Mass: 700 kg (1,540 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RAKA. Manufacturer: Chelomei bureau. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Yakhta. Spacecraft: Monitor. USAF Sat Cat: 28822 . COSPAR: 2005-032A. Apogee: 545 km (338 mi). Perigee: 522 km (324 mi). Inclination: 97.5000 deg. Period: 95.30 min. Delayed from June 30, July 30, August 18 2005. Prototype lightweight earth monitoring satellite with 8-meter and 20-meter resolution cameras..

2005 October 8 - . 15:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/3. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: Rokot. FAILURE: The first stage burned to depletion due to a missing command in the software sequence. This resulted in the second stage failing to separate.. Failed Stage: 1.
  • CryoSat - . Mass: 717 kg (1,580 lb). Nation: Europe. Agency: ESA. Manufacturer: EADS Astrium. Class: Earth. Type: Sea satellite. Spacecraft: CryoSat. ESA Earth Explorer 1 mission failed to orbit. The satellite was to have used radar altimetry for environmental survey of polar ice with great accuracy. Delayed from November 2004, March 25, June 24, July 11, September 15 and 27, 2005..

2005 October 20 - . 07:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC175/2. Launch Pad: LC175/pad?. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU 15A35.
  • OT Kura - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

2006 July 28 - . 07:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/3. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: Rokot.
  • Kompsat 2 - . Payload: Arirang-2. Mass: 798 kg (1,759 lb). Nation: Korea South. Agency: KARI. Manufacturer: EADS Astrium. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: KOMPSAT-2. USAF Sat Cat: 29268 . COSPAR: 2006-031A. Apogee: 701 km (435 mi). Perigee: 676 km (420 mi). Inclination: 98.1000 deg. Period: 98.50 min. Carried a 1-meter-resolution Earth surveillance camera...

2006 November 9 - . 11:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC175/2. Launch Pad: LC175/pad?. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU 15A35.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: Kazakhstan. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

2007 October 29 - . 09:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC175/2. Launch Pad: LC175/pad?. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU 15A35.
  • Operational test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

2008 May 23 - . 15:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/3. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: Rokot.
  • Yubileyniy - . Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: KVR. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 32953 . COSPAR: 2008-025A. Apogee: 1,508 km (937 mi). Perigee: 1,480 km (910 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 115.80 min. Test satellite with an amateur radio payload to commemorate (belatedly) the 50th anniversary of Sputnik..
  • Cosmos 2437 - . Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: KVR. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 32954 . COSPAR: 2008-025B. Apogee: 1,510 km (930 mi). Perigee: 1,480 km (910 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 115.90 min. Three Gonets store/dump communications satellites lofted in a single launch..
  • Cosmos 2438 - . Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: KVR. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 32955 . COSPAR: 2008-025C. Apogee: 1,508 km (937 mi). Perigee: 1,477 km (917 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 115.80 min.
  • Cosmos 2439 - . Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: KVR. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 32956 . COSPAR: 2008-025D. Apogee: 1,509 km (937 mi). Perigee: 1,479 km (919 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 115.80 min.

2008 October 22 - . 09:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC175/2. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU 15A35.
  • Kura OT - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

2009 March 17 - . 14:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/3. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: Rokot.
  • GOCE - . Mass: 1,100 kg (2,400 lb). Nation: Europe. Agency: KVR. Class: Earth. Type: Climate satellite. Spacecraft: GOCE. Decay Date: 2013-11-11 . USAF Sat Cat: 34602 . COSPAR: 2009-013A. Apogee: 276 km (171 mi). Perigee: 256 km (159 mi). Inclination: 96.6000 deg. Period: 89.80 min. Gravity-Field and steady-state Ocean Circulation Explorer. Carried a gravity gradiometer..

2009 July 6 - . 01:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/3. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: Rokot.
  • Cosmos 2451 - . Mass: 225 kg (496 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: KVR. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 35498 . COSPAR: 2009-036A. Apogee: 1,507 km (936 mi). Perigee: 1,499 km (931 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 116.00 min.
  • Cosmos 2452 - . Mass: 225 kg (496 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: KVR. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 35499 . COSPAR: 2009-036B. Apogee: 1,506 km (935 mi). Perigee: 1,498 km (930 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 116.00 min.
  • Cosmos 2453 - . Mass: 225 kg (496 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: KVR. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 35500 . COSPAR: 2009-036C. Apogee: 1,505 km (935 mi). Perigee: 1,496 km (929 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 116.00 min.

2009 November 2 - . 01:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: Rokot.
  • SMOS - . Nation: Europe. Agency: KVR. Class: Earth. Type: Climate satellite. Spacecraft: Proteus. USAF Sat Cat: 36036 . COSPAR: 2009-059A. Apogee: 760 km (470 mi). Perigee: 759 km (471 mi). Inclination: 98.4000 deg. Period: 100.00 min. Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity mission, obtaining climate-related data using a microwave aperture-synthesis interferometer..
  • PROBA-2 - . Mass: 130 kg (280 lb). Nation: Europe. Agency: KVR. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft: MiniSil. USAF Sat Cat: 36037 . COSPAR: 2009-059B. Apogee: 729 km (452 mi). Perigee: 709 km (440 mi). Inclination: 98.3000 deg. Period: 99.20 min. Project for On-Board Autonomy technology satellite for demonstration of technologies allowing operational autonomy. Also carried sun observation and space environment instruments..

2010 June 2 - . 01:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/3. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: Rokot.
  • Servis 2 - . Mass: 900 kg (1,980 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: KVR. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft: Servis. USAF Sat Cat: 36588 . COSPAR: 2010-023A. Apogee: 1,212 km (753 mi). Perigee: 1,185 km (736 mi). Inclination: 100.4000 deg. Period: 109.40 min. Space Environment Reliability Verification Integrated System to test usability of off-the-shelf commercial components in place of space-qualified hardware..

2010 September 8 - . 03:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: Rokot.
  • Cosmos 2467 - . Payload: Kosmos-2467. Mass: 225 kg (496 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: KVR. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 37152 . COSPAR: 2010-043A. Apogee: 1,508 km (937 mi). Perigee: 1,495 km (928 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 116.00 min. Military store-dump communications satellite..
  • Strela 3 - . Payload: Gonets-M. Mass: 225 kg (496 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: KVR. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 37153 . COSPAR: 2010-043B. Apogee: 1,510 km (930 mi). Perigee: 1,497 km (930 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 116.10 min. Civilian store-dump communications satellite..
  • Cosmos 2468 - . Payload: Kosmos-2468. Mass: 225 kg (496 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: KVR. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 37154 . COSPAR: 2010-043C. Apogee: 1,509 km (937 mi). Perigee: 1,496 km (929 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 116.00 min. Military store-dump communications satellite..

2011 February 1 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/3. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: Rokot.
  • Cosmos 2470 - . Payload: Geo-IK-2 No. 11. Mass: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb). Nation: Russia. Class: Earth. Type: Geodetic satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass. Decay Date: 2013-07-15 . USAF Sat Cat: 37362 . COSPAR: 2011-005A. Apogee: 1,030 km (640 mi). Perigee: 302 km (187 mi). Inclination: 99.5000 deg. Period: 98.10 min. Stranded in transfer orbit when the Rokot launch vehicle's Briz-KM upper stage failed to restart for its second burn..

2011 December 27 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU 15A35.
  • UR-100NU test - . Nation: Russia. Carried experimental reentry vehicle..

2012 July 28 - . 01:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/3. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: Rokot.
  • Cosmos 2481 - . Payload: Kosmos-2481. Mass: 225 kg (496 lb). Nation: Russia. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 38733 . COSPAR: 2012-041A. Apogee: 1,511 km (938 mi). Perigee: 1,482 km (920 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 115.90 min.
  • Gonets M 03 - . Payload: Gonets-M No. 13. Mass: 225 kg (496 lb). Nation: Russia. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 38734 . COSPAR: 2012-041B. Apogee: 1,509 km (937 mi). Perigee: 1,479 km (919 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 115.90 min.
  • Yubeleiniy 2 - . Payload: MiR. Mass: 65 kg (143 lb). Nation: Russia. Class: Communications. Type: Amateur radio communications satellite. Spacecraft: Yubeleiniy. USAF Sat Cat: 38735 . COSPAR: 2012-041C. Apogee: 1,509 km (937 mi). Perigee: 1,482 km (920 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 115.90 min. Technology testbed built by Reshetnev with the Siberian State Aerospace University, Krasnoyarsk..
  • Gonets M 04 - . Payload: Gonets-M No. 15. Mass: 225 kg (496 lb). Nation: Russia. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 38736 . COSPAR: 2012-041D. Apogee: 1,510 km (930 mi). Perigee: 1,481 km (920 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 115.90 min.

2013 January 15 - . 16:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/3. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: Rokot.
  • Cosmos 2482 - . Mass: 225 kg (496 lb). Nation: Russia. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 39057 . COSPAR: 2013-001A. Apogee: 1,515 km (941 mi). Perigee: 1,474 km (915 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 115.86 min. Strela-3M / Rodnik-S military store-dump communications satellite. Due to Briz-KM failure, used its on-board propulasion system to maneuver to 1472 km x 1515 km x 115.86 minute operational orbit..
  • Cosmos 2483 - . Mass: 225 kg (496 lb). Nation: Russia. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 39058 . COSPAR: 2013-001B. Apogee: 1,502 km (933 mi). Perigee: 1,478 km (918 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 115.76 min. Strela-3M / Rodnik-S military store-dump communications satellite. Due to Briz-KM deployment failure, remained in 1477 km x 1502 km x 115.76 minute deployment orbit..
  • Cosmos 2484 - . Mass: 225 kg (496 lb). Nation: Russia. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 39059 . COSPAR: 2013-001C. Apogee: 1,513 km (940 mi). Perigee: 1,476 km (917 mi). Inclination: 82.5100 deg. Period: 115.86 min. Strela-3M / Rodnik-S military store-dump communications satellite. Due to Briz-KM deployment failure, used its on-board propulasion system to maneuver to 1472 km x 1515 km x 115.86 minute operational orbit..

2013 June 27 - . 16:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC175/2. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: Strela launch vehicle.
  • Cosmos 2487 - . Mass: 1,000 kg (2,200 lb). Nation: Russia. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources radar satellite. Spacecraft: Kondor. USAF Sat Cat: 39194 . COSPAR: 2013-032A. Apogee: 501 km (311 mi). Perigee: 497 km (308 mi). Inclination: 74.7300 deg. Period: 94.60 min.

    First Kondor satellite, part of a new system of optical and radar military surveillance satellites; payload on this mission reportedly an S-band synthetic apperture radar with a swath width of 10 km and ground resolution of 1 m in spotlight mode, 3 m in stripmap mode, and 5-30 m in ScanSAR mode.


2013 September 11 - . 23:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/3. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: Rokot.
  • Gonets-M No. 14 - . Payload: Gonets-M 05. Mass: 280 kg (610 lb). Nation: Russia. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 39249 . COSPAR: 2013-048A. Apogee: 1,508 km (937 mi). Perigee: 1,481 km (920 mi). Inclination: 82.4800 deg. Period: 115.86 min. Three low orbit communications satellites in a single launch..
  • Gonets-M No. 16 - . Payload: Gonets-M 06. Mass: 280 kg (610 lb). Nation: Russia. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 39250 . COSPAR: 2013-048B. Apogee: 1,510 km (930 mi). Perigee: 1,479 km (919 mi). Inclination: 82.4800 deg. Period: 115.86 min.
  • Gonets-M No. 17 - . Payload: Gonets-M 07. Mass: 280 kg (610 lb). Nation: Russia. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 39251 . COSPAR: 2013-048C. Apogee: 1,508 km (937 mi). Perigee: 1,481 km (920 mi). Inclination: 82.4800 deg. Period: 115.85 min.

2013 Sep 27? - . Launch Site: Dombarovskiy. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU 15A35.
  • Hypersonic RV - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

2013 November 22 - . 12:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Pad: xxx. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: Rokot.
  • SWARM-B - . Payload: Earth Explorer-B. Mass: 468 kg (1,031 lb). Nation: Europe. Class: Science. Type: Science satellite. Spacecraft: SWARM. USAF Sat Cat: 39451 . COSPAR: 2013-067A. Apogee: 515 km (320 mi). Perigee: 511 km (317 mi). Inclination: 87.7600 deg. Period: 94.89 min.
  • SWARM-A - . Payload: Earth Explorer-A. Mass: 468 kg (1,031 lb). Nation: Europe. Class: Science. Type: Science satellite. Spacecraft: SWARM. USAF Sat Cat: 39452 . COSPAR: 2013-067B. Apogee: 466 km (289 mi). Perigee: 462 km (287 mi). Inclination: 87.3600 deg. Period: 93.88 min.

    A follow-up to CHAMP spacecraft, the Swarm was three satellites in three different polar orbits to measure the earth's magnetic field with high precision. Each spacecraft carried an Absolute Scalar Magnetometer; a Vector Field Magnetometer; an Electric Field Instrument; an Accelerometer; and a Laser Range Reflector.

  • SWARM-C - . Payload: Earth Explorer-C. Mass: 468 kg (1,031 lb). Nation: Europe. Class: Science. Type: Science satellite. Spacecraft: SWARM. USAF Sat Cat: 39453 . COSPAR: 2013-067C. Apogee: 466 km (289 mi). Perigee: 462 km (287 mi). Inclination: 87.3600 deg. Period: 93.88 min.

2013 December 25 - . 00:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/3. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: Rokot.
  • Cosmos 2488 - . Mass: 225 kg (496 lb). Nation: Russia. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 39483 . COSPAR: 2013-076A. Apogee: 1,509 km (937 mi). Perigee: 1,480 km (910 mi). Inclination: 82.4900 deg. Period: 115.86 min. Low orbit communications satellites for the Russian military..
  • Cosmos 2489 - . Mass: 225 kg (496 lb). Nation: Russia. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 39484 . COSPAR: 2013-076B. Apogee: 1,511 km (938 mi). Perigee: 1,478 km (918 mi). Inclination: 82.4900 deg. Period: 115.86 min. Low orbit communications satellites for the Russian military..
  • Cosmos 2490 - . Mass: 225 kg (496 lb). Nation: Russia. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 39485 . COSPAR: 2013-076C. Apogee: 1,511 km (938 mi). Perigee: 1,478 km (918 mi). Inclination: 82.4800 deg. Period: 115.86 min. Low orbit communications satellites for the Russian military..
  • Cosmos 2491 - . Mass: 225 kg (496 lb). Nation: Russia. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 39497 . COSPAR: 2013-076E. Apogee: 1,508 km (937 mi). Perigee: 1,482 km (920 mi). Inclination: 82.4900 deg. Period: 115.88 min. Fourth Russian Ministry of Defense payload not announced at time of launch. It probably corresponds to the object tracked as 2013-076E, SSN 39497, which has a 0.4 sq m radar cross section. May repreresent a Russian military small satellite testbed..

2014 May 23 - . 05:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/3. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: Rokot.
  • Cosmos 2496 - . Mass: 225 kg (496 lb). Nation: Russia. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 39761 . COSPAR: 2014-028A. Apogee: 1,510 km (930 mi). Perigee: 1,481 km (920 mi). Inclination: 82.4500 deg. Period: 115.88 min. Strela-3M/Rodnik-S LEO messaging relay satellite..
  • Cosmos 2497 - . Mass: 225 kg (496 lb). Nation: Russia. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 39762 . COSPAR: 2014-028B. Apogee: 1,509 km (937 mi). Perigee: 1,479 km (919 mi). Inclination: 82.4500 deg. Period: 115.85 min. Strela-3M/Rodnik-S LEO messaging relay satellite..
  • Cosmos 2498 - . Mass: 225 kg (496 lb). Nation: Russia. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 39763 . COSPAR: 2014-028C. Apogee: 1,508 km (937 mi). Perigee: 1,477 km (917 mi). Inclination: 82.4500 deg. Period: 115.82 min. Strela-3M/Rodnik-S LEO messaging relay satellite..
  • Cosmos 2499 - . Payload: OBJECT E. Mass: 45 kg (99 lb). Nation: Russia. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft: SKRL. USAF Sat Cat: 39765 . COSPAR: 2014-028E. Apogee: 1,509 km (937 mi). Perigee: 1,480 km (910 mi). Inclination: 82.4500 deg. Period: 115.86 min. Additional small military payload, eventually given the cover name Cosmos-2499. It was probably built by the Reshetnev company and may have had a mass of around 45 kg..

2014 July 3 - . 12:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/4. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: Rokot.
  • Gonets M 08 (M18) - . Mass: 225 kg (496 lb). Nation: Russia. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 40061 . COSPAR: 2014-036A. Apogee: 1,510 km (930 mi). Perigee: 1,470 km (910 mi). Inclination: 82.5100 deg. Period: 115.76 min.
  • Gonets M 09 (M19) - . Mass: 225 kg (496 lb). Nation: Russia. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 40062 . COSPAR: 2014-036B. Apogee: 1,512 km (939 mi). Perigee: 1,480 km (910 mi). Inclination: 82.5100 deg. Period: 115.89 min.
  • Gonets M 10 (M20) - . Mass: 225 kg (496 lb). Nation: Russia. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 40063 . COSPAR: 2014-036C. Apogee: 1,511 km (938 mi). Perigee: 1,478 km (918 mi). Inclination: 82.5100 deg. Period: 115.86 min.

2014 December 19 - . 04:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC175/2. Launch Pad: Baikonur LC175. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: Strela launch vehicle.
  • Kondor-E No. 2 - . Mass: 1,100 kg (2,400 lb). Nation: South Africa. Class: Surveillance. Type: Civilian surveillance radar satellite. Spacecraft: Kondor. USAF Sat Cat: 40353 . COSPAR: 2014-084A. Apogee: 484 km (300 mi). Perigee: 481 km (298 mi). Inclination: 74.7500 deg. Period: 94.26 min. Second Kondor radar imaging satellite built by NPO Mashinostroenie (Moscow/Reutov)This satellite was the export version of the spacecraft and was reportedly sold to the Defense Intelligence organization of the South African National Defense Force..

2015 March 31 - . 13:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/3. Launch Pad: Plesetsk LC133. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: Rokot.
  • Gonets-M No. 21 - . Mass: 225 kg (496 lb). Nation: Russia. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 40552 . COSPAR: 2015-020A. Apogee: 1,507 km (936 mi). Perigee: 1,482 km (920 mi). Inclination: 82.4800 deg. Period: 115.86 min. Civilian version of the military Strela-3 store/dump message relay satellite..
  • Gonets-M No. 22 - . Mass: 225 kg (496 lb). Nation: Russia. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 40553 . COSPAR: 2015-020B. Apogee: 1,506 km (935 mi). Perigee: 1,483 km (921 mi). Inclination: 82.4900 deg. Period: 115.86 min. Civilian version of the military Strela-3 store/dump message relay satellite..
  • Gonets-M No. 23 - . Mass: 225 kg (496 lb). Nation: Russia. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 40554 . COSPAR: 2015-020C. Apogee: 1,505 km (935 mi). Perigee: 1,484 km (922 mi). Inclination: 82.4800 deg. Period: 115.86 min. Civilian version of the military Strela-3 store/dump message relay satellite..
  • Cosmos 2504 - . Mass: 225 kg (496 lb). Nation: Russia. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 40555 . COSPAR: 2015-020D. Apogee: 1,506 km (935 mi). Perigee: 1,172 km (728 mi). Inclination: 82.4900 deg. Period: 112.44 min.

    Additional military payload carried on a Gonets launch, evidently to prove orbital rendezvous or anti-satellite technology. For the first time, this payload was ejected from the Briz-KM upper stage after its depletion burn, and ended up in a lower perigee orbit than the Gonets trio. The payload began small orbit maneuvers on 9 April. On 14 April it completed a rendezvous with its Briz-KM rocket stage and appeared to have deliberately or accidentally hit the stage. It made a major orbit change on 3 July around 07:10 GMT, from its 1172 km x 1506 km orbit to a lower 1119 km x 1451 km orbit. To be the first move in a new rendezvous experiment of some kind. The satellite previously


2015 September 23 - . 22:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/3. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: Rokot.
  • Cosmos 2507 - . Mass: 225 kg (496 lb). Nation: Russia. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 40920 . COSPAR: 2015-050A. Apogee: 1,503 km (933 mi). Perigee: 1,486 km (923 mi). Inclination: 82.4900 deg. Period: 115.86 min. Three Russian Defense Ministry Rodnik-S store-dump satellites lofted in a single launch..
  • Cosmos 2508 - . Mass: 225 kg (496 lb). Nation: Russia. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 40921 . COSPAR: 2015-050B. Apogee: 1,506 km (935 mi). Perigee: 1,483 km (921 mi). Inclination: 82.4900 deg. Period: 115.86 min.
  • Cosmos 2509 - . Mass: 225 kg (496 lb). Nation: Russia. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 40922 . COSPAR: 2015-050C. Apogee: 1,507 km (936 mi). Perigee: 1,482 km (920 mi). Inclination: 82.4800 deg. Period: 115.86 min.

2016 February 16 - . 17:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/3. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: Rokot.
  • Sentinel-3A - . Mass: 1,200 kg (2,600 lb). Nation: Russia. Class: Surveillance. Type: Surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Prima. USAF Sat Cat: 41335 . COSPAR: 2016-011A. Apogee: 806 km (500 mi). Perigee: 802 km (498 mi). Inclination: 98.6000 deg.

    Eurockot/Krunichev Rokot's Briz-KM upper stage entered a 153 x 785 km transfer orbit followed by an 802 x 806 km target orbit, deploying the Sentinel-3A satellite. It then lowered perigee to 411 x 744 km to reduce orbital lifetime. ESA's Sentinel-3A was part of the European Union's Copernicus remote sensing program, and carried an ocean color imaging payload and an ocean-topography radar altimeter payload.


2016 April 19 - . 06:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Dombarovskiy. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU 15A35.
  • Yu-71 No. 3 - . Nation: Russia. Type: Test. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Test mission. Impacted in Kura?..

2016 June 4 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/3. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: Rokot.
  • Cosmos 2517 - . Nation: Russia. Class: Earth. Type: Geodetic satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Geo-IK. USAF Sat Cat: 41579 . COSPAR: 2016-034A. Apogee: 961 km (597 mi). Perigee: 936 km (581 mi). Inclination: 99.3000 deg. 0600LT SSO. Russian earth geodetic satellite..

2016 October 25 - . 08:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Dombarovskiy. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU 15A35.
  • RV - . Nation: Russia. Type: Test. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Test mission. Impacted in Kura..


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