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Karat
Russian small spacecraft bus for scientific payloads developed for the Russian Academy of Sciences by Lavochkin. Authorized September 2006; first launch 2012. Cancelled in 2014 as two expensive, but some missions went ahead.

AKA: MKA-FKI. Gross mass: 195 kg (429 lb).



Subtopics

Zond-PP (MKA-PN 1) Earth observation satellite built by Lavochkin for Roskosmos, Russia. Launched 2012. Used Karat-Bus.

Relek Carried magnetosphere instruments. Science, solar cosmic rays, magnetosphere satellite built by Lavochkin, Russia. Launched 2014. Used Karat-Bus.

ARKA (MKA-PN 4) Science, solar cosmic rays, magnetosphere satellite built by Lavochkin, Russia. Used Karat-Bus.

Konus (MKA-PN 3) Science, gamma-ray satellite built by Lavochkin, Russia. Used Karat-Bus.

Rezonans 1A, 1B, 2A, 2B Science, magnetosphere satellite built by Lavochkin, Russia. Used Karat-Bus.

Strannik (MKA-PN 4) Science, magnetosphere satellite built by Lavochkin, Russia. Used Karat-200 bus.



2014 July 8 - . 15:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-2-1B.
  • MKA PN2 (Relek) - . Mass: 250 kg (550 lb). Nation: Russia. Spacecraft Bus: Karat. Spacecraft: Relek. USAF Sat Cat: 40070 . COSPAR: 2014-037B. Apogee: 821 km (510 mi). Perigee: 622 km (386 mi). Inclination: 98.3800 deg. Period: 99.22 min. Carried magnetosphere instruments..


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