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Feng Bao 1
Part of CZ Family
FB-1 Launch
FB-1 Launch
Chinese orbital launch vehicle. The FB-1, like the CZ-2 launch vehicle begun the following year, was a two-stage booster developed from the DF-5 intercontinental ballistic missile. Payload for the booster was the JSSW, believed to have been a television-transmission military reconnaissance satellite. The incredible decision to develop two nearly identical rockets concurrently can be blamed on the turbulent factional politics after the Cultural Revolution.

AKA: FB-1;Feng-Bao-1;Storm 1. Status: Retired 1981. First Launch: 1972-08-10. Last Launch: 1981-09-19. Number: 11 . Payload: 2,500 kg (5,500 lb). Thrust: 2,679.00 kN (602,263 lbf). Gross mass: 191,700 kg (422,600 lb). Height: 33.00 m (108.00 ft). Diameter: 3.35 m (10.99 ft). Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

The 'Gang of Four' was formed by Mao Zedong's wife Jiang Qing, a Shanghai Propaganda Department official, a literary critic, and a Shanghai security guard. They rose to power during turbulent period of the Cultural Revolution (1966-1976) and dominated Chinese politics during that time. Development of the FB-1 (Feng Bao-1 = Storm-1), the first Chinese heavy-lift launch vehicle, began under their auspices in the autumn of 1969. A development team was formed with the Shanghai No. 2 Bureau of Mechanic-Electrical Industry as the leader. General system design was started in December the same year.

After Mao's death in September 1976, the Gang of Four was arrested and orbital flights of the FB-1 and JSSW came to a halt. In 1980 the Gang of Four were tried in court and given lengthy prison sentences. The final FB-1 made its last flight a year later with a payload of assorted scientific satellites. The FB-1 had slightly lower performance than the CZ-2 and no useful results from the series of JSSW satellites launched have been reported. However the Shanghai facility remained in use, being assigned development of the CZ-4 variants of the triumphant CZ-2 design.

LEO Payload: 2,500 kg (5,500 lb) to a 200 km orbit. Flyaway Unit Cost 1985$: 6.000 million.

Stage Data - FB-1

  • Stage 1. 1 x FB-1-1. Gross Mass: 150,400 kg (331,500 lb). Empty Mass: 10,000 kg (22,000 lb). Thrust (vac): 3,000.000 kN (674,400 lbf). Isp: 289 sec. Burn time: 128 sec. Isp(sl): 258 sec. Diameter: 3.35 m (10.99 ft). Span: 3.35 m (10.99 ft). Length: 20.10 m (65.90 ft). Propellants: N2O4/UDMH. No Engines: 4. Engine: YF-20A. Status: In Production.
  • Stage 2. 1 x FB-1-2. Gross Mass: 38,300 kg (84,400 lb). Empty Mass: 3,500 kg (7,700 lb). Thrust (vac): 761.900 kN (171,282 lbf). Isp: 295 sec. Burn time: 127 sec. Isp(sl): 270 sec. Diameter: 3.35 m (10.99 ft). Span: 3.35 m (10.99 ft). Length: 7.40 m (24.20 ft). Propellants: N2O4/UDMH. No Engines: 1. Engine: YF-22/23. Status: Out of Production.



Family: orbital launch vehicle. Country: China. Engines: YF-22/23, YF-20A. Spacecraft: JSSW, SJ. Launch Sites: Jiuquan, Jiuquan LA2B. Stages: FB-1-1, FB-1-2. Agency: CALT.
Photo Gallery

FB-1 EngineFB-1 Engine


FB-1FB-1


Chinese RV TestChinese RV Test
Test of low drag Chinese re-entry vehicle, 1998.
Credit: Richard D. Fisher, Jr


FB-1FB-1


FB-1FB-1



1972 August 10 - . 00:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Jiuquan. Launch Complex: Jiuquan LA2B. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Feng Bao 1.
  • Shiyan Peizhong - . Nation: China. Agency: PRC. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi). Research and Development Suborbital Flight.

1973 September 18 - . Launch Site: Jiuquan. Launch Complex: Jiuquan LA2B. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Feng Bao 1. FAILURE: Failure. Failed Stage: U.
  • JSSW 1 - . Payload: JSSW 1. Mass: 1,100 kg (2,400 lb). Nation: China. Agency: PRC. Spacecraft: JSSW.

1974 July 14 - . Launch Site: Jiuquan. Launch Complex: Jiuquan LA2B. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Feng Bao 1. FAILURE: Vehicle lost attitude stability and destroyed by range safety.. Failed Stage: G.
  • JSSW 2 - . Payload: JSSW 2. Mass: 1,100 kg (2,400 lb). Nation: China. Agency: PRC. Spacecraft: JSSW.

1975 July 26 - . 13:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Jiuquan. Launch Complex: Jiuquan LA2B. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Feng Bao 1.
  • JSSW 3 - . Payload: JSSW 3. Mass: 1,107 kg (2,440 lb). Nation: China. Agency: MAI. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: JSSW. Decay Date: 1975-09-14 . USAF Sat Cat: 8053 . COSPAR: 1975-070A. Apogee: 455 km (282 mi). Perigee: 190 km (110 mi). Inclination: 69.0000 deg. Period: 90.90 min. Photo surveillance; radio transmission. .

1975 December 16 - . 09:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Jiuquan. Launch Complex: Jiuquan LA2B. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Feng Bao 1.
  • JSSW 4 - . Payload: JSSW 4. Mass: 1,110 kg (2,440 lb). Nation: China. Agency: MAI. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: JSSW. Decay Date: 1976-01-27 . USAF Sat Cat: 8488 . COSPAR: 1975-119A. Apogee: 387 km (240 mi). Perigee: 186 km (115 mi). Inclination: 69.0000 deg. Period: 90.30 min. Photo surveillance; radio transmission. .

1976 August 30 - . 11:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Jiuquan. Launch Complex: Jiuquan LA2B. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Feng Bao 1.
  • JSSW 5 - . Payload: JSSW 5. Mass: 1,108 kg (2,442 lb). Nation: China. Agency: MAI. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: JSSW. Decay Date: 1978-11-25 . USAF Sat Cat: 9394 . COSPAR: 1976-087A. Apogee: 2,145 km (1,332 mi). Perigee: 195 km (121 mi). Inclination: 69.2000 deg. Period: 108.80 min.

1976 November 10 - . Launch Site: Jiuquan. Launch Complex: Jiuquan LA2B. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Feng Bao 1. FAILURE: Failure. Failed Stage: U.
  • JSSW 6 - . Payload: JSSW 6. Mass: 1,100 kg (2,400 lb). Nation: China. Agency: PRC. Spacecraft: JSSW.

1977 September 14 - . 00:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Jiuquan. Launch Complex: Jiuquan LA2B. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Feng Bao 1.
  • DDDS test - . Nation: China. Agency: PRC. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1978 April 15 - . 16:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Jiuquan. Launch Complex: Jiuquan LA2B. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Feng Bao 1.
  • DDDS test - . Nation: China. Agency: PRC. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1979 July 28 - . Launch Site: Jiuquan. Launch Complex: Jiuquan LA2B. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Feng Bao 1. FAILURE: Second stage failure.. Failed Stage: 2.
  • SJ-1 - . Payload: Shi Jian 1. Mass: 221 kg (487 lb). Nation: China. Agency: PRC. Spacecraft: SJ. The SJ-1 was similar in appearance to the American Telstar and conducted communications technology tests..

1981 September 19 - . 21:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Jiuquan. Launch Complex: Jiuquan LA2B. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Feng Bao 1.
  • SJ-2A - . Payload: Shi Jian 2B. Mass: 257 kg (566 lb). Nation: China. Agency: MAI. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: SJ. Decay Date: 1981-09-26 . USAF Sat Cat: 12842 . COSPAR: 1981-093A. Apogee: 1,598 km (992 mi). Perigee: 232 km (144 mi). Inclination: 59.5000 deg. Period: 103.30 min.
  • SJ-2B - . Payload: Shi Jian C. Mass: 28 kg (61 lb). Nation: China. Agency: MAI. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: SJ. Decay Date: 1982-10-06 . USAF Sat Cat: 12843 . COSPAR: 1981-093B. Apogee: 1,615 km (1,003 mi). Perigee: 233 km (144 mi). Inclination: 59.4000 deg. Period: 103.50 min. Balloon for drag studies..
  • SJ-2 - . Payload: Shi Jian 2. Mass: 483 kg (1,064 lb). Nation: China. Agency: MAI. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: SJ. Decay Date: 1982-08-17 . USAF Sat Cat: 12845 . COSPAR: 1981-093D. Apogee: 1,608 km (999 mi). Perigee: 232 km (144 mi). Inclination: 59.4000 deg. Period: 103.40 min.


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