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CSM Simulator
Part of Apollo Spacecraft Systems Development Diaries Family
CSM Simulator Development Diary





1962 December 8 - .
  • North American released the Request For Proposals on the Apollo mission simulator - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM, CSM Simulator.

    With NASA's concurrence, North American released the Request For Proposals on the Apollo mission simulator. A simulated CM, an instructor's console, and a computer complex now supplanted the three part- task trainers originally planned. An additional part-task trainer was also approved. A preliminary report describing the device had been submitted to NASA by North American. The trainer was scheduled to be completed by March 1964.


1963 February 26 - .
  • Apollo centrifuge facility - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM, CSM Simulator. NASA selected Ford, Bacon, and Davis, Inc., to design MSC's flight acceleration facility, including a centrifuge capable of spinning a simulated CM and its crew at gravity forces equal to those experienced in space flight..

1963 April 10 - .
  • Link to build Apollo lunar mission simulators - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM, CSM Simulator.

    North American awarded a $9.5 million letter contract to the Link Division of General Precision, Inc., for the development and installation of two spacecraft simulators, one at MSC and the other at the Launch Operations Center. Except for weightlessness, the trainers would simulate the entire lunar mission, including sound and lighting effects.


1963 June 14-15 - .
  • Mockup review of the Apollo mission simulator - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM, CSM Simulator. At its plant in Binghampton, N. Y., Link Division of General Precision, Inc., held a mockup review of the Apollo mission simulator. A number of modifications in the instructor's console were suggested..

1963 December 3-5 - .
  • Design review of the Apollo CSM part-task trainer - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM, CSM Simulator. A design review of the CSM part-task trainer was held at North American. Briefings included general design criteria and requirements, physical configuration, simulation models, and scheduling. The trainer was expected to be operational in December 1964..

1964 January 11 - .
  • Three U S Air Force test pilots in a simulated seven- day lunar landing mission - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM, CSM Simulator.

    Three U. S. Air Force test pilots began a five-week training period at the Martin Company leading to their participation in a simulated seven- day lunar landing mission. This was part of Martin's year-long study of crew performance during simulated Apollo missions (under a $771,000 contract from NASA).


1964 October 2-29 - .
  • Apollo part task trainers canceled - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM, CSM Simulator. ASPO notified Grumman and North American that it had canceled requirements for Apollo part task trainers..

1964 November 27 - .
  • General Precision's Link Group contract for two Apollo LEM simulators - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM, CSM Simulator.

    General Precision's Link Group received a $7 million contract from NASA, through a subcontract with Grumman, for two LEM simulators, one at Houston and the other at Cape Kennedy. Along with comparable equipment for the CSM (also being developed by Link), the machines would serve as trainers for Apollo astronauts. The devices would duplicate the interior of the spacecraft; and visual displays would realistically simulate every phase of the mission.


1965 January 14 - .
  • Acceptance tests for Apollo CSM sequential and propulsion systems trainers - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM, CSM Simulator.

    North American completed acceptance tests for the CSM sequential and propulsion systems trainers. On January 15 the equipment was shipped to MSC, where it was installed the following week. This terminated the procurement program for the Apollo systems trainer.


1965 September 17 - .
  • Basic structure of Apollo CM simulator delivered - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM, CSM Simulator.

    The basic structure of Apollo CM simulator "A," around which a full-scale mockup of the CM crew stations would be built, was delivered to MSC. Flight Crew Support Division would use the mockup for crew familiarization, procedures training, and equipment evaluation.


1965 November 30 - .
  • Apollo Mission Simulator No 1 shipped - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM, CSM Simulator. Apollo Mission Simulator No. 1 was shipped from Link Group, General Precision, Binghamton, New York, to MSC..

1966 August 30 - .
  • Apollo Mission Simulator (AMS) pacing item in the Apollo Block II flight program - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM, CSM Simulator.

    Because the Apollo Mission Simulator (AMS) was one of the pacing items in the Apollo Block II flight program, a critical constraint upon operational readiness was the availability of Government-furnished equipment (GFE) to the AMS contractor, General Precision's Link Group. For that reason MSC ASPO Manager Joseph F. Shea asked A. L. Brady, Chief of the Apollo Mission Simulator Office, to establish controls to ensure that GFE items were provided to Link in time to support the program. He requested that an individual be appointed to be responsible for each item and that a weekly report on the status be submitted on each item.


1969 April 14-21 - .
  • Twenty-two astronauts trained for Apollo lunar reentry - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM, CSM Simulator.

    Twenty-two astronauts trained in the MSC Flight Acceleration Facility during the week, for lunar reentry. Closed-loop simulation permitted the crews to control the centrifuge during the lunar reentry deceleration profiles. Each astronaut flew four different reentry angles, which imposed acceleration loads of from 4.57 to 9.3 g.



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