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Viper-Dart
Part of Viper Family
American sounding rocket. Single stage sounding rocket that delivered a 1-m diameter inflatable sphere to 90 km to measure winds aloft.

Status: Active. First Launch: 1967-08-05. Last Launch: 1984-02-23. Number: 76 . Height: 3.40 m (11.10 ft). Diameter: 0.11 m (0.36 ft). Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

The Viper Dart Robin Meteorological Rocket system was developed by the Space Data Corporation of Phoenix, Arizona, to obtain high altitude density and wind data by utilizing the Robin inflatable sphere as a sensing device. The system consisted of a rocket motor, an unpowered dart, and the Robin inflatable sphere. Flights of this system provided density, temperature, pressure and wind data from an altitude of about 90 kilometers to an altitude of approximately 40 kilometers or less. An improved rocket motor and 'C'-band radar tracking aid were under this contract.



Country: USA. Launch Sites: Wallops Island, White Sands, Cape Canaveral, Cape Canaveral LC43, Eglin, Kindley, Kagoshima, Eglin D-3, Rothera, Charlestown. Stages: Viper-20. Agency: Aerojet.

1967 August 5 - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper-Dart.
  • Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1967 August 5 - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper-Dart.
  • Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1967 August 5 - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper-Dart.
  • Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1967 August 5 - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper-Dart.
  • Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1967 December 3 - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper-Dart.
  • Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 104 km (64 mi).

1967 December 3 - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper-Dart.
  • Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 104 km (64 mi).

1967 December 3 - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper-Dart.
  • Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1967 December 3 - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper-Dart.
  • Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 109 km (67 mi).

1967 December 3 - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper-Dart.
  • Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1967 December 3 - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper-Dart.
  • Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1968 February 18 - . 18:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper-Dart.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 97 km (60 mi).

1968 February 18 - . 18:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper-Dart.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 98 km (60 mi).

1968 February 18 - . 20:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper-Dart.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 96 km (59 mi).

1968 April 20 - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper-Dart.
  • ROBIN - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 131 km (81 mi).

1968 April 20 - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper-Dart.
  • Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 124 km (77 mi).

1968 April 20 - . 22:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Complex: Eglin D-3. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper-Dart.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1968 April 21 - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper-Dart.
  • Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1968 April 21 - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper-Dart.
  • Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1968 April 21 - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper-Dart.
  • Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 131 km (81 mi).

1968 April 21 - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper-Dart.
  • Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 126 km (78 mi).

1968 November 19 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC43. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper-Dart.
  • ROBIN - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 142 km (88 mi).

1968 November 20 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC43. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper-Dart.
  • ROBIN - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 40 km (24 mi).

1968 November 20 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC43. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper-Dart.
  • ROBIN - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 129 km (80 mi).

1968 November 20 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC43. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper-Dart.
  • ROBIN - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 128 km (79 mi).

1968 November 20 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC43. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper-Dart.
  • ROBIN - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 129 km (80 mi).

1968 December 19 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC43. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper-Dart.
  • ROBIN - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 121 km (75 mi).

1968 December 20 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC43. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper-Dart.
  • ROBIN - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 139 km (86 mi).

1968 December 21 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC43. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper-Dart.
  • ROBIN - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 137 km (85 mi).

1969 January 14 - . 19:05 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper-Dart.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 147 km (91 mi).

1969 January 15 - . 19:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper-Dart.
  • Meteorological Sphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 147 km (91 mi).

1969 February 25 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC43. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper-Dart.
  • Ram-Air Sphere - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 40 km (24 mi).

1969 February 26 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC43. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper-Dart.
  • ROBIN - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 40 km (24 mi).

1969 February 26 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC43. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper-Dart.
  • Ram-Air Sphere - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 137 km (85 mi).

1969 March 19 - . 19:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper-Dart.
  • Meteorological Sphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 51 km (31 mi).

1969 April 21 - . 03:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper-Dart.
  • Meteorological Sphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 43 km (26 mi).

1969 April 25 - . 16:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper-Dart.
  • Meteorological Sphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 46 km (28 mi).

1969 April 28 - . 04:19 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper-Dart.
  • Meteorological Sphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 146 km (90 mi).

1969 April 28 - . 06:07 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper-Dart.
  • Meteorological Sphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 18 km (11 mi).

1969 May 9 - . 17:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper-Dart.
  • Meteorological Sphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 94 km (58 mi).

1969 May 11 - . 04:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper-Dart.
  • Meteorological Sphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 145 km (90 mi).

1969 May 14 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC43. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper-Dart.
  • ROBIN - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 129 km (80 mi).

1969 May 15 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC43. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper-Dart.
  • ROBIN - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 40 km (24 mi).

1969 May 16 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC43. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper-Dart.
  • ROBIN - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 40 km (24 mi).

1969 July 14 - . 13:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC43. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper-Dart.
  • Meteorological Sphere Meteorological mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 91 km (56 mi).

1969 July 16 - . 16:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC43. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper-Dart.
  • Meteorological Sphere Meteorological mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 91 km (56 mi).

1969 August 5 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC43. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper-Dart.
  • ROBIN - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 77 km (47 mi).

1969 September 30 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC43. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper-Dart.
  • Double Sphere - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 133 km (82 mi).

1969 September 30 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC43. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper-Dart.
  • ROBIN - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 136 km (84 mi).

1969 September 30 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC43. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper-Dart.
  • Double Sphere - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 136 km (84 mi).

1969 October 1 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC43. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper-Dart.
  • ROBIN - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 136 km (84 mi).

1971 June 20 - . 17:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Kindley. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper-Dart.
  • PAET Sphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Ames. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1971 June 21 - . 00:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kindley. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper-Dart.
  • PAET Sphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Ames. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1971 August 19 - . 18:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper-Dart.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Langley. Apogee: 135 km (83 mi).

1972 April 12 - . 15:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper-Dart.
  • Starute,Datasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 59 km (36 mi).

1972 May 17 - . 17:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper-Dart.
  • Starute, Datasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1972 June 15 - . 14:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper-Dart.
  • Starute, Datasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 57 km (35 mi).

1972 July 15 - . 16:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper-Dart.
  • Starute,Datasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1972 November 15 - . 20:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper-Dart.
  • Starute,Datasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1972 December 18 - . 19:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper-Dart.
  • Starute,Datasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1973 March 14 - . 18:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper-Dart.
  • Starute,Datasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1973 July 17 - . 17:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper-Dart.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 134 km (83 mi).

1973 July 18 - . 02:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper-Dart.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 141 km (87 mi).

1973 July 18 - . 07:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper-Dart.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 133 km (82 mi).

1974 June 29 - . 17:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper-Dart.
  • Aladdin 74 Meteorological mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 67 km (41 mi).

1974 June 29 - . 17:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper-Dart.
  • Aladdin 74 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1974 June 29 - . 20:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper-Dart.
  • Aladdin 74 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1974 June 30 - . 00:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper-Dart.
  • Aladdin 74 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1974 June 30 - . 06:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper-Dart.
  • Aladdin 74 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1974 June 30 - . 08:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper-Dart.
  • Aladdin 74 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1974 June 30 - . 10:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper-Dart.
  • Aladdin 74 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1974 June 30 - . 13:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper-Dart.
  • Aladdin 74 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1974 June 30 - . 13:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper-Dart.
  • Aladdin 74 Meteorological mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 68 km (42 mi).

1974 June 30 - . 14:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper-Dart.
  • Aladdin 74 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1976 January 7 - . 18:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper-Dart.
  • Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1976 April 21 - . 18:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper-Dart.
  • Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1984 February 23 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper-Dart.
  • E field - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).


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