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Part of STS


Launch of Shuttle Discovery and the STS 51-C mission
Credit: NASA

First shuttle military mission. Deployed USA 8 (Aquacade ELINT spacecraft). Experienced blow-by in both nozzle joints and erosion and blow-by in two case joints.

AKA: Discovery. Launched: 1985-01-24. Returned: 1985-01-27. Number crew: 5 . Duration: 3.06 days.

Orbits of Earth: 48. Landed at: Runway 15 at Kennedy Space Center, Florida. Landing Speed: 342 kph. Touchdown miss distance: 839.00 m. Landing Rollout: 2,240.00 m. Payloads: Department of Defence classified payloads.

NASA Official Mission Narrative

Mission Name: 51-C (15)
Pad 39-A (27)
15th Shuttle mission
3rd Flight OV-103
4th KSC landing

Thomas K. Mattingly II (3), Commander
Loren J. Shriver (1), Pilot
Ellison S. Onizuka (1), Mission Specialist 1
James F. Buchli (1), Mission Specialist 2
Gary E. Payton (1), Payload Specialist 1

OPF - Nov. 16,1984
VAB - Dec. 21, 1984
PAD - Jan. 5,1985

DoD 85-1
Mission Objectives:

January 24, 1985, 2:50:00 p.m. EST. Launch Jan. 23 scrubbed due to freezing weather conditions. (Orbiter CHALLENGER scheduled for Mission 51-C, but thermal tile problems forced substitution of Discovery.) Launch Weight: 250,891 lbs
Altitude: 220nm
Inclination: 28.5 degrees
Orbits: 49
Duration: 3 days, 1 hour, 33 minutes, 23 seconds.
Distance: 1,250,000 miles

SRB: BI-015
ET : 14/LWT-7
MLP : 1
SSME-1: SN-2109
SSME-2: SN-2018
SSME-3: SN-2012

January 27, 1985, 4:23:23 p.m. EST, Runway 15, Kennedy Space Center, Fla. Rollout distance: 7,352 feet. Rollout time: 50 seconds. Landing Weight: classified.

Mission Highlights:
First mission dedicated to Department of Defense. U.S. Air Force Inertial Upper Stage (IUS) booster deployed and met mission objectives.

More at: STS-51-C.

Family: Manned spaceflight. People: Buchli, Mattingly, Onizuka, Payton, Shriver. Country: USA. Spacecraft: Discovery. Projects: STS. Launch Sites: Cape Canaveral. Agency: NASA, NASA Houston.
Photo Gallery

Credit: www.spacefacts.de

Astronaut Ellison Onizuka eating with chopsticks on the middeck
Credit: NASA

Astronauts Onizuka and Shriver pose in middeck
Credit: NASA

Mission Specialist Ellison Onizuka seated at commander's station
Credit: NASA

Landing of the shuttle Discovery at end of STS 51-C mission
Credit: NASA

1985 January 24 - . 19:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC39A. Launch Platform: MLP1. LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Space Shuttle.
1985 January 27 - .

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