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DF-21
DF-21
DF-21
Chinese two-stage solid propellant intermediate range ballistic missile.

AKA: CSS-5;Dong Feng-21. Status: Active. First Launch: 1985-05-01. Last Launch: 2015-10-31. Number: 19 . Payload: 600 kg (1,320 lb). Gross mass: 14,664 kg (32,328 lb). Height: 10.43 m (34.21 ft). Diameter: 1.40 m (4.50 ft). Span: 1.40 m (4.50 ft). Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

Maximum range: 1,810 km (1,120 mi). Number Standard Warheads: 1. Warhead yield: 250 KT. Boost Propulsion: Solid rocket. Initial Operational Capability: 1988. Total Number Built: 50.



Subtopics

JL-1 Chinese submarine-launched ballistic missile based on DF-21 IRBM.

Shaheen 2 Pakistani mobile two-stage solid propellant intermediate range ballistic missile developed by Pakistan, derived from Chinese technology. First flight March 9, 2004. Range extended from 2,500 km to 3,500 km during development.

Kuaizhou China's small quick-response launch vehicle. "Kuaizhou" means "Swift Boat". The solid propellant vehicle is thought to be built by CASIC in collaboration with the Harbin Institute of Technology and may be a derivative of the DF-21 family.

Family: IRBM. Country: China. Launch Sites: Taiyuan, Xichang, Urumqi. Stages: DF-21-1, DF-21-2. Agency: Shanxi. Bibliography: 2, 8259.

1982 April 30 - . Launch Site: Yellow Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 35.0 N x 125.0 E. Launch Platform: HULU. LV Family: DF-21. Launch Vehicle: JL-1.
  • Test mission - . Nation: China. Agency: PRC. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1982 October 12 - . Launch Site: Yellow Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 35.0 N x 125.0 E. Launch Platform: GOLF-C. LV Family: DF-21. Launch Vehicle: JL-1.
  • Test mission - . Nation: China. Agency: PRC. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1985 May 1 - . Launch Site: Taiyuan. Launch Vehicle: DF-21.
  • Test mission - . Nation: China. Agency: PRC. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1985 September 28 - . Launch Site: Yellow Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 35.0 N x 125.0 E. Launch Platform: XIA. LV Family: DF-21. Launch Vehicle: JL-1. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Reported first launch of JL-1 SLBM. Partial failure? - . Nation: China. Agency: PRC. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1987 September 1 - . Launch Site: Taiyuan. Launch Vehicle: DF-21.
  • Nation: China. Agency: PRC. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1988 September 27 - . Launch Site: Yellow Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 35.0 N x 125.0 E. Launch Platform: XIA. LV Family: DF-21. Launch Vehicle: JL-1.
  • First successful JL-1 SLBM launch. - . Nation: China. Program: Long March. First successful JL-1 launch, impacting 123.53 deg N, 28.13 deg E..

1992 April 29 - . Launch Site: Taiyuan. Launch Vehicle: DF-21. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: China. Agency: PRC. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1992 May 1 - . Launch Site: Taiyuan. Launch Vehicle: DF-21. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Nation: China. Agency: PRC. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1993? - . Launch Site: Taiyuan. Launch Vehicle: DF-21. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: China. Agency: PRC. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1995 July 1 - . Launch Site: Taiyuan. Launch Vehicle: DF-21.
  • Test mission - . Nation: China. Agency: PRC. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1995 November 10 - . Launch Site: Taiyuan. Launch Vehicle: DF-21.
  • Test mission - . Nation: China. Agency: PRC. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1996 January 10 - . Launch Site: Taiyuan. Launch Vehicle: DF-21.
  • Test mission - . Nation: China. Agency: PRC. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1996 December 28 - . Launch Site: Taiyuan. Launch Vehicle: DF-21.
  • Test mission - . Nation: China. Agency: PRC. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

2002 July 1 - . Launch Site: Taiyuan. Launch Vehicle: DF-21.
  • Nation: China. Agency: PRC. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

2002 December 1 - . Launch Site: Taiyuan. Launch Vehicle: DF-21.
  • Nation: China. Agency: PRC. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

2004 Q1 - . Launch Site: Taiyuan. Launch Vehicle: DF-21.
  • Nation: China. Agency: PRC. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

2004 March 9 - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: DF-21. Launch Vehicle: Shaheen 2.
  • Shaheen 2 test - . Nation: Pakistan. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi). Some sources give missile as Shaheen 3..

2005 March 19 - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: DF-21. Launch Vehicle: Shaheen 2.
  • Shaheen 2 test - . Nation: Pakistan. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

2005 July 7 - . Launch Site: Xichang. Launch Vehicle: DF-21.
  • ASAT - . Nation: China. Agency: PRC. Apogee: 850 km (520 mi).

2006 February 6 - . Launch Site: Xichang. Launch Vehicle: DF-21.
  • ASAT - . Nation: China. Agency: PRC. Apogee: 850 km (520 mi).

2006 April 29 - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: DF-21. Launch Vehicle: Shaheen 2.
  • Nation: Pakistan. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

2007 January 11 - . 22:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Xichang. Launch Vehicle: DF-21.
  • Chinese ASAT destroys FY-1C target satellite. - . Nation: China. Agency: PRC. Apogee: 850 km (520 mi).

    The FY-1C satellite, launched on 10 May 1999, was presumably well past the end of its operational life. It was destroyed in a test of a Chinese ASAT weapon at an altitude of 850 km, 4 degrees west of Xichang. Launch vehicle was unknown, but a version of the DF-21 IRBM would be sufficient to reach that altitude. Reportedly the flight had been preceded by one to three earlier tests that were either failures or just aimed at a point in space. The program was apparently very secret, and the Chinese foreign ministry was caught by surprise by the test and the storm of international condemnation that followed. The FY-1C was blown into over 200 pieces of debris, adding immediately by 10% to the population of space junk that threatens lower-altitude satellites.


2007 February 23 - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: DF-21. Launch Vehicle: Shaheen 2.
  • Nation: Pakistan. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

2008 April 19 - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: DF-21. Launch Vehicle: Shaheen 2.
  • Nation: Pakistan. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

2008 April 21 - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: DF-21. Launch Vehicle: Shaheen 2.
  • Nation: Pakistan. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

2010 January 11 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Urumqi. Launch Vehicle: DF-21.
  • Interceptor - . Nation: China. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi). ABM test.

2012 March 17 - . Launch Site: Jiuquan. LV Family: DF-21. Launch Vehicle: Kuaizhou.
  • Test payload? - . Nation: China. Agency: PLA2AC. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi). Maybe orbital attempt.

2013 January 27 - . 12:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Urumqi. Launch Vehicle: DF-21.
  • Interceptor - . Nation: China. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi). ABM Test, repeat of January 2010 test..

2013 September 25 - . 04:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Jiuquan. LV Family: DF-21. Launch Vehicle: Kuaizhou.
  • Kuaizhou-1 - . Payload: KZ-1. Nation: China. Class: Surveillance. Type: Surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Kuaizhou satellite. Decay Date: 2015-09-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 39262 . COSPAR: 2013-053A. Apogee: 301 km (187 mi). Perigee: 279 km (173 mi). Inclination: 96.5900 deg. Period: 90.31 min.

    First launch of China's Kuaizhou small quick-response launch vehicle. "Kuaizhou" means "Swift Boat". The solid propellant vehicle is thought to be built by CASIC in collaboration with the Harbin Institute of Technology and may be a derivative of the DF-21 family, like the failed KT-1 launch vehicle of 2002-2003. Development of the rocket began in 2010. The satellite's initial orbit was 275 x 293 km x 96.7 deg, raised on 27 September to 299 x 306 km. The satellite payload is operated by the State Remote Sensing Center. The satellite maneuvered following launch: its initial 275 x 293 km orbit, was raised on September 27 to 299 x 306 km. The orbit decayed to 279 x 288 km and then was raised on October 17 to 288 x 321 km; after a further decay another reboost on November 1 restored the orbit to 290 x 317 km. The third reboost on November 19 raised the orbit from 267 x 294 km to 287 x 322 km.


2014 July 23 - . Launch Site: Urumqi. Launch Vehicle: DF-21.
  • Nation: China. Agency: PLA2AC. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

2014 November 13 - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: DF-21. Launch Vehicle: Shaheen 2.
  • RV - . Nation: Pakistan. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi). Test flight..

2014 November 21 - . 06:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Jiuquan. LV Family: DF-21. Launch Vehicle: Kuaizhou.
  • Kuaizhou-2 - . Nation: China. Class: Surveillance. Type: Surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Kuaizhou satellite. Decay Date: 2016-10-09 . USAF Sat Cat: 40311 . COSPAR: 2014-073A. Apogee: 318 km (197 mi). Perigee: 283 km (175 mi). Inclination: 96.5000 deg. Period: 90.53 min.

    Second launch of the Chinese 2nd Artillery's operationally responsive Kuaizhou (Swift Boat) launch vehicle with a military payload. Kuaizhou 1 was launched to a similar sun synchronous orbit with 11:00 local time of the descending node in September 2013; after regular maintenance burns for a year, during October 2014 Kuaizhou 1's orbit was raised to 365 x 390 km. Kuaizhou-2 was in a sun synchronous orbit; 1300 GMT local time of the descending node.


2015 October 31 - . 23:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Urumqi. Launch Vehicle: DF-21.
  • Interceptor - . Nation: China. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi). Interceptor mission..

2017 January 9 - . 04:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Jiuquan. LV Family: DF-21. Launch Vehicle: Kuaizhou.
  • Linye 1 (Jilin-1S3) - . Payload: Jilin-1-03. Nation: China. Class: Surveillance. Type: Surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 41914 . COSPAR: 2017-002B. Apogee: 545 km (338 mi). Perigee: 513 km (318 mi). Inclination: 97.5000 deg.

    Kuaizhou-1A quick-response rocket test. The earlier KZ-1 rocket was used for two low orbit imaging satellites which remained integrated with the upper stage; in the commercialized KZ-1A version the 4th stage separates from the payloads, and launch services are provided by EXPACE, the commercial arm of KZ-1A builder CASIC (which also builds the DF-21 missile that KZ-1/1A was based on). The main payload was Chang Guang Satellite Technology Ltd's "Jilin-1 linqiao shipin xing 03 xing", also called Jilin Linye 1 Weixing (Jilin Forestry 1 satellite). The 165 kg sat has a 1m resolution Earth imager. Two 2U cubesats were also carried. 1030LT SSO.

  • Caton-1 - . Nation: China. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. USAF Sat Cat: 41913 . COSPAR: 2017-002A. Apogee: 546 km (339 mi). Perigee: 530 km (320 mi). Inclination: 97.5000 deg. Caton-1 (or Kaidun-1) for Caton Technology Co. Ltd. 1030LT SSO..
  • Xingyun Shiyan 1 - . Nation: China. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 41915 . COSPAR: 2017-002C. Apogee: 541 km (336 mi). Perigee: 529 km (328 mi). Inclination: 97.5000 deg. 2U cubesat for the CASIC 9th Academy..


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