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S-310
Japanese ISAS sounding rocket. The S-310 was a mid-sized single-stage sounding rocket designed to reach an altitude of 200 km.

Status: Active. First Launch: 1975-01-01. Last Launch: 2016-01-15. Number: 54 . Gross mass: 700 kg (1,540 lb). Height: 6.80 m (22.30 ft). Diameter: 0.31 m (1.01 ft). Apogee: 190 km (110 mi).

The S-310 went into a 2.8 deg/sec spin during ascent, induced by its canted tail fins. This eliminated the stability problem of the earlier S-300. The thrust programming was designed to peak half way through the burn, followed by a lower constant thrust burn through the maximum aerodynamic force portion of the ascent. This increased vehicle altitude, while relieving aerodynamic heating.

The chamber was made of chromium-molybdenum steel. The single CTPB composite propellant grain had two different wagon-wheel void configurations. The aft portion of the grain was consumed first, resulting in the dual-thrust profile. The tail fins were made of a solid titanium plate, with a composite ogive nose cone.

In the payload bay a yo-yo despin system, actuated 50 sec. after lift-off, reduced the spin to 1 deg/sec during the payload observation period.

The first flight of S-310 in January 1975 was successful, and it was later launched from both the Kagoshima Space Center at Uchinoura and Showa Station in Antarctica.



Subtopics

BT-310 Japanese single stage sounding rocket. Derivative of S-310.

SB-310 ISAS solid rocket engine.

SB-735 Japanese sounding rocket.

Country: Japan. Propellants: Solid. Launch Sites: Kagoshima, Andoya, Kagoshima L, Syowa Base, Kagoshima K, Andoya U3. Agency: ISAS.

1966 April 28 - . 02:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: S-310. Launch Vehicle: BT-310.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 1.00 km (0.60 mi).

1966 April 29 - . 00:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: S-310. Launch Vehicle: BT-310.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 1.00 km (0.60 mi).

1966 August 6 - . 02:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: S-310. Launch Vehicle: BT-310.
  • Mu Scale Model test - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 2.00 km (1.20 mi).

1975 January 1 - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Vehicle: S-310.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1975 August 30 - . 04:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Vehicle: S-310.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 191 km (118 mi).

1976 February 13 - . 09:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Syowa Base. Launch Vehicle: S-310.
  • VLF / HF Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: NIPR. Apogee: 216 km (134 mi).

1976 August 21 - . 12:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Vehicle: S-310.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 195 km (121 mi).

1977 February 10 - . 00:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Syowa Base. Launch Vehicle: S-310.
  • VLF / HF Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: NIPR. Apogee: 212 km (131 mi).

1977 July 26 - . 15:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Syowa Base. Launch Vehicle: S-310.
  • VLF / plasma / B Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: NIPR. Apogee: 221 km (137 mi).

1977 September 21 - . 08:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Vehicle: S-310.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 188 km (116 mi).

1979 January 19 - . 08:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Vehicle: S-310.
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 212 km (131 mi).

1979 January 31 - . 02:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Vehicle: S-310.
  • Ionosphere / fields mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 185 km (114 mi).

1979 September 15 - . 11:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Vehicle: S-310.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 166 km (103 mi).

1980 February 2 - . 08:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Vehicle: S-310.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 179 km (111 mi).

1981 January 21 - . 21:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Vehicle: S-310.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 174 km (108 mi).

1981 August 24 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Vehicle: S-310.
  • Test / aurora / aeronomy mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 187 km (116 mi).

1981 September 7 - . 09:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Vehicle: S-310.
  • Submillimeter atmospheric spectra Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 193 km (119 mi).

1982 September 25 - . 09:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Vehicle: S-310.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1983 September 12 - . 22:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Vehicle: S-310.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 227 km (141 mi).

1983 September 16 - . 18:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Vehicle: S-310.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 218 km (135 mi).

1984 April 4 - . 19:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Syowa Base. Launch Vehicle: S-310.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: NIPR. Apogee: 201 km (124 mi).

1984 May 3 - . 22:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Syowa Base. Launch Vehicle: S-310.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: NIPR. Apogee: 204 km (126 mi).

1984 May 28 - . 23:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Syowa Base. Launch Vehicle: S-310.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: NIPR. Apogee: 209 km (129 mi).

1985 February 7 - . 09:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima L. Launch Pad: K. Launch Vehicle: S-310.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 213 km (132 mi).

1985 May 29 - . 00:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Syowa Base. Launch Vehicle: S-310.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: NIPR. Apogee: 212 km (131 mi).

1985 July 12 - . 19:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Syowa Base. Launch Vehicle: S-310.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: NIPR. Apogee: 222 km (137 mi).

1986 February 1 - . 12:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima L. Launch Pad: K. Launch Vehicle: S-310.
  • E-region Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 201 km (124 mi).

1986 September 6 - . 13:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima L. Launch Pad: K. Launch Vehicle: S-310.
  • Airglow Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 202 km (125 mi).

1988 January 28 - . 02:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima L. Launch Pad: K. Launch Vehicle: S-310.
  • D-region Ionosphere / aeronomy mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 202 km (125 mi).

1989 February 1 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima L. Launch Pad: K. Launch Vehicle: S-310.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 230 km (140 mi).

1990 January 27 - . 19:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima L. Launch Pad: K. Launch Vehicle: S-310.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 185 km (114 mi).

1992 January 28 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima L. Launch Pad: K. Launch Vehicle: S-310.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 223 km (138 mi).

1994 February 15 - . 23:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: S-310.
  • NNP / AIR / NID / NEL Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 192 km (119 mi).

1994 November 24 - . 10:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: S-310.
  • NNP / AIR / NID / NEL Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1996 February 11 - . 11:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima L. Launch Pad: K. Launch Vehicle: S-310.
  • NTV-1 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 199 km (123 mi).

1996 August 20 - . 15:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima L. Launch Pad: K. Launch Vehicle: S-310.
  • SEEK-1 Plasma mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 177 km (109 mi).

1996 August 26 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima L. Launch Pad: K. Launch Vehicle: S-310.
  • SEEK-1 Plasma mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 180 km (110 mi).

1998 January 25 - . 08:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima L. Launch Pad: K. Launch Vehicle: S-310.
  • SEEK Ozone Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 183 km (113 mi).

1999 February 2 - . 01:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima L. Launch Pad: K. Launch Vehicle: S-310.
  • SELENE RF / X-ray test Ionosphere / x-ray mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 184 km (114 mi).

2000 January 9 - . 20:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima L. Launch Pad: K. Launch Vehicle: S-310.
  • WAVE2000 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 179 km (111 mi).

2002 February 6 - . 10:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima L. Launch Pad: K. Launch Vehicle: S-310.
  • NTV-2 Thermosphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

2002 August 3 - . 14:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima L. Launch Pad: K. Launch Vehicle: S-310.
  • SEEK-2 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 152 km (94 mi).

2002 August 3 - . 14:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima L. Launch Pad: K. Launch Vehicle: S-310.
  • SEEK-2 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 117 km (72 mi).

2004 January 17 - . 15:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima L. Launch Pad: K. Launch Vehicle: S-310.
  • WAVE2004 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 141 km (87 mi).

2004 August 9 - . 08:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima L. Launch Pad: K. Launch Vehicle: S-310.
  • Solar Sails Technology mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 170 km (100 mi).

2004 December 13 - . 00:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Complex: Andoya U3. Launch Vehicle: S-310.
  • DELTA 2004 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: JAXA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

2006 January 22 - . 04:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima L. Launch Pad: K. Launch Vehicle: S-310.
  • Furoshiki Technology test - . Nation: Japan. Agency: JAXA. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

2007 January 16 - . 02:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima L. Launch Pad: K. Launch Vehicle: S-310.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: JAXA. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

2008 February 6 - . 11:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima L. Launch Vehicle: S-310.
  • VLF/Chaff - . Nation: Japan. Agency: JAXA. Apogee: 157 km (97 mi).

2009 January 26 - . 00:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: S-310.
  • S-310-39 - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: JAXA. Class: Earth. Type: Atmosphere satellite. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi). Launch in the Japanese Delta-2 project. It investigated the upper atmospheric dynamics and energetics in the polar lower thermosphere by releasing trimethyl aluminum (TMA) along the trajectory and then observing the gas from three different locations..

2011 December 20 - . 08:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima K. Launch Vehicle: S-310.
  • Nation: Japan. Agency: JAXA. Apogee: 180 km (110 mi).

2012 August 7 - . 07:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Vehicle: S-310.
  • S-310-41 - . Nation: Japan. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi). Reentry test mission..

2013 July 20 - . 02:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Vehicle: S-310.
  • S-310-42 - . Nation: Japan. Apogee: 139 km (86 mi). Atmospheric science mission..

2014 August 4 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima K. Launch Vehicle: S-310.
  • Cryo tank flow test - . Nation: Japan. Agency: JAXA. Apogee: 117 km (72 mi). Engineering study of cryogenic fluid flow for future rocket stages..

2014 August 4 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Vehicle: S-310.
  • S-310-43 - . Nation: Japan. Apogee: 117 km (72 mi). Technology payload..

2016 January 15 - . 03:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Vehicle: S-310.
  • S-310-44 - . Nation: Japan. Type: Ionosphere. Apogee: 161 km (100 mi). Ionosphere mission. Impacted in Pacific Ocean..
  • S-310-44 - . Nation: Japan. Type: Ionosphere. Apogee: 161 km (100 mi). Ionosphere mission. Impacted in Pacific Ocean..


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