Encyclopedia Astronautica
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1974 Chronology

1974 January 1 - .
  • Skylab 2 - Wakeup Song: Auld Lang Syne - . Flight: Skylab 2 . "Auld Lang Syne" Guy Lombardo"Paralyzed" by Legendary Stardust Cowboy.

1974 January 1 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Athena RTV. Launch Vehicle: Athena RTV.
  • LRL ACS 11 X-ray Astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1974 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • Ionosphere/Solar mission? - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1974 January 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Vertikal' K65UP.
  • Ionosphere/Solar mission? - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,500 km (900 mi).

1974? - . Launch Site: Dombarovskiy. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974? - . Launch Site: Dombarovskiy. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: RT-2. Launch Vehicle: RT-2P.
  • RT2 PL74-05 - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: RT-2. Launch Vehicle: RT-2P.
  • RT2 PL74-04 - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: RT-2. Launch Vehicle: RT-2P.
  • RT2 PL74-03 - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974? - . Launch Site: Dombarovskiy. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974? - . Launch Site: Dombarovskiy. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974? - . Launch Site: Dombarovskiy. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974? - . Launch Site: Dombarovskiy. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-16. Launch Vehicle: R-16U.
  • UBP R-16 PL74-02 - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,210 km (750 mi).

1974 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-16. Launch Vehicle: R-16U.
  • UBP R-16 PL74-01 - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,210 km (750 mi).

1974? - . Launch Site: Dombarovskiy. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: RT-2. Launch Vehicle: RT-2P.
  • RT2 PL74-01 - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: RT-2. Launch Vehicle: RT-2P.
  • RT2 PL74-02 - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974? - . Launch Site: Dombarovskiy. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974? - . Launch Site: Dombarovskiy. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974? - . Launch Site: Dombarovskiy. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-9. Launch Vehicle: R-9A.
  • UBP - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,160 km (720 mi).

1974? - . Launch Site: Dombarovskiy. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974? - . Launch Site: Dombarovskiy. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974? - . Launch Site: Dombarovskiy. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974? - . Launch Site: Dombarovskiy. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974? - . Launch Site: Dombarovskiy. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974? - . Launch Site: Dombarovskiy. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974? - . Launch Site: Dombarovskiy. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974? - . Launch Site: Dombarovskiy. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974? - . Launch Site: Dombarovskiy. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974? - . Launch Site: Dombarovskiy. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974? - . Launch Site: Dombarovskiy. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974? - . Launch Site: Dombarovskiy. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 January 2 - . 09:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 92 km (57 mi).

1974 January 3 - .
  • Second Skylab mission capability would be retained until NASA planning for the FY 1976. - . Nation: USA. Program: Skylab. Flight: Skylab B.

    Flexibility to conduct a second Skylab mission would be retained until such time as NASA planning for the FY 1976 budget was complete. To accomplish this, NASA issued the following guidelines. Launch umbilical tower 2 would be retained in its present status for possible Skylab usage until a decision was made to prepare for a Skylab launch or to begin modifications for the Shuttle Program. Action would be continued to place in storage existing hardware (including appropriate backups and spares) required for conduct of a Skylab mission. The Skylab Program would fund the activities required to place the hardware in minimum cost storage and the storage costs through June 1974.


1974 January 3 - .
  • Skylab 2 - Wakeup Song: Peter, Paul, and Mary medley - . Flight: Skylab 2 . "Peter, Paul, and Mary medley" CAPCOM: Henry Hartsfield.

1974 January 4 - .
  • 93 Apollo 17 lunar plaque presented to various countries - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Flight: Apollo 17. Of the 134 Apollo 17 lunar plaques, 93 were presented by American embassies to the countries in which the embassies were located..

1974 January 4 - .
  • Skylab 2 - Wakeup Song: Chet Atkins medley - . Flight: Skylab 2 . "Chet Atkins medley".

1974 January 5 - .
  • Skylab 2 - Wakeup Song: Strawberry Roan - . Flight: Skylab 2 . "Strawberry Roan" and"El Paso" by Marty Robbins Commander Gerald P. Carr commented:"Gene Autry, eat your heart out" CAPCOM: Henry Hartsfield.

1974 January 5 - . 01:45 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 200A.
  • JHU UVS Kohoutek Optical / ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 233 km (144 mi).

1974 January 6 - .
  • Skylab 2 - Wakeup Song: Herb Alpert Tijuana Brass medley - . Flight: Skylab 2 . "Herb Alpert Tijuana Brass medley" CAPCOM: Henry Hartsfield.

1974 January 7 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Antigua. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Starute, Datasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 48 km (29 mi).

1974 January 8 - . 01:40 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 200A.
  • NRL NB12.271 Aeronomy / extreme ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 193 km (119 mi).

1974 January 9 - . Launch Site: Kourou. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas.
  • EXAMETNET 35-45 - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1974 January 9 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Molodezhnaya. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 86 km (53 mi).

1974 January 10 - .
  • Studies on Skylab 1 OWS revisit at some future date. - . Nation: USA. Program: Skylab. Spacecraft Bus: Skylab. Spacecraft: Skylab.

    Studies had been conducted to determine an end-of-mission configuration for the Orbital Workshop and for maintaining the option of an OWS revisit at some future date. MSFC assessed the special deactivation requirements for the AM, MDA, and the Workshop required to establish a satisfactory, economical configuration. JSC made an evaluation of ground support monitoring and control options. The OWS would be left in a configuration that would permit a revisit at some future date without reactivation.


1974 January 11 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • Gerdien condenser Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 70 km (43 mi).

1974 January 12 - .
  • Skylab 2 - Wakeup Song: Come Saturday Morning - . Flight: Skylab 2 . "Come Saturday Morning" CAPCOM: Bruce McCandless.

1974 January 12 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC162/36. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: R-36 8K67.
  • DKh state trials flight - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 January 12 - . 19:12 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 4 AC.
  • DLR H-GR-58 X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 246 km (152 mi).

1974 January 13 - .
  • Skylab 2 - Wakeup Song: Light My Fire - . Flight: Skylab 2 . "Light My Fire" by The Lettermen (sic) CAPCOM: Bruce McCandless.

1974 January 13 - . 02:10 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 200A. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 82 km (50 mi).

1974 January 14 - .
  • Skylab 2 - Wakeup Song: Neil Diamond vocal - . Flight: Skylab 2 . "Neil Diamond vocal" CAPCOM: Bruce McCandless.

1974 January 14 - . 11:35 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 86 km (53 mi).

1974 January 15 - .
  • Skylab 2 - Wakeup Song: The First Time Ever I Saw Your Face - . Flight: Skylab 2 . "The First Time Ever I Saw Your Face" CAPCOM: Bruce McCandless.

1974 January 15 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 234 km (145 mi).

1974 January 16 - .
  • Skylab 2 - Wakeup Song: Spiders and Snakes - . Flight: Skylab 2 . "Spiders and Snakes" CAPCOM: Bruce McCandless.

1974 January 16 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 200A.
  • Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1974 January 16 - . 02:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 9M.
  • Ionosphere-solar mission Ionosphere-solar mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 360 km (220 mi).

1974 January 16 - . 17:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 205 km (127 mi).

1974 January 16 - . 18:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 103 km (64 mi).

1974 January 17 - .
  • Kamanin sees Comet Kohoutek. - . Nation: Russia.

1974 January 17 - .
  • Skylab 2 - Wakeup Song: O What a Beautiful Morning - . Flight: Skylab 2 . "O What a Beautiful Morning" CAPCOM: Bob Crippen.

1974 January 17 - . 02:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 298 km (185 mi).

1974 January 17 - . 10:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 628 - . Mass: 550 kg (1,210 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Tsiklon satellite. USAF Sat Cat: 7094 . COSPAR: 1974-001A. Apogee: 1,008 km (626 mi). Perigee: 952 km (591 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 104.70 min. Military navigation satellite..

1974 January 18 - . 09:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 92 km (57 mi).

1974 January 19 - .
  • Skylab 2 - Wakeup Song: Off We Go Into the Wild Blue Yonder - . Flight: Skylab 2 . "Off We Go Into the Wild Blue Yonder" - The Air Force Song -"Anchors Aweigh" &"Ear Splitting Louder Boomer" by Steppenwolf. The last for lone civilian of crew, pilot Ed Gibson CAPCOM: Bob Crippen.

1974 January 19 - . 01:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17B. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Delta 2313. FAILURE: Partial Failure. Failed to reach planned orbit.. Failed Stage: U.
  • Skynet 2A - . Mass: 129 kg (284 lb). Nation: UK. Agency: MoD. Program: Skynet. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Skynet. Spacecraft: Skynet. Decay Date: 1974-01-25 . USAF Sat Cat: 7096 . COSPAR: 1974-002A. Apogee: 1,803 km (1,120 mi). Perigee: 104 km (64 mi). Inclination: 37.5000 deg. Period: 104.10 min. Partial Failure. Failed to reach planned orbit..

1974 January 19 - . 11:34 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 4.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 110 km (60 mi).

1974 January 20 - .
  • Skylab 2 - Wakeup Song: Marines Hymn - . Flight: Skylab 2 . "Marines Hymn" ,"Quiet Village","Hawaiian War Chant" CAPCOM: Bob Crippen.

1974 January 20 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC103. LV Family: R-36M. Launch Vehicle: R-36M 15A14.
  • POR state trials missile launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 January 21 - .
  • Skylab 2 - Wakeup Song: The Party's Over - . Flight: Skylab 2 . "The Party's Over" by Julie London"Misty" by Julie London CAPCOM: William Thornton.

1974 January 21 - . 02:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 298 km (185 mi).

1974 January 21 - . 11:30 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 4.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 114 km (70 mi).

1974 January 22 - .
  • Skylab 2 - Wakeup Song: Spiders and Snakes - . Flight: Skylab 2 . "Spiders and Snakes" CAPCOM: Richard Truly.

1974 January 22 - . 02:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 298 km (185 mi).

1974 January 22 - . 11:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima L. LV Family: Lambda. Launch Vehicle: Lambda 3H.
  • St 2: 329 km X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 1,571 km (976 mi).

1974 January 22 - . 16:45 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 200A.
  • Solar extreme ultraviolet / x-ray mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 238 km (147 mi).

1974 January 23 - .
  • Birth of Jack David "2fish" Fischer - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Fischer. American test pilot astronaut, 2009-on..

1974 January 23 - .
  • Flight: Skylab 2 . "Happy Birthday" "For He's a Jolly Good Fellow" by Pogue family In honor of Bill Pogue CAPCOM: Richard Truly.

1974 January 23 - . 02:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF06. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B.
  • SSTTP M2-28 Target mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1974 January 23 - . 06:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VB.
  • Aurora / aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 208 km (129 mi).

1974 January 23 - . 11:30 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 4.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 106 km (65 mi).

1974 January 24 - .
  • Skylab 2 - Wakeup Song: Misty - . Flight: Skylab 2 . "Misty" CAPCOM: Richard Truly.

1974 January 24 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57.
  • Cosmos 629 - . Mass: 6,000 kg (13,200 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-2M satellite. Duration: 12.00 days. Decay Date: 1974-02-05 . USAF Sat Cat: 7100 . COSPAR: 1974-003A. Apogee: 289 km (179 mi). Perigee: 197 km (122 mi). Inclination: 62.8000 deg. Period: 89.40 min. Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule. First successful test of SpK small film return capsule planned for Yantar. SpK capsule FEU-170-13 No. 1702 / 2L successfully recovered..
  • Cosmos 629 Nauka - . Payload: FEU-170-13 s/n 2L. Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Nauka. Spacecraft: Nauka. Decay Date: 1974-02-05 . USAF Sat Cat: 7100 . COSPAR: 1974-003xx. Apogee: 280 km (170 mi). Perigee: 194 km (120 mi). Inclination: 62.8000 deg. Period: 89.20 min.

1974 January 25 - .
  • Skylab 2 - Wakeup Song: On Top of the World - . Flight: Skylab 2 . "On Top of the World" by The Carpenters CAPCOM: Richard Truly.

1974 January 25 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 January 25 - . 11:30 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 4.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 109 km (67 mi).

1974 January 26 - .
  • Skylab 2 - Wakeup Song: In the Wee Small Hours of the Morning - . Flight: Skylab 2 . "In the Wee Small Hours of the Morning" by Julie London CAPCOM: Richard Truly.

1974 January 26 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 January 26 - . 09:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. Launch Complex: Barking Sands LC12. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Tomahawk. FAILURE: Failure.
  • LRL ACS-7C X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1974 January 26 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF25. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3.
  • OT GT24GB-1 operational test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1974 January 26 - . 18:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Terrier. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Recruit.
  • SAMS - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 4.00 km (2.40 mi).

1974 January 27 - .
  • Skylab 2 - Wakeup Song: El Manicero - . Flight: Skylab 2 . "El Manicero" Herb Alpert & Tijuana Brass?.

1974 January 27 - . 19:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Ferdinand 35 / Polar 3 Aurora mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NASA, NDRE. Apogee: 238 km (147 mi).

1974 January 28 - .
  • Skylab 2 - Wakeup Song: A medley of soft music.. - . Flight: Skylab 2 . "A medley of soft music.." CAPCOM: Henry Hartsfield.

1974 January 28 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: UNKO. Launch Platform: SHOK. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 95 km (59 mi).

1974 January 29 - .
  • Skylab 2 - Wakeup Song: If - . Flight: Skylab 2 . "If" by Bread;"Gypsies, Tramps, and Thieves" by Cher; and"Sensuous Woman" by Mystic Moods CAPCOM: Henry Hartsfield.

1974 January 29 - . 17:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: UNKO. Launch Platform: SHIR. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 81 km (50 mi).

1974 January 30 - .
  • Skylab 2 - Wakeup Song: Ghost Riders in the Sky - . Flight: Skylab 2 . "Ghost Riders in the Sky" CAPCOM: Henry Hartsfield.

1974 January 30 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S2.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 January 30 - . 11:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57.
  • Cosmos 630 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-4MK. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1974-02-13 . USAF Sat Cat: 7104 . COSPAR: 1974-004A. Apogee: 346 km (214 mi). Perigee: 203 km (126 mi). Inclination: 72.8000 deg. Period: 90.00 min. High resolution photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1974 January - .
  • Television version of Apollo 13 mission - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Flight: Apollo 13.

    Universal Studios filmed a program for the ABC TV Network entitled, "Houston, We've Got a Problem." Although fictitious, the show revolved around mission control and the flight controllers during the Apollo 13 mission. The production was televised March 2, 1974.


1974 January 31 - .
  • Skylab 2 - Wakeup Song: Burning Love - . Flight: Skylab 2 . "Burning Love" by Elvis Presley CAPCOM: Henry Hartsfield.

1974 January 31 - . 02:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Ryori. LV Family: MT-135. Launch Vehicle: MT-135P.
  • Meteorological mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: JMA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1974 February 1 - . Launch Site: Nenoksa. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Vysota.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 February 1 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: Temp-2S. Launch Vehicle: Temp-2S.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 February 1 - . Launch Site: Nenoksa. Launch Platform: PLBR. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Vysota.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 February 1 - . 06:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Tanegashima. Launch Complex: Tanegashima T. LV Family: JCR. Launch Vehicle: JCR.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: NASDA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1974 February 2 - . 01:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Tanegashima. Launch Complex: Tanegashima T. LV Family: MT-135. Launch Vehicle: MT-135P.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: NASDA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1974 February 3 - .
  • Skylab 2 - Wakeup Song: Walk Through the Black Forest - . Flight: Skylab 2 . "Walk Through the Black Forest" by Herb Alpert & Tijuana Brass.

1974 February 3 - . 15:19 GMT - .
1974 February 4 - .
  • Skylab 2 - Wakeup Song: Rachmaninoff Concerto No. 3 - . Flight: Skylab 2 . "Rachmaninoff Concerto No. 3" played by Van Cliburn.

1974 February 4 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC177. LV Family: MR-UR-100. Launch Vehicle: MR-UR-100.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 February 4 - . Launch Site: Kourou. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas.
  • EXAMETNET 35-46 - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1974 February 4 - . 14:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 6 AC.
  • XRB / extreme ultraviolet survey X-ray / extreme ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 197 km (122 mi).

1974 February 5 - .
1974 February 5 - .
  • Skylab 2 - Wakeup Song: Out in the Country - . Flight: Skylab 2 . "Out in the Country" by Three Dog Night" and"I Feel the Earth Move" by Carole King. CAPCOM: Henry Hartsfield.

1974 February 6 - .
  • Skylab 2 - Wakeup Song: Soul of Spain - . Flight: Skylab 2 . "Soul of Spain" by 101 Strings.

1974 February 6 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg WTR. Launch Platform: SSBN 598. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3.
  • Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 February 6 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg WTR. Launch Platform: SSBN 598. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3.
  • Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 February 6 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg WTR. Launch Platform: SSBN 598. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3.
  • Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 February 6 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg WTR. Launch Platform: SSBN 598. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3.
  • Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 February 6 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg WTR. Launch Platform: SSBN 598. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3.
  • Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 February 6 - . 00:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 631 - . Mass: 875 kg (1,929 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Tselina-O. Spacecraft: Tselina-O. Decay Date: 1980-10-03 . USAF Sat Cat: 7109 . COSPAR: 1974-005A. Apogee: 545 km (338 mi). Perigee: 519 km (322 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 95.20 min. Replaced Cosmos 479. Possible ELINT satellite..

1974 February 6 - . 22:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant IVB.
  • DLR A-BB4-63 Auroral mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 548 km (340 mi).

1974 February 7 - .
  • Skylab 2 - Wakeup Song: Carmen - . Flight: Skylab 2 . "Carmen" by Bizet and"Shaft" by Isaac Hayes CAPCOM: Bruce McCandless.

1974 February 7 - . 09:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: UNKO. Launch Platform: SHOK. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 89 km (55 mi).

1974 February 8 - . LV Family: Saturn I. Launch Vehicle: Saturn IB.
  • KSC was directed to discontinue plans for the Skylab rescue capability and to move the rescue vehicle (SA-209 and CSM-119) back to the Vehicle Assembly Building. - . Nation: USA. Program: Skylab. Spacecraft Bus: Apollo CSM. Spacecraft: Apollo Rescue CSM. Upon completion of this action, Headquarters responsibility for the SA-209 and CSM-119 would be transferred to the Program Director of the Apollo-Soyuz Test Program..

1974 February 8 - .
  • Skylab 2 - Wakeup Song: Goin'Back to Houston - . Flight: Skylab 2 . "Goin'Back to Houston" by Dean Martin Apollo-SOYUZ TEST PROJECT (ASTP) July 15-24, 1975.

1974 February 8 - .
1974 February 9 - . 02:10 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 200A.
  • X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 186 km (115 mi).

1974 February 9 - . 06:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Tanegashima. Launch Complex: Tanegashima T. LV Family: LS-C. Launch Vehicle: LS-C.
  • LE-3 test - . Nation: Japan. Agency: NASDA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1974 February 10 - .
1974 February 11 - . 13:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC41. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan IIIE. FAILURE: Centaur LOX pump failure.. Failed Stage: U.
  • Sphinx - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Spacecraft Bus: Sphinx. Spacecraft: Sphinx. Decay Date: 1974-02-12 . Space Plasma High Voltage Interaction Experiment. Payload carried on test flight of Titan 3E booster..
  • Viking Dynamic Simulator - . Payload: VDS. Mass: 3,399 kg (7,493 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Spacecraft Bus: Viking. Spacecraft: Viking.

1974 February 12 - .
  • Mars 5, Mars Orbit Insertion - . Nation: Russia. Spacecraft Bus: 4MV. Spacecraft: Mars M-73.

1974 February 12 - . 04:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 200A.
  • Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 227 km (141 mi).

1974 February 12 - . 08:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. Launch Pad: LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57.
  • Cosmos 632 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-4M. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1974-02-26 . USAF Sat Cat: 7117 . COSPAR: 1974-006A. Apogee: 303 km (188 mi). Perigee: 176 km (109 mi). Inclination: 65.0000 deg. Period: 89.30 min. High resolution photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1974 February 13 - . Launch Site: Wake Island. LV Family: Athena RTV. Launch Vehicle: Athena H.
  • HAVE MILL 1 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army, USAF. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi). The first-launch in the HAVE MILL program occurred; the launch vehicle was an Athena H, and the launch site was the Wake Island Launch Complex. .

1974 February 13 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC140/18. LV Family: R-36M. Launch Vehicle: R-36M 15A14. FAILURE: Failure.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1974 February 13 - . 15:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • IPOCAMP? - . Nation: Russia. Agency: AN, CNES. Apogee: 184 km (114 mi).

1974 February 13 - . 18:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC4W. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 24B.
  • OPS 6889 - . Payload: KH-8 no. 41 / Agena D. Mass: 3,000 kg (6,600 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO, USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: WS-117. Spacecraft: KH-8. Decay Date: 1974-03-17 . USAF Sat Cat: 7121 . COSPAR: 1974-007A. Apogee: 396 km (246 mi). Perigee: 135 km (83 mi). Inclination: 110.4000 deg. Period: 89.90 min. KH-8 type satellite. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A). .

1974 February 13 - . 22:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant IVB.
  • Aurora / ionosphere / fields mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 638 km (396 mi).

1974 February 14 - . Launch Site: Kourou. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas.
  • EXAMETNET 35-47 - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1974 February 14 - . 06:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • CVF Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1974 February 15 - .
  • X-24 Flight 36 - . Crew: Love, Michael. Payload: X-24B flight 8. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Love, Michael. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft Bus: X-24. Spacecraft: X-24B. Maximum Speed - 724 kph. Maximum Altitude - 13720 m. Flight Time - 307 sec..

1974 February 15 - . 12:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere/Chemical release/Plasma mission - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1974 February 16 - . 05:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima M. LV Family: Mu. Launch Vehicle: Mu-3C.
  • Tansei 2 - . Payload: MS T2. Mass: 65 kg (143 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Tansei. Spacecraft: Tansei. Decay Date: 1983-01-22 . USAF Sat Cat: 7122 . COSPAR: 1974-008A. Apogee: 3,231 km (2,007 mi). Perigee: 284 km (176 mi). Inclination: 31.2000 deg. Period: 121.70 min. Attitude control satellite (performance test of launch vehicle). .

1974 February 16 - . 08:33 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 350.
  • HISTAR Infrared astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 111 km (68 mi).

1974 February 16 - . 10:03 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Ute Tomahawk.
  • Density Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF CRL. Apogee: 190 km (110 mi).

1974 February 17 - . 19:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Koroni. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 79 km (49 mi).

1974 February 18 - . 10:05 GMT - . Launch Site: San Marco. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout D-1.
  • San Marco 4 - . Payload: San Marco C2. Mass: 164 kg (361 lb). Nation: Italy. Agency: CRS. Class: Earth. Type: Atmosphere satellite. Spacecraft Bus: San Marco satellite. Spacecraft: San Marco satellite. Decay Date: 1976-05-04 . USAF Sat Cat: 7154 . COSPAR: 1974-009A. Apogee: 875 km (543 mi). Perigee: 270 km (160 mi). Inclination: 2.9000 deg. Period: 96.10 min. Measurement of density, temperature, composition of atmosphere. Launch time 10:05:28.5 GMT. Anticipated life: 3 years. .

1974 February 19 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 February 19 - . 07:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Javelin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Hydac.
  • ICECAP 74A Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL, DNA. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1974 February 20 - . 17:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 2C.
  • SSC C111 / 1 Aurora mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 155 km (96 mi).

1974 February 20 - . 18:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • SSC S10 / 2 (Substorm) Aurora mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: NASA, SSC. Apogee: 235 km (146 mi).

1974 February 20 - . 18:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 2C.
  • SSC C111 / 2 Aurora mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 152 km (94 mi).

1974 February 20 - . 19:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • SSC S10 / 1 (Substorm) Aurora mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: NASA, SSC. Apogee: 235 km (146 mi).

1974 February 21 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC104. LV Family: R-36M. Launch Vehicle: R-36M 15A14.
  • POR state trials missile launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 February 21 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 February 21 - . 09:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • HIRIS Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 180 km (110 mi).

1974 February 22 - . Launch Site: Kourou. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas.
  • EXAMETNET 35-43B EOLE-ISENTROPE No. 2 - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1974 February 22 - . 04:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant II.
  • Auroral VUV Aurora / aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 131 km (81 mi).

1974 February 22 - . 06:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Auroral zone NO Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 137 km (85 mi).

1974 February 23 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kerguelen. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 88 km (54 mi).

1974 February 24 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC101. LV Family: R-36M. Launch Vehicle: R-36M 15A14.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 February 24 - . 14:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere/Chemical release/Plasma mission - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 165 km (102 mi).

1974 February 25 - . Launch Site: Kourou. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas.
  • EXAMETNET 35-44B - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1974 February 25 - . 07:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • MUTI Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 195 km (121 mi).

1974 February 26 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC173. LV Family: MR-UR-100. Launch Vehicle: MR-UR-100.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 February 26 - . Launch Site: Uzhur. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: R-36 8K67.
  • ICBM operational test launch from missile base silo - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 February 26 - . Launch Site: Uzhur. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: R-36 8K67.
  • ICBM operational test launch from missile base silo - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 February 27 - . Launch Site: Kourou. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas.
  • EXAMETNET 35-48 EOLE-ISENTROPE No. 3 - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1974 February 27 - . Launch Site: Uzhur. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: R-36 8K67.
  • ICBM operational test launch from missile base silo - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 February 27 - . Launch Site: Uzhur. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: R-36 8K67.
  • ICBM operational test launch from missile base silo - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 February 27 - . Launch Site: Uzhur. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: R-36 8K67.
  • ICBM operational test launch from missile base silo - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 February 27 - . Launch Site: Uzhur. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: R-36 8K67.
  • ICBM operational test launch from missile base silo - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 February 27 - . 11:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 633 - . Payload: DS-P1-Yu s/n 71. Mass: 400 kg (880 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-Yu. Completed Operations Date: 1974-10-04 . Decay Date: 1974-10-04 . USAF Sat Cat: 7187 . COSPAR: 1974-010A. Apogee: 491 km (305 mi). Perigee: 271 km (168 mi). Inclination: 71.0000 deg. Period: 92.20 min. Development of systems for air defence and the control of outer space..

1974 February 28 - . 02:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VB.
  • ISIS-2 pass Aurora mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 246 km (152 mi).

1974 March 1 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 395-C. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan II.
  • Operational Test M2-31 - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi). SSTTP M2-31 Target mission.

1974 March 1 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC177. LV Family: MR-UR-100. Launch Vehicle: MR-UR-100.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 Mar? - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: Temp-2S. Launch Vehicle: Temp-2S.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 March 1 - . 03:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1974 March 2 - . 05:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 135 km (83 mi).

1974 March 4 - .
  • Death of Mikhail Klavdiyevich Tikhonravov - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Tikhonravov. Pioneering Soviet engineer and space visionary. Designer at Nll-4 and Korolev design bureau. Leader in development of Sputnik and Vostok spacecraft. Also performed early ICBM work and was pioneering rocketeer at GIRD and Nll-3..

1974 March 4 - . 19:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1974 March 5 - .
  • X-24 Flight 37 - . Crew: Manke. Payload: X-24B flight 9. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Manke. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft Bus: X-24. Spacecraft: X-24B. First supersonic flight. Maximum Speed - 1139 kph. Maximum Altitude - 18390 m. Flight Time - 437 sec..

1974 March 5 - . 10:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 162 km (100 mi).

1974 March 5 - . 11:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Vostok 8A92M.
  • Meteor 1-16 - . Payload: Meteor M no. 16. Mass: 3,800 kg (8,300 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Meteor. Spacecraft: Meteor M 11F614. USAF Sat Cat: 7209 . COSPAR: 1974-011A. Apogee: 877 km (544 mi). Perigee: 821 km (510 mi). Inclination: 81.2000 deg. Period: 101.90 min. Investigation of the upper atmosphere and outer space. .

1974 March 5 - . 16:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 634 - . Payload: DS-P1-Yu s/n 67. Mass: 400 kg (880 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-Yu. Completed Operations Date: 1974-09-19 . Decay Date: 1974-10-09 . USAF Sat Cat: 7211 . COSPAR: 1974-012A. Apogee: 491 km (305 mi). Perigee: 271 km (168 mi). Inclination: 70.9000 deg. Period: 92.20 min. Development of systems for air defence and the control of outer space..

1974 March 5 - . 23:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Auroral VUV Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 156 km (96 mi).

1974 March 6 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 576A1. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas F.
  • BMRS SFT-1 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,400 km (800 mi).

1974 March 7 - . 09:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: UNKO. Launch Platform: SHOK. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 93 km (57 mi).

1974 March 8 - . 14:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Met Para, Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1974 March 9 - .
  • Kamanin in retirement. - . Nation: Russia.

    Gagarin's birthday. Kamanin reflects that before Gagarin's death, everything seemed possible - they were planning manned expeditions to the Moon, Mars, Venus…now there are no plans for man to ever get beyond low earth orbit. Kamanin's life in retirement is full of small concerns. He spends time at the dacha, the apartment needs repairs but he has no savings to pay for it. He goes to Communist Party meetings and commemorations of various space anniversaries. He is consulted to provide advice for historical books and films.


1974 March 9 - . Launch Site: Wake Island. LV Family: Athena RTV. Launch Vehicle: Athena H.
  • HAVE MILL 2 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army, USAF. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1974 March 9 - . 02:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC5. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout D-1.
  • Miranda - . Payload: X-4. Mass: 93 kg (205 lb). Nation: UK. Agency: Royal Aerospace Establishment. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Miranda. Spacecraft: Miranda. USAF Sat Cat: 7213 . COSPAR: 1974-013A. Apogee: 866 km (538 mi). Perigee: 677 km (420 mi). Inclination: 97.9000 deg. Period: 100.30 min. Satellite technology. Miranda was launched at 02:22:11.4 GMT on 1974 Mar 9. Interjection point 13.9N, 126.0E. Anticipated life: longer than 50 years. .

1974 March 10 - . 09:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Auroral mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 189 km (117 mi).

1974 March 11 - . 17:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Met Para, Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 57 km (35 mi).

1974 March 11 - . 22:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Talos. Launch Vehicle: Tater.
  • SAMS/TATER - . Nation: USA. Agency: SAND. Apogee: 4.00 km (2.40 mi).

1974 March 12 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF05. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 2.
  • ERCS GIANT MOON 5 Communications mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1974 March 13 - . Launch Site: Kourou. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas.
  • EXAMETNET 35-49 - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1974 March 13 - . 19:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 171 km (106 mi).

1974 March 14 - . 10:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57.
  • Cosmos 635 - . Mass: 6,000 kg (13,200 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-2M satellite. Duration: 12.00 days. Decay Date: 1974-03-26 . USAF Sat Cat: 7216 . COSPAR: 1974-014A. Apogee: 322 km (200 mi). Perigee: 204 km (126 mi). Inclination: 72.8000 deg. Period: 89.70 min. Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; separated Nauka autonomous subsatellite 17KS M15000-171 / 1L which tested astro-visir and radio altimeter systems for Yantar..
  • Nauka Cosmos 635 - . Payload: Nauka 17KS No. 1L. Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Spacecraft Bus: Nauka. Spacecraft: Nauka. Decay Date: 1974-04-07 . USAF Sat Cat: 7222 . COSPAR: 1974-014E. Apogee: 303 km (188 mi). Perigee: 198 km (123 mi). Inclination: 72.8000 deg. Period: 89.52 min.

1974 March 14 - . 12:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 177 km (109 mi).

1974 March 14 - . 17:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere/Chemical release/Plasma mission - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 177 km (109 mi).

1974 March 14 - . 19:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere/Chemical release/Plasma mission - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 162 km (100 mi).

1974 March 15 - .
  • Death of Werner Tiller - . Nation: Germany, USA. Related Persons: Tiller. German engineer in WW2, member of the Rocket Team in the United States thereafter..

1974 March 15 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere/Chemical release/Plasma mission - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 173 km (107 mi).

1974 March 16 - . 03:35 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 200A.
  • Astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 199 km (123 mi).

1974 March 16 - . 08:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC10W. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor Burner 2A.
  • DMSP-Block-5B F5 - . Payload: DMSP 8531 / OPS 8579. Mass: 195 kg (429 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Program: DMSP. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DMSP Block 4/5 satellites. Spacecraft: DMSP Block 5B. USAF Sat Cat: 7218 . COSPAR: 1974-015A. Apogee: 846 km (525 mi). Perigee: 757 km (470 mi). Inclination: 99.1000 deg. Period: 100.90 min. Defense Meteorological Satellite Program..

1974 March 16 - . 12:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Sandhawk. Launch Vehicle: Sandhawk Tomahawk.
  • Acanta / Contiga Aeronomy / Fields mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 576 km (357 mi).

1974 March 16 - . 13:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1974 March 16 - . 18:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Talos. Launch Vehicle: Tater.
  • Nation: USA. Agency: SAND. Apogee: 4.00 km (2.40 mi).

1974 March 16 - . 19:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Talos. Launch Vehicle: Tater.
  • Nation: USA. Agency: SAND. Apogee: 4.00 km (2.40 mi).

1974 March 17 - . 19:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Super Chief. Launch Vehicle: Super Chief II.
  • Extreme ultraviolet Airglow Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1974 March 18 - . 20:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere/Chemical release/Plasma mission - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 167 km (103 mi).

1974 March 19 - . 17:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Chemical release/Plasma mission - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 146 km (90 mi).

1974 March 20 - . 08:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. Launch Pad: LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Cosmos 636 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-4MK. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1974-04-03 . USAF Sat Cat: 7225 . COSPAR: 1974-016A. Apogee: 302 km (187 mi). Perigee: 169 km (105 mi). Inclination: 65.0000 deg. Period: 89.20 min. High resolution photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1974 March 21 - . 04:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 200A.
  • Auroral Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 251 km (155 mi).

1974 March 21 - . 09:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. LV Family: Super Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • Temp. Profile - . Nation: France. Agency: WFC. Apogee: 70 km (43 mi).

1974 March 21 - . 16:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1974 March 22 - .
  • Death of Valeriy Dmitriyevich Kalmykov - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Kalmykov. Russian bureaucrat. Minister of Radio-Technical Industry 1954-1974..

1974 March 22 - . 06:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 119 km (73 mi).

1974 March 22 - . 09:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 121 km (75 mi).

1974 March 23 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 576A3. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas F.
  • BMRS ACE-2 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,400 km (800 mi).

1974 March 23 - . 08:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Strypi IVA. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Acanta-Contiga Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1974 March 24 - . Launch Site: Wake Island. LV Family: Athena RTV. Launch Vehicle: Athena H.
  • HAVE MILL 3 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army, USAF. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1974 March 25 - . 21:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Starute, Datasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 69 km (42 mi).

1974 March 26 - . 13:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC81/23. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K/DM.
  • Cosmos 637 - . Payload: Gran dummy s/n 21D. Mass: 2,000 kg (4,400 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-3. Spacecraft: Raduga. Completed Operations Date: 1974-03-26 . USAF Sat Cat: 7229 . COSPAR: 1974-017A. Apogee: 35,795 km (22,241 mi). Perigee: 35,493 km (22,054 mi). Inclination: 14.3000 deg. Period: 1,428.80 min.

    Test of Block D stage in geosynchronous satellite delivery role. Placed dummy Raduga satellite in geosynchronous orbit. As of 4 September 2001 located at 44.61 deg E drifting at 1.835 deg E per day. As of 2007 Mar 11 located at 119.66E drifting at 1.819E degrees per day.


1974 March 27 - . Launch Site: Kourou. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas.
  • EXAMETNET 35-50 - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1974 March 27 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kerguelen. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 91 km (56 mi).

1974 March 28 - . 04:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF07. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 2.
  • FOT GT117M-1 Follow-on Test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi). The First Strategic Aerospace Division (1STRAD) launched the 125th Minuteman II (LGM-30F) to be fired from Vandenberg AFB. .

1974 March 28 - . 04:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Ute Tomahawk.
  • Churchill 74 Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF CRL. Apogee: 129 km (80 mi).

1974 March 29 - .
  • Mariner 10 first flyby of Mercury - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft Bus: Mariner. Spacecraft: Mariner 10. Mariner 10 flew past Mercury at 756 km altitude. Photographs taken during the pass revealed an intensely cratered, Moon-like surface and a faint atmosphere of mostly helium..

1974 March 29 - .
1974 March 29 - . 02:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Chilca. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant IVB.
  • EQUION Ionosphere / eclipse mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: Aerospace. Apogee: 742 km (461 mi).

1974 March 29 - . 04:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 167 km (103 mi).

1974 March 29 - . 22:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Talos. Launch Vehicle: Tater.
  • Nation: USA. Agency: SAND. Apogee: 4.00 km (2.40 mi).

1974 March 29 - . 23:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Talos. Launch Vehicle: Tater.
  • Nation: USA. Agency: SAND. Apogee: 4.00 km (2.40 mi).

1974 March 30 - . 01:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Loki Dart.
  • Starute, Datasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 62 km (38 mi).

1974 March 30 - . 02:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Talos. Launch Vehicle: Tater.
  • Nation: USA. Agency: SAND. Apogee: 4.00 km (2.40 mi).

1974 March 31 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: UNKO. Launch Platform: SHOK. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 87 km (54 mi).

1974 Apr? - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: Temp-2S. Launch Vehicle: Temp-2S.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 April 1 - . 22:37 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Atomic oxygen Atmospheric mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 142 km (88 mi).

1974 April 1 - . 22:56 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Atomic oxygen Atmospheric mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 134 km (83 mi).

1974 April 2 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF02. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 2.
  • FOT GT119M Follow-on Test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1974 April 3 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC177. LV Family: MR-UR-100. Launch Vehicle: MR-UR-100.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 April 3 - . 03:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Ute Tomahawk.
  • Churchill 74 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF CRL. Apogee: 209 km (129 mi).

1974 April 3 - . 05:24 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Atomic oxygen Atmospheric mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 133 km (82 mi).

1974 April 3 - . 05:40 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Atomic oxygen Atmospheric mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 133 km (82 mi).

1974 April 3 - . 07:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Cosmos 638 - . Payload: Soyuz ASTP s/n 71-EPSA. Mass: 6,570 kg (14,480 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: ASTP. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-TM. Duration: 9.89 days. Decay Date: 1974-04-13 . USAF Sat Cat: 7234 . COSPAR: 1974-018A. Apogee: 309 km (192 mi). Perigee: 187 km (116 mi). Inclination: 51.8000 deg. Period: 89.40 min.

    Unmanned Soyuz test flight. Recovered April 13, 1974 5:05 GMT. Soyuz ASTP Test.
    Maneuver Summary:
    190km X 309km orbit to 190km X 266km orbit. Delta V: 12 m/s
    190km X 266km orbit to 240km X 300km orbit. Delta V: 23 m/s
    240km X 300km orbit to 258km X 274km orbit. Delta V: 12 m/s
    Total Delta V: 47 m/s.
    Officially: Investigation of the upper atmosphere and outer space.


1974 April 3 - . 14:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere/Chemical release/Plasma mission - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 184 km (114 mi).

1974 April 3 - . 19:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Ute Tomahawk.
  • Churchill 74 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF CRL. Apogee: 129 km (80 mi).

1974 April 4 - . 08:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57.
  • Cosmos 639 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-4MK. Duration: 11.00 days. Decay Date: 1974-04-15 . USAF Sat Cat: 7240 . COSPAR: 1974-019A. Apogee: 226 km (140 mi). Perigee: 206 km (128 mi). Inclination: 81.3000 deg. Period: 88.90 min. High resolution photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1974 April 4 - . 13:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere/Chemical release/Plasma mission - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 166 km (103 mi).

1974 April 5 - . 01:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF21. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3.
  • Research and development launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1974 April 6 - . 04:10 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 350.
  • Astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 237 km (147 mi).

1974 April 8 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Terrier. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Recruit.
  • SAMS R487411 - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 4.00 km (2.40 mi).

1974 April 8 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Terrier. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Recruit.
  • SAMS R487406 - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 4.00 km (2.40 mi).

1974 April 8 - . 12:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Antigua. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Starute, Datasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 40 km (24 mi).

1974 April 8 - . 17:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Talos. Launch Vehicle: Tater.
  • Nation: USA. Agency: SAND. Apogee: 4.00 km (2.40 mi).

1974 April 8 - . 18:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Talos. Launch Vehicle: Tater.
  • Nation: USA. Agency: SAND. Apogee: 4.00 km (2.40 mi).

1974 April 9 - . 05:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Ute Tomahawk.
  • Churchill 74 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF CRL. Apogee: 169 km (105 mi).

1974 April 10 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC4E. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan IIID.
  • KH-9 no. 08 Capsule - . Mass: 60 kg (132 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KH-9. Spacecraft: KH-9. COSPAR: 1974-020xx. Apogee: 830 km (510 mi). Perigee: 786 km (488 mi). Inclination: 94.6000 deg. Period: 101.10 min. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A). .
  • KH-9 no. 08 - . Payload: OPS 6245. Mass: 13,300 kg (29,300 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: CIA, NRO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KH-9. Spacecraft: KH-9. Decay Date: 1974-07-28 . USAF Sat Cat: 7242 . COSPAR: 1974-020A. Apogee: 285 km (177 mi). Perigee: 153 km (95 mi). Inclination: 94.5000 deg. Period: 88.90 min. KH-9 type satellite. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A). .
  • S73-7 Cal Balloon - . Payload: OPS 6935 / P 73-7. Mass: 60 kg (132 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Spacecraft Bus: S73-7 Cal Balloon. Spacecraft: S73-7 Cal Balloon. Decay Date: 1974-07-28 . USAF Sat Cat: 7244 . COSPAR: 1974-020B. Apogee: 247 km (153 mi). Perigee: 148 km (91 mi). Inclination: 94.4000 deg. Period: 88.50 min.
  • OPS 4547 - . Payload: OPS 4547 / SSF-B No. 25. Mass: 60 kg (132 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO, USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft Bus: SSF. Spacecraft: SSF. Decay Date: 1980-02-22 . USAF Sat Cat: 7247 . COSPAR: 1974-020C. Apogee: 531 km (329 mi). Perigee: 503 km (312 mi). Inclination: 94.0000 deg. Period: 95.00 min. Radar monitoring..

1974 April 11 - . 08:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Javelin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Javelin.
  • ICECAP 74B Auroral mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL, DNA. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1974 April 11 - . 12:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57.
  • Cosmos 640 - . Mass: 6,000 kg (13,200 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-2M satellite. Duration: 12.00 days. Decay Date: 1974-04-23 . USAF Sat Cat: 7245 . COSPAR: 1974-021A. Apogee: 225 km (139 mi). Perigee: 201 km (124 mi). Inclination: 81.3000 deg. Period: 88.80 min. Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; separated capsule (?)..

1974 April 12 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57. FAILURE: Failure. Failed Stage: U.
  • Zenit-4MK - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-4MK. High resolution photo reconnaissance mission..

1974 April 12 - . 23:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 658. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Poseidon C3.
  • Demonstration and shakedown operations launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1974 April 12 - . 23:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Astrobee. Launch Vehicle: Astrobee D.
  • VLF Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF CRL. Apogee: 129 km (80 mi).

1974 April 13 - . 23:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17B. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Delta 2914.
  • Westar 1 - . Mass: 500 kg (1,100 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: WUTC. Program: Westar. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: HS 333. Spacecraft: HS 333. Completed Operations Date: 1983-05-02 . USAF Sat Cat: 7250 . COSPAR: 1974-022A. Apogee: 35,900 km (22,300 mi). Perigee: 35,886 km (22,298 mi). Inclination: 13.4000 deg. Period: 1,441.50 min.

    Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C). Positioned in geosynchronous orbit over the Americas at 99 deg W in 1974-1982; over the Americas at 100 deg W in 1982; over the Americas at 97 deg W in 1982; over the Americas at 79 deg W in 1982-1983 As of 5 September 2001 located at 85.83 deg W drifting at 1.372 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 89.54E drifting at 1.381W degrees per day.


1974 April 15 - . 20:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Starute, Datasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 56 km (34 mi).

1974 April 16 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC162/36. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: R-36 8K67.
  • DKh state trials flight - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 April 16 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF06. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B.
  • SSTTP M2-135 Target mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1974 April 17 - . Launch Site: Kourou. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas.
  • EXAMETNET 35-51 - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1974 April 17 - . 10:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • ECHO III Auroral mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 275 km (170 mi).

1974 April 18 - . 08:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Paiute Tomahawk.
  • ICECAP 74B Echo 3? Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF CRL. Apogee: 185 km (114 mi).

1974 April 19 - . 04:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 199 km (123 mi).

1974 April 20 - . 20:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M.
  • Molniya 1-27 - . Payload: Molniya-1. Mass: 1,600 kg (3,500 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Molniya. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-2. Spacecraft: Molniya-1. Decay Date: 1983-11-17 . USAF Sat Cat: 7260 . COSPAR: 1974-023A. Apogee: 39,752 km (24,700 mi). Perigee: 606 km (376 mi). Inclination: 63.0000 deg. Period: 717.80 min. Uncertain if Molniya-1T model was Molniya-1 or Molniya-1T. Operation of a system of long range telephone-telegraph radiocommunication, and transmission of USSR Central Television programmes to the stations of the Orbita network..

1974 April 21 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kerguelen. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 97 km (60 mi).

1974 April 22 - . 18:02 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 170.
  • Extreme ultraviolet Aeronomy / solar extreme ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 212 km (131 mi).

1974 April 23 - . 00:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 6 AC.
  • Ions / Ba / Li / Te Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 177 km (109 mi).

1974 April 23 - . 14:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 641 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 65. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 7265 . COSPAR: 1974-024A. Apogee: 1,482 km (920 mi). Perigee: 1,387 km (861 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.50 min. Eight satellites launched by a single carrier rocket..
  • Cosmos 643 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 67. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 7267 . COSPAR: 1974-024C. Apogee: 1,482 km (920 mi). Perigee: 1,352 km (840 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.20 min.
  • Cosmos 648 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 72. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 7272 . COSPAR: 1974-024H. Apogee: 1,489 km (925 mi). Perigee: 1,438 km (893 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.20 min.
  • Cosmos 647 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 71. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 7271 . COSPAR: 1974-024G. Apogee: 1,484 km (922 mi). Perigee: 1,422 km (883 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.00 min.
  • Cosmos 646 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 70. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 7270 . COSPAR: 1974-024F. Apogee: 1,484 km (922 mi). Perigee: 1,404 km (872 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.80 min.
  • Cosmos 644 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 68. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 7268 . COSPAR: 1974-024D. Apogee: 1,482 km (920 mi). Perigee: 1,335 km (829 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.00 min.
  • Cosmos 642 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 66. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 7266 . COSPAR: 1974-024B. Apogee: 1,480 km (910 mi). Perigee: 1,319 km (819 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 113.80 min.
  • Cosmos 645 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 69. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 7269 . COSPAR: 1974-024E. Apogee: 1,482 km (920 mi). Perigee: 1,369 km (850 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.30 min.

1974 April 24 - . 11:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Vostok 8A92M.
  • Meteor 1-17 - . Payload: Meteor M no. 17. Mass: 3,800 kg (8,300 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Meteor. Spacecraft: Meteor M 11F614. USAF Sat Cat: 7274 . COSPAR: 1974-025A. Apogee: 879 km (546 mi). Perigee: 855 km (531 mi). Inclination: 81.2000 deg. Period: 102.30 min. Acquisition of meteorological information needed for use by the weather service. .

1974 April 24 - . 13:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Sriharikota. LV Family: RH. Launch Vehicle: RH-560.
  • First test - . Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 280 km (170 mi).

1974 April 25 - . 22:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1974 April 26 - . 14:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M.
  • Molniya 2-09 - . Payload: Molniya-2. Mass: 1,600 kg (3,500 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Molniya. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-2. Spacecraft: Molniya-2. USAF Sat Cat: 7276 . COSPAR: 1974-026A. Apogee: 35,168 km (21,852 mi). Perigee: 1,309 km (813 mi). Inclination: 64.4000 deg. Period: 640.60 min.

    Continued operation of the long-range telephone and telegraph radio-communication system within the Soviet Union and transmission of USSR central television programmes to stations in the Orbita and participating international networks (international cooperation scheme).


1974 April 27 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC177. LV Family: MR-UR-100. Launch Vehicle: MR-UR-100.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 April 27 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC105. LV Family: R-36M. Launch Vehicle: R-36M 15A14. FAILURE: Failure.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1974 April 27 - . 08:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF03. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B.
  • SSTTP M2-35 Target mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1974 April 28 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC173. LV Family: MR-UR-100. Launch Vehicle: MR-UR-100.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 April 29 - . 13:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57.
  • Cosmos 649 - . Mass: 6,000 kg (13,200 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-4MK. Duration: 12.00 days. Decay Date: 1974-05-11 . USAF Sat Cat: 7280 . COSPAR: 1974-027A. Apogee: 299 km (185 mi). Perigee: 181 km (112 mi). Inclination: 62.8000 deg. Period: 89.30 min. High resolution photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1974 April 29 - . 17:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 650 - . Mass: 600 kg (1,320 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Sfera. USAF Sat Cat: 7281 . COSPAR: 1974-028A. Apogee: 1,401 km (870 mi). Perigee: 1,368 km (850 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 113.40 min. Investigation of the upper atmosphere and outer space. .

1974 April 30 - .
  • X-24 Flight 38 - . Crew: Love, Michael. Payload: X-24B flight 10. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Love, Michael. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft Bus: X-24. Spacecraft: X-24B. Maximum Speed - 930 kph. Maximum Altitude - 15860 m. Flight Time - 419 sec..

1974 April 30 - . 16:55 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Quiet ionosphere Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 126 km (78 mi).

1974 May - .
  • Tselina-2 specifications approved. - . Nation: Russia. Spacecraft Bus: Tselina-2. Spacecraft: Tselina-2. The draft project was drawn up in the first quarter of 1974 and the MO approved the TTZ in May 1974..

1974 May 1 - . LV Family: N1. Launch Vehicle: N1.
  • N1 cancellation imminent - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Keldysh, Mishin, Ustinov. Program: Lunar L3. Spacecraft: L3M-1972, LK, Mars 5NM, MKBS, Soyuz 7K-LOK.

    Ustinov achieved a leadership consensus to kill the N1 by the beginning of May 1974. He achieved the agreement of the other Ministers on the Military-Industrial Commission, and finally Keldysh. Projects that were ongoing that were linked with the N1 included: the lunar base, MKBS space station, Mars robotic soil return spacecraft and manned expedition, a space radio telescope with a 100 m antenna, and multiple channel communications satellites. All of these died with the cancellation. If 8L had been successful, then after 1 or 2 further test launches, the N1-L3M could begin flying. That meant that the Soviet Union was within 3 to 4 years of establishing long-term lunar expeditions and a moon base. The Americans would have been leapfrogged. Instead, the leadership decided to develop a completely new heavy-lift launch vehicle, which never became operational before the Soviet Union collapsed.


1974 May 1 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 576A1. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas F.
  • BMRS SFT-2 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,400 km (800 mi).

1974 May? - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: Temp-2S. Launch Vehicle: Temp-2S.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 May 2 - .
  • Development of Block R LH2/LOX stage begins - . Nation: Russia. Program: Buran. Development of the Block Sr for the N1M cancelled; work on the smaller Block R LH2/LOX stage was resumed. This stage was eventually to have been used on the Buran / Vulkan launch vehicles..

1974 May 2 - . LV Family: N1. Launch Vehicle: N1.
  • N1-L3 program is cancelled - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Glushko, Kozlov, Mishin. Program: Lunar L3. Class: Manned. Type: Manned space station.

    The N1 program was cancelled before the next test flight. Mishin was removed as head of NPO Energia. Kozlov is first asked to replace him, but he prefers to stay in Samara. Glushko is appointed as the second choice. Two fully assembled (serial numbers 8L and 9L), and four partially assembled rockets were available at time of cancellation. These would have been the first to use the new modernized series NK-33/NK-39 engines. 8L was planned for launch in the fourth quarter of 1974. Confidence was high that, based on the massive telemetry received on the 7L flight, that all problems would have been rectified. A total of 3.6 billion rubles was spent on the N1-L3 program, of which 2.4 billion rubles went into N1 development. Those on the project felt that they were within months of finally providing the Soviet Union with a heavy-lift booster. Instead the work was discarded, and Glushko began design of the RLA/Vulkan with entirely new configuration and engines.


1974 May 2 - . Launch Site: Kourou. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas.
  • EXAMETNET 35-52 - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1974 May 2 - . 20:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Talos. Launch Vehicle: Tater.
  • Nation: USA. Agency: SAND. Apogee: 4.00 km (2.40 mi).

1974 May 2 - . 22:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF02. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3.
  • FOT GT44GM Follow-on Test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1974 May 3 - . 15:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Thule AFB. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Starute, AN/DMQ-9- - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 68 km (42 mi).

1974 May 4 - . 18:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Starute, Datasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 69 km (42 mi).

1974 May 5 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: UNKO. Launch Platform: SHOK. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 87 km (54 mi).

1974 May 6 - . 18:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Chaff - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 58 km (36 mi).

1974 May 7 - . Launch Site: Tonopah. LV Family: Talos. Launch Vehicle: Tater.
  • Nation: USA. Agency: SAND. Apogee: 4.00 km (2.40 mi).

1974 May 7 - . 13:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: FFK. Launch Vehicle: Forschungsflugkorper.
  • DLR C-FFK-47 test - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

1974 May 7 - . 14:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Talos. Launch Vehicle: Tater.
  • Nation: USA. Agency: SAND. Apogee: 4.00 km (2.40 mi).

1974 May 8 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Astrobee. Launch Vehicle: Astrobee F. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 155 km (96 mi).

1974 May 9 - . 13:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Koroni. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 89 km (55 mi).

1974 May 10 - . 21:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Met Sphere - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 82 km (50 mi).

1974 May 13 - . 17:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Chaff - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 64 km (39 mi).

1974 May 14 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Malemute. Launch Vehicle: Nike Malemute.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1974 May 15 - . Launch Site: Kourou. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas.
  • EXAMETNET 35-53 - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1974 May 15 - . 07:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC90/19. Launch Pad: LC90/pad?. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-2.
  • Cosmos 651 - . Mass: 3,800 kg (8,300 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: RORSAT. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military naval surveillance radar satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Kosmoplan. Spacecraft: US-A. Decay Date: 1974-09-05 . USAF Sat Cat: 7388 . COSPAR: 1974-029C. Apogee: 946 km (587 mi). Perigee: 890 km (550 mi). Inclination: 65.0000 deg. Period: 103.40 min. Ocean surveillance; nuclear powered..

1974 May 15 - . 08:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. Launch Pad: LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Cosmos 652 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-4MK. Duration: 8.00 days. Decay Date: 1974-05-23 . USAF Sat Cat: 7292 . COSPAR: 1974-030A. Apogee: 343 km (213 mi). Perigee: 173 km (107 mi). Inclination: 51.8000 deg. Period: 89.60 min. High resolution photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1974 May 15 - . 12:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57.
  • Cosmos 653 - . Mass: 6,000 kg (13,200 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-2M satellite. Duration: 12.00 days. Decay Date: 1974-05-27 . USAF Sat Cat: 7293 . COSPAR: 1974-031A. Apogee: 287 km (178 mi). Perigee: 192 km (119 mi). Inclination: 62.8000 deg. Period: 89.30 min. Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule..

1974 May 15 - . 16:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Point Mugu. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Starute,Datasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 71 km (44 mi).

1974 May 15 - . 21:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 138 km (85 mi).

1974 May 15 - . 22:11 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 200A.
  • Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 281 km (174 mi).

1974 May 15 - . 23:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 659. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Poseidon C3.
  • Demonstration and shakedown operations launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1974 May 15 - . 23:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 659. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Poseidon C3.
  • Demonstration and shakedown operations launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1974 May 16 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • ISRO 8.186 - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 84 km (52 mi).

1974 May 17 - . 06:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC90/19. Launch Pad: LC90/pad?. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-2.
  • Cosmos 654 - . Mass: 3,800 kg (8,300 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: RORSAT. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military naval surveillance radar satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Kosmoplan. Spacecraft: US-A. Decay Date: 1974-09-07 . USAF Sat Cat: 7397 . COSPAR: 1974-032D. Apogee: 1,006 km (625 mi). Perigee: 924 km (574 mi). Inclination: 64.9000 deg. Period: 104.40 min. Ocean surveillance; nuclear powered..

1974 May 17 - . 09:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17B. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Delta 2914.
  • SMS 1 - . Payload: SMS A. Mass: 243 kg (535 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft Bus: SMS. Spacecraft: SMS. Completed Operations Date: 1981-01-29 . USAF Sat Cat: 7298 . COSPAR: 1974-033A. Apogee: 36,303 km (22,557 mi). Perigee: 36,216 km (22,503 mi). Inclination: 15.5000 deg. Period: 1,460.30 min.

    Synchronous Meteorological Satellite. Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C). Positioned in geosynchronous orbit over the Atlantic Ocean at 45 deg W in 1974-1975; over the Atlantic Ocean 75 deg W in 1975; over the Americas at 105 deg W in 1976-1978; over the Americas at 91 deg W in1978; over the Atlantic Ocean 75 deg W in 1979; over the Atlantic Ocean 70 deg W in 1979; over the Pacific Ocean 132 deg W in 1980 As of 3 September 2001 located at 84.60 deg W drifting at 5.986 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 116.51E drifting at 5.981W degrees per day.


1974 May 17 - . 11:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Intercosmos 11 - . Payload: DS-U3-IK s/n 4. Mass: 400 kg (880 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: IK. Program: DS. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-U3-IK. Completed Operations Date: 1975-02-14 . Decay Date: 1979-09-06 . USAF Sat Cat: 7299 . COSPAR: 1974-034A. Apogee: 511 km (317 mi). Perigee: 483 km (300 mi). Inclination: 50.6000 deg. Period: 94.50 min. Investigation of solar ultraviolet rays and X-rays and their effect on the earth's upper atmosphere..

1974 May 18 - . 06:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Koroni. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1974 May 19 - . LV Family: N1. Launch Vehicle: N1.
  • N1 launches suspended. - . Nation: Russia. Spacecraft Bus: L3M. Spacecraft: L3M-1972. Ministry of Defence Decree 'On suspension of further launches of the N1' was issued..

1974 May 19 - . Launch Site: Wake Island. LV Family: Athena RTV. Launch Vehicle: Athena H.
  • HAVE MILL 4 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army, USAF. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1974 May 20 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VI.
  • Quanah User Program - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 78 km (48 mi).

1974 May 20 - . 17:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Chaff - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 55 km (34 mi).

1974 May 21 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VI.
  • STS - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1974 May 21 - . 06:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 655 - . Mass: 875 kg (1,929 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Tselina-O. Spacecraft: Tselina-O. Decay Date: 1980-11-19 . USAF Sat Cat: 7306 . COSPAR: 1974-035A. Apogee: 542 km (336 mi). Perigee: 523 km (324 mi). Inclination: 74.1000 deg. Period: 95.30 min. Replaced Cosmos 536. Possible ELINT satellite..

1974 May 22 - .
  • NPO Energia founded. - . Nation: Russia. Decree 'On formation of NPO Energia' was issued..

1974 May 22 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VI.
  • STS - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 74 km (45 mi).

1974 May 23 - .
  • Birth of Mark Vyacheslavovich Serov - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Serov, Mark. Russian engineer cosmonaut, 2003-on. An engineer at RKK Energia since 1998..

1974 May 23 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/3. Launch Pad: LC43/pad?. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U. FAILURE: A problem in separation of the second and third stages of resulted in radio contact being lost with the spacecraft at T+439.6 sec. This automatically triggered the destruct charge in the Yantar OSA Descent Module, destroying the spacecraft and booster.. Failed Stage: 3.
  • Yantar-2K failure. - . Payload: Yantar-2K s/n 1. Mass: 6,600 kg (14,500 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Yantar. Spacecraft: Yantar-2K. First test launch of Yantar second generation reconnaissance spacecraft..

1974 May 23 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VI.
  • STS - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 73 km (45 mi).

1974 May 23 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VI.
  • STS - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 67 km (41 mi).

1974 May 24 - .
  • X-24 Flight 39 - . Crew: Manke. Payload: X-24B flight 11. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Manke. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft Bus: X-24. Spacecraft: X-24B. Maximum Speed - 1212 kph. Maximum Altitude - 17060 m. Flight Time - 448 sec..

1974 May 25 - . 05:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Koroni. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 87 km (54 mi).

1974 May 27 - . 07:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511.
  • Cosmos 656 - . Payload: Soyuz 7K-T(A9) s/n 61. Mass: 6,675 kg (14,715 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Almaz. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-T/A9. Duration: 2.01 days. Decay Date: 1974-05-29 . USAF Sat Cat: 7313 . COSPAR: 1974-036A. Apogee: 364 km (226 mi). Perigee: 195 km (121 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 90.00 min. Unmanned test flight of the Soyuz 7K-T(A9) Soyuz variant designed for docking with the military Almaz space station. Recovered May 29, 1974 7:50 GMT..

1974 May 28 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC177. LV Family: MR-UR-100. Launch Vehicle: MR-UR-100.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 May 29 - . Launch Site: Wake Island. LV Family: Athena RTV. Launch Vehicle: Athena H.
  • HAVE MILL 5 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army, USAF. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1974 May 29 - . Launch Site: Kourou. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas.
  • EXAMETNET 35-54 - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1974 May 29 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VI.
  • STS - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 71 km (44 mi).

1974 May 29 - . 08:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC81/24. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K/D.
  • Luna 22 - . Payload: Ye-8-LS s/n 206. Mass: 5,835 kg (12,863 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Luna. Class: Moon. Type: Lunar probe. Spacecraft Bus: Luna Ye-8. Spacecraft: Luna Ye-8-LS. Decay Date: 1975-12-31 . USAF Sat Cat: 7315 . COSPAR: 1974-037A. Apogee: 220 km (130 mi). Perigee: 220 km (130 mi). Inclination: 19.6000 deg. Period: 130.00 min.

    Heavy lunar orbiter. Scientific investigation of the moon and circumlunar space from the orbit of an artificial satellite of the Moon, which was begun by the Luna 19 automatic station. The spacecraft carried imaging cameras and also had the objectives of studying the Moon's magnetic field, surface gamma ray emissions and composition of lunar surface rocks, and the gravitational field, as well as micrometeoroids and cosmic rays. Luna 22 braked into a circular lunar orbit on 2 June 1974. The spacecraft made many orbit adjustments over its 18 month lifetime in order to optimise the operation of various experiments, lowering the perilune to as low as 25 km. Manoeuvring fuel was exhausted on 2 September and the mission was ended in early November. Parameters are for lunar orbit.


1974 May 29 - . 19:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion sounding rocket.
  • Hawk Motor test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 46 km (28 mi).

1974 May 30 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VI.
  • STS - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1974 May 30 - . 12:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57.
  • Cosmos 657 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-4MK. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1974-06-13 . USAF Sat Cat: 7317 . COSPAR: 1974-038A. Apogee: 296 km (183 mi). Perigee: 177 km (109 mi). Inclination: 62.8000 deg. Period: 89.20 min. High resolution photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1974 May 30 - . 13:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC40. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan IIIC.
  • ATS 6 - . Payload: ATS F. Mass: 930 kg (2,050 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Program: ATS. Class: Technology. Type: Communications technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: ATS. Spacecraft: ATS-6. Completed Operations Date: 1979-08-02 . USAF Sat Cat: 7318 . COSPAR: 1974-039A. Apogee: 35,444 km (22,023 mi). Perigee: 35,184 km (21,862 mi). Inclination: 13.1000 deg. Period: 1,412.00 min.

    An Air Force Titan IIIC boosted NASA's Applications Technology Satellite (ATS-F) into orbit from Cape Canaveral. Built by Application Technology Satellite; experimental communications satellite. The purpose of the ATS-6 flight experiment was to demonstrate north-south stationkeeping of a geosynchronous satellite using two cesium ion engine systems. Thruster development tests included a life test of 2614 hours and 471 cycles. Thruster input power was 0.15 kW, which resulted in a thrust of 4.5 mN at a specific impulse of 2500 s. One of the ion engines operated for about one hour and the other for 92 hours. Both of the engines failed to provide thrust on restart due to discharge chamber cesium flooding. The feed system flooding problem caused overloading of the discharge and high voltage power supplies. This failure mechanism was verified through a series of ground tests. However engine operation demonstrated an absence of EMI related to spacecraft systems, verified predictions of spacecraft potential with engines operating, and demonstrated compatibility with the spacecraft's star tracker. It was found that the ion engines or just the neutralizer could discharge large negative spacecraft potentials at all times. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit over the Americas at 94 deg W in 1974-1975; over the Indian Ocean 35 deg E in 1975-1976; over the Americas at 140 deg W in 1976-1979. As of 2 September 2001 located at 172.56 deg W drifting at 6.144 deg E per day. As of 2007 Mar 8 located at 29.12W drifting at 6.125E degrees per day.


1974 May 31 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 600. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3.
  • Demonstration and shakedown operations launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 May 31 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC173. LV Family: MR-UR-100. Launch Vehicle: MR-UR-100.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 May 31 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VI.
  • STS - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 86 km (53 mi).

1974 June 1 - . LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Space Shuttle.
  • Shuttle configuration changes - . Nation: USA. Between the March 1972 Authority to Proceed and June 1974 six major configuration changes are made to the shuttle design..

1974 Jun? - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: Temp-2S. Launch Vehicle: Temp-2S.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 June 3 - . 23:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC5. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout E-1.
  • Explorer 52 - . Payload: Hawkeye. Mass: 27 kg (59 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Langley. Program: Explorer. Class: Astronomy. Type: Solar satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Hawkeye. Spacecraft: Hawkeye. Decay Date: 1978-04-30 . USAF Sat Cat: 7325 . COSPAR: 1974-040A. Apogee: 125,569 km (78,024 mi). Perigee: 469 km (291 mi). Inclination: 89.0000 deg. Period: 3,032.00 min. Solar wind experiments. Spacecraft engaged in research and exploration of the upper atmosphere or outer space (US Cat B). .

1974 June 4 - .
  • Structural assembly of crew module for OV-102 begun. - . Nation: USA. Program: STS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft Bus: Shuttle. Spacecraft: Columbia.

1974 June 4 - . LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Space Shuttle.
  • Shuttle Enterprise construction begins. - . Nation: USA. Program: STS. Spacecraft Bus: Shuttle. Spacecraft: Enterprise. Structural assembly of the crew module for shuttle Enterprise (OV-101) begins at Plant 42 in Palmdale..

1974 June 5 - . 09:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 89 km (55 mi).

1974 June 6 - . Launch Site: Leba. LV Family: Meteor sounding rocket. Launch Vehicle: Meteor-3 sounding rocket.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Poland. Agency: PIHM. Apogee: 65 km (40 mi).

1974 June 6 - . 06:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. Launch Pad: LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57.
  • Cosmos 658 - . Mass: 6,000 kg (13,200 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-2M satellite. Duration: 12.00 days. Decay Date: 1974-06-18 . USAF Sat Cat: 7328 . COSPAR: 1974-041A. Apogee: 286 km (177 mi). Perigee: 204 km (126 mi). Inclination: 65.0000 deg. Period: 89.40 min. Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule..

1974 June 6 - . 16:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC4W. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 24B.
  • OPS 1776 - . Payload: KH-8 no. 42 / Agena D. Mass: 3,000 kg (6,600 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO, USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: WS-117. Spacecraft: KH-8. Decay Date: 1974-07-23 . USAF Sat Cat: 7330 . COSPAR: 1974-042A. Apogee: 394 km (244 mi). Perigee: 136 km (84 mi). Inclination: 110.5000 deg. Period: 89.80 min. KH-8 type satellite. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A). .

1974 June 7 - . 13:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC43. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Met Sphere - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 95 km (59 mi).

1974 June 8 - . 13:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Thule AFB. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Starute, AN/DMQ-9- - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 74 km (45 mi).

1974 June 9 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg WTR. Launch Platform: SSBN 599. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3.
  • Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 June 9 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg WTR. Launch Platform: SSBN 599. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3.
  • Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 June 9 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg WTR. Launch Platform: SSBN 599. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3.
  • Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 June 9 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg WTR. Launch Platform: SSBN 599. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3.
  • Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 June 9 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg WTR. Launch Platform: SSBN 599. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3.
  • Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 June 10 - . 16:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Thule AFB. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Starute, AN/DMQ-9- - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1974 June 11 - . 11:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Starute, Datasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 62 km (38 mi).

1974 June 12 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M20.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 600 km (370 mi).

1974 June 12 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VI.
  • STS - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 67 km (41 mi).

1974 June 13 - . Launch Site: Wake Island. LV Family: Athena RTV. Launch Vehicle: Athena H.
  • HAVE MILL 6 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army, USAF. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1974 June 13 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VI.
  • STS - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 74 km (45 mi).

1974 June 13 - . 12:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57.
  • Cosmos 659 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-4MK. Duration: 13.00 days. Decay Date: 1974-06-26 . USAF Sat Cat: 7334 . COSPAR: 1974-043A. Apogee: 329 km (204 mi). Perigee: 153 km (95 mi). Inclination: 62.8000 deg. Period: 89.30 min. High resolution photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1974 June 14 - .
  • X-24 Flight 40 - . Crew: Love, Michael. Payload: X-24B flight 12. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Love, Michael. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft Bus: X-24. Spacecraft: X-24B. Maximum Speed - 1303 kph. Maximum Altitude - 19970 m. Flight Time - 405 sec..

1974 June 16 - . 05:10 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • Astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 187 km (116 mi).

1974 June 17 - . 16:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Thule AFB. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Starute, AN/DMQ-9- - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 70 km (43 mi).

1974 June 18 - .
  • Death of Georgiy Konstantinovich Zhukov - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Zhukov. Russian officer. Minister of Defence 1955-1957..

1974 June 18 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S2.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 June 18 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Javelin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Hydac.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DASA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1974 June 18 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VI.
  • STS - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 57 km (35 mi).

1974 June 18 - . 05:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 6 AC.
  • Cen X-3 timing X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 234 km (145 mi).

1974 June 18 - . 13:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 660 - . Mass: 650 kg (1,430 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft Bus: Taifun-1. Spacecraft: Taifun-1. USAF Sat Cat: 7337 . COSPAR: 1974-044A. Apogee: 1,536 km (954 mi). Perigee: 383 km (237 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 104.30 min. Radar calibration mission..

1974 June 18 - . 14:15 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Aries. Launch Vehicle: Aries.
  • Test / astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1974 June 19 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VI.
  • STS - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 69 km (42 mi).

1974 June 19 - . 17:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 200A.
  • Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1974 June 20 - . 05:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Lancelin. LV Family: Sandhawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Sandhawk.
  • Eclipse Solar ultraviolet eclipse mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 320 km (190 mi). Eclipse observations - Launched from Lancelin, Perth, W. Australia - Latitude: 31.01 S, Longitude:115.19 E..

1974 June 20 - . 05:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Lancelin. LV Family: Sandhawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Sandhawk.
  • Eclipse Solar ultraviolet eclipse mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 320 km (190 mi). Eclipse observations - Launched from Lancelin, Perth, W. Australia - Latitude: 31.01 S, Longitude:115.19 E..

1974 June 20 - . 08:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere/Chemical release/Plasma mission - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1974 June 20 - . 20:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere/Chemical release/Plasma mission - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1974 June 21 - .
  • State Commission formed to oversee Soyuz-S flight tests - . Nation: Russia. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-S, Soyuz OB-VI.

    Military-Industrial Commission (VPK) Decree 'On establishment of the State Commission for testing the Soyuz-T' was issued. A State Commission was formed to oversee the flight tests of the solo mission 7K-S. The draft design for 7K-ST space station transport version was completed in August 1974.


1974 June 21 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC177. LV Family: MR-UR-100. Launch Vehicle: MR-UR-100.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 June 21 - . 09:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 661 - . Mass: 875 kg (1,929 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Tselina-O. Spacecraft: Tselina-O. Decay Date: 1980-08-27 . USAF Sat Cat: 7339 . COSPAR: 1974-045A. Apogee: 548 km (340 mi). Perigee: 511 km (317 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 95.20 min. Possible ELINT satellite..

1974 June 21 - . 12:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere/Chemical release/Plasma mission - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1974 June 22 - . 07:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 200A.
  • 13-in RC Flight 2 Astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1974 June 23 - . Launch Site: Wake Island. LV Family: Athena RTV. Launch Vehicle: Athena H.
  • HAVE MILL 7 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army, USAF. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

    An Athena H was launched from Wake Island in the HAVE MILL program, the Army Special Targets Program. This was the seventh Athena H launched in support of Army requirements and the final programmed use of the Athena H test missile by SAMSO*s Deputy for Reentry Systems.


1974 June 24 - . LV Family: N1. Launch Vehicle: N1.
  • N1-L3 work suspended. - . Nation: Russia. Spacecraft: L3M-1972, LK, Soyuz 7K-OK. TsKBEM Decree 'On suspension of work on the N1 -L3' was issued..

1974 June 24 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC106. LV Family: R-36M. Launch Vehicle: R-36M 15A14.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 June 24 - . 22:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC81/23. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K.
  • Salyut 3 - . Payload: Almaz s/n 101-02. Mass: 18,500 kg (40,700 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Almaz. Class: Manned. Type: Manned space station. Spacecraft Bus: Almaz. Spacecraft: Almaz OPS. Duration: 90.00 days. Decay Date: 1975-01-24 . USAF Sat Cat: 7342 . COSPAR: 1974-046A. Apogee: 253 km (157 mi). Perigee: 213 km (132 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 89.10 min.

    First successful Almaz military manned space station flight. Tested a wide array of reconnaissance sensors. Following the successful Soyuz 14 and unsuccessful Soyuz 15 missions, on 23 September 1974 the station ejected a film return capsule. The KSI capsule suffered damage during re-entry but all the film was recoverable. On 24 January 1975 trials of the on-board 23 mm Nudelmann aircraft cannon (other sources say it was a Nudelmann NR-30 30 mm gun) were conducted. The next day the station was commanded to retrofire to a destructive re-entry over the Pacific Ocean. Although only one of three planned crews managed to board the station, that crew did complete the first completely successful Soviet space station flight. Additional Details: here....


1974 June 25 - . 16:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Sherman. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Starute, Datasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 54 km (33 mi).

1974 June 26 - . 12:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 662 - . Payload: DS-P1-I s/n 14. Mass: 400 kg (880 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-I. Completed Operations Date: 1975-03-17 . Decay Date: 1976-08-28 . USAF Sat Cat: 7347 . COSPAR: 1974-047A. Apogee: 812 km (504 mi). Perigee: 271 km (168 mi). Inclination: 70.9000 deg. Period: 95.50 min. Operational radar target for the ABM forces..

1974 June 27 - . 15:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 663 - . Mass: 680 kg (1,490 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Tsiklon satellite. USAF Sat Cat: 7349 . COSPAR: 1974-048A. Apogee: 999 km (620 mi). Perigee: 963 km (598 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 104.70 min. Military navigation satellite..

1974 June 27 - . 18:45 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 200A.
  • Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 222 km (137 mi).

1974 June 28 - .
  • X-24 Flight 41 - . Crew: Manke. Payload: X-24B flight 13. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Manke. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft Bus: X-24. Spacecraft: X-24B. Maximum Speed - 1480 kph. Maximum Altitude - 20770 m. Flight Time - 427 sec..

1974 June 28 - .
  • Death of Vannevar Bush - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Bush, Vannevar. American engineer, primary scientific adviser to Roosevelt and Truman, immensely influential in plans for nuclear weapons, missiles, aviation, and advanced propulsion 1939-1949. Discouraged early development of the ICBM..

1974 June 28 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 576A1. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas F.
  • BMRS SFT-3 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,400 km (800 mi).

1974 June 28 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: Temp-2S. Launch Vehicle: Temp-2S.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 June 29 - . 01:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike Iroquois. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Aladdin 74 Pre-Aladdin Aeronomy / Chemical release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 184 km (114 mi).

1974 June 29 - . 12:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511M.
  • Cosmos 664 - . Mass: 6,000 kg (13,200 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-4MT. Duration: 12.00 days. Decay Date: 1974-07-11 . USAF Sat Cat: 7351 . COSPAR: 1974-049A. Apogee: 341 km (211 mi). Perigee: 205 km (127 mi). Inclination: 72.9000 deg. Period: 90.00 min. Military topography satellite; returned film capsule; separated science capsule..

1974 June 29 - . 15:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC41/1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M.
  • Cosmos 665 - . Payload: Oko #3. Mass: 1,250 kg (2,750 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Early warning satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Oko. Spacecraft: Oko. Decay Date: 1990-07-06 . USAF Sat Cat: 7352 . COSPAR: 1974-050A. Apogee: 39,653 km (24,639 mi). Perigee: 298 km (185 mi). Inclination: 61.8000 deg. Period: 709.60 min. Covered Oko constellation plane 2 - 315 degree longitude of ascending node..

1974 June 29 - . 19:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 170.
  • Aladdin 74 extreme ultraviolet Airglow Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 211 km (131 mi).

1974 June 29 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Ute Tomahawk.
  • Aladdin 74 NMS / E Aeronomy / plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF CRL. Apogee: 110 km (60 mi).

1974 June 29 - . 20:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • Aladdin 74 aeronomy release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 234 km (145 mi).

1974 June 29 - . 20:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Aladdin 74 Sphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 189 km (117 mi).

1974 June 29 - . 21:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Aladdin 74 NO / Photom Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 186 km (115 mi).

1974 June 29 - . 21:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Ute Tomahawk.
  • Aladdin 74 aeronomy release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF CRL. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1974 June 30 - .
  • Spiral project resurrected - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Glushko. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft Bus: Spiral 50-50. Spacecraft: MiG 105-11. Glushko supports modest project to do subsonic flight tests of Spiral orbiter configuration..

1974 June 30 - . 00:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Aladdin 74 Aeronomy / extreme ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DNA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1974 June 30 - . 01:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Ute Tomahawk.
  • Aladdin 74 TMA / Barium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF CRL. Apogee: 203 km (126 mi).

1974 June 30 - . 01:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Ute Tomahawk. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Aladdin 74 TMA / Barium release Aeronomy / Barium release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF CRL. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1974 June 30 - . 02:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Aladdin 74 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 196 km (121 mi).

1974 June 30 - . 03:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Ute Tomahawk.
  • Aladdin 74 Na / Li Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF CRL. Apogee: 201 km (124 mi).

1974 June 30 - . 04:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Aladdin 74 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 191 km (118 mi).

1974 June 30 - . 05:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Aladdin 74 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 134 km (83 mi).

1974 June 30 - . 05:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Ute Tomahawk.
  • Aladdin 74 aeronomy release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF CRL. Apogee: 188 km (116 mi).

1974 June 30 - . 07:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Aladdin 74 NO / Photom Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 185 km (114 mi).

1974 June 30 - . 07:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Ute Tomahawk.
  • Aladdin 74 TMA / Photometry Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF CRL. Apogee: 178 km (110 mi).

1974 June 30 - . 07:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Ute Tomahawk.
  • Aladdin 74 aeronomy release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF CRL. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1974 June 30 - . 08:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Paiute Tomahawk.
  • Aladdin 74 TMA / Barium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF CRL. Apogee: 191 km (118 mi).

1974 June 30 - . 09:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Aladdin 74 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 204 km (126 mi).

1974 June 30 - . 09:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Aladdin 74 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 199 km (123 mi).

1974 June 30 - . 10:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Paiute Tomahawk.
  • Aladdin 74 aeronomy release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF CRL. Apogee: 228 km (141 mi).

1974 June 30 - . 11:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Sandhawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Sandhawk.
  • LRL ACS-4F X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 305 km (189 mi).

1974 June 30 - . 12:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Ute Tomahawk.
  • Aladdin 74 Na-Li Aeronomy / Chemical release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF CRL. Apogee: 152 km (94 mi).

1974 June 30 - . 17:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Ute Tomahawk.
  • Aladdin 74 Na-LI Aeronomy / Chemical release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF CRL. Apogee: 180 km (110 mi).

1974 July - .
  • Soyuz 7K-S cancelled; Soyuz 7K-ST continued - . Nation: Russia. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-S, Soyuz OB-VI, Soyuz T.

    The 7K-S was cancelled at the same time as the N1 and the reorganisation of the space industry. Experiments planned for the solo flights were transferred to the Salyut program. The first test vehicle was already at Baikonur being prepared for launch. It was decided to launch the first three unmanned as technology tests - Cosmos 670 (7K-S No.1), Cosmos 772 (7K-S No.2), and Cosmos 869 (7K-S No.3). The Soyuz 7K-ST transport project continued, except now being redesigned for a crew of three. The 7K-ST would eventually fly as the Soyuz T and Soyuz TM ferry to the Salyut 7 and Mir space stations.


1974 July - .
  • FDL-8 lifting body configuration selected for the X-24C. - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft Bus: X-24. Spacecraft: X-24C.

    NASA and the Air Force selected the FDL-8 lifting body configuration for the X-24C. Two versions of the hypersonic aerospacecraft were proposed: one with cheek air intakes and air-breathing engines, and one with the XLR-99 rocket engine of the X-15. Two X-24C were to be built under a $ 200 million budet. They would fly 200 flights over ten years, reaching a maximum speed of Mach 8 and being able to cruise at over Mach 6 for 40 seconds.


1974 July 1 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 Jul - . Launch Site: Dombarovskiy. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 Jul? - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: Temp-2S. Launch Vehicle: Temp-2S.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 Jul - . Launch Site: Dombarovskiy. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 Jul? - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: Temp-2S. Launch Vehicle: Temp-2S.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 July 2 - . 12:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonde Stromfjord. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 236 km (146 mi).

1974 July 3 - . 18:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511.
  • Soyuz 14 - . Call Sign: Berkut (Golden Eagle ). Crew: Artyukhin, Popovich. Backup Crew: Demin, Sarafanov. Support Crew: Rozhdestvensky, Volynov, Zholobov, Zudov. Payload: Soyuz 7K-T(A9) s/n 62. Mass: 6,800 kg (14,900 lb). Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Artyukhin, Demin, Popovich, Rozhdestvensky, Sarafanov, Volynov, Zholobov, Zudov. Agency: MOM. Program: Almaz. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Soyuz 14. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-T/A9. Duration: 15.73 days. Decay Date: 1974-07-19 . USAF Sat Cat: 7361 . COSPAR: 1974-051A. Apogee: 217 km (134 mi). Perigee: 195 km (121 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 88.60 min.

    On 4 July Soyuz 14 docked with the Salyut 3 space station after 15 revolutions of the earth. The planned experimental program included manned military reconnaissance of the earth's surface, assessing the fundamental value of such observations, and some supplemental medico-biological research. After the crew's return research continued in the development of the on-board systems and the principles of remote control of such a station.


1974 July 4 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC109. LV Family: R-36M. Launch Vehicle: R-36M 15A14.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 July 4 - . 00:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Solar cosmic rays Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1974 July 5 - . 15:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Solar cosmic rays Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 141 km (87 mi).

1974 July 8 - . Launch Site: Sonde Stromfjord. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1974 July 9 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF04. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 2.
  • FOT GT120M Follow-on Test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1974 July 9 - . 14:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/4. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Vostok 8A92M.
  • Meteor 1-18 - . Payload: Meteor-Priroda no. 1. Mass: 3,800 kg (8,300 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Meteor. Spacecraft: Meteor-Priroda. USAF Sat Cat: 7363 . COSPAR: 1974-052A. Apogee: 909 km (564 mi). Perigee: 883 km (548 mi). Inclination: 81.2000 deg. Period: 102.90 min. Conducted experimental work in studying the natural resources of the earth. Also tested plasma engine.

1974 July 10 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Molodezhnaya. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 95 km (59 mi).

1974 July 11 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF03. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B.
  • ABRES/SAMAST re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1974 July 11 - . 10:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63. FAILURE: First stage failed 84 seconds after launch.. Failed Stage: 1.
  • DS-P1-Yu s/n 68 - . Payload: DS-P1-Yu. Mass: 330 kg (720 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-Yu. Development of systems for air defence and the control of outer space..

1974 July 12 - . 12:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57.
  • Cosmos 666 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-4MK. Duration: 13.00 days. Decay Date: 1974-07-25 . USAF Sat Cat: 7367 . COSPAR: 1974-053A. Apogee: 328 km (203 mi). Perigee: 181 km (112 mi). Inclination: 62.8000 deg. Period: 89.60 min. High resolution photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1974 July 14 - . Launch Site: Jiuquan. Launch Complex: Jiuquan LA2B. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Feng Bao 1. FAILURE: Vehicle lost attitude stability and destroyed by range safety.. Failed Stage: G.
  • JSSW 2 - . Payload: JSSW 2. Mass: 1,100 kg (2,400 lb). Nation: China. Agency: PRC. Spacecraft Bus: JSSW. Spacecraft: JSSW.

1974 July 14 - . 05:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC3W. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas F/PTS.
  • NTS 1 - . Payload: Timation 3 / OPS 7518. Mass: 293 kg (645 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Program: Navstar. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: NTS. Spacecraft: NTS. USAF Sat Cat: 7369 . COSPAR: 1974-054A. Apogee: 13,774 km (8,558 mi). Perigee: 13,446 km (8,354 mi). Inclination: 125.2000 deg. Period: 468.70 min. Demonstrated navigation technologies leading eventually to Navstar/GPS system. Operated for 5 years..

1974 July 15 - . 17:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Chaff - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 67 km (41 mi).

1974 July 16 - . 11:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC5. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout D-1.
  • Aeros 2 - . Payload: Aeros B. Mass: 127 kg (279 lb). Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft Bus: AEROS. Spacecraft: Aeros. Decay Date: 1975-09-25 . USAF Sat Cat: 7371 . COSPAR: 1974-055A. Apogee: 869 km (539 mi). Perigee: 224 km (139 mi). Inclination: 97.5000 deg. Period: 95.60 min. Upper atmospheric research. Spacecraft engaged in research and exploration of the upper atmosphere or outer space (US Cat B). .

1974 July 16 - . 14:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: UK S26. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3.
  • Demonstration and shakedown operations launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 July 17 - .
  • Shuttle propulsion test article assembly starts. - . Nation: USA. Program: STS. Start long-lead fabrication (MPTA-098).

1974 July 18 - . LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Space Shuttle.
  • Shuttle carrier aircraft purchased - . Nation: USA.

    NASA purchases used American Airlines 747 N9668 for use as a carrier to ferry the shuttle orbiter between factory, landing sites, and launch sites. Modification of a 747 to carry the orbiter on its back was chosen over two more costly alternatives that would have suspended it from a wing connecting two fuselages: a new design proposed by NASA LaRC, and a Lockheed proposal for two C-5A transports joined together.


1974 July 18 - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. Launch Complex: Kwajalein Meck. LV Family: Spartan ABM. Launch Vehicle: Spartan ABM.
  • Safeguard TRM-133 Interceptor mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1974 July 18 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF06. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B.
  • SSTTP M2-146 Target mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1974 July 19 - .
  • Death of Vasili Mikhailovich Ryabikov - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Ryabikov. Russian government official. Chief of Third Chief Directorate of Council of Ministers 1951-1953. Chaired Military-Industrial Commission 1955-1957and Sputnik State Commission..

1974 July 19 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Javelin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Hydac.
  • Low Light TV Technology mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAMSO. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1974 July 19 - .
  • Landing of Soyuz 14 - . Return Crew: Artyukhin, Popovich. Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Artyukhin, Popovich. Program: Almaz. Flight: Soyuz 14. All objectives were successfully completed and the spacecraft was recovered at 12:21 GMT, landing within 2 km of the aim point 140 km SE of Dzkezkazgan..

1974 July 20 - . 06:10 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 170.
  • Astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 195 km (121 mi).

1974 July 22 - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3 AC.
  • Ionosphere mission? - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 210 km (130 mi).

1974 July 23 - . 01:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M.
  • Molniya 2-10 - . Payload: Molniya-2. Mass: 1,600 kg (3,500 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Molniya. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-2. Spacecraft: Molniya-2. USAF Sat Cat: 7376 . COSPAR: 1974-056A. Apogee: 38,868 km (24,151 mi). Perigee: 1,501 km (932 mi). Inclination: 64.5000 deg. Period: 718.10 min.

    Continued operation of the long-range telephone and telegraph radio-communication system within the Soviet Union and transmission of USSR central television programmes to stations in the Orbita and participating international networks (international cooperation scheme).


1974 July 24 - . 09:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 86 km (53 mi).

1974 July 25 - . 07:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. Launch Pad: LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57.
  • Cosmos 667 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-4M. Duration: 13.00 days. Decay Date: 1974-08-07 . USAF Sat Cat: 7383 . COSPAR: 1974-057A. Apogee: 320 km (190 mi). Perigee: 176 km (109 mi). Inclination: 65.0000 deg. Period: 89.50 min. High resolution photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1974 July 25 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 668 - . Payload: DS-P1-Yu s/n 74. Mass: 400 kg (880 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-Yu. Completed Operations Date: 1975-02-17 . Decay Date: 1975-02-21 . USAF Sat Cat: 7385 . COSPAR: 1974-058A. Apogee: 494 km (306 mi). Perigee: 270 km (160 mi). Inclination: 71.0000 deg. Period: 92.20 min. Development of systems for air defence and the control of outer space..

1974 July 26 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC140/18. LV Family: R-36M. Launch Vehicle: R-36M 15A14.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 July 26 - . 07:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57.
  • Cosmos 669 - . Mass: 6,000 kg (13,200 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-2M satellite. Duration: 13.00 days. Decay Date: 1974-08-08 . USAF Sat Cat: 7389 . COSPAR: 1974-059A. Apogee: 229 km (142 mi). Perigee: 207 km (128 mi). Inclination: 81.3000 deg. Period: 88.80 min. Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; separated science capsule..
  • Nauka Cosmos 669 - . Payload: Nauka. Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Spacecraft Bus: Nauka. Spacecraft: Nauka. Decay Date: 1974-08-11 . USAF Sat Cat: 7404 . COSPAR: 1974-059G. Apogee: 221 km (137 mi). Perigee: 198 km (123 mi). Inclination: 81.3000 deg. Period: 88.69 min.

1974 July 26 - . 15:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 602. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3.
  • Demonstration and shakedown operations launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 July 29 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC81/24. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K/DM.
  • Molniya 1-S - . Payload: Molniya 1 s/n 38. Mass: 800 kg (1,760 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Molniya. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-2. Spacecraft: Molniya-1. Completed Operations Date: 1974-07-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 7392 . COSPAR: 1974-060A. Apogee: 35,848 km (22,274 mi). Perigee: 35,738 km (22,206 mi). Inclination: 14.8000 deg. Period: 1,436.40 min.

    Evidently a unique experimental satellite. Arrangements for experimental television broadcasts and establishment of long-range radio-communications. As of 29 August 2001 located at 104.72 deg E drifting at 0.115 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 41.05E drifting at 0.029W degrees per day.


1974 July 30 - .
  • Kozlov given own design bureau in Samara. - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Glushko, Kozlov, Mishin.

    Military-Industrial Commission (VPK) Decree 'On separation of TsSKB from NPO Energia and creation of the Volzhkiy Branch' was issued. After the fall of Mishin, Kozlov was offered the Chief Designer job. He rejected it and Glushko was made head of a reorganised NPO Energia. KB Kozlov itself was made a separate entity with the name of Central Specialised Construction Bureau.


1974 July 31 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Molodezhnaya. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 91 km (56 mi).

1974 August 1 - .
  • New heavy-lift vehicle - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Brezhnev, Glushko, Keldysh, Mishin, Ustinov. Spacecraft Bus: Buran. Spacecraft: Buran.

    Glushko's first action was to implement a decision of the leadership to develop a completely new heavy-lift launch vehicle. This work started in 1974, with a planned first flight in 1984, at a total estimated cost of 5 to 6 billion roubles. One factor in the decision was the fact that Keldysh was greatly disturbed by the manoeuvrability of the space shuttle. He talked the matter up until he managed to get Ustinov and Brezhnev worked as well. He told them a US shuttle could manoeuvre around Soviet PVO and PKO anti-missile and satellite defences and deliver a 25 tonne nuclear bomb of greater than 25 megatons force directly on Moscow.

    Keldysh was convinced that the US planned to use the shuttle for a pre-emptive nuclear strike on Russia. Therefore the USSR needed an analogous capability to maintain the strategic balance. While this discussion was going on, the energies of TsKBEM were completely absorbed in the Apollo-Soyuz program, on which the prestige of the Soviet Union depended. Additional Details: here....


1974 August 1 - .
  • Death of Charles A Lindbergh - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Lindbergh. American pioneering aviator, first pilot to fly solo across the Atlantic in 1927. Appointed to senior government committees on aerospace development. Worked with Guggenheim to support Goddard's rocket development in Roswell in 1930s..

1974 August 1 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF03. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B.
  • SSTTP M2-46 Target mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1974 Aug? - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: Temp-2S. Launch Vehicle: Temp-2S.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 August 2 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Met Para, Datasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 74 km (45 mi).

1974 August 3 - . 21:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Starute, Datasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 77 km (47 mi).

1974 August 5 - . 18:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Met Para - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 57 km (35 mi).

1974 August 6 - . 00:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Cosmos 670 - . Payload: Soyuz 7K-S s/n 1L. Mass: 6,700 kg (14,700 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Salyut. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-S. Duration: 2.99 days. Decay Date: 1974-08-09 . USAF Sat Cat: 7405 . COSPAR: 1974-061A. Apogee: 294 km (182 mi). Perigee: 211 km (131 mi). Inclination: 50.6000 deg. Period: 89.50 min. Unmanned Soyuz 7K-S test flight. Recovered August 8, 1974 23:59 GMT..

1974 August 7 - . 12:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57.
  • Cosmos 671 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-4MK. Duration: 13.00 days. Decay Date: 1974-08-20 . USAF Sat Cat: 7409 . COSPAR: 1974-062A. Apogee: 304 km (188 mi). Perigee: 168 km (104 mi). Inclination: 62.8000 deg. Period: 89.20 min. High resolution photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1974 August 8 - .
  • X-24 Flight 42 - . Crew: Love, Michael. Payload: X-24B flight 14. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Love, Michael. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft Bus: X-24. Spacecraft: X-24B. Maximum Speed - 1644 kph. Maximum Altitude - 22370 m. Flight Time - 395 sec..

1974 August 8 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VI.
  • STS - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 69 km (42 mi).

1974 August 9 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VI.
  • STS - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 70 km (43 mi).

1974 August 9 - . 03:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC10W. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor Burner 2A.
  • DMSP-Block-5C F1 - . Payload: DMSP 9532 / OPS 6983. Mass: 195 kg (429 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Program: DMSP. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DMSP Block 4/5 satellites. Spacecraft: DMSP Block 5C. USAF Sat Cat: 7411 . COSPAR: 1974-063A. Apogee: 844 km (524 mi). Perigee: 779 km (484 mi). Inclination: 98.8000 deg. Period: 101.10 min. Defense Meteorological Satellite Program..

1974 August 9 - . 15:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 608. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3.
  • Demonstration and shakedown operations launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 August 10 - .
  • Death of Wallace Reed Brode at Washington, District Of Columbia. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Brode. American scientist. Associate director of the National Bureau of Standards 1947-1958..

1974 August 12 - . 06:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Cosmos 672 - . Payload: Soyuz ASTP s/n 72-EPSA. Mass: 6,570 kg (14,480 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: ASTP. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-TM. Duration: 5.94 days. Decay Date: 1974-08-18 . USAF Sat Cat: 7413 . COSPAR: 1974-064A. Apogee: 226 km (140 mi). Perigee: 222 km (137 mi). Inclination: 51.7000 deg. Period: 88.90 min.

    ASTP precursor. Recovered August 18, 1974 5:02 GMT. Soyuz ASTP test.
    Maneuver Summary:
    195km X 305km orbit to 195km X 221km orbit. Delta V: 24 m/s
    195km X 221km orbit to 223km X 223km orbit. Delta V: 8 m/s
    231km X 231km orbit to 231km X 231km orbit. Delta V: 1 m/s
    223km X 223km orbit to 231km X 231km orbit. Delta V: 4 m/s
    231km X 231km orbit to 227km X 237km orbit. Delta V: 2 m/s
    Total Delta V: 39 m/s.
    Officially: Investigation of the upper atmosphere and outer space.


1974 August 13 - . LV Family: RLA. Launch Vehicle: RLA.
  • Glushko briefed his new RLA launch vehicle family to the VPK Military Industrial Commission - . Nation: Russia.

    These RLA - Rocket Flight Apparatus - met the requirements of the Ministry of Defence as described in 1973 in Plan Poisk and would replace the failed N1 and all existing launch vehicles. As required by the Ministry of Defence, they used only Lox/Kerosene propellants; the various launch vehicles were modular, and used common engines and rocket bodies. The members of the VPK met the proposal with considerable scepticism. The final decision was that the plan had to be reworked. Additional Details: here....


1974 August 13 - .
  • N1 work cancelled - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Glushko, Keldysh, Korolev, Kuznetsov, Mishin, Ustinov. Program: Lunar L3. Spacecraft: Buran, LK, Soyuz 7K-LOK.

    Glushko formally cancelled the N1 within the new NPO Energia on 13 August 1974 with the support of Ustinov, even though he had no decree of the VPK Military-Industrial Commission or the Central Committee authorising such an act. The N1-L3 itself was not officially closed down until the resolution of February 1976 starting work on the Energia/Buran boosters. By that time 6 billion roubles had been spent on the N1 over 17 years. Additional Details: here....


1974 August 14 - . LV Family: N1. Launch Vehicle: N1.
  • Glushko meets with TsKBEM staff - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Barmin, Glushko, Korolev. Program: Lunar L3. Spacecraft: LK, Soyuz 7K-LOK.

    He solicited their support in the reorganization and new projects for the bureau. Glushko was sartorially perfect, and had an aristocratic air, never using the familiar forms of address in Russian. He only loosened up a little in the last years of his life. He was a nitpicker, correcting Russian syntax in documents. He was capable of clear logic but did not have the intuitive genius of Korolev (according to Barmin, while Korolev did not look after his appearance, he possessed a pure 'Russian' intelligence).


1974 August 14 - . 15:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC4W. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 24B.
  • OPS 3004 - . Payload: KH-8 no. 43 / Agena D. Mass: 3,000 kg (6,600 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO, USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: WS-117. Spacecraft: KH-8. Decay Date: 1974-09-29 . USAF Sat Cat: 7416 . COSPAR: 1974-065A. Apogee: 402 km (249 mi). Perigee: 135 km (83 mi). Inclination: 110.5000 deg. Period: 89.90 min. KH-8 type satellite. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A). .

1974 August 14 - . 18:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 133 km (82 mi).

1974 August 15 - . 09:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Met Para, Datasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 64 km (39 mi).

1974 August 16 - . 03:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Vostok 8A92M.
  • Cosmos 673 - . Payload: Tselina-D no. 6. Mass: 3,800 kg (8,300 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Tselina. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Tselina-D. Spacecraft: Tselina-D. Decay Date: 1991-06-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 7417 . COSPAR: 1974-066A. Apogee: 416 km (258 mi). Perigee: 399 km (247 mi). Inclination: 81.2000 deg. Period: 92.70 min.

1974 August 17 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF02. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3.
  • FOT GT45GM Follow-on Test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1974 August 17 - . 05:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Ute Tomahawk.
  • Vehicle Potential test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF CRL. Apogee: 161 km (100 mi).

1974 August 18 - . 08:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Ferdinand 36 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 106 km (65 mi).

1974 August 19 - .
  • Birth of Sergei Nikolaevich Ryzhikov - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Ryzhikov. Russian pilot cosmonaut, 2006-on. Major, VVS and PVO 14th Army (Novosibirsk / SibVO) Cosmonaut 2006-10-11 to ..

1974 August 19 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC105. LV Family: R-36M. Launch Vehicle: R-36M 15A14.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 August 20 - . 09:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: S-210. Launch Vehicle: S-210.
  • NNP / NEL / TEL Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 112 km (69 mi).

1974 August 20 - . 11:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Grand Turk Island. Launch Complex: Grand Turk Island DZ. Launch Pad: Aircraft from Cape Canaveral. Launch Platform: B-52. LV Family: SRAM. Launch Vehicle: SRAM. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1974 August 21 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VI.
  • STS/Starute - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 81 km (50 mi).

1974 August 21 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VI.
  • STS/Starute - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1974 August 21 - . 11:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 91 km (56 mi).

1974 August 22 - . 01:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Starute, Datasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 72 km (44 mi).

1974 August 23 - . 19:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: UNKO. Launch Platform: SHOK. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1974 August 24 - . 19:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: UNKO. Launch Platform: SHOK. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1974 August 26 - .
  • Shuttle Enterprise fuselage assembly starts. - . Nation: USA. Program: STS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft Bus: Shuttle. Spacecraft: Enterprise. Start structural assembly aft fuselage, Enterprise (OV-101).

1974 August 26 - . 19:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511.
  • Soyuz 15 - . Call Sign: Duna (Danube ). Crew: Demin, Sarafanov. Backup Crew: Volynov, Zholobov. Support Crew: Rozhdestvensky, Zudov. Payload: Soyuz 7K-T(A9) s/n 63. Mass: 6,760 kg (14,900 lb). Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Demin, Rozhdestvensky, Sarafanov, Volynov, Zholobov, Zudov. Agency: MOM. Program: Almaz. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Soyuz 15. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-T/A9. Duration: 2.01 days. Decay Date: 1974-08-28 . USAF Sat Cat: 7421 . COSPAR: 1974-067A. Apogee: 236 km (146 mi). Perigee: 173 km (107 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 88.50 min.

    Soyuz 15 was to conduct the second phase of manned operations aboard the Salyut 3 military space station, but the Igla rendezvous system failed and no docking was made. The two day flight could only be characterised as '... research in manoeuvring and docking with the OPS in various modes, and development of methods for evacuation and landing from space complex in new conditions....'

    As Chelomei had complained, Soyuz had no reserves or backup systems for repeated manual docking attempts and had to be recovered after a two-day flight. The state commission found that the Igla docking system of the Soyuz needed serious modification. This could not be completed before Salyut 3 decayed. Therefore the planned Soyuz 16 spacecraft became excess to the program (it was later flown as Soyuz 20 to a civilian Salyut station, even though over its two year rated storage life).

    Officially: Conduct of joint experiments with the Salyut-3 orbital scientific station.


1974 August 27 - . 14:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 600. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3.
  • Demonstration and shakedown operations launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 August 28 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC173. LV Family: MR-UR-100. Launch Vehicle: MR-UR-100.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 August 28 - .
1974 August 29 - .
  • X-24 Flight 43 - . Crew: Manke. Payload: X-24B flight 15. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Manke. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft Bus: X-24. Spacecraft: X-24B. Maximum Speed - 1170 kph. Maximum Altitude - 22080 m. Flight Time - 467 sec..

1974 August 29 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VI.
  • STS/Starute - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 70 km (43 mi).

1974 August 29 - . 07:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. Launch Pad: LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57.
  • Cosmos 674 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-4MK. Duration: 9.00 days. Decay Date: 1974-09-07 . USAF Sat Cat: 7423 . COSPAR: 1974-068A. Apogee: 323 km (200 mi). Perigee: 175 km (108 mi). Inclination: 65.0000 deg. Period: 89.50 min. High resolution photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1974 August 29 - . 14:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 675 - . Mass: 600 kg (1,320 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Sfera. USAF Sat Cat: 7424 . COSPAR: 1974-069A. Apogee: 1,424 km (884 mi). Perigee: 1,364 km (847 mi). Inclination: 74.1000 deg. Period: 113.60 min. Investigation of the upper atmosphere and outer space. .

1974 August 30 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC41/1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57. FAILURE: Failure. Failed Stage: U.
  • Zenit-2M - . Payload: Zenit-2M. Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-2M satellite. Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite..

1974 August 30 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC109. LV Family: R-36M. Launch Vehicle: R-36M 15A14.
  • Missile accuracy test launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 August 30 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC41/1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Nauka - . Payload: FEU-170 No. 3L. Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Spacecraft Bus: Nauka. Spacecraft: Nauka.

1974 August 30 - . 14:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC5. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout D-1. FAILURE: Partial Failure.. Failed Stage: 4.
  • ANS 1 - . Mass: 129 kg (284 lb). Nation: Netherlands. Agency: NIVR. Class: Astronomy. Type: X-ray astronomy satellite. Spacecraft Bus: ANS. Spacecraft: ANS. Decay Date: 1977-06-14 . USAF Sat Cat: 7427 . COSPAR: 1974-070A. Apogee: 1,173 km (728 mi). Perigee: 258 km (160 mi). Inclination: 98.0000 deg. Period: 99.10 min. Astronomical Netherlands Satellite; lower than planned orbit. .

1974 August 31 - .
  • Competitive bidding for new vehicle - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Glushko. Glushko proposed obtaining competitive bids for the launch complexes and booster subsystems for new boosters developed by OKB-1, dropping the traditional OKB-1 subcontractors..

1974 August 31 - .
  • Cosmonaut reunion as Soyuz 15 crew arrives in Moscow. - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Demin, Glushko, Keldysh, Mishin, Smirnov, Ustinov. Program: Salyut. Flight: Soyuz 15.

    Kamanin attends a reunion of cosmonauts on the occasion of the arrival of the Soyuz 15 crew at Chkalovsky Airfield. Demin has flown at the age of 48, the oldest astronaut ever, until Slayton makes his flight. Kamanin talks to Glushko and learns that the N1 has finally been cancelled. The misbegotten project went for eight years only because of the unconditional support of Mishin by Keldysh, Smirnov, and Ustinov. The earliest Soviet lunar landing cannot occur earlier than the Tenth Five Year Plan (e.g. 1980). Kamanin learns that Soyuz 15 was supposed to be a thirty-day flight, but the Igla automatic docking system failed yet again.


1974 September 1 - . Launch Site: Nenoksa. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Vysota.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 September 1 - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima L. LV Family: Lambda. Launch Vehicle: Lambda 4SC.
  • TVC test - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 1,500 km (900 mi).

1974 Sep? - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: Temp-2S. Launch Vehicle: Temp-2S.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 Sep? - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: Temp-2S. Launch Vehicle: Temp-2S.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 September 2 - . 06:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Tanegashima. Launch Complex: Tanegashima Q. LV Family: Mu. Launch Vehicle: ETV.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: NASDA. Apogee: 128 km (79 mi).

1974 September 3 - . 23:25 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Plasmapause flux Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 136 km (84 mi).

1974 September 4 - . Launch Site: Kourou. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas.
  • EXAMETNET 35-55 EOLE-ISENTROPE No. 4 - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1974 September 4 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VI.
  • Ozone/Starute - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 72 km (44 mi).

1974 September 4 - . 10:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA8. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 200.
  • HISTAR 8 Infrared astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 193 km (119 mi).

1974 September 5 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Combat training launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1974 September 6 - . 23:59 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 2.
  • Plasmapause flux Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 174 km (108 mi).

1974 September 7 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 200A.
  • Astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1974 September 8 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 576A1. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas F.
  • BMRS ACE-3 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,400 km (800 mi).

1974 September 9 - . 14:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Loki Dart.
  • Starute, Datasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 63 km (39 mi).

1974 September 10 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC106. LV Family: R-36M. Launch Vehicle: R-36M 15A14.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 September 11 - . Launch Site: Kourou. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas.
  • EXAMETNET 35-56 - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1974 September 11 - . 11:02 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Mass spectrometer Atmospheric mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 135 km (83 mi).

1974 September 11 - . 17:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 676 - . Mass: 750 kg (1,650 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Strela-2M. USAF Sat Cat: 7433 . COSPAR: 1974-071A. Apogee: 798 km (495 mi). Perigee: 779 km (484 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 100.60 min.

1974 September 11 - . 22:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA8. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 200.
  • HISTAR 9 Infrared astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1974 September 12 - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 2C.
  • NO-II-1 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Belgium. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1974 September 12 - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 2C.
  • NO-II-2 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Belgium. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1974 September 13 - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 2C.
  • NO-II-3 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Belgium. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1974 September 14 - .
  • Charles Kowal's Discovery of Jupiter Moon Leda - . Nation: USA.

1974 September 14 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC177. LV Family: MR-UR-100. Launch Vehicle: MR-UR-100.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 September 15 - . 18:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: UNKO. Launch Platform: SHOK. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 86 km (53 mi).

1974 September 16 - . 15:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 9M.
  • Plasma gun M / D Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 336 km (208 mi).

1974 September 17 - . 15:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA8. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 200.
  • HISTAR Infrared astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 193 km (119 mi).

1974 September 18 - . Launch Site: Kourou. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas.
  • EXAMETNET 35-57 - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1974 September 18 - . 17:43 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 170.
  • Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 252 km (156 mi).

1974 September 19 - . 02:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 9M.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 328 km (203 mi).

1974 September 19 - . 14:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Solar Ultraviolet/Solar Extreme ultraviolet mission - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1974 September 19 - . 14:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 677 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 73. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 7435 . COSPAR: 1974-072A. Apogee: 1,466 km (910 mi). Perigee: 1,397 km (868 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.50 min. Eight satellites launched by a single carrier rocket..
  • Cosmos 683 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 79. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 7441 . COSPAR: 1974-072G. Apogee: 1,466 km (910 mi). Perigee: 1,434 km (891 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.90 min.
  • Cosmos 684 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 80. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 7442 . COSPAR: 1974-072H. Apogee: 1,466 km (910 mi). Perigee: 1,416 km (879 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.70 min.
  • Cosmos 682 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 78. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 7440 . COSPAR: 1974-072F. Apogee: 1,467 km (911 mi). Perigee: 1,452 km (902 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.10 min.
  • Cosmos 680 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 76. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 7438 . COSPAR: 1974-072D. Apogee: 1,492 km (927 mi). Perigee: 1,466 km (910 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.50 min.
  • Cosmos 681 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 77. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 7439 . COSPAR: 1974-072E. Apogee: 1,472 km (914 mi). Perigee: 1,465 km (910 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.30 min.
  • Cosmos 678 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 74. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 7436 . COSPAR: 1974-072B. Apogee: 1,532 km (951 mi). Perigee: 1,466 km (910 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 116.00 min.
  • Cosmos 679 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 75. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 7437 . COSPAR: 1974-072C. Apogee: 1,511 km (938 mi). Perigee: 1,466 km (910 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.70 min.

1974 September 19 - . 15:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere/Chemical release/Plasma mission - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1974 September 19 - . 17:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere/Chemical release/Plasma mission - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1974 September 19 - . 19:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere/Chemical release/Plasma mission - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1974 September 20 - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. Launch Complex: Kwajalein Meck. LV Family: Spartan ABM. Launch Vehicle: Spartan ABM.
  • Safeguard M2-245A Interceptor mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1974 September 20 - . 04:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Plasma mission - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1974 September 20 - . 06:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere/Chemical release/Plasma mission - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1974 September 20 - . 07:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere/Chemical release/Plasma mission - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1974 September 20 - . 09:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. Launch Pad: LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57.
  • Cosmos 685 - . Mass: 6,000 kg (13,200 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-2M satellite. Duration: 12.00 days. Decay Date: 1974-10-02 . USAF Sat Cat: 7445 . COSPAR: 1974-073A. Apogee: 281 km (174 mi). Perigee: 209 km (129 mi). Inclination: 64.9000 deg. Period: 89.30 min. Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule..

1974 September 20 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere/Chemical release/Plasma mission - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1974 September 20 - . 11:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1974 September 20 - . 11:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 9M.
  • Precipitate Electrons Ionosphere / x-ray / ultraviolet mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 348 km (216 mi).

1974 September 20 - . 13:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere/Chemical release/Plasma mission - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1974 September 20 - . 19:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere/Chemical release/Plasma mission - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1974 September 20 - . 22:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere/Chemical release/Plasma mission - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1974 September 20 - . 22:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere/Chemical release/Plasma mission - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1974 September 21 - .
  • Mariner 10 second flyby of Mercury - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft Bus: Mariner. Spacecraft: Mariner 10. The second Mercury rendezvous provided another opportunity to photograph the sunlit side of the planet and the south polar region..

1974 September 21 - .
1974 September 21 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: Temp-2S. Launch Vehicle: Pioner.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1974 September 21 - . 03:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Solar Ultraviolet/Solar Extreme ultraviolet mission - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1974 September 21 - . 06:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere/Chemical release/Plasma mission - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1974 September 23 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Point Mugu. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Starute, Datasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 61 km (37 mi).

1974 September 24 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Malemute. Launch Vehicle: Nike Malemute.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 465 km (288 mi).

1974 September 24 - . 23:17 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Airglow Atmospheric mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 136 km (84 mi).

1974 September 25 - . 09:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 91 km (56 mi).

1974 September 26 - . 16:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 686 - . Payload: DS-P1-Yu s/n 72. Mass: 400 kg (880 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-Yu. Completed Operations Date: 1975-05-02 . Decay Date: 1975-05-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 7447 . COSPAR: 1974-074A. Apogee: 476 km (295 mi). Perigee: 279 km (173 mi). Inclination: 70.9000 deg. Period: 92.10 min. Development of systems for air defence and the control of outer space..

1974 September 27 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC173. LV Family: MR-UR-100. Launch Vehicle: MR-UR-100.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 September 27 - . 02:09 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Airglow Atmospheric mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 136 km (84 mi).

1974 September 28 - . 11:32 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Electron density Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 119 km (73 mi).

1974 September 28 - . 15:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF22. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3.
  • FOT GT46GB Follow-on Test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1974 September 30 - . 20:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Met Para, Datasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 48 km (29 mi).

1974 October 1 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Strypi. Launch Vehicle: Strypi VIIAR. FAILURE: Failure.
  • MTV-II-1 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1974 Q4 - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. LV Family: Alfa. Launch Vehicle: Alfa.
  • Spurious? - . Nation: Italy. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi). Second test flight of Italian submarine- and ship-launched ballistic missile. Dummy second stage..

1974 Oct? - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: Temp-2S. Launch Vehicle: Temp-2S.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 October 2 - . Launch Site: Kourou. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas.
  • EXAMETNET 35-58 - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1974 October 2 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Molodezhnaya. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 86 km (53 mi).

1974 October 3 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC162/36. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: R-36 8K67. FAILURE: Failure.
  • OS state trials flight - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1974 October 3 - . 05:10 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 200A.
  • Astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1974 October 4 - . 14:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 6 AC.
  • XRCS X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 196 km (121 mi).

1974 October 4 - . 16:16 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 227 km (141 mi).

1974 October 5 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF04. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3.
  • Research and development launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1974 October 7 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC104. LV Family: R-36M. Launch Vehicle: R-36M 15A14.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 October 7 - . 06:33 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 6 AC.
  • DLR H-GR-59 (Astro 9) X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 190 km (110 mi).

1974 October 8 - . 03:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF02. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 2.
  • FOT GT118M Follow-on Test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1974 October 9 - . 04:49 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: INTA-300. Launch Vehicle: INTA-300.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 254 km (157 mi). Failed to reach expected altitude..

1974 October 10 - . 05:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2?. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 10A.
  • Programmer test - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1974 October 10 - . 22:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17B. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Delta 2914.
  • Westar 2 - . Mass: 500 kg (1,100 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: WUTC. Program: Westar. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: HS 333. Spacecraft: HS 333. Completed Operations Date: 1986-05-07 . USAF Sat Cat: 7466 . COSPAR: 1974-075A. Apogee: 35,910 km (22,310 mi). Perigee: 35,895 km (22,304 mi). Inclination: 9.5000 deg. Period: 1,442.00 min.

    Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C). Positioned in geosynchronous orbit over the Americas at 123 deg W in 1974-1982; over the Americas at 79 deg W in 1982-1986 As of 2 September 2001 located at 144.45 deg E drifting at 1.482 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 8 located at 6.53W drifting at 1.482W degrees per day.


1974 October 11 - . 11:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 687 - . Mass: 400 kg (880 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft Bus: Taifun-1. Spacecraft: Taifun-1. Decay Date: 1978-02-05 . USAF Sat Cat: 7469 . COSPAR: 1974-076A. Apogee: 698 km (433 mi). Perigee: 286 km (177 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 94.50 min. Radar calibration mission..

1974 October 12 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg.
  • Final use of an Atlas booster in ABRES - . Nation: USA. Final use of an Atlas booster in the Advanced Ballistic Reentry System (ABRES) program..

1974 October 12 - . 05:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF21. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3.
  • Research and development launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1974 October 12 - . 08:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF25. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3.
  • Research and development launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1974 October 14 - . 04:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 576A3. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas F.
  • BMRS RVTO-3A-1 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,400 km (800 mi).

    Surplus Atlas 31F was launched from Vanden-berg AFB carrying a Reentry Vehicles Technology and Observables (RVT0-3A-1) payload. This successful launch and flight marked the apparent end of the use of Atlas D,E, and F ICBMs in support of various Advanced Ballistic Reentry Systems (ABRES) and other governmental agency programs. Since Atlas 159D was launched from Vandenberg AFB on 26 October 1962 in support of the Nike Targets Program, a total of 113 Atlas missiles - 54Ds, 4Es, and 55Fs - have been launched with only 11 failures.


1974 October 15 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg WTR. Launch Platform: SSBN 601. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3.
  • Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 October 15 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg WTR. Launch Platform: SSBN 601. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3.
  • Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 October 15 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg WTR. Launch Platform: SSBN 601. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3.
  • Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 October 15 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg WTR. Launch Platform: SSBN 601. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3.
  • Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 October 15 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg WTR. Launch Platform: SSBN 601. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3.
  • Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 October 15 - . 07:47 GMT - . Launch Site: San Marco. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout B-1.
  • Ariel 5 - . Payload: UK 5. Mass: 129 kg (284 lb). Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Ariel. Spacecraft: Ariel. Decay Date: 1980-03-14 . USAF Sat Cat: 7471 . COSPAR: 1974-077A. Apogee: 549 km (341 mi). Perigee: 504 km (313 mi). Inclination: 2.9000 deg. Period: 94.90 min. X-ray observatory. Cosmic X-ray astronomy. Injection point: 2.7S, 58.2E. Anticipated life: 5 years. Time of launch: 07:47:00.25 GMT. Decay also (belatedly) noted in ST/SG/SER.E/216. .

1974 October 15 - . 14:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere/Chemical release/Plasma mission - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1974 October 15 - . 20:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere/Chemical release/Plasma mission - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1974 October 16 - . Launch Site: Kourou. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas.
  • EXAMETNET 35-59 - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1974 October 16 - . 02:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere/Chemical release/Plasma mission - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1974 October 17 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC162/36. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: R-36 8K67.
  • Yantar state trials launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 October 17 - . 10:20 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Javelin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Hydac.
  • PRECEDE (HARSES?) Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

1974 October 18 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57.
  • Cosmos 688 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-4MK. Duration: 12.00 days. Decay Date: 1974-10-30 . USAF Sat Cat: 7473 . COSPAR: 1974-078A. Apogee: 349 km (216 mi). Perigee: 179 km (111 mi). Inclination: 62.8000 deg. Period: 89.80 min. High resolution photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1974 October 18 - . 22:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 689 - . Mass: 680 kg (1,490 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Tsiklon satellite. USAF Sat Cat: 7476 . COSPAR: 1974-079A. Apogee: 1,015 km (630 mi). Perigee: 972 km (603 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 105.00 min. Military navigation satellite..

1974 October 19 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 200A.
  • Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 201 km (124 mi).

1974 October 20 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VI.
  • Ozone/Starute - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 67 km (41 mi).

1974 October 21 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Met Para, Datasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 69 km (42 mi).

1974 October 22 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 659. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Poseidon C3.
  • FOT-7 Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1974 October 22 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 659. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Poseidon C3.
  • FOT-7 Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1974 October 22 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 659. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Poseidon C3.
  • FOT-7 Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1974 October 22 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 659. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Poseidon C3.
  • FOT-7 Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1974 October 22 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC177. LV Family: MR-UR-100. Launch Vehicle: MR-UR-100.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 October 22 - . 14:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF05. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 2.
  • ERCS GIANT MOON 6 Communications mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1974 October 22 - . 18:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/4. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Cosmos 690 - . Payload: Bion no. 2. Mass: 6,000 kg (13,200 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Biology. Type: Biology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Bion. Duration: 20.50 days. Decay Date: 1974-11-12 . USAF Sat Cat: 7478 . COSPAR: 1974-080A. Apogee: 364 km (226 mi). Perigee: 215 km (133 mi). Inclination: 62.8000 deg. Period: 90.30 min. Biological research. Investigation of the upper atmosphere and outer space. .

1974 October 23 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC109. LV Family: R-36M. Launch Vehicle: R-36M 15A14.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 October 23 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC173. LV Family: MR-UR-100. Launch Vehicle: MR-UR-100.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 October 24 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg WTR. Launch Platform: C-5A. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 6.00 km (3.70 mi).

1974 October 24 - . 12:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M.
  • Molniya 1-28 - . Payload: Molniya-1 s/n 26. Mass: 1,600 kg (3,500 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Molniya. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-2. Spacecraft: Molniya-1. Decay Date: 1985-12-29 . USAF Sat Cat: 7480 . COSPAR: 1974-081A. Apogee: 40,633 km (25,248 mi). Perigee: 607 km (377 mi). Inclination: 62.8000 deg. Period: 735.80 min. Decay date suspect Uncertain if Molniya-1T model was Molniya-1 or Molniya-1T. Operation of a system of long range telephone-telegraph radiocommunication, and transmission of USSR Central Television programmes to the stations of the Orbita network..

1974 October 25 - .
  • X-24 Flight 44 - . Crew: Love, Michael. Payload: X-24B flight 16. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Love, Michael. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft Bus: X-24. Spacecraft: X-24B. Max. speed flight. Maximum Speed - 1873 kph. Maximum Altitude - 21990 m. Flight Time - 417 sec..

1974 October 25 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF09. Launch Pad: LF09?. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3.
  • OT GT28GM operational test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1974 October 25 - . 09:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. Launch Pad: LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Cosmos 691 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-4MK. Duration: 12.00 days. Decay Date: 1974-11-06 . USAF Sat Cat: 7483 . COSPAR: 1974-082A. Apogee: 317 km (196 mi). Perigee: 187 km (116 mi). Inclination: 65.0000 deg. Period: 89.50 min. High resolution photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1974 October 27 - . 04:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Koroni. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 84 km (52 mi).

1974 October 28 - . 10:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Vostok 8A92M.
  • Meteor 1-19 - . Payload: Meteor M no. 19. Mass: 3,800 kg (8,300 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Meteor. Spacecraft: Meteor M 11F614. USAF Sat Cat: 7490 . COSPAR: 1974-083A. Apogee: 882 km (548 mi). Perigee: 842 km (523 mi). Inclination: 81.2000 deg. Period: 102.20 min. Acquisition of meteorological information needed for use by the weather service. .

1974 October 28 - . 14:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC81/24. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K/D.
  • Luna 23 - . Payload: Ye-8-5M s/n 410. Mass: 5,300 kg (11,600 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Luna. Class: Moon. Type: Lunar probe. Spacecraft Bus: Luna Ye-8. Spacecraft: Luna Ye-8-5. Decay Date: 1974-11-06 . USAF Sat Cat: 7491 . COSPAR: 1974-084A. Apogee: 105 km (65 mi). Perigee: 17 km (10 mi).

    Failed lunar soil return mission. After successfully entering earth orbit, flying to the moon, entering lunar orbit, and descending toward the surface, the spacecraft was damaged during landing in Mare Crisium (Sea of Crises). The sample collecting apparatus could not operate and no samples were returned. The lander continued transmissions for three days after landing. In 1976, Luna 24 landed several hundred meters away and successfully returned samples. Parameters are for lunar orbit.


1974 October 29 - . 19:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC4E. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan IIID.
  • KH-9 no. 09 - . Mass: 13,300 kg (29,300 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: CIA, NRO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KH-9. Spacecraft: KH-9. Decay Date: 1975-03-18 . USAF Sat Cat: 7495 . COSPAR: 1974-085A. Apogee: 272 km (169 mi). Perigee: 115 km (71 mi). Inclination: 96.7000 deg. Period: 88.40 min. KH-9 type satellite. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A). .
  • OPS 6239 - . Payload: SSF-B No. 26. Mass: 60 kg (132 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO, USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft Bus: SSF. Spacecraft: SSF. Decay Date: 1980-01-23 . USAF Sat Cat: 7498 . COSPAR: 1974-085B. Apogee: 531 km (329 mi). Perigee: 521 km (323 mi). Inclination: 96.0000 deg. Period: 95.10 min. Radar monitoring; may or may not have existed!!!..
  • SESP 73-5 - . Payload: P 73 5 / OPS 8452. Mass: 260 kg (570 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Technology. Type: Military technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: SESP. Spacecraft: SESP. Decay Date: 1975-05-26 . USAF Sat Cat: 7499 . COSPAR: 1974-085C. Apogee: 2,888 km (1,794 mi). Perigee: 150 km (90 mi). Inclination: 96.9000 deg. Period: 116.30 min. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A). .

1974 October 30 - . Launch Site: Kourou. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas.
  • EXAMETNET 35-60 - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1974 October 30 - . 22:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1974 October 31 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Intercosmos 12 - . Payload: DS-U2-IK s/n 4. Mass: 400 kg (880 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: IK. Program: DS. Class: Earth. Type: Ionosphere satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-U2-IK. Completed Operations Date: 1975-02-20 . Decay Date: 1975-07-11 . USAF Sat Cat: 7500 . COSPAR: 1974-086A. Apogee: 707 km (439 mi). Perigee: 243 km (150 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 94.10 min. Atmospheric, ionospheric research. Comprehensive investigation of the earth's atmosphere and ionosphere and of micrometeorite fluxes..

1974 November 1 - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. Launch Complex: Kwajalein Meck. LV Family: Spartan ABM. Launch Vehicle: Spartan ABM.
  • Safeguard M2-445 Interceptor mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1974 Nov? - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: Temp-2S. Launch Vehicle: Temp-2S.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 Nov - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: Temp-2S. Launch Vehicle: Temp-2S.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 November 1 - . 14:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57.
  • Cosmos 692 - . Mass: 6,000 kg (13,200 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-2M satellite. Duration: 12.00 days. Decay Date: 1974-11-13 . USAF Sat Cat: 7502 . COSPAR: 1974-087A. Apogee: 295 km (183 mi). Perigee: 197 km (122 mi). Inclination: 62.8000 deg. Period: 89.40 min. Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule. Second successful test of SpK small film return capsule planned for Yantar. SpK capsule FEU-170 No. 4L successfully recovered..
  • Cosmos 692 Nauka - . Payload: FEU-170 s/n 4L. Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Nauka. Spacecraft: Nauka. COSPAR: 1974-087xx.

1974 November 1 - . 20:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 6.
  • UK SL1221 (S107) Aurora / ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 225 km (139 mi).

1974 November 2 - . 07:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Koroni. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 81 km (50 mi).

1974 November 3 - . 10:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. Launch Complex: Barking Sands LC1. LV Family: Strypi. Launch Vehicle: Strypi IIR.
  • LRL ACS 11 X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 255 km (158 mi).

1974 November 3 - . 11:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 170.
  • Crab occultation Astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 169 km (105 mi).

1974 November 4 - . 10:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511M.
  • Cosmos 693 - . Mass: 6,000 kg (13,200 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-4MT. Duration: 12.00 days. Decay Date: 1974-11-16 . USAF Sat Cat: 7509 . COSPAR: 1974-088A. Apogee: 243 km (150 mi). Perigee: 219 km (136 mi). Inclination: 81.3000 deg. Period: 89.10 min. Military topography satellite; returned film capsule; separated science capsule..

1974 November 5 - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: Eridan.
  • FAUST FU-214 Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 220 km (130 mi).

1974 November 5 - . Launch Site: Jiuquan. Launch Complex: Jiuquan LA2B. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 2. FAILURE: Cable carrying pitch rate gyro signal disconnected.. Failed Stage: G.
  • FSW-0 - . Payload: FSW-0 No. A. Mass: 2,500 kg (5,500 lb). Nation: China. Agency: PRC. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: FSW. Spacecraft: FSW. Decay Date: 1974-11-05 .

1974 November 6 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 95 km (59 mi).

1974 November 7 - . 15:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Loki Dart.
  • Starute, Datasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 62 km (38 mi).

1974 November 8 - . 20:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Met Para, Datasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1974 November 10 - . 12:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Sandhawk. Launch Vehicle: Sandhawk.
  • LEINAX III X-ray Astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 180 km (110 mi). LEINAX III - USAF plasma physics experiment. Detected cosmic soft x-rays..

1974 November 11 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Malemute. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Malemute. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1974 November 12 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC177. LV Family: MR-UR-100. Launch Vehicle: MR-UR-100.
  • Operational test launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 November 12 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC103. LV Family: R-36M. Launch Vehicle: R-36M 15A14. FAILURE: Failure.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1974 November 13 - .
  • Birth of Sergei Nikolayevich Ryazansky - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Ryazansky. Russian physician cosmonaut, 2003-on. Worked at IMBP, in the post of senior scientific researcher at the "Sensomotornoy, Fiziology i Profilaktiky" department. Cosmonaut training 16 June 2003 - 27 June 2005..

1974 November 13 - . Launch Site: Kourou. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas.
  • EXAMETNET 35-61 - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1974 November 13 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Molodezhnaya. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 95 km (59 mi).

1974 November 14 - . 09:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere/Chemical release/Plasma mission - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1974 November 15 - .
  • X-24 Flight 45 - . Crew: Manke. Payload: X-24B flight 17. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Manke. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft Bus: X-24. Spacecraft: X-24B. Maximum Speed - 1722 kph. Maximum Altitude - 21960 m. Flight Time - 481 sec..

1974 November 15 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VI.
  • STS/Starute - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 70 km (43 mi).

1974 November 15 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VI.
  • STS/Starute - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 70 km (43 mi).

1974 November 15 - . 17:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC2W. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Delta 2310.
  • NOAA 4 - . Payload: ITOS G. Mass: 340 kg (740 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NOAA. Program: Tiros. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft Bus: ITOS. Spacecraft: ITOS. USAF Sat Cat: 7529 . COSPAR: 1974-089A. Apogee: 1,459 km (906 mi). Perigee: 1,445 km (897 mi). Inclination: 101.8000 deg. Period: 114.90 min. Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C)..
  • Oscar 7 - . Payload: Amsat-Oscar-7. Mass: 29 kg (63 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: AmSat. Program: Oscar. Class: Communications. Type: Amateur radio communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Oscar. Spacecraft: Oscar. USAF Sat Cat: 7530 . COSPAR: 1974-089B. Apogee: 1,459 km (906 mi). Perigee: 1,440 km (890 mi). Inclination: 101.8000 deg. Period: 114.90 min.

    AMSAT-OSCAR 7 was launched piggyback with ITOS-G (NOAA 4) and the Spanish INTASAT. The second phase 2 satellite (Phase II-B). Weight 28.6 kg. Octahedrally shaped 360 mm high and 424 mm in diameter. Circularly polarized canted turnstile VHF/UHF antenna system and HF dipole. Firsts: Satellite-to-satellite relay communication via AO-6; Early demonstrations of low-budget medical data relay and doppler location of ground transmitters for search-and-rescue operations were done using this satellite. AO-7 was fully operational for 6.5 years until a battery failed in mid 1981. However the satellite was still functional in day-side passes when its ever-degrading solar cells could function, and was still responding to amateurs as of August 2006. Additional Details: here....

  • Intasat 1 - . Payload: Intasat. Mass: 20 kg (44 lb). Nation: Spain. Agency: INTA. Class: Technology. Type: Communications technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Intasat. Spacecraft: Intasat. USAF Sat Cat: 7531 . COSPAR: 1974-089C. Apogee: 1,459 km (906 mi). Perigee: 1,442 km (896 mi). Inclination: 101.8000 deg. Period: 114.90 min.

1974 November 16 - .
  • Death of Walther Johannes Riedel - . Nation: Germany. Related Persons: Riedel, Walther. German manager and engineer who managed development of V-2 rocket engine after the death of Thiel. In the US he transferred this technology to Rocketdyne, which led to the engines for the Redstone, Thor, Jupiter, Atlas, and Saturn I rockets..

1974 November 16 - . 05:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere/Chemical release/Plasma mission - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1974 November 16 - . 09:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Chemical release/Plasma mission - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1974 November 16 - . 09:49 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 170A.
  • Ae 170A-HE Astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 181 km (112 mi).

1974 November 16 - . 10:35 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 170A.
  • Astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 166 km (103 mi).

1974 November 16 - . 11:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57.
  • Cosmos 694 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-4MK. Duration: 13.00 days. Decay Date: 1974-11-29 . USAF Sat Cat: 7533 . COSPAR: 1974-090A. Apogee: 336 km (208 mi). Perigee: 172 km (106 mi). Inclination: 72.8000 deg. Period: 89.60 min. High resolution photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1974 November 18 - . 21:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Met Para, Datasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 65 km (40 mi).

1974 November 19 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VI.
  • STS/Starute - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 71 km (44 mi).

1974 November 19 - . 02:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: Eridan.
  • FAUST FU-215 Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 220 km (130 mi).

1974 November 20 - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 HRV. LV Family: Rook. Launch Vehicle: Jabiru 3.
1974 November 20 - . 09:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Chemical release/Plasma mission - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1974 November 20 - . 11:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 695 - . Payload: DS-P1-Yu s/n 73. Mass: 400 kg (880 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-Yu. Completed Operations Date: 1975-05-10 . Decay Date: 1975-07-15 . USAF Sat Cat: 7538 . COSPAR: 1974-091A. Apogee: 468 km (290 mi). Perigee: 273 km (169 mi). Inclination: 71.0000 deg. Period: 92.00 min. Development of systems for air defence and the control of outer space..

1974 November 21 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VI.
  • STS/Starute - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 82 km (50 mi).

1974 November 21 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VI.
  • STS/Starute - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 82 km (50 mi).

1974 November 21 - . 10:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC41/1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M.
  • Molniya 3-01 - . Payload: Molniya-3 s/n 11. Mass: 1,600 kg (3,500 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Molniya. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-2. Spacecraft: Molniya-3. Decay Date: 1986-05-15 . USAF Sat Cat: 7540 . COSPAR: 1974-092A. Apogee: 40,095 km (24,913 mi). Perigee: 250 km (150 mi). Inclination: 64.1000 deg. Period: 717.60 min. Operation of the long-range telephone and telegraph radiocommunications system in the USSR; transmission of television programmes to stations in the Orbita network. .

1974 November 21 - . 23:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC36B. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas SLV-3D Centaur.
  • Intelsat 4 F-8 - . Mass: 1,410 kg (3,100 lb). Nation: International. Agency: Intelsat. Program: Intelsat. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Intelsat 4. Spacecraft: Intelsat 4. Completed Operations Date: 1985-08-20 . USAF Sat Cat: 7544 . COSPAR: 1974-093A. Apogee: 35,944 km (22,334 mi). Perigee: 35,907 km (22,311 mi). Inclination: 8.8000 deg. Period: 1,443.20 min.

    Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C). Launch vehicle put payload into geosynchronous transfer orbit Positioned in geosynchronous orbit over the Pacific Ocean at 174 deg E in 1974-1982; over the Pacific Ocean 179 deg E in 1982; over the Atlantic Ocean 1 deg W in 1983-1985 As of 1 September 2001 located at 139.80 deg W drifting at 1.762 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 9 located at 61.11W drifting at 1.754W degrees per day.


1974 November 22 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 658. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Poseidon C3.
  • FOT-8 Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1974 November 22 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 658. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Poseidon C3.
  • FOT-8 Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1974 November 22 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 658. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Poseidon C3.
  • FOT-8 Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1974 November 22 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 658. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Poseidon C3.
  • FOT-8 Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1974 November 23 - . 00:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17B. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Delta 2313.
  • Skynet 2B - . Payload: Skynet 2A. Mass: 129 kg (284 lb). Nation: UK. Agency: MoD. Program: Skynet. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Skynet. Spacecraft: Skynet. Completed Operations Date: 1992-01-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 7547 . COSPAR: 1974-094A. Apogee: 35,822 km (22,258 mi). Perigee: 35,782 km (22,233 mi). Inclination: 12.2000 deg. Period: 1,436.90 min.

    A Thor-Delta launched from the Eastern Test Range lifted the second of two Skynet II (Skynet IIB) defense communications satellite for the United Kingdom into an elliptical transfer orbit. Two days later, a firing of the satellite's apogee boost motor placed the satellite in a near circular orbit prior to final positioning in a synchronous orbit over the Indian Ocean. The first Skynet II satellite, Skynet IIA, was lost in January 1974 due to a booster failure after launch from Cape Canaveral. Military communications. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit over the Indian Ocean at 50-55 deg E in 1975-1977; drifting As of 3 September 2001 located at 18.23 deg E drifting at 0.206 deg W per day. As of 2007 Feb 27 located at 54.93E drifting at 0.393E degrees per day.


1974 November 25 - . 07:22 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 133 km (82 mi).

1974 November 25 - . 08:10 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • Astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 184 km (114 mi).

1974 November 25 - . 09:15 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 200A.
  • Astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 207 km (128 mi).

1974 November 26 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF08. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3.
  • Research and development launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1974 November 26 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VI.
  • STS/Starute - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 84 km (52 mi).

1974 November 27 - . Launch Site: Kourou. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas.
  • EXAMETNET 35-62 - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1974 November 27 - . 11:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57.
  • Cosmos 696 - . Mass: 6,000 kg (13,200 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-2M satellite. Duration: 12.00 days. Decay Date: 1974-12-09 . USAF Sat Cat: 7551 . COSPAR: 1974-095A. Apogee: 321 km (199 mi). Perigee: 205 km (127 mi). Inclination: 72.9000 deg. Period: 89.80 min. Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule..

1974 November 27 - . 18:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 200A.
  • Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 297 km (184 mi).

1974 November 28 - . LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5M.
  • Ballistic missile warheads no longer stored separately from missiles - . Nation: Russia.

    From 1972, as the last open-pad missiles were retired, it was decided to mount all warheads on the silo-based missiles in instant readiness for launch. Its operational tasks finished, the 12th Directorate was placed under the Ministry of Defence. In its place the RSVN created a Sixth Directorate for security of nuclear weapons.


1974 November 28 - . 16:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 6 AC.
  • Echelle spectrograph Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 203 km (126 mi).

1974 November 29 - . Launch Site: Kourou. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas.
  • EXAMETNET 35-63 - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1974 November 29 - . 10:17 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 118 km (73 mi).

1974 November 29 - . 10:53 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Atomic oxygen Atmospheric mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 134 km (83 mi).

1974 November 29 - . 12:09 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Atomic oxygen Atmospheric mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 123 km (76 mi).

1974 November 30 - . 07:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 89 km (55 mi).

1974 December 1 - .
  • Death of Marion Dietrich - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Dietrich, Marion. American pilot, one of the Mercury 13 female pilots declared fit for astronaut duty in 1961, but never entered training..

1974 December 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC86/1. Launch Pad: LC86/pad?. LV Family: R-31. Launch Vehicle: R-31.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 Dec - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. LV Family: Javelin. Launch Vehicle: HJ Nike Hydac.
  • HAVE JEEP II B? - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1974 Dec - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. LV Family: Javelin. Launch Vehicle: HJ Nike Hydac.
  • HAVE JEEP II C? - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1974 December 2 - .
1974 December 2 - . 09:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Soyuz 16 - . Call Sign: Buran (Snowstorm ). Crew: Filipchenko, Rukavishnikov. Backup Crew: Andreyev, Dzhanibekov. Support Crew: Ivanchenkov, Romanenko. Payload: Soyuz ASTP s/n 73-EPSA. Mass: 6,800 kg (14,900 lb). Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Andreyev, Dzhanibekov, Filipchenko, Ivanchenkov, Romanenko, Rukavishnikov. Agency: MOM. Program: ASTP. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Soyuz 16. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-TM. Duration: 5.93 days. Decay Date: 1974-12-08 . USAF Sat Cat: 7561 . COSPAR: 1974-096A. Apogee: 291 km (180 mi). Perigee: 184 km (114 mi). Inclination: 51.8000 deg. Period: 89.20 min.

    ASTP Manned Test Flight. Check-out of the Soyuz space craft's on-board systems which had been modernized to meet the requirements of the 1975 joint flight in accordance with the programme of the Soviet-United States experiment; conduct of scientific and technical investigations.


1974 December 2 - . 12:36 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Atmospheric mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 129 km (80 mi).

1974 December 3 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF25. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3.
  • FOT GT47GB Follow-on Test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1974 December 4 - . Launch Site: Kourou. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas.
  • EXAMETNET 35-64 - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1974 December 4 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 92 km (57 mi).

1974 December 5 - . 01:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Starute, Datasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 79 km (49 mi).

1974 December 6 - . 20:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 306 km (190 mi).

1974 December 6 - . 23:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Parry. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VB.
  • Cusp Auroral mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 245 km (152 mi).

1974 December 7 - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. LV Family: Javelin. Launch Vehicle: HJ Nike Hydac.
  • HAVE JEEP II Reentry test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1974 December 7 - . 20:37 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Atmospheric mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 101 km (62 mi).

1974 December 7 - . 20:58 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 132 km (82 mi).

1974 December 7 - . 22:26 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Atmospheric mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 137 km (85 mi).

1974 December 7 - . 22:53 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Airglow Atmospheric mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 138 km (85 mi).

1974 December 8 - . 21:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Met Para, Datasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 65 km (40 mi).

1974 December 8 - .
1974 December 9 - . 16:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Primrose Lake. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Starute, Datasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 61 km (37 mi).

1974 December 10 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VI.
  • STS/Starute - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 78 km (48 mi).

1974 December 10 - . 07:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC41. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan IIIE.
  • Helios 1 - . Mass: 370 kg (810 lb). Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Class: Astronomy. Type: Solar satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Helios. Spacecraft: Helios. USAF Sat Cat: 7567 . COSPAR: 1974-097A.

    A Titan IIIE/Centaur launched from Cape Canaveral boosted the United States-West German HELIOS spacecraft into heliocentric orbit as a solar probe to investigate the properties and processes of solar/terrestrial relationships. This was the first completely successful flight of the Titan IIIE/Centaur booster combination. Solar probe. Solar Orbit (Heliocentric). Launched by the United States and the Federal Republic of Germany. Helios A (Helios I). Heliocentric orbit 190 days, 0.309 x 0.985 AU x 0 deg. Exploration of the interplanetary space between the earth and the sun and study of solar influences on that area.


1974 December 11 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC105. LV Family: R-36M. Launch Vehicle: R-36M 15A14.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 December 11 - . 22:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Parry. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant IVB.
  • Aurora / ionosphere mission Aurora / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 600 km (370 mi).

1974 December 12 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: Temp-2S. Launch Vehicle: Temp-2S.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 December 12 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: Temp-2S. Launch Vehicle: Temp-2S.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 December 13 - . 13:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Cosmos 697 - . Payload: Yantar-2K s/n 2. Mass: 6,600 kg (14,500 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Yantar. Spacecraft: Yantar-2K. Duration: 12.00 days. Decay Date: 1974-12-25 . USAF Sat Cat: 7571 . COSPAR: 1974-098A. Apogee: 392 km (243 mi). Perigee: 174 km (108 mi). Inclination: 62.8000 deg. Period: 90.20 min.

    Yantar second generation reconnaissance spacecraft. After failure of the first Yantar-2K launch, a review board recommended modifications to the Soyuz U launch vehicle. This second Yantar still used the Sokol control system from the Zenit and lacked the SpK small film recovery capsules. As planned, after 12 days, the main descent capsule was successfully recovered with its film.


1974 December 13 - . 19:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Ferdinand 37 / Polar 4 Aurora mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NASA, NDRE. Apogee: 228 km (141 mi).

1974 December 14 - . 09:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 94 km (58 mi).

1974 December 15 - . 04:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Thule AFB. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas.
  • AFCRL Arcas 73A-1 - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1974 December 16 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 616. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Poseidon C3.
  • Demonstration and shakedown operations launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1974 December 17 - .
  • X-24 Flight 46 - . Crew: Love, Michael. Payload: X-24B flight 18. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Love, Michael. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft Bus: X-24. Spacecraft: X-24B. Maximum Speed - 1667 kph. Maximum Altitude - 20960 m. Flight Time - 420 sec..

1974 December 17 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC177. LV Family: MR-UR-100. Launch Vehicle: MR-UR-100.
  • Mod 2 state trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 December 17 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC106. LV Family: R-36M. Launch Vehicle: R-36M 15A14.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 December 17 - . 10:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonde Stromfjord. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant IVB.
  • DLR G-BB4-64 PolCusp Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 280 km (170 mi).

1974 December 17 - . 11:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonde Stromfjord. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Polar Cusp Li Atmospheric mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 165 km (102 mi).

1974 December 17 - . 11:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Vostok 8A92M.
  • Meteor 1-20 - . Payload: Meteor M no. 20. Mass: 3,800 kg (8,300 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Meteor. Spacecraft: Meteor M 11F614. USAF Sat Cat: 7574 . COSPAR: 1974-099A. Apogee: 868 km (539 mi). Perigee: 846 km (525 mi). Inclination: 81.2000 deg. Period: 102.10 min. Acquisition of meteorological information needed for use by the weather service. .

1974 December 17 - . 12:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonde Stromfjord. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Polar Cusp Li Atmospheric mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 165 km (102 mi).

1974 December 18 - . Launch Site: Kourou. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas.
  • EXAMETNET 35-65 - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1974 December 18 - . 02:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF04. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 2.
  • FOT GT121M Follow-on Test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1974 December 18 - . 11:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonde Stromfjord. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant IVB. FAILURE: Failure.
  • DLR G-BB4-65 PolCusp Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1974 December 18 - . 11:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonde Stromfjord. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Polar Cusp Li Atmospheric mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 165 km (102 mi).

1974 December 18 - . 12:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonde Stromfjord. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Polar Cusp Li Atmospheric mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 165 km (102 mi).

1974 December 18 - . 14:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 698 - . Mass: 875 kg (1,929 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Tselina-O. Spacecraft: Tselina-O. Decay Date: 1980-12-09 . USAF Sat Cat: 7576 . COSPAR: 1974-100A. Apogee: 552 km (342 mi). Perigee: 515 km (320 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 95.30 min. Replaced Cosmos 549. Possible ELINT satellite..

1974 December 19 - . 02:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17B. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Delta 2914.
  • Symphonie 1 - . Payload: Symphonie MV1. Mass: 221 kg (487 lb). Nation: France. Agency: CNES, DFVLR. Class: Technology. Type: Communications technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Symphonie. Spacecraft: Symphonie. Completed Operations Date: 1983-08-03 . USAF Sat Cat: 7578 . COSPAR: 1974-101A. Apogee: 35,893 km (22,302 mi). Perigee: 35,853 km (22,277 mi). Inclination: 14.9000 deg. Period: 1,440.50 min.

    Experimental commsat. Jointly registered by the Federal Republic of Germany (A/AC.105/INF.305) and France (A/AC.105/INF.306). Symphonie flying model no. 1, constructed jointly by France and the Federal Republic of Germany. Description: Experimental teleco mmunications satellite. Orbit: geostationary. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit over the Atlantic Ocean at 11 deg W in 1975-1977; over the Indian Ocean 49 deg E in 1977-1983 As of 25 August 2001 located at 179.98 deg E drifting at 1.086 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 11 located at 72.77E drifting at 1.184W degrees per day.


1974 December 20 - . 21:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Met Para, Datasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 64 km (39 mi).

1974 December 21 - . 02:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M.
  • Molniya 2-11 - . Payload: Molniya-2. Mass: 1,600 kg (3,500 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Molniya. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-2. Spacecraft: Molniya-2. Decay Date: 1988-07-07 . USAF Sat Cat: 7583 . COSPAR: 1974-102A. Apogee: 40,065 km (24,895 mi). Perigee: 305 km (189 mi). Inclination: 61.9000 deg. Period: 718.10 min. Operation of the long-range telephone and telegraph radiocommunications system in the USSR; transmission of television programmes to stations in the Orbita network. .

1974 December 21 - . 09:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Chemical release/Plasma mission - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1974 December 22 - . 23:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: UNKO. Launch Platform: SHIR. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 88 km (54 mi).

1974 December 23 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC104. LV Family: R-36M. Launch Vehicle: R-36M 15A14.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 December 24 - . 11:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC90/19. Launch Pad: LC90/20. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-2.
  • Cosmos 699 - . Mass: 3,000 kg (6,600 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: EORSAT. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Kosmoplan. Spacecraft: US-P. Decay Date: 1977-10-16 . USAF Sat Cat: 7587 . COSPAR: 1974-103A. Apogee: 440 km (270 mi). Perigee: 428 km (265 mi). Inclination: 65.0000 deg. Period: 93.30 min. Ocean monitoring; exploded 4/17/75..

1974 December 24 - . 18:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Chemical release/Plasma mission - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1974 December 25 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC109. LV Family: R-36M. Launch Vehicle: R-36M 15A14.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 December 26 - . 04:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC81/24. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K.
  • Salyut 4 - . Payload: Zarya s/n 124. Mass: 18,500 kg (40,700 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Salyut. Class: Manned. Type: Manned space station. Spacecraft Bus: Almaz. Spacecraft: Salyut 4. Duration: 768.82 days. Decay Date: 1977-02-02 . USAF Sat Cat: 7591 . COSPAR: 1974-104A. Apogee: 251 km (155 mi). Perigee: 212 km (131 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 89.10 min.

    Deorbited February 2, 1977.
    Maneuver Summary:
    211km X 250km orbit to 215km X 286km orbit. Delta V: 11 m/s
    211km X 284km orbit to 276km X 344km orbit. Delta V: 35 m/s
    277km X 342km orbit to 338km X 351km orbit. Delta V: 19 m/s
    330km X 340km orbit to 337km X 350km orbit. Delta V: 4 m/s
    337km X 349km orbit to 339km X 351km orbit. Delta V: 1 m/s
    332km X 348km orbit to 348km X 355km orbit. Delta V: 6 m/s
    347km X 354km orbit to 343km X 351km orbit. Delta V: 1 m/s
    335km X 344km orbit to 335km X 360km orbit. Delta V: 4 m/s
    335km X 360km orbit to 342km X 361km orbit. Delta V: 2 m/s
    330km X 351km orbit to 344km X 353km orbit. Delta V: 4 m/s
    186km X 187km orbit to 90km X 186km orbit. Delta V: 28 m/s
    Total Delta V: 87/115 m/s.
    Officially: Further testing of station design, on-board systems and equipment; conduct of scientific and technical research and experiments in outer space. Further testing of station design, on-board systems and equipment; conduct of scientific and technical researc h and experiments in outer space.


1974 December 26 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 700 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 7593 . COSPAR: 1974-105A. Apogee: 994 km (617 mi). Perigee: 960 km (590 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 104.60 min. Military navigation satellite..

1974 December 27 - . 09:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. Launch Pad: LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57.
  • Cosmos 701 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-4MK. Duration: 13.00 days. Decay Date: 1975-01-09 . USAF Sat Cat: 7596 . COSPAR: 1974-106A. Apogee: 319 km (198 mi). Perigee: 205 km (127 mi). Inclination: 71.4000 deg. Period: 89.80 min. High resolution photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1974 December 28 - . 06:14 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 200A.
  • Crab occultation Astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 197 km (122 mi).

1974 December 29 - .
  • Birth of Yevgeni Igorevich Tarelkin - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Tarelkin. Russian engineer cosmonaut, 2003-on..

1974 December 29 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC103. LV Family: R-36M. Launch Vehicle: R-36M 15A14. FAILURE: Failure.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1974 December 29 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: Temp-2S. Launch Vehicle: Temp-2S.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 December 30 - . 15:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Loki Dart.
  • Starute, Datasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 66 km (41 mi).

1974 December 31 - .
  • Plasma-A satellite authorised. - . Nation: Russia. Spacecraft Bus: Kosmoplan. Spacecraft: Plazma-A. Ministry of General Machine Building (MOM) Decree 314 'On development of the Topaz-1 thermionic nuclear reactor for Plasma-A spacecraft' was issued..


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