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Jiuquan LA3
Part of Jiuquan Family
Launch Area 3. R-2, DF-2, DF-1 launch complex.

First Launch: 1960-09-01. Last Launch: 1974-01-01. Number: 13 . Longitude: 100.7800 deg. Latitude: 41.0152 deg.



Launch Vehicles: R-2, DF-1, DF-2, DF-2A. Launch Sites: Jiuquan.

1960 September 1 - . Launch Site: Jiuquan. Launch Complex: Jiuquan LA3. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-2.
  • Nation: China. Agency: PRC. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi). The rocket was built in the Soviet Union but used Chinese propellants. This launch took place just a month after all Soviet experts were withdrawn from China..

1960 November 5 - . 01:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Jiuquan. Launch Complex: Jiuquan LA3. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: DF-1.
  • Nation: China. Agency: PRC. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi). First launch of all-Chinese version of Russian R-2, model 1059. Radio guidance was used. Nie Rongzhen is present to observe the event..

1960 December 1 - . Launch Site: Jiuquan. Launch Complex: Jiuquan LA3. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: DF-1.
  • Test mission - . Nation: China. Agency: PRC. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1960 December 1 - . Launch Site: Jiuquan. Launch Complex: Jiuquan LA3. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: DF-1.
  • Nation: China. Agency: PRC. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi). Two further launches are made from Jiuquan..

1962 March 21 - . Launch Site: Jiuquan. Launch Complex: Jiuquan LA3. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: DF-2. FAILURE: Failure of guidance and engine mounting. Impacted after 69 seconds of flight.. Failed Stage: 1.
  • Nation: China. Agency: PRC. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

    First DF-2 launch attempt. The rocket impacted the earth after only 69 seconds of flight. Fundamental design errors were discovered in calculating flexing of the rocket in flight, placement of the guidance system, and engine mounting. The missile was completely redesigned for reduced thrust.


1964 June 29 - . Launch Site: Jiuquan. Launch Complex: Jiuquan LA3. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: DF-2.
  • Nation: China. Agency: PRC. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi). This followed a two-year complete redesign and test program following the first launch failure in 1962. The reduced-thrust missile had a range of 1050 km with a 1550 kg warhead, barely enough to reach Japan..

1964 July 9 - . Launch Site: Jiuquan. Launch Complex: Jiuquan LA3. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: DF-2.
  • Test mission - . Nation: China. Agency: PRC. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1964 July 11 - . Launch Site: Jiuquan. Launch Complex: Jiuquan LA3. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: DF-2.
  • Test mission - . Nation: China. Agency: PRC. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

November 1965 - . Launch Site: Jiuquan. Launch Complex: Jiuquan LA3. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: DF-2A.
  • First successful test of DF-2A. - . Nation: China. Agency: PRC. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi). First launch of redesigned DF-2. The flight demonstrated a 20% improvement in range for the same 1500 kg payload, and replaced the radio guidance of the DF-2 with an autonoumous gyroscopic system..

1966 October 27 - . Launch Site: Jiuquan. Launch Complex: Jiuquan LA3. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: DF-2A.
  • Nuclear test - . Nation: China. Agency: PRC. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

    DF-2A launched with a 1290 kg, 12 kt warhead from Jiuquan flew over a range of 800 km to Lop Nor, where the warhead successfully exploded. The Ninth Academy was responsible for development of the nuclear package. Tsien protégé Guo Yonghuai was the liaison between the Fifth and Ninth Academies for the development.


1971 Nov - . Launch Site: Jiuquan. Launch Complex: Jiuquan LA3. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: DF-2.
  • Nation: China. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1974 - . Launch Site: Jiuquan. Launch Complex: Jiuquan LA3. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: DF-2.
  • Nation: China. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1974 - . Launch Site: Jiuquan. Launch Complex: Jiuquan LA3. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: DF-2.
  • Nation: China. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).


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