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Klimuk, Pyotr Iliyich
Klimuk
Klimuk
Credit: www.spacefacts.de
Belarusian pilot cosmonaut 1965-1982.

Status: Inactive; Active 1965-1982. Born: 1942-07-10. Spaceflights: 3 . Total time in space: 78.76 days. Birth Place: Komarovka, Brest.

Biography

Pyotr Ilyich Klimuk was born to a peasant family on June 10, 1942 in the village of Komarovka in the Brest region of the Byelorussian Soviet Socialist Republic (currently the Republic of Belarus). His father was lost in 1944 during World War II. In 1959, he graduated from middle school and entered Primary Aviation School, and then attended Leninsky Komsomol Chernigov High Aviation School. After graduation in 1964, he served with the Soviet Air Force.

In 1965 he was accepted into the Soviet cosmonaut unit (1965 Air Force Group # 3). He underwent the full general space preparation course and trained for space flight on Soyuz type spacecraft and on the orbital station Salyut.

He performed his first flight on December 18-26, 1973, as commander of the space ship Soyuz -13 (call sign - Kavkas) together with Vitaly Vasilyevich Lebedev. His space flight lasted 7 days 20 hours 55 minutes and 35 seconds.

In January 1975 he was the commander of the support crew (together with Vitaly Ivanovich Sevastyanov) during the Soyuz -17 flight.

In April 1975 he was the commander of the reserve crew (together with Vitaly Ivanovich Sevastyanov) during the Soyuz -18-1 flight.

He made his second space flight from May 24 through July 26, 1975, together with Vitaly Ivanovich Sevastyanov. During that flight he served as commander of the spacecraft Soyuz -18-2 and the orbital complex Salyut -4 - Soyuz -18-2 (call sign Kavkas). Their stay in space was 63 days 23 hours 20 minutes and 8 seconds.

Since 1976 he underwent preparations according to the program Intercosmos for co-operation with socialist countries. In 1977 he graduated from a Gagarin Air Force Academy.

He made his third space flight from June 27 through July 5, 1978, as commander of the space ship Soyuz -30 (call sign - Kavkas) together with Polish cosmonaut Miroslav Hermaszewski. This was the second manned spaceflight of the Intercosmos program. The cosmonauts worked on board the orbital complex Salyut -6 - Soyuz -29 - Soyuz -30 together with Vladimir Vasilyevich Kovalenok and Alexsander Sergeyevich Ivanchenkov. Their stay in space was 7 days 22 hours 2 minutes and 59 seconds.

During his three flights Klimuk spent 78 days 18 hours 18 minutes and 42 seconds in space.

In 1978 he left the cosmonaut team. He served as the Assistant to the Chief of the Gagarin Cosmonaut Training Centre for political work (1978 - 1991). In 1983 he graduated from the Lenin Military Political Academy. Since 1991 he served as Chief of the Gagarin Cosmonaut Training Centre.

Awards: Twice awarded the title Hero of the Soviet Union. Awarded three Orders of Lenin, Polish Order of Krest Grunvald, Tsiolkovskiy Gold Medal (USSR Academy of Sciences), Gagarin Gold Medal (FAI), Gold Medal Poland Academy of Sciences. The winner of the State premiums USSR. Honorary citizen of Kaluga, Gagarin (Russia) and Dzhezkazgan (Kazakhstan).

Author of the books Beside the Stars (Moscow, 1979) and Attack on Weightlessness (Moscow, 1983).

Copyright Alexander Zheleznyakov, 1998

Call sign: Kavkas (Caucasus).


More at: Klimuk.

Family: Cosmonaut. Country: Belarus. Spacecraft: Salyut 6. Flights: Soyuz 7K-L1 mission 2, DOS 2-1, DOS 2-2, Soyuz 13 / DOS 2, Soyuz Kontakt P, Soyuz 13 / DOS 3, Soyuz 12, Soyuz 13, Soyuz 17, Soyuz 18-1, Soyuz 18, Soyuz 30. Projects: Salyut. Agency: VVS. Bibliography: 5630.
Photo Gallery

Soyuz 30Soyuz 30
Klimuk and Hermaszewski before launch
Credit: RKK Energia



1942 July 10 - .
1965 October 23 - .
1965 October 28 - .
1966 September 2 - . LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K.
1967 January 17 - .
1968 September 28 - .
1969 May - .
1971 June 15 - .
1972 October - .
1973 Early - .
1973 September - .
1973 September 27 - . 12:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511.
1973 December 18 - . 11:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511.
1973 December 26 - .
1975 January 10 - . 21:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511.
1975 April 5 - . 11:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511. FAILURE: During second-third stage separation third stage failed to separate from second stage but still ignited.. Failed Stage: 3.
1975 May 24 - . 14:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511.
1975 July 26 - .
1978 June 27 - . 15:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
1978 July 5 - .

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