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1966 Chronology

1966 January - .
  • HL-10 delivered to NASA - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft Bus: HL-10. Spacecraft: HL-10. During the next 10 months it was instrumented for the research program and prepared for flight. The HL-10 and the M2-F2 were tested in wind tunnels at Ames Research Center before research flights began..

1966 January - .
  • Dynasoar 1 - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft Bus: Dynasoar. Spacecraft: Dynasoar. Prior to cancellation of the Dynasoar project, the first unmanned flight was planned for the fourth flight test of the Titan 3C booster..

1966 January 1 - .
  • Study grants for AAP astonomical instrumentation to be flown in the 1969-1975 period. - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft Bus: Skylab. Spacecraft: Orbital Workshop.

    Homer E. Newell, Associate Administrator for Space Science and Applications, announced opportunities for study grants to competent astronomers for conceptual and preliminary design work leading to instrumentation to be flown in the 1969-1975 period. A description of the Apollo telescope mount was included.


1966 - .
  • Twelfth Directorate nuclear weapons units an integrated part operational rocket field units - . Nation: Russia. Up to 1965 the warheads were still stored separately form Soviet ballistic missiles. This was changed so that the individual nuclear weapons units were made an integrated part of the operational rocket field units..

1966 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar PL87. LV Family: RT-2. Launch Vehicle: RT-2.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1966? - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Complex: Ile du Levant Nemo. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M112.
  • Caisson 2 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1966 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-16. Launch Vehicle: R-16U.
  • Test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,210 km (750 mi).

1966? - . Launch Site: Tonopah. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike Nike.
  • SPTV-8 Para test - . Nation: USA. Agency: SAND. Apogee: 4.00 km (2.40 mi).

1966 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-16. Launch Vehicle: R-16U.
  • Test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,210 km (750 mi).

1966 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-16. Launch Vehicle: R-16U.
  • Test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,210 km (750 mi).

1966 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-16. Launch Vehicle: R-16U.
  • Test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,210 km (750 mi).

1966 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-16. Launch Vehicle: R-16U.
  • Test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,210 km (750 mi).

1966 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-16. Launch Vehicle: R-16U.
  • Test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,210 km (750 mi).

1966 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-16. Launch Vehicle: R-16U.
  • Test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,210 km (750 mi).

1966 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-16. Launch Vehicle: R-16U.
  • Test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,210 km (750 mi).

1966 January 3-7 - .
  • Preliminary Design Review for the Apollo Block II pressure garment - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: A7L, Apollo CSM. The Preliminary Design Review for the Block II pressure garment assembly was held at International Latex Corporation..

1966 January 3 - .
  • Operational constraints for Apollo experimenters - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft Bus: Gemini. Spacecraft: Gemini.

    An OMSF memorandum spelled out operational constraints for Apollo experimenters to prevent experiment-generated operational problems. The author, E. E. Christensen, investigated the area at the request of NASA Associate Administrator for Manned Space Flight George E. Mueller and developed some general conclusions, based on experience gained in the Gemini experiments program.

    Christensen said the following items should be considered:

    1. The experimenter should be required to produce all hardware and paperwork on schedule or resign himself to the fact that the experiment would be deferred to a later flight.
    2. Training hardware should be identical to flight hardware except for flight certification documentation.
    3. The experimenter should be informed that control fuel and power resources are limited aboard the spacecraft and his requirements should specify minimum usage.
    4. The experimenter should be informed that recording and telemetry facilities are definitely limited and he should provide for alternate modes of data collection.
    5. The experimenter should be requested to submit, as early as possible, detailed operational requirements, including timeline data, to MSC for inclusion in the flight plan and to allow a maximum time for solution of operational problems.
    6. The experimenter should indicate both minimum and optimum experiment data requirements to allow mission planners some latitude in mission design.
    7. The experimenter should be informed that every effort would be made to fly assigned experiments, but that certain prime mission requirements might be generated in flight and take precedence. In this event NASA would make every effort to reassign a deleted experiment to a later mission.
    8. The experimenter should be informed that flight crew prime mission time demands can be exacting and that experiments requiring conscious efforts on the part of the crew may have to be compromised so as not to interfere with primary mission objectives.
    Christensen suggested that NASA Headquarters could assist by providing guidance to MSC regarding the assignment of experiment priorities on each mission and the extent of allowable degradation of experimentation. He indicated that he felt the following experiments appeared to contain potential operational problems: S5, Synoptic Terrain Photography; M9A, Human Otolith Function; S14, Frog Otolith Function; S16, Trapped Particles Asymmetry; S17, X-ray Astronomy; and S18, Micrometeorite Collection.

1966 January 4 - .
  • Korolev visits Cosmonaut Training Center - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Belyayev, Brezhnev, Bykovsky, Gagarin, Komarov, Korolev, Leonov, Nikolayev, Popovich, Tereshkova, Titov.

    Korolev visits the centre, and spends more than six hours with the cosmonauts. However he says nothing about concrete flight plans. Afterwards Kamanin meets with Gagarin, Titov, Popovvich, Nikolayev, Tereshkova, Bykovsky, Komarov, and Belyayev (Leonov is at courses at the Academy). A profound pessimism prevails. Nothing has come of the letter to Brezhnev.


1966 January 4 - . LV Family: DF-3. Launch Vehicle: DF-4.
  • Chinese ICBM plans - . Nation: China. Related Persons: Tsien. Tsien proposes to add electronic countermeasures and other penetration aids to the DF-5 ICBM in order to defeat the planned American ABM system..

1966 January 5 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC32B. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 2.
  • Research and development launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1966 January 6-13 - . LV Family: Saturn V. Launch Vehicle: Saturn V.
  • Apollo Block I SPS engine tested to 600 seconds - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo.

    The 500-second limitation for the Block I service propulsion system SPS engine qualification program was increased to 600 seconds for the last three altitude qualification tests. The spacecraft 020 SPS mission duty cycle required a 310-second burn and a 205-second burn. Discussions with Systems Engineering Division indicated that the long SPS burns were needed to support a full-duration S-IVB mission and there was little likelihood the requirement could be modified. The Block II engine delivery schedules prohibited obtaining a Block II engine in time to support spacecraft 020.


1966 January 6 - .
  • No sign of Soviets catching up in space - . Nation: Russia. Program: Voskhod. Flight: Gemini 10, Gemini 11, Gemini 8, Soyuz 1, Soyuz 2A, Voskhod 3, Voskhod 4. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-OK, Voskhod.

    Kamanin reviews the American and Soviet space plans as known to him. In 1965 the Americans flew five manned Gemini missions, and the Soviets, a single Voskhod. In 1966, the Americans plan to accomplish the first space docking with Gemini 8, demonstrate a first-orbit rendezvous and docking with Gemini 10, demonstrate powered flight using a docked Agena booster stage with Gemini 11, and rendezvous with an enormous Pegasus satellite. Against this, the Soviets have no program, no flight schedule. Kamanin can only hope that during the year 2-3 Voskhod flights and 2-3 Soyuz flights may be conducted.


1966 January 7 - . 08:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Vostok 8A92.
  • Cosmos 104 - . Payload: Zenit-2 11F61 s/n 36. Mass: 4,720 kg (10,400 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-2 satellite. Duration: 8.00 days. Decay Date: 1966-01-15 . USAF Sat Cat: 1903 . COSPAR: 1966-001A. Apogee: 379 km (235 mi). Perigee: 195 km (121 mi). Inclination: 65.0000 deg. Period: 90.20 min. Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite. Program not completely met. Spacecraft put into incorrect orbit by abnormal function of second and third stages of booster..

1966 January 8-11 - .
  • First Apollo fuel cell system test at White Sands - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM, CSM Fuel Cell.

    The first fuel cell system test at White Sands Test Facility was conducted successfully. Primary objectives were: 1 to verify the capability of the ground support equipment and operational checkout procedure to start up, operate, and shut down a single fuel cell power plant; and 2 to evaluate fuel cell operations during cold gimbaling of the service propulsion engine.


1966 January 8 - .
  • Space trainers - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Korolev, Mozzhorin, Tyulin. Program: Voskhod, Soyuz. Flight: Soyuz 1, Soyuz 2A, Voskhod 3, Voskhod 4, Voskhod 5. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-OK, Voskhod.

    Tyulin and Mozzhorin review space simulators at TsPK. The 3KV and Volga trainers are examined. Tyulin believes the simulators need to be finished much earlier, to be used not just to train cosmonauts, but as tools for the spacecraft engineers to work together with the cosmonauts in establishing the cabin arrangement. This was already done on the 3KV trainer, to establish the new, more rational Voskhod cockpit layout. Tyulin reveals that the female Voskhod flight now has the support of the Central Committee and Soviet Ministers. He also reveals that MOM has promised to accelerate things so that four Voskhod and five Soyuz flights will be conducted in 1966. For 1967, 14 manned flights are planned, followed by 21 in 1968, 14 in 1969, and 20 in 1970. This adds up to 80 spaceflights, each with a crew of 2 to 3 aboard. Tyulin also supports the Kamanin position on other issues - the Voskhod ECS should be tested at the VVS' IAKM or Voronin's factory, not the IMBP. The artificial gravity experiment should be removed from Voskhod and replaced by military experiments. He promises to take up these matters with Korolev.


1966 January 8 - . 04:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC10W. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor Burner 1. FAILURE: Second stage failed.. Failed Stage: 2.
  • DMSP-Block-4A F5 - . Payload: DAPP 14/OPS 2394. Mass: 130 kg (280 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Program: DMSP. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DMSP Block 4/5 satellites. Spacecraft: DMSP Block 4A. Decay Date: 1966-01-06 . Defense Meteorological Satellite Program..

1966 January 8 - . 13:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 1.
  • ISRO 15.03 Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1966 January 10 - .
  • Korolev hospitalised - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Korolev. Korolev is in the hospital, requiring an operation on his colon. It is not expected to be difficult, although it carries some risk like all surgeries. He is expected to be in the hospital for two to three weeks..

1966 January 10 - . 17:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Electron density Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 186 km (115 mi).

1966 January 11 - .
  • Female flight go-ahead - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Kuznetsova, Ponomaryova, Solovyova, Tyulin, Yerkina. Program: Voskhod. Flight: Voskhod 5. Spacecraft: Berkut, Voskhod. Tyulin has ordered the crew for the female Voskhod flight to enter final flight training and the preparation of all necessary space suits, cabin uniforms, crew couch liners, documentation, and other final preparations..

1966 January 12 - .
  • Birth of Sergey Nikolayevich Revin - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Revin. Russian engineer cosmonaut, 1996-on..

1966 January 12 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart.
  • 04 CNAE 6601 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: CONAE. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1966 January 13 - . LV Family: Saturn I. Launch Vehicle: Saturn IB.
  • Land impact program for the Apollo CM Block I deleted - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM, CSM Block II.

    A decision made at a Program Management Review eliminated the requirement for a land impact program for the CM to support Block I flights. Post-abort CM land impact for Saturn IB launches had been eliminated from Complex 37 by changes to the sequence timers in the launch escape system abort mode. The Certification Test Specification and related Certification Test Requirements would reflect the new Block II land impact requirements.


1966 January 13 - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. LV Family: Spartan. Launch Vehicle: Nike Zeus DM-15S.
  • Interceptor mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1966 January 13 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Sprint ABM. Launch Vehicle: HIBEX.
1966 January 14 - . LV Family: N1. Launch Vehicle: N1.
  • Korolev's death - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Beregovoi, Korolev, Kuznetsov, Nikolai F, Kuznetsova, Mishin, Petrovskiy, Ponomaryova, Shatalov, Shonin, Solovyova, Tereshkova, Volynov, Yerkina. Program: Voskhod, Soyuz, Lunar L1. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-OK, Voskhod.

    Korolev dies at age 59 during what was expected to be routine colon surgery in Moscow. The day began for Kamanin with firm plans finally in place for the next three Voskhod and first three Soyuz flights. Volynov and Shonin will be the crew for the first Voskhod flight, with Beregovoi and Shatalov as their back-ups. That will be followed by a female flight of 15-20 days, with the crew begin Ponomaryova and Solovyova, with their back-ups Sergeychik (nee Yerkina) and Pitskhelaura (nee Kuznetsova). Tereshkova will command the female training group. Training is to be completed by March 15. After this Kamanin goes to his dacha, only to be called by General Kuznetsov around 19:00, informing him that Korolev has died during surgery.

    Kamanin does not minimise Korolev's key role in creating the Soviet space program, but believes the collectives can continue the program without him. In truth, Kamanin feels Korolev has made many errors of judgment in the last three years that have hurt the program. Mishin, Korolev's first deputy, will take over management of Korolev's projects. Kamanin feels that Mishin is a clever and cultured engineer, but he is no Korolev. Over the next three days the cosmonauts console Korolev's widow.

    Korolev's surgery was done personally by Petrovskiy, the Minister of Health. Korolev was told the surgery would take only a few minutes, but after five hours on the operating table, his body could no longer endure the insult, and he passed away.


1966 January 14 - .
  • Death of Sergei Pavlovich Korolev - . Nation: Russia, Ukraine. Related Persons: Korolev. Soviet Chief Designer, responsible for creating the first long range ballistic missiles, the first space launchers, the first artificial satellite, and putting the first man in space. After his premature death the Soviets lagged in space..

1966 January 15 - . 00:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart.
  • Weather mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1966 January 16 - .
  • National Academy of Sciences report outlining research objectives in lunar and planetary exploration for the 1970s and early 1980s. - . Nation: USA. Program: Skylab. Spacecraft Bus: Viking. Spacecraft: Viking.

    The Space Science Board of the National Academy of Sciences issued a report outlining research objectives in lunar and planetary exploration for the 1970s and early 1980s. The report affirmed earlier recommendations by the Space Science Board to NASA that unmanned exploration of Mars should have first priority in the post- Apollo space era. Secondary importance was assigned to detailed investigation of the lunar surface and to unmanned Venus probes. Clearly, the report reflected a predominant mood within the scientific community that scientific research in space take predominance over manned programs whose chief objectives, said the report, were 'other than scientific.' Additional Details: here....


1966 January 17 - . 16:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 641. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1966 January 17 - . 17:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 1.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 124 km (77 mi).

1966 January 17 - . 22:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 206 km (128 mi).

1966 January 18 - .
  • Korolev buried in Red Square - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Brezhnev, Bykovsky, Gagarin, Komarov, Nikolayev, Popovich, Titov.

    The urn with Korolev's ashes is placed in the Kremlin Wall by an honor guard of cosmonauts and the highest leaders of the state. Kamanin knows that the like of Korolev will not be seen again. There are dozens of Chief Designers, but none with the genius, talent, and drive of Korolev. Kamanin worries for the future in the space race with the Americans. Even in life, Korolev was never able to achieve more than one or two spaceflights per year. Now, in 1966, they are supposed to achieve four times that flight rate without him.


1966 January 18 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF26. Launch Pad: LF26?. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 2.
  • Research and development launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1966 January 18 - . 00:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • TMA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 205 km (127 mi).

1966 January 18 - . 02:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • TMA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 167 km (103 mi).

1966 January 18 - . 03:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150A.
  • Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 134 km (83 mi).

1966 January 18 - . 05:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • TMA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 207 km (128 mi).

1966 January 18 - . 11:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 213 km (132 mi).

1966 January 18 - . 18:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Johnston Island. Launch Complex: Johnston Island LE2. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor DSV-2J.
  • AFP-437(AP) interceptor mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 459 km (285 mi).

1966 January 19 - . 20:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC4E. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas SLV-3 Agena D.
  • KH 7-24 - . Payload: KH-7 no. 24 / OPS 7253. Mass: 2,000 kg (4,400 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO, USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: WS-117. Spacecraft: KH-7. Decay Date: 1966-01-25 . USAF Sat Cat: 1939 . COSPAR: 1966-002A. Apogee: 259 km (160 mi). Perigee: 138 km (85 mi). Inclination: 93.8000 deg. Period: 88.40 min. KH-7 type satellite. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A). .
  • OPS 3179/Agena D - . Payload: Agena Pickaback / OPS 3179. Mass: 60 kg (132 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft Bus: SSF. Spacecraft: SSF. Decay Date: 1966-01-23 . USAF Sat Cat: 1940 . COSPAR: 1966-002B. Apogee: 149 km (92 mi). Perigee: 120 km (70 mi). Inclination: 93.8000 deg. Period: 87.20 min. Not identified as a subsatellite ferret by McDowell..

1966 January 20 - .
  • Little Joe II A-004 - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM, CSM Block I. Apollo Mission A-004 was successfully accomplished at White Sands Missile Range. This was the first flight test utilizing the Apollo Block I type spacecraft and the sixth and final test of the Apollo CSM development program at WSMR.. Additional Details: here....

1966 January 20 - . 15:17 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Little Joe II. Launch Vehicle: Little Joe II.
  • Apollo A-004 - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 23 km (14 mi).

1966 January 21 - . Launch Site: Green River. Launch Complex: Green River Pad 2. LV Family: Athena RTV. Launch Vehicle: Athena RTV.
  • USAF C025 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1966 January 21 - . 08:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Dragon. Launch Vehicle: Dragon.
  • FU-133 Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1966 January 22 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF05. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 2.
  • Force modification test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

    The first Force Modernization Minuteman II research and development missile (FTM 2022) was launched from a modernized Minuteman I silo at Vandenberg AFB. Performance through first and second stage ignition was satisfactory, but malfunctions forced the missile to be dumped 150 miles down range. The Force Modernization launch program concluded on 11 May 1967 after nine launches.


1966 January 22 - . 08:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Vostok 8A92.
  • Cosmos 105 - . Payload: Zenit-2 11F61 s/n 38. Mass: 4,720 kg (10,400 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-2 satellite. Duration: 8.00 days. Decay Date: 1966-01-30 . USAF Sat Cat: 1945 . COSPAR: 1966-003A. Apogee: 311 km (193 mi). Perigee: 203 km (126 mi). Inclination: 65.0000 deg. Period: 89.60 min. Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite..

1966 January 23 - . 12:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: GMS. Apogee: 44 km (27 mi).

1966 January 24 - .
  • New space schedules - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Afanasyev, Sergei, Chelomei, Korolev, Malinovskiy, Petrovskiy. Program: Voskhod, Soyuz, Lunar L1. Flight: Soviet Lunar Landing, Soyuz 1, Soyuz 2A, Soyuz 7K-L1 mission 1. Spacecraft: LK, Soyuz 7K-L1, Soyuz 7K-LOK, Soyuz 7K-OK.

    The VVS General Staff reviews a range of documents, authored by Korolev before his death, and supported by ministers Afanasyev and Petrovskiy. The schedules for the projects for flying around and landing on the moon are to be delayed from 1966-1967 to 1968-1969. A range of other space programs will similarly be delayed by 18 to 24 months. An institute for tests of space technology will be established at Chelomei's facility at Reutov. The IMBP will be made the lead organization for space medicine. Responsibility for space technology development will be moved from MOM to 10 other ministries. 100 million roubles have been allocated for the establishment of new research institutes. Kamanin is appalled, but Malinovskiy favours getting rid of the responsibility for these projects. The arguments over these changes - which reduce the VVS role in spaceflight - will be the subject of much of Kamanin's diary over the following weeks.


1966 January 24 - . 05:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 125 km (77 mi).

1966 January 25 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC50. LV Family: Sprint ABM. Launch Vehicle: Sprint ABM. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1966 January 25 - . 01:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Spheres Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 167 km (103 mi).

1966 January 25 - . 12:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC86/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 106 - . Payload: DS-P1-I s/n 1. Mass: 325 kg (716 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-I. Completed Operations Date: 1966-11-15 . Decay Date: 1966-11-14 . USAF Sat Cat: 1949 . COSPAR: 1966-004A. Apogee: 553 km (343 mi). Perigee: 281 km (174 mi). Inclination: 48.4000 deg. Period: 92.80 min. Operational radar target for the ABM forces..

1966 January 26 - . 02:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: K250. Launch Vehicle: S-250.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 6.00 km (3.70 mi).

1966 January 26 - . 10:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. LV Family: Lupus. Launch Vehicle: HAD.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Australia. Agency: WRE. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1966 January 26 - . 23:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Sandia 154-60 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 110 km (60 mi).

1966 January 27 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF09. Launch Pad: LF09?. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B.
  • Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi). The first SAC Minuteman I (LGM-30B) Follow-On Operational Test (FOT) was conducted from Vandenberg. .

1966 January 27 - . 01:29 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Apogee: 243 km (150 mi).

1966 January 28 - .
  • OKB-1 Program Review - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Gagarin, Kamanin, Komarov, Mishin. Program: Voskhod. Flight: Voskhod 3. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Voskhod.

    Kamanin, Gagarin, Komarov, and other VVS staff attend the first program review held since Korolev's death. Mishin reviews spacecraft build status. Voskhod s/n 5 is to be shipped to Tyuratam on 1 February and launched in the first half of February. This is the spacecraft fitted for the 30-day unmanned biosat mission with dogs. Kamanin had argued with Korolev over the last year that this flight was unnecessary, but Korolev did not want to expose the cosmonauts to the risk of a long-duration spaceflight with a heavily modified spacecraft without an unmanned precursor flight. The manned flight of Voskhod s/n 6 on an 18-day mission can only begin after the landing of s/n 5, e.g. launch in the period 10-20 March.


1966 January 28 - . 17:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC5. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout A.
  • Transit O-7 - . Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Program: Transit. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Transit. Spacecraft: Transit. USAF Sat Cat: 1952 . COSPAR: 1966-005A. Apogee: 1,180 km (730 mi). Perigee: 850 km (520 mi). Inclination: 90.0000 deg. Period: 105.40 min. Naval Avionics Facility-assembled production spacecraft. Failed after a few weeks operation..

1966 January 29 - . 12:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: GMS. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1966 January 30 - .
  • Voskhod training - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Beregovoi, Gorbatko, Katys, Shatalov, Shonin, Volynov. Program: Voskhod. Flight: Voskhod 3. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Voskhod.

    Kamanin observed cosmonaut training at TsPK on this Saturday. Beregovoi and Shatalov work in the Voskhod trainer. The exercises show that the Svinets military equipment is working poorly. Engineers are brought in Saturday evening and Sunday to fix the problems. Three crews are in training for Voskhod 3, prepared for flights of up to 30-40 days duration. Prime crew is now Volynov and Shonin; backup Beregovoi and Shatalov; reserve cosmonauts Katys and Gorbatko. Afterwards the daily routine for the long-duration missions is discussed - communications session protocols, scientific and military experiments (although these are still not completely developed). Of particular concern to Volynov is that each cosmonaut gulp down 2.088 litres of water per day. There is no good way of measuring the precise amount - some kind of dosage device needs to be developed. Beregovoi's worry is the unnecessary complex and irrational design of operation of the Svinets device. Shonin is concerned with problems with the NAZ survival equipment. There are so many open issues, yet the final flight program has to be established by 5 February.


1966 January 31 - .
  • Voskhod sinks from sight - . Nation: Russia. Program: Voskhod. Flight: Voskhod 3, Voskhod 4, Voskhod 5. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Voskhod. After Korolev's death, the leadership simply "forgets" about the instructions to fly a new series of Voskhods. The decrees ordering the flights are never rescinded, but the issue is not seriously raised again..

1966 January 31 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 641. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1966 January 31 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC41/4. LV Family: R-16. Launch Vehicle: R-16U.
  • Military training launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,210 km (750 mi).

1966 January 31 - . 11:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M.
  • Luna 9 - . Payload: E-6M s/n 13. Mass: 1,580 kg (3,480 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Luna. Class: Moon. Type: Lunar probe. Spacecraft Bus: Luna E-6. Spacecraft: Luna E-6. Decay Date: 1966-02-03 . USAF Sat Cat: 1954 . COSPAR: 1966-006A.

    Soft landed on Moon; photographed surface for 3 days. Landed on Moon 3 February 1966 at 18:44:52 GMT, Latitude 7.08 N, Longitude 295.63 E - Oceanus Procellarum. The Luna 9 spacecraft was the first spacecraft to achieve a lunar soft landing and to transmit photographic data to Earth. Seven radio sessions, totaling 8 hours and 5 minutes, were transmitted as were three series of TV pictures. When assembled, the photographs provided a panoramic view of the nearby lunar surface. The pictures included views of nearby rocks and of the horizon 1.4 Km away from the spacecraft.


1966 February - .
  • Douglas summary report covering the activities of three phases of the MORL study. - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft Bus: MORL. Spacecraft: MORL.

    Douglas Aircraft Company submitted a summary report to LaRC covering the activities of three phases of the MORL study. General objectives of the MORL study were to (1) establish the feasibility of a manned research laboratory; (2) determine the required level of technical, logistic, and economic support; and (3) define a realistic space station program responsive to the needs of NASA and other government agencies in particular and the scientific community in general. The three phases of the study were Phase I (June-September 1963)-System Comparison and Selection Study of a MORL Phase IIa (December 1963-November 1964)-Optimization of the MORL System Concept Phase IIb (December 1964-February 1966)-Development of the MORL System Utilization Potential. Additional Details: here....


1966 February 1 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC110L. LV Family: N1. Launch Vehicle: N1.
  • Construction starts on N1 launch pad 110 west. - . Nation: Russia. Program: Lunar L3.

1966 February 1 - . 18:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Spectroheliograph Solar soft x-ray mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Apogee: 209 km (129 mi).

1966 February 1 - . 20:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Point Barrow. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 117 km (72 mi).

1966 February 1 - . 20:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 118 km (73 mi).

1966 February 2 - .
  • Voskhod parachute system - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Gagarin, Leonov, Smirnov, Tkachev. Program: Voskhod. Flight: Voskhod 3. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Voskhod.

    Smirnov again questions the chief designers about the reliability of the parachute systems developed by Tkachev. The VVS remains troubled as to the reliability of these systems. Recently the system has been tested at Fedosiya to increase its rating to 2900 to 3200 kg for use on Voskhod-3. Three parachutes in these tests suffered rips during deployment. The Voskhod-3 capsule will weigh 3000 kg. Tkachev says he will guarantee its safety, but VVS and LII specialists do not share this optimism. Leonov, Gagarin, and various cosmonauts ask Kamanin to stop further showings of the new film comedy "30-3", which they say denigrates Soviet cosmonauts. However a showing to the leadership is enjoyed by all, and they see no grounds for surpressing it.


1966 February 2 - . 02:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 118 km (73 mi).

1966 February 2 - . 10:04 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Spica ultraviolet spectra Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 175 km (108 mi).

1966 February 2 - . 21:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC3W. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor SLV-2A Agena D.
  • KH-4A 1029 - . Payload: KH-4A s/n 1029 / Agena D 1623 / OPS 7291. Mass: 1,500 kg (3,300 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: CIA, NRO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: WS-117. Spacecraft: KH-4A. Decay Date: 1966-02-27 . USAF Sat Cat: 1968 . COSPAR: 1966-007A. Apogee: 428 km (265 mi). Perigee: 182 km (113 mi). Inclination: 75.0000 deg. Period: 90.60 min. KH-4A. Both panoramic cameras were operational throughout..

1966 February 2 - . 23:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3 AC.
1966 February 3 - .
  • Luna 9 Landing on the Moon (first Moon Landing) - . Nation: Russia.

1966 February 3 - . Launch Site: Green River. Launch Complex: Green River Pad 3. LV Family: Athena RTV. Launch Vehicle: Athena RTV.
  • USAF C030 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1966 February 3 - . 07:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor Delta C.
  • ESSA 1 - . Payload: Tiros OT3. Mass: 138 kg (304 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: ESSA. Program: Tiros. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft Bus: TIROS. Spacecraft: Tiros. USAF Sat Cat: 1982 . COSPAR: 1966-008A. Apogee: 806 km (500 mi). Perigee: 684 km (425 mi). Inclination: 97.8000 deg. Period: 99.70 min. Environmental Survey Satellite. Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C)..

1966 February 3 - . 11:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 395-D. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan II.
  • Winter Ice operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1966 February 3 - . 18:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Spheres (UM) Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 131 km (81 mi).

1966 February 4 - . 01:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Spheres (UM) Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 152 km (94 mi).

1966 February 4 - . 23:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 1.
  • ESRO C15 / 1 Aurora mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

1966 February 5 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC67/21. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: R-36O 8K69.
  • OGCh No. 02L - . Mass: 1,700 kg (3,700 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Spacecraft Bus: OGCh. Spacecraft: OGCh. COSPAR: U660205A. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi). Second suborbital test of the FOBS system..

1966 February 6-8 - .
  • First test of Apollo cryogenic gas storage system - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM, CSM Electrical.

    The first test of the cryogenic gas storage system was successfully conducted from 12:30p.m. February 6 through 8:50 p.m. February 8 at the White Sands Test Facility (WSTF), N. Mex. Primary objectives were to demonstrate the compatibility between the ground support equipment and cryogenic subsystem with respect to mechanical, thermodynamic, and electrical interfaces during checkout, servicing, monitoring, and ground control. All objectives were attained.


1966 February 6 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Greely. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • Arcasonde 1A Weather mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1966 February 7 - .
  • Apollo CSM weight program reviewed - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Flight: Apollo 204. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM, CSM Block I. The CSM weight program was reviewed by James L. Bullard of MSC and D. Morgan of North American Aviation at a meeting in Houston. . Additional Details: here....

1966 February 8 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: GMS. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1966 February 9 - . LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan II.
  • The Combined Systems Acceptance Test of Gemini launch vehicle (GLV) 9 was successfully conducted in the vertical test facility at Martin-Baltimore. - . Nation: USA. Flight: Gemini 9.

    The vehicle acceptance team convened February 14 and concluded its review on February 17 by accepting the vehicle. Deerection of GLV-9 was completed February 25, and the vehicle was formally accepted by the Air Force March 8. Stage I arrived at Cape Kennedy on March 9, stage II on March 10.


1966 February 9 - . 19:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC2W. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor SLV-2A Agena D.
  • OPS 1439 - . Payload: Ferret 9 / Agena D 2703. Mass: 1,500 kg (3,300 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO, USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Ferret. Spacecraft: Ferret. Decay Date: 1969-09-26 . USAF Sat Cat: 1997 . COSPAR: 1966-009A. Apogee: 511 km (317 mi). Perigee: 507 km (315 mi). Inclination: 82.0000 deg. Period: 94.70 min.

1966 February 10 - . LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan II.
  • Gemini launch vehicle 8 and spacecraft 8 were electrically mated; the Electrical Interface Integrated Validation and Joint Guidance and Control Test was completed February 14. - . Nation: USA. Flight: Gemini 8. After data from this test were reviewed (February 15), the Joint Combined Systems Test was run February 16..

1966 February 10 - .
  • State Commission - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Beregovoi, Katys, Keldysh, Kerimov, Mishin, Pravetskiy, Shabarov, Shatalov, Shonin, Tsybin, Tyulin, Volynov. Program: Voskhod. Flight: Voskhod 3, Voskhod 4, Voskhod 5. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Voskhod.

    The commission, chaired by Tyulin, with attendance by Mishin, Tsybin, Shabarov, Kerimov, and others considers manned flight plans for 1966. The 20-day dog flight of Voskhod s/n 5 is expected to launch on 22-23 February. Kamanin notes that although he is not against the flight, it has no interest to the military. Launch of Voskhod 3 is set for 20-23 March. Kamanin names his crews for the flight - Volynov/Shonin and Beregovoi/Shatalov as back-ups. Only Pravetskiy objects to these selections, pushing Katys for the prime crew. This settled, Mishin announces he still intends to pursue the artificial gravity experiment on the flights of Voskhod s/n 7 and/or 8. Kamanin informs Mishin that he has requested for more than a year that this experiment be moved to a Soyuz flight - there are 700 kg of new military scientific equipment that has to be flown aboard Voskhod, leaving little room for nothing else.

    It is decided that the flights of Voskhod s/n 5 and 6 will be run from Moscow rather than from the cosmodrome. The state commission will return to Moscow immediately after launch for this purpose. Four groups of staff will follow the flight on four-hour shifts.

    Tyulin, Keldysh, and Mishin want engineer and scientist cosmonauts to be trained for early Soyuz flights. Kamanin agrees, telling them he will submit suitable candidates. The meeting goes well, possibly since in the absence of Korolev the commission is stacked with military representatives - of 17 members, 9 are military.


1966 February 10 - . 00:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA3A. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout X-4A.
  • Reentry 4B Re-entry vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 175 km (108 mi).

1966 February 10 - . 05:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Auroral electrons 1 Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 178 km (110 mi).

1966 February 10 - . 07:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 117 km (72 mi).

1966 February 10 - . 07:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 114 km (70 mi).

1966 February 10 - . 08:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Vostok 8A92.
  • Cosmos 107 - . Payload: Zenit-2 11F61 s/n 34. Mass: 4,720 kg (10,400 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-2 satellite. Duration: 8.00 days. Decay Date: 1966-02-18 . USAF Sat Cat: 1998 . COSPAR: 1966-010A. Apogee: 313 km (194 mi). Perigee: 216 km (134 mi). Inclination: 65.0000 deg. Period: 89.70 min. Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite..

1966 February 10 - . 09:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 576A1. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D.
  • NTMP KX-38 / Pod 32 Reentry test / plume mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,800 km (1,100 mi).

1966 February 10 - . 18:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 122 km (75 mi).

1966 February 10 - . 18:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 114 km (70 mi).

1966 February 11 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF07. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B.
  • Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1966 February 11 - . 01:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC31B. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 2.
  • Research and development launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1966 February 11 - . 13:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 576B2. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D.
  • NTMP KX-51 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,800 km (1,100 mi).

1966 February 11 - . 18:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC86/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 63S1.
  • Cosmos 108 - . Payload: DS-U1-G s/n 1. Mass: 355 kg (782 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Earth. Type: Ionosphere satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-U1-G. Completed Operations Date: 1966-02-26 . Decay Date: 1966-11-21 . USAF Sat Cat: 2002 . COSPAR: 1966-011A. Apogee: 850 km (520 mi). Perigee: 220 km (130 mi). Inclination: 48.8000 deg. Period: 95.30 min. Studied the relationship between variations in the upper atmosphere and solar activity..

1966 February 12 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: MO-UK. Apogee: 62 km (38 mi).

1966 February 14 - . LV Family: N1. Launch Vehicle: N1.
  • N1 redesign to increase payload to 95 tonnes - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Mishin. Program: Lunar L3.

    Following Korolev's death, Mishin discovered that growth of the mass of the L3 payload had taken the low earth orbit payload requirement to 95 tonnes, beyond the 75 tonne lifting capability of the N1. To achieve the 95 tonne payload, changes in plans and redesign of the N1 would be necessary. The measures taken were: reduction of the orbital inclination for the initial earth orbit from 65 degrees to 52 degrees; reduce the altitude of the lunar orbit from 300 km to 220 km; increase the propellant mass by supercooling the propellants prior to loading in the lunach vehicle (the kerosene to be at -15 to -20 degrees Centigrade, the liquid oxygen to -191 degrees centigrade); add six engines to the first stage; increase thrust of all the engines on the first, second, and third stages by 2%; add a fourth stabilizer. The result of all of these measures would increase the launch mass to 2800 tonnes and the payload to the required 95 tonnes.


1966 February 15 - .
1966 February 15 - . 20:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC4E. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas SLV-3 Agena D.
  • KH 7-25 - . Payload: KH-7 no. 25 / OPS 1184. Mass: 2,000 kg (4,400 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO, USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: WS-117. Spacecraft: KH-7. Decay Date: 1966-02-22 . USAF Sat Cat: 2012 . COSPAR: 1966-012A. Apogee: 290 km (180 mi). Perigee: 142 km (88 mi). Inclination: 96.5000 deg. Period: 88.90 min. KH-7 type satellite. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A). .
  • Bluebell 2C (Cylinder) - . Payload: OPS 3011. Mass: 9.00 kg (19.80 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft Bus: Bluebell. Spacecraft: Bluebell. Decay Date: 1966-02-16 . USAF Sat Cat: 2014 . COSPAR: 1966-012B. Apogee: 253 km (157 mi). Perigee: 115 km (71 mi). Inclination: 96.5000 deg. Period: 88.10 min. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A). .
  • Bluebell 2S (Sphere) - . Payload: OPS 3031. Mass: 4.00 kg (8.80 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft Bus: Bluebell. Spacecraft: Bluebell. Decay Date: 1966-02-22 . USAF Sat Cat: 2015 . COSPAR: 1966-012C. Apogee: 268 km (166 mi). Perigee: 147 km (91 mi). Inclination: 96.5000 deg. Period: 88.60 min. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A). .

1966 February 16 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF25. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 2.
  • Research and development launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi). The last Minuteman II (LGM-30F) research and development flight test missile (FTM 2033) was launched from Vandenberg AFB as part of the continuing Minuteman II R&D launch program. .

1966 February 17 - . LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan II.
  • The tanking test of Gemini launch vehicle (GLV) 8 was conducted. - . Nation: USA. Flight: Gemini 8.

    While the launch vehicle was being cleaned up after the test, spacecraft No. 8 Final Systems Test was completed February 23. On February 25, GLV and spacecraft were temporarily mated for an erector-cycling test. The extravehicular support package and life support system were checked out and installed in the spacecraft between February 26 and March 5, while GLV systems were modified and revalidated February 28 to March 3.


1966 February 17 - .
  • Soviet Lunar Landing Plans - . Nation: Russia. Program: Lunar L3. Flight: Soviet Lunar Landing. Spacecraft: LK, Soyuz 7K-LOK.

    Kamanin presents his plan to train 5 to 6 crews for the lunar landing mission over a 30 month period. Only experienced cosmonauts, with prior spaceflight experience, will be assigned to these crews. Kamanin lays out for the VVS leadership the complex series of events the cosmonauts will have to complete in the L3 lunar-orbit rendezvous scheme, including transfer between spacecraft of a single lunar landing cosmonaut in free space in lunar orbit. Crews need to be formed immediately, with two cosmonauts per crew - the L3 mission commander, and the second cosmonaut who will land on the moon. In order to accomplish the mission on schedule, a new air regiment needs to be formed, with the necessary flying laboratories, simulators and trainers, space suits, test stands and surface simulators, and other equipment necessary to train the crew for the mission.


1966 February 17 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 644. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1966 February 17 - . Launch Site: Green River. Launch Complex: Green River Pad 2. LV Family: Athena RTV. Launch Vehicle: Athena RTV.
  • USAF D014 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1966 February 17 - . 08:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Brigitte. LV Family: Diamant. Launch Vehicle: Diamant A.
  • Diapason - . Payload: D-1A. Mass: 19 kg (41 lb). Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Class: Earth. Type: Geodetic satellite. Spacecraft Bus: D. Spacecraft: D. USAF Sat Cat: 2016 . COSPAR: 1966-013A. Apogee: 2,484 km (1,543 mi). Perigee: 502 km (311 mi). Inclination: 34.1000 deg. Period: 115.80 min. Scientific satellite 'D-I' launched from Hammaguir (Algeria)..

1966 February 17 - . 09:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 395-B. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan II.
  • Black Hawk operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1966 February 17 - . 16:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • E / B currents Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 186 km (115 mi).

1966 February 18 - .
  • Death of Grigori Grigoyevich Nelyubov at Ippolitovka, Russia. Suicide. - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Nelyubov. Russian pilot cosmonaut, 1960-1963. Discharged with Anikeyev and Filatuev after alcohol incident. Returned to Air Force duties in Siberia, underwent increasing depression, killed in 1966 when hit by a train..

1966 February 18 - .
  • Cosmos 110 State Commission - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Mishin, Tkachev. Program: Voskhod. Flight: Voskhod 3. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Voskhod.

    The first launch commission with Korolev's chair empty. The chief designers certify the full readiness of the booster, spacecraft, and the dogs that will crew the spacecraft. It is declared that the launch can proceed on 22-23 February. The only problem discussed is continued disquiet with the parachute system. Rips in the parachute have developed in the last four tests at Fedosiya. The system was designed for the original Vostok capsule mass of 2.6 tonnes, but the next Voskhods will have capsule landing weighs of 3.0 to 3.3 tonnes. Comrade Tkachev now refuses to guarantee the reliability of the system at landing weights over 2.9 to 3.0 tonnes. The Voronezhsk factory guarantees the reliability of the four third stage engines, despite the explosion of an engine on the test stand in December 1965.

    Launch of spacecraft s/n 6, Voskhod 3, is set for 22-23 March, with landing on 12 April. Afterwards the endless discussion of the role of IMBP in manned spaceflight, and especially military spaceflight is hashed over again in a bitter argument.


1966 February 18 - . 04:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Auroral electrons 2 Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 209 km (129 mi).

1966 February 19 - . 00:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Arecibo. Launch Complex: Arecibo VB. LV Family: Javelin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Javelin.
  • REDLAMP ROBIN Ionosphere / aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 192 km (119 mi).

1966 February 19 - . 08:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57.
  • Cosmos 109 - . Payload: Bion precursor. Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-4. Duration: 8.00 days. Decay Date: 1966-02-27 . USAF Sat Cat: 2019 . COSPAR: 1966-014A. Apogee: 288 km (178 mi). Perigee: 204 km (126 mi). Inclination: 64.9000 deg. Period: 89.40 min. High resolution photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; also carried biological experiments..

1966 February 19 - . 09:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 576B1. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D.
  • NTMP KX-47 Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,800 km (1,100 mi).

1966 February 20 - . 00:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Arecibo. Launch Complex: Arecibo VB. LV Family: Javelin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Javelin.
  • REDLAMP Ionosphere / aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 192 km (119 mi).

1966 February 20 - . 05:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • JHU Aurora 4 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 166 km (103 mi).

1966 February 20 - . 05:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Arecibo. Launch Complex: Arecibo VB. LV Family: Javelin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Javelin.
  • REDLAMP TONI Ionosphere / aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 192 km (119 mi).

1966 February 21 - .
  • Death of Donald D Williams - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Williams, Donald D. American engineer, instrumental in the development of the Early Bird and Syncom communications satellites. Commited suicide in 1966..

1966 February 21 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC86/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 63S1. FAILURE: First stage failed 83 seconds after launch.. Failed Stage: 1.
  • DS-K-40 s/n 2 - . Payload: DS-K-40. Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Program: DS. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-K-40. Development of systems for the later operational Tselina satellites..

1966 February 21 - . 13:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant III.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Apogee: 175 km (108 mi).

1966 February 21 - . 19:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant III.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Apogee: 188 km (116 mi).

1966 February 21 - . 20:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant III.
  • O2 density Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Apogee: 196 km (121 mi).

1966 February 22 - .
  • Voskhod 3 flight authorised. - . Nation: Russia. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Voskhod. Central Committee of the Communist Party and Council of Soviet Ministers Decree 'On Performing in March 1966 the Launch 3KV n6 With Two Cosmonauts for Solving Problems of Extended Space Flight((8-20 Days)--course of Voskhod-3 preparations' was issued..

1966 February 22 - . 18:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 1.
  • ESRO C14 / 1 Aurora mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 115 km (71 mi).

1966 February 22 - . 20:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57.
  • Cosmos 110 - . Payload: Voskhod 3KV s/n 5. Mass: 5,700 kg (12,500 lb). Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Beregovoi, Shatalov, Shonin, Volynov. Agency: MOM. Program: Voskhod. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Voskhod 3. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Voskhod. Duration: 20.69 days. Decay Date: 1966-03-16 . USAF Sat Cat: 2070 . COSPAR: 1966-015A. Apogee: 887 km (551 mi). Perigee: 181 km (112 mi). Inclination: 51.8000 deg. Period: 95.30 min.

    Successfully recovered March 15, 1966 13:00 GMT. Precursor mission for Voskhod 3 hardware. Two dogs carried into lower Van Allen radiation belts.
    Officially: Biological research.

    Voskhod s/n 5 launched at 23:10 Moscow time, with two dogs, Veterka and Ygolka, aboard. This will be a 25-day mission. Kamanin is disgusted, he had proposed this as a 25-day mission by a single cosmonaut, but Korolev had constantly held with the 'dog variant'. Preparations for Voskhod-3 are proceeding well. The prime and back-up crews have completed their training and will take their examinations on 28 February. Parallel trials of the oxygen regeneration system at IMBP and OKB-124 both went well (IMBP, 12 days so far, temperature 16-24 deg C, 70% humidity; OKB-124, 10 days so far, temperature 18-16 deg C, 65% humidity).


1966 February 23 - . 10:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. LV Family: Lupus. Launch Vehicle: HAD.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Australia. Agency: WRE. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1966 February 23 - . 23:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 1.
  • ESRO C14 / 2 Aurora mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 117 km (72 mi).

1966 February 24 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 642. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1966 February 24 - . 19:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF06. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1A.
  • Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

    The Air Force Western Test Range (AFWTR) supported the first simultaneous ("salvo") launch of two SAC Minuteman I missiles - Flight Test Missiles 529 and 629. The launches were intended to evaluate multiple-firing techniques to be used in operational conditions.


1966 February 24 - . 19:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF04. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1A.
  • Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

    The Air Force Western Test Range (AFWTR) supported the first simultaneous ("salvo") launch of two SAC Minuteman I missiles - Flight Test Missiles 529 and 629. The launches were intended to evaluate multiple-firing techniques to be used in operational conditions.


1966 February 25 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 625. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A2.
  • Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1966 February 25 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 625. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A2.
  • Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1966 February 25 - . 13:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Rehbar 9 (Na) Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1966 February 26 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar PL87. LV Family: RT-2. Launch Vehicle: RT-2.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1966 February 26 - . 13:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Rehbar 10 (Na) Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1966 February 26 - . 16:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC34. LV Family: Saturn I. Launch Vehicle: Saturn IB.
  • Apollo 201 (AS-201) - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 488 km (303 mi).

    Apollo-Saturn 201 was launched from Cape Kennedy, with liftoff of an Apollo Block I spacecraft (CSM 009) on a Saturn IB launch vehicle at 11:12:01 EST. Launched from Launch Complex 34, the unmanned suborbital mission was the first flight test of the Saturn IB and an Apollo spacecraft. Total launch weight was 22,000 kilograms.

    Spacecraft communications blackout lasted 1 minute 22 seconds. Reentry was initiated with a space-fixed velocity of 29,000 kilometers per hour. CM structure and heatshields performed adequately. The CM was recovered by the USS Boxer from the Atlantic about 72 kilometers uprange from the planned landing point. (8.18 S x 11.15 W).


1966 February 27 - . 16:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Ascension. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • UM Pitot 20 / AS-201 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 155 km (96 mi).

1966 February 28 - .
  • Gemini IX Astronauts Elliot M. See, Jr., and Charles A. Bassett II killed when their T-38 jet crashed. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Bassett, See. Flight: Gemini 9, Gemini 9A.

    Gemini IX Astronauts Elliot M. See, Jr., and Charles A. Bassett II were killed when their T-38 jet training plane crashed in rain and fog short of the St. Louis Municipal Airport. The jet, which had been cleared for an instrument landing, was left of center in its approach to the runway when it turned toward the McDonnell complex, 1000 feet from the landing strip. It hit the roof of the building where spacecraft nos. 9 and 10 were being housed, bounced into an adjacent courtyard, and exploded. Several McDonnell employees were slightly injured. Minutes later the Gemini IX backup crew, Thomas P. Stafford and Eugene A. Cernan, landed safely. The four astronauts were en route to McDonnell for two weeks' training in the simulator. NASA Headquarters announced that Stafford and Cernan would fly the Gemini IX mission on schedule and appointed Alan B. Shepard, Jr., to head a seven-man investigating team.


1966 February 28 - . LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan II.
  • Stage I of Gemini launch vehicle 10 was erected in the east cell of the vertical test facility at Martin-Baltimore. - . Nation: USA. Flight: Gemini 10. After completing horizontal testing March 3, stage II was erected March 7. Power was applied to the vehicle for the first time on March 14. Subsystems Functional Verification Tests were completed April 13..

1966 February 28 - . 13:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17B. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor Delta E.
  • ESSA 2 - . Payload: Tiros OT2. Mass: 132 kg (291 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: ESSA. Program: Tiros. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft Bus: TIROS. Spacecraft: Tiros. USAF Sat Cat: 2091 . COSPAR: 1966-016A. Apogee: 1,415 km (879 mi). Perigee: 1,355 km (841 mi). Inclination: 101.3000 deg. Period: 113.50 min. Environmental Survey Satellite; carried APT cameras. Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C)..

1966 March - .
  • Venera x impacts on Venus - . Nation: Russia. Spacecraft Bus: 3MV. Spacecraft: Venera 3MV-3.

    The mission of this spacecraft was to land on the Venusian surface. The entry vehicle contained a radio communication system, scientific instruments, electrical power sources, and medallions bearing the coat of arms of the U.S.S.R. The station impacted Venus but, the communications systems failed before planetary data could be returned.


1966 March 1 - .
  • Voskhod 3 postponed - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Tyulin. Program: Voskhod. Flight: Voskhod 3.

    Tyulin advises that the State Commission has decided to postpone the flight of Voskhod 3 to late April. The cosmonauts ready, but the spacecraft is not. OKB-1 staff at Baikonur also are tasked to launch the Luna 10 probe and another Molniya-1 communications satellite before Voskhod 3 can be launched. No fixed date for the manned launch has been set.


1966 March 1 - .
  • Venera 3, Venus Impact (USSR) - . Nation: Russia.

1966 March 1 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg.
  • Vandenberg, adds 14,890 acres - . Nation: USA. Vandenberg, adding approximately 14,890 acres to the base and increasing its size to its present 98,400 acres..

1966 March 1 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 611. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A2.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1966 March 1 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 611. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A2.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1966 March 1 - . 11:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M. FAILURE: The escape stage Block L lost roll control during unpowered coast in parking orbit because the axis of the course regulator of the control system jammed in the zero position. The stage's engine was not fired.. Failed Stage: U.
  • Cosmos 111 - . Payload: Ye-6S s/n 204. Mass: 6,540 kg (14,410 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: Korolev Design Bureau. Program: Luna. Class: Moon. Type: Lunar probe. Spacecraft Bus: Luna E-6. Spacecraft: Luna E-6S. Decay Date: 1966-03-03 . USAF Sat Cat: 2093 . COSPAR: 1966-017A. Apogee: 180 km (110 mi). Perigee: 168 km (104 mi). Inclination: 51.8000 deg. Period: 88.00 min.

1966 March 2 - . 17:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150A.
  • Te, Solar UV Solar extreme ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 228 km (141 mi).

1966 March 2 - . 17:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Javelin.
  • Geoprobe Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 536 km (333 mi).

1966 March 3 - .
  • Landing rocket system for Apollo. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Mueller, Shea. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM, Apollo X.

    Associate Administrator for Manned Space Flight George E. Mueller acknowledged receipt from Joseph F. Shea, the Apollo Spacecraft Program Manager at MSC, of a detailed technical description of MSC's plans and development progress toward developing a landing rocket system for Apollo. (MSC had undertaken this effort some months earlier at Mueller's specific request.) Mueller advised Shea that he had asked AAP Deputy Director John H. Disher to work closely with Shea's people to devise a land landing system for AAP built on Houston's effort for Apollo.


1966 March 3 - .
  • Voskhod 3 ECS - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Voronin. Program: Voskhod. Flight: Voskhod 3. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Voskhod.

    Today the trials at Voronin's OKB-124 had to be halted after a 16 day run, when the cabin oxygen level went out of limits. It seems the cosmonauts could control it in flight by closely monitoring the cabin atmosphere composition and changing cartridges as necessary (typically after 5.5 days), but this is not a reliable basis for a flight. For a 20 day flight, a 22-day endurance run on earth should be a minimum, but neither the IMBP or OKB-124 have been able to make the system run longer than 14-16 days before it breaks down. Later the State Commission meets. Cosmos 110 continues in normal flight, the dogs and other life forms are alive. The only minus is that data received is complete due to the failure of the antennae to deploy.


1966 March 3 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 644. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1966 March 3 - . Launch Site: Omsk. LV Family: R-9. Launch Vehicle: R-9A.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,160 km (720 mi).

1966 March 3 - . 21:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150A.
  • AFCRL Solar Solar extreme ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 219 km (136 mi).

1966 March 3 - . 22:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 1.
  • Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 125 km (77 mi).

1966 March 4 - . 12:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 576A1. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D. FAILURE: Failure. Failed Stage: 1.
  • NTMP KX-35 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1966 March 5 - . 04:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima L. LV Family: Lambda. Launch Vehicle: Lambda 3H.
  • X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 1,829 km (1,136 mi).

1966 March 6 - .
  • Soviet design bureaux reorganised and renamed. - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Afanasyev, Sergei, Mishin, Okhapkin. Spacecraft: LK, Soyuz 7K-L1, Soyuz 7K-LOK, Soyuz 7K-OK.

    Decree 'On renaming OKB-1 as TsKBEM and OKB-52 as TsKBM' was issued. In 1966 Afanasyev reorganised the military industrial complex. OKB-1 was redesignated TsKBEM. Sergei Osipovich Opakhin was made First Deputy within the new organization.

    However within TsKBEM there were no relative priorities for the projects competing for resources. The R-9 and RT-2 ICBM's, the orbital, circumlunar, and lunar orbiter versions of Soyuz, the LK lunar lander, the N1 booster -- all were 'equal'. It seemed folly to be pursuing the orbital ferry version of the Soyuz when no space station had to be funded. But it was felt flying the spacecraft would solve reliability questions about the design, so it was pursued in parallel with the L1 and L3 versions.


1966 March 7 - .
  • Stress corrosion of Apollo titanium tanks problem identified - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft Bus: Gemini. Spacecraft: Gemini.

    Apollo Program Director Samuel C. Phillips, in a memo to the Director, Office of Advanced Research and Technology, NASA Hq., pointed out that in July 1965 the Apollo program encountered stress corrosion of titanium tanks from nitrogen tetroxide propellant. Additional Details: here....


1966 March 8 - .
  • Dual Apollo AS-207/208 mission planned - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Phillips, Samuel. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft Bus: Apollo CSM. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM. Apollo Program Director Samuel C. Phillips notified the three manned space flight Centers that they were requested to plan for a dual AS-207/208 mission, assuming that launch would occur one month later than the 207 launch now scheduled..

1966 March 8 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF02. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B.
  • Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1966 March 8 - . 07:42 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • AS / E with ACS X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 165 km (102 mi).

1966 March 9 - .
  • Douglas proposal on the airlock for the AAP. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Mueller, Seamans. Spacecraft Bus: Skylab. Spacecraft: Orbital Workshop.

    A team of engineers from Douglas Aircraft Company, headed by Jack Bromberg, presented a technical briefing and cost proposal to Associate Administrator for Manned Space Flight George E. Mueller on the company's design on the airlock for the AAP. Mueller observed that Douglas' idea for a 30-day capability seemed technically sound. He expressed strong interest in the AAP spent-stage experiment because it would establish a solid basis for space station requirements and definition. However, he cautioned that he had not received definite approval from either the Administrator, James E. Webb, or his deputy, Robert C. Seamans, Jr., on the spent-stage concept and admitted that he had 'some selling to do.'


1966 March 9-10 - .
  • First integrated test of major Apollo service module systems - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM, CSM Electrical. The first integrated test of the service propulsion system, electrical power system, and cryogenic gas storage system was successfully conducted at the White Sands Test Facility..

1966 March 9 - . 02:22 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Stellar spectra Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: KPNO. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1966 March 9 - . 22:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC1W. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor SLV-2A Agena D.
  • KH-4A 1030 - . Payload: KH-4A s/n 1030 / Agena D 1622 / OPS 3488. Mass: 1,500 kg (3,300 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: CIA, NRO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: WS-117. Spacecraft: KH-4A. Decay Date: 1966-03-29 . USAF Sat Cat: 2099 . COSPAR: 1966-018A. Apogee: 418 km (259 mi). Perigee: 180 km (110 mi). Inclination: 75.0000 deg. Period: 90.40 min. KH-4A. All cameras operated satisfactorily..

1966 March 10 - .
  • Death of Norair Martirosovich Sisakyan - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Sisakyan. Russian scientist. Early space medicine specialist at the Second Division of Biological Sciences under the Academy of Sciences..

1966 March 10 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 642. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1966 March 10 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Javelin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Javelin.
  • DASA HAR Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1966 March 10 - . 08:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Nike Iroquois. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Bremss density Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 205 km (127 mi).

1966 March 10 - . 22:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 1.
  • ESRO C13 / 2 Aurora mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 114 km (70 mi).

1966 March 11 - .
  • Birth of Pavel Pavlovich Mukhortov - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Mukhortov. Russian journalist cosmonaut, 1990-1992..

1966 March 11 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF03. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B.
  • Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1966 March 11 - . 21:02 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • STV SR-025 - . Nation: USA. Agency: SAMSO. Apogee: 2.00 km (1.20 mi).

1966 March 12 - .
1966 March 12 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan IIIC.
  • Start of construction (site preparation) for SLC-6 - . Nation: USA. Class: Manned. Type: Manned space station. Spacecraft Bus: MOL. Spacecraft: MOL. Start of construction (site preparation) for Space Launch Complex 6 facilities at former Sudden Ranch property..

1966 March 12 - . 00:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Johnston Island. Launch Complex: Johnston Island LE2. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor DSV-2J.
  • AFP-437(AP) interceptor mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 472 km (293 mi).

1966 March 13 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Brigitte. LV Family: Diamant. Launch Vehicle: Saphir VE231.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1966 March 13 - . 05:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Auroral electrons 3 Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1966 March 14 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 617. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A2.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1966 March 14 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 617. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A2.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1966 March 14 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 617. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A2.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1966 March 14 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 617. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A2.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1966 March 15 - .
  • Cosmos 110 landing commission - . Nation: Russia. Program: Voskhod. Flight: Voskhod 3. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Voskhod.

    The State Commission meets on the 21st day of flight. The life forms are still alive, although the atmosphere in the cabin isgradually worsening (oxygen has gone from 143 to 136 mm Hg and the carbon dioxide level has gone up from 0.89% to 0.91%). The flight duration objective has been fulfilled, and although the designers say the ECS could run for a total of 36 days, it is decided to bring the capsule down within the next two days. A landing commission of 25 military and engineering representatives is formed to oversee the process. It is decided to bring the capsule down on the 330th orbit, on 16 March, with an emergency re-entry possible at 15:30 on 15 March if the cabin parameters worsen.


1966 March 16 - .
  • Landing of Cosmos 110 - . Nation: Russia. Program: Voskhod. Flight: Voskhod 3. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Voskhod.

    The 'Spusk' landing command is transmitted to the capsule at 14:00, all proceeds normally, and the capsule makes a soft landing at 17:15 210 km southeast of Saratov, 60 km from the aim point. All recovery systems and radio beacons work well, and within 30 to 40 minutes after landing it is reported from the site that the capsule is all right and the dogs alive. However due to bad weather in the landing zone - 100 m ceiling, 1-2 km visibility, fog - the capsule cannot be recovered until the next morning. Kamanin is attacked by the leadership for this delay - but compares the performance by the VVS recovery forces with the American failure to promptly recover Gemini 8 after its emergency re-entry.


1966 March 16 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Jericho. Launch Vehicle: MD-620.
  • Bietage test - . Nation: Israel. Agency: Dassault. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi). First launch of two-stage version of MD.620..

1966 March 16 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC14. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas SLV-3 Agena D.
  • Gemini 8 Agena Target - . Payload: TDA 3/Agena D 5003 GATV. Mass: 3,175 kg (6,999 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Houston. Program: Gemini. Class: Manned. Type: Manned logistics spacecraft. Flight: Gemini 8. Spacecraft Bus: Agena. Spacecraft: Gemini Agena Target Vehicle. Decay Date: 1967-09-15 . USAF Sat Cat: 2104 . COSPAR: 1966-019A. Apogee: 299 km (185 mi). Perigee: 285 km (177 mi). Inclination: 28.9000 deg. Period: 90.40 min. Target vehicle for Gemini 8..

1966 March 16 - . 16:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC19. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan II GLV.
  • Gemini 8 - . Call Sign: Gemini 8. Crew: Armstrong, Scott. Backup Crew: Conrad, Gordon. Payload: Gemini SC8. Mass: 3,788 kg (8,351 lb). Nation: USA. Related Persons: Armstrong, Conrad, Gordon, Scott. Agency: NASA Houston. Program: Gemini. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Gemini 8. Spacecraft Bus: Gemini. Spacecraft: Gemini. Duration: 0.45 days. Decay Date: 1966-03-17 . USAF Sat Cat: 2105 . COSPAR: 1966-020A. Apogee: 264 km (164 mi). Perigee: 160 km (90 mi). Inclination: 28.9000 deg. Period: 88.80 min.

    The Atlas-Agena target vehicle for the Gemini VIII mission was successfully launched from KSC Launch Complex 14 at 10 a.m. EST March 16. The Gemini VIII spacecraft followed from Launch Complex 19 at 11:41 a.m., with command pilot Neil A. Armstrong and pilot David R. Scott aboard. The spacecraft and its target vehicle rendezvoused and docked, with docking confirmed 6 hours 33 minutes after the spacecraft was launched. This first successful docking with an Agena target vehicle was followed by a major space emergency. About 27 minutes later the spacecraft-Agena combination encountered unexpected roll and yaw motion. A stuck thruster on Gemini put the docked assembly into a wild high speed gyration. Near structural limits and blackout, Armstrong undocked, figuring the problem was in the Agena, which only made it worse. The problem arose again and when the yaw and roll rates became too high the crew shut the main Gemini reaction control system down and activated and used both rings of the reentry control system to reduce the spacecraft rates to zero. This used 75% of that system's fuel. Although the crew wanted to press on with the mission and Scott's planned space walk, ground control ordered an emergency splashdown in the western Pacific during the seventh revolution. The spacecraft landed at 10:23 p.m. EST March 16 and Armstrong and Scott were picked up by the destroyer U.S.S. Mason at 1:37 a.m. EST March 17. Although the flight was cut short by the incident, one of the primary objectives - rendezvous and docking (the first rendezvous of two spacecraft in orbital flight) - was accomplished.

    Primary objectives of the scheduled three-day mission were to rendezvous and dock with the Gemini Agena target vehicle (GATV) and to conduct extravehicular activities. Secondary objectives included rendezvous and docking during the fourth revolution, performing docked maneuvers using the GATV primary propulsion system, executing 10 experiments, conducting docking practice, performing a rerendezvous, evaluating the auxiliary tape memory unit, demonstrating controlled reentry, and parking the GATV in a 220-nautical mile circular orbit. The GATV was inserted into a nominal 161-nautical mile circular orbit, the spacecraft into a nominal 86 by 147-nautical mile elliptical orbit. During the six hours following insertion, the spacecraft completed nine maneuvers to rendezvous with the GATV. Rendezvous phase ended at 5 hours 58 minutes ground elapsed time, with the spacecraft 150 feet from the GATV and no relative motion between the two vehicles. Stationkeeping maneuvers preceded docking, which was accomplished at 6 hours 33 minutes ground elapsed time. A major problem developed 27 minutes after docking, when a spacecraft orbit attitude and maneuver system (OAMS) thruster malfunctioned. The crew undocked from the GATV and managed to bring the spacecraft under control by deactivating the OAMS and using the reentry control system (RCS) to reduce the spacecraft's rapid rotation. Premature use of the RCS, however, required the mission to be terminated early. The retrofire sequence was initiated in the seventh revolution, followed by nominal reentry and landing in a secondary recovery area in the western Pacific Ocean. The spacecraft touched down less than 10 km from the planned landing point. The recovery ship, the destroyer Leonard Mason, picked up both crew and spacecraft some three hours later. Early termination of the mission precluded achieving all mission objectives, but one primary objective - rendezvous and docking - was accomplished. Several secondary objectives were also achieved: rendezvous and docking during the fourth revolution, evaluating the auxiliary tape memory unit, demonstrating controlled reentry, and parking the GATV. Two experiments were partially performed.


1966 March 16 - . 23:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3.
1966 March 17 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 616. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A2.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1966 March 17 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 616. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A2.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1966 March 17 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF08. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 2. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Force modification test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi). The first flight test of the General Electric Mark 12 reentry vehicle was made aboard a Minuteman II (LGM-30F) booster fired from Vandenberg. .

1966 March 17 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC60/7. LV Family: R-16. Launch Vehicle: R-16U.
  • Military training launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,210 km (750 mi).

1966 March 17 - . 10:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC41/1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Vostok 8A92.
  • Cosmos 112 - . Payload: Zenit-2 11F61 s/n 37. Mass: 4,720 kg (10,400 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-2 satellite. Duration: 8.00 days. Decay Date: 1966-03-25 . USAF Sat Cat: 2107 . COSPAR: 1966-021A. Apogee: 664 km (412 mi). Perigee: 214 km (132 mi). Inclination: 72.0000 deg. Period: 93.30 min. Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite..

1966 March 17 - . 22:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC67/21. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: R-36O 8K69.
  • OGCh No. 03L - . Mass: 1,700 kg (3,700 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Spacecraft Bus: OGCh. Spacecraft: OGCh. COSPAR: U660316A. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

    Last of three suborbital flight tests of the FOBS system. The second stage of the booster placed the third stage and dummy warhead on a depressed trajectory with a range of 8500 km but an altitude of only 220 km (versus 800 to 1200 km for an optimum ballistic trajectory). The third stage than executed a 180 degree turn and its engines were fired to further brake the warhead to an impact on the Kamchatka peninsula. The second stage meanwhile continued on to reentry over the Pacific Ocean.


1966 March 18 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Brigitte. LV Family: Diamant. Launch Vehicle: Saphir VE231.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1966 March 18 - . 01:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Trailblazer test vehicle. Launch Vehicle: Trailblazer 2.
  • Re-entry vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 280 km (170 mi).

1966 March 18 - . 20:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC4E. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas SLV-3 Agena D.
  • KH 7-26 - . Payload: KH-7 no. 26 / OPS 0879. Mass: 60 kg (132 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO, USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: WS-117. Spacecraft: KH-7. Decay Date: 1966-03-24 . USAF Sat Cat: 2109 . COSPAR: 1966-022A. Apogee: 308 km (191 mi). Perigee: 162 km (100 mi). Inclination: 101.0000 deg. Period: 89.30 min. Not identified as a subsatellite ferret by McDowell..
  • OPS 0974/Agena D - . Payload: NRL PL137 / OPS 0974. Mass: 2,000 kg (4,400 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft Bus: SSF. Spacecraft: SSF. Decay Date: 1966-03-23 . USAF Sat Cat: 2112 . COSPAR: 1966-022B. Apogee: 285 km (177 mi). Perigee: 149 km (92 mi). Inclination: 101.0000 deg. Period: 88.80 min. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A). .

1966 March 19 - . 12:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 576A1. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D.
  • NTMP KX-43 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,800 km (1,100 mi).

1966 March 19 - . 12:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LC-A. LV Family: Javelin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Javelin.
  • HITAB 1 Technology test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1966 March 20 - . 12:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 9M.
  • XRA? / Airglow X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1966 March 21 - .
  • House Committee recommended combining NASA's Apollo Applications Program with the Air Force's Manned Orbiting Laboratory. - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft: Apollo X, MOL.

    A report by the Military Operations Subcommittee of the House Committee on Government Operations recommended combining NASA's Apollo Applications Program with the Air Force's Manned Orbiting Laboratory. 'Inasmuch as both programs are still research and development projects without definitive operational missions,' stated the Committee's report, 'there is reason to expect that with earnest efforts both agencies could get together on a joint program incorporating both unique and similar experiments of each agency.'


1966 March 21 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF06. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1A.
  • Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1966 March 21 - . 09:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57.
  • Cosmos 113 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-4. Duration: 8.00 days. Decay Date: 1966-03-29 . USAF Sat Cat: 2114 . COSPAR: 1966-023A. Apogee: 314 km (195 mi). Perigee: 202 km (125 mi). Inclination: 64.9000 deg. Period: 89.60 min. High resolution photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule.

1966 March 21 - . 23:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • D-region composition Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, NDRE. Apogee: 133 km (82 mi).

1966 March 22 - . 09:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. LV Family: Lupus. Launch Vehicle: HAD.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Australia. Agency: WRE. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1966 March 23 - . LV Family: Saturn V. Launch Vehicle: Saturn V.
  • NASA released the first AAP schedule. It envisioned 26 Saturn IB and 19 Saturn V AAP launches. - . Nation: USA. Program: Skylab. Spacecraft: Orbital Workshop, Skylab.

    Among these would be three 'S-IVB/Spent-Stage Experiment Support Modules' (i.e., 'wet' Workshops), three Saturn V-boosted orbital laboratories, and four Apollo telescope mounts. The initial AAP launch was slated for April 1968. The schedule was predicated upon non-interference with the basic Apollo lunar landing program, minimum modifications to basic Apollo hardware, and compatibility with existing Apollo launch vehicles.


1966 March 23 - .
  • Cosmos 110 review - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Beregovoi, Mishin, Shatalov, Shonin, Tsybin, Tyulin, Volynov. Program: Voskhod. Flight: Voskhod 3. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Voskhod.

    An OKB-1 review is held, without Tyulin and Mishin, who are at Baikonur supervising launch of a Monlniya satellite and Luna 10. Tsybin leads the meeting. Although the Cosmos 110 flight was successful, there were several deviations: the Zarya antenna did not deploy, the Komar system did not 'digest' after landing, the ion flow sensors were unreliable, and the Signal radio system only functioned in the HF band within the zone of visibility of a tracking station. There was no detectable dangerous radiation at the 900 km apogee of the satellite. The dogs were alive, but uncoordinated in their movement after landing, and showed a loss of calcium in their bones. The flight also showed good functioning of the ECS - the problems seen on the ground could not be duplicated in flight. A new run at IMBP has reached its 16th day with no abnormalities, which clears the system for use on an 18-19 day manned flight. The Voskhod-3 spacecraft has been completed and shipped to Baikonur; the booster has also been delivered and is ready for flight. The crew has completed their flight plans and ship's logs. After completion of the ECS trials (planned for 10 April), Voskhod 3 will be cleared for launch.

    Work on the Svinets experiment continues. It was discovered that the device needs a night horizon, and the absence of a moon in the sky, in order to detect a rocket launch in the infrared band. The designer has been working with the cosmonauts for three months to fix this and problems in reliably operating the equipment. Kamanin estimates it will take 10 to 15 days to rectify these problems. Svinets is a crucial experiment, but in his view the development of the device by the PVO has been poorly managed.


1966 March 23 - . 04:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Auroral Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 290 km (180 mi).

1966 March 24 - . LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan II.
  • Gemini launch vehicle 9 was removed from storage and erected at complex 19. - . Nation: USA. Flight: Gemini 9.

    The vehicle was inspected and umbilicals connected by March 28. Power was applied March 29, and the Subsystems Reverification Test (SSRT) began March 30. SSRT concluded April 11. The Prespacecraft Mate Verification Combined Systems Test was completed April 12.


1966 March 24 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC41/4. LV Family: R-16. Launch Vehicle: R-16U.
  • Operational test launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,210 km (750 mi).

1966 March 24 - . 13:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • ISRO 10.07 TERLS-39 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 201 km (124 mi).

1966 March 24 - . 15:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Rehbar 11 (Grenades) Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 135 km (83 mi).

1966 March 24 - . 16:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 1.
  • ISRO 15.04 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 163 km (101 mi).

1966 March 24 - . 17:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique 61M.
  • FU-155 test - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 209 km (129 mi).

1966 March 24 - . 21:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 1.
  • ISRO 15.05 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 159 km (98 mi).

1966 March 24 - . 21:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC81/23. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: UR-500. FAILURE: Second stage malfunction.. Failed Stage: 2.
  • N-4 s/n 3 - . Payload: N-4. Mass: 8,300 kg (18,200 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Program: Proton. Class: Astronomy. Type: X-ray astronomy satellite. Spacecraft Bus: N-4. Spacecraft: N-4. Decay Date: 1966-03-24 .

1966 March 25 - . 00:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • ISRO 10.08 TERLS-42 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 201 km (124 mi).

1966 March 25 - . 09:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 395-C. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan II.
  • Close Touch operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1966 March 25 - . 09:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LC-A. LV Family: Javelin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Javelin.
  • HITAB Technology mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1966 March 25 - . 22:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF04. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1A.
  • Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1966 March 26 - .
  • Voskhod 3 test failure - . Nation: Russia. Program: Voskhod. Flight: Voskhod 3. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Voskhod. IMBP has completed its tests of the ECS, which only ran 18.5 days before shutting down instead of the 20-day objective. This means essentially that any flight will be limited to 17 to 18 days, and a 20-day manned flight will not be possible during 1966..

1966 March 26 - . 03:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC5. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout A.
  • Transit O-8 - . Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Program: Transit. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Transit. Spacecraft: Transit. USAF Sat Cat: 2119 . COSPAR: 1966-024A. Apogee: 1,099 km (682 mi). Perigee: 879 km (546 mi). Inclination: 89.7000 deg. Period: 104.90 min. Spacecraft built by Naval Avionics Facility, but refurbished by APL. Operated for 7 to 11 months, but then failed due to poor workmanship of NAFI components..

1966 March 26 - . 07:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant II.
  • Aurora / solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 153 km (95 mi).

1966 March 27 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78. FAILURE: The booster failed during ascent. The launcher and payload broke up on impact with the ground.. Failed Stage: 1.
  • Molniya-1 s/n 5 Failure - . Payload: Molniya-1 s/n 5. Mass: 1,600 kg (3,500 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Program: Molniya. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-2. Spacecraft: Molniya-1.

1966 March 27 - . 17:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Rehbar 12 (Grenades) Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 190 km (110 mi).

1966 March 28 - .
  • Korolev tether projects cancelled - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Korolev, Mishin. Flight: Voskhod 3, Voskhod 4. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-OK Tether, Voskhod.

    Korolev was always interested in application of artificial gravity for large space stations and interplanetary craft. After Korolev’s death, the projects to develop tether experiments to be flown aboard Voskhod and Soyuz spacecraft were closed by Mishin and not pursued further.


1966 March 28 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Brigitte. LV Family: Diamant. Launch Vehicle: Saphir VE231.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1966 March 28 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Platform: F-4C. LV Family: Genie. Launch Vehicle: ALARR.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 46 km (28 mi).

1966 March 29 - .
  • Use of Langley's Apollo Lunar Orbit and Landing Approach (LOLA) Simulator requested - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo LM, LM Simulator.

    MSC requested use of Langley Research Center's Lunar Orbit and Landing Approach (LOLA) Simulator in connection with two technical contracts in progress with Geonautics, Inc., Washington, D.C. One was for pilotage techniques for use in the descent and ascent phases of the LEM profile, while the other specified construction of a binocular viewing device for simplified pilotage monitoring. Langley concurred with the request and suggested that MSC personnel work with Manuel J. Queijo in setting up the program, in making working arrangements between the parties concerned, and in defining the trajectories of interest.


1966 March 29 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-16. Launch Vehicle: R-16U.
  • Test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,210 km (750 mi).

1966 March 30 - .
  • Soyuz R Cancelled; Soyuz 7K-TK to be ferry to Almaz station - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Chelomei, Kozlov. Spacecraft: Almaz OPS, Soyuz 7K-TK, Soyuz R.

    Ministry of General Machine Building (MOM) Decree 145ss 'On approval of the 7K-TK as transport for the Almaz station' was issued. It was decided that the 11F71 Soyuz-R space station would be cancelled and the Almaz would be developed in its place. Almaz was assigned the index number previously allocated to the Soyuz-R station, and Kozlov was ordered to hand over to Chelomei all of the work completed in relation to the station. However Kozlov's Soyuz 7K-TK ferry was to continue in development to transport crew to the Almaz.


1966 March 30 - .
  • Voskhod military space projects - . Nation: Russia. Program: Voskhod. Flight: Voskhod 3, Voskhod 4, Voskhod 5, Voskhod 6. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Voskhod.

    The military has over a tonne of military experiments they want flown, which would require at a minimum manned flights of Voskhod s/n 6, 7, 8, and 9. Development of a military version of Soyuz is proceeding slowly. It would be best to use these existing spacecraft to fly these experiments as soon as possible, but MOM and OKB-1 have decided only to complete spacecraft s/n 6 and 7.


1966 March 30 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor.
  • Final mission of the Thor/Altair from Vandenberg - . Nation: USA. Final mission of the Thor/Altair from Vandenberg AFB (first launch on 18 January 1965)..

1966 March 30 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur PU31. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: R-36 8K67.
  • SLI K Operational test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1966 March 30 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-16. Launch Vehicle: R-16U.
  • Test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,210 km (750 mi).

1966 March 30 - . 04:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant II.
  • Aurora / ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 154 km (95 mi).

1966 March 30 - . 09:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 576B3. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D.
  • OV1-04 - . Mass: 88 kg (194 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF OAR. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft Bus: OV1. Spacecraft: OV1. USAF Sat Cat: 2121 . COSPAR: 1966-025A. Apogee: 1,008 km (626 mi). Perigee: 884 km (549 mi). Inclination: 144.5000 deg. Period: 104.00 min. Thermal control experiments. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A). .
  • OV1-04S - . Mass: 555 kg (1,223 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft Bus: OV1. Spacecraft: OV1. USAF Sat Cat: 2121 . COSPAR: 1966-025xx. Apogee: 1,002 km (622 mi). Perigee: 879 km (546 mi). Inclination: 144.5000 deg. Period: 103.80 min.
  • OV1-05S - . Payload: BORE. Mass: 114 kg (251 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF OAR. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft Bus: OV1. Spacecraft: OV1. USAF Sat Cat: 2122 . COSPAR: 1966-025B. Apogee: 1,056 km (656 mi). Perigee: 985 km (612 mi). Inclination: 144.6000 deg. Period: 105.60 min. Optical radiation test. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A). .

1966 March 30 - . 18:35 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Extreme ultraviolet Mon / RPA Solar extreme ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 229 km (142 mi).

1966 March - .
  • Total cost of the Apollo manned lunar landing program - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Mueller, Webb. Program: Apollo.

    NASA OMSF prepared a position paper on NASA's estimated total cost of the manned lunar landing program. Administrator James E. Webb furnished the paper for the record of the FY 1967 Senate authorization hearings and the same statement was given to the House Committee. The paper was approved by Webb and George E. Mueller and placed the run-out costs for the program at $22.718 billion.


1966 March 31 - . Launch Site: Green River. Launch Complex: Green River Pad 3. LV Family: Athena RTV. Launch Vehicle: Athena RTV.
  • USAF D019 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1966 March 31 - . Launch Site: Green River. Launch Complex: Green River Pad 1. LV Family: Athena RTV. Launch Vehicle: Athena RTV.
  • USN B009 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1966 March 31 - . 05:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC10W. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor Burner 1.
  • DMSP-Block-4A F6 - . Payload: DAPP 15 / OPS 0340. Mass: 130 kg (280 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Program: DMSP. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DMSP Block 4/5 satellites. Spacecraft: DMSP Block 4A. USAF Sat Cat: 2125 . COSPAR: 1966-026A. Apogee: 855 km (531 mi). Perigee: 604 km (375 mi). Inclination: 98.3000 deg. Period: 99.40 min. The last Thor/Altair (Burner I) was launched from Vandenberg AFB. The improved Burner II would replace the Altair upper stage. Defense Meteorological Satellite Program..

1966 March 31 - . 10:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M.
  • Luna 10 - . Payload: E-6S s/n 206 ISL. Mass: 1,597 kg (3,520 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: Korolev Design Bureau. Program: Luna. Class: Moon. Type: Lunar probe. Spacecraft Bus: Luna E-6. Spacecraft: Luna E-6S. USAF Sat Cat: 2126 . COSPAR: 1966-027A.

    Lunar Orbit (Selenocentric). Development of system to permit the creation of an artificial lunar satellite for the investigation of circumlunar space; development of onboard systems for putting a station into a selenocentric (circumlunar) orbit. Orbit: Lunar Orbiter. The Luna 10 spacecraft was launched towards the Moon from an Earth orbiting platform. The spacecraft entered lunar orbit 3 50 x 1017 km, inclination 71.9 deg to plane of the lunar equator. on April 4, 1966. Scientific instruments included a gamma-ray spectrometer for energies between 0.3--3 MeV, a triaxial magnetometer, a meteorite detector, instruments for solar-plasma studies, and devices for measuring infrared emissions from the Moon and radiation conditions of the lunar environment. Gravitational studies were also conducted. The spacecraft played back to Earth the `Internationale' during the Twenty-third Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. Luna 10 was battery powered and operated for 460 lunar orbits and 219 active data transmissions before radio signals were discontinued on May 30, 1966.


1966 March 31 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 598. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1966 April - .
  • Dynasoar 2 - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft Bus: Dynasoar. Spacecraft: Dynasoar. Prior to cancellation of the Dynasoar project, the second unmanned flight was planned for the fifth flight test of the Titan 3C booster..

1966 April 1 - .
  • Voskhod 4 to 6 in jeopardy - . Nation: Russia. Program: Voskhod. Flight: Voskhod 4, Voskhod 5, Voskhod 6. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Voskhod.

    In a meeting of Soviet Ministers, it is revealed that Voskhod s/n 7, 8, and 9 will likely not be completed. Kamanin objects - he wants these flights to be used for manned test of military equipment in space. He does not trust waiting even further for the availability of the untested and unflown 7K-OK spacecraft.


1966 April - . LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas F.
  • Final active Atlas squadron deactivated. - . Nation: USA. VAFB SMS 576 deactivated.

1966 April 1 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC31B. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 2.
  • Research and development launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1966 April 1 - . 13:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Sidewinder-Arcas.
  • AC30.752 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 103 km (64 mi).

1966 April 2 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur PU31. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: R-36 8K67.
  • SLI K Operational test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1966 April 4 - .
  • L1 and Voskhod - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Bushuyev, Gagarin, Komarov. Program: Voskhod, Lunar L1. Flight: Voskhod 4, Voskhod 5, Voskhod 6. Spacecraft: Luna E-6S, Soyuz 7K-L1, Voskhod.

    The Luna 10 robot orbiter has successfully entered moon orbit, conducted two radio communications sessions, including broadcast back to the earth of the "International", the Socialist hymn, to the 23rd Party Congress. Bushuev from OKB-1 is seeking cosmonaut representatives for the commission that will inspect the mock-up of the L1 circumlunar spacecraft. Kamanin nominates Gagarin, Komarov, Nikitin, Frolov, Smirnov, and others. Kamanin informs OKB-1 that he has obtained the support of the PVO and RVSN for the completion and flight of Voskhod s/n 7, 8, and 9. A letter to Smirnov asking for those fights to be conducted will be drafted.


1966 April 4 - .
  • NASA Astronaut Training Group 5 selected. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Brand, Bull, John, Carr, Duke, Engle, Evans, Givens, Haise, Irwin, Lind, Lousma, Mattingly, McCandless, Mitchell, Pogue, Roosa, Swigert, Weitz, Worden.

    The group was selected to provide pilot-astronauts for the Apollo Applications Program (then planned as 10 lunar landings after Apollo 11 and 30 Apollo flights to earth-orbit space stations).. Qualifications: Qualified jet pilot with minimum 1,000 flight-hours, bachleor's degree in engineering or physical or biological sciences, under 35 years old, under 183 cm height, excellent health. US citizen.. 351 applications (including six women and a legless US Navy pilot). All 19, except X-15 astronaut Engle, would fly into space on Apollo or Skylab missions. Engle and six others would fly shuttle missions.


1966 April 4 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF02. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B.
  • Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1966 April 4 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF09. Launch Pad: LF09?. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B.
  • Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1966 April 4 - . 08:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique 61M.
  • FU-145 ACS test / astronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 23 km (14 mi). FU145 Technology (Attitude control) mission..

1966 April 4 - . 16:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 174 km (108 mi).

1966 April 5 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Brigitte. LV Family: Diamant. Launch Vehicle: Saphir VE231.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1966 April 5 - . 16:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 395-D. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan II.
  • Gold Ring operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1966 April 6 - . 11:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC41/1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57.
  • Cosmos 114 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-4. Duration: 8.00 days. Decay Date: 1966-04-14 . USAF Sat Cat: 2133 . COSPAR: 1966-028A. Apogee: 337 km (209 mi). Perigee: 202 km (125 mi). Inclination: 72.8000 deg. Period: 89.80 min. High resolution photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule.

1966 April 6 - . 15:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique AGI.
  • FU-126 Solar corona Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi). FU126 Solar corona (UV) / Ptr mission..

1966 April 7 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 643. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Operational Test / 1 of 2 launches failed - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1966 April 7 - . 16:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 643. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1966 April 7 - . 22:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC3W. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor SLV-2A Agena D.
  • KH-4A 1031 - . Payload: KH-4A s/n 1031 / Agena D 1627 / OPS 1612. Mass: 1,500 kg (3,300 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: CIA, NRO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: WS-117. Spacecraft: KH-4A. Decay Date: 1966-04-26 . USAF Sat Cat: 2136 . COSPAR: 1966-029A. Apogee: 312 km (193 mi). Perigee: 193 km (119 mi). Inclination: 75.1000 deg. Period: 89.60 min. KH-4A. The aft-looking camera malfunctioned after the recovery of bucket '1'. No material was received in bucket '2' (1031-2)..

1966 April 8 - .
  • Agreement between the Department of Defense and NASA on extraterrestrial mapping - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Seamans. Program: Apollo.

    Deputy Administrator Robert C. Seamans, Jr., received a letter from John S. Foster, Jr., Director of Defense Research and Engineering, expressing pleasure that the agreement between the Department of Defense and NASA on extraterrestrial mapping, charting, and geodesy support had been consummated. He was returning a copy of the agreement for the NASA files.


1966 April 8 - .
  • Voskhod 3 further delayed - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Tyulin. Program: Voskhod. Flight: Voskhod 3, Voskhod 4, Voskhod 5.

    Tyulin reveals that Voskhod 3 should be completely integrated and ready to go by the end of April, but the flight will be pushed back even farther than that. Mishin is also raising questions about Voskhod 4 and Voskhod 5. The cosmonauts are ready, but have nothing to do but wait. Who will supervise future manned space missions is in question. Korolev was de facto leader in the past. The others - the President of the State Commission, the President of the Academy of Sciences - were in fact just there in support roles. Without Korolev, this may change in the future, and the question has become controversial.


1966 April 8 - . 01:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC36B. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas Centaur D. FAILURE: Centaur propellant leak.. Failed Stage: U.
  • Surveyor Model - . Payload: Surveyor SD-3. Mass: 784 kg (1,728 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: JPL, NASA. Class: Moon. Type: Lunar probe. Spacecraft Bus: Surveyor. Spacecraft: Surveyor. Decay Date: 1966-05-05 . USAF Sat Cat: 2139 . COSPAR: 1966-030A. Apogee: 336 km (208 mi). Perigee: 182 km (113 mi). Inclination: 30.7000 deg. Period: 89.70 min. Launch vehicle test. Payload was dummy Surveyor spacecraft..

1966 April 8 - . 04:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • MIP 3 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 159 km (98 mi).

1966 April 8 - . 19:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC12. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas SLV-3 Agena D.
  • OAO 1 - . Payload: OAO A1. Mass: 1,774 kg (3,911 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Class: Astronomy. Type: X-ray astronomy satellite. Spacecraft Bus: OAO. Spacecraft: OAO. USAF Sat Cat: 2142 . COSPAR: 1966-031A. Apogee: 793 km (492 mi). Perigee: 783 km (486 mi). Inclination: 35.0000 deg. Period: 100.60 min. Orbiting Astronomical Observatory. Spacecraft engaged in research and exploration of the upper atmosphere or outer space (US Cat B). .

1966 April 9 - .
  • Cost and schedule estimates for MSFC to integrate the ATM with the LEM. - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft Bus: Skylab. Spacecraft: Apollo ATM.

    In response to a request from Deputy Administrator Robert C. Seamans, Jr., Saturn/Apollo Applications Deputy Director John H. Disher asked Jerry McCall, MSFC' Deputy Director for Research and Development Operations, to prepare cost and schedule estimates for 'MSFC to integrate the ATM with the LEM. This request stemmed from a desire by the Office of Space Science and Applications (OSSA) to acquire ATM experiment data during upcoming periods of maximum solar activity. Disher listed guidelines for the MSFC estimates: OSSA-desired flight dates were April 1968, February 1969, and February 1970. Goddard Space Flight Center would be responsible for development of experiments aboard the ATM, as well as for the mounting structure and thermal provisions. MSFC would be responsible for development of modification kits to convert all Apollo lunar-landing-configured LEM to an AAP laboratory configuration (including provisions for reuse after three to six mouths storage in orbit); for development of interface modification kits needed to integrate the ATM and its experiments with the AAP LEM laboratory; and for installation of the modification kits and the ATM system in the LEM at KSC prior to checkout and launch. In addition, Disher told McCall that MSFC should examine two approaches to ATM LEM integration: (1) gimbal mounted and (2) hard mounted with provisions for momentum transfer for fine pointing control.


1966 April 10 - . LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K.
  • Cosmonaut training for lunar flights announced - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Leonov. Program: Lunar L1. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-L1. Leonov announces that cosmonauts are in training for lunar missions..

1966 April 11 - .
  • Popovich incident - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Gagarin, Gorbatko, Nikolayev, Popovich.

    Gagarin, Gorbatko, Nikolayev, Popovich, and their wives went out with delegates to the 23 Party Congress from Kiev. Afterwards an argument broke out between Popovich and his wife when she caught him in an embrace with Gorbatko's wife. Popovich struck his wife in the presence of the others, and her brother punched Popovich in response, giving him a black eye.


1966 April 12 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC41/4. LV Family: R-16. Launch Vehicle: R-16U.
  • Military training launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,210 km (750 mi).

1966 April 13 - . LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan II.
  • The Electrical Interface Integrated Validation and Joint Guidance and Control Test began. - . Nation: USA. Flight: Gemini 9.

    The Electrical Interface Integrated Validation and Joint Guidance and Control Test began after Gemini launch vehicle 9 and spacecraft No. 9 were electrically mated. These activities were completed April 15. The Joint Combined Systems Test was run April 19.


1966 April 14 - . LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan II.
  • The Combined Systems Acceptance Test (CSAT) of Gemini launch vehicle (GLV) 10 was conducted at Martin-Baltimore. - . Nation: USA. Flight: Gemini 10.

    The CSAT was followed by a performance data review, completed April 19. The vehicle acceptance team convened April 26 and accepted GLV-10 on April 29. The vehicle was deerected May 2-4 and formally accepted by the Air Force May 18. Stage I was flown to Cape Kennedy the same day, with stage II following May 20. Both stages were transferred to Hanger L where they were purged and pressurized with dry nitrogen and placed in controlled access storage.


1966 April 14 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 598. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1966 April 14 - . 05:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Auroral Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 296 km (183 mi).

1966 April 14 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Dayglow Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 183 km (113 mi).

1966 April 14 - . 15:08 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 192 km (119 mi).

1966 April 15 - .
  • NASA said to need a manned space flight goal other than "using Apollo hardware" - a Mars flyby or landing mission. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Gilruth, Mueller. Spacecraft: IMIS 1968, Von Braun Mars Expedition - 1969.

    MSC Director Robert R. Gilruth summarized Houston's position expressed during discussions with Associate Administrator for Manned Space Flight George E. Mueller two days earlier. Gilruth cited NASA s need for a manned space flight goal other than 'using Apollo hardware' (and suggested a Mars flyby or landing mission as an in-house focus for planning.) Also, he repeated his concern over the imbalance between AAP goals and resources, as well as the extent of engineering redesign and hardware modification that had been forced upon the project. Though expressing his and MSC's desire to contribute to and be a part of AAP, Gilruth voiced concern that 'the future of manned space flight . . . is in jeopardy because we do not have firm goals, and because the present approach appears to us to be technically unsound.'


1966 April 15 - . LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas SLV-3 Agena D.
  • Evaluation of a Lockheed proposal to launch space probes from orbit using Agena rockets launched from AAP stations in space. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Mueller, Seamans. Spacecraft Bus: Skylab. Spacecraft: Orbital Workshop.

    Associate Administrator for Manned Space Fight George E. Mueller informed Deputy Administrator Robert C. Seamans, Jr., of the Saturn/Apollo Applications Program Office's evaluation of a Lockheed proposal to launch space probes from orbit using Agena rockets launched from AAP stations in space. The proposal was feasible, Mueller advised, but did not seem a desirable mission for inclusion in the AAP. Additional Details: here....


1966 April 15 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF07. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B.
  • Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1966 April 18 - .
  • Lunar Worm Planetary Roving Vehicle - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Shea. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft Bus: Lunar Worm. Spacecraft: Lunar Worm.

    ASPO Manager Joseph F. Shea and members of his organization were invited to attend the formal presentation by the Aeronutronic Division of Philco Corp. on a "Study of Lunar Worm Planetary Roving Vehicle Concept," at LaRC on May 3. The exploratory study to determine the feasibility of a bellows-concept mobile vehicle included a mobility and traction analysis for several kinds of bellows motion and several soil surfaces; analysis of both metallic and nonmetallic construction to provide the bellows structure; brief design studies of the concept as applied to a small unmanned vehicle, a supply vehicle, a small lunar shelter, a large lunar shelter; and an overall evaluation of the suitability of the concept for carrying out various missions as compared with other vehicles.


1966 April 18 - .
  • Apollo spacecraft 007 and 011 delivered - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM, CSM Block I.

    Spacecraft 007 and 011 were delivered to NASA by North American Aviation. Spacecraft 007 was delivered to Houston to be used for water impact and flotation tests in the Gulf of Mexico and in an environmental tank at Ellington AFB. It contained all recovery systems required during actual flight and the total configuration was that of a flight CM.

    The CM of spacecraft 011 was similar to those in which astronauts would ride in later flights and the SM contained support systems including environmental control and fuel cell systems and the main service propulsion system. Spacecraft 011 was scheduled to be launched during the third quarter of 1966.


1966 April 18 - . LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan II.
  • Stage I of Gemini launch vehicle 11 was erected in the west cell of the vertical test facility at Martin-Baltimore. - . Nation: USA. Flight: Gemini 11. After completing horizontal tests April 25, stage II was erected April 29. Power was applied to the vehicle for the first time on May 9, and Subsystems Functional Verification Tests were completed June 8..

1966 April 18 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC41/4. LV Family: R-16. Launch Vehicle: R-16U.
  • Military training launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,210 km (750 mi).

1966 April 19 - . 19:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC4E. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas SLV-3 Agena D.
  • KH 7-27 - . Payload: KH-7 no. 27 / OPS 0910. Mass: 2,000 kg (4,400 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO, USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: WS-117. Spacecraft: KH-7. Decay Date: 1966-04-26 . USAF Sat Cat: 2146 . COSPAR: 1966-032A. Apogee: 375 km (233 mi). Perigee: 139 km (86 mi). Inclination: 116.9000 deg. Period: 89.60 min. KH-7 type satellite. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A). .

1966 April 20 - . 02:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 2.
1966 April 20 - . 08:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 395-B. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan II.
  • Long Light operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi). A SAC crew launched the 19th, and final, Titan II Operational Test (OT) missile (#62-12298) from Vandenberg. .

1966 April 20 - . 10:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Vostok 8A92.
  • Cosmos 115 - . Payload: Zenit-2 11F61 s/n 35. Mass: 4,720 kg (10,400 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-2 satellite. Duration: 8.00 days. Decay Date: 1966-04-28 . USAF Sat Cat: 2147 . COSPAR: 1966-033A. Apogee: 283 km (175 mi). Perigee: 189 km (117 mi). Inclination: 65.0000 deg. Period: 89.20 min. . Program partially completed. Abnormal operation of SA-10 camera..

1966 April 20 - . 12:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 8.
  • Aeronomy / plasma / fields mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 155 km (96 mi).

1966 April 21 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 643. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1966 April 21 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1966 April 21 - . 00:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 2.
1966 April 21 - . 02:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Tonopah. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Sandia 154-75 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1966 April 21 - . 11:25 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • JHU UVT F1 (Venus) Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 154 km (95 mi).

1966 April 21 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 643. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1966 April 21 - . 16:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 643. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1966 April 22 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF03. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B.
  • Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1966 April 22 - . 09:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC5. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout B.
  • OV3-01 - . Mass: 69 kg (152 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF OAR. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft Bus: OV3. Spacecraft: OV3. USAF Sat Cat: 2150 . COSPAR: 1966-034A. Apogee: 3,585 km (2,227 mi). Perigee: 341 km (211 mi). Inclination: 82.4000 deg. Period: 126.40 min. Radiation data. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A)..

1966 April 22 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Agate. Launch Vehicle: Rubis.
  • Rubis 03 / MPE Ba-17 Plasma / ionosphere / barium release mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 2,035 km (1,264 mi).

1966 April 23 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: GMS. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1966 April 25 - . 07:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78.
  • Molniya 1-03 - . Payload: Molniya-1. Mass: 1,600 kg (3,500 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Molniya. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-2. Spacecraft: Molniya-1. Decay Date: 1973-06-11 . USAF Sat Cat: 2151 . COSPAR: 1966-035A. Apogee: 39,414 km (24,490 mi). Perigee: 546 km (339 mi). Inclination: 65.0000 deg. Period: 709.80 min. Also transmitted cloud cover images. Television programme transmission and long-range two-way multi-channel telephone, phototelegraph and telegraph communicaitons. .

1966 April 26 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC41/4. LV Family: R-16. Launch Vehicle: R-16U.
  • Military training launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,210 km (750 mi).

1966 April 26 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur PU32. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: R-36 8K67.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1966 April 26 - . 00:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Rehbar 13 (Gren / TMA) Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 190 km (110 mi).

1966 April 26 - . 10:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC86/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 116 - . Payload: DS-P1-Yu s/n 6. Mass: 325 kg (716 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-Yu. Completed Operations Date: 1966-12-03 . Decay Date: 1966-12-03 . USAF Sat Cat: 2152 . COSPAR: 1966-036A. Apogee: 464 km (288 mi). Perigee: 288 km (178 mi). Inclination: 48.4000 deg. Period: 92.00 min. Development of systems for air defence and the control of outer space..

1966 April 27 - . LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton.
  • Soyuz L1 full scale development, LK-1 cancellation approved. - . Nation: Russia. Spacecraft: LK-1, Soyuz 7K-L1. Decree 10 'On approving the work plan to build the p8loted spacecraft 7K-L1 -- approving the plan for for the UR-500K-L1 and terminating the UR-500K-LK-1' was issued..

1966 April 27 - .
  • L1 Mock-up Inspection - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Bushuyev, Gagarin, Komarov. Program: Voskhod, Lunar L1. Flight: Soyuz 7K-L1 mission 1. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-L1, Voskhod.

    The L1 inspection has not gone well. The cosmonauts find that the spacecraft has the same safety problems as Voskhod: no spacesuits, no reserve parachute for the spacecraft, no signal sent when the parachute deploys (the UHF beacon only begins emitting 10 seconds after landing). Supposedly this unsafe and poorly designed spacecraft is supposed to take cosmonauts around the moon by November 1967. Kamanin finds this incredible.


1966 April 28 - . 02:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: S-310. Launch Vehicle: BT-310.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 1.00 km (0.60 mi).

1966 April 28 - . 12:35 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • NRL ND3.172R Solar soft x-ray mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 175 km (108 mi).

1966 April 29 - . 03:49 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Infrared Horizon 2 Infrared technology mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1966 April 30 - . 10:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: MT-135. Launch Vehicle: MT-135.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 54 km (33 mi).

1966 May - .
  • Final iteration of TMK Mars spacecraft design - . Nation: Russia. Spacecraft Bus: TMK. Spacecraft: KK.

    Work on the TMK project continued, including trajectory trade-off studies and refinement of the design. In its final iteration, before Korolev’s OKB was overwhelmed by N1-L3 development work, the design was known as the KK - Space Complex for Delivering a Piloted Expedition to Mars.


1966 May - .
  • Program 505 Nike Zeus ASAT retired - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft Bus: Program 505. Spacecraft: Program 505. The ASAT facility at Kwajalein Atoll was replaced by the Program 437 ASAT..

May 1966 - . LV Family: DF-3. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 1.
  • DFH-1 satellite defined. - . Nation: China. Related Persons: Tsien. Spacecraft Bus: DFH-1. Spacecraft: DFH-1. The satellite will be launched by the CZ-1 launch vehicle, a DFH-2 IRBM with a new upper stage..

1966 May 1 - . 05:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Javelin.
  • B / p / e Aurora / fields mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 710 km (440 mi).

1966 May 1 - . 22:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Point Barrow. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 126 km (78 mi).

1966 May 2 - . 01:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 131 km (81 mi).

1966 May 2 - . 01:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 126 km (78 mi).

1966 May 2 - . 02:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 126 km (78 mi).

1966 May 2 - . 20:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF02. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B.
  • Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1966 May 3 - .
  • Soviet recovery planning - . Nation: Russia. Program: Lunar L1. Flight: Soyuz 7K-L1 mission 1. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-L1.

    Kamanin is upset over the lack of resources he is given to plan and carry out manned spacecraft recovery for circumlunar missions, which may splash down in the ocean or land almost anywhere on earth. His staff dedicated to this are to be increased from 3 to 6, and he has another 8 dedicated to survival equipment. But he figures the Americans must have over 500 staff assigned to just this problem alone.


1966 May 3 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC50. LV Family: Sprint ABM. Launch Vehicle: Sprint ABM. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1966 May 3 - . 10:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 576A1. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D. FAILURE: Failure. Failed Stage: 1.
  • NTMP KX-37 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1966 May 3 - . 19:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC1E. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor SLV-2A Agena D. FAILURE: Failure. Failed Stage: U.
  • KH-4A 1032 - . Payload: KH-4A s/n 1032. Mass: 1,500 kg (3,300 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: WS-117. Spacecraft: KH-4A. Decay Date: 1966-05-04 .
  • SRV 707 - . Payload: SRV 1032-1. Mass: 2,000 kg (4,400 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Spacecraft Bus: WS-117. Spacecraft: KH-4A.
  • SRV 708 - . Payload: SRV 1032-2. Mass: 2,000 kg (4,400 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Spacecraft Bus: WS-117. Spacecraft: KH-4A.

1966 May 3 - . 22:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Point Barrow. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 126 km (78 mi).

1966 May 4 - . 00:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 123 km (76 mi).

1966 May 4 - . 00:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 119 km (73 mi).

1966 May 4 - . 02:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Dragon. Launch Vehicle: Dragon.
  • FU-130 Lyra alpha Aeronomy / chemical / lyra-alpha spectrometry mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 440 km (270 mi).

1966 May 4 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • 08 CNAE 6605 / Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 141 km (87 mi).

1966 May 5 - . 04:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3 AC.
1966 May 6 - .
  • Astronauts voiced concern regarding the purposes and proposed work statement for the S-IVB spent-stage. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Slayton. Spacecraft Bus: Skylab. Spacecraft: Orbital Workshop.

    MSC Assistant Director for Flight Crew Operations Donald K. Slayton and several astronauts (notably Joseph P. Kerwin) voiced concern regarding the purposes and proposed work statement for the S-IVB spent-stage experiment support module. As well as pointing out the general lack of experiment planning and hardware, Slayton and Kerwin noted a member of operational and safety concerns surrounding purging the stage's hydrogen tank to create a habitable structure in space.


1966 May 6 - .
  • Birth of Aleksandr Aleksandrovich Jr Skvortsov - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Skvortsov, Aleksandr. Russian pilot cosmonaut, 1997-on. Son of cosmonaut Aleksandr Skvortsov..

1966 May 6 - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. LV Family: Spartan. Launch Vehicle: Nike Zeus DM-15S.
  • Interceptor mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1966 May 6 - . 11:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Vostok 8A92.
  • Cosmos 117 - . Payload: Zenit-2 11F61 s/n 39. Mass: 4,720 kg (10,400 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-2 satellite. Duration: 8.00 days. Decay Date: 1966-05-14 . USAF Sat Cat: 2163 . COSPAR: 1966-037A. Apogee: 314 km (195 mi). Perigee: 200 km (120 mi). Inclination: 64.9000 deg. Period: 89.60 min. Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite..

1966 May 6 - . 21:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Delamar Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. FAILURE: Pump failure forces emergency landing at Delamar Dry Lake..
  • X-15A AD/MuMet/Scan/SB Aeronomy/Meteor/Technology mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi). Premature engine shutdown at 32 sec. Maximum Speed - 2307 kph. Maximum Altitude - 20850 m. Air dropped in Delamar Dry Lake DZ..

1966 May 8 - . LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas SLV-3 Agena D.
  • Lockheed established a task force to handle the refurbishing of Gemini Agena target vehicle (GATV) 5001 and announced a GATV 5001 Reassembly Plan. - . Nation: USA. Flight: Gemini 12.

    The task force's function was to see that GATV 5001 reached a flightworthy condition on time and as economically as possible. The reassembly plan provided an operational base line as well as guidelines for reassembling the vehicle, which was completely disassembled down to the level of riveted or welded parts. GATV 5001 was scheduled for acceptance on September 20 and would be the target vehicle for Gemini XII.


1966 May 9 - . 15:20 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Radar test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 174 km (108 mi).

    First radar for science purposes launched into space and successfully recovered. Besides testing the engineering and special techniques for space flight, the data showed that the echo characteristics of the earth were similar to those of Venus and the Moon.


1966 May 10 - .
  • Voskhod 3 spiked - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Burnazyan, Mishin, Smirnov, Tyulin. Program: Voskhod, Soyuz. Flight: Voskhod 3. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-OK, Voskhod.

    A meeting of the VPK Military Industrial Commission begins with Tyulin, Mishin, Burnazyan, and Kamanin certifying the readiness for launch of Voskhod 3 on 25-28 May. Then Smirnov drops a bombshell: Voskhod 3 should be cancelled because: an 18-day flight will be nothing new; further work on Voskhod 3 will only interfere with completion of the Soyuz 7K-OK spacecraft, which is to be the primary Soviet piloted spacecraft; and a new spaceflight without any manoeuvring of the spacecraft or a docking in orbit will only highlight the lead the Americans have. Kamanin argues that the long work of preparing for the flight is finally complete, and that it will set two new space records (in manned flight altitude and duration). Furthermore the flight will include important military experiments, which cannot be flown on early Soyuz flights. Smirnov and Pashkov appear not to be swayed by these arguments, but back down a bit. The State Commission for the flight may continue its work.


1966 May 11 - .
  • Refurbished CSMs proposed for AAP. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Gilruth, Mueller. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM, Apollo LM Lab, Apollo X.

    Replying to a suggestion by MSC Director Robert R. Gilruth that AAP capitalize on Apollo hardware to an even greater extent by using refurbished CSMs, Associate Administrator for Manned Space Flight George E. Mueller deferred any action toward implementing a competitive effort for such work. This was necessary, he said, because of the present unsettled nature of AAP planning. Additional Details: here....


1966 May 11 - .
  • Plans for Apollo space rescue discontinued - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Faget, Low, George. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo Lunar Landing, Gemini Lunar Surface Rescue Spacecraft.

    MSC Deputy Director George M. Low recommended to Maxime A. Faget, MSC, that, in light of Air Force and Aerospace Corp. studies on space rescue, MSC plans for a general study on space rescue be discontinued and a formal request be made to OMSF to cancel the request for proposals, which had not yet been released. As an alternative, Low suggested that MSC should cooperate with the Air Force to maximize gains from the USAF task on space rescue requirements.


1966 May 11 - . LV Family: N1. Launch Vehicle: N1.
  • Mishin selected as Korolev's replacement after four-month delay - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Babakin, Keldysh, Khrushchev, Korolev, Mishin, Mozzhorin, Okhapkin, Ustinov. Program: Lunar L3, Lunar L1. Flight: Soyuz 1, Soyuz 2A. Spacecraft: LK, Soyuz 7K-LOK.

    From 1963-1965 Ustinov was both head of the Soviet for the National Economy and the First Secretary of the Presidium of Soviet Ministers. He supported civilian space projects and instructed the military to co-operate in them. But after Khrushchev was ousted, Ustinov had less influence with the Ministry of Defence.

    After the death of Korolev in January, a letter was sent to the Central Committee requesting that Mishin be appointed director of OKB-1. Ustinov tried to line up support for Mishin, but by the time of the first first Saturn IB orbital flight on 26 February 1966, no decision had been made. America was progressing on the path to the moon, but Russia was stalled. An alternate that had been considered was Sergei Okhapkin, another Deputy Chief Designer at TsKBEM. But Okhapkin knew only spacecraft, he had never developed complete launch-booster-spacecraft systems. By the time Mishin was appointed, it was clear that the race was lost. The American's planned their first Saturn V launch in September 1967 and their first manned flight in 1968. Mishin could not expect trials of the LK lunar lander until 1969 at the earliest. There were insufficient funds allocated, and the schedule had no allowance for test flight failures. Ustinov, Morozhin, and Keldysh pointed fingers as to who had presented such unrealistic schedules to the Politburo. Keldysh now supported unmanned robot lunar landers in development by Babakin. Even these would not land until 1970, allowing three years of flight trials to achieve reliability. Khrushchev, it seemed, was to blame for such enormous unaffordable projects. This in turn put Ustinov in danger, as Khrushchev's point man for space.


1966 May 11 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Radiochemistry? Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 302 km (187 mi).

1966 May 11 - . 14:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Vostok 8A92M.
  • Cosmos 118 - . Payload: Meteor no. 4. Mass: 4,730 kg (10,420 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Meteor. Spacecraft: Meteor. Decay Date: 1988-11-23 . USAF Sat Cat: 2168 . COSPAR: 1966-038A. Apogee: 339 km (210 mi). Perigee: 316 km (196 mi). Inclination: 65.0000 deg. Period: 91.10 min. Probable weather satellite. Investigation of the upper atmosphere and outer space. .

1966 May 12 - . LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: R-7.
  • Voskhod 3 State Commission - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Shabarov, Tsybin, Voronin. Program: Voskhod. Flight: Voskhod 3. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Voskhod.

    Chief Designer A A Golubev from OKB-154 Voronezh discusses the failure of his engines on the third stage of the Molniya launch on 27 March. He points out that the third stage has operated successfully in 500 stand trials and over 100 flights. It is true there have been seven instances of high-frequency oscillations in test stand runs of the engines, going back to the time of Tereshkova's flight, but these are felt to be due to the test stand propellant feed set-up and would not occur in flight engines. Despite no definite cause having been found for the third stage failure on 27 March, he guarantees his engines ready for flight. Other commission members question his optimism, but finally his guarantee is accepted, dependent on a thorough quality assurance review and certification by military officials responsible for control of the production processes at the factory. Voronin certifies the ECS system for an 18 day flight. Tsybin certifies the readiness of the spacecraft, and Shabarov the readiness of the booster at the launch centre. The absence of Korolev's presence is sorely felt, especially in handling the opposition of Smirnov and Pashkov to the flight. Nevertheless, the order is given for final preparations to proceed, with launch set for 22-28 May. However the confidence of the commission members in standing up to Smirnov is tenuous, and it is clear that any delay into June or July will kill the flight.


1966 May 12 - . Launch Site: Green River. Launch Complex: Green River Pad 1. LV Family: Athena RTV. Launch Vehicle: Athena RTV.
  • USAF D018 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1966 May 12 - . Launch Site: Dbayeh. LV Family: Cedre 3. Launch Vehicle: Cedre 4.
  • Nation: Syria. Agency: LRS. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1966 May 12 - . 18:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Dragon. Launch Vehicle: Dragon.
  • FU-130 Lyra alpha Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 464 km (288 mi).

1966 May 13 - . 11:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 576B1. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D.
  • ABRES WAC-5A re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,800 km (1,100 mi).

1966 May 14 - . 18:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC4E. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas SLV-3 Agena D.
  • KH 7-28 - . Payload: KH-7 no. 28 / OPS 1950. Mass: 2,000 kg (4,400 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO, USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: WS-117. Spacecraft: KH-7. Decay Date: 1966-05-21 . USAF Sat Cat: 2171 . COSPAR: 1966-039A. Apogee: 319 km (198 mi). Perigee: 130 km (80 mi). Inclination: 110.5000 deg. Period: 89.00 min. KH-7 type satellite. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A). .
  • OPS 6785 - . Payload: EHH B4. Mass: 60 kg (132 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO, USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft Bus: SSF. Spacecraft: SSF. Decay Date: 1970-10-27 . USAF Sat Cat: 2172 . COSPAR: 1966-039B. Apogee: 555 km (344 mi). Perigee: 519 km (322 mi). Inclination: 110.0000 deg. Period: 95.40 min. Radar monitoring..

1966 May 15 - .
  • Soyuz 7K-OK flight preparations. - . Nation: Russia. Flight: Soyuz 1, Soyuz 2A. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-OK. Decree 144 'On assessing preparations for flights of the 7K-OK spacecraft' was issued..

1966 May 15 - . 05:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Nissaki-Karystos. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 1.
  • ESRO C06 / 2 Solar x-ray mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1966 May 15 - . 07:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC2E. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor SLV-2A Agena B.
  • Nimbus 2 - . Payload: Nimbus C. Mass: 414 kg (912 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Nimbus. Spacecraft: Nimbus. USAF Sat Cat: 2173 . COSPAR: 1966-040A. Apogee: 1,176 km (730 mi). Perigee: 1,093 km (679 mi). Inclination: 100.3000 deg. Period: 108.00 min.

    The last Thrust Augmented Thor/Agena B was used to place NASA's NIMBUS II meteorological satellite into orbit. TV, IR cloud cover photos. The spacecraft carried an advanced vidicon camera system for recording and storing remote cloud cover pictures, an automatic picture transmission camera for providing real-time cloudcover pictures, and both high- and medium-resolution infrared radiometers (HRIR and MRIR) for measuring the intensity and distribution of electromagnetic radiation emitted by and reflected from the earth and its atmosphere. The spacecraft and experiments performed normally after launch until July 26, 1966, when the spacecraft tape recorder failed. Its function was taken over by the HRIR tape recorder until November 15, 1966, when it also failed. Some real-time data were collected until January 17, 1969, when the spacecraft mission was terminated owing to deterioration of the horizon scanner used for earth reference.


1966 May 15 - . 09:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Nissaki-Karystos. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Sparrow Arcas.
  • ESRO A23 / 1 Eclipse ionosphere / solar mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 110 km (60 mi).

1966 May 16 - . LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57.
  • Voskhod 3 delays - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Tyulin. Program: Voskhod. Flight: Voskhod 3. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Voskhod.

    Tyulin has already warned that military crews at Baikonur are 'going slow' in Voskhod 3 preparations. Now it is reported from Voronezh that the military quality control official is refusing to certify the engines for the third stage of Voskhod 3 as ready for flight. It is clear that the flight will slip into June at this rate...


1966 May 16 - . 14:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF06. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1A.
  • Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1966 May 16 - . 18:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF09. Launch Pad: LF09?. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B.
  • Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1966 May 17 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC41/1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57. FAILURE: Failure. Failed Stage: U.
  • Zenit-4 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-4. High resolution photo reconnaissance mission..

1966 May 17 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF07. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B.
  • Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1966 May 17 - . 08:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. LV Family: Lupus. Launch Vehicle: HAD.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Australia. Agency: WRE. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1966 May 17 - . 15:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC14. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas SLV-3 Agena D. FAILURE: Control system failure.. Failed Stage: G.
  • Gemini 9 Agena Target - . Payload: TDA 5. Mass: 3,248 kg (7,160 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Gemini. Class: Manned. Type: Manned logistics spacecraft. Flight: Gemini 9. Spacecraft Bus: Agena. Spacecraft: Gemini Agena Target Vehicle. Decay Date: 1966-05-17 .

    The Gemini 9 mission was scrubbed when the Atlas booster launched from Cape Canaveral failed to place the Gemini Agena Target Vehicle (GATV) in its planned circular orbit. A malfunction of the number 2 booster engine of the Atlas caused both the Atlas and Agena to fall into the ocean. The Gemini 9-Atlas/Agena mission was later rescheduled to 1 June using the Augmented Target Docking Adapter (ATDA).


1966 May 18 - .
  • Communist Party Administrative Section reviews space program - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Smirnov. Program: Voskhod.

    Kamanin reports the sad state of affairs. There is no Soviet state organ tasked with systematic management of the space program (the VPK and Smirnov only handle this as one of many tasks): within the Ministry of Defence there is no single organ that promotes and guides military space interests (TsUKOS under Karas only works to order, and does not formulate plans or policy); there is no one at the Academy of Sciences, in industry , or the Ministry of Defence charged with managing manned spaceflight (only 4% - 8 of 200 launches by the Soviet Union - have been on manned missions); in the last six years no new manned spacecraft has been flown (Voskhod being merely a modification of Vostok); the new Soyuz spacecraft is 3 to 4 years behind schedule due to the insistence it be capable of fully automatic docking in space; no adequate trainers for manned spacecraft have ever been delivered.


1966 May 18 - . 04:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150A.
  • Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 210 km (130 mi).

1966 May 18 - . 18:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Mud Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A-2 V-On Stab test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi). Maximum Speed - 5936 kph. Maximum Altitude - 30170 m. Air dropped in Mud Lake DZ..

1966 May 19 - .
  • L1 flight plan - . Nation: Russia. Program: Voskhod, Lunar L1. Flight: Soyuz 7K-L1 mission 1, Voskhod 3. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-L1.

    VPK resolution number 101 dated 27 April 1966 finally hits Kamanin's desk. It issues the orders to industry for implementation of the Party resolution 655-268 of 3 August 1964. 14 7K-L1 spacecraft are to be completed: one in the third quarter of 1966, two in the fourth quarter, and the rest between January and September 1967. Final integration of the first spacecraft is to be completed in October 1966,and flight trials from December 1966 to March 1967. Detailed planning for completion of simulators and trainers for the L1, and for international recovery forces to recover spacecraft returning from the moon, are to be completed within two weeks to a month from the date of the resolution. Meanwhile Tyulin reports that the launch of Voskhod 3 in May is no longer possible, and likely will be delayed until July. It is clear to Kamanin that Smirnov has effectively killed off Voskhod 3 in order to concentrate on the Soyuz, L1, and L3 programs.


1966 May 19 - . 02:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC5. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout A.
  • Transit O-9 - . Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Program: Transit. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Transit. Spacecraft: Transit. USAF Sat Cat: 2176 . COSPAR: 1966-041A. Apogee: 951 km (590 mi). Perigee: 833 km (517 mi). Inclination: 90.1000 deg. Period: 102.80 min. Spacecraft built by Naval Avionics Facility, but refurbished by APL. Operated for 7 to 11 months, but then failed due to poor workmanship of NAFI components..

1966 May 20 - .
  • L1 recovery issues - . Nation: Russia. Program: Lunar L1. Flight: Soyuz 7K-L1 mission 1. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-L1.

    Kamanin discusses with VVS management the huge task of organizing recovery forces that can find and pick up a manned spacecraft returning from the moon anywhere on the earth. Receivers for the spacecraft's homing beacons have to be installed on a fleet of ocean-going vessels and recovery aircraft. This requirement has been known for six years, but nothing has been done yet.


1966 May 20 - . 09:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Koroni. Launch Complex: Koroni LP1. Launch Platform: RREC. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Boosted Arcas.
  • Eclipse ionosphere / solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 102 km (63 mi).

1966 May 20 - . 09:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Nissaki-Karystos. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 1.
  • ESRO C22 / 1 Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 118 km (73 mi).

1966 May 20 - . 09:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Koroni. Launch Complex: Koroni LP2. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Sparrow Arcas.
  • ESRO A23 / 4 Eclipse ionosphere / solar mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 102 km (63 mi).

1966 May 20 - . 10:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Koroni. Launch Complex: Koroni LP2. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Sparrow Arcas.
  • ESRO A23 / 6 Eclipse ionosphere / solar mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 103 km (64 mi).

1966 May 20 - . 11:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Koroni. Launch Complex: Koroni LP1. Launch Platform: RREC. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Boosted Arcas.
  • Eclipse ionosphere / solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 101 km (62 mi).

1966 May 20 - . 11:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Koroni. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 1.
  • ESRO C22 / 2 Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 114 km (70 mi).

1966 May 20 - . 15:10 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • XRT (2) Solar x-ray mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 172 km (106 mi).

1966 May 20 - . 19:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC67/22. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: R-36O 8K69.
  • OGCh No. 04L - . Mass: 1,700 kg (3,700 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Spacecraft Bus: OGCh. Spacecraft: OGCh. COSPAR: U660519A. Possible suborbital test of FOBS booster or failed FOBS test. Not mentioned as FOBS-related in contemporary CIA assessments..

1966 May 20 - . 19:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Javelin.
  • RAE development Radio astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 998 km (620 mi).

1966 May 20 - . 23:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 195 km (121 mi).

1966 May 21 - .
  • Voskhod 3 shifted to July - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Beregovoi, Shatalov, Shonin, Volynov. Program: Voskhod. Flight: Voskhod 3. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Voskhod. Based on the further delay, it is decided to send the crews and their families to the sanatorium Chemitokvadzhe. Kamanin takes a month's vacation to nurse him wife after her release from the hospital..

1966 May 21 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC41/3. LV Family: R-16. Launch Vehicle: R-16U. FAILURE: Failure.
  • PBG - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1966 May 23 - .
  • Civilian cosmonauts to be selected. - . Nation: Russia. Decree 43/47 '0n creation of the Civilian detachment of cosmonauts' was issued..

1966 May 23 - .
1966 May 23 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • ACS technology mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1966 May 23 - . 05:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Dragon. Launch Vehicle: Dragon.
  • FU-131 Atomic Hydrogen Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 460 km (280 mi).

1966 May 23 - . 23:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA6A. LV Family: Blue Streak. Launch Vehicle: ELDO A.
  • Active first stage with dummy upper stages and satellite. and satellite. Flight terminated after 136 seconds. - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ELDO. Apogee: 86 km (53 mi).

1966 May 24 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • ACS test Technology mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1966 May 24 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 395-C. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan II.
  • Silver Bullet - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi). Follow-on operational missile test.

1966 May 24 - . 02:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC3W. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor SLV-2A Agena D.
  • KH-4A 1033 - . Payload: KH-4A s/n 1033 / Agena D 1630 / OPS 1778. Mass: 1,500 kg (3,300 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: CIA, NRO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: WS-117. Spacecraft: KH-4A. Decay Date: 1966-06-09 . USAF Sat Cat: 2181 . COSPAR: 1966-042A. Apogee: 271 km (168 mi). Perigee: 179 km (111 mi). Inclination: 66.0000 deg. Period: 89.00 min. KH-4A. The stellar camera shutter of bucket '2' remained open for approximately 200 frames..

1966 May 24 - . 05:07 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 132 km (82 mi).

1966 May 24 - . 05:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC86/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 119 - . Payload: DS-U2-I s/n 1. Mass: 250 kg (550 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Earth. Type: Ionosphere satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-U2-I. Completed Operations Date: 1966-05-26 . Decay Date: 1966-11-30 . USAF Sat Cat: 2182 . COSPAR: 1966-043A. Apogee: 1,278 km (794 mi). Perigee: 209 km (129 mi). Inclination: 48.4000 deg. Period: 99.70 min. Studied the influence of the ionosphere on passing VLF radio waves..

1966 May 25 - . LV Family: Saturn V. Launch Vehicle: Saturn V.
  • First full-scale Apollo Saturn V launch vehicle rolled out - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo.

    AS-500-F, the Pathfinder first full-scale Apollo Saturn V launch vehicle and spacecraft combination, was rolled out from Kennedy Space Center's Vehicle Assembly Building to the launch pad, for use in verifying launch facilities, training crews, and developing test procedures. The 111-meter, 227,000-kilogram vehicle was moved by a diesel-powered steel-link-tread crawler-transporter exactly five years after President John F. Kennedy asked the United States to commit itself to a manned lunar landing within the decade. Meanwhile, schedule for Saturn V threatened by continued problems in development of S-II stage (inability to get sustained 350-second burns without instrumentation failures, shutoffs, minor explosions).


1966 May 25 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17B. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor Delta C1.
  • Explorer 32 - . Payload: AE B. Mass: 225 kg (496 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Program: Explorer. Class: Earth. Type: Atmosphere satellite. Spacecraft Bus: AE. Spacecraft: AE. Decay Date: 1985-02-22 . USAF Sat Cat: 2183 . COSPAR: 1966-044A. Apogee: 2,723 km (1,691 mi). Perigee: 282 km (175 mi). Inclination: 64.6000 deg. Period: 116.00 min. Atmospheric Explorer; aeronomy experiments. Spacecraft engaged in research and exploration of the upper atmosphere or outer space (US Cat B). .

1966 May 26 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. FAILURE: Failure.
  • ACS technology mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1966 May 26 - . 12:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 576B2. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D.
  • NTMP KX-47 Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,800 km (1,100 mi).

1966 May 26 - . 19:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Dragon. Launch Vehicle: Dragon.
  • FU-151 ionosphere / particles Ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 230 km (140 mi).

1966 May 27 - . Launch Site: Green River. Launch Complex: Green River Pad 2. LV Family: Athena RTV. Launch Vehicle: Athena RTV.
  • USAF C019 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1966 May 27 - . Launch Site: Green River. Launch Complex: Green River Pad 1. LV Family: Athena RTV. Launch Vehicle: Athena RTV.
  • USAF D031 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1966 May 27 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: R-7A.
1966 May 29 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur PU31. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: R-36 8K67.
  • State trials launch (41) - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1966 May 30 - . 14:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC36A. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas Centaur D.
  • Surveyor 1 - . Payload: Surveyor SC-1. Mass: 269 kg (593 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: JPL, NASA. Class: Moon. Type: Lunar probe. Spacecraft Bus: Surveyor. Spacecraft: Surveyor. Decay Date: 1966-06-02 . USAF Sat Cat: 2185 . COSPAR: 1966-045A.

    The first operational Atlas/Centaur (AC-10) carried the NASA Surveyor I spacecraft to the moon in a direct ascent lunar transfer trajectory. This was the first in a series of seven Surveyors designed to develop soft-landing technology and to provide basic scientific and engineering data in support of Project Apollo. On 2 June, Surveyor I became the first U.S. spacecraft to soft-land on the moon and transmit television pictures Surveyor 1 soft landed on the moon in the Ocean of Storms and began transmitting the first of more than 11,150 clear, detailed television pictures to Jet Propulsion Laboratory's Deep Space Facility, Goldstone, Calif. The landing sequence began 3,200 kilometers above the moon with the spacecraft traveling at a speed of 9,700 kilometers per hour. The spacecraft was successfully slowed to 5.6 kilometers per hour by the time it reached 4-meter altitude and then free-fell to the surface at 13 kilometers per hour. The landing was so precise that the three footpads touched the surface within 19 milliseconds of each other, and it confirmed that the lunar surface could support the LM. It was the first U.S. attempt to soft land on the moon.


1966 May 31 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF04. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1A.
  • Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1966 May 31 - . 17:16 GMT - . Launch Pad: Pacific Ocean, 10.0 N x 115.9 W. Launch Platform: T-AGM-8. LV Family: Iris. Launch Vehicle: Hydra-Iris.
  • LRL BOX-4 X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN NMC. Apogee: 188 km (116 mi).

1966 May 31 - . 19:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark.
1966 May 31 - . 20:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF03. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B.
  • Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1966 June 1 - . Launch Site: Nenoksa. LV Family: R-27. Launch Vehicle: Zyb.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1966 June 1 - . 00:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Dragon. Launch Vehicle: Dragon.
  • FU-153 ionosphere / particles Ionosphere / plasma / field mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 380 km (230 mi).

1966 June 1 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC14. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas SLV-3.
  • Gemini 9 ATDA - . Payload: TDA 4. Mass: 794 kg (1,750 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Houston. Program: Gemini. Class: Manned. Type: Manned logistics spacecraft. Flight: Gemini 9. Spacecraft Bus: Atlas Target Docking Adapter. Spacecraft: Atlas Target Docking Adapter. Decay Date: 1966-06-11 . USAF Sat Cat: 2186 . COSPAR: 1966-046A. Apogee: 296 km (183 mi). Perigee: 292 km (181 mi). Inclination: 28.8000 deg. Period: 90.40 min.

    The first and only Atlas/Augmented Target Docking Adapter (ATDA) Gemini Agena (#5304) was launched from the Eastern Test Range as part of the Gemini 9 mission. The ATDA was a back-up for the Gemini Agena Target Vehicle (GATV) and similar to it except that it lacked the capability to maneuver in space. The ATDA achieved a near-circular orbit (apogee 161.5, perigee 158.5 nautical miles). One hour and 40 minutes later, the scheduled launch of Gemini IX-A was postponed by a ground equipment failure which prevented the transfer of updating information from Cape Kennedy mission control center to the spacecraft computer. The mission was recycled for launch on June 3, following a prepared 48-hour recycle plan. Anomalous telemetry indicated some sort of problem with the target, but it was not until Gemini IX rendezvoused with it in orbit that it was seen that fairing separation had failed.


1966 June 2 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF02. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B.
  • Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1966 June 2 - . 08:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark.
1966 June 3 - . 13:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC19. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan II GLV.
  • Gemini 9 - . Call Sign: Gemini 9. Crew: Cernan, Stafford. Backup Crew: Aldrin, Lovell. Payload: Gemini SC9. Mass: 3,668 kg (8,086 lb). Nation: USA. Related Persons: Aldrin, Cernan, Lovell, Stafford. Agency: NASA Houston. Program: Gemini. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Gemini 9. Spacecraft Bus: Gemini. Spacecraft: Gemini. Duration: 3.01 days. Decay Date: 1966-06-06 . USAF Sat Cat: 2191 . COSPAR: 1966-047A. Apogee: 272 km (169 mi). Perigee: 269 km (167 mi). Inclination: 28.8000 deg. Period: 89.90 min.

    At the first launch attempt, while the crew waited buttoned up in the spacecraft on the pad, their Agena docking target field blew up on the way to orbit. NASA decided to use an Atlas to launch an Agena docking collar only. This was called the Augmented Target Docking Adapter. Ths was successfully launched and the Gemini succeeded in rendezvousing with it. However, the ATDA shroud had not completely separated, thus making docking impossible. However three different types of rendezvous were tested with the ATDA. Cernan began his EVA, which was to include flight with a USAF MMU rocket pack but the Gemini suit could not handle heat load of the astronaut's exertions. Cernan's faceplate fogs up, forcing him to blindly grope back into the Gemini hatch after only two hours.

    Seventh manned and third rendezvous mission of the Gemini program. Major objectives of the mission were to rendezvous and dock with the augmented target docking adapter (ATDA) and to conduct extravehicular activities (EVA). These objectives were only partially met. After successfully achieving rendezvous during the third revolution - a secondary objective - the crew discovered that the ATDA shroud had failed to separate, precluding docking - a primary objective - as well as docking practice - another secondary objective. The crew was able, however, to achieve other secondary objectives: an equi-period rendezvous, using onboard optical techniques and completed at 6 hours 36 minutes ground elapsed time; and a rendezvous from above, simulating the rendezvous of an Apollo command module with a lunar module in a lower orbit (completed at 21 hours 42 minutes ground elapsed time). Final separation maneuver was performed at 22 hours 59 minutes after liftoff. EVA was postponed because of crew fatigue, and the second day was given over to experiments. The hatch was opened for EVA at 49 hours 23 minutes ground elapsed time. EVA was successful, but one secondary objective - evaluation of the astronaut maneuvering unit (AMU) - was not achieved because Cernan's visor began fogging. The extravehicular life support system apparently became overloaded with moisture when Cernan had to work harder than anticipated to prepare the AMU for donning. Cernan reentered the spacecraft, and the hatch was closed at 51 hours 28 minutes into the flight. The rest of the third day was spent on experiments.


1966 June 3 - . 19:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC4E. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas SLV-3 Agena D.
  • KH 7-29 - . Payload: KH-7 no. 29 / OPS 1577. Mass: 2,000 kg (4,400 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO, USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: WS-117. Spacecraft: KH-7. Decay Date: 1966-06-09 . USAF Sat Cat: 2192 . COSPAR: 1966-048A. Apogee: 288 km (178 mi). Perigee: 143 km (88 mi). Inclination: 87.0000 deg. Period: 88.90 min. KH-7 type satellite. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A). .
  • OPS 1856/Agena D - . Payload: [AAS 6] / OPS 1856. Mass: 60 kg (132 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft Bus: SSF. Spacecraft: SSF. Decay Date: 1966-06-09 . USAF Sat Cat: 2194 . COSPAR: 1966-048B. Apogee: 230 km (140 mi). Perigee: 148 km (91 mi). Inclination: 86.9000 deg. Period: 88.20 min. Not identified as a subsatellite ferret by McDowell..

1966 June 4 - .
  • Gemini 9 - Wakeup Song: The Lonely Bull - . Flight: Gemini 9. "The Lonely Bull" by Tijuana Brass - From"The Last Man on the Moon". Copyright 1999 by Eugene Cernan and Don Davis. St. Martin's Press, LLC, New York, NY., p.124..

1966 June 4 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC41/3. Launch Pad: LC41/3?. LV Family: R-16. Launch Vehicle: R-16U.
  • Military training launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,210 km (750 mi).

1966 June 5 - . 15:02 GMT - .
  • EVA Gemini 9-1 - . Crew: Cernan. EVA Duration: 0.0882 days. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Cernan. Program: Gemini. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Gemini 9. Spacecraft Bus: Gemini. Spacecraft: Gemini. Attempted to test USAF Astronaut Manoeuvring Unit. Cancelled when Cernan's faceplate fogged over..

1966 June 6 - . LV Family: DF-3. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 1.
  • Cultural Revolution - . Nation: China. Related Persons: Tsien. Tsien is now head of the Seventh Ministry of Machine Building (the former Fifth Academy). Cadres accuse Tsien of spreading Nazi propaganda in China after his visit to Germany in 1946..

1966 June 6 - .
  • Gemini 9 - Wakeup Song: Russian Overture - . Flight: Gemini 9. "Russian Overture" and"Ludmilla Overture" by Glinka and a composition by Johann Sebastian Bach were sent to the crew..

1966 June 6 - .
  • Landing of Gemini 9 - . Return Crew: Cernan, Stafford. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Cernan, Stafford. Program: Gemini. Flight: Gemini 9.

    Following the third sleep period, the crew prepared for retrofire, which was initiated during the 45th revolution. The spacecraft landed at 13:59 GMTwithin 1.6 km of the primary recovery ship, the aircraft carrier Wasp. The crew remained with the spacecraft, which was hoisted aboard 53 minutes after landing.


1966 June 7 - . LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan II.
  • Gemini launch vehicle 10 was removed from storage and erected at complex 19. - . Nation: USA. Flight: Gemini 10. Umbilicals were connected and power applied June 9. Subsystems Reverification Tests (SSRT) began immediately. SSRT ended June 16, and the Prespacecraft Mate Verification Combined Systems Test was conducted June 17..

1966 June 7 - . 02:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC12. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas SLV-3 Agena B.
  • OGO 3 - . Payload: OGO B. Mass: 634 kg (1,397 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft Bus: OGO. Spacecraft: OGO. Decay Date: 1981-09-15 . USAF Sat Cat: 2195 . COSPAR: 1966-049A. Apogee: 102,806 km (63,880 mi). Perigee: 19,519 km (12,128 mi). Inclination: 77.6000 deg. Period: 2,911.50 min.

    Orbiting Geophysical Observatory 3. All 21 experiments returned good data. At the time, this was the largest experimental complement ever put into orbit. There were 4 cosmic ray instruments (1 of which included a gamma-ray spectrometer), 4 plasma, 2 trapped radiation, 2 magnetic fields, 5 ionosphere, 3 radio/optical, and 1 micrometeoroid detectors. OGO 3 maintained 3-axis stabilization for 46 days. At that point, an attitude controller failed and the spacecraft was put into a spin on 23 July 1966. The spin period varied from 90-125 seconds. By June 1969, data acquisition was limited to 50% of the orbital path. Routine spacecraft operation was discontinued on December 1, 1969, after which only data from Heppner's experiment (Rubidium + Fluxgate magnetometer) was acquired. By March 1971 spacecraft perigee had increased to 16,400 km and the inclination had increased to 75.8 deg. All spacecraft support terminated on February 29, 1972.


1966 June 7 - . 16:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: WASP.
  • WASP slosh test Technology mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 238 km (147 mi).

1966 June 8 - .
  • Test Pilot Joseph Albert Walker dies at age of 45 -- Killed in collision of F-104 chase plane with XB-70 bomber. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Walker, Joseph. American NACA/NASA test pilot 1945-1966. Flew D-558, X-1, X-3, X-4, and X-5, and into space on X-15 Flights 77, 90, and 91. Killed in 1968 when the F-104 he was flying collided with the XB-70 during a photo opportunity..

1966 June 8 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC41/3. Launch Pad: LC41/3?. LV Family: R-16. Launch Vehicle: R-16U.
  • Military training launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,210 km (750 mi).

1966 June 8 - . 11:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57.
  • Cosmos 120 - . Payload: Zenit-2 11F61 s/n 41. Mass: 4,720 kg (10,400 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-2 satellite. Duration: 8.00 days. Decay Date: 1966-06-16 . USAF Sat Cat: 2196 . COSPAR: 1966-050A. Apogee: 331 km (205 mi). Perigee: 201 km (124 mi). Inclination: 51.7000 deg. Period: 89.80 min. Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite..

1966 June 8 - . 14:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Sandia 154-53 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 173 km (107 mi).

1966 June 9 - . LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan II.
  • The launch vehicle acceptance test of Gemini launch vehicle (GLV) 11 was conducted. - . Nation: USA. Flight: Gemini 10.

    The vehicle acceptance team convened June 20 and accepted GLV-11 June 24. The vehicle was deerected June 29 and formally accepted by the Air Force on July 11. Stage I was delivered by air to Cape Kennedy the same day and stage II on July 13. Both stages were transferred to Hanger U where the tanks were purged and pressurized. The stages remained in controlled access storage until the launch pad was revalidated after the launch of Gemini X; revalidation was completed July 21.


1966 June 9 - . Launch Site: Green River. Launch Complex: Green River Pad 3. LV Family: Athena RTV. Launch Vehicle: Athena RTV. FAILURE: Failure.
  • USAF D021 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1966 June 9 - . 08:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark.
1966 June 9 - . 20:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC3E. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas SLV-3 Agena D.
  • Midas 10 - . Payload: Midas RTS 1 / Agena TV 1351 / Agena D 1351 / OPS 1. Mass: 2,000 kg (4,400 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Early warning satellite. Spacecraft Bus: WS-117. Spacecraft: Midas. Decay Date: 1966-12-03 . USAF Sat Cat: 2200 . COSPAR: 1966-051A. Apogee: 3,678 km (2,285 mi). Perigee: 154 km (95 mi). Inclination: 90.0000 deg. Period: 125.20 min. The first Atlas SLV-3/Agena D (7200 Series, Vehicle #7201) standard booster was successfully launched from Vandenberg. Missile Defense Alarm System. Left in transfer orbit..
  • ORS 2 - . Payload: ERS 16. Mass: 15 kg (33 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft Bus: ERS. Spacecraft: ERS. Decay Date: 1967-03-12 . USAF Sat Cat: 2202 . COSPAR: 1966-051C. Apogee: 3,641 km (2,262 mi). Perigee: 178 km (110 mi). Inclination: 90.0000 deg. Period: 125.10 min. The first Atlas SLV-3/Agena D (7200 Series, Vehicle #7201) standard booster was successfully launched from Vandenberg. Metal-to-metal bonding experiments. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A). .
  • SECOR 6 - . Payload: EGRS 6. Mass: 17 kg (37 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USA ACE. Class: Earth. Type: Geodetic satellite. Spacecraft Bus: SECOR. Spacecraft: SECOR. Decay Date: 1967-07-06 . USAF Sat Cat: 2205 . COSPAR: 1966-051B. Apogee: 3,646 km (2,265 mi). Perigee: 168 km (104 mi). Inclination: 90.0000 deg. Period: 125.00 min. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A). .

1966 June 10 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF09. Launch Pad: LF09?. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B.
  • Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1966 June 10 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur PU32. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: R-36 8K67.
  • SLI K Operational test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1966 June 10 - . Launch Site: Green River. Launch Complex: Green River Pad 2. LV Family: Athena RTV. Launch Vehicle: Athena RTV.
  • USAF D023 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1966 June 10 - . 04:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA3A. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout B.
  • OV3-04 - . Mass: 79 kg (174 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF OAR. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft Bus: OV3. Spacecraft: OV3. USAF Sat Cat: 2201 . COSPAR: 1966-052A. Apogee: 4,704 km (2,922 mi). Perigee: 643 km (399 mi). Inclination: 40.9000 deg. Period: 142.90 min. Radiation measurements. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A). .

1966 June 10 - . 11:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 576B1. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D.
  • NTMP KX-42 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,800 km (1,100 mi).

1966 June 10 - . 16:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 645. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1966 June 11 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1966 June 12 - . 05:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Sandia 154-55 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 165 km (102 mi).

1966 June 12 - . 07:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Sandia 154-52 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1966 June 12 - . 08:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Sandia 154-56 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 170 km (100 mi).

1966 June 13 - . 09:44 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • STV SR-034 Photometric - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1966 June 13 - . 19:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 1.
  • Sodium release / Turbulence Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 180 km (110 mi).

1966 June 14 - . 09:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 186 km (115 mi).

1966 June 14 - . 14:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Dragon. Launch Vehicle: Dragon.
  • FU-131 Atomic Hydrogen Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 480 km (290 mi).

1966 June 15 - .
  • Soyuz 7K-OK crew training. - . Nation: Russia. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-OK. OKB-1 Decree 144 'On preparation of crews ior the 7K-OK Spacecraft and civilian cosmonauts' was issued..

1966 June 15 - . 08:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. LV Family: Lupus. Launch Vehicle: HAD.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Australia. Agency: WRE. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1966 June 15 - . 19:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Dragon. Launch Vehicle: Dragon.
  • FU-131 Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1966 June 16 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 1.
  • Sodium release / Turbulence Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1966 June 16 - . 05:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Sandia 154-84 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 170 km (100 mi).

1966 June 16 - . 06:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Sandia 154-82 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 110 km (60 mi).

1966 June 16 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC41. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan IIIC.
  • GGTS 1 - . Mass: 47 kg (103 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Technology. Type: Gravity gradient technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: GGTS. Spacecraft: GGTS. USAF Sat Cat: 2207 . COSPAR: 1966-053A. Apogee: 33,858 km (21,038 mi). Perigee: 33,663 km (20,917 mi). Inclination: 4.2000 deg. Period: 1,334.00 min. Gravity gradient stabilization tests. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A). .
  • IDCSP 1-4 - . Payload: IDCSP 4 / OPS 9314. Mass: 45 kg (99 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: IDCSP. Spacecraft: IDCSP. USAF Sat Cat: 2218 . COSPAR: 1966-053E. Apogee: 34,017 km (21,137 mi). Perigee: 33,694 km (20,936 mi). Inclination: 8.0000 deg. Period: 1,338.60 min. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A)..
  • IDCSP 1-3 - . Payload: IDCSP 3 / OPS 9313. Mass: 45 kg (99 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: IDCSP. Spacecraft: IDCSP. USAF Sat Cat: 2217 . COSPAR: 1966-053D. Apogee: 33,955 km (21,098 mi). Perigee: 33,669 km (20,920 mi). Inclination: 8.3000 deg. Period: 1,336.40 min. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A)..
  • IDCSP 1-2 - . Payload: IDCSP 2 / OPS 9312. Mass: 45 kg (99 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: IDCSP. Spacecraft: IDCSP. USAF Sat Cat: 2216 . COSPAR: 1966-053C. Apogee: 33,923 km (21,078 mi). Perigee: 33,657 km (20,913 mi). Inclination: 4.9000 deg. Period: 1,335.30 min. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A)..
  • IDCSP 1-1 - . Payload: IDCSP 1 / OPS 9311. Mass: 45 kg (99 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: IDCSP. Spacecraft: IDCSP. USAF Sat Cat: 2215 . COSPAR: 1966-053B. Apogee: 33,888 km (21,056 mi). Perigee: 33,656 km (20,912 mi). Inclination: 8.3000 deg. Period: 1,334.40 min.

    A Titan IIIC (Vehicle #11) successfully supported a record-setting mission by placing eight satellites into near-synchronous orbits 18,200 miles above the equator. Seven communication satellites and one gravity gradient experimental satellite were included in this first launch in a series designed to establish a ring of experimental communications satellites dispersed around the equator. When completed, this satellite system would provide the Defense Department with a global military communication system designated the Initial Defense Satellite Communication System (IDSCS). Each of the seven satellites could relay 600 voice or 6,000 teletype channels. Space Systems Division was responsible for the development and launch of the spaceborne elements of the IDSCS as well as the Titan IIIC booster and launch services. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A).

  • IDCSP 1-5 - . Payload: IDCSP 5 / OPS 9315. Mass: 45 kg (99 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: IDCSP. Spacecraft: IDCSP. USAF Sat Cat: 2219 . COSPAR: 1966-053F. Apogee: 34,093 km (21,184 mi). Perigee: 33,712 km (20,947 mi). Inclination: 8.9000 deg. Period: 1,340.90 min. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A)..
  • IDCSP 1-7 - . Payload: IDCSP 7 / OPS 9317. Mass: 45 kg (99 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: IDCSP. Spacecraft: IDCSP. USAF Sat Cat: 2221 . COSPAR: 1966-053H. Apogee: 34,359 km (21,349 mi). Perigee: 33,711 km (20,947 mi). Inclination: 5.0000 deg. Period: 1,347.60 min.

    A Titan IIIC (Vehicle #11) successfully supported a record-setting mission by placing eight satellites into near-synchronous orbits 18,200 miles above the equator. Seven communication satellites and one gravity gradient experimental satellite were included in this first launch in a series designed to establish a ring of experimental communications satellites dispersed around the equator. When completed, this satellite system would provide the Defense Department with a global military communication system designated the Initial Defense Satellite Communication System (IDSCS). Each of the seven satellites could relay 600 voice or 6,000 teletype channels. Space Systems Division was responsible for the development and launch of the spaceborne elements of the IDSCS as well as the Titan IIIC booster and launch services. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A).

  • IDCSP 1-6 - . Payload: IDCSP 6 / OPS 9316. Mass: 45 kg (99 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: IDCSP. Spacecraft: IDCSP. USAF Sat Cat: 2220 . COSPAR: 1966-053G. Apogee: 34,215 km (21,260 mi). Perigee: 33,707 km (20,944 mi). Inclination: 8.7000 deg. Period: 1,343.90 min. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A)..

1966 June 16 - . 19:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark.
  • MPE Barium release Aeronomy / barium release mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 230 km (140 mi).

1966 June 17 - . 11:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC41/1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57.
  • Cosmos 121 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-4. Duration: 8.00 days. Decay Date: 1966-06-25 . USAF Sat Cat: 2210 . COSPAR: 1966-054A. Apogee: 327 km (203 mi). Perigee: 205 km (127 mi). Inclination: 72.8000 deg. Period: 89.80 min. High resolution photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule.

1966 June 18 - . 00:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • ANGELA (TMA) Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 217 km (134 mi).

1966 June 18 - . 02:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark.
  • MPE Barium release Aeronomy / barium release mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 220 km (130 mi).

1966 June 19 - . LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas SLV-3 Agena D.
  • NASA announced that the Gemini X mission had been scheduled for no earlier than July 18, with John W. Young, command pilot, and Michael Collins, pilot, as the prime crew. - . Nation: USA. Flight: Gemini 10, Gemini 8.

    Alan L. Bean, command pilot, and Clifton C. Williams, pilot, would be the backup crew. Mission plans would include rendezvous, docking, and extravehicular activity. The spacecraft was scheduled to rendezvous and dock with an Agena target vehicle which was to be launched the same day. If possible, Gemini X would also rendezvous with the Agena launched in the March 16 Gemini VIII mission.


1966 June 20 - . LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan II.
  • Gemini launch vehicle 10 and spacecraft No. 10 were electrically mated at complex 19. - . Nation: USA. Flight: Gemini 10. The Electrical Interface Integrated Validation and Joint Guidance and Control Test was conducted June 20-21. Following a data review, the Joint Combined Systems Test was run June 23..

1966 June 20 - .
  • President De Gaulle of France visited Baikonur Cosmodrome - . Nation: Russia.

    De Gaulle was shown a Vostok launch vehicle, scientific satellites, a Zenit-2 reconnaissance satellite, and viewed launches of an R-16 ICBM and Vostok space launcher. This was the first view by westerners of these systems. All such visits entailed a major effort by staff to fix up the cosmodrome, prepare illustrated materials, clean and paint all facilities, and so on.


1966 June 20 - . 19:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark.
  • ESRO S08 / 1 (SK7) Aeronomy / solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 220 km (130 mi).

1966 June 21 - .
  • Military space plan through 1970 issued. - . Nation: Russia. Military-Industrial Commission (VPK) Decree 'On long-range military use of space in 1966-70' was issued..

1966 June 21 - . 21:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC1E. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor SLV-2A Agena D.
  • KH-4A 1034 - . Payload: KH-4A s/n 1034 / Agena D 1626 / OPS 1599. Mass: 1,500 kg (3,300 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: CIA, NRO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: WS-117. Spacecraft: KH-4A. Decay Date: 1966-07-14 . USAF Sat Cat: 2227 . COSPAR: 1966-055A. Apogee: 359 km (223 mi). Perigee: 207 km (128 mi). Inclination: 80.1000 deg. Period: 90.10 min. KH-4A. Failure of velocity/altitude programmer produced poor imagery after revolution 5..

1966 June 22 - . Launch Site: Gilson Butte. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 1.
  • X-99 Fort Sill Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1966 June 23 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Brigitte. LV Family: Diamant. Launch Vehicle: Saphir VE231.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1966 June 23 - . Launch Site: Green River. Launch Complex: Green River Pad 3. LV Family: Athena RTV. Launch Vehicle: Athena RTV.
  • USAF D034 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1966 June 23 - . 01:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark.
1966 June 23 - . 08:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Nike Iroquois. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • DALE (TMA) Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 158 km (98 mi).

1966 June 23 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 645. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1966 June 24 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF08. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 2.
  • Force modification test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1966 June 24 - . 00:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC2E. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor SLV-2A Agena D.
  • Pageos 1 - . Payload: Pageos A. Mass: 55 kg (121 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Langley. Class: Earth. Type: Geodetic satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Pageos. Spacecraft: Pageos. Decay Date: 1975-07-12 . USAF Sat Cat: 2253 . COSPAR: 1966-056A. Apogee: 4,220 km (2,620 mi). Perigee: 3,913 km (2,431 mi). Inclination: 85.4000 deg. Period: 177.10 min.

    The PAGEOS (Passive Geodetic Earth Orbiting Satellite) spacecraft was a 30.48-m inflatable sphere, and had no instrumentation on board. It was the second (following GEOS 1) NASA satellite in the National Geodetic Satellites Program. The launch, orbit, separation, inflation and initial operation were nominal, with more than 40 ground stations participating in the observation program. The orbit was generally considered too high for drag-density study, although some work was done in this area by the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory. Additional Details: here....

  • Pageos canister half - . Payload: Pageos canister half. Mass: 55 kg (121 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Langley. Spacecraft Bus: Pageos. Spacecraft: Pageos. USAF Sat Cat: 2511 . COSPAR: 1966-056D. Apogee: 4,255 km (2,643 mi). Perigee: 4,227 km (2,626 mi). Inclination: 87.0000 deg. Period: 181.50 min.
  • Pageos canister half - . Payload: Pageos canister half. Mass: 55 kg (121 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Langley. Spacecraft Bus: Pageos. Spacecraft: Pageos. USAF Sat Cat: 2256 . COSPAR: 1966-056C. Apogee: 4,276 km (2,656 mi). Perigee: 4,196 km (2,607 mi). Inclination: 86.9000 deg. Period: 181.40 min.

1966 June 25 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC60/7. Launch Pad: LC60/7?. LV Family: R-16. Launch Vehicle: R-16U.
  • Palma-1 Operational test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,210 km (750 mi).

1966 June 25 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: R-7A.
1966 June 25 - . 01:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Nike Iroquois. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1966 June 25 - . 03:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Nike Iroquois. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • BABY Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 157 km (97 mi).

1966 June 25 - . 08:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Nike Iroquois. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • CORA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1966 June 25 - . 09:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Nike Iroquois. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 179 km (111 mi).

1966 June 25 - . 10:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Vostok 8A92M.
  • Cosmos 122 - . Payload: Meteor no. 5. Mass: 4,730 kg (10,420 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Meteor. Spacecraft: Meteor. Decay Date: 1989-11-14 . USAF Sat Cat: 2254 . COSPAR: 1966-057A. Apogee: 388 km (241 mi). Perigee: 371 km (230 mi). Inclination: 65.0000 deg. Period: 92.10 min. Investigation of the upper atmosphere and outer space. .

1966 June 26 - . LV Family: Spiral 50-50. Launch Vehicle: Spiral 50-50.
  • Development of Spiral spaceplane authorised - . Nation: Russia. Spacecraft: MiG 105-11, Spiral OS. Lozino-Lozinsky was selected as project manager. The Spiral system consisted of three main components: the GSR reusable hypersonic air-breathing launch aircraft; RB expendable two stage rocket; and the OS orbital spaceplane..

1966 June 26 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC60/7. LV Family: R-16. Launch Vehicle: R-16U.
  • Palma-1 Operational test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,210 km (750 mi).

1966 June 26 - . 15:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 576B2. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D.
  • NTMP KX-20 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,800 km (1,100 mi).

1966 June 26 - . 21:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • 50 / 70 Hz probe Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 138 km (85 mi).

1966 June 27 - . 17:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique AGI.
  • FU-154 recovery test - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 123 km (76 mi). FU154 Technology (recovery) mission..

1966 June 28 - . 02:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark.
  • ESRO S08 / 2 (SK8) Aeronomy / solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 228 km (141 mi).

1966 June 28 - . 17:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Javelin.
  • Pulse Phase Delay Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 546 km (339 mi).

1966 June 29 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan IIIB.
  • Initial launch of a satellite by Titan IIIB/Agena - . Nation: USA. Nation's initial launch of a satellite by a Titan IIIB/Agena space booster (first launch of a Titan III from Vandenberg AFB)..

1966 June 29 - . Launch Site: Gilson Butte. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 1.
  • P-104? 66 Summer 03 - . Nation: USA. Agency: 79FA2. Apogee: 180 km (110 mi).

1966 June 30 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur PU31. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: R-36 8K67.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1966 June 30 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 576A1. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D.
  • NTMP KX-39 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,800 km (1,100 mi).

1966 July 1 - .
  • Three additional backup Apollo missions studied - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Kraft. Program: Apollo. Flight: Apollo 8.

    Director of Flight Operations Christopher C. Kraft, Jr., said that MSC had been directed by NASA OMSF to outline technical problems and both cost and schedule impact of adding three backup Apollo missions to the planned flight schedule. The missions to be evaluated would be AS-207/208 or AS-206/207; AS-503D; and AS-503F. Each of these missions would provide alternate means of obtaining primary program objectives in the event of flight contingencies during tests or of major schedule adjustments. Additional Details: here....


1966 July 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar PL87. LV Family: RT-2. Launch Vehicle: RT-2.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1966 July 1 - . 16:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor Delta E1.
  • Explorer 33 - . Payload: AIMP D. Mass: 93 kg (205 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Program: Explorer. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft Bus: IMP. Spacecraft: IMP. USAF Sat Cat: 2258 . COSPAR: 1966-058A. Apogee: 480,762 km (298,731 mi). Perigee: 265,679 km (165,084 mi). Inclination: 24.1000 deg. Period: 38,792.40 min. Intended to enter lunar orbit. Spacecraft engaged in research and exploration of the upper atmosphere or outer space (US Cat B). .

1966 July 1 - . 19:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Mud Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. FAILURE: Erroneous failure indication results in emergency landing at Mud Lake..
  • X-15A-2 External Tank test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 13 km (8 mi). First flight with fueled external tanks. Engine shutdown at 34.6 seconds due to fuel flow anomalies. Maximum Speed - 1646 kph. Maximum Altitude - 13720 m. Air dropped in Mud Lake DZ..

1966 July 2 - .
  • M2 Flight 1 - . Crew: Thompson. Payload: M2-F2 flight 1. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Thompson. Program: NASA Lifting Body. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft Bus: M2-F2. Spacecraft: M2-F2. First flight M2-F2. Maximum Speed - 727 kph. Maximum Altitude - 13720 m. Flight Time - 217 sec..

1966 July 2 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC60/8. LV Family: R-16. Launch Vehicle: R-16U.
  • Military training launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,210 km (750 mi).

1966 July 2 - . Launch Site: Teikovo. LV Family: R-16. Launch Vehicle: R-16U.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,210 km (750 mi).

1966 July 2 - . 20:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Johnston Island. Launch Complex: Johnston Island LE2. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor DSV-2J.
  • AFP-437(AP) interceptor mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 802 km (498 mi).

1966 July 3 - . 19:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • Arcasonde 1A Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1966 July 4 - .
  • Soyuz simulators - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Burnazyan, Keldysh, Mishin. Program: Soyuz. Flight: Soyuz 1, Soyuz 2A, Soyuz s/n 3/4. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-OK.

    The 7K-OK simulator consists of a mock-up of the BO living compartment and SA re-entry capsule only. The interiors are not yet fitted out with equipment, and development of the optical equipment to allow the cosmonauts to train with simulated dockings is proceeding very slowly. Mishin has promised a dozen times to speed up the work on the trainers, but produced nothing. Meanwhile Mishin is proceeding to train his cosmonaut team for Soyuz flights in September. It is said that he has other leaders, including Burnazyan and Keldysh, on his side.


1966 July 5 - . 14:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC37B. LV Family: Saturn I. Launch Vehicle: Uprated Saturn I.
  • Apollo 203 - . Payload: Saturn S-IVB-203. Mass: 26,500 kg (58,400 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Huntsville. Program: Apollo. Decay Date: 1966-07-05 . USAF Sat Cat: 2289 . COSPAR: 1966-059A. Apogee: 212 km (131 mi). Perigee: 183 km (113 mi). Inclination: 31.9000 deg. Period: 88.50 min.

    First orbital test Saturn IB; no spacecraft. AS-203 lifted off from Launch Complex 37, Eastern Test Range, at 10:53 a.m. EDT in the second of three Apollo-Saturn missions scheduled before manned flight in the Apollo program. All objectives - to acquire flight data on the S-IVB stage and instrument unit - were achieved.

    The uprated Saturn I - consisting of an S-IB stage, S-IVB stage, and an instrument unit - boosted an unmanned payload into an original orbit of 185 by 189 kilometers. The inboard engine cutoff of the first stage occurred after 2 minutes 18 seconds of flight and the outboard engine cutoff was 4 seconds later. The S-IVB engine burned 4 minutes 50 seconds. No recovery was planned and the payload was expected to enter the earth's atmosphere after about four days.


1966 July 6 - .
  • State Commission on Manned Spaceflight - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Anokhin, Belyayev, Bugrov, Bykovsky, Dolgopolov, Grechko, Komarov, Kubasov, Makarov, Mishin, Nikolayev, Tyulin, Volkov, Yeliseyev. Program: Soyuz. Flight: Soyuz 1, Soyuz 2A, Soyuz s/n 3/4.

    Tyulin heads a meeting that brings the Soyuz crewing dispute into the open. The opposing crews are represented as follows:

    • Soyuz s/n 3: VVS: commander: Komarov; backup Belyayev. MOM: commander: Dolgopolov; backup Grechko. Flight engineer: VVS: open; MOM: Makarov, Backup: Bugrov.
    • Soyuz s/n 4: VVS: commander: Bykovsky; backup Nikolayev. MOM: commander: Yeliseyev; backup Anokhin. Flight engineer: VVS: open; MOM: Kubasov, Backup: Volkov.

    Kamanin is furious. Mishin and Tyulin think an engineer can be trained to be a spacecraft commander in three months, without passing a flight physical, without being a qualifed pilot, without screening and training on the centrifuge or zero-G aircraft, and without parachute training. They put no value in six years of VVS experience in cosmonaut training. They give no weight to the years of general training, spaceflight experience, and ten months of Soyuz-specific training his candidates have already had. He notes that the United States trains crews for a minimum of one to two years before a flight. Kamanin says this decision will not stand.


1966 July 6 - . 12:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC81/23. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: UR-500.
  • Proton 3 - . Payload: N-4 s/n 4. Mass: 8,300 kg (18,200 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Proton. Class: Astronomy. Type: X-ray astronomy satellite. Spacecraft Bus: N-4. Spacecraft: N-4 . Decay Date: 1966-09-16 . USAF Sat Cat: 2290 . COSPAR: 1966-060A. Apogee: 594 km (369 mi). Perigee: 185 km (114 mi). Inclination: 63.5000 deg. Period: 92.30 min. Space station 'Proton 3'. Investigation of ultra high energy cosmic particles .

1966 July 7 - .
  • Three separate study efforts within NASA evaluating the S-IVB stage as a manned laboratory. - . Nation: USA. Program: Skylab. Spacecraft: Orbital Workshop, Skylab.

    In a memorandum to Headquarters staff members, Advanced Manned Missions Program Director Edward Z. Gray summarized the three separate study efforts underway within NASA directed toward evaluating the S-IVB stage as a manned laboratory: (1) The spent-stage experiment support module (SSESM) study, a joint effort by MSC and MSFC. (2) A spent S-IVB-stage utilization study at MSFC. (3) A Saturn V single-launch space station. Additional Details: here....


1966 July 7 - . 08:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • ISRO 20.05 / TERLS-44 Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 178 km (110 mi).

1966 July 8 - . 05:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC86/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 63S1.
  • Cosmos 123 - . Payload: DS-P1-Yu s/n 5. Mass: 325 kg (716 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-Yu. Completed Operations Date: 1966-12-10 . Decay Date: 1966-12-10 . USAF Sat Cat: 2295 . COSPAR: 1966-061A. Apogee: 512 km (318 mi). Perigee: 256 km (159 mi). Inclination: 48.8000 deg. Period: 92.30 min. Development of systems for air defence and the control of outer space..

1966 July 8 - . 19:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark.
  • ESRO S18 / 1 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1966 July 9 - .
  • Reservations on a synchronous-orbit mission for AAP. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Faget, Low, George. Spacecraft Bus: Apollo CSM. Spacecraft: Apollo X.

    George M. Low expressed his reservations about the validity of planning a synchronous-orbit mission for AAP. In a note to Maxime A. Faget, Low commented on the recent interest in such a mission and voiced his own doubt concerning either the need for or the desirability of such a flight. Low stated that such things as synoptic views of terrain or weather phenomena could be done just as well from low Earth orbit using mosaic techniques. Moreover, low orbits afforded simpler operations, much greater payload capabilities, and minimal radiation hazards. Low asked Faget to have his organization prepare an analysis of low Earth-orbit versus synchronous- orbit operations in preparation for upcoming AAP planning discussions in Washington at the end of the month.


1966 July 9 - .
  • M2 Flight 2 - . Crew: Thompson. Payload: M2-F2 flight 2. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Thompson. Program: NASA Lifting Body. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft Bus: M2-F2. Spacecraft: M2-F2. Maximum Speed - 634 kph. Maximum Altitude - 13720 m. Flight Time - 245sec..

1966 July 9 - .
  • Struggle for space leadership - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Malinovskiy, Rudenko, Smirnov, Ustinov, Vershinin. Program: Soyuz, Voskhod. Flight: Soyuz 1, Soyuz 2A, Soyuz s/n 3/4, Voskhod 3, Voskhod 4, Voskhod 5, Voskhod 6. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Voskhod.

    In the previous days Kamanin has been preparing Vershinin and Rudenko for the struggle to ensure the Ministry of Defence's interests in space are preserved and defended. Malinovskiy, Smirnov, and Ustinov must be convinced of the righteousness of the VVS position on space crew preparation and training. At the beginning of 1966, Kamanin thought 1966 would be the year Russia would leap ahead again in the space race. At that time four manned Voskhod and four manned Soyuz flights were expected. Now the year is half over, and it is clear that the only remaining Voskhod flight will not go ahead, and it will be luck if even two Soyuz missions are flown. Instead of a year of triumph, 1966 will see the USA pulling far ahead in the space race. This is the fault of the incredibly poor management of the Soviet space program by Ustinov, Smirnov, Keldysh, and Malinovskiy -- but even more fundamentally due to the inept management of OKB-1 and TsUKOS. The Voskhod program was delayed, then destroyed by OKB-1's insistence on inclusion of their poorly thought-out and developed experiment in artificial gravity. VVS was always opposed to this experiment, yet OKB-1 dragged the program out for years trying to perfect it. Flights of the Soyuz spacecraft could already have occurred in 1962-1963, had Korolev not ignored VVS recommendations and insisted on perfecting a fully automatic rendezvous and docking system. Development of this system delayed the Soyuz project a minimum of three years.


1966 July 9 - . 02:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC32B. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 2.
  • Research and development launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1966 July 10 - .
  • Komarov announces that USSR will beat US to moon - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Komarov. Program: Lunar L3. Class: Manned. Type: Manned space station. Komarov announces in Japan that USSR would beat the US to moonlanding by one year..

1966 July 11 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 654. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1966 July 11 - . 19:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Density profile Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 202 km (125 mi).

1966 July 11 - . 19:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF03. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1966 July 12 - . 07:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF09. Launch Pad: LF09?. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B.
  • Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1966 July 12 - . 17:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC4E. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas SLV-3 Agena D.
  • KH 7-30 - . Payload: KH-7 no. 30 / OPS 1850. Mass: 2,000 kg (4,400 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO, USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: WS-117. Spacecraft: KH-7. Decay Date: 1966-07-20 . USAF Sat Cat: 2322 . COSPAR: 1966-062A. Apogee: 261 km (162 mi). Perigee: 150 km (90 mi). Inclination: 95.5000 deg. Period: 88.70 min. KH-7 type satellite. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A). .

1966 July 12 - . 19:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Mud Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A Checkout, Systems test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 39 km (24 mi). Maximum Speed - 5876 kph. Maximum Altitude - 39620 m. Air dropped in Mud Lake DZ..

1966 July 12 - . 21:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Javelin.
  • Extreme ultraviolet Airglow Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 1,015 km (630 mi).

1966 July 13 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF02. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1966 July 13 - . 19:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark.
  • ESRO S18 / 2 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 240 km (140 mi).

1966 July 14 - . Launch Site: Green River. Launch Complex: Green River Pad 2. LV Family: Athena RTV. Launch Vehicle: Athena RTV.
  • ARPA C015 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1966 July 14 - . Launch Site: Shijiedu. LV Family: T-7. Launch Vehicle: T-7A-S2.
  • Life Science (dog) Biological mission - . Nation: China. Agency: Shanghai. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1966 July 14 - . 02:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 576B3. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D. FAILURE: Partial Failure.. Failed Stage: 1.
  • OV1-07 - . Payload: PasComSat. Mass: 10 kg (22 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF OAR. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft Bus: OV1. Spacecraft: OV1. Decay Date: 1978-01-04 . USAF Sat Cat: 2324 . COSPAR: 1966-063A. Apogee: 1,022 km (635 mi). Perigee: 985 km (612 mi). Inclination: 144.2000 deg. Period: 105.20 min. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A). .
  • OV1-08 PasComSat - . Mass: 555 kg (1,223 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft Bus: OV1. Spacecraft: OV1. Decay Date: 1978-01-04 . USAF Sat Cat: 2324 . COSPAR: 1966-063xx. Apogee: 410 km (250 mi). Perigee: 393 km (244 mi). Inclination: 144.2000 deg. Period: 92.60 min.

1966 July 14 - . 10:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57.
  • Cosmos 124 - . Payload: Zenit-2 11F61 s/n 42. Mass: 4,720 kg (10,400 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-2 satellite. Duration: 8.00 days. Decay Date: 1966-07-22 . USAF Sat Cat: 2325 . COSPAR: 1966-064A. Apogee: 282 km (175 mi). Perigee: 205 km (127 mi). Inclination: 51.8000 deg. Period: 89.40 min. Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite..

1966 July 14 - . 15:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 195 km (121 mi).

1966 July 15 - .
  • The acceptance meeting for Atlas 5306, the target launch vehicle for Gemini XI, was held at San Diego. - . Nation: USA. Flight: Gemini 11. Final acceptance was completed July 18. The vehicle was shipped the same day by air to Cape Kennedy, arriving July 19..

1966 July 16 - . 05:32 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 145 km (90 mi).

1966 July 17 - . Launch Site: Omsk. LV Family: R-9. Launch Vehicle: R-9A.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,160 km (720 mi).

1966 July 17 - . 00:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 192 km (119 mi).

1966 July 17 - . 02:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 9M.
  • Ionosphere / solar / solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 326 km (202 mi).

1966 July 17 - . 05:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 211 km (131 mi).

1966 July 17 - . 06:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 199 km (123 mi).

1966 July 17 - . 08:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1966 July 17 - . 09:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 208 km (129 mi).

1966 July 18 - . 19:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Hidden Hills DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A Checkout, Systems test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 29 km (18 mi). Maximum Speed - 5176 kph. Maximum Altitude - 29290 m. First flight with X-20 energy management system. Air dropped in Hidden Hills DZ..

1966 July 18 - . 20:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC14. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas SLV-3 Agena D.
  • Gemini 10 Agena Target - . Payload: TDA 1A/Agena D 5005 GATV. Mass: 3,175 kg (6,999 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Houston. Program: Gemini. Class: Manned. Type: Manned logistics spacecraft. Flight: Gemini 10. Spacecraft Bus: Agena. Spacecraft: Gemini Agena Target Vehicle. Decay Date: 1966-12-29 . USAF Sat Cat: 2348 . COSPAR: 1966-065A. Apogee: 296 km (183 mi). Perigee: 290 km (180 mi). Inclination: 28.9000 deg. Period: 90.40 min.

    An Air Force Titan Gemini Launch Vehicle placed the Gemini 10 (GT-10) spacecraft into orbit for the three-day mission of Astronauts John Young and Michael Collins. Rendezvous and docking were accomplished with the Gemini Agena Target Vehicle (GATV) that had been launched from Cape Kennedy aboard an Atlas Booster just ahead of GT-10. Using the GATV-10 Primary Propulsion System (PPS), the docked vehicles achieved a manned-flight altitude record of 476 miles. Reentry was accomplished on 21 July and recovery was made 544 miles east of Cape Canaveral. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A).


1966 July 18 - . 22:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC19. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan II GLV.
  • Gemini 10 - . Call Sign: Gemini 10. Crew: Collins, Young. Backup Crew: Bean, Williams, Clifton. Payload: Gemini SC10. Mass: 3,763 kg (8,295 lb). Nation: USA. Related Persons: Bean, Collins, Williams, Clifton, Young. Agency: NASA Houston. Program: Gemini. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Gemini 10. Spacecraft Bus: Gemini. Spacecraft: Gemini. Duration: 2.95 days. Decay Date: 1966-07-21 . USAF Sat Cat: 2349 . COSPAR: 1966-066A. Apogee: 259 km (160 mi). Perigee: 160 km (90 mi). Inclination: 28.9000 deg. Period: 88.70 min.

    An Air Force Titan Gemini Launch Vehicle placed the Gemini 10 (GT-10) spacecraft into orbit for the three-day mission of Astronauts John Young and Michael Collins. Rendezvous and docking were accomplished with the Gemini Agena Target Vehicle (GATV) that had been launched from Cape Kennedy aboard an Atlas Booster just ahead of GT-10. Using the GATV-10 Primary Propulsion System (PPS), the docked vehicles achieved a manned-flight altitude record of 476 miles. Reentry was accomplished on 21 July and recovery was made 544 miles east of Cape Canaveral. Exciting mission with successful docking with Agena, flight up to parking orbit where Gemini 8 Agena is stored. Collins space walks from Gemini to Agena to retrieve micrometeorite package left in space all those months. Loses grip first time, and tumbles head over heels at end of umbilical around Gemini. Package retrieved on second try.

    The Gemini X mission began with the launch of the Gemini Atlas-Agena target vehicle from complex 14. The Gemini Agena target vehicle (GATV) attained a near-circular, 162- by 157-nautical-mile orbit. Spacecraft No. 10 was inserted into a 145- by 86-nautical-mile elliptical orbit. Slant range between the two vehicles was very close to the nominal 1000 miles. Major objective of the mission was achieved during the fourth revolution when the spacecraft rendezvoused with the GATV at 5 hours 23 minutes ground elapsed time and docked with it about 30 minutes later. More spacecraft propellant was used to achieve rendezvous than had been predicted, imposing constraints on the remainder of the mission and requiring the development of an alternate flight plan. As a result, several experiments were not completed, and another secondary objective - docking practice - was not attempted. To conserve fuel and permit remaining objectives to be met, the spacecraft remained docked with the GATV for about 39 hours. During this period, a bending mode test was conducted to determine the dynamics of the docked vehicles, standup extravehicular activties (EVA) were conducted, and several experiments were performed. The GATV primary and secondary propulsion systems were used for six maneuvers to put the docked spacecraft into position for rendezvous with the Gemini VIII GATV as a passive target. The spacecraft undocked at 44 hours 40 minutes ground elapsed time, separated from the GATV, and used its own thrusters to complete the second rendezvous some three hours later. At 48 hours and 42 minutes into the flight, a 39-minute period of umbilical EVA began, which included the retrieval of a micrometorite collection package from the Gemini VIII Agena. The hatch was opened a third time about an hour later to jettison extraneous equipment before reentry. After about three hours of stationkeeping, the spacecraft separated from the GATV. At 51 hours 39 minutes ground elapsed time, the crew performed a true anomaly-adjust maneuver to minimize reentry dispersions resulting from the retrofire maneuver.


1966 July 19 - . 03:36 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • NRL NB3.165 Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, NRL. Apogee: 134 km (83 mi).

1966 July 19 - . 05:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Resolute Bay. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant III.
  • Ionosphere / solar x-rays mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1966 July 19 - . 08:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. LV Family: Lupus. Launch Vehicle: HAD.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Australia. Agency: WRE. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1966 July 19 - . 21:44 GMT - .
  • EVA Gemini 10-1 - . Crew: Collins. EVA Duration: 0.0347 days. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Collins. Program: Gemini. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Gemini 10. Spacecraft Bus: Gemini. Spacecraft: Gemini. Stand-Up External Vehicular Activity. Photographed earth and stars..

1966 July 20 - .
  • EVA Gemini 10-3 - . Crew: Collins. EVA Duration: 0.0007 days. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Collins. Program: Gemini. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Gemini 10. Spacecraft Bus: Gemini. Spacecraft: Gemini. Internal Vehicular Activity. Threw excess equipment out of spacecraft..

1966 July 20 - .
  • Apollo mapping and survey system (M&SS) - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Gilruth, von Braun. Program: Apollo. Flight: Apollo 9. Spacecraft: Apollo LMSS, CSM Recovery. MSC Director Robert R. Gilruth informed MSFC Director Wernher von Braun that for the past two years MSC had studied the use of the mapping and survey system (M&SS) in conjunction with the Apollo program.. Additional Details: here....

1966 July 20 - .
  • Heated exchange with Mishin - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Darevskiy, Komarov, Mishin, Severin. Program: Soyuz. Flight: Soyuz 1, Soyuz 2A, Soyuz s/n 3/4. Spacecraft Bus: Yastreb. Spacecraft: Yastreb.

    Kamanin and VVS officers spend more than two hours in a heated exchange with Mishin and his staff at OKB-1. Mishin is attacked for delays in completion of Soyuz; his demand that OKB-1 cosmonauts be trained in VVS zero-G aircraft without any agreement on this having been reached; the lack of work on spacesuits for the Soyuz flights by Severin; and above all his "illegal" training of his own cosmonauts. Mishin responds with wild attacks against the competence of Kamanin's cosmonauts, saying that his engineers could better guide a spacecraft to a docking than Kamanin's pilots. Finally things cool down, and Mishin agrees to submit to Kamanin a list of OKB-1 candidates for cosmonaut training within two to three days. Kamanin agrees to consider how they may be prepared for flight on a two-month schedule.

    Later Kamanin's group visits Darevskiy at MAP and reviews the status of Soyuz trainer completion. He promises to have them completed by the end of August. Finally Kamanin confronts Komarov over statements he made in Japan. Komarov admits telling the world press that the Soviet Union will, at the scheduled time, fly an automated spacecraft around the moon and return it to earth, to be followed by a dog flight, then a manned circumlunar flight. Kamanin has already had the Central Committee and Soviet Ministers calling him about this unauthorised disclosure.


1966 July 20 - . 09:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A510.
  • Cosmos 125 - . Mass: 3,800 kg (8,300 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: RORSAT. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military naval surveillance radar satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Kosmoplan. Spacecraft: US-A. Decay Date: 1966-08-02 . USAF Sat Cat: 2351 . COSPAR: 1966-067A. Apogee: 260 km (160 mi). Perigee: 204 km (126 mi). Inclination: 64.9000 deg. Period: 89.10 min. Prototype RORSAT hardware using chemical batteries in place of nuclear reactor. Lost on the 52nd revolution as a result of a possible failure in the chemical power units placed on board instead of the nuclear BES-5..

1966 July 20 - . 19:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • SPICE 1 (PCA) Solar particles mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 161 km (100 mi).

1966 July 20 - . 23:01 GMT - .
  • EVA Gemini 10-2 - . Crew: Collins. EVA Duration: 0.0271 days. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Collins. Program: Gemini. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Gemini 10. Spacecraft Bus: Gemini. Spacecraft: Gemini. Retrieved micrometeoroid collector from Agena..

1966 July 21 - . 03:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Resolute Bay. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant III.
  • Ionosphere / chemical release mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1966 July 21 - . 20:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Delamar Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A-2 Alt,ST,Abl TPS test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 58 km (36 mi). Maximum Speed - 5741 kph. Maximum Altitude - 58610 m. Air dropped in Delamar Dry Lake DZ..

1966 July 21 - .
  • Landing of Gemini 10 - . Return Crew: Collins, Young. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Collins, Young. Program: Gemini. Flight: Gemini 10.

    The retrofire maneuver was initiated at 70 hours 10 minutes after liftoff, during the 43rd revolution. The spacecraft landed at 21:06 GMT within sight of the prime recovery ship, the aircraft carrier Guadalcanal, some 5 km from the planned landing point on July 21.


1966 July 22 - . LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan II.
  • Gemini launch vehicle 11 was removed from storage and erected at complex 19. - . Nation: USA. Flight: Gemini 11. After the vehicle was inspected and umbilicals connected, power was applied July 27, and Subsystems Reverification Tests (SSRT) began. SSRT ended August 4, and the Prespacecraft Mate Verification Combined Systems Test was run the following day..

1966 July 22 - .
  • Voskhod 3 still on? - . Nation: Russia. Program: Voskhod. Flight: Gemini 10, Voskhod 3.

    Following the meeting with Mishin, Kamanin promises that the Voskhod 3 mission will be quickly revived and that the crews should refresh their training with the objective of a flight by 15 September. Kamanin notes the successful completion of the very ambitious Gemini 10 mission, which clearly shows the American intention to master space.


1966 July 22 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 395-B. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan II.
  • Giant Train - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi). ST Test mission.

1966 July 22 - . 21:02 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Extreme ultraviolet Mon / RPA Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 247 km (153 mi).

1966 July 23 - . 06:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima L. LV Family: Lambda. Launch Vehicle: Lambda 3H.
  • Gyro-plasma probe Ionosphere / aeronomy mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 1,800 km (1,100 mi).

1966 July 25 - .
  • VVS Victory on Soyuz crew issue - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Gorbatko, Khrunov, Kolodin, Malinovskiy, Mishin, Severin, Tyulin, Voronov. Program: Soyuz. Flight: Soyuz 1, Soyuz 2A, Soyuz s/n 3/4. Spacecraft Bus: Yastreb. Spacecraft: Yastreb.

    Tyulin advises Kamanin that Ustinov has instructed Mishin to accept that Soyuz spacecraft will be commanded by a VVS pilot cosmonaut, with OKB-1 providing cosmonauts for the engineering support role. Mishin is to immediately send four candidates from OKB-1 to Kamanin for cosmonaut training. Kamanin feels this is only a 50% victory, and vows to accelerate submission of the letter from Malinovskiy to the Central Committee, demanding that the support cosmonaut seats also be filled by trained VVS engineer cosmonauts (e.g. Khrunov, Gorbatko, Voronov, and Kolodin). Meanwhile spacesuit designer Severin informs Kamanin that OKB-1 has insisted that the outer hatch of Soyuz will remain at 660 mm diameter, even though he has told them for a long time that the minimum diameter for a cosmonaut in spacesuit with a life support system backpack is 700 mm. Kamanin agrees to support him, but notes the change can only be made in later spacecraft; it is too late to change the first production run.


1966 July 25 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 654. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1966 July 25 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Boosted Arcas 2.
  • Test 1 test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 145 km (90 mi).

1966 July 25 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-16. Launch Vehicle: R-16U.
  • Test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,210 km (750 mi).

1966 July 26 - .
  • Soyuz hatch problem - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Alekseyev, Semyon, Anokhin, Gorbatko, Khrunov, Komarov, Mishin, Severin, Sharafutdinov, Shcheglov, Skvortsov, Smirnov, Tsybin, Yeliseyev. Program: Soyuz. Flight: Soyuz 1, Soyuz 2A, Soyuz s/n 3/4. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-OK, Yastreb.

    Training of the new cosmonaut cadre is reviewed. English language courses are proving to be a particular problem. There have been some potential washouts - Sharafutdinov has done poorly in astronomy, Shcheglov suffered an injury at the beach, Skvortsov damaged his landing gear on a MiG-21 flight.

    At 15:00 a major review is conducted, with Komarov, Khrunov, Gorbatko, Kamanin, and other VVS officer meeting with OKB-1 leaders Mishin, Tsybin, Severin, Alekseyev, Anokhin, and other engineers. Film is shown of the difficulties in the zero-G aircraft of cosmonauts attempting to exit from the 660 mm diameter hatch. In four sets of ten attempts, the cosmonaut was only to get out of the hatch half the time, and then only with acrobatic contortions - the inflated suit has a diameter of 650 mm, only 10 mm less than the hatch. Mishin finally concedes the point. But installation of the hatch in Soyuz s/n 3 and 4 is not possible - the spacecraft are essentially complete, and to add the hatch would delay their flight 6 to 8 months. Then Mishin makes the astounding assertion that Gorbatko and Khrunov are not adequately trained to be engineer-cosmonauts, and without this he will not allow them into space. He suggests OKB-1 engineers Anokhin and Yeliseyev instead. After outraged response, Severin finally sinks this suggestion by pointing out that no space suit has been prepared for Anokhin, and that it will take two to three months to make one. Kamanin is astounded that Mishin has pushed Anokhin all the way up to Smirnov and the VPK without even knowing he could not possibly fly due to this restriction. It again points out their poor management. Finally Mishin agrees that spacecraft s/n 5 and 6 and on will have 720 mm hatches. The ECS for the suits for those missions will have to be changed from a backpack configuration, with the equipment rearranged around the waist of the cosmonaut. The crews for the flight will be an experienced VVS pilot cosmonaut as commander, and (Kamanin realizes he may have to concede) a VVS engineer as flight engineer cosmonaut. They will have to complete training by 1 October 1966.


1966 July 26 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF08. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 2. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Force modification test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1966 July 26 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF07. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B.
  • Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1966 July 27 - .
  • VPK Meeting - L1 delays - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Chelomei, Mishin, Severin, Vershinin, Voronin. Program: Lunar L1. Flight: Soyuz 7K-L1 mission 1. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-L1.

    Marshal Vershinin attends the meeting, where it is revealed that all systems in development - Chelomei's, Mishin's, Voronin's, Severin's, and others - are seriously behind schedule. The first unmanned circumlunar test of the L1 was to be made by 15 April 1967, but it seems unlikely it will even be completed by the end of 1967.


1966 July 27 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Heliograph XUV-H1? Solar extreme ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Apogee: 211 km (131 mi).

1966 July 28 - . Launch Site: Shijiedu. LV Family: T-7. Launch Vehicle: T-7A-S2.
  • Life Science (dog) Biological mission - . Nation: China. Agency: Shanghai. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1966 July 28 - . 00:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3.
1966 July 28 - . 02:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • LRL BOX-6 X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 173 km (107 mi).

1966 July 28 - . 10:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57.
  • Cosmos 126 - . Payload: Zenit-4. Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-4. Duration: 9.00 days. Decay Date: 1966-08-06 . USAF Sat Cat: 2368 . COSPAR: 1966-068A. Apogee: 343 km (213 mi). Perigee: 209 km (129 mi). Inclination: 51.8000 deg. Period: 90.10 min. High resolution photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule.

1966 July 28 - . 18:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Delamar Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A MuMet/HS/SB/RAS Technology/Meteor/Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 73 km (45 mi). Maximum Speed - 5957 kph. Maximum Altitude - 73700 m. Air dropped in Delamar Dry Lake DZ..

1966 July 28 - . 19:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: HJ Nike Nike.
  • LRL RCS-2 (Daisy 2) Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 173 km (107 mi).

1966 July 29 - . LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan II.
  • The launch vehicle acceptance test of Gemini launch vehicle (GLV) 12 was conducted. - . Nation: USA. Flight: Gemini 12.

    The vehicle acceptance team convened August 9 and accepted the vehicle August 12. GLV-12 was deerected August 17 and formally accepted by the Air Force August 30. Stage I was airlifted to Cape Kennedy the same day. Stage II arrived September 3. Both stages were placed in controlled access storage in Hanger T pending the launch of Gemini XI and the revalidation of the launch pad, completed September 16.


1966 July 29 - . 18:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC4W. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan IIIB.
  • OPS 3014 - . Payload: KH-8 no. 01 (Gambit) / Agena D. Mass: 3,000 kg (6,600 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO, USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: WS-117. Spacecraft: KH-8. Decay Date: 1966-08-06 . USAF Sat Cat: 2376 . COSPAR: 1966-069A. Apogee: 252 km (156 mi). Perigee: 154 km (95 mi). Inclination: 94.2000 deg. Period: 88.50 min.

    After the initial launch attempt oil the 28th was held at T minus 12 seconds, the first Titan IIIB/Agena D was successfully launched from Vandenberg AFB. All primary and secondary test objectives were met during the launch and flight which completed the research and development program for the Titan IIIB. This newest member of the Titan III (SLV-5) KH-8 type satellite. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A).


1966 July 30 - .
  • Beregovoi pushed for Soyuz mission - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Anokhin, Beregovoi, Burnazyan, Gagarin, Keldysh, Khrunov, Krylov, Malinovskiy, Mishin, Rudenko, Shonin, Tsybin, Tyulin, Vershinin, Volynov, Zakharov. Program: Soyuz, Voskhod. Flight: Soyuz 1, Soyuz 2A, Soyuz s/n 3/4, Voskhod 3. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-OK, Yastreb.

    Mishin, Rudenko, and others have met with Beregovoi and support his selection as commander for the first Soyuz mission. Kamanin does not believe he is fit for the assignment, due to his age, his height and weight (that are the limit of the acceptable for the Soyuz). Gagarin reports that during a visit to OKB-1 the day before, he discovered that they were still going all out to prepare their own crews and train their own cosmonauts for Soyuz flights. Kamanin reassures him that the full power of the VVS, the General Staff, and the Ministry of Defence is behind the position that only VVS pilots will command the missions. Mishin is gloating over the latest spacesuit tests. Khrunov tried exiting from the Soyuz hatch in the Tu-104 zero-G aircraft. Using his full dexterity and strength, he had more success than in earlier tests. But Kamanin notes that designing a spacecraft hatch only 10 mm wider than the cosmonaut is hardly the basis for practical spaceflight or training. Later Kamanin plays tennis with Volynov and Shonin. Their Voskhod 3 flight is still not officially cancelled. They have been fully trained for the flight for months now, but no go-ahead is given. On Saturday, Tsybin presents to the General Staff OKB-1's concept for training of engineer cosmonauts. Tyulin, Burnazyan, and Keldysh have approved the plan, except they have substituted VVS engineer cosmonauts for those from OKB-1 for the first Soyuz flights. So this is the result of months of controversy - a position that there is no fundamental opposition to cosmonaut candidates from OKB-1. Kamanin sees the absolute need for his draft letter to be sent from the four Marshals (Malinovskiy, Zakharov, Krylov, and Vershinin) to the Central Committee. Mishin continues to "assist" the situation - it has been two weeks since he promised to submit the names and documentation for his candidates to the VVS, and he has done nothing.


1966 August 1 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF24. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 2.
  • Demonstration and shakedown operations launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1966 August 1 - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Javelin. Launch Vehicle: HJ Nike Hydac.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 544 km (338 mi).

1966 August 1 - . 19:11 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Sphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1966 August 1 - . 22:11 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Sphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1966 August 2 - .
  • S-IVB airlock module (AM) experiment planned as part of the dual-launch Apollo-Saturn 209-210 mission. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Mueller, Seamans. Spacecraft Bus: Skylab. Spacecraft: Orbital Workshop.

    George E. Mueller, Associate Administrator for Manned Space Flight, recommended to Deputy Administrator Robert C. Seamans, Jr., that NASA proceed with its procurement effort on an S-IVB airlock module (AM) experiment as part of the dual-launch Apollo-Saturn 209-210 mission. The AM, to replace a LM aboard one of the vehicles, was to serve as the module affording a docking adapter at one end to permit CSM docking and at the other end a sealed connection to a hatch in the spent S-IVB stage of the rocket. Additional Details: here....


1966 August 2 - .
  • Letter to Central Committee on OKB-1 actions. - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Malinovskiy. Program: Soyuz, Lunar L1, Lunar L3. Malinovskiy decides to send the letter to the Central Committee complaining about MOM and OKB-1's after two days of indecision..

1966 August 2 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC50. LV Family: Sprint ABM. Launch Vehicle: Sprint ABM. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1966 August 2 - . Launch Site: San Nicolas. LV Family: Terrier. Launch Vehicle: Terrier/551.
  • Flight test 2 test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NMC. Apogee: 443 km (275 mi).

1966 August 2 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • ACS technology mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 306 km (190 mi).

1966 August 2 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Scan Converter Technology mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 303 km (188 mi).

1966 August 3 - .
  • Sea tests of Soyuz - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Anokhin, Brezhnev, Gagarin, Kubasov, Mishin, Smirnov, Ustinov, Volkov, Yeliseyev. Program: Soyuz. Flight: Soyuz 1, Soyuz 2A, Soyuz s/n 3/4. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-OK.

    Mishin sends a letter to Kamanin, linking acceptance of his eight cosmonaut candidates from OKB-1 to continuation of sea recovery tests of the Soyuz capsule at Fedosiya. Kamanin's early hopes for Mishin have been dashed - not only is he no Korolev, but his erratic management style and constant attempts to work outside of accepted channels and methods, are ruining the space program. Later Gagarin briefs Kamanin on the impossibility of meeting Brezhnev, who has flown south for vacation without reacting to Gagarin's letter. Most likely, the letter will be referred to Ustinov, who will pass it to Smirnov, with instructions to suppress this "revolt of the military". Gagarin requests permission to resume flight and parachute training in preparation for a space mission assignment. Kamanin agrees to allow him to begin three months before the mission to space. This will be no earlier than 1967, as Gagarin will not be assigned to the first Soyuz flights.

    Kamanin decides to smooth over matters with OKB-1. He calls Mishin, and then Tsybin, and agrees to begin processing of Anokhin, Yeliseyev, Volkov, and Kubasov as soon as he receives their personnel files and security clearances. Mishin promises to deliver the Soyuz mock-up of the Tu-104 zero-G aircraft soon - it slid from 20 July, then from 7 August.


1966 August 3 - . 02:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 9M.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 328 km (203 mi).

1966 August 3 - . 16:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Delamar Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A-2 ST, Base drag test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi). Maximum Speed - 5535 kph. Maximum Altitude - 75890 m. UV photos of stars in Auriga. Air dropped in Delamar Dry Lake DZ..

1966 August 3 - . 17:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • SPEEDBALL II 87 SN33 - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1966 August 4 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • ACS technology mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1966 August 4 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Airglow Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 159 km (98 mi).

1966 August 4 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Scan Converter Technology mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1966 August 4 - . Launch Site: Dbayeh. LV Family: Cedre 3. Launch Vehicle: Cedre 4.
  • Nation: Syria. Agency: LRS. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1966 August 4 - . 10:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC5. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout B.
  • OV3-03 - . Mass: 75 kg (165 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF OAR. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft Bus: OV3. Spacecraft: OV3. USAF Sat Cat: 2389 . COSPAR: 1966-070A. Apogee: 3,141 km (1,951 mi). Perigee: 349 km (216 mi). Inclination: 81.4000 deg. Period: 121.40 min. Radiation measurements. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A). .

1966 August 4 - . 17:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Mud Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A Heat Tran,BLN,OBE Test/Technology mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 40 km (24 mi). Maximum Speed - 6376 kph. Maximum Altitude - 40450 m. Air dropped in Mud Lake DZ..

1966 August 5 - .
  • Showdown on spacesuits - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Alekseyev, Semyon, Anokhin, Bushuyev, Bykovsky, Gagarin, Gorbatko, Khrunov, Komarov, Litvinov, Mishin, Nikolayev, Severin, Tsybin, Yeliseyev. Program: Soyuz. Flight: Soyuz 1, Soyuz 2A, Soyuz s/n 3/4. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-OK, Yastreb.

    At a meeting at LII MAP Zazakov, Litvinov, Mishin, Tsybin, Bushuev, Severin, Alekseyev, and Komarov spar over the hatch and spacesuit problem. Severin only agrees to modifying the ECS under immense pressure, but the modified suit will not be ready until November. Severin could not get Mishin to agree to an increased hatch diameter from Soyuz s/n 8 - Mishin will only "study the problem". An arrangement of the ECS around the waist of the cosmonaut is finally agreed. Mishin and Litvinov categorically rejected any modification of the hatch in the first production run of Soyuz.

    In turn, Factory 918 insisted on a final decision on Soyuz crews. They cannot build 16 of the custom-built spacesuits for all possible candidates for the flights (8 from VVS and 8 from OKB-1). It was therefore agreed that the commanders of the first two missions would be Komarov and Bykovsky, with Nikolayev and Gagarin as their backups. It was finally decided to assume that the other crew members would be either Khrunov and Gorbatko from the VVS, or Anokhin and Yeliseyev from OKB-1.


1966 August 5 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF03. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B.
  • Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1966 August 6 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Sphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1966 August 6 - . 06:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: S-210. Launch Vehicle: S-210.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 1.00 km (0.60 mi).

1966 August 6 - . 08:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Sphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1966 August 6 - . 11:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Sphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1966 August 7 - . 07:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1966 August 7 - . 08:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • ISRO 20.05 TERLS-46? Ionosphere mission - . Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 175 km (108 mi).

1966 August 7 - . 09:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • UM Pitot 22 / Noctilucent clouds Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 152 km (94 mi).

1966 August 8 - . LV Family: Saturn V. Launch Vehicle: Saturn V.
  • Manual control simulation of the Saturn V upper stages with Apollo - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo.

    MSC requested Ames Research Center to conduct a manual control simulation of the Saturn V upper stages with displays identical to those planned in the spacecraft. On August 5, Brent Creer and Gordon Hardy of Ames had met with representatives from ASPO, Guidance and Control Division, and Flight Crew Operations Directorate to discuss implementation of a modified Ames simulation which would determine feasibility of manual control from first stage burnout, using existing spacecraft displays and control interfaces. Simulations at Ames in 1965 had indicated that the Saturn V could be manually flown into orbit within dispersions of 914 meters in altitude, and 0.1 degree in flight path angle. Additional Details: here....


1966 August 8 - . LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan II.
  • Gemini launch vehicle 11 and spacecraft No. 11 were electrically mated at complex 19. - . Nation: USA. Flight: Gemini 11. Elecrical Interface Integrated Validation and Joint Guidance and Control Test was conducted August 8-9. The Joint Combined Systems Test followed August 11-12..

1966 August 8 - .
  • Gagarin's letter buried. - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Brezhnev, Malinovskiy, Rudenko, Smirnov, Ustinov. Program: Soyuz.

    As expected, Gagarin's letter to Brezhnev was referred to Ustinov, then to Smirnov, who has now referred it to Afanasyev and Malinovskiy with the instructions that they are "to present a mutually agreed solution". Malinovskiy referred it in turn to his four marshals, and Rudenko immediately makes an error by conceding that TsPK will accept OKB-1 cosmonaut candidates for training aboard Soyuz.


1966 August 8 - . 11:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57.
  • Cosmos 127 - . Payload: Zenit-4. Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-4. Duration: 8.00 days. Decay Date: 1966-08-16 . USAF Sat Cat: 2391 . COSPAR: 1966-071A. Apogee: 263 km (163 mi). Perigee: 201 km (124 mi). Inclination: 51.8000 deg. Period: 89.10 min. High resolution photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule.

1966 August 8 - . 17:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 576A2. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas F. FAILURE: Failure. Failed Stage: 1.
  • ABRES MBRV-1 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1966 August 8 - . 18:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Solar min particles Cosmic rays mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 134 km (83 mi).

1966 August 9 - .
  • LLRF to be used by Apollo LM flight crews before the LLTV - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft Bus: Apollo LM. Spacecraft: Apollo LLRF.

    MSC worked out a program with LaRC for use of the Lunar Landing Research Facility (LLRF) for preflight transition for LM flight crews before free-flight training in the lunar landing training vehicle. LM hardware sent to Langley to be used as training aids included two flight director attitude indicators, an attitude controller assembly, a thrust-translation controller assembly, and an altitude-rate meter.


1966 August 9 - .
  • S-IVB spent-stage experiment renamed the Orbital Workshop. - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft Bus: Skylab. Spacecraft: Orbital Workshop.

    Based on confirmation during discussion with Melvin Savage of NASA Hq, MSC Gemini Program Deputy Manager Kenneth S. Kleinknecht advised of changes in hardware nomenclature for the Apollo Applications Program: The S-IVB spent-stage experiment was now the Orbital Workshop. The spent-stage experiment support module was now the airlock module. The spent S IVB was now the Orbital S-IVB.


1966 August 9 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg.
  • Initial launch of a Long Tank Thor/Agena D - . Nation: USA. Initial launch of a Long Tank Thor/Agena D (Thorad/Agena D) space booster..

1966 August 9 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC60/8. LV Family: R-16. Launch Vehicle: R-16U.
  • Operational test launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,210 km (750 mi).

1966 August 9 - . 20:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC1W. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thorad SLV-2G Agena D.
  • KH-4A 1036 - . Payload: KH-4A s/n 1036 / Agena D 1631 / OPS 1545. Mass: 1,500 kg (3,300 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: CIA, NRO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: WS-117. Spacecraft: KH-4A. Decay Date: 1966-09-11 . USAF Sat Cat: 2393 . COSPAR: 1966-072A. Apogee: 284 km (176 mi). Perigee: 190 km (110 mi). Inclination: 100.1000 deg. Period: 89.20 min. KH-4A. All cameras operated satisfactorily..

1966 August 10 - .
  • Soyuz schedule has been delayed again - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Demin, Gagarin, Mishin, Tereshkova, Tyulin. Program: Soyuz. Flight: Soyuz 1, Soyuz 2A, Soyuz s/n 3/4, Soyuz s/n 5/6. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-OK.

    Soyuz s/n 1 and 2 will be flown unpiloted by October 1966 Manned flights aboard Soyuz s/n 3, 4, 5, 6 will not take place until the first quarter of 1967. Later Mishin tours the cosmonaut training centre - the first time in his life he has visited the place. Mishin admires the new construction from Demin's balcony on the 11th floor of cosmonaut dormitory, then goes to Tereshkova's apartment on the seventh floor, and then Gagarin's apartment. Mishin insists on drinking a toast of cognac on each visit. Tyulin reveals this is a peace mission - they want to normalize relations and get on with cosmonaut training. At Fedosiya the auxiliary parachute of a Soyuz capsule failed to open during a drop test. Kamanin believes that the Soyuz parachute system is even worse than that of Vostok. His overall impression of the Soyuz is poor: the entire spacecraft looks unimpressive. The small dimensions of hatch, antiquated communication equipment, and inadequate emergency recovery systems are only the most noticeable of many discrepancies. If the automatic docking system does not function, then the entire Soviet space program will collapse in failure.


1966 August 10 - . Launch Site: Tonopah. LV Family: Sandhawk. Launch Vehicle: Sandhawk. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1966 August 10 - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2 HRV. LV Family: Rook. Launch Vehicle: Jabiru 2.
1966 August 10 - . 12:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 9M.
  • VLF Doppler Ionosphere / aeronomy mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 330 km (200 mi).

1966 August 10 - . 19:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC13. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas SLV-3 Agena D.
  • Lunar Orbiter 1 - . Payload: Lunar Orbiter A. Mass: 386 kg (850 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Langley. Class: Moon. Type: Lunar probe. Spacecraft Bus: Lunar Orbiter. Spacecraft: Lunar Orbiter. Decay Date: 1966-10-29 . USAF Sat Cat: 2394 . COSPAR: 1966-073A.

    Lunar Orbiter I was launched from Cape Kennedy Launch Complex 13 at 3:26 p.m. EDT August 10 to photograph possible Apollo landing sites from lunar orbit. The Atlas-Agena D launch vehicle injected the spacecraft into its planned 90-hour trajectory to the moon. A midcourse correction maneuver was made at 8 p.m. the next day; a planned second midcourse maneuver was not necessary. A faultless deboost maneuver on August 14 achieved the desired initial elliptic orbit around the moon, and one week later the spacecraft was commanded to make a transfer maneuver to place it in a final close-in elliptic orbit of the moon.

    During the spacecraft's stay in the final close-in orbit, the gravitational fields of the earth and the moon were expected to influence the orbital elements. The influence was verified by spacecraft tracking data, which showed that the perilune altitude varied with time. From an initial perilune altitude of 58 kilometers, the perilune decreased to 49 kilometers. At this time an orbit adjustment maneuver began an increase in the altitude, which was expected to reach a maximum after three months and then begin to decrease again. The spacecraft was expected to impact on the lunar surface about six months after the orbit adjustment.

    During the photo-acquisition phase of the flight, August 18 to 29, Lunar Orbiter I photographed the 9 selected primary potential Apollo landing sites, including the one in which Surveyor I landed; 7 other potential Apollo landing sites; the east limb of the moon; and 11 areas on the far side of the moon. Lunar Orbiter I also took photos of the earth, giving man the first view of the earth from the vicinity of the moon (this particular view has been widely publicized). A total of 207 frames (sets of medium- and high-resolution pictures) were taken, 38 while the spacecraft was in initial orbit, the remainder while it was in the final close-in orbit. Lunar Orbiter I achieved its mission objectives, and, with the exception of the high-resolution camera, the performance of the photo subsystem and other spacecraft subsystems was outstanding. At the completion of the photo readouts, the spacecraft had responded to about 5,000 discrete commands from the earth and had made about 700 maneuvers.

    Photographs obtained during the mission were assessed and screened by representatives of the Lunar Orbiter Project Office, U.S. Geological Survey, DOD mapping agencies, MSC, and Jet Propulsion Laboratory. The spacecraft was deliberately crashed into moon after the mission was completed.


1966 August 11 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • ACS technology mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1966 August 11 - . 12:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 8L.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1966 August 11 - . 15:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Auroral emissions Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 207 km (128 mi).

1966 August 11 - . 17:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Delamar Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A HS,MuMet,SB,Gas Technology/Meteor/Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 76 km (47 mi). Maximum Speed - 5776 kph. Maximum Altitude - 76500 m. Record dynamic pressure. Air dropped in Delamar Dry Lake DZ..

1966 August 12 - .
  • M2 Flight 3 - . Crew: Thompson. Payload: M2-F2 flight 3. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Thompson. Program: NASA Lifting Body. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft Bus: M2-F2. Spacecraft: M2-F2. Maximum Speed - 656 kph. Maximum Altitude - 13720 m. Flight Time - 278 sec..

1966 August 12 - . 18:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Delamar Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A-2 ST,Pitot,Base drag test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 70 km (43 mi). Maximum Speed - 5586 kph. Maximum Altitude - 70440 m. Air dropped in Delamar Dry Lake DZ..

1966 August 13 - . Launch Site: CELPA. LV Family: IIAE.Orion. Launch Vehicle: Orion-2.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Argentina. Agency: CONAE. Apogee: 114 km (70 mi).

1966 August 14 - . 20:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Point Barrow. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1966 August 15 - . LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan II.
  • The tanking test of Gemini launch vehicle (GLV) 11 was conducted. - . Nation: USA. Flight: Gemini 11.

    While GLV post-tanking operations were being performed, the Final Systems Tests of spacecraft No. 11 were conducted August 22-23. Spacecraft and GLV were mechanically mated August 24 and erector cycling was tested. The electrical interface was revalidated August 25-29. The Simultaneous Launch Demonstration on August 31 and the Simulated Flight Test on September 1 completed prelaunch testing.


1966 August 15 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1966 August 15 - . 18:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Javelin.
  • Composition Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 698 km (433 mi).

1966 August 15 - . 21:35 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Meteoroids Aeronomy / meteorites mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1966 August 16 - .
  • Apollo LM test model No 3 (TM-3) shipped to Cape Kennedy - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo LM, LM Structural. The mockup of LM test model No. 3 (TM-3) was shipped by Super Guppy aircraft to Cape Kennedy, on the first trip of the Super Guppy from Grumman, Bethpage, N.Y..

1966 August 16 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF02. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B.
  • Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1966 August 16 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF06. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1A. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1966 August 16 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Scanner. Launch Vehicle: Scanner.
  • Scanner 1 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 612 km (380 mi).

1966 August 16 - . 07:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 61 km (37 mi).

1966 August 16 - . 07:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • Nation: Canada. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 58 km (36 mi).

1966 August 16 - . 07:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 55 km (34 mi).

1966 August 16 - . 18:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC4E. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas SLV-3 Agena D.
  • KH 7-31 - . Payload: KH-7 no. 31 / OPS 1832. Mass: 2,000 kg (4,400 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO, USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: WS-117. Spacecraft: KH-7. Decay Date: 1966-08-24 . USAF Sat Cat: 2396 . COSPAR: 1966-074A. Apogee: 330 km (200 mi). Perigee: 143 km (88 mi). Inclination: 93.2000 deg. Period: 89.20 min. KH-7 type satellite. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A). .
  • OPS 6810 - . Payload: SSF-B No. 5. Mass: 60 kg (132 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO, USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft Bus: SSF. Spacecraft: SSF. Decay Date: 1970-03-05 . USAF Sat Cat: 2397 . COSPAR: 1966-074B. Apogee: 522 km (324 mi). Perigee: 511 km (317 mi). Inclination: 93.2000 deg. Period: 94.90 min. Radar monitoring..

1966 August 17 - . 03:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VB.
1966 August 17 - . 15:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor Delta E1.
  • Pioneer 7 - . Payload: Pioneer B. Mass: 63 kg (138 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Ames. Program: Pioneer. Class: Astronomy. Type: Solar satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Pioneer 6-7-8-9-E. Spacecraft: Pioneer 6-7-8-9-E. USAF Sat Cat: 2398 . COSPAR: 1966-075A. Apogee: 993 km (617 mi). Perigee: 246 km (152 mi). Inclination: 33.0000 deg. Period: 97.20 min. Monitored solar wind, cosmic rays. SOLAR ORB. Spacecraft engaged in research and exploration of the upper atmosphere or outer space (US Cat B)..

1966 August 17 - . 16:30 GMT - . Launch Site: CELPA. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Judi-Dart.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: CONAE. Apogee: 194 km (120 mi).

1966 August 17 - . 19:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 350.
  • Test / ionosphere-solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 358 km (222 mi).

1966 August 18 - . Launch Site: Green River. Launch Complex: Green River Pad 1. LV Family: Athena RTV. Launch Vehicle: Athena RTV.
  • USN B011 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1966 August 18 - . 02:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC5. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout A.
  • Transit O-10 - . Mass: 58 kg (127 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Program: Transit. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Transit. Spacecraft: Transit. USAF Sat Cat: 2401 . COSPAR: 1966-076A. Apogee: 1,089 km (676 mi). Perigee: 1,038 km (644 mi). Inclination: 88.9000 deg. Period: 106.50 min.

    Spacecraft built by Naval Avionics Facility, but refurbished by APL. Only partially operational due to a decrease in the number of solar cells available for charging the batteries after thermal working of the solar cell interconnections in day/night cycles.


1966 August 19 - .
  • Selection of McDonnell to manufacture an AM for AAP to permit astronauts to enter the empty hydrogen tank of a spent S-IVB Saturn stage. - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft Bus: Skylab. Spacecraft: Orbital Workshop.

    NASA announced selection of McDonnell to manufacture an AM Airlock Module for AAP to permit astronauts to enter the empty hydrogen tank of a spent S-IVB Saturn stage. The AM would form an interstage between the spent rocket stage and the Apollo CSM and would contain environmental and life support systems to make the structure habitable in space. Though MSFC had project responsibility for the complete Orbital Workshop, technical and management responsibility for the AM rested with the AAP office at MSC. Contract negotiations with McDonnell were completed in mid-September. Because design of the AM would employ existing Gemini technology and hardware where feasible, MSC Gemini Deputy Manager Kenneth S. Kleinknecht detailed a number of people from his office to support the AM project.


1966 August 19 - . Launch Site: Green River. Launch Complex: Green River Pad 3. LV Family: Athena RTV. Launch Vehicle: Athena RTV.
  • USAF E001 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1966 August 19 - . 07:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VB.
1966 August 19 - . 18:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Delamar Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A BLN,OBE,H Test/Aeronomy mission? - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 54 km (33 mi). Maximum Speed - 5804 kph. Maximum Altitude - 54250 m. Air dropped in Delamar Dry Lake DZ..

1966 August 19 - . 19:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC3E. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas SLV-3 Agena D.
  • Midas 11 - . Payload: Midas RTS 2 / Agena TV 1352 / Agena D / OPS 0856. Mass: 2,000 kg (4,400 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Early warning satellite. Spacecraft Bus: WS-117. Spacecraft: Midas. USAF Sat Cat: 2403 . COSPAR: 1966-077A. Apogee: 3,708 km (2,304 mi). Perigee: 3,658 km (2,272 mi). Inclination: 89.7000 deg. Period: 167.40 min. Missile Defense Alarm System..
  • SECOR 7 - . Payload: EGRS 7. Mass: 17 kg (37 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USA ACE. Class: Earth. Type: Geodetic satellite. Spacecraft Bus: SECOR. Spacecraft: SECOR. USAF Sat Cat: 2411 . COSPAR: 1966-077B. Apogee: 3,700 km (2,200 mi). Perigee: 3,671 km (2,281 mi). Inclination: 89.7000 deg. Period: 167.50 min. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A). .
  • ORS 1 - . Payload: ERS 15. Mass: 5.00 kg (11.00 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft Bus: ERS. Spacecraft: ERS. USAF Sat Cat: 2412 . COSPAR: 1966-077C. Apogee: 3,700 km (2,200 mi). Perigee: 3,680 km (2,280 mi). Inclination: 89.7000 deg. Period: 167.60 min. Cold welding experiments. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A). .

1966 August 20 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: GMS. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1966 August 22 - .
  • Apollo experiment pallet cancelled - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft Bus: Apollo CSM. Spacecraft: Apollo Experiments Pallet.

    NASA informed four firms that had completed design studies on the Apollo experiment pallet that there would be no hardware development and fabrication of the pallet. The four firms had been selected in November 1965 to make four-month studies of a pallet to carry experiments in the spacecraft SM during the Apollo manned lunar landings. The firms were Lockheed Missiles and Space Co., Sunnyvale, Calif.; The Martin Co., Denver, Colo.; McDonnell Aircraft Corp., St. Louis, Mo.; and Northrop Space Laboratories, Hawthorne, Calif.


1966 August 22 - . 20:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF04. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1A.
  • Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1966 August 24 - .
  • M2 Flight 4 - . Crew: Thompson. Payload: M2-F2 flight 4. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Thompson. Program: NASA Lifting Body. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft Bus: M2-F2. Spacecraft: M2-F2. Maximum Speed - 718 kph. Maximum Altitude - 13720 m. Flight Time - 241 sec..

1966 August 24 - . 08:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. Launch Pad: LC31?. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M.
  • Luna 11 - . Payload: E-6LF s/n 101. Mass: 1,638 kg (3,611 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Luna. Class: Moon. Type: Lunar probe. Spacecraft Bus: Luna E-6. Spacecraft: Luna E-6LF. USAF Sat Cat: 2406 . COSPAR: 1966-078A.

    Automatic station Luna 11. Further development of artificial lunar satellite systems and conduct of scientific experiments in circumlunar space. Lunar orbit 160 km x 1200 km x 27 degrees. Luna 11 was launched towards the Moon from an earth-orbiting platform and entered lunar orbit on August 28, 1966. The objectives of the mission included the study of: (1) lunar gamma- and X-ray emissions in order to determine the Moon's chemical composition; (2) lunar gravitational anomalies; (3) the concentration of meteorite streams near the Moon; and, (4) the intensity of hard corpuscular radiation near the Moon. A total of 137 radio transmissions and 277 orbits of the Moon were completed before the batteries failed on October 1, 1966.


1966 August 24 - . 21:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • UNH neutrons Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 157 km (97 mi).

1966 August 24 - . 23:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 164 km (101 mi).

1966 August 25 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC41/3. Launch Pad: LC41/3?. LV Family: R-16. Launch Vehicle: R-16U.
  • Military training launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,210 km (750 mi).

1966 August 25 - . 00:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 169 km (105 mi).

1966 August 25 - . 17:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC34. LV Family: Saturn I. Launch Vehicle: Uprated Saturn I.
  • Apollo 202 (AS-202) - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 1,143 km (710 mi).

    Spacecraft 011 was essentially a Block I spacecraft with the following exceptions: couches, crew equipment, and the cabin postlanding ventilation were omitted; and three auxiliary batteries, a mission control programmer, four cameras, and flight qualification instrumentation were added.

    Of six primary test objectives assigned to the mission, the objectives for the environmental control, electrical power, and communications subsystems were not completely satisfied. All other spacecraft test objectives were successfully accomplished.


1966 August 25 - . 17:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Delamar Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. FAILURE: Inertial malfunction during re-entry..
  • X-15A HS/MuMet/Gas Technology/Meteor/Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 78 km (48 mi). Maximum Speed - 5701 kph. Maximum Altitude - 78490 m. Collected micrometeorites and extraterrestrial dust. Air dropped in Delamar Dry Lake DZ..

1966 August 26 - . 13:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC41. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan IIIC. FAILURE: Payload fairing broke up 78 seconds after launch.. Failed Stage: S.
  • IDCSP (8) ... IDCSP (14) - . Mass: 45 kg (99 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: IDCSP. Spacecraft: IDCSP. Decay Date: 1966-08-26 . 8 satellites, each weighing 45 kg..
  • IDCSP - . Payload: IDCSP. Mass: 45 kg (99 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Spacecraft Bus: IDCSP. Spacecraft: IDCSP.
  • IDCSP - . Payload: IDCSP. Mass: 45 kg (99 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Spacecraft Bus: IDCSP. Spacecraft: IDCSP.
  • IDCSP - . Payload: IDCSP. Mass: 45 kg (99 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Spacecraft Bus: IDCSP. Spacecraft: IDCSP.
  • IDCSP - . Payload: IDCSP. Mass: 45 kg (99 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Spacecraft Bus: IDCSP. Spacecraft: IDCSP.
  • IDCSP - . Payload: IDCSP. Mass: 45 kg (99 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Spacecraft Bus: IDCSP. Spacecraft: IDCSP.
  • IDCSP - . Payload: IDCSP. Mass: 45 kg (99 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Spacecraft Bus: IDCSP. Spacecraft: IDCSP.
  • IDCSP - . Payload: IDCSP. Mass: 45 kg (99 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Spacecraft Bus: IDCSP. Spacecraft: IDCSP.

1966 August 26 - . 18:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150A.
  • Extreme ultraviolet Mon / RPA Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 212 km (131 mi).

1966 August 26 - . 18:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Thermosphere probe Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 287 km (178 mi).

1966 August 26 - . 18:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Thermosphere probe Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 308 km (191 mi).

1966 August 26 - . 19:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • UM Pitot 23 / Thermo Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 149 km (92 mi).

1966 August 26 - . 20:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant III.
  • Test / aeronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 114 km (70 mi).

1966 August 26 - . 21:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF23. Launch Pad: LF23?. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 2.
  • Demonstration and shakedown operations launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1966 August 27 - . 09:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. Launch Pad: LC1?. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57.
  • Cosmos 128 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-4. Duration: 8.00 days. Decay Date: 1966-09-04 . USAF Sat Cat: 2409 . COSPAR: 1966-079A. Apogee: 343 km (213 mi). Perigee: 207 km (128 mi). Inclination: 64.9000 deg. Period: 90.00 min. High resolution photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule.

1966 August 28 - . 04:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Thermosphere probe Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 323 km (200 mi).

1966 August 28 - . 04:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • UM Pitot 24 / Thermo Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 151 km (93 mi).

1966 August 28 - . 09:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. LV Family: Lupus. Launch Vehicle: HAD.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Australia. Agency: WRE. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1966 August 29 - . 15:20 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Airglow / Te / density Aeronomy / chemica / solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 206 km (128 mi).

1966 August 29 - . 19:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF07. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B.
  • Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1966 August 30 - . 17:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Mud Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. FAILURE: SAS system drops out repeatedly, hydrogen peroxide fire in ventral fin..
  • X-15A-2 V-On,Maurer,TPS Test/Technology/Ultraviolet Astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 31 km (19 mi). Maximum Speed - 5701 kph. Maximum Altitude - 30540 m. Air dropped in Mud Lake DZ..

1966 August 31 - .
  • Management during thermal vacuum testing of Apollo spacecraft 008 inadequate - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Shea, Slayton. Program: Apollo.

    MSC Director of Flight Crew Operations Donald K. Slayton informed ASPO Manager Joseph F. Shea that total management during thermal vacuum testing of spacecraft 008 was inadequate, resulting in misunderstandings between personnel and organizational groups concerned with the test. Slayton offered a number of suggestions for future, similar tests:

    • Overall planning policies and practices should be reviewed and further defined before commitment of future test crews.
    • Timeline testing philosophy was not realistic or practical in a one- g environment. It was mandatory that test plans be developed with maximum data gain and minimum crew and hardware risks consistent with overall program objectives. For example, long thermal responses during manned tests.
    • A crew systems operations office should be established within the Space Environmental Simulation Laboratory to tie down the interface between crew, hardware, and management. Its scope of operation should include representation, training, and scheduling.
    • The Environmental Medicine Office should define all crew and test medical requirements before crew selection. To help in this area, a flight surgeon should be assigned to each vehicle's prime and backup crews, to ensure adequate knowledge of crew members and test objectives for training and the real-time mission.
    • It must be recognized that test crew participation in thermal vacuum testing was completely voluntary and that each member volunteering must weigh the hazards of such testing against the benefits to the program in general and his welfare in particular.

1966 September - . LV Family: Martlet. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 4.
  • Martlet 4A orbital gun-launched rocket tests. - . Nation: Canada.

    Development trials for the Martlet 4A began in the fall of 1966 with tests proceeding into early 1967. The majority of the early work was conducted on the Highwater, Quebec test range where the structural integrity of the Martlet 4A motor during gun-launching was proven. Prior to the abrupt end of the HARP project in July 1967, soft recovery trials and flight testing had been planned for the winter of 1967/1968. At nearly one ton the Martlet 4A holds the worlds record for being the largest rocket motor ever fired from a gun.


1966 September 1 - . LV Family: N1. Launch Vehicle: N1.
  • N1-L3 manned landing profile approved. - . Nation: Russia. Spacecraft: LK, Soyuz 7K-LOK. Central Committee of the Communist Party and Council of Soviet Ministers Decree 'On approval of the N1-L3 mission profile' was issued..

September 1966 - .
  • N1 two-launch moon scenario proposed - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Bushuyev, Korolev. Program: Lunar L3, Lunar L1, Soyuz. Spacecraft: LK, Molniya-1, Soyuz 7K-L1, Soyuz 7K-LOK, Soyuz 7K-OK.

    Bushuyev proposed a two launch variation on Korolev's single-launch scheme. The increased-payload version of the N1 with six additional engines was not planned to fly until vehicle 3L. 1L and 2L were to be technology articles for ground test with only the original 24 engine configuration. At that time the first Apollo test flight was planned by the end of 1966, and the US moon landing no later than 1969. The Soviets expected the first test of their LK lander in 1969, and concluded they could not expect to land a Soviet man on the moon until 1972. Additional Details: here....


1966 September 1 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 656. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1966 September 1 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Strypi. Launch Vehicle: Strypi IV.
  • HALBERD re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1966 September 1 - . Launch Site: Green River. Launch Complex: Green River Pad 2. LV Family: Athena RTV. Launch Vehicle: Athena RTV.
  • USAF D029 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1966 September 1 - . 18:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Auroral radiation Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 242 km (150 mi).

1966 September 2 - .
  • M2 Flight 5 - . Crew: Thompson. Payload: M2-F2 flight 5. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Thompson. Program: NASA Lifting Body. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft Bus: M2-F2. Spacecraft: M2-F2. Maximum Speed - 750 kph. Maximum Altitude - 13720 m. Flight Time - 226sec..

1966 September 2 - . LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K.
1966 September 2 - . Launch Site: Green River. Launch Complex: Green River Pad 1. LV Family: Athena RTV. Launch Vehicle: Athena RTV.
  • USAF D025 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1966 September 2 - . 14:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • SPICE 2A? Solar particles mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 164 km (101 mi).

1966 September 2 - . 22:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • SPICE 2 Solar particles mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 159 km (98 mi).

1966 September 2 - . 22:50 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • NRL NA3.182 Solar extreme ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Apogee: 206 km (128 mi).

1966 September 3 - . 17:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • SPICE 3 Solar particles mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1966 September 5 - .
  • OKB-1 cosmonauts accepted for training. - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Dolgopolov, Grechko, Kubasov, Makarov, Volkov, Yeliseyev. Program: Soyuz. Kubasov, Volkov, and Grechko have been accepted by the VVS for cosmonaut training, with some relaxation in health requirements. Yeliseyev, Dolgopolov and Makarov need more medical tests to be cleared. .

1966 September 6 - . 12:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Auroral radiation Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 238 km (147 mi).

1966 September 6 - . 18:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Auroral radiation Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 243 km (150 mi).

1966 September 7 - .
  • Laboratories for receiving Apollo lunar materials discussed - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo.

    In response to a query from NASA Deputy Administrator Robert C. Seamans, Jr., Associate Administrator for Space Science and Applications Homer E. Newell said that no laboratories had been selected for receiving lunar materials but proposals had been solicited and were in process of review. Newell said the lunar samples fell under the planetary and planetary biology disciplines primarily. The Planetary Biology Subcommittee of the Space Science Steering Committee had four working groups evaluating the proposals geophysics, geochemistry, geology, and Lunar Receiving Laboratory (LRL). The working groups were expected to complete their evaluations in September and, following review by the program office, recommendations would be prepared for the Space Science Steering Committee. Following appropriate review by that Committee, Newell would select the Principal Investigators for approved experiments.

    Funding for the analyses could be determined only after selections had been made, but budget estimates for that purpose had been made for $2 million in FY 1968 and $6 million in FY 1969, exclusive of laboratory upgrading and funding of the LRL. As a part of the continuing research effort, 33 laboratories had received support during 1966 for upgrading their ability to handle and examine lunar material. Newell added that 125 proposals for handling lunar material had been received and were under review.


1966 September 8 - .
  • First airing of television series Star Trek - . Nation: USA.

1966 September 8 - . 18:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Smith Ranch Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. FAILURE: Emergency landing at Smith Ranch..
  • X-15A HS/Elec loads test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 22 km (13 mi). Premature engine shutdown at 38 sec. Maximum Speed - 2578 kph. Maximum Altitude - 22310 m. Air dropped in Smith Ranch Lake DZ..

1966 September 9 - .
  • The scheduled launch of Gemini XI was postponed when a pinhole leak was discovered in the stage I oxidizer tank of the launch vehicle shortly after propellants had been loaded. - . Nation: USA. Flight: Gemini 11. The decision to repair the leak required rescheduling the launch for September 10. After propellants were unloaded, the leak was plugged with a sodium silicate solution and covered with an aluminium patch..

1966 September 10 - .
  • The scheduled Atlas-Agena launch was postponed because of apparent problems with the target launch vehicle autopilot. - . Nation: USA.

    It was later determined that the problems were caused by a combination of propellant sloshing, wind loading, and autopilot recorder sensitivity. The circumstances were determined to be normal and hardware replacement was not required. Launch was rescheduled for September 12.


1966 September 12 - .
  • Birth of Anousheh nee Raissyan Ansari - . Nation: Iran, USA. Related Persons: Ansari. Iranian-American engineer cosmonaut. Flew on ISS EP-11. First female space tourist. First Iranian in space..

1966 September 12 - . 13:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC14. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas SLV-3 Agena D.
  • Gemini 11 Agena Target - . Payload: TDA 6/Agena D 5006 GATV. Mass: 3,175 kg (6,999 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Houston. Program: Gemini. Class: Manned. Type: Manned logistics spacecraft. Flight: Gemini 11. Spacecraft Bus: Agena. Spacecraft: Gemini Agena Target Vehicle. Decay Date: 1966-12-30 . USAF Sat Cat: 2414 . COSPAR: 1966-080A. Apogee: 298 km (185 mi). Perigee: 298 km (185 mi). Inclination: 28.8000 deg. Period: 90.40 min. Docking target for Gemini 11..

1966 September 12 - . 14:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC19. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan II GLV.
  • Gemini 11 - . Call Sign: Gemini 11. Crew: Conrad, Gordon. Backup Crew: Anders, Armstrong. Payload: Gemini SC11. Mass: 3,798 kg (8,373 lb). Nation: USA. Related Persons: Anders, Armstrong, Conrad, Gordon. Agency: NASA Houston. Program: Gemini. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Gemini 11. Spacecraft Bus: Gemini. Spacecraft: Gemini. Duration: 2.97 days. Decay Date: 1966-09-15 . USAF Sat Cat: 2415 . COSPAR: 1966-081A. Apogee: 280 km (170 mi). Perigee: 161 km (100 mi). Inclination: 28.8000 deg. Period: 88.80 min.

    More highjinks with Conrad. First orbit docking with Agena, followed by boost up to record 800 km orbit, providing first manned views of earth as sphere. Tether attached by Gordon to Agena in spacewalk and after a lot of effort tethered spacecraft put into slow rotation, creating first artificial microgravity.

    The primary objective of the Gemini XI mission was to rendezvous with the Gemini Agena target vehicle (GATV) during the first revolution and dock. Five maneuvers completed the spacecraft/GATV rendezvous at 1 hour 25 minutes ground elapsed time, and the two vehicles docked nine minutes later. Secondary objectives included docking practice, extravehicular activity (EVA), 11 experiments, docked maneuvers, a tethered vehicle test, demonstrating automatic reentry, and parking the GATV. All objectives were achieved except one experiment - evaluation of the minimum reaction power tool - which was not performed because umbilical EVA was terminated prematurely. Umbilical EVA began at 24 hours 2 minutes ground elapsed time and ended 33 minutes later. Gordon became fatigued while attaching the tether from the GATV to the spacecraft docking bar. An hour later the hatch was opened to jettison equipment no longer required. At 40 hours 30 minutes after liftoff, the GATV primary propulsion system (PPS) was fired to raise the apogee of the docked vehicles to 741 nautical miles for two revolutions. The PPS was fired again, 3 hours 23 minutes later, to reduce apogee to 164 nautical miles. The crew then prepared for standup EVA, which began at 47 hours 7 minutes into the flight and lasted 2 hours 8 minutes. The spacecraft was then undocked to begin the tether evaluation. At 50 hours 13 minutes ground elapsed time, the crew initiated rotation. Initial oscillations damped out and the combination became very stable after about 20 minutes; the rotational rate was then increased. Again, initial oscillations gradually damped out and the combination stabilized. At about 53 hours into the mission, the crew released the tether, separated from the GATV, and maneuvered the spacecraft to an identical orbit with the target vehicle. A fuel cell stack failed at 54 hours 31 minutes, but the remaining five stacks shared the load and operated satisfactorily. A rerendezvous was accomplished at 66 hours 40 minutes ground elapsed time, and the crew then prepared for reentry.


1966 September 13 - .
  • EVA Gemini 11-2 - . Crew: Gordon. EVA Duration: 0.0014 days. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Gordon. Program: Gemini. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Gemini 11. Spacecraft Bus: Gemini. Spacecraft: Gemini. Internal Vehicular Activity. Threw excess equipment out of spacecraft..

1966 September 13 - . 14:44 GMT - .
  • EVA Gemini 11-1 - . Crew: Gordon. EVA Duration: 0.0229 days. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Gordon. Program: Gemini. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Gemini 11. Spacecraft Bus: Gemini. Spacecraft: Gemini. Retrieved micrometeoroid collector from Agena..

1966 September 14 - . LV Family: N1. Launch Vehicle: N1.
  • N1 plans approved. - . Nation: Russia. Spacecraft: LK, Soyuz 7K-LOK. Academy of Sciences Decree 'On course of work on the N1-L3' was issued..

1966 September 14 - . 01:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Ionosphere / TMA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 157 km (97 mi).

1966 September 14 - . 04:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Ionosphere / TMA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 186 km (115 mi).

1966 September 14 - . 12:49 GMT - .
  • EVA Gemini 11-3 - . Crew: Gordon. EVA Duration: 0.0903 days. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Gordon. Program: Gemini. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Gemini 11. Spacecraft Bus: Gemini. Spacecraft: Gemini. Stand-Up External Vehicular Activity. Photographed earth and stars..

1966 September 14 - . 20:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Delamar Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A MuMet/Solar spec Technology/Meteor/Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 77 km (47 mi). Maximum Speed - 5770 kph. Maximum Altitude - 22980 m. JPL spectrometer measured solar flux; radiometer characterized exhaust plume in UV for reconnsat sensors; collected micrometeorites. Air dropped in Delamar Dry Lake DZ..

1966 September 15 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg.
  • First launch of a Thor/Burner II from Vandenberg - . Nation: USA.

1966 September 15 - . Launch Site: Tonopah. LV Family: Sandhawk. Launch Vehicle: Sandhawk. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1966 September 15 - .
  • Landing of Gemini 11 - . Return Crew: Conrad, Gordon. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Conrad, Gordon. Program: Gemini. Flight: Gemini 11.

    The spacecraft landed at 13:59 GMT less than 5 km from the planned landing point at 71 hours 17 minutes after liftoff. The crew was retrieved by helicopter, and the spacecraft was brought aboard the prime recovery ship, the aircraft carrier Guam, about an hour after landing.


1966 September 16 - .
1966 September 16 - . LV Family: N1. Launch Vehicle: N1.
  • Communist Party delegates visit Baikonur - . Nation: Russia. Communist Party delegates from Interkosmos states visited Baikonur for two days. They were shown the N1 launch complex and viewed a Molniya-1 launch. They were the first non-Russians to see the N1 complex..

1966 September 16 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 395-C. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan II.
  • Black River - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi). Follow-on operational missile test.

1966 September 16 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF03. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1966 September 16 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Vostok 8A92. FAILURE: Launch vehicle destroyed. Failure of Block D core stage.. Failed Stage: 1.
  • Zenit-2 11F61 s/n 40 - . Payload: Zenit-2 11F61 s/n 40. Mass: 4,720 kg (10,400 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-2 satellite. Decay Date: 1966-09-16 . Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite..

1966 September 16 - . 01:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Ionosphere / TMA Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 185 km (114 mi).

1966 September 16 - . 03:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Ionosphere / TMA Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 185 km (114 mi).

1966 September 16 - . 04:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Ionosphere / TMA Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 206 km (128 mi).

1966 September 16 - . 04:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC10W. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor Burner 2.
  • DMSP-Block-4A F7 - . Payload: DAPP 1416 (FTV-3) / OPS 6026. Mass: 125 kg (275 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Program: DMSP. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DMSP Block 4/5 satellites. Spacecraft: DMSP Block 4A. USAF Sat Cat: 2418 . COSPAR: 1966-082A. Apogee: 857 km (532 mi). Perigee: 674 km (418 mi). Inclination: 98.3000 deg. Period: 100.20 min. Defense Meteorological Satellite Program..

1966 September 16 - . 15:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 166 km (103 mi).

1966 September 16 - . 17:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC4E. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas SLV-3 Agena D.
  • KH 7-32 - . Payload: KH-7 no. 32 / OPS 1686. Mass: 2,000 kg (4,400 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO, USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: WS-117. Spacecraft: KH-7. Decay Date: 1966-09-23 . USAF Sat Cat: 2419 . COSPAR: 1966-083A. Apogee: 328 km (203 mi). Perigee: 146 km (90 mi). Inclination: 93.9000 deg. Period: 89.20 min. KH-7 type satellite. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A). .
  • OPS 6874 - . Payload: EHH B5. Mass: 60 kg (132 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO, USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft Bus: SSF. Spacecraft: SSF. Decay Date: 1968-05-09 . USAF Sat Cat: 2420 . COSPAR: 1966-083B. Apogee: 501 km (311 mi). Perigee: 461 km (286 mi). Inclination: 94.1000 deg. Period: 94.20 min. Radar monitoring..

1966 September 17 - .
  • Competing lunar landing designs to be evaluated. - . Nation: Russia. Spacecraft: LK, LK-700, Soyuz 7K-LOK. Military-Industrial Commission (VPK) Decree 'On creation of a commission to compare the UR-700-LK-700 and the N1-L3' was issued..

1966 September 17 - . 02:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Auroral radiation Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 243 km (150 mi).

1966 September 17 - . 22:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC162/36. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: R-36O 8K69.
  • OGCh - . Mass: 1,700 kg (3,700 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Class: Military. Type: Orbital bombing system. Spacecraft Bus: OGCh. Spacecraft: OGCh. Decay Date: 1966-11-11 . USAF Sat Cat: 2437 . COSPAR: 1966-088A. Apogee: 792 km (492 mi). Perigee: 138 km (85 mi). Inclination: 49.6000 deg. Period: 93.90 min.

    First attempted orbital Fractional Orbital Bombardment System test. The second stage of the booster placed the third stage and dummy warhead into a 214 km x 523 km parking orbit. altitude. The third stage was evidently wrongly oriented, and instead of braking the warhead into an impact at Kapustin Yar, boosted it into a higher 280 km x 1,010 km orbit. The dummy warhead seperated but was commanded to self destruct, resulting in over 100 catalogued orbiting objects.


1966 September 19 - . LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan II.
  • Gemini launch vehicle (GLV) 12 was removed from storage and erected at complex 19. - . Nation: USA. Flight: Gemini 12. Umbilicals were connected after GLV inspection September 21. Power was applied the next day and Subsystems Reverification Tests (SSRT) began September 23. SSRT ended October 2 and Prespacecraft Mate Verification Combined Systems Test was run October 4..

1966 September 19 - . Launch Site: Johnston Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Sampler (Camera) Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1966 September 20 - .
  • M2 Flight 7 - . Crew: Sorlie. Payload: M2-F2 flight 7. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Sorlie. Program: NASA Lifting Body. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft Bus: M2-F2. Spacecraft: M2-F2. Maximum Speed - 677 kph. Maximum Altitude - 13720 m. Flight Time - 211 sec..

1966 September 20 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 624. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A2.
  • Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1966 September 20 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 624. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A2.
  • Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1966 September 20 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF04. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1A.
  • Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1966 September 20 - . 05:45 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 165 km (102 mi).

1966 September 20 - . 12:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC36A. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas Centaur D.
  • Surveyor 2 - . Payload: Surveyor SC-2. Mass: 292 kg (643 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: JPL, NASA. Class: Moon. Type: Lunar probe. Spacecraft Bus: Surveyor. Spacecraft: Surveyor. Decay Date: 1966-09-23 . USAF Sat Cat: 2425 . COSPAR: 1966-084A.

    Soft lunar landing attempt failed. Surveyor II was launched from Cape Kennedy at 8:32 a.m. EDT. The Atlas-Centaur launch vehicle placed the spacecraft on a nearly perfect lunar intercept trajectory that would have missed the aim point by about 130 kilometers. Following injection, the spacecraft successfully accomplished all required sequences up to the midcourse thrust phase. This phase was not successful because of the failure of one of the three vernier engines to ignite, causing eventual loss of the mission. Contact with the spacecraft was lost at 5:35 a.m. EDT, September 22, and impact on the lunar surface was predicted at 11:18 p.m. on that day.


1966 September 20 - . 15:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Johnston Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • LRL BOX-7 X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 168 km (104 mi).

1966 September 20 - . 21:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC3W. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor SLV-2A Agena D.
  • KH-4A 1035 - . Payload: KH-4A s/n 1035 / Agena D 1628 / OPS 1703. Mass: 1,500 kg (3,300 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: CIA, NRO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: WS-117. Spacecraft: KH-4A. Decay Date: 1966-10-12 . USAF Sat Cat: 2427 . COSPAR: 1966-085A. Apogee: 430 km (260 mi). Perigee: 182 km (113 mi). Inclination: 85.1000 deg. Period: 90.60 min. KH-4A. All cameras operated satisfactorily. First mission flown with pan geometry modification..

1966 September 21 - .
  • Gemini extravehicular activity difficulties cause redesigned forward dome hatch in the S-IVB hydrogen tank. - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft Bus: Skylab. Spacecraft: Orbital Workshop.

    Prompted by recent operational difficulties involving extravehicular activity during Gemini flights IXA, X, and XI, Deputy Project Manager Kenneth S. Kleinknecht recommended to Saturn/Apollo Applications Program officials in Washington a redesigned forward dome hatch in the S-IVB hydrogen tank; i.e., one that could be more readily removed. He urged installing a flexible type of airlock seal prior to launch of the stage. These changes, Kleinknecht said, would go far toward minimizing astronaut workload for activating the spent stage once in orbit.


1966 September 22 - .
1966 September 22 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF09. Launch Pad: LF09?. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B.
  • Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1966 September 22 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC41/4. LV Family: R-16. Launch Vehicle: R-16U. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Military training launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1966 September 22 - . Launch Site: Green River. Launch Complex: Green River Pad 3. LV Family: Athena RTV. Launch Vehicle: Athena RTV.
  • USN B015 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1966 September 22 - . 17:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Johnston Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • LRL AXE-1 X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1966 September 23 - .
  • NASA long-range planning - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft Bus: Apollo LM. Spacecraft: Apollo ALSEP.

    A Planning Coordination Steering Group at NASA Hq. received program options from working groups established to coordinate long-range planning in life sciences, earth-oriented applications, astronomy, lunar exploration, and planetary exploration. The Steering Group recommended serious consideration be given a four-phase exploration program using unmanned Lunar Orbiters, Surveyors, and manned lunar surface exploration. Additional Details: here....


1966 September 24 - . 09:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Javelin.
  • MPE Barium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 930 km (570 mi).

1966 September 24 - . 19:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: AN. Apogee: 144 km (89 mi).

1966 September 25 - . 09:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • MPE Barium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 280 km (170 mi).

1966 September 26 - . Launch Site: Teikovo. LV Family: R-16. Launch Vehicle: R-16U.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,210 km (750 mi).

1966 September 26 - . 02:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima L. LV Family: Lambda. Launch Vehicle: Lambda 4S. FAILURE: Fourth stage attitude control failed.. Failed Stage: 4.
  • Ohsumi 1 - . Payload: L-4S-1. Mass: 26 kg (57 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Ohsumi. Spacecraft: Ohsumi. Decay Date: 1966-09-26 . Apogee: 400 km (240 mi).

1966 September 27 - .
  • Birth of Stephanie Diana Wilson - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Wilson. African-American engineer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-121, STS-120, STS-131. Engineer..

1966 September 27 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC41/4. LV Family: R-16. Launch Vehicle: R-16U.
  • Military training launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,210 km (750 mi).

1966 September 27 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur PU31. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: R-36 8K67. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1966 September 27 - . 09:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. LV Family: Lupus. Launch Vehicle: HAD.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Australia. Agency: WRE. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1966 September 28 - .
  • M2 Flight 9 - . Crew: Sorlie. Payload: M2-F2 flight 9. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Sorlie. Program: NASA Lifting Body. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft Bus: M2-F2. Spacecraft: M2-F2. Maximum Speed - 713 kph. Maximum Altitude - 13720 m. Flight Time - 233 sec..

1966 September 28 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 619. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A2.
  • Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1966 September 28 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 619. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A2.
  • Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1966 September 28 - . 17:20 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • SPEEDBALL II 89 SN35 - . Nation: USA. Agency: MICOM. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1966 September 28 - . 18:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant II.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 116 km (72 mi).

1966 September 28 - . 19:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC4W. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan IIIB.
  • OPS 4096 - . Payload: KH-8 no. 02 / Agena D. Mass: 3,000 kg (6,600 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO, USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: WS-117. Spacecraft: KH-8. Decay Date: 1966-10-07 . USAF Sat Cat: 2433 . COSPAR: 1966-086A. Apogee: 287 km (178 mi). Perigee: 146 km (90 mi). Inclination: 93.9000 deg. Period: 88.80 min. KH-8 type satellite. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A). .

1966 September 29 - .
  • Second planned manned Apollo flight crew was named by NASA - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Borman, Collins, Cunningham, Eisele, Schirra, Stafford. Program: Apollo.

    The second planned manned Apollo flight crew was named by NASA. Prime crew members were Walter M. Schirra, Jr., command pilot; Donn F. Eisele, senior pilot; and R. Walter Cunningham, pilot. Backup crewmen were Frank Borman, command pilot; Thomas P. Stafford, senior pilot; and Michael Collins, pilot. The flight was scheduled for 1967. It would be the first space mission for Eisele and Cunningham.

    The second manned Apollo mission was planned as an open-ended earth orbital mission up to 14 days. Increased emphasis on scientific experiments as well as repeating some activities from the first planned manned flight would characterize the mission. (The first planned manned Apollo mission was ended by a tragic accident during a test January 27, 1967.)


1966 Week Ending September 30 - .
  • Apollo LM test model TM-6 and test article LTA-10 shipped - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo LM, LM Structural.

    LM test model TM-6 and test article LTA-10 were shipped from Grumman on the Pregnant Guppy aircraft. When the Guppy carrying the LTA-10 stopped at Dover, Del., for refueling, a fire broke out inside the aircraft, but it was discovered in time to prevent damage to the LM test article.


1966 September 30 - . 09:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: AN. Apogee: 174 km (108 mi).

1966 September 30 - . 18:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 118 km (73 mi).

1966 September 30 - . 23:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 153 km (95 mi).

1966 October 1 - .
  • KB Yuzhnoye named. - . Nation: Russia. Ministry of General Machine Building (MOM) Decree 'On renaming OKB-586 as KB Yuzhnoye' was issued..

1966 October 1 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC41/4. LV Family: R-16. Launch Vehicle: R-16U.
  • Military training launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,210 km (750 mi).

1966 October 1 - . 05:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 115 km (71 mi).

1966 October 1 - . 09:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Thermosphere comparison Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: AN. Apogee: 174 km (108 mi).

1966 October 1 - . 11:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 126 km (78 mi).

1966 October 2 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg.
  • First Thor/Delta launch at Vandenberg AFB. - . Nation: USA.

1966 October 2 - . 10:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC2E. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor Delta E.
  • ESSA 3 - . Payload: TOS A. Mass: 145 kg (319 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: ESSA. Program: Tiros. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft Bus: TOS. Spacecraft: TOS. USAF Sat Cat: 2435 . COSPAR: 1966-087A. Apogee: 1,486 km (923 mi). Perigee: 1,387 km (861 mi). Inclination: 100.9000 deg. Period: 114.60 min. Environmental Survey Satellite 3; replace ESSA 1. Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C)..

1966 October 3 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF06. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1A.
  • Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1966 October 3 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique 61M.
  • FU-145 ionosphere Magnetosphere / ionosphere / astronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 166 km (103 mi). FU145 Technology + Ionosphere / Stab mission..

1966 October 4 - . LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K/D.
  • Dummy Proton/Block D mounted on pad. - . Nation: Russia. Program: Lunar L1. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-L1.

    A dummy 8K82K/Block D rocket was mounted at the launch site. The dummy was loaded with imitation propellants (kerosene as fuel and water/ethyl alcohol as oxidiser). The nitrogen tetroxide oxidiser had to be kept above -11 degrees C, and it was originally planned for a thermostatically-controlled electrical heating of the tank walls to achieve this. It was ultimately decided that the risk of explosion of such a system was too great, and the system was abandoned.


1966 October 4 - . 20:29 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • KP3.18 Solar x-ray / test - . Nation: USA. Agency: KPNO, NRL. Apogee: 154 km (95 mi).

1966 October 5 - . LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan II.
  • Gemini launch vehicle 12 and spacecraft No. 12 were electrically mated at complex 19. - . Nation: USA. Flight: Gemini 12. The Electrical Interface Integrated Validation and Joint Guidance and Control Test was conducted October 5-6, and data was reviewed the following day. The Joint Combined Systems Test was run on October 10..

1966 October 5 - .
  • M2 Flight 10 - . Crew: Sorlie. Payload: M2-F2 flight 10. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Sorlie. Program: NASA Lifting Body. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft Bus: M2-F2. Spacecraft: M2-F2. Maximum Speed - 713 kph. Maximum Altitude - 13720 m. Flight Time - 225 sec..

1966 October 5 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Brigitte. LV Family: Diamant. Launch Vehicle: Saphir VE231.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1966 October 5 - . 22:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC3E. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas SLV-3 Agena D.
  • Midas 12 - . Payload: Midas RTS 3 / Agena TV 1353 / Agena D / OPS 1920. Mass: 2,000 kg (4,400 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Early warning satellite. Spacecraft Bus: WS-117. Spacecraft: Midas. USAF Sat Cat: 2481 . COSPAR: 1966-089A. Apogee: 3,724 km (2,313 mi). Perigee: 3,657 km (2,272 mi). Inclination: 89.8000 deg. Period: 167.60 min. Missile Defense Alarm System..
  • SECOR 8 - . Payload: EGRS 8. Mass: 17 kg (37 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USA ACE. Class: Earth. Type: Geodetic satellite. Spacecraft Bus: SECOR. Spacecraft: SECOR. USAF Sat Cat: 2520 . COSPAR: 1966-089B. Apogee: 3,707 km (2,303 mi). Perigee: 3,674 km (2,282 mi). Inclination: 90.0000 deg. Period: 167.60 min. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A). .

1966 October 6 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur PU32. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: R-36 8K67.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1966 October 6 - . Launch Site: Green River. Launch Complex: Green River Pad 3. LV Family: Athena RTV. Launch Vehicle: Athena RTV.
  • USN D024 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1966 October 6 - . 20:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Hidden Hills DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. FAILURE: Emergency landing at Cuddleback Dry Lake..
  • X-15A Checkout mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 23 km (14 mi). Maximum Speed - 4666 kph. Maximum Altitude - 22980 m. Engine shut down at 90 seconds. Air dropped in Hidden Hills DZ..

1966 October 6 - . 20:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Javelin.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 650 km (400 mi).

1966 October 7 - .
  • Apollo AS-202 impact error analzyed - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Mueller. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM, CSM Guidance.

    In a memorandum to the NASA Deputy Administrator, Associate Administrator for Manned Space Flight George E. Mueller commented on the AS-202 impact error. Mueller said the trajectory of the August 25 AS-202 mission was essentially as planned except that the command module touched down about 370 kilometers short of the planned impact point. Additional Details: here....


1966 October 7 - . Launch Site: Green River. Launch Complex: Green River Pad 2. LV Family: Athena RTV. Launch Vehicle: Athena RTV.
  • USAF D049 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1966 October 8 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. Launch Pad: Bacchus?. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 1.
  • FU-109 test - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1966 October 10 - .
  • Birth of Zhai Zhigang - . Nation: China. Related Persons: Zhai Zhigang. Chinese pilot taikonaut. Flew on Shenzhou 7. First taikonaut to walk in space..

1966 October 10 - . 07:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Ionosphere/Solar Ultraviolet/Solar mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: AN. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1966 October 10 - . 16:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 601. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1966 October 10 - . 16:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Nike Iroquois. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 179 km (111 mi).

1966 October 11 - . LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan II.
  • The tanking test of Gemini launch vehicle (GLV) 12 was conducted. - . Nation: USA. Flight: Gemini 12.

    While the GLV was being cleaned up after the tanking test, the Final Systems Test of spacecraft No. 12 was conducted October 17-19. Spacecraft and GLV were mechanically mated October 25 and the erector was cycled. The spacecraft guidance system was retested October 26-27, and the spacecraft/GLV electrical interface was revalidated October 28. The Simultaneous Launch Demonstration on November 1 and the Simulated Flight Test on November 2 completed prelaunch testing and checkout.


1966 October 11 - . 19:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 576A2. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas F. FAILURE: Failure. Failed Stage: 1.
  • ABRES SBGRV-1 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1966 October 11 - . 23:22 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Infrared dayglow Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: KPNO. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1966 October 12 - .
  • M2 Flight 11 - . Crew: Gentry. Payload: M2-F2 flight 11. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Gentry. Program: NASA Lifting Body. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft Bus: M2-F2. Spacecraft: M2-F2. Maximum Speed - 692 kph. Maximum Altitude - 13720 m. Flight Time - 234 sec..

1966 October 12 - .
  • Apollo environment control unit in serious trouble - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Phillips, Samuel. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM, CSM ECS.

    Apollo Program Director Samuel C. Phillips told Mark E. Bradley, Vice President and Assistant to the President of The Garrett Corp., that "the environment control unit, developed and produced by Garrett's AiResearch Division under subcontract to North American Aviation for the Apollo spacecraft was again in serious trouble and threatened a major delay in the first flight of Apollo." Additional Details: here....


1966 October 12 - .
  • Apollo LM-1 not capable of manned flight - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Shea. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft Bus: Apollo LM. Spacecraft: Apollo LM.

    MSC Apollo Spacecraft Program Office Manager Joseph F. Shea reported that LM-1 would no longer be capable of both manned and unmanned flight and that it would be configured and checked out for unmanned flight only. In addition, LM-2 would no longer be capable of completely unmanned flight, but would be configured and checked out for partially manned flights, such as the planned AS-278A mission (with unmanned final depletion burn of the ascent stage) and AS-278B (with all main propulsions unmanned).


1966 October 12 - .
  • Voskhod 3 resurfaces - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Gagarin, Komarov, Kuznetsov, Nikolai F, Leonov, Mishin, Ustinov. Program: Voskhod. Flight: Voskhod 3. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Voskhod.

    Ustinov calls Gagarin, Komarov, and Leonov to his office to discuss their long-unanswered letter to Brezhnev. He asks about cosmonaut training for Soyuz flights, and surprisingly, Voskhod 3 (long buried by Mishin, though no resolution or decision ever cancelled the mission). He urges the cosmonauts to stop quarrelling and work more closely with OKB-1. Kamanin judges from the report of this strange conversation that Ustinov has a completely distorted view of affairs, as a result of falsehoods fed to him by Mishin and Smirnov. Shortly after this debriefing General Kuznetsov calls with the surprising news that Mishin has issued orders for work to resume in preparing Voskhod 3 for flight. But this is the last that is ever heard of the Voskhod 3 mission...


1966 October 12 - . 01:52 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • AS / E X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 148 km (91 mi).

1966 October 12 - . 19:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC4E. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas SLV-3 Agena D.
  • KH 7-33 - . Payload: KH-7 no. 33 / OPS 2055. Mass: 2,000 kg (4,400 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO, USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: WS-117. Spacecraft: KH-7. Decay Date: 1966-10-20 . USAF Sat Cat: 2489 . COSPAR: 1966-090A. Apogee: 287 km (178 mi). Perigee: 155 km (96 mi). Inclination: 91.0000 deg. Period: 89.00 min. KH-7 type satellite. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A). .
  • OPS 5345/Agena D - . Payload: SGLS 1 / OPS 5345. Mass: 60 kg (132 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft Bus: SSF. Spacecraft: SSF. Decay Date: 1966-10-21 . USAF Sat Cat: 2490 . COSPAR: 1966-090B. Apogee: 258 km (160 mi). Perigee: 181 km (112 mi). Inclination: 90.9000 deg. Period: 89.00 min. Not identified as a subsatellite ferret by McDowell..

1966 October 13 - . Launch Site: Green River. Launch Complex: Green River Pad 3. LV Family: Athena RTV. Launch Vehicle: Athena RTV.
  • USAF D036 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1966 October 13 - . Launch Site: Green River. Launch Complex: Green River Pad 1. LV Family: Athena RTV. Launch Vehicle: Athena RTV.
  • USAF D035 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1966 October 13 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: V-1000. Launch Vehicle: 1Ya2TA.
  • Yantar'-1 Technology / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: AN. Apogee: 400 km (240 mi).

1966 October 13 - . 22:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF03. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B.
  • Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1966 October 14 - . 12:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC41/1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Vostok 8A92.
  • Cosmos 129 - . Payload: Zenit-2 11F61 s/n 33. Mass: 4,720 kg (10,400 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-2 satellite. Duration: 7.00 days. Decay Date: 1966-10-21 . USAF Sat Cat: 2491 . COSPAR: 1966-091A. Apogee: 288 km (178 mi). Perigee: 199 km (123 mi). Inclination: 65.4000 deg. Period: 89.40 min. Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite..

1966 October 14 - . 17:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Nike Iroquois. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 138 km (85 mi).

1966 October 15 - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • Carabela 4 Aeronomy / test - . Nation: Spain. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 81 km (50 mi).

1966 October 17 - . 22:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Dragon. Launch Vehicle: Dragon.
  • FU-165 Ions / Electric Field Ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 387 km (240 mi).

1966 October 18 - . 09:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 8L.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1966 October 19 - .
  • Von Braun complains of transfer of Apollo lunar work - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Mueller, Stuhlinger, von Braun. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft Bus: Apollo CSM. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM.

    Marshall Space Flight Center Director Wernher von Braun wrote MSC Director Robert R. Gilruth that MSFC had spent a considerable effort in planning the transfer of study and development tasks in the lunar exploration program to MSC. Von Braun said, "We feel it is in the spirit of the MSF Hideaway Management Council Meeting held on August 13-15, 1966, to consider the majority of our Lunar Exploration Work Program for transfer to MSC in consonance with Bob Seamans' directive which designates MSC as the Lead Center for lunar science." He added that MSFC had formulated a proposal which it felt was in agreement with the directives and at the same time provided for management interfaces between the two Centers without difficulty.

    Briefly MSFC proposed to transfer to MSC:

    1. planning for Apollo Applications lunar traverses;
    2. lunar surface geological, geophysical, geochemical, biological, and biomedical experiments; and
    3. emplaced scientific station experiments.
    MSFC proposed to retain

    1. the local scientific survey module and related mobility efforts,
    2. Apollo Applications program lunar drill,
    3. lunar surveying system, and
    4. lunar flying device (one man flying machine).
    He added that MSFC had been working in specific areas of scientific technology that promised to furnish experiments that could be used on the lunar surface or from lunar orbit as well as from a planetary vehicle for planetary observations. Among these were radar and laser altimetry and infrared spectroscopy.

    Von Braun said that Ernst Stuhlinger of the Research Projects Laboratory had discussed the proposed actions for transfer of functions to MSC, and MSC Experiments Program Manager Robert O. Piland had indicated his general agreement, pending further consideration. He asked that Gilruth give his reaction to the proposal and said, "It would be very helpful if our two Centers could present a proposal to George Mueller (OMSF) on which we both agree."


1966 October 20 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur PU32. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: R-36 8K67.
  • Palma-2 operational test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1966 October 20 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC60/8. LV Family: R-16. Launch Vehicle: R-16U.
  • Palma-2 Operational test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,210 km (750 mi).

1966 October 20 - . 02:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 8.
  • Ionosphere / fields / solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 191 km (118 mi).

1966 October 20 - . 07:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78.
  • Molniya 1-04 - . Payload: Molniya-1. Mass: 1,600 kg (3,500 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Molniya. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-2. Spacecraft: Molniya-1. Decay Date: 1968-09-11 . USAF Sat Cat: 2501 . COSPAR: 1966-092A. Apogee: 39,689 km (24,661 mi). Perigee: 500 km (310 mi). Inclination: 65.3000 deg. Period: 714.40 min. Television programme transmission and long-range two-way multi-channel telephone, phototelegraph and telegraph communicaitons..

1966 October 20 - . 08:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 9M.
  • Gyro-plasma probe Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 353 km (219 mi).

1966 October 20 - . 08:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57.
  • Cosmos 130 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-4. Duration: 8.00 days. Decay Date: 1966-10-28 . USAF Sat Cat: 2502 . COSPAR: 1966-093A. Apogee: 316 km (196 mi). Perigee: 204 km (126 mi). Inclination: 64.9000 deg. Period: 89.70 min. High resolution photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule.

1966 October 20 - . 12:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: AN. Apogee: 186 km (115 mi).

1966 October 21 - .
  • Birth of Douglas Gerald Hurley - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Hurley. American test pilot astronaut, 2000-on. US Marine Corps.

1966 October 21 - . 20:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF07. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B.
  • Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1966 October 22 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC60/6. LV Family: R-16. Launch Vehicle: R-16U.
  • Palma-2 Operational test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,210 km (750 mi).

1966 October 22 - . 08:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M.
  • Luna 12 - . Payload: E-6LF s/n 102. Mass: 1,620 kg (3,570 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Luna. Class: Moon. Type: Lunar probe. Spacecraft Bus: Luna E-6. Spacecraft: Luna E-6LF. USAF Sat Cat: 2508 . COSPAR: 1966-094A.

    Lunar Orbiter, further development of artificial lunar satellite systems and conduct of scientific experiments in circumlunar space. Luna 12 was launched towards the Moon from an earth-orbiting platform and achieved a lunar orbit of of 100 km x 1740 km on October 25, 1966. The spacecraft was equipped with a television system that obtained and transmitted photographs of the lunar surface. The photographs contained 1100 scan lines with a maximum resolution of 14.9--19.8 m. Pictures of the lunar surface were returned on October 27, 1966. The number of photographs is not known. Radio transmissions from Luna 12 ceased on January 19, 1967, after 602 lunar orbits and 302 radio transmissions.


1966 October 22 - . 15:20 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • LUSTER 1966 Meteorites mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 149 km (92 mi).

1966 October 23 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur PU31. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: R-36 8K67.
  • Palma-2 operational test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1966 October 24 - .
  • Several nearly catastrophic malfunctions in the Apollo steam generation system at White Sands - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft Bus: Apollo LM. Spacecraft: Apollo LM.

    MSC established a committee to investigate several nearly catastrophic malfunctions in the steam generation system at the White Sands Test Facility. The system was used to pump down altitude cells in LM propulsion system development. Committee members were Joseph G. Thibodaux, chairman; Hugh D. White, secretary; Harry Byington, Henry O. Pohl, Robert W. Polifka, and Allen H. Watkins, all of MSC.


1966 October 25 - .
  • MSFC distributed its research and development plan for the OWS. - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft Bus: Skylab. Spacecraft: Orbital Workshop.

    The development plan defined objectives and basic criteria for the project and established a plan for its technical management (chiefly through MSFC's Propulsion and Vehicle Engineering Division). Officially, the Workshop had won approval for the Saturn/Apollo Applications 209 mission, which was a backup for Apollo-Saturn 209. Primary purpose of SAA-209 was activation of the spent S-IVB stage into a habitable space structure for extended Earth-orbit missions. Additional Details: here....


1966 October 25 - . 09:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark.
1966 October 25 - . 11:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 1.
1966 October 25 - . 17:25 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Meteoroids Meteorites mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 186 km (115 mi).

1966 October 25 - . 18:10 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • D-Region Probe Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 119 km (73 mi).

1966 October 26 - .
  • M2 Flight 12 - . Crew: Gentry. Payload: M2-F2 flight 12. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Gentry. Program: NASA Lifting Body. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft Bus: M2-F2. Spacecraft: M2-F2. Maximum Speed - 702 kph. Maximum Altitude - 13720 m. Flight Time - 227 sec..

1966 October 26 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Trailblazer test vehicle. Launch Vehicle: Trailblazer 2.
  • Blackout study re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1966 October 26 - . 11:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC36B. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas Centaur D.
  • Surveyor SD-4 - . Payload: Surveyor SD-4. Mass: 951 kg (2,096 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: JPL, NASA. Class: Moon. Type: Lunar probe. Spacecraft Bus: Surveyor. Spacecraft: Surveyor. Decay Date: 1966-11-06 . USAF Sat Cat: 2512 . COSPAR: 1966-095A. Apogee: 406,200 km (252,400 mi). Perigee: 166 km (103 mi). Inclination: 29.6000 deg. Period: 15,912.00 min. Launch vehicle test. Centaur D AC-9 put Surveyor spacecraft payload into geosynchronous transfer orbit.

1966 October 26 - . 14:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: AN. Apogee: 176 km (109 mi).

1966 October 26 - . 23:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17B. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor Delta E1. FAILURE: Partial Failure.. Failed Stage: U.
  • Intelsat 2 F-1 - . Mass: 140 kg (300 lb). Nation: International. Agency: Intelsat. Program: Intelsat. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Intelsat 2. Spacecraft: Intelsat 2. Decay Date: 1982-09-07 . USAF Sat Cat: 2514 . COSPAR: 1966-096A. Apogee: 37,070 km (23,030 mi). Perigee: 3,328 km (2,067 mi). Inclination: 17.3000 deg. Period: 718.70 min. Unusable orbit due to AKM failure. Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C)..

1966 October 27 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • SLI Last operational test launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1966 October 27 - . Launch Site: Jiuquan. Launch Complex: Jiuquan LA3. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: DF-2A.
  • Nuclear test - . Nation: China. Agency: PRC. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

    DF-2A launched with a 1290 kg, 12 kt warhead from Jiuquan flew over a range of 800 km to Lop Nor, where the warhead successfully exploded. The Ninth Academy was responsible for development of the nuclear package. Tsien protégé Guo Yonghuai was the liaison between the Fifth and Ninth Academies for the development.


1966 October 27 - . 08:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark.
1966 October 27 - . 10:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 2.
1966 October 27 - . 13:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark.
1966 October 28 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Brigitte. LV Family: Diamant. Launch Vehicle: Saphir VE231.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1966 October 28 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC41/4. LV Family: R-16. Launch Vehicle: R-16U.
  • Combat training launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,210 km (750 mi).

1966 October 28 - . 11:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC5. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout B.
  • OV3-02 - . Mass: 82 kg (180 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF OAR. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft Bus: OV3. Spacecraft: OV3. Decay Date: 1971-09-29 . USAF Sat Cat: 2517 . COSPAR: 1966-097A. Apogee: 1,599 km (993 mi). Perigee: 319 km (198 mi). Inclination: 81.9000 deg. Period: 104.20 min. Radiation data. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A). .

1966 October 30 - . 17:45 GMT - . Launch Pad: Pacific Ocean, 31.0 N x 133.0 W. Launch Platform: T-AGM-8. LV Family: Iris. Launch Vehicle: Hydra-Iris. FAILURE: Failure.
  • LRL BOX-5 X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN NMC. Apogee: 12 km (7 mi).

1966 October 31 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 599. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1966 October 31 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 599. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1966 October 31 - . 05:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima M. LV Family: Mu. Launch Vehicle: Mu-1.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 34 km (21 mi).

1966 November 1 - .
  • Delays in Soviet manned lunar programs addressed. - . Nation: Russia. Spacecraft: LK, Soyuz 7K-L1, Soyuz 7K-LOK. Decree 'On lag of work on the N1-L3 and UR-500K-L1 programs' was issued..

November 1966 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. LV Family: RT-2. Launch Vehicle: RT-15.
  • First RT-15 launch in regiment test series. - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN.

1966 November 1 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Solar extreme ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 241 km (149 mi).

1966 November 1 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC41/4. LV Family: R-16. Launch Vehicle: R-16U.
  • Combat training launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,210 km (750 mi).

1966 November 1 - . 09:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. LV Family: Lupus. Launch Vehicle: HAD.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Australia. Agency: WRE. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1966 November 1 - . 21:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Smith Ranch Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A MuMet/DCR/SB Meteorological/Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 93 km (57 mi). Maximum Speed - 6034 kph. Maximum Altitude - 93540 m. Astronaut wings flight (USAF definition). Air dropped in Smith Ranch Lake DZ..

1966 November 2 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Brigitte. LV Family: Diamant. Launch Vehicle: Saphir VE231.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1966 November 2 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF22. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 2. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Demonstration and shakedown operations launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1966 November 2 - . 00:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC162/36. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: R-36O 8K69.
  • OGCh - . Mass: 1,700 kg (3,700 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Class: Military. Type: Orbital bombing system. Spacecraft Bus: OGCh. Spacecraft: OGCh. Decay Date: 1976-04-26 . USAF Sat Cat: 2931 . COSPAR: 1966-101AS. Apogee: 767 km (476 mi). Perigee: 504 km (313 mi). Inclination: 49.1000 deg. Period: 97.43 min. Second attempted orbital Fractional Orbital Bombardment System test. failure - self destruct charge was detonated, resulting in 50 catalogued orbiting objects. No impact of the dummy warhead in the Kapustin Yar impact zone..

1966 November 2 - . 20:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC4E. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas SLV-3 Agena D.
  • KH 7-34 - . Payload: KH-7 no. 34 / OPS 2070. Mass: 2,000 kg (4,400 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO, USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: WS-117. Spacecraft: KH-7. Decay Date: 1966-11-10 . USAF Sat Cat: 2523 . COSPAR: 1966-098A. Apogee: 305 km (189 mi). Perigee: 159 km (98 mi). Inclination: 91.0000 deg. Period: 89.20 min. KH-7 type satellite. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A). .
  • OPS 5424/Agena D - . Payload: Agena Pickaback / OPS 5424. Mass: 60 kg (132 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft Bus: SSF. Spacecraft: SSF. Decay Date: 1966-11-16 . USAF Sat Cat: 2525 . COSPAR: 1966-098B. Apogee: 324 km (201 mi). Perigee: 208 km (129 mi). Inclination: 91.0000 deg. Period: 89.90 min. Not identified as a subsatellite ferret by McDowell..

1966 November 3 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC50. LV Family: Sprint ABM. Launch Vehicle: Sprint ABM. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1966 November 3 - . 13:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC40. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan IIIC.
  • OV4-03 - . Mass: 109 kg (240 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: OV4. Spacecraft: OV4. Decay Date: 1967-01-09 . USAF Sat Cat: 2524 . COSPAR: 1966-099A. Apogee: 305 km (189 mi). Perigee: 298 km (185 mi). Inclination: 32.8000 deg. Period: 90.40 min.

    A Titan IIIC (Vehicle #9), the ninth research and development Titan III and sixth Titan IIIC to be launched from Cape Canaveral, completed the most difficult flight plan and most successful mission to date. The primary objective of injecting a modified Gemini spacecraft into a suborbital trajectory to test the reentry heat shield for the Manned Orbiting Laboratory (MOL) program was accomplished. After dipping down to 80 nautical miles to eject the MOL load, the Transtage pitched up and placed a canister containing 11 experiments into a 160-nautical mile circular orbit. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A).

  • MOL Mockup - . Payload: MOL Mockup (Titan fuel tank). Mass: 9,680 kg (21,340 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Manned. Type: Manned space station. Spacecraft Bus: MOL. Spacecraft: MOL. COSPAR: 1966-099xx.

    A Titan IIIC (Vehicle #9), the ninth research and development Titan III and sixth Titan IIIC to be launched from Cape Canaveral, completed the most difficult flight plan and most successful mission to date. The primary objective of injecting a modified Gemini spacecraft into a suborbital trajectory to test the reentry heat shield for the Manned Orbiting Laboratory (MOL) program was accomplished. After dipping down to 80 nautical miles to eject the MOL load, the Transtage pitched up and placed a canister containing 11 experiments into a 160-nautical mile circular orbit. This modified Titan 2 propellant tank represented the MOL station itself. It allowed study of the aerodynamic loads associated with launching the MOL into orbit and validated the very long length to diameter core represented by the MOL/Titan 3M configuration. It is possible certain prototype MOL equipment was flown as well.

  • Gemini B - . Payload: Gemini SC2. Mass: 1,800 kg (3,900 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Spacecraft Bus: Gemini. Spacecraft: Gemini. COSPAR: 1966-099xx.

    During the ascent to orbit, the Gemini capsule atop the MOL Cannister was ejected and made a suborbital reentry and splashdown in the Atlantic Ocean. The spacecraft was the Gemini 2 reentry module, reused to test reentry with hatch cut into the heat shield. The capsule was successfully recovered and it was found that the reentry actually melted hatch shut, indicating that the design was valid for MOL.

  • OV4-01R - . Mass: 109 kg (240 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: OV4. Spacecraft: OV4. Decay Date: 1967-01-05 . USAF Sat Cat: 2526 . COSPAR: 1966-099B. Apogee: 292 km (181 mi). Perigee: 289 km (179 mi). Inclination: 32.8000 deg. Period: 90.30 min. Whispering gallery experiments. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A)..
  • OV1-06S - . Mass: 202 kg (445 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft Bus: OV1. Spacecraft: OV1. Decay Date: 1966-12-31 . USAF Sat Cat: 2527 . COSPAR: 1966-099C. Apogee: 290 km (180 mi). Perigee: 287 km (178 mi). Inclination: 32.8000 deg. Period: 90.30 min. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A). .
  • OV4-01T - . Mass: 109 kg (240 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: OV4. Spacecraft: OV4. Decay Date: 1967-01-11 . USAF Sat Cat: 2528 . COSPAR: 1966-099D. Apogee: 317 km (196 mi). Perigee: 289 km (179 mi). Inclination: 32.8000 deg. Period: 90.60 min. Whispering gallery experiments. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A). .

1966 November 4 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC41/3. LV Family: R-16. Launch Vehicle: R-16U.
  • Combat training launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,210 km (750 mi).

1966 November 4 - . 02:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: S-300 ISAS. Launch Vehicle: S-300 ISAS.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1966 November 4 - . 08:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC161. Launch Pad: LC161/1. LV Family: RT-2. Launch Vehicle: RT-2.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1966 November 4 - . 15:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: AN. Apogee: 164 km (101 mi).

1966 November 5 - . 14:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Cassino. LV Family: Javelin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Hydac.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 96 km (59 mi).

1966 November 6 - . 23:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC13. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas SLV-3 Agena D.
  • Lunar Orbiter 2 - . Payload: Lunar Orbiter B. Mass: 390 kg (850 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Langley. Class: Moon. Type: Lunar probe. Spacecraft Bus: Lunar Orbiter. Spacecraft: Lunar Orbiter. Decay Date: 1967-10-11 . USAF Sat Cat: 2534 . COSPAR: 1966-100A.

    Lunar Orbiter II was launched at 6:21 p.m. EST from Launch Complex 13 at Cape Kennedy, to photograph possible landing sites on the moon for the Apollo program. The Atlas-Agena D booster placed the spacecraft in an earth-parking orbit and, after a 14-minute coast, injected it into its 94-hour trajectory toward the moon. A midcourse correction maneuver on November 8 increased the velocity from 3,051 to 3,133 kilometers per hour. At that time the spacecraft was 265,485 kilometers from the earth.

    The spacecraft executed a deboost maneuver at 3:26 p.m., November 10, while 352,370 kilometers from the earth and 1,260 kilometers from the moon and traveling at a speed of 5,028 kilometers per hour. The maneuver permitted the lunar gravitational field to pull the spacecraft into the planned initial orbit around the moon. On November 15, a micrometeoroid hit was detected by one of the 20 thin-walled pressurized sensors.

    The spacecraft was transferred into its final close-in orbit around the moon at 5:58 p.m. November 15 and the photo-acquisition phase of Lunar Orbiter II's mission began November 18. Thirteen selected primary potential landing sites and a number of secondary sites were to be photographed. By the morning of November 25, the spacecraft had taken 208 of the 211 photographs planned and pictures of all 13 selected potential landing sites. It also made 205 attitude change maneuvers and responded to 2,421 commands.

    The status report of the Lunar Orbiter II mission as of November 28 indicated that the first phase of the photographic mission was completed when the final photo was taken on the afternoon of November 25. On November 26, the developing web was cut with a hot wire in response to a command from the earth. Failure to achieve the cut would have prevented the final readout of all 211 photos. Readout began immediately after the cut was made. One day early, December 6, the readout terminated when a transmitter failed, and three medium-resolution and two high-resolution photos of primary site 1 were lost. Full low-resolution coverage of the site had been provided, however, and other data continued to be transmitted. Three meteoroid hits had been detected.


1966 November 7 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: IIAE.Orion. Launch Vehicle: Orion-2. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Argentina. Agency: CONAE. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1966 November 7 - . Launch Site: Green River. Launch Complex: Green River Pad 1. LV Family: Athena RTV. Launch Vehicle: Athena RTV.
  • USN D039 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1966 November 7 - . Launch Site: Green River. Launch Complex: Green River Pad 3. LV Family: Athena RTV. Launch Vehicle: Athena RTV.
  • USAF D041 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1966 November 8 - .
  • Approved mission sequence for Apollo Applications missions 209 through 212. - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft Bus: Skylab. Spacecraft: Orbital Workshop.

    In accordance with decisions made by Associate Administrator George E. Mueller, Saturn/Apollo Applications Deputy Director John H. Disher notified Robert F. Thompson, Robert C. Hock, and Leland F. Belew, Apollo Applications Program Managers at MSC, KSC, and MSFC, respectively, of the approved mission sequence for missions 209 through 212. SAA-209: manned block II CSM flight of 28-day duration, with the CSM fuel cells providing primary electrical power. SAA-210: launch of the unmanned airlock Orbital Workshop multiple docking adapter combination, with solar cells as the chief source of power. SAA-211: manned CSM flight of 56-day duration. SAA-212: unmanned lunar module-Apollo telescope mount flight. Disher said that mission planning directives were being expedited to implement this mission sequence.


1966 November 8 - .
  • Launch of Gemini XII postponed. - . Nation: USA. Flight: Gemini 12.

    The scheduled launch of Gemini XII was postponed by a malfunctioning power supply in the launch vehicle secondary autopilot, discovered before the countdown for the November 9 launch began. The secondary autopilot package and the secondary stage I rate gyro package were replaced, and the mission was rescheduled for November 10. During tests of the replacement autopilot on November 9, another malfunction occurred, which was resolved by again replacing the secondary autopilot package. The launch was rescheduled for November 11.


1966 November 8 - . 17:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Fields Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 216 km (134 mi).

1966 November 8 - . 19:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC1W. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thorad SLV-2G Agena D.
  • KH-4A 1037 - . Payload: KH-4A s/n 1037 / Agena D 1632 / OPS 1866. Mass: 1,500 kg (3,300 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: CIA, NRO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: WS-117. Spacecraft: KH-4A. Decay Date: 1966-11-29 . USAF Sat Cat: 2537 . COSPAR: 1966-102A. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi). Perigee: 179 km (111 mi). Inclination: 100.0000 deg. Period: 89.20 min. KH-4A. Second pan geometry mission. Higher than normal base plus fog encountered on both main camera records..

1966 November 9 - .
  • Feasibility and cost tradeoffs of real-time television coverage of Apollo missions - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Flight: Apollo 9. NASA Associate Administrator for Manned Space Flight George E. Mueller reported on technical feasibility and cost tradeoffs of real-time television coverage of Apollo missions. . Additional Details: here....

1966 November 10 - .
  • Birth of Mark Thomas Vande Hei - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Vande Hei. American scientist mission specialist astronaut, 2009-on..

1966 November 10 - . LV Family: N1. Launch Vehicle: N1.
  • Lunar coordination problems - . Nation: Russia. Program: Lunar L3. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-LOK. Kamanin diary complains of lunar coordination problems..

1966 November 10 - . Launch Site: Green River. Launch Complex: Green River Pad 1. LV Family: Athena RTV. Launch Vehicle: Athena RTV.
  • USN D020 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi). For the first time, three Athena reentry test vehicles were launched from the Utah Launch Complex at Green River to the White Sands Missile Range in a single day. .

1966 November 10 - . Launch Site: Green River. Launch Complex: Green River Pad 2. LV Family: Athena RTV. Launch Vehicle: Athena RTV.
  • USAF B017 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi). For the first time, three Athena reentry test vehicles were launched from the Utah Launch Complex at Green River to the White Sands Missile Range in a single day. .

1966 November 10 - . 22:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. LV Family: Long Tom. Launch Vehicle: Long Tom.
  • Gosling flight Solar Ultraviolet mission - . Nation: Australia. Agency: WRE. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1966 November 11 - . Launch Site: Green River. Launch Complex: Green River Pad 3. LV Family: Athena RTV. Launch Vehicle: Athena RTV.
  • USAF D047 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1966 November 11 - . 04:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Satellite payload test Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 193 km (119 mi).

1966 November 11 - . 19:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC14. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas SLV-3 Agena D.
  • Gemini 12 Agena Target - . Payload: TDA 7A/Agena D 5001R GATV. Mass: 3,175 kg (6,999 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Houston. Program: Gemini. Class: Manned. Type: Manned logistics spacecraft. Flight: Gemini 12. Spacecraft Bus: Agena. Spacecraft: Gemini Agena Target Vehicle. Decay Date: 1966-12-23 . USAF Sat Cat: 2565 . COSPAR: 1966-103A. Apogee: 310 km (190 mi). Perigee: 243 km (150 mi). Inclination: 28.8000 deg. Period: 89.90 min. Docking target for Gemini 12..

1966 November 11 - . 20:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC19. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan II GLV.
  • Gemini 12 - . Call Sign: Gemini 12. Crew: Aldrin, Lovell. Backup Crew: Cernan, Cooper. Payload: Gemini SC12. Mass: 3,763 kg (8,295 lb). Nation: USA. Related Persons: Aldrin, Cernan, Cooper, Lovell. Agency: NASA Houston. Program: Gemini. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Gemini 12. Spacecraft Bus: Gemini. Spacecraft: Gemini. Duration: 3.94 days. Decay Date: 1966-11-15 . USAF Sat Cat: 2566 . COSPAR: 1966-104A. Apogee: 289 km (179 mi). Perigee: 250 km (150 mi). Inclination: 28.8000 deg. Period: 89.90 min.

    Two very serious astronauts get it all right to end the program. Docked and redocked with Agena, demonstrating various Apollo scenarios including manual rendezvous and docking without assistance from ground control. Aldrin finally demonstrates ability to accomplish EVA without overloading suit by use of suitable restraints and careful movement.

    Major objectives of the mission were to rendezvous and dock and to evaluate extravehicular activities (EVA). Among the secondary objectives were tethered vehicle evaluation, experiments, third revolution rendezvous and docking, automatic reentry demonstration, docked maneuvering for a high-apogee excursion, docking practice, systems tests, and Gemini Agena target vehicle (GATV) parking. The high-apogee excursion was not attempted because an anomaly was noted in the GATV primary propulsion system during insertion, and parking was not attempted because the GATV's attitude control gas was depleted. All other objectives were achieved. Nine spacecraft maneuvers effected rendezvous with the GATV. The onboard radar malfunctioned before the terminal phase initiate maneuver, but the crew used onboard backup procedures to calculate the maneuvers. Rendezvous was achieved at 3 hours 46 minutes ground elapsed time, docking 28 minutes later. Two phasing maneuvers, using the GATV secondary propulsion system, were accomplished, but the primary propulsion system was not used. The first of two periods of standup EVA began at 19 hours 29 minutes into the flight and lasted for 2 hours 29 minutes. During a more than two-hour umbilical EVA which began at 42 hours 48 minutes, Aldrin attached a 100-foot tether from the GATV to the spacecraft docking bar. He spent part of the period at the spacecraft adapter, evaluating various restraint systems and performing various basic tasks. The second standup EVA lasted 55 minutes, ending at 67 hours 1 minute ground elapsed time. The tether evaluation began at 47 hours 23 minutes after liftoff, with the crew undocking from the GATV. The tether tended to remain slack, although the crew believed that the two vehicles did slowly attain gravity-gradient stabilization. The crew jettisoned the docking bar and released the tether at 51 hours 51 minutes. Several spacecraft systems suffered problems during the flight. Two fuel cell stacks failed and had to be shut down, while two others experienced significant loss of power. At 39 hours 30 minutes ground elapsed time, the crew reported that little or no thrust was available from two orbit attitude and maneuver thrusters.


1966 November 12 - . Launch Site: Las Palmas. LV Family: Berenice. Launch Vehicle: Titus.
  • FU-150 A Solar Eclipse mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 274 km (170 mi).

1966 November 12 - . 09:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC41/1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57.
  • Cosmos 131 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-4. Duration: 8.00 days. Decay Date: 1966-11-20 . USAF Sat Cat: 2568 . COSPAR: 1966-105A. Apogee: 335 km (208 mi). Perigee: 202 km (125 mi). Inclination: 72.8000 deg. Period: 89.80 min. High resolution photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule.

1966 November 12 - . 10:40 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • NRL ND3.188 XUV-H2? Solar extreme ultraviolet / eclipse mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, NRL. Apogee: 174 km (108 mi).

1966 November 12 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cassino. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Solar x-ray / eclipse mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 297 km (184 mi).

1966 November 12 - . 13:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Las Palmas. LV Family: Berenice. Launch Vehicle: Titus.
  • FU-150 B Solar Eclipse mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1966 November 12 - . 13:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Cassino. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Solar x-ray / eclipse mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 115 km (71 mi).

1966 November 12 - . 14:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Cassino. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Aeronomy / eclipse mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 185 km (114 mi).

1966 November 12 - . 14:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Cassino. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Ionosphere / eclipse mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 197 km (122 mi).

1966 November 12 - . 14:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Cassino. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Ionosphere / eclipse mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1966 November 12 - . 14:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Cassino. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Ionosphere / eclipse mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 195 km (121 mi).

1966 November 12 - . 14:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Cassino. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Solar x-ray / eclipse mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 115 km (71 mi).

1966 November 12 - . 14:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Cassino. LV Family: Javelin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Hydac.
  • Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1966 November 12 - . 14:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Cassino. LV Family: Javelin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Hydac.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 115 km (71 mi).

1966 November 12 - . 15:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Cassino. LV Family: Javelin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Hydac.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1966 November 12 - . 15:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Cassino. LV Family: Javelin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Hydac.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 115 km (71 mi).

1966 November 12 - . 15:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Cassino. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 1.
  • Eclipse mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 65 km (40 mi).

1966 November 12 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cassino. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Ionosphere / eclipse mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1966 November 12 - . 16:15 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Solar eclipse mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 151 km (93 mi).

1966 November 12 - . 16:15 GMT - .
  • EVA Gemini 12-1 - . Crew: Aldrin. EVA Duration: 0.10 days. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Aldrin. Program: Gemini. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Gemini 12. Spacecraft Bus: Gemini. Spacecraft: Gemini. Stand-Up External Vehicular Activity. Photographed earth and stars..

1966 November 13 - . 15:34 GMT - .
  • EVA Gemini 12-2 - . Crew: Aldrin. EVA Duration: 0.0896 days. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Aldrin. Program: Gemini. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Gemini 12. Spacecraft Bus: Gemini. Spacecraft: Gemini. Tested tools and techniques for extravehicular activity..

1966 November 14 - .
  • M2 Flight 13 - . Crew: Gentry. Payload: M2-F2 flight 13. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Gentry. Program: NASA Lifting Body. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft Bus: M2-F2. Spacecraft: M2-F2. Maximum Speed - 642 kph. Maximum Altitude - 13720 m. Flight Time - 261 sec..

1966 November 14 - .
  • Gemini 12 - Wakeup Song: My Favorite Things - . Flight: Gemini 12. "My Favorite Things" from"The Sound of Music" sent to the crew..

1966 November 14 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 655. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1966 November 14 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 655. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1966 November 14 - . 11:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. Launch Pad: Bacchus?. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 1.
  • FU-167 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1966 November 14 - . 13:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. Launch Pad: Bacchus?. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 1.
  • FU-167 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1966 November 14 - . 14:52 GMT - .
  • EVA Gemini 12-3 - . Crew: Aldrin. EVA Duration: 0.0382 days. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Aldrin. Program: Gemini. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Gemini 12. Spacecraft Bus: Gemini. Spacecraft: Gemini. Stand-Up External Vehicular Activity. Photographed earth limb and stars in ultraviolet..

1966 November 14 - . 20:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA6A. LV Family: Blue Streak. Launch Vehicle: ELDO A.
  • Active first stage with dummy upper stages and satellite. Flight successful. - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ELDO. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

1966 November 15 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur. LV Family: N1. Launch Vehicle: N1.
  • First N1 hardware arrives at Baikonur. - . Nation: Russia. Program: Lunar L3.

1966 November 15 - . 13:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Cassino. LV Family: Javelin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Hydac.
  • Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1966 November 15 - . 15:45 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. Launch Pad: LC33 L-314. LV Family: Javelin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Hydac.
  • Mk 12 STV SR-042 - . Nation: USA. Agency: SAMSO. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1966 November 15 - .
  • Landing of Gemini 12 - . Return Crew: Aldrin, Lovell. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Aldrin, Lovell. Program: Gemini. Flight: Gemini 12.

    Retrofire occurred 94 hours after liftoff. Reentry was automatically controlled. The spacecraft landed at 19:20 GMT less than 5 km from the planned landing point on November 15. The crew was picked up by helicopter and deposited 28 minutes later on the deck of the prime recovery ship, the aircraft carrier Wasp. The spacecraft was recovered 67 minutes after landing.


1966 November 16 - .
  • Government go-ahead for N-1 use in lunar program - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Chelomei, Keldysh, Mishin. Program: Lunar L3. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Spacecraft: LK-700, Soyuz 7K-LOK.

    Mishin's draft plan for the Soviet lunar landing was approved by an expert commission headed by Keldysh. The first N-1 launch was set for March 1968. At same meeting, Chelomei made a last ditch attempt to get his revised UR-700/LK-700 direct landing approach approved in its place. Although Chelomei had lined up the support of Glushko, and Mishin was in a weak position after Korolev's death, Keldysh managed to ensure that the N1-L3 continued. However continued design work on the LK-700, the UR-700 booster, and development of the RD-270 engine were authorised.


1966 November 16 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC41/15. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65. FAILURE: Launch vehicle failed to orbit - unknown cause.. Failed Stage: U.
1966 November 16 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF09. Launch Pad: LF09?. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B.
  • Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1966 November 16 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Platform: F-4D. LV Family: Genie. Launch Vehicle: ALARR.
  • Leonids Test / meteorites mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1966 November 16 - . 13:15 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Leonids Meteorites mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 173 km (107 mi).

1966 November 17 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC29A. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3.
  • Antelope test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1966 November 17 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC41/3. LV Family: R-16. Launch Vehicle: R-16U.
  • Combat training launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,210 km (750 mi).

1966 November 17 - . 01:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Yuma. LV Family: Martlet. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2C.
  • Y-10 Meteorites mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 112 km (69 mi).

1966 November 17 - . 02:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Yuma. LV Family: Martlet. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2C.
  • Y-11 Meteorites mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 119 km (73 mi).

1966 November 17 - . 05:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Yuma. LV Family: Martlet. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2C.
  • Y-12 Meteorites mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 112 km (69 mi).

1966 November 17 - . 07:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Yuma. LV Family: Martlet. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2C.
  • Y-13 Meteorites mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

1966 November 18 - .
  • NASA plans to include the DOD's astronaut maneuvering unit "back pack" aboard AAP flights. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Mueller. Spacecraft Bus: Skylab. Spacecraft: Orbital Workshop.

    As requested by Robert C. Seamans, Jr., at the monthly program meeting during October, Associate Administrator for Manned Space Flight George E. Mueller summarized the agency's present plans for including the DOD's astronaut maneuvering unit 'back pack' aboard AAP flights. Additional Details: here....


1966 November 18 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Pad: Edwards. Launch Platform: NB-52. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A-2 test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi). Unofficial world's speed record. Maximum Speed - 6838 kph. Maximum Altitude - 30140 m..

1966 November 18 - . Launch Site: Yuma. LV Family: Martlet. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2C.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 180 km (110 mi).

    A Martlet 2C launched from the 16 inch L86 gun established the world altitude record for a sub-orbital gun-launched projectile. A Martlet 2C was fired to an altitude of 180 km with a flight time of over 400 seconds. Launched from Yuma Proving Ground, Arizona - Latitude: 32.87 N, Longitude:114.32 W.


1966 November 18 - . 01:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3 AC. FAILURE: Failure.
1966 November 18 - . 22:15 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Meteoroids Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 161 km (100 mi).

1966 November 19 - . 00:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant II.
  • Hydrogen line emission Aurora / ionosphere / fields mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 144 km (89 mi).

1966 November 19 - . 01:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Yuma. LV Family: Martlet. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2C.
  • Y-14 Meteorites mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

1966 November 19 - . 02:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Yuma. LV Family: Martlet. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2C.
  • Y-15 Meteorites mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 127 km (78 mi).

1966 November 19 - . 04:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Yuma. LV Family: Martlet. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2C.
  • Y-16 Meteorites mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 139 km (86 mi).

1966 November 19 - . 06:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Yuma. LV Family: Martlet. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2C.
  • Y-17 Meteorites mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 138 km (85 mi).

1966 November 19 - . 08:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Yuma. LV Family: Martlet. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2C.
  • Y-18 Meteorites mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 144 km (89 mi).

1966 November 19 - . 08:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Vostok 8A92.
  • Cosmos 132 - . Payload: Zenit-2 11F61 s/n 46. Mass: 4,720 kg (10,400 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-2 satellite. Duration: 8.00 days. Decay Date: 1966-11-27 . USAF Sat Cat: 2599 . COSPAR: 1966-106A. Apogee: 257 km (159 mi). Perigee: 202 km (125 mi). Inclination: 65.0000 deg. Period: 89.10 min. Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite..

1966 November 19 - . 09:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Yuma. LV Family: Martlet. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2C.
  • Y-19 Meteorites mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

1966 November 19 - . 11:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Yuma. LV Family: Martlet. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2C.
  • Y-20 Meteorites mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 167 km (103 mi).

1966 November 19 - . 23:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 1.
  • ESRO C21 / 1 Aurora / chemical release mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 123 km (76 mi).

1966 November 20 - . 02:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Yuma. LV Family: Martlet. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2C.
  • Y-21 Meteorites mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 142 km (88 mi).

1966 November 20 - . 04:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Yuma. LV Family: Martlet. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2C.
  • Y-22 Meteorites mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 111 km (68 mi).

1966 November 20 - . 05:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Yuma. LV Family: Martlet. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2C.
  • Y-23 Meteorites mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 111 km (68 mi).

1966 November 20 - . 06:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Yuma. LV Family: Martlet. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2C.
  • Y-24 Meteorites mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 147 km (91 mi).

1966 November 21 - . LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K/D.
  • First Proton/Soyuz L1 begins assembly. - . Nation: Russia. Program: Lunar L1. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-L1.

    The first flight rocket (serial number 22701) began assembly on 21 November 1966, with mechanical assembly completed by 29 November. Electrical connections and tests were completed by 4 December 1966. Due to New Year’s holidays work did not resume until 28 January 1967. By 28 February the fully assembled booster / spacecraft unit was completed in the MIK, including the 7K-L1P boilerplate spacecraft.


1966 November 21 - .
  • M2 Flight 14 - . Crew: Gentry. Payload: M2-F2 flight 14. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Gentry. Program: NASA Lifting Body. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft Bus: M2-F2. Spacecraft: M2-F2. Maximum Speed - 716 kph. Maximum Altitude - 13720 m. Flight Time - 230 sec..

1966 November 21 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur PU32. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: R-36 8K67.
  • 8F764 warhead state trials flight - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1966 November 21 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 165 km (102 mi).

1966 November 22 - . 21:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF03. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B.
  • Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1966 November 23 - . 21:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Thermosphere comparison Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: AN. Apogee: 163 km (101 mi).

1966 November 24 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique 61M.
  • FU-158 Recovery test - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 230 km (140 mi). FU158 Technology (recovery) mission..

1966 November 24 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC41/3. LV Family: R-16. Launch Vehicle: R-16U.
  • Combat training launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,210 km (750 mi).

1966 November 24 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 395-B. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan II.
  • Bubble Girl - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi). Follow-on operational missile test.

1966 November 25 - .
  • Apollo MSC to rearrange flights after AS-204 - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Flight: Apollo 7.

    MSC was requested by NASA Hq. to take the following actions:

    1. Delete all experiments assigned to AS-205.
    2. Assign experiment M005 (Bioassays Body Fluid, modified version) to AS-205/208.
    3. Assign experiment M006 (Bone Demineralization) to AS-205/208.
    4. Assign experiment M011 (Cytogenic Blood Studies) to AS-205/208.
    5. Assign experiment M023 (Lower-Body Negative Pressure) to AS-205/208.
    6. Redesignate experiments assigned to AS-207/208 to AS-205/208.

1966 November 26 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC41/4. LV Family: R-16. Launch Vehicle: R-16U.
  • Combat training launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,210 km (750 mi).

1966 November 27 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Beatrice. LV Family: Coralie. Launch Vehicle: Cora. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1966 November 27 - . 02:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Lunar Infrared Infrared astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 169 km (105 mi).

1966 November 28 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 655. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1966 November 28 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 655. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1966 November 28 - . 11:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511.
  • Cosmos 133 - . Payload: Soyuz 7K-OK (A) s/n 2. Mass: 6,450 kg (14,210 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Soyuz. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-OK. Duration: 1.97 days. Decay Date: 1966-11-30 . USAF Sat Cat: 2601 . COSPAR: 1966-107A. Apogee: 219 km (136 mi). Perigee: 173 km (107 mi). Inclination: 51.8000 deg. Period: 88.40 min.

    First test flight of Soyuz 7K-OK earth orbit spacecraft. A planned 'all up' test, with a second Soyuz to be launched the following day and automatically dock with Kosmos 133. This was to be followed by a manned link-up in December 1966. However Kosmos 133's attitude control system malfunctioned, resulting in rapid consumption of orientation fuel, leaving it spinning at 2 rpm. After heroic efforts by ground control and five attempts at retrofire over two days, the craft was finally brought down for a landing on its 33rd revolution. However due to the inaccuracy of the reentry burn, it was determined that the capsule would land in China. The APO self destruct system detected the course deviation and the destruct charge of several dozen kilogrammes of explosive was thought to have destroyed the ship on November 30, 1966 at 10:21 GMT. But stories persisted over the years of the Chinese having a Soyuz capsule in their possession....


1966 November 28 - . 12:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA8. LV Family: Redstone. Launch Vehicle: SPARTA. FAILURE: Failure. Failed Stage: 1.
  • Sparta SV-1 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1966 November 29 - . 01:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 1.
  • ESRO C9 / 2 Aurora mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 149 km (92 mi).

1966 November 29 - . 06:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant III.
  • Plasma / fields mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 114 km (70 mi).

1966 November 29 - . 06:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant IVA.
  • CR / ne probe Plasma / fields mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 800 km (490 mi).

1966 November 29 - . 19:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Hidden Hills DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A Checkout mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 28 km (17 mi). Maximum Speed - 5020 kph. Maximum Altitude - 28040 m. Air dropped in Hidden Hills DZ..

1966 November 30 - . 11:45 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Composition Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 227 km (141 mi).

1966 November 30 - . 19:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • UNH / Particles Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 359 km (223 mi).

1966 November 30 - . 22:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 1.
  • ESRO C9 / 1 Aurora mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 147 km (91 mi).

1966 December - .
  • First LLTV delivered to NASA - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft Bus: Apollo LM. Spacecraft: Apollo LLRV.

    NASA had accumulated enough data from the LLRV flight program by mid-1966 to give Bell a contract to deliver three LLTV's at a cost of $2.5 million each. In Dec. 1966 vehicle No. 1 was shipped to Houston, followed by No. 2 in Jan. 1967, within weeks of its first flight. Modifications already made to No. 2 had given the pilot a three-axis side control stick and a more restrictive cockpit view, both features of the real Lunar Module that would later be flown by the astronauts down to the moon's surface.


1966 December 1 - . 20:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: AN. Apogee: 168 km (104 mi).

1966 December 2 - . 21:09 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Composition Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 227 km (141 mi).

1966 December 3 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-16. Launch Vehicle: R-16U.
  • Test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,210 km (750 mi).

1966 December 3 - . 08:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57.
  • Cosmos 134 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-4. Duration: 8.00 days. Decay Date: 1966-12-11 . USAF Sat Cat: 2603 . COSPAR: 1966-108A. Apogee: 286 km (177 mi). Perigee: 206 km (128 mi). Inclination: 64.9000 deg. Period: 89.50 min. High resolution photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; also carried scientific experiments..

1966 December 5 - . 02:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 9M.
  • Gyro-plasma probe Aeronomy / ionosphere / solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 326 km (202 mi).

1966 December 5 - . 21:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC4E. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas SLV-3 Agena D.
  • KH 7-35 - . Payload: KH-7 no. 35 / OPS 1890. Mass: 2,000 kg (4,400 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO, USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: WS-117. Spacecraft: KH-7. Decay Date: 1966-12-14 . USAF Sat Cat: 2606 . COSPAR: 1966-109A. Apogee: 341 km (211 mi). Perigee: 137 km (85 mi). Inclination: 104.6000 deg. Period: 89.20 min. KH-7 type satellite. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A). .

1966 December 6 - .
  • Apollo LM-to-CSM crew rescue said to be impossible - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Shea, Slayton. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo LM, CSM Hatch, LM Hatch.

    MSC Director of Flight Crew Operations Donald K. Slayton pointed out to ASPO Manager Joseph F. Shea that LM-to-CSM crew rescue was impossible. Slayton said

    1. there was no way for the portable life support system and crewman to traverse from the LM front hatch to the CSM side hatch in zero-g docked operations, because there was no restraint system or tether attach points in the vicinity of the CSM hatch to permit the crewman to stabilize himself and work to open the hatch; and
    2. there was no way to control the Apollo inner hatch (35-43 kilograms) to ensure that it would not inadvertently damage its seals, the spacecraft wiring, or the pressure bulkhead.
    Additional Details: here....

1966 December 6 - . 03:35 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Infrared technology mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 188 km (116 mi).

1966 December 6 - . 08:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: AN. Apogee: 167 km (103 mi).

1966 December 7 - . 02:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC12. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas SLV-3 Agena D.
  • ATS 1 - . Payload: ATS B. Mass: 352 kg (776 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Program: ATS. Class: Technology. Type: Communications technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: ATS. Spacecraft: ATS-1. Completed Operations Date: 1985-04-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 2608 . COSPAR: 1966-110A. Apogee: 35,783 km (22,234 mi). Perigee: 35,728 km (22,200 mi). Inclination: 12.5000 deg. Period: 1,434.50 min.

    Applications Technology Satellite; communications and meteorological experiments. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit over the Americas at 151 deg W in 1966-1968?; over the Americas at 149 deg W in 1968-1982; over the Pacific Ocean 170 deg E in 1982-1985 As of 3 September 2001 located at 167.30 deg E drifting at 0.065 deg E per day. As of 2007 Mar 9 located at 59.28W drifting at 0.332E degrees per day.


1966 December 8 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC60/7. LV Family: R-16. Launch Vehicle: R-16U.
  • Combat training launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,210 km (750 mi).

1966 December 9 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique AGI.
  • FU-149 ionosphere / mass spectrometer Ionosphere / aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 122 km (75 mi). FU149 Ion Density, mass spectrometry mission..

1966 December 9 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC41/4. LV Family: R-16. Launch Vehicle: R-16U.
  • Combat training launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,210 km (750 mi).

1966 December 9 - . 11:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Ozone Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

1966 December 10 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur PU32. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: R-36 8K67. FAILURE: Failure.
  • 8F764 warhead state trials flight - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1966 December 10 - . 02:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 8L.
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere / solar mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 147 km (91 mi).

1966 December 10 - . 02:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Scanner. Launch Vehicle: Scanner.
  • Scanner 2 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 709 km (440 mi).

1966 December 10 - . 11:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 10.
  • Aeronomy / solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 253 km (157 mi).

1966 December 11 - . 21:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 576B3. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D.
  • OV1-09 - . Mass: 230 kg (500 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF OAR. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft Bus: OV1. Spacecraft: OV1. USAF Sat Cat: 2610 . COSPAR: 1966-111A. Apogee: 4,582 km (2,847 mi). Perigee: 475 km (295 mi). Inclination: 99.1000 deg. Period: 139.40 min. Radiation bio-hazard experiments. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A). .
  • OV1-10 - . Mass: 130 kg (280 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF OAR. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft Bus: OV1. Spacecraft: OV1. Decay Date: 2002-11-30 . USAF Sat Cat: 2611 . COSPAR: 1966-111B. Apogee: 604 km (375 mi). Perigee: 541 km (336 mi). Inclination: 93.4000 deg. Period: 96.10 min. Radiation data. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A). .

1966 December 12 - . 17:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: AN. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1966 December 12 - . 19:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant III.
  • Neutral density Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 137 km (85 mi).

1966 December 12 - . 20:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC86/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 135 - . Payload: DS-U2-MP s/n 1. Mass: 355 kg (782 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Earth. Type: Micrometeoroid satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-U2-MP. Completed Operations Date: 1967-04-12 . Decay Date: 1967-04-12 . USAF Sat Cat: 2612 . COSPAR: 1966-112A. Apogee: 648 km (402 mi). Perigee: 253 km (157 mi). Inclination: 48.4000 deg. Period: 93.60 min. Studied cosmic dust particles in near-Earth space..

1966 December 13 - .
  • Apollo lunar landing research vehicle No 1 received - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft Bus: Apollo LM. Spacecraft: Apollo LLRV.

    The number one lunar landing research vehicle (LLRV) test vehicle was received at MSC December 13, 1966. Its first flight at Ellington Air Force Base following facility and vehicle checkout was expected about February 1, 1967, with crew training in the vehicle to start about February 20. Additional Details: here....


1966 December 13 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Brigitte. LV Family: Diamant. Launch Vehicle: Saphir VE231.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1966 December 13 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF05. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 2.
  • ERCS 1 Communications mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi). First Emergency Rocket Communications Satellite test.

1966 December 13 - . 06:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 169 km (105 mi).

1966 December 14 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511. FAILURE: Erroneous firing of launch escape tower ignited launch vehicle on the pad.. Failed Stage: P.
  • Soyuz 7K-OK s/n 2 - . Payload: Soyuz 7K-OK (A) s/n 1. Mass: 6,560 kg (14,460 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Program: Soyuz. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-OK.

    Second attempted flight of Soyuz 7K-OK (the spacecraft planned for the linkup with Ksomos 133). An analogue to Mercury Redstone's 'day we launched the tower' but with more disastorous consequences. The core stage ignited, but the strap-ons did not. A booster shutdown was commanded. The service towers were brought back around the booster, and ground crew began work to defuel the launch vehicle. At 27 minutes after the original launch attempt, the Soyuz launch escape system, having received the signal that liftoff had occurred, detected that the booster was not on course (either because a tower arm nudged the booster or because the earth's rotation as detected by the gyros had moved the spacecraft out of limits relative to its original inertial position). The launch escape system ignited, pulling the Soyuz away from the booster, igniting the third stage fuel tanks, leading to an explosion that severely damaged the pad and killed at least one person (the Soviet Rocket Forces major supervising the launch team) and injured many others.


1966 December 14 - . 06:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark.
1966 December 14 - . 08:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Auroral ionosphere Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 180 km (110 mi).

1966 December 14 - . 11:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Apogee: 177 km (109 mi).

1966 December 14 - . 18:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC4W. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan IIIB.
  • OPS 8968 - . Payload: KH-8 no. 03 / Agena D. Mass: 3,000 kg (6,600 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO, USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: WS-117. Spacecraft: KH-8. Decay Date: 1966-12-24 . USAF Sat Cat: 2618 . COSPAR: 1966-113A. Apogee: 392 km (243 mi). Perigee: 147 km (91 mi). Inclination: 109.5000 deg. Period: 89.90 min. KH-8 type satellite. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A). .

1966 December 14 - . 19:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor Delta G.
  • Biosatellite 1 - . Payload: Biosat 1. Mass: 425 kg (936 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Ames. Class: Biology. Type: Biology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Biosatellite. Spacecraft: Biosatellite. Decay Date: 1967-02-15 . USAF Sat Cat: 2631 . COSPAR: 1966-114C. Apogee: 309 km (192 mi). Perigee: 295 km (183 mi). Inclination: 33.5000 deg. Period: 90.40 min.

    Reentry into the Earth's atmosphere was not achieved because the retrorocket failed to ignite. The biosatellite was never recovered. Although the scientific objectives of the mission were not accomplished, the Biosatellite I experience provided technical confidence in the program because of excellent performance in most other areas.


1966 December 15 - . Launch Site: Green River. Launch Complex: Green River Pad 2. LV Family: Athena RTV. Launch Vehicle: Athena RTV.
  • USAF D038 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1966 December 15 - . 20:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Mass spectrometer Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: AN. Apogee: 178 km (110 mi).

1966 December 16 - . Launch Site: Green River. Launch Complex: Green River Pad 3. LV Family: Athena RTV. Launch Vehicle: Athena RTV.
  • USAF D042 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1966 December 17 - . 06:15 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: KPNO. Apogee: 1.00 km (0.60 mi).

1966 December 18 - . 09:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Beatrice. LV Family: Coralie. Launch Vehicle: Cora.
  • Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 55 km (34 mi). Only completely successful test..

1966 December 19 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC41/1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Vostok 8A92.
  • Cosmos 136 - . Payload: Zenit-2 11F61 s/n 47. Mass: 4,720 kg (10,400 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-2 satellite. Duration: 8.00 days. Decay Date: 1966-12-27 . USAF Sat Cat: 2624 . COSPAR: 1966-115A. Apogee: 281 km (174 mi). Perigee: 197 km (122 mi). Inclination: 64.6000 deg. Period: 89.30 min. Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite. Also carried science package..

1966 December 20 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF09. Launch Pad: LF09?. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B.
  • Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1966 December 20 - . 02:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima L. LV Family: Lambda. Launch Vehicle: Lambda 4S. FAILURE: Fourth stage failed to ignite.. Failed Stage: 4.
  • Ohsumi 2 - . Payload: L-4S-2. Mass: 26 kg (57 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Ohsumi. Spacecraft: Ohsumi. Decay Date: 1966-12-19 . Apogee: 400 km (240 mi).

1966 December 20 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: AN. Apogee: 178 km (110 mi).

1966 December 21 - . 10:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M.
  • Luna 13 - . Payload: E-6M s/n 205. Mass: 1,700 kg (3,700 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: Korolev Design Bureau. Program: Luna. Class: Moon. Type: Lunar probe. Spacecraft Bus: Luna E-6. Spacecraft: Luna E-6M. Decay Date: 1966-12-24 . USAF Sat Cat: 2626 . COSPAR: 1966-116A.

    Soft landed on Moon 24 December 1966 at 18:01:00 GMT, Latitude 18.87 N, 297.95 E - Oceanus Procellarum. The petal encasement of the spacecraft was opened, antennas were erected, and radio transmissions to Earth began four minutes after the landing. On December 25 and 26, 1966, the spacecraft television system transmitted panoramas of the nearby lunar landscape at different sun angles. Each panorama required approximately 100 minutes to transmit. The spacecraft was equipped with a mechanical soil-measuring penetrometer, a dynamograph, and a radiation densitometer for obtaining data on the mechanical and physical properties and the cosmic-ray reflectivity of the lunar surface. It is believed that transmissions from the spacecraft ceased before the end of December 1966.


1966 December 21 - . 12:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Solar X-ray mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: AN. Apogee: 167 km (103 mi).

1966 December 21 - . 12:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: AN. Apogee: 166 km (103 mi).

1966 December 21 - . 13:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC86/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 63S1.
  • Cosmos 137 - . Payload: DS-U2-D s/n 1. Mass: 295 kg (650 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-U2-D. Completed Operations Date: 1969-05-12 . Decay Date: 1967-11-23 . USAF Sat Cat: 2627 . COSPAR: 1966-117A. Apogee: 1,718 km (1,067 mi). Perigee: 219 km (136 mi). Inclination: 48.8000 deg. Period: 104.40 min. Studied charged particle flows..

1966 December 21 - . 22:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC3E. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas SLV-3.
  • Prime 1 - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,500 km (900 mi).

    The first SV-5D Precision Recovery Including Maneuvering Entry (PRIME) maneuverable reentry vehicle was launched from Vandenberg by the first Series 7000 Atlas standard launch vehicle (SLV-3, Vehicle #7001). Managed by Space Systems Division, PRIME was designed to explore and advance the development of possible future manned and unmanned lifting body vehicles that would have the capability of operating like a spacecraft in orbit and of flying and maneuvering like an aircraft in the sensible atmosphere. Research was to be applicable to later Space Transportation System (STS) technology. The first test of the X-23A SV-5D lifting body re-entry shape. It was a zero cross-range suborbital flight, with recovery 6935 km downrange. The ballute deployed at 30.440 m, followed by the main parachute at 13,700 m, and the vehicle was descending within 275 m of the target point. Nevertheless the air-snatch was unsuccessful, and the vehicle sank. However 90% of the planned telemetry was successfully transmitted by radio.


1966 December 22 - .
1966 December 22 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF03. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B.
  • Flight operational test / salvo launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1966 December 22 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF07. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B.
  • Flight operational test / salvo launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1966 December 23 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC41/4. LV Family: R-16. Launch Vehicle: R-16U. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Combat training launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1966 December 24 - . LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K.
  • First session of State Commission for the L1 - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Barmin, Chelomei, Mishin, Tyulin. Program: Lunar L1. Flight: Soyuz 7K-L1 mission 1, Soyuz 7K-L1 mission 2, Soyuz 7K-L1 mission 3. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-L1, Soyuz 7K-OK.

    Tyulin chairs the meeting. Mishin, Chelomei and Barmin brief the status of the spacecraft, booster, and launch site. There is much to be done in order to fly cosmonauts around the moon by 7 November 1967 - the 50th anniversary of the October Revolution. The first manned flight around the moon is planned for 26 June 1967. To achieve this, four flights of the L1 without a crew have to be completed first. The UR-500K booster should be capable of launching the L1 on a direct flight around the Moon and back to the earth. But since the UR-500K has not yet flown, and its 19-tonne low earth payload has not bee verified, Mishin plans to follow the podsadka scenario. The UR-500K will place in low earth orbit an L1 without a crew, and then a Soyuz booster will place a manned Soyuz 7K-OK Soyuz in orbit. The Soyuz crew will rendezvous and dock with the L1, and the crew for the circumlunar mission will spacewalk through open space from the 7K-OK into the L1. The spacecraft will then separate. The 7K-OK returns to earth, while the L1 is boosted on a circumlunar trajectory. After 4 to 6 launches of the UR-500K to verify its reliability and payload margins, it should be possible to make the direct flight to the moon on subsequent versions. For the time being it is necessary to develop both versions in parallel.


1966 December 24 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-16. Launch Vehicle: R-16U.
  • Test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,210 km (750 mi).

1966 December 25 - . 09:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: M9111. Launch Platform: SHIP-SOV. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: GMS. Apogee: 78 km (48 mi).

1966 December 26 - . Launch Site: Jiuquan. Launch Complex: Jiuquan LA2A. LV Family: DF-3. Launch Vehicle: DF-3.
  • Test mission - . Nation: China. Agency: MAI. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1966 December 27 - . 20:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: M9196. Launch Platform: SHIP-SOV. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: GMS. Apogee: 78 km (48 mi).

1966 December 28 - .
  • Soyuz-VI to fly by end of 1967. - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Kozlov. Program: Almaz. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Soyuz VI. Resolution 'On approval of work on the 7K-VI Zvezda and course of work on Almaz' no. 305 ordered Kozlov's filial 3 of OKB-1 to undertake first flight of the manned military research spacecraft 7K-VI - 11F73 Zvezda by the end of 1967..

1966 December 28 - .
  • Almaz program delays; Soyuz 7K-TK suspended - . Nation: Russia. Spacecraft: Almaz OPS, Soyuz 7K-TK. Military-Industrial Commission (VPK) Decree 104 'On changes in the timeline for the Almaz program and suspension of the 7K-TK' was issued. Due to delays in the Almaz all work on further development of the 7K-TK was suspended..

1966 December 29 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg.
  • 123 launches from Vandenberg in one year - . Nation: USA. Liftoff of a Thrust-Augmented-Thor/Agena D space booster combination marked the 123rd major launch operation from Vandenberg AFB since January. This annual launch record remains unbroken 30 years later..

1966 December 29 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC2W. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor SLV-2A Agena D.
  • OPS 1584 - . Payload: Ferret 10 / Agena D 2731. Mass: 1,500 kg (3,300 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO, USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Ferret. Spacecraft: Ferret. Decay Date: 1969-04-05 . USAF Sat Cat: 2634 . COSPAR: 1966-118A. Apogee: 495 km (307 mi). Perigee: 487 km (302 mi). Inclination: 75.0000 deg. Period: 94.40 min.

1966 December 30 - .
  • NASA Hq officially promulgated mission objectives of the Apollo Applications AAP-l and AAP-2 flights. - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft: Apollo LMSS, Orbital Workshop.

    NASA Hq officially promulgated mission objectives of the AAP-l and AAP-2 flights. They were to conduct a low-altitude, low-inclination Earth-orbital mission with a three-man crew for a maximum of 28 days using a spent S-IVB stage as an OWS; to provide for reactivation and reuse of the OWS for subsequent missions within one year from initial launch; and to perform test operations with the lunar mapping and survey system in Earth orbit.


1966 December 31 - . LV Family: N1. Launch Vehicle: N1.

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