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Burnazyan, Avetik Ignatyevich
Russian bureaucrat. Deputy Minister of Health from 1947. Involved in Voskhod crew selection.

Born: 1906-04-20. Died: 1981-10-25.

Biography: Organizer of the Soviet military-medical service, the Deputy Minister of Health (1947-1972), PhD, Lieutenant General of the Medical Service of the USSR, Hero of Socialist Labor, laureate of Lenin and State prizes; participant in the development of the first Soviet atomic bomb, and the elements of the "nuclear shield" in the USSR, the first head of the State Service for radiation safety and health service, a veteran of World War II, with his direct participation created Clinical Hospital Number 6 as the base hospital of the health system of the Third Main Directorate of the Ministry of Health; born April 20th 1906, 1930: graduated from the Military Medical Academy named after SM Kirov in Leningrad; in 1935: graduated from the Military Academy named after Frunze; from 1935 to 1940. - led the military health departments in the Moscow Regional Clinical and First Medical Institutions; 1939-1940 - deputy chief and later head of the Medical Division of the 10th Army; in 1941-1943 he headed the medical service of the Kalinin Front; 1945 - Head of of Medical Administration, Far Eastern Front, organization of medical support for the war against Japan; from 1946 - Chief Medical Officer of the 1st Main Directorate of the Council of Ministers of the USSR; from 1947 - sent to serve in the Ministry of Health, where he led a number of departments and for 25 years was a deputy minister and a member of the board of the Ministry of Health of the USSR; 1947-1972 - Deputy Minister of Health; Major-General of Medical Service on 31 March 1943 .; Lieutenant-General of Medical Service - June 19, 1945. He died October 25, 1981. FGUZ "Clinical Hospital N FMBA 6" named after Avetik Ignatievitch Burnazyan (order of the Moscow Government N 1299-p dated July 7, 2006); Order of the FMBA of Russia (N 310 dated November 16, 2007) approved the Regulations on the badge "AI Burnazyan" is a departmental insignia of the agency.



Country: Russia. Bibliography: 474.

1966 May 10 - .
  • Voskhod 3 spiked - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Burnazyan, Mishin, Smirnov, Tyulin. Program: Voskhod, Soyuz. Flight: Voskhod 3. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-OK, Voskhod.

    A meeting of the VPK Military Industrial Commission begins with Tyulin, Mishin, Burnazyan, and Kamanin certifying the readiness for launch of Voskhod 3 on 25-28 May. Then Smirnov drops a bombshell: Voskhod 3 should be cancelled because: an 18-day flight will be nothing new; further work on Voskhod 3 will only interfere with completion of the Soyuz 7K-OK spacecraft, which is to be the primary Soviet piloted spacecraft; and a new spaceflight without any manoeuvring of the spacecraft or a docking in orbit will only highlight the lead the Americans have. Kamanin argues that the long work of preparing for the flight is finally complete, and that it will set two new space records (in manned flight altitude and duration). Furthermore the flight will include important military experiments, which cannot be flown on early Soyuz flights. Smirnov and Pashkov appear not to be swayed by these arguments, but back down a bit. The State Commission for the flight may continue its work.


1966 June 21 - .
1966 July 4 - .
  • Soyuz simulators - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Burnazyan, Keldysh, Mishin. Program: Soyuz. Flight: Soyuz 1, Soyuz 2A, Soyuz s/n 3/4. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-OK.

    The 7K-OK simulator consists of a mock-up of the BO living compartment and SA re-entry capsule only. The interiors are not yet fitted out with equipment, and development of the optical equipment to allow the cosmonauts to train with simulated dockings is proceeding very slowly. Mishin has promised a dozen times to speed up the work on the trainers, but produced nothing. Meanwhile Mishin is proceeding to train his cosmonaut team for Soyuz flights in September. It is said that he has other leaders, including Burnazyan and Keldysh, on his side.


1966 July 30 - .
  • Beregovoi pushed for Soyuz mission - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Anokhin, Beregovoi, Burnazyan, Gagarin, Keldysh, Khrunov, Krylov, Malinovskiy, Mishin, Rudenko, Shonin, Tsybin, Tyulin, Vershinin, Volynov, Zakharov. Program: Soyuz, Voskhod. Flight: Soyuz 1, Soyuz 2A, Soyuz s/n 3/4, Voskhod 3. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-OK, Yastreb.

    Mishin, Rudenko, and others have met with Beregovoi and support his selection as commander for the first Soyuz mission. Kamanin does not believe he is fit for the assignment, due to his age, his height and weight (that are the limit of the acceptable for the Soyuz). Gagarin reports that during a visit to OKB-1 the day before, he discovered that they were still going all out to prepare their own crews and train their own cosmonauts for Soyuz flights. Kamanin reassures him that the full power of the VVS, the General Staff, and the Ministry of Defence is behind the position that only VVS pilots will command the missions. Mishin is gloating over the latest spacesuit tests. Khrunov tried exiting from the Soyuz hatch in the Tu-104 zero-G aircraft. Using his full dexterity and strength, he had more success than in earlier tests. But Kamanin notes that designing a spacecraft hatch only 10 mm wider than the cosmonaut is hardly the basis for practical spaceflight or training. Later Kamanin plays tennis with Volynov and Shonin. Their Voskhod 3 flight is still not officially cancelled. They have been fully trained for the flight for months now, but no go-ahead is given. On Saturday, Tsybin presents to the General Staff OKB-1's concept for training of engineer cosmonauts. Tyulin, Burnazyan, and Keldysh have approved the plan, except they have substituted VVS engineer cosmonauts for those from OKB-1 for the first Soyuz flights. So this is the result of months of controversy - a position that there is no fundamental opposition to cosmonaut candidates from OKB-1. Kamanin sees the absolute need for his draft letter to be sent from the four Marshals (Malinovskiy, Zakharov, Krylov, and Vershinin) to the Central Committee. Mishin continues to "assist" the situation - it has been two weeks since he promised to submit the names and documentation for his candidates to the VVS, and he has done nothing.


1966 August 11 - .
  • Lunar cosmonaut training - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Burnazyan, Keldysh, Mishin, Tyulin. Program: Lunar L1. Flight: Soyuz 7K-L1 mission 1. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-L1.

    Kamanin receives a document, signed by Mishin, Tyulin, Burnazyan and Keldysh, which declares that OKB-1 will be solely responsible for training of cosmonauts for L1 circumlunar missions. Only OKB-1 engineers and Academy of Science researchers will be considered for such missions, and no assistance is needed from VVS cosmonauts or its training centre.


1966 August 23 - .
  • Soyuz recovery training at sea - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Afanasyev, Sergei, Burnazyan, Bykovsky, Gorbatko, Grechko, Keldysh, Khrunov, Kolodin, Komarov, Kubasov, Nikolayev, Smirnov, Volkov, Voronov. Program: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-OK, Yastreb.

    Nikolayev, Bykovsky, Komarov, Khrunov, Gorbatko, Kolodin, and Voronov complete two parachute jumps each, with landing at sea. Training in sea-recovery by helicopter, with the cosmonauts in spacesuits, will be completed over the next two days. Smirnov is ready to sign a letter from Afanasyev, Burnazyan and Keldysh creating a new civilian cosmonaut training centre under the Ministry of Medium Machine Building, separate from the VVS centre. The letter is not coordinated with the Defence Ministry, and contradicts the letter sent by the four marshals to the Central Committee. Kamanin prepares a vigorous refutation of the letter's position. The physicians' board on OKB-1 candidates has only cleared Yeliseyev for flight - they could not agree on Volkov, Kubasov, and Grechko. OKB-1 only submitted four candidates for review, not the eight promised.



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