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South Africa

Overberg Test Range

Overberg Test Range
Credit: © Mark Wade

South Africa



People: Melvill, Shuttleworth. Spacecraft: Greensat, Kondor, Sunsat, Cubesat. Launch Vehicles: Thor, UR-100N, RSA, RSA-3, RSA-1, RSA-2, RSA-4. Launch Sites: Vandenberg, Baikonur, Overberg, Dombarovskiy. Stages: RSA-4-4, RSA-3-1, RSA-3-2, RSA-3-3, RSA-4-1, RSA-4-2. Agency: Armsco, Stellenbosch, Boeing, Denel, Houwteq, Kentron, R.

1903 October 8 - .
  • Johannesburg Observatory founded. - . Nation: South Africa.

1973 September 18 - .
  • Birth of Mark Richard Republic 'Buranov' Shuttleworth - . Nation: South Africa. Related Persons: Shuttleworth. South African engineer cosmonaut. Flew on ISS EP-3. First South African astronaut..

1989 July 6 - . Launch Site: Overberg. LV Family: Jericho. Launch Vehicle: RSA-3.
1990 November 19 - . Launch Site: Overberg. LV Family: Jericho. Launch Vehicle: RSA-3.
1994 June - . LV Family: Jericho. Launch Vehicle: RSA.
  • RSA-3 / RSA-4 South African satellite launchers cancelled - . Nation: South Africa.

    The RSA-3 satellite launcher began development as an IRBM in the 1980's. It was developed with the assistance of Israel. The satellite launcher was found not to be viable commercially and so was cancelled in mid-1994. The Overberg Test Range near Bredasdorp, 200 km east of Cape Town, was used for test flights.


1999 February 23 - . 10:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC2W. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Delta 7920-10.
  • Sunsat - . Nation: South Africa. Agency: Boeing. Manufacturer: Stellenbosch. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: Sunsat. USAF Sat Cat: 25636 . COSPAR: 1999-008C. Apogee: 852 km (529 mi). Perigee: 641 km (398 mi). Inclination: 96.5000 deg. Period: 99.80 min. Sunsat was built by students at Stellenbosch University, South Africa and carried a small imager and a message relay payload..

2013 November 21 - . 07:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Dombarovskiy. Launch Pad: xxx. LV Family: R-36M. Launch Vehicle: Dnepr.
  • HINCube-1 - . Mass: 1.00 kg (2.20 lb). Nation: South Africa. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 39417 . COSPAR: 2013-066B. Apogee: 678 km (421 mi). Perigee: 592 km (367 mi). Inclination: 97.7800 deg. Period: 97.42 min. 1U cubesat from French South African Institute of Technology at the Cape Peninsula University of Technology. Mission: Space weather, technology demonstration, education and human capital development.. Successful. First South African CubeSat..

2014 December 19 - . 04:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC175/2. Launch Pad: Baikonur LC175. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: Strela launch vehicle.
  • Kondor-E No. 2 - . Mass: 1,100 kg (2,400 lb). Nation: South Africa. Class: Surveillance. Type: Civilian surveillance radar satellite. Spacecraft: Kondor. USAF Sat Cat: 40353 . COSPAR: 2014-084A. Apogee: 484 km (300 mi). Perigee: 481 km (298 mi). Inclination: 74.7500 deg. Period: 94.26 min. Second Kondor radar imaging satellite built by NPO Mashinostroenie (Moscow/Reutov)This satellite was the export version of the spacecraft and was reportedly sold to the Defense Intelligence organization of the South African National Defense Force..


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