Status: Deceased; Active 1965-1982. Born: 1939-10-02. Died: 2008-12-09. Spaceflights: 1 . Total time in space: 17.73 days. Birth Place: Moscow.
Graduated from Kharkov Military Engineering High School, 1962. Received the candidate of technical sciences degree, 1974. Doctorate degree of technical sciences, 1991. Soviet Air Force. Parachutist and engineer. Cosmonaut training November 1965 - December 1967. Deputy Director of Flight activities within the Gagarin Cosmonaut Training Center. 1989 named Major General and First Deputy Chief of Gagarin Cosmonaut Training Center. Retired in May 2000, continuing scientific consulting work with the Gagarin Cosmonaut Training Center.
Although Kamanin desired 40 new cosmonaut-trainees, in the end only 17 were selected. They were:
Soyuz 21 with Volynov and Zholobov aboard hard-docked with the station on 6 July 1976 after failure of the Igla system at the last stage of rendezvous. Towards the end of the two month mission an early return to earth was requested due to the poor condition of flight engineer Zholobov (who was suffering from space sickness and psychological problems).
The Soyuz 23 ferry spacecraft suffered a docking system failure. Sensors indicated an incorrect lateral velocity, causing unnecessary firing of the thrusters during rendezvous. The automatic system was turned off, but no fuel remained for a manual docking by the crew.
Soyuz 24 docked with Salyut 5 and brought repair equipment and equipment for a change of cabin atmosphere. This special apparatus was designed to allow the entire station to be vented through the EVA airlock. Because of this the planned EVA was cancelled. However analysis after arrival showed no toxins in the air. The crew changed the cabin air anyway, then returned to earth. The mission, although a short 18 days, was characterised as a busy and successful mission, accomplishing nearly as much as the earlier Soyuz 21's 50 day mission.
Planned first test manned flight of the TKS large ferry craft. Would have docked with the Almaz OPS 4 military space station. Flight cancelled with the rest of the Almaz program in 1981. The spacecraft was instead flown unmanned to Salyut 6 as Cosmos 1267.
Following the cancellation of the Almaz military station it was still planned that two of the TKS ferries would be flown manned to Salyut stations. In September/October 1979 three crews were formed. In December 1981 Ustinov killed Chelomei's plans for manned TKS flights. The TKS training group was dissolved and TKS-2 flew unmanned to Salyut 7 as Cosmos 1443.