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Intelsat 1
Early Bird
Early Bird
Credit: NASA
American communications satellite. Intelsat 1, also called Early Bird, was the world's first commercial communications satellite. It provided the first scheduled transoceanic TV service and was operational for 3.5 years.

AKA: Early Bird. Status: Operational 1965. First Launch: 1965-04-06. Last Launch: 1965-04-06. Number: 1 . Gross mass: 39 kg (85 lb). Height: 0.59 m (1.93 ft).

In 1984, the satellite was briefly reactivated to celebrate ITSO's 20th anniversary. Spacecraft: Spin stabilized. Payload: Two 6 W transponders with 50 MHz bandwidth. No multiple access.240 voice circuits or one TV channel.

Family: Communications, Geosynchronous orbit. Country: USA. Launch Vehicles: Thor, Delta, Thor Delta D. Projects: Intelsat. Launch Sites: Cape Canaveral, Cape Canaveral LC17A. Agency: Hughes. More at: 6592, 12661. Bibliography: 2, 279, 6.


Photo Gallery

Intelsat 1 F-1Intelsat 1 F-1
Credit: Manufacturer Image



1965 April 6 - . 23:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor Delta D.
  • Intelsat 1 F-1 - . Payload: Early Bird. Mass: 39 kg (85 lb). Nation: International. Agency: INTELSAT. Program: Intelsat. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Intelsat 1. Spacecraft: Intelsat 1. Completed Operations Date: 1971-01-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 1317 . COSPAR: 1965-028A. Apogee: 35,819 km (22,256 mi). Perigee: 35,746 km (22,211 mi). Inclination: 11.7000 deg. Period: 1,435.90 min.

    Over Atlantic. Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C). Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 28 deg W in 1965; 38 deg W in 1965-1966. As of 27 July 2001 located at 92.54 deg W drifting at 0.324 deg W per day. As of 2007 Jan 13 located at 47.74W drifting at 0.017E degrees per day.



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