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Vanguard 2
Vanguard
Vanguard
Credit: Manufacturer Image
American earth magnetosphere satellite. The actual operational satellite that was to be launched by the Vanguard launcher.

AKA: Cloud cover satellite. Status: Operational 1958. First Launch: 1958-05-28. Last Launch: 1959-02-17. Number: 4 . Gross mass: 10 kg (22 lb).

The only successful one operated for 18 days; satellite wobble degraded data.



Subtopics

Vanguard (20in X-Ray) Science satellite built by Naval Research Laboratory (NRL) for NASA, USA. Launched 1958.

Vanguard (20in Lyman-Alpha) Science satellite built by Naval Research Laboratory (NRL) for NASA, USA. Launched 1958.

Vanguard (20in Cloud Cover) Science satellite built by Naval Research Laboratory (NRL) for NASA, USA. Launched 1958 - 1959.

Vanguard (13in Magnetometer) Science satellite built by Naval Research Laboratory (NRL) for NASA, USA. Launched 1959.

Vanguard (20in Radiation Balance) Science satellite built by Naval Research Laboratory (NRL) for NASA, USA. Launched 1959.

Family: Earth, Magnetosphere sat. Country: USA. Launch Vehicles: Vanguard. Launch Sites: Cape Canaveral, Cape Canaveral LC18A. Agency: NASA. Bibliography: 126, 2, 483, 6, 7012, 13325.
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VanguardVanguard
Credit: Manufacturer Image



1952 May 16 - .
  • International Geophysical Year Committee established. - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft: Sputnik 3, Vanguard 2. The Special Committee for the International Polar Year (later designated the International Geophysical Year), was established..

1955 March 19 - . Launch Vehicle: Vanguard.
  • Plan for a United States satellite in the International Geophysical Year - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Eisenhower. Spacecraft: Vanguard 2. Dr. Alan T. Waterman of the National Science Foundation presented President Dwight Eisenhower with a plan to implement the United States' portion of the International Geophysical Year satellite experiment..

1955 July 29 - . Launch Vehicle: Vanguard.
  • Eisenhower approves earth satellites for IGY - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Eisenhower. Spacecraft: Vanguard 2. President Eisenhower endorsed the IGY proposal for the launching of small earth-circling satellites..

1955 September 9 - . Launch Vehicle: Vanguard.
  • Project Vanguard began operations. - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft: Vanguard 2.

    The Department of Defense's Stewart Committee reviewed the alternatives for an IGY satellite program: wait for the development of an Atlas launcher, use a modified Redstone, or develop a rocket derived from the Viking missile. The committee voted seven to two in favor of abandoning Project Orbiter (Redstone) and developing Vanguard (Viking derivative with and Aerobee-Hi upper stage). Secretary Donald Quarles ruled with the committee majority in the Department of Defense Policy Committee, which approved the decision. The Department of Defense wrote a letter to the Department of Navy authorizing the Navy Research Laboratory to proceed with the Vanguard proposal. The responsibility for carrying out the program was placed with the Office of Naval Research. Objectives of Project Vanguard were: to develop and procure a satellite-launching vehicle; to place at least one satellite in orbit around the earth during IGY; to accomplish one scientific experiment; and to track flight to demonstrate the satellite actually attained orbit.


1958 May 28 - . 03:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC18A. Launch Pad: LC18A. Launch Vehicle: Vanguard. FAILURE: Improper third stage trajectory - unknown cause.. Failed Stage: 3.
  • Vanguard 2B - . Payload: Lyman Alpha satellite. Mass: 10 kg (22 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Program: Vanguard. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft: Vanguard 2. Decay Date: 1958-05-27 . Apogee: 3,500 km (2,100 mi).

1958 June 26 - . 05:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC18A. Launch Pad: LC18A. Launch Vehicle: Vanguard. FAILURE: Premature second stage cutoff. Unknown cause.. Failed Stage: 2.
  • Vanguard 2C - . Payload: Lyman Alpha satellite. Mass: 10 kg (22 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Program: Vanguard. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft: Vanguard 2. Decay Date: 1958-06-26 . Apogee: 165 km (102 mi).

1958 September 26 - . 15:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC18A. Launch Pad: LC18A. Launch Vehicle: Vanguard. FAILURE: Insufficient 2nd stage thrust - unknown cause.. Failed Stage: 2.
  • Vanguard 2D - . Payload: Cloud cover satellite. Mass: 10 kg (22 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Program: Vanguard. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft: Vanguard 2. Decay Date: 1958-09-26 . COSPAR: F580926A. Apogee: 426 km (264 mi).

1959 February 17 - . 15:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC18A. Launch Pad: LC18A. Launch Vehicle: Vanguard.
  • Vanguard 2 - . Payload: Vanguard 2E / Cloud cover satellite. Mass: 10 kg (22 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Vanguard. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft: Vanguard 2. USAF Sat Cat: 11 . COSPAR: 1959-Alpha-1. Apogee: 3,049 km (1,894 mi). Perigee: 557 km (346 mi). Inclination: 32.9000 deg. Period: 122.80 min. Operated for 18 days; satellite wobble degraded data..


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