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Venera 3MV-3
Part of 3MV Family
Venera 8
Venera 8
Venera 3V (V-72). Others in the 3V / 3MV series had a similar appearance.
Credit: NASA
Russian Venus probe. Venera 3. The mission of this spacecraft was to land on the Venusian surface. Venus flyby and lander, Russia. Launched 1965.

AKA: 3MV-3. Status: Operational 1965. First Launch: 1965-11-16. Last Launch: 1965-11-16. Number: 1 . Gross mass: 958 kg (2,112 lb).

The entry vehicle contained a radio communication system, scientific instruments, electrical power sources, and medallions bearing the coat of arms of the U.S.S.R. The station impacted Venus on March 1, 1966. However, the communications systems failed before planetary data could be returned.


More at: Venera 3MV-3.

Family: Venus. Country: Russia. Engines: KDU-414. Launch Vehicles: R-7, Molniya 8K78, Molniya 8K78M. Projects: Venera. Launch Sites: Baikonur, Baikonur LC31. Agency: MOM, Lavochkin bureau. Bibliography: 2, 296, 6, 64, 13333.
Photo Gallery

Venera 3Venera 3
Credit: Manufacturer Image



1965 November 16 - . 04:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78.
  • Venera 3 - . Payload: 3MV-3 s/n 1. Mass: 958 kg (2,112 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Venera. Class: Venus. Type: Venus probe. Spacecraft Bus: 3MV. Spacecraft: Venera 3MV-3. Decay Date: 1966-03-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 1733 . COSPAR: 1965-092A.

    Venera 3 was launched towards the planet Venus. The mission was to land on the Venusian surface. The entry vehicle contained a radio communication system, scientific instruments, electrical power sources, and medallions bearing the coat of arms of the U.S.S.R. The station impacted Venus on March 1, 1966. However, the communications systems had failed before planetary data could be returned.


1965 November 26 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M.
  • Venus launch delayed. - . Payload: 3MV-3. Nation: Russia. Program: Venera. Class: Venus. Type: Venus probe. Spacecraft Bus: 3MV. Spacecraft: Venera 3MV-3. Decay Date: 1965-11-26 . The launch attempt was abandoned due to a launch vehicle malfunction during pre-launch preparations..

1966 March - .
  • Venera x impacts on Venus - . Nation: Russia. Spacecraft Bus: 3MV. Spacecraft: Venera 3MV-3.

    The mission of this spacecraft was to land on the Venusian surface. The entry vehicle contained a radio communication system, scientific instruments, electrical power sources, and medallions bearing the coat of arms of the U.S.S.R. The station impacted Venus but, the communications systems failed before planetary data could be returned.



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