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Spartan
Part of Shuttle Attached Payloads Family

STS-51-G

STS-51-G
Spartan 1 satellite moves away from orbiter over ocean
Credit: NASA

American solar satellite. The Spartan series consists of low-cost, Shuttle-launched, short-duration, sounding-rocket-type payloads. The payloads were retrievable and reusable with a turnaround time of 6 to 9 months. Spartan operated as an autonomous sub-satellite, and the data was stored on an internal tape recorder. Pointing and stabilization were achieved by an attitude control system capable of three-axis stabilized pointing to any target within +/- 3 arc-minutes. Shuttle retrievable satellite operated by NASA  Goddard, USA. Launched 1985.

AKA: SPTN. Status: Operational 1985. First Launch: 1985-06-17. Last Launch: 1998-10-29. Number: 10 . Gross mass: 1,195 kg (2,634 lb).

The Spartan (Shuttle Point Autonomous Research Tool for Astronomy) satellite was a reusable free-flying astronomical observatory which was deployed and then retrieved by the US Space Shuttle's Remote Manipulator System arm. The most often flow Spartan-201's main payload was the UVCS and WLC telescope package containing the SAO/Cambridge ultraviolet spectrometer and the HAO/Boulder white light coronagraph. Secondary equipment varied by mission - for example, the fifth flight had a target for the VGS laser, and sample plates to trap beryllium ions from the solar wind.


More at: Spartan.

Subtopics

Nike Zeus DM-15S American anti-ballistic missile. 3 stage vehicle consisting of 1 x TX-135 + 1 x TX-238 + 1 x TX-239.

Family: Astronomy, Solar. Country: USA. Launch Vehicles: Space Shuttle. Projects: STS. Launch Sites: Cape Canaveral, Cape Canaveral LC39A, Cape Canaveral LC39B. Agency: NASA. Bibliography: 2, 276, 3177, 4, 4082, 4083, 6.
Photo Gallery

Spartan 1Spartan 1
Credit: Manufacturer Image


Spartan 201Spartan 201
Credit: Manufacturer Image


Spartan 203Spartan 203
Credit: Manufacturer Image


Spartan 204Spartan 204
Credit: Manufacturer Image


Spartan 206Spartan 206
Credit: Manufacturer Image


Spartan 208Spartan 208
Credit: Manufacturer Image


Spartan 207Spartan 207
Credit: Manufacturer Image



1962 December 17 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC38. LV Family: Spartan. Launch Vehicle: Nike Zeus DM-15S.
  • DM-15S Test 1 - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 180 km (110 mi).

1963 February 16 - . 00:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC38. LV Family: Spartan. Launch Vehicle: Nike Zeus DM-15S.
  • DM-15S Test 2 - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 240 km (140 mi).

1963 March 21 - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. Launch Complex: Kwajalein LC38. LV Family: Spartan. Launch Vehicle: Nike Zeus DM-15S.
  • DM-15S Test 3 - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 207 km (128 mi).

1963 April 19 - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. LV Family: Spartan. Launch Vehicle: Nike Zeus DM-15S.
  • DM-15S Sim Target - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 70 km (43 mi).

1963 May 23 - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. LV Family: Spartan. Launch Vehicle: Nike Zeus DM-15S.
  • ZK-20 DM-15S Agena - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1964 January 6 - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. LV Family: Spartan. Launch Vehicle: Nike Zeus DM-15S.
  • Interceptor mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1964 Feb? - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. LV Family: Spartan. Launch Vehicle: Nike Zeus DM-15S.
  • ASAT training - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1965 June 1 - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. LV Family: Spartan. Launch Vehicle: Nike Zeus DM-15S.
  • Interceptor mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1965 June 1 - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. LV Family: Spartan. Launch Vehicle: Nike Zeus DM-15S.
  • Interceptor mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1965 July 1 - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. LV Family: Spartan. Launch Vehicle: Nike Zeus DM-15S.
  • Interceptor mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1965 July 8 - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. LV Family: Spartan. Launch Vehicle: Nike Zeus DM-15S.
  • DM-15S Qual-2 - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1965 July 29 - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. LV Family: Spartan. Launch Vehicle: Nike Zeus DM-15S.
  • DM-15S2 Qual-3 - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1966 January 13 - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. LV Family: Spartan. Launch Vehicle: Nike Zeus DM-15S.
  • Interceptor mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1966 May 6 - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. LV Family: Spartan. Launch Vehicle: Nike Zeus DM-15S.
  • Interceptor mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1969 February 1 - . LV Family: Minuteman, Spartan. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1.
  • SAMSO awarded Boeing Airplane Company an integration, instrumentation, and launch service contract for the launch of nine obsolescent Minuteman I missiles as target vehicles for Safeguard ABM tests. - .

1985 June 17 - . 11:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC39A. Launch Platform: MLP1. LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Space Shuttle.
  • Spartan 1 - . Payload: Spartan 101. Mass: 1,008 kg (2,222 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Class: Astronomy. Type: X-ray astronomy satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Shuttle Attached Payloads. Spacecraft: Spartan. Decay Date: 1985-06-24 . USAF Sat Cat: 15831 . COSPAR: 1985-048E. Apogee: 395 km (245 mi). Perigee: 359 km (223 mi). Inclination: 28.5000 deg. Period: 92.10 min. Released by STS 51G 20 June 1985, retrieved 22 June 1985..

1986 January 28 - . 16:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC39B. Launch Platform: MLP2. LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Space Shuttle. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Spartan-Halley - . Payload: Spartan-Halley. Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: STS. Spacecraft Bus: Shuttle Attached Payloads. Spacecraft: Spartan. Apogee: 15 km (9 mi).

    The Spartan series consists of low-cost, Shuttle-launched, short-duration, sounding-rocket-type payloads. The payloads were retrievable and reusable with a turnaround time of 6 to 9 months. Spartan operated as an autonomous sub-satellite, and the data was stored on an internal tape recorder. Pointing and stabilization were achieved by an attitude control system capable of three-axis stabilized pointing to any target within +/- 3 arc-minutes. The main objective of this spacecraft was to obtain UV spectra of the coma and tail of Comet Halley in January 1986 shortly before its perihelion. This spacecraft was lost when Space Shuttle Challenger exploded on launch.


1993 April 8 - . 05:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC39B. Launch Platform: MLP1. LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Space Shuttle.
  • SPTN-SFSS - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: STS. Spacecraft Bus: Shuttle Attached Payloads. Spacecraft: Spartan. Decay Date: 1993-04-17 . USAF Sat Cat: 22621 . COSPAR: 1993-023xx. Apogee: 293 km (182 mi). Perigee: 280 km (170 mi). Inclination: 57.0000 deg. Period: 90.20 min.

    Spartan Flight Support Structure was an MPESS class cross-bay truss structure on which Spartan 204 was mounted. The Spartan satellites were small free flyers deployed by the RMS robot arm for a couple of days and then retrieved. SPTN-204 carried NRL's FUVIS Far Ultraviolet Imaging Spectrograph which was used to study the Shuttle environment and make astronomical observations. This was the first Spartan mission to be sponsored by the USAF Space Test Program rather than NASA.

  • Spartan 201 - . Mass: 1,289 kg (2,841 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Program: STS. Class: Astronomy. Type: X-ray astronomy satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Shuttle Attached Payloads. Spacecraft: Spartan. Decay Date: 1993-04-13 . USAF Sat Cat: 22623 . COSPAR: 1993-023B. Apogee: 298 km (185 mi). Perigee: 291 km (180 mi). Inclination: 57.0000 deg. Period: 90.40 min. Studied solar corona and galaxy; deployed from STS-56 4/11/93; Shuttle Point Autonomous Research Tool for Astronomy; retrieved 4/13/93..

1994 September 9 - . 22:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC39B. Launch Platform: MLP2. LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Space Shuttle.
  • Spartan 201 - . Mass: 1,288 kg (2,839 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Program: STS. Class: Astronomy. Type: X-ray astronomy satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Shuttle Attached Payloads. Spacecraft: Spartan. Decay Date: 1994-09-20 . USAF Sat Cat: 23253 . COSPAR: 1994-059B. Apogee: 265 km (164 mi). Perigee: 252 km (156 mi). Inclination: 57.0000 deg. Period: 89.68 min. Deployed from STS-64 9/13/94; retrieved 9/15/94; solar studies..

1995 February 3 - . 05:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC39B. Launch Platform: MLP2. LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Space Shuttle.
  • Spartan 204 - . Mass: 1,195 kg (2,634 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Program: STS. Class: Astronomy. Type: X-ray astronomy satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Shuttle Attached Payloads. Spacecraft: Spartan. Decay Date: 1995-02-11 . USAF Sat Cat: 23470 . COSPAR: 1995-004B. Apogee: 389 km (241 mi). Perigee: 388 km (241 mi). Inclination: 51.7000 deg. Period: 92.30 min. Retrievable payload to observe galactic dust in far UV; deployed from STS 63 2/7/95, retrieved 2/9/95..

1995 September 7 - . 15:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC39A. Launch Platform: MLP1. LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Space Shuttle.
  • Spartan 201 - . Mass: 1,195 kg (2,634 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Program: STS. Class: Astronomy. Type: X-ray astronomy satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Shuttle Attached Payloads. Spacecraft: Spartan. Decay Date: 1995-09-18 . USAF Sat Cat: 23668 . COSPAR: 1995-048B. Apogee: 376 km (233 mi). Perigee: 368 km (228 mi). Inclination: 28.5000 deg. Period: 92.00 min. Released by STS-69 9/8/95; retrieved 9/10/95; examined solar corona..

1996 May 19 - . 10:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC39B. Launch Platform: MLP1. LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Space Shuttle.
  • Spartan 207 - . Mass: 1,195 kg (2,634 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: JPL. Program: STS. Class: Astronomy. Type: X-ray astronomy satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Shuttle Attached Payloads. Spacecraft: Spartan. Decay Date: 1996-05-29 . USAF Sat Cat: 23871 . COSPAR: 1996-032B. Apogee: 288 km (178 mi). Perigee: 278 km (172 mi). Inclination: 39.0000 deg. Period: 90.20 min. LEO. Deployed from STS 77 on 5/20/96; retrieved 5/21/96; deployed IAEsatellite during free flight..

1997 November 19 - . 19:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC39B. Launch Platform: MLP1. LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Space Shuttle.
  • Spartan 201 - . Mass: 1,195 kg (2,634 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Program: STS. Class: Astronomy. Type: X-ray astronomy satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Shuttle Attached Payloads. Spacecraft: Spartan. Decay Date: 1997-12-05 . USAF Sat Cat: 25062 . COSPAR: 1997-073B. Apogee: 284 km (176 mi). Perigee: 278 km (172 mi). Inclination: 28.5000 deg. Period: 90.10 min. Retrieved by OV-102 Nov 25.

1998 October 29 - . 19:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC39B. Launch Platform: MLP2. LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Space Shuttle.
  • Spartan 201 - . Mass: 1,195 kg (2,634 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Program: STS. Class: Astronomy. Type: X-ray astronomy satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Shuttle Attached Payloads. Spacecraft: Spartan. Decay Date: 1998-11-07 . USAF Sat Cat: 25521 . COSPAR: 1998-064C. Apogee: 560 km (340 mi). Perigee: 549 km (341 mi). Inclination: 28.4000 deg. Period: 95.74 min. Retrieved by Discovery November 3 1998..


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