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2004 Chronology

2004 January 2 - .
  • Stardust, Comet Wild 2 Encounter, Successful - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft Bus: Stardust. Spacecraft: Stardust.

2004 January 3 - .
  • Spirit Rover Mars Landing - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft Bus: MER. Spacecraft: MER.

2004 January 4 - .
  • Mars Exploration Rover A (Spirit), Mars Landing, Succesful - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft Bus: MER. Spacecraft: MER.

2004 January 9 - . 18:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF21. LV Family: GBI. Launch Vehicle: GBI BV-Plus.
  • GMDS BVT-5 'BV+' test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSPC. Manufacturer: Lockheed. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

    Dummy EKV payload. Launch delayed from August, September, and December 18, 2003. Booster Verification Test -5 tested a three-stage booster configuration for use with the Missile Defense Agency's Ground-based Midcourse Defense System. Built by Lockheed Martin Corp., the booster was one of two slated for use with the GMD system. The system was designed to intercept and destroy long-range ballistic missiles.


2004 January 11 - . 04:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiritimati. Launch Pad: 0.0 N x 154.0 W. Launch Platform: Odyssey. LV Family: Zenit. Launch Vehicle: Zenit-3SL.
  • Estrela do Sul 1 (Skynet Brazil 1, Telstar 14) - . Mass: 4,694 kg (10,348 lb). Nation: Brazil. Agency: Skynet Palo Alto. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: FS-1300. Spacecraft: FS-1300. USAF Sat Cat: 28137 . COSPAR: 2004-001A. Apogee: 35,794 km (22,241 mi). Range: 0 km (0 mi). Perigee: 35,779 km (22,231 mi). Period: 1,436.10 min.

    Initially planned for launch on Delta 4M+ (4,2). Launch delayed from January 10. Placed in geosynchronous orbit but reports indicated there were problems deploying one of the solar panels. As of 2007 Mar 11 located at 63.07W drifting at 0.006W degrees per day.


2004 January 12 - .
  • International Space Station Status Report #04-3 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Foale, Kaleri. Program: ISS. Flight: Soyuz TMA-3.

    With the help of Expedition 8 Commander Mike Foale and Flight Engineer Alexander Kaleri, flight controllers traced the apparent cause of a tiny pressure decay on the International Space Station Sunday to a braided flex hose that is part of the window system in the U.S. Destiny Laboratory. Additional Details: here....


2004 January 15 - .
  • Spirit Rover Drives Onto Martian Surface - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft Bus: MER. Spacecraft: MER.

2004 January 16 - . 12:29 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant IX.
  • BDPR / VULCAM Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 263 km (163 mi).

2004 January 17 - . 15:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima L. Launch Pad: K. LV Family: S-310. Launch Vehicle: S-310.
  • WAVE2004 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 141 km (87 mi).

2004 January 22 - . 08:57 GMT - . Launch Site: SvalRak. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 10CM1.
  • SERSIO Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 790 km (490 mi).

2004 January 23 - . Launch Site: Balasore. LV Family: S-75. Launch Vehicle: Prithvi.
  • Test mission - . Nation: India. Agency: IDRDL. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

2004 January 25 - .
  • Mars Exploration Rover B (Opportunity), Mars Landing, Successful - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft Bus: MER. Spacecraft: MER.

2004 January 25 - .
  • Opportunity Rover Mars Landing - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft Bus: MER. Spacecraft: MER.

2004 January 27 - . 02:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. Launch Complex: Kwajalein Meck. LV Family: Pegasus. Launch Vehicle: GBI.
  • IFT-13B [EKV Mock-up] test - . Nation: USA. Agency: OSC. Manufacturer: OSC. Apogee: 272 km (169 mi).

    Launch delayed from October 2003. This system-level test of the Orbital Sciences’ boost vehicle launched the rocket carrying a simulated EKV from Kwajalein Atoll against a simulated target coming from Vandenberg AFB, Calif. IFT-13B was not an intercept attempt. Included in this test was the latest version of the GMD program’s fire control software, which was being built by Northrop Grumman and which performed as expected in this test.


2004 January 28 - .
2004 January 29 - . 11:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U-PVB.
  • Progress M1-11 - . Payload: Progress M1 s/n 260. Mass: 7,250 kg (15,980 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RAKA. Manufacturer: Korolev bureau. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned logistics spacecraft. Flight: Soyuz TMA-3. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Progress M1. Duration: 116.00 days. Decay Date: 2004-06-03 . USAF Sat Cat: 28142 . COSPAR: 2004-002A. Apogee: 263 km (163 mi). Perigee: 192 km (119 mi). Inclination: 51.6500 deg. Period: 88.73 min.

    ISS resupply, to dock at the Zvezda module of the station 13:15 GMT on 31 January. Launch delayed from November 20, 2003. Payload delivered amounted to 2345 kg and included a new flex hose for the Destiny module's leaky window, replacement parts for the Russian Elektron oxygen-generating unit, a spare Elektron, new Russian Solid Fuel Oxygen Generator candles, batteries for the Zarya and Zvezda modules, gas analyser equipment, updated fire suppression and detection equipment, a new Russian Orlan spacesuit, film, cameras, data cassettes and the Matreshka experiment package for installation on Zvezda's exterior during a spacewalk.

    A few days prior to its departure from the ISS, ground controllers fired the Progress M1-11's engines for 11 minutes, boosting the Station's altitude by 3.7 km and adjusting its inclination by one one-hundredth of a degree. Progress M1-11 undocked from the Station at 11:19 GMT on 24 May 2005, clearing the way for the arrival of Progress M-49. It was thereafter commanded to a destructive re-entry over the Pacific Ocean.


2004 January 31 - .
  • Opportunity Rover Drives Onto Martian Surface - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft Bus: MER. Spacecraft: MER.

2004 February 4 - .
  • Ulysses Closest Approach To Jupiter (0.8 AU) - . Nation: Germany. Spacecraft Bus: Ulysses. Spacecraft: Ulysses.

2004 February 5 - . 23:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC36A. Launch Pad: SLC36A. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas IIAS.
  • AMC-10 (GE-10) - . Payload: A2100A. Mass: 2,340 kg (5,150 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: SES Americom. Manufacturer: Lockheed. Program: Americom. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: AS 2100. Spacecraft: AS 2100. USAF Sat Cat: 28154 . COSPAR: 2004-003A. Apogee: 35,798 km (22,243 mi). Perigee: 35,775 km (22,229 mi). Inclination: 0.0100 deg. Period: 1,436.09 min.

    Americom 10 (AMC-10) was a replacement satellite for Satcom C3. It was to be located at 135 deg W. The C-band satellite, to be accompanied by AMC-11 later in 2004, were designed to support SES Americom's cable network in the United States, Canada, the Caribbean, and Mexico. The satellite had a design life of 15 years and carried 24 x 36 MHz C-band transponders. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 134.97W drifting at 0.005E degrees per day.


2004 February 6 - .
  • International Space Station Status Report #04-8 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Foale, Kaleri. Program: ISS. Flight: Soyuz TMA-3. Aboard the International Space Station, Mike Foale and Alexander Kaleri of the Expedition 8 crew spent this week unpacking the first fresh supplies to arrive at the complex since they began their mission more than three and a half months ago.. Additional Details: here....

2004 February 10 - .
  • Death of Lewis Emmerich - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Emmerich. American engineer. Project engineer for the Atlas-Mercury manned launch vehicle..

2004 February 13 - .
  • International Space Station Status Report #04-9 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Foale, Kaleri. Program: ISS. Flight: Soyuz TMA-3. The Expedition 8 crew aboard the International Space Station spent the week on early preparations for a spacewalk; training and positioning the robotic arm; conducting experiments; and 'educating' school children on long duration life in space.. Additional Details: here....

2004 February 14 - . 18:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC40. Launch Pad: SLC40. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 402B/IUS.
  • USA 176 - . Payload: DSP-1 Block 18 F22. Mass: 2,380 kg (5,240 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NSA. Manufacturer: TRW. Class: Surveillance. Type: Early warning satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DSP. Spacecraft: DSP. USAF Sat Cat: 28158 . COSPAR: 2004-004A. Apogee: 36,105 km (22,434 mi). Perigee: 35,852 km (22,277 mi). Inclination: 0.6800 deg. Period: 1,445.94 min.

    DSP-1 Block 14 ballistic missile launch detection satellite. Last flight of the IUS upper stage. Launch delayed from November 4, 2003, and January 17, 2003. Planned IMEX piggyback payload cancelled. Still in service as of March 2007, expected to remain operational until 2017-2022. As of 2004 Feb 15 located at 96.66W drifting at 2.464W degrees per day.


2004 February 18 - . Launch Site: Mojave. Launch Complex: Mojave. LV Family: SpaceShip. Launch Vehicle: Spaceship One.
  • White Knight Flight 44 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Binnie, Melvill. Program: X-Prize. Spacecraft Bus: SpaceShip. Spacecraft: Spaceship One. Flight Time: 1.7 Hours. White Knight Pilot: Melvill. White Knight Copilot: Binnie. Objectives: Pilot proficiency, new software build checkout and landing practice.

2004 February 18 - . Launch Site: Mojave. Launch Complex: Mojave. LV Family: SpaceShip. Launch Vehicle: Spaceship One.
  • White Knight Flight 45 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Binnie, Siebold. Program: X-Prize. Spacecraft Bus: SpaceShip. Spacecraft: Spaceship One. Flight Time: 1.6 Hours. White Knight Pilot: Siebold. White Knight Copilot: Binnie. Objectives: Pilot proficiency, new software build checkout and landing practice.

2004 February 18 - . Launch Site: Mojave. Launch Complex: Mojave. LV Family: SpaceShip. Launch Vehicle: Spaceship One.
  • White Knight Flight 46 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Binnie, Melvill. Program: X-Prize. Spacecraft Bus: SpaceShip. Spacecraft: Spaceship One. Flight Time: 0.7 Hours. White Knight Pilot: Binnie. White Knight Copilot: Melvill. Objectives: Pilot proficiency, new software build checkout and landing practice.

2004 February 18 - . 07:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC16/2. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M.
  • Molniya-1T - . Mass: 1,900 kg (4,100 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: VKS. Manufacturer: Lavochkin bureau. Program: Molniya. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-2. Spacecraft: Molniya-1T. USAF Sat Cat: 28163 . COSPAR: 2004-005A. Apogee: 39,708 km (24,673 mi). Perigee: 650 km (400 mi). Inclination: 62.9000 deg. Period: 717.90 min. Launched during a nationwide military exercise. Original name Cosmos 2405..

2004 February 18 - . 09:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU 15A35.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Launched during a nationwide military exercise..

2004 February 18 - . 09:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: K-18. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Sineva. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Sineva operational test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi). Failure - destroyed 98 seconds after launch. Launched during a nationwide military exercise..

2004 February 18 - . 10:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: Topol. Launch Vehicle: Topol'.
  • Kura R&D payload? - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Launched during a nationwide military exercise..

2004 February 19 - .
2004 February 20 - .
  • International Space Station Status Report #04-10 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Foale, Kaleri. Program: ISS. Flight: Soyuz TMA-3.

    All systems remain "go" for the only planned spacewalk by the International Space Station's Expedition 8 crewmembers. Commander Mike Foale and Flight Engineer Alexander Kaleri, who observed the four-month anniversary of their launch to the Space Station on Wednesday, finished up a long list of tasks this week to be ready for a spacewalk to be staged from the Pirs Docking Compartment Thursday, Feb. 26, starting at 3 p.m. CST. NASA Television coverage of the spacewalk will begin at 2 p.m. CST. Additional Details: here....


2004 February 26 - .
  • International Space Station Status Report #04-11 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Foale, Kaleri. Program: ISS. Flight: Soyuz TMA-3.

    The residents of the International Space Station today conducted the first ever two-man spacewalk without a crewmember inside, but the planned five and a half hour-spacewalk to support technology experiments and prepare for a future visit from a cargo vehicle was cut short by a cooling system problem with one of the two crewmembers' Russian Orlan suits. Additional Details: here....


2004 February 27 - . 21:17 GMT - .
  • EVA ISS EO-8-1 - . Crew: Foale, Kaleri. EVA Duration: 0.16 days. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Foale, Kaleri. Program: ISS. Flight: Soyuz TMA-3.

    The astronauts retrieved and replaced and replaced science instruments on the ISS Pirs and Zvezda modules. These included sample materials that had been exposed to space for two years and a radiation phantom that measured doses a human would have received. The spacewalk, planned for 5 hours 45 minutes duration, was cut short when the cooling circuit in Kaleri's suit malfunctioned and he reported seeing drops of water on his helmet visor. This was the first time NASA had dared to send the entire crew of the station out on an EVA in the ISS program (though common Russian practice during their Mir project).


2004 March 2 - . 07:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5Gp.
  • Rosetta - . Mass: 3,065 kg (6,757 lb). Nation: Europe. Agency: ESA. Manufacturer: Friedrichshafen. Class: Comet. Type: Comet probe. Spacecraft Bus: Rosetta. Spacecraft: Rosetta. USAF Sat Cat: 28169 . COSPAR: 2004-006A. Launch delayed from January 13, 2003, February 26 and 27, 2004..

2004 March 4 - . Launch Site: Mojave. Launch Complex: Mojave. LV Family: SpaceShip. Launch Vehicle: Spaceship One.
  • White Knight Flight 47 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Binnie. Program: X-Prize. Spacecraft Bus: SpaceShip. Spacecraft: Spaceship One. Flight Time: 1.3 Hours. White Knight Pilot: Binnie. White Knight Copilot: Bird. Objectives: SpaceShipOne flight 12G launch release rehearsal and avionics software evaluation.

2004 March 5 - .
  • International Space Station Status Report #04-12 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Foale, Kaleri. Program: ISS. Flight: Soyuz TMA-3.

    Expedition 8 Commander Michael Foale today reestablished a vacuum between the Destiny Laboratory's science window's two panes of optical-quality glass. The window work was associated with continuing repairs following a small pressure leak detected on the International Space Station in January. Additional Details: here....


2004 March 8 - . Launch Site: Mojave. Launch Complex: Mojave. LV Family: SpaceShip. Launch Vehicle: Spaceship One.
  • White Knight Flight 48 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Binnie. Program: X-Prize. Spacecraft Bus: SpaceShip. Spacecraft: Spaceship One. Flight Time: 1.4 Hours. White Knight Pilot: Binnie. White Knight Copilot: Stinemetz. Objectives: SpaceShipOne flight 12G launch release rehearsal and avionics software evaluation.

2004 March 9 - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: DF-21. Launch Vehicle: Shaheen 2.
  • Shaheen 2 test - . Nation: Pakistan. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi). Some sources give missile as Shaheen 3..

2004 March 11 - . Launch Site: Mojave. Launch Complex: Mojave RW12/30. Launch Platform: WK1. LV Family: SpaceShip. Launch Vehicle: Spaceship One.
  • White Knight/SpaceShipOne Flight 49L / 12G - . Crew: Siebold. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Binnie, Melvill, Siebold. Agency: Scaled. Program: X-Prize. Spacecraft Bus: SpaceShip. Spacecraft: Spaceship One. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi).

    Objectives: The twelfth flight of SpaceShipOne. Objectives included: pilot proficiency, reaction control system functionality check and stability and control and performance of the vehicle with the airframe thermal protection system installed. This was an unpowered glide test. Results: Launch conditions were 48,500 feet and 125 knots. All systems performed as expected and the vehicle landed successfully while demonstrating the maximum cross wind landing capability.

    Flight Time: 1.3 hours / 18 mins 30 secs White Knight Pilot: Binnie White Knight Copilot: Stinemetze White Knight Flt Engineer: SpaceShipOne Pilot: Siebold High Chase-Starship Pilot: Karkow Low Chase-Extra Pilot: Melvill / Coleman


2004 March 12 - .
  • International Space Station Status Report #04-13 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Foale, Kaleri. Program: ISS. Flight: Soyuz TMA-3.

    The Expedition 8 Commander Michael Foale and Flight Engineer Alexander Kaleri started the week with a three-day weekend and finished it with a successful treadmill repair. The International Space Station crew can now exercise on the treadmill with a working gyroscope. Additional Details: here....


2004 March 13 - .
  • Death of Vladimir Konstantinovich Karrask - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Karrask. Russian chief designer. From 1964-1986 Deputy Chief Designer, and from 1986-1989 Chief Designer of KB Salyut..

2004 March 13 - . 05:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC36B. Launch Pad: SLC36B. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas 3A.
  • MBSAT - . Mass: 4,143 kg (9,133 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: MBC. Manufacturer: Palo Alto. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: FS-1300. Spacecraft: FS-1300. USAF Sat Cat: 28184 . COSPAR: 2004-007A. Apogee: 35,795 km (22,241 mi). Perigee: 35,779 km (22,231 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Mobile S-band digital broadcasting services for home and automobile users in Japan. As of 2007 Mar 9 located at 144.03E drifting at 0.009W degrees per day..

2004 March 15 - .
  • Death of William H Pickering - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Pickering. New Zealand-American Chief Designer, Director JPL, 1954-1976. Under his leadership the first successful probes to earth orbit, the Moon, Venus, and Mars were designed, built, and flown (Explorer, Pioneer, Ranger, Mariner,Surveryor, Viking)..

2004 March 15 - . 23:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC81/24. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-M/Briz-M.
  • W3A - . Payload: Eurostar 3000S. Mass: 4,250 kg (9,360 lb). Nation: Europe. Agency: Eutelsat. Manufacturer: EADS Astrium. Program: Eutelsat. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Spacebus 3000. Spacecraft: Spacebus 3000. USAF Sat Cat: 28187 . COSPAR: 2004-008A. Apogee: 35,811 km (22,251 mi). Perigee: 35,761 km (22,220 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min.

    Moved from Ariane 5. The satellite was to provide a full range of telecommunications applications including digital DVB broadcasting, multimedia, broadband access and pay-per-use bandwidth for corporate networks over a large zone covering Europe and Africa, for a minimum of 12 years. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 6.95E drifting at 0.006W degrees per day.


2004 March 17 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: K-407. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Sineva.
  • Operational test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

2004 March 17 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: K-407. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Sineva.
  • Operational test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

2004 March 19 - .
  • International Space Station Status Report #04-14A - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Foale, Kaleri. Program: ISS. Flight: Soyuz TMA-3.

    Heading into the homestretch of their 61/2-month mission aboard the International Space Station, Expedition 8 Commander Michael Foale and Flight Engineer Alexander Kaleri spent the week conducting biomedical experiments and performing maintenance on a key Station component. Additional Details: here....


2004 March 20 - . 17:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17B. Launch Pad: SLC17B. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Delta 7925-9.5.
  • USA 177 - . Payload: GPS 2R-11 / Navstar 54. Mass: 2,032 kg (4,479 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Manufacturer: Lockheed. Program: Navstar. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: AS 4000. Spacecraft: GPS Block 2R. USAF Sat Cat: 28190 . COSPAR: 2004-009A. Apogee: 20,268 km (12,593 mi). Perigee: 20,100 km (12,400 mi). Inclination: 55.0000 deg. Period: 718.00 min. Launch delayed from December 19, 2003, March 8, 2004..

2004 March 26 - .
  • International Space Station Status Report #04-16 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Foale, Kaleri. Program: ISS. Flight: Soyuz TMA-3. The oxygen-producing Elektron unit aboard the International Space Station continues to function well, as it has since it was restarted early last Saturday following the replacement of major components.. Additional Details: here....

2004 March 27 - . 03:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC81/23. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K/DM-2.
  • Raduga-1 - . Mass: 2,000 kg (4,400 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: Chelomei Design Bureau. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-3. Spacecraft: Raduga-1. USAF Sat Cat: 28194 . COSPAR: 2004-010A. Apogee: 35,806 km (22,248 mi). Perigee: 35,768 km (22,225 mi). Inclination: 1.3000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Military communications satellite. Parked in geostationary orbit at 85.0 deg E, after being placed in unusual subsynchronous drift orbit. Original name Cosmos 2406. As of 2007 Mar 11 located at 85.19E drifting at 0.029W degrees per day..

2004 March 27 - . 21:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Point Arguello. Launch Complex: Point Arguello WADZ. Launch Pad: Aircraft from Edwards.. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: Pegasus. Launch Vehicle: Hyper X.
  • X-43A-2 (Hyper X) - . Nation: USA. Agency: OSC. Apogee: 29 km (18 mi).

    The second X-43 launch incorporated modifications to the first flight vehicle, including an upgraded control system, redesigned autopilot, off-loaded rocket motor, and improved analytical models. The second flight was launched at 12,200 m instead of the 7600 m altitude of the failed first launch to reduce transonic aerodynamic loads and improve structural and control system margins. An offloaded Orion 50S solid rocket motor reduced maximum dynamic pressure during the flight. Air dropped in Point Arguello WADZ.


2004 March 30 - . Launch Site: Mojave. Launch Complex: Mojave. LV Family: SpaceShip. Launch Vehicle: Spaceship One.
  • White Knight Flight 50 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Binnie, Melvill. Program: X-Prize. Spacecraft Bus: SpaceShip. Spacecraft: Spaceship One. Flight Time: 2.0 Hours. White Knight Pilot: Melvill. White Knight Copilot: Binnie. Objectives: Avionics software evaluation, launch release rehearsal and landing pattern practice..

2004 March 31 - . Launch Site: Mojave. Launch Complex: Mojave. LV Family: SpaceShip. Launch Vehicle: Spaceship One.
  • White Knight Flight 51 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Binnie, Melvill. Program: X-Prize. Spacecraft Bus: SpaceShip. Spacecraft: Spaceship One. Flight Time: 2.0 Hours. White Knight Pilot: Binnie. White Knight Copilot: Melvill. Objectives: SpaceShipOne Flight 13P launch rehearsal, avionics checkout and landing practice.

2004 April 1 - .
  • Genesis, End of Science Collection - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft Bus: Genesis. Spacecraft: Genesis.

2004 April 2 - .
  • International Space Station Status Report #04-17 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Fincke, Foale, Kaleri, Kuipers, Padalka. Program: ISS. Flight: Soyuz TMA-3. Plans for the next crew rotation on the International Space Station are on schedule this week, as the Expedition 8 crew members moved into their final month on orbit and their successors to within weeks of their scheduled launch.. Additional Details: here....

2004 April 5 - .
  • Spirit Mars Rover, End of Primary Mission - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft Bus: MER. Spacecraft: MER.

2004 April 5 - . Launch Site: Mojave. Launch Complex: Mojave. LV Family: SpaceShip. Launch Vehicle: Spaceship One.
  • White Knight Flight 52 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Siebold. Program: X-Prize. Spacecraft Bus: SpaceShip. Spacecraft: Spaceship One. Flight Time: 2.0 hours. White Knight Pilot: Siebold. White Knight Copilot: Karkow. Objectives: Avionics checkout flight, pilot proficiency and landing practice..

2004 April 8 - . 15:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Mojave. Launch Complex: Mojave RW12/30. Launch Platform: WK1. LV Family: SpaceShip. Launch Vehicle: Spaceship One.
  • SpaceShipOne Flight 13P - . Crew: Siebold. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Binnie, Melvill, Siebold. Agency: Scaled. Program: X-Prize. Spacecraft Bus: SpaceShip. Spacecraft: Spaceship One. Duration: 0.0114 days. Apogee: 32 km (19 mi).

    White Knight/SpaceShipOne Flight 53L / 13P. 40 second motor burn time. Handling qualities during boost, through transonic and supersonic. Reaction control system functionality in-flight and feather configuration stability during transonic re-entry. Evaluation of radar tracking capability. Launch conditions were 13.96 km and 230 kph. A planned immediate motor ignition was delayed about 2 minutes to evaluate a shock induced stall buffet resulting in an ignition altitude of only 11.7 km. The 40 second rocket boost was smooth with good control. Pilot commented that the motor was surprisingly quiet; however the boost was heard by ground observers. Burnout occurred at 1.6M and apogee was over 32 km. There was no noted flight control flutter or buzz during the climb. Feather recovery was nominal. Maximum feathered speed on entry was 0.9 Mach. The wing was de-feathered and locked by 12 km. Handling quality assessments during descent were satisfactory and a smooth landing made to runway 30 at Mojave. All video and tracking systems performed well with spectacular footage obtained onboard, from chase and from ground stations.


2004 April 9 - .
  • International Space Station Status Report #04-18 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Fincke, Foale, Kaleri, Kuipers, Padalka. Program: ISS. Flight: Soyuz TMA-3.

    Three weeks remain in the six-month voyage aboard the International Space Station for Commander Mike Foale and Flight Engineer Alexander Kaleri as the Expedition 8 crew prepares to return home later this month. Their week aboard the station focused on wrapping up science experiments and tidying up for their replacement crew, which is in Russia for launch preparations. Additional Details: here....


2004 April 13 - .
  • Death of Joachim Wilhelm Muehlner - . Nation: Germany, USA. Related Persons: Muehlner. German-American radio engineer, at Peenemuende from 1939 . One of the few of von Braun's team that worked on all major programs, from the doppler transponder for the V-2 to the electronic landing systems for the Space Shuttle in 1978..

2004 April 13 - . 03:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Mk 70 Orion.
2004 April 15 - .
  • STS-122 (cancelled) - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: ISS. Flight: STS-122 ISS EO-16. Spacecraft: Columbia, HST. Flight delayed after the Columbia disaster. Columbia would have flown Hubble Space Telescope Servicing Mission 4. No crew had been named at the time of the loss of Columbia..

2004 April 16 - . 00:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC36A. Launch Pad: SLC36A. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas IIAS.
  • Superbird 6 - . Mass: 3,100 kg (6,800 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: JSCC. Program: Superbird. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: HS 601. Spacecraft: HS 601. USAF Sat Cat: 28218 . COSPAR: 2004-011A. Apogee: 35,797 km (22,243 mi). Perigee: 35,775 km (22,229 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. The satellite was to provide Ka and Ku band communications for Japan's Space Communications Corporation..

2004 April 18 - . 15:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Xichang. Launch Complex: Xichang LC1. Launch Pad: LC1?. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 2C.
  • Tansuo 1 - . Payload: Shiyan 1. Mass: 204 kg (449 lb). Nation: China. Agency: Harbin. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Shiyan. Spacecraft: Shiyan. USAF Sat Cat: 28220 . COSPAR: 2004-012A. Apogee: 616 km (382 mi). Perigee: 598 km (371 mi). Inclination: 97.7000 deg. Period: 96.80 min.

    China's first transmission-type small satellite capable of stereo mapping. It was jointly designed by the Harbin Polytechnic University, Chinese Research Institute of Space Technology, Changchun Photomechanical Institute of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS)and Xi'an Surveys and Designs Institute. The experiment satellite carried out photographic surveys of China's land resources, monitored the geographical environment and conducted scientific research on mapping. It was handed over for use to the Satellite Remote-Sensing Ground Station of CAS following the on-orbit testing.

  • Naxing 1 - . Payload: CAST1000A, OlympivSat. Mass: 25 kg (55 lb). Nation: China. Agency: Tsinghua. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance radar satellite. Spacecraft Bus: CAST1000. Spacecraft: CAST1000. USAF Sat Cat: 28221 . COSPAR: 2004-012B. Apogee: 616 km (382 mi). Perigee: 599 km (372 mi). Inclination: 97.7000 deg. Period: 96.80 min. Naxing 1 (a contraction of Nami Weixing 'Nanosatellite') was designed for high-tech experiments. The satellite was developed and will be used by the elite Qinghua University and the Aerospace Qinghua Satellite Technologies Co. Ltd..
  • Unannounced Chinese satellite? - . Mass: 500 kg (1,100 lb). Nation: China. Agency: PLA. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance radar satellite. Decay Date: 2004-08-21 . USAF Sat Cat: 28223 . COSPAR: 2004-012D. Apogee: 532 km (330 mi). Perigee: 339 km (210 mi). Inclination: 97.7000 deg. Period: 93.30 min.

    The announced mass of the two satellites launched was far less than the payload capability of the CZ-2C. It was believed that an unannounced military satellite may have been orbited. Object 2004-12D was in a much lower perigee orbit of 350 x 606 km x 97 deg and may have separated prior to second stage vernier cutoff.


2004 April 19 - . 03:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-FG.
  • Soyuz TMA-4 - . Call Sign: Altair. Crew: Fincke, Kuipers, Padalka. Return Crew: Fincke, Padalka, Shargin. Payload: Soyuz TMA s/n 214. Mass: 7,250 kg (15,980 lb). Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Fincke, Kuipers, Padalka, Shargin. Agency: RAKA. Manufacturer: Korolev bureau. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Soyuz TMA-3, Soyuz TMA-4, Soyuz TMA-4 Delta. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Soyuz TMA. Duration: 187.89 days. Decay Date: 2004-10-24 . USAF Sat Cat: 28228 . COSPAR: 2004-013A. Apogee: 367 km (228 mi). Perigee: 359 km (223 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 91.80 min.

    Soyuz TMA-4 was ISS transport mission ISS 8S and delivered the EO-9 caretaker crew of Gennadiy Padalka and Michael Fincke, together with the ESA/Netherlands Delta mission crewmember Andre Kuipers, to the Space Station. Soyuz TMA-4 docked with the nadir port on Zarya at 05:01 GMT on April 21 and the hatches to the ISS were opened at 06:30 GMT. Another gyro on the station had shut down prior to the docking and possibly would require a maintenance spacewalk to replace its failed electronics.

    After Soyuz TMA-5 docked with the ISS on October 16, the EO-9 crew handed activities over to the EO-10 crew.


2004 April 20 - . 16:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC2W. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Delta 7920-10C.
  • Gravity Probe B - . Mass: 3,145 kg (6,933 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Class: Astronomy. Type: X-ray astronomy satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Gravity Probe-B. Spacecraft: Gravity Probe-B. USAF Sat Cat: 28230 . COSPAR: 2004-014A. Apogee: 646 km (401 mi). Perigee: 640 km (390 mi). Inclination: 90.0000 deg. Period: 97.60 min.

    Gravity Probe B's mission was to confirm a prediction of Einstein's theory of relativity. The physics experiment, developed by Stanford University and Lockheed Martin, was to observe the magnitude 5 star IM Pegasi for over a year, attempting to measure the tiny shifts in the spacecraft gyroscopes' orientation caused by the Lense-Thirring gravitomagnetic (or `frame-dragging') effect. To accomplish this the spacecraft carried four gyroscopes kept at 1.8 deg Kelvin by a liquid helium dewar, laser retroreflectors and two GPS receivers for orbit determination, a drag compensation system, and a 14 cm aperture quartz telescope. The satellite was also to make an accurate measurement of the already-established gravitostatic warping of spacetime due to the Earth's mass.


2004 April 20 - . 17:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: Topol. Launch Vehicle: Topol'-M 15Zh55.
  • Pacific operational test launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

2004 April 23 - .
  • International Space Station Status Report #04-22 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Fincke, Foale, Kaleri, Kuipers, Padalka. Program: ISS. Flight: Soyuz TMA-3, Soyuz TMA-4 Delta. New crewmembers aboard the International Space Station settled into a routine of handover briefings and scientific experiments after their arrival early Wednesday.. Additional Details: here....

2004 April 26 - .
  • Opportunity Mars Rover, End of Primary Mission - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft Bus: MER. Spacecraft: MER.

2004 April 26 - . 20:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC200/39. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K/DM-2M.
  • Ekspress AM-11 - . Mass: 2,542 kg (5,604 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: Svyaz. Manufacturer: Cannes, Reshetnev Design Bureau. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-4. Spacecraft: Gals. USAF Sat Cat: 28234 . COSPAR: 2004-015A. Apogee: 35,788 km (22,237 mi). Perigee: 35,786 km (22,236 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Delayed from April 10. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 79.96W drifting at 3.741W degrees per day..

2004 April 29 - .
  • International Space Station Status Report #04-23 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Fincke, Foale, Kaleri, Kuipers, Padalka. Program: ISS. Flight: Soyuz TMA-3, Soyuz TMA-4 Delta.

    Completing more than six months in space, the International Space Station Expedition 8 crew, Commander Mike Foale and Flight Engineer Alexander Kaleri, returned to Earth today, bringing with them European Space Agency Astronaut Andre Kuipers of the Netherlands, who had spent nine days aboard the complex conducting research. Additional Details: here....


2004 April 30 - .
  • Landing of Soyuz TMA-3 - . Return Crew: Foale, Kaleri, Kuipers. Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Foale, Kaleri, Kuipers. Program: ISS. Flight: Soyuz TMA-3, Soyuz TMA-4, Soyuz TMA-4 Delta.

    The ISS EO-8 crew of Kaleri and Foale, together with the ESA Delta mission astronaut Kuipers, undocked Soyuz TMA-3 from the International Space Station at 20:52 GMT on 29 April. There was minor concern due to a helium leak in the Soyuz engine pressurisation system. The Soyuz capsule made a soft landing at 00:11 GMT on 30 April near the city of Arkalyk. The recovery forces consisted of 160 people, eight helicopters, two aircraft and two all-terrain vehicles.The EO-9 crew of Fincke and Padalka remained aboard the ISS on a six-month caretaking mission.


2004 April 30 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. LV Family: S-300. Launch Vehicle: S-300PMU-1 48N6E.
  • 48N6DM - . Nation: Russia. Agency: PVO. Apogee: 40 km (24 mi).

2004 May 1 - .
  • Genesis, Earth Flyby, Successful - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft Bus: Genesis. Spacecraft: Genesis.

2004 May 3 - . 04:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Midway. Launch Complex: Midway Island SDZ. Launch Pad: 25.0 N x 178.0 W. Launch Platform: C-17. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: LRALT.
  • LRALT Demo test - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi). Air-launched from a C-17. The LRALT missile boosted a simulated reentry vehicle from a point just south of Midway Island to the vicinity of Kwajalein Atoll in the Marshall Islands..

2004 May 4 - . 12:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiritimati. Launch Pad: 0.0 N x 154.0 W. Launch Platform: Odyssey. LV Family: Zenit. Launch Vehicle: Zenit-3SL.
  • DirecTV 7S - . Mass: 5,483 kg (12,087 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: DirecTV. Manufacturer: Palo Alto. Program: DirecTV. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: FS-1300. Spacecraft: FS-1300. USAF Sat Cat: 28238 . COSPAR: 2004-016A. Apogee: 35,792 km (22,240 mi). Perigee: 35,730 km (22,200 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,434.80 min. Delayed from February 29, May 2. Transferred from Ariane 5 under launch backup agreement. Record single payload to geosynchronous transfer orbit. As of 2007 Mar 11 located at 119.04W drifting at 0.000E degrees per day..

2004 May 6 - .
  • NASA Astronaut Training Group 19 selected. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Acaba, Arnold, Ricky, Bresnik, Cassidy, Dutton, Hernandez, Kimbrough, Marshburn, Metcalf-Lindenburger, Satcher, Walker, Shannon.

    The group was selected to provide pilot and mission specialists for post-ISS spaceflights to the moon and beyond. Qualifications: Pilots: Bachelor's degree in engineering, biological science, physical science or mathematics. Advanced degree desirable. At least 1,000 flight-hours of pilot-in-command time. Flight test experience desirable. Excellent health. Vision minimum 20/50 uncorrected, correctable to 20/20 vision; maximum sitting blood pressure 140/90. Height between 163 and 193 cm.

    Mission Specialists: Bachelor's degree in engineering, biological science, physical science or mathematics and minimum three years of related experience or an advanced degree. Vision minimum 20/150 uncorrected, correctable to 20/20. Maximum sitting blood pressure of 140/90. Height between 150 and 193 cm.. Due to a surplus of astronauts and a dearth of missions, NASA cancelled the planned 2002 astronaut selection. The next call for applications was made in May 2003, with a due date of 1 July. 'Educator astronauts' were especially requested, and 1100 applications were received in this category. The final selection was two pilots and nine mission specialists; nine men and two women. Given the drastic reduction if shuttle flights and ISS crew size planned for the post-Columbia disaster period, the chances for astronauts from this group flying in the next decade seemed slim indeed. Also training in this group were three NASDA astronauts from Japan.


2004 May 7 - .
  • International Space Station Status Report #04-24 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Fincke, Foale, Kaleri, Padalka. Program: ISS. Flight: Soyuz TMA-4. The new crew of the International Space Station spent its first full week alone concentrating on life science research, spacewalk preparations, and becoming comfortable with their new home in orbit.. Additional Details: here....

2004 May 7 - .
  • Death of William Joseph 'Pete' Knight at Duarte, California. Leukemia. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Knight. American test pilot astronaut. Flew on X-15 Flight 190..

2004 May 13 - . 15:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Mojave. Launch Complex: Mojave RW12/30. Launch Platform: WK1. LV Family: SpaceShip. Launch Vehicle: Spaceship One.
  • SpaceShipOne Flight 14P - . Crew: Melvill. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Binnie, Melvill, Siebold. Agency: Scaled. Program: X-Prize. Spacecraft Bus: SpaceShip. Spacecraft: Spaceship One. Duration: 0.0144 days. Apogee: 65 km (40 mi).

    White Knight/SpaceShipOne Flight 56L / 14P. 55 second motor burn time. Handling qualities during boost and performance verification. Reaction control system use for reorientation to entry attitude. Supersonic feather stability and control. Launch conditions were 14 km and 220 kph. Motor light off occurred 10 seconds after release and the vehicle boosted smoothly to 46 km and Mach 2.5. Subsequent coast to apogee of 64.5 km. During a portion of the boost, the flight director display was inoperative, however the pilot continued the planned trajectory referencing the external horizon. Reaction control authority was as predicted and the vehicle recovered in feather experiencing 1.9M and 3.5G’s. Feather oscillations were actively damped by the pilot and the wing was de-feathered starting at 17 km. The onboard avionics was re-booted and a smooth and uneventful landing made to Mojave.


2004 May 14 - .
  • International Space Station Status Report #04-25 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Fincke, Padalka. Program: ISS. Flight: Soyuz TMA-4.

    International Space Station Commander Gennady Padalka and NASA Science Officer and Flight Engineer Mike Fincke eased into a regular schedule of operations in orbit this week, preparing spacesuits for checkouts next week and loading trash aboard a Progress vehicle that will soon depart. Additional Details: here....


2004 May 17 - . 18:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Black Rock Desert. LV Family: CSXT. Launch Vehicle: CSXT.
  • GoFast test - . Nation: USA. Agency: CSXT. Apogee: 116 km (72 mi).

    First civilian rocket, built by volunteers, to reach outer space. Launched from Black Rock Desert, Nevada - Latitude: 41.00 N - Longitude: 119.00 W. The payload was recovered the next day and the data download showed the rocket had reached 124 km alitutde and a maximum velocity of mach 5.5.


2004 May 18 - .
  • Death of Arnold O Beckman - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Beckman. American engineer, inventor and manufacturer of various analytical instruments..

2004 May 18 - . Launch Site: Point Mugu. LV Family: Terrier. Launch Vehicle: Coyote.
  • GQM-163A Test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1.00 km (0.60 mi).

2004 May 19 - .
  • Hayabusa (MUSES-C), Earth Gravity Assist, Successful - . Nation: Japan. Spacecraft Bus: Hayabusa. Spacecraft: Hayabusa.

2004 May 19 - . 22:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC36B. Launch Pad: SLC36B. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas IIAS.
  • AMC-11 (GE-11) - . Payload: A2100A. Mass: 2,316 kg (5,105 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: SES Americom. Manufacturer: Lockheed. Program: Americom. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: AS 2100. Spacecraft: AS 2100. USAF Sat Cat: 28252 . COSPAR: 2004-017A. Apogee: 35,792 km (22,240 mi). Perigee: 35,778 km (22,231 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.00 min. Delayed from May 17. As of 2007 Mar 11 located at 131.04W drifting at 0.000E degrees per day..

2004 May 20 - . 17:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 576E. LV Family: Taurus. Launch Vehicle: Taurus 3210.
  • ROCSAT 2 - . Payload: LeoStar 500XO. Mass: 760 kg (1,670 lb). Nation: Taiwan. Agency: NSPO. Manufacturer: EADS Astrium. Class: Surveillance. Type: Civilian surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: ROCSAT. Spacecraft: ROCSAT. USAF Sat Cat: 28254 . COSPAR: 2004-018A. Apogee: 891 km (553 mi). Perigee: 887 km (551 mi). Inclination: 99.1000 deg. Period: 102.80 min. Delayed from October, November 25, 2003; January 17, February 26, April 9 and 22, May 17, 2004..

2004 May 21 - .
  • International Space Station Status Report #04-26 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Fincke, Padalka. Program: ISS. Flight: Soyuz TMA-4. Aboard the International Space Station, the Expedition 9 crew closed out its first month in space with a busy week of spacewalk preparations, including a spacesuit dress rehearsal.. Additional Details: here....

2004 May 25 - . 12:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U-PVB.
  • Progress M-49 - . Payload: Progress M s/n 249. Mass: 7,283 kg (16,056 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RAKA. Manufacturer: Korolev bureau. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned logistics spacecraft. Flight: Soyuz TMA-4. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Progress M. Duration: 66.00 days. Decay Date: 2004-07-30 . USAF Sat Cat: 28261 . COSPAR: 2004-019A. Apogee: 367 km (228 mi). Perigee: 359 km (223 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 91.80 min.

    Docked at the aft port of the Zvezda Service Module of the International Space Station on 27 May at 13:55 GMT. Delivered two and a half tons of food, water, fuel, spare parts and supplies. Progress M-49 undocked from the Zvezda module on 30 July 2004 at 7:05 GMT, after having been filled with a tonne of trash. Fincke filmed its departure, and Station exterior cameras captured rare footage of the Progress' fiery re-entry into Earth's atmosphere after it was deorbited.


2004 May 27 - .
  • International Space Station Status Report #04-28 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Fincke, Padalka. Program: ISS. Flight: Soyuz TMA-4. An unmanned Russian resupply ship smoothly linked up to the International Space Station this morning, delivering two and a half tons of food, water, fuel, spare parts and supplies to the two residents on board.. Additional Details: here....

2004 May 28 - . 06:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC90/20. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-2.
  • Cosmos 2405 - . Mass: 3,150 kg (6,940 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Manufacturer: Arsenal. Program: EORSAT. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Kosmoplan. Spacecraft: US-PU. Decay Date: 2006-06-16 . USAF Sat Cat: 28350 . COSPAR: 2004-020A. Apogee: 417 km (259 mi). Perigee: 405 km (251 mi). Inclination: 65.0000 deg. Period: 92.80 min. Original reported name Cosmos 2407..

2004 May 29 - . Launch Site: Tilla. LV Family: Nodong 1. Launch Vehicle: Ghauri.
  • Ghauri test - . Nation: Pakistan. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

2004 June 1 - . 07:50 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant IX.
  • ISIS (Cyg Loop) Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

2004 June 1 - . 22:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Bay of Biscay Launch Area. Launch Pad: 47.5 N x 4.5 W. Launch Platform: S618. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M45.
  • ME-34 Teutates test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 800 km (490 mi). Launched from Zone de lancement SNLE, Golfe de Gascogne, Bretagne - Latitude: 47.50 N - Longitude: 4.50 W..

2004 June 4 - . Launch Site: Tilla. LV Family: Nodong 1. Launch Vehicle: Ghauri.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Pakistan. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

2004 June 5 - .
  • Death of Ronald Reagan - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Reagan. American politician, president of the USA 1981-1989. Initiated 'Star Wars' strategic defences and Space Station Freedomt. Confronted the Soviet Union with a heavy aerospace buildup which they could not match, contributing to their collapse..

2004 June 9 - . 10:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion sounding rocket.
  • Student rocket Education mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 43 km (26 mi).

2004 June 10 - . 01:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC45/1. LV Family: Zenit. Launch Vehicle: Zenit-2.
  • Cosmos 2406 - . Mass: 3,200 kg (7,000 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: VKA. Manufacturer: Yuzhnoye. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Tselina-2. Spacecraft: Tselina-2. USAF Sat Cat: 28352 . COSPAR: 2004-021A. Apogee: 866 km (538 mi). Perigee: 846 km (525 mi). Inclination: 71.0000 deg. Period: 102.10 min. Delayed from February 17 and 18; March 17 and 31; April 6, 25 and 26..

2004 June 11 - .
  • Cassini, Phoebe Flyby, Successful - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft Bus: Cassini. Spacecraft: Cassini.

2004 June 16 - . 22:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC200/39. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-M/Briz-M.
  • Intelsat 10-02 - . Payload: Eurostar 3000H. Mass: 5,575 kg (12,290 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Intelsat. Manufacturer: EADS Astrium. Program: Intelsat. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Spacebus 3000. Spacecraft: Spacebus 3000. USAF Sat Cat: 28358 . COSPAR: 2004-022A. Apogee: 35,803 km (22,246 mi). Perigee: 35,771 km (22,227 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Heaviest single payload to geosynchronous transfer orbit to that date. Delayed from late 2003, June 10 and 15, 2004. As of 2007 Mar 9 located at 0.99W drifting at 0.002W degrees per day..

2004 June 18 - .
  • International Space Station Status Report #04-31 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Fincke, Padalka. Program: ISS. Flight: Soyuz TMA-4. Father's Day came early for Astronaut Mike Fincke, 225 miles in space aboard the International Space Station, as he received the best present on Earth -- baby daughter Tarali Paulina Fincke, born Friday.. Additional Details: here....

2004 June 21 - . 14:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Mojave. Launch Complex: Mojave RW12/30. Launch Platform: WK1. LV Family: SpaceShip. Launch Vehicle: Spaceship One.
  • SpaceShipOne Flight 15P - First Private Manned Spaceflight - . Nation: USA. Agency: Scaled. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

    White Knight/SpaceShipOne Flight 60L / 15P. First private manned spaceflight. A control system failure during ascent caused 90 degree rolls to left and right. This led to spacecraft not reaching the planned altitude and re-entering 35 km away from the intended point. Nevertheless pilot Melvill took SpaceShipOne just over 100 km, thereby becoming the first private citizen, third person born in Africa, second person born in South Africa, and oldest pilot in command to reach outer space.


2004 June 23 - . 08:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF10. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3.
  • GT185GM Functional Dependency gate operational test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSPC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi). Missile Test Flight. Delayed from February..

2004 June 23 - . 22:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17B. Launch Pad: SLC17B. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Delta 7925-9.5.
  • USA 178 - . Payload: GPS 2R-12 / Navstar 55. Mass: 2,032 kg (4,479 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Manufacturer: Lockheed. Program: Navstar. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: AS 4000. Spacecraft: GPS Block 2R. USAF Sat Cat: 28361 . COSPAR: 2004-023A. Apogee: 20,273 km (12,597 mi). Perigee: 20,090 km (12,480 mi). Inclination: 55.1000 deg. Period: 717.90 min. Delayed from February 17. Delayed from June 5, 11, 13, 14, 16, 18, 19, 20 and 21. Moved up from July 20..

2004 June 24 - .
  • Death of John Bernhardt Ona - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Ona. American engineer. Headed Atlas missile final checkout; later Chief of Reliability Engineering for the Centaur..

2004 June 24 - . 21:57 GMT - .
  • EVA ISS EO-9-1 - . Crew: Fincke, Padalka. EVA Duration: 0.0097 days. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Fincke, Padalka. Program: ISS. Flight: Soyuz TMA-4.

    The astronauts exited the station at 21:56 GMT on what was to be a six hour spacewalk to replace a failed gyroscope electronics module. The EVA had already been delayed from 10, then 16 June. The original plan was to use American suits, but a coolant leak in one of those forced the crew to use Russian suits. This in turn meant they would have to exist from the airlock in the station's Russian Pirs module, which in turn extended the distance they would have to travel outside the station to 30 m. Eight minutes after exiting the hatch, a serious leak was detected by Russian ground controllers in Fincke's suit. The crew was called back in and it was planned that the EVA would be repeated six days later.


2004 June 25 - .
  • International Space Station Status Report #04-33 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Fincke, Padalka. Program: ISS. Flight: Soyuz TMA-4. Specialists in Moscow today continued to analyze the cause of an unexpectedly high rate of pressure loss in the primary oxygen bottle on Astronaut Mike Fincke's Russian space suit, which terminated Thursday's spacewalk after 14 minutes.. Additional Details: here....

2004 June 29 - . 03:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiritimati. Launch Pad: 0.0 N x 154.0 W. Launch Platform: Odyssey. LV Family: Zenit. Launch Vehicle: Zenit-3SL. FAILURE: Partial failure - upper stage left satellite stranded in useless orbit.. Failed Stage: 3.
  • Apstar 5 - . Payload: Apstar 1R, Telstar 18, LS-1300. Mass: 4,640 kg (10,220 lb). Nation: China. Agency: APT Satellite Company. Manufacturer: Palo Alto. Program: Apstar. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: FS-1300. Spacecraft: FS-1300. USAF Sat Cat: 28364 . COSPAR: 2004-024A. Apogee: 35,799 km (22,244 mi). Perigee: 35,775 km (22,229 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Delayed from November 2003, April 28 2004. Partial failure (upper stage). As of 2007 Mar 11 located at 138.01E drifting at 0.009W degrees per day..

2004 June 29 - . 06:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC109. Launch Pad: LC109/95. LV Family: R-36M. Launch Vehicle: Dnepr.
  • Aprizesat 2 (LatinSat D) - . Mass: 12 kg (26 lb). Nation: Argentina. Agency: Aprize. Program: AIS. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: AprizeSat. Spacecraft: AprizeSat. USAF Sat Cat: 28366 . COSPAR: 2004-025A. Apogee: 853 km (530 mi). Perigee: 695 km (431 mi). Inclination: 98.3000 deg. Period: 100.30 min. Delayed from March. 31.
  • Demeter - . Mass: 125 kg (275 lb). Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Class: Earth. Type: Seismology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Demeter. Spacecraft: Demeter. USAF Sat Cat: 28368 . COSPAR: 2004-025C. Apogee: 723 km (449 mi). Perigee: 695 km (431 mi). Inclination: 98.3000 deg. Period: 99.00 min.

    Demeter studied disturbances of the ionosphere due to seismo electromagnetic effects and human activities (power lines, VLF transmitters, HF broadcasting stations). Study of natural electromagnetic emissions in the ULF/ELF/VLF range related to seismic or volcanic activity could be used to predict earthquatkes or eruptions in advance. Demeter tracked these emissions and other space plasma parameters (ion composition, electron density and temperature, energetic particles). The scientific payload consisted of three electric and three magnetic sensors (covering six components of the electromagnetic field from DC to 3.5 MHz); a Langmuir probe; an ion spectrometer; and an energetic particle analyzer. 8 Gbits of onboard memory recorded the data, which was returned to earth as 18 Mb/s high bit rate telemetry in the X band. The two-year mission was handled from a control center in Toulouse.

  • Saudicomsat 1 - . Mass: 12 kg (26 lb). Nation: Saudi Arabia. Agency: RSRI. Manufacturer: KACST. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Saudisat. Spacecraft: SaudiSat. USAF Sat Cat: 28369 . COSPAR: 2004-025D. Apogee: 751 km (466 mi). Perigee: 699 km (434 mi). Inclination: 98.3000 deg. Period: 99.30 min. Amateur store-forward communications payload..
  • Saudicomsat 2 - . Mass: 12 kg (26 lb). Nation: Saudi Arabia. Agency: RSRI. Manufacturer: KACST. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Saudisat. Spacecraft: SaudiSat. USAF Sat Cat: 28370 . COSPAR: 2004-025E. Apogee: 783 km (486 mi). Perigee: 698 km (433 mi). Inclination: 98.3000 deg. Period: 99.60 min. Amateur store-forward communications payload..
  • Saudisat 2 - . Mass: 35 kg (77 lb). Nation: Saudi Arabia. Agency: RSRI. Manufacturer: KACST. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Saudisat. Spacecraft: SaudiSat. USAF Sat Cat: 28371 . COSPAR: 2004-025F. Apogee: 736 km (457 mi). Perigee: 698 km (433 mi). Inclination: 98.3000 deg. Period: 99.10 min. Experimental technology satellite that included imaging with resolution better than 15 m for remote sensing..
  • Aprizesat 1 (LatinSat C) - . Mass: 12 kg (26 lb). Nation: Argentina. Agency: Makeyev Design Bureau. Program: AIS. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: AprizeSat. Spacecraft: AprizeSat. USAF Sat Cat: 28372 . COSPAR: 2004-025G. Apogee: 767 km (476 mi). Perigee: 698 km (433 mi). Inclination: 98.3000 deg. Period: 99.50 min.
  • Unisat 3 - . Mass: 12 kg (26 lb). Nation: Italy. Agency: La Sapienza. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: UniSat. Spacecraft: UniSat. USAF Sat Cat: 28373 . COSPAR: 2004-025H. Apogee: 800 km (490 mi). Perigee: 684 km (425 mi). Inclination: 98.3000 deg. Period: 99.80 min.
  • Amsat Echo - . Mass: 12 kg (26 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: AmSat. Program: Oscar. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Amsat Echo. Spacecraft: Amsat Echo. USAF Sat Cat: 28375 . COSPAR: 2004-025K. Apogee: 818 km (508 mi). Perigee: 697 km (433 mi). Inclination: 98.3000 deg. Period: 100.00 min.

2004 June 29 - . 07:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: K-84. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Shtil'.
  • Operational test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

2004 June 30 - .
  • Cassini, Saturn Orbit Insertion, Successful - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft Bus: Cassini. Spacecraft: Cassini.

2004 July 1 - .
  • International Space Station Status Report #04-37 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Fincke, Padalka. Program: ISS. Flight: Soyuz TMA-4. Flight controllers today fully revved up a gyroscope on the International Space Station that spacewalkers brought back to life Wednesday. They plan to return it to the set of gyroscopes controlling the Station's orientation Friday morning.. Additional Details: here....

2004 July 1 - . 21:19 GMT - .
  • EVA ISS EO-9-2 - . Crew: Fincke, Padalka. EVA Duration: 0.24 days. Related Persons: Fincke, Padalka. The crew serviced an ISS gyroscope..

2004 July 2 - .
  • International Space Station Status Report #04-38 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Fincke, Padalka. Program: ISS. Flight: Soyuz TMA-4.

    A newly reactivated gyroscope on the International Space Station today was successfully brought on line for attitude control at 6:20 a.m. CDT. The Control Moment Gyroscope 2 was fully operational at 6,600 revolutions per minute Thursday afternoon after being powered back on as a result of this week's spacewalk. Testing overnight proved its operation adequate for orientation control. Additional Details: here....


2004 July 3 - .
  • Death of Andrian Grigoryevich Nikolayev at Cheboksary, Chuvash. Heart attack, while judging the All-Russian rural sport games at Cheboksary, Chuvash Autonomous Rep - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Nikolayev. Chuvash-Russian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Vostok 3, Soyuz 9. First person to fly more than one day in space. Married Valentina Tereshkova, and fathered first child born to parents that had both flown in space..

2004 July 4 - . 04:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Balasore. Launch Complex: Balasore IC4. LV Family: ASLV. Launch Vehicle: Agni 1.
  • Agni A-1 test - . Nation: India. Agency: IDRDL. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

2004 July 9 - .
  • International Space Station Status Report #04-39 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Fincke, Padalka. Program: ISS. Flight: Soyuz TMA-4. Aboard the International Space Station, work focused on science, spacesuit troubleshooting and routine maintenance as the Expedition 9 crew sailed through its 12th week in space.. Additional Details: here....

2004 July 15 - . 10:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC2W. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Delta 7920-10L.
  • Aura - . Payload: EOS-CHEM1 / T330 (AB1200). Mass: 2,967 kg (6,541 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Manufacturer: TRW. Class: Earth. Type: Atmosphere satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Aura. Spacecraft: Aura. USAF Sat Cat: 28376 . COSPAR: 2004-026A. Apogee: 694 km (431 mi). Perigee: 688 km (427 mi). Inclination: 98.2000 deg. Period: 98.60 min. Atmosphere Dynamics & Chemistry. Delayed from January 29, February 6, March 19, June 17, 19 and 26, July 8, 10, 11, 13 and 14..

2004 July 16 - .
  • International Space Station Status Report #04-40 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Fincke, Padalka. Program: ISS. Flight: Soyuz TMA-4. Aboard the International Space Station, the Expedition 9 crew concentrated on a host of scientific experiments and routine systems maintenance work in its 13th week in orbit.. Additional Details: here....

2004 July 18 - . 00:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5Gp.
  • Anik F2 - . Mass: 5,950 kg (13,110 lb). Nation: Canada. Agency: Telesat. Manufacturer: El Segundo. Program: Anik. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: HS 702. Spacecraft: HS 702. USAF Sat Cat: 28378 . COSPAR: 2004-027A. Apogee: 38,333 km (23,818 mi). Perigee: 33,253 km (20,662 mi). Inclination: 0.2000 deg. Period: 1,436.40 min. Delayed from May, July 9, 13, 16 and 17. Heaviest single payload to GTO to that date. As of 2007 Mar 11 located at 111.09W drifting at 0.004W degrees per day..

2004 July 21 - . 08:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF02. LV Family: Peacekeeper. Launch Vehicle: Peacekeeper.
  • GT-33PA - 8 RVs Functional Dependency gate operational test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). ICBM Demonstration Flight. Delayed from March..

2004 July 22 - . Launch Site: Fort Greely. Launch Complex: Fort Greely. LV Family: Pegasus. Launch Vehicle: GBI.
  • First GBI Deployment at Fort Greely - . Nation: USA. Agency: MDA. Manufacturer: OSC. The first Ground-Based Interceptor was lowered into a silo at Fort Greely, Alaska. Five additional interceptors were to be deployed in Alaska by the end of September..

2004 July 22 - . 17:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 2407 - . Mass: 820 kg (1,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: KVR. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 28380 . COSPAR: 2004-028A. Apogee: 1,007 km (625 mi). Perigee: 951 km (590 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 104.70 min.

2004 July 23 - . 08:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF09. Launch Pad: LF09?. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3.
  • GT184GM? Functional Dependency gate operational test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSPC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

2004 July 25 - . 07:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Taiyuan. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 2C.
  • Tan Ce 2 - . Payload: Double Star 2, DSP-P. Mass: 800 kg (1,760 lb). Nation: China. Agency: SISE. Manufacturer: DFH. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft Bus: CAST2000. Spacecraft: CAST2000. USAF Sat Cat: 28382 . COSPAR: 2004-029A. Apogee: 38,574 km (23,968 mi). Perigee: 655 km (406 mi). Inclination: 90.0000 deg. Period: 695.10 min. Delayed from June, July 20..

2004 July 29 - . Launch Site: Point Mugu. Launch Platform: MLP. LV Family: R-11. Launch Vehicle: Scud.
  • Arrow Target mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: MDA. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

2004 July 30 - .
  • International Space Station Status Report #04-42 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Fincke, Padalka. Program: ISS. Flight: Soyuz TMA-4. Expedition 9 Commander Gennady Padalka and Flight Engineer Mike Fincke this week marked their 100th day in orbit, oversaw the undocking of a resupply craft and prepared for their third spacewalk.. Additional Details: here....

2004 August 3 - . 06:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17B. Launch Pad: SLC17B. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Delta 7925H.
  • Messenger - . Payload: Discovery 8. Mass: 1,066 kg (2,350 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Manufacturer: APL. Program: Discovery series. Class: Mercury. Type: Mercury probe. Spacecraft Bus: Messenger. Spacecraft: Messenger. USAF Sat Cat: 28391 . COSPAR: 2004-030A. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi). Perigee: 0 km (0 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 0.00 min.

    The NASA Messenger probe to Mercury was was first placed into a parking orbit. The Delta booster second stage's second burn raised the orbit, then the PAM-D solid motor burned to put the probe on an escape trajectory into a 0.92 x 1.08 AU x 6.4 deg heliocentric orbit. Messenger (Mercury Surface, Space Environment, Geochemistry and Ranging) was to make an Earth flyby on August 1, 2005; Venus flybys in 2006 and 2007; and Mercury encounters in January and October 2008 , September 2009 and March 2011 . On this last encounter the Aerojet 660N engine was to fire to put Messenger into a 200 x 15,193 km x 80 deg orbit around Mercury. Launch delayed from March 10, May 11, August 2


2004 August 3 - . 06:58 GMT - .
  • EVA ISS EO-9-3 - . Crew: Fincke, Padalka. EVA Duration: 0.19 days. Related Persons: Fincke, Padalka. The crew installed two antennas and replaced three laser reflectors of the rendezvous and docking system..

2004 August 4 - . 22:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC200/39. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-M/Briz-M.
  • Amazonas - . Payload: Eurostar 3000S. Mass: 4,545 kg (10,020 lb). Nation: Spain. Agency: Hispasat. Manufacturer: EADS Astrium. Program: Hispasat. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Eurostar 3000. Spacecraft: Eurostar 3000. USAF Sat Cat: 28393 . COSPAR: 2004-031A. Apogee: 35,791 km (22,239 mi). Perigee: 35,783 km (22,234 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Delayed from June, July 25. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 61.03W drifting at 0.005W degrees per day..

2004 August 6 - .
  • International Space Station Status Report #04-44 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Fincke, Padalka. Program: ISS. Flight: Soyuz TMA-4.

    Aboard the International Space Station this week, Expedition 9 Commander Gennady Padalka and NASA ISS Science Officer Mike Fincke resumed scientific investigations, routine maintenance, and preparations for the arrival of a new cargo ship - all following a spacewalk on Tuesday. Additional Details: here....


2004 August 7 - . 08:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. LV Family: Malemute. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Malemute.
  • EQUIS II Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 450 km (270 mi).

2004 August 7 - . 09:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Improved Orion.
  • EQUIS II Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

2004 August 7 - . 09:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Improved Orion.
  • EQUIS II Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

2004 August 9 - . 08:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima L. Launch Pad: K. LV Family: S-310. Launch Vehicle: S-310.
  • Solar Sails Technology mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 170 km (100 mi).

2004 August 11 - . Launch Complex: Damghan. LV Family: Nodong 1. Launch Vehicle: Ghadr 1.
  • Nation: Iran. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi). Missile demonstration flight. Stretched Shahab-3 launched into Dasht-E-Kavir desert..

2004 August 11 - . 05:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U-PVB.
  • Progress M-50 - . Payload: Progress M s/n 250. Mass: 7,250 kg (15,980 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RAKA. Manufacturer: Korolev bureau. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned logistics spacecraft. Flight: Soyuz TMA-4. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Progress M. Duration: 133.73 days. Decay Date: 2004-12-23 . USAF Sat Cat: 28399 . COSPAR: 2004-032A. Apogee: 365 km (226 mi). Perigee: 358 km (222 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 91.80 min. Delayed from July 22 and 28. Docked with the International Space Station at 05:01 GMT on August 14. Undocked from the Zvezda module of the ISS on December 22 at 19:34 GMT and was deorbited over the Pacific at 22:32 GMT..

2004 August 11 - . 10:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU 15A35.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

2004 August 13 - .
  • International Space Station Status Report #04-46 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Fincke, Padalka. Program: ISS. Flight: Soyuz TMA-4. The Expedition 9 crew aboard the International Space Station prepared this week to receive another shipment of supplies. The crew also worked on several science experiments and routine maintenance of Station systems.. Additional Details: here....

2004 August 14 - .
  • International Space Station Status Report #04-47 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Chiao, Fincke, Padalka, Sharipov. Program: ISS. Flight: Soyuz TMA-4, Soyuz TMA-5. An unpiloted Russian cargo ship linked up the International Space Station this morning to deliver almost three tons of food, fuel, oxygen, water and supplies to the residents onboard.. Additional Details: here....

2004 August 15 - . 08:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. LV Family: Malemute. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Malemute.
  • EQUIS II Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 450 km (270 mi).

2004 August 15 - . 08:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Improved Orion.
  • EQUIS II Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

2004 August 15 - . 08:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Improved Orion. FAILURE: Failure.
  • EQUIS II Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

2004 August 20 - .
  • International Space Station Status Report #04-48 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Fincke, Padalka. Program: ISS. Flight: Soyuz TMA-4. The International Space Station crew focused this week on unloading 2½ tons of new equipment and supplies from a cargo craft that arrived Saturday.. Additional Details: here....

2004 August 23 - .
  • Cassini, Periapsis Raise Maneuver (OTM-2), Successful - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft Bus: Cassini. Spacecraft: Cassini.

2004 August 24 - .
2004 August 26 - . Launch Site: San Nicolas. LV Family: Arrow. Launch Vehicle: Arrow 2.
  • USFT-2 ATBM test - . Nation: USA. Agency: MDA. Apogee: 40 km (24 mi).

2004 August 27 - . 22:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Improved Orion.
  • EQUIS II Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

2004 August 29 - . 07:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Balasore. Launch Complex: Balasore IC4. LV Family: ASLV. Launch Vehicle: Agni 2.
  • Operational test - . Nation: India. Agency: IDRDL. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

2004 August 29 - . 07:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Jiuquan. Launch Complex: Jiuquan SLS. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 2C.
  • FSW-3 No. 2 - . Payload: FSW-19. Mass: 3,100 kg (6,800 lb). Nation: China. Agency: SISE. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: FSW. Spacecraft: FSW. Duration: 26.67 days. Decay Date: 2004-11-07 . USAF Sat Cat: 28402 . COSPAR: 2004-033A. Apogee: 547 km (339 mi). Perigee: 168 km (104 mi). Inclination: 63.0000 deg. Period: 91.70 min.

    Recoverable satellite officially stated to be conducting space scientific research, land surveying, mapping and other scientific experiments. Said to have improved experimental technology, with higher orientation precision and more complex on-board computers and software. Controlled from the Xian Satellite Monitoring and Control Centre. Successfully re-entered and recovered after 27 days in space at 23:55 GMT on 24 September.


2004 August 30 - .
  • Death of Fred L Whipple - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Whipple. American astronomer, popular writer on planetary exploration in the 1950's, who helped to fire the public's imagination and enthusiasm for space exploration..

2004 August 31 - . 23:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC36A. Launch Pad: SLC36A. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas IIAS.
  • USA 179 - . Payload: Nemesis / NROL-1). Mass: 3,600 kg (7,900 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Quasar. Spacecraft: Quasar. USAF Sat Cat: 28384 . COSPAR: 2004-034A. Apogee: 35,800 km (22,200 mi). Perigee: 35,800 km (22,200 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,440.00 min.

    63rd and last flight of Atlas IIAS. 576th and final launch of Rocketdyne-powered Atlas rockets. Final launch from LC36A after 42 years of use. Launch delayed from June 24 and 25, July 1 and 27, August 27, 28, 29 and 30. The payload was probably a communications satellite used to relay data from imaging spy satellites.


2004 September 1 - . 14:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC47. LV Family: Super Loki. Launch Vehicle: Shadow 1.
  • Shadow 1B Education mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: FLASPACE. Apogee: 110 km (60 mi).

2004 September 3 - . 16:43 GMT - .
  • EVA ISS EO-9-4 - . Crew: Fincke, Padalka. EVA Duration: 0.24 days. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Fincke, Padalka. Program: ISS. Flight: Soyuz TMA-4.

    The hatch was opened at 16:43 GMT. The astronauts used the Russian Orlan suits M-25 and M-26, requiring them to exit from the Pirs module airlock. The 70 kg PIG container on the Zarya module with the RRZh1 flow regulator valve panel was removed and jettisoned Three antennae were installed on the Zvezda module for future rendezvous and docking operations with the European ATV logistics spacecraft.


2004 September 3 - . 20:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C.
  • EQUIS II Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 340 km (210 mi).

2004 September 6 - . Launch Site: Palmachim. LV Family: Jericho. Launch Vehicle: Shaviyt 1. FAILURE: Third stage orientation failure at 270 seconds into the flight. Failed Stage: 3.
  • Ofeq-6 - . Mass: 300 kg (660 lb). Nation: Israel. Agency: Tsahal. Manufacturer: IAI. Program: Ofeq. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Ofeq. Spacecraft: Ofeq 5. Military observation satellite failed to reach orbit. Finanical loss estimated by Israeli press as $ 100 million..

2004 September 7 - . 11:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • EQUIS II Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

2004 September 7 - . 23:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Improved Orion.
  • EQUIS II Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

2004 September 8 - .
  • Genesis, Return To Earth - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft Bus: Genesis. Spacecraft: Genesis.

2004 September 8 - . 04:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: K-84. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Shtil'.
  • Operational test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

2004 September 8 - . 23:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Taiyuan. Launch Complex: Taiyuan LC1. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 4B.
  • SJ-6-01A SJ-6A - . Payload: Shi Jian 6B. Mass: 800 kg (1,760 lb). Nation: China. Agency: SISE. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: SJ-6. Spacecraft: SJ-6. USAF Sat Cat: 28413 . COSPAR: 2004-035A. Apogee: 593 km (368 mi). Perigee: 578 km (359 mi). Inclination: 97.7000 deg. Period: 96.40 min.

    It was announced that the two satellites had a design life of at least two years, and would be used to probe the space environment, radiation and its effects, record space physical environment parameters, and conduct other related space experiments. The two satellites were built by the Shanghai Academy of Space Flight Technology and Dongfanghong Satellite Company under subcontract to the China Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation. The scientific instruments aboard the satellites were mainly manufactured by the China Electronics Technology Corporation. Some Western observors believed the mission of the satellites included electronic intelligence technology tests.

  • SJ-6-01B SJ-6B - . Payload: Shi Jian 6B. Mass: 800 kg (1,760 lb). Nation: China. Agency: SISE. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: CAST2000. Spacecraft: CAST2000. USAF Sat Cat: 28414 . COSPAR: 2004-035B. Apogee: 602 km (374 mi). Perigee: 593 km (368 mi). Inclination: 97.7000 deg. Period: 96.60 min. CAST968 platform. Released one minute after SJ-6A..

2004 September 10 - .
  • International Space Station Status Report #04-51 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Fincke, Padalka. Program: ISS. Flight: Soyuz TMA-4. The oxygen-producing Elektron in of the International Space Station was restarted today after a troubleshooting procedure by Expedition 9 Commander Gennady Padalka, but shut down again after operating for just over an hour.. Additional Details: here....

2004 September 15 - . 08:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF04. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3.
  • FDEP GT186GM - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSPC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi). ICBM test, delayed from February..

2004 September 17 - . 08:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Improved Orion.
  • EQUIS II Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

2004 September 17 - . 09:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C.
  • EQUIS II Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 340 km (210 mi).

2004 September 17 - . 09:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • EQUIS II Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

2004 September 20 - .
  • Death of Valeri Mikhailovich Beloborodov at Zvyozdny Gorodok, Russia. Heart attack. - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Beloborodov. Russian pilot cosmonaut, 1967-1969..

2004 September 20 - . 10:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Sriharikota. Launch Complex: Sriharikota PSLV. LV Family: PSLV. Launch Vehicle: GSLV.
  • GSAT-3 / Edusat - . Payload: GramSat. Mass: 1,950 kg (4,290 lb). Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Program: Insat. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: I-2K. Spacecraft: I-2K. USAF Sat Cat: 28417 . COSPAR: 2004-036A. Apogee: 35,801 km (22,245 mi). Perigee: 35,772 km (22,227 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min.

    Gsat-3 / Edusat was the first Indian satellite built exclusively for the educational sector. It was mainly intended to meet the demand for an interactive satellite based distance education system for India. Edusat was launched into a geosynchronous transfer orbit by its launch vehicle. Edusat was to reach geostationary orbit by firing, in stages, its on board Liquid Apogee Motor (LAM). In geostationary orbit the satellite was to be co-located with Kalpana-1 and Insat-3C satellites at 74 deg East longitude.

    Compared to earlier satellites in the Insat series, Edusat used several new technologies. The spacecraft was built around the I-2K standardised spacecraft bus. It had a multiple spot beam antenna with a 1.2 m reflector to direct Ku band spot beams, a dual core bent heat pipe for thermal control, high efficiency multi-junction solar cells and an improved thruster configuration for optimised propellant use for orbit and orientation maintenance. The satellite used radiatively cooled Ku-band Travelling Wave Tube Amplifiers and a dielectrically loaded C-band demultiplexer for its communication payloads. Edusat carried five Ku-band transponders providing spot beams, one Ku-band transponder providing a national beam and six Extended C-band transponders with a national coverage beam. It was to join the Insat system that already provided more than 130 transponders in C-band, Extended C-band and Ku-band for a variety of telecommunication and television services.

    First operational flight of launch vehicle. Launch delayed from July, August and September 10. Dry mass 820 kg. As of 2007 Mar 9 located at 73.92E drifting at 0.006W degrees per day.


2004 September 20 - . 23:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Improved Orion.
  • EQUIS II Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

2004 September 21 - .
  • Death of Johann G Tschinkel - . Nation: Austria, Germany. Related Persons: Tschinkel. German-Austrian rocket technician, arrived in the United States under Project Paperclip on 1945.11.16 aboard the Argentina from La Havre. Fluent in English prior to arrival in the United States. Died in Tallahassee, Florida..

2004 September 23 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: TK-208. LV Family: Topol. Launch Vehicle: Bulava.
  • Bulava cold-launch test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1.00 km (0.60 mi). Test of naval version of Topol M ICBM. A mass replica of a the new Bulava SLBM reached under 100 m altitude after being launched from the submerged SSBN Dmitry Donskoi..

2004 September 23 - . 15:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 2408 - . Mass: 225 kg (496 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: KVR. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 28419 . COSPAR: 2004-037A. Apogee: 1,495 km (928 mi). Perigee: 1,472 km (914 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 115.60 min. Launch to replenish Strela-3 military store-dump communications satellite constellation..
  • Cosmos 2409 - . Mass: 225 kg (496 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: KVR. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 28420 . COSPAR: 2004-037B. Apogee: 1,494 km (928 mi). Perigee: 1,475 km (916 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 115.60 min.

2004 September 24 - . 16:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC16/2. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U-PVB.
  • Cosmos 2410 - . Mass: 6,700 kg (14,700 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: KVR. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Yantar. Spacecraft: Yantar-4K1. Duration: 107.00 days. Decay Date: 2005-01-09 . USAF Sat Cat: 28396 . COSPAR: 2004-038A. Apogee: 348 km (216 mi). Perigee: 208 km (129 mi). Inclination: 67.1000 deg. Period: 90.10 min.

    Film-return reconnaisance satellite. Maneuvered on October 1 to a 213 x 330 km orbit. Believed to be an improved Yantar-4K1 with a longer lifetime - and given the code name 'Kobalt' previously applied to the defunct Yantar-4K2 system. When re-entry was commanded after only 107 days in orbit, there was speculation that problems had arisen with the satellite. Sources claimed the satellite had some kind of control problem, which was brought under control, and the two smaller film return capsules were successfully returned. But when the control problem reoccurred, it was decided to bring the main re-entry capsule down early. At retrofire, two objects were tracked as having separated from the spacecraft. Russian search teams were unable to locate the capsule after re-entry. Further launches of the satellite were put on hold until a State Commission could determine the causes of the failure.


2004 September 27 - . 08:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Jiuquan. Launch Complex: Jiuquan SLS. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 2D.
  • FSW-3 No. 3 - . Payload: FSW 20. Mass: 3,100 kg (6,800 lb). Nation: China. Agency: SISE. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: FSW. Spacecraft: FSW. Duration: 17.78 days. Decay Date: 2004-11-09 . USAF Sat Cat: 28424 . COSPAR: 2004-039A. Apogee: 297 km (184 mi). Perigee: 205 km (127 mi). Inclination: 63.0000 deg. Recoverable military satellite. Returned to Earth at 02:48 GMT on October 15, falling through the roof of a house in the village of Penglai, Sichuan province..

2004 September 29 - . Launch Site: Wake Island. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: SR19/SR19.
  • CMP-4A Target mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: MDA, USA SMDC. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

2004 September 29 - . 15:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Mojave. Launch Complex: Mojave RW12/30. Launch Platform: WK1. LV Family: SpaceShip. Launch Vehicle: Spaceship One.
  • SpaceShipOne Flight 16P - X-Prize Flight 1 - . Nation: USA. Agency: Scaled. Apogee: 103 km (64 mi).

    SpaceShipOne coasted to 103 km altitude and successfully completed the first of two X-Prize flights. The motor was shut down when the pilot noted that his altitude predictor exceeded the required 100 km mark. The motor burn lasted 77 seconds, 1 second longer than on the June 21st flight. Melvill was prepared to burn the motor up to 89 seconds, which indicates significant additional performance remains in SS1. During the motor burn the spacecraft began to roll uncontrollably, but Melvill pressed on despite advice from the ground to shut the motor down and abort the attempt.


2004 September 29 - . 21:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Pameungpeuk. LV Family: RX sounding rocket series. Launch Vehicle: RX-250-LPN.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Indonesia. Agency: LAPAN. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

2004 September 30 - . 02:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Pameungpeuk. LV Family: RX sounding rocket series. Launch Vehicle: RX-250-LPN.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Indonesia. Agency: LAPAN. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

2004 October 1 - .
2004 October 4 - .
  • Death of Leroy Gordon Jr 'Gordo' Cooper at Ventura, California. Natural causes. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Cooper. American test pilot astronaut. Flew on Mercury MA-9, Gemini 5. First American to spend over a day in space. High spirited, and reportedly denied an Apollo assignment..

2004 October 4 - . 14:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Mojave. Launch Complex: Mojave RW12/30. Launch Platform: WK1. LV Family: SpaceShip. Launch Vehicle: Spaceship One.
  • SpaceShipOne Flight 17P - X-Prize Flight 2 - . Nation: USA. Agency: Scaled. Apogee: 112 km (69 mi).

    Objectives of the flight were to win the Ansari X-Prize and break the rocketplane altitude record set by the X-15 in 1963. The Tier One (White Knight/SpaceShipOne) composite aircraft took off at 06:49 PST. Drop of the rockeplane was made exactly one hour later at 14.4 km altitude. Pilot Brian Binnie fired the hybrid rocket motor, which burned for 83 seconds. The engine cut off with SpaceShipOne at Mach 3.09 (3524 kph) at 65 km altitude. From there it coasted to 112 km altitude. Binnie experienced weightlessness for 3.5 minutes before re-entry began. The spacecraft reached Mach 3.25 during re-entry and a peak deceleration of 5.4 G's at 32 km altitude. Binnie reconfigured the vehicle to a glider at 15.5 km and then made an 18 minute glide to a landing at Mojave airport. SpaceShipOne thereby won the $10 million X-Prize. No anomalies were noted on the flight and SpaceShipOne returned with no maintenance squawks.


2004 October 6 - . Launch Site: Wake Island. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: SR19/SR19.
  • CMP-4B Target mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: MDA, USA SMDC. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

2004 October 6 - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: RH. Launch Vehicle: RH-200.
  • Middle Atmosphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 74 km (45 mi).

2004 October 8 - .
  • International Space Station Status Report #04-55 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Chiao, Fincke, Padalka, Shargin, Sharipov. Program: ISS. Flight: Soyuz TMA-4, Soyuz TMA-5, Soyuz TMA-5 ISS EP-7.

    As the end of its mission approaches, the Expedition 9 crew aboard the International Space Station prepared for the trip home by wrapping up science experiments and continuing maintenance operations of the vehicle. After spending six months onboard, the crew will greet its first visitors one week from today. Additional Details: here....


2004 October 9 - .
  • Death of Maxime A Faget - . Nation: Belize, USA. Related Persons: Faget. American Chief Designer of American manned spacecraft. Designed Mercury, Apollo, and Shuttle spacecraft..

2004 October 12 - . Launch Site: Tilla. LV Family: Nodong 1. Launch Vehicle: Ghauri.
  • Ghauri test - . Nation: Pakistan. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

2004 October 13 - .
2004 October 14 - . 03:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-FG.
  • Soyuz TMA-5 - . Call Sign: Tien Shan. Crew: Chiao, Shargin, Sharipov. Return Crew: Chiao, Sharipov, Vittori. Payload: Soyuz TMA s/n 215. Mass: 7,250 kg (15,980 lb). Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Chiao, Shargin, Sharipov, Vittori. Agency: RKA. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Soyuz TMA-5. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Soyuz TMA. Duration: 192.79 days. Decay Date: 2005-04-25 . USAF Sat Cat: 28444 . COSPAR: 2004-040A. Apogee: 359 km (223 mi). Perigee: 353 km (219 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 91.70 min.

    Soyuz TMA-5 docked with the Pirs module on October 16 at 0416 GMT. Aboard the spacecraft were the EO-10 crew of Sharipov and Chiao, and guest cosmonaut Shargin. After a week at the station, the EO-9 crew of Padalka and Fincke, together with Shargin, entered Soyuz TMA-4 at 18:14 GMT on October 23 and returned to earth. Chiao and Sharipov continued as the ISS skeleton station crew.


2004 October 14 - . 21:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC200/39. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-M/Briz-M.
  • AMC- 15 - . Payload: A2100AXS. Mass: 4,021 kg (8,864 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: SES Americom. Manufacturer: Lockheed. Program: Americom. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: AS 2100. Spacecraft: AS 2100. USAF Sat Cat: 28446 . COSPAR: 2004-041A. Apogee: 35,790 km (22,230 mi). Perigee: 35,782 km (22,233 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min.

    Communications satellite for SES Americom, equipped with Ku-band and Ka-band transponders. The Briz-M upper stage made three burns, then released the satellite on October 15 at 03:58 GMT into a 7132 x 35780 km x 18.6 deg orbit. AMC-15's on-board engine would be used to maneuver the spacecraft into its final geostationary orbit. As of 2007 Mar 11 located at 105.02W drifting at 0.003W degrees per day.


2004 October 15 - . 17:28 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant IX.
  • LASP / CU-10 (SEE) Solar extreme ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

2004 October 16 - .
2004 October 18 - .
2004 October 19 - .
  • Death of Paul H Nitze - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Nitze. American manager, director of the U.S. Strategic Bombing Survey, 1944-1946, senior defense department positions 1961-1969..

2004 October 19 - . 01:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Xichang. Launch Complex: Xichang LC2. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 3A.
  • FY-2C - . Mass: 1,380 kg (3,040 lb). Nation: China. Agency: SISE. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft Bus: FY-2. Spacecraft: FY-2. USAF Sat Cat: 28451 . COSPAR: 2004-042A. Apogee: 35,791 km (22,239 mi). Perigee: 35,786 km (22,236 mi). Inclination: 0.7000 deg. Period: 1,436.20 min.

    Third Fengyun-2 weather satellite. The apogee motor placed the satellite into a drifting geostationary orbit. As of the date of the launch, four FY-2 satellites had been launched. FY-2 01 was destroyed in a ground fire 1994. FY-2 02 / FY-2A was placed in reserve in May 2000 86 deg E; and FY-2 03 / FY-2B was operational at 123 deg E. As of 2007 Mar 11 located at 104.44E drifting at 0.026W degrees per day.


2004 October 20 - . Launch Complex: Damghan. LV Family: Nodong 1. Launch Vehicle: Ghadr 1.
  • Nation: Iran. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi). Missile demonstration flight. Stretched Shahab-3 launched into Dasht-E-Kavir desert..

2004 October 23 - . 16:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: VSB-30.
  • Cajuana test - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: AEB. Apogee: 240 km (140 mi).

    Unguided test launch. During the 45 seconds total burn time of both motors the vehicle was accelerated to a final velocity of 1676 m/s. The payload segment with an approximate weight of 400 kg was carried to an apogee height of almost 240 km, which was reached 252 seconds after lift-off. At T+650 seconds the payload landed 190 km northeast of the launch site in the ocean, only 700 meters from the nominal impact point.


2004 October 24 - .
  • Landing of Soyuz TMA-4 - . Return Crew: Fincke, Padalka, Shargin. Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Fincke, Padalka, Shargin. Program: ISS. Flight: Soyuz TMA-4, Soyuz TMA-5, Soyuz TMA-5 ISS EP-7.

    At 1814 GMT on October 23 Padalka, Fincke and guest cosmonaut Shargin (delivered for a one week mission aboard Soyuz TMA-5), entered Soyuz TMA-4 and closed the hatches leaving Chiao and Sharipov as the EO-10 station crew. Soyuz TMA-4 undocked at 21:08 GMT and made a small separation burn at 21:11 GMT. At 23:42 GMT the deorbit burn lowered the orbit from 353 x 366 km to -23 x 355 km. The descent module separated at 00:08 GMT on October 24, with a landing at 50.47 deg N / 67.12 deg E near Arkalyk at 00:36 GMT.


2004 October 26 - .
  • Cassini, first Targeted Titan Flyby, Successful - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft Bus: Cassini. Spacecraft: Cassini.

2004 October 28 - . 19:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion.
  • REXUS-2/ECOMA Education/Meteor mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: DLR, SSC. Apogee: 91 km (56 mi).

    The REXUS program was a joint project between the Swedish Space Corporation SSC, ESRANGE, and the Mobile Rocket Base (Moraba) of the German Aerospace Center DLR, conducted by newly founded EUROLAUNCH. The scientific payload capacity was shared between Swedish and German student experimenters. REXUS was considered as an annual sounding rocket program.


2004 October 29 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC200/39. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K/DM-2M.
  • Ekspress AM-1 - . Mass: 2,542 kg (5,604 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: ILS. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-4. Spacecraft: Gals. USAF Sat Cat: 28463 . COSPAR: 2004-043A. Apogee: 35,792 km (22,240 mi). Perigee: 35,783 km (22,234 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min.

    Russian Satellite Communications Company spacecraft, to be stationed at 40 deg E, providing 28 C, Ku, and L band transponders for a wide range of communications and data services. The Ekspress-AM uses an improved Ekspress-M or 727M bus, first used on the Sesat satellite, while the earlier models used the KAUR-4 MSO-2500 bus. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 39.98E drifting at 0.006W degrees per day.


2004 November 1 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg WTR. Launch Platform: SSBN 733. LV Family: Trident. Launch Vehicle: Trident D-5.
  • 107ss - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

2004 November 2 - . 09:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Okhotsk. Launch Platform: K-433. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Volna.
  • RSM-54 test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

2004 November 2 - . 09:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: Topol. Launch Vehicle: Topol'.
  • Topol ICBM Test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

2004 November 6 - . 03:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Taiyuan. Launch Complex: Taiyuan LC1. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 4B.
  • ZY-2C - . Mass: 2,600 kg (5,700 lb). Nation: China. Agency: SISE. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Jianbing. Spacecraft: JB-3. USAF Sat Cat: 28470 . COSPAR: 2004-044A. Apogee: 504 km (313 mi). Perigee: 479 km (297 mi). Inclination: 97.3000 deg. Period: 94.40 min. Zi Yuan 2-3 was a low earth orbit digital imaging spacecraft used by the Chinese government, probably for both civilian and military reconnaissance purposes..

2004 November 6 - . 05:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17B. Launch Pad: SLC17B. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Delta 7925-9.5.
  • USA 180 - . Payload: GPS 2R-13 / Navstar 61. Mass: 2,032 kg (4,479 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Manufacturer: Lockheed. Program: Navstar. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: AS 4000. Spacecraft: GPS Block 2R. USAF Sat Cat: 28474 . COSPAR: 2004-045A. Apogee: 20,413 km (12,684 mi). Perigee: 19,810 km (12,300 mi). Inclination: 54.9000 deg. Period: 715.10 min. Launch delayed from September 22, October 8, 25 and 30, November 5. Fired its apogee motor at around 02:40 GMT on November 9 to transfer from its initial 159 x 20380 km x 39.1 deg transfer orbit to its operational orbit in the GPS constellation..

2004 November 7 - . 06:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Balasore. Launch Platform: INS-P51. LV Family: Prithvi. Launch Vehicle: Dhanush.
  • Ship test - . Nation: India. Agency: IDRDL. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

2004 November 8 - . 18:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/4. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-2-1A.
  • Soyuz 2 flight test. - . Nation: Russia. Agency: KVR.

    First flight test of a modernized version of the Soyuz ST equipped with a digital control system. Suborbital launch; carried an obsolete Zenit-8 reconnaisance satellite as a mass model and impacted in the Pacific Ocean. Launch delayed from October 15 and 29, November 6.


2004 November 11 - . Launch Site: Fort Greely. Launch Complex: Fort Greely. LV Family: Pegasus. Launch Vehicle: GBI.
  • GBI Deployment at Fort Greely - . Nation: USA. Agency: MDA. Manufacturer: OSC. The sixth ballistic missile interceptor was installed in its silo at Fort Greely, Alaska, two months behind the mid-year schedule. An additional eight to ten were to be emplaced in 2005, for a total of 14-16..

2004 November 12 - .
  • International Space Station Status Report #04-61 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Chiao, Sharipov. Program: ISS. Flight: Soyuz TMA-5. Expedition 10 Commander Leroy Chiao this week extended his reach beyond the confines of the pressurized compartments of the International Space Station as he and Flight Engineer Salizhan Sharipov near the one month mark in space since launch Oct. 14.. Additional Details: here....

2004 November 15 - .
  • SMART-1, Moon Orbit Insertion, Successful - . Nation: Europe. Spacecraft Bus: SMART-1. Spacecraft: SMART-1.

2004 November 16 - . 22:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Point Arguello. Launch Complex: Point Arguello WADZ. Launch Pad: Aircraft from Edwards.. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: Pegasus. Launch Vehicle: Hyper X.
  • X-43A test - . Nation: USA. Agency: OSC. Apogee: 33 km (20 mi).

    Delayed from September, November 9 and 15. Final test of NASA's X-43A-3 Hyper X hypersonic scramjet demonstrated air-frame integrated scramjet performance at speeds approaching Mach 10. Changes to the launch vehicle compared to Flight 2 included high-temperature thermal protection system tiles on the wing and fin leading edge, elimination of all ballast, a full propellant load on the ATK Orion 50S booster, lightweight aluminum structures, and updated control laws and aerodynamics. Air dropped in Point Arguello WADZ.


2004 November 18 - . 10:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Xichang. Launch Complex: Xichang LC1. Launch Pad: LC1?. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 2C.
  • Shiyan Weixing 2 - . Payload: TANSUO 2, CAST1000C. Mass: 200 kg (440 lb). Nation: China. Agency: SISE. Manufacturer: DFH. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft Bus: CAST1000. Spacecraft: CAST1000. USAF Sat Cat: 28479 . COSPAR: 2004-046A. Apogee: 711 km (441 mi). Perigee: 694 km (431 mi). Inclination: 98.2000 deg. Period: 98.80 min. Remote Sensing Technology..

2004 November 19 - .
  • International Space Station Status Report #04-62 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Chiao, Sharipov. Program: ISS. Flight: Soyuz TMA-5. The Expedition 10 crew eased into the second month of its six-month stay onboard the International Space Station by working on science experiments and preparing for the arrival of a new cargo ship.. Additional Details: here....

2004 November 20 - .
  • Cassini, Post Titan A Apoapsis Maneuver (OTM-6), Successful - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft Bus: Cassini. Spacecraft: Cassini.

2004 November 20 - . 17:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. Launch Pad: SLC17A. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Delta 7320-10C.
  • Swift - . Payload: SA-200LL. Mass: 1,331 kg (2,934 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Manufacturer: Gilbert. Class: Astronomy. Type: Gamma ray astronomy satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Swift. Spacecraft: Swift. USAF Sat Cat: 28485 . COSPAR: 2004-047A. Apogee: 604 km (375 mi). Perigee: 584 km (362 mi). Inclination: 20.6000 deg. Period: 96.60 min. NASA Medium-class Explorer satellite dedicated to study of gamma ray bursts, the third after the IMAGE and WMAP satellites. Delayed from December 5 and 29, 2003, January 14, April 29, July 15, September 1, October 7 and 26, November 8, 11, 17, 18 and 19..

2004 November 22 - . 08:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Castor 4A. Launch Vehicle: Maxus.
  • Microgravity mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESA, SSC. Apogee: 706 km (438 mi).

2004 November 23 - .
  • Cassini, Huygens Probe Checkout, Successful - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft Bus: Cassini. Spacecraft: Cassini.

2004 November 24 - . 03:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Orion. FAILURE: Failure.
2004 November 25 - .
  • Death of Nikolai Tikhonovich Moskalenko at Lipetsk, Russia - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Moskalenko. Russian pilot cosmonaut, 1976-1986..

2004 November 26 - .
  • International Space Station Status Report #04-63 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Chiao, Sharipov. Program: ISS. Flight: Soyuz TMA-5. Just like many Earth-bound travelers, the International Space Station crew observed Thanksgiving this week and prepared for a short trip planned for Monday.. Additional Details: here....

2004 November 29 - .
  • Soyuz TMA-5 moved - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Chiao, Sharipov. Program: ISS. Flight: Soyuz TMA-5.

    The EO-10 crew entered Soyuz TMA-5, undocked it from the Pirs module of the International Space Station at 09:32 GMT and redocked it at the nearby Zarya module at 09:53 GMT. This cleared the Pirs docking port for the expected arrival of a Progress unmanned logistics spacecraft.


2004 November 29 - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: DF-11. Launch Vehicle: Ghaznavi.
2004 December 2 - . 10:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7.
  • TEXUS 41 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 227 km (141 mi).

2004 December 3 - .
  • International Space Station Status Report #04-65 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Chiao, Sharipov. Program: ISS. Flight: Soyuz TMA-5. The International Space Station's Expedition 10 crewmembers completed the first 50 days of their six-month mission this week, highlighted by a short flight in their Soyuz spacecraft.. Additional Details: here....

2004 December 8 - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: DF-15. Launch Vehicle: Shaheen 1.
2004 December 10 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg. LV Family: Pegasus. Launch Vehicle: GBI.
  • GBI Deployment at Vandenberg - . Nation: USA. Agency: MDA. Manufacturer: OSC. The first of two operational anti-ballistic missiles to be deployed during 2005 at Vandenberg AFB was lowered into its underground silo. This marked the first installation in the continental United States..

2004 December 11 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Complex: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: TK-208. LV Family: Topol. Launch Vehicle: Bulava.
  • Bulava cold-launch test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1.00 km (0.60 mi). A mass replica of a the new Bulava SLBM was ejected from its launch tube from the surfaced SSBN Dmitry Donskoi..

2004 December 13 - .
  • Cassini, second Titan Flyby, Successful - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft Bus: Cassini. Spacecraft: Cassini.

2004 December 14 - . Launch Site: Point Mugu. LV Family: Terrier. Launch Vehicle: Coyote.
  • GQM-163A Test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1.00 km (0.60 mi).

2004 December 15 - .
  • Cassini, Dione Flyby, Successful - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft Bus: Cassini. Spacecraft: Cassini.

2004 December 15 - . 04:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Kodiak. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: STARS.
  • IFT-13c Target mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA SMDC. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Target for ballistic missile defence intercept test. Launch successful, but anti-ballistic missile that was to intercept it never left silo. Impacted in Pacific Ocean. Delayed from January, August, November, December 9 and 12.

2004 December 15 - . 06:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. Launch Complex: Kwajalein. LV Family: Pegasus. Launch Vehicle: GBI. FAILURE: Launch abort; anti-ballistic missile never left silo..
  • IFT-13C Launch Abort - . Mass: 55 kg (121 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: MDA. Manufacturer: OSC.

    Launch abort - booster shut down in silo. Missile target, launched from Alaska, impacted in Pacific Ocean. Delayed from January, August, November, December 9 and 12. The failed attempt was later said to be due to a very minor software glitch which created a gap in the flow of electronic messages between the flight computer and the interceptor's thrust vector controller. Five flight tests of the system were scheduled for 2005, including at least two attempted intercepts. The IFT-13c test was expected to be repeated as early as mid-February. IFT-14 was planned for March or April.


2004 December 17 - . 12:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC41. Launch Pad: SLC41. LV Family: Atlas V. Launch Vehicle: Atlas V 521.
  • AMC-16 (GE-16) - . Payload: A2100AXS. Mass: 4,200 kg (9,200 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: SES Americom. Manufacturer: Lockheed. Program: Americom. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: AS 2100. Spacecraft: AS 2100. USAF Sat Cat: 28472 . COSPAR: 2004-048A. Apogee: 35,791 km (22,239 mi). Perigee: 35,781 km (22,233 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min.

    AMC-16, like AMC-15, was a hybrid Ku/Ka-band satellite built by Lockheed Martin and based on the A2100 spacecraft platform. The spacecraft was to become operational in early 2005 from 85º West with a 15 year design life. The satellite carried 24 x 36 MHz/140 W Ku-band transponders and 12 x 125MHz/75 W spot beams. Coverage included the continental United States, Alaska, and Hawaii. Launch was delayed from December 6 and 16. As of 2007 Mar 9 located at 118.75W drifting at 0.002W degrees per day.


2004 December 18 - . 16:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5Gp.
  • Helios 2A - . Mass: 4,200 kg (9,200 lb). Nation: France. Agency: DGA. Manufacturer: EADS Astrium. Program: Helios. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Helios reconnsat. Spacecraft: Helios 2. USAF Sat Cat: 28492 . COSPAR: 2004-049A. Apogee: 690 km (420 mi). Perigee: 688 km (427 mi). Inclination: 98.0770 deg. Period: 98.39 min. First of two new-generation French military surveillance satellites. Last flight of Ariane 5G model. Launch delayed from December 10..
  • Parasol - . Mass: 125 kg (275 lb). Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Manufacturer: EADS Astrium. Class: Earth. Type: Atmosphere satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Myriade. Spacecraft: Myriade. USAF Sat Cat: 28498 . COSPAR: 2004-049G. Apogee: 673 km (418 mi). Perigee: 659 km (409 mi). Inclination: 98.0780 deg. Period: 97.91 min.

    Parasol carried a wide-field imaging radiometer/polarimeter called POLDER (Polarization and Directionality of the Earth’s Reflectances), designed in partnership with the LOA atmospheric optics laboratory in Lille (CNRS-USTL). POLDER was designed to improve the knowledge of the radiative and microphysical properties of clouds and aerosols by measuring the directionality and polarization of light reflected by the Earth-atmosphere system.

  • Essaim 1 - . Mass: 120 kg (260 lb). Nation: France. Agency: DGA. Manufacturer: EADS Astrium. Class: Surveillance. Type: ELINT. Spacecraft Bus: Myriade. Spacecraft: Myriade. USAF Sat Cat: 28494 . COSPAR: 2004-049C. Apogee: 673 km (418 mi). Perigee: 663 km (411 mi). Inclination: 98.0760 deg. Period: 97.96 min.

    The Essaim demonstrator was a system of several micro-satellites (Essaim means 'swarm' in French) for 'analysis of the electro-magnetic environment of the Earth's surface' (electronic intelligence). DGA, the French Ministry of Defence's procurement agency, developed the project. The system also comprised a ground control segment and a ground station for data processing. It was called a 'demonstrator' since the mission's objective was to assess the operational capability of such a system, paving the way for the next generation. The Essaim satellites were based on EADS Astrium's Myriade multipurpose micro-satellite. In early 2000, the DGA awarded the contract for the development, manufacturing of this turnkey system of micro-satellites and associated ground segment. Under the contract, EADS Astrium was also responsible for personnel training and system operations during the three-year life duration of the programme.

  • Essaim 2 - . Mass: 120 kg (260 lb). Nation: France. Agency: DGA. Manufacturer: EADS Astrium. Class: Surveillance. Type: ELINT. Spacecraft Bus: Myriade. Spacecraft: Myriade. USAF Sat Cat: 28495 . COSPAR: 2004-049D. Apogee: 664 km (412 mi). Perigee: 657 km (408 mi). Inclination: 98.1000 deg. Period: 98.00 min.
  • Essaim 3 - . Mass: 120 kg (260 lb). Nation: France. Agency: DGA. Manufacturer: EADS Astrium. Class: Surveillance. Type: ELINT. Spacecraft Bus: Myriade. Spacecraft: Myriade. USAF Sat Cat: 28496 . COSPAR: 2004-049E. Apogee: 667 km (414 mi). Perigee: 654 km (406 mi). Inclination: 98.1000 deg. Period: 98.00 min.
  • Essaim 4 - . Mass: 120 kg (260 lb). Nation: France. Agency: DGA. Manufacturer: EADS Astrium. Class: Surveillance. Type: ELINT. Spacecraft Bus: Myriade. Spacecraft: Myriade. USAF Sat Cat: 28497 . COSPAR: 2004-049F. Apogee: 670 km (410 mi). Perigee: 651 km (404 mi). Inclination: 98.1000 deg. Period: 98.00 min.
  • Nanosat 01 - . Mass: 20 kg (44 lb). Nation: Spain. Agency: Arianespace. Manufacturer: INTA. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Nanosat 01. Spacecraft: Nanosat 01. USAF Sat Cat: 28493 . COSPAR: 2004-049B. Apogee: 666 km (413 mi). Perigee: 658 km (408 mi). Inclination: 98.1000 deg. Period: 98.00 min. Experimental nanosat built by the Spanish space agency (INTA)..

2004 December 21 - . 21:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC37B. Launch Pad: SLC37B. LV Family: Delta IV. Launch Vehicle: Delta 4H.
  • USA 181 - . Payload: Demosat / HLVOLSDP. Mass: 5,993 kg (13,212 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. USAF Sat Cat: 28500 . COSPAR: 2004-050A. Apogee: 36,413 km (22,625 mi). Perigee: 19,035 km (11,827 mi). Inclination: 13.4790 deg. Period: 1,044.23 min.

    Mass model payload. First launch of a heavy EELV. The demonstration satellite was supposed to have been inserted into a sub-geosynchronous 36,350 km circular orbit but was instead deployed in a 19,035 km x 36,413 km orbit following a 5-hour and 50-minute flight. A shorter than expected first burn of the Centaur upper stage led to an orbit well below that planned. The Air Force EELV program office claimed that the primary flight objectives were accomplished. These included the heavy boost phase, flight of the new five-meter diameter Centaur upper stage and five-meter payload fairing, extended coast, upper stage third burn and payload separation, and activation and usage of Space Launch Complex 37B. Delayed from September 2003, July 3, September 10, November 18, December 10, 11 and 12.

  • 3CSat 1 Sparkie - . Payload: Nanosat 2. Mass: 15 kg (33 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Manufacturer: New Mexico. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: 3CSat. Spacecraft: 3CSat. COSPAR: 2004-050x.

    One of a pair of student-built nanosats for stero cloud imagery. The satellites did not contact the ground after separation from the booster in a lower-than-planned orbit and their fate was unclear. It was believed that they separated but re-entered rapidly from the 105 km perigee orbit.

  • 3CSat 2 Ralphie - . Payload: Nanosat 2. Mass: 15 kg (33 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Manufacturer: Colorado. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: 3CSat. Spacecraft: 3CSat. COSPAR: 2004-050x.

2004 December 22 - . 08:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Dombarovskiy. LV Family: R-36M. Launch Vehicle: R-36M2 15A18M.
  • R-36M2 ICBM demonstration flight - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

    The sixteen-year old missile was launched from an operational ICBM base and its dummy warheads impacted in the test range on the Kamchatka Peninsula after a 6,000 kilometer flight. The test was touted as a demonstration of use of the surplus ICBM's, launched directly from their silos, for launch of commerical orbital payloads, in lieu of more expensive decommissioning. Others saw it as the beginning of the development of Dombarovskiy into a new spaceport, on Russian soil, in replacement of Baikonur.


2004 December 23 - . 22:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U-PVB.
  • Progress M-51 - . Payload: Progress M s/n 251. Mass: 7,250 kg (15,980 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RAKA. Manufacturer: Korolev bureau. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned logistics spacecraft. Flight: Soyuz TMA-5. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Progress M. Duration: 76.00 days. Decay Date: 2005-03-09 . USAF Sat Cat: 28503 . COSPAR: 2004-051A. Apogee: 355 km (220 mi). Perigee: 316 km (196 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 91.20 min.

    Launch delayed from November 24, December 22 . Progress M-51 docked with the Zvezda module of the International Space Station on December 25 at 23:58 GMT, bringing critical food supplies to the EO-10 crew. Press hype during the delays prior to the launch had portrayed the situation as one where failure of the Progress to dock would have required the crew to either return to earth or starve.

    Undocked from at 16:06 GMT on February 27, 2005, in order to clear the port for Progress M-52, which would launch the next day. Progress M-51 lowered its perigee at around 18:30 GMT and remained in orbit for several days. FInally an engine firing was commanded, bringing it down in a destructive re-entry over the Pacific Ocean on March 9.


2004 December 24 - .
  • Cassini, Huygens Probe Release, Successful - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft Bus: Cassini. Spacecraft: Cassini.

2004 December 24 - . 11:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32/2. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3. FAILURE: Launch vehicle control system failure during third stage apogee kick burn..
  • Sich-1M - . Payload: Okean O1-N9. Mass: 2,263 kg (4,989 lb). Nation: Ukraine. Agency: NKAU. Manufacturer: Yuzhnoye. Program: Okean. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources radar satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Okean-O1. Spacecraft: Okean-O1. Decay Date: 2006-04-15 . USAF Sat Cat: 28505 . COSPAR: 2004-052A. Apogee: 650 km (400 mi). Perigee: 280 km (170 mi). Inclination: 82.5559 deg. Ukranian-built remote sensing satellite. Originally tagged by USAF SpaceCom as Cosmos 2412. Third stage apogee kick burn was too short, raising the perigee of the orbit from 78 km to 280 km, rather than the 650 km planned..
  • Mikron - . Payload: MK-1TS. Mass: 66 kg (145 lb). Nation: Ukraine. Agency: NKAU. Manufacturer: Yuzhnoye. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: MS-1. Spacecraft: MS-1. Decay Date: 2005-09-30 . USAF Sat Cat: 28507 . COSPAR: 2004-052C. Apogee: 650 km (400 mi). Perigee: 280 km (170 mi). Inclination: 82.5559 deg.

    The Mikron microsatellite was equipped with a small visible range video camera. The information from the satellite was to be used to provide remote sensing of topography and meteorology. However the main purpose of the experimental satellite was to test the MS-1 microsatellite bus created under the Ukrainian National Space Program. The satellites spectral range was from 0.45 to 0.90 mm; swath width was 253-391 km; resolution 124-191 m.


2004 December 25 - .
  • Huygens separates from the Cassini orbiter and heads toward Titan - . Nation: USA. The European Titan lander probe, Huygens, separated from the Cassini Saturn orbiter at 02:00 GMT. Huygens will enter the atmosphere of Titan on January 14..

2004 December 25 - .
  • Death of Gennadi Mikhailovich Strekalov at Moscow, Russia. Cancer. - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Strekalov. Russian engineer cosmonaut. Flew on Salyut 6 EO-5, Soyuz T-8, Soyuz T-10-1, Salyut 7 EP-3, Mir EO-7, Mir EO-18. Survived first manned launch pad abort. Flew in space six times. Civilian Engineer, Korolev OKB..

2004 December 26 - . 13:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC200/39. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K/DM-2.
  • Cosmos 2411 - . Payload: Glonass 796. Mass: 1,415 kg (3,119 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: KNITs. Manufacturer: Reshetnev bureau. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Glonass. Spacecraft: Glonass. USAF Sat Cat: 28508 . COSPAR: 2004-053A. Apogee: 19,149 km (11,898 mi). Perigee: 19,141 km (11,893 mi). Inclination: 64.8500 deg. Period: 676.05 min. Three Russian navigation satellites orbited in a single launch. Two of the satellites (s/n 796 and 797) were standard Uragan satellites, while s/n 712 had an uprated Glonass-M payload. This was the fifth end-of-year replenishment launch since 2000..
  • Cosmos 2412 - . Payload: Glonass 797. Mass: 1,415 kg (3,119 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: KNITs. Manufacturer: Reshetnev bureau. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Glonass. Spacecraft: Glonass. USAF Sat Cat: 28509 . COSPAR: 2004-053B. Apogee: 19,148 km (11,897 mi). Perigee: 19,143 km (11,894 mi). Inclination: 64.8500 deg. Period: 676.05 min.
  • Cosmos 2413 - . Payload: Glonass-M 712. Mass: 1,480 kg (3,260 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: KNITs. Manufacturer: Reshetnev bureau. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Glonass. Spacecraft: Glonass. USAF Sat Cat: 28510 . COSPAR: 2004-053C. Apogee: 19,148 km (11,897 mi). Perigee: 19,142 km (11,894 mi). Inclination: 64.8500 deg. Period: 676.05 min.

2004 December 30 - .
  • International Space Station Status Report #04-70 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Chiao, Sharipov. Program: ISS. Flight: Soyuz TMA-5. The Expedition 10 crew wrapped up its last week of 2004 unloading contents from the newly arrived Russian Progress cargo vehicle and making plans to ring in the new year Space Station style.. Additional Details: here....

2004 December 31 - .
  • Cassini, Iapetus Flyby, Successful - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft Bus: Cassini. Spacecraft: Cassini.


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