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1972 Chronology

1972 During the Year - . LV Family: UR-700M. Launch Vehicle: UR-700M.
  • Soviet Mars expedition work ends - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Chelomei. Spacecraft Bus: MK-700. Spacecraft: MK-700.

    Chelomei's preliminary draft project for the UR-700M launch vehicle and LK-700 spacecraft was reviewed by a government expert commission. Based on the decades worth of development and tens of billions or roubles required to realise the project, the state commission recommended that further work on manned Mars expeditions be deferred indefinitely.


1972 January 1 - .
  • TsKBEM reorganised - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Bushuyev, Dorofeyev, Mishin, Semenov, Shabarov. Program: Lunar L3, Soyuz, Almaz. Spacecraft: LK, Mars 5NM, MKBS, Soyuz 7K-LOK, Soyuz 7K-OK, Soyuz 7K-S, Soyuz 7K-T, Soyuz 7K-TM.

    TsKBEM was given a completely new structure as a result of the findings of the expert commissions on the disasters for the previous year, Mishin remained as the Chief Designer for the organisation, but each programme now had its own chief designer:

    • N1: Boris Dorofeyev
    • 8K98P solid propellant ICBM: Igor Sadovskiy
    • N1 payloads: Vladimir Brorov [check]
    • Soyuz 7K-TM, or Soyuz M, for Soyuz-Apollo: Konstantin Bushuyev
    • Soyuz 7K-T: Yuri Semenov
    • Soyuz 7K-S or Soyuz VI: Yevgeni Shabarov
    Additional Details: here....

1972 January 1 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: RT-2. Launch Vehicle: RT-2P.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1972? - . Launch Site: Teikovo. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1972? - . Launch Site: Teikovo. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1972 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-16. Launch Vehicle: R-16U.
  • UBP R-16 PL72-01 - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,210 km (750 mi).

1972 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-16. Launch Vehicle: R-16U.
  • UBP R-16 PL72-02 - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,210 km (750 mi).

1972 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-16. Launch Vehicle: R-16U.
  • UBP R-16 PL72-03 - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,210 km (750 mi).

1972 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-16. Launch Vehicle: R-16U.
  • UBP R-16 PL72-04 - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,210 km (750 mi).

1972 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-16. Launch Vehicle: R-16U.
  • UBP R-16 PL72-05 - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,210 km (750 mi).

1972 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-16. Launch Vehicle: R-16U.
  • UBP R-16 PL72-06 - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,210 km (750 mi).

1972 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-16. Launch Vehicle: R-16U.
  • UBP R-16 PL72-07 - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,210 km (750 mi).

1972 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-16. Launch Vehicle: R-16U.
  • UBP R-16 PL72-08 - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,210 km (750 mi).

1972 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: RT-2. Launch Vehicle: RT-2P.
  • RT2 PL72-05 - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1972 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: RT-2. Launch Vehicle: RT-2P.
  • RT2 PL72-06 - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1972 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: RT-2. Launch Vehicle: RT-2P.
  • RT2 PL72-02 - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1972 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: RT-2. Launch Vehicle: RT-2P.
  • RT2 PL72-03 - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1972 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: RT-2. Launch Vehicle: RT-2P.
  • RT2 PL72-04 - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1972 January 1 - . 07:05 GMT - . Launch Pad: Atlantic Ocean, 24.0 N x 53.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 180 km (110 mi).

1972 January 1 - . 08:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 180 km (110 mi).

1972 January 3 - . 13:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: UNKO. Launch Platform: SHIR. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 91 km (56 mi).

1972 January 4 - . 13:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • ISRO 18.01 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 167 km (103 mi).

1972 January 5 - . 11:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 186 km (115 mi).

1972 January 6 - . 13:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • ISRO 18.02 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 126 km (78 mi).

1972 January 7 - . 13:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • ISRO 18.03 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 166 km (103 mi).

1972 January 8 - . 09:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1972 January 9 - . 08:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: UNKO. Launch Platform: SHIR. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1972 January 10 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Koroni. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 91 km (56 mi).

1972 January 11 - .
  • SL-1 should be flown at an altitude of 435 km - . Nation: USA. Program: Skylab.

    MSC proposed that SL-1 should be flown at an altitude of 435 km and that the orbit should be controlled by removing any insertion dispersions and drag effects with burns of the SL 2 CSM reaction control system after that spacecraft had rendezvoused and docked with SL-1. Additional Details: here....


1972 January 12 - . 09:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. Launch Pad: LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57.
  • Cosmos 471 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-4M. Duration: 13.00 days. Decay Date: 1972-01-25 . USAF Sat Cat: 5764 . COSPAR: 1972-001A. Apogee: 316 km (196 mi). Perigee: 201 km (124 mi). Inclination: 65.0000 deg. Period: 89.70 min. High resolution photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1972 January 12 - . 21:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 197 km (122 mi).

1972 January 13 - . 20:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Ferdinand 29 / Electra Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 192 km (119 mi).

1972 January 14 - .
  • Gilruth appointed NASA Director of Key Personnel Development - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Gilruth, Kraft. Program: Apollo.

    Manned Spacecraft Center Robert R. Gilruth was appointed to the newly created position of NASA Director of Key Personnel Development. He would integrate NASA planning to fill key positions, identify actual and potential candidates, and guide them through appropriate work experience.

    Christopher C. Kraft, Jr., MSC Deputy Director, was named Director of MSC. Both Kraft and Gilruth were original members of the NASA Space Task Group established in 1958 to manage Project Mercury.


1972 January 14 - . 18:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • ISRO 18.04 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 128 km (79 mi).

1972 January 15 - . 05:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Gillam. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant IIIB.
  • Auroral mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 190 km (110 mi).

1972 January 15 - . 06:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VB.
  • Not in FC Aeronomy / plasma mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1972 January 15 - . 06:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant IVB.
  • Not in FC Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 800 km (490 mi).

1972 January 15 - . 13:37 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Solar La / X / ne Ionosphere / solar x-rays mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 147 km (91 mi).

1972 January 16 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: UNKO. Launch Platform: SHIR. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 93 km (57 mi).

1972 January 17 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Koroni. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1972 January 18 - .
  • Sigurd A Sjoberg named Deputy Director of Manned Spacecraft Center. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Kraft. Program: Apollo. Sigurd A. Sjoberg was named Deputy Director of Manned Spacecraft Center. Sjoberg succeeded Christopher C. Kraft, Jr., who was named Director of MSC January 14..

1972 January 18 - . 02:07 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 170.
  • HISTAR 4 Infrared astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 161 km (100 mi).

1972 January 19 - .
  • Policy on astronaut preference kits flown on Apollo spacecraft - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft Bus: Apollo CSM. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM. A directive establishing policy and procedure and assigning responsibilities governing articles to be included in astronaut preference kits flown on board Apollo spacecraft was promulgated..

1972 January 20 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-16. Launch Vehicle: R-16U.
  • UBP R-16 PL72-09 - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,210 km (750 mi).

1972 January 20 - . 18:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC4E. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan IIID.
  • KH-9 no. 02 - . Mass: 13,300 kg (29,300 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: CIA, NRO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KH-9. Spacecraft: KH-9. Decay Date: 1972-02-29 . USAF Sat Cat: 5769 . COSPAR: 1972-002A. Apogee: 330 km (200 mi). Perigee: 153 km (95 mi). Inclination: 97.0000 deg. Period: 89.30 min. KH-9 type satellite. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A). .
  • OPS 7719 - . Payload: SSF-B No. 22. Mass: 60 kg (132 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO, USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft Bus: SSF. Spacecraft: SSF. Decay Date: 1979-04-17 . USAF Sat Cat: 5772 . COSPAR: 1972-002D. Apogee: 545 km (338 mi). Perigee: 474 km (294 mi). Inclination: 96.0000 deg. Period: 94.80 min. Radar monitoring..

1972 January 21 - . 02:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: S-210. Launch Vehicle: S-210.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 112 km (69 mi).

1972 January 21 - . 19:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 2C.
  • ESRO C76/1 Particles/Auroral mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1972 January 21 - . 21:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 634. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Poseidon C3.
  • Demonstration and shakedown operations launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1972 January 22 - . 00:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 2C.
  • ESRO C76/2 Particles/Auroral mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 131 km (81 mi).

1972 January 22 - . 12:44 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Solar La / X / ne Ionosphere / solar x-rays mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 142 km (88 mi).

1972 January 23 - . 00:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC36B. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas SLV-3C Centaur.
  • Intelsat 4 F-4 - . Mass: 1,410 kg (3,100 lb). Nation: International. Agency: Intelsat. Program: Intelsat. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Intelsat 4. Spacecraft: Intelsat 4. Completed Operations Date: 1983-05-10 . USAF Sat Cat: 5775 . COSPAR: 1972-003A. Apogee: 35,917 km (22,317 mi). Perigee: 35,905 km (22,310 mi). Inclination: 10.5000 deg. Period: 1,442.50 min.

    Over Pacific. Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C). Launch vehicle put payload into geosynchronous transfer orbit Positioned in geosynchronous orbit over the Pacific Ocean at 174 deg E in 1972-1974; over the Pacific Ocean 179 deg E in 1975-1982; over the Atlantic Ocean 1 deg W in 1982-1983 As of 28 August 2001 located at 178.00 deg E drifting at 1.569 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 7 located at 155.84W drifting at 1.593W degrees per day.


1972 January 23 - . 11:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 9M.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 340 km (210 mi).

1972 January 24 - . 10:47 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • Meteorological mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 55 km (34 mi).

1972 January 25 - . 11:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 472 - . Payload: DS-P1-Yu s/n 52. Mass: 250 kg (550 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-Yu. Completed Operations Date: 1972-08-16 . Decay Date: 1972-08-18 . USAF Sat Cat: 5804 . COSPAR: 1972-004A. Apogee: 1,536 km (954 mi). Perigee: 193 km (119 mi). Inclination: 82.0000 deg. Period: 102.20 min. Development of systems for air defence and the control of outer space..

1972 January 26 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF02. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3.
  • OT GT11GM operational test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1972 January 27 - . 18:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • MSFC RR-1 Microgravity mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 232 km (144 mi).

1972 January 28 - . 21:08 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Astrobee. Launch Vehicle: Astrobee D.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF CRL. Apogee: 117 km (72 mi).

1972 January 29 - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: S-210. Launch Vehicle: S-210.
  • Structural Dynamics test - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1972 January 29 - . 05:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Astrobee. Launch Vehicle: Astrobee D.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF CRL. Apogee: 122 km (75 mi).

1972 January 30 - . 09:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: UNKO. Launch Platform: SHIR. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1972 January 31 - .
  • Death of Matvey Vasilyevich Zakharov - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Zakharov. Russian officer. Chief of Ministry of Defence General Staff 1960-1973..

1972 January 31 - . 17:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC2E. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor Delta L.
  • HEOS 2 - . Payload: HEOS A2. Mass: 123 kg (271 lb). Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft Bus: HEOS. Spacecraft: HEOS. Decay Date: 1974-08-02 . USAF Sat Cat: 5814 . COSPAR: 1972-005A. Apogee: 240,164 km (149,230 mi). Perigee: 405 km (251 mi). Inclination: 89.9000 deg. Period: 7,477.10 min. Highly Eccentric Orbiting Satellite; particles and fields data. Fifth satellite of ESRO. Also registered as US object 1972-05A in A/AC.105/INF.248 with orbit 7835.4 min, 439 x 248160 km x 90.2 deg, category B. .

1972 January 31 - . 17:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1972 January 31 - . 17:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike Iroquois. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Sphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 220 km (130 mi).

1972 January 31 - . 21:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Nike Iroquois. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Mass spectrometer Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 117 km (72 mi).

1972 February 1 - .
  • MSFC and MSC completed a Memorandum of Agreement with the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) for support contracts for Skylab. - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft Bus: Skylab. Spacecraft: Apollo ATM.

    The contract would include both ATM and crew radiation monitoring support in the areas concerning the solar network and Mission Control Center Operations. ATM support performed by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration as required by MSFC and MSC would be contracted for by MSC, with that Center providing the technical monitor for the contract and technical direction during the mission simulation and inflight operations phases. Requirements would include a variety of solar data on current solar conditions and predicted solar conditions. These data would ensure effective scheduling of ATM experiments and ATM data for Principal Investigators in the form of photographs, line drawings, etc., to support their detailed analyses of solar activity. The crew radiation monitoring support would be contracted by MSC, with all technical direction provided by the MSC technical monitor. These activities would include management and operation of facilities for acquisition and transmission of solar data for crew radiation monitoring during simulations and inflight operations; a 24-hour solar watch and photographic record; and monitoring of current and future radiation environments to provide an assessment of the biological effect on the flight crew.


1972 February 2 - . 05:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • ISRO 18.06 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 134 km (83 mi).

1972 February 2 - . 11:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 173 km (107 mi).

1972 February 3 - . 08:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. Launch Pad: LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57.
  • Cosmos 473 - . Mass: 6,000 kg (13,200 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-2M satellite. Duration: 12.00 days. Decay Date: 1972-02-15 . USAF Sat Cat: 5821 . COSPAR: 1972-006A. Apogee: 309 km (192 mi). Perigee: 203 km (126 mi). Inclination: 65.0000 deg. Period: 89.60 min. Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule..

1972 February 3 - . 10:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. LV Family: Lupus. Launch Vehicle: Cockatoo.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Australia. Agency: WRE. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1972 February 3 - . 13:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • DLR N-BBV-42 Aurora / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1972 February 3 - . 20:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA0A. Launch Pad: LA0 ARC. LV Family: Terrier. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Recruit.
  • SAMS Vehicle 3 Nose rain erosion - . Nation: USA. Agency: SAND. Apogee: 3.00 km (1.80 mi).

1972 February 4 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 598. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3.
  • Demonstration and shakedown operations launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1972 February 4 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF05. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3.
  • OT GT12GM operational test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1972 February 5 - . 06:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • ISRO 18.07 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 139 km (86 mi).

1972 February 6 - . 06:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Tanegashima. Launch Complex: Tanegashima T. LV Family: JCR. Launch Vehicle: JCR.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: NASDA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1972 February 7 - . 23:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • RTG SNT 7 / 1 (S7-1) Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: NASA, RTG. Apogee: 180 km (110 mi).

1972 February 8 - . 09:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant III.
  • Infrared airglow profile Aeronomy / ionosphere / infrared astronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 121 km (75 mi).

1972 February 9 - .
  • Death of Nikolai Ivanovich Krylov - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Krylov. Russian officer. Commander-in-Chief Strategic Missile Forces, 1963-1972. Opponent of piloted space programs..

1972 February 9 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF04. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3.
  • OT GT13GM operational test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1972 February 10 - . 17:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Javelin.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 851 km (528 mi).

1972 February 11 - . 03:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere/Plasma mission - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 177 km (109 mi).

1972 February 11 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Plasma mission - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 173 km (107 mi).

1972 February 11 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Syowa Base. LV Family: S-210. Launch Vehicle: S-210.
  • Mass spectrometer Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: NIPR. Apogee: 108 km (67 mi).

1972 February 12 - . 09:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 89 km (55 mi).

1972 February 13 - . 12:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • ISRO 18.08 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 137 km (85 mi).

1972 February 13 - . 23:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Ferdinand 31 / Proton 1 Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 222 km (137 mi).

1972 February 14 - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VB.
  • Not in FC - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 309 km (192 mi).

1972 February 14 - . 03:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC81/24. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K/D.
  • Luna 20 - . Payload: Ye-8-5 s/n 408. Mass: 5,600 kg (12,300 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Luna. Class: Moon. Type: Lunar probe. Spacecraft Bus: Luna Ye-8. Spacecraft: Luna Ye-8-5. Decay Date: 1972-02-25 . USAF Sat Cat: 5835 . COSPAR: 1972-007A. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi). Perigee: 100 km (60 mi). Inclination: 65.0000 deg. Period: 118.00 min.

    Soft landed on Moon; returned soil samples to Earth. Landed on Moon 21 February 1972 at 19:19:00 GMT, Latitude 3.57 N, Longitude 56.50 E - Mare Fecunditatis. Luna 20 was placed in an intermediate earth parking orbit and from this orbit was sent towards the Moon. It entered lunar orbit on February 18, 1972. On 21 February 1972, Luna 20 soft landed on the Moon in a mountainous area known as the Apollonius highlands, 120 km from where Luna 18 had crashed. While on the lunar surface, the panoramic television system was operated. Lunar samples were obtained by means of an extendable drilling apparatus. The ascent stage of Luna 20 was launched from the lunar surface on 22 February 1972 carrying 30 grams of collected lunar samples in a sealed capsule. It landed in the Soviet Union on 25 February 1972. The lunar samples were recovered the following day.


1972 February 15 - . 03:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant II.
  • Auroral VUV Aurora / ionosphere mission Aurora / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 133 km (82 mi).

1972 February 15 - . 04:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Auroral NO Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 141 km (87 mi).

1972 February 16 - . LV Family: N1. Launch Vehicle: N1F.
  • N1-L3M moon landing draft project work authorised. - . Nation: Russia. Spacecraft Bus: L3M. Spacecraft: L3M-1972. Military-Industrial Commission (VPK) Decree 'On approval of work on the draft project for the N1-L3M two-launch lunar landing proposal' was issued..

1972 February 16 - . 09:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. Launch Pad: LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57.
  • Cosmos 474 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-4M. Duration: 13.00 days. Decay Date: 1972-02-29 . USAF Sat Cat: 5839 . COSPAR: 1972-008A. Apogee: 325 km (201 mi). Perigee: 177 km (109 mi). Inclination: 64.9000 deg. Period: 89.50 min. High resolution photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1972 February 16 - . 09:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC4W. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 33B. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Jumpseat 2 - . Payload: OPS 1844. Mass: 700 kg (1,540 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Jumpseat. Spacecraft: Jumpseat.

1972 February 17 - . 08:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: S-210. Launch Vehicle: S-210.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 118 km (73 mi).

1972 February 17 - . 13:48 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Faraday rotation Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 134 km (83 mi).

1972 February 17 - . 14:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA0A. Launch Pad: LA0 ARC. LV Family: Terrier. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Recruit.
  • SAMS Vehicle 6 - . Nation: USA. Agency: SAND. Apogee: 3.00 km (1.80 mi).

1972 February 17 - . 15:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA0 HAD. LV Family: Terrier. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Recruit.
  • SAMS Vehicle 4 - . Nation: USA. Agency: SAND. Apogee: 3.00 km (1.80 mi).

1972 February 18 - . 02:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere/Plasma mission - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 168 km (104 mi).

1972 February 18 - . 09:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 9M.
  • Cesium Release Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 310 km (190 mi).

1972 February 19 - . 05:12 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 170.
  • Astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1972 February 20 - .
  • Birth of Anton Nikolayevich Shkaplerov - . Nation: Russia, Ukraine. Related Persons: Shkaplerov. Russian pilot cosmonaut, 2003-on..

1972 February 20 - . 22:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 86 km (53 mi).

1972 February 21 - . 12:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 165 km (102 mi).

1972 February 21 - . 13:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Plasma mission - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 187 km (116 mi).

1972 February 22 - . 06:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 9M.
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 352 km (218 mi).

1972 February 23 - . LV Family: N1. Launch Vehicle: N1F.
  • MOK technical proposal authorised. - . Nation: Russia. Spacecraft Bus: OS. Spacecraft: MKBS. Decree 'On work on the technical proposal for the creation of the MOK' was issued..

1972 February 23 - . 10:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. LV Family: Lupus. Launch Vehicle: Cockatoo.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Australia. Agency: WRE. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1972 February 24 - . 18:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Met Para - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 56 km (34 mi).

1972 February 25 - . 07:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1972 February 25 - . 07:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 475 - . Mass: 680 kg (1,490 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Tsiklon satellite. USAF Sat Cat: 5846 . COSPAR: 1972-009A. Apogee: 996 km (618 mi). Perigee: 962 km (597 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 104.70 min. Military navigation satellite..

1972 February 26 - . 09:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1972 February 28 - . 05:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3 AC.
  • ESRO S84 Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 242 km (150 mi).

1972 February 28 - . 09:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3 AC.
  • ESRO S90 Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 251 km (155 mi).

1972 February 29 - . 01:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Starute,Datasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1972 March 1 - . 09:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC40. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan IIIC.
  • IMEWS 3 - . Payload: DSP Phase 1 s/n 3 / OPS 1570. Mass: 900 kg (1,980 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Early warning satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DSP. Spacecraft: DSP. Completed Operations Date: 1981-08-03 . USAF Sat Cat: 5851 . COSPAR: 1972-010A. Apogee: 35,962 km (22,345 mi). Perigee: 35,416 km (22,006 mi). Inclination: 0.2000 deg. Period: 1,429.90 min. First generation geosynchronous ballistic missile launch detection satellite, remained in service for over nine years. Positioned over the Pacific Ocean at 165 deg E in 1979-1980. As of 2003 Mar 5 located at 74.63E drifting at 0.712W degrees per day..

1972 March 1 - . 11:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Vostok 8A92M.
  • Cosmos 476 - . Payload: Tselina-D no. 3. Mass: 3,800 kg (8,300 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Tselina. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Tselina-D. Spacecraft: Tselina-D. Decay Date: 1991-10-25 . USAF Sat Cat: 5852 . COSPAR: 1972-011A. Apogee: 388 km (241 mi). Perigee: 379 km (235 mi). Inclination: 81.2000 deg. Period: 92.20 min.

1972 March 2 - . 01:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 170 km (100 mi).

1972 March 2 - . 18:27 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Solar x-ray mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1972 March 2 - . 22:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 4.
  • ESRO S77 / 1 Aurora mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 229 km (142 mi).

1972 March 3 - . 01:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC36A. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas SLV-3C Centaur.
  • Pioneer 10 - . Payload: Pioneer F. Mass: 259 kg (570 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Ames. Program: Pioneer. Class: Outer planets. Type: Outer planets probe. Spacecraft Bus: Pioneer 10-11. Spacecraft: Pioneer 10-11. USAF Sat Cat: 5860 . COSPAR: 1972-012A.

    Jupiter flyby December 1973; first man-made object to leave solar system. The spacecraft achieved its closest approach to Jupiter on December 3, 1973, when it reached approximately 2.8 Jovian radii (about 200,000 km). As of Jan. 1, 1997 Pioneer 10 was at about 67 AU from the Sun near the ecliptic plane and heading outward from the Sun at 2.6 AU/year and downstream through the heliomagnetosphere towards the tail region and interstellar space. Additional Details: here....


1972 March 4 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57.
  • Cosmos 477 - . Mass: 6,000 kg (13,200 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-2M satellite. Duration: 12.00 days. Decay Date: 1972-03-16 . USAF Sat Cat: 5862 . COSPAR: 1972-013A. Apogee: 306 km (190 mi). Perigee: 202 km (125 mi). Inclination: 72.9000 deg. Period: 89.60 min. Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; separated particle flux and radiation experiment capsule..
  • Nauka Cosmos 477 - . Payload: Nauka. Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Spacecraft Bus: Nauka. Spacecraft: Nauka. Decay Date: 1972-03-23 . USAF Sat Cat: 5882 . COSPAR: 1972-013E. Apogee: 291 km (180 mi). Perigee: 197 km (122 mi). Inclination: 72.8000 deg. Period: 89.38 min.

1972 March 4 - . 11:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Plasma mission - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 174 km (108 mi).

1972 March 4 - . 16:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere/Chemical release mission - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 184 km (114 mi).

1972 March 4 - . 18:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Chemical release mission - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 173 km (107 mi).

1972 March 5 - .
  • The AM/MDA flight units were hardmated at McDonnell Douglas, St. Louis. The units would remain mated through checkout, delivery to KSC, launch, and mission. - . Nation: USA. Program: Skylab.

1972 March 6 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: UK S22. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3.
  • Demonstration and shakedown operations launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1972 March 6 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC67/21. LV Family: R-36M. Launch Vehicle: R-36M 15A14.
  • BI-3 - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1972 March 7 - .
  • Skylab rescue mission a definite NASA commitment. - . Nation: USA. Program: Skylab. Spacecraft Bus: Apollo CSM. Spacecraft: Apollo Rescue CSM.

    The Skylab rescue mission was a definite NASA commitment. The hardware, procedures, documentation, and training would need to be available immediately after the launch of Skylab 2 for a potential rescue mission. To accomplish this requirement, the rescue mission would be treated as a separate mission in the Skylab Program. The rescue mission would be established as a standing agenda item for major boards and panels, and its status would be reviewed on a regular basis with other missions.


1972 March 7 - . 05:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1972 March 7 - . 06:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Sandhawk. Launch Vehicle: Sandhawk Tomahawk.
  • Ba OOSIK Fields mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1972 March 7 - . 14:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1972 March 8 - . 10:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • DLR N-BBV-41 Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 223 km (138 mi).

1972 March 8 - . 21:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Chemical release mission - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 169 km (105 mi).

1972 March 9 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 243 km (150 mi).

1972 March 9 - . 14:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1972 March 10 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Antigua. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Met Para, Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 59 km (36 mi).

1972 March 11 - . 14:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Sandhawk. Launch Vehicle: Sandhawk Tomahawk. FAILURE: Failure.
  • ISRO 21.02 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: India. Agency: DLR, ISRO. Apogee: 52 km (32 mi).

1972 March 12 - . 01:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC2E. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor Delta N.
  • TD-1A; Thor Delta 1A - . Payload: TD 1A. Mass: 472 kg (1,040 lb). Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: TD-1A. Spacecraft: TD-1A. Decay Date: 1980-01-09 . USAF Sat Cat: 5879 . COSPAR: 1972-014A. Apogee: 550 km (340 mi). Perigee: 523 km (324 mi). Inclination: 97.6000 deg. Period: 95.40 min. Sixth satellite of ESRO. Also registered as US object 1972-14A in A/AC.105/INF.255 with orbit 95.3 min, 525 x 548 km x 97.5 deg, category B. .

1972 March 13 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: San Marco. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • ISRC-PO-4 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Italy. Agency: CRS. Apogee: 185 km (114 mi).

1972 March 14 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC157. LV Family: Temp-2S. Launch Vehicle: Temp-2S.
  • Mobile launcher test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1972 March 14 - . Launch Site: Omsk. LV Family: R-9. Launch Vehicle: R-9A.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,160 km (720 mi).

1972 March 14 - . 15:58 GMT - . Launch Site: San Marco. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • ISRC-PO-5 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Italy. Agency: CRS. Apogee: 185 km (114 mi).

1972 March 15 - . LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Space Shuttle.
  • Shuttle booster decision - . Nation: USA.

    NASA decided that the shuttle booster will be 2 x 156 inch solid rocket motors. This would reduce the total development cost by $700 million, from $ 5.85 billion to $ 5.15 billion. It was also decided to delete the requirement for the shuttle to be equipped with air-breathing engines for final approach and ferry, and to add Abort Solid Rocket Motors that would pull the shuttle away from the external tank in case of a failure of the solid rocket boosters or external tank during the first portion of the ascent to orbit.


1972 March 15 - . 13:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57.
  • Cosmos 478 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-4M. Duration: 13.00 days. Decay Date: 1972-03-28 . USAF Sat Cat: 5885 . COSPAR: 1972-015A. Apogee: 282 km (175 mi). Perigee: 176 km (109 mi). Inclination: 65.0000 deg. Period: 89.00 min. High resolution photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1972 March 15 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: San Marco. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • ISRC-PO-6 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Italy. Agency: CRS. Apogee: 185 km (114 mi).

1972 March 15 - . 19:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas.
  • Nation: USA. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1972 March 16 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF06. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B.
  • SSTTP M2-7 Target mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1972 March 16 - . 00:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas.
  • Nation: USA. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1972 March 16 - . 02:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 6.
  • UK SL1023 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 260 km (160 mi).

1972 March 16 - . 09:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Sandhawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Sandhawk.
  • CARIBOU VI Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1972 March 16 - . 10:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VA.
  • ICECAP 72 Plasma / infrared aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 145 km (90 mi).

1972 March 16 - . 15:43 GMT - . Launch Site: San Marco. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • ISRC-PO-7 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Italy. Agency: CRS. Apogee: 185 km (114 mi).

1972 March 17 - . 05:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 6 AC.
  • Echelle spectra Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 237 km (147 mi).

1972 March 17 - . 07:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • JHU Aurora 9 Aurora ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 162 km (100 mi).

1972 March 17 - . 09:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Sandhawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Sandhawk.
  • Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi). Solar eclipse observations..

1972 March 17 - . 15:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Green River. LV Family: Athena RTV. Launch Vehicle: Athena H.
  • SAMAST 1B re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 281 km (174 mi).

    The third Athena H rocket was launched from the Green River, Utah, launch complex. The flight test completed qualification of the vehicle for operational use in the Advanced Ballistic Reentry Vehicle (ABRES) program managed by SAMSO's Deputy for Reentry Systems (RS).


1972 March 17 - . 16:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Plasma mission - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 168 km (104 mi).

1972 March 17 - . 17:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC4W. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 24B.
  • OPS 1678 - . Payload: KH-8 no. 34 / Agena D. Mass: 3,000 kg (6,600 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO, USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: WS-117. Spacecraft: KH-8. Decay Date: 1972-04-11 . USAF Sat Cat: 5888 . COSPAR: 1972-016A. Apogee: 409 km (254 mi). Perigee: 131 km (81 mi). Inclination: 111.0000 deg. Period: 89.90 min. KH-8 type satellite. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A)..

1972 March 17 - . 17:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Plasma mission - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 189 km (117 mi).

1972 March 17 - . 19:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Plasma mission - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 173 km (107 mi).

1972 March 17 - . 20:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 176 km (109 mi).

1972 March 17 - . 21:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA0A. Launch Pad: LA0 ARC. LV Family: Terrier. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Recruit.
  • SAMS Vehicle 7 Nose rain erosion - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 3.00 km (1.80 mi).

1972 March 18 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: Berenice. Launch Vehicle: Tibere.
  • ELECTRE Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 159 km (98 mi).

1972 March 18 - . 09:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Ute Apache.
  • Aurora / airglow mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NSF. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1972 March 19 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Koroni. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 91 km (56 mi).

1972 March 20 - . 09:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 192 km (119 mi).

1972 March 20 - . 18:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas.
  • Nation: USA. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1972 March 20 - . 20:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas.
  • Nation: USA. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1972 March 21 - . 01:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas.
  • Nation: USA. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1972 March 21 - . 08:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant III.
  • Oxygen recombination Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 119 km (73 mi).

1972 March 21 - . 13:35 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: KPNO. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1972 March 22 - .
  • Almaz Engineer Cosmonaut Training Group 1 selected. - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Makrushin. The group was selected to provide flight engineers for planned Almaz military space station missions..

1972 March 22 - .
1972 March 22 - .
  • IMBP Cosmonaut Training Group 1 selected. - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Machinski, Polyakov, Smirenny. Physicians and biomedical specialist cosmonauts for planned missions to the Salyut space station..

1972 March 22 - . 03:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF05. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 2.
  • ERCS GT200L Communications mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1972 March 22 - . 08:22 GMT - . Launch Site: San Marco. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • ISRC-PO-9 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Italy. Agency: CRS. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1972 March 22 - . 09:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. LV Family: Lupus. Launch Vehicle: Cockatoo.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Australia. Agency: WRE. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1972 March 22 - . 15:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA0 HAD. LV Family: Terrier. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Recruit.
  • SAMS Vehicle 5 - . Nation: USA. Agency: SAND. Apogee: 3.00 km (1.80 mi).

1972 March 22 - . 20:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 479 - . Mass: 875 kg (1,929 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Tselina-O. Spacecraft: Tselina-O. Decay Date: 1980-04-13 . USAF Sat Cat: 5894 . COSPAR: 1972-017A. Apogee: 537 km (333 mi). Perigee: 517 km (321 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 95.20 min. Possible ELINT satellite..

1972 March 23 - . Launch Site: Gladkaya/Krasnoyarsk. LV Family: R-16. Launch Vehicle: R-16U.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,210 km (750 mi).

1972 March 23 - . Launch Site: Gladkaya/Krasnoyarsk. LV Family: R-16. Launch Vehicle: R-16U.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,210 km (750 mi).

1972 March 23 - . 11:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Koroni. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1972 March 24 - . 08:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC10W. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor Burner 2A.
  • DMSP-Block-5B F2 - . Payload: DMSP 5528 / OPS 5058. Mass: 195 kg (429 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Program: DMSP. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DMSP Block 4/5 satellites. Spacecraft: DMSP Block 5B. USAF Sat Cat: 5903 . COSPAR: 1972-018A. Apogee: 858 km (533 mi). Perigee: 781 km (485 mi). Inclination: 98.9000 deg. Period: 101.30 min. Defense Meteorological Satellite Program..

1972 March 24 - . 09:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VB.
  • Nightglow Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 193 km (119 mi).

1972 March 24 - . 23:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 2.
  • ESRO S75 / 1 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 136 km (84 mi).

1972 March 25 - . 02:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. Launch Pad: LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 480 - . Mass: 600 kg (1,320 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Sfera. USAF Sat Cat: 5905 . COSPAR: 1972-019A. Apogee: 1,199 km (745 mi). Perigee: 1,173 km (728 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 109.10 min. Investigation of the upper atmosphere and outer space. .

1972 March 25 - . 10:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Javelin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Javelin.
  • Cs cloud Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Wallops. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1972 March 25 - . 10:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 481 - . Payload: DS-P1-Yu s/n 46. Mass: 375 kg (826 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-Yu. Completed Operations Date: 1972-09-03 . Decay Date: 1972-09-02 . USAF Sat Cat: 5906 . COSPAR: 1972-020A. Apogee: 496 km (308 mi). Perigee: 277 km (172 mi). Inclination: 70.0000 deg. Period: 92.30 min. Development of systems for air defence and the control of outer space..

1972 March 26 - .
  • Tselina-O accepted into military service. - . Nation: Russia. Spacecraft Bus: Tselina-O. Spacecraft: Tselina-O. Central Committee of the Communist Party and Council of Soviet Ministers Decree 'On adoption of Tselina-O into armaments' was issued..

1972 March 26 - . 23:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 6 AC.
  • ER1 Test / remote sensing mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 279 km (173 mi).

1972 March 27 - . 04:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M.
  • Venera 8 - . Payload: 3V (V-72) s/n 670. Mass: 1,180 kg (2,600 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Venera. Class: Venus. Type: Venus probe. Spacecraft Bus: 3MV. Spacecraft: Venera 3V (V-72). Decay Date: 1972-07-22 . USAF Sat Cat: 5912 . COSPAR: 1972-021A. Apogee: 246 km (152 mi). Perigee: 194 km (120 mi). Inclination: 51.7000 deg. Period: 88.90 min.

    Venus atmospheric probe. The spacecraft took 117 days to reach Venus, entering the atmosphere on 22 July 1972. Descent speed was reduced from 41,696 km/hr to about 900 km/hr by aerobraking. The 2.5 meter diameter parachute opened at an altitude of 60 km, and a refrigeration system was used to cool the interior components. Venera 8 transmitted data during the descent and continued to send back data for 50 minutes after landing. The probe confirmed the earlier data on the high Venus surface temperature and pressure returned by Venera 7, and also measured the light level as being suitable for surface photography, finding it to be similar to the amount of light on Earth on an overcast day.


1972 March 27 - . 10:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Javelin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Javelin.
  • Cs cloud Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Wallops. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1972 March 28 - . 12:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Paiute Apache. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NSF. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1972 March 29 - . 10:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Javelin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Javelin.
  • Cs cloud Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Wallops. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1972 March 29 - . 20:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Bullpup Apache.
  • Particles mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NSF. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1972 March 30 - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. Launch Complex: Kwajalein Meck. LV Family: Spartan ABM. Launch Vehicle: Spartan ABM.
  • Safeguard M2-9 Interceptor mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1972 March 30 - . 01:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 4.
  • ESRO S75 / 2 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 133 km (82 mi).

1972 March 30 - . 14:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Vostok 8A92M.
  • Meteor 1-11 - . Payload: Meteor M no. 11. Mass: 3,800 kg (8,300 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Meteor. Spacecraft: Meteor M 11F614. USAF Sat Cat: 5917 . COSPAR: 1972-022A. Apogee: 877 km (544 mi). Perigee: 855 km (531 mi). Inclination: 81.2000 deg. Period: 102.30 min. Acquisition of meteorological information needed for use by the weather service. .

1972 March 31 - . LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Space Shuttle.
  • Shuttle SSME Judgement - . Nation: USA. Pratt and Whitney's protest against the award of the shuttle engine development contract was rejected. Contract award to Rocketdyne could now proceed..

1972 March 31 - . 03:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • UM Aeronomy Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 181 km (112 mi).

1972 March 31 - . 04:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M. FAILURE: The escape stage Block L's engine cut off 125 seconds after ignition due to timer failure.. Failed Stage: U.
  • Cosmos 482 - . Payload: 3V (V-72) s/n 671. Mass: 1,180 kg (2,600 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Venera. Class: Venus. Type: Venus probe. Spacecraft Bus: 3MV. Spacecraft: Venera 3V (V-72). Decay Date: 1981-05-05 . USAF Sat Cat: 5919 . COSPAR: 1972-023A. Apogee: 9,806 km (6,093 mi). Perigee: 204 km (126 mi). Inclination: 52.0000 deg. Period: 201.40 min.

1972 April 1 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: Temp-2S. Launch Vehicle: Temp-2S.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1972 April 1 - . 03:47 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1972 April 1 - . 05:05 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 170.
  • X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1972 April 3 - . 10:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Javelin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Javelin.
  • Cs cloud Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Wallops. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1972 April 3 - . 10:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Javelin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Javelin.
  • Cs cloud Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Wallops. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1972 April 3 - . 10:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57.
  • Cosmos 483 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-4M. Duration: 12.00 days. Decay Date: 1972-04-15 . USAF Sat Cat: 5924 . COSPAR: 1972-024A. Apogee: 313 km (194 mi). Perigee: 209 km (129 mi). Inclination: 72.8000 deg. Period: 89.70 min. High resolution photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1972 April 4 - . 20:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/4. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M.
  • Molniya 1-20 - . Payload: Molniya-1 s/n 27. Mass: 1,600 kg (3,500 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Molniya. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-2. Spacecraft: Molniya-1. Decay Date: 1974-01-30 . USAF Sat Cat: 5927 . COSPAR: 1972-025A. Apogee: 40,006 km (24,858 mi). Perigee: 343 km (213 mi). Inclination: 65.7000 deg. Period: 717.60 min. Operation of the long-range telephone and telegraph radiocommunications system in the USSR; transmission of television programmes to stations in the Orbita network..
  • SRET 1 - . Payload: MAS/SRET 1. Mass: 15 kg (33 lb). Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: SRET. Spacecraft: SRET. Decay Date: 1974-02-26 . USAF Sat Cat: 5928 . COSPAR: 1972-025B. Apogee: 39,250 km (24,380 mi). Perigee: 458 km (284 mi). Inclination: 65.6000 deg. Period: 704.70 min. Test satellite. Investigation of the upper atmosphere and outer space..

1972 April 5 - .
  • Unified System of Satellite Communications (YeSSS) - . Nation: Russia. Spacecraft: Ekran, Molniya-2, Raduga.

    Central Committee of the Communist Party and Council of Soviet Ministers Decree 'On use of Molniya and Ekran for a unified satellite communications system' was issued. The YeSSS was defined as the Molniya-2 in elliptical orbit and Raduga (Statsionar) in geosynchronous orbit.


1972 April 5 - . 05:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • E Field / Particles Plasma / aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 247 km (153 mi).

1972 April 5 - . 06:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Chemical release mission - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1972 April 5 - . 23:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Nike Iroquois. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1972 April 6 - . 08:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57.
  • Cosmos 484 - . Mass: 6,000 kg (13,200 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-2M satellite. Duration: 12.00 days. Decay Date: 1972-04-18 . USAF Sat Cat: 5933 . COSPAR: 1972-026A. Apogee: 223 km (138 mi). Perigee: 194 km (120 mi). Inclination: 81.0000 deg. Period: 88.60 min. Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; separated cosmic ray experiment capsule..
  • Nauka Cosmos 484 - . Payload: Nauka. Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Spacecraft Bus: Nauka. Spacecraft: Nauka. Decay Date: 1972-04-18 . USAF Sat Cat: 6002 . COSPAR: 1972-026C. Apogee: 177 km (109 mi). Perigee: 168 km (104 mi). Inclination: 81.3000 deg. Period: 87.94 min.

1972 April 7 - .
  • Birth of Timothy Nagel Peake - . Nation: UK. Related Persons: Peake. British pilot mission specialist astronaut, 2009-on..

1972 April 7 - . 07:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • ISRO 10.43 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 147 km (91 mi).

1972 April 7 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57.
  • Intercosmos 6 - . Payload: Energia s/n 1. Mass: 6,000 kg (13,200 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Intercosmos. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Energia satellite. Completed Operations Date: 1972-04-11 . Decay Date: 1972-04-11 . USAF Sat Cat: 5936 . COSPAR: 1972-027A. Apogee: 326 km (202 mi). Perigee: 203 km (126 mi). Inclination: 51.8000 deg. Period: 89.80 min. Investigation of primary cosmic radiation and meteoritic particles in near-earth outer space. .

1972 April 7 - . 14:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 1.
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Pakistan. Agency: SUPARCO. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1972 April 8 - . 14:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 1.
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Pakistan. Agency: SUPARCO. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1972 April 10 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Thule AFB. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Met Para, AN/DMQ-9 - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 61 km (37 mi).

1972 April 11 - . 00:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Nike Iroquois. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 156 km (96 mi).

1972 April 11 - . 11:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 485 - . Payload: DS-P1-Yu s/n 58. Mass: 325 kg (716 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-Yu. Completed Operations Date: 1972-08-31 . Decay Date: 1972-08-30 . USAF Sat Cat: 5938 . COSPAR: 1972-028A. Apogee: 477 km (296 mi). Perigee: 269 km (167 mi). Inclination: 70.0000 deg. Period: 92.00 min. Development of systems for air defence and the control of outer space..

1972 April 12 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC161/35. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: R-36 8K67MA.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1972 April 12 - . 23:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Nike Iroquois. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 177 km (109 mi).

1972 April 13 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF05. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 2.
  • OT GT88M operational test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1972 April 13 - . 01:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Nike Iroquois. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Mass Spectrometer Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

1972 April 13 - . 01:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Nike Iroquois. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Mass Spectrometer Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 128 km (79 mi).

1972 April 13 - . 01:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 214 km (132 mi).

1972 April 13 - . 01:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Nike Iroquois. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Sphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 190 km (110 mi).

1972 April 13 - . 04:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Nike Iroquois. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Sphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 219 km (136 mi).

1972 April 13 - . 04:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Nike Iroquois. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 164 km (101 mi).

1972 April 13 - . 07:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Nike Iroquois. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • TMA / Grenade Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1972 April 13 - . 09:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Nike Iroquois. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • TMA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 175 km (108 mi).

1972 April 14 - .
  • Skylab Orbital Workshop meteoroid shield test at finds misinstalled torsion springs. - . Nation: USA. Program: Skylab. Spacecraft Bus: Skylab. Spacecraft: Skylab.

    During an Orbital Workshop meteoroid shield test at MSFC, it was discovered that in one hinge section of the foldout panel, nine of the 15 torsion springs were installed in such a manner that they were only 50-percent effective in action to assist shield deployment. Action was initiated to ensure proper spring action.


1972 April 14 - .
  • Death of Robert N 'Bob' Ackley - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Ackley. American engineer. Head of Atlas missile testing in the earliest part of the program Ackley, son of a violin repairman, was head of Atlas missile testing in the earliest part of the program..

1972 April 14 - . 00:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M.
  • Prognoz 1 - . Payload: SO-M s/n 501. Mass: 845 kg (1,862 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Prognoz. Spacecraft: Prognoz. Decay Date: 1981-03-31 . USAF Sat Cat: 5941 . COSPAR: 1972-029A. Apogee: 199,667 km (124,067 mi). Perigee: 1,005 km (624 mi). Inclination: 65.0000 deg. Period: 5,782.10 min. Study of the processes of solar activity and of their influence on interplanetary space and the Earth's magnetosphere. .

1972 April 14 - . 08:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57.
  • Cosmos 486 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-4M. Duration: 13.00 days. Decay Date: 1972-04-27 . USAF Sat Cat: 5945 . COSPAR: 1972-030A. Apogee: 234 km (145 mi). Perigee: 178 km (110 mi). Inclination: 81.3000 deg. Period: 88.60 min. High resolution photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1972 April 14 - . 12:18 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 101 km (62 mi).

1972 April 15 - . 00:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Nike Iroquois. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 148 km (91 mi).

1972 April 15 - . 01:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Paiute Tomahawk.
  • Release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF CRL. Apogee: 229 km (142 mi).

1972 April 15 - . 06:22 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 170.
  • HISTAR 5 Infrared astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 177 km (109 mi).

1972 April 16 - . 17:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC39A. Launch Platform: LUT3. LV Family: Saturn V. Launch Vehicle: Saturn V.
  • Apollo 16 - . Call Sign: Caspar. Crew: Duke, Mattingly, Young. Backup Crew: Haise, Mitchell, Roosa. Payload: Apollo CSM 113/LM 11/ ALSEP/ LRV-2/PFS 2/S-IVB-511. Mass: 30,358 kg (66,927 lb). Nation: USA. Related Persons: Duke, Haise, Mattingly, Mitchell, Roosa, Young. Agency: NASA Houston. Program: Apollo. Class: Moon. Type: Manned lunar spacecraft. Flight: Apollo 16. Spacecraft Bus: Apollo CSM. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM. Duration: 11.08 days. Decay Date: 1972-04-27 . USAF Sat Cat: 6000 . COSPAR: 1972-031A. Apogee: 169 km (105 mi). Perigee: 167 km (103 mi). Inclination: 32.5420 deg. Period: 88.93 min.

    The Apollo 16 (AS-511) space vehicle was launched from Pad A, Launch Complex 39, KSC, at 12:54 p.m. EST April 16, with a crew of astronauts John W. Young, Thomas K. Mattingly II, and Charles M. Duke, Jr. After insertion into an earth parking orbit for spacecraft system checks, the spacecraft and the S-IVB stage were placed on a trajectory to the moon at 3:28 p.m. CSM transposition and docking with the LM were achieved, although a number of minor anomalies were noted.

    One anomaly, an auxiliary propulsion system leak on the S-IVB stage, produced an unpredictable thrust and prevented a final S-IVB targeting maneuver after separation from the CSM. Tracking of the S-IVB ended at 4:04 p.m. EST April 17, when the instrument unit's signal was lost. The stage hit the lunar surface at 4:02 p.m. April 19, 260 kilometers northeast of the target point. The impact was detected by the seismometers left on the moon by the Apollo 12, 14, and 15 missions.

    Spacecraft operations were near normal during the coast to the moon. Unexplained light-colored particles from the LM were investigated and identified as shredded thermal paint. Other activities during the translunar coast included a cislunar navigation exercise, ultraviolet photography of the earth and moon, an electrophoresis demonstration, and an investigation of the visual light-flash phenomenon noted on previous flights. Astronaut Duke counted 70 white, instantaneous light flashes that left no after-glow.

    Apollo 16 entered a lunar orbit of 314 by 107.7 kilometers at 3:22 p.m. April 19. After separation of LM-11 Orion from CSM 112 Casper, a CSM active rendezvous kept the two vehicles close together while an anomaly discovered on the service propulsion system was evaluated. Tests and analyses showed the redundant system to be still safe and usable if required. The vehicles were again separated and the mission continued on a revised timeline because of the 5 3/4-hour delay.

    The lunar module landed with Duke and Young in the moon's Descartes region, about 230 meters northwest of the planned target area at 9:23 p.m. EST April 20. A sleep period was scheduled before EVA.

    The first extravehicular activity began at 11:59 a.m. April 21, after the eight-hour rest period. Television coverage of surface activity was delayed until the lunar roving vehicle systems were activated, because the steerable antenna on the lunar module could not be used. The lunar surface experiments packages were deployed, but accidental breaking of the electronics cable rendered the heat flow experiment inoperable. After completing activities at the experiments site, the crew drove the lunar roving vehicle west to Flag Crater, where they performed the planned tasks. The inbound traverse route was just slightly south of the outbound route, and the next stop was Spook Crater. The crew then returned via the experiment station to the lunar module and deployed the solar wind composition experiment. The duration of the extravehicular activity was 7 hours 11 minutes. The distance traveled by the lunar roving vehicle was 4.2 kilometers. The crew collected 20 kilograms of samples.

    The second extravehicular traverse, which began at 11:33 a.m. April 22, was south-southeast to a mare-sampling area near the Cinco Craters on Stone Mountain. The crew then drove in a northwesterly direction, making stops near Stubby and Wreck Craters. The last leg of the traverse was north to the experiments station and the lunar module. The second extravehicular activity lasted 7 hours 23 minutes. The distance traveled by the lunar roving vehicle was 11.1 kilometers.

    Four stations were deleted from the third extravehicular traverse, which began 30 minutes early at 10:27 a.m. April 23 to allow extra time. The first stop was North Ray Crater, where "House Rock" on the rim of the crater was sampled. The crew then drove southeast to "Shadow Rock." The return route to the LM retraced the outbound route. The third extravehicular activity lasted 5 hours 40 minutes, and the lunar roving vehicle traveled 11.4 kilometers.

    Lunar surface activities outside the LM totaled 20 hours 15 minutes for the mission. The total distance traveled in the lunar roving vehicle was 26.7 kilometers. The crew remained on the lunar surface 71 hours 14 minutes and collected 96.6 kilograms of lunar samples.

    While the lunar module crew was on the surface, Mattingly, orbiting the moon in the CSM, was obtaining photographs, measuring physical properties of the moon and deep space, and making visual observations. Essentially the same complement of instruments was used to gather data as was used on the Apollo 15 mission, but different areas of the lunar surface were flown over and more comprehensive deep space measurements were made, providing scientific data that could be used to validate findings from Apollo 15 as well as add to the total store of knowledge of the moon and its atmosphere, the solar system, and galactic space.

    The LM lifted off from the moon at 8:26 p.m. EST April 23, rendezvoused with the CSM, and docked with it in orbit. Young and Duke transferred to the CSM with samples, film, and equipment, and the LM was jettisoned the next day. LM attitude control was lost at jettison; therefore a deorbit maneuver was not possible and the LM remained in lunar orbit, with an estimated orbital lifetime of about one year.

    The particles and fields subsatellite was launched into lunar orbit and normal system operation was noted. However, the spacecraft orbital shaping maneuver was not performed before ejection and the subsatellite was placed in a non-optimum orbit that resulted in a much shorter lifetime than the planned year. Loss of all subsatellite tracking and telemetry data on the 425th revolution (May 29) indicated that the subsatellite had hit the lunar surface.

    The mass spectrometer deployment boom stalled during a retract cycle and was jettisoned before transearth injection. The second plane-change maneuver and some orbital science photography were deleted so that transearth injection could be performed about 24 hours earlier than originally planned.

    Activities during the transearth coast phase of the mission included photography for a contamination study for the Skylab program and completion of the visual light-flash-phenomenon investigation that had been partially accomplished during translunar coast. A 1-hour 24-minute transearth extravehicular activity was conducted by command module pilot Mattingly to retrieve the film cassettes from the scientific instrument module cameras, inspect the equipment, and expose a microbial-response experiment to the space environment. Two midcourse corrections were made on the return flight to achieve the desired entry interface conditions.

  • Apollo 16 LM - . Call Sign: Orion. Payload: Apollo LM 11. Mass: 16,437 kg (36,237 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Houston. Program: Apollo. Class: Moon. Type: Manned lunar spacecraft. Flight: Apollo 16. Spacecraft Bus: Apollo LM. Spacecraft: Apollo LM. Duration: 11.08 days. Decay Date: 1972-04-27 . USAF Sat Cat: 6000 . COSPAR: 1972-031x. Apogee: 169 km (105 mi). Perigee: 167 km (103 mi). Inclination: 32.5420 deg. Period: 88.93 min.
  • Apollo 16 Subsatellite - . Payload: PFS 2. Mass: 36 kg (79 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Houston. Program: Apollo. Class: Moon. Type: Lunar probe. Flight: Apollo 16. Spacecraft Bus: PFS. Spacecraft: PFS. Decay Date: 1972-05-29 . USAF Sat Cat: 6009 . COSPAR: 1972-031D. Released from Apollo 16 into lunar orbit on 24 April 1972 at 21:56:09 GMT into a 96 km x 122 km orbit; fields and particles data; impacted lunar surface 29 May 1972..

1972 April 16 - . 23:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Syowa Base. LV Family: S-160. Launch Vehicle: S-160.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: NIPR. Apogee: 86 km (53 mi).

1972 April 17 - . 17:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Antigua. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Met Para, Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 54 km (33 mi).

1972 April 18 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-16. Launch Vehicle: R-16U.
  • UBP R-16 PL72-10 - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,210 km (750 mi).

1972 April 18 - . 01:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Starute,Datasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1972 April 19 - . 10:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. LV Family: Lupus. Launch Vehicle: Cockatoo.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Australia. Agency: WRE. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1972 April 19 - . 21:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC3W. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thorad SLV-2H Agena D.
  • KH-4B 1116 - . Payload: KH-4B s/n 1116 / Agena D 1661 / OPS 5640. Mass: 2,000 kg (4,400 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: CIA, NRO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: WS-117. Spacecraft: KH-4B. Decay Date: 1972-05-12 . USAF Sat Cat: 6003 . COSPAR: 1972-032A. Apogee: 276 km (171 mi). Perigee: 154 km (95 mi). Inclination: 81.0000 deg. Period: 88.80 min. KH-4B. Very successful mission and image quality was good..

1972 April 20 - . 00:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Greely. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Starute,Datasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 55 km (34 mi).

1972 April 21 - . LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Space Shuttle.
  • Shuttle SSME Contract - . Nation: USA. Rocketdyne finally receives the contact for development of the shuttle main engine. By the end of the century the total value will have exceeded $5.6 billion..

1972 April 21 - . 11:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 487 - . Payload: DS-P1-Yu s/n 57. Mass: 325 kg (716 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-Yu. Completed Operations Date: 1972-09-24 . Decay Date: 1972-09-24 . USAF Sat Cat: 6006 . COSPAR: 1972-033A. Apogee: 504 km (313 mi). Perigee: 269 km (167 mi). Inclination: 70.0000 deg. Period: 92.20 min. Development of systems for air defence and the control of outer space..

1972 April 21 - . 15:13 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1972 April 21 - . 16:47 GMT - .
  • EVA Apollo 16-1 - . Crew: Duke, Young. EVA Duration: 0.30 days. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Duke, Young. Program: Apollo. Class: Moon. Type: Manned lunar lander. Flight: Apollo 16. Spacecraft Bus: Apollo LM. Spacecraft: Apollo LM. Explored lunar surface near LM and deployed ALSEP unmanned scientific station equipment..

1972 April 22 - . 16:33 GMT - .
1972 April 23 - .
  • EVA Apollo 16-4 - . Crew: Duke, Young. EVA Duration: 0.0014 days. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Duke, Young. Program: Apollo. Class: Moon. Type: Manned lunar lander. Flight: Apollo 16. Spacecraft Bus: Apollo LM. Spacecraft: Apollo LM. Internal Vehicular Activity. Threw excess equipment out of LM before lift-off..

1972 April 23 - . 02:23 GMT - .
  • Apollo 16 LM touches down on the moon - . Nation: USA. Flight: Apollo 16.

    After separation of LM-11 Orion from CSM 112 Casper, a CSM active rendezvous kept the two vehicles close together while an anomaly discovered on the service propulsion system was evaluated. Tests and analyses showed the redundant system to be still safe and usable if required. The vehicles were again separated and the mission continued on a revised timeline because of the 5 3/4-hour delay. The lunar module landed with Duke and Young in the moon's Descartes region, about 230 meters northwest of the planned target area. A sleep period was scheduled before EVA.


1972 April 23 - . 15:25 GMT - .
1972 April 24 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 599. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3.
  • Demonstration and shakedown operations launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1972 April 24 - . 20:57 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 170.
  • Solar x-ray mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 203 km (126 mi).

1972 April 25 - . 11:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63. FAILURE: Second stage failed 367 seconds after launch.. Failed Stage: 2.
  • DS-P1-Yu s/n 51 - . Payload: DS-P1-Yu. Mass: 330 kg (720 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-Yu. Development of systems for air defence and the control of outer space..

1972 April 25 - . 20:33 GMT - .
  • EVA Apollo 16-5 - . Crew: Duke, Mattingly. EVA Duration: 0.0507 days. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Duke, Mattingly. Program: Apollo. Class: Moon. Type: Manned lunar spacecraft. Flight: Apollo 16. Spacecraft Bus: Apollo CSM. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM. Stand-Up External Vehicular Activity. Deep space retrieval of film cartridges from Service Module..

1972 April 26 - . 14:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • ISRO-8.70 - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1972 April 27 - .
  • Landing of Apollo 16 - . Return Crew: Duke, Mattingly, Young. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Duke, Mattingly, Young. Program: Apollo. Flight: Apollo 16.

    Entry and landing were normal, completing a 265-hour 51-minute mission. The command module was viewed on television while dropping on the drogue parachutes, and continuous coverage was provided through crew recovery. Splashdown was at 2:45 p.m. EST (19:45 GMT) in mid-Pacific, 5 kilometers from the recovery ship U.S.S. Ticonderoga. All primary mission objectives had been achieved.


1972 April 27 - .
  • Splashdown of Apollo 16 - . Nation: USA. Flight: Apollo 16.

    Entry and landing were normal, completing a 265-hour 51-minute mission. The command module was viewed on television while dropping on the drogue parachutes, and continuous coverage was provided through crew recovery. Splashdown was at 19:44 GMT in mid-Pacific, 5 kilometers from the recovery ship U.S.S. Ticonderoga. Additional Details: here....


1972 April 28 - . 00:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Dragon 2B.
  • Shahpar-3 Test / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Pakistan. Agency: SUPARCO. Apogee: 400 km (240 mi).

1972 April 29 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC67/21. LV Family: R-36M. Launch Vehicle: R-36M 15A14.
  • BI-3 - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1972 April 30 - .
  • A compact shower assembly for use on Skylab Earth-orbital missions was designed and built at MSFC. The shower remained stored on the floor when not in use. - . Nation: USA. Program: Skylab. Spacecraft Bus: Skylab. Spacecraft: Skylab.

    Astronauts would step inside a ring on the floor and raise a fireproof beta cloth curtain on a hoop and attach it to the ceiling. A flexible hose with push-button shower nozzle could spray 2.8 liters of water from the personal hygiene tank during each bath. Used water would be vacuumed from the shower enclosure into a disposable bag and deposited in the waste tank.


1972 May 1 - . 08:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Auroral B Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 231 km (143 mi).

1972 May 1 - . 08:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Auroral B Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 213 km (132 mi).

1972 May 2 - . 16:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Met Para - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 49 km (30 mi).

1972 May 3 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Molodezhnaya. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: AN. Apogee: 88 km (54 mi).

1972 May 4 - . 17:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1972 May 5 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF06. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B.
  • SSTTP M2-11 Target mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1972 May 5 - . 11:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57.
  • Cosmos 488 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-4MK. Duration: 13.00 days. Decay Date: 1972-05-18 . USAF Sat Cat: 6016 . COSPAR: 1972-034A. Apogee: 294 km (182 mi). Perigee: 207 km (128 mi). Inclination: 65.4000 deg. Period: 89.50 min. High resolution photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1972 May 6 - . 11:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. Launch Pad: LC132/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 489 - . Mass: 680 kg (1,490 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Tsiklon satellite. USAF Sat Cat: 6019 . COSPAR: 1972-035A. Apogee: 998 km (620 mi). Perigee: 961 km (597 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 104.70 min. Military navigation satellite..

1972 May 8 - . 14:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Thule AFB. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Met Para, AN/DMQ-9 - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 57 km (35 mi).

1972 May 9 - . 14:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Met Para - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1972 May 10 - .
  • Death of Nikolai Dmitryevich Yakovlev - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Yakovlev, Nikolai. Russian officer. Chief of Chief Artillery Directorate 1941-1948..

1972 May 10 - . 11:22 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 93 km (57 mi).

1972 May 11 - .
  • The Apollo telescope mount crew compartment fit and function review was conducted at MSFC. Skylab astronauts participated. - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft Bus: Skylab. Spacecraft: Apollo ATM. ATM flight cameras and film cassettes were checked during the review..

1972 May 12 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF05. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 2.
  • FOT GT106M Follow-on Test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1972 May 12 - . 10:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 170A.
  • NRL NB4.255 Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, NRL. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1972 May 13 - . 23:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Syowa Base. LV Family: S-210. Launch Vehicle: S-210.
  • Aurora / ionosphere / fields mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: NIPR. Apogee: 129 km (80 mi).

1972 May 15 - . LV Family: N1. Launch Vehicle: N1F.
  • N1-L3M development authorised. - . Nation: Russia. Spacecraft Bus: L3M. Spacecraft: L3M-1972. Council of Chief Designers Decree 'On approval of the N1-L3M proposal' was issued..

1972 May 15 - . 23:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Syowa Base. LV Family: S-210. Launch Vehicle: S-210.
  • Aurora / ionosphere / fields mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: NIPR. Apogee: 115 km (71 mi).

1972 May 16 - . 15:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Antigua. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 52 km (32 mi).

1972 May 17 - . 01:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Sandhawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Sandhawk.
  • Infrared astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 430 km (260 mi).

1972 May 17 - . 07:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant IVB.
  • X-ray survey X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 660 km (410 mi).

1972 May 17 - . 07:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Point Barrow. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 110 km (60 mi).

1972 May 17 - . 10:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57.
  • Cosmos 490 - . Mass: 6,000 kg (13,200 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-2M satellite. Duration: 12.00 days. Decay Date: 1972-05-29 . USAF Sat Cat: 6021 . COSPAR: 1972-036A. Apogee: 285 km (177 mi). Perigee: 205 km (127 mi). Inclination: 65.0000 deg. Period: 89.30 min. Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; separated electron flux cosmic ray experiment capsule..
  • Nauka Cosmos 490 - . Payload: Nauka. Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Spacecraft Bus: Nauka. Spacecraft: Nauka. Decay Date: 1972-06-06 . USAF Sat Cat: 6040 . COSPAR: 1972-036D. Apogee: 258 km (160 mi). Perigee: 209 km (129 mi). Inclination: 65.3000 deg. Period: 89.17 min.

1972 May 17 - . 13:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Point Barrow. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 127 km (78 mi).

1972 May 18 - . 08:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. LV Family: Lupus. Launch Vehicle: Cockatoo.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Australia. Agency: WRE. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1972 May 19 - . 08:35 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 170.
  • Astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1972 May 19 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 170A.
  • X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1972 May 19 - . 14:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M.
  • Molniya 2-02 - . Payload: Molniya-2. Mass: 1,600 kg (3,500 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Molniya. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-2. Spacecraft: Molniya-2. Decay Date: 1977-03-22 . USAF Sat Cat: 6031 . COSPAR: 1972-037A. Apogee: 39,293 km (24,415 mi). Perigee: 479 km (297 mi). Inclination: 65.0000 deg. Period: 706.00 min. Continued operation of the long-range telephone and telegraph radio-communication system; transmission of USSR central television programmes to stations in the Orbita network and international cooperation. .

1972 May 20 - . 09:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Tomahawk.
  • LRL ACS-7A (TT-9) X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1972 May 20 - . 15:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC4W. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 24B. FAILURE: Failure. Failed Stage: U.
  • OPS 6574 - . Payload: KH-8 no. 35 / Agena D. Mass: 3,000 kg (6,600 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: WS-117. Spacecraft: KH-8.
  • SRV-1 - . Payload: SRV-1. Mass: 3,000 kg (6,600 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Spacecraft Bus: WS-117. Spacecraft: KH-8.
  • SRV-2 - . Payload: SRV-2. Mass: 3,000 kg (6,600 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Spacecraft Bus: WS-117. Spacecraft: KH-8.

1972 May 22 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1972 May 23 - . 15:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Antigua. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 56 km (34 mi).

1972 May 24 - .
  • Birth of Maksim Viktorovich Surayev - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Surayev. Russian pilot cosmonaut, 1997-on. Russian Air Force.

1972 May 24 - . 23:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 395-C. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan II.
  • Operational Test M2-10. - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi). SSTTP M2-10 Target mission.

1972 May 25 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg.
  • Last launch of a Thorad/Agena from Vandenberg AFB - . Nation: USA. Last launch of a Thorad/Agena from Vandenberg AFB (first launch on 9 August 1966)..

1972 May 25 - . 06:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. Launch Pad: LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57.
  • Cosmos 491 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-4M. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1972-06-08 . USAF Sat Cat: 6035 . COSPAR: 1972-038A. Apogee: 268 km (166 mi). Perigee: 177 km (109 mi). Inclination: 64.9000 deg. Period: 88.90 min. High resolution photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1972 May 25 - . 18:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC3W. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thorad SLV-2H Agena D.
  • KH-4B 1117 - . Payload: KH-4B s/n 1117 / Agena D 1663 / OPS 6371. Mass: 2,000 kg (4,400 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: CIA, NRO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: WS-117. Spacecraft: KH-4B. Decay Date: 1972-06-04 . USAF Sat Cat: 6037 . COSPAR: 1972-039A. Apogee: 305 km (189 mi). Perigee: 158 km (98 mi). Inclination: 96.3000 deg. Period: 89.20 min. KH-4B. Last KH-4B mission. Very successful mission, image quality was good. Final CORONA mission..

1972 May 26 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC161/35. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: R-36 8K67MA.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1972 May 29 - . 10:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. LV Family: Lupus. Launch Vehicle: Cockatoo.
  • Fields mission - . Nation: Australia. Agency: WRE. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

1972 May 30 - . 21:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Point Mugu. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Starute, Datasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 58 km (36 mi).

1972 May 31 - . 06:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Ferdinand 34 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NASA, NTNF. Apogee: 154 km (95 mi).

1972 May 31 - . 06:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Ferdinand 33 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NASA, NTNF. Apogee: 110 km (60 mi).

1972 May 31 - . 14:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF21. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3.
  • Research and development launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1972 May 31 - . 22:25 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 207 km (128 mi).

June 1972 - .
  • Wernher Von Braun retires from NASA. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: von Braun.

    He realized he had been sidelined at NASA and that future plans for lunar and Mars exploration were not to be. He became the vice-present of Fairchild Industries in Germantown, Maryland. There he was also active in establishing and promoting the National Space Institute.


1972 June - .
  • Multi-module Orbital Complex (MOK) designed - . Nation: Russia. Spacecraft Bus: OS. Spacecraft: MKBS.

    In the second half of 1972 and first half of 1973 TsKBEM began technical development of a Multi-module Orbital Complex (MOK). MOK was not a single spacecraft but an integrated collection of earth-based and near-earth orbital systems consisting of the Multi-module Cosmic Base Station (MKBS); autonomous spacecraft, operating from the MKBS; and logistics systems (expendable and reusable launch vehicles, interorbital tugs, earth launch sites, etc). MOK was dependent on the N1 launch vehicle, and was abandoned when this was cancelled in 1974.


1972 June 1 - . LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Space Shuttle.
  • Shuttle Phase C/D Proposals - . Nation: USA.

    Given that NASA had dictated in great detail the final design, the contractors' proposals differed only in detail. Grumman's orbiter had a 747-type hump-backed configuration, while Lockheed's featured a double-deck crew space. McDonnell-Douglas proposed an alternate auxiliary liquid propellant rocket motor for aborts in place of the mandated Abort Solid Rocket Motors. North American Rockwell's design featured a rounded double-delta wing. All contractors struggled with thermal protection system issues. Ablative materials were lighter, but the bad experience with the use of spray-on ablator on the X-15A-2 made such a solution for an operational vehicle problematic.


1972 June 1 - .
  • Death of John Stack in Virginia. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Stack. American engineer, at NASA 1928-1962. Conducted fundamental research on transonic flight which resulted in X-1 being the first manned aircraft to break the sound barrier in 1947..

1972 June 1 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: Temp-2S. Launch Vehicle: Temp-2S.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1972 June 2 - . 06:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Tonopah. Launch Complex: Tonopah HAD4. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • LRL ACS-1C X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 175 km (108 mi).

1972 June 3 - . 04:24 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Starute, Datasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1972 June 5 - . 13:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC43. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Starute, Datasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 63 km (39 mi).

1972 June 6 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF04. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3.
  • OT GT15GM operational test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1972 June 7 - . 11:23 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: INTA. Apogee: 95 km (59 mi).

1972 June 8 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC67/21. LV Family: R-36M. Launch Vehicle: R-36M 15A14.
  • BI-3 - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1972 June 9 - . 05:25 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • Astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 255 km (158 mi).

1972 June 9 - . 05:45 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 170A.
  • Astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1972 June 9 - . 06:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. Launch Pad: LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57.
  • Cosmos 492 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-4M. Duration: 13.00 days. Decay Date: 1972-06-22 . USAF Sat Cat: 6049 . COSPAR: 1972-040A. Apogee: 323 km (200 mi). Perigee: 204 km (126 mi). Inclination: 64.9000 deg. Period: 89.70 min. High resolution photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1972 June 10 - . 04:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 164 km (101 mi).

1972 June 11 - . 20:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF02. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3.
  • OT GT14GM operational test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1972 June 12 - . 15:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Antigua. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Met Para, Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 51 km (31 mi).

1972 June 13 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF07. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 2.
  • OBL/GIANT PATRIOT 1 test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi). SAMSO launched the first Minuteman II missile from Vandenberg to test an improved command destruct system for use in SAG's Operational Base Launch (OBL) program, Giant Patriot. .

1972 June 13 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 170.
  • Astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1972 June 13 - . 21:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC36B. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas SLV-3C Centaur.
  • Intelsat 4 F-5 - . Mass: 1,410 kg (3,100 lb). Nation: International. Agency: Intelsat. Program: Intelsat. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Intelsat 4. Spacecraft: Intelsat 4. Completed Operations Date: 1983-02-23 . USAF Sat Cat: 6052 . COSPAR: 1972-041A. Apogee: 35,847 km (22,274 mi). Perigee: 35,811 km (22,251 mi). Inclination: 11.3000 deg. Period: 1,438.30 min.

    Over Indian Ocean. Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C). Launch vehicle put payload into geosynchronous transfer orbit Positioned in geosynchronous orbit over the Indian Ocean at 61 deg E in 1972-1975; over the Indian Ocean 60 deg E in 1976-1980; over the Pacific Ocean 179 deg E in 1980-1981 As of 2 September 2001 located at 8.61 deg E drifting at 0.536 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 9 located at 73.10W drifting at 0.625W degrees per day.


1972 June 14 - . 11:25 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1972 June 15 - . LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K.
  • Almaz / TKS project rescheduled. - . Nation: Russia. Spacecraft: Almaz OPS, Almaz OPS-2, TKS. Ministry of General Machine Building (MOM) Decree 'On schedule of work for the Almaz and TKS programs' was issued..

1972 June 15 - . 08:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. LV Family: Lupus. Launch Vehicle: Cockatoo.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Australia. Agency: WRE. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1972 June 16 - . 23:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 640. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Poseidon C3.
  • Demonstration and shakedown operations launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1972 June 17 - . 00:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC43. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Starute, Datasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 63 km (39 mi).

1972 June 18 - . 00:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF08. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3.
  • Research and development launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1972 June 19 - . 20:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Met Para, Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 51 km (31 mi).

1972 June 20 - . 16:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF05. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 2.
  • FOT GT107M Follow-on Test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1972 June 21 - . 06:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. Launch Pad: LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57.
  • Cosmos 493 - . Mass: 6,000 kg (13,200 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-2M satellite. Duration: 12.00 days. Decay Date: 1972-07-03 . USAF Sat Cat: 6053 . COSPAR: 1972-042A. Apogee: 267 km (165 mi). Perigee: 202 km (125 mi). Inclination: 64.9000 deg. Period: 89.10 min. Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule..

1972 June 21 - . 20:01 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1972 June 22 - . Launch Site: Aberporth. LV Family: Rook. Launch Vehicle: Rook.
1972 June 23 - . 09:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 494 - . Mass: 750 kg (1,650 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Strela-2M. USAF Sat Cat: 6059 . COSPAR: 1972-043A. Apogee: 786 km (488 mi). Perigee: 772 km (479 mi). Inclination: 74.1000 deg. Period: 100.40 min.

1972 June 23 - . 11:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57.
  • Cosmos 495 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-4M. Duration: 13.00 days. Decay Date: 1972-07-06 . USAF Sat Cat: 6060 . COSPAR: 1972-044A. Apogee: 277 km (172 mi). Perigee: 202 km (125 mi). Inclination: 65.4000 deg. Period: 89.20 min. High resolution photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1972 June 24 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Starute, Datasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1972 June 25 - . 14:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3 AC.
  • ESRO S91 X-ray Astronomy mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 213 km (132 mi).

1972 June 26 - .
  • No foreseeable mission for Apollo Apollo CSMs 115 and 115a - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Low, George. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM, CSM Block II.

    NASA Deputy Administrator George M. Low and Associate Administrator for Manned Space Flight Dale D. Myers met and decided there was no foreseeable mission for CSMs 115 and 115a; funds would not be authorized for any work on these spacecraft; and skills would not be retained specifically to work on them.


1972 June 26 - .
  • AUOS satellite development approved. - . Nation: Russia. Spacecraft Bus: AUOS. Spacecraft: AUOS. Ministry of General Machine Building (MOM) Decree 'On the Creation of Automatic Universal Orbital Stations (AUOS)-on approval of work on the AUOS satellite bus' was issued..

1972 June 26 - . 14:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511.
  • Cosmos 496 - . Payload: Soyuz 7K-T s/n 33L. Mass: 6,675 kg (14,715 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Salyut. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-T. Duration: 9.95 days. Decay Date: 1972-07-02 . USAF Sat Cat: 6066 . COSPAR: 1972-045A. Apogee: 253 km (157 mi). Perigee: 176 km (109 mi). Inclination: 51.5000 deg. Period: 88.70 min. Recovered July 6, 1972 13:54 GMT. Soyuz 7K-T redesign test..

1972 June 27 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 170.
  • Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1972 June 28 - . 14:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • ISRO-8.78 - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 88 km (54 mi).

1972 June 29 - . Launch Site: Yurya. LV Family: R-16. Launch Vehicle: R-16U.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,210 km (750 mi).

1972 June 29 - . 03:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M.
  • Prognoz 2 - . Payload: SO-M no. 2. Mass: 845 kg (1,862 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Prognoz. Spacecraft: Prognoz. Decay Date: 1982-12-15 . USAF Sat Cat: 6068 . COSPAR: 1972-046A. Apogee: 201,804 km (125,394 mi). Perigee: 517 km (321 mi). Inclination: 65.3000 deg. Period: 5,849.20 min. Study of the processes of solar activity and of their influence on interplanetary space and the Earth's magnetosphere. .

1972 June 30 - . 05:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC86/4. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Intercosmos 7 - . Payload: DS-U3-IK s/n 3. Mass: 375 kg (826 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: IK. Program: DS. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-U3-IK. Completed Operations Date: 1972-10-05 . Decay Date: 1972-10-05 . USAF Sat Cat: 6075 . COSPAR: 1972-047A. Apogee: 550 km (340 mi). Perigee: 260 km (160 mi). Inclination: 48.4000 deg. Period: 92.60 min. Continuation of joint studies of the sun's ultra-violet and x-radiation and its effects on the structure of the earth's upper atmosphere..

1972 June 30 - . 09:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 497 - . Payload: DS-P1-I s/n 12. Mass: 300 kg (660 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-I. Completed Operations Date: 1973-11-07 . Decay Date: 1973-11-07 . USAF Sat Cat: 6076 . COSPAR: 1972-048A. Apogee: 787 km (489 mi). Perigee: 271 km (168 mi). Inclination: 70.9000 deg. Period: 95.20 min. Operational radar target for the ABM forces..

1972 June 30 - . 18:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Vostok 8A92M.
  • Meteor 1-12 - . Payload: Meteor M no. 12. Mass: 3,800 kg (8,300 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Meteor. Spacecraft: Meteor M 11F614. USAF Sat Cat: 6079 . COSPAR: 1972-049A. Apogee: 893 km (554 mi). Perigee: 876 km (544 mi). Inclination: 81.2000 deg. Period: 102.70 min. Acquisition of meteorological information needed for use by the weather service. .

1972 July 1 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Molodezhnaya. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 94 km (58 mi).

1972 July 3 - . 08:10 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 122 km (75 mi).

1972 July 5 - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 6 AC.
  • UK SL1191 - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1972 July 5 - . 09:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 498 - . Payload: DS-P1-Yu s/n 56. Mass: 325 kg (716 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-Yu. Completed Operations Date: 1972-11-25 . Decay Date: 1972-11-25 . USAF Sat Cat: 6086 . COSPAR: 1972-050A. Apogee: 490 km (300 mi). Perigee: 266 km (165 mi). Inclination: 70.0000 deg. Period: 92.10 min. Development of systems for air defence and the control of outer space..

1972 July 5 - . 23:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 641. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Poseidon C3.
  • Demonstration and shakedown operations launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1972 July 6 - . 10:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. Launch Pad: LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57.
  • Cosmos 499 - . Mass: 6,000 kg (13,200 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-4M. Duration: 11.00 days. Decay Date: 1972-07-17 . USAF Sat Cat: 6090 . COSPAR: 1972-051A. Apogee: 283 km (175 mi). Perigee: 204 km (126 mi). Inclination: 51.8000 deg. Period: 89.30 min. High resolution photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1972 July 7 - . LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Space Shuttle.
  • Shuttle orbiter contract - . Nation: USA.

    North American Rockwell received NASA contract NAS9-14000, valued at $2.6 billion, for development of the space shuttle orbiter. Included are two flight articles, the STA Structural Test Article, and the MPTA Main Propulsion Test Article. Later production of two additional orbiters will be added, bringing the final contract value to $ 5.815 billion by 1996.


1972 July 7 - . 17:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC4E. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan IIID.
  • KH-9 no. 03 - . Mass: 13,300 kg (29,300 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: CIA, NRO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KH-9. Spacecraft: KH-9. Decay Date: 1972-09-13 . USAF Sat Cat: 6094 . COSPAR: 1972-052A. Apogee: 254 km (157 mi). Perigee: 176 km (109 mi). Inclination: 96.0000 deg. Period: 88.70 min. KH-9 type satellite. Investigation of the upper atmosphere and outer space. .
  • OPS 7803 - . Payload: SSF-B No. 23. Mass: 60 kg (132 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO, USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft Bus: SSF. Spacecraft: SSF. Decay Date: 1978-05-06 . USAF Sat Cat: 6096 . COSPAR: 1972-052C. Apogee: 504 km (313 mi). Perigee: 498 km (309 mi). Inclination: 96.2000 deg. Period: 94.70 min. Radar monitoring..

1972 July 8 - . 17:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: UNKO. Launch Platform: SHIR. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 83 km (51 mi).

1972 July 9 - . 17:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: UNKO. Launch Platform: SHIR. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 84 km (52 mi).

1972 July 10 - . 11:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant III.
  • Aeronomy / Solar Eclipse mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 106 km (65 mi).

1972 July 10 - . 16:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 500 - . Mass: 875 kg (1,929 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Tselina-O. Spacecraft: Tselina-O. Decay Date: 1980-03-29 . USAF Sat Cat: 6097 . COSPAR: 1972-053A. Apogee: 548 km (340 mi). Perigee: 505 km (313 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 95.20 min. Possible navigation satellite. Replaced Cosmos 425..

1972 July 10 - . 18:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Sandhawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Sandhawk.
  • Solar eclipse mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1972 July 10 - . 19:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant III.
  • Aeronomy / Solar Eclipse mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 166 km (103 mi).

1972 July 10 - . 20:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant III.
  • Aeronomy / Solar Eclipse mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 103 km (64 mi).

1972 July 10 - . 20:29 GMT - . Launch Site: East Quoddy. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant III.
  • Solar ultraviolet and x-ray mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 143 km (88 mi).

1972 July 10 - . 21:32 GMT - . Launch Site: East Quoddy. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant III.
  • Solar ultraviolet and x-ray mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 148 km (91 mi).

1972 July 10 - . 21:39 GMT - . Launch Site: East Quoddy. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant III.
  • Solar ultraviolet and x-ray mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 144 km (89 mi).

1972 July 10 - . 21:41 GMT - . Launch Site: East Quoddy. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant III.
  • Solar ultraviolet and x-ray mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 152 km (94 mi).

1972 July 10 - . 22:01 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 170.
  • NRL NE4.246 Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1972 July 10 - . 22:05 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 170A.
  • Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1972 July 11 - . 02:20 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Chaff - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 62 km (38 mi).

1972 July 12 - . LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Space Shuttle.
  • Safety in Earth Orbit - . Nation: USA.

    North American Rockwell issues a study on safety concepts for the space shuttle. These include putting an Apollo command module in the shuttle payload bay as an emergency re-entry capsule in case of inability of the shuttle to re-enter due to heat shield damage or a propulsion system failure. The study finds that all solutions have unacceptable weight penalties, and that any upper stages carried in the payload bay had to be man-rated in order to ensure crew safety. Liquid propellant upper stages (such as Centaur and the planned Space Tug) were probably too dangerous to be taken to orbit by the shuttle.


1972 July 12 - . 05:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC86/4. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 501 - . Payload: DS-P1-Yu s/n 50. Mass: 250 kg (550 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-Yu. Completed Operations Date: 1972-12-20 . Decay Date: 1974-05-09 . USAF Sat Cat: 6099 . COSPAR: 1972-054A. Apogee: 2,167 km (1,346 mi). Perigee: 221 km (137 mi). Inclination: 48.0000 deg. Period: 109.30 min. Development of systems for air defence and the control of outer space..

1972 July 13 - . 14:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511M.
  • Cosmos 502 - . Mass: 6,000 kg (13,200 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-4MT. Duration: 12.00 days. Decay Date: 1972-07-25 . USAF Sat Cat: 6105 . COSPAR: 1972-055A. Apogee: 262 km (162 mi). Perigee: 203 km (126 mi). Inclination: 65.0000 deg. Period: 89.10 min. Military topography satellite; returned film capsule; carried science package..

1972 July 14 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC142/34. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: R-36 8K67MA.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1972 July 14 - . 06:01 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 170.
  • Astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1972 July 15 - .
  • Lunar Science Institute's summer study on post-Apollo lunar science - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Flight: Apollo 17. Spacecraft Bus: Apollo LM. Spacecraft: Apollo ALSEP.

    The Lunar Science Institute's summer study on post-Apollo lunar science arrived at a number of conclusions and recommendations. Some conclusions were: Lunar science would evolve through three rather distinct phases. For two years immediately following Apollo 17, high priority would be given to collection, organization, and preliminary analysis of the wealth of information acquired from the exploration of the moon. In the next two years (1975 and 1976), emphasis would shift to a careful first look at all the data. In the next years, investigations would be concentrated on key problems. Additional Details: here....


1972 July 15 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF06. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B.
  • SSTTP M2-15 Target mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1972 July 15 - . 16:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper-Dart.
  • Starute,Datasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1972 July 16 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: UNKO. Launch Platform: SHIR. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1972 July 17 - .
  • Skylab Orbital Workshop all-systems test begun. - . Nation: USA. Program: Skylab. Spacecraft Bus: Skylab. Spacecraft: Skylab.

    An Orbital Workshop all-systems test began on 17 July 1972 and was completed on 7 August 1972 at McDonnell Douglas' Huntington Beach Vehicle Checkout Laboratory. Following the test, which lasted 309 hours, a meeting was held to verify that the OWS all-systems test had been successfully completed. At the conclusion of the meeting, it was agreed that pending closeout of the test anomalies, all test requirements had been satisfied.


1972 July 18 - . 08:20 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 170.
  • Infrared astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: KPNO. Apogee: 222 km (137 mi).

1972 July 19 - . 13:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57.
  • Cosmos 503 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-4M. Duration: 13.00 days. Decay Date: 1972-08-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 6114 . COSPAR: 1972-056A. Apogee: 288 km (178 mi). Perigee: 202 km (125 mi). Inclination: 65.4000 deg. Period: 89.40 min. High resolution photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1972 July 20 - . 18:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 504 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 25. Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 6117 . COSPAR: 1972-057A. Apogee: 1,496 km (929 mi). Perigee: 1,321 km (820 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.00 min. Eight satellites launched by a single carrier rocket..
  • Cosmos 511 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 32. Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 6124 . COSPAR: 1972-057H. Apogee: 1,545 km (960 mi). Perigee: 1,495 km (928 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 116.40 min.
  • Cosmos 505 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 26. Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 6118 . COSPAR: 1972-057B. Apogee: 1,497 km (930 mi). Perigee: 1,352 km (840 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.30 min.
  • Cosmos 510 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 31. Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 6123 . COSPAR: 1972-057G. Apogee: 1,510 km (930 mi). Perigee: 1,495 km (928 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 116.00 min.
  • Cosmos 509 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 30. Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 6122 . COSPAR: 1972-057F. Apogee: 1,498 km (930 mi). Perigee: 1,474 km (915 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.70 min.
  • Cosmos 508 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 29. Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 6121 . COSPAR: 1972-057E. Apogee: 1,497 km (930 mi). Perigee: 1,443 km (896 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.30 min.
  • Cosmos 507 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 28. Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 6120 . COSPAR: 1972-057D. Apogee: 1,496 km (929 mi). Perigee: 1,412 km (877 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.00 min.
  • Cosmos 506 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 27. Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 6119 . COSPAR: 1972-057C. Apogee: 1,496 km (929 mi). Perigee: 1,382 km (858 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.60 min.

1972 July 21 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Antigua. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Met Para, Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 51 km (31 mi).

1972 July 22 - .
  • Venera 8 Venus Landing - . Nation: Russia.

1972 July 23 - . 18:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC2W. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Delta 0900.
  • Landsat 1 - . Payload: ERTS A. Mass: 816 kg (1,798 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Program: Landsat. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Landsat 1-2-3. Spacecraft: Landsat 1-2-3. USAF Sat Cat: 6126 . COSPAR: 1972-058A. Apogee: 909 km (564 mi). Perigee: 898 km (557 mi). Inclination: 99.1000 deg. Period: 103.10 min.

    The first Long Tank Thrust Augmented Thor/Delta to be launched from Vandenberg AFB using nine solid rocket motors successfully placed the Environmental Resources Technology Satellite (ERTS-A) in orbit. Earth Resources Technology Satellite. Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C).


1972 July 24 - . 16:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Starute, Datasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 61 km (37 mi).

1972 July 25 - .
  • M2 Flight 30 - . Crew: Dana. Payload: M2-F3 flight 14. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Dana. Program: NASA Lifting Body. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft Bus: M2-F2. Spacecraft: M2-F3. Maximum Speed - 1049 kph. Maximum Altitude - 18562 m. Flight Time - 420 sec..

1972 July 26 - .
  • Contract awarded for shuttle OV-102. - . Nation: USA. Program: STS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft Bus: Shuttle. Spacecraft: Columbia.

1972 July 26 - .
  • Birth of Dr Sheikh Muszaphar - . Nation: Malaysia. Related Persons: Muszaphar. Malaysian physician cosmonaut. Flew on ISS EP-13. First Malaysian in space..

1972 July 26 - . 05:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF07. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 2.
  • OBL/GIANT PATRIOT 2 test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 21 km (13 mi). The second Giant Patriot test missile was launched from Vandenberg to evaluate the Operational Base Launch Safety System (OBLSS) in anticipation of implementation of SAC's OBL program, Giant Patriot, in 1974. .

1972 July 27 - .
  • Birth of Aydyn Akanovich Aimbetov - . Nation: Kazakhstan. Related Persons: Aimbetov. Kazakh pilot cosmonaut, 2002-on..

1972 July 27 - . 18:10 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 170.
  • Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1972 July 28 - . 10:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57.
  • Cosmos 512 - . Mass: 6,000 kg (13,200 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-2M satellite. Duration: 12.00 days. Decay Date: 1972-08-09 . USAF Sat Cat: 6130 . COSPAR: 1972-059A. Apogee: 273 km (169 mi). Perigee: 202 km (125 mi). Inclination: 65.3000 deg. Period: 89.20 min. Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule..

1972 July 28 - . 18:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Trailblazer test vehicle. Launch Vehicle: Trailblazer 2.
  • AFCRL TB2-4 Re-entry vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 314 km (195 mi).

1972 July 29 - . 03:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC81/23. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K. FAILURE: Second stage malfunction at T+ 162 sec.. Failed Stage: 2.
  • Zarya s/n 122 - . Payload: Zarya s/n 122. Mass: 18,000 kg (39,000 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Program: Salyut. Class: Manned. Type: Manned space station. Spacecraft Bus: Almaz. Spacecraft: Salyut 1. Decay Date: 1972-07-29 . Second Salyut space station (DOS 2), failed to reach orbit..

1972 July 31 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: UNKO. Launch Platform: SHIR. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 88 km (54 mi).

1972 August 1 - . Launch Site: White Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 65.5 N x 38.0 E. Launch Platform: PLBR. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Vysota.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Launched from White Sea Launch Area, Beloye More, Archangel'sk Oblast' - Latitude: 65.50 N - Longitude: 38.00 E..

1972 August 2 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF21. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3.
  • Research and development launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1972 August 2 - . 08:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. Launch Pad: LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57.
  • Cosmos 513 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-4M. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1972-08-15 . USAF Sat Cat: 6135 . COSPAR: 1972-060A. Apogee: 307 km (190 mi). Perigee: 172 km (106 mi). Inclination: 64.9000 deg. Period: 89.30 min. High resolution photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1972 August 3 - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. Launch Complex: Kwajalein Meck. LV Family: Spartan ABM. Launch Vehicle: Spartan ABM.
  • Safeguard M2-34 Interceptor mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1972 August 3 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: Temp-2S. Launch Vehicle: Temp-2S.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1972 August 4 - . 19:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Solar cosmic rays Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 159 km (98 mi).

1972 August 5 - . 05:52 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 170.
  • X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1972 August 6 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Molodezhnaya. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 89 km (55 mi).

1972 August 7 - . 01:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Syowa Base. LV Family: S-210. Launch Vehicle: S-210.
  • Aurora / ionosphere / fields mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: NIPR. Apogee: 126 km (78 mi).

1972 August 8 - . 22:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: UNKO. Launch Platform: SHIR. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 91 km (56 mi).

1972 August 9 - . LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Space Shuttle.
  • Shuttle go-ahead. - . Nation: USA. Program: STS. Rockwell receives authority to proceed, space shuttle orbiter.

1972 August 10 - . 00:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Jiuquan. Launch Complex: Jiuquan LA2B. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Feng Bao 1.
  • Shiyan Peizhong - . Nation: China. Agency: PRC. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi). Research and Development Suborbital Flight.

1972 August 10 - . 05:45 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 170.
  • X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1972 August 10 - . 06:59 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 170.
  • Astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1972 August 11 - .
  • M2 Flight 31 - . Crew: Dana. Payload: M2-F3 flight 15. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Dana. Program: NASA Lifting Body. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft Bus: M2-F2. Spacecraft: M2-F3. Maximum Speed - 1168 kph. Maximum Altitude - 20480 m. Flight Time - 375 sec..

1972 August 11 - .
  • Soyuz 7K-S designs completed - . Nation: Russia. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-S, Soyuz OB-VI.

    The Soyuz 7K-S had two parallel designs - the base variant, which was for special-purpose military solo missions; and a space station transport variant 7K-ST. The Soyuz 7K-S program was to consist of four unmanned, followed by two manned test flights, then two operational launches.


1972 August 11 - . 01:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Syowa Base. LV Family: S-210. Launch Vehicle: S-210.
  • Ionosphere / fields mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: NIPR. Apogee: 127 km (78 mi).

1972 August 12 - . 02:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 2A.
  • ISRO 5.14 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1972 August 12 - . 09:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Green River. LV Family: Athena RTV. Launch Vehicle: Athena H.
  • RVTO-3B-2 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi). The first operational flight of an Athena H configuration booster was made from Green River, Utah, to the White Sands Missile Range carrying an Advanced Ballistic Reentry Systems (ABRES) payload. .

1972 August 13 - . 06:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • ISRO 10.44 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 148 km (91 mi).

1972 August 13 - . 15:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA3A. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout D-1.
  • Explorer 46 - . Payload: Meteoroid Technology Satellite. Mass: 136 kg (299 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Langley. Program: Explorer. Class: Earth. Type: Micrometeoroid satellite. Spacecraft Bus: MTS. Spacecraft: MTS. Decay Date: 1979-11-02 . USAF Sat Cat: 6142 . COSPAR: 1972-061A. Apogee: 811 km (503 mi). Perigee: 492 km (305 mi). Inclination: 37.7000 deg. Period: 97.70 min. Micrometeoroid tests. Spacecraft engaged in research and exploration of the upper atmosphere or outer space (US Cat B). .

1972 August 14 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: UNKO. Launch Platform: SHIR. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 91 km (56 mi).

1972 August 15 - . LV Family: N1. Launch Vehicle: N1.
  • N1 7L launch readiness review - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Mishin. Program: Lunar L3. Mishin held a Soviet of N1 chief designers to confirm launch readiness..

1972 August 16 - . 13:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 514 - . Payload: Tsiklon Mass Model. Mass: 680 kg (1,490 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Tsiklon satellite. USAF Sat Cat: 6148 . COSPAR: 1972-062A. Apogee: 967 km (600 mi). Perigee: 952 km (591 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 104.30 min. Military navigation satellite..

1972 August 16 - . 15:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Terrier. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Recruit.
  • Nose rain erosion - . Nation: USA. Agency: SAND. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1972 August 17 - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. Launch Complex: Kwajalein Meck. LV Family: Sprint ABM. Launch Vehicle: Sprint ABM. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Safeguard M2-42 Interceptor mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1972 August 17 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-16. Launch Vehicle: R-16U.
  • UBP R-16 PL72-11 - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,210 km (750 mi).

1972 August 17 - . 10:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 2A.
  • ISRO 5.16 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 151 km (93 mi).

1972 August 18 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 631. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Poseidon C3.
  • FOT-1 Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1972 August 18 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 631. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Poseidon C3.
  • FOT-1 Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1972 August 18 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 631. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Poseidon C3.
  • FOT-1 Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1972 August 18 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 631. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Poseidon C3.
  • FOT-1 Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1972 August 18 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57.
  • Cosmos 515 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-4MK. Duration: 13.00 days. Decay Date: 1972-08-31 . USAF Sat Cat: 6150 . COSPAR: 1972-063A. Apogee: 309 km (192 mi). Perigee: 203 km (126 mi). Inclination: 72.8000 deg. Period: 89.60 min. High resolution photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1972 August 18 - . 10:21 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 170.
  • HISTAR 6 Infrared astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 171 km (106 mi).

1972 August 19 - . 02:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima M. LV Family: Mu. Launch Vehicle: Mu-4S.
  • SS-02 Denpa - . Payload: REXS. Mass: 75 kg (165 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft Bus: SS. Spacecraft: SS. Decay Date: 1980-05-19 . USAF Sat Cat: 6152 . COSPAR: 1972-064A. Apogee: 6,322 km (3,928 mi). Perigee: 238 km (147 mi). Inclination: 31.0000 deg. Period: 157.40 min. Ionospheric experiments. Scientific observations in the ionosphere and magnetosphere. Interjection point 31 deg 15' N 11 deg 05' E. .

1972 August 20 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Molodezhnaya. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 92 km (57 mi).

1972 August 21 - . LV Family: N1. Launch Vehicle: N1.
  • N1 7L State Commission - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Afanasyev, Sergei, Kuznetsov, Lapygin, Mishin, Okhapkin. Program: Lunar L3. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-LOK.

    The State Commission was held to verify readiness of N1 7L for launch. Mishin was 'sick' the whole week of the hearings and had to be represented by his deputies. However neither Mishin or his first deputy Okhapkin were available - both were in the hospital. The commission nearly ruled that until Mishin was available, no launch could be approved. However the review continued. Additional Details: here....


1972 August 21 - . 10:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC36B. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas SLV-3C Centaur.
  • OAO 3 - . Payload: OAO-C. Mass: 2,204 kg (4,858 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Class: Astronomy. Type: X-ray astronomy satellite. Spacecraft Bus: OAO. Spacecraft: OAO. USAF Sat Cat: 6153 . COSPAR: 1972-065A. Apogee: 724 km (449 mi). Perigee: 713 km (443 mi). Inclination: 35.0000 deg. Period: 99.20 min. UV observations of stellar objects. Spacecraft engaged in research and exploration of the upper atmosphere or outer space (US Cat B). Launch vehicle put payload into geosynchronous transfer orbit.

1972 August 21 - . 10:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC90/19. Launch Pad: LC90/pad?. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-2.
  • Cosmos 516 - . Mass: 3,800 kg (8,300 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: RORSAT. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military naval surveillance radar satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Kosmoplan. Spacecraft: US-A. Decay Date: 1972-10-20 . USAF Sat Cat: 6199 . COSPAR: 1972-066C. Apogee: 1,038 km (644 mi). Perigee: 906 km (562 mi). Inclination: 64.8000 deg. Period: 104.50 min. Ocean surveillance; nuclear powered..

1972 August 23 - . 21:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 170.
  • RM-57 Solar x-ray / ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 268 km (166 mi).

1972 August 24 - .
  • M2 Flight 32 - . Crew: Dana. Payload: M2-F3 flight 16. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Dana. Program: NASA Lifting Body. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft Bus: M2-F2. Spacecraft: M2-F3. Maximum Speed - 1344 kph. Maximum Altitude - 20330 m. Flight Time - 376 sec..

1972 August 24 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC161/35. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: R-36 8K67MA.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1972 August 25 - .
  • Twenty-four Skylab suits were delivered. - . Nation: USA. Program: Skylab. Spacecraft Bus: A7L. Spacecraft: A7L. Twenty-four Skylab suits were delivered by the space suit manufacturer, International Latex Corporation; five were ready for delivery, nine were in the manufacturing process, and material for the remaining three had been procured. .

1972 August 28 - . 17:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Met Para - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 62 km (38 mi).

1972 August 29 - . 11:12 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • E-region multiprobe Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1972 August 29 - . 13:12 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Solar La / X Solar ultraviolet and x-ray mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 135 km (83 mi).

1972 August 30 - . 08:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. Launch Pad: LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57.
  • Cosmos 517 - . Mass: 6,000 kg (13,200 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-2M satellite. Duration: 12.00 days. Decay Date: 1972-09-11 . USAF Sat Cat: 6168 . COSPAR: 1972-067A. Apogee: 285 km (177 mi). Perigee: 203 km (126 mi). Inclination: 64.9000 deg. Period: 89.30 min. Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule..

1972 August 30 - . 22:02 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Scattered La Ionosphere / aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 118 km (73 mi).

1972 August 31 - . 00:02 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Scattered La Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 146 km (90 mi).

1972 August 31 - . 02:16 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Scattered La Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 126 km (78 mi).

1972 September 1 - .
  • L3 terminated. - . Nation: Russia. Spacecraft: LK, Soyuz 7K-LOK. Decree 'On termination of production work on the L3' was issued..

1972 September 1 - . Launch Site: White Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 65.5 N x 38.0 E. Launch Platform: PLBR. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Vysota.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Launched from White Sea Launch Area, Beloye More, Archangel'sk Oblast' - Latitude: 65.50 N - Longitude: 38.00 E..

1972 September 1 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: Temp-2S. Launch Vehicle: Temp-2S.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1972 September 1 - . 04:10 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 170A.
  • JHU UVT F7 Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 159 km (98 mi).

1972 September 1 - . 17:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC4W. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 24B.
  • OPS 8888 - . Payload: KH-8 no. 36 / Agena D. Mass: 3,000 kg (6,600 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO, USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: WS-117. Spacecraft: KH-8. Decay Date: 1972-09-30 . USAF Sat Cat: 6172 . COSPAR: 1972-068A. Apogee: 381 km (236 mi). Perigee: 142 km (88 mi). Inclination: 110.4000 deg. Period: 89.70 min. KH-8 type satellite. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A). .

1972 September 2 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/3. Launch Pad: LC43/4. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57. FAILURE: Failure. Failed Stage: U.
  • Zenit-4M - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-4M. High resolution photo reconnaissance mission..

1972 September 2 - . 17:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC5. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout B-1.
  • Triad 1 - . Payload: TIP 1. Mass: 94 kg (207 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Program: Transit. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: TIP. Spacecraft: TIP. USAF Sat Cat: 6173 . COSPAR: 1972-069A. Apogee: 792 km (492 mi). Perigee: 709 km (440 mi). Inclination: 90.0000 deg. Period: 99.80 min. A Scout rocket launched from Vandenberg boosted an improved Navy navigation satellite (TRIAD OI-IX) into orbit. Prototype of improved Transit satellite..

1972 September 5 - . 22:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 87 km (54 mi).

1972 September 6-7 - .
  • Skylab 1 Orbital Workshop completed. - . Nation: USA. Program: Skylab. Spacecraft Bus: Skylab. Spacecraft: Skylab.

    A special ceremony at McDonnell Douglas, Huntington Beach, marked completion of the OWS, the main section of the Skylab space station. The OWS, with a volume equivalent to that of a five-room house, was being readied for shipment to Cape Kennedy aboard the USNS Point Barrow. The trip would take 13 days.


1972 September 6 - . 09:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 84 km (52 mi).

1972 September 7 - . 22:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 86 km (53 mi).

1972 September 8 - . 09:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1972 September 9 - . 17:20 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Met Para - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 65 km (40 mi).

1972 September 10 - . 17:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Met Para - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 62 km (38 mi).

1972 September 11 - . 09:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 87 km (54 mi).

1972 September 12 - .
  • M2 Flight 33 - . Crew: Dana. Payload: M2-F3 flight 17. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Dana. Program: NASA Lifting Body. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft Bus: M2-F2. Spacecraft: M2-F3. Maximum Speed - 935 kph. Maximum Altitude - 14020 m. Flight Time - 387 sec..

1972 September 12 - . 05:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Javelin.
  • Auroral substorm Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 718 km (446 mi).

1972 September 12 - . 11:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 10.
  • Fiberglass Casing Infrared astronomy / x-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 259 km (160 mi).

1972 September 13 - . 09:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 91 km (56 mi).

1972 September 14 - . 22:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 88 km (54 mi).

1972 September 15 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC173. LV Family: MR-UR-100. Launch Vehicle: MR-UR-100.
  • BI-4 - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1972 September 15 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC142/34. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: R-36 8K67MA.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1972 September 15 - . 09:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57.
  • Cosmos 518 - . Mass: 6,000 kg (13,200 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-2M satellite. Duration: 9.00 days. Decay Date: 1972-09-24 . USAF Sat Cat: 6186 . COSPAR: 1972-070A. Apogee: 306 km (190 mi). Perigee: 203 km (126 mi). Inclination: 72.8000 deg. Period: 89.50 min. Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; separated science capsule..
  • Nauka Cosmos 518 - . Payload: Nauka. Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Spacecraft Bus: Nauka. Spacecraft: Nauka. Decay Date: 1972-09-27 . USAF Sat Cat: 6198 . COSPAR: 1972-070C. Apogee: 271 km (168 mi). Perigee: 196 km (121 mi). Inclination: 72.8000 deg. Period: 89.17 min.

1972 September 16 - . 04:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 170.
  • X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1972 September 16 - . 08:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. Launch Pad: LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57.
  • Cosmos 519 - . Mass: 6,000 kg (13,200 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-4M. Duration: 10.00 days. Decay Date: 1972-09-26 . USAF Sat Cat: 6188 . COSPAR: 1972-071A. Apogee: 360 km (220 mi). Perigee: 207 km (128 mi). Inclination: 71.3000 deg. Period: 90.20 min. High resolution photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1972 September 17 - . 23:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 89 km (55 mi).

1972 September 18 - . 17:45 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Met Para - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 63 km (39 mi).

1972 September 19 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF22. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3.
  • OT GT16GB operational test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1972 September 19 - . 19:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC41/1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M.
  • Cosmos 520 - . Payload: Oko #1. Mass: 1,250 kg (2,750 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Early warning satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Oko. Spacecraft: Oko. USAF Sat Cat: 6192 . COSPAR: 1972-072A. Apogee: 33,393 km (20,749 mi). Perigee: 6,841 km (4,250 mi). Inclination: 69.9000 deg. Period: 715.30 min. Covered Oko constellation plane 3 - 355 degree longitude of ascending node..

1972 September 20 - . LV Family: N1. Launch Vehicle: N1.
  • Final N1 components arrive at Baikonur - . Nation: Russia. Program: Lunar L3. The replacement transformers for the VP53 digital to analogue converters were delivered to Baikonur..

1972 September 20 - . 05:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 9M.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 326 km (202 mi).

1972 September 22 - .
  • The Skylab Apollo telescope mount arrived at the KSC skid strip aboard a Guppy aircraft. - . Nation: USA. Program: Skylab. Spacecraft Bus: Skylab. Spacecraft: Apollo ATM.

    The ATM, which had been at MSC since mid-July, was immediately moved to the Operations and Checkout Building in KSC's industrial area and placed in the cleanroom for intensive checkout. The ATM was scheduled to be moved in January 1973 to the Vehicle Assembly Building for mating with the OWS atop the two-stage Saturn V launch vehicle. The Skylab orbital assembly- consisting of the OWS, the ATM, and the AM/MDA-was scheduled to be launched from Pad A of Launch Complex 39 in late April 1973.


1972 September 23 - .
  • Skylab 1 Orbital Workshop delivered. - . Nation: USA. Program: Skylab. Spacecraft Bus: Skylab. Spacecraft: Skylab.

    The Skylab 1 Orbital Workshop was offloaded from a NASA barge and moved into the transfer aisle of the Vehicle Assembly Building (VAB) at KSC. The OWS had arrived the preceding day (22 September) aboard the Point Barrow at Port Canaveral, where it was transferred to a smaller barge for the journey through the locks, up the Banana River, and through the access canal to the barge unloading area at the VAB. Following preliminary checkout, the OWS, with its 361.4 cu m of living and working area, was scheduled to be mated to the twostage Saturn V launch vehicle on 28 September.


1972 September 23 - . 01:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17B. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Delta 1604.
  • Explorer 47 - . Payload: IMP H. Mass: 376 kg (828 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Program: Explorer. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft Bus: IMP. Spacecraft: IMP. USAF Sat Cat: 6197 . COSPAR: 1972-073A. Apogee: 235,600 km (146,300 mi). Perigee: 201,100 km (124,900 mi). Inclination: 17.2000 deg. Period: 17,670.00 min. Investigated cislunar radiation, Earth's magnetosphere, interplantary magnetic field. Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C). .

1972 September 24 - . 14:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VA.
  • Auroral D / E region Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 127 km (78 mi).

1972 September 24 - . 21:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 4.
  • ESRO S77 / 2 Aurora mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 227 km (141 mi).

1972 September 25 - .
  • TsNII-50 created. - . Nation: Russia. Decree 'On formation of TsNII-50 on the basis of NII-4's Space Branch' was issued..

1972 September 25 - . 02:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • ECHO II Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 256 km (159 mi).

1972 September 25 - . 06:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Tanegashima. Launch Complex: Tanegashima T. LV Family: LS-C. Launch Vehicle: LS-C.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: NASDA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1972 September 25 - . 19:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VA.
  • Auroral D / E region Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 126 km (78 mi).

1972 September 25 - . 22:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 643. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Poseidon C3.
  • Demonstration and shakedown operations launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1972 September 25 - . 23:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF05. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 2.
  • FOT GT108M Follow-on Test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1972 September 26 - . 18:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA1. Launch Pad: LA1?. LV Family: Astrobee. Launch Vehicle: Astrobee F.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 199 km (123 mi).

1972 September 27 - .
  • M2 Flight 34 - . Crew: Dana. Payload: M2-F3 flight 18. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Dana. Program: NASA Lifting Body. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft Bus: M2-F2. Spacecraft: M2-F3. Maximum Speed - 1424 kph. Maximum Altitude - 20330 m. Flight Time - 366.5 sec..

1972 September 28 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 632. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Poseidon C3.
  • FOT-2 Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1972 September 28 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 632. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Poseidon C3.
  • FOT-2 Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1972 September 28 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 632. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Poseidon C3.
  • FOT-2 Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1972 September 28 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 632. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Poseidon C3.
  • FOT-2 Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1972 September 29 - . 20:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 521 - . Payload: DS-P1-M s/n 4. Mass: 650 kg (1,430 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Military. Type: Anti-satellite system target. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-M. Completed Operations Date: 1973-01-20 . USAF Sat Cat: 6206 . COSPAR: 1972-074A. Apogee: 992 km (616 mi). Perigee: 987 km (613 mi). Inclination: 65.8000 deg. Period: 104.90 min. ASAT target launched to test modifications to ASAT interceptor. Interceptor launch cancelled due to technical failure in target telemetry system. Signature of SALT treaty in May 1972 resulted in military being ordered to discontinue further ASAT tests..

1972 September 30 - . 20:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M.
  • Molniya 2-03 - . Payload: Molniya-2. Mass: 1,600 kg (3,500 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Molniya. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-2. Spacecraft: Molniya-2. Decay Date: 1978-01-12 . USAF Sat Cat: 6208 . COSPAR: 1972-075A. Apogee: 39,170 km (24,330 mi). Perigee: 470 km (290 mi). Inclination: 65.0000 deg. Period: 703.30 min. Continued operation of the long-range telephone and telegraph radio-communication system; transmission of USSR central television programmes to stations in the Orbita network and international cooperation. .

1972 October 1 - . Launch Site: Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: UNKPL. Launch Platform: PLBR. LV Family: R-27. Launch Vehicle: Zyb R-27U.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1972 October 1 - . Launch Site: White Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 65.5 N x 38.0 E. Launch Platform: PLBR. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Vysota.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Launched from White Sea Launch Area, Beloye More, Archangel'sk Oblast' - Latitude: 65.50 N - Longitude: 38.00 E..

1972 October 2 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg.
  • Last of two Atlas/Burner II space launches - . Nation: USA. Last of two Atlas/Burner II space launches from Vandenberg AFB (first launch on 16 August 1968)..

1972 October 2 - . 20:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 576A1. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas Burner 2.
  • RADCAT - . Payload: Radsat / Radcat / OPS 8180. Mass: 208 kg (458 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Class: Technology. Type: Military technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: RADCAT. Spacecraft: RADCAT. Decay Date: 2012-08-02 . USAF Sat Cat: 6212 . COSPAR: 1972-076A. Apogee: 638 km (396 mi). Perigee: 627 km (389 mi). Inclination: 98.6000 deg. Period: 97.40 min.

    An Atlas F/Burner IIA launch vehicle, carrying SAMSO's Space Test Program Flight 72-1, was launched from Vandenberg. This was the first use of this booster/upper stage combination. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A).

  • Radsat - . Payload: P 72-1 / OPS 8180. Mass: 726 kg (1,600 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Technology. Type: Military technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Radsat. Spacecraft: Radsat. USAF Sat Cat: 6217 . COSPAR: 1972-076B. Apogee: 705 km (438 mi). Perigee: 688 km (427 mi). Inclination: 98.7000 deg. Period: 98.70 min.

    An Atlas F/Burner IIA launch vehicle, carrying SAMSO's Space Test Program Flight 72-1, was launched from Vandenberg. This was the first use of this booster/upper stage combination. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A).


1972 October 3 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF04. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 2.
  • FOT GT109M Follow-on Test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1972 October 3 - . Launch Site: Kourou. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas.
  • EXAMETNET 35-13 - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1972 October 4 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57.
  • Cosmos 522 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-4M. Duration: 13.00 days. Decay Date: 1972-10-17 . USAF Sat Cat: 6219 . COSPAR: 1972-077A. Apogee: 309 km (192 mi). Perigee: 212 km (131 mi). Inclination: 72.0000 deg. Period: 89.70 min. High resolution photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1972 October 5 - .
  • M2 Flight 35 - . Crew: Dana. Payload: M2-F3 flight 19. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Dana. Program: NASA Lifting Body. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft Bus: M2-F2. Spacecraft: M2-F3. Maximum Speed - 1455 kph. Maximum Altitude - 20210 m. Flight Time - 376 sec..

1972 October 5 - . 11:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 523 - . Payload: DS-P1-Yu s/n 63. Mass: 325 kg (716 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-Yu. Completed Operations Date: 1973-02-21 . Decay Date: 1973-03-07 . USAF Sat Cat: 6222 . COSPAR: 1972-078A. Apogee: 478 km (297 mi). Perigee: 271 km (168 mi). Inclination: 71.0000 deg. Period: 92.00 min. Development of systems for air defence and the control of outer space..

1972 October 5 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 601. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3.
  • Demonstration and shakedown operations launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1972 October 5 - . 19:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Particles / substorm Aurora mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 117 km (72 mi).

1972 October 6 - .
  • Death of Aleksandr Grigoryevich Mrykin - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Mrykin. Russian officer. First Deputy Commander of GURVO 1955-1965. Strategic Missile Forces liaison with space units..

1972 October 6 - . 17:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Antigua. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Met Para, Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 59 km (36 mi).

1972 October 7 - . 22:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Particles / substorm Aurora mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1972 October 8 - . 16:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • SSC NNA 3 Meteorites mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: NASA, SSC. Apogee: 109 km (67 mi).

1972 October 9 - . 12:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Sandhawk. Launch Vehicle: Sandhawk Tomahawk.
  • Ba CHACHALACA Aeronomy / Fields mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1972 October 9 - . 15:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • SSC NNA 4 Meteorites mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: NASA, SSC. Apogee: 109 km (67 mi).

1972 October 10 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: FFK. Launch Vehicle: Forschungsflugkorper. FAILURE: Failure.
  • DLR C-FFK-45 test - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1972 October 10 - . 18:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC4E. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan IIID.
  • KH-9 no. 04 - . Mass: 13,300 kg (29,300 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: CIA, NRO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KH-9. Spacecraft: KH-9. Decay Date: 1973-01-08 . USAF Sat Cat: 6227 . COSPAR: 1972-079A. Apogee: 281 km (174 mi). Perigee: 160 km (90 mi). Inclination: 96.5000 deg. Period: 88.90 min. KH-9 type satellite. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A). .
  • OPS 8314/2 - . Payload: SSF-C No. 3 / OPS 8314. Mass: 60 kg (132 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO, USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft Bus: SSF. Spacecraft: SSF. USAF Sat Cat: 6822 . COSPAR: 1972-079C. Apogee: 1,464 km (909 mi). Perigee: 1,420 km (880 mi). Inclination: 95.6000 deg. Period: 114.70 min. ABM monitoring..

1972 October 10 - . 21:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • VLF radio hiss Aurora mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1972 October 11 - . 03:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VA.
  • Auroral infrared Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Apogee: 144 km (89 mi).

1972 October 11 - . 11:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 395-C. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan II.
  • Operational Test M2-14 - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi). SSTTP M2-14 Target mission.

1972 October 11 - . 11:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg PLC-C. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 170.
  • CHASER ABM infrared sensor technology mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 151 km (93 mi).

1972 October 11 - . 13:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Sandhawk. Launch Vehicle: Sandhawk Tomahawk. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Barium release FAISON Aeronomy / Fields mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1972 October 11 - . 13:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 524 - . Payload: DS-P1-Yu s/n 49. Mass: 325 kg (716 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-Yu. Completed Operations Date: 1973-03-25 . Decay Date: 1973-03-25 . USAF Sat Cat: 6229 . COSPAR: 1972-080A. Apogee: 510 km (310 mi). Perigee: 266 km (165 mi). Inclination: 70.0000 deg. Period: 92.30 min. Development of systems for air defence and the control of outer space..

1972 October 12 - . 15:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • SSC NNA 5 Meteorites mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: NASA, SSC. Apogee: 109 km (67 mi).

1972 October 13 - . 00:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 2.
  • ESRO S105 Auroral mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 207 km (128 mi).

1972 October 13 - . 15:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Lithium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1972 October 13 - . 16:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1972 October 13 - . 18:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 2A.
  • ISRO 5.17 Fields mission - . Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

1972 October 14 - . LV Family: N1. Launch Vehicle: N1.
  • Electrical trials of the N1 7L were successfully completed. - . Nation: Russia. Program: Lunar L3.

1972 October 14 - . 06:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M.
  • Molniya 1-21 - . Payload: Molniya-1. Mass: 1,600 kg (3,500 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Molniya. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-2. Spacecraft: Molniya-1. Decay Date: 1977-11-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 6231 . COSPAR: 1972-081A. Apogee: 34,684 km (21,551 mi). Perigee: 494 km (306 mi). Inclination: 65.4000 deg. Period: 615.40 min. Uncertain if Molniya-1T model was Molniya-1 or Molniya-1T. Operation of the long-range telephone and telegraph radiocommunications system in the USSR; transmission of television programmes to stations in the Orbita network..

1972 October 15 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Strypi. Launch Vehicle: Strypi VIIAR.
  • RCTV / Art. Aurora Test / electron gun mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1972 October 15 - . 17:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC2W. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Delta 0300.
  • NOAA 2 - . Payload: ITOS D. Mass: 344 kg (758 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NOAA. Program: Tiros. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft Bus: ITOS. Spacecraft: ITOS. USAF Sat Cat: 6235 . COSPAR: 1972-082A. Apogee: 1,455 km (904 mi). Perigee: 1,449 km (900 mi). Inclination: 101.8000 deg. Period: 114.90 min. Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C)..
  • Oscar 6 - . Payload: Amsat-Oscar-6. Mass: 16 kg (35 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: AmSat. Program: Oscar. Class: Communications. Type: Amateur radio communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Oscar. Spacecraft: Oscar. USAF Sat Cat: 6236 . COSPAR: 1972-082B. Apogee: 1,455 km (904 mi). Perigee: 1,449 km (900 mi). Inclination: 101.7000 deg. Period: 114.90 min.

    AMSAT-OSCAR 6 was launched piggyback with ITOS-D (NOAA 2). AO-6 was the first phase 2 satellite (Phase II-A). Weight 16 kg. Box shaped 430 x 300 x 150 mm. Quarter-wave monopole antennas (144 and 435 MHz) and half-wave dipole antenna (29 MHz). Firsts: complex control system using discrete logic; satellite-to-satellite relay communication via AO-7; demonstrated doppler-location of ground station for search and rescue; demonstrated low-cost medical data relay from remote locations. Equipped with solar panels powering NiCd batteries, AO-6 provided 24 V at 3.5 W power to three transponders. It carried a Mode A transponder (100 kHz wide at 1 W) and provided store-and-forward morse and teletype messages (named Codestore) for later transmission. AO-6 lasted 4.5 years until a battery failure ceased operation on June 21, 1977. Subsystems were built in the United States, Australia, and Germany.


1972 October 16 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF25. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3.
  • OT GT17GB operational test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi). The 42d Minuteman III (LGM-30G) missile fired was the 400th Minuteman missile to be launched from Vandenberg AFB. By type, the total included 20 Minuteman IA, 193 LGM-30B, 115 Minuteman II, and 42 Minuteman III missiles. .

1972 October 17 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. FAILURE: Launch vehicle failed to orbit - unknown cause.. Failed Stage: U.
1972 October 17 - . 18:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 2.
  • Composition / scattering Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 142 km (88 mi).

1972 October 18 - . LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K/D.
  • UR-500K failure investigation. - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Afanasyev, Sergei. Afanasyev was back at the cosmodrome for investigation of the latest UR-500K failure..

1972 October 18 - . 11:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57.
  • Cosmos 525 - . Mass: 6,000 kg (13,200 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-2M satellite. Duration: 11.00 days. Decay Date: 1972-10-29 . USAF Sat Cat: 6248 . COSPAR: 1972-083A. Apogee: 268 km (166 mi). Perigee: 207 km (128 mi). Inclination: 65.0000 deg. Period: 89.20 min. Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; separated Nauka autonomous subsatellite 16KS No 161 / 1L which tested Kondor control system for Yantar satellite..
  • Nauka Cosmos 525 - . Payload: Nauka 16KS No. 1L. Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Spacecraft Bus: Nauka. Spacecraft: Nauka. Decay Date: 1972-11-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 6258 . COSPAR: 1972-083C. Apogee: 258 km (160 mi). Perigee: 191 km (118 mi). Inclination: 65.3000 deg. Period: 88.99 min.

1972 October 19 - .
  • M2 Flight 36 - . Crew: Manke. Payload: M2-F3 flight 20. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Manke. Program: NASA Lifting Body. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft Bus: M2-F2. Spacecraft: M2-F3. Maximum Speed - 961 kph. Maximum Altitude - 14360 m. Flight Time - 359 sec..

1972 October 19 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC104. LV Family: R-36M. Launch Vehicle: R-36M 15A14. FAILURE: Failure.
  • BI-4 - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1972 October 20 - . 09:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF02. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 2.
  • FOT GT110M Follow-on Test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1972 October 20 - . 12:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. Launch Complex: Barking Sands LC14. LV Family: Sandhawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Sandhawk.
  • LRL ACS-4D X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 310 km (190 mi).

1972 October 21 - . 12:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. Launch Complex: Barking Sands LC12. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Tomahawk.
  • LRL ACS-7B X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1972 October 21 - . 13:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1972 October 21 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Particles / substorm Aurora mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 117 km (72 mi).

1972 October 23 - . 11:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 6 AC.
  • Soft X-ray / Lunar ultraviolet X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 210 km (130 mi).

1972 October 23 - . 19:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Electron analyser Aurora mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1972 October 24 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. LV Family: FFK. Launch Vehicle: Forschungsflugkorper. FAILURE: Failure.
  • DLR C-FFK-46 test - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1972 October 24 - . 17:20 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VB.
  • CALROC test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 282 km (175 mi).

1972 October 25 - . 10:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 526 - . Payload: DS-P1-Yu s/n 61. Mass: 325 kg (716 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-Yu. Completed Operations Date: 1973-04-06 . Decay Date: 1973-04-08 . USAF Sat Cat: 6254 . COSPAR: 1972-084A. Apogee: 485 km (301 mi). Perigee: 274 km (170 mi). Inclination: 70.0000 deg. Period: 92.10 min. Development of systems for air defence and the control of outer space..

1972 October 25 - . 13:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission? - . Nation: Russia. Agency: AN. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1972 October 26 - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. Launch Complex: Kwajalein Meck. LV Family: Spartan ABM. Launch Vehicle: Spartan ABM.
  • Safeguard M2-12 Interceptor mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1972 October 26 - . 04:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3 AC.
  • X-ray BCS / RMC Solar x-ray mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 195 km (121 mi).

1972 October 26 - . 11:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission? - . Nation: Russia. Agency: AN. Apogee: 170 km (100 mi).

1972 October 26 - . 22:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Vostok 8A92M.
  • Meteor 1-13 - . Payload: Meteor M no. 13. Mass: 3,800 kg (8,300 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Meteor. Spacecraft: Meteor M 11F614. USAF Sat Cat: 6256 . COSPAR: 1972-085A. Apogee: 880 km (540 mi). Perigee: 851 km (528 mi). Inclination: 81.2000 deg. Period: 102.30 min. Investigation of the upper atmosphere and outer space. .

1972 October 27 - . Launch Site: Green River. LV Family: Athena RTV. Launch Vehicle: Athena H.
  • ABC-2 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1972 October 27 - . 23:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission? - . Nation: Russia. Agency: AN. Apogee: 170 km (100 mi).

1972 October 28 - . 03:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF06. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B.
  • HK-1 - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1972 October 29 - . 15:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • Ionosphere / barium release mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1972 October 30 - . 17:45 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 170.
  • Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1972 October 31 - . 02:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission? - . Nation: Russia. Agency: AN. Apogee: 165 km (102 mi).

1972 October 31 - . 10:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission? - . Nation: Russia. Agency: AN. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

1972 October 31 - . 13:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57.
  • Cosmos 527 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-4MK. Duration: 13.00 days. Decay Date: 1972-11-13 . USAF Sat Cat: 6260 . COSPAR: 1972-086A. Apogee: 306 km (190 mi). Perigee: 207 km (128 mi). Inclination: 65.4000 deg. Period: 89.60 min. High resolution photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1972 October 31 - . 23:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Nike Iroquois. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 170 km (100 mi).

1972 October 31 - . 23:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Nike Iroquois. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 192 km (119 mi).

1972 November 1 - .
  • M2 Flight 37 - . Crew: Manke. Payload: M2-F3 flight 21. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Manke. Program: NASA Lifting Body. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft Bus: M2-F2. Spacecraft: M2-F3. Maximum Speed - 1292 kph. Maximum Altitude - 21730 m. Flight Time - 378 sec..

1972 November 1 - .
  • Death of Neil H McElroy at Cincinnati, Hamilton, OH. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: McElroy. American manager, secretary of defense 1957-1959..

1972 November 1 - . 01:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Nike Iroquois. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 174 km (108 mi).

1972 November 1 - . 01:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Nike Iroquois. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 203 km (126 mi).

1972 November 1 - . 02:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 528 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 33. Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 6262 . COSPAR: 1972-087A. Apogee: 1,467 km (911 mi). Perigee: 1,367 km (849 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.20 min. Eight satellites launched by a single carrier rocket..
  • Cosmos 529 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 34. Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 6264 . COSPAR: 1972-087B. Apogee: 1,468 km (912 mi). Perigee: 1,402 km (871 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.60 min.
  • Cosmos 530 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 35. Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 6265 . COSPAR: 1972-087C. Apogee: 1,468 km (912 mi). Perigee: 1,333 km (828 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 113.80 min.
  • Cosmos 531 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 36. Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 6266 . COSPAR: 1972-087D. Apogee: 1,469 km (912 mi). Perigee: 1,421 km (882 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.80 min.
  • Cosmos 532 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 37. Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 6267 . COSPAR: 1972-087E. Apogee: 1,467 km (911 mi). Perigee: 1,300 km (800 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 113.40 min.
  • Cosmos 533 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 38. Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 6268 . COSPAR: 1972-087F. Apogee: 1,468 km (912 mi). Perigee: 1,317 km (818 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 113.60 min.
  • Cosmos 534 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 39. Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 6269 . COSPAR: 1972-087G. Apogee: 1,468 km (912 mi). Perigee: 1,349 km (838 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.00 min.
  • Cosmos 535 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 40. Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 6270 . COSPAR: 1972-087H. Apogee: 1,468 km (912 mi). Perigee: 1,384 km (859 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.40 min.

1972 November 1 - . 02:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission? - . Nation: Russia. Agency: AN. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1972 November 1 - . 05:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 195 km (121 mi).

1972 November 1 - . 05:45 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 170.
  • NRL NB4.257 Astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1972 November 1 - . 09:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Nike Iroquois. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • HIBAL Sphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 220 km (130 mi).

1972 November 2 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 630. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Poseidon C3.
  • FOT-3 Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1972 November 2 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 630. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Poseidon C3.
  • FOT-3 Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1972 November 2 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 630. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Poseidon C3.
  • FOT-3 Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1972 November 2 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 630. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Poseidon C3.
  • FOT-3 Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1972 November 2 - . 04:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 237 km (147 mi).

1972 November 2 - . 06:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 6 AC.
  • ESRO S95 X-ray Astronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC, ESRO. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1972 November 2 - . 23:28 GMT - . Launch Site: CELPA. LV Family: Rigel. Launch Vehicle: Rigel.
  • MPE Barium release? EXP 63 Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Argentina. Agency: CONAE. Apogee: 240 km (140 mi).

1972 November 3 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC173. LV Family: MR-UR-100. Launch Vehicle: MR-UR-100.
  • BI-4 - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1972 November 3 - . 01:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. Launch Pad: LC132/1?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 536 - . Mass: 875 kg (1,929 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Tselina-O. Spacecraft: Tselina-O. Decay Date: 1980-07-20 . USAF Sat Cat: 6272 . COSPAR: 1972-088A. Apogee: 539 km (334 mi). Perigee: 522 km (324 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 95.20 min. Possible navigation satellite..

1972 November 3 - . 11:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Polar chorus Aurora mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1972 November 4 - . 02:15 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 123 km (76 mi).

1972 November 4 - . 23:27 GMT - . Launch Site: CELPA. LV Family: Rigel. Launch Vehicle: Rigel.
  • MPE Barium release? EXP 64 Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Argentina. Agency: CONAE. Apogee: 252 km (156 mi).

1972 November 5 - . 23:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 62 km (38 mi).

1972 November 6 - . 00:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Sphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 212 km (131 mi).

1972 November 7 - . 15:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Loki Dart.
  • Starute, Datasonde Meteorological mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 65 km (40 mi).

1972 November 8 - . 08:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 170.
  • Astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1972 November 8 - . 22:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Particles / substorm Aurora mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1972 November 9 - .
  • M2 Flight 38 - . Crew: Powell. Payload: M2-F3 flight 22. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Powell. Program: NASA Lifting Body. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft Bus: M2-F2. Spacecraft: M2-F3. Maximum Speed - 961 kph. Maximum Altitude - 14260 m. Flight Time - 364 sec..

1972 November 9 - . 03:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC10W. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor Burner 2A.
  • DMSP-Block-5B F3 - . Payload: DMSP 6530 / OPS 7323. Mass: 195 kg (429 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Program: DMSP. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DMSP Block 4/5 satellites. Spacecraft: DMSP Block 5B. USAF Sat Cat: 6275 . COSPAR: 1972-089A. Apogee: 841 km (522 mi). Perigee: 785 km (487 mi). Inclination: 98.6000 deg. Period: 101.10 min.

    A Thor/Delta booster launched from Cape Canaveral successfully placed a Canadian communications satellite, ANIK I, into orbit. This was the 75th Thor/Delta to be launched from the Cape and the first Long Tank Thrust Augmented Thor/Delta to be launched from the Cape with nine strap-on solid rocket motors. It placed the Telestar-A (ANIK) communications satellite in orbit for Canada. Defense Meteorological Satellite Program.


1972 November 10 - . 01:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17B. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Delta 1914.
  • Anik A1 - . Payload: Telesat 1. Mass: 557 kg (1,227 lb). Nation: Canada. Agency: Telesat. Program: Anik. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: HS 333. Spacecraft: HS 333. Completed Operations Date: 1982-07-15 . USAF Sat Cat: 6278 . COSPAR: 1972-090A. Apogee: 36,247 km (22,522 mi). Perigee: 36,145 km (22,459 mi). Inclination: 11.3000 deg. Period: 1,457.10 min.

    Anik I and Anik II also registered as United States objects. .The satellites, act as space repeaters capable of receiving transmissions from earth stations and retransmitting them to other earth stations in Canada. The antenna coverage of the satellite pr ovides the capability of serving virtually all of Canada. Anik I and II had weights of 1240.59 lb and 1246.48 lb. Each satellite has 12 RF channels each capable of transmitting a color television signal or up to 900 one-way voice channels. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit over the Americas at 114 deg W in 1973-1976; over the Americas at 104 deg W in 1976-1982 As of 1 September 2001 located at 66.14 deg W drifting at 5.205 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 9 located at 107.03W drifting at 5.211W degrees per day.


1972 November 11 - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: Eridan.
  • FU-201 LPSP-EUV2 - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1972 November 11 - . 08:26 GMT - . Launch Site: CELPA. LV Family: Rigel. Launch Vehicle: Rigel.
  • MPE Barium release? EXP 65 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Argentina. Agency: CONAE. Apogee: 260 km (160 mi).

1972 November 13 - . 14:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Antigua. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Met Para, Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 61 km (37 mi).

1972 November 14 - . 18:48 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 170.
  • Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1972 November 15 - . 20:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper-Dart.
  • Starute,Datasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1972 November 15 - . 22:13 GMT - . Launch Site: San Marco. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout D-1.
  • Explorer 48 - . Payload: SAS B. Mass: 185 kg (407 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Program: Explorer. Class: Astronomy. Type: Solar satellite. Spacecraft Bus: SAS. Spacecraft: SAS. Decay Date: 1976-08-20 . USAF Sat Cat: 6282 . COSPAR: 1972-091A. Apogee: 526 km (326 mi). Perigee: 526 km (326 mi). Inclination: 1.0000 deg. Period: 95.20 min. Spacecraft engaged in research and exploration of the upper atmosphere or outer space (US Cat B). .

1972 November 16 - . LV Family: N1. Launch Vehicle: N1.
  • Flight readiness review for the N1. - . Nation: Russia. Program: Lunar L3. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-LOK.

    There were still three defects in the new digital computer systems and controversy as to whether to fly the fuel cells in the LOK. But without the fuel cells, there could be no translunar mission. The only power available would then be the batteries in the Block G, limiting the flight to low earth orbit. But the launch manager continued to insist there was danger in handling liquid hydrogen. This was simply a bureaucratic hold-up - only 600 kg of LH2 would be flying, which did not represent a real safety issue. Finally a waiver was agreed and the it was decided the LOK would fly with fuel cells.

    All else seemed ready to go. The estimated engine reliability was 93%. The turbogenerators had achieved 100% reliability in test stands. There were still dissenting voices on the use of LH2 - the final vote was 7 for flying with it, and 2 against.


1972 November 17 - . Launch Site: Kourou. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas.
  • EXAMETNET 35-15 - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1972 November 17 - . 20:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Point Mugu. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Met Sphere - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1972 November 18 - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR, INTA. Apogee: 94 km (58 mi).

1972 November 19 - .
  • India-Soviet space cooperation. - . Nation: Russia. Central Committee of the Communist Party and Council of Soviet Ministers Decree 'On Co-operation of USSR and India on Space Research --USSR-India co-operation' was issued..

1972 November 20 - . 04:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3.
  • ESRO S94 X-ray Astronomy mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 210 km (130 mi).

1972 November 20 - . 17:07 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 200A.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1972 November 21 - .
  • M2 Flight 39 - . Crew: Manke. Payload: M2-F3 flight 23. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Manke. Program: NASA Lifting Body. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft Bus: M2-F2. Spacecraft: M2-F3. Maximum Speed - 1524 kph. Maximum Altitude - 20330 m. Flight Time - 377 sec..

1972 November 21 - . LV Family: N1. Launch Vehicle: N1.
1972 November 22 - . 00:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC5. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout D-1.
  • ESRO 4 - . Mass: 114 kg (251 lb). Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: ESRO. Spacecraft: ESRO. Decay Date: 1974-04-15 . USAF Sat Cat: 6285 . COSPAR: 1972-092A. Apogee: 1,173 km (728 mi). Perigee: 245 km (152 mi). Inclination: 91.1000 deg. Period: 99.00 min. Polar ionosphere investigations. Seventh ESRO satellite. Mass 115 kg. Also registered by the United States as 1972-92A, in A/AC.105/INF.267, with orbital parameters 98.8 min, 244 x 1160 km x 91.1 deg, category B. .

1972 November 23 - . LV Family: N1. Launch Vehicle: N1.
  • Final N1 preparations - . Nation: Russia. Program: Lunar L3. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-LOK. At 17:00 fuelling of N1 7L began. Lox fuelling was completed at 23:40..

1972 November 23 - . 03:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission? - . Nation: Russia. Agency: AN. Apogee: 180 km (110 mi).

1972 November 23 - . 06:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC110L. LV Family: N1. Launch Vehicle: N-1 11A52. FAILURE: Failure. Failed Stage: 1.
  • N1 7L - . Payload: Soyuz 7K-LOK / LK Mockups. Mass: 9,850 kg (21,710 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Program: Lunar L3. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-LOK. Decay Date: 1972-11-23 . Apogee: 40 km (24 mi).

    Unmanned test of manned lunar mission launch vehicle serial number 7L. This article incorporated significant changes to the previous model, including roll 'steering' engines to prevent the loss of control that destroyed 6L. The rocket ascended into the sky, and the engines ran 106.93 seconds, only seven seconds before completion of first stage burnout. Programmed shutdown of some engines to prevent overstressing of the structure led to propellant line hammering, rupture of propellant lines, and an explosion of engine number 4. The vehicle disintegrated. Additional Details: here....


1972 November 24 - .
  • Skylab debris situation reviewed. - . Nation: USA. Program: Skylab. Flight: Skylab 2. The Skylab debris situation was reviewed with emphasis on the S-IVB stages of Skylab 2, 3, and 4. It was decided that the S-IVB for these missions would be deorbited into the Pacific Ocean on an early revolution.. Additional Details: here....

1972 November 25 - . Launch Site: White Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 65.5 N x 38.0 E. Launch Platform: PLBR. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Vysota.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Launched from White Sea Launch Area, Beloye More, Archangel'sk Oblast' - Latitude: 65.50 N - Longitude: 38.00 E..

1972 November 25 - . 02:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF22. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3.
  • OT GT18GB operational test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1972 November 25 - . 09:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. Launch Pad: LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57.
  • Cosmos 537 - . Mass: 6,000 kg (13,200 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-2M satellite. Duration: 12.00 days. Decay Date: 1972-12-07 . USAF Sat Cat: 6287 . COSPAR: 1972-093A. Apogee: 303 km (188 mi). Perigee: 203 km (126 mi). Inclination: 64.0000 deg. Period: 89.60 min. Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule..

1972 November 27 - . 09:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 88 km (54 mi).

1972 November 28 - . Launch Site: White Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 65.5 N x 38.0 E. Launch Platform: PLBR. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Vysota.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Launched from White Sea Launch Area, Beloye More, Archangel'sk Oblast' - Latitude: 65.50 N - Longitude: 38.00 E..

1972 November 28 - . Launch Site: White Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 65.5 N x 38.0 E. Launch Platform: PLBR. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Vysota.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Launched from White Sea Launch Area, Beloye More, Archangel'sk Oblast' - Latitude: 65.50 N - Longitude: 38.00 E..

1972 November 28 - . Launch Site: San Marco. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Ionosphere / aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1972 November 29 - .
  • M2 Flight 40 - . Crew: Powell. Payload: M2-F3 flight 24. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Powell. Program: NASA Lifting Body. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft Bus: M2-F2. Spacecraft: M2-F3. Maximum Speed - 1432 kph. Maximum Altitude - 20570 m. Flight Time - 357 sec..

1972 November 30 - . 21:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Intercosmos 8 - . Payload: DS-U1-IK s/n 2. Mass: 340 kg (740 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: IK. Program: DS. Class: Earth. Type: Ionosphere satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-U1-IK. Completed Operations Date: 1973-02-01 . Decay Date: 1973-03-02 . USAF Sat Cat: 6291 . COSPAR: 1972-094A. Apogee: 645 km (400 mi). Perigee: 203 km (126 mi). Inclination: 71.0000 deg. Period: 93.10 min. Continued joint investigation of the characteristics of the earth's ionosphere and recording of electron and proton fluxes..

1972 December 1 - . 01:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant IIIB.
  • Microwave background Submillimeter radio astronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 185 km (114 mi).

1972 December 1 - . 05:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission? - . Nation: Russia. Agency: AN. Apogee: 165 km (102 mi).

1972 December 1 - . 09:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission? - . Nation: Russia. Agency: AN. Apogee: 180 km (110 mi).

1972 December 1 - . 12:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission? - . Nation: Russia. Agency: AN. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1972 December 2 - . 04:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. Launch Pad: LC1 or LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M.
  • Molniya 1-22 - . Payload: Molniya-1. Mass: 1,600 kg (3,500 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Molniya. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-2. Spacecraft: Molniya-1. Decay Date: 1976-02-11 . USAF Sat Cat: 6294 . COSPAR: 1972-095A. Apogee: 39,608 km (24,611 mi). Perigee: 462 km (287 mi). Inclination: 64.0000 deg. Period: 712.00 min. Uncertain if Molniya-1T model was Molniya-1 or Molniya-1T. Operation of a system of long range telephone-telegraph radiocommunication, and transmission of USSR Central Television programmes to the stations of the Orbita network..

1972 December 4 - . 15:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Antigua. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Met Para, Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 57 km (35 mi).

1972 December 5 - . 02:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF02. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3.
  • FOT GT41GM Follow-on Test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1972 December 5 - . 04:20 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 170.
  • HISTAR 7 Infrared astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 179 km (111 mi).

1972 December 5 - . 07:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • Auroral infrared Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 194 km (120 mi).

1972 December 5 - . 17:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 185 km (114 mi).

1972 December 6 - .
  • M2 Flight 41 - . Crew: Powell. Payload: M2-F3 flight 25. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Powell. Program: NASA Lifting Body. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft Bus: M2-F2. Spacecraft: M2-F3. Maximum Speed - 1265 kph. Maximum Altitude - 20820 m. Flight Time - 332 sec..

1972 December 7 - . 05:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3 AC.
  • GX5-1 Lunar Occultation X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 248 km (154 mi).

1972 December 7 - . 05:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC39A. Launch Platform: LUT3. LV Family: Saturn V. Launch Vehicle: Saturn V.
  • Apollo 17 - . Call Sign: America. Crew: Cernan, Evans, Schmitt. Backup Crew: Duke, Roosa, Young. Payload: Apollo CSM 114/LM 12/ ALSEP/ LRV-3/S-IVB-512. Mass: 30,342 kg (66,892 lb). Nation: USA. Related Persons: Cernan, Duke, Evans, Roosa, Schmitt, Young. Agency: NASA Houston. Program: Apollo. Class: Moon. Type: Manned lunar spacecraft. Flight: Apollo 17. Spacecraft Bus: Apollo CSM. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM. Duration: 12.58 days. Decay Date: 1972-12-19 . USAF Sat Cat: 6300 . COSPAR: 1972-096A. Apogee: 167 km (103 mi). Perigee: 167 km (103 mi). Inclination: 28.5260 deg. Period: 87.83 min.

    Apollo 17 (AS-512), the final Apollo manned lunar landing mission, was launched from Pad A, Launch Complex 39, KSC, at 12:33 a.m. EST December 7. Crew members were astronauts Eugene A. Cernan, Ronald E. Evans, and Harrison H. Schmitt. The launch had been delayed 2 hours 40 minutes by a countdown sequencer failure, the only such delay in the Apollo program caused by a hardware failure.

    All launch vehicle systems performed normally in achieving an earth parking orbit of 170 by 168 kilometers. After checkout, insertion into a lunar trajectory was begun at 3:46 a.m.; translunar coast time was shortened to compensate for the launch delay. CSM 114 transposition, docking with LM-12, and LM ejection from the launch vehicle stage were normal. The S-IVB stage was maneuvered for lunar impact, striking the surface about 13.5 kilometers from the preplanned point at 3:27 p.m. EST December 10. The impact was recorded by the passive seismometers left on the moon by Apollo 12, 14, 15, and 16.

    The crew performed a heat flow and convection demonstration and an Apollo light-flash experiment during the translunar coast. The scientific instrument module door on the SM was jettisoned at 10:17 a.m. EST December 10. The lunar orbit insertion maneuver was begun at 2:47 p.m. and the Apollo 17 spacecraft entered a lunar orbit of 315 by 97 kilometers. After separation of the LM Challenger from the CSM America and a readjustment of orbits, the LM began its powered descent and landed on the lunar surface in the Taurus-Littrow region at 2:55 p.m. EST on December 11, with Cernan and Schmitt.

    The first EVA began about 4 hours later (6:55 p.m.). Offloading of the lunar roving vehicle and equipment proceeded as scheduled. The Apollo Lunar Surface Experiment Package was deployed approximately 185 meters west northwest of the Challenger. Astronaut Cernan drove the lunar roving vehicle to the experiments deployment site, drilled the heat flow and deep core holes, and emplaced the neutron probe experiment. Two geological units were sampled, two explosive packages deployed, and seven traverse gravimeter measurements were taken. During the 7-hour 12-minute EVA, 14 kilograms of samples were collected.

    The second extravehicular activity began at 6:28 p.m. EST December 12. Because of geological interest, station stop times were modified. Orange soil was discovered and became the subject of considerable geological discussion. Five surface samples and a double core sample were taken in the area of the orange soil. Three explosive packages were deployed, seven traverse gravimeter measurements were taken, and observations were photographed. Samples collected totaled 34 kilograms during the 7 hours and 37 minutes of the second EVA.

    The third and final EVA began at 5:26 p.m. EST December 13. Specific sampling objectives were accomplished. Samples - including blue-gray breccias, fine-grained vesicular basalts, crushed anorthositic rocks, and soils - weighed 66 kilograms. Nine traverse gravimeter measurements were made. The surface electrical properties experiment was terminated. Before reentering the LM, the crew selected a breccia rock to dedicate to the nations represented by students visiting the Mission Control Center. A plaque on the landing gear of the lunar module, commemorating all of the Apollo lunar landings, was then unveiled. After 7 hours 15 minutes, the last Apollo EVA on the lunar surface ended. Total time of the three EVAs was approximately 22 hours; the lunar roving vehicle was driven 35 kilometers, and about 115 kilograms of lunar sample material was acquired.

    While Cernan and Schmitt were exploring the lunar surface, Evans was conducting numerous scientific activities in the CSM in lunar orbit. In addition to the panoramic camera, the mapping camera, and the laser altimeter, three new scientific instrument module experiments were included in the Apollo 17 orbital science equipment. An ultraviolet spectrometer measured lunar atmospheric density and composition; an infrared radiometer mapped the thermal characteristics of the moon; and a lunar sounder acquired data on the subsurface structure.

    Challenger lifted off the moon at 5:55 p.m. EST December 14. Rendezvous with the orbiting CSM and docking were normal. The two astronauts transferred to the CM with samples and equipment and the LM ascent stage was jettisoned at 1:31 a.m. December 15. Its impact on the lunar surface about 1.6 kilometers from the planned target was recorded by four Apollo 17 geophones and the Apollo 12, 14, 15, and 16 seismometers emplaced on the surface. The seismic experiment explosive packages that had been deployed on the moon were detonated as planned and recorded on the geophones.

    During the coast back to earth, Evans left the CSM at 3:27 p.m. EST December 17 for a 1-hour 7-minute inflight EVA and retrieved lunar sounder film and panoramic and mapping camera cassettes from the scientific instrument module bay. The crew conducted the Apollo light- flash experiment and operated the infrared radiometer and ultraviolet spectrometer.

    Reentry, landing, and recovery were normal. The command module parachuted into the mid-Pacific at 2:25 p.m. EST December 19, 6.4 kilometers from the prime recovery ship, U.S.S. Ticonderoga. The crew was picked up by helicopter and was on board the U.S.S. Ticonderoga 52 minutes after the CM landed. All primary mission objectives had been achieved.

  • Apollo 17 LM - . Call Sign: Challenger. Payload: Apollo LM 12. Mass: 16,448 kg (36,261 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Houston. Program: Apollo. Class: Moon. Type: Manned lunar spacecraft. Flight: Apollo 17. Spacecraft Bus: Apollo LM. Spacecraft: Apollo LM. Duration: 12.58 days. Decay Date: 1972-12-19 . USAF Sat Cat: 6300 . COSPAR: 1972-096x. Apogee: 167 km (103 mi). Perigee: 167 km (103 mi). Inclination: 28.5260 deg. Period: 87.83 min.

1972 December 7 - . 05:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Ute Tomahawk.
  • Auroral composition Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF CRL. Apogee: 171 km (106 mi).

1972 December 7 - . 07:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Nike Iroquois. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • 7-in Density Sphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 210 km (130 mi).

1972 December 8 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF06. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B.
  • SSTTP M2-21 Target mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1972 December 8 - . 06:26 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 170.
  • Astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1972 December 9 - . 01:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Astrobee. Launch Vehicle: Astrobee D.
  • Auroral Quiet infrared Ionosphere / aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF CRL. Apogee: 70 km (43 mi).

1972 December 11 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 629. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Poseidon C3.
  • FOT-4 Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1972 December 11 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 629. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Poseidon C3.
  • FOT-4 Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1972 December 11 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 629. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Poseidon C3.
  • FOT-4 Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1972 December 11 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 629. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Poseidon C3.
  • FOT-4 Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1972 December 11 - . 00:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3 AC.
  • Ions / O2 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 196 km (121 mi).

1972 December 11 - . 01:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Nike Iroquois. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Auroral composition Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 136 km (84 mi).

1972 December 11 - . 01:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Nike Iroquois. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • 7-in Density Sphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 255 km (158 mi).

1972 December 11 - . 07:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC2W. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Delta 0900.
  • Nimbus 5 - . Payload: Nimbus E. Mass: 722 kg (1,591 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Nimbus. Spacecraft: Nimbus. USAF Sat Cat: 6305 . COSPAR: 1972-097A. Apogee: 1,101 km (684 mi). Perigee: 1,088 km (676 mi). Inclination: 100.1000 deg. Period: 107.20 min.

    Environmental research. Primary experiments included a temperature-humidity infrared radiometer (THIR) for measuring day and night surface and cloudtop temperatures as well as the water vapor content of the upper atmosphere, electrically scanning microwave radiometer (ESMR) for mapping the microwave radiation from the earth's surface and atmosphere, infrared temperature profile radiometer (ITPR) for obtaining vertical profiles of temperature and moisture, Nimbus E microwave spectrometer (NEMS) for determining tropospheric temperature profiles, atmospheric water vapor abundances, and cloud liquid water contents, selective chopper radiometer (SCR) for observing the global temperature structure of the atmosphere, and a surface composition mapping radiometer (SCMR) for measuring the differences in the thermal emission characteristics of the earth's surface.


1972 December 11 - . 21:38 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 170A.
  • JHU Airglow 12 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 214 km (132 mi).

1972 December 12 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF25. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3.
  • OT GT19GB operational test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1972 December 12 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF26. Launch Pad: LF26?. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3.
  • OT GT20GB operational test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1972 December 12 - . 06:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M.
  • Molniya 2-04 - . Payload: Molniya-2. Mass: 1,600 kg (3,500 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Molniya. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-2. Spacecraft: Molniya-2. Decay Date: 1975-01-22 . USAF Sat Cat: 6308 . COSPAR: 1972-098A. Apogee: 39,284 km (24,409 mi). Perigee: 507 km (315 mi). Inclination: 65.3000 deg. Period: 706.40 min. Continued operation of the long-range telephone and telegraph radio-communication system; transmission of USSR central television programmes to stations in the Orbita network and international cooperation. .

1972 December 12 - . 23:54 GMT - .
  • EVA Apollo 17-1 - . Crew: Cernan, Schmitt. EVA Duration: 0.30 days. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Cernan, Schmitt. Program: Apollo. Class: Moon. Type: Manned lunar lander. Flight: Apollo 17. Spacecraft Bus: Apollo LM. Spacecraft: Apollo LM. Explored lunar surface near LM and deployed ALSEP unmanned scientific station equipment..

1972 December 13 - .
  • M2 Flight 42 - . Crew: Dana. Payload: M2-F3 flight 26. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Dana. Program: NASA Lifting Body. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft Bus: M2-F2. Spacecraft: M2-F3. Fastest M2-F3 flight. Maximum Speed - 1712 kph. Maximum Altitude - 20330 m. Flight Time - 383 sec..

1972 December 13 - . 05:18 GMT - . Launch Site: CELPA. LV Family: Dragon. Launch Vehicle: Dragon.
  • FU-206 Protons / electrons Ionosphere / geocorona mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 380 km (230 mi).

1972 December 13 - . 14:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Zenit C. Launch Vehicle: Zenit C.
  • DLR A-ZC-48 Astrik Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 144 km (89 mi).

1972 December 13 - . 21:03 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 170.
  • Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1972 December 13 - . 21:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Syowa Base. LV Family: S-210. Launch Vehicle: S-210.
  • Aurora / ionosphere / fields mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: NIPR. Apogee: 126 km (78 mi).

1972 December 13 - . 23:28 GMT - .
1972 December 14 - . Launch Site: White Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 65.5 N x 38.0 E. Launch Platform: PLBR. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Vysota.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Launched from White Sea Launch Area, Beloye More, Archangel'sk Oblast' - Latitude: 65.50 N - Longitude: 38.00 E..

1972 December 14 - . Launch Site: White Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 65.5 N x 38.0 E. Launch Platform: PLBR. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Vysota.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Launched from White Sea Launch Area, Beloye More, Archangel'sk Oblast' - Latitude: 65.50 N - Longitude: 38.00 E..

1972 December 14 - . Launch Site: White Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 65.5 N x 38.0 E. Launch Platform: PLBR. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Vysota.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Launched from White Sea Launch Area, Beloye More, Archangel'sk Oblast' - Latitude: 65.50 N - Longitude: 38.00 E..

1972 December 14 - . Launch Site: White Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 65.5 N x 38.0 E. Launch Platform: PLBR. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Vysota.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Launched from White Sea Launch Area, Beloye More, Archangel'sk Oblast' - Latitude: 65.50 N - Longitude: 38.00 E..

1972 December 14 - . 13:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57.
  • Cosmos 538 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-4M. Duration: 13.00 days. Decay Date: 1972-12-27 . USAF Sat Cat: 6311 . COSPAR: 1972-099A. Apogee: 283 km (175 mi). Perigee: 205 km (127 mi). Inclination: 65.4000 deg. Period: 89.40 min. High resolution photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1972 December 14 - . 22:25 GMT - .
1972 December 15 - .
1972 December 15 - .
1972 December 15 - . 21:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 642. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Poseidon C3.
  • Demonstration and shakedown operations launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1972 December 16 - .
  • Elektro, Meteor-3 weather satellites authorised - . Nation: Russia. Spacecraft: Elektro, Meteor-3.

    Military-Industrial Commission (VPK) Decree 'On establishment of the Planeta-S weather satellite system' was issued. The resolution ordered development of a third generation system. This used the Planeta-S sensor package in the non-co-orbital Meteor-3 system plus the geostationary system Elektro, which was to begin tests in 1982. Elektro suffered numerous delays due to equipment and software problems. Flight trials of Meteor-3 did not begin until 1984, and there was only a single launch of Elektro, in 1994.


1972 December 16 - . 11:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC5. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout D-1.
  • Aeros 1 - . Payload: GRS B. Mass: 127 kg (279 lb). Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft Bus: AEROS. Spacecraft: Aeros. Decay Date: 1973-08-22 . USAF Sat Cat: 6315 . COSPAR: 1972-100A. Apogee: 867 km (538 mi). Perigee: 223 km (138 mi). Inclination: 96.9000 deg. Period: 95.60 min. Spacecraft engaged in research and exploration of the upper atmosphere or outer space (US Cat B). .

1972 December 17 - . 20:27 GMT - .
  • EVA Apollo 17-6 - . Crew: Evans, Schmitt. EVA Duration: 0.0458 days. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Evans, Schmitt. Program: Apollo. Class: Moon. Type: Manned lunar spacecraft. Flight: Apollo 17. Spacecraft Bus: Apollo CSM. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM. Stand-Up External Vehicular Activity. Deep space retrieval of film cartridges from Service Module..

1972 December 18 - . 19:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper-Dart.
  • Starute,Datasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1972 December 18 - . 21:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 644. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Poseidon C3.
  • Demonstration and shakedown operations launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1972 December 19 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF06. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B.
  • HK-3 - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1972 December 19 - .
  • Landing of Apollo 17 - . Return Crew: Cernan, Evans, Schmitt. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Cernan, Evans, Schmitt. Program: Apollo. Flight: Apollo 17.

    Reentry, landing, and recovery were normal. The Apollo 17 command module parachuted into the mid-Pacific at 19:25 GMT, 6.4 kilometers from the prime recovery ship, U.S.S. Ticonderoga. The crew was picked up by helicopter and was on board the U.S.S. Ticonderoga 52 minutes after the CM landed. Manned exploration of the moon had ended.


1972 December 20 - . 22:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC13. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas SLV-3A Agena D.
  • Canyon 5 - . Payload: Canyon Improved / OPS 9390. Mass: 700 kg (1,540 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO, USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Canyon. Spacecraft: Canyon. USAF Sat Cat: 6317 . COSPAR: 1972-101A. Apogee: 40,728 km (25,307 mi). Perigee: 31,012 km (19,269 mi). Inclination: 9.7000 deg. Period: 1,440.40 min. First launch of improved ELINT satellite. In comparison to earlier Canyon ELINT satellites, Improved Canyon had a similar but heavier payload which separated from the Agena D final stage..

1972 December 21 - .
  • M2 Flight 43 - . Crew: Manke. Payload: M2-F3 flight 27. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Manke. Program: NASA Lifting Body. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft Bus: M2-F2. Spacecraft: M2-F3. Last M2-F3 flight, also highest. Maximum Speed - 1377 kph. Maximum Altitude - 21790 m. Flight Time - 390 sec..

1972 December 21 - .
  • Zenit-4MKT authorised - . Nation: Russia. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-4MKT. Decree of 21 December 1972 started work on this replacement to the Meteor-Priroda system. The spacecraft was an adaptation of the recoverable Zenit/Vostok spacecraft for remote sensing..

1972 December 21 - . 02:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 539 - . Mass: 600 kg (1,320 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Sfera. USAF Sat Cat: 6319 . COSPAR: 1972-102A. Apogee: 1,379 km (856 mi). Perigee: 1,342 km (833 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 112.90 min. Investigation of the upper atmosphere and outer space. .

1972 December 21 - . 17:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC4W. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 24B.
  • OPS 3978 - . Payload: KH-8 no. 37 / Agena D. Mass: 3,000 kg (6,600 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO, USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: WS-117. Spacecraft: KH-8. Decay Date: 1973-01-23 . USAF Sat Cat: 6321 . COSPAR: 1972-103A. Apogee: 378 km (234 mi). Perigee: 139 km (86 mi). Inclination: 110.5000 deg. Period: 89.70 min. KH-8 type satellite. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A). .

1972 December 22 - . 04:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF07. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 2.
  • FOT GT111M Follow-on Test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1972 December 22 - . 05:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission? - . Nation: Russia. Agency: AN. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1972 December 23 - .
  • Death of Andrei Nikolayevich Tupolev - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Tupolev. Russian chief designer. Chief Designer and General Designer 1943-1972 of OKB-156..

1972 December 25 - . 23:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 540 - . Mass: 750 kg (1,650 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Strela-2M. USAF Sat Cat: 6323 . COSPAR: 1972-104A. Apogee: 790 km (490 mi). Perigee: 763 km (474 mi). Inclination: 74.1000 deg. Period: 100.40 min.

1972 December 26 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC173. LV Family: MR-UR-100. Launch Vehicle: MR-UR-100.
  • BI-4 - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1972 December 27 - . 10:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511M.
  • Cosmos 541 - . Mass: 6,000 kg (13,200 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-4MT. Duration: 12.00 days. Decay Date: 1973-01-08 . USAF Sat Cat: 6326 . COSPAR: 1972-105A. Apogee: 348 km (216 mi). Perigee: 218 km (135 mi). Inclination: 81.0000 deg. Period: 90.20 min. Military topography satellite; returned film capsule; separated science capsule..

1972 December 28 - . 11:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Vostok 8A92M.
  • Cosmos 542 - . Payload: Tselina-D no. 4. Mass: 3,800 kg (8,300 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Tselina. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Tselina-D. Spacecraft: Tselina-D. Decay Date: 1983-10-09 . USAF Sat Cat: 6328 . COSPAR: 1972-106A. Apogee: 640 km (390 mi). Perigee: 527 km (327 mi). Inclination: 81.0000 deg. Period: 96.30 min.

1972 December 29 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC104. LV Family: R-36M. Launch Vehicle: R-36M 15A14. FAILURE: Failure.
  • BI-4 - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1972 December 30 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: UNKO. Launch Platform: SHIR. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 87 km (54 mi).

1972 December 31 - . LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K.
  • Brezhnev selects Almaz for next space station - . Nation: Russia. Program: Almaz. Class: Manned. Type: Manned space station. Spacecraft Bus: Almaz. Spacecraft: Almaz OPS. Brezhnev personally selects Almaz for next space station launch. Following two successive failures of DOS-7K station (Salyut 1 and the July 29, 1972 launch failure), Brezhnev personally selects Almaz for next launch (Salyut 2)..


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