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Zyb
Part of R-27 Family
Russian zero-G suborbital launch vehicle based on surplus R-27 SLBM. Suborbital; 17-24 min zero G. Payload volume 1.5 cu. M. Payload 650 kg to 1800 km or 1000 kg to 1000 km.

Status: Retired 1993. First Launch: 1965-01-01. Last Launch: 1993-12-01. Number: 17 . Payload: 650 kg (1,430 lb). Gross mass: 14,200 kg (31,300 lb). Height: 9.70 m (31.80 ft). Diameter: 1.50 m (4.90 ft). Apogee: 1,800 km (1,100 mi).

Payload: 650 kg (1,430 lb) to a 1800 km altitude. Maximum range: 3,000 km (1,800 mi). Initial Operational Capability: 1991.



Family: Sea-Launched, submarine-launched. Country: Russia. Launch Sites: Nenoksa, Okhotsk. Stages: Zyb Mod 2-1. Agency: Makeyev bureau.

1965 - . Launch Site: Nenoksa. LV Family: R-27. Launch Vehicle: Zyb.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1966 June 1 - . Launch Site: Nenoksa. LV Family: R-27. Launch Vehicle: Zyb.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1967 April 1 - . Launch Site: Nenoksa. LV Family: R-27. Launch Vehicle: Zyb.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1976 July 1 - . Launch Site: Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: UNKPL. Launch Platform: PLBR. LV Family: R-27. Launch Vehicle: Zyb.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1981 - . Launch Site: Okhotsk. Launch Platform: PLBR. LV Family: R-27. Launch Vehicle: Zyb.
  • Operational test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1981 - . Launch Site: Okhotsk. Launch Platform: PLBR. LV Family: R-27. Launch Vehicle: Zyb.
  • Operational test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1981 - . Launch Site: Okhotsk. Launch Platform: PLBR. LV Family: R-27. Launch Vehicle: Zyb.
  • Operational test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1981 - . Launch Site: Okhotsk. Launch Platform: PLBR. LV Family: R-27. Launch Vehicle: Zyb.
  • Operational test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1981 - . Launch Site: Okhotsk. Launch Platform: PLBR. LV Family: R-27. Launch Vehicle: Zyb.
  • Operational test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1981 - . Launch Site: Okhotsk. Launch Platform: PLBR. LV Family: R-27. Launch Vehicle: Zyb.
  • Operational test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1981 - . Launch Site: Okhotsk. Launch Platform: PLBR. LV Family: R-27. Launch Vehicle: Zyb.
  • Operational test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1981 - . Launch Site: Okhotsk. Launch Platform: PLBR. LV Family: R-27. Launch Vehicle: Zyb.
  • Operational test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1983 - . Launch Site: Okhotsk. Launch Platform: PLBR. LV Family: R-27. Launch Vehicle: Zyb.
  • Operational test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1988 - . Launch Site: Okhotsk. Launch Platform: PLBR. LV Family: R-27. Launch Vehicle: Zyb.
  • Final OT operational test launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1991 December 1 - . Launch Site: Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: UNKPL. Launch Platform: PLBR. LV Family: R-27. Launch Vehicle: Zyb.
  • Sprint Technology mission - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1992 December 9 - . 00:00 GMT - . Launch Pad: Pacific Ocean, 40.0 N x 170.0 E. Launch Platform: PLBR. LV Family: R-27. Launch Vehicle: Zyb.
  • Efir Technology mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi). Payload was the 650-kilogram Efir reentry vehicle with the 80-kilogram Meduza biomedical zero-G experiment. The capsule was recovered, but it was found that the experiment failed to function..

1993 December 1 - . Launch Pad: Pacific Ocean, 40.0 N x 170.0 E. Launch Platform: PLBR. LV Family: R-27. Launch Vehicle: Zyb.
  • Efir - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi). Payload was the 650-kilogram Efir reentry vehicle with the 80-kilogram Meduza biomedical zero-G experiment. The capsule was recovered, the experiment was successful..


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