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1965 Chronology

1965 January 1 - .
  • Raketoplan canceled. - . Nation: Russia. Spacecraft: Raketoplan. Decree 'On end of work on the Raketoplan at OKB-52' was issued. This action was in accordance with the Five Year Military Space Plan approved on 18 June 1964..

1965 January 1 - . Launch Vehicle: Spiral 50-50.
  • Spiral development at MiG bureau authorised. - . Nation: Russia. Spacecraft Bus: Spiral 50-50. Spacecraft: MiG 105-11. Decree 'On plan of work on Spiral at OKB-155' was issued..

1965 During the Year - .
  • DS-U5 cancelled. - . Nation: Russia. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-U5. Light satellite with propulsion for periodic correction of orbit; never flown..

1965 January 1 - .
  • Almaz space station development authorised. - . Nation: Russia. Spacecraft Bus: Almaz. Spacecraft: Almaz APOS. Central Committee of the Communist Party and Council of Soviet Ministers Decree 'On work on space stations at OKB-52' was issued..

1965 During the Year - . Launch Vehicle: R-56.
  • Yangel proposes collaborative Soviet moon landing project using R-56 launch vehicle - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Chelomei, Korolev, Yangel.

    Yangel had decided that the bitter fight between Chelomei and Korolev over control of manned programs was damaging the Soviet space effort. In any case he could see that the size of the projects had reached such a scale that it was impossible for one design bureau to handle all of the required elements. He proposed a collaborative effort: Yangel would design and build the launch vehicle; Korolev the manned spacecraft; and Chelomei the unmanned spacecraft. However the leadership was loath to change course with funds already invested in development of boosters and spacecraft by Chelomei and Korolev.


1965 January 1 - .
  • Journalist Cosmonaut Training Group selected. - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Golovanov, Letunov, Rebrov. The group was selected to provide trainees for a planned Voskhod spaceflight made with a journalist aboard..

January 1965 - . LV Family: DF-3. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 1.
  • Project 651 - . Nation: China. Related Persons: Tsien. Spacecraft: DFH-1. Tsien presents his plan for a Chinese satellite to the Central Committee..

During 1965 - . Launch Vehicle: N1.
  • N1 development issues - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Korolev, Pilyugin, Raushenbakh. Program: Lunar L3. Spacecraft: LK, Luna E-6, Soyuz 7K-LOK.

    There were two camps on the N1-L3 control systems. One group was within OKB-1, and had developed the systems for the Vostok and Zenit spacecraft, under the personal oversight of Korolev. They stressed the maximum quality and reliability in their systems. The second group had worked with Pilyugin, and had designed the systems for the Mars, Venus, Luna E-6 probes, the R-9, RT-1, RT-2, and GR-1 missiles; and piloted spacecraft. Their design emphasis was on maximum usability and output. Pilyugin had been named chief designer of the control system for the N1-L3. Additional Details: here....


1965 January 1 - .
  • NASA transferred the operation of Syncom II and Syncom III synchronous communications satellites to the Defense Department which had provided the communications ground stations for the program. - . Spacecraft Bus: HS 301. Spacecraft: Syncom.

1965 January 1 - . LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan II.
  • The acquisition phase of the Titan II program was completed, and the Ballistic Systems Division Titan System Program Office was discontinued as of 31 December 1964. - .

1965 Jan - . LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan IIIB.
  • Titan III upgrades to be studied. - .

    Space Systems Division initiated Phase I studies with Martin Marietta Corporation, Thiokol, and United Technology Center (UTC) to determine what performance increment could be gained by strapping existing solid rocket motor segments to the Titan IIIX core vehicle. Minuteman first stages were to be considered along with two and three segments of the 120-inch diameter United Technology Center motors. The Titan IIIX/Strap-on configuration definition and acquisition phases were to be greatly compressed, with first launches from Vandenberg AFB expected in 1967. The Titan IIIX/Strap-on was subsequently designated Titan IIID.


1965 - . Launch Site: Nenoksa. LV Family: R-27. Launch Vehicle: Zyb.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1965? - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. LV Family: Spartan ABM. Launch Vehicle: Nike Zeus.
  • Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1965 January 3 - .
  • Kosberg dies - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Kosberg. On the same day that rocket engine designer Kosberg is killed in an automobile crash, Lebedinskiy, Director of the IMBP, dies. The unexpected death of Kosberg, who's engines have reliably taken nine Soviet cosmonauts into orbit, is a particular blow..

1965 January 3 - .
  • Death of Andrei Vladimirovich Lobedinskiy - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Lobedinskiy. Russian physician. First Director of IMBP 1963-1965 An early space medicine pioneer..

1965 January 3 - .
  • Death of Semyon Ariyevich Kosberg - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Kosberg. Russian chief designer. Chief Designer 1941-1965 of OKB-154. Led work on engines for ICBMs and launchers..

1965 January 4 - .
  • McDonnell delivered Gemini spacecraft No. 3 to Cape Kennedy. - . Nation: USA. Flight: Gemini 3. Spacecraft: Gemini, Gemini Radar.

    After its receiving inspection had been completed (January 6), the spacecraft was moved to the Merritt Island Launch Area Radar Range for a communications radiation test. This test, performed only on spacecraft No. 3 because it was scheduled for the first manned mission, exercised spacecraft communications in a radio-frequency environment closely simulating the actual flight environment. The test was run January 7, and the spacecraft then began preparations for static firing.


1965 January 5 - .
  • Study of manual control of the Apollo LEM - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo LM, LM Guidance. MSC's Guidance and Control Division conducted a pilot simulation study to determine whether a pilot could take over manual control of the LEM between 4,572 and 3,048 m (15,000 and 10,000 ft) above the lunar surface and satisfactorily land the vehicle.. Additional Details: here....

1965 January 5 - . LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan II.
  • NASA Headquarters provided Flight Operations Division with preliminary data for revising the Gemini-Titan (GT) 3 flight plan to cover the possibility of retrorocket failure. - . Nation: USA. Flight: Gemini 3, Gemini 4.

    The problem was to ensure the safe reentry of the astronauts even should it become impossible to fire the retrorockets effectively. The Headquarters proposal incorporated three orbit attitude and maneuver system maneuvers to establish a fail-safe orbit from which the spacecraft would reenter the atmosphere whether the retrorockets fired or not. This proposal, as refined by Mission Planning and Analysis Division, became part of the flight plans for GT-3 and GT-4.


1965 January 6 - . LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan II.
  • Redesigned stage I tandem actuators were received and installed in Gemini launch vehicle (GLV) 2. - . Nation: USA.

    Although some retesting began shortly after the Gemini-Titan 2 mission was scrubbed on December 9, 1964, most activity in preparing GLV-2 for another launch attempt was curtailed until the new actuators arrived. Subsystems retesting then began. The final combined systems test - the Simulated Flight Test - was completed January 14, with launch scheduled for January 19.


1965 January 6-8 - .
  • Preliminary Design Review of the Apollo Block II CM - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo LM, CSM Block II, LM Weight.

    The Preliminary Design Review of the Block II CM was held at North American's Downey, Calif., plant. Ten working groups evaluated the spacecraft design and resolved numerous minor details. They then reported to a review board of NASA and North American officials. Additional Details: here....


1965 January 7 - .
  • Revised Apollo launch schedule - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM.

    William A. Lee, chief of ASPO's Operations Planning Division, announced a revised Apollo launch schedule for 1966 and 1967. In 1968, a week-long earth orbital flight would be a dress rehearsal for the lunar mission. "Then the moon," Lee predicted. "We have a fighting chance to make it by 1970," he said, "and also stay within the 20 billion price tag set . . . by former President Kennedy."


1965 January 7 - . Launch Pad: Atlantic Ocean, 56.5 S x 27.4 W. Launch Platform: T-AGM-8. LV Family: Iris. Launch Vehicle: Hydra-Iris. FAILURE: Failure.
  • LRL SAP-1 Ionosphere/Magnesium release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN NMC. Apogee: 2.00 km (1.20 mi).

1965 January 7 - . 03:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Airglow Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 146 km (90 mi).

1965 January 8 - . LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan IIIB.
  • A Headquarters USAF program management directive (PMD) approved the acquisition program for the Titan IIIX/Agena D (Program 624B), subsequently redesignated Titan IIIB/Agena D. - .

    This newest addition to the Titan III series of boosters would consist of the Titan IIIA first and second stages, an adapter section, and an Agena D third stage - everything up to the Agena interface being the Titan IIIX launch vehicle. Contracts were later awarded for 24 Titan IIIX vehicles, with first launch planned for the summer of 1966.


1965 January 8 - . 18:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg OSTF2. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas F.
  • ST - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,400 km (800 mi).

    Atlas 106F concluded SAC's Atlas F operational test launch program from Vandenberg AFB that had begun on 9 September 1959. During the series, 51 Atlas missiles were launched by SAC crews to verify the operational missiles, with 30 of them ruled successes.


1965 January 9 - .
  • Cosmonaut recruitment - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Korolev, Kuznetsova, Ponomaryova, Solovyova, Tereshkova, Yerkina. Program: Voskhod. Flight: Voskhod 5. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Voskhod.

    Kamanin would like to get going with the training of 40 additional cosmonauts from many disciplines in order to 'storm space'. Korolev is opposed. Kamanin is also trying to get new flights scheduled for his female cosmonauts. This is never mentioned in the planning of future flights. Korolev is opposed to sending any further women into space. Kamanin would like to see a two-woman Voskhod flight, or a woman making a spacewalk. Aside from Tereshkova, Ponomaryova and Solovyova are as qualified and talented as any of the male cosmonauts for such flights. Yerkina and Kuznetsova, although they have completed the course, are ruled out by weaknesses in technical areas or character, in Kamanin's opinion.


1965 January 11 - .
  • Dalmo-Victor to supply antennas for Apollo CSM's - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM, CSM Communications.

    North American selected Dalmo-Victor to supply S-band high-gain antennas for Apollo CSM's. (The deployable antenna would be used beyond 14,816 km (8,000 nm) from the earth.) Dalmo-Victor would complete the antenna design and carry out the development work, and North American would procure production units under a supplemental contract.


1965 January 11 - .
  • LC 16 to be converted to test stands for Apollo - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM, CSM Structural.

    NASA announced that Kennedy Space Center's Launch Complex 16, a Titan missile facility, would be converted into static test stands for Apollo spacecraft. This decision eliminated the need for such a facility originally planned on Merritt Island and, it was predicted, would cost little more than a fourth of the $7 million estimated for the new site.


1965 January 11 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 632. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1965 January 11 - . 09:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Vostok 8A92.
  • Cosmos 52 - . Payload: Zenit-2 11F61 s/n 26. Mass: 4,720 kg (10,400 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: Korolev bureau. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-2 satellite. Duration: 8.00 days. Decay Date: 1965-01-19 . USAF Sat Cat: 968 . COSPAR: 1965-001A. Apogee: 298 km (185 mi). Perigee: 203 km (126 mi). Inclination: 65.0000 deg. Period: 89.50 min. Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite..

1965 January 12 - . LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan II.
  • Flight tests of the zero-gravity mock-up of the Gemini spacecraft began. - . Nation: USA. Flight: Gemini 4.

    The mock-up was installed in a KC-135 aircraft to provide astronauts with the opportunity to practice extravehicular activities under weightless conditions. The Gemini-Titan (GT) 3 flight crew participated in the opening exercises, which were duplicated the next day by the GT-4 flight crew.


1965 January 12 - .
  • Various designs for the extravehicular mobility unit - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo LM, LM Structural.

    Grumman and Hamilton Standard were exploring various designs for the extravehicular mobility unit. On the basis of some early conclusions, the MSC Crew Systems Division (CSD) recommended that meteoroid and thermal protection be provided by a single garment. Preliminary hypervelocity tests placed the garment's reliability at 0.999. Each would weigh about 7.7 kg (17 lbs), about 2.3 kg (5 lbs) less than the two-garment design. CSD further recommended that the unit be stored either in the LEM's descent stage or in a jettisonable container in the ascent portion.


1965 January 12 - . LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon.
  • R-36 'sealed round' version development authorised. - . Nation: Russia. State Committee for Defence Technology (GKOT) Decree 'On Detailed Work on Ampulized R-36 and R-36-O Missiles--design work on the R-36 and R-36-O missiles' was issued..

1965 January 12 - . LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan II.
  • A $9.5 million contract was awarded to Peter Kiewit Sons Company for Project Yard Fence, Titan II Facilities Update. - . The project was to utilize improved technology of minimize maintenance activities and to improve Titan II support equipment of the squadrons at Davis-Monthan, Little Rock, McConnell, and Vandenberg..

1965 January 12 - . 14:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 576B1. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D.
  • NTMP RMV-302 Target mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,800 km (1,100 mi).

1965 January 13 - .
  • OKB-1 program review - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Gorbatko, Leonov, Zaikin. Program: Voskhod. Flight: Voskhod 2. Spacecraft: Berkut, Voskhod.

    All systems development is complete, and the two boosters for Vykhod are ready. The launch of the pathfinder spacecraft with mannequins aboard will take place at the end of January, with the manned mission scheduled for March. Leonov's spacesuit is complete, but Zaikin's will not be finished until 5 February, and there will exist only the metal detail parts for Gorbatko's suit.


1965 January 13 - . LV Family: Titan, Atlas, Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Titan I, Atlas E, Atlas F.
  • The Defense Department announced that by the end of FY1965 (June 1965), 150 more ICBM sites would be inactivated and the Atlas E, F, and Titan I missiles removed and placed in storage. - .

    The missiles werer stored at San Bernardino Air Materiel Area (SBAMA) facilities at Norton AFB, California. The retired missiles would be replaced by more advanced Minuteman missiles whose annual combat-ready costs were $100,000 per missile compared to nearly $1.0 million for each of the older, more complicated liquid-fueled ICBMs.. In addition, manpower savings would be substantial since only 12 men were required for support of each Minuteman versus approximately 80 for each Atlas or Titan.


1965 January 13 - .
  • The Martin Marietta Corporation was selected to design and build the SV-5P manned low-speed maneuverable lifting body vehicle for the PILOT low-speed reentry vehicle program. - . Spacecraft Bus: Dynasoar. Spacecraft: Asset.

1965 January 13 - . 05:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC80/17. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: R-36 8K67. FAILURE: Failure.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1965 January 13 - . 15:49 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Dayglow Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: KPNO. Apogee: 228 km (141 mi).

1965 January 13 - . 17:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Javelin.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 1,006 km (625 mi).

1965 January 13 - . 18:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Hidden Hills DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. FAILURE: Control system problems..
  • X-15A 3D,HT,Fric,BLN test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Spacecraft: X-15A. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi). Maximum Speed - 5973 kph. Maximum Altitude - 30297 m. Immediately after burnout aircraft gyrated around all 3 axes for 7 seconds. Air dropped in Hidden Hills DZ..

1965 January 13 - . 23:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Airglow Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 178 km (110 mi).

1965 January 14 - .
  • Apollo CM/SM umbilical cutter caused damage to the heatshield - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM, CSM Block I.

    During testing, it was found that blast effects of the linear charge for the CM/SM umbilical cutter caused considerable damage to the heatshield. To circumvent this problem, North American designed a vastly improved pyrotechnic-driven, guillotine-type cutter. MSC readily approved the new' device for both Block I and II spacecraft.


1965 January 14-21 - .
  • Development firings of the Apollo parachute mortars completed - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM, CSM Parachute. Development firings of the launch escape system's drogue and pilot parachute mortars were completed, and the units were slated for qualification trials the following month..

1965 January 14 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 395-A3. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan I.
  • ST West Wind III operational test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1965 January 15 - . Launch Site: Green River. Launch Complex: Green River Pad 2. Launch Vehicle: Athena RTV.
  • USAF C006 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1965 January 15 - . 21:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC1E. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor SLV-2A Agena D.
  • KH-4A 1016 - . Payload: KH-4A s/n 1016 / Agena D 1608 / OPS 3928. Mass: 1,500 kg (3,300 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: CIA, NRO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: WS-117. Spacecraft: KH-4A. Decay Date: 1965-02-09 . USAF Sat Cat: 972 . COSPAR: 1965-002A. Apogee: 420 km (260 mi). Perigee: 180 km (110 mi). Inclination: 75.0000 deg. Period: 90.50 min. KH-4A. Smearing of highly reflective images due to reflections within camera..

1965 January 16 - .
  • Simulated off-the-pad ejection (SOPE) qualification testing resumed. - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft: Gemini, Gemini Ejection.

    After a long delay because pyrotechnics were not available, simulated off-the-pad ejection (SOPE) qualification testing resumed with SOPE No. 12. Performance of the left seat was completely satisfactory, but the right seat rocket catapult fired prematurely because the right hatch actuator malfunctioned. The seat collided with the hatch and failed to leave the test vehicle. All hatch actuators were modified to preclude repetition of this failure. After being tested, the redesigned hatch actuators were used in SOPE No. 13 on February 12. The test was successful, and all systems functioned properly. This portion of the qualification test program came to a successful conclusion with SOPE No. 14 on March 6. The complete ejection system functioned as designed, and all equipment was recovered in excellent condition.


1965 January 18 - .
  • Qualification testing completed of the tanks for the Apollo service propulsion system - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM, CSM SPS. General Motors' Allison Division completed qualification testing of the propellant tanks for the service propulsion system..

1965 January 18 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg.
  • Initial West Coast launch of a Thor/Altair. - . Nation: USA.

1965 January 19 - . LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan II.
  • Built-in holds in the GLV/Gemini countdown. - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft Bus: Mercury & Gemini Spacecraft Systems Development Diaries. Spacecraft: Gemini Fuel Cell. The study of 325 missile countdowns, 205 missile launches, as well as all Titan scrubs and holds, indicated that GLV launching would be considerably improved and a great many scrubs precluded by the addition of such holds..

1965 January 19 - . 05:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC10W. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor MG-18.
  • DMSP-Block-4A F1 - . Payload: DAPP 10 / OPS 7040. Mass: 150 kg (330 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Program: DMSP. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DMSP Block 4/5 satellites. Spacecraft: DMSP Block 4A. Decay Date: 1979-07-13 . USAF Sat Cat: 973 . COSPAR: 1965-003A. Apogee: 833 km (517 mi). Perigee: 462 km (287 mi). Inclination: 98.8000 deg. Period: 97.60 min.

    The first Air Force Thor/Altair (Burner I) space booster was launched from Vandenberg AFB. The Altair upper stage was the fourth stage of the Scout rocket. Defense Meteorological Satellite Program. Launch date was January 18, 1965. The launch was successful and correct orbit was achieved. However, the heat shield on the second stage did not deploy correctly and the mission objectives were not fully realized. This first Burner I bird is distinguishable in photos by its black second stage.


1965 January 19 - . 14:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC19. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan II GLV.
  • Gemini 2 - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Spacecraft: Gemini. Apogee: 169 km (105 mi).

    The second Titan II Gemini Launch Vehicle (GLV-2) carried the unmanned, instrumented Gemini spacecraft (GT-2) for a suborbital shot preliminary to the first U.S. two-man Gemini mission. During the countdown for Gemini-Titan (GT) 2, the fuel cell hydrogen inlet valve failed to open. Efforts to correct the problem continued until it was determined that freeing the valve would delay the countdown. Work on the fuel cell ceased, and it was not activated for the flight. The fuel cell installed in spacecraft No. 2 was not a current flight design. When fuel cell design was changed in January 1964, several cells of earlier design were available. Although these cells were known to have some defects, flight testing with the reactant supply system was felt to be extremely desirable. Accordingly, it was decided to fly the entire system on GT-2, but only on a "non-interference with flight" basis. When it became clear that correcting the problem that emerged during the GT-2 countdown would cause delay, fuel cell activation for the flight was called off.


1965 January 20 - . Launch Site: Tonopah. Launch Vehicle: Tomahawk.
  • Magnus Stovepipe Test / aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 106 km (65 mi).

1965 January 20 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF03. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1965 January 21-28 - .
  • STL sole contractor for the Apollo LEM descent engine - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo LM, Apollo Lunar Landing, LM Descent Propulsion.

    Parallel development of the LEM descent engine was halted. Space Technology Laboratories was named the sole contractor; the Rocketdyne contract was canceled. Grumman estimated that the cost of Rocketdyne's program would be about $25 million at termination.


1965 January 21 - . LV Family: Saturn I. Launch Vehicle: Saturn IB.
  • Requirements for Apollo spacecraft launched by Saturn IB assessed - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Phillips, Samuel. Program: Apollo.

    At the request of Maj. Gen. Samuel C. Phillips, Apollo Program Director, ASPO reexamined the performance requirements for spacecraft slated for launch with Saturn IBs. MSC currently assessed that the launch vehicle was able to put 16,102 kg (35,500 lbs) into a circular orbit 105 nm above the earth. Based on the spacecraft control weights, however, it appeared that the total injected weight of the modules would exceed this amount by some 395 kg (870 lbs). Additional Details: here....


1965 January 21 - .
  • Apollo dual drogue parachutes in drop test - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM, CSM Parachute.

    Northrop-Ventura verified the strength of the dual drogue parachutes in a drop test at El Centro, Calif. This was also the first airborne test of the new mortar by which the drogues were deployed and of the new pilot parachute risers, made of steel cables. All planned objectives were met. Additional Details: here....


1965 January 21 - .
  • Cosmonaut examinations completed - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Beregovoi, Demin, Gubarev, Keldysh, Korolev, Ponomaryova, Shatalov, Solovyova, Tyulin.

    The 15 cosmonaut candidates have all 'graduated' from basic cosmonaut training. The highest scores were by Beregovoi, Shatalov, Gubarev, and Demin. Two days later they officially receive their cosmonaut rating, bringing the total contingent to 34, of which 9 have already been in space. With this contingent the Soviet Union will fly to the moon and man an orbital station. That is insufficient - Kamanin wants a 40-man second contingent. The new contingent will have to be absolutely healthy male specimens, no older than 32 years, under 175 cm in height and 75 kg in weight. Keldysh, Korolev, and Tyulin are against further female flights in space, despite Kamanin's insistence.


1965 January 21 - . 20:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Solar extreme ultraviolet / x-ray mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Apogee: 235 km (146 mi).

1965 January 21 - . 21:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 576B3. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D. FAILURE: Failure. Failed Stage: 1.
  • OV1-01 - . Payload: ABRES MTV-1. Mass: 85 kg (187 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft: OV1. Decay Date: 1965-01-21 . Failure..
  • OV1-1 - . Payload: OV1-1. Mass: 555 kg (1,223 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Spacecraft: OV1.

1965 January 22 - . Launch Site: Beale AFB. Launch Complex: Beale AFB. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan I.
  • Last Titan I ICBM taken off alert status at Beale AFB - . Nation: USA.

1965 January 22 - . 05:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 9M.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 350 km (210 mi).

1965 January 22 - . 07:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor Delta C.
  • Tiros 9 - . Payload: Tiros I (A-54). Mass: 138 kg (304 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Program: Tiros. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft: Tiros. USAF Sat Cat: 978 . COSPAR: 1965-004A. Apogee: 2,563 km (1,592 mi). Perigee: 705 km (438 mi). Inclination: 96.4000 deg. Period: 119.00 min. Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C)..

1965 January 23 - .
  • Department of Defense requesting proposals for design / development of the MOL. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: McNamara. Spacecraft: MOL.

    Defense Secretary Robert S. McNamara announced that the Department of Defense was requesting proposals from the aerospace industry for design studies to support development of the MOL (especially cost and technical data). Three contractors would be chosen to conduct the studies, a step preliminary to any DOD decision to proceed with full-scale development of the space laboratory.


1965 January 23 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 635. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1965 January 23 - . 20:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC4W. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas SLV-3 Agena D.
  • KH 7-15 - . Payload: KH-7 no. 15 / OPS 4703. Mass: 2,000 kg (4,400 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO, USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: WS-117. Spacecraft: KH-7. Decay Date: 1965-01-29 . USAF Sat Cat: 980 . COSPAR: 1965-005A. Apogee: 291 km (180 mi). Perigee: 146 km (90 mi). Inclination: 102.5000 deg. Period: 88.90 min. KH-7 type satellite. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A). .

1965 January 25 - .
  • Backup Apollo Block II space suit development program - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: A7L, Apollo CSM, CSM Block II.

    MSC negotiated a backup Block II space suit development program with David Clark Company, which paralleled the Hamilton Standard program, at a cost of $176,000. Criteria for selecting the suit for ultimate development for Block II would be taken from the Extravehicular Mobility Unit Design and Performance Specification. A selection test program would be conducted at MSC using the CM mockup, the lunar simulation facility, and the LEM mockup.


1965 January 25 - . LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan II.
  • Gemini launch vehicle 3 was erected at complex 19. - . Nation: USA. Flight: Gemini 3. Power was applied January 29 and Subsystems Functional Verification Tests (SSFVT) commenced. SSFVT were finished February 12. The Combined Systems Test before spacecraft mating was conducted February 15-16..

1965 January 25 - .
  • Optimism permeated Apollo program - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Seamans. Program: Apollo.

    The optimism that permeated the Apollo program was reflected in statements by NASA's Associate Administrator, Robert C. Seamans, Jr., during budget briefings for the forthcoming year. He was "greatly encouraged" by recent design freezes and "very reassured" by testing of propulsion systems and launch vehicle stages. "We really feel," Seamans said, ". . . that we can get off the (lunar landing) flight on an earlier mission than I would have said a year ago?' Certainly it was "conceivable" that the moon landing could come "in early 1970."


1965 January 25 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant IIB.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 230 km (140 mi).

1965 January 25 - . 20:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant IIB. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1965 January 26 - .
  • Apollo Lunar Landing Research Vehicle results - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Gilruth. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft Bus: Apollo LM. Spacecraft: Apollo LLRV.

    Warren J. North, Chairman of the Lunar Landing Research Vehicle (LLRV) Coordination Panel, reported to MSC Director Robert R. Gilruth that the LLRV had been flown 10 times by Flight Research Center pilots - eight times by Joe Walker and twice by Don Mallick. Maximum altitude achieved was 91 m (300 ft) and maximum forward velocity was 12 m (40 ft) per sec. Additional Details: here....


1965 January 26 - . 09:40 GMT - . Launch Pad: Atlantic Ocean, 35.1 S x 35.5 W. Launch Platform: T-AGM-8. LV Family: Iris. Launch Vehicle: Hydra-Iris.
  • LRL SAP-2 (SAA) Ionosphere / magnetosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN NMC. Apogee: 289 km (179 mi).

1965 January 27 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Ballistic (TTR?) test - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 302 km (187 mi).

1965 January 27 - . 21:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 117 km (72 mi).

1965 January 28 - . Launch Vehicle: Saturn V.
  • First major Saturn V flight component delivered - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo.

    The first major Saturn V flight component, a 10-m (33-ft) diameter, 27,215 kg (60,000 lb corrugated tail section which would support the booster's 6,672 kilonewtons (1.5-million-lb) thrust engines, arrived at MSFC from NASA's Michoud Operations near New Orleans. The section was one of five major structural units comprising Saturn V's first stage.


1965 January 28 - . 04:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 125 km (77 mi).

1965 January 28 - . 12:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC18A. Launch Pad: LC18A. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Blue Scout Jr. FAILURE: Failure.
  • OAR 22-3 / AFCRL-309 Magnetosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1965 January 29 - . LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan II.
  • Qualification testing of the food, water, and waste management systems for the Gemini-Titan 3 mission was completed. - . Nation: USA. Flight: Gemini 3.

1965 January 29 - .
  • Emergency defecation capability added to the Apollo LEM - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Gemini.

    ASPO concurred with the requirement to provide an emergency defecation capability aboard the LEM as established by MSC's Center Medical Programs Office. The addition of a Gemini-type defecation glove appeared to present a satisfactory solution. Crew Systems Division was directed to proceed with their recommendation and add the Gemini gloves to the LEM crew provisions.


1965 January 29 - .
  • Apollo boilerplate 28 second water impact test - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM, CSM Heat Shield.

    Apollo boilerplate 28 underwent its second water impact test. Despite its strengthened aft structure, in this and a subsequent drop on February 9 the vehicle again suffered damage to the aft heatshield and bulkhead, though far less severe than that experienced in its initial test. The impact problem, it was obvious, was not yet solved.


1965 January 29 - .
  • Manned Vykhod airlock test fails. - . Nation: Russia. Program: Voskhod. Flight: Voskhod 2. Spacecraft: Berkut, Voskhod.

    The first manned test of the airlock fails before an audience of 60 government and industry leaders. A VVS pilot in a spacesuit was to demonstrate the entire sequence involved in exiting into space. (release of the forward ring, inflation of the airlock, opening of the hatch between the spacecraft and airlock, closing the hatch, evacuation of the air from the airlock, opening of the outer hatch of the airlock, then the sequence in reverse). Two attempts are made at 15 km equivalent altitude, but the hatch from the spacecraft to the airlock cannot be opened due to defects in its construction in the first try. This is fixed, but on the second try the Vega system that monitors the cosmonaut's condition fails.


1965 January 29 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC31B. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 2.
  • Research and development launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1965 January 30 - .
  • Death of Frol Romanovich Kozlov - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Kozlov, Frol. Russian politician. Secretary of Central Committee for defence and space 1960-1963..

1965 January 30 - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. LV Family: Spartan ABM. Launch Vehicle: Nike Zeus.
  • Sim SLBM Target - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1965 January 30 - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. LV Family: Spartan ABM. Launch Vehicle: Nike Zeus.
  • Sim SLBM Target - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1965 January 30 - . 07:45 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Infrared astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Apogee: 211 km (131 mi).

1965 January 30 - . 08:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC67/22. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: R-36 8K67.
  • POR state trials missile launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,493 km (927 mi).

1965 January 30 - . 09:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC86/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 63S1.
  • Cosmos 53 - . Payload: DS-A1 s/n 5. Mass: 310 kg (680 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-A1. Completed Operations Date: 1965-02-09 . Decay Date: 1966-08-12 . USAF Sat Cat: 983 . COSPAR: 1965-006A. Apogee: 1,172 km (728 mi). Perigee: 221 km (137 mi). Inclination: 48.7000 deg. Period: 98.70 min.

    Carried military experiments to test communications and navigation equipment needed for command and control of Soviet nuclear forces (later used on the Uragan navigation satellites). Also conducted operational monitoring of cosmic rays, radiation from nuclear tests, and natural and artifically-produced radiation belts.


1965 January - .
  • Grumman modified the Apollo LEM's forward hatch - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo LM, LM Hatch.

    To make it easier to get in and out of the spacecraft, Grumman modified the LEM's forward hatch. During mobility tests on the company's mockup, a hinged, trapezoidal-shaped door had proved superior to the original circular hatch, so the earlier design was dropped.


1965 January 31 - . 05:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima L. LV Family: Lambda. Launch Vehicle: Lambda 3.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 1,040 km (640 mi).

1965 February 1 - . Launch Site: Ellsworth AFB. Launch Complex: Ellsworth AFB. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan I.
  • Last Titan I ICBM taken off alert status at Ellsworth AFB - . Nation: USA.

1965 February 1 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg.
  • AFWTR replaces PMR. - . Nation: USA. Five months ahead of the original schedule, Air Force Western Test Range (AFWTR) assumed responsibilities for intercontinental ballistic missile and space vehicle support functions from the Navy's Pacific Missile Range..

1965 Feb - . LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan IIIB.
  • Space Systems Division received contract go-ahead for the Titan IIIX/Agena program. - .

1965 February 1 - . Launch Site: , Vandenberg.
  • The Air Force Western Test Range at Vandenberg AFB assumed ICBM and space vehicle support functions and control of instrumentation on the Pacific Missile Range from the U.S. Navy. - .

1965 February 1 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Jericho. Launch Vehicle: MD-620.
  • Tir 1 test - . Nation: Israel. Agency: Dassault. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi). First launch of prototype single-stage MD.620..

1965 February 2 - .
  • Cosmonaut organisation - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Beregovoi, Malinovskiy, Nikolayev. Program: Lunar L1, Lunar L3. Spacecraft: LK-1, Soyuz A, Soyuz B, Soyuz PPK, Soyuz R, Soyuz V.

    Kamanin will organise the cosmonauts into two groups: the first group will be commanded by Nikolayev, and the latest group by Beregovoi. They will be assigned to support and train seven missions: military space (reconnaissance, interceptor, and combat spacecraft); space navigation; life support and rescue systems; communications and telemetry systems; scientific orbital stations; lunar fly-by; and lunar landing expeditions. All of this may be for nought, since Marshall Malinovskiy has said that heavy launch vehicles and lunar flights have no military utility and should be funded and handled by the Academy of Science.


1965 February 2 - . Launch Site: Larson AFB. Launch Complex: Larson AFB. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan I.
  • Last Titan I ICBM taken off alert status at Larson AFB - . Nation: USA.

1965 February 2 - . Launch Site: Tonopah. Launch Vehicle: Tomahawk.
  • Magnus Test / aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 106 km (65 mi).

1965 February 2 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF08. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1965 February 2 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF02. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1965 February 2 - . 06:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Green River. Launch Complex: Green River Pad 2. Launch Vehicle: Athena RTV. FAILURE: Failure.
  • USAF D003 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1965 February 2 - . 09:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. LV Family: Lupus. Launch Vehicle: HAD.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Australia. Agency: WRE. Apogee: 123 km (76 mi).

1965 February 2 - . 20:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Delamar Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008.
  • X-15A MA-25S TPS,MH-96,BLN Test/Technology mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Spacecraft: X-15A. Apogee: 29 km (18 mi). Maximum Speed - 6253 kph. Maximum Altitude - 29931 m. Air dropped in Delamar Dry Lake DZ..

1965 February 3 - .
  • Vykhod airlock experiments - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Korolev. Program: Voskhod. Flight: Voskhod 2. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Voskhod.

    At Chkalovskiy Airfield, the Vykhod airlock experiments are repeated, this time to an altitude of 37 km. This time the tests, run at up to 37 km equivalent altitude, are successful. The cosmonaut's pulse reached 90-108 per minute during the effort to get into the lock and open it. In all the test took two hours, but Korolev was pleased with the results. But afterwards he differs with Kamanin in the need for a 16-m arm centrifuge to be used for cosmonaut training. It should mainly be used by industry, Korolev believes.


1965 February 3 - . Launch Site: Tonopah. Launch Vehicle: Tomahawk.
  • Magnus Test / aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 106 km (65 mi).

1965 February 3 - . 16:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17B. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor Delta C.
  • OSO 2 - . Payload: OSO B2 (S-17). Mass: 247 kg (544 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Class: Astronomy. Type: Solar satellite. Spacecraft: OSO. Decay Date: 1989-08-09 . USAF Sat Cat: 987 . COSPAR: 1965-007A. Apogee: 306 km (190 mi). Perigee: 294 km (182 mi). Inclination: 32.8000 deg. Period: 90.50 min. Orbiting Solar Observatory; returned solar X-ray, UV, gamma ray data. Spacecraft engaged in research and exploration of the upper atmosphere or outer space (US Cat B). .

1965 February 3 - . 18:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • UNH Particles Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 141 km (87 mi).

1965 February 4 - . 04:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Point Barrow. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 121 km (75 mi).

1965 February 4 - . 05:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 118 km (73 mi).

1965 February 5 - . LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan II.
  • Modifications to Gemini launch vehicle 5 were completed and stage I was erected in the vertical test facility at Martin-Baltimore. - . Nation: USA. Flight: Gemini 5. Stage II was erected February 8. Power was applied to the vehicle for the first time on February 15, and Subsystems Functional Verification Tests were completed March 8. Another modification period followed..

1965 February 5 - .
  • Apollo SM 001's service propulsion engine static-fired - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM, CSM SPS. SM 001's service propulsion engine was static-fired for 10 sec at White Sands. The firing was the first in a program to verify the mission profiles for later flight tests of the module. (SM 001 was the first major piece of flight-weight Apollo hardware.).

1965 February 5 - .
  • Vykhod redesignated Voskhod 2 - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Belyayev, Leonov. Program: Voskhod. Flight: Voskhod 2. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Voskhod.

    The 3KD spacecraft will be known as Voskhod-2 rather than Vykhod. It was felt that 'Vykhod' ('exit') would reveal the purpose of the flight, which should not be revealed unless the experiment succeeds. The cosmonauts are training very hard in the zero-G trainer and will use the airlock at 37 km equivalent vacuum in the TBK-60 on 8 February. The motto is "Train hard to make it easy to do".


1965 February 6 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 624. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A2.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1965 February 6 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 624. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A2.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1965 February 6 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 624. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A2.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1965 February 6 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 624. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A2.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1965 February 6 - . 05:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 9M.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 325 km (201 mi).

1965 February 6 - . 10:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 9M.
  • Solar radio frequencies mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 335 km (208 mi).

1965 February 8 - .
  • Scientists invited to a conference on the Gemini and Apollo missions - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Gemini.

    NASA invited 113 scientists and 23 national space organizations to a conference at MSC to brief them on the Gemini and Apollo missions. As a result of the conference, NASA hoped to receive proposals for biomedical experiments to be performed in Gemini and Apollo spacecraft.


1965 February 8 - . LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan II.
  • Manned Spacecraft Center announced the selection of L. Gordon Cooper, Jr., as command pilot and Charles Conrad, Jr., as pilot for the seven-day Gemini-Titan 5 mission. - . Nation: USA. Flight: Gemini 5. Backup crew would be Neil A. Armstrong and Elliot M. See, Jr..

1965 February 8 - .
  • Requirement deleted for a rendezvous radar in the Apollo CSM - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM, CSM Docking. MSC deleted the requirement for a rendezvous radar in the CSM..

1965 February 8 - .
  • Voskhod 2 crew vacuum chamber tests - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Belyayev, Korolev, Lazarev, Leonov, Sorokin. Program: Voskhod. Flight: Voskhod 1. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Voskhod.

    Belyayev and Leonov practice deploying and exiting the airlock at 37 km equivalent altitude in the TBK-60 chamber. The Vega system for keeping track of the spacewalking cosmonaut's life signs fails again. Kamanin is infuriated. Later he discusses future spaceflight plans with Korolev, who was supposed to deliver five Voskhods in 1965. Korolev says that three spacecraft will only be completed by October, and should only be available for flights at the end of the year. He wants to use one as a biosat in an unmanned flight of organisms for 30 days; a second for the flight of a cosmonaut pilot and physician for 15 days; and the third for flight of a cosmonaut and engineer to perform an artificial gravity experiment. Two further spacecraft will be finished to the Vykhod configuration in October 1965 for flights in March 1966. Nothing is official yet, and Kamanin urges that the necessary resolutions be passed as soon as possible so that training can begin. He thought before that there was little chance that Yegorov's back-ups, Lazarev and Sorokin would fly, but now he puts them back in training so they will be ready for this flight schedule. But Korolev remains opposed to flying either candidate.


1965 February 8 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 635. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1965 February 8 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF09. Launch Pad: LF09?. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1965 February 8 - . 22:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Point Barrow. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 124 km (77 mi).

1965 February 8 - . 22:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 107 km (66 mi).

1965 February 8 - . 22:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 165 km (102 mi).

1965 February 9 - . Launch Vehicle: Saturn V.
  • First ground test model of the S-II stage completed - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. North American completed the first ground test model of the S-II stage of the Saturn V..

1965 February 9 - .
  • Voskhod 2 crew selection. - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Belyayev, Khrunov, Leonov, Zaikin. Program: Voskhod. Flight: Voskhod 2. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Voskhod. The State Commission meets to consider Voskhod 2 crew assignments. Belyayev and Leonov are named the prime crew, with Zaikin and Khrunov as their back-ups. .

1965 February 10 - . Launch Vehicle: N1.
  • L3 single-launch spacecraft draft project approved. - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Keldysh, Korolev, Pilyugin. Program: Lunar L3. Spacecraft: LK, Soyuz 7K-LOK.

    Interdepartmental Scientific-Technical Council on Space Research (MNTS-KI) Decree 'On approval of the L3 draft project' was issued. The decree followed a review by a Keldysh-led Academy of Sciences state commission the previous December. The decree moved the first flight of the N1 to the end of 1966. Additional Details: here....


1965 February 11 - .
  • Drogue parachutes tested to ultimate load - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM, CSM Parachute.

    A drop test at EI Centro, Calif., demonstrated the ability of the drogue parachutes to sustain the ultimate disreefed load that would be imposed upon them during reentry. (For the current CM weight, that maximum load would be 7,711 kg (17,000 lbs) per parachute.) Preliminary data indicated that the two drogues had withstood loads of 8,803 and 8,165 kg (19,600 and 18,000 lbs). One of the drogues emerged unscathed; the other suffered only minor damage near the pocket of the reefing cutter.


1965 February 11-18 - .
  • Use of the Apollo LEM as a backup for the service propulsion system - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo LM, LM ECS.

    To make room for a rendezvous study, MSC was forced to end, prematurely, its simulations of employing the LEM as a backup for the service propulsion system. Nonetheless, the LEM was evaluated in both manual and automatic operation. Although some sizable attitude changes were required, investigators found no serious problems with either steering accuracy or dynamic stability.


1965 February 11-18 - .
  • Three-foot probes on the Apollo LEM landing gear - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo LM, LM Descent Propulsion, LM Landing Gear.

    Evaluations of the three-foot probes on the LEM landing gear showed that the task of shutting off the engine prior to actual touchdown was even more difficult than controlling the vehicle's rate of descent. During simulated landings, about 70 percent of the time the spacecraft was less than 0.3 m (1 ft) high when shutdown came; on 20 percent of the runs, the engine was still burning at touchdown. Some change, either in switch location or in procedure, thus appeared necessary to shorten the delay between contact light and engine cutoff (an average of 0.7 sec).


1965 February 11 - . 15:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC20. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan IIIA.
  • LES 1 - . Mass: 31 kg (68 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Technology. Type: Communications technology satellite. Spacecraft: LES. USAF Sat Cat: 1002 . COSPAR: 1965-008C. Apogee: 2,809 km (1,745 mi). Perigee: 2,783 km (1,729 mi). Inclination: 32.1000 deg. Period: 145.80 min.

    Titan IIIA, Vehicle #3, was launched from Cape Canaveral. In a maneuverability test involving three separate orbits, the Transtage and two satellites were successfully placed into their programmed orbits. The primary objective of the mission was the triple ignition of the Transtage engine that was required for the three separate orbits. When it placed the Lincoln Experimental Satellite (LES-1) into orbit, the vehicle became the first Titan III to inject an operational payload into orbit. Lincoln Experimental Satellite; communications experiments. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A).


1965 February 11 - . 17:55 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Solar spectrum Solar ultraviolet / solar extreme ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1965 February 12 - . LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan II.
  • Gemini-Titan (GT) 3 mission might be flown between March 22 and 25, 1965. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Kraft. Flight: Gemini 4.

    Director of Flight Operations Christopher C. Kraft, Jr., told the Manned Spacecraft Center senior staff that the Gemini-Titan (GT) 3 mission might be flown between March 22 and 25, although it was officially scheduled for the second quarter of 1965. In addition, the Houston control center was being considered for use in the GT-4 mission.


1965 February 12 - .
  • Cosmos 57 delayed - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Korolev. Program: Voskhod. Flight: Voskhod 2. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Voskhod. Once again the primary Tral system aboard the spacecraft has failed, and it will take 7 to 8 days to replace. Korolev, Kamanin, and the other leaders return to Moscow..

1965 February 12 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC86/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 63S1. FAILURE: Second stage failed.. Failed Stage: 2.
  • DS-P1-Yu s/n 2 - . Payload: DS-P1-Yu. Mass: 330 kg (720 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-Yu. Development of systems for air defence and the control of outer space..

1965 February 12 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 618. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A2.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1965 February 12 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 618. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A2.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1965 February 12 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. Launch Vehicle: Veronique.
  • Solar mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 95 km (59 mi).

1965 February 12 - . Launch Site: Green River. Launch Complex: Green River Pad 3. Launch Vehicle: Athena RTV. FAILURE: Failure.
  • USAF D002 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1965 February 15 - . 16:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 630. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1965 February 16 - .
  • Specialty areas for 13 astronauts not assigned to Gemini - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Aldrin, Anders, Bassett, Bean, Cernan, Chaffee, Collins, Cunningham, Eisele, Freeman, Gordon, Schweickart, Scott, Williams, Clifton. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo LM, CSM ECS, LM Communications, LM ECS, LM Guidance.

    MSC announced a realignment of specialty areas for the 13 astronauts not assigned to forthcoming Gemini missions (GT 3 through 5) or to strictly administrative positions:

    Operations and Training
    Edwin E. Aldrin, branch chief - mission planning

    Charles A. Bassett - operations handbooks, training, and simulators

    Alan L. Bean - recovery systems

    Michael Collins - pressure suits and extravehicular activity

    David R. Scott - mission planning and guidance and navigation

    Clifton C. Williams - range operations, deep space instrumentation, and crew safety.

    Project Apollo
    Richard F. Gordon, branch chief - overall astronaut activities in Apollo area and liaison for CSM development

    Donn F. Eisele - CSM and LEM

    William A. Anders - environmental control system and radiation and thermal systems

    Eugene A. Cernan - boosters, spacecraft propulsion, and the Agena stage

    Roger B. Chaffee - communications, flight controls, and docking

    R. Walter Cunningham - electrical and sequential systems and non-flight experiments

    Russell L. Schweickart - in-flight experiments and future programs.


1965 February 16 - .
  • Apollo hardware delivery schedules changed - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Phillips, Samuel. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM.

    In a memorandum to ASPO, Samuel C. Phillips, Apollo Program Director, inquired about realigning the schedules of contractors to meet revised delivery and launch timetables for Apollo. Phillips tentatively set forth deliveries of six spacecraft (CSM/LEMs) during 1967 and eight during each succeeding year; he outlined eight manned launches per year also, starting in 1969.


1965 February 16 - . 05:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Green River. Launch Complex: Green River Pad 1. Launch Vehicle: Athena RTV. FAILURE: Failure.
  • USAF D008 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1965 February 16 - . 14:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC37B. Launch Vehicle: Saturn I.
  • Pegasus 1 - . Payload: Pegasus 1. Mass: 10,400 kg (22,900 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Huntsville. Program: Apollo. Class: Earth. Type: Micrometeoroid satellite. Spacecraft: Pegasus satellite. Decay Date: 1978-09-17 . USAF Sat Cat: 1085 . COSPAR: 1965-009A. Apogee: 726 km (451 mi). Perigee: 510 km (310 mi). Inclination: 31.7000 deg. Period: 97.00 min.

    A Saturn I vehicle SA-9 launched a multiple payload into a high 744 by 496 km (462 by 308 mi) earth orbit. The rocket carried a boilerplate (BP) CSM (BP-16) and, fitted inside the SM, the Pegasus I meteoroid detection satellite. This was the eighth successful Saturn flight in a row, and the first to carry an active payload. BP-16's launch escape tower was jettisoned following second-stage S-IV ignition. After attaining orbit, the spacecraft were separated from the S-IV. Thereupon the Pegasus I's panels were deployed and were ready to perform their task, i.e., registering meteoroid impact and relaying the information to the ground.

  • Apollo-Model 3 - . Payload: Apollo CSM Boilerplate 16. Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Houston. Program: Apollo. Class: Moon. Type: Manned lunar spacecraft. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM, CSM Structural. Decay Date: 1985-07-10 . USAF Sat Cat: 1088 . COSPAR: 1965-009B. Apogee: 736 km (457 mi). Perigee: 500 km (310 mi). Inclination: 31.7000 deg. Period: 97.06 min.

1965 February 17 - .
  • Increase in the Apollo CM's land landing capability - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM, CSM Recovery. North American proposed an idea for increasing the CM's land landing capability. This could be done, the company asserted, by raising the water impact limits (thus exceeding normal tolerances) and stiffening the shock struts.. Additional Details: here....

1965 February 17 - . LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan II.
  • Gemini launch vehicle 3 and spacecraft No. 3 were mechanically mated on complex 19. - . Nation: USA. Flight: Gemini 3.

    The Electrical Interface Integrated Validation Test was completed February 19, the Joint Guidance and Control Test on February 22. Gemini-Titan 3 combined systems testing included the Joint Combined Systems Test on February 24 and the Flight Configuration Mode Test on March 3.


1965 February 17 - . 17:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC12. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas Agena B.
  • Ranger 8 - . Payload: RA-8. Mass: 366 kg (806 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: JPL, NASA. Program: Ranger. Class: Moon. Type: Lunar probe. Spacecraft Bus: Ranger. Spacecraft: Ranger 6-7-8-9. Decay Date: 1965-02-20 . USAF Sat Cat: 1086 . COSPAR: 1965-010A.

    Returned 7137 photos before lunar impact. The Atlas- Agena B booster injected the Agena and Ranger 8 into an Earth parking orbit at 185 km altitude 7 minutes after launch. Fourteen minutes later a 90 second burn of the Agena put the spacecraft into lunar transfer trajectory, and several minutes later the Ranger and Agena separated. The Ranger solar panels were deployed, attitude control activated, and spacecraft transmissions switched from the omni-directional antenna to the high-gain antenna by 21:30 GMT. On 18 February at a distance of 160,000 km from Earth the planned mid-course manoeuvre took place, involving reorientation and a 59 second rocket burn. During the 27 minute manoeuvre, spacecraft transmitter power dropped severely, so that lock was lost on all telemetry channels. This continued intermittently until the rocket burn, at which time power returned to normal. The telemetry dropout had no serious effects on the mission. A planned terminal sequence to point the cameras more in the direction of flight just before reaching the Moon was cancelled to allow the cameras to cover a greater area of the Moon's surface.

    Ranger 8 reached the Moon on 20 February 1965. The first image was taken at 9:34:32 GMT at an altitude of 2510 km. Transmission of 7,137 photographs of good quality occurred over the final 23 minutes of flight. The final image taken before impact has a resolution of 1.5 meters. The spacecraft encountered the lunar surface in a direct hyperbolic trajectory, with incoming asymptotic direction at an angle of -13.6 degrees from the lunar equator. The orbit plane was inclined 16.5 degrees to the lunar equator. After 64.9 hours of flight, impact occurred at 09:57:36.756 GMT on 20 February 1965 in Mare Tranquillitatis at approximately 2.67 degrees N, 24.65 degrees E. Impact velocity was slightly less than 2.68 km/s.


1965 February 17 - . 18:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Mud Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. FAILURE: Landing skid extends at Mach 4.3..
  • X-15A-2 Stability test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Spacecraft Bus: X-15A. Spacecraft: X-15A-2. Apogee: 29 km (18 mi). Maximum Speed - 5649 kph. Maximum Altitude - 28986 m. Right main landing gear extended at Mach 4.1; normal landing. Air dropped in Mud Lake DZ..

1965 February 18 - .
  • Apollo Extension System (AES) to produce space hardware for future missions at a fraction of the original development cost. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Mueller. Spacecraft Bus: Apollo CSM. Spacecraft: Apollo X.

    Testifying before the House Committee on Science and Astronautics during hearings on NASA's Fiscal Year 1966 budget, Associate Administrator for Manned Space Flight George E. Mueller briefly outlined the space agency's immediate post-Apollo objectives: 'Apollo capabilities now under development,' he said, 'will enable us to produce space hardware and fly it for future missions at a small fraction of the original development cost. This is the basic concept in the Apollo Extension System (AES) now under consideration.' Additional Details: here....


1965 February 18 - .
  • Apollo LEM Test Article 2 shipped - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo LM, LM Structural. LEM Test Article 2 was shipped to Marshall Space Flight Center to undergo a series of Saturn booster vibration tests..

1965 February 18 - . 20:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • UM Composition 4? Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 195 km (121 mi).

1965 February 19 - . 00:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • TMA / Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 161 km (100 mi).

1965 February 19 - . 04:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • JHU Aurora 3 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 159 km (98 mi).

1965 February 19 - . 04:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • LASL Aurora Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 320 km (190 mi).

1965 February 19 - . 09:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • UM Composition 5? Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 187 km (116 mi).

1965 February 20 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC86/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 63S1. FAILURE: First stage failed 64 seconds after launch.. Failed Stage: 1.
  • DS-A1 s/n 6 - . Payload: DS-A1. Mass: 30 kg (66 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Program: DS. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-A1.

    Carried military experiments to test communications and navigation equipment needed for command and control of Soviet nuclear forces (later used on the Uragan navigation satellites). Also conducted operational monitoring of cosmic rays, radiation from nuclear tests, and natural and artifically-produced radiation belts.


1965 February 21 - . 11:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC41/15. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 65S3.
  • Cosmos 54 - . Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1. Decay Date: 1968-09-15 . USAF Sat Cat: 1089 . COSPAR: 1965-011A. Apogee: 1,839 km (1,142 mi). Perigee: 269 km (167 mi). Inclination: 56.1000 deg. Period: 106.30 min.
  • Cosmos 55 - . Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1. Decay Date: 1968-02-02 . USAF Sat Cat: 1090 . COSPAR: 1965-011B. Apogee: 1,752 km (1,088 mi). Perigee: 261 km (162 mi). Inclination: 56.0000 deg. Period: 105.30 min.
  • Cosmos 56 - . Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1. Decay Date: 1967-11-02 . USAF Sat Cat: 1091 . COSPAR: 1965-011C. Apogee: 1,687 km (1,048 mi). Perigee: 259 km (160 mi). Inclination: 56.0000 deg. Period: 104.60 min.

1965 February 22 - . 07:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57.
  • Cosmos 57 - . Payload: Voskhod 3KD s/n 1. Mass: 5,682 kg (12,526 lb). Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Korolev. Agency: Korolev bureau. Program: Voskhod. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Voskhod 2. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Voskhod. Duration: 0.22 days. Decay Date: 1965-02-22 . USAF Sat Cat: 1093 . COSPAR: 1965-012A. Apogee: 708 km (439 mi). Perigee: 159 km (98 mi). Inclination: 64.8000 deg. Period: 93.20 min.

    Unsuccessful mission. Voskhod 2 test. Immediately after orbital insertion airlock and spacesuit inflated normally. Then two ground control stations sent commands to the spacecraft simultaneously. The combined signals accidentally set off the retrofire sequence, which some time later triggered the self destruct mechanism (designed to prevent the spacecraft from falling into enemy hands).
    Officially: Investigation of the upper atmosphere and outer space. Additional Details: here....


1965 February 23 - . 14:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17B. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor DSV-2G.
  • ASSET 6 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 70 km (43 mi).

    The Aerothermodynamic/elastic Structural Systems Environmental Test (ASSET) program concluded when a Thor booster launched the last of the experimental vehicles from the Eastern Test Range. The payload reentered down range but was not recovered. Suborbital test of small scale spaceplane model to test materials for the X-20 Dynasoar. Reached 6,000 m/s and 4,350 km range. Tested twelve different kinds of refractory metals and covered with 2000 dots of heat-sensitive paint to characterize thermal profile on reentry. Telemetry indicated that the spacecraft survived reentry, but it evidently sank upon impacting the ocean and could not be recovered as planned.


1965 February 23 - . 17:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Hydac. Launch Vehicle: Nike Javelin.
  • Sphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1965 February 24 - .
  • Contract to Collins for Apollo S-band telemetry equipment - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM, CSM Communications.

    NASA awarded a $2,740,000 fixed-price contract to the Collins Radio Company for S-band telemetry equipment. Collins would install the equipment at three antenna facilities that supported Apollo lunar missions (at Goldstone, Calif.; Canberra, Australia; and Madrid, Spain).


1965 February 25 - .
  • David Clark contracted for Apollo Block I space suits - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: A7L. MSC and the David Clark Company reached an agreement on a contract for Apollo Block I space suits. The first suits, expected by July 1, would go to North American for testing..

1965 February 25 - . LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan II.
  • Martin-Denver delivered propellant tanks for Gemini launch vehicle (GLV) 7 to Martin-Baltimore. - . Nation: USA. Flight: Gemini 7.

    Tank fabrication had begun in May 1964. Martin-Baltimore recleaned and purged the tanks with nitrogen by April 20, 1965. In the meantime, flight engines for GLV-7 arrived from Aerojet-General on April 17. Tank splicing was completed May 6 and engine installation May 20. All horizontal testing was completed June 14. A modification period followed.


1965 February 25 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Sprint ABM. Launch Vehicle: HIBEX.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DARPA, US Army. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1965 February 25 - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Ionosphere winds, T Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1965 February 25 - . 21:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC3W. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor SLV-2A Agena D.
  • KH-4A 1017 - . Payload: KH-4A s/n 1017 / Agena D 1611 / OPS 4782. Mass: 1,500 kg (3,300 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: CIA, NRO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: WS-117. Spacecraft: KH-4A. Decay Date: 1965-03-18 . USAF Sat Cat: 1096 . COSPAR: 1965-013A. Apogee: 377 km (234 mi). Perigee: 177 km (109 mi). Inclination: 75.1000 deg. Period: 90.10 min. KH-4A. Capping shutter malfunction occurred during last 5 passes of mission..

1965 February 26 - . LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan II.
  • A full-scale rehearsal of the flight crew countdown for Gemini-Titan 3 was conducted at the launch site. - . Nation: USA. Flight: Gemini 3.

    Procedures were carried out for moving the flight crew from their quarters in the Manned Spacecraft Center operations building at Merritt Island to the pilot's ready room at complex 16 at Cape Kennedy. Complete flight crew suiting operation in the ready room, the transfer to complex 19, and crew ingress into the spacecraft were practiced. Practice countdown proceeded smoothly and indicated that equipment and procedures were flight ready.


1965 February 26 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC41/3. LV Family: R-16. Launch Vehicle: R-16U.
  • PBG - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,210 km (750 mi).

1965 February 26 - . 05:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Vostok 8A92M.
  • Cosmos 58 - . Payload: Meteor no. 2. Mass: 4,730 kg (10,420 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: Korolev bureau. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft: Meteor. Decay Date: 1990-02-25 . USAF Sat Cat: 1097 . COSPAR: 1965-014A. Apogee: 345 km (214 mi). Perigee: 333 km (206 mi). Inclination: 65.0000 deg. Period: 91.30 min. Probable weather satellite. Investigation of the upper atmosphere and outer space. .

1965 February 26 - . 11:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Sphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1965 February 26 - . 19:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Delamar Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008.
  • X-15A MIT/AirD/Sky Bright Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Spacecraft: X-15A. Apogee: 46 km (28 mi). Maximum Speed - 6034 kph. Maximum Altitude - 46817 m. Air dropped in Delamar Dry Lake DZ..

1965 February 27 - .
  • State Commission on Cosmos 57 - . Nation: Russia. Program: Voskhod. Flight: Voskhod 2. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Voskhod.

    The final conclusion is as before, that simultaneous transmission of the air release command from IP-6 and IP-7 started the chain of events leading to the self-destruction of the spacecraft. It is decided that a Zenit planned for 4-8 March will fly with the Vykhod airlock ring, followed by the E-6 launch on 12 March, and the Voskhod-2 launch with a crew aboard for 15-20 March.


1965 February 27 - . LV Family: Saturn V, Saturn I.
  • The Thiokol Chemical Corporation (Brunswick Division) static-fired a two-segment, 156-inch diameter, 100-foot long solid-propellant rocket motor (156-2-T). - .

    This 900,000-pound motor, the largest solid-propellant motor yet fired, generated over three million pounds of thrust for one minute, more than twice as much as any previous motor. This test firing was intended to validate design criteria for the 260-inch motor program that was officially transferred from Space Systems Division management to that of NASA's Lewis Research Center (LeRC) on 1 March.


1965 February 27 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Brigitte. LV Family: Diamant. Launch Vehicle: Emeraude VE121.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1965 February 27 - . 11:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 576A1. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D.
  • ABRES LORV-4 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,800 km (1,100 mi).

1965 February 27 - . 21:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Neutral / Ion / Sphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 157 km (97 mi).

1965 February 27 - . 22:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Neutral / Ion / Sphere Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 132 km (82 mi).

1965 February 28 - . 00:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • GCA TMA / ionosphere Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 170 km (100 mi).

1965 February 28 - . 04:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • PENNY (TMA / Gren) Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 145 km (90 mi).

1965 February 28 - . 09:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • SHIRLEY (TMA / Gren) Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1965 February 28 - . 09:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Neutral / Ion / Sphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 143 km (88 mi).

1965 February 28 - . 11:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Neutral / Ion / ImpProbe Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 139 km (86 mi).

1965 March - .
  • TRW awarded contract for the Advanced Vela spacecraft - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft: Advanced Vela. The Advanced series added atmospheric nuclear detonation detection to its capabilities. Additionally, it monitored solar activity, terrestrial lightning, and celestial X/gamma-ray radiation..

1965 March 1-2 - . LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan II.
  • Office of Manned Space Flight held the Gemini manned space flight design certification review in Washington. - . Nation: USA. Flight: Gemini 3. Chief executives of all major Gemini contractors certified the readiness of their products for manned space flight. Gemini-Titan 3 was ready for launch as soon as the planned test and checkout procedures at Cape Kennedy were completed..

1965 March - . LV Family: Martlet. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 4.
  • Martlet 4 orbital gun-launched rocket design. - . Nation: Canada.

    It was not until 1964, when agreements between the Canadian and the US governments permitted stable funding over the following three years, that HARP was able to seriously consider an orbital program. The Martlet 4 program began in the spring of 1965 with extensive parametric studies which showed that meaningful payloads could be launched into low Earth orbit from the 16 inch L86 HARP gun on the Barbados flight range using a full bore, 3 stage rocket vehicle.


1965 March 1 - .
  • Soyuz 7K-PPK cancelled. - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Chelomei. Program: Almaz. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Soyuz PPK. Based on successful test flights of Chelomei's unmanned interceptor-sputnik prototypes (Polyot 1 and 2), the Soyuz 7K-PPK manned interceptor version is cancelled..

Spring 1965 - . Launch Vehicle: N1.
  • Guidance system for N1 cannot support planned schedule - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Korolev, Pilyugin. Program: Lunar L3. Spacecraft: LK, Soyuz 7K-LOK. By the second quarter of 1965 Pilyugin was already notifying OKB-1 that he could never have the booster guidance system ready for the planned first launch in 1968 - not to even mention the systems for the LOK and LK..

1965 March 1 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 630. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1965 March 1 - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. LV Family: Spartan ABM. Launch Vehicle: Nike Zeus.
  • Simulated target - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1965 March 1 - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. LV Family: Spartan ABM. Launch Vehicle: Nike Zeus.
  • Simulated target - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1965 Mar - . Launch Site: Yurya. LV Family: R-16. Launch Vehicle: R-16U.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,210 km (750 mi).

1965 March 1 - . 19:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Ellsworth AFB. Launch Pad: N2. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B.
  • LONG LIFE test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 1.00 km (0.60 mi).

    Operation Long Life, the first test launch of a specially designed Minuteman test missile from an operational launch facility, was successfully concluded at Wing II, Ellsworth AFB, South Dakota. With a first stage engine designed to burn only a short time, the Long Life missile carried dummy second and third stages that were up to full operational weight. The missile landed about a mile from the silo after a first stage burn of seven seconds. Approved by the Secretary of Defense in November 1964, 'Project Long Life' called for the short-range launch from on operational missile base of three modified Minuteman IB ICBMs to provide a realistic test for this system. Each missile would contain enough propellant for a 7-second flight and have inert upper stages and reentry vehicles. This first launch occurred on March 1, 1965, and successfully demonstrated the ability of a SAC missile crew to launch an ICBM.


1965 March 1 - . 20:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • UJO-6 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: NASA, SSC. Apogee: 185 km (114 mi).

1965 March 2 - .
  • All-battery Apollo LEM decision - replaces fuel cells - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo LM, LM Electrical.

    MSC decided in favor of an "all-battery" LEM (i.e., batteries rather than fuel cells in both stages of the vehicle) and notified Grumman accordingly. Pratt and Whitney's subcontract for fuel cells would be terminated on April 1; also, Grumman would assume parenthood of GE's contract (originally let by Pratt and Whitney) for the electrical control assembly. Additional Details: here....


1965 March 2 - .
  • Soviet defence industry reorganization. - . Nation: Russia. Soviet Decree 126-47 'On Improved Leadership of Defence Branch Industry--creation of ministries for aviation, defence, ship building. radio-technology, electronics, and general machine building for managing the Soviet defence industry'..

1965 March 2 - .
  • Babakin takes over Lavochkin OKB - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Babakin, Chelomei, Korolev. Program: Lunar L3. Class: Manned. Type: Manned space station. Spacecraft: Luna E-6, Luna Ye-8.

    Former Lavochkin bureau, part of Chelomei, regained status of a separate design bureau with former Korolev deputy GN Babakin as its head. By the end of 1965 all materials on the E-6, Ye-8, and planetary probes were passed by Korolev to the Lavochkin Bureau, who took over responsibility for all future lunar and planetary unmanned probes.


1965 March 2 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • ACS Technology mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1965 March 2 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Ballistic Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 175 km (108 mi).

1965 March 2 - . 01:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF08. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1965 March 2 - . 09:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 576A3. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D.
  • NTMP RMV-301 Target mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,800 km (1,100 mi).

1965 March 2 - . 13:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC36A. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas Centaur. FAILURE: Failure. Failed Stage: U.
  • Surveyor SD-1 - . Payload: Surveyor SD-1. Mass: 951 kg (2,096 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Spacecraft: Surveyor. Decay Date: 1965-03-02 . Launch vehicle test. Launch vehicle was to have put payload into geosynchronous transfer orbit.

1965 March 3 - .
  • General Bernard A. Schriever, Commander, AFSC, announced plans to develop a wingless, maneuverable reentry vehicle (SV-5) as a follow-on to the ASSET spaceplane. - . Related Persons: Schriever. Spacecraft: Asset, X-24, Prime.

    The new vehicle was under Space Systems Division management and was part of the new Precision Recovery Including Maneuvering Reentry (PRIME) program. Both PRIME and the ASSET programs were part of the larger Spacecraft Technology and Advanced Reentry Test (START) program.


1965 March 3 - . 00:09 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Extreme ultraviolet Mon Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 241 km (149 mi).

1965 March 3 - . 04:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3.
1965 March 3 - . 14:15 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Extreme ultraviolet Mon Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 252 km (156 mi).

1965 March 4 - .
  • Apollo Boilerplate 28 third water drop test - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM, CSM Heat Shield.

    North American gave boilerplate 28 its third water drop test. Upon impact, the spacecraft again suffered some structural damage to the heatshield and the core, though much less than it had experienced on its initial drop. Conditions in this test were at least as severe as in previous ones, yet the vehicle remained watertight.


1965 March 4 - .
  • Birth of Yuri Valentinovich Lonchakov - . Nation: Kazakhstan. Related Persons: Lonchakov. Russian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on STS-100, ISS EP-4, ISS EO-18. Air Defence Force.

1965 March 4 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. Launch Pad: Bacchus?. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 1.
  • SINTRA pointing Solar mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

1965 March 4 - . 18:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: HJ Nike Nike.
  • LRL Payload test - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 181 km (112 mi).

1965 March 5 - .
  • Voskhod plans - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Beregovoi, Khrunov, Korolev, Rudenko, Tereshkova, Volynov. Program: Voskhod. Flight: Voskhod 2, Voskhod 3, Voskhod 4, Voskhod 5, Voskhod 6. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Voskhod.

    Only on this day does Kamanin receive a copy of Korolev's "Preliminary Plan for Voskhod spacecraft (3KV and 3KD) series in 1965", issued in February. His plan is:

    • 3KV Number 5 - to be completed in June, launched by August, an unmanned biological flight with life forms, to be kept in orbit for 15-30 days, with experimental equipment in the cabin to monitor the organisms and a self-destruct system
    • 3KV Number 6 - to be completed in August, and flown by October on a 15-day mission with a two-man crew: a flight commander and scientist
    • 3KV number 7 - to be completed in December, and flown by April 1966 on a 15-20 day mission with a pilot and physician aboard. The spacecraft would also conduct artificial gravity experiments for 3-4 days of the flight
    • 3KD numbers 8 and 9 - a prime spacecraft and a backup, fitted with the airlock system. A spacecraft commander and pilot would make a flight or flights of 3 to 5 days. 2 or 3 spacewalks would be conducted on each flight, with the EVA cosmonaut using a manoeuvring apparatus to back away as far as 50 to 100 m from the spacecraft. Manually controlled landing of the capsule would also be demonstrated
    Kamanin is disappointed that there are few experiments of military significance in Korolev's plan. Kamanin calls Korolev to complain, and Korolev rightly replies that if the Ministry of Defence would authorise him to build more than nine spacecraft, then he could conduct other experiments... Meanwhile, Leonov is conducting his final practice sessions on exiting and re-entering the airlock aboard the Tu-104 zero-G aircraft. Khrunov will have his final sessions the next day.

    Kamanin is preparing the final press packet, with the cosmonaut biographies, which will be delivered to TASS but only released by them after confirmation that the spacecraft is in orbit. Later Kamanin and forty other guests, including hero-cosmonauts and future hero-cosmonauts, throw a party for Tereshkova's 28th birthday. There is tension in the room as the cosmonauts eye each other as competitors for the flights after Voskhod-2. Volynov is the leading candidate to command the next flight, and has already been a back-up four times, but Marshal Rudenko keeps blocking his selection for flight (Volynov is a Jew). Rudenko is pushing Beregovoi for the next flight, and everyone in the room knows it...


1965 March 5 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC67/21. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: R-36O 8K69. FAILURE: Second stage propellant leak led to a fire in the silo.. Failed Stage: 2.
  • First attempted launch of Fractional Orbital Bombardment System booster. - . Mass: 1,700 kg (3,700 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Spacecraft: OGCh. COSPAR: F19650305. A fire broke out during fuelling and the rocket exploded, seriously damaging the launch pad at Area 67..

1965 March 5 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC25A. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A2E.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1965 March 5 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 395-A2. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan I.
  • ST West Wind II operational test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). SAC launched the 20th, and the last, Titan I (HGM-25A) ICBM from Vandenberg as Nike target missile in support of Army requirements. Last launch of a Titan I from Vandenberg AFB (first launch on 3 May 1961)..

1965 March 5 - . 00:11 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Extreme ultraviolet Mon Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 245 km (152 mi).

1965 March 5 - . 20:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • UJO-8 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: NASA, SSC. Apogee: 180 km (110 mi).

1965 March 6 - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Aurora Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 184 km (114 mi).

1965 March 6 - . 03:41 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Princeton UVS Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 189 km (117 mi).

1965 March 6 - . 07:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • D-region comp / aurora Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 193 km (119 mi).

1965 March 7 - . 09:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57.
  • Cosmos 59 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-4. Duration: 8.00 days. Decay Date: 1965-03-15 . USAF Sat Cat: 1191 . COSPAR: 1965-015A. Apogee: 321 km (199 mi). Perigee: 205 km (127 mi). Inclination: 64.9000 deg. Period: 89.80 min. High resolution photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule fitted with airlock mating ring planned for Voskhod-2 spacecraft..

1965 March 8 - . LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan II.
  • The Wet Mock Simulated Launch of Gemini-Titan 3 was successfully conducted. - . Nation: USA. Flight: Gemini 3. Countdown exercises were concluded on March 18 with the Simulated Flight Test..

1965 March 8 - . Launch Vehicle: Saturn V.
  • No serious weight problems with the Apollo spacecraft - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Shea. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo LM, LM Weight.

    Missiles and Rockets reported a statement by Joseph F. Shea, ASPO manager, that MSC had no serious weight problems with the Apollo spacecraft. The current weight, he said, was 454 kg (1,000 lbs) under the 40,823 kg (90,000 lb) goal. Moreover, the increased payload of the Saturn V to 43,091 kg (95,000 lbs) permitted further increases. Shea admitted, however, that the LEM was growing; recent decisions in favor of safety and redundancy could raise the module's weight from 13,381 kg to 14,575 kg (29,500 lbs to 32,000 lbs).


1965 March 8 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF07. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1965 March 8 - . 15:35 GMT - . Launch Pad: Pacific Ocean, 0.0 N x 84.0 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • B Field Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 151 km (93 mi). Launched at 1965 Croatan MRF Expedition LP2 - - Latitude: 0.01 N - Longitude: 84.00 W..

1965 March 8 - . 17:48 GMT - . Launch Pad: Pacific Ocean, 0.0 N x 84.0 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • UM Pitot 8 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 141 km (87 mi). Launched at 1965 Croatan MRF Expedition LP2 - - Latitude: 0.01 N - Longitude: 84.00 W..

1965 March 9 - . Launch Site: San Nicolas. LV Family: Hydac. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Hydac.
  • Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1965 March 9 - . 06:26 GMT - . Launch Pad: Pacific Ocean, 1.0 S x 84.0 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • UM Pitot 9 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 143 km (88 mi). Launched at 1965 Croatan MRF Expedition LP3 - - Latitude: 1.00 S - Longitude: 84.00 W..

1965 March 9 - . 16:25 GMT - . Launch Pad: Pacific Ocean, 3.1 S x 84.4 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • UNH 65-2 Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi). Launched at 1965 Croatan MRF Expedition LP4 - - Latitude: 3.12 S - Longitude: 84.37 W..

1965 March 9 - . 18:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC2W. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor SLV-2 Agena D.
  • Solrad 6B - . Payload: NRL PL142 / OPS 4988 / Poppy 4B (Poppy 24-inch). Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Poppy. USAF Sat Cat: 1271 . COSPAR: 1965-016A. Apogee: 924 km (574 mi). Perigee: 896 km (556 mi). Inclination: 70.1000 deg. Period: 103.20 min.

    A Thor/Agena D booster was employed to launch eight military satellites into orbit from Vandenberg AFB. This was the largest number of individual payloads yet orbited by the United States with one launch vehicle. First launch of a quadruplet of Poppy naval signals intelligence satellites, which would lead to the NOSS production series. Official and secondary mission: Solar radiation data.

  • GGSE 3 - . Payload: NRL PL144 / Poppy 4D (Poppy 24-inch). Mass: 4.00 kg (8.80 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Poppy. USAF Sat Cat: 1292 . COSPAR: 1965-016C. Apogee: 915 km (568 mi). Perigee: 886 km (550 mi). Inclination: 70.1000 deg. Period: 103.00 min. Poppy naval signals intelligence satellite. Official and secondary mission: Gravity gradient stabilization tests. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A)..
  • Solrad 7B - . Payload: NRL PL141 / Poppy 4A (Poppy 24-inch). Mass: 47 kg (103 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Poppy. USAF Sat Cat: 1291 . COSPAR: 1965-016D. Apogee: 928 km (576 mi). Perigee: 901 km (559 mi). Inclination: 70.1000 deg. Period: 103.30 min. Solar radiation monitoring. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A). .
  • GGSE 2 - . Payload: NRL PL143 / Poppy 4C (Poppy 24-inch). Mass: 4.00 kg (8.80 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Poppy. USAF Sat Cat: 1244 . COSPAR: 1965-016B. Apogee: 925 km (574 mi). Perigee: 898 km (557 mi). Inclination: 70.1000 deg. Period: 103.20 min. Poppy naval signals intelligence satellite. Official and secondary mission: Gravity gradient stabilization tests. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A)..
  • SECOR 3 - . Payload: EGRS 3. Mass: 18 kg (39 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USA ACE. Class: Earth. Type: Geodetic satellite. Spacecraft: SECOR. USAF Sat Cat: 1208 . COSPAR: 1965-016E. Apogee: 925 km (574 mi). Perigee: 898 km (557 mi). Inclination: 70.1000 deg. Period: 103.20 min. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A). .
  • Oscar 3 - . Mass: 14 kg (30 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: OSCAR. Program: Oscar. Class: Communications. Type: Amateur radio communications satellite. Spacecraft: Oscar. USAF Sat Cat: 1293 . COSPAR: 1965-016F. Apogee: 900 km (550 mi). Perigee: 876 km (544 mi). Inclination: 70.1000 deg. Period: 102.80 min.

    OSCAR III was launched piggyback with seven United States Air Force satellites. Weight 16.3 kg. It was the first amateur satellite to operate from solar power and relay signals from Earth. OSCAR III was the first true amateur satellite relaying voice contacts in the VHF 2 meter band through a 1 W 50 kHz wide linear transponder (146 MHz uplink and 144 MHz downlink). OSCAR III's transponder lasted 18 days. More than 1000 amateurs in 22 countries communicated through the linear transponder. The two beacon transmitters continued operating for several months.

    Note: Designed, built, and tested, a predecssor, OSCAR* was never launched. Similar in design to OSCAR I and II, OSCAR* contained a 250 mW beacon with phase-coherent keying. OSCAR* was never launched as the workers decided to focus their efforts on the first relay satellite -- OSCAR III.

  • SURCAL 2B - . Mass: 5.00 kg (11.00 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Class: Surveillance. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft: SURCAL. Decay Date: 1981-03-27 . USAF Sat Cat: 1310 . COSPAR: 1965-016G. Apogee: 947 km (588 mi). Perigee: 902 km (560 mi). Inclination: 70.1000 deg. Period: 103.50 min. Surveillance Calibration. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A). .
  • DODECAPOLE 1/Porcupine 1 - . Payload: Dodecapole 1. Mass: 4.00 kg (8.80 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Class: Surveillance. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft: DODECAPOLE. USAF Sat Cat: 1272 . COSPAR: 1965-016H. Apogee: 930 km (570 mi). Perigee: 901 km (559 mi). Inclination: 70.1000 deg. Period: 103.30 min.

    A Thor/Agena D booster was employed to launch eight military satellites into orbit from Vandenberg AFB. This was the largest number of individual payloads yet orbited by the United States with one launch vehicle. Surveillance calibration. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A).


1965 March 10 - . LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan II.
  • The official roll-out inspection of Gemini launch vehicle (GLV) 4 was conducted at Martin-Baltimore. - . Nation: USA. Flight: Gemini 4. Air Force Space Systems Division formally accepted delivery of the vehicle March 21, and preparations to ship it to Cape Kennedy began at once. GLV-4 stage I arrived at the Cape March 22, followed the next day by stage II..

1965 March 10 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC41/4. LV Family: R-16. Launch Vehicle: R-16U.
  • Operational test launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,210 km (750 mi).

1965 March 10 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Pad: Pacific Ocean, 6.5 S x 84.5 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • UNH 65-3 Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi). Launched at 1965 Croatan MRF Expedition LP5 - - Latitude: 6.50 S - Longitude: 84.53 W..

1965 March 11-18 - . Launch Vehicle: Little Joe II.
  • Apollo boilerplate (BP) 23 failure analysis - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM, CSM Structural.

    During the flight of boilerplate (BP) 23, the Little Joe II's control system had coupled with the first lateral bending mode of the vehicle. To ensure against any recurrence of this problem on the forthcoming flight of BP-22, MSC asked North American to submit their latest figures on the stiffness of the spacecraft and its escape tower. These data would be used to compute the first bending mode of BP-22 and its launch vehicle.


1965 March 11 - .
  • Kit-type mapping and survey system in the basic Apollo Block II - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft Bus: Apollo CSM. Spacecraft: Apollo MSS.

    MSC directed North American to incorporate the capability for storing a kit-type mapping and survey system into the basic Block II configuration. The actual hardware, which would be installed in the equipment bay of certain SMs (designated by MSC), would weigh up to 680 kg (1,500 lbs).


1965 March 11 - . 09:35 GMT - . Launch Pad: Pacific Ocean, 9.5 S x 82.4 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Composition(Tropics) Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 197 km (122 mi). Launched at 1965 Croatan MRF Expedition LP6 - - Latitude: 9.45 S - Longitude: 82.43 W..

1965 March 11 - . 13:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC2E. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor Ablestar.
  • Transit-O-3 - . Mass: 60 kg (132 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Program: Transit. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Transit. Decay Date: 1965-06-14 . USAF Sat Cat: 1303 . COSPAR: 1965-017A. Apogee: 418 km (259 mi). Perigee: 191 km (118 mi). Inclination: 90.0000 deg. Period: 90.70 min. Naval Avionics Facility-assembled production spacecraft. Failed after a few weeks operation..
  • SECOR 2 - . Payload: EGRS 2. Mass: 18 kg (39 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USA ACE. Class: Earth. Type: Geodetic satellite. Spacecraft: SECOR. Decay Date: 1968-02-26 . USAF Sat Cat: 1250 . COSPAR: 1965-017B. Apogee: 1,014 km (630 mi). Perigee: 296 km (183 mi). Inclination: 90.0000 deg. Period: 97.90 min. Failed. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A). .

1965 March 11 - . 20:07 GMT - . Launch Pad: Pacific Ocean, 9.5 S x 81.2 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi). Launched at 1965 Croatan MRF Expedition LP8 - - Latitude: 9.53 S - Longitude: 81.23 W..

1965 March 12 - . LV Family: Minuteman.
  • The Minuteman Retrofit Program was changed from a squadron to a wing conversion basis. - .

1965 March 12 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • ACS Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 280 km (170 mi).

1965 March 12 - . 09:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78. FAILURE: The escape stage Block L's engine failed to ignite due to failure of a transformer in the power supply of the control system.. Failed Stage: U.
  • Cosmos 60 - . Payload: E-6 s/n 9. Mass: 6,530 kg (14,390 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Luna. Class: Moon. Type: Lunar probe. Spacecraft: Luna E-6. Decay Date: 1965-03-17 . USAF Sat Cat: 1246 . COSPAR: 1965-018A. Apogee: 248 km (154 mi). Perigee: 195 km (121 mi). Inclination: 64.7000 deg. Period: 88.90 min. The stage with the payload remained in Earth orbit as Kosmos-60..

1965 March 12 - . 13:30 GMT - . Launch Pad: Pacific Ocean, 11.4 S x 81.3 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • UNH 65-4 Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 178 km (110 mi). Launched at 1965 Croatan MRF Expedition LP9 - - Latitude: 11.42 S - Longitude: 81.33 W..

1965 March 12 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Pad: Pacific Ocean, 11.4 S x 81.3 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • UNH 65-5 Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 175 km (108 mi). Launched at 1965 Croatan MRF Expedition LP9 - - Latitude: 11.42 S - Longitude: 81.33 W..

1965 March 12 - . 19:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC4W. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas SLV-3 Agena D.
  • KH 7-16 - . Payload: KH-7 no. 16 / OPS 4920. Mass: 2,000 kg (4,400 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO, USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: WS-117. Spacecraft: KH-7. Decay Date: 1965-03-17 . USAF Sat Cat: 1247 . COSPAR: 1965-019A. Apogee: 358 km (222 mi). Perigee: 223 km (138 mi). Inclination: 107.5000 deg. Period: 90.30 min. KH-7 type satellite. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A). .

1965 March 12 - . 23:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 576B3. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D.
  • ABRES MTV-2 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,800 km (1,100 mi).

1965 March 13 - . 03:38 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Ultraviolet spectra Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 155 km (96 mi).

1965 March 13 - . 03:55 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • uncertain Astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 105 km (65 mi).

1965 March 13 - . 07:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Auroral Input / Output Meteorites / aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 184 km (114 mi).

1965 March 14 - .
  • McDonnell finished manufacturing, module tests, and equipment installation for Gemini spacecraft No. 5. - . Nation: USA. Flight: Gemini 5. Spacecraft assembly was completed April 1 with the mating of the reentry and adapter assemblies. Systems Assurance Tests began April 30..

1965 March 15 - .
  • Cosmos 57 lands. - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Belyayev, Leonov. Program: Voskhod. Flight: Voskhod 2. Spacecraft: Voskhod, Zenit-4.

    The Zenit-4 fitted with the airlock attachment ring successfully lands at 12:09, 170 km south of Kustanin (and 50 km north of the aim point). Later procedures for emergency landing on the first, second, and third orbits are discussed. The cosmonauts want to discuss the possibility of their taking action if the airlock fails to jettison (even though there are redundant systems to ensure this). Leonov discuses a method of inflating the airlock, his opening the hatch from the spacecraft, checking all connections, then returning to the capsule and attempting again. Data arrives in the evening from the recovered Zenit - the rotation rates are acceptable, Voskhod-2 is clear to launch on 18 March. In the evening the cosmonauts conduct interviews with journalists.


1965 March 15 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 636. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1965 March 15 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 636. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3.
  • Surface launch test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1965 March 15 - . 11:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC41/15. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 65S3.
  • Cosmos 61 - . Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1. Decay Date: 1968-01-15 . USAF Sat Cat: 1267 . COSPAR: 1965-020A. Apogee: 1,737 km (1,079 mi). Perigee: 262 km (162 mi). Inclination: 56.0000 deg. Period: 105.10 min.
  • Cosmos 62 - . Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1. Decay Date: 1968-09-24 . USAF Sat Cat: 1268 . COSPAR: 1965-020B. Apogee: 1,712 km (1,063 mi). Perigee: 259 km (160 mi). Inclination: 56.0000 deg. Period: 104.80 min.
  • Cosmos 63 - . Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1. Decay Date: 1967-11-04 . USAF Sat Cat: 1269 . COSPAR: 1965-020C. Apogee: 1,673 km (1,039 mi). Perigee: 259 km (160 mi). Inclination: 56.0000 deg. Period: 104.40 min.

1965 March 16-April 15 - .
  • Apollo high-angle water impact tests - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM, CSM Block I.

    North American dropped boilerplate 1 twice to measure the maximum pressures the CM would generate during a high-angle water impact. These figures agreed quite well with those obtained from similar tests with a one-tenth scale model of the spacecraft, and supported data from the model on side wall and tunnel pressures.


1965 March 16 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF02. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1965 March 16 - . 16:15 GMT - . Launch Pad: Pacific Ocean, 12.5 S x 77.8 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • B field Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 172 km (106 mi). Launched at 1965 Croatan MRF Expedition LP10 - - Latitude: 12.50 S - Longitude: 77.83 W..

1965 March 16 - . 16:51 GMT - . Launch Pad: Pacific Ocean, 12.8 S x 78.3 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi). Launched at 1965 Croatan MRF Expedition LP11 - - Latitude: 12.82 S - Longitude: 78.25 W..

1965 March 17 - . 15:10 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • ASE XRT Solar x-ray mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 156 km (96 mi).

1965 March 17 - . 21:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant II.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 153 km (95 mi).

1965 March 18-25 - .
  • Isotope generator for the Surveyor Apollo lunar roving vehicle - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft Bus: Surveyor. Spacecraft: Surveyor Lunar Rover.

    The Atomic Energy Commission evaluated proposals by Radio Corporation of America and General Electric (GE) for an isotope generator for the Surveyor lunar roving vehicle, and assigned follow-on work to the latter firm. GE's concept, it was felt, was compatible with the possible requirement that the fuel source might have to be carried separately aboard the LEM. MSC's Propulsion and Power Division reported that the generator's "prospects . . . look(ed) very promising."


1965 March 18 - . 04:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC10W. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor MG-18.
  • DMSP-Block-4A F2 - . Payload: DAPP 11 / OPS 7353. Mass: 130 kg (280 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Program: DMSP. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DMSP Block 4/5 satellites. Spacecraft: DMSP Block 4A. Decay Date: 1989-12-31 . USAF Sat Cat: 1273 . COSPAR: 1965-021A. Apogee: 146 km (90 mi). Perigee: 139 km (86 mi). Inclination: 99.0000 deg. Period: 87.30 min. Defense Meteorological Satellite Program. A fully successful launch with all objectives met. The night launch time of 2100 hrs Vandenberg time with a 5 minute launch window was the same for both the first and second Burner I launches..

1965 March 18 - . 06:04 GMT - . Launch Pad: Pacific Ocean, 12.8 S x 77.8 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • B field Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi). Launched at 1965 Croatan MRF Expedition LP12 - - Latitude: 12.83 S - Longitude: 77.83 W..

1965 March 18 - . 06:41 GMT - . Launch Pad: Pacific Ocean, 12.8 S x 77.9 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi). Launched at 1965 Croatan MRF Expedition LP13 - - Latitude: 12.80 S - Longitude: 77.93 W..

1965 March 18 - . 07:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57.
  • Voskhod 2 - . Call Sign: Almaz (Diamond ). Crew: Belyayev, Leonov. Backup Crew: Gorbatko, Khrunov, Zaikin. Payload: Voskhod 3KD s/n 4. Mass: 5,682 kg (12,526 lb). Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Belyayev, Gagarin, Gorbatko, Khrunov, Korolev, Leonov, Rudenko, Tyulin, Zaikin. Agency: MOM. Program: Voskhod. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Voskhod 2. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Voskhod. Duration: 1.08 days. Decay Date: 1965-03-19 . USAF Sat Cat: 1274 . COSPAR: 1965-022A. Apogee: 475 km (295 mi). Perigee: 167 km (103 mi). Inclination: 64.8000 deg. Period: 90.90 min.

    First spacewalk, with a two man crew of Colonel Pavel Belyayev and Lt. Colonel Aleksey Leonov. During Voskhod 2's second orbit, Leonov stepped from the vehicle and performed mankind's first "walk in space." After 10 min of extravehicular activity, he returned safely to the spacecraft through an inflatable airlock.

    This mission was originally named 'Vykhod ('Exit/Advance'). It almost ended in disaster when Leonov was unable to reenter the airlock due to stiffness of the inflated spacesuit. He had to bleed air from the suit in order to get into the airlock. After Leonov finally managed to get back into the spacecraft cabin, the primary hatch would not seal completely. The environmental control system compensated by flooding the cabin with oxygen, creating a serious fire hazard in a craft only qualified for sea level nitrogen-oxygen gas mixes (Cosmonaut Bondarenko had burned to death in a ground accident in such circumstances, preceding the Apollo 204 disaster by many years). Additional Details: here....


1965 March 18 - . 08:34 GMT - .
1965 March 18 - . 10:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima L. LV Family: Lambda. Launch Vehicle: Lambda 3.
  • X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 1,085 km (674 mi).

1965 March 18 - . 16:01 GMT - . Launch Pad: Pacific Ocean, 12.7 S x 77.7 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • B field Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 149 km (92 mi). Launched at 1965 Croatan MRF Expedition LP14 - - Latitude: 12.67 S - Longitude: 77.67 W..

1965 March 18 - . 16:38 GMT - . Launch Pad: Pacific Ocean, 12.8 S x 78.0 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi). Launched at 1965 Croatan MRF Expedition LP15 - - Latitude: 12.78 S - Longitude: 77.98 W..

1965 March 18 - . 20:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Composition Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 158 km (98 mi).

1965 March 19 - . 03:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Ultraviolet spectra Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 155 km (96 mi).

1965 March 19 - . 06:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant II.
  • Fields mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 168 km (104 mi).

1965 March 19 - . 18:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Thermosphere probe Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 315 km (195 mi).

1965 March 19 - .
  • Landing of Voskhod 2 - . Return Crew: Belyayev, Leonov. Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Belyayev, Korolev, Leonov, Voronin. Program: Voskhod. Flight: Voskhod 2. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Voskhod.

    On re-entry the primary automatic retrorocket system failed. A manually controlled retrofire was accomplished one orbit later (evidently using the primary engine, not the backup solid rocket retropack on the nose of spacecraft). The service module failed to separate completely, leading to wild gyrations of the joined reentry sphere - service module before connecting wires burned through. Vostok 2 finally landed near Perm in the Ural mountains in heavy forest at 59:34 N 55:28 E on March 19, 1965 9:02 GMT. The crew spent two nights in deep woods, surrounded by wolves. Recovery crews had to chop down trees to clear landing zones for helicopter recovery of the crew, who had to ski to the clearing from the spacecraft. Only some days later could the capsule itself be removed. Additional Details: here....


1965 March 20 - .
  • Voskhod 2 crew contacted - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Belyayev, Leonov, Rudenko. Program: Voskhod. Flight: Voskhod 2. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Voskhod.

    The crew spent the night in the forest. Only at dawn can a helicopter fly over the landing point again. He reports he sees the two crew, one felling wood, the other building a bonfire. During the night, neither the two crew from the helicopter that landed 5 km away or the searchers from the PVO regiment were able to find the crew in the dense forest. Finally at 07:30 a Colonel Sibiryakov, physician Tumanov, and a technician are lowered from a Mi-4 helicopter to a point 1500 meters from the capsule. Several others are lowered to begin chopping down trees to create a clearing where the helicopter can land. Sibiyakov's party depart at 08:30, skiing toward the capsule, finally reaching the crew after three hours of arduous travel at 11:30. The crew is in fine condition - helicopters had dropped supplies and warm underwear the night before.

    The recovery forces want to have a helicopter pick up the cosmonauts from the landing site, meaning hoisting them from a hover at an altitude of 5 to 6 m. Rudenko vetoes this idea due to the poor visibility, insisting they must be evacuated in snowmobiles. When he is told this is impossible, he becomes adamant that they must wait for conditions to improve. This is ridiculous. Kamanin believes there will be hell to pay if the cosmonauts have to spend a second night in the forest at a landing point only 70-80 km from the capital of the oblast.


1965 March 20 - . 05:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 300.
  • Thermosphere probe Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 326 km (202 mi).

1965 March 20 - . 13:20 GMT - . Launch Pad: Pacific Ocean, 12.0 S x 77.0 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 174 km (108 mi). Launched at 1965 Croatan MRF Expedition LP16 - - Latitude: 12.00 S - Longitude: 77.00 W..

1965 March 20 - . 16:28 GMT - . Launch Pad: Pacific Ocean, 12.9 S x 78.0 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • B field Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 201 km (124 mi). Launched at 1965 Croatan MRF Expedition LP17 - - Latitude: 12.92 S - Longitude: 78.00 W..

1965 March 20 - . 17:04 GMT - . Launch Pad: Pacific Ocean, 13.0 S x 78.0 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Electron density Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 122 km (75 mi). Launched at 1965 Croatan MRF Expedition LP18 - - Latitude: 12.95 S - Longitude: 77.97 W..

1965 March 21 - .
  • Voskhod 2 crew recovered - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Belyayev, Brezhnev, Keldysh, Korolev, Leonov. Program: Voskhod. Flight: Voskhod 2. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Voskhod.

    By the next morning, two clearing suitable for helicopter operations have been cleared - a small zone 1.7 km from the capsule, and a larger zone 5 km from the capsule. At 6:50 the cosmonauts and their rescuers - seven in all - ski away from the capsule, reaching the small zone at 8:06. They are picked up there by an Mi-4 helicopter and flown to the large zone, arriving their 20 minutes later. From there a larger Mi-6 helicopter flies them at 9:50 to the airport at Perm. They were to depart aboard an An-10 from Perm at 11:00 for Tyuratam, but their departure is delayed by an hour as they talk on the telephone with Brezhnev. Afterwards toasts are raised at Area 10 at Baikonur by the Chief Designers and Keldysh. Korolev calls for them all to push together toward reaching the moon. The cosmonauts finally arrive at the cosmodrome at 17:30 and are driven through cheering crowds in Zvezdograd. In the hall of the hotel they give the first account of their mission.


1965 March 21 - . 21:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC12. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas Agena B.
  • Ranger 9 - . Payload: RA-9. Mass: 366 kg (806 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: JPL, NASA. Program: Ranger. Class: Moon. Type: Lunar probe. Spacecraft Bus: Ranger. Spacecraft: Ranger 6-7-8-9. Decay Date: 1965-03-24 . USAF Sat Cat: 1294 . COSPAR: 1965-023A.

    Ranger 9, last of the series, returned 5814 images before lunar impact. The target was Alphonsus, a large crater about 12 degrees south of the lunar equator. The probe was timed to arrive when lighting conditions would be at their best. The Atlas- Agena B booster injected the Agena and Ranger 9 into an Earth parking orbit at 185 km altitude. A 90 second Agena 2nd burn put the spacecraft into lunar transfer trajectory. This was followed by the separation of the Agena and Ranger. The initial trajectory was highly accurate; uncorrected, the craft would have landed only 650 km north of Alphonsus. 70 minutes after launch the command was given to deploy solar panels, activate attitude control, and switch from the omni-directional antenna to the high-gain antenna. The accuracy of the initial trajectory enabled delay of the planned mid-course correction from 22 March to 23 March when the manoeuvre was initiated at 12:03 GMT. After orientation, a 31 second rocket burn at 12:30 GMT, and reorientation, the manoeuvre was completed at 13:30 GMT. Ranger 9 reached the Moon on 24 March 1965. At 13:31 GMT a terminal manoeuvre was executed to orient the spacecraft so the cameras were more in line with the flight direction to improve the resolution of the pictures. Twenty minutes before impact the one-minute camera system warm-up began. The first image was taken at 13:49:41 at an altitude of 2363 km. Transmission of 5,814 good contrast photographs was made during the final 19 minutes of flight. The final image taken before impact has a resolution of 0.3 meters. The spacecraft encountered the lunar surface with an incoming asymptotic direction at an angle of -5.6 degrees from the lunar equator. The orbit plane was inclined 15.6 degrees to the lunar equator. After 64.5 hours of flight, impact occurred at 14:08:19.994 GMT at approximately 12.83 S latitude, 357.63 E longitude in the crater Alphonsus. Impact velocity was 2.67 km/s. Millions of Americans followed the spacecraft's descent via real time television coverage provided to the three networks of many of the F-channel images (primarily camera B but also some camera A pictures) were provided for this flight.

    The pictures showed the rim and floor of the crater in fine detail: in those just prior to impact, objects less than a foot in size were discernible.

    A panel of scientists presented some preliminary conclusions from Ranger IX at a press conference that same afternoon. Crater rims and ridges inside the walls, they believed, were harder and smoother than the moon's dusty plains, and therefore were considered likely sites for future manned landings. Generally, the panel was dubious about landing on crater floors however. Apparently, the floors were solidified volcanic material incapable of supporting a spacecraft. Investigators believed several types of craters were seen that were of nonmeteoric origin. These findings reinforced arguments that the moon at one time had experienced volcanic activity. Later the images were shown to the press as a continuous-motion movie, leading astronaut Wally Schirra to yell ‘bail out you fool!’ just before the final frame.


1965 March 21 - . 23:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA6A. Launch Vehicle: Blue Streak.
  • Blue Streak only. Successful. - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ELDO. Apogee: 263 km (163 mi).

1965 March 22 - . Launch Site: Warren AFB. LV Family: Minuteman.
  • The third Wing V Minuteman squadron, the 321st Strategic Missile Squadron, was turned over to SAC at Francis E. Warren AFB, Wyoming. - .

1965 March 22 - . 07:44 GMT - . Launch Pad: Pacific Ocean, 12.9 S x 77.9 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • B field Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 206 km (128 mi). Launched at 1965 Croatan MRF Expedition LP19 - - Latitude: 12.90 S - Longitude: 77.90 W..

1965 March 22 - . 08:49 GMT - . Launch Pad: Pacific Ocean, 13.0 S x 77.8 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Electron density Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi). Launched at 1965 Croatan MRF Expedition LP20 - - Latitude: 12.95 S - Longitude: 77.83 W..

1965 March 23-24 - .
  • Critical Design Review of the Apollo CM Block II - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM, CSM Block II. Part I of the Critical Design Review of the crew compartment and the docking system in the Block II CM was held at North American. Systems Engineering (SED) and Structures and Mechanics (SMD) divisions, respectively, evaluated the two areas.. Additional Details: here....

1965 March 23 - . 09:31 GMT - . Launch Pad: Pacific Ocean, 13.0 S x 78.0 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 165 km (102 mi). Launched at 1965 Croatan MRF Expedition LP20 - Latitude: 12.95 S, Longitude:77.83 W..

1965 March 23 - . 14:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC19. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan II GLV.
  • Gemini 3 - . Call Sign: Molly Brown (from Broadway play 'The Unsinkable..'. Crew: Grissom, Young. Backup Crew: Schirra, Stafford. Payload: Gemini SC3. Mass: 3,225 kg (7,109 lb). Nation: USA. Related Persons: Grissom, Schirra, Stafford, Young. Agency: NASA Houston. Program: Gemini. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Gemini 3. Spacecraft: Gemini. Duration: 0.20 days. Decay Date: 1965-03-23 . USAF Sat Cat: 1301 . COSPAR: 1965-024A. Apogee: 240 km (140 mi). Perigee: 160 km (90 mi). Inclination: 33.0000 deg. Period: 88.40 min.

    First manned test flight of Gemini. Virgil I. Grissom and John W. Young entered an elliptical orbit about the earth. After three orbits, the pair manually landed their spacecraft in the Atlantic Ocean, thus performing the first controlled reentry. Unfortunately, they landed much farther from the landing zone than anticipated, about 97 km (60 miles) from the aircraft carrier U.S.S. Intrepid. But otherwise the mission was highly successful. Gemini III, America's first two-manned space mission, also was the first manned vehicle that was maneuverable. Grissom used the vehicle's maneuvering rockets to effect orbital and plane changes. Grissom wanted to name the spacecraft 'Molly Brown' (as in the Unsinkable, a Debbie Reynolds/Howard Keel screen musical). NASA was not amused and stopped allowing the astronauts to name their spacecraft (until forced to when having two spacecraft aloft at once during the Apollo missions). The flight by Young was the first of an astronaut outside of the original seven. Young, who created a media flap by taking a corned beef sandwich aboard as a prank, would go on to fly to the moon on Apollo and the Space Shuttle on its first flight sixteen years later.


1965 March 24 - . 06:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant II.
  • Fields mission (date may be 23 March) - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 166 km (103 mi).

1965 March 24 - . 16:34 GMT - . Launch Pad: Pacific Ocean, 11.8 S x 78.3 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • B field Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi). Launched at 1965 Croatan MRF Expedition LP22 - - Latitude: 11.83 S - Longitude: 78.33 W..

1965 March 24 - . 17:07 GMT - . Launch Pad: Pacific Ocean, 11.4 S x 78.4 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi). Launched at 1965 Croatan MRF Expedition LP23 - - Latitude: 11.40 S - Longitude: 78.42 W..

1965 March 25-April 1 - .
  • Boarding ladder on Apollo LEM reconfigured - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo LM, LM Hatch, LM Landing Gear.

    After further design studies following the M-5 mockup review (October 5-8, 1964), Grumman reconfigured the boarding ladder on the forward gear leg of the LEM. The structure was flattened, to fit closer to the strut. Two stirrup-type steps were being added to ease stepping from the top rung to the platform or "porch" in front of the hatch.


1965 March 25 - . Launch Vehicle: Atlas.
  • Six Atlas squadrons deactivated. - . Nation: USA. Forbes AFB SMS 548, Warren-3 AFB SMS 549, Altus AFB SMS 577, Dyess AFB SMS 578, Walker AFB SMS 579, and Plattsburgh AFB SMS 556 all deactivated.

1965 March 25 - . LV Family: Titan, Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Titan I, Atlas E, Atlas F.
  • Eight Atlas and Titan I missile squadrons were inactivated . - .

    These were: two Atlas E units, the 566th Strategic Missile Squadron (SMS) at Warren and the 548th SMS at Forbes AFB, Kansas; three Atlas F squadrons, the 577th SMS at Altus, the 578th SMS at Dyess, and the 579th SMS at Walker; and three Titan I squadrons, the 851st SMS at Beale, the 850th SMS at Ellsworth, and the 568th SMS at Larson AFB, Washington.


1965 March 25 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF03. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1965 March 25 - . 00:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. Launch Vehicle: Skylark.
1965 March 25 - . 02:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 395-B. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan II.
  • Arctic Sun operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi). The first Titan II operational test (OT) missile was launched from Vandenberg. .

1965 March 25 - . 05:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant II.
  • or Mar 24 Ionosphere / micrometeorite mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 155 km (96 mi).

1965 March 25 - . 10:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Vostok 8A92.
  • Cosmos 64 - . Payload: Zenit-2 11F61 s/n 17. Mass: 4,720 kg (10,400 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-2 satellite. Duration: 8.00 days. Decay Date: 1965-04-02 . USAF Sat Cat: 1305 . COSPAR: 1965-025A. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi). Perigee: 205 km (127 mi). Inclination: 65.0000 deg. Period: 89.10 min. Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite..

1965 March 25 - . 11:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 9M.
  • Airglow Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 320 km (190 mi).

1965 March 25 - . 21:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC1W. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor SLV-2A Agena D.
  • KH-4A 1018 - . Payload: KH-4A s/n 1018 / Agena D 1612 / OPS 4803. Mass: 1,500 kg (3,300 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: CIA, NRO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: WS-117. Spacecraft: KH-4A. Decay Date: 1965-04-04 . USAF Sat Cat: 1307 . COSPAR: 1965-026A. Apogee: 381 km (236 mi). Perigee: 237 km (147 mi). Inclination: 96.0000 deg. Period: 90.70 min. KH-4A. Cameras operated successfully. First KH-4A reconnaissance system to be launched into a retrograde orbit..

1965 March 26 - .
  • Water impact tests with Apollo CM boilerplate - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM, CSM Block I.

    North American began a series of water impact tests with boilerplate 1 to obtain pressure data on the upper portions of the CM. Data on the side walls and tunnel agreed fairly well with those obtained from 1/10 scale model drops; this was not the case with pressures on the top deck, however.


1965 March 26 - . Launch Site: Lowry AFB. Launch Complex: Lowry AFB. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan I.
  • Last Titan I ICBM taken off alert status at Lowry AFB - . Nation: USA.

1965 March 26 - . Launch Site: Lowry AFB. Launch Complex: Lowry AFB. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan I.
  • Last Titan I ICBM taken off alert status at Lowry AFB - . Nation: USA.

1965 March 26 - . 09:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 576A1. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D.
  • ABRES LORV-7 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,800 km (1,100 mi).

1965 March 26 - . 15:41 GMT - . Launch Pad: Pacific Ocean, 10.2 S x 79.8 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • B field Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 155 km (96 mi). Launched at 1965 Croatan MRF Expedition LP25 - - Latitude: 10.17 S - Longitude: 79.83 W..

1965 March 26 - . 16:13 GMT - . Launch Pad: Pacific Ocean, 10.2 S x 79.5 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi). Launched at 1965 Croatan MRF Expedition LP26 - - Latitude: 10.17 S - Longitude: 79.45 W..

1965 March 26 - . 19:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Delamar Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008.
  • X-15A IR Scanner/IFDS Technology/test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Spacecraft: X-15A. Apogee: 31 km (19 mi). Maximum Speed - 5760 kph. Maximum Altitude - 31059 m. Air dropped in Delamar Dry Lake DZ..

1965 March 27 - .
  • Test Series I on Apollo spacecraft 001 completed - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM, CSM SPS.

    Test Series I on spacecraft 001 was completed at WSTF Propulsion Systems Development Facility. Vehicle and facility updating in progress consisted of activating the gimbal subsystem and installing a baffled injector and pneumatic engine propellant valve. The individual test operations were conducted satisfactorily, and data indicated that all subsystems operated normally. Total engine firing time was 765 seconds.


1965 March 27 - . 03:00 GMT - . Launch Pad: Pacific Ocean, 12.2 S x 78.8 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi). Launched at 1965 Croatan MRF Expedition LP27 - - Latitude: 12.18 S - Longitude: 78.75 W..

1965 March 27 - . 05:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 9M.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 335 km (208 mi).

1965 March 27 - . 18:08 GMT - . Launch Pad: Pacific Ocean, 14.0 S x 77.8 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • B field Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi). Launched at 1965 Croatan MRF Expedition LP28 - - Latitude: 14.00 S - Longitude: 77.83 W..

1965 March 28 - . 07:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 9M.
  • Ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 349 km (216 mi).

1965 March 28 - . 15:50 GMT - . Launch Pad: Pacific Ocean, 16.0 S x 78.0 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • B field Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 129 km (80 mi). Launched at 1965 Croatan MRF Expedition LP29 - - Latitude: 15.98 S - Longitude: 77.98 W..

1965 March 29 - . LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan II.
  • Full EVA considered for Gemini 4. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Gilruth, Low, George, Mueller, Seamans. Flight: Gemini 4. Spacecraft Bus: Gemini space suits. Spacecraft: G4C.

    The possibility of doing more than the previously planned stand-up form of extravehicular activity (EVA) was introduced at an informal meeting in the office of Director Robert R. Gilruth at Manned Spacecraft Center (MSC). Present at the meeting, in addition to Gilruth and Deputy Director George M. Low, were Richard S. Johnston of Crew Systems Division (CSD) and Warren J. North of Flight Crew Operations Division. Johnston presented a mock-up of an EVA chestpack, as well as a prototype hand-held maneuvering unit. North expressed his division's confidence that an umbilical EVA could be successfully achieved on the Gemini-Titan 4 mission. Receiving a go-ahead from Gilruth, CSD briefed George E. Mueller, Associate Administrator for Mannned Space Flight, on April 3 in Washington. He, in turn, briefed the Headquarters Directorates. The relevant MSC divisions were given tentative approval to continue the preparations and training required for the operation. Associate Administrator of NASA, Robert C. Seamans, Jr., visited MSC for further briefing on May 14. The enthusiasm he carried back to Washington regarding flight-readiness soon prompted final Headquarters approval.


1965 March 29 - . LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan II.
  • Gemini launch vehicle 4 was erected at complex 19. - . Nation: USA. Flight: Gemini 4.

    After the vehicle had been inspected, umbilicals were connected March 31 and power applied April 2. Subsystems Functional Verification Tests began immediately and were completed April 15. The Prespacecraft Mate Combined Systems Test was conducted the next day (April 16).


1965 March 29 - .
  • Birth of William Anthony 'Bill' Oefelein - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Oefelein. American test pilot astronaut. Flew on STS-116..

1965 March 29 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 636. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1965 March 29 - . 15:47 GMT - . Launch Pad: Pacific Ocean, 12.1 S x 78.2 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • B field Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 172 km (106 mi). Launched at 1965 Croatan MRF Expedition LP30 - - Latitude: 12.08 S - Longitude: 78.23 W..

1965 March 29 - . 15:47 GMT - . Launch Pad: Pacific Ocean, 12.1 S x 78.2 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 172 km (106 mi). Launched at 1965 Croatan MRF Expedition LP30 - - Latitude: 12.08 S - Longitude: 78.23 W..

1965 March 30 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC18A. Launch Pad: LC18A. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Blue Scout Jr.
  • OAR 22-4 / AFCRL-35 Magnetosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 12,067 km (7,498 mi).

1965 March 30 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC41/4. LV Family: R-16. Launch Vehicle: R-16U.
  • Combat training launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,210 km (750 mi).

1965 March 30 - . 05:50 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Aeronomy / ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Apogee: 217 km (134 mi).

1965 March 30 - . 09:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. LV Family: Lupus. Launch Vehicle: HAD.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Australia. Agency: WRE. Apogee: 112 km (69 mi).

1965 March - .
  • Three flights with the Apollo Lunar Landing Research Vehicle (LLRV) - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft Bus: Apollo LM. Spacecraft: Apollo LLRV.

    Three flights were made with the Lunar Landing Research Vehicle (LLRV) for the purpose of checking the automatic systems that control the attitude of the jet engine and adjusting the throttle so the jet engine would support five-sixths of the vehicle weight.

    On March 11 representatives of Flight Research Center (FRC) visited MSC to discuss future programs with Warren North and Dean Grimm of Flight Crew Support Division. A budget for operating the LLRV at FRC through fiscal year 1966 was presented. Consideration was being given to terminating the work at FRC on June 30, 1966, and moving the vehicles and equipment to MSC. Additional Details: here....


1965 March - .
  • Apollo LEM descent engine problems - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo LM, LM Descent Propulsion. Space Technology Laboratories' major problems with the LEM descent engine, Grumman reported, were attaining high performance and good erosion characteristics over the entire throttling range..

1965 March 31 - . Launch Vehicle: Saturn I.
  • Apollo LEMs 1, 2, and 3 to have remote command of the transponder feature - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo LM, LM Communications.

    MSC requested that Grumman incorporate in the command list for LEMs 1, 2, and 3 the capability for turning the LEM transponder off and on by real-time radio command from the Manned Space Flight Network. Necessity for capability of radio command for turning the LEM transponder on after LEM separation resulted from ASPO's decision that the LEM and Saturn instrument unit S-band transponders would use the same transmission and reception frequencies.


1965 April 1-8 - .
  • Backup mode of entering and leaving the Apollo LEM while on the moon - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo LM, LM Hatch.

    MSC and Grumman reviewed the requirement for a backup mode of entering and leaving the LEM while on the moon. The new rectangular hatch was deemed "inherently highly reliable," and the only failure that was even "remotely possible" was one of the hatch mechanism. The proposal to use the top (or transfer) hatch was impractical, because it would cost 13.6 kg (30 lb) and would impose an undue hazard on both the crew and the spacecraft's thermal shield.


1965 April 1 - .
  • All-battery electrical power system for the Apollo LEM - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo LM, LM Electrical.

    Grumman presented to MSC its recommendations for an all-battery electrical power system for the LEM:

    • Two batteries in the ascent stage
    • Four batteries in the descent stage
    • A new power distribution system
    • Active cooling for the descent batteries and electrical control assemblies
    Following a review of cost and resources proposals, MSC approved Grumman's configuration, and on April 15 gave the LEM manufacturer a go-ahead. Additional Details: here....

1965 April 1 - . LV Family: Saturn I. Launch Vehicle: Saturn IB.
  • First stage of the Saturn IB first static firing at MSFC - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo.

    The first stage of the Saturn IB booster (the S-IB-1) underwent its first static firing at Huntsville, Alabama. The stage's eight uprated H-1 engines produced about 71,168-kilonewtons (1.6 million lbs) thrust. On April 23, Marshall and Rocketdyne announced that the uprated H-1 had passed qualification testing and was ready for flight.


1965 April 1 - . Launch Site: Mountain Home AFB. Launch Complex: Mountain Home AFB. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan I.
  • Last Titan I ICBM taken off alert status at Mountain Home AFB - . Nation: USA.

Spring 1966 - . LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan I.
  • Titan I missiles in storage at Mira Loma Air Force Station, Riverside County, California, are scrapped. - . Nation: USA.

1965 April 1 - .
  • HY missile development - . Nation: China. Shenguan is authorised to develop and produce a missile based on the Soviet P-15 ('Styx') cruise missile (later designated Haiyang)..

1965 April 1 - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 1.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 65 km (40 mi).

1965 April 1 - . 02:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Airglow Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 139 km (86 mi).

1965 April 2 - . 13:22 GMT - . Launch Pad: Pacific Ocean, 12.1 S x 78.2 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • UNH Particles Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi). Launched at 1965 Croatan MRF Expedition LP31 - - Latitude: 12.12 S - Longitude: 78.22 W..

1965 April 3 - . 12:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Skylark.
  • ESRO S03 / 2 (SE5) Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 172 km (106 mi).

1965 April 3 - . 21:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC4E. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas SLV-3 Agena D.
  • Snapshot - . Payload: SNAP 10A / Agena D / OPS 4682. Mass: 440 kg (970 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: AEC, USAF. Class: Technology. Type: Ion engine technology satellite. Spacecraft: Snapshot. USAF Sat Cat: 1314 . COSPAR: 1965-027A. Apogee: 1,314 km (816 mi). Perigee: 1,270 km (780 mi). Inclination: 90.3000 deg. Period: 111.40 min.

    The 6595th Aerospace Test Wing launched an Atlas/Agena which boosted the Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) Snapshot spacecraft into orbit carrying the SNAP-10A satellite nuclear power supply experiment. The onboard nuclear reactor was used to provide electric power for an ion engine, marking the first attempt to test a reactor-ion system in orbit. Only nuclear reactor ever orbited by the United States. The SNAP-10A reactor provided electrical power for an 8.5 mN ion engine using cesium propellant. The engine was shut off after one hour of operation when high-voltage spikes created electromagnetic interference with the satellite's attitude control system sensors. The reactor continued in operation, generating 39 kWt and more than 500 watts of electrical power for 43 days before the spacecraft telemetry failed.

  • SECOR 4 - . Payload: EGRS 4. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USA ACE. Class: Earth. Type: Geodetic satellite. Spacecraft: SECOR. USAF Sat Cat: 1315 . COSPAR: 1965-027B. Apogee: 1,316 km (817 mi). Perigee: 1,267 km (787 mi). Inclination: 90.2000 deg. Period: 111.40 min. Failed. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A)..

1965 April 3 - . 21:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Auroral fluxes Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 205 km (127 mi).

1965 April 4 - . 16:06 GMT - . Launch Pad: Pacific Ocean, 24.1 S x 76.1 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • UM Pitot 10 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 139 km (86 mi). Launched at 1965 Croatan MRF Expedition LP32 - - Latitude: 24.08 S - Longitude: 76.13 W..

1965 April 5 - . LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan II.
  • Schirra and Stafford selected for Gemini-Titan 6. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Grissom, Schirra, Stafford, Young. Flight: Gemini 6.

    Manned Spacecraft Center announced that Walter M. Schirra, Jr., and Thomas P. Stafford had been selected as command pilot and pilot for Gemini-Titan 6, the first Gemini rendezvous and docking mission. Virgil I. Grissom and John W. Young would be the backup crew.


1965 April 5-11 - .
  • Qualification tests completed on two Apollo CM reaction control engines - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM, CSM RCS. Rocketdyne completed qualification tests on two CM reaction control engines. These were successful. One of the nozzle extensions failed to seat, however, and was rejected. Its failure was being analyzed..

1965 April 5 - . Launch Site: Fairchild AFB. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas E.
  • The final Atlas E missile was removed from its launcher/storage site at Fairchild AFB, Washington, and was retired from the operational inventory. - .

1965 April 5 - . 07:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Johnston Island. Launch Complex: Johnston Island LE2. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor DSV-2J.
  • AFP-437 combat training interceptor mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 826 km (513 mi).

1965 April 5 - . 13:45 GMT - . Launch Pad: Pacific Ocean, 29.6 S x 75.2 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 177 km (109 mi). Launched at 1965 Croatan MRF Expedition LP33 - - Latitude: 29.57 S - Longitude: 75.22 W..

1965 April 5 - . 19:42 GMT - . Launch Pad: Pacific Ocean, 30.6 S x 75.0 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • UNH Particles Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi). Launched at 1965 Croatan MRF Expedition LP34 - - Latitude: 30.63 S - Longitude: 75.03 W..

1965 April 6 - . 13:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 576B1. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D.
  • ABRES WAC-4 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,800 km (1,100 mi).

1965 April 6 - . 16:34 GMT - . Launch Pad: Pacific Ocean, 35.2 S x 74.3 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • UM Pitot 11 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 142 km (88 mi). Launched at 1965 Croatan MRF Expedition LP35 - - Latitude: 35.23 S - Longitude: 74.25 W..

1965 April 6 - . 23:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor Delta D.
  • Intelsat 1 F-1 - . Payload: Early Bird. Mass: 39 kg (85 lb). Nation: International. Agency: INTELSAT. Program: Intelsat. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: HS 303. Spacecraft: Intelsat 1. Completed Operations Date: 1971-01-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 1317 . COSPAR: 1965-028A. Apogee: 35,819 km (22,256 mi). Perigee: 35,746 km (22,211 mi). Inclination: 11.7000 deg. Period: 1,435.90 min.

    Over Atlantic. Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C). Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 28 deg W in 1965; 38 deg W in 1965-1966. As of 27 July 2001 located at 92.54 deg W drifting at 0.324 deg W per day. As of 2007 Jan 13 located at 47.74W drifting at 0.017E degrees per day.


1965 April 7 - .
  • A LEM/Apollo CSM interface meeting uncovered a number of design problems - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo LM, CSM RCS, LM Communications, LM RCS.

    A LEM/CSM interface meeting uncovered a number of design problems and referred them to the Systems Engineering Division (SED) for evaluation: the requirement for ground verification of panel deployment prior to LEM withdrawal; the requirement for panel deployment in earth orbit during the SA-206 flight; the absence of a backup to the command sequencer for jettisoning the CSM (Flight Projects Division (FPD) urged such a backup signal); and Grumman's opposition to a communications link with the LEM during withdrawal of the spacecraft (FPD felt that such a link was needed through verification of reaction control system ignition). SED's recommendations on these issues were anticipated by April 22.


1965 April 8 - .
  • Contract for Apollo deep space tracking and data acquisition system - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Goddard Space Flight Center awarded a $4.6 million contract to RCA for a deep space tracking and data acquisition system. The equipment, to be installed on Cooper's Island, Bermuda, would support a variety of NASA space missions, including Apollo flights..

1965 April 9 - .
  • Manned space flight control transferred to Houston - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Mueller. Program: Apollo.

    George E. Mueller, Associate Administrator for Manned Space Flight, announced the transfer of control over manned space flights from Cape Kennedy, Fla., to Houston, Texas. MSC's Mission Control Center would direct the flights from end of liftoff through recovery.


1965 April 9 - . LV Family: Atlas.
  • Space Systems Division and NASA signed an agreement for the Gemini/Atlas/Agena Target Vehicle (GAATV) program. NASA had overall management responsibility for the program. - . Spacecraft: Gemini.

1965 April 9 - . 01:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. Launch Vehicle: Skylark.
1965 April 9 - . 18:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC18A. Launch Pad: LC18A. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Blue Scout Jr.
  • OAR 22-9 / AFWL-14 Magnetosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 25,422 km (15,796 mi).

1965 April 9 - . 19:18 GMT - . Launch Pad: Pacific Ocean, 44.3 S x 77.7 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 191 km (118 mi). Launched at 1965 Croatan MRF Expedition LP36 - - Latitude: 44.25 S - Longitude: 77.67 W..

1965 April 9 - . 20:26 GMT - . Launch Pad: Pacific Ocean, 44.4 S x 77.8 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • UM Pitot 12 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 147 km (91 mi). Launched at 1965 Croatan MRF Expedition LP37 - - Latitude: 44.38 S - Longitude: 77.78 W..

1965 April 10 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78. FAILURE: Stage 3's engine 8D715K failed due to depressurization of the nitrogen pipeline of the LOX tank pressurization system of Block I.. Failed Stage: U.
  • Luna failure - stage 3 engine failure. - . Payload: E-6 s/n 8. Mass: 1,422 kg (3,134 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Program: Luna. Class: Moon. Type: Lunar probe. Spacecraft: Luna E-6. Decay Date: 1965-04-10 . The upper stages fell apart on re-entry into the atmosphere...

1965 April 10 - . 08:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF09. Launch Pad: LF09?. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1965 April 11 - . Launch Pad: Pacific Ocean, 48.6 S x 77.7 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1965 April 12 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC60/6. LV Family: R-16. Launch Vehicle: R-16U.
  • Combat training launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,210 km (750 mi).

1965 April 12 - . 14:47 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Mg II heliogram 1 Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 201 km (124 mi).

1965 April 12 - . 17:14 GMT - . Launch Pad: Pacific Ocean, 58.3 S x 78.0 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • GCA Ionosphere Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 187 km (116 mi). Launched at 1965 Croatan MRF Expedition LP38 - - Latitude: 58.32 S - Longitude: 78.00 W..

1965 April 12 - . 18:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 143 km (88 mi).

1965 April 13 - . LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 2.
  • Headquarters USAF issued a Minuteman system program directive (SPD) that established an operational force of 1,000 missiles by the end of FY1967. - . It also directed implementation of the Force Modernization Program to configure the entire force with Minuteman II (LGM-30F) missiles by FY 1972..

1965 April 13 - . 04:05 GMT - . Launch Pad: Pacific Ocean, 60.0 S x 78.0 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • UM Pitot 13 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi). Launched at 1965 Croatan MRF Expedition LP39 - - Latitude: 60.00 S - Longitude: 78.00 W..

1965 April 13 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Pad: Pacific Ocean, 60.0 S x 78.0 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • UM Pitot 14 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 146 km (90 mi). Launched at 1965 Croatan MRF Expedition LP39 - - Latitude: 60.00 S - Longitude: 78.00 W..

1965 April 13 - . 17:10 GMT - . Launch Pad: Pacific Ocean, 60.0 S x 78.0 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • UNH Particles Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi). Launched at 1965 Croatan MRF Expedition LP39 - - Latitude: 60.00 S - Longitude: 78.00 W..

1965 April 13 - . 19:06 GMT - . Launch Pad: Pacific Ocean, 59.9 S x 78.0 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Composition Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi). Launched at 1965 Croatan MRF Expedition LP40 - - Latitude: 59.92 S - Longitude: 77.97 W..

1965 April 13 - . 21:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF02. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1965 April 13 - . 21:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF08. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1965 April 14 - . Launch Vehicle: Saturn V.
  • Final beam in the structural skeleton of the Vertical Assembly Building - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo.

    Construction workers emplaced the final beam in the structural skeleton of the Vertical Assembly Building at Merritt Island (KSC), Florida. Scheduled for completion in 1966, the cavernous structure (160 m (525 ft) tall and comprising 10,968,476 cu m (129 million cu ft)) would provide a controlled environment for assembling Saturn V launch vehicles and mating them to Apollo spacecraft.


1965 April 14 - . 14:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Vehicle: Journeyman.
  • Minnesota Particles Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 1,660 km (1,030 mi).

1965 April 15 - .
  • Interkosmos program authorised. - . Nation: Russia. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-U1-IK. Central Committee of the Communist Party and Council of Soviet Ministers Decree 'On Co-operation of the USSR and Socialist Countries in the Sphere of Research and Use of Space-international co-operation' was issued..

1965 April 15 - . LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan II.
  • Martin-Denver delivered the propellant tanks for Gemini launch vehicle 8 to Martin-Baltimore. - . Nation: USA. Flight: Gemini 8.

    Tank fabrication had begun September 25, 1964. Aerojet-General delivered the stage I engine on June 16 and the stage II on August 20. In the meantime, tank splicing was completed August 3. Engine installation was completed September 23, and all hoizontal testing ended September 27.


1965 April 15 - .
  • First firing of the Apollo LEM ascent engine test rig - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo LM, LM Ascent Propulsion.

    The first firing of the LEM ascent engine test rig (HA-3) was successfully conducted at White Sands Missile Range, New Mexico. A second firing on April 23 lasted 14.45 sec instead of 10 sec as planned. A third firing, lasting 30 sec, completed the test series. A helium pressurization system would be installed before additional testing could begin.


1965 April 15 - .
  • Birth of Soichi Noguchi - . Nation: Japan. Related Persons: Noguchi. Japanese engineer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-114, ISS EO-22..

1965 April 15 - . Launch Vehicle: Saturn V.
  • First ground test firing of S-II stage - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo.

1965 April 15 - . Launch Site: Lowry AFB. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan I.
  • The last Titan I (HGM-25A) was removed from its silo at Lowry AFB, Colorado, in preparation for the 724th Strategic Missile Squadron's inactivation on 25 June. - .

1965 April 15 - . 10:45 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • AF-142 thermodynamic comparison Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 198 km (123 mi).

1965 April 15 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Pad: Pacific Ocean, 52.6 S x 78.3 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • UM Pitot 15 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi). Launched at 1965 Croatan MRF Expedition LP41 - - Latitude: 52.58 S - Longitude: 78.33 W..

1965 April 15 - . 18:02 GMT - . Launch Pad: Pacific Ocean, 52.5 S x 78.2 W. Launch Platform: CVE-25. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Composition Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi). Launched at 1965 Croatan MRF Expedition LP42 - - Latitude: 52.52 S - Longitude: 78.22 W..

1965 April 16-May 15 - .
  • Qualification testing completed on the fuel tanks for the Apollo SM's reaction control system - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM, CSM SPS. North American completed qualification testing on the fuel tanks for the SM's reaction control system..

1965 April 16-May 15 - .
  • Two Apollo CSM fuel cells failed qualification testing - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM, CSM Block I.

    Two CSM fuel cells failed qualification testing, the first failing after 101.75 hrs of the vacuum endurance test. Pratt and Whitney Aircraft determined that the failure was caused by a cleaning fluid which contaminated and plugged the oxygen lines and contaminated the oxygen gas at the electrodes. Additional Details: here....


1965 April 16 - . Launch Vehicle: Saturn V.
  • First clustered firing of Saturn V's first stage - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo.

    MSFC conducted the first clustered firing of the Saturn V's first stage (the S-IC). The booster's five F-1 engines burned for about 6½ seconds and produced 33,360 kilonewtons (7.5 million lbs) thrust.

    Eight days later, at its static facility in Santa Susana, California, North American first fired the S-II, intermediate stage of the Saturn V. The event was chronicled as the "second major Saturn V milestone" during April. Additional Details: here....


1965 April 16 - .
  • Voskhod female crew opposition - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Beregovoi, Gagarin, Ponomaryova, Shatalov, Solovyova, Tereshkova. Program: Voskhod. Flight: Voskhod 3. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Voskhod.

    Gagarin and the rest of the male cosmonauts, as many as other VVS officers, are opposed to Kamanin's plan for a female Voskhod flight. The first cosmonaut group are also opposed to appointment of Beregovoi and Shatalov to flight crews. Tereshkova has lost 5 kg and looks ill, but all the doctors say she is healthy.


1965 April 16 - . 19:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 395-C. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan II.
  • Bear Hug operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1965 April 17 - .
  • Voskhod plans - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Beregovoi, Demin, Katys, Ponomaryova, Solovyova, Volynov. Program: Voskhod. Flight: Voskhod 3, Voskhod 4, Voskhod 5.

    Despite opposition, Kamanin goes ahead with his plans. The 10-day duration artificial gravity flight is planned for October 1965, with Volynov and Katys as the crew. In the first half of 1966 Beregovoi and Demin will fly the long-duration mission, and Ponomaryova and Solovyova will fly an all-female spacewalk mission. However the Americans have announced they will fly a Gemini mission for a 7 to 8 day duration by the end of the year; the Soviets may have to adjust this plan to ensure that they retain the lead in manned spaceflight. Kamanin has told the female cosmonauts of their planned flight, but also warned them there is serious opposition in some quarters.


1965 April 17 - . 09:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57.
  • Cosmos 65 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-4. Duration: 8.00 days. Decay Date: 1965-04-25 . USAF Sat Cat: 1320 . COSPAR: 1965-029A. Apogee: 315 km (195 mi). Perigee: 207 km (128 mi). Inclination: 65.0000 deg. Period: 89.70 min. High resolution photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; also carried weather experiments..

1965 April 18 - . LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan I.
  • By this date all Titan I missiles had been shipped to storage at Mira Loma Air Force Station, Riverside County, California. - . Nation: USA.

1965 April 19 - . 02:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC130. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1965 April 20 - . Launch Site: Lincoln AFB. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas F.
  • The final Atlas F missile departed Lincoln AFB, Nebraska (551st Strategic Missile Squadron), for retirement and storage. - .

1965 April 20 - . 15:40 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Solar ultraviolet and x-ray mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Apogee: 201 km (124 mi).

1965 April 21 - . LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan II.
  • The Combined Systems Acceptance Test (CSAT) of Gemini launch vehicle (GLV) 5 was conducted in the vertical test facility at Martin-Baltimore. - . Nation: USA. Flight: Gemini 5.

    Four earlier CSAT attempts (April 15-20) were marred by numerous minor anomalies. The vehicle acceptance team inspection began April 26 and concluded April 30, with GLV-5 found acceptable. The vehicle was removed from the test cell May 7-8, formally accepted by the Air Force May 15, and shipped to Cape Kennedy. Stage I arrived at the Cape on May 17 and stage II on May 19.


1965 April 21 - . 11:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA5B. Launch Pad: LA5B?. Launch Vehicle: Black Knight.
1965 April 22-23 - .
  • Final zero-g trials of the Apollo CM waste management system - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM, CSM Cockpit. North American conducted the final zero-g trials (part of developmental testing on the CM's waste management system) and reported good results for both urine and feces apparatus..

1965 April 22 - . LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan II.
  • The Abort Panel met to review abort criteria for Gemini-Titan (GT) 4 and decided that GT-3 rules would suffice. - . Nation: USA. Flight: Gemini 4, Gemini 5. Alternate procedures for delayed mode 2 abort would be investigated when the Manned Spacecraft Center abort trainer became available to the GT-5 mission..

1965 April 22 - . 05:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant III.
  • Aurora / ionosphere mission Aurora / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 136 km (84 mi).

1965 April 23 - . LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan II.
  • Gemini launch vehicle (GLV) 4 and spacecraft No. 4 were mechanically mated at complex 19. - . Nation: USA. Flight: Gemini 4.

    The Electrical Interface Integrated Validation and Joint Guidance and Control Test were completed April 26-29. These had been separate tests for earlier vehicles, but from Gemini-Titan 4 on, the tests were combined and performed as one. The spacecraft/GLV Joint Combined Systems Test followed on April 30. The Flight Configuration Mode Test finished systems testing May 7.


1965 April 23 - . 01:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78.
  • Molniya 1-01 - . Payload: Molniya-1. Mass: 1,600 kg (3,500 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Molniya. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-2. Spacecraft: Molniya-1. Decay Date: 1979-08-16 . USAF Sat Cat: 1324 . COSPAR: 1965-030A. Apogee: 39,300 km (24,400 mi). Perigee: 538 km (334 mi). Inclination: 65.5000 deg. Period: 707.30 min. First announced launch of Soviet communications satellite. Television programme transmission and long range two way multi channel telephone and telegraph communications. Orbital characteristics after correction of 2 May 1965..

1965 April 23 - . 03:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 128 km (79 mi).

1965 April 23 - . 04:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 145 km (90 mi).

1965 April 23 - . 17:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Hidden Hills DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008.
  • X-15A HT/Abl TPS/BLN Test/Technology mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Spacecraft: X-15A. Apogee: 24 km (14 mi). Maximum Speed - 5760 kph. Maximum Altitude - 24293 m. Air dropped in Hidden Hills DZ..

1965 April 24 - . Launch Site: Makat. Launch Vehicle: R-12.
  • Nation: Ukraine. Agency: MVS. Apogee: 402 km (249 mi).

1965 April 26 - .
  • First Apollo CM heatshields - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM, CSM Block I. North American received CM 009 forward and crew compartment heatshields from Avco Corporation. These heatshields were the first CM heatshields received by the contractor with complete ablative application..

1965 April 26-May 2 - .
  • Apollo boilerplate 14 simulated the mission for spacecraft 009 - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM, CSM Electrical. Using boilerplate 14, North American simulated the mission for spacecraft 009. The test was conducted in two phases, with the vehicle on external and then internal power. All data showed satisfactory performance..

1965 April 26 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC41/4. LV Family: R-16. Launch Vehicle: R-16U.
  • Operational test launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,210 km (750 mi).

1965 April 27-30 - .
  • Apollo CM Block II Critical Design Review Part II - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM, CSM Block II. Part II of the Critical Design Review of the crew compartment and docking system for the Block II CM was held at Downey, California, using mockups 28 and 27 A. (Part I had been held on March 23-24.). Additional Details: here....

1965 April 27 - . 05:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC140/18. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: R-36 8K67.
  • Kura state trials missile launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 870 km (540 mi).

1965 April 27 - . 06:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Apogee: 193 km (119 mi).

1965 April 28 - .
  • Shirtsleeve environment in the Apollo CM - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Shea. Program: Apollo. Flight: Apollo 204. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM, CSM Block I.

    Joseph F. Shea, ASPO Manager, approved Crew Systems Division's recommendation to retain the "shirtsleeve" environment for the CM. The design was simpler and promised greater overall mission reliability; also, it would be more comfortable for the crewmen. Additional Details: here....


1965 April 28-May 3 - .
  • Proton irradiation tests conducted for Apollo project - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Under NASA contract, proton irradiation of primates tests were conducted on the Oak Ridge cyclotron by a team from Brooks AFB and Crew Systems Division. During this period, 136 monkeys and 900 mice were irradiated..

1965 April 28 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC41/4. LV Family: R-16. Launch Vehicle: R-16U. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Operational test launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1965 April 28 - . 20:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC4E. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas SLV-3 Agena D.
  • KH 7-17 - . Payload: KH-7 no. 17 / OPS 4983. Mass: 2,000 kg (4,400 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO, USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: WS-117. Spacecraft: KH-7. Decay Date: 1965-05-03 . USAF Sat Cat: 1327 . COSPAR: 1965-031A. Apogee: 259 km (160 mi). Perigee: 180 km (110 mi). Inclination: 95.6000 deg. Period: 89.00 min. KH-7 type satellite. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A). .
  • OPS 6717 - . Payload: EHH B1. Mass: 60 kg (132 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO, USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft Bus: P 11. Spacecraft: SSF. Decay Date: 1969-10-31 . USAF Sat Cat: 1329 . COSPAR: 1965-031B. Apogee: 547 km (339 mi). Perigee: 506 km (314 mi). Inclination: 95.2000 deg. Period: 95.10 min. Radar monitoring..

1965 April 28 - . 20:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Hidden Hills DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008.
  • X-15A-2 Landing loads,Stab test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Spacecraft Bus: X-15A. Spacecraft: X-15A-2. Apogee: 28 km (17 mi). Maximum Speed - 5266 kph. Maximum Altitude - 28224 m. First star tracker checkout. Air dropped in Hidden Hills DZ..

1965 April 28 - . 23:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 1.
  • ISRO 15.02 Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1965 April 29 - . LV Family: DF-3. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 1.
  • Chinese satellite plans. - . Nation: China. Related Persons: Tsien. Spacecraft: DFH-1. Tsien says he can orbit a Chiense satellite in 1970 or 1971..

1965 April 29 - . 09:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. Launch Vehicle: Skylark. FAILURE: Failure.
1965 April 29 - . 11:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. Launch Vehicle: Skylark.
1965 April 29 - . 12:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. Launch Vehicle: Skylark.
1965 April 29 - . 13:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. Launch Vehicle: Skylark.
1965 April 29 - . 14:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA3A. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout X-4.
  • Explorer 27 - . Payload: Beacon Explorer C. Mass: 60 kg (132 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Program: Explorer. Class: Earth. Type: Ionosphere satellite. Spacecraft: Beacon. USAF Sat Cat: 1328 . COSPAR: 1965-032A. Apogee: 1,309 km (813 mi). Perigee: 932 km (579 mi). Inclination: 41.2000 deg. Period: 107.70 min. Battery failed in 1968; ionospheric research and geodetic data. Spacecraft engaged in research and exploration of the upper atmosphere or outer space..

1965 April 29 - . 16:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. Launch Vehicle: Skylark.
1965 April 29 - . 17:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. Launch Vehicle: Skylark.
1965 April 29 - . 20:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. Launch Vehicle: Skylark.
1965 April 29 - . 21:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC3W. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor SLV-2A Agena D.
  • KH-4A 1019 - . Payload: KH-4A s/n 1019 / Agena D 1614 / OPS 5023. Mass: 1,500 kg (3,300 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: CIA, NRO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: WS-117. Spacecraft: KH-4A. Decay Date: 1965-05-26 . USAF Sat Cat: 1330 . COSPAR: 1965-033A. Apogee: 461 km (286 mi). Perigee: 181 km (112 mi). Inclination: 85.0000 deg. Period: 91.00 min. KH-4A. Cameras operated successfully. Malfunction in recovery mode on 1019-2 negated recovery..
  • SRV 627 - . Payload: SRV 1019-2 / OPS 5023. Mass: 60 kg (132 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: CIA, NRO. Spacecraft Bus: WS-117. Spacecraft: KH-4A. Decay Date: 1965-06-08 . USAF Sat Cat: 1367 . COSPAR: 1965-033B. Apogee: 509 km (316 mi). Perigee: 134 km (83 mi). Inclination: 84.9000 deg. Period: 91.00 min. Cameras operated successfully. Malfunction in recovery mode on 1019-2 negated recovery..

1965 April 30 - . 19:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 395-D. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan II.
  • Card Deck operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1965 April 30 - . 22:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF03. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1965 May - .
  • Planned air drop tests of Dynasoar to begin - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft: Dynasoar.

    At the time the Dynasoar project was cancelled, completion of the first spacecraft was planned for summer 1964. Air-drop tests from a B-52 carrier aircraft were planned to begin in May 1965. Twenty such drop tests would be conducted up to the first orbital flight in July 1966.


1965 May 1 - . 23:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 1.
  • ISRO 15.01 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1965 May 2 - . 12:09 GMT - . Launch Pad: Pacific Ocean, 22.0 N x 149.9 E. Launch Platform: SHOK. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: AN. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1965 May 3 - .
  • Use of chamber technician's suit in Apollo AFRM 008 tests disputed - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo LM, LM ECS.

    Systems Engineering Division did not concur in use of the chamber technician's suit by test subjects in AFRM 008 tests. AFRM 008 represented the only integrated spacecraft test under a simulated thermal- vacuum environment and was therefore considered a significant step in man-rating the overall system. For that reason use of the flight configuration Block I suit was a firm requirement for the AFRM 008 tests.

    The same rationale would be applicable to the LEM and Block II vehicle chamber tests. Only flight configured spacecraft hardware and extravehicular mobility unit garments would be used by test subjects.


1965 May 4 - .
  • Apollo RCS oxidizer tank failure - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM, CSM RCS.

    Technical personnel at MSC became concerned over an RCS oxidizer tank failure that occurred in February 1965, during propellant exposure and creep tests. The failure had previously been explained as stress corrosion caused from a fingerprint on the tank shell before heat treat. NASA requested that the test be repeated under tighter controlled procedures.


1965 May 5 - . 03:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 145 km (90 mi).

1965 May 6 - .
  • Apollo earth landing system tested - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM, CSM Parachute.

    The Apollo earth landing system (ELS) was tested in a drop of boilerplate (BP) 19 at El Centro, Calif. The drop removed constraints on the ELS for BP-22; also, it was a "prequalification" trial of the main parachutes before the start of the full qualification test program.


1965 May 6-13 - .
  • Apollo SLA would not survive a service propulsion system abort - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM, CSM Block I.

    Structures and Mechanics Division engineers determined that the spacecraft-LEM-adapter would not survive a service propulsion system abort immediately after jettisoning of the launch escape tower. North American planned to strengthen the upper hinges and fasteners and to resize the shock attenuators on spacecraft 009.


1965 May 6 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC20. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan IIIA.
  • LES 2 - . Mass: 37 kg (81 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Technology. Type: Communications technology satellite. Spacecraft: LES. USAF Sat Cat: 1360 . COSPAR: 1965-034B. Apogee: 14,810 km (9,200 mi). Perigee: 2,771 km (1,721 mi). Inclination: 32.2000 deg. Period: 309.90 min.

    The fourth Titan IIIA flight test missile (Vehicle #6) was launched from Complex 20 at Cape Canaveral in a maneuverability test for the Transtage. The primary aim was for the Transtage engine to accomplish four separate ignitions, something never before attempted. In the process of successfully completing its four programmed ignitions and burns, the Transtage placed two satellites into orbit - a Lincoln Experimental Satellite (LES-2) and a hollow aluminum radar calibration sphere (LCS-1). By completing its assigned tasks, the Transtage extended the capabilities of the Titan IIIA beyond it's specific requirements. Because of this highly productive mission, the planned fifth Titan IIIA (Vehicle 7/4) launch was cancelled and the booster was converted to a Titan IIIC configuration. Experimental commsat. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A).

  • LCS 1 - . Mass: 34 kg (74 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft: LCS. USAF Sat Cat: 1361 . COSPAR: 1965-034C. Apogee: 2,795 km (1,736 mi). Perigee: 2,786 km (1,731 mi). Inclination: 32.1000 deg. Period: 145.60 min.

    The fourth Titan IIIA flight test missile (Vehicle #6) was launched from Complex 20 at Cape Canaveral in a maneuverability test for the Transtage. The primary aim was for the Transtage engine to accomplish four separate ignitions, something never before attempted. In the process of successfully completing its four programmed ignitions and burns, the Transtage placed two satellites into orbit - a Lincoln Experimental Satellite (LES-2) and a hollow aluminum radar calibration sphere (LCS-1). By completing its assigned tasks, the Transtage extended the capabilities of the Titan IIIA beyond it's specific requirements. Because of this highly productive mission, the planned fifth Titan IIIA (Vehicle 7/4) launch was cancelled and the booster was converted to a Titan IIIC configuration. Aluminum sphere used for radar calibration. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A).


1965 May 7 - .
  • First Apollo launch escape system completion - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM, CSM Block I. Launch escape system (LES) installation for CSM 009 was completed, marking the first LES completion..

1965 May 7 - . 09:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Vostok 8A92.
  • Cosmos 66 - . Payload: Zenit-2 11F61 s/n 27. Mass: 4,720 kg (10,400 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-2 satellite. Duration: 8.00 days. Decay Date: 1965-05-15 . USAF Sat Cat: 1362 . COSPAR: 1965-035A. Apogee: 397 km (246 mi). Perigee: 285 km (177 mi). Inclination: 64.9000 deg. Period: 91.30 min. Returned after 8 days. Unsuccessful mission. Parachute deployment failure. Spacecraft destroyed in crash..

1965 May 8 - .
  • Voskhod-2 design review - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Belyayev, Korolev, Leonov. Program: Voskhod. Flight: Voskhod 2. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Voskhod.

    A meeting between the cosmonauts and OKB-1 becomes heated on the question of the Voskhod design. Korolev and his specialists attempt to minimise the design approach that made manual re-entry for Voskhod-2 so difficult. In fact the state commission concluded that it was impossible to conduct a manual re-entry with the crew in their seats. Korolev agreed that later Voskhods will be equipped with instruments allowing manual re-entry with the astronauts seated, and apologised for the oversight.


1965 May 8 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC32B. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 2.
  • Research and development launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1965 May 9 - . 07:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78.
  • Luna 5 - . Payload: E-6 s/n 10. Mass: 1,474 kg (3,249 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Luna. Class: Moon. Type: Lunar probe. Spacecraft: Luna E-6. Decay Date: 1965-05-12 . USAF Sat Cat: 1366 . COSPAR: 1965-036A. Apogee: 219 km (136 mi). Perigee: 159 km (98 mi). Inclination: 64.8000 deg. Period: 88.27 min.

    Soft lunar landing attempt. Western observers, among them England's Sir Bernard Lovell, correctly speculated that the craft's mission was a soft landing. After launch fom Baikonur and five successful communications sessions the spacecraft performed a midcourse correction maneuver on 10 May. Unfortunately a problem developed in a flotation gyroscope (it did not have enough time to warm up properly) in the I-100 guidance control unit and control was lost so the spacecraft began spinning around its main axis. It was brought back under control, but at the time of the next maneuver, the main retrorocket system failed due to a ground control error in calculating the setpoints, and the spacecraft, though still headed for the Moon, was far off its intended landing site. Problems again cropped up with the I-100 unit so a retrorocket burn could not take place and Luna 5 impacted the lunar surface some 700 km from the target point at about 19:10 UT on 12 May 1965, becoming the second Soviet probe to hit the Moon. A Soviet announcement gave the impact point as the Sea of Clouds at roughly 31 degrees S, 8 degrees W. (Although a later analysis gave a very different estimate of 8 degrees N, 23 degrees W.)


1965 May 10 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF09. Launch Pad: LF09?. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1965 May 10? - . Launch Site: San Nicolas. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Sidewinder-Arcas.
  • Boosted Rooster - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1965 May 10? - . Launch Site: San Nicolas. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Sidewinder-Arcas.
  • Boosted Rooster - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1965 May 10? - . Launch Site: San Nicolas. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Sidewinder-Arcas.
  • Boosted Rooster - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1965 May 10 - . 07:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Carnarvon. Launch Complex: Carnarvon CARN2. LV Family: Lupus. Launch Vehicle: HAD.
  • Falling sphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Australia. Agency: WRE. Apogee: 115 km (71 mi).

1965 May 10 - . 10:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Carnarvon. Launch Complex: Carnarvon CARN2. LV Family: Lupus. Launch Vehicle: HAD.
  • Falling sphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Australia. Agency: WRE. Apogee: 116 km (72 mi).

1965 May 10 - . 13:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Carnarvon. Launch Complex: Carnarvon CARN2. LV Family: Lupus. Launch Vehicle: HAD.
  • Falling sphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Australia. Agency: WRE. Apogee: 116 km (72 mi).

1965 May 10 - . 16:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Carnarvon. Launch Complex: Carnarvon CARN2. LV Family: Lupus. Launch Vehicle: HAD.
  • Falling sphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Australia. Agency: WRE. Apogee: 109 km (67 mi).

1965 May 10 - . 19:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Carnarvon. Launch Complex: Carnarvon CARN2. LV Family: Lupus. Launch Vehicle: HAD.
  • Falling sphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Australia. Agency: WRE. Apogee: 115 km (71 mi).

1965 May 11 - . 00:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Carnarvon. Launch Complex: Carnarvon CARN2. LV Family: Lupus. Launch Vehicle: HAD.
  • Falling sphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Australia. Agency: WRE. Apogee: 111 km (68 mi).

1965 May 11 - . 03:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Carnarvon. Launch Complex: Carnarvon CARN2. LV Family: Lupus. Launch Vehicle: HAD.
  • Falling sphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Australia. Agency: WRE. Apogee: 113 km (70 mi).

1965 May 11 - . 08:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. LV Family: Lupus. Launch Vehicle: HAD.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Australia. Agency: WRE. Apogee: 114 km (70 mi).

1965 May 11 - . 20:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. Launch Vehicle: Skylark.
1965 May 12 - .
  • Testing begins on rockets that would allow soft landing for Apollo CM - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM, CSM Heat Shield, CSM Recovery.

    Developmental testing began on a new landing device for the CM, one using rockets (mounted on the heatshield) that would be ignited immediately before impact. The current method for ensuring the integrity of the spacecraft during a landing in rough water involved strengthening of the aft structure. The new concept, should it prove practicable, would offer a twofold advantage: first, it would lighten the CM considerably; second, it would provide an improved emergency landing capability.


1965 May 12 - . LV Family: Saturn I. Launch Vehicle: Saturn IB.
  • Thrust of the H-1 engine uprated - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. MSFC informed MSC that the thrust of the H-1 engine was being uprated to 1,000 kilonewtons (205,000 lbs), thus increasing the Saturn IB's payload capability..

1965 May 12 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC18A. Launch Pad: LC18A. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Blue Scout Jr.
  • OAR 22-8 / AFCRL-335 Magnetosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 13,586 km (8,441 mi).

1965 May 13 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Brigitte. LV Family: Diamant. Launch Vehicle: Emeraude VE121.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1965 May 13 - . 16:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. Launch Vehicle: Skylark.
1965 May 14 - . 19:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-11.
  • Ionosphere mission? - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1965 May 15 - .
  • Institute of Space Research Created. - . Nation: Russia. Central Committee of the Communist Party and Council of Soviet Ministers Decree 'On establishment of the Institute of Space Research in the USSR Academy of Sciences on July 14. 1965' was issued..

1965 May 16-June 15 - .
  • Third series of Apollo water impact tests - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM, CSM Block I.

    North American conducted the third in a series of water impact tests on boilerplate 1 to measure pressures on forward portions of the spacecraft. Data from the series supported those from tests with one- tenth scale models of the CM. The manufacturer reported, therefore, that it planned no further full-scale testing.


1965 May 16-June 15 - .
  • Preliminary Apollo Reliability Report - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Flight: Apollo 11, Apollo 204. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM, CSM Block I.

    North American released a preliminary report, "Apollo Reliability Modeling Documentation," in response to an action item assigned to MSC by the President's Scientific Advisory Committee (PSAC) Space Technology Panel at an Apollo program reliability briefing for the panel in January. Additional Details: here....


1965 May 16 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Pad: Pacific Ocean, 6.7 N x 179.9 E. Launch Platform: SHOK. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: AN. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1965 May 17 - .
  • MSC to participate in Apollo LEM manned environmental control system tests - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Anders. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo LM, LM Communications, LM ECS.

    MSC informed Grumman it believed it would be beneficial to the LEM development program for MSC to participate in the manned environmental control system tests to be conducted in Grumman's Internal Environment Simulator. The following individuals were suggested to participate: Astronaut William A. Anders or an alternate to act as a test crewman for one or more manned runs; D. Owen Goons or an alternate to act as a medical monitor for the aforementioned astronaut; and John W. O'Neill or an alternate to monitor voice communications during the test and record astronaut comments.


1965 May 18 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Agate. Launch Vehicle: Topaze VE111L.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1965 May 18 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF07. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1965 May 18 - . 05:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC140/18. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: R-36 8K67.
  • Kura state trials missile launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 870 km (540 mi).

1965 May 18 - . 17:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Mud Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008.
  • X-15A-2 Stab, landing, ST test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Spacecraft Bus: X-15A. Spacecraft: X-15A-2. Apogee: 31 km (19 mi). Maximum Speed - 5697 kph. Maximum Altitude - 31120 m. Air dropped in Mud Lake DZ..

1965 May 18 - . 18:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC1W. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor SLV-2A Agena D.
  • KH-4A 1021 - . Payload: KH-4A s/n 1021 / Agena D 1615 / OPS 8431. Mass: 1,500 kg (3,300 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: CIA, NRO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: WS-117. Spacecraft: KH-4A. Decay Date: 1965-06-15 . USAF Sat Cat: 1374 . COSPAR: 1965-037A. Apogee: 399 km (247 mi). Perigee: 321 km (199 mi). Inclination: 75.0000 deg. Period: 91.70 min. KH-4A. Aft camera ceased operation on pass 102..

1965 May 19 - .
  • Apollo mission A-003 - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo.

    Apollo mission A-003, a planned high-altitude abort test, was flown at WSMR. About 25 seconds after launch, and at an altitude of about three miles, the Little Joe II booster disintegrated as a result of violent - and unprogrammed - roll. The launch escape system (LES) functioned perfectly, however, and lifted the spacecraft (boilerplate 22) clear of the vehicle. ASPO Manager Joseph F. Shea, while acknowledging that A-003's "prime objectives . . . were not met," rightly observed that the LES nonetheless "proved its mettle in an actual emergency,"


1965 May 19 - . 05:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. Launch Vehicle: Skylark.
1965 May 19 - . 13:01 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. Launch Vehicle: Little Joe II. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Apollo A-003 - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 6.00 km (3.70 mi).

1965 May 19 - . 20:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Javelin.
  • M / DTR Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 947 km (588 mi).

1965 May 20 - . 03:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Vehicle: UR-100. FAILURE: Failure.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1965 May 20 - . 16:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC10W. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor Burner 1.
  • DMSP-Block-4A F3 - . Payload: DAPP 12 / OPS 8386. Mass: 130 kg (280 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Program: DMSP. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DMSP Block 4/5 satellites. Spacecraft: DMSP Block 4A. Decay Date: 2012-03-09 . USAF Sat Cat: 1377 . COSPAR: 1965-038A. Apogee: 731 km (454 mi). Perigee: 503 km (312 mi). Inclination: 98.1000 deg. Period: 97.10 min. Defense Meteorological Satellite Program..

1965 May 21 - .
  • Preliminary flight rating tests on the Apollo reaction control engine - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM, CSM RCS. Marquardt Corporation completed preliminary flight rating tests on the reaction control engine for the SM..

1965 May 21 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Agate. Launch Vehicle: Topaze VE111L.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1965 May 21 - . 23:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 395-B. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan II.
  • Front Sight operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1965 May 22 - . 02:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Ascension. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • UM Pitot 16 / FIRE cal Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 147 km (91 mi).

1965 May 22 - . 06:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC41/3. LV Family: R-16. Launch Vehicle: R-16U.
  • Military training launch to Kamchatka - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 920 km (570 mi).

1965 May 22 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Ascension. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • UM Pitot 17 / FIRE cal Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 158 km (98 mi).

1965 May 22 - . 21:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC12. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D.
  • FIRE 2 - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 817 km (507 mi).

    Suborbital reentry heating experiment using the FIRE subscale Apollo capsule. An Atlas D booster propelled the instrumented probe, called a "flying thermometer," into a ballistic trajectory over 805 km (500 mi) high. After 26 minutes of flight, when the spacecraft began its descent, a solid-fueled Antares rocket accelerated its fall.

    The probe entered the atmosphere at a speed of 40,877 km (25,400 mph) and generated temperatures of about 11,206K (20,000 degrees F). Data on heating were transmitted to ground stations throughout the descent. Thirty-two minutes after the launch - and but six minutes after the Antares was fired - the device impacted in the Atlantic about 8,256 km (5,130 mi) southeast of the Cape.


1965 May 23 - .
  • American Apollo astronauts returning from the moon to be quarantined - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo.

    The Life Sciences Committee of the National Academy of Sciences' Space Science Board recommended to NASA that American astronauts returning from the moon and planets be kept in quarantine for at least three weeks to prevent possible contamination of the earth by extraterrestrial organisms, Additional Details: here....


1965 May 24 - .
  • MSC concurred in Grumman's selection of the RF tracking mode for the Apollo LEM's steerable antenna - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo LM, LM Guidance. MSC concurred in Grumman's selection of the RF tracking mode for the LEM's steerable antenna..

1965 May 25 - .
  • Birth of John Daniel 'Danny' Olivas - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Olivas. Hispanic-American engineer mission specialist astronaut 1998-2010. Flew on STS-117, STS-128..

1965 May 25 - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. LV Family: Lupus. Launch Vehicle: HAD.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Australia. Agency: WRE. Apogee: 110 km (60 mi).

1965 May 25 - . 07:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC37B. Launch Vehicle: Saturn I.
  • Pegasus 2 - . Payload: Pegasus 2. Mass: 10,464 kg (23,069 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Huntsville. Program: Apollo. Class: Earth. Type: Micrometeoroid satellite. Spacecraft: Pegasus satellite. Decay Date: 1979-11-03 . USAF Sat Cat: 1381 . COSPAR: 1965-039A. Apogee: 740 km (450 mi). Perigee: 502 km (311 mi). Inclination: 31.7000 deg. Period: 97.00 min.

    Pegasus 2 was a meteoroid detection satellite. The Saturn I launch vehicle (SA-8) placed the spacecraft, protected by a boilerplate CSM (BP-26), into a 740-by-509-km (460-by-316-mi) orbit. Once in orbit, the dummy CSM was jettisoned. Pegasus 2, still attached to the second stage of the launch vehicle, then deployed its 29-m (96-ft) winglike panels. Within several hours, the device began registering meteoroid hits.

  • Apollo-Model 4 - . Payload: Apollo CSM Boilerplate 26. Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Houston. Program: Apollo. Class: Moon. Type: Manned lunar spacecraft. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM, CSM Structural. Decay Date: 1989-07-08 . USAF Sat Cat: 1385 . COSPAR: 1965-039B. Apogee: 739 km (459 mi). Perigee: 511 km (317 mi). Inclination: 31.7000 deg. Period: 97.21 min.

1965 May 25 - . 10:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57.
  • Cosmos 67 - . Payload: Zenit-4. Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-4. Duration: 8.00 days. Decay Date: 1965-06-02 . USAF Sat Cat: 1382 . COSPAR: 1965-040A. Apogee: 351 km (218 mi). Perigee: 203 km (126 mi). Inclination: 51.8000 deg. Period: 90.10 min. High resolution photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule.

1965 May 25 - . 18:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Mud Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008.
  • X-15A IFDS/MIT/RAS modification technology / test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Spacecraft: X-15A. Apogee: 54 km (33 mi). Maximum Speed - 5100 kph. Maximum Altitude - 54803 m. Air dropped in Mud Lake DZ..

1965 May 25 - . 23:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Exos sounding rocket.
  • EM Absorption Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 488 km (303 mi).

1965 May 26 - .
  • Apollo LEM control weight revised - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo LM, LM Descent Propulsion, LM Weight.

    ASPO requested the Apollo Program Director to revise the LEM control weight at translunar injection as follows:

    • Ascent stage - 2,193kg (4,835lbs)
    • Descent stage - 2,166kg (4,775lbs)
    • Total LEM (fueled) - 14,515kg (32,000lbs)
    The increase would be made possible by reductions of service propulsion system propellant requirements associated with the revised delta-V budget. ASPO pointed out that existing CSM and adapter control weight propellant requirements allowed a maximum LEM injected weight of 14,877 kg (32,800 lbs) with no increase in the launch vehicle payload requirement.

1965 May 26 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC50. Launch Vehicle: Sprint ABM.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 3.00 km (1.80 mi).

1965 May 26 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC32B. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 2.
  • Research and development launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1965 May 26 - . 19:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Javelin. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 320 km (190 mi).

1965 May 26 - . 23:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Exos sounding rocket.
  • EM Absorption Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 488 km (303 mi).

1965 May 27 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique 61.
  • FU-144 Lyra alpha Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 70 km (43 mi). FU144 Atomic H (Ly-alpha) mission..

1965 May 27 - . 19:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC4E. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas SLV-3 Agena D.
  • KH 7-18 - . Payload: KH-7 no. 18 / OPS 5236. Mass: 2,000 kg (4,400 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO, USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: WS-117. Spacecraft: KH-7. Decay Date: 1965-06-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 1386 . COSPAR: 1965-041A. Apogee: 267 km (165 mi). Perigee: 149 km (92 mi). Inclination: 95.6000 deg. Period: 88.70 min. KH-7 type satellite. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A). .

1965 May 27 - . 23:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant II. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 27 km (16 mi).

1965 May 28 - . 02:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC60/6. LV Family: R-16. Launch Vehicle: R-16U.
  • Military training launch to Kamchatka - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 743 km (461 mi).

1965 May 28 - . 02:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 576B3. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D. FAILURE: Failure.. Failed Stage: 1.
  • OV1-03 - . Mass: 555 kg (1,223 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft: OV1. Decay Date: 1965-05-28 .

1965 May 28 - . 17:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Delamar Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008.
  • X-15A Radiometer/Scan/BLN Test/Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Spacecraft: X-15A. Apogee: 63 km (39 mi). Maximum Speed - 6040 kph. Maximum Altitude - 63886 m. Air dropped in Delamar Dry Lake DZ..

1965 May 29 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17B. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor Delta C.
  • Explorer 28 - . Payload: IMP C. Mass: 58 kg (127 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Program: Explorer. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft: IMP. Decay Date: 1968-07-04 . USAF Sat Cat: 1388 . COSPAR: 1965-042A. Apogee: 261,206 km (162,305 mi). Perigee: 229 km (142 mi). Inclination: 30.5000 deg. Period: 8,419.70 min. Magnetic field, radiation data. Spacecraft engaged in research and exploration of the upper atmosphere or outer space (US Cat B). .

1965 May 30 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Rarotonga. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • LASL Eclipse Solar x-ray mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1965 May 30 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Rarotonga. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • LASL Eclipse Solar x-ray mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1965 May 30 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Rarotonga. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • LASL Eclipse Solar x-ray mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1965 May 30 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Rarotonga. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • LASL Eclipse Solar x-ray mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1965 May 30 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Rarotonga. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • LASL Eclipse Solar x-ray mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1965 May - .
  • Three flights made with Apollo LLRV - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft Bus: Apollo LM. Spacecraft: Apollo LLRV.

    Three flights were made with the lunar landing research vehicle (LLRV) by FRC pilot Don Mallick for the purpose of checking the initial weighing, the thrust-to-weight, and the automatic throttle systems.

    General Electric would update the LLRV CF-700 jet engines at their Edwards AFB facility rather than at Lynn, Mass. The change in work location would mean an earlier delivery date and a significant cost reduction. The updating would make the engines comparable to the production engines and would add an additional 890 newtons (200 lbs) of thrust.


1965 May - .
  • Qualification testing on the Apollo tower jettison motor completed - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM, CSM LES.

    Thiokol Chemical Company completed qualification testing on the tower jettison motor. An ignition delay on February 22 had necessitated a redesign of the igniter cartridge. Subsequently, Thiokol developed a modified pyrogen seal, which the firm tested during late August and early September.


1965 May 31 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 623. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A2.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1965 May 31 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 623. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A2.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1965 May 31 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Agate. Launch Vehicle: Rubis.
  • A-1 capsule - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 2,000 km (1,200 mi).

1965 June 1 - .
  • Voskhod Physician Cosmonaut Training Group selected. - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Ilyin, Kiselyov, Senkevich. The group was selected to provide trainees for planned Voskhod long-duration biomedical spaceflights to be made with a physician aboard..

1965 June 1 - .
  • Beginning of Project Spiral - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Chelomei, Korolev. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft Bus: Spiral 50-50. Spacecraft: MiG 105-11.

    With the cancellation of Chelomei's desultory R spaceplane development, the job is handed to 'the profis' - the fighter design bureaus of MiG and Sukhoi. Both would use an air breathing first stage (the XB-70 clone T-4 in Sukhoi's case, a huge new Tupolev hypersonic aircraft 'to be developed' in MiG's case). Second stage would be a conventional expendable rocket stage which would carry the relatively small Spiral spaceplane into orbit. Korolev had been doing some 'back door' work with MiG in competition to Chelomei's R project for some time (Began with 1962 Mikoyan study '50-50': Hypersonic first stage to Mach 5.5; rocket stage with one man), and immediately proposed tests from atop R-7 rockets as early as 1967. At the time all this was begun Dyna Soar was still an active US program.


1965 June 1 - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. LV Family: Spartan. Launch Vehicle: Nike Zeus DM-15S.
  • Interceptor mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1965 June 1 - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. LV Family: Spartan. Launch Vehicle: Nike Zeus DM-15S.
  • Interceptor mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1965 June 1 - . Launch Site: Shijiedu. LV Family: T-7. Launch Vehicle: T-7A-S.
  • Life Science (mice) Biological mission - . Nation: China. Agency: Shanghai. Apogee: 70 km (43 mi).

1965 June 2 - . 06:22 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Princeton UVS Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 181 km (112 mi).

1965 June 2 - . 10:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Ionosphere winds, T Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 121 km (75 mi).

1965 June 2 - . 10:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • BETH Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 121 km (75 mi).

1965 June 2 - . 10:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF08. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1965 June 2 - . 14:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant II.
  • Aurora / ionosphere mission Aurora / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1965 June 3 - .
  • Qualification testing of the earth landing system for Apollo - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM, CSM Parachute. Northrop-Ventura began qualification testing of the earth landing system for Apollo with a drop of boilerplate 19 at El Centro, Calif. The entire landing sequence took place as planned; all parachutes performed well..

1965 June 3 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Agate. Launch Vehicle: Rubis.
  • A-1 capsule - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 2,000 km (1,200 mi).

1965 June 3 - . 10:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 576B2. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D.
  • NTMP RMV-304 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,800 km (1,100 mi).

1965 June 3 - . 15:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC19. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan II GLV.
  • Gemini 4 - . Call Sign: American Eagle / Little Eva. Crew: McDivitt, White. Backup Crew: Borman, Lovell. Payload: Gemini SC4. Mass: 3,574 kg (7,879 lb). Nation: USA. Related Persons: Borman, Lovell, McDivitt, White. Agency: NASA Houston. Program: Gemini. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Gemini 4. Spacecraft: Gemini. Duration: 4.08 days. Decay Date: 1965-06-07 . USAF Sat Cat: 1390 . COSPAR: 1965-043A. Apogee: 281 km (174 mi). Perigee: 162 km (100 mi). Inclination: 32.5000 deg. Period: 88.80 min.

    The second manned and first long-duration mission in the Gemini program. Major objectives of the four-day mission were demonstrating and evaluating the performance of spacecraft systems in a long-duration flight and evaluating effects on the crew of prolonged exposure to the space environment. Secondary objectives included demonstrating extravehicular activity (EVA) in space, conducting stationkeeping and rendezvous maneuvers with the second stage of the launch vehicle, performing significant in-plane and out-of-plane maneuvers, demonstrating the ability of the orbit attitude and maneuver system (OAMS) to back up the retrorockets, and executing 11 experiments. The stationkeeping exercise was terminated at the end of the first revolution because most of the OAMS propellant allocated for the exercise had been used; further efforts would jeopardize primary mission objectives and could mean the cancellation of several secondary objectives. No rendezvous was attempted. The only other major problem to mar the mission was the inadvertent alteration of the computer memory during the 48th revolution in an attempt to correct an apparent malfunction. This made the planned computer-controlled reentry impossible and required an open-loop ballistic reentry. All other mission objectives were met. The flight crew began preparing for EVA immediately after terminating the stationkeeping exercise. Although preparations went smoothly, McDivitt decided to delay EVA for one revolution, both because of the high level of activity required and because deletion of the rendezvous attempt reduced the tightness of the schedule. Ground control approved the decision. The spacecraft hatch was opened at 4 hours 18 minutes into the flight and White exited 12 minutes later, using a hand-held maneuvering gun. White reentered the spacecraft 20 minutes after leaving it. The hatch was closed at 4 hours 54 minutes ground elapsed time. Drifting flight was maintained for the next two and one-half days to conserve propellant. The spacecraft landed in the Atlantic Ocean about 725 km east of Cape Kennedy - some 65 km from its nominal landing point. The crew boarded a helicopter 34 minutes after landing and was transported to the prime recovery ship, the aircraft carrier Wasp. Spacecraft recovery was completed at 2:28 p.m., a little more than 100 hours after Gemini 4 had been launched. Gemini 4 was the first mission to be controlled from the mission control center in Houston.

    The space walk was hurriedly included after the Russian first in Voskhod 2. White seemed to have a lot more fun than Leonov and McDivitt took the pictures that came to symbolize man in space. With this flight the US finally started to match Russian flight durations.


1965 June 3 - . 19:46 GMT - .
  • EVA Gemini 4-1 - . Crew: White. EVA Duration: 0.0250 days. Nation: USA. Related Persons: White. Program: Gemini. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Gemini 4. Spacecraft: Gemini. First American walk in space; tested spacesuit and ability to manoeuvre..

1965 June 3 - . 20:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Barbados Site. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. LV Family: Martlet. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2C.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 105 km (65 mi).

1965 June 4 - .
  • Birth of Shannon Walker - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Walker, Shannon. American astrophysicist mission specialist astronaut, 2004-on..

1965 June 4 - . 12:06 GMT - . Launch Pad: Pacific Ocean, 11.2 S x 150.0 W. Launch Platform: VOKV. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: AN. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1965 June 5 - . Launch Site: Shijiedu. LV Family: T-7. Launch Vehicle: T-7A-S.
  • Life Science (mice) Biological mission - . Nation: China. Agency: Shanghai. Apogee: 70 km (43 mi).

1965 June 5 - . 05:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Agate. Launch Vehicle: Rubis.
  • Rubis 01/D-1 Test/Ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 2,020 km (1,250 mi). Carried a D-1 satellite test experiment, a magnetosphere sensor, and a Meudon radioastronomy experiment with a 36m dipole observing at 1.8 and 2.4 MHz.

1965 June 5 - . 20:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Barbados Site. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. LV Family: Martlet. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

1965 June 5 - . 22:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Barbados Site. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. LV Family: Martlet. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 117 km (72 mi).

1965 June 6 - . 17:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: HJ Nike.
  • DASA D6.4 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DASA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1965 June 7 - .
  • Rocket landing system for the Block II Apollo CM - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM, CSM Block II. MSC directed NAA to make a "predesign" study of a rocket landing system for the Block II CM. (The Center had already studied the system's feasibility and had conducted full-scale drop tests.).

1965 June 7-13 - .
  • Qualification testing on the Apollo CM's reaction control system engines - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM, CSM RCS. North American's Rocketdyne Division began qualification testing on the CM's reaction control system engines..

1965 June 7 - .
  • Procurement of Apollo lunar surface experiments package authorized - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Mueller. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft Bus: Apollo LM. Spacecraft: Apollo ALSEP.

    George E. Mueller, Associate Administrator for Manned Space Flight, approved procurement of the lunar surface experiments package (LSEP). The package, to be deployed on the moon by each LEM crew that landed there, would transmit geophysical and other scientific data back to earth. NASA's Office of Space Science and Applications would make the final selection of experiments. Mueller emphasized that the LSEP must be ready in time for the first lunar landing mission. Management responsibility for the project was assigned to MSC's Experiments Program Office.


1965 June 7 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF03. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1965 June 7 - .
  • Landing of Gemini 4 - . Return Crew: McDivitt, White. Nation: USA. Related Persons: McDivitt, White. Program: Gemini. Flight: Gemini 4.

    Gemini 4 landed at 17:11 GMT in the Atlantic Ocean about 725 km east of Cape Kennedy - some 65 km from its nominal landing point due to failure of its guidance computer. The crew boarded a helicopter 34 minutes after landing and was transported to the prime recovery ship, the aircraft carrier Wasp. Spacecraft recovery was completed at 2:28 p.m., a little more than 100 hours after Gemini 4 had been launched. Gemini 4 was the first mission to be controlled from the mission control center in Houston. Additional Details: here....


1965 June 8 - .
  • Birth of Stanley Glen Love - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Love. American astronomer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-122..

1965 June 8 - . 07:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78.
  • Luna 6 - . Payload: E-6 s/n 7. Mass: 1,440 kg (3,170 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Luna. Class: Moon. Type: Lunar probe. Spacecraft: Luna E-6. USAF Sat Cat: 1393 . COSPAR: 1965-044A.

    Attempted unmanned lunar soft lander. Tass reported that all onboard equipment was functioning normally. During the mid-course correction on 9 June the main retro-rocket failed to cut off as scheduled and fired until all of its propellant was exhausted, due to an erroneous ground command sent to the timer. This put the spacecraft on a trajectory to miss the Moon. The spacecraft was put through all the motions of an actual landing, jettisoning the lander and deploying the airbags, as an apparently successful practice run for the ground crew despite the fact that it flew by the Moon at a distance of 161,000 km on 11 June. Contact was lost at a distance of 600,000 km from Earth, the spacecraft presumably entering a heliocentric orbit.


1965 June 8 - . 08:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. LV Family: Lupus. Launch Vehicle: HAD.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Australia. Agency: WRE. Apogee: 106 km (65 mi).

1965 June 8 - . 15:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 576A1. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D.
  • ABRES LORV-6 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,800 km (1,100 mi).

1965 June 9 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC18A. Launch Pad: LC18A. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Blue Scout Jr.
  • OAR 22-5 / AFWL-304 Magnetosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 17,533 km (10,894 mi).

1965 June 9 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC37. Launch Vehicle: Sprint ABM.
  • Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 3.00 km (1.80 mi).

1965 June 9 - . 08:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. LV Family: Lupus. Launch Vehicle: HAD.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Australia. Agency: WRE. Apogee: 115 km (71 mi).

1965 June 9 - . 21:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC1E. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor SLV-2A Agena D.
  • KH-4A 1020 - . Payload: KH-4A s/n 1020 / Agena D 1613 / OPS 8425. Mass: 1,500 kg (3,300 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: CIA, NRO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: WS-117. Spacecraft: KH-4A. Decay Date: 1965-06-15 . USAF Sat Cat: 1396 . COSPAR: 1965-045A. Apogee: 355 km (220 mi). Perigee: 176 km (109 mi). Inclination: 75.1000 deg. Period: 89.90 min. KH-4A. All cameras operated satisfactorily. Erratic attitude caused an early recovery after the second day of 1020-2..

1965 June 10 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF02. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1965 June 10 - . 12:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 576A3. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D.
  • NTMP RMV-303 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,800 km (1,100 mi).

1965 June 11 - .
  • Gaseous oxygen storage for the Apollo LEM's environmental control system (ECS) - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: A7L, Apollo LM, LM ECS, LM Weight.

    MSC ordered Grumman to propose a gaseous oxygen storage configuration for the LEM's environmental control system (ECS), including all oxygen requirements and system weights. Because no decision was yet made on simultaneous surface excursions by the crew, Grumman should design the LEM's ECS for either one-or two-man operations. And the Center further defined requirements for cabin repressurizations and replenishment of the portable life support systems. Oxygen quantities and pressures would be worked out on the basis of these ground rules.


1965 June 12 - . 15:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: HJ Nike Nike.
  • LRL BOX-1 X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 172 km (106 mi).

1965 June 12 - . 19:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VB.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: Bristol. Apogee: 378 km (234 mi).

1965 June 13 - . 12:21 GMT - . Launch Pad: Pacific Ocean, 21.2 N x 165.1 E. Launch Platform: SHOK. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: AN. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1965 June 14 - . 09:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 177 km (109 mi).

1965 June 14 - . 13:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 395-C. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan II.
  • Gold Fish operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1965 June 15 - . LV Family: Saturn I. Launch Vehicle: Saturn IB.
  • Reduced Apollo Block II service propulsion system for Saturn IB missions - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM, CSM Block II.

    Independent studies were made at MSC and North American to determine effects and impact of off-loading certain Block II service propulsion system components for Saturn IB missions. The contractor was requested to determine the weight change involved and schedule and cost impact of removing one oxidizer tank, one fuel tank, one helium tank and all associated hardware (fuel and oxidizer transfer lines, propellant quantity sensors and certain gaging wire harnesses) from CSM 101 and CSM 103. The MSC study was oriented toward determining technical problems associated with such a change and the effects on spacecraft operational requirements. The North American study indicated that removing the equipment would save about 690 000, along with a weight reduction of approximately 454 kg (1,000 lbs). Additional Details: here....


1965 June 15 - . Launch Site: Warren AFB. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 2.
  • The fourth and final Wing V Minuteman squadron, the 400th Strategic Missile Squadron, was turned over to SAC's 90th Strategic Missile Wing at Francis E. Warren AFB, Wyoming. - . This action completed the only four-squadron wing of Minuteman missiles yet deployed The 90th SMW's 200 missiles brought to 800 the total number of Minuteman missiles turned over to SAC..

1965 June 15 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 620. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A2.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1965 June 15 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 620. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A2.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1965 June 15 - . 00:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Vehicle: Tacite.
  • Infrared Horizon Study Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 182 km (113 mi).

1965 June 15 - . 10:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Vostok 8A92.
  • Cosmos 68 - . Payload: Zenit-2 11F61 s/n 29. Mass: 4,720 kg (10,400 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-2 satellite. Duration: 8.00 days. Decay Date: 1965-06-23 . USAF Sat Cat: 1404 . COSPAR: 1965-046A. Apogee: 306 km (190 mi). Perigee: 208 km (129 mi). Inclination: 65.0000 deg. Period: 89.70 min. Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite..

1965 June 16-July 15 - .
  • Apollo service propulsion engine failures - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM, CSM SPS.

    North American reported two service propulsion engine failures at AEDC and a third at WSMR. At the first location, both failures were attributed to separation of the thrust chamber from the injector assembly; in the latter instance, weld deficiencies were the culprit. Analysis of all these failures was continuing.


1965 June 16 - . 13:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC29A. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A1.
  • STAFF 2 test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 650 km (400 mi).

1965 June 16 - . 18:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Delamar Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 003.
  • X-15A Radiometer/BLN test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Spacecraft: X-15A. Apogee: 74 km (45 mi). Maximum Speed - 5477 kph. Maximum Altitude - 74585 m. Air dropped in Delamar Dry Lake DZ..

1965 June 17-24 - .
  • Space suits for the Apollo program evaluated - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: A7L. Crew Systems Division began evaluating space suits for the Apollo program (submitted by Hamilton Standard, David Clark, and International Latex)..

1965 June 17 - . 07:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Niijima. LV Family: STA. Launch Vehicle: NAL-16.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: STA. Apogee: 52 km (32 mi).

1965 June 17 - . 17:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Delamar Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008.
  • X-15A IR Scanner, INS test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Spacecraft: X-15A. Apogee: 33 km (20 mi). Maximum Speed - 5697 kph. Maximum Altitude - 33071 m. Air dropped in Delamar Dry Lake DZ..

1965 June 17 - . 21:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • CR fluxes Magnetosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 233 km (144 mi).

1965 June 17 - . 21:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 177 km (109 mi).

1965 June 18 - .
  • Douglas Aircraft Company follow-on study contract for the MORL. - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft: Apollo X, MORL. LaRC awarded Douglas Aircraft Company a follow-on study contract for the MORL, emphasizing use of the AES program as a prerequisite to the MORL. Douglas was to examine particularly interfaces between AES experiments and missions and the MORL program. .

1965 June 18 - . 07:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Niijima. LV Family: STA. Launch Vehicle: NAL-16.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: STA. Apogee: 38 km (23 mi).

1965 June 18 - . 08:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: HJ Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DASA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1965 June 18 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC40. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan IIIC.
  • Titan 3C Transtage 5 - . Payload: Lead Ballast / Transtage 5. Mass: 9,694 kg (21,371 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Decay Date: 1965-06-29 . USAF Sat Cat: 1412 . COSPAR: 1965-047A. Apogee: 191 km (118 mi). Perigee: 168 km (104 mi). Inclination: 32.1000 deg. Period: 88.10 min.

    The first Titan IIIC (SLV-5C) research and development vehicle (Vehicle #7) was successfully launched from Cape Canaveral. The Titan IIIC, the first Air Force vehicle specifically designed and developed as a military space booster under Space Systems Division management, was the first heavy-duty booster to combine the thrust of large-size, strap-on solid rocket motors with a three-stage, liquid-powered rocket. The Titan IIIC weighed more than 1.4 million pounds fully fueled but without its payload. At takeoff, the two United Technology Center solid rocket motors (SRMs) generated a peak thrust of 2,647,000 pounds - making the Titan IIIC the most powerful rocket yet launched. When the two solid motors were jettisoned two minutes after lift-off, the liquid-fueled center core section took over-Stage 1 engines producing 520,000 pounds of thrust, then Stage 2 with 100,000 pounds, and finally Stage 3 (Transtage) with its 16,000-pound thrust engines and carrying the payload. This first Titan IIIC placed a 21,000-pound test payload into a 100-NM (low earth) circular orbit - the heaviest payload yet orbited by the U.S. The Titan IIIC was capable of placing a 3,200-pound payload into a 22,000-mile, synchronous equatorial orbit. When fully operational, the new booster would provide a vast increase in the size and range of satellites that could be placed in orbit. This capability would eliminate one of the primary limitations on a number of satellite programs - the limited payload capability of the present Thor and Atlas space booster families. Launch vehicle test. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A).


1965 June 18 - . 16:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VB.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: Bristol. Apogee: 364 km (226 mi).

1965 June 18 - . 17:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 186 km (115 mi).

1965 June 18 - . 23:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 350.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 374 km (232 mi).

1965 June 19 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Vehicle: UR-100. FAILURE: Failure.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1965 June 21 - . Launch Vehicle: Saturn V.
  • 1,000th test firing of the F-1 engine - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. North American's Rocketdyne Division conducted the 1,000th test firing of the Saturn V's first-stage engine, the F-1..

1965 June 21 - .
  • Birth of Yang Liwei - . Nation: China. Related Persons: Yang Liwei. Chinese pilot taikonaut. Flew on Shenzhou 5. First Chinese man in space..

1965 June 22 - . LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Scientific Kosmos satellites approved. - . Nation: Russia. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-U1-A. Ministry of General Machine Building (MOM) Decree 'On Preparations in 1965-66 of 18 Small Unifunctional Earth Satellites for Carrying out Scientific Investigations-creation of small scientific satellites at OKB-586' was issued..

1965 June 22 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. Launch Pad: Bacchus?. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 1.
  • Cs Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1965 June 22 - . 04:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Green River. Launch Complex: Green River Pad 3. Launch Vehicle: Athena RTV. FAILURE: Failure.
  • USN B002 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1965 June 22 - . 06:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: HJ Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DASA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1965 June 22 - . 07:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Green River. Launch Complex: Green River Pad 2. Launch Vehicle: Athena RTV.
  • USN B001 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1965 June 22 - . 17:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Delamar Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008.
  • X-15A-2 Stability,ST,gear test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Spacecraft Bus: X-15A. Spacecraft: X-15A-2. Apogee: 47 km (29 mi). Maximum Speed - 6336 kph. Maximum Altitude - 47518 m. Air dropped in Delamar Dry Lake DZ..

1965 June 23 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF09. Launch Pad: LF09?. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1965 June 23 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 1.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1965 June 23 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. Launch Pad: Bacchus?. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 1.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1965 June 23 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 1.
  • TMA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1965 June 23 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. Launch Pad: Bacchus?. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 1.
  • TMA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1965 June 23 - . 01:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Aeronomy sodium release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 204 km (126 mi).

1965 June 23 - . 01:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Release Aeronomy sodium release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 191 km (118 mi).

1965 June 23 - . 04:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • GCA Ionosphere Aeronomy sodium release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 164 km (101 mi).

1965 June 23 - . 08:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 196 km (121 mi).

1965 June 23 - . 08:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 143 km (88 mi).

1965 June 23 - . 14:32 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Soft X solar photography Solar x-ray mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: KPNO. Apogee: 186 km (115 mi).

1965 June 23 - . 15:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • CR fluxes Magnetosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 215 km (133 mi).

1965 June 24 - .
  • Proposal to launch Gemini around the moon - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft Bus: Gemini. Spacecraft: Gemini - Double Transtage.

    Gemini contractors proposed to launch a refurbished, modified Gemini around the moon by April 1967 for $ 350 million. The Titan 2-launched Gemini would rendezvous and dock with a Titan 3C-launched 'Double Transtage', which would propel the Gemini into a circumlunar trajectory. McDonnell-Douglas and Martin Marrietta's proposal was suppressed by NASA as a threat to the Apollo program.


1965 June 24 - . Launch Site: Reggane. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 1.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1965 June 24 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 1.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1965 June 24 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. Launch Pad: Bacchus?. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 1.
  • TMA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1965 June 24 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 1.
  • TMA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1965 June 24 - . 06:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: HJ Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DASA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1965 June 24 - . 22:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC2E. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor Ablestar.
  • Transit O-4 - . Payload: NNS 30040 / OPS 8480. Mass: 61 kg (134 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Program: Transit. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Transit. USAF Sat Cat: 1420 . COSPAR: 1965-048A. Apogee: 1,125 km (699 mi). Perigee: 1,016 km (631 mi). Inclination: 90.1000 deg. Period: 106.60 min. Spacecraft built by Naval Avionics Facility, but refurbished by APL. Operated for 7 to 11 months, but then failed due to poor workmanship of NAFI components..

1965 June 25 - . Launch Vehicle: Saturn V.
  • Nine additional S-IVB stages for the Saturn V - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo.

    NASA announced negotiations with Douglas Aircraft Company for nine additional S-IVB stages to be used as the third stage of the Saturn V launch vehicle being developed at Marshall Space Flight Center. Work was to include related spares and launch support services. The S-IVB contract, presently valued at $312 million, would be increased by $150 million for the additional work.


1965 June 25 - . LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan II.
  • Stage I of Gemini launch vehicle (GLV) 7 was erected in the east cell of the vertical test facility at Martin-Baltimore. - . Nation: USA. Flight: Gemini 7.

    Stage II was erected June 28. GLV-7 was inspected and prepared for testing while GLV-6 was undergoing vertical tests in the west cell. Power was applied to GLV-7 for the first time July 26. Subsystems Functional Verification Tests were completed August 25. Systems modification and retesting followed.


1965 June 25 - . LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan II.
  • The Combined Systems Acceptance Test of Gemini launch vehicle (GLV) 6 was completed at Martin-Baltimore. - . Nation: USA. Flight: Gemini 5.

    The vehicle acceptance team convened July 6 to review GLV-6 and accepted it July 10. The vehicle was demated on July 19 and formally accepted by the Air Force July 31. Stage II was delivered to Cape Kennedy the same day, and stage I on August 2. Both stages were then placed in storage pending the launch of Gemini-Titan 5.


1965 June 25 - . Launch Vehicle: Atlas.
  • Three Atlas squadrons deactivated. - . Nation: USA. Fairchild AFB SMS 567, Schilling AFB SMS 550, and Lincoln AFB SMS 551 all deactivated.

1965 June 25 - . LV Family: Titan, Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Titan I, Atlas E, Atlas F.
  • The remaining seven Atlas and Titan I squadrons assigned to SAC were inactivated. - .

    These included the last Atlas E squadron, the 567th Strategic Missile Squadron (SMS) at Fairchild; three Atlas F units at Schilling (550th SMS), Lincoln (551st SMS), and Plattsburgh (556th SMS); and three Titan I squadrons, and the 569th SMS at Mountain Home along with the two units at Lowry, the 724th and 725th SMSs. These actions concluded the phase out of all Atlas and Titan I ICBMs in the SAC operational inventory.


1965 June 25 - . 09:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57.
  • Cosmos 69 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-4. Duration: 8.00 days. Decay Date: 1965-07-03 . USAF Sat Cat: 1421 . COSPAR: 1965-049A. Apogee: 310 km (190 mi). Perigee: 206 km (128 mi). Inclination: 64.9000 deg. Period: 89.70 min. High resolution photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule.

1965 June 25 - . 19:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC4E. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas SLV-3 Agena D.
  • OPS 6749 - . Payload: EHH B2. Mass: 60 kg (132 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO, USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft Bus: P 11. Spacecraft: SSF. Decay Date: 1968-08-22 . USAF Sat Cat: 1422 . COSPAR: 1965-050A. Apogee: 510 km (310 mi). Perigee: 496 km (308 mi). Inclination: 107.6000 deg. Period: 94.70 min. Radar monitoring..
  • KH 7-19 - . Payload: KH-7 no. 19 / OPS 5501. Mass: 2,000 kg (4,400 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO, USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: WS-117. Spacecraft: KH-7. Decay Date: 1965-06-30 . USAF Sat Cat: 1424 . COSPAR: 1965-050B. Apogee: 349 km (216 mi). Perigee: 254 km (157 mi). Inclination: 107.6000 deg. Period: 90.50 min. KH-7 type satellite. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A). .

1965 June 26 - .
  • Poor progress on space trainers - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Dementiev, Smirnov, Titov. Program: Voskhod, Lunar L1. Flight: Soyuz 1, Soyuz 2A, Voskhod 3, Voskhod 4, Voskhod 5, Voskhod 6. Spacecraft: LK-1, Soyuz A, Spiral OS, TMK-1, TMK-E.

    Titov and Kamanin visit LII to review the status of simulator construction. The engineers haven't had any time to even consider trainers for winged spacecraft. The Soyuz trainer will only be completed by July 1966, and the trainer for the new Voskhod configuration is still on paper only. Simulators for manned lunar or planetary flights have not even been discussed yet. It is clear that Kamanin is going to have to go up the chain of command to Dementiev and Smirnov to get resources allocated for the work to be accelerated.


1965 June 27 - . 05:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Trailblazer test vehicle. Launch Vehicle: Trailblazer 2.
  • Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1965 June 28 - .
  • NASA Astronaut Training Group 4 selected. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Garriott, Gibson, Edward, Graveline, Kerwin, Michel, Schmitt.

    The group was selected to provide scientist-astronauts for Apollo lunar landing and earth-orbit space station missions.. Qualifications: Doctorate in natural sciences, medicine, or engineering. Under 35 years old, under 183 cm height, excellent health. US citizen.. 1,351 applicants. The National Academy of Science was responsible for the final selection. NASA planned to select up to twenty, but the quality of the applicants was considered so poor that only six were named. Of those, four would fly in space. Geologist Schmitt would walk on the moon on the last Apollo mission, and only after pressure from the scientific community. The other three would fly on Skylab. Only Garriot would fly twice, supplementing his 59 days on Skylab with a ten-day shuttle mission.


1965 June 29 - .
  • Apollo PA-2 launch escape system test - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM, CSM LES, CSM Recovery.

    NASA launched Apollo mission PA-2, a test of the launch escape system (LES) simulating a pad abort at WSMR. All test objectives were met. The escape rocket lifted the spacecraft (boilerplate 23A) more than 1,524 m (5,000 ft) above the pad. The earth landing system functioned normally, lowering the vehicle back to earth. This flight was similar to the first pad abort test on November 7, 1963, except for the addition of canards to the LES (to orient the spacecraft blunt end forward after engine burnout) and a boost protective cover on the CM. PA-2 was the fifth of six scheduled flights to prove out the LES.


1965 June 29 - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Hydac. Launch Vehicle: Nike Javelin.
  • Composition Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1965 June 29 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC60/7. LV Family: R-16. Launch Vehicle: R-16U. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Military training launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1965 June 29 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF08. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1965 June 29 - . 13:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Apollo CSM. Launch Vehicle: Apollo LES.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 2.00 km (1.20 mi).

1965 June 29 - . 17:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Hydac. Launch Vehicle: HJ Nike Javelin.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1965 June 29 - . 18:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Delamar Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008.
  • X-15A LaRC Scan,Radiom,BLN Test/Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Spacecraft: X-15A. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi). Maximum Speed - 5522 kph. Maximum Altitude - 85527 m. Astronaut wings flight (USAF definition). Air dropped in Delamar Dry Lake DZ..

1965 June 29 - . 19:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Airglow Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 195 km (121 mi).

1965 June 30 - .
  • Apollo Lunar Landing Research Facility into operation - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft Bus: Apollo LM. Spacecraft: Apollo LLRF.

    Langley Research Center put into operation its 3.5 million Lunar Landing Research Facility. The huge structure (76.2 m (250 ft) high and 121.9 m (400 ft) long) would be used to explore techniques and to forecast various problems of landing on the moon. The facility would enable a test vehicle to be operated under one-sixth g conditions.


1965 June 30 - . Launch Site: Grand Forks AFB. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 2.
  • The first operational Minuteman II (LGM-30F) missile was delivered to Wing VI, Grand Forks AFB, North Dakota. - .

1965 June 30 - . 05:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA4. Launch Vehicle: Journeyman.
  • Radio astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 1,770 km (1,090 mi).

1965 June 30 - . 14:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 395-D. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan II.
  • Busy Bee operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1965 June 30 - . 14:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Radar test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 158 km (98 mi). Raytheon magnetron failed but the rocket worked worked perfectly. Reportedly test launches in 1963 and 1964 failed, but these may have been those listed for 8 May 1962 and 10 July 1962..

1965 July 1 - .
  • Apollo Site Selection Board - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Mueller. Program: Apollo. Within its Office of Manned Space Flight, NASA organized an Apollo Site Selection Board. As an advisory body to the Associate Administrator for Manned Space Flight, George E. Mueller, the group would recommend landing sites for Apollo..

1965 July - . Launch Vehicle: Spiral 50-50.
  • Spiral cosmonaut team formed - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Dobrovolsky, Filipchenko, Kuklin, Matinchenko, Titov. Spacecraft Bus: Spiral 50-50. Spacecraft: Spiral OS.

    In 1965 the advanced project of the Mikoyan Spiral aerospace system was approved. The ambitious work plan indicted operation of a regular earth-orbit-earth reusable transportation system by the mid-1970's. With Gherman Titov as its head, a Spiral cosmonaut training group was formed (Titov, Dobrovolskiy, Filipchenko, Kuklin, Matinchenko) to train to fly the spaceplane.


1965 July 1 - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. LV Family: Spartan. Launch Vehicle: Nike Zeus DM-15S.
  • Interceptor mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1965 July 1 - . Launch Site: Barbados Site. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. LV Family: Martlet. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1965 Jul - . Launch Site: Omsk. LV Family: R-9. Launch Vehicle: R-9A.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,160 km (720 mi).

1965 July 1 - . 01:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. Launch Vehicle: Skylark.
1965 July 1 - . 09:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 576B1. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D.
  • NTMP KX-32 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,800 km (1,100 mi).

1965 July 2 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF03. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1965 July 2 - . 04:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17B. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor Delta C.
  • Tiros 10 - . Payload: Tiros OT1. Mass: 127 kg (279 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: ESSA. Program: Tiros. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft: Tiros. USAF Sat Cat: 1430 . COSPAR: 1965-051A. Apogee: 807 km (501 mi). Perigee: 722 km (448 mi). Inclination: 98.8000 deg. Period: 100.10 min. Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C)..

1965 July 2 - . 06:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC86/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 63S1.
  • Cosmos 70 - . Payload: DS-A1 s/n 7. Mass: 250 kg (550 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-A1. Completed Operations Date: 1965-07-12 . Decay Date: 1966-12-18 . USAF Sat Cat: 1431 . COSPAR: 1965-052A. Apogee: 1,176 km (730 mi). Perigee: 223 km (138 mi). Inclination: 48.8000 deg. Period: 98.80 min.

    Carried military experiments to test communications and navigation equipment needed for command and control of Soviet nuclear forces (later used on the Uragan navigation satellites). Also conducted operational monitoring of cosmic rays, radiation from nuclear tests, and natural and artifically-produced radiation belts.


1965 July 5 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Brigitte. LV Family: Diamant. Launch Vehicle: Saphir VE231.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1965 July 6 - .
  • Soyuz hot mock-up - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Korolev. Program: Soyuz. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-LOK.

    Chertok argues for the necessity of adding one Soyuz to production and using it as an iron bird - a hot mock-up on which avionics and electrical systems can be integrated and tested. Gherman Semenov and Turkov convince Korolev that this cannot be done within the existing schedules.


1965 July 6 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF07. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi). The last of 50 Minuteman I (LGM-30B) operational test launches was conducted by SAC's First Strategic Aerospace Division (1STRAD). .

1965 July 7 - . LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan II.
  • Gemini launch vehicle (GLV) 5 and spacecraft No. 5 were mechanically mated at complex 19. - . Nation: USA. Flight: Gemini 5.

    The Electrical Interface Integrated Validation and Joint Guidance and Control Test began immediately and was completed July 9. The spacecraft/GLV Joint Combined Systems Test followed on July 12. The Flight Configuration Mode Test completed systems testing on July 16.


1965 July 7 - . 07:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Noctilucent clouds Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 166 km (103 mi).

1965 July 7 - . 08:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. LV Family: Lupus. Launch Vehicle: HAD.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Australia. Agency: WRE. Apogee: 105 km (65 mi).

1965 July 8 - .
  • The transfer of Syncom II and III from NASA to the Defense Department was completed. - . Spacecraft Bus: HS 301. Spacecraft: Syncom.

    The Defense Communications Agency (DCA) directed their use, but the Air Force Satellite Control (AFSCF) and its operating locations in the Pacific and Indian Oceans maintained precise control and positioning of the two synchronous communications satellites. The Army and Navy were responsible for the ground communications facilities that were used with the Syncom satellites.


1965 July 8 - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. LV Family: Spartan. Launch Vehicle: Nike Zeus DM-15S.
  • DM-15S Qual-2 - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1965 July 8 - . 17:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Delamar Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 003.
  • X-15A-2 ST,Landing,Alt test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Spacecraft Bus: X-15A. Spacecraft: X-15A-2. Apogee: 64 km (39 mi). Maximum Speed - 5887 kph. Maximum Altitude - 64800 m. Star tracker mission to photograph Gamma Cassiopeia. Air dropped in Delamar Dry Lake DZ..

1965 July 9 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur PU33. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: R-36 8K67.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1965 July 10 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Vehicle: UR-100. FAILURE: Failure.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1965 July 11 - .
  • Apollo RCS oxidizer tank failed during test - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM, CSM RCS.

    An RCS oxidizer tank failed during a test to demonstrate propellant compatibility with titanium tanks. This was the first of seven tanks to fail from a group of ten tanks put into test to investigate a failure that occurred during February 1965. These results caused an intensive investigation to be undertaken.


1965 July 12 - .
  • Extravehicular activity deleted from Gemini missions 5, 6, and 7. - . Nation: USA. Flight: Gemini 5, Gemini 6, Gemini 7. NASA Headquarters Gemini Program Office informed Manned Spacecraft Center that it had decided to delete extravehicular activity from Gemini missions 5, 6, and 7. .

1965 July 12 - . 19:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC4E. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas SLV-3 Agena D. FAILURE: Failure. Failed Stage: U.
  • KH-7-20 - . Payload: KH-7 no. 20. Mass: 2,000 kg (4,400 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: WS-117. Spacecraft: KH-7. Decay Date: 1965-07-12 . KH-7 type satellite..

1965 July 13 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Vostok 8A92. FAILURE: Second stage guidance failure.. Failed Stage: 2.
  • Zenit-2 11F61 s/n 28 - . Payload: Zenit-2 11F61 s/n 28. Mass: 4,720 kg (10,400 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-2 satellite. Decay Date: 1965-07-13 . Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite..

1965 July 14 - .
1965 July 14 - . 11:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. Launch Vehicle: Skylark.
1965 July 15 - .
  • Redesign of the side hatch in the Block II Apollo CM - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM, CSM Block II.

    North American began redesigning the side hatch mechanism in the CM to satisfy the requirement for extravehicular transfer from Block II spacecraft. Two basic modifications to the Block I mechanism were required: (1) enlarging it to overcome thermal warpage; and (2) adding some hinge retention device to secure the hatch once it was opened.


1965 July 15 - . 20:50 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Thermosphere comparison Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 196 km (121 mi).

1965 July 16 - .
  • Passive water landing for Apollo - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM, CSM Recovery.

    North American recommended to MSC that, for the time being, the present method for landing the CM (i.e., a passive water landing) be maintained. However, on the basis of a recent feasibility study, the contractor urged that a rocket landing system be developed for possible use later on. North American said that such a system would improve mission reliability through the increase in impact capability on both land and water.


1965 July 16-August 15 - .
  • Apollo LEM as backup for the service propulsion system - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo LM, CSM SPS.

    In order to use the LEM as a backup for the service propulsion system (SPS) to abort the mission during the 15-hour period following translunar injection, Grumman informed North American that some redesign of the spacecraft's helium system would likely be required. This information prompted North American designers to undertake their own analysis of the situation. On the basis of their own findings, this latter group disagreed with the LEM manufacturer. Additional Details: here....


1965 July 16 - . Launch Site: Green River. Launch Complex: Green River Pad 1. Launch Vehicle: Athena RTV.
  • USN B003 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1965 July 16 - . 03:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC41/15. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 65S3.
  • Cosmos 71 - . Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1. Decay Date: 1970-08-11 . USAF Sat Cat: 1441 . COSPAR: 1965-053A. Apogee: 542 km (336 mi). Perigee: 522 km (324 mi). Inclination: 56.0000 deg. Period: 95.20 min.
  • Cosmos 73 - . Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1. Decay Date: 1974-03-20 . USAF Sat Cat: 1443 . COSPAR: 1965-053C. Apogee: 556 km (345 mi). Perigee: 538 km (334 mi). Inclination: 56.1000 deg. Period: 95.50 min.
  • Cosmos 72 - . Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1. Decay Date: 1979-08-24 . USAF Sat Cat: 1442 . COSPAR: 1965-053B. Apogee: 588 km (365 mi). Perigee: 538 km (334 mi). Inclination: 56.1000 deg. Period: 95.90 min.
  • Cosmos 74 - . Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1. Decay Date: 1979-12-13 . USAF Sat Cat: 1444 . COSPAR: 1965-053D. Apogee: 616 km (382 mi). Perigee: 539 km (334 mi). Inclination: 56.0000 deg. Period: 96.20 min.
  • Cosmos 75 - . Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1. Decay Date: 1979-09-28 . USAF Sat Cat: 1445 . COSPAR: 1965-053E. Apogee: 644 km (400 mi). Perigee: 540 km (330 mi). Inclination: 56.0000 deg. Period: 96.50 min.

1965 July 16 - . 10:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 8.
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1965 July 16 - . 11:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC81/23. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: UR-500.
  • Proton 1 - . Payload: N-4 s/n 1. Mass: 8,300 kg (18,200 lb). Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Chelomei. Agency: MOM. Program: Proton. Class: Astronomy. Type: X-ray astronomy satellite. Spacecraft: N-4 . Decay Date: 1965-10-11 . USAF Sat Cat: 1466 . COSPAR: 1965-054A. Apogee: 578 km (359 mi). Perigee: 181 km (112 mi). Inclination: 63.4000 deg. Period: 92.20 min.

    The first launch of the Proton launch vehicle was not without problems. A leak in the oxidiser pipeline resulted in nitrogen tetroxide spilling on electrical wires. The question was: proceed with the launch or abort? Chelomei decided to go ahead, and on 16 July 1965 the first UR-500 successfully launched the Proton 1 satellite. In the first hours after launch specialists from OKB-52 could only receive signals in the first hours that indicated the satellite was ‘alive’. However it later functioned normally and provided physics data on ultra-high-energy cosmic particles for 45 days.

    At the first launch the rocket was called ‘Gerkules’ (other sources say ‘Atlantis’), as indicated by the large symbol on the second stage skin. This name was however was not taken up.


1965 July 17 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC131. Launch Vehicle: UR-100. FAILURE: Failure.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1965 July 17 - . 05:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC2W. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor SLV-2A Agena D.
  • OPS 8411 - . Payload: Ferret 8 / Agena D 2702. Mass: 1,500 kg (3,300 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO, USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Ferret. Decay Date: 1968-12-18 . USAF Sat Cat: 1447 . COSPAR: 1965-055A. Apogee: 512 km (318 mi). Perigee: 471 km (292 mi). Inclination: 70.2000 deg. Period: 94.50 min.

1965 July 18 - . 14:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78.
  • Zond 3 - . Payload: 3MV-4A s/n 3. Mass: 959 kg (2,114 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Mars. Class: Mars. Type: Mars probe. Spacecraft Bus: 3MV. Spacecraft: Mars 3MV-4A. USAF Sat Cat: 1454 . COSPAR: 1965-056A.

    Zond 3 was towards the moon and interplanetary space. The spacecraft was equipped with a TV system that provided automatic inflight film processing. On July 20, during lunar flyby, 25 pictures of very good quality were taken of the lunar farside from distances of 11,570 to 9960 km. The photos covered 19,000,000 km square of the lunar surface. Photo transmissions by facsimile were returned to earth from a distance of 2,200,000 km on July 29 and were retransmitted later from a distance of 31,500,000 km, thus proving the ability of the communications system. After the lunar flyby, Zond 3 continued space exploration in a heliocentric orbit. Those pictures showed clearly the heavily cratered nature of the surface. This mission dramatized the advances in space photography that the U.S.S.R. had made since its first far-side effort six years earlier.


1965 July 19 - .
  • Apollo Block II CSM fuel cells from Pratt and Whitney - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM, CSM Block II. NASA Headquarters authorized North American to subcontract the Block II CSM fuel cells to Pratt and Whitney. Estimates placed the cost at $30 million..

1965 July 19 - .
  • Total Apollo LEM weight 14,515 kg - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo LM, LM Weight.

    MSC directed Grumman to implement changes in weights of the LEM:

    Total LEM14,515 kg (32,000 lbs)
    Ascent stage inert2,193 kg (4,835 lbs)
    Descent stage inert2,166 kg (4,775 lbs)
    Memorandum, James L. Neal, MSC, to GAEC, Attn: John C. Snedeker,


1965 July 19 - .
  • Eight KC-135 aircraft and three ships for communications during Apollo flights - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo.

    NASA was acquiring eight KC-135 aircraft and three ships to help maintain communications during Apollo moon flights. In addition, two ships of the existing DOD instrumentation fleet were being remodeled for support of the Apollo lunar mission's reentry phase. The KC-135 jet transports would be used during reentry to combat the effects of the plasma sheath blackout which had drowned out communications on previous manned launchings. In addition, three primary ground stations were being prepared at Goldstone, Calif.; Canberra, Australia; and Madrid, Spain.


1965 July 19 - .
  • Birth of Scott David Tingle - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Tingle. American test pilot astronaut, 2009-on..

1965 July 19 - . 22:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC3W. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor SLV-2A Agena D.
  • KH-4A 1022 - . Payload: KH-4A s/n 1022 / Agena D 1617 / OPS 5543. Mass: 1,500 kg (3,300 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: CIA, NRO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: WS-117. Spacecraft: KH-4A. Decay Date: 1965-08-18 . USAF Sat Cat: 1457 . COSPAR: 1965-057A. Apogee: 461 km (286 mi). Perigee: 189 km (117 mi). Inclination: 85.1000 deg. Period: 91.00 min. KH-4A. All cameras operated satisfactorily..

1965 July 20 - . Launch Site: Green River. Launch Complex: Green River Pad 3. Launch Vehicle: Athena RTV. FAILURE: Failure.
  • USAF C007 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1965 July 20 - . 08:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC13. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas Agena D.
  • Vela 5 - . Payload: Vela 3A / OPS 6577. Mass: 235 kg (518 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Nuclear detection surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Vela. USAF Sat Cat: 1458 . COSPAR: 1965-058A. Apogee: 115,839 km (71,978 mi). Perigee: 106,367 km (66,093 mi). Inclination: 35.2000 deg. Period: 6,679.00 min. Air Force Atlas/Agena D lifted the third pair of Vela nuclear detection satellites into their 70,000-mile, nearly circular orbits. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A)..
  • ORS 3 - . Payload: ERS 17. Mass: 5.00 kg (11.00 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft: ERS. Decay Date: 1968-07-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 1460 . COSPAR: 1965-058C. Apogee: 111,793 km (69,464 mi). Perigee: 566 km (351 mi). Inclination: 36.9000 deg. Period: 2,595.40 min. Radiation data. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A). .
  • Vela 6 - . Payload: Vela 3B / OPS 6564. Mass: 235 kg (518 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Nuclear detection surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Vela. USAF Sat Cat: 1459 . COSPAR: 1965-058B. Apogee: 121,281 km (75,360 mi). Perigee: 101,715 km (63,202 mi). Inclination: 34.2000 deg. Period: 6,712.70 min. An Air Force Atlas/Agena D lifted the third pair of Vela nuclear detection satellites into their 70,000-mile, nearly circular orbits. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A)..

1965 July 20 - . 17:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Delamar Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008.
  • X-15A Bound.Layer Noise test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Spacecraft: X-15A. Apogee: 32 km (19 mi). Maximum Speed - 6050 kph. Maximum Altitude - 32126 m. Air dropped in Delamar Dry Lake DZ..

1965 July 21 - . LV Family: R-9. Launch Vehicle: R-9A.
  • R-9A ICBM accepted into military service. - . Nation: Russia. Decree 'On adoption of the R-9A in shaft and surface variants into armaments' was issued..

1965 July 21 - .
  • Apollo Lunar Flying Vehicle (LFV) - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: LFV Bell.

    Bell Aerosystems Company announced that it had designed a rocket-propelled Lunar Flying Vehicle (LFV) to aid Apollo astronauts in their exploration of the moon. This work was the result of a year-long study that the company had conducted for MSFC. The LFV, nicknamed "Hopper," would be able to travel about 80 km (50 mi) without stopping. Bell announced also that it had received additional funds from NASA (almost a half million dollars) to continue work on another lunar vehicle, the so-called Manned Flying System. This latter craft, also primarily a tool for exploration, would be able to transport an astronaut and about 136 kg (300 lbs) of equipment (or two astronauts) for distances up to 24 km (15 mi) from the original landing site.


1965 July 21 - .
  • Apollo Manned Flying System - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft Bus: LFV Bell. Spacecraft: MFS.

    Bell Aerosystems Company announced that it had received additional funds from NASA (almost a half million dollars) to continue work on another lunar vehicle, the so-called Manned Flying System. This latter craft, also primarily a tool for exploration, would be able to transport an astronaut and about 136 kg (300 lbs) of equipment (or two astronauts) for distances up to 24 km (15 mi) from the original landing site.


1965 July 21 - .
  • Surveyor small rover cancelled - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft Bus: Surveyor. Spacecraft: Surveyor Lunar Rover.

    Several lunar surface vehicles received national attention:

    • NASA announced that it had dropped plans for developing a small rover to be carried to the moon aboard soft-landing Surveyor spacecraft. This action, the space agency said, stemmed from a desire to concentrate on the development of the spacecraft per se and on its scientific instrumentation.

    1965 July 21 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC60/6. LV Family: R-16. Launch Vehicle: R-16U.
    • Military training launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,210 km (750 mi).

    1965 July 21 - . 10:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
    • Sphere / Vehicle test / aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 178 km (110 mi).

    1965 July 21 - . 18:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 395-B. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan II.
    • Long Ball operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

    1965 July 21 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
    • Mass spectrometer / Impulse probe Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 193 km (119 mi).

    1965 July 22 - .
    • Apollo AES program decisions. - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft Bus: Apollo CSM. Spacecraft: Apollo X.

      Edward Z. Gray, Director, Advanced Manned Missions Program at NASA Hq, informed the Center Directors at MSC, MSFC, and KSC of significant recent program decisions on the approach to be followed during Fiscal Year 1966 in defining payload integration for the AES to the extent necessary for awarding major project contracts approximately a wear later. In defining AES activity, Gray said, the Centers must follow the phased approach, with definition phase contracts to be awarded competitively to industry about the first of 1966. Additional Details: here....


    1965 July 23 - . LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan II.
    • Gemini-Titan (GT) 5 was demated following completion of the Wet Mock Simulated Launch to allow the spacecraft fuel cells to be replaced and the coolant bypass to be modified. - . Nation: USA. Flight: Gemini 5.

      Spacecraft and launch vehicle were remated August 5. Modified Electrical Interface Integrated Validation and the Joint Guidance and Control Tests were run on August 6. Spacecraft Final Systems Test on August 9-10 and the Simulated Flight Test on August 13 completed prelaunch testing of GT-5, scheduled for launch August 19.


    1965 July 23 - . 04:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC86/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 63S1.
    • Cosmos 76 - . Payload: DS-P1-Yu s/n 3. Mass: 325 kg (716 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-Yu. Completed Operations Date: 1965-10-28 . Decay Date: 1966-03-16 . USAF Sat Cat: 1464 . COSPAR: 1965-059A. Apogee: 513 km (318 mi). Perigee: 256 km (159 mi). Inclination: 48.8000 deg. Period: 92.20 min. Development of systems for air defence and the control of outer space..

    1965 July 23 - . 17:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
    • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 116 km (72 mi).

    1965 July 24 - . 08:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
    • Noctilucent clouds Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 179 km (111 mi).

    1965 July 25 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. Launch Vehicle: Tomahawk.
    • Dart / EMP [or 1966?] test - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

    1965 July 26 - . LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan II.
    • Circumlunar flight using Gemini seriously studied - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Webb. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Gemini.

      During a news conference, Kenneth S. Kleinknecht, Deputy Manager of the Gemini Project Office at MSC, affirmed that, although no firm decisions had yet been made, the concept of a circumlunar flight using a Gemini spacecraft was being seriously studied. The mission would use Titan II and III-C launch vehicles and would require rendezvousing in earth orbit. NASA, Martin-Marietta Corporation (builder of the Titan), and Aerojet-General Corporation (which manufactured upper stages for the III-C) all were studying the feasibility of such a flight. Later in the year, NASA Administrator James E. Webb eliminated the possibility of a Gemini circumlunar mission, ". . . our main reliance for operating at lunar distances . . . is the large Saturn V/Apollo system."


    1965 July 26 - .
    • Malfunction caused Apollo boilerplate 1 to impact on land - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM, CSM Block I.

      At North American's drop facility, a malfunction in the release mechanism caused boilerplate 1 to impact on land rather than water. After a recurrence of this accident on August 6, a team of investigators began looking into the problem. Drops were suspended pending their findings. These incidents aggravated delays in the test program, which already was seven weeks behind schedule.


    1965 July 26 - . Launch Site: Green River. Launch Complex: Green River Pad 2. Launch Vehicle: Athena RTV.
    • USAF C011 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

    1965 July 26 - . 12:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 9M.
    • Optical astronomy / x-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 350 km (210 mi).

    1965 July 26 - . 17:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA5B. Launch Pad: LA5B?. Launch Vehicle: Black Knight.
    1965 July 27 - . Launch Site: Green River. Launch Complex: Green River Pad 1. Launch Vehicle: Athena RTV. FAILURE: Failure.
    • USAF D005 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

    1965 July 27 - . 03:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 9M.
    • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 317 km (196 mi).

    1965 July 28 - .
    • Five further Voskhod spacecraft authorised. - . Nation: Russia. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Voskhod. Military-Industrial Commission (VPK) Decree 156 'On the Manufacture of 'Voskhod' Space Ship-Satellites-manufacture of five more Voskhod spacecraft' was issued..

    1965 July 28 - .
    • Voskhod production - . Nation: Russia. Program: Voskhod. Flight: Voskhod 3, Voskhod 4, Voskhod 5, Voskhod 6.

      The All-Soviet national economic commission on Military-Industrial Matters issues resolution 145, "On completion of the Voskhod spacecraft". Voskhod s/n 5, 6, and 7 are to be completed in October, November, and December 1965; and s/n 8 and 9 in February and March 1966. The new-design spacecraft will be designed for flight of two cosmonauts up to 15 days, with provisions for multiple spacewalks outside of the capsule over periods of 3 to 6 days, provisions for artificial gravity tests, and equipment for medical, biological, physics, technical, and military experiments. All concerned ministries are instructed to complete development and deliver all needed subsystem and experimental equipment 45 days before the completion dates of the spacecraft. The trainer for the 3KV Voskhod is to be delivered by October 1965, and the 3KD trainer in the first quarter of 1966.


    1965 July 29 - .
    • Failure of the Apollo A-003 Little Joe II launch vehicle not determined - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo.

      Failure of the Little Joe II launch vehicle on Mission A-003 and subsequent lack of positive failure cause identification and corrective action led to a lower than desirable confidence level in the capability of the controlled version of Little Joe II to accomplish the planned A-004 mission. The test objectives for A-004 were set forth.


    1965 July 29 - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. LV Family: Spartan. Launch Vehicle: Nike Zeus DM-15S.
    • DM-15S2 Qual-3 - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

    1965 July 30 - .
    • Final report on Lockheed modular multipurpose space station. - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft: LORL.

      The final report on a modular multipurpose space station was delivered to MSC by the Spacecraft Organization of Lockheed-California Company. The concept provided for a sequential evolution of space vehicles ranging from small Apollo-dependent laboratories, through larger, more versatile laboratories, to a semipermanent space station. Initial objectives of the study were to refine and optimize the design of the large orbital research laboratory. Additional Details: here....


    1965 July 30 - . 13:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC37B. Launch Vehicle: Saturn I.
    • Pegasus 3 - . Payload: Pegasus 3. Mass: 10,500 kg (23,100 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Huntsville. Program: Apollo. Class: Earth. Type: Micrometeoroid satellite. Spacecraft: Pegasus satellite. Decay Date: 1969-08-04 . USAF Sat Cat: 1467 . COSPAR: 1965-060A. Apogee: 449 km (278 mi). Perigee: 441 km (274 mi). Inclination: 28.9000 deg. Period: 93.40 min.

      NASA launched Pegasus 3, third of the meteoroid detection satellites, as scheduled at 8:00 a.m. EST, from Cape Kennedy. As earlier, an Apollo spacecraft (boilerplate 9) served as the payload's shroud. This flight (SA-10) marked the end of the Saturn I program, which during its seven-year lifetime had achieved 10 straight successful launches and had contributed immeasurably to American rocket technology.

    • Apollo-Model 5 - . Payload: Apollo CSM Boilerplate 9A. Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Houston. Program: Apollo. Class: Moon. Type: Manned lunar spacecraft. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM, CSM Structural. Decay Date: 1975-11-22 . USAF Sat Cat: 1468 . COSPAR: 1965-060B. Apogee: 536 km (333 mi). Perigee: 521 km (323 mi). Inclination: 28.8000 deg. Period: 95.21 min.

    1965 July - .
    • Three competing Apollo Block II space suits evaluated - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: A7L, Apollo LM, LM Structural. Crew Systems Division completed evaluation of the three Block II space suits submitted by Hamilton Standard, David Clark, and International Latex.. Additional Details: here....

    1965 July 31 - .
    • NASA / Public Health Service agreements on Apollo back contamination - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo.

      At a meeting between representatives of NASA and Public Health Service representatives, it was agreed:

      • That the PHS had responsibility for the health of the nation and for any potential threat to that health from extraterrestrial life, particularly from back contamination.
      • That the Office of the Surgeon General, PHS, would submit to the NASA Administrator a proposal for action deemed necessary.
      • That the Department of Agriculture had a similar responsibility for the nation's crops and animals of economic importance and that the Department of Agriculture would probably accept arrangements made by PHS, and be brought into the matter at the point they considered action to be necessary.
      Additional Details: here....

    1965 July 31 - .
    • Death of Georgi Maksimovich Shubnikov - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Shubnikov. Russian officer. Chief of Construction Directorate of Baikonur 1955-1965..

    1965 July 31 - . Launch Site: Green River. Launch Complex: Green River Pad 2. Launch Vehicle: Athena RTV.
    • USAF D004 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

    1965 July 31 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC131. Launch Pad: LC131?. Launch Vehicle: UR-100. FAILURE: Failure.
    • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

    1965 August 1 - .
    • Development of military versions of Voskhod and Soyuz approved. - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Krylov, Smirnov, Vershinin. Program: Voskhod. Flight: Soyuz VI Flight 1, Voskhod 3, Voskhod 4, Voskhod 5, Voskhod 6. Spacecraft: Soyuz VI, Voskhod.

      Military-Industrial Commission (VPK) Decree 'On creation of military Voskhod and Soyuz spacecraft' was issued. Eight days later, Kamanin receives the resolution, signed by Marshal Zharkov, countersigned by Smirnov. Krylov, Vershinin, Sudts, and Gorshkov are ordered to immediately begin military space research aboard Voskhod and also develop a special version of the Soyuz spacecraft for visual and photographic military reconnaissance, satellite inspection, interception in orbit, as well as development of nuclear missile early warning systems. This is old hat to Kamanin. Krylov has no interest in military spacecraft, and will not implement the order.


    1965 August - .
    • Grumman final report on a study of LEM utilization for AES Earth-orbit missions. - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft: Apollo LM Lab, Apollo LM Shelter, Apollo LM Taxi, Apollo LM Truck.

      Grumman submitted to NASA its final report on a study of AES for Earth-orbit missions (conducted under the firm's contract for a LEM utilization study). The five-volume report comprised general engineering studies, mission and configuration descriptions for different groups of experiments (both NASA's and those for the Air Force's Manned Orbiting- Laboratory), and a cost and schedule analysis. Additional Details: here....


    1965 August 2 - .
    • Marquardt to build Apollo Block II SM reaction control system engines - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM, CSM RCS.

      NASA's office at Downey, Calif., approved the contract with the Marquardt Corporation for the procurement of Block II SM reaction control system engines. Estimated cost of the fixed price contract would be $6.5 million. Marquardt was supplying the Block I SM engines.


    1965 August 2 - .
    • First prototype Apollo portable life support system - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: A7L. Hamilton Standard shipped the first prototype portable life support system to Houston, where it would undergo testing by the Crew Systems Division..

    1965 August 3 - .
    • ALSEP Prototypes to be built by three firms. - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft Bus: Apollo LM. Spacecraft: Apollo ALSEP.

      NASA named three firms, Bendix Systems Division, TRW Systems Group, and Space-General Corporation to design prototypes of the Apollo Lunar Surface Experiments Package (ALSEP). Each company received a $500,000, six-month contract. After delivery of the prototypes, MSC would select one of the three to develop the ALSEP flight hardware.


    1965 August 3 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur PU32. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: R-36 8K67. FAILURE: Failure.
    • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

    1965 August 3 - . 04:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Green River. Launch Complex: Green River Pad 3. Launch Vehicle: Athena RTV.
    • USAF C014 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

    1965 August 3 - . 08:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. LV Family: Lupus. Launch Vehicle: HAD.
    • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Australia. Agency: WRE. Apogee: 115 km (71 mi).

    1965 August 3 - . 11:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57.
    • Cosmos 77 - . Payload: Zenit-4. Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-4. Duration: 8.00 days. Decay Date: 1965-08-11 . USAF Sat Cat: 1469 . COSPAR: 1965-061A. Apogee: 281 km (174 mi). Perigee: 200 km (120 mi). Inclination: 51.8000 deg. Period: 89.30 min. High resolution photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule.

    1965 August 3 - . 19:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC4E. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas SLV-3 Agena D.
    • KH 7-21 - . Payload: KH-7 no. 21 / OPS 5698. Mass: 2,000 kg (4,400 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO, USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: WS-117. Spacecraft: KH-7. Decay Date: 1965-08-07 . USAF Sat Cat: 1471 . COSPAR: 1965-062A. Apogee: 352 km (218 mi). Perigee: 278 km (172 mi). Inclination: 107.4000 deg. Period: 90.80 min. KH-7 type satellite. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A). .
    • OPS 6761 - . Payload: EHH B3. Mass: 60 kg (132 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO, USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft Bus: P 11. Spacecraft: SSF. Decay Date: 1968-06-17 . USAF Sat Cat: 1472 . COSPAR: 1965-062B. Apogee: 515 km (320 mi). Perigee: 501 km (311 mi). Inclination: 107.4000 deg. Period: 94.80 min. Radar monitoring..

    1965 August 3 - . 20:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Delamar Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008.
    • X-15A-2 RAS,ST,Landing test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Spacecraft Bus: X-15A. Spacecraft: X-15A-2. Apogee: 63 km (39 mi). Maximum Speed - 5796 kph. Maximum Altitude - 63612 m. Air dropped in Delamar Dry Lake DZ..

    1965 August 4 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC32B. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 2.
    • Research and development launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

    1965 August 4 - . 12:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 576B1. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D.
    • ABRES WAC-5 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,800 km (1,100 mi).

    1965 August 5 - . Launch Vehicle: Saturn V.
    • First ground test firing of Saturn S-IC stage - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo.

      The Saturn V's booster, the S-IC stage, made a "perfect" full-duration static firing by burning for the programmed 2.5 minutes at its full 33,360-kilonewton (7.5-million-lbs) thrust in a test conducted at MSFC. The test model demonstrated its steering capability on command from the blockhouse after 100 sec had elapsed; the firing consumed 2.133-million liters (537,000 gallons) of kerosene and liquid oxygen.


    1965 August 5 - .
    • Apollo boilerplate (BP) 6A sustained considerable damage - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM, CSM Parachute.

      During tests of the Apollo earth landing system (ELS) at El Centro, Calif., boilerplate (BP) 6A sustained considerable damage in a drop that was to have demonstrated ELS performance during a simulated apex-forward pad abort. Oscillating severely at the time the auxiliary brake parachute was opened, the spacecraft severed two of the electrical lines that were to have released that device. Although the ELS sequence took place as planned, the still-attached brake prevented proper operation of the drogues and full inflation of the mains. As a result, BP-6A landed at a speed of about 50 fps.


    1965 August 5 - . LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3.
    • Ballistic Systems Division directed Autonetics Division of North American Aviation to proceed with the development of a Post Boost Control System for Minuteman. - . This would incorporate guidance, propulsion, and directional control of a reentry vehicle after it separated from the third-stage motor..

    1965 August 5 - . 13:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 576A2. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas F.
    • ABRES LORV-2A re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,400 km (800 mi). The first Atlas F (147F) Advanced Ballistic Reentry Systems (ABRES) program launch was conducted at Vandenberg. The four previous Atlas F/ABRES launches were from Cape Canaveral, and the rest would be conducted on the Western Test Range. .

    1965 August 6 - . 17:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Delamar Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008.
    • X-15A IR Scan,Stability test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Spacecraft: X-15A. Apogee: 31 km (19 mi). Maximum Speed - 5686 kph. Maximum Altitude - 31455 m. Air dropped in Delamar Dry Lake DZ..

    1965 August 7 - . Launch Site: Pameungpeuk. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 8.
    • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

    1965 August 7 - . Launch Site: Green River. Launch Complex: Green River Pad 1. Launch Vehicle: Athena RTV. FAILURE: Failure.
    • USAF C009 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

    1965 August 7 - . Launch Site: Green River. Launch Complex: Green River Pad 2. Launch Vehicle: Athena RTV.
    • USAF C005 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

    1965 August 7 - . 11:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Point Barrow. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
    • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

    1965 August 7 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
    • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 127 km (78 mi).

    1965 August 7 - . 18:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
    • Falling sphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 167 km (103 mi).

    1965 August 7 - . 19:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Point Barrow. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
    • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 127 km (78 mi).

    1965 August 7 - . 19:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
    • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 118 km (73 mi).

    1965 August 7 - . 20:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
    • Grenades / UM Sphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

    1965 August 8 - . 03:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
    • Grenades / UM Sphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 122 km (75 mi).

    1965 August 8 - . 04:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
    • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 116 km (72 mi).

    1965 August 8 - . 04:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Point Barrow. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
    • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 124 km (77 mi).

    1965 August 8 - . 08:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
    • Sphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 165 km (102 mi).

    1965 August 8 - . 10:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
    • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 125 km (77 mi).

    1965 August 8 - . 10:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
    • Grenades / UM Sphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

    1965 August 9 - .
    • Saturn V stages tested - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo.

      Two Saturn milestones occurred on the same day. At Santa Susana, Calif., North American conducted the first full-duration captive firing of an S-II, second stage of the Saturn V. And at Sacramento, Douglas static-tested the first flight-model S-IVB, second stage for the Saturn IB. This latter marked the first time that a complete static test (encompassing vehicle checkout, loading, and firing) had been controlled entirely by computers.


    1965 August 9 - . Launch Site: Little Rock AFB. Launch Complex: Little Rock AFB. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan II.
    • Accident at Titan 2 Silo 373-4, Little Rock AFB, kills 53. - . Nation: USA.

      A fire started in the silo during construction work. Two workers survived. The Titan 2 missile was fueled and in the silo but did not explode. The warhead had been removed from the site prior to the start of construction. The complex wass off alert status for the next 13 months during the accident investigation and repairs.


    1965 August 9 - . 10:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Point Barrow. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
    • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 124 km (77 mi).

    1965 August 10 - . LV Family: DF-3. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 1.
    • Project 651 - . Nation: China. Related Persons: Tsien. Spacecraft: DFH-1. Zhou En Lai approves the plan for the construction and launch of China's first satellite..

    1965 August 10 - . 17:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA3A. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout B.
    • SECOR 5 (EGRS 5) - . Payload: SEV / FW4S. Mass: 24 kg (52 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Langley. Class: Earth. Type: Geodetic satellite. Spacecraft: SECOR. USAF Sat Cat: 1506 . COSPAR: 1965-063A. Apogee: 2,419 km (1,503 mi). Perigee: 1,134 km (704 mi). Inclination: 69.2000 deg. Period: 122.20 min. Spacecraft engaged in research and exploration of the upper atmosphere or outer space (US Cat B). .
    • Secor 5 - . Payload: Secor 5. Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Spacecraft: SECOR. USAF Sat Cat: 1502 . COSPAR: 1965-063B. Apogee: 2,424 km (1,506 mi). Perigee: 1,136 km (705 mi). Inclination: 69.2000 deg. Period: 122.22 min.

    1965 August 10 - . 19:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Delamar Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 003.
    • X-15A Northrop Scan,BLN test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Spacecraft: X-15A. Apogee: 82 km (50 mi). Maximum Speed - 5712 kph. Maximum Altitude - 82601 m. Astronaut wings flight (USAF definition). Air dropped in Delamar Dry Lake DZ..

    1965 August 10 - . 23:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Skylark.
    • Ultraviolet photometer Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 215 km (133 mi).

    1965 August 11 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC29A. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A1.
    • STAFF 3 test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

    1965 August 11 - . 01:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Pameungpeuk. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 8.
    • SK-8-4 Aeronomy / ionosphere / Fields mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 191 km (118 mi).

    1965 August 11 - . 11:49 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
    • Meteoroids Aeronomy / meteorites mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 129 km (80 mi).

    1965 August 11 - . 14:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC36B. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas Centaur D.
    • Surveyor; Atlas Centaur 6 - . Payload: Surveyor-SD-2. Mass: 950 kg (2,090 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: JPL, NASA. Class: Moon. Type: Lunar probe. Spacecraft: Surveyor. USAF Sat Cat: 1503 . COSPAR: 1965-064A. Centaur AC-6 launched dummy Surveyor payload into a barycentric / translunar orbit..

    1965 August 12 - .
    • Six key checkpoints in development of Apollo hardware listed - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Phillips, Samuel. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM.

      Samuel C. Phillips, Apollo Program Director, listed the six key checkpoints in the development of Apollo hardware:

      1. Preliminary Design Review (PDR)
      2. Critical Design Review (CDR)
      3. Flight Article Configuration Inspection (FACI)
      4. Certification of Flight Worthiness (COFR)
      5. Design Certification Review (DCR)
      6. Flight Readiness Review (FRR)
      Additional Details: here....

    1965 August 12 - . 17:15 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
    • Extreme ultraviolet Mon Solar extreme ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 241 km (149 mi).

    1965 August 13 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg.
    • Last launch of Thor/Able-Star from Vandenberg AFB. - . Nation: USA. Last launch of Thor/Able-Star from Vandenberg AFB. (first launch on 28 September 1963)..

    1965 August 13 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur PU33. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: R-36 8K67.
    • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

    1965 August 13 - . 22:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC2E. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor Ablestar.
    • Dodecapole 2 - . Payload: PORCUPINE 2. Mass: 4.00 kg (8.80 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Class: Surveillance. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft: DODECAPOLE. USAF Sat Cat: 1510 . COSPAR: 1965-065C. Apogee: 1,051 km (653 mi). Perigee: 979 km (608 mi). Inclination: 90.0000 deg. Period: 105.40 min. Surveillance Calibration; dodecahedron; extended 12 25 ft. antennas. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A). .
    • SURCAL 5 - . Payload: NRL PL150C?. Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Class: Surveillance. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft: SURCAL. USAF Sat Cat: 1521 . COSPAR: 1965-065K. Apogee: 1,196 km (743 mi). Perigee: 1,083 km (672 mi). Inclination: 90.0000 deg. Period: 108.11 min.
    • Tempsat 1 - . Mass: 9.00 kg (19.80 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Class: Surveillance. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft: Tempsat. USAF Sat Cat: 1512 . COSPAR: 1965-065E. Apogee: 1,188 km (738 mi). Perigee: 1,082 km (672 mi). Inclination: 89.9000 deg. Period: 108.00 min. Surveillance Calibration; black 14 inch dia. sphere. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A). .
    • Long Rod - . Payload: Navspasur Rod. Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Class: Surveillance. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft: Surcal. USAF Sat Cat: 1515 . COSPAR: 1965-065G. Apogee: 1,194 km (741 mi). Perigee: 1,090 km (670 mi). Inclination: 90.0000 deg. Period: 108.10 min. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A). .
    • Calsphere 4A - . Payload: NRL PL 158?. Mass: 2.00 kg (4.40 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Class: Surveillance. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft: Calsphere. USAF Sat Cat: 1520 . COSPAR: 1965-065H. Apogee: 1,179 km (732 mi). Perigee: 1,077 km (669 mi). Inclination: 90.1000 deg. Period: 107.90 min. Surveillance Calibration; white 14 inch dia. sphere. .
    • Transit O-5 - . Payload: NNS 30050 / OPS 8464. Mass: 61 kg (134 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Program: Transit. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Transit. USAF Sat Cat: 1514 . COSPAR: 1965-065F. Apogee: 1,183 km (735 mi). Perigee: 1,078 km (669 mi). Inclination: 89.9000 deg. Period: 107.90 min. Naval Avionics Facility-assembled production spacecraft. Failed after a few weeks operation..

    1965 August 14 - . 11:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Vostok 8A92.
    • Cosmos 78 - . Payload: Zenit-2 11F61 s/n 30. Mass: 4,720 kg (10,400 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-2 satellite. Duration: 8.00 days. Decay Date: 1965-08-22 . USAF Sat Cat: 1505 . COSPAR: 1965-066A. Apogee: 379 km (235 mi). Perigee: 330 km (200 mi). Inclination: 69.0000 deg. Period: 91.60 min. Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite..

    1965 August 15 - . Launch Vehicle: Saturn V.
    • First ground test firing of S-IVB stage - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Class: Manned. Type: Manned space station.

    1965 August 16 - . LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan II.
    • Martin-Baltimore received propellant tanks for Gemini launch vehicle (GLV) 9 from Martin-Denver, which had begun fabricating them February 25. - . Nation: USA. Flight: Gemini 9.

      These were the first GLV tanks to be carried by rail from Denver to Baltimore. All previous tanks had traveled by air, but shortage of suitable aircraft made the change necessary. The tanks were shipped August 9. Aerojet-General delivered the stage I engine for GLV-9 August 20 and the stage II engine September 22. Tank splicing was completed October 21, engine installation November 10. Horizontal testing concluded November 23.


    1965 August 16 - .
    • Chelomei's lunar spacecraft attacked - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Chelomei, Korolev. Program: Lunar L1. Spacecraft Bus: TKS. Spacecraft: LK-1.

      Korolev discusses Chelomei's manned lunar flyby spacecraft with Kamanin. The Party ordered Chelomei to have 12 manned circumlunar spacecraft completed during 1966 and the first quarter of 1967. Chelomei has worked on the he project for many years, but his bureau has not yet decided on a single firm design for the spacecraft, let alone start construction.


    1965 August 16 - . 20:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 395-C. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan II.
    • Magic Lamp operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

    1965 August 17 - . 00:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Pameungpeuk. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 8.
    • SK-8-3 (Grenades) Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

    1965 August 17 - . 20:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC3W. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor SLV-2A Agena D.
    • KH-4A 1023 - . Payload: KH-4A s/n 1023 / Agena D 1618 / OPS 7208. Mass: 1,500 kg (3,300 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: CIA, NRO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: WS-117. Spacecraft: KH-4A. Decay Date: 1965-10-11 . USAF Sat Cat: 1513 . COSPAR: 1965-067A. Apogee: 399 km (247 mi). Perigee: 179 km (111 mi). Inclination: 70.0000 deg. Period: 90.30 min. KH-4A. Program anomaly caused the fore camera to cease operation during revolutions 103-132..

    1965 August 18 - .
    • Soyuz development program reoriented; Soyuz 7K-OK earth orbit version to be built in lieu of Soyuz A. - . Nation: Russia. Program: Soyuz, Lunar L1. Flight: Soyuz 1, Soyuz 2A, Soyuz A-1, Soyuz A-2, Soyuz A-3, Soyuz A-4, Soyuz s/n 3/4. Spacecraft: LK-1, Soyuz 7K-OK, Soyuz A, Soyuz B, Soyuz V.

      Military-Industrial Commission (VPK) Decree 180 'On the Order of Work on the Soyuz Complex--approval of the schedule of work for Soyuz spacecraft' was issued. It set the following schedule for the new Soyuz 7K-OK version: two spacecraft to be completed in fourth quarter 1965, two in first quarter 1966, and three in second quarter 1966. Air-drop and sea trails of the 7K-OK spacecraft are to be completed in the third and fourth quarters 1965, and first automated docking of two unmanned Soyuz spacecraft in space in the first quarter of 1966. Korolev insists the automated docking system will be completely reliable, but Kamanin wishes that the potential of the cosmonauts to accomplish a manual rendezvous and docking had been considered in the design. With this decree the mission of the first Soyuz missions has been changed from a docking with unmanned Soyuz B and V tanker spacecraft, to docking of two Soyuz A-type spacecraft. It is also evident that although nothing is official, Korolev is confident he has killed off Chelomei's LK-1 circumlunar spacecraft, and that a Soyuz variant will be launched in its place.


    1965 August 18 - .
    • Operation Scrape to lighten the Apollo LEM - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo LM, LM Weight.

      At a third status meeting on LEM-1, Grumman put into effect "Operation Scrape," an effort to lighten that spacecraft by about 57 kg (125 lbs). "Scrape" involved an exchange of parts between LEM-1 and LTA-3. The former vehicle thus would be heavier than the latter; LTA-3, on the other hand, would have the same structural weight as LEMs 2 and forthcoming.


    1965 August 18 - .
    • American surge in space - . Nation: Russia. Kamanin spends several hours reviewing new films of the American Gemini 4 flight, Apollo program, and unmanned lunar probes. He realises the scope of the American program is "colossal", and that the USA is set to quickly surpass the Soviet Union in space..

    1965 August 18 - . 11:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF21. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 2.
    • Research and development launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

      The 500th major launch from Vandenberg AFB since 16 December 1958 was also the first Minuteman II (LGM-30F) research and development missile to be launched down the Western Test Range by the 6595th Aerospace Test Wing as well as the 250th launch from Vandenberg by Air Force Systems Command and its predecessor, Air Research and Development Command.


    1965 August 19-26 - .
    • Two Apollo LEM test articles to be used - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo LM, LM Structural. MSC assigned two LEM test articles (numbers 10 and 2, respectively) to the SA-501 and SA-502 missions. Prior to flight, the spacecraft would be refurbished by Grumman, which would require four to five months' work on each vehicle..

    1965 August 19 - . LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan II.
    • A spacecraft computer malfunction caused a hold of the countdown 10 minutes before the scheduled launch of Gemini-Titan 5. - . Nation: USA. Flight: Gemini 5. Spacecraft: Gemini, Gemini Inertial Guidance System.

      While the problem was being investigated, thunderstorms approached the Cape Kennedy area. With the computer problem unresolved and the weather deteriorating rapidly, the mission was scrubbed and rescheduled for August 21. Recycling began with unloading propellants.


    1965 August 19 - . 01:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
    • Airglow Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 144 km (89 mi).

    1965 August 20 - . Launch Vehicle: Saturn V.
    • Apollo S-IVB static-fired simulating a lunar mission - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Douglas Aircraft Company static-fired the S-IVB in a test at Sacramento, Calif., simulating the workload of a lunar mission. The stage was run for three minutes, shut down for half an hour, then reignited for almost six minutes..

    1965 August 20 - .
    • NASA MSFC began serious investigation of the concept of an S-IVB Orbital Workshop (OWS). - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft Bus: Skylab. Spacecraft: Orbital Workshop.

      As part of MSFC's activities related to the AES program, designers at the Center began serious investigation of the concept of an S-IVB Orbital Workshop (OWS). This concept, which involved 'in- orbit' conversion of a spent S-IVB stage to a shelter suitable for extended stay and utilization by man, showed great potential for experiment work during the Earth-orbital phase of the AES program. Accordingly, MSFC officials planned a four-month conceptual design effort, to begin immediately, with help and participation from both MSC and the S-IVB stage builder, Douglas Aircraft Company. Additional Details: here....


    1965 August 20 - . Launch Site: Green River. Launch Complex: Green River Pad 1. Launch Vehicle: Athena RTV. FAILURE: Failure.
    • USAF D009 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

    1965 August 20 - . Launch Site: Green River. Launch Complex: Green River Pad 3. Launch Vehicle: Athena RTV.
    • USAF C008 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

    1965 August 20 - . 16:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
    • BioSpace - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 40 km (24 mi).

    1965 August 21 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur PU32. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: R-36 8K67. FAILURE: Failure.
    • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

    1965 August 21 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC19. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan II GLV.
    • Gemini 5 - . Call Sign: Gemini 5. Crew: Conrad, Cooper. Backup Crew: Armstrong, See. Payload: Gemini SC5/Rendezvous Evaluation Pod. Mass: 3,605 kg (7,947 lb). Nation: USA. Related Persons: Armstrong, Conrad, Cooper, See. Agency: NASA Houston. Program: Gemini. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Gemini 5. Spacecraft: Gemini. Duration: 7.96 days. Decay Date: 1965-08-29 . USAF Sat Cat: 1516 . COSPAR: 1965-068A. Apogee: 395 km (245 mi). Perigee: 304 km (188 mi). Inclination: 32.6000 deg. Period: 91.50 min.

      Major objectives of the eight-day mission were evaluating the performance of the rendezvous guidance and navigation system, using a rendezvous evaluation pod (REP), and evaluating the effects of prolonged exposure to the space environment on the flight crew. Secondary objectives included demonstrating controlled reentry guidance, evaluating fuel cell performance, demonstrating all phases of guidance and control system operation needed for a rendezvous mission, evaluating the capability of either pilot to maneuver the spacecraft in orbit to rendezvous, evaluating the performance of rendezvous radar, and executing 17 experiments. The mission proceeded without incident through the first two orbits and the ejection of the REP. About 36 minutes after beginning evaluation of the rendezvous guidance and navigation system, the crew noted that the pressure in the oxygen supply tank of the fuel cell system was falling. Pressure dropped from 850 pounds per square inch absolute (psia) at 26 minutes into the flight until it stabilized at 70 psia at 4 hours 22 minutes, and gradually increased through the remainder of the mission. The spacecraft was powered down and the REP exercise was abandoned. By the seventh revolution, experts on the ground had analyzed the problem and a powering-up procedure was started. During the remainder of the mission the flight plan was continuously scheduled in real time. Four rendezvous radar tests were conducted during the mission, the first in revolution 14 on the second day; the spacecraft rendezvous radar successfully tracked a transponder on the ground at Cape Kennedy. During the third day, a simulated Agena rendezvous was conducted at full electrical load. The simulation comprised four maneuvers - apogee adjust, phase adjust, plane change, and coelliptical maneuver - using the orbit attitude and maneuver system (OAMS). Main activities through the fourth day of the mission concerned operations and experiments. During the fifth day, OAMS operation became sluggish and thruster No. 7 inoperative. Thruster No. 8 went out the next day, and the rest of the system was gradually becoming more erratic. Limited experimental and operational activities continued through the remainder of the mission. Retrofire was initiated in the 121st revolution during the eighth day of the mission, one revolution early because of threatening weather in the planned recovery area. Reentry and landing were satisfactory, but the landing point was 145 km short, the result of incorrect navigation coordinates transmitted to the spacecraft computer from the ground network. Landing occurred August 29, 190 hours 55 minutes after the mission had begun. The astronauts arrived on board the prime recovery ship, the aircraft carrier Lake Champlain, at 9:25. The spacecraft was recovered at 11:51 a.m.

      With this flight, the US finally took the manned spaceflight endurance record from Russia, while demonstrating that the crew could survive in zero gravity for the length of time required for a lunar mission. However the mission was incredibly boring, the spacecraft just drifting to conserve fuel most of the time, and was 'just about the hardest thing I've ever done' according to a hyperactive Pete Conrad. An accident with freeze dried shrimp resulted in the cabin being filled with little pink subsatellites.


    1965 August 23 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC31B. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 2.
    • Research and development launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

    1965 August 24 - .
    • Soyuz-VI program started.. - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Kozlov. Flight: Gemini 4, Soyuz VI Flight 1. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Soyuz VI.

      Central Committee of the Communist Party and Council of Soviet Ministers Decree 'On expansion of military space research and on 7K-VI Zvezda' was issued. In June 1965 Gemini 4 began the first American experiments in military space. At the same time the large military Manned Orbital Laboratory space station was on the verge of being given its final go-ahead. These events caused a bit of a panic among the Soviet military, where the Soyuz-R and Almaz projects were in the very earliest stages of design and would not fly until 1968 at the earliest. VPK head Leonid Smirnov ordered that urgent measures be taken to test manned military techniques in orbit at the earliest possible date. Modifications were to be made to the Voskhod and Soyuz 7K-OK spacecraft to assess the military utility of manned visual and photographic reconnaissance; of inspection of enemy satellites from orbit; attacking enemy spacecraft; and obtaining early warning of nuclear attack. The decree instructed Kozlov to fly by 1967 a military research variant of the Soyuz 7K-OK 11F615.


    1965 August 24 - .
    • Development of R-36-O and Tsyklon launch vehicles authorised - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Chelomei, Keldysh, Yangel. Spacecraft: IS-A, OGCh, US-A.

      Decree 'On Creation of an R-36 Based Carrier Rocket for Launching the IS and US KA--start of work on an R-36-based launch vehicle for the IS and US programs' was issued. After Khrushchev was ousted from power, Chelomei's projects were examined by an expert commission under M V Keldysh. It was found that Yangel’s R-36 rocket was superior to Chelomei’s UR-200. The UR-200 was cancelled; the IS and US satellites would be launched by the R-36 11K67. The Tsyklon 2 definitive operational version replaced the 11K67 launch vehicle from 1969.


    1965 August 24 - . Launch Site: Vik. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Dragon 1.
    • FU-146 / VLF Aeronomy /ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 440 km (270 mi).

    1965 August 24 - . 16:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF06. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1A.
    • Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

      A SAC crew at Vandenberg launched the 100th Minuteman missile to be fired from Cape Canaveral and Vandenberg. Flight test missile 677 was the first Minuteman I (LGM-30A) follow-on operational test (FOT) launch and the 38th Minuteman 1 missile to be launched from Vandenberg.


    1965 August 24 - . 21:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
    • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 162 km (100 mi).

    1965 August 25 - .
    • President Johnson announced approval for the Department of Defense's $1.5-billion Manned Orbiting Laboratory (MOL). - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Johnson, Lyndon. Spacecraft: MOL.

      At a White House news conference, President Lyndon B. Johnson announced approval for the Department of Defense's development of the $1.5-billion Manned Orbiting Laboratory (MOL). Such a program, the President said, would bring 'new knowledge about what man is able to do in space.' Further, MOL 'will enable us to relate that ability to the defense of America.'


    1965 August 25 - .
    • Birth of Andrew Jay 'Drew' Feustel - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Feustel. American scientist mission specialist astronaut, 2000-on..

    1965 August 25 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 3M.
    • MOL to be launched from Canaveral and Vandenberg - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Johnson, Lyndon. Class: Manned. Type: Manned space station. Spacecraft: MOL. DoD revealed that newly-authorized Manned Orbiting Laboratory (MOL) program (announced by President Lyndon Johnson the same day) would be launched from both the Air Force Eastern and Western Test Ranges..

    1965 August 25 - . LV Family: Titan.
    • President Lyndon B. Johnson announced that he had approved the Defense Department plans for the development of a Manned Orbiting Laboratory (MOL) that would cost $1. - . Spacecraft: MOL, MOL. 5 billion. The Air Force was to continue its management of the MOL program. Douglas Aircraft Company was to design and build the spacecraft that would be boosted into orbit by the Titan IIIM version of the Titan IIIC space launch vehicle..

    1965 August 25 - . 10:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57.
    • Cosmos 79 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-4. Duration: 8.00 days. Decay Date: 1965-09-02 . USAF Sat Cat: 1523 . COSPAR: 1965-069A. Apogee: 338 km (210 mi). Perigee: 206 km (128 mi). Inclination: 64.9000 deg. Period: 89.90 min. High resolution photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule.

    1965 August 25 - . 15:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17B. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor Delta C. FAILURE: Premature third stage ignition.. Failed Stage: 3.
    • OSO C - . Payload: OSO C. Mass: 280 kg (610 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Class: Astronomy. Type: Solar satellite. Spacecraft: OSO. Decay Date: 1965-08-25 .

    1965 August 25 - . 16:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF04. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1A.
    • Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

    1965 August 25 - . 17:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Delamar Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 003.
    • X-15A MIT Scan,Stability test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Spacecraft: X-15A. Apogee: 65 km (40 mi). Maximum Speed - 5799 kph. Maximum Altitude - 65258 m. Air dropped in Delamar Dry Lake DZ..

    1965 August 25 - . 18:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Javelin.
    • Helium ionization Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 902 km (560 mi).

    1965 August 26 - . 00:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 395-D. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan II.
    • New Role operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

    1965 August 26 - . 11:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 576B2. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D.
    • NTMP KX-41 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,800 km (1,100 mi).

    1965 August 26 - . 17:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Delamar Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008.
    • X-15A Northrop Radiom,BLN Test/Aeronomy mission? - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Spacecraft: X-15A. Apogee: 73 km (45 mi). Maximum Speed - 5426 kph. Maximum Altitude - 73030 m. Air dropped in Delamar Dry Lake DZ..

    1965 August 26 - . 19:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
    • Gyro Resonance Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 109 km (67 mi).

    1965 August 27 - . Launch Site: Green River. Launch Complex: Green River Pad 2. Launch Vehicle: Athena RTV.
    • USAF D012 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

    1965 August 28 - .
    • Korolev secretly puts Voskhod production on back burner. - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Korolev. Program: Voskhod, Soyuz. Flight: Gemini 5, Soyuz 1, Soyuz 2A, Voskhod 3, Voskhod 4, Voskhod 5, Voskhod 6. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-OK, Voskhod.

      It is becoming clear that in order to ever get Soyuz into space it is necessary to clear all decks at OKB-1. After Voskhod-2 the Soviet manned space plans are in confusion. The Americans have flown Gemini 5, setting a new 8-day manned space endurance record - the first time the Americans are ahead in the space race. They rubbed salt into the Soviet wound by sending astronauts Cooper and Conrad on a triumphal world tour. This American success is very painful to Korolev, and contributes to his visibly deteriorating health. In the absence of any coherent instructions from the Soviet leadership, Korolev makes a final personal decision between the competing manned spacecraft priorities. Work on completing a new series of Voskhod spacecraft and conducting experiments with artificial gravity are unofficially dropped and development and construction of the new Soyuz spacecraft is accelerated. The decision is shared only with the OKB-1 shop managers. One of Korolev's "conspirators" lays on Chertok's table the resulting new Soyuz master schedule. The upper left of the drawing has the single word "Agreed" with Korolev's signature. The only other signatures are those of Gherman Semenov, Turkov and Topol - Korolev has ordered all other signature blocks removed. Chertok is enraged. The plan provides for the production of thirteen spacecraft articles for development and qualification tests by December 1965! These include articles for thermal chamber runs, aircraft drop tests, water recovery tests, SAS abort systems tests, static and vibration tests, docking system development rigs, mock-ups for zero-G EVA tests aboard the Tu-104 flying laboratory, and a full-scale mock-up to be delivered to Sergei Darevskiy for conversion to a simulator. Chertok is enraged because the plan does not include dedicating one spaceframe to use as an 'iron bird' hot mock-up on which the electrical and avionics systems can be integrated and tested. Instead two completed Soyuz spacecraft are to be delivered to OKB-1's KIS facility in December and a third in January 1966. These will have to be used for systems integrations tests there before being shipped to Tyuratam for spaceflights.


    1965 August 28 - . 02:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 10S.
    • Electron temp Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 742 km (461 mi).

    1965 August 29 - .
    • Landing of Gemini 5 - . Return Crew: Conrad, Cooper. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Conrad, Cooper. Program: Gemini. Flight: Gemini 5.

      The crew had to use the re-entry thrusters to orient the spacecraft due to OAMS system failures. The retrofire and re-entry were conducted in darkness by the spacecraft computer. However the computer had been misprogrammed with an erroneous rotation rate of the earth (390 degrees per day instead of 360.98 degrees per day). Cooper's efforts compensated for what he recognized as an erroneous reading and brought the capsule down closer to the ship than they would otherwise have been.


    1965 August 30 - . LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan II.
    • Stage I of Gemini launch vehicle (GLV) 6 was erected at complex 19. - . Nation: USA. Flight: Gemini 6.

      Stage II was erected the following day. Umbilicals were connected and inspected September 1, and Subsystems Reverification Tests began September 2. These tests were completed September 15. The Prespacecraft Mate Verification Test of GLV-6 was run September 16.


    1965 August 30 - .
    • Soviet space plans - . Nation: Russia. Program: Voskhod. Flight: Voskhod 3, Voskhod 4, Voskhod 5, Voskhod 6.

      Kamanin continues to fume that the Americans have surpassed the Soviets with their Mariner, Gemini, and Ranger spacecraft. This was totally unnecessary, but lack of support by the leadership has crippled the Soviet program. He has been asked to put together his version of the work program for the upcoming Voskhod flights, and beyond that, for the next 4-5 years. For the Voskhods, his plan is:

      • Voskhod 3: to launch in November 1965 with two cosmonauts; artificial gravity and military experiments will be conducted
      • Voskhod 4: a single cosmonaut will fly for 25 days and complete artificial gravity research
      • Voskhod 5 and Voskhod 6: will each fly for 15 days in May-June 1966; multiple spacewalks will be completed, in addition to military experiments

    1965 August 30 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral AMR DZ. LV Family: Navaho. Launch Vehicle: Hound Dog.
    • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

    1965 August - .
    • Explosion damaged Apollo LEM reaction control system - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo LM, LM RCS. An explosion damaged a LEM reaction control system thruster being fired in an up attitude in altitude tests at MSC..

    1965 August - .
    • Radiation levels predicted for Apollo LEM-3 crew - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Flight: Apollo 9. Spacecraft: Apollo LM, LM Crew Station.

      Grumman completed an analysis of radiation levels that would be encountered by the LEM-3 crew during their earth orbital mission. Grumman advised that doses would not be harmful. To lessen these levels even further, the contractor recommended that during some parts of the mission the two astronauts climb back into the CM; also, the planned orbit for the LEM (556 by 2,500 km (300 by 1,350 nm)) could be changed to avoid the worst part of the Van Allen Belt.


    1965 August 31 - . Launch Site: , Vandenberg. LV Family: Titan.
    • General Bernard A. Schriever, Commander. AFSC, named Brigadier General Joseph S. Bleymaier as Commander, Air Force Western Test Range (AFWTR), with headquarters at Vandenberg AFB. - . Related Persons: Schriever.

      General Bleymaier, former Titan III (Program 624A and 624B) program director and Deputy for Manned Systems AFSC, named Brigadier General Joseph S. Bleymaier as Commander, Air Force Western Test Range (AFWTR), with headquarters at Vandenberg AFB. General Bleymaier, former Titan III (Program 624A and 624B) program director and Deputy for Manned Systems


    1965 August 31 - .
    • Secretary of the Air Force Eugene M. Zuckert named General Bernard A. F. Schriever as Director of the Manned Orbiting Laboratory (MOL) Program in addition to his duties as Commander, AFSC. - . Related Persons: Schriever. Spacecraft: MOL, MOL. Brigadier General Harry L. Evans was named Vice Director of the MOL Program..

    1965 August 31 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC60/8. Launch Pad: LC60/8?. LV Family: R-16. Launch Vehicle: R-16U.
    • Operational test launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,210 km (750 mi).

    1965 September-October - .
    • Apollo LEM's descent engine problems - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo LM, LM Descent Propulsion.

      Grumman advised MSC of major troubles plaguing development of the LEM's descent engine. These included problems of weight, chamber erosion, mixtures, valves, combustion instability, and throttle mechanisms (which Grumman said could delay delivery of LEM 1 and the start of qualification testing).


    1965 September 1 - .
    • Apollo LEM ascent engine exploded during firings - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo LM, LM Ascent Propulsion.

      A LEM ascent engine exploded during altitude firings at Arnold Engineering Development Center (AEDC). In subsequent investigations, Bell Aerosystems researchers concluded that the failure probably resulted from raw propellants being accidentally forced into the engine at the end of the second run, thus damaging the injector. Additional Details: here....


    1965 September 1 - .
    • Impact tests with Apollo boilerplate 28 - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM, CSM Heat Shield.

      North American conducted another in their series of impact tests with boilerplate 28. This drop tested the toroidal section of the spacecraft (heatshield and equipment bay structure) in impact at high angle and maximum horizontal velocity. The spacecraft suffered no visible damage. Some water leaked into the vehicle, but this was blamed on the boilerplate structure itself and the apex-down attitude after impact.


    1965 September - .
    • 13 flights made in the Apollo LLRV - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft Bus: Apollo LM. Spacecraft: Apollo LLRV. A total of 13 flights were made in the LLRV, including one in which the lunar simulation mode was flown for the first time..

    1965 September - . Launch Vehicle: Saturn V.
    • Webb sees time as right to begin serious study of a Saturn V space station. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Webb. Spacecraft: LORL, Orbital Workshop, Skylab.

      During several visits to MSC, NASA Administrator James E. Webb raised a number of technical and policy questions relating to programs and management practices. Webb seemed particularly concerned about the difficulty of getting the program offices at Headquarters and the Centers to take an active interest in NASA's potential influence in the national economy and world affairs. Additional Details: here....


    1965 September 1 - . LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan II.
    • The Titan II operational test launch program began and was scheduled to use 25 Titan missiles through August 1966. - .

    1965 September 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC84. Launch Pad: LC84?. LV Family: RT-2. Launch Vehicle: RT-15.
    • Test mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

    1965 September 1 - . 11:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
    • MIP 1 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

    1965 September 2 - . Launch Vehicle: Spiral 50-50.
    1965 September 2 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC1E. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor SLV-2 Agena D. FAILURE: Agena-D failed; destroyed by range safety.. Failed Stage: U.
    • Starfish Radiation 2 - . Payload: OPS 3373 / FTV 1602. Mass: 1,150 kg (2,530 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft: Starfish. Decay Date: 1965-09-02 . Apogee: 11 km (6 mi). Artificial radiation data..

    1965 September 3 - . Launch Site: Vik. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Dragon 1.
    • FU-146 / VLF Aeronomy /ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 451 km (280 mi).

    1965 September 3 - . 05:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
    • MIP 2 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 153 km (95 mi).

    1965 September 3 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC41/15. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 65S3.
    • Cosmos 80 - . Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1. USAF Sat Cat: 1570 . COSPAR: 1965-070A. Apogee: 1,536 km (954 mi). Perigee: 1,370 km (850 mi). Inclination: 56.1000 deg. Period: 115.00 min.
    • Cosmos 82 - . Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1. USAF Sat Cat: 1572 . COSPAR: 1965-070C. Apogee: 1,549 km (962 mi). Perigee: 1,421 km (882 mi). Inclination: 56.1000 deg. Period: 115.70 min.
    • Cosmos 83 - . Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1. USAF Sat Cat: 1573 . COSPAR: 1965-070D. Apogee: 1,558 km (968 mi). Perigee: 1,447 km (899 mi). Inclination: 56.1000 deg. Period: 116.00 min.
    • Cosmos 81 - . Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1. USAF Sat Cat: 1571 . COSPAR: 1965-070B. Apogee: 1,542 km (958 mi). Perigee: 1,398 km (868 mi). Inclination: 56.1000 deg. Period: 115.30 min.
    • Cosmos 84 - . Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1. USAF Sat Cat: 1574 . COSPAR: 1965-070E. Apogee: 1,569 km (974 mi). Perigee: 1,470 km (910 mi). Inclination: 56.1000 deg. Period: 116.40 min.

    1965 September 3 - . 19:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
    • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: AN. Apogee: 165 km (102 mi).

    1965 September 4 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78.
    • E-6 Launch Postponement - . Payload: E-6. Nation: Russia. Program: Luna. Class: Moon. Type: Lunar probe. Spacecraft: Luna E-6. The launch was delayed due to malfunction of the RKS system of the Stages 1/2's control system during pre-launch service..

    1965 September 6 - . Launch Vehicle: N1.
    • Problems in lunar projects addressed. - . Nation: Russia. Spacecraft: LK, Soyuz 7K-L1, Soyuz 7K-LOK. Ministry of General Machine Building (MOM) Decree 'On delays in work on piloted lunar programs' was issued..

    1965 September 8 - . LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K/D.
    • Development of four stage version of the Proton proposed. - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Chelomei, Korolev. The design was proposed by Korolev as an alternate to Chelomei's LK-1 circumlunar mission. It combined the Proton 8K82K booster for the LK-1 with the N1 lunar Block D stage to boost a stripped-down Soyuz 7K-L1 spacecraft around the moon..

    1965 September 9 - .
    • Birth of Sunita Lyn 'Suni' Williams - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Williams. American test pilot mission specialist astronaut. Flew on ISS EO-14-1. US Navy test pilot..

    1965 September 9 - . 04:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
    • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: AN. Apogee: 165 km (102 mi).

    1965 September 9 - . 04:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3.
    1965 September 9 - . 09:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57.
    • Cosmos 85 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-4. Duration: 8.00 days. Decay Date: 1965-09-17 . USAF Sat Cat: 1578 . COSPAR: 1965-071A. Apogee: 291 km (180 mi). Perigee: 202 km (125 mi). Inclination: 64.9000 deg. Period: 89.50 min. High resolution photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule.

    1965 September 9 - . 12:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart.
    • HASP/WOX-1A - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 54 km (33 mi).

    1965 September 9 - . 17:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Delamar Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008.
    • X-15A IR scan,Abl TPS test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Spacecraft: X-15A. Apogee: 29 km (18 mi). Maximum Speed - 5686 kph. Maximum Altitude - 29627 m. Air dropped in Delamar Dry Lake DZ..

    1965 September 9 - . 23:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
    • RF propagation Radio astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 171 km (106 mi).

    1965 September 10 - . 04:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC10W. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor Burner 1.
    • DMSP-Block-4A F4 - . Payload: DAPP 13 / OPS 8068. Mass: 130 kg (280 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Program: DMSP. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DMSP Block 4/5 satellites. Spacecraft: DMSP Block 4A. USAF Sat Cat: 1580 . COSPAR: 1965-072A. Apogee: 993 km (617 mi). Perigee: 635 km (394 mi). Inclination: 98.5000 deg. Period: 101.20 min. Defense Meteorological Satellite Program..

    1965 September 11 - .
    • Setbacks - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Belyayev, Komarov, Leonov, Ponomaryova, Solovyova, von Braun. Program: Voskhod. Flight: Voskhod 5. Spacecraft: Berkut, Voskhod.

      Belyayev and Leonov are going to an IAF congress in Greece, where they will unofficially meet Wernher von Braun and several US astronauts. Komarov is touring West Germany. Factory 918 is refusing to fabricate space suits for the female crew for the planned Voskhod EVA flight. They are categorically against the concept. It is necessary to obtain a specific order instructing them to fabricate the suits.


    1965 September 12 - .
    • Hurricane Betsy damaged Apollo Program facilities - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo.

      Hurricane Betsy hit the United States and Apollo Program Director Samuel C. Phillips presented an interim report to NASA Associate Administrator Robert C. Seamans, Jr., concerning the effects of the storm on NASA property and programs:

      Michoud (La.) Plant
      all of the buildings suffered moderate to severe damage. So far as could be determined, Saturn hardware in process was not damaged to any appreciable extent. Damage was estimated at between $2 and $4 million. Time lost by the storm and due to cleanup and repairs would probably affect program schedules by two or more weeks.
      Transportation
      the barge Promise tied up at the Michoud dock broke free and was beached. Externally, no damages were visible. The dock area was heavily damaged.
      Production of Liquid Hydrogen
      Air Products, Inc., plant under construction across the canal from Michoud was reported to be under nine feet of water. Extent of the damage was unknown.
      Reentry Ships Huntsville and Watertown
      these vessels were under modification at the Avondale Shipyard, New Orleans. Both broke loose and were hard aground. The Watertown was battered but the holds were dry; it looked like it could be salvaged. The Huntsville had a 9-m (30-ft) gash in the side plus three other holes. The engine rooms were flooded. Navy salvage crews did not think the vessel was salvageable.
      Cape Kennedy
      damage from the storm was minor. The storm did cause a shutdown of site activation activities on Complex 34, costing four critical days.

    1965 September 13 - .
    • ASPO Manager Joseph F Shea announced a new plan to control Apollo spacecraft weight - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Shea. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM, LM Weight.

      ASPO Manager Joseph F. Shea announced a new plan for controlling the weight of Apollo spacecraft. Every week, subsystem managers would report to a Weight Control Board (WCB), headed by Shea, which would rule on their proposals for meeting the target weight for their systems. Three task forces also would report to the WCB on the way to lighten the spacecraft:

      1. weight reduction task force;
      2. requirements reduction task force; and
      3. an operations task force.

    1965 September 14 - .
    • Perkin-Elmer and Chrysler to study lasers and large telescopes in future extended Apollo flights. - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft Bus: Apollo CSM. Spacecraft: Apollo X.

      NASA selected the Perkin-Elmer and Chrysler corporations to study feasibility of including optical-technology experiments, particularly lasers and large telescopes, in future extended Apollo flights. NASA was also interested in optical communication in deep space, the effects of space environment on optical systems, and related experiments. The program would be directed by MSFC.


    1965 September 14 - . 05:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Green River. Launch Complex: Green River Pad 1. Launch Vehicle: Athena RTV.
    • USN B004 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

    1965 September 14 - . 07:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Green River. Launch Complex: Green River Pad 3. Launch Vehicle: Athena RTV.
    • USAF D033 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

    1965 September 14 - . 18:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Delamar Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008.
    • X-15A N.Radiom,BLN Test/Aeronomy mission? - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Spacecraft: X-15A. Apogee: 72 km (44 mi). Maximum Speed - 5662 kph. Maximum Altitude - 72847 m. Air dropped in Delamar Dry Lake DZ..

    1965 September 15 - . Launch Site: Atlas F.
    • Major General Ben I. Funk, Space Systems Division commander, announced the development of a new, low-cost space upper stage called Burner II. - . Adaptable for use with almost all Air Force standard launch vehicles, the Burner II would be to orbit small and medium-sized payloads. When completed, the Burner II would be the smallest maneuverable upper stage in the Air Force space vehicle inventory..

    1965 September 15 - . LV Family: , Proton, .
    • Korolev conceived of podsadka over a month before before the UR-500K-L1 was authorized. - . Related Persons: Korolev, Mishin. Spacecraft: Block D, Soyuz 7K-L1.

      Korolev conceived of podsadka over a month before before the UR-500K-L1 was authorized.Initial calculations by OKB-1 showed that the developmental L1 would have a dry mass of 4641 kg, or 4847 kg after delivery of cosmonauts via podsadka. On the other hand, Kolyako in Division 2 estimated the translunar payload of the Block D as ~ 5000 kg in the single launch scenario, or ~ 5300 kg in the podsadka scenario.


    1965 September 15 - . 20:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
    • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 180 km (110 mi).

    1965 September 16-23 - .
    • Radioisotope thermoelectric generators for Apollo ALSEP - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft Bus: Apollo LM. Spacecraft: Apollo ALSEP. NASA and the Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) agreed that AEC would provide radioisotope thermoelectric generators which would power each Apollo Lunar Surface Experiments Package for an operating period of one year on the lunar surface..

    1965 September 16-October 15 - .
    • Apollo CSM 012 considered for the first manned Apollo flight - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Flight: Apollo 204.

      North American evaluated the compatibility of spacecraft 012 with its mission, AS-204, the first manned Apollo flight. The manufacturer determined that, by using roll-stabilized attitude during most of the flight, the vehicle could remain aloft for about 13½ days. The only onboard expendables termed marginal were cryogenics and the propellant supply in the SM's reaction control system (which, for added safety, would offer a redundant means of braking the vehicle out of orbit).


    1965 September 16 - . LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan II.
    • Martin-Denver shipped the propellant tanks for Gemini launch vehicle (GLV) 10 to Martin-Baltimore. - . Nation: USA. Flight: Gemini 10, Gemini 11.

      During the rail trip, leaking battery acid corroded the dome of the stage II fuel tank. The tanks arrived at Martin-Baltimore September 21. The stage II fuel tank was rejected and returned to Denver. It was replaced by the stage II fuel tank from GLV-11, which completed final assembly September 25 and arrived in Baltimore November 3 after being inspected and certified. Fabrication of GLV-10 tanks had begun in April.


    1965 September 16 - .
    • Korolev made the decision on 16 Sept 1965 that the L1 would be a single-design spacecraft, capable of being used in either the direct flight or podsadka schemes. - . Related Persons: Korolev, Mishin. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-L1, Soyuz 7K-L1S. At some point thereafter, it seems the version for podsadka was designated L1s (perhaps for L1 stykoviy, L1-docking). (Mishin Diaries 1-178).

    1965 September 16 - . 23:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VB.
    • CRL AE18.315 test - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 344 km (213 mi).

    1965 September 17 - . LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan II.
    • Gemini launch vehicle (GLV) 6 and spacecraft No. 6 were mechanically mated at complex 19. - . Nation: USA. Flight: Gemini 6.

      The Electrical Interface Integrated Validation and Joint Guidance and Control Test was completed September 21. The spacecraft/GLV Joint Combined Systems Test was run September 23. GLV tanking test was performed September 29 and the Flight Configuration Mode Test October 1, completing systems testing for Gemini-Titan 6.


    1965 September 17 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC131. Launch Vehicle: UR-100. FAILURE: Failure.
    • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

    1965 September 17 - . 15:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
    • Auroral electrons Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

    1965 September 17 - . 19:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
    • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: AN. Apogee: 165 km (102 mi).

    1965 September 17 - . 21:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150A.
    • FR-1 test / ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 182 km (113 mi).

    1965 September 18 - .
    • Lunokhod - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Korolev. Program: Voskhod. Flight: Voskhod 4. Spacecraft: Lunokhod.

      The cosmonauts visit Lyapin's institute to view progress in developing a lunar rover. During the day Kamanin has a series of unpleasant conversations with Korolev. The military want the second Voskhod flight changed from a 15-day mission with a crew of two and a physician aboard to a 20-25 day mission, with a single pilot cosmonaut and a variety of military experiments. Korolev responds that there is no unity of support within the VVS for the mission or manned spaceflight; and that he can get along quite well without the VVS, and its cosmonaut training centre, and the VVS pilot-cosmonauts.


    1965 September 18 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC41/3. LV Family: R-16. Launch Vehicle: R-16U.
    • PBG - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,210 km (750 mi).

    1965 September 18 - . 07:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC41/15. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 65S3.
    • Cosmos 86 - . Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1. USAF Sat Cat: 1584 . COSPAR: 1965-073A. Apogee: 1,623 km (1,008 mi). Perigee: 1,291 km (802 mi). Inclination: 56.1000 deg. Period: 115.00 min.
    • Cosmos 87 - . Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1. USAF Sat Cat: 1585 . COSPAR: 1965-073B. Apogee: 1,633 km (1,014 mi). Perigee: 1,317 km (818 mi). Inclination: 56.1000 deg. Period: 115.40 min.
    • Cosmos 88 - . Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1. USAF Sat Cat: 1586 . COSPAR: 1965-073C. Apogee: 1,645 km (1,022 mi). Perigee: 1,341 km (833 mi). Inclination: 56.1000 deg. Period: 115.80 min.
    • Cosmos 89 - . Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1. USAF Sat Cat: 1587 . COSPAR: 1965-073D. Apogee: 1,652 km (1,026 mi). Perigee: 1,371 km (851 mi). Inclination: 56.1000 deg. Period: 116.20 min.
    • Cosmos 90 - . Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1. USAF Sat Cat: 1588 . COSPAR: 1965-073E. Apogee: 1,666 km (1,035 mi). Perigee: 1,394 km (866 mi). Inclination: 56.1000 deg. Period: 116.70 min.

    1965 September 18 - . 22:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Coronie. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
    • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 205 km (127 mi).

    1965 September 19 - . 12:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
    • Nation: Russia. Agency: AN. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

    1965 September 20 - . LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan II.
    • The Combined Systems Acceptance Test of Gemini launch vehicle (GLV) 7 was completed in the vertical test facility at Martin-Baltimore. - . Nation: USA. Flight: Gemini 7.

      Inspection of GLV-7 by the vehicle acceptance team began September 27 and ended October 1, with the vehicle found acceptable. GLV-7 was deerected October 5 and formally accepted by the Air Force October 15. Stage I was airlifted to Cape Kennedy October 16, followed by stage II October 18. Both stages were placed in storage pending the launch of the Gemini VI mission.


    1965 September 20 - . Launch Site: Green River. Launch Complex: Green River Pad 2. Launch Vehicle: Athena RTV.
    • USAF D006 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

    1965 September 20 - . 03:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5V.
    • Test / ionosphere / solar x-ray mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: AN. Apogee: 480 km (290 mi).

    1965 September 20 - . 16:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
    • Auroral electrons Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 146 km (90 mi).

    1965 September 21 - . 14:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 395-B. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan II.
    • Bold Guy operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

    1965 September 21 - . 22:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Coronie. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
    • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 205 km (127 mi).

    1965 September 22 - .
    • Birth of Robert Lee Jr 'Bobby' Satcher - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Satcher. African-American chemical engineer mission specialist astronaut, 2004-on..

    1965 September 22 - . Launch Site: Johnston Island. Launch Pad: SLBM Launch Area. Launch Platform: EAG-154. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3.
    • PX-2 - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

    1965 September 22 - . 18:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Delamar Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 003.
    • X-15A-2 Infrared Scanner test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Spacecraft Bus: X-15A. Spacecraft: X-15A-2. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi). Maximum Speed - 5744 kph. Maximum Altitude - 73091 m. Air dropped in Delamar Dry Lake DZ..

    1965 September 22 - . 20:07 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
    • AS / E X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 199 km (123 mi).

    1965 September 22 - . 21:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC3W. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor SLV-2A Agena D.
    • KH-4A 102 - . Payload: KH-4A s/n 102 / Agena D 1619 / OPS 7221. Mass: 1,500 kg (3,300 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: CIA, NRO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: WS-117. Spacecraft: KH-4A. Decay Date: 1965-10-11 . USAF Sat Cat: 1602 . COSPAR: 1965-074A. Apogee: 364 km (226 mi). Perigee: 191 km (118 mi). Inclination: 80.0000 deg. Period: 90.00 min. KH-4A. All cameras operated satisfactorily. Cameras not operated on passes 88D-93D..

    1965 September 22 - . 23:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Barbados Site. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. LV Family: Martlet. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2.
    • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

    1965 September 23 - .
    • Voskhod 3 plans - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Anokhin, Korolev, Yegorov. Program: Voskhod. Flight: Gemini 7, Voskhod 3, Voskhod 4. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Voskhod.

      Korolev is charging ahead with the plan to fly Voskhod 3 for 20 days. Kamanin is doubtful - the life support system is rated for only 12-15 days, and testing to certify it for 25 days cannot be done in time. Korolev is also planning for a 15 November launch (to fly before Gemini 7). Kamanin believes instead a series of three flights should be flown - first to 12-15 days, then to 20 days, then to 25 days. It is essential the military experiments are flown on these flights. Yegorov and Anokhin have been sent to negotiate a protocol to be signed by Kamanin that he will prepare a crew consisting of a spacecraft commander and scientist-astronaut for a 20 day flight in time to support a 15 November launch. Kamanin refuses to sign the document - it is absurd and impossible.


    1965 September 23 - . 05:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Barbados Site. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. LV Family: Martlet. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2.
    • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

    1965 September 23 - . 07:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Barbados Site. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. LV Family: Martlet. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2.
    • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

    1965 September 23 - . 09:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57.
    • Cosmos 91 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-4. Duration: 8.00 days. Decay Date: 1965-10-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 1603 . COSPAR: 1965-075A. Apogee: 324 km (201 mi). Perigee: 203 km (126 mi). Inclination: 65.0000 deg. Period: 89.80 min. High resolution photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule.

    1965 September 23 - . 14:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Javelin.
    • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 805 km (500 mi).

    1965 September 24 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC32B. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 2.
    • Research and development launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

    1965 September 24 - . 08:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Coronie. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
    • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 205 km (127 mi).

    1965 September 25 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC41/3. LV Family: R-16. Launch Vehicle: R-16U.
    • Military training launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,210 km (750 mi).

    1965 September 25 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Vehicle: UR-100. FAILURE: Failure.
    • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

    1965 September 25 - . 04:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
    • Infrared Horizon 1 test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 199 km (123 mi).

    1965 September 25 - . 21:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150A.
    • FR-1 test / ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 192 km (119 mi).

    1965 September 27 - .
    • Voskhod ECS - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Voronin. Program: Voskhod. Flight: Voskhod 3, Voskhod 4.

      Kamanin discusses the environmental control system for the 20-day Voskhod fight. Chief Constructor Voronin tells him that to develop such a system to support two crew for 20 days is fully possible; but it will take months of development and testing to certify it for flight. There is no way it will be ready until the first quarter of 1966.


    1965 September 27 - . Launch Site: Green River. Launch Complex: Green River Pad 1. Launch Vehicle: Athena RTV.
    • USAF C012 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

    1965 September 27 - . 08:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Coronie. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
    • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 205 km (127 mi).

    1965 September 28 - . LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan II.
    • Gemini launch vehicle (GLV) 8 was erected in the west cell of the vertical test facility at Martin-Baltimore. - . Nation: USA. Flight: Gemini 8. Power was applied to the vehicle October 13, following the deerection of GLV-7. Subsystems Functional Verification Tests of GLV-8 were completed November 4..

    1965 September 28 - . 09:09 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. Launch Pad: LC35 (L-21). LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
    • Meteors / Ionosphere Meteorites / biology mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 183 km (113 mi).

    1965 September 28 - . 14:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA5B. Launch Pad: LA5B?. Launch Vehicle: Black Knight.
    1965 September 28 - . 18:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Delamar Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 003.
    • X-15A N.Scan/BLN/Tail test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Spacecraft: X-15A. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi). Maximum Speed - 6005 kph. Maximum Altitude - 90099 m. Astronaut wings flight (USAF definition). Air dropped in Delamar Dry Lake DZ..

    1965 September 29 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
    • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

    1965 September 29 - . 10:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 576B1. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D.
    • NTMP KX-45 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,800 km (1,100 mi).

    1965 September - .
    • Thirteen flights made with the Apollo lunar landing research vehicle - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft Bus: Apollo LM. Spacecraft: Apollo LLRV.

      Thirteen flights were made with the lunar landing research vehicle. Two of those flights were devoted to mulling the lunar simulation system; the remaining 11 flights were devoted to research with the attitude control system in the rate command mode. Nine landings were made in the lunar simulation mode.

      On flight 1-34-94F the lunar simulation mode worked perfectly and no drift was encountered during more than one minute of hovering flight. The landing was made in the simulation mode for the first time on this flight.


    1965 September 30 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC41/4. Launch Pad: LC41/4?. LV Family: R-16. Launch Vehicle: R-16U.
    • PBG - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,210 km (750 mi).

    1965 September 30 - . 04:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Skylark.
    • MPE Ba-12 / Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 225 km (139 mi).

    1965 September 30 - . 04:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Agate. Launch Vehicle: Rubis.
    • Rubis 02 Radio astronomy / particles mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 1,760 km (1,090 mi).

    1965 September 30 - . 17:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Hidden Hills DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 003.
    • X-15A Infrared Scanner test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Spacecraft: X-15A. Apogee: 23 km (14 mi). Maximum Speed - 4373 kph. Maximum Altitude - 23350 m. Air dropped in Hidden Hills DZ..

    1965 September 30 - . 19:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC4E. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas SLV-3 Agena D.
    • KH 7-22 - . Payload: KH-7 no. 22 / OPS 7208. Mass: 2,000 kg (4,400 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO, USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: WS-117. Spacecraft: KH-7. Decay Date: 1965-10-05 . USAF Sat Cat: 1609 . COSPAR: 1965-076A. Apogee: 361 km (224 mi). Perigee: 237 km (147 mi). Inclination: 95.6000 deg. Period: 90.50 min. KH-7 type satellite. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A). .

    1965 October - .
    • Stanford Research Institute study on Douglas manned orbital research laboratory (MORL). - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft: MORL.

      The Stanford Research Institute, Menlo Park, California, performed a study on a manned orbital research laboratory (MORL) for Douglas Aircraft Company, Inc., Santa Monica. Major conclusions of the study included the following: The MORL mission was highly desirable for the posture of the United States in the international community. The improvement of this position would represent, perhaps, MORL's greatest contribution to our nation. Additional Details: here....


    1965 October 1 - .
    • NASA formally accepted Apollo spacecraft 002 - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM. At a Customer Acceptance Readiness Review at North American, NASA formally accepted spacecraft 002. The vehicle was then demated and shipped to White Sands..

    1965 October - .
    • Douglas plan for orbital space station development . - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft: MORL.

      A plan for orbital space station development responsive to the research and development needs of a broad-based space exploration program was presented to the Deutsche Gesellschaft fur Rakententechnik und Raumfarht, Munich, Germany. The paper was prepared by Douglas Aircraft Company, Inc., Santa Monica. The main theme of the paper centered on low-Earth-Orbit applications of space stations. It suggested that the space station system would start with limited life laboratories and evolve into extended life, continuously manned space stations. In the development of the space station, four major subsystems would be required: life support, power, stabilization and control, and communications. Of these, the life support and power subsystems would require significant extensions to current technology. While touching on lunar-orbital and interplanetary missions, it was indicated that in the evolution of the space station the low-Earth-orbital missions were of primary importance because they could accommodate applications development, capability-engineering development, biomedical behavioral experiments, and scientific experiments. Polar orbits would be required for cartographic, meteorologic, geologic, and natural resources surveys. Synchronous orbits would be useful primarily for communications, allowing continuous communications without the necessity of vast ground or orbital relay networks.


    1965 October 1 - .
    • Birth of George Kontogiannis - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Kontogiannis. American engineer, lead for the Titan 4/Centaur and Atlas V..

    1965 October 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: RT-2. Launch Vehicle: RT-1.
    • Test mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

    1965 October 1 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC31B. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 2.
    • Research and development launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

    1965 October 1 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur PU31. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: R-36 8K67.
    • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

    1965 October 1 - . Launch Site: Green River. Launch Complex: Green River Pad 3. Launch Vehicle: Athena RTV.
    • USN B006 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

    1965 October 1 - . Launch Site: CELPA. LV Family: IIAE.Orion. Launch Vehicle: Orion-1.
    • Test mission - . Nation: Argentina. Agency: CONAE. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

    1965 October 1 - . 01:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
    • LPARL 1D XRT X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 148 km (91 mi).

    1965 October 1 - . 03:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5B.
    • Ionosphere / solar x-rays mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: AN. Apogee: 480 km (290 mi).

    1965 October 2 - . 04:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. Launch Vehicle: Skylark.
    • MPE Ba-13 / Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

    1965 October 3-9 - .
    • Testing of Apollo extravehicular mobility unit at Flagstaff - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: A7L.

      The U.S. Geological Survey cooperated with Crew Systems Division (CSD) in testing the extravehicular mobility unit under simulated lunar conditions at Flagstaff, Arizona. As a result, CSD technicians determined a number of deficiencies in the thermal meteoroid garment, and recommended a number of changes to make the garment more functional and more durable, as well as better fitting and more comfortable.


    1965 October 4 - .
    • Voskhod 3 - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Gagarin, Grechko, Andrei, Keldysh, Malinovskiy, Rudenko, Tsybin, Vershinin. Program: Voskhod. Flight: Voskhod 3, Voskhod 4, Voskhod 5, Voskhod 6.

      A major programme review is held on plans for Voskhod s/n 5, 6, and 7. Tsybin insists that to conduct all of the experiments requested by the Ministry of Defence will take ten spacecraft and missions, but only five have been authorised. Spacecraft s/n 5 will fly with dogs, on a biosat mission. Spacecraft s/n 6 and 7 are being completed for 15-day flights with two crew, outfitted for artificial gravity experiments and medical and military research. The readiness of the military experiments is very poor, due to the fact that in the past Malinovskiy over and over again prohibited any work on military uses of space, at least until the ideal military platform was developed. It was only on Keldysh's initiative that any preliminary work had been done at all. Kamanin replies to Tsybin that it was not the business of OKB-1 to develop military experiments; this was the concern of the Military of Defence. Yet, Kamanin admits to himself, there is no single organisation within the Ministry that is supervising this work. Later Kamanin takes Gagarin to a meeting with Vershinin and Marshal Grechko. The Marshal is unimpressed with Gagarin's understanding of the issues involved in the issue of whether the VVS or RVSN should handle manned spaceflight. Kamanin resolves not to take cosmonauts to such high-level meetings in the future. Grechko does understand finally how poorly Malinovskiy and his deputies have handled military spaceflight. But Malinovskiy, and his supporters, Marshal Rudenko, and Colonel-General Ponomaryov, will not give up in their effort to prevent the VVS from becoming the responsible organisation for military spaceflight.


    1965 October 4 - . 03:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 9M.
    • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 299 km (185 mi).

    1965 October 4 - . 07:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M.
    • Luna 7 - . Payload: E-6 s/n 11. Mass: 1,504 kg (3,315 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Luna. Class: Moon. Type: Lunar probe. Spacecraft: Luna E-6. Decay Date: 1965-10-07 . USAF Sat Cat: 1610 . COSPAR: 1965-077A.

      Lunar soft landing attempt. The Luna 7 spacecraft was intended to achieve a soft landing on the Moon. However, due to loss of attitude control during the final approach to the lunar surface, the retrorockets were prevented from firing to slow the spacecraft and it impacted the lunar surface at 9.8 N, 47.8 W in the Sea of Storms on 7 October 1965 at 22:08:24 UT.


    1965 October 5 - . 00:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Javelin.
    • M / DTR Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 960 km (590 mi).

    1965 October 5 - . 03:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
    • Ultraviolet / x-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Apogee: 171 km (106 mi).

    1965 October 5 - . 09:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 576B3. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D.
    • OV1-02 - . Payload: OV1 Dummy. Mass: 86 kg (189 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF OAR. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft: OV1. USAF Sat Cat: 1613 . COSPAR: 1965-078A. Apogee: 2,735 km (1,699 mi). Perigee: 408 km (253 mi). Inclination: 144.2000 deg. Period: 117.60 min. Radiation data. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A). .
    • NB20.170 - . Payload: SPP 29. Mass: 555 kg (1,223 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Spacecraft: OV1. COSPAR: 1965-078xx. Apogee: 2,418 km (1,502 mi). Perigee: 401 km (249 mi). Inclination: 144.2000 deg. Period: 114.00 min.
    • OV1-02S - . Mass: 555 kg (1,223 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft: OV1. COSPAR: 1965-078xx. Apogee: 2,418 km (1,502 mi). Perigee: 401 km (249 mi). Inclination: 144.2000 deg. Period: 114.00 min.

    1965 October 5 - . 09:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. LV Family: Lupus. Launch Vehicle: HAD.
    • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Australia. Agency: WRE. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

    1965 October 5 - . 17:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC1E. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor SLV-2A Agena D.
    • KH-4A 1025 - . Payload: KH-4A s/n 1025 / Agena D 1616 / OPS 5325. Mass: 1,500 kg (3,300 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: CIA, NRO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: WS-117. Spacecraft: KH-4A. Decay Date: 1965-10-29 . USAF Sat Cat: 1615 . COSPAR: 1965-079A. Apogee: 322 km (200 mi). Perigee: 202 km (125 mi). Inclination: 75.1000 deg. Period: 89.70 min. KH-4A. Main cameras operated satisfactorily..

    1965 October 5 - . 23:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
    • Ionosphere / TMA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 206 km (128 mi).

    1965 October 6 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF22. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 2.
    • Research and development launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

    1965 October 6 - . 04:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 8L.
    • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 141 km (87 mi).

    1965 October 7-14 - .
    • Beryllium posed a toxicological hazard to the crew of the Apollo CM - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM, CSM Guidance.

      MSC's Reliability and Quality Assurance Division reported in August that, because beryllium would corrode in the humid environment of the spacecraft's cabin, the metal thus posed a toxicological hazard to the crew of the CM. During subsequent meetings with the Health and Physics Group, and Guidance and Control and Structures and Mechanics Divisions, it was agreed that, because of crew safety, beryllium surfaces in the guidance and control system must be coated to protect the metal from the humid atmosphere inside the cabin of the spacecraft.


    1965 October 7-14 - .
    • Apollo LEM's inflight VHF antenna might be used as a link to astronauts on the surface of the moon - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo LM, LM Communications, LM Weight.

      The Instrumentation and Electronic Systems Division (IESD) proposed that the LEM's inflight VHF antenna might be used as a link to astronauts on the surface of the moon as well. (LEM communications had to provide VHF contact with the crew outside the spacecraft at ranges up to three nautical miles. The VHF antenna, however, had been designed only for the flight portions of the mission, and to meet this communications requirement another antenna was being added to the LEM at a cost of between 1.36 and 2.26 kg (3 and 5 lbs).) IESD offered to study the coverage and range of the inflight antenna while on the lunar surface, and suggested that the three-mile range requirement might be relaxed. The additional VHF antenna might thereby be obviated.

      Also, IESD attended a preliminary design review at Autonetics on the signal conditioning equipment (SCE) for the Block II CSM. IESD concurred in several modifications to the Block I design (adding a redundant power supply; hermetic sealing of equipment; and repackaging to fit the equipment bay in Block II CMs). These changes reduced the SCE's weight from 22 to 19 kg (47.5 to 41 lbs) and, because of more efficient power supply, lowered its power consumption from 65 to 35 watts. North American was studying ways of perhaps lightening the SCE even further.


    1965 October 7-14 - .
    • Vibration limits for the crew of the Apollo LEM established - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Gemini.

      Crew Systems Division (CSD) established vibration limits for the crew of the LEM. This action followed the final LEM vibration test with human subjects at Wright-Patterson AFB and a review of the test program by CSD and Grumman engineers.

      Also, in what CSD described as "the start of a long range program for familiarizing Apollo suit technicians with field and launch operations," the Division reported that it had sent an Apollo suit technician to Cape Kennedy to take part in the forthcoming Gemini VI mission.


    1965 October 7 - .
    • The Wet Mock Simulated Launch (WMSL) of Gemini-Titan (GT) 6 and the Simultaneous Launch Demonstration with GT-6 and the Gemini Atlas-Agena target vehicle were conducted. - . Nation: USA. Flight: Gemini 6.

      Following WMSL, the spacecraft and launch vehicle were demated to allow the spacecraft battery to be replaced. They were remated October 8-13. Spacecraft Systems Test was completed October 15. Prelaunch testing concluded October 20 with the Simulated Flight Test.


    1965 October 8 - .
    • Apollo Lunar Landing Research Vehicle flown to 91 m - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft Bus: Apollo LM. Spacecraft: Apollo LLRV.

      A test model of the Lunar Landing Research Vehicle, designed to simulate lunar landings, was flown by former NASA X-15 pilot Joseph Walker to an altitude of 91 m (300 ft). Built by Bell Aerosystems Company under contract to NASA, the research craft had a jet engine that supported five-sixths of its weight. The pilot manipulated solid-fuel lift rockets that supported the remaining one-sixth, and the craft's attitude was controlled with jets of hydrogen peroxide.


    1965 October 8 - .
    • Failed drop of Apollo boilerplate 6A due to braking parachute - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM, CSM Parachute.

      A drop in the boilerplate 6A series, using flight-qualifiable earth landing system (ELS) components, failed because the braking parachute (not a part of the ELS) did not adequately stabilize the vehicle. MSC invited North American and Northrop-Ventura to Houston to explain the failure and to recommend corrective measures.


    1965 October 9 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Brigitte. LV Family: Diamant. Launch Vehicle: Saphir VE231.
    • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 1,150 km (710 mi).

    1965 October 9 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur PU33. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: R-36 8K67.
    • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

    1965 October 10 - . 01:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Javelin. FAILURE: Failure.
    • M / DTR Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 32 km (19 mi).

    1965 October 11 - .
    • Apollo AAP objectives described. - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft Bus: Apollo CSM. Spacecraft: Apollo X.

      In a paper presented at the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics' fourth manned space flight meeting in St. Louis, AAP Director William B. Taylor described the focus and importance of the AAP. In contrast to Apollo, with its clear objective of lauding on the Moon, AAP's objectives were much less obvious. Under AAP, Taylor said, NASA planned to exploit the capabilities being developed for Apollo as a technological bridge to more extensive manned space flight missions of the 1970s and 1980s. AAP was not an end in itself, but rather a beginning to build flight experience, technology, and scientific data. Additional Details: here....


    1965 October 11 - . Launch Site: Green River. Launch Complex: Green River Pad 2. Launch Vehicle: Athena RTV.
    • USAF C016 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

    1965 October 12 - .
    • Parachute mortar failed during static testing - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM, CSM Block I.

      On August 26, the attachments for the pilot parachute mortar had failed during static testing on CM 006. The fittings had been redesigned and the test was not repeated. This test, the final one in the limit load series for the earth landing system, certified the structural interface between the CM and the earth landing system for the 009 flight.


    1965 October 12 - . 17:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Hidden Hills DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. FAILURE: APU shutdown..
    • X-15A Checkout mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Spacecraft: X-15A. Apogee: 28 km (17 mi). Maximum Speed - 5001 kph. Maximum Altitude - 28770 m. Air dropped in Hidden Hills DZ..

    1965 October 13 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5 VAO.
    • VAO Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: AN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

    1965 October 13 - . 03:13 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
    • Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 183 km (113 mi).

    1965 October 13 - . 16:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
    • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 124 km (77 mi).

    1965 October 13 - . 16:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
    • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 110 km (60 mi).

    1965 October 14 - . 13:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC2E. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor SLV-2A Agena D.
    • OGO 2 - . Payload: OGO C (S-50). Mass: 507 kg (1,117 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft: OGO. Decay Date: 1981-09-17 . USAF Sat Cat: 1620 . COSPAR: 1965-081A. Apogee: 1,515 km (941 mi). Perigee: 419 km (260 mi). Inclination: 87.4000 deg. Period: 104.40 min.

      OGO 2 was a large observatory instrumented with 20 experiments designed to make simultaneous, correlative observations of aurora and airglow emissions, energetic particles, magnetic field variations, ionospheric properties, etc., especially over the polar areas. Soon after achieving orbit, difficulties in maintaining earth lock with horizon scanners caused exhaustion of attitude control gas by October 23, 1965, 10 days after launch. At this time, the spacecraft entered a spin mode (about 0.11 rpm) with a large coning angle about the previously vertical axis. Five experiments became useless when the satellite went into this spin mode. Six additional experiments were degraded by this loss of attitude control. By April 1966, both batteries had failed, so subsequent observations were limited to sunlit portions of the orbit. By December 1966, only eight experiments were operational, five of which were not degraded by the spin mode operation. By April 1967, the tape recorders had malfunctioned and only one third of the recorded data could be processed. Spacecraft power and periods of operational scheduling conflicts created six large data gaps so that data were observed on a total of about 306 days of the 2-yr, 18-day total span of observed satellite data to November 1, 1967. The spacecraft was shut down on November 1, 1967, with eight experiments still operational. It was reactivated for 2 weeks in February 1968 to operate the rubidium vapor magnetometer experiment.


    1965 October 14 - . 19:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78.
    • Molniya 1-02 - . Payload: Molniya-1. Mass: 1,600 kg (3,500 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Molniya. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-2. Spacecraft: Molniya-1. Decay Date: 1967-03-17 . USAF Sat Cat: 1621 . COSPAR: 1965-080A. Apogee: 39,921 km (24,805 mi). Perigee: 487 km (302 mi). Inclination: 65.2000 deg. Period: 718.80 min. France - USSR communications link. Second communications satellite 'Molniya-1'. Television programme transmission and long-range, two-way multi-channel telephone, phototelegraph and telegraph communications..

    1965 October 14 - . 20:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Delamar Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 003.
    • X-15A MIT,Pace transducer test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Spacecraft: X-15A. Apogee: 81 km (50 mi). Maximum Speed - 5718 kph. Maximum Altitude - 81230 m. Astronaut wings flight (USAF definition). Air dropped in Delamar Dry Lake DZ..

    1965 October 15 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: HJ PRV.
    • Apollo test re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Langley. Apogee: 23 km (14 mi).

    1965 October 15 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. Launch Vehicle: Vesta.
    • FU-123 test - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

    1965 October 15 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur PU32. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: R-36 8K67.
    • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

    1965 October 15 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC40. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan IIIC. FAILURE: Partial Failure..
    • Transtage 4 - . Mass: 189 kg (416 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Spacecraft: OV2. Decay Date: 1972-07-27 . USAF Sat Cat: 1624 . COSPAR: 1965-082xx. Apogee: 264 km (164 mi). Perigee: 229 km (142 mi). Inclination: 32.3000 deg. Period: 89.40 min.
    • OV2-01 - . Mass: 170 kg (370 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft: OV2. Decay Date: 1972-07-27 . USAF Sat Cat: 1624 . COSPAR: 1965-082B. Apogee: 791 km (491 mi). Perigee: 708 km (439 mi). Inclination: 32.6000 deg. Period: 99.80 min. Dual launch with LCS 2; upper stage broke up. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A). .
    • LCS 2 - . Payload: OV2-01 / Transtage 4. Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft: LCS. Decay Date: 1965-10-15 . USAF Sat Cat: 1624 . COSPAR: 1965-082A. Apogee: 785 km (487 mi). Perigee: 730 km (450 mi). Inclination: 32.3000 deg. Period: 99.98 min.

      The second Titan IIIC (Vehicle #4) was successfully launched from Cape Canaveral. This was the first Titan IIIC to carry an operational payload. Three satellites were placed in orbit - an LCS-2 radar calibration sphere, an OV 2-1 radiation sensor, and a metal-ballasted dummy payload. All systems performed well until the second planned burn of the Transtage engines just prior to the injection of the multiple payload into orbit. At this point in the mission, the Transtage exploded due to a malfunction, abruptly terminating the mission. Dual launch with OV2-1; upper stage broke up.

    • LCS 2 - . Mass: 189 kg (416 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Spacecraft: OV2. COSPAR: 1965-082xx.

      The second Titan IIIC (Vehicle #4) was successfully launched from Cape Canaveral. This was the first Titan IIIC to carry an operational payload. Three satellites were placed in orbit - an LCS-2 radar calibration sphere, an OV 2-1 radiation sensor, and a metal-ballasted dummy payload. All systems performed well until the second planned burn of the Transtage engines just prior to the injection of the multiple payload into orbit. At this point in the mission, the Transtage exploded due to a malfunction, abruptly terminating the mission.


    1965 October 16 - . 08:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57.
    • Cosmos 92 - . Payload: Bion precursor. Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-4. Duration: 8.00 days. Decay Date: 1965-10-24 . USAF Sat Cat: 1626 . COSPAR: 1965-083A. Apogee: 331 km (205 mi). Perigee: 204 km (126 mi). Inclination: 64.9000 deg. Period: 89.90 min. High resolution photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; also carried weather and biological experiments..

    1965 October 18 - . 08:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. Launch Complex: Poker Flat FW. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
    • Auroral I / O Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 103 km (64 mi).

    1965 October 18 - . 11:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. Launch Vehicle: Skylark.
    1965 October 19 - . 05:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC86/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
    • Cosmos 93 - . Payload: DS-U2-V s/n 1. Mass: 305 kg (672 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Technology. Type: Military technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-U2-V. Completed Operations Date: 1965-12-16 . Decay Date: 1966-01-03 . USAF Sat Cat: 1629 . COSPAR: 1965-084A. Apogee: 513 km (318 mi). Perigee: 216 km (134 mi). Inclination: 48.4000 deg. Period: 91.80 min. Military technology development satellite - mission still classified..

    1965 October 19 - . 17:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
    • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 124 km (77 mi).

    1965 October 19 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150A.
    • Colorado / Ikeya-Seki Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 179 km (111 mi).

    1965 October 19 - . 23:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
    • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 114 km (70 mi).

    1965 October 20 - .
    • NASA accepted first flight Apollo spacecraft 009 - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM, CSM Block I.

      Apollo spacecraft 009, first of the type that would carry three astronauts to the moon and back, was accepted by NASA during informal ceremonies at North American. Spacecraft 009 included a CM, SM, launch escape system, and adapter. It went to Cape Canaveral for integration with the first Saturn IB (Saturn IB and SIVB stages received August 1965). The spacecraft was stacked on the launch vehicle on 26 December.


    1965 October 20 - . Launch Vehicle: UR-700.
    • Draft project work on UR-700/LK-700 approved. - . Nation: Russia. Spacecraft Bus: TKS. Spacecraft: LK-700. Ministry of General Machine Building (MOM) Decree 'On approval of work on the draft project of the UR-700/LK-700 lunar complex' was issued..

    1965 October 20 - .
    • First coordination meeting on the S-IVB Orbital Workshop and related Apollo Applications Program activities. - . Nation: USA. Program: Skylab. Spacecraft: MORL, Skylab.

      MSC and MSFC program officials and engineers held their first coordination meeting on the S-IVB Orbital Workshop and related Apollo Applications Program experiment activities. Among the most significant results of this meeting was a request by Houston for inclusion of an artificial gravity experiment as part of the S-IVB command and service module concept of the Workshop. MSFC officials undertook to define the feasibility of such an experiment, examining several possible technical approaches (including cables a concept that MSC found less shall appealing). MSFC investigators also sought help from LaRC, where considerable work along this line had been done as part of that Center's MORL study program.


    1965 October 20 - .
    • Leonov and Belyayev accused - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Belyayev, Leonov. Program: Voskhod. Flight: Voskhod 2. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Voskhod. Representatives from the Central Committee believe that, when Leonov and Belyayev discussed their spacewalk with US representatives visiting Moscow, this was used by the Americans to accelerate preparations for their own spacewalk from Gemini 4..

    1965 October 20 - . Launch Site: San Nicolas. LV Family: Terrier. Launch Vehicle: Terrier/551. FAILURE: Failure.
    • Flight test 1 test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NMC. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

    1965 October 20 - . Launch Site: Point Mugu. Launch Platform: RB-57B. LV Family: Sparoair. Launch Vehicle: Cleansweep IIIB.
    • Shrike motor - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 52 km (32 mi).

    1965 October 20 - . Launch Site: Gilson Butte. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 1.
    • P-96? - . Nation: USA. Agency: 41FA4. Apogee: 180 km (110 mi).

    1965 October 20 - . 05:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3 AC.
    1965 October 20 - . 12:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart.
    • SUPARCO 17/65 - . Nation: Pakistan. Agency: SUPA. Apogee: 65 km (40 mi).

    1965 October 20 - . 18:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 395-C. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan II.
    • Power Box - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi). Operational missile test. Some lists give launch date as 10 October..

    1965 October 20 - . 20:35 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
    • Comet study / Solar Ultraviolet astronomy / solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 184 km (114 mi).

    1965 October 21 - .
    • Bubble-type helmet for the Apollo extravehicular mobility unit - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: A7L.

      MSC announced that the bubble-type helmet, designed by Crew Systems Division (CSD) engineers Robert L. Jones and James O'Kane, had been adopted for use in the Apollo extravehicular mobility unit. The new helmet was smaller and lighter than earlier types; extensive studies by CSD had demonstrated its superior comfort, visibility, and don/doff characteristics.


    1965 October 21 - . LV Family: Saturn I. Launch Vehicle: Saturn IB.
    • Launch schedule for Apollo-Saturn IB flights revised - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Phillips, Samuel. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM, CSM Block I.

      Samuel C. Phillips, Apollo Program Director, notified the Center directors and Apollo program managers in Houston, Huntsville, and Cape Kennedy that OMSF's launch schedule for Apollo-Saturn IB flights had been revised, based on delivery of CSMs 009 and 011:

      • AS-201 - January 1966
      • AS-202 - June 1966
      Schedules for AS-203 through 205 (July and October 1966, and January 1967) were unchanged.

    1965 October 21 - .
    • Planning schedule for follow-up procurement of Apollo spacecraft for the AAP. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Low, George. Spacecraft Bus: Apollo CSM. Spacecraft: Apollo X.

      MSC Deputy Director George M. Low advised NASA Hq of Houston's planning schedule for follow-up procurement of Apollo spacecraft for the AAP. Based upon the most recent delivery schedules for the last several command and service modules and lunar excursion modules for Apollo, contract award for those vehicles was scheduled for July and August 1966. In accordance with a 14 July directive from Headquarters, MSC was preparing a procurement plan for the extended CSM and the LEM derivatives covering both the final definition and development and operational phases of AAP. Approval of this plan by Headquarters, Low stated, was anticipated for mid-December, while award of contracts for the program definition phase was set for late January 1966. The contract award date for actual development of the extended CSM was slated for October 1966, while that for the LEM derivatives was postponed until mid- 1967 (in line with revised funding directives from Washington).


    1965 October 21 - . Launch Site: San Nicolas. Launch Vehicle: Corporal.
    • Anti-SLBM Target - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 40 km (24 mi).

    1965 October 21 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Gilson Butte. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 1.
    • P-97? - . Nation: USA. Agency: 41FA4. Apogee: 40 km (24 mi).

    1965 October 21 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
    • JHU Ikeya-Seki Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 191 km (118 mi).

    1965 October 21 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Gilson Butte. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 1.
    • P-98? - . Nation: USA. Agency: 41FA4. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

    1965 October 22 - .
    • 10 areas on the moon selected as subjects for Lunar Orbiter - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Lunar Orbiter. NASA announced that it had selected 10 areas on the moon as subjects for Lunar Orbiter's cameras during 1966. These areas encompassed most major types of lunar terrain. Most were suitable - and potential - landing sites for Surveyor and Apollo spacecraft..

    1965 October 22 - .
    1965 October 22 - . 07:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. Launch Complex: Poker Flat FW. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
    • Auroral I / O Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 137 km (85 mi).

    1965 October 22 - . 20:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique AGI.
    • FU-115 Electron density Ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 210 km (130 mi). FU115 Electron density mission..

    1965 October 23 - .
    1965 October 23 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Brigitte. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S112.
    • Essai 1 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

    1965 October 23 - . 05:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
    • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Apogee: 254 km (157 mi).

    1965 October 23 - . 16:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
    • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 118 km (73 mi).

    1965 October 23 - . 16:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
    • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 114 km (70 mi).

    1965 October 25 - . Launch Vehicle: Proton.
    • L1 manned circumlunar mission taken from Chelomei, given to Korolev. - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Chelomei, Korolev. Spacecraft: LK-1, Soyuz 7K-L1, Soyuz 7K-OK.

      Central Committee of the Communist Party and Council of Soviet Ministers Decree 'On the Concentration of Forces of Industrial Design Organisations for the Creation of Rocket-Space Complex Means for Circling the Moon--work on the UR-500K-L1 program' was issued. As a result of a presentation to the Military Industrial Commission, Afanasyev backed Korolev in wresting control of the manned circumlunar project from Chelomei. The Chelomei LK-1 circumlunar spacecraft was cancelled. In its place, Korolev would use a derivative of the Soyuz 7K-OK, the 7K-L1, launched by Chelomei’s UR-500K, but with a Block D translunar injection stage from the N1. He envisioned launch of the unmanned 7K-L1 into low earth orbit, followed by launch and docking of a 7K-OK with the 7K-L1. The crew would then transfer to the L1, which would then be boosted toward the moon. This was the original reason for the development of the 7K-OK.


    1965 October 25 - .
    • Gemini 6 mission canceled. - . Nation: USA. Flight: Gemini 6.

      The Gemini VI mission was canceled when Gemini Agena target vehicle (GATV) 5002 suffered what appeared to be a catastrophic failure shortly after separating from the Atlas launch vehicle. The Gemini Atlas-Agena target vehicle was launched from complex 14 at 10:00 a.m., e.s.t. When the two vehicles separated at 10:05, all signals were normal. But approximately 375 seconds after liftoff, vehicle telemetry was lost and attempts to reestablish contact failed. The Gemini VI countdown was held and then canceled at 10:54 a.m., because the target vehicle had failed to achieve orbit. In accordance with Air Force Space Systems Division (SSD) procedures and NASA management instructions - both of which specified investigation in the event of such a failure - Major General Ben I. Funk, SSD Commander, reconvened the Agena Flight Safety Review Board, and NASA established a GATV Review Board.


    1965 October 25 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. Launch Vehicle: Vesta.
    • FU-123 test - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 105 km (65 mi).

    1965 October 25 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC14. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas SLV-3 Agena D. FAILURE: Exploded 6 minutes after takeoff. Failure.. Failed Stage: U.
    • Gemini 6 Agena Target - . Payload: TDA-2. Mass: 3,261 kg (7,189 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Gemini. Class: Manned. Type: Manned logistics spacecraft. Flight: Gemini 6, Gemini 7. Spacecraft Bus: Agena. Spacecraft: Gemini Agena Target Vehicle. Decay Date: 1965-10-25 . The Agena target vehicle failed to reach orbit. Gemini 6, awaiting launch, was cancelled. In the ashes of this setback, the idea of launching Gemini 6 to rendezvous with Gemini 7 was born..

    1965 October 26 - .
    • Thoughts on Gemini 6 - . Nation: Russia. Program: Gemini, Soyuz. Flight: Gemini 6.

      Kamanin notes the aborted first launch attempt of Gemini 6, but expects the Americans to achieve the first space docking, using the crew as pilots to fly the spacecraft. He curses Korolev and Keldysh for wasting three years trying to develop a fully automated system for Soyuz, which has put the Soviet Union well behind the Americans. He does not see any equivalent Soviet achievement until the end of 1966...


    1965 October 26 - . LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1.
    • Headquarters USAF issued a System Management Directive to add an Airborne Launch Control System (ALCS) for Minuteman I and II systems. - . SAC would then be able to use its EC-135 airborne command post aircraft to launch Minuteman missiles that were isolated from ground control..

    1965 October 26 - . 12:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
    • Aeronomy/Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: AN. Apogee: 170 km (100 mi).

    1965 October 26 - . 15:25 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
    • Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 195 km (121 mi).

    1965 October 27 - .
    • Birth of Oleg Valeriyevich Kotov - . Nation: Russia, Ukraine. Related Persons: Kotov. Russian physician cosmonaut. Flew on ISS EO-15, ISS EO-22. MD from Moscow Sergei M. Kirov Military Medicine Academy, 1980 . Russian Air Force. Worked in the TsPK, medical department. Cosmonaut training 3 June 1996 - 18 March 1998..

    1965 October 27 - . 18:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Delamar Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 003.
    • X-15A N.Scan/BLN test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Spacecraft: X-15A. Apogee: 72 km (44 mi). Maximum Speed - 5662 kph. Maximum Altitude - 72210 m. Air dropped in Delamar Dry Lake DZ..

    1965 October 28 - . LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan II.
    • Gemini spacecraft No. 6 and the second stage of Gemini launch vehicle (GLV) 6 were deerected and removed from complex 19. - . Nation: USA. Flight: Gemini 6.

      GLV-6 stage I was deerected the next day. The GLV was placed in storage at the Satellite Checkout Building under guard, in an environment controlled for temperature and humidity. Bonded storage maintained the integrity of previously conducted tests to reduce testing that would have to be repeated. Spacecraft No. 6 was stored in the Pyrotechnics Installation Building at the Merritt Island Launch Area.


    1965 October 28 - .
    • The White House announced that NASA would attempt to launch Gemini VI while Gemini VII was in orbit. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Webb. Flight: Gemini 6, Gemini 7.

      The original Gemini VI mission had been canceled when its target vehicle failed catastrophically on October 25. In a memorandum to the President, NASA Administrator James E. Webb indicated the possibility that Gemini VI spacecraft and launch vehicle could be reerected shortly after the launch of Gemini VII. Since much of the prelaunch checkout of Gemini VI would not need repeating, it could be launched in time to rendezvous with Gemini VII (a mission scheduled for 14 days) if launching Gemini VII did not excessively damage the launch pad. NASA officials, spurred by suggestions from Walter F. Burke and John F. Yardley of McDonnell, began discussing the possibility of a dual mission immediately after the failure October 25, drawing on some six months of discussion and preliminary planning by NASA, Air Force, Martin, and McDonnell personnel for a rapid manned flight launch demonstration.


    1965 October 28 - .
    1965 October 28 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Hydac. Launch Vehicle: Sirocco.
    • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DASA. Apogee: 70 km (43 mi).

    1965 October 28 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC50. LV Family: Sprint ABM. Launch Vehicle: HIBEX.
    • HIBEX test - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

    1965 October 28 - . 00:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
    • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 117 km (72 mi).

    1965 October 28 - . 06:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique AGI.
    • FU-115 electron density Ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 210 km (130 mi). FU115 Electron density mission..

    1965 October 28 - . 08:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57.
    • Cosmos 94 - . Payload: Bion precursor. Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-4. Duration: 8.00 days. Decay Date: 1965-11-05 . USAF Sat Cat: 1636 . COSPAR: 1965-085A. Apogee: 271 km (168 mi). Perigee: 205 km (127 mi). Inclination: 65.0000 deg. Period: 89.20 min. High resolution photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; also carried biological experiments..

    1965 October 28 - . 18:01 GMT - . Launch Pad: Pacific Ocean, 30.0 N x 120.0 W. Launch Platform: T-AGM-8. LV Family: Iris. Launch Vehicle: Hydra-Iris.
    • LRL BOX-2 X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN NMC. Apogee: 194 km (120 mi).

    1965 October 28 - . 21:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC3W. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor SLV-2A Agena D.
    • KH-4A 1026 - . Payload: KH-4A s/n 1026 / Agena D 1620 / OPS 2155. Mass: 1,500 kg (3,300 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: CIA, NRO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: WS-117. Spacecraft: KH-4A. Decay Date: 1965-11-17 . USAF Sat Cat: 1637 . COSPAR: 1965-086A. Apogee: 432 km (268 mi). Perigee: 173 km (107 mi). Inclination: 74.9000 deg. Period: 90.50 min. KH-4A. All cameras operated satisfactorily..

    1965 October 29-30 - . LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan II.
    • Gemini launch vehicle (GLV) 7 was erected at complex 19, following the deerection of GLV-6. - . Nation: USA. Flight: Gemini 7.

      Power was applied to GLV-7 on October 31, and Subsystems Reverification Tests (SSRT) began immediately. SSRT ended November 9, and the Prespacecraft Mate Verification Test was performed November 10. This test now included dropping all umbilicals, eliminating the need for a Flight Configuration Mode Test (FCMT). No FCMT was performed on GLV-7 or any subsequent vehicle.


    1965 October 29 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur PU33. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: R-36 8K67.
    • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

    1965 October 29 - . 11:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
    • Infrared Telescope Infrared astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Apogee: 205 km (127 mi).

    1965 October - .
    • Seven flights were made with the Apollo Lunar Landing Research Vehicle - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft Bus: Apollo LM. Spacecraft: Apollo LLRV.

      Seven flights were made with the Lunar Landing Research Vehicle at Flight Research Center during October. The first three were in support of X-15 conference activities, and the last four were for attitude control research. Five of the landings were made in the lunar simulation mode.


    1965 November 1 - .
    • OKB-1 learns of Gagarin letter - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Brezhnev, Gagarin, Korolev, Tsybin. Program: Voskhod, Soyuz.

      Tsybin has learned through his Ministry of Defence contacts of Gagarin's letter to Brezhnev. He hears that they have criticized the space policy of the Minister of Defence and proposed that the VVS manage Soviet manned spaceflight. The letter also reportedly requests production of a new series of Voskhods to fill in the manned spaceflight gap created by delays in the Soyuz program. Korolev is remarkably unperturbed that he had not heard of the letter, and that Gagarin never said anything to him about it.


    November 1965 - . Launch Site: Jiuquan. Launch Complex: Jiuquan LA3. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: DF-2A.
    • First successful test of DF-2A. - . Nation: China. Agency: PRC. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi). First launch of redesigned DF-2. The flight demonstrated a 20% improvement in range for the same 1500 kg payload, and replaced the radio guidance of the DF-2 with an autonoumous gyroscopic system..

    1965 Nov? - . Launch Site: San Nicolas. Launch Vehicle: Corporal.
    • Anti-SLBM Target - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 40 km (24 mi).

    1965 Nov? - . Launch Site: San Nicolas. Launch Vehicle: Corporal.
    • Anti-SLBM Target - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 40 km (24 mi).

    1965 November 2 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur PU31. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: R-36 8K67.
    • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

    1965 November 2 - . 12:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC81/23. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: UR-500.
    • Proton 2 - . Payload: N-4 s/n 2. Mass: 8,300 kg (18,200 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Proton. Class: Astronomy. Type: X-ray astronomy satellite. Spacecraft: N-4 . Decay Date: 1966-02-06 . USAF Sat Cat: 1701 . COSPAR: 1965-087A. Apogee: 608 km (377 mi). Perigee: 189 km (117 mi). Inclination: 63.5000 deg. Period: 92.50 min. High energy physics laboratory. Investigation of ultra-high-energy cosmic particles. .

    1965 November 2 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Exos sounding rocket.
    • IQSY 30-kg Sphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 686 km (426 mi).

    1965 November 2 - . 23:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Sparrow Arcas.
    • IQSY release Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 134 km (83 mi).

    1965 November 3 - . LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan II.
    • Martin-Baltimore received the propellant tanks for Gemini launch vehicle (GLV) 11 from Martin-Denver, which had began fabricating them June 28. - . Nation: USA. Flight: Gemini 10, Gemini 11.

      They were shipped by rail October 27. The GLV-11 stage II fuel tank was used in GLV-10, and the stage II fuel tank from GLV-12 was reassigned to GLV-11, arriving by air from Martin-Denver January 16, 1966. Aerojet-General delivered the engines for GLV-11 on December 14, 1965. Stage I tank splicing and engine installation was complete by March 31, stage II by April 5. Stage I horizontal tests ended April 12 and stage II, April 25.


    1965 November 3 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Vehicle: UR-100. FAILURE: Failure.
    • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

    1965 November 3 - . 09:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
    • IQSY 7-inch Sphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 137 km (85 mi).

    1965 November 3 - . 17:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Cuddeback Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 003.
    • X-15A-2 External Tank test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Spacecraft Bus: X-15A. Spacecraft: X-15A-2. Apogee: 21 km (13 mi). First flight with empty external tanks. Ammonia tank recovered; Lox tank destroyed. Maximum Speed - 2414 kph. Maximum Altitude - 21520 m. Air dropped in Cuddeback Dry Lake DZ..

    1965 November 3 - . 19:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
    • Solar XUVT Solar soft x-ray mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 210 km (130 mi).

    1965 November 4 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC41/3. Launch Pad: LC41/3?. LV Family: R-16. Launch Vehicle: R-16U.
    • Operational test launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,210 km (750 mi).

    1965 November 4 - . Launch Site: Teikovo. LV Family: R-16. Launch Vehicle: R-16U.
    • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,210 km (750 mi).

    1965 November 4 - . 05:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC86/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
    • Cosmos 95 - . Payload: DS-U2-V s/n 2. Mass: 325 kg (716 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Technology. Type: Military technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-U2-V. Completed Operations Date: 1965-11-04 . Decay Date: 1966-01-18 . USAF Sat Cat: 1706 . COSPAR: 1965-088A. Apogee: 521 km (323 mi). Perigee: 211 km (131 mi). Inclination: 48.4000 deg. Period: 91.90 min. Military technology development satellite - mission still classified..

    1965 November 4 - . 17:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Hidden Hills DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. FAILURE: Two engine relights required..
    • X-15A Checkout mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Spacecraft: X-15A. Apogee: 24 km (14 mi). Maximum Speed - 4450 kph. Maximum Altitude - 24440 m. Air dropped in Hidden Hills DZ..

    1965 November 5 - .
    • International Latex to build Apollo space suit, and Hamilton Standard portable life support system - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: A7L.

      NASA announced that it would negotiate with International Latex Corporation for an estimated $10 million contract to fabricate the Apollo space suit consisting of the liquid-cooled undergarment, constant wear garment, pressure garment assembly, and thermo-micrometeoroid protective overgarment. At the same time an estimated $20 million contract was negotiated with Hamilton Standard Division of United Aircraft Corporation for continued development and manufacture of the portable life support system with a four-hour main power supply subjected to a maximum stowage soak temperature of 328K (130 degrees F).


    1965 November 5 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 627. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3.
    • Operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

    1965 November 5 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 627. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3.
    • Operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

    1965 November 5 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 627. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3.
    • Operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

    1965 November 5 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 627. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3.
    • Operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

    1965 November 5 - . Launch Site: Green River. Launch Complex: Green River Pad 1. Launch Vehicle: Athena RTV.
    • USAF D007 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

    1965 November 5 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Vehicle: UR-100. FAILURE: Failure.
    • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

    1965 November 6 - . 18:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor Delta E.
    • Explorer 29 - . Payload: GEOS A. Mass: 175 kg (385 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Program: Explorer. Class: Astronomy. Type: Solar satellite. Spacecraft: GEOS. USAF Sat Cat: 1726 . COSPAR: 1965-089A. Apogee: 2,269 km (1,409 mi). Perigee: 1,120 km (690 mi). Inclination: 59.4000 deg. Period: 120.30 min.

      The primary objective of GEOS-A was to provide global geodetic measurements for determining the positions of fiducial control points on the Earth to an accuracy of 10 meters in an Earth centre of mass co-ordinate system, and to determine the structure of the Earth's gravity field to 5 parts in 10 million. Instrumentation included (1) four optical beacons, (2) laser reflectors, (3) a radio range transponder, (4) Doppler beacons, and (5) a range and range rate transponder. These were designed to operate simultaneously to fulfil the objectives of locating observation points (geodetic control stations) in a three dimensional earth centre-of-mass co-ordinate system within 10 m of accuracy, of defining the structure of the earth's irregular gravitational field and refining the locations and magnitudes of the large gravity anomalies, and of comparing results of the various systems onboard the spacecraft to determine the most accurate and reliable system. In January 1967, a failure in the satellite's command system rendered several geodetic systems inoperable. Radio doppler measurements and the passive laser reflector experiment could continue indefinitely, however. Additional Details: here....


    1965 November 8 - . LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan II.
    • The Combined Systems Acceptance Test of Gemini launch vehicle (GLV) 8 was conducted at Martin-Baltimore. - . Nation: USA. Flight: Gemini 8.

      The vehicle acceptance team convened November 16 and completed its inspection November 19, deeming the vehicle excellent. GLV-8 was deerected December 13-14 and was formally accepted by the Air Force on December 23. Stage I was airlifted to Cape Kennedy on January 4, 1966, followed by stage II on January 6. Both stages were placed in storage.


    1965 November 8 - . 05:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 10.
    • Test / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 228 km (141 mi).

    1965 November 8 - . 19:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC4E. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas SLV-3 Agena D.
    • KH 7-23 - . Payload: KH-7 no. 23 / OPS 8293. Mass: 2,000 kg (4,400 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO, USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: WS-117. Spacecraft: KH-7. Decay Date: 1965-11-11 . USAF Sat Cat: 1727 . COSPAR: 1965-090A. Apogee: 352 km (218 mi). Perigee: 280 km (170 mi). Inclination: 93.9000 deg. Period: 90.80 min. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A). .
    • OPS 6232/Agena D - . Payload: Agena Pickaback / OPS 6232. Mass: 60 kg (132 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft Bus: P 11. Spacecraft: SSF. Decay Date: 1965-11-09 . USAF Sat Cat: 1728 . COSPAR: 1965-090B. Apogee: 284 km (176 mi). Perigee: 155 km (96 mi). Inclination: 93.9000 deg. Period: 88.90 min. Not identified as a subsatellite ferret by McDowell..

    1965 November 9 - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Hydac. Launch Vehicle: HJ Nike Hydac.
    • Aeronomy mission? [113 kg] - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 521 km (323 mi).

    1965 November 9 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF21. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 2.
    • Research and development launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

    1965 November 9 - . 09:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. LV Family: Lupus. Launch Vehicle: HAD.
    • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Australia. Agency: WRE. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

    1965 November 9 - . 18:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
    • UM Pitot 18 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 144 km (89 mi).

    1965 November 9 - . 19:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
    • Extreme ultraviolet Mon Solar extreme ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 238 km (147 mi).

    1965 November 9 - . 19:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
    • Thermosphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 328 km (203 mi).

    1965 November 10 - . 02:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
    • Lunar Infrared Infrared astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 180 km (110 mi).

    1965 November 10 - . 07:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
    • Thermosphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 328 km (203 mi).

    1965 November 11 - .
    • Apollo Block I SPS engine altitude qualification test - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM, CSM SPS. The Block I service propulsion system engine successfully completed the first altitude qualification tests at AEDC..

    1965 November 11 - . 04:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
    • DAPHNE Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 113 km (70 mi).

    1965 November 11 - . 04:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Sparrow Arcas.
    • Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 137 km (85 mi).

    1965 November 12 - .
    • Apollo portable life support system Preliminary Design Review - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: A7L. The portable life support system Preliminary Design Review was completed. The design was essentially complete and no major discrepancies were noted during the review..

    1965 November 12 - .
    • USAF MOL Astronaut Training Group 1 selected. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Adams, Finley, Lawyer, Macleay, Neubeck, Taylor.

      The group was selected to provide crews for flights of the Manned Orbiting Laboratory, a classified military manned space station.. Qualifications: Qualified military pilot; graduate of Aerospace Research Pilot School; serving military officer; US citizen by birth..


    1965 November 12 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC41/4. LV Family: R-16. Launch Vehicle: R-16U.
    • Military training launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,210 km (750 mi).

    1965 November 12 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
    • Environment Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

    1965 November 12 - . 05:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78.
    • Venera 2 - . Payload: 3MV-4 s/n 4. Mass: 962 kg (2,120 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Venera. Class: Venus. Type: Venus probe. Spacecraft Bus: 3MV. Spacecraft: Venera 3MV-4. USAF Sat Cat: 1730 . COSPAR: 1965-091A. Apogee: 315 km (195 mi). Perigee: 205 km (127 mi). Inclination: 51.8000 deg. Period: 89.71 min.

      Venera 2 was launched towards the planet Venus and carried a TV system and scientific instruments. On February 27, 1966, the spacecraft passed Venus at a distance of 24,000 km and entered a heliocentric orbit. The spacecraft system had ceased to operate before the planet was reached and returned no data.


    1965 November 12 - . 22:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC29A. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A1.
    • STAFF 4 test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

    1965 November 13 - . Launch Vehicle: Proton.
    • Industrial orders to cancel LK-1 spacecraft and implement L1. - . Nation: Russia. Spacecraft: LK-1, Soyuz 7K-L1. Ministry of General Machine Building (MOM) Decree 'On work on the UR-500K-L1 program' was issued..

    1965 November 14 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur PU32. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: R-36 8K67.
    • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

    1965 November 15 - .
    • MSC instructed North American to study Apollo CSM thermal situation - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo LM, LM ECS, LM RCS.

      MSC instructed North American to:

      • Submit a preliminary design of Block II CSM jettisonable covers to protect the radiator and CM heatshield thermal coatings from degradation by the boost environment.
      • Furnish preliminary design of nonablative reaction control system (RCS) plume heat protection to prevent SM coating degradation on Block II CSMs.
      • Determine the effect on the overall SM and LEM adapter thermal design of coating degradation to a level specified by MSC and to propose design changes or mission constraints for Block I and Block II CSMs.
      • Determine the effect on the SM RCS thermal design of coating degradation to the level specified by MSC and to propose design changes or mission constraints for Block I and II CSMs.

    1965 November 16 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: HJ Nike Nike.
    • AEC SKOL - . Nation: USA. Agency: SAND. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

    1965 November 16 - . 02:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Niijima. LV Family: STA. Launch Vehicle: ST test vehicle.
    • Test mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: STA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

    1965 November 16 - . 04:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78.
    • Venera 3 - . Payload: 3MV-3 s/n 1. Mass: 958 kg (2,112 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Venera. Class: Venus. Type: Venus probe. Spacecraft Bus: 3MV. Spacecraft: Venera 3MV-3. Decay Date: 1966-03-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 1733 . COSPAR: 1965-092A.

      Venera 3 was launched towards the planet Venus. The mission was to land on the Venusian surface. The entry vehicle contained a radio communication system, scientific instruments, electrical power sources, and medallions bearing the coat of arms of the U.S.S.R. The station impacted Venus on March 1, 1966. However, the communications systems had failed before planetary data could be returned.


    1965 November 16 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
    • LUSTER B Meteorites mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 144 km (89 mi).

    1965 November 16 - . 18:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
    • D-region comparison Ionosphere / aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 114 km (70 mi).

    1965 November 16 - . 22:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
    • YORKSHIRE Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

    1965 November 16 - . 23:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: HJ Nike Nike.
    • LRL RCS-1 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 183 km (113 mi).

    1965 November 17 - . 04:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
    • Auroral emissions Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 178 km (110 mi).

    1965 November 17 - . 06:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Niijima. LV Family: STA. Launch Vehicle: NAL-16.
    • Test mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: STA. Apogee: 45 km (27 mi).

    1965 November 17 - . 12:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart.
    • SUPARCO 18/65 - . Nation: Pakistan. Agency: SUPA. Apogee: 65 km (40 mi).

    1965 November 17 - . 23:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
    • EDNA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 155 km (96 mi).

    1965 November 18 - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Hydac. Launch Vehicle: Nike Javelin.
    • IQSY Na, TMA Aeronomy sodium / TMA release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

    1965 November 18 - . 02:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Sparrow Arcas.
    • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

    1965 November 18 - . 05:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Sparrow Arcas.
    • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

    1965 November 18 - . 05:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
    • IQSY D-region comparison Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 116 km (72 mi).

    1965 November 18 - . 08:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Sparrow Arcas.
    • Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 137 km (85 mi).

    1965 November 18 - . 11:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
    • POLLY Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 155 km (96 mi).

    1965 November 18 - . 14:31 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
    • Pandora 1 (Leonids) Meteorites mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 149 km (92 mi).

    1965 November 18 - . 17:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bechar. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 1.
    • MPE Ba-14 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 170 km (100 mi).

    1965 November 19 - . LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan II.
    • Aerojet-General delivered the stage II engine for Gemini launch vehicle (GLV) 10 to Martin-Baltimore. - . Nation: USA. Flight: Gemini 10, Gemini 11.

      The stage I engine had been delivered August 23. Martin-Baltimore completed splicing stage I January 12, 1966; stage II splicing, using the fuel tank reassigned from GLV-11, was finished February 2. Engine installation was completed February 7, and stage I horizontal tests February 11. Stage II horizontal testing ended March 2.


    1965 November 19 - . 04:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA3A. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout X-4.
    • Explorer 30 - . Payload: Solar Explorer A. Mass: 57 kg (125 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Program: Explorer. Class: Astronomy. Type: Solar satellite. Spacecraft: IQSY. USAF Sat Cat: 1738 . COSPAR: 1965-093A. Apogee: 856 km (531 mi). Perigee: 671 km (416 mi). Inclination: 59.7000 deg. Period: 100.10 min. Solar radiation data. Spacecraft engaged in research and exploration of the upper atmosphere or outer space (US Cat B). .

    1965 November 19 - . 04:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. Launch Vehicle: Skylark.
    1965 November 19 - . 17:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bechar. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 1.
    • MPE Ba-15 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 190 km (110 mi).

    1965 November 20 - . 00:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
    • Ferdinand 12 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 122 km (75 mi).

    1965 November 20 - . 05:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
    • Auroral emissions Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 175 km (108 mi).

    1965 November 20 - . 08:28 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
    • Stellar Spectra Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: KPNO. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

    1965 November 20 - . 13:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: HJ NIke.
    • Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 1.00 km (0.60 mi).

    1965 November 20 - . 17:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bechar. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Dragon 1.
    • MPE Ba-16? Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 404 km (251 mi).

    1965 November 22 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. FAILURE: Failure.
    • HRT Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

    1965 November 22 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
    • Sampler Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

    1965 November 22 - . Launch Site: Green River. Launch Complex: Green River Pad 3. Launch Vehicle: Athena RTV. FAILURE: Failure.
    • USN B007 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

    1965 November 22 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
    • AEC SKOL - . Nation: USA. Agency: SAND. Apogee: 2.00 km (1.20 mi).

    1965 November 22 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
    • AEC SKOL - . Nation: USA. Agency: SAND. Apogee: 2.00 km (1.20 mi).

    1965 November 22 - . 06:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Niijima. LV Family: LS-C. Launch Vehicle: LS-A.
    • Test mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: STA. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

    1965 November 23 - .
    • Fire during Apollo CM RCS test for spacecraft 009 - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM, CSM Block I.

      North American informed MSC of a fire in the reaction control system (RCS) test cell during a CM RCS test for spacecraft 009. The fire was suspected to have been caused by overheating the test cell when the 10 engines were activated, approximately 30 sec prior to test completion. An estimated test delay of two to three weeks, due to shutdown of the test cell for refurbishment, was forecast. MSC informed the Apollo Program Director that an investigation was underway.


    1965 November 23 - . Launch Vehicle: Spiral 50-50.
    • Spiral spaceplane - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Belyayev, Brezhnev, Filipchenko, Gagarin, Leonov, Matinchenko, Mikoyan, Titov. Spacecraft Bus: Spiral 50-50. Spacecraft: Spiral OS.

      Gagarin, Belyayev, and Leonov are preparing for a meeting with Brezhnev. Nothing controversial is to be raised. The real issue now is to develop a winged, manned orbital spacecraft, and a winged booster stage for space launches. This will be essential to future manned military activities. Mikoyan's MiG bureau has been working on the orbital spaceplane, and Tupolev the winged booster stage. Titov, Filipchenko, and Matinchenko and a few other cosmonauts will coordinate with Mikoyan on development of the spaceplane design.


    1965 November 23 - . 03:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78. FAILURE: At T+528 sec, during the final thrust phase of the Block I's 8D715K engine, one of the combustion chambers blew up due to a tear in the fuel pipeline. This resulted in an abnormal separation of the upper stages.. Failed Stage: U.
    • Cosmos 96 - . Payload: 3MV-4 s/n 6. Mass: 960 kg (2,110 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Venera. Class: Venus. Type: Venus probe. Spacecraft Bus: 3MV. Spacecraft: Venera 3MV-4. Decay Date: 1965-12-09 . USAF Sat Cat: 1742 . COSPAR: 1965-094A. Apogee: 296 km (183 mi). Perigee: 222 km (137 mi). Inclination: 51.9000 deg. Period: 89.70 min. The escape stage Block L entered parking orbit tumbling and was not able to operate properly..

    1965 November 24 - .
    • Kamanin and Korolev - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Afanasyev, Sergei, Korolev, Pashkov, Smirnov, Tyulin. Program: Voskhod, Soyuz, Lunar L1. Flight: Soyuz 1, Soyuz 2A, Soyuz s/n 3/4, Voskhod 3, Voskhod 4, Voskhod 5, Voskhod 6. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-L1, Soyuz 7K-OK, Voskhod.

      Kamanin has his first face-to-face meeting with Korolev in 3 months - the longest delay in three years of working together. Their relationship is at low ebb. Despite having last talked about the next Voskhod flight by the end of November, Korolev now reveals that the spacecraft are still incomplete, and that he has abandoned plans to finish the last two (s/n 8 and 9), since these would overlap with planned Soyuz flights. By the first quarter of 1966 OKB-1 expects to be completing two Soyuz spacecraft per quarter, and by the end of 1966, one per month. Voskhod s/n 5, 6, and 7 will only be completed in January-February 1966. Korolev has decided to delete the artificial gravity experiment from s/n 6 and instead fly this spacecraft with two crew for a 20-day mission. The artificial gravity experiment will be moved to s/n 7. Completion of any of the Voskhods for spacewalks has been given up; future EVA experiments will be conducted from Soyuz spacecraft. Korolev says he has supported VVS leadership of manned spaceflight in conversations with Tyulin, Afanasyev, Pashkov, and Smirnov.


    1965 November 24 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
    • AEC SKOL - . Nation: USA. Agency: SAND. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

    1965 November 24 - . 04:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
    • Auroral emissions Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 175 km (108 mi).

    1965 November 24 - . 15:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
    • B Field Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 169 km (105 mi).

    1965 November 25 - . 04:40 GMT - . Launch Site: CELPA. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 1.
    • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Argentina. Apogee: 175 km (108 mi).

    1965 November 25 - . 08:24 GMT - . Launch Site: CELPA. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 1.
    • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Argentina. Apogee: 175 km (108 mi).

    1965 November 25 - . 13:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA5B. Launch Pad: LA5B?. Launch Vehicle: Black Knight.
    1965 November 26 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M.
    • Venus launch delayed. - . Payload: 3MV-3. Nation: Russia. Program: Venera. Class: Venus. Type: Venus probe. Spacecraft Bus: 3MV. Spacecraft: Venera 3MV-3. Decay Date: 1965-11-26 . The launch attempt was abandoned due to a launch vehicle malfunction during pre-launch preparations..

    1965 November 26 - . 08:24 GMT - . Launch Site: CELPA. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 1.
    • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Argentina. Apogee: 175 km (108 mi).

    1965 November 26 - . 12:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC86/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
    • Cosmos 97 - . Payload: DS-U2-M s/n 1. Mass: 267 kg (588 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-U2-M. Completed Operations Date: 1966-01-23 . Decay Date: 1967-04-02 . USAF Sat Cat: 1777 . COSPAR: 1965-095A. Apogee: 2,144 km (1,332 mi). Perigee: 214 km (132 mi). Inclination: 48.4000 deg. Period: 108.90 min. Development tests of atomic clocks..

    1965 November 26 - . 14:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Brigitte. LV Family: Diamant. Launch Vehicle: Diamant A.
    • Asterix 1 - . Payload: A 1. Mass: 42 kg (92 lb). Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: Asterix. USAF Sat Cat: 1778 . COSPAR: 1965-096A. Apogee: 1,697 km (1,054 mi). Perigee: 527 km (327 mi). Inclination: 34.3000 deg. Period: 107.50 min. First French satellite. French scientific satellite 'A-I'. Launched from Hammaguir (Algeria) in rder to test the 'Diamant' launching vehicle for the first time..

    1965 November 27 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur PU33. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: R-36 8K67.
    • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

    1965 November 27 - . 08:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Vostok 8A92.
    • Cosmos 98 - . Payload: Zenit-2 11F61 s/n 31. Mass: 4,720 kg (10,400 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-2 satellite. Duration: 8.00 days. Decay Date: 1965-12-05 . USAF Sat Cat: 1780 . COSPAR: 1965-097A. Apogee: 547 km (339 mi). Perigee: 205 km (127 mi). Inclination: 65.0000 deg. Period: 92.10 min. Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite..

    1965 November 27 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 395-D. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan II.
    • Red Wagon operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

    1965 November 28 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg.
    • Last Thor/Agena launch from Vandenberg AFB - . Nation: USA. Last Thor/Agena launch from Vandenberg AFB (first mission on 28 February 1959)..

    1965 November 29 - . Launch Site: San Nicolas. Launch Complex: San Nicolas. Launch Vehicle: Redstone.
    • Project Defender Redstone launch. - . Nation: USA. Redstone launched as ballistic missile target and was successfully intercepted by a US Navy Terrier surface-to-air missile launched from Point Mugu, California..

    1965 November 29 - . 04:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC2E. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor SLV-2 Agena B.
    • Alouette 2 - . Payload: Alouette 2 / Explorer 31. Mass: 145 kg (319 lb). Nation: Canada. Agency: DRTE. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft: Alouette. USAF Sat Cat: 1804 . COSPAR: 1965-098A. Apogee: 2,666 km (1,656 mi). Perigee: 503 km (312 mi). Inclination: 79.8000 deg. Period: 117.90 min.

      Ionospheric research; data correlated with Explorer 31. The double-launch project, known as ISIS-X was the first in a new co-operative NASA-Canadian Defense Research Board program for International Satellites for Ionospheric Studies. Alouette was in orbit with an apogee just over a kilometre lower than Explorer 31's and with a perigee of just more than a kilometre higher. The orbits were some 3000 km at apogee and 500 km at perigee.

    • Explorer 31 - . Payload: DME A. Mass: 99 kg (218 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Program: Explorer. Class: Earth. Type: Ionosphere satellite. Spacecraft: DME. USAF Sat Cat: 1806 . COSPAR: 1965-098B. Apogee: 2,833 km (1,760 mi). Perigee: 505 km (313 mi). Inclination: 79.8000 deg. Period: 119.70 min.

      Ionospheric research; data correlated with Alouette 2. The Explorer 31, Direct Measurement Explorer, was launched with a Canadian Alouette II on November 28, 1965, on a Thor-Agena rocket from Vandenberg Air Force Base, California. The double-launch project, known as ISIS-X was the first in a new co-operative NASA-Canadian Defense Research Board program for International Satellites for Ionospheric Studies. Explorer 31 was in orbit with an apogee just over a kilometre more than Alouette's and with a perigee of just more than a kilometre lower. The orbits were some 3000 km at apogee and 500 km at perigee. Eight ionospheric measurement experiments sampled the environment both forward and after the satellite's path.


    1965 November 29 - . 14:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 576A1. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D.
    • NTMP KX-33 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,800 km (1,100 mi).

    1965 November 30 - .
    • Apollo Mission Simulator No 1 shipped - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM, CSM Simulator. Apollo Mission Simulator No. 1 was shipped from Link Group, General Precision, Binghamton, New York, to MSC..

    1965 November - .
    • Ten flights were made with the Apollo lunar landing research vehicle - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft Bus: Apollo LM. Spacecraft: Apollo LLRV. Ten flights were made with the lunar landing research vehicle. All flights were for attitude control and handling qualities research. Landings on all flights were made in the lunar landing mode..

    1965 November 30 - .
    • Problems with the Igla system for Soyuz - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Gagarin, Korolev, Mnatsakanian. Program: Voskhod, Soyuz. Flight: Soyuz 1, Soyuz 2A, Voskhod 3, Voskhod 4, Voskhod 5, Voskhod 6. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-OK, Voskhod.

      After a meeting with Kamanin, Korolev tells Chertok in confidence that Gagarin is training for a flight on a Soyuz mission. Chertok responds that it will take him at least a year to complete training, but that doesn't matter, since Mnatsakanian's Igla docking system will not be ready than any earlier than that. Korolev explodes on hearing this. "I allowed all work on Voskhod stopped so that the staff can be completely dedicated to Soyuz. I will not allow the Soyuz schedule to slip a day further". Turkov had been completing further Voskhods only on direct orders from the VPK and on the insistence of the VVS. Aside from military experiments, further Voskhod flights were meant to take back the space endurance record from the Americans. Korolev has derailed those plans without openly telling anyone in order to get the Soyuz flying.


    1965 November 30 - . Launch Site: San Nicolas. Launch Vehicle: Redstone.
    • DAT-371 Target mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DARPA, US Army. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

      Redstone launched as ballistic missile target for a US Navy Terrier surface-to-air missile launched from Point Mugu, California. It was reported that there were two Redstone launches as part of Project Defender from November 30 to December 13, 1965, but details of the second launch are not known.


    1965 November 30 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Vehicle: UR-100. FAILURE: Failure.
    • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

    1965 November 30 - . 07:48 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
    • Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 179 km (111 mi).

    1965 November 30 - . 14:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 395-B. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan II.
    • Cross Fire operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

    1965 December - .
    • Experiment proposals for the immediate post-Apollo Earth-orbital phase of manned space exploration, as part of the AES program. - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft Bus: Apollo CSM. Spacecraft: Apollo X.

      The Advanced Missions Division, Manned Space Science Program, in the Office of Space Sciences and Applications, released details of experiment proposals submitted by teams of potential experimenters for the immediate post-Apollo Earth-orbital phase of manned space exploration, as part of the AES program. As well as detailed descriptions of the various scientific experiments themselves, the report examined the justification for AES in relation to other space programs, mission objectives, operational constraints, and long-range plans and goals.


    1965 December - .
    • Boeing report for the proposed multipurpose mission module. - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft: LORL. The Boeing Company submitted a utilization study report to MSC for the proposed multipurpose mission module. The report was one of 13 volumes prepared by Boeing's Aerospace Group Space Division under an MSC contract.. Additional Details: here....

    1965 December 1 - .
    • Green light to begin the Saturn IVB Orbital Workshop program - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Mueller, von Braun. Spacecraft Bus: Skylab. Spacecraft: Orbital Workshop.

      George E. Mueller, Associate Administrator for Manned Space Flight, and MSFC Director Wernher von Braun discussed Marshall's briefing on the S-IVB Workshop concept presented at Headquarters the previous day. Mueller asked that MSFC formulate a program development plan and present it at the next meeting of the Manned Space Flight Management Council. Specifically, Mueller demanded that the plan include experiments to be carried aboard the Workshop; funding arrangements; and where development work should be done (in house, or elsewhere). In addition, he asked that MSFC submit two such plans, one for the unpressurized and another for the pressurized version of the Workshop. In effect, Mueller gave Marshall the 'green light' to begin the Orbital Workshop program. At von Braun's request, the Workshop received the status of a separate project, with William Ferguson as Project Manager.


    1965 December - . LV Family: RT-2. Launch Vehicle: RT-1.
    • Work ended on the experimental RT-1 missile. - . Nation: Russia. The tests on this missile proved concepts and hardware for the RT-2 operational solid propellant ICBM.

    1965 December 1 - . Launch Site: Warren AFB. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1.
    • The High Explosive Simulation Technique (HEST) Test began at a Minuteman I, Wing V, launch facility at Francis E. Warren AFB, Wyoming. - .

      Developed by the Air Force Weapons Laboratory, the HEST Test was intended to use high explosives to simulate ground motions associated with, and induced by, a nuclear airblast and thus validate hardness assessment of ground facilities and the degree of structural survivability.


    1965 December 1 - . Launch Site: Sary Shagan. Launch Complex: Sary Shagan LC6. LV Family: A-35. Launch Vehicle: A-350Zh.
    • Test mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: PKO. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

    1965 December 1 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-16. Launch Vehicle: R-16U.
    • Verification Operational test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,210 km (750 mi).

    1965 December 1 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-16. Launch Vehicle: R-16U.
    • Verification Operational test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,210 km (750 mi).

    1965 Dec - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-16. Launch Vehicle: R-16U.
    • Test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,210 km (750 mi).

    1965 December 2 - .
    • Apollo LEM TM-5 cancelled - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Phillips, Samuel. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo LM, LM Landing Gear. Maj. Gen. Samuel C. Phillips, NASA Apollo Program Director, approved the deletion of the LEM TM-5 from the ground test program.. Additional Details: here....

    1965 December 2 - . LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas SLV-3A, Atlas SLV-3C.
    • NASA approved the development of new standard launch vehicles, the Atlas/Agena (SLV-3A) and the Atlas/Centaur (SLV-3C). Both Atlas boosters were to be of improved design to provide higher performance - .

    1965 December 2 - . 17:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
    • Mg II heliogram 2 Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 185 km (114 mi).

    1965 December 3 - . 10:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78.
    • Luna 8 - . Payload: E-6 s/n 12. Mass: 1,550 kg (3,410 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Luna. Class: Moon. Type: Lunar probe. Spacecraft: Luna E-6. Decay Date: 1965-12-06 . USAF Sat Cat: 1810 . COSPAR: 1965-099A.

      Lunar soft landing attempt failed. Luna 8's objectives were to test a soft lunar landing system and scientific research. Weighing 1,552 kg (3,422 lbs), the spacecraft was following a trajectory close to the calculated one and the equipment was functioning normally. However, a puncture to a cushioning airbag caused the spacecraft to spin, losing attitude control and preventing full firing of the retrorockets. The spacecraft impacted the lunar surface at 9.1 N, 63.3 W in the Sea of Storms at 21:51:30 UT on 6 December 1965. The mission did complete the experimental development of the star-orientation system and ground control of radio equipment, flight trajectory, and other instrumentation.


    1965 December 4 - . LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan II.
    • Both stages of Gemini launch vehicle (GLV) 6 were removed from storage and arrived at complex 19 two hours after the launch of Gemini VII. - . Nation: USA. Flight: Gemini 6, Gemini 7. Spacecraft Bus: Gemini space suits. Spacecraft: G5C.

      Spacecraft No. 6 was returned to complex 19 on December 5. Within 24 hours after the launch of Gemini VII, both stages of GLV-6 were erected, spacecraft and launch vehicle were mated, and power was applied. Subsystems Reverification Tests were completed December 8. The only major problem was a malfunction of the spacecraft computer memory. The computer was replaced and checked out December 7-8. The Simulated Flight Test, December 8-9, completed prelaunch tests. The launch, initially scheduled for December 13, was rescheduled for December 12.


    1965 December 4 - . 19:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC19. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan II GLV.
    • Gemini 7 - . Call Sign: Gemini 7. Crew: Borman, Lovell. Backup Crew: Collins, White. Payload: Gemini SC7. Mass: 3,663 kg (8,075 lb). Nation: USA. Related Persons: Borman, Collins, Lovell, White. Agency: NASA Houston. Program: Gemini. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Gemini 6, Gemini 7. Spacecraft: Gemini. Duration: 13.77 days. Decay Date: 1965-12-18 . USAF Sat Cat: 1812 . COSPAR: 1965-100A. Apogee: 318 km (197 mi). Perigee: 217 km (134 mi). Inclination: 28.9000 deg. Period: 89.90 min.

      An Air Force Titan II Gemini Launch Vehicle lifted Gemini 7 (GT-7) into orbit from Cape Canaveral. Astronauts Frank Borman and James Lovell completed the 14-day mission, the longest U.S. space flight to date (330 hours, 35 minutes) and 206 revolutions, and were recovered on 18 December, 700 miles southwest of Bermuda. During their record flight, Borman and Lovell piloted GT-7 as the target vehicle for the first space rendezvous between manned spacecraft. Astronauts Walter Schirra and Thomas Stafford aboard Gemini 6 were launched on 15 December and completed the first space rendezvous with Gemini 7 the same day. Primary objectives of the mission were demonstrating manned orbital flight for approximately 14 days and evaluating the physiological effects of a long-duration flight on the crew. Among the secondary objectives were providing a rendezvous target for the Gemini VI-A spacecraft, stationkeeping with the second stage of the launch vehicle and with spacecraft No. 6, conducting 20 experiments, using lightweight pressure suits, and evaluating the spacecraft reentry guidance capability. All objectives were successfully achieved with the exception of two experiments lost because of equipment failure. Shortly after separation from the launch vehicle, the crew maneuvered the spacecraft to within 60 feet of the second stage and stationkept for about 15 minutes. The exercise was terminated by a separation maneuver, and the spacecraft was powered down in preparation for the 14-day mission. The crew performed five maneuvers during the course of the mission to increase orbital lifetime and place the spacecraft in proper orbit for rendezvous with spacecraft No. 6. Rendezvous was successfully accomplished during the 11th day in orbit, with spacecraft No. 7 serving as a passive target for spacecraft No. 6. About 45 hours into the mission, Lovell removed his pressure suit. He again donned his suit at 148 hours, while Borman removed his. Some 20 hours later Lovell again removed his suit, and both crewmen flew the remainder of the mission without suits, except for the rendezvous and reentry phases. With three exceptions, the spacecraft and its systems performed nominally throughout the entire mission. The delayed-time telemetry playback tape recorder malfunctioned about 201hours after liftoff, resulting in the loss of all delayed-time telemetry data for the remainder of the mission. Two fuel cell stacks showed excessive degradation late in the flight and were taken off the line; the remaining four stacks furnished adequate electrical power until reentry. Two attitude thrusters performed poorly after 283 hours in the mission. Retrofire occurred exactly on time, and reentry and landing were nominal. The spacecraft missed the planned landing point by only 10.3 km miles, touching down on December 18. The crew arrived at the prime recovery ship, the aircraft carrier Wasp, half an hour later. The spacecraft was recovered half an hour after the crew.

      Far surpassing the Gemini 5 flight, Gemini 7 set a manned spaceflight endurance record that would endure for years. The incredibly boring mission, was made more uncomfortable by the extensive biosensors. This was somewhat offset by the soft spacesuits (used only once) and permission to spend most of the time in long johns. The monotony was broken just near the end by the rendezvous with Gemini 6.


    1965 December 5 - .
    • Hamilton Standard tested Apollo life support back pack - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: A7L.

      Hamilton Standard successfully tested a life-support back pack designed to meet requirements of the lunar surface suit. The system functioned as planned for more than three hours inside a vacuum chamber, while the test subject walked on a treadmill to simulate the metabolic load of an astronaut on the lunar terrain. The 29.48-kg (65-lb) portable life support system supplied oxygen, pressurized to a minimum 25,510 newtons per sq m (3.7 lbs psi), controlled its temperature and relative humidity, and circulated it through the suit and helmet. The pack pumped cooled water through the tubing of the undergarment for cooling inside the pressure suit. A canister of lithium hydroxide trapped carbon dioxide and other air contaminants to purify the oxygen for reuse.


    1965 December 6-17 - .
    • Block II Apollo CSM Critical Design - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM, CSM Block II.

      The Block II CSM Critical Design Review (CDR) was held at North American, Downey, Calif. The specifications and drawings were reviewed and the CSM mockup inspected. Review Item Dispositions were written against the design where it failed to meet the requirements.

      As a result of the CDR North American would update the configuration of mockup 27A for use in zero-g flights at Wright-Patterson AFB. The flights could not be rescheduled until MSC approved the refurbished mockup as being representative of the spacecraft configuration.


    1965 December 6 - .
    • Space race - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Malinovskiy, Smirnov, Ustinov. Flight: Gemini 7.

      Kamanin notes the Luna 8 mission, which will attempt the first soft landing on the moon the next day, and the launch of Gemini 7, which is to set a new space endurance record and make the first rendezvous in space. The Americans are clearly pulling well ahead of the Soviet Union, but Kamanin vows not to capitulate. He recaps the opposition of Malinovskiy, Smirnov, and Ustinov to manned spaceflight over the last five years. Korolev and Kamanin already wanted to build a second series of ten Vostok spacecraft in 1961, which could have been used to keep the lead in the race with America. Instead this was blocked year after year. The cosmonauts have been trained and ready for the fights aboard Vostok or Voskhod that would have kept the Soviet Union ahead in the space race; what has been lacking is the spacecraft to make the flights.


    1965 December 6 - . Launch Site: , Vandenberg. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 2.
    • The first operationally configured Minuteman II (LGM-30F) was fired from an underground silo and completed a flawless flight downrange from Vandenberg AFB. - .

    1965 December 6 - .
    • Gemini 7 - Wakeup Song: Hawaiian music - . Flight: Gemini 7. "Hawaiian music" began to be broadcast to them at 1:34 p.m..

    1965 December 6 - . Launch Site: Green River. Launch Complex: Green River Pad 3. Launch Vehicle: Athena RTV.
    • USAF C017 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

    1965 December 6 - . 10:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. LV Family: Lupus. Launch Vehicle: HAD.
    • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Australia. Agency: WRE. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

    1965 December 6 - . 19:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 640. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3.
    • OT/GT7 target - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

    1965 December 6 - . 21:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC5. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout X-4.
    • FRANCE 1 - . Payload: FR 1. Mass: 60 kg (132 lb). Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Class: Earth. Type: Ionosphere satellite. Spacecraft: FRANCE satellite. USAF Sat Cat: 1814 . COSPAR: 1965-101A. Apogee: 707 km (439 mi). Perigee: 696 km (432 mi). Inclination: 75.9000 deg. Period: 98.80 min.

      VLF wave propagation studies. Investigation of the properties of the ionized layers of the atmosphere by observation of the propagation of the properties of very low frequency waves in the ionosphere. First registered by the United States in A/AC.105/INF.125. Orbit given there was 99 .9 min, 749 x 753 km x 75.9 deg, with note: France provided the payload for 1965-101A.


    1965 December 7 - .
    • Birth of Vyacheslav Georgyevich Meytarchan - . Nation: Ukraine. Related Persons: Meytarchan. Ukrainian scientist cosmonaut, 1996-1996..

    1965 December 7 - .
    • Gemini 7 - Wakeup Song: Beethoven's 6th Symphony - . Flight: Gemini 7.

      "Beethoven's 6th Symphony" ,"Les Sylphides" by Chopin,"Hungarian Rhapsody #2" by Lizst, and"Madame Butterfly" by Puccini. "La Boheme" by Puccini,"Symphony No. 3, the Reinich" by Schumann, music by the Fantastics,"Symphony No. 2" by Rachmaninoff,"The Lawrence of Arabia Overture", and"Water Music" by Handel.


    1965 December 7 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur PU32. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: R-36 8K67.
    • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

    1965 December 7 - . 02:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Johnston Island. Launch Complex: Johnston Island LE2. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor DSV-2J.
    • AFP-437(AP) interceptor mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 487 km (302 mi).

    1965 December 7 - . 03:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 1.
    • ESRO C07 / 1 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

    1965 December 8 - . Launch Vehicle: Saturn V.
    • Apollo J-2 engine captive-fired for 388 sec - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo.

      An 889-kilonewton (200,000-lb) thrust J-2 engine was captive-fired for 388 sec on a new test stand at MSFC. The J-2 engine would be used to power the Saturn S-IVB stage for the Saturn V. Ten tests of the liquid hydrogen-liquid oxygen powered rocket engine had been conducted at MSFC since the J-2 engine test facility was put into use in August 1965.


    1965 December 8-10 - . LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan II.
    • Gemini launch vehicle 9 was erected in the east cell of the vertical test facility at Martin-Baltimore. - . Nation: USA. Flight: Gemini 9. Power was applied to the launch vehicle for the first time on December 22, and Subsystems Functional Verification Tests were completed January 20, 1966..

    1965 December 8 - .
    • Soyuz VI - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Gorbatko, Volynov. Flight: Gemini 7, Soyuz VI Flight 1, Voskhod 3. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Soyuz VI.

      Kamanin meets with an engineering delegation from Kuibyshev. They are seeking a close relationship with the cosmonaut cadre in development of the military reconnaissance version of Soyuz, which they are charged with developing. They have already been working with the IAKM for over a year in establishing he basic requirements. Kamanin finds this refreshing after the arms-length relationship with Korolev's bureau. Meanwhile Gemini 7 orbits above, and there is not the slightest word on the schedule for Volynov-Gorbatko's Voskhod 3 flight, which would surpass the new American record.


    1965 December 8 - .
    • Gemini 7 - Wakeup Song: High Hopes - . Flight: Gemini 7.

      "High Hopes" - Later: Classical music chosen for the crew included:"The Last Two Movements From Symphony Five from The New World" presumably by Dvorak,"Perpetual Motion Opus Number 257" by Johann Strauss, and"Air on the G String" by Johann Sebastian Bach performed by the Philadelphia orchestra.


    1965 December 8 - . LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3.
    • Secretary of Defense Robert S. McNamara approved development of the Minuteman III (LGM-30G) to increase the future capability of the weapon system. - . Related Persons: , McNamara.

      The Minuteman III was to be based on the Minuteman II (LGM-30F) and grew out of the requirement to improve the LGM-30F third stage motor and to add the Mark 12 multiple independently targetable reentry vehicle (MIRV) reentry system. The Minuteman III would have an improved Third Stage, improved propulsion system, enlarged post boost control system, increased hardness throughout the missile, and a new, resized reentry system to provide greater target flexibility with the Mark 12 MIRV reentry system.


    1965 December 8 - . 13:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant III.
    • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

    1965 December 9-16 - .
    • Apollo Block II critical design review on the earth landing system - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM, CSM Parachute.

      Nine review item dispositions were submitted at the Block II critical design review concerning the earth landing system and shock attenuation system (struts). Six were on specifications, one on installation drawings, and two on capability. The two most significant were:

      1. the contract for Block II parachutes had not been awarded and consequently top installation drawings were not yet available for review; and
      2. specifications defining crew couch strut loading tolerances had not been released but the strut drawings had.

    1965 December 9-16 - .
    • Fire-till-touchdown not feasible for the Apollo LEM - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo LM, CSM Heat Shield. Preliminary results of the "fire-till-touchdown" study by Grumman indicated that this maneuver was not feasible. The engine might be exploded by driving the shock wave into the nozzles.. Additional Details: here....

    1965 December 9 - .
    • Voskhod 3 ECS trials - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Gorbatko, Volynov. Program: Voskhod. Flight: Voskhod 3. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Voskhod.

      The 15-day trial of the oxygen regeneration system for the long-duration Voskhod flights began at IMBP on 3 December. On 8 December Korolev ordered the test run extended to 20 days. The system has to maintain cabin temperature at 21 deg C, within a maximum range of 10 to 35 deg C. It produced 18 litres of oxygen per crew member per hour. In tests Volynov was found to consume 16.5 litres per hour, and Gorbatko 15.5 litres. But during intense activity these values can increase 5 to 6 times. Kamanin is particularly worried that in abort / high-G situations the system may prove inadequate.


    1965 December 9 - .
    • Gemini 7 - Wakeup Song: What'd I Say - . Flight: Gemini 7.

      "What'd I Say" by Trini Lopez from"Trini Lopez at P.J.s" sent to crew, a favorite of Jim Lovell's. Later "I Saw Mommie Kissing Santa Claus" relayed from Tananarive station for Jim Lovell."A request from his daughter, Barbara, age 12 who hopes the song will bring her daddy home for Christmas, a little early"


    1965 December 9 - . 20:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
    • Sphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 139 km (86 mi).

    1965 December 9 - . 21:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC1E. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor SLV-2A Agena D.
    • KH-4A 1027 - . Payload: KH-4A s/n 1027 / Agena D 1621 / OPS 7249. Mass: 1,500 kg (3,300 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: CIA, NRO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: WS-117. Spacecraft: KH-4A. Decay Date: 1965-12-26 . USAF Sat Cat: 1816 . COSPAR: 1965-102A. Apogee: 439 km (272 mi). Perigee: 186 km (115 mi). Inclination: 80.1000 deg. Period: 90.80 min. KH-4A. Erratic attitude necessitated recovery after two days of operation. All cameras operated satisfactorily..

    1965 December 10 - .
    • Apollo at-sea operational qualification tests completed - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM, CSM Recovery. At-sea operational qualification tests, using boilerplate 29 to simulate spacecraft 009, were completed. All mechanical system components performed satisfactorily, except for the recovery flashing light.. Additional Details: here....

    1965 December 10 - . Launch Site: Green River. Launch Complex: Green River Pad 1. Launch Vehicle: Athena RTV.
    • USAF C023 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

    1965 December 10 - . 05:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
    • Sphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 141 km (87 mi).

    1965 December 10 - . 08:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Vostok 8A92.
    • Cosmos 99 - . Payload: Zenit-2 11F61 s/n 32. Mass: 4,720 kg (10,400 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-2 satellite. Duration: 8.00 days. Decay Date: 1965-12-18 . USAF Sat Cat: 1817 . COSPAR: 1965-103A. Apogee: 309 km (192 mi). Perigee: 203 km (126 mi). Inclination: 65.0000 deg. Period: 89.60 min. Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite..

    1965 December 11 - .
    • Gemini 7 - Wakeup Song: Hey, Look Me Over - . Flight: Gemini 7. "Hey, Look Me Over" - Louis Armstrong, sent to crew..

    1965 December 11 - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Hydac. Launch Vehicle: Nike Javelin.
    • Aeronomy mission - 178 lb payload - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

    1965 December 11 - . 04:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 1.
    • ESRO C07 / 2 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 159 km (98 mi).

    1965 December 11 - . 18:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
    • Sphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 155 km (96 mi).

    1965 December 12 - . LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan II.
    • Gemini 6 launch aborted. - . Nation: USA. Flight: Gemini 6.

      The scheduled launch of Gemini VI-A was aborted when the Master Operations Control Set automatically shut down the Gemini launch vehicle a second after engine ignition because an electrical umbilical connector separated prematurely. The launch was canceled at 9:54 a.m., e.s.t. Emergency procedures delayed raising the erector until 11:28, so the crew was not removed until 11:33 a.m. Launch was rescheduled for December 15. Routine analysis of the engine data, begun immediately after shutdown, revealed decaying thrust in one first stage engine subassembly before shutdown had been commanded. The problem was diagnosed as a restriction in the gas generator circuit of the subassembly, which would have caused shutdown about 1 second later than it actually occurred as a result of the umbilical disconnect. Source of the restriction proved to be a protective dust cap inadvertently left in place in the gas generator oxidizer injector inlet port. The anomalies were corrected and recycling, based on long-prepared contingency plans, proceeded without incident through launch on December 15.


    1965 December 12 - .
    • Gemini 6 pad abort - . Nation: USA. Program: Gemini. Flight: Gemini 6, Gemini 7. The Titan 2 engines shut down a moment after ignition. The fault that caused the Titan to shut down saved the astronaut's lives; the quick thinking of the astronauts in not pulling the abort handles saved the mission..

    1965 December 12 - . 04:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
    • Sphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 155 km (96 mi).

    1965 December 13 - . 06:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 9M.
    • Ozone profile Ionosphere / aeronomy mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 318 km (197 mi).

    1965 December 13 - . 10:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. Launch Vehicle: Skylark.
    1965 December 14 - . LV Family: Saturn I.
    • Lockheed Propulsion Company test fired the first flight-weight, 156-inch diameter, solid-propellant rocket motor (156-5-L) of three million pounds of thrust. - . This was the fifth 156-inch motor test fired in the program, and the third Lockheed motor..

    1965 December 14 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC41/1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: R-7A.
    • Test mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,350 km (830 mi).

    1965 December 14 - . 12:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 1.
    • ESRO C06 / 1 Solar x-ray mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 159 km (98 mi).

    1965 December 14 - . 17:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF04. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1A.
    • Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

    1965 December 15 - .
    • First Apollo manned lunar landing experiment selected - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft Bus: Apollo LM. Spacecraft: Apollo ALSEP.

      NASA Associate Administrator for Space Science and Applications Homer E. Newell informed MSC that an experiment proposed by Ames Research Center had been selected as a space science investigation for, if possible, the first manned lunar landing as a part of the Apollo Lunar Surface Experiments Package. Principal investigator of the proposed experiment, the magnetometer, was C. P. Sonett of Ames with Jerry Modisette of MSC as associate.

      The Apollo Program Director was being requested by Newell to authorize the funding of flight hardware for this experiment.


    1965 December 15 - . Launch Vehicle: Saturn V.
    • Apollo CSM ultimate static testing began - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Flight: Apollo 204. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM, CSM Block I. CSM ultimate static testing began. A failure occurred at 140 percent of the limit load test which simulated the end of the first-stage Saturn V boost.. Additional Details: here....

    1965 December 15 - .
    • Proposal for four additional Apollo LEMs - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Flight: Apollo 20. Spacecraft: Apollo LM.

      Grumman was invited to provide NASA with a cost-plus-incentive-fee proposal to provide four LEMs subsequent to LEM-11, with the proposal due at MSC by the close of business on the following day. The proposal should be based on a vehicular configuration similar to LEM-11 in all respects, including supporting activities, contractual provisions, and specifications applicable to LEM-11. The required shipment dates for the four vehicles would be December 13, 1968, February 11, 1969, April 11, 1969, and June 10, 1969, respectively.


    1965 December 15 - .
    • Death of Leonid Aleksandrovich Voskresenskiy - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Voskresenskiy. Russian engineer. Deputy Chief Designer 1953-1964 of Korolev design bureau..

    1965 December 15 - . 13:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC19. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan II GLV.
    • Gemini 6 - . Call Sign: Gemini 6. Crew: Schirra, Stafford. Backup Crew: Grissom, Young. Payload: Gemini SC6. Mass: 3,546 kg (7,817 lb). Nation: USA. Related Persons: Grissom, Schirra, Stafford, Young. Agency: NASA Houston. Program: Gemini. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Gemini 6, Gemini 7. Spacecraft: Gemini. Duration: 1.08 days. Decay Date: 1965-12-16 . USAF Sat Cat: 1839 . COSPAR: 1965-104A. Apogee: 271 km (168 mi). Perigee: 258 km (160 mi). Inclination: 28.9000 deg. Period: 89.60 min.

      The primary objective of the mission, crewed by command pilot Astronaut Walter M. Schirra, Jr., and pilot Astronaut Thomas P. Stafford, was to rendezvous with spacecraft No. 7. Among the secondary objectives were stationkeeping with spacecraft No. 7, evaluating spacecraft reentry guidance capability, testing the visibility of spacecraft No. 7 as a rendezvous target, and conducting three experiments. After the launch vehicle inserted the spacecraft into an 87 by 140 nautical mile orbit, the crew prepared for the maneuvers necessary to achieve rendezvous. Four maneuvers preceded the first radar contact between the two spacecraft. The first maneuver, a height adjustment, came an hour and a half after insertion, at first perigee; a phase adjustment at second apogee, a plane change, and another height adjustment at second perigee followed. The onboard radar was turned on 3 hours into the mission. The first radar lock-on indicated 246 miles between the two spacecraft. The coelliptic maneuver was performed at third apogee, 3 hours 47 minutes after launch. The terminal phase initiation maneuver was performed an hour and a half later. Two midcourse corrections preceded final braking maneuvers at 5 hours 50 minutes into the flight. Rendezvous was technically accomplished and stationkeeping began some 6 minutes later when the two spacecraft were about 120 feet apart and their relative motion had stopped. Stationkeeping maneuvers continued for three and a half orbits at distances from 1 to 300 feet. Spacecraft No. 6 then initiated a separation maneuver and withdrew to a range of about 30 miles. The only major malfunction in spacecraft No. 6 during the mission was the failure of the delayed-time telemetry tape recorder at 20 hours 55 minutes ground elapsed time, which resulted in the loss of all delayed-time telemetry data for the remainder of the mission, some 4 hours and 20 minutes. The flight ended with a nominal reentry and landing in the West Atlantic, just 10 km from the planned landing point, on December 16. The crew remained in the spacecraft, which was recovered an hour later by the prime recovery ship, the aircraft carrier Wasp.

      Gemini 6 was to have been the first flight involving docking with an Agena target/propulsion stage. However the Agena blew up on the way to orbit, and the spacecraft was replaced by Gemini 7 in the launch order.

      For lack of a target, NASA decided to have Gemini 6 rendezvous with Gemini 7. This would require a quick one week turnaround of the pad after launch, no problem with Russian equipment but a big accomplishment for the Americans. The first launch attempt was aborted; the Titan II ignited for a moment, then shut down and settled back down on its launch attachments. Schirra waited it out, did not pull the abort handles that would send the man catapulting out of the capsule on their notoriously unreliable ejection seats. The booster was safed; Schirra had saved the mission and the launch three days later went perfectly. The flight went on to achieve the first manned space rendezvous controlled entirely by the self-contained, on-board guidance, control, and navigation system. This system provided the crew of Gemini 6 with attitude, thrusting, and time information needed for them to control the spacecraft during the rendezvous. Under Schirra's typically precise command, the operation was so successful that the rendezvous was complete with fuel consumption only 5% above the planned value to reach 16 m separation from Gemini 7.


    1965 December 15 - . 17:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
    • Electron density Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 184 km (114 mi).

    1965 December 15 - . 19:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
    • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 185 km (114 mi).

    1965 December 16 - .
    • Space race - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Korolev, Pashkov. Program: Voskhod. Flight: Gemini 6, Gemini 7, Voskhod 3. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Voskhod.

      Gemini 7 has the space flight duration record, and Gemini 6 has achieved the first rendezvous in orbit. Yesterday Pashkov sent a letter to Smirnov, asking that new series of Voskhod spacecraft be ordered as insurance in case of further delays in development of the Soyuz spacecraft. Kamanin believes he sees panic setting in with the leadership. The next day Kamanin attempts to call Korolev, only to find he is out sick.


    1965 December 16 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC67/21. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: R-36O 8K69.
    • OGCh No. 01L - . Mass: 1,700 kg (3,700 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Spacecraft: OGCh. COSPAR: U651216A. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi). First suborbital test of the FOBS system. Impacted within specification CEP in target zone..

    1965 December 16 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 1.
    • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

    1965 December 16 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 1.
    • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

    1965 December 16 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 1.
    • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

    1965 December 16 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF24. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 2.
    • Research and development launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

    1965 December 16 - . 07:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor Delta E.
    • Pioneer 6 - . Payload: Pioneer A. Mass: 63 kg (138 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Ames. Program: Pioneer. Class: Astronomy. Type: Solar satellite. Spacecraft: Pioneer 6-7-8-9-E. USAF Sat Cat: 1841 . COSPAR: 1965-105A. Measured solar wind, Sun's magnetic field. Solar Orbit (Heliocentric). Spacecraft engaged in research and exploration of the upper atmosphere or outer space (US Cat B)..

    1965 December 16 - .
    • Landing of Gemini 6 - . Return Crew: Schirra, Stafford. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Schirra, Stafford. Program: Gemini. Flight: Gemini 6, Gemini 7.

      Gemini 6 splashed down near the aircraft carrier Wasp at 15:28 GMT. The capsule was lifted to the carrier deck with the crew aboard. When the hatch doors were opened, the spacemen gave the thumbs-up while the Navy band crashed in with 'Anchors Aweigh'. It was the first recovery carried live via satellite television.


    1965 December 17 - . 02:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Vostok 8A92M.
    • Cosmos 100 - . Payload: Meteor no. 3. Mass: 4,730 kg (10,420 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft: Meteor. Decay Date: 2002-02-15 . USAF Sat Cat: 1843 . COSPAR: 1965-106A. Apogee: 547 km (339 mi). Perigee: 485 km (301 mi). Inclination: 65.0000 deg. Period: 95.00 min. Probable weather satellite. Investigation of the upper atmosphere and outer space. .

    1965 December 18 - .
    • VPK Emergency Meeting - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Korolev, Pashkov, Smirnov. Program: Voskhod. Flight: Gemini 6, Gemini 7, Voskhod 3, Voskhod 4, Voskhod 5, Voskhod 6. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Voskhod.

      Smirnov calls the Military Industrial Commission and the Chief Designers together to consider Pashkov's letter and how to respond to the American Gemini successes. Korolev is ill and unable to attend. His deputies are unable to provide any firm schedule for completion and fight of Voskhod or Soyuz spacecraft. Soviet projections are that over the next year the Americans will fly manned missions of 20 to 30 days duration and conduct many military experiments from manned spacecraft. It is decided that a crash effort needs to be applied to Soyuz development. However no further Voskhods will be built beyond the five already being assembled, but those Voskhods will be dedicated to setting record duration flights of 15 to 30 days and conducting military experiments.


    1965 December 18 - .
    • Gemini 7 - Wakeup Song: I'll Be Home For Christmas - . Flight: Gemini 7. "I'll Be Home For Christmas" and"Going Back to Houston" sent to crew just before retrofire..

    1965 December 18 - . 04:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
    • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 188 km (116 mi).

    1965 December 18 - . 06:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 9M.
    • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 316 km (196 mi).

    1965 December 18 - .
    • Landing of Gemini 7 - . Return Crew: Borman, Lovell. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Borman, Lovell. Program: Gemini. Flight: Gemini 7. Gemini 7 landed at 14:05 GMT only 11.8 km from the target point after a record 14 day mission...

    1965 December 19 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Vehicle: UR-100. FAILURE: Failure.
    • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

    1965 December 20 - . Launch Vehicle: N1.
    • Decision to use analogue guidance in early N1 launches - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Keldysh, Korolev, Pilyugin, Ryazanskiy. Program: Lunar L3. Spacecraft: LK, Soyuz 7K-LOK. Pilyugin called Keldysh to tell him he had heard that Keldysh again wanted to form an expert commission to study guidance system development problems with the N1, with Bushuyev as the head.. Additional Details: here....

    1965 December 20 - .
    • Falling behind - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Korolev. Program: Voskhod. Flight: Gemini 7, Soyuz 1, Soyuz 2A, Soyuz 7K-L1 mission 1, Voskhod 3, Voskhod 4, Voskhod 5. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Voskhod.

      Gemini 7 has landed. The Americans achieved every manned spaceflight objective they had set for themselves in 1965, and made 50% more launches than the Soviet Union. On the other side, the Russians have only been able to fly Voskhod 2. Korolev promised that three Voskhod and two Soyuz spacecraft would be completed in 1965, and that two of each would fly before November 7. The year has ended, and not a single spacecraft has been delivered. Kamanin calls Korolev, who says that the unfinished Voskhods will not be completed, and that the four completed spacecraft will be used for long-duration flights. All of his bureau's energies will be concentrated on developing Soyuz spacecraft to perfect space docking and to perform lunar flyby missions.


    1965 December 20 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 1.
    • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

    1965 Dec 20? - . Launch Site: Johnston Island. Launch Platform: RB-57B. LV Family: Sparoair. Launch Vehicle: Cleansweep IIIB.
    • Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

    1965 December 20 - . Launch Site: Teikovo. LV Family: R-16. Launch Vehicle: R-16U.
    • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,210 km (750 mi).

    1965 December 20 - . 13:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 576B2. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D.
    • NTMP KX-31 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,800 km (1,100 mi).

    1965 December 20 - . 16:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 640. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3.
    • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

    1965 December 21 - .
    • Robert C Seamans, Jr becomes Deputy Administrator of NASA - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Seamans, Webb. Program: Apollo.

      Robert C. Seamans, Jr., was sworn in as Deputy Administrator of NASA, succeeding Hugh L. Dryden who died December 2. Seamans would also retain his present position as Associate Administrator for an indefinite period of time.

      NASA Administrator James E. Webb administered the oath of office. He had announced in Austin, Tex., on December 10, that President Lyndon B. Johnson had accepted his recommendation that Seamans be named to the number two NASA post.


    1965 December 21 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/3. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: R-7A.
    • Test mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,350 km (830 mi).

    1965 December 21 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC41. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan IIIC.
    • Transtage 8 - . Mass: 189 kg (416 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Spacecraft: OV2. Decay Date: 1975-08-17 . USAF Sat Cat: 1863 . COSPAR: 1965-108A. Apogee: 22,114 km (13,740 mi). Perigee: 337 km (209 mi). Inclination: 26.9000 deg. Period: 387.40 min.

      For the first time, Launch Complex 41, at the just completed Integrate-Launch-Transfer (ITL) complex at Cape Canaveral was used to launch the third Titan IIIC research and development space booster (Vehicle #8). As with the second vehicle, this Titan IIIC performed flawlessly throughout the liftoff and boost segments of the flight plan. However, severe difficulties were encountered when the Transtage engines malfunctioned and did not restart for the programmed third burn. Thus, the vehicle failed to reach near-synchronous equatorial orbit with its four-satellite payload. Lincoln Experimental Satellites LES-3 and LES-4 were released as was Oscar IV, but the OV2-3 payload remained attached to the Transtage.


    1965 December 21 - . 06:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC86/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 63S1.
    • Cosmos 101 - . Payload: DS-P1-Yu s/n 4. Mass: 325 kg (716 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-Yu. Completed Operations Date: 1966-03-11 . Decay Date: 1966-07-12 . USAF Sat Cat: 1846 . COSPAR: 1965-107A. Apogee: 533 km (331 mi). Perigee: 256 km (159 mi). Inclination: 48.8000 deg. Period: 92.50 min. Development of systems for air defence and the control of outer space..

    1965 December 21 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC41. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan IIIC.
    • OV2-03 - . Mass: 193 kg (425 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft: OV2. Decay Date: 1975-08-17 . COSPAR: 1965-108xx. Apogee: 22,846 km (14,195 mi). Perigee: 321 km (199 mi). Inclination: 26.8000 deg. Period: 399.30 min. Upper stage separation failed. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A). .
    • Oscar 4 - . Mass: 13 kg (28 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: OSCAR. Program: Oscar. Class: Communications. Type: Amateur radio communications satellite. Spacecraft: Oscar. Decay Date: 1976-04-12 . USAF Sat Cat: 1902 . COSPAR: 1965-108C. Apogee: 33,549 km (20,846 mi). Perigee: 162 km (100 mi). Inclination: 26.8000 deg. Period: 587.50 min.

      OSCAR IV was launched piggyback with three United States Air Force satellites. The launch vehicle had a partial failure and placed the spacecraft in a low orbit preventing widespread amateur use. Orbit 29120 x 168 km. Inclination 26.8 degrees. Period 587.5 minutes. Weight 18.1 kg. Four monopole antennas. OSCAR IV was built by the TRW Radio Club of Redondo Beach, California. It had a 3 Watt 10 kHz wide linear transponder (144 MHz uplink and 432 MHz downlink). In operation until March 16, 1966. Re-entry April 12, 1976. Total operation 85 days. OSCAR IV provided the first US-Soviet amateur link.

    • LES 3 - . Mass: 16 kg (35 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Technology. Type: Communications technology satellite. Spacecraft: LES. Decay Date: 1968-04-06 . USAF Sat Cat: 1941 . COSPAR: 1965-108D. Apogee: 4,829 km (3,000 mi). Perigee: 267 km (165 mi). Inclination: 26.5000 deg. Period: 139.90 min. Radio signal source for commsat tests. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A). .
    • LES 4 - . Mass: 52 kg (114 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Technology. Type: Communications technology satellite. Spacecraft: LES. Decay Date: 1977-08-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 1870 . COSPAR: 1965-108B. Apogee: 33,632 km (20,897 mi). Perigee: 189 km (117 mi). Inclination: 26.6000 deg. Period: 589.20 min. Lincoln Experimental Satellite; experimental commsat; transmitted in X-band. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A). .

    1965 December 22 - .
    • Kamanin and Korolev clash - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Glushko, Gorbatko, Katys, Korolev, Kosberg, Pilyugin, Volynov, Voronin. Program: Voskhod. Flight: Voskhod 3. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Voskhod.

      The two have a difficult discussion over crewing for Voskhod 3. Korolev has found that Katys has been taken out of training for the mission. He does not agree with Kamanin's all-military pilot crew of Volynov and Gorbatko. Kamanin is tired of Korolev's caprices and his endless fighting with Glushko, Pilyugin, Voronin, Kosberg, and other chief designers. Korolev has had it with the military excluding civilians and civilian objectives from manned space.


    1965 December 22 - . 04:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC5. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout A.
    • Transit O-6 - . Mass: 60 kg (132 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Program: Transit. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Transit. USAF Sat Cat: 1864 . COSPAR: 1965-109A. Apogee: 1,059 km (658 mi). Perigee: 891 km (553 mi). Inclination: 89.1000 deg. Period: 104.60 min. Spacecraft built by Naval Avionics Facility, but refurbished by APL. Operated for 7 to 11 months, but then failed due to poor workmanship of NAFI components..

    1965 December 22 - . 14:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 395-C. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan II.
    • Sea Rover operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

    1965 December 23 - . LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3, Minuteman 2.
    • A new Minuteman Systems Management Directive was issued covering approved actions to implement the changes in the Minuteman program resulting from Secretary of Defense Robert S. - . Related Persons: , McNamara.

      McNamara's decision in approved Format B of 8 December. This SMD approved a Minuteman force of 1,000 missiles deployed in six wings with 20 squadrons by the close of FY1972. Production of the Mark 12 and Mark 17 reentry systems was approved along with other improvements in the Minuteman system.


    1965 December 23 - .
    • OKB-1 reviews space plans. - . Mishin held a comprehensive review of ongoing projects with his management.. Additional Details: here....

    1965 December 23 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Jericho. Launch Vehicle: MD-620. FAILURE: Failure.
    • Test mission - . Nation: Israel. Agency: Dassault. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

    1965 December 23 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC41/4. Launch Pad: LC41/4?. LV Family: R-16. Launch Vehicle: R-16U.
    • Military training launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,210 km (750 mi).

    1965 December 24 - .
    • Barwell Meteorite Fall (Hit Car, Buildings) - . Nation: UK.

    1965 December 24 - . 21:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC1W. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor SLV-2A Agena D.
    • KH-4A 1028 - . Payload: KH-4A s/n 1028 / Agena D 1610 / OPS 4639. Mass: 1,500 kg (3,300 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: CIA, NRO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: WS-117. Spacecraft: KH-4A. Decay Date: 1966-01-20 . USAF Sat Cat: 1866 . COSPAR: 1965-110A. Apogee: 443 km (275 mi). Perigee: 181 km (112 mi). Inclination: 80.0000 deg. Period: 90.70 min. KH-4A. Cameras operated satisfactorily..

    1965 December 25 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC41/3. Launch Pad: LC41/3?. LV Family: R-16. Launch Vehicle: R-16U.
    • Military training launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,210 km (750 mi).

    1965 December 25 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur PU32. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: R-36 8K67.
    • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

    1965 December 25 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur PU33. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: R-36 8K67.
    • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

    1965 December 26 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC41/3. LV Family: R-16. Launch Vehicle: R-16U.
    • Military training launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,210 km (750 mi).

    1965 December 26 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur PU31. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: R-36 8K67.
    • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

    1965 December 27 - . 22:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A510.
    • Cosmos 102 - . Mass: 3,800 kg (8,300 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: RORSAT. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military naval surveillance radar satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Kosmoplan. Spacecraft: US-A. Decay Date: 1966-01-13 . USAF Sat Cat: 1867 . COSPAR: 1965-111A. Apogee: 267 km (165 mi). Perigee: 205 km (127 mi). Inclination: 64.9000 deg. Period: 89.20 min. Prototype RORSAT hardware using chemical batteries in place of nuclear reactor..

    1965 December 28 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC86/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 63S1. FAILURE: First stage failed.. Failed Stage: 1.
    • DS-K-40 s/n 1 - . Payload: DS-K-40. Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Program: DS. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-K-40. Development of systems for the later operational Tselina satellites..

    1965 December 28 - . 12:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC41/15. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 65S3.
    • Cosmos 103 - . Mass: 875 kg (1,929 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Strela-2. Decay Date: 1990-01-02 . USAF Sat Cat: 1868 . COSPAR: 1965-112A. Apogee: 179 km (111 mi). Perigee: 176 km (109 mi). Inclination: 56.0000 deg. Period: 88.00 min. Possible test flight..

    1965 December 29 - .
    • NASA support to the Air Force on the MOL summarized. - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft: MOL.

      In the initial activity report outlining MSC's support to the Air Force on the MOL, Gemini Program Manager Charles W. Mathews summarized activity to date. He cited receipt on 20 November 1965 of authority to transfer surplus Gemini equipment to the MOL project. Since that time, he said, MSC had delivered to the Air Force several boilerplate test vehicles and a variety of support and handling equipment. MOL program officials and astronauts had also visited Houston for technical discussions and briefings.


    1965 December 30 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Vehicle: UR-100. FAILURE: Failure.
    • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

    1965 December 30 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
    1965 December 31 - .
    • Apollo SM reaction control system engine qualification completed - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM, CSM RCS. The SM reaction control system engine qualification was completed with no apparent failures..

    1965 December - .
    • 16 flights made in the Apollo LLRV - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft Bus: Apollo LM. Spacecraft: Apollo LLRV.

      During the month 16 flights were made in the LLRV. Of these, 11 were devoted to concluding the handling qualities evaluation of the rate- command vehicle attitude control system. The other five flights were required to check out a new pilot, Lt. Col. E. E. Kluever of the Army, who would participate in the remaining research flight testing performed on the LLRV at Flight Research Center. On December 15 the craft was grounded for cockpit modifications which would make the pilot display and controllers more like those of the LEM.


    1965 December 31 - . LV Family: N1. Launch Vehicle: N1 1964.
    • Daunting year ahead - . Nation: Russia. Program: Voskhod, Soyuz, Lunar L1. Flight: Soviet Lunar Landing, Soyuz 1, Soyuz 2A, Soyuz 7K-L1 mission 1. Spacecraft: LK, Soyuz 7K-L1, Soyuz 7K-LOK, Soyuz 7K-OK.

      Kamanin looks ahead to the very difficult tasks scheduled for 1966. There are to be 5 to 6 Soyuz flights, the first tests of the N1 heavy booster, the first docking in space. Preparations will have to intensify for the first manned flyby of the moon in 1967, following by the planned first Soviet moon landing in 1967-1969. Kamanin does not see how it can all be done on schedule, especially without a reorganization of the management of the Soviet space program.



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