Encyclopedia Astronautica
Home - Search - Browse - Alphabetic Index: 0- 1- 2- 3- 4- 5- 6- 7- 8- 9
A- B- C- D- E- F- G- H- I- J- K- L- M- N- O- P- Q- R- S- T- U- V- W- X- Y- Z

1985 Chronology

1985 During the Year - .
  • Mir planned orbit changed to 51.6 degree inclination - . Nation: Russia. Spacecraft Bus: 37K. Spacecraft: Kvant. This change was made at least partially due to weight growth in the add-on modules, which had become too heavy for the standard Proton launch vehicle..

1985 - During the year - . LV Family: MAKS. Launch Vehicle: MAKS.
  • An-225 project started. - . Nation: Russia. Program: Buran. Spacecraft Bus: Buran. Spacecraft: Buran. System specification issued for An-225 heavy transport, which will replace 3M-T for transport of Energia core stage components and the Buran spaceplane. The aircraft will also be the launcher for the MAKS spaceplane..

1985 - . LV Family: SHARP. Launch Vehicle: SHARP.
  • SHARP (Super High Altitude Research Project) light gas gun design work begun - . Nation: USA.

    The SHARP (Super High Altitude Research Project) light gas gun was developed by John Hunter at Lawrence Livermore Laboratory in California. In 1985 Hunter was reviewing data for a 'star wars' anti-ballistic missile electromagnetic rail gun. He realised that a light gas gun would be much more efficient in launching projectiles to a good percentage of orbital speed.


1985 January - .
  • XMM approved by ESA - . Nation: Europe. Spacecraft Bus: XMM. Spacecraft: XMM. The XMM mission was the second Cornerstone mission of ESA's Long-Term Space Science programme. It was proposed by the Agency's Science Programme Committee in 1984 and was approved by the ESA Council of Ministers held in Rome..

1985 January 1 - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1985 - . Launch Site: Teikovo. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100K.
  • ICBM operational test launch from missile base silo - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1985 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-39. Launch Vehicle: RT-23U 15Zh61.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1985 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-39. Launch Vehicle: RT-23U 15Zh61.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1985 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-39. Launch Vehicle: RT-23U 15Zh61.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1985? - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. LV Family: R-11. Launch Vehicle: R-17VTO.
  • UGCh ZLKI 7 - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 86 km (53 mi).

1985 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-39. Launch Vehicle: RT-23U 15Zh61.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1985 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-39. Launch Vehicle: RT-23U 15Zh61.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1985 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: RT-2. Launch Vehicle: RT-2P.
  • RT2 PL85-01 - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1985 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: RT-2. Launch Vehicle: RT-2P.
  • RT2 PL85-02 - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1985 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-39. Launch Vehicle: RT-23U 15Zh61.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1985 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: RT-2. Launch Vehicle: RT-2P.
  • RT2 PL85-05 - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1985 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: RT-2. Launch Vehicle: RT-2P.
  • RT2 PL85-04 - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1985 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: RT-2. Launch Vehicle: RT-2P.
  • RT2 PL85-03 - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1985 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: Topol. Launch Vehicle: Topol'.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1985 January 2 - . 13:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Antigua. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 57 km (35 mi).

1985 January 3 - . 15:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC47. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 73 km (45 mi).

1985 January 6 - .
  • La Criolla Meteorite Fall (Hit House) - . Nation: Argentina.

1985 January 7 - . 19:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima M. Launch Pad: M1. LV Family: Mu. Launch Vehicle: Mu-3S-II.
  • SS-10 Sagikake - . Payload: MS T5. Mass: 141 kg (310 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Tansei. Spacecraft: Tansei. USAF Sat Cat: 15464 . COSPAR: 1985-001A.

    Sakigake ('Pioneer') was a test spacecraft similar to Suisei (Planet-A). Objectives were :verification of fundamental technology related to interplanetary missions, including deep-space communication, attitude control, attitude determination; study and observation of solar wind and plasma waves and interplanetary magnetic field. It carried three instruments to measure plasma wave spectra, solar wind ions, and interplanetary magnetic fields. The spacecraft was spin-stabilized at two different rates (5 and 0.2 rpm). It was equipped with hydrazine thrusters for attitude and velocity control, star and sun sensors for attitude determination, and a mechanically despun off-set parabolic dish for long-range communication. Launched into an initial heliocentric orbit with a period of 318.8 days, at 151.4 x 121.9 million km (0.815 x 1.012 AU), 1.439 degree inclination. Flew by Comet Halley on its sunward side at a distance of about 7 million kilometers on March 11, 1986. It later made an Earth swingby on January 8, 1992 with a closest approach of 88,997 km. This was the first planet-swingby for a Japanese spacecraft. During the approach, Sakigake observed the geotail, with passage occurring at 290 Re on 14 June 1993 before ISTP's multi-spacecraft investigation of that region. The second Earth swingby was on June 14, 1993 at 40 Re, and the third on October 28, 1994 at 86 Re. Almost no hydrazine remained so no further maneuvers were accomplished. Telemetry contact was lost on 15 November 1995 at a distance of 106 million km. Future mission planning had included a 23.6 km/s, 10,000 km flyby of Comet Honda-Mrkos-Pajdusakova on Feb 3, 1996 (approaching the nucleus along the tail) some 0.17 AU from the Sun, and a 14 million km passage of Comet Giacobini-Zinner on Nov 29, 1998.


1985 January 8 - . 13:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Antigua. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 66 km (41 mi).

1985 January 9 - . 10:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. Launch Pad: LC1 or LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Cosmos 1616 - . Mass: 6,600 kg (14,500 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Yantar. Spacecraft: Yantar-4K1. Duration: 54.00 days. Decay Date: 1985-03-04 . USAF Sat Cat: 15467 . COSPAR: 1985-002A. Apogee: 356 km (221 mi). Perigee: 171 km (106 mi). Inclination: 64.9000 deg. Period: 89.80 min. High resolution photo reconnaissance; returned film in two small SpK capsules during the mission and with the main capsule at completion of the mission..

1985 January 10 - . 20:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Eareckson. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 56 km (34 mi).

1985 January 15 - . 14:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32. Launch Pad: LC32/1. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Cosmos 1617 - . Payload: Strela-3 no. 1. Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 15469 . COSPAR: 1985-003A. Apogee: 1,414 km (878 mi). Perigee: 1,413 km (877 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 114.10 min. First launch of new Strela-3 store-dump military communications satellite. Six Strelas are put into medium earth orbits with each launch. In the first two launches, four of the satellites are mass-model mockups..
  • Cosmos 1619 - . Payload: Strela-3 Mass Model. Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 15471 . COSPAR: 1985-003C. Apogee: 1,413 km (877 mi). Perigee: 1,383 km (859 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 113.70 min. Mass model of Strela-3..
  • Cosmos 1618 - . Payload: Strela-3 no. 2. Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 15470 . COSPAR: 1985-003B. Apogee: 1,414 km (878 mi). Perigee: 1,408 km (874 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 114.00 min.
  • Cosmos 1620 - . Payload: Strela-3 Mass Model. Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 15472 . COSPAR: 1985-003D. Apogee: 1,413 km (877 mi). Perigee: 1,391 km (864 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 113.80 min. Mass model of Strela-3..
  • Cosmos 1622 - . Payload: Strela-3 Mass Model. Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 15474 . COSPAR: 1985-003F. Apogee: 1,414 km (878 mi). Perigee: 1,401 km (870 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 113.90 min. Mass model of Strela-3..
  • Cosmos 1621 - . Payload: Strela-3 Mass Model. Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 15473 . COSPAR: 1985-003E. Apogee: 1,413 km (877 mi). Perigee: 1,396 km (867 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 113.90 min. Mass model of Strela-3..

1985 January 16 - . 06:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/4. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M.
  • Molniya 3-23 - . Payload: Molniya-3 s/n 36. Mass: 1,600 kg (3,500 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Molniya. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-2. Spacecraft: Molniya-3. Decay Date: 1994-12-05 . USAF Sat Cat: 15476 . COSPAR: 1985-004A. Apogee: 39,732 km (24,688 mi). Perigee: 626 km (388 mi). Inclination: 64.8000 deg. Period: 717.90 min.

    Replaced Molniya 3-19. Operation of the long-range telephone and telegraph radio communications system in the USSR; transmission of USSR Central Television programmes to stations in the Orbita network and within the framework of international cooperation.


1985 January 16 - . 08:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. Launch Pad: LC1 or LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Cosmos 1623 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-8. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1985-01-30 . USAF Sat Cat: 15479 . COSPAR: 1985-005A. Apogee: 387 km (240 mi). Perigee: 198 km (123 mi). Inclination: 70.0000 deg. Period: 90.40 min. Military cartographic satellite; returned film capsule..

1985 January 17 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. Launch Pad: LC35 L-21B. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150 MI.
  • JHU Airglow 14 (HUT) Airglow mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 169 km (105 mi).

1985 January 17 - . 17:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1624 - . Mass: 700 kg (1,540 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Strela-2M. USAF Sat Cat: 15482 . COSPAR: 1985-006A. Apogee: 797 km (495 mi). Perigee: 777 km (482 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 100.60 min. Replaced Cosmos 1570..

1985 January 18 - . 10:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC200/39. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K/DM.
  • Gorizont 11 - . Payload: Gorizont s/n 21L. Mass: 2,100 kg (4,600 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-3. Spacecraft: Gorizont . Completed Operations Date: 1991-09-02 . USAF Sat Cat: 15484 . COSPAR: 1985-007A. Apogee: 35,803 km (22,246 mi). Perigee: 35,764 km (22,222 mi). Inclination: 11.0000 deg. Period: 1,435.90 min.

    Stationed at 140 deg E. Provision of telephone and telegraph radiocommunications and television broadcasting. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 140 deg E in 1985-1987; 53 deg E in 1987-1989; 11 deg W in 1989-1991 As of 5 September 2001 located at 22.94 deg W drifting at 0.085 deg E per day. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 14.60W drifting at 0.040W degrees per day.


1985 January 21 - . 20:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Eareckson. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 55 km (34 mi).

1985 January 23 - . 09:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonde Stromfjord. LV Family: Malemute. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Malemute.
  • COPE Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1985 January 23 - . 09:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonde Stromfjord. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant X.
  • COPE Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 769 km (477 mi).

1985 January 23 - . 19:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC90/19. Launch Pad: LC90/pad?. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-2.
  • Cosmos 1625 - . Mass: 3,000 kg (6,600 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: EORSAT. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Kosmoplan. Spacecraft: US-P. Decay Date: 1985-01-25 . USAF Sat Cat: 15492 . COSPAR: 1985-008A. Apogee: 390 km (240 mi). Perigee: 118 km (73 mi). Inclination: 65.0000 deg. Period: 89.60 min. Ocean monitoring..

1985 January 24 - . 16:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32. Launch Pad: LC32/2. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Cosmos 1626 - . Payload: Tselina-D no. 47. Mass: 2,200 kg (4,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Tselina-D. Spacecraft: Tselina-D. USAF Sat Cat: 15494 . COSPAR: 1985-009A. Apogee: 618 km (384 mi). Perigee: 590 km (360 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 96.80 min. Replaced Cosmos 1408..

1985 January 24 - . 19:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC39A. Launch Platform: MLP1. LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Space Shuttle.
  • STS-51-C - . Call Sign: Discovery. Crew: Buchli, Mattingly, Onizuka, Payton, Shriver. Payload: Discovery F03 / Magnum 1 [IUS]. Mass: 116,884 kg (257,685 lb). Nation: USA. Related Persons: Buchli, Mattingly, Onizuka, Payton, Shriver. Agency: NASA Houston. Program: STS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Flight: STS-51-C. Spacecraft Bus: Shuttle. Spacecraft: Discovery. Duration: 3.06 days. Decay Date: 1985-01-27 . USAF Sat Cat: 15496 . COSPAR: 1985-010A. Apogee: 341 km (211 mi). Perigee: 332 km (206 mi). Inclination: 28.4000 deg. Period: 91.30 min.

    Manned five crew. Deployed USA 8 (Aquacade ELINT spacecraft). Orbits of Earth: 48. Landed at: Runway 15 at Kennedy Space Center, Florida. Landing Speed: 342 kph. Touchdown miss distance: 839.00 m. Landing Rollout: 2,240.00 m. Payloads: Department of Defence classified payloads.

  • USA 8 - . Payload: Orion 1. Mass: 2,500 kg (5,500 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO, USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: ELINT. Spacecraft Bus: Magnum. Spacecraft: Magnum. USAF Sat Cat: 15543 . COSPAR: 1985-010B. Apogee: 35,800 km (22,200 mi). Perigee: 35,780 km (22,230 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,440.00 min. New Magnum model geostationary ELINT satellite model replaced earlier Rhyolite/Aquacade. Deployed from STS-51C 24 January 1985. Boosted to geostationary orbit. As of 2003 Apr 30 located at 69.16E drifting at 0.038W degrees per day..

1985 January 26 - . 14:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 68 km (42 mi).

1985 January 27 - .
  • Preliminary design work began on Zarya 'Super Soyuz'. - . Nation: Russia. Spacecraft Bus: Zarya. Spacecraft: Zarya.

    Concept was reusable spacecraft, launched by Zenit launch vehicle, with all possible systems recovered in landing module, together with significant payload delivered to and returned from orbit. Carriage in payload bay of Buran shuttle was also a requirement.


1985 January 27 - .
1985 January 28 - . 22:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion sounding rocket.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1985 January 29 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: Topol. Launch Vehicle: Topol'.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1985 January 29 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 72 km (44 mi).

1985 January 30 - . 19:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 12.
  • CAESAR 2 Auroral mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 703 km (436 mi).

1985 February - .
  • DOS-8 structure completed. - . Nation: Russia. Spacecraft: ISS, ISS Zvezda, Mir-2. DOS-8 serial number 128 was originally designed as the backup to Mir and possibly the core module of Mir-2..

1985 February 1 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg TP-01. LV Family: Peacekeeper. Launch Vehicle: Peacekeeper.
  • 6 RVs Test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1985 February 1 - . 19:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1627 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 15505 . COSPAR: 1985-011A. Apogee: 1,015 km (630 mi). Perigee: 955 km (593 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.80 min. Military navigation satellite. Replaced Cosmos 1448..

1985 February 5 - . 14:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC47. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 67 km (41 mi).

1985 February 6 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas F.
  • USAF - . Nation: USA.

1985 February 6 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF04. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3. FAILURE: Failure.
  • FOT GT106GM Follow-on Test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1985 February 6 - . 11:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Cosmos 1628 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-8. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1985-02-20 . USAF Sat Cat: 15514 . COSPAR: 1985-012A. Apogee: 378 km (234 mi). Perigee: 191 km (118 mi). Inclination: 72.9000 deg. Period: 90.20 min. Military cartographic satellite; returned film capsule..

1985 February 6 - . 21:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32. Launch Pad: LC32/1. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Meteor 2-12 - . Payload: Meteor-2 no. 12. Mass: 2,750 kg (6,060 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Meteor. Spacecraft: Meteor-2. USAF Sat Cat: 15516 . COSPAR: 1985-013A. Apogee: 958 km (595 mi). Perigee: 932 km (579 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 104.00 min. Gathering meteorological information and data on penetrating radiation fluxes in circumterrestrial space. .

1985 February 7 - . 09:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima L. Launch Pad: K. LV Family: S-310. Launch Vehicle: S-310.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 213 km (132 mi).

1985 February 8 - . 06:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC4W. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 34B.
  • USA 9 - . Payload: SDS no. 6. Mass: 700 kg (1,540 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO, USAF. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: SDS. Spacecraft: SDS. USAF Sat Cat: 15546 . COSPAR: 1985-014A. Apogee: 39,775 km (24,714 mi). Perigee: 400 km (240 mi). Inclination: 63.0000 deg. Period: 717.80 min. Satellite Data Systems 2..

1985 February 8 - . 18:14 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1985 February 8 - . 23:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA1. LV Family: Ariane. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 3.
  • Arabsat 1A - . Mass: 532 kg (1,172 lb). Nation: Arab States. Agency: Arabsat. Program: Arabsat. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Spacebus 100. Spacecraft: Spacebus 100. Completed Operations Date: 1992-07-31 . USAF Sat Cat: 15560 . COSPAR: 1985-015A. Apogee: 35,753 km (22,215 mi). Perigee: 35,724 km (22,197 mi). Inclination: 8.2000 deg. Period: 1,433.70 min. Stationed at 19 deg E. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 19 deg E in 1985-1991 As of 27 August 2001 located at 76.76 deg E drifting at 0.635 deg E per day. As of 2007 Feb 28 located at 87.85E drifting at 0.629E degrees per day..
  • Brasilsat A1 - . Mass: 671 kg (1,479 lb). Nation: Brazil. Agency: Telebras. Program: Brasilsat. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: HS 376. Spacecraft: HS 376. USAF Sat Cat: 15561 . COSPAR: 1985-015B. Apogee: 35,999 km (22,368 mi). Perigee: 35,983 km (22,358 mi). Inclination: 5.9000 deg. Period: 1,446.60 min.

    Stationed at 65 deg W. Brazilsat 1 & 2 provide telecommunications services to Brazil. Canada's Spar Aerospace was awarded a $125 million contract to build, under license, two satellites based on Hughes' HS-376 design (similar to Anik D). Brazilsat 1 & 2 were the first two elements of Brazil's national Sistema Barasilero de Telecommunicacoes por Satelite (SBTS) network. Spacecraft: Based on Hughes HS-376, single antenna on despun platform, spin stabilised, hydrazine thrusters, body mounted solar cells provide 982 W BOL. Payload: 24 C-band transponders with 6 spares, 10 W TWTA, EIRP >34 dBW over most of Brazilian territory
    Financial/Operational:
    Contract issued in 1990 for 2 units HS-376W. B1-B2 have dedicated transponders for government use. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 65 deg W in 1985-1994; 63 deg W in 1994-1996; 79 deg W in 1996-1998; 144 deg W in 1998-1999 As of 5 September 2001 located at 143.96 deg W drifting at 0.005 deg E per day. As of 2007 Mar 9 located at 145.69E drifting at 2.591W degrees per day.


1985 February 10 - . 02:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonde Stromfjord. LV Family: Malemute. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Malemute.
  • ARCS 3 Plasma / active mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 406 km (252 mi).

1985 February 10 - . 02:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonde Stromfjord. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant X.
  • TOPAZ I Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 816 km (507 mi).

1985 February 11 - . 10:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima L. Launch Pad: K. LV Family: S-520. Launch Vehicle: S-520.
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 362 km (224 mi).

1985 February 12 - . 00:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 76 km (47 mi).

1985 February 13 - . 12:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Ascension. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 58 km (36 mi).

1985 February 14 - . 20:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 63 km (39 mi).

1985 February 15 - . 01:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant IXB.
  • WATERHOLE 4 Aurora / aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 302 km (187 mi).

1985 February 15 - . 05:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant XB.
  • MARIE Ionosphere / plasma / fields mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 979 km (608 mi).

1985 February 18 - . 20:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Eareckson. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 53 km (32 mi).

1985 February 19 - . 21:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1985 February 20 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF26. Launch Pad: LF26?. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3.
  • FOT GT107GB Follow-on Test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1985 February 21 - . 07:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC200/39. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K/DM.
  • Cosmos 1629 - . Payload: SPRN No. 3. Mass: 2,000 kg (4,400 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Early warning satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Prognoz SPRN. Spacecraft: Prognoz SPRN. Completed Operations Date: 1986-10-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 15574 . COSPAR: 1985-016A. Apogee: 35,773 km (22,228 mi). Perigee: 35,738 km (22,206 mi). Inclination: 6.5000 deg. Period: 1,434.50 min.

    Geosynchronous ballistic missile early warning satellite. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 35 deg E in 1985; 24 deg W in 1985-1986 As of 5 September 2001 located at 151.95 deg W drifting at 0.251 deg E per day. As of 2007 Mar 3 located at 24.42W drifting at 0.038E degrees per day.


1985 February 22 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC47. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1985 February 25 - . 20:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Eareckson. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1985 February 27 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-39. Launch Vehicle: RT-23U 15Zh61.
  • rail - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1985 February 27 - . 11:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. Launch Pad: LC1 or LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Cosmos 1630 - . Mass: 6,600 kg (14,500 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Yantar. Spacecraft: Yantar-4K1. Duration: 55.00 days. Decay Date: 1985-04-23 . USAF Sat Cat: 15582 . COSPAR: 1985-017A. Apogee: 332 km (206 mi). Perigee: 173 km (107 mi). Inclination: 64.9000 deg. Period: 89.60 min. High resolution photo reconnaissance; returned film in two small SpK capsules during the mission and with the main capsule at completion of the mission..

1985 February 27 - . 12:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1631 - . Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft Bus: Taifun-1. Spacecraft: Taifun-1. Decay Date: 1990-12-08 . USAF Sat Cat: 15584 . COSPAR: 1985-018A. Apogee: 376 km (233 mi). Perigee: 349 km (216 mi). Inclination: 65.8000 deg. Period: 91.80 min. Radar calibration mission..

1985 February 28 - . 21:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Eareckson. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 54 km (33 mi).

1985 March - . LV Family: Buran. Launch Vehicle: Energia.
  • Energia cold flow tests begun - . Nation: Russia. Spacecraft Bus: Buran. Spacecraft: Buran. From March-October 1985 the Ts core stage was back on the UKSS for cold flow tests. A total of nine cryogenic fuelling cycle were completed with the 4M Energia mock-up, representing the first operational use in the world of super-chilled hydrogen..

1985 March 1 - . 10:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Cosmos 1632 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-8. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1985-03-15 . USAF Sat Cat: 15589 . COSPAR: 1985-019A. Apogee: 233 km (144 mi). Perigee: 190 km (110 mi). Inclination: 72.9000 deg. Period: 88.70 min. Military cartographic satellite; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1985 March 3 - . 14:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 12. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Interzodiak 1 Extreme ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1985 March 5 - . 15:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32. Launch Pad: LC32/2. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Cosmos 1633 - . Payload: Tselina-D no. 48. Mass: 2,200 kg (4,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Tselina-D. Spacecraft: Tselina-D. USAF Sat Cat: 15592 . COSPAR: 1985-020A. Apogee: 613 km (380 mi). Perigee: 595 km (369 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 96.80 min. Replaced Cosmos 1470..

1985 March 5 - . 20:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonde Stromfjord. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1985 March 6 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 623. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Poseidon C3.
  • Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1985 March 6 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 623. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Poseidon C3.
  • Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1985 March 6 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 623. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Poseidon C3.
  • Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1985 March 6 - . 03:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 623. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Poseidon C3.
  • Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1985 March 7 - . 21:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Point Mugu. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 67 km (41 mi).

1985 March 8 - . 20:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Eareckson. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 56 km (34 mi).

1985 March 11 - . 18:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Point Mugu. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 73 km (45 mi).

1985 March 12 - . 20:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Eareckson. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 54 km (33 mi).

1985 March 13 - . 02:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC3W. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas E/OIS.
  • Geosat - . Mass: 635 kg (1,399 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources radar satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Geosat. Spacecraft: Geosat. USAF Sat Cat: 15595 . COSPAR: 1985-021A. Apogee: 779 km (484 mi). Perigee: 775 km (481 mi). Inclination: 108.1000 deg. Period: 100.40 min. Ocean sea height mapping. Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C)..

1985 March 14 - . 01:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1634 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 15597 . COSPAR: 1985-022A. Apogee: 1,009 km (626 mi). Perigee: 957 km (594 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.80 min. Military navigation satellite. Replaced Cosmos 1513..

1985 March 14 - . 12:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1985 March 15 - . LV Family: Buran. Launch Vehicle: Energia.
  • Energia cold flow tests. - . Nation: Russia. Program: Buran. Spacecraft Bus: Buran. Spacecraft: Buran.

    From March-October 1985 the Ts core stage was back on the UKSS test/launch stand for cold flow tests. A total of nine cryogenic fuelling cycle were completed with the 4M Energia mock-up, representing the first operational use in the world of super-chilled hydrogen.


1985 March 15 - . 02:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonde Stromfjord. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant IX.
  • PIIE Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 429 km (266 mi).

1985 March 15 - . 17:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • CWAS 9 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1985 March 18 - . 00:05 GMT - . Launch Pad: Atlantic Ocean, 18.0 N x 30.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • Plazma Plasma/Active mission - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1985 March 18 - . 08:50 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 213 km (132 mi).

1985 March 19 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Point Mugu. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 64 km (39 mi).

1985 March 20 - . 22:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonde Stromfjord. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1985 March 20 - . 22:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonde Stromfjord. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1985 March 21 - . 00:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1635 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 281. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 15617 . COSPAR: 1985-023A. Apogee: 1,513 km (940 mi). Perigee: 1,474 km (915 mi). Inclination: 74.1000 deg. Period: 115.80 min. Eight satellites launched by a single carrier rocket..
  • Cosmos 1642 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 288. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 15624 . COSPAR: 1985-023H. Apogee: 1,478 km (918 mi). Perigee: 1,399 km (869 mi). Inclination: 74.1000 deg. Period: 114.60 min.
  • Cosmos 1640 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 286. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 15622 . COSPAR: 1985-023F. Apogee: 1,480 km (910 mi). Perigee: 1,427 km (886 mi). Inclination: 74.1000 deg. Period: 115.00 min.
  • Cosmos 1639 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 285. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 15621 . COSPAR: 1985-023E. Apogee: 1,480 km (910 mi). Perigee: 1,441 km (895 mi). Inclination: 74.1000 deg. Period: 115.10 min.
  • Cosmos 1637 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 283. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 15619 . COSPAR: 1985-023C. Apogee: 1,488 km (924 mi). Perigee: 1,465 km (910 mi). Inclination: 74.1000 deg. Period: 115.50 min.
  • Cosmos 1636 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 282. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 15618 . COSPAR: 1985-023B. Apogee: 1,494 km (928 mi). Perigee: 1,474 km (915 mi). Inclination: 74.1000 deg. Period: 115.60 min.
  • Cosmos 1641 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 287. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 15623 . COSPAR: 1985-023G. Apogee: 1,480 km (910 mi). Perigee: 1,412 km (877 mi). Inclination: 74.1000 deg. Period: 114.80 min.
  • Cosmos 1638 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 284. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 15620 . COSPAR: 1985-023D. Apogee: 1,480 km (910 mi). Perigee: 1,456 km (904 mi). Inclination: 74.1000 deg. Period: 115.30 min.

1985 March 22 - . 05:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC200/40. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K/DM.
  • Ekran 14 - . Payload: Ekran s/n 28L. Mass: 1,970 kg (4,340 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-3. Spacecraft: Ekran . Completed Operations Date: 1987-11-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 15626 . COSPAR: 1985-024A. Apogee: 37,457 km (23,274 mi). Perigee: 37,333 km (23,197 mi). Inclination: 12.7000 deg. Period: 1,519.00 min.

    Stationed at 99 deg E. Transmission of Central Television programmes to a network of receivers for collective use. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 99 deg E in 1985-1987 As of 5 September 2001 located at 178.66 deg E drifting at 19.729 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 122.42E drifting at 19.716W degrees per day.


1985 March 22 - . 17:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • CWAS 10 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 91 km (56 mi).

1985 March 22 - . 23:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC36B. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas G Centaur.
  • Intelsat 5A F-10 - . Mass: 2,013 kg (4,437 lb). Nation: International. Agency: Intelsat. Program: Intelsat. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Intelsat 5. Spacecraft: Intelsat 5A. USAF Sat Cat: 15629 . COSPAR: 1985-025A. Apogee: 36,468 km (22,660 mi). Perigee: 36,237 km (22,516 mi). Inclination: 7.2000 deg. Period: 1,465.10 min.

    Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 24 deg W in 1985-1990; 174 deg E in 1990-1994; 66 deg E in 1994-1995; 57 deg E in 1995-1996; 33 deg E in 1996-1999 As of 5 September 2001 located at 135.23 deg W drifting at 7.152 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 9 located at 107.21W drifting at 7.157W degrees per day.


1985 March 25 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. Launch Pad: LC1 or LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Cosmos 1643 - . Mass: 6,600 kg (14,500 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Yantar. Spacecraft: Yantar-4KS1. Duration: 207.00 days. Decay Date: 1985-10-18 . USAF Sat Cat: 15634 . COSPAR: 1985-026A. Apogee: 276 km (171 mi). Perigee: 182 km (113 mi). Inclination: 64.8000 deg. Period: 89.10 min. Photo/digital surveillance..

1985 March 26 - . 21:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Point Mugu. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 71 km (44 mi).

1985 March 27 - . 06:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C.
  • Auroral Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 230 km (140 mi).

1985 March 28 - . 15:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC47. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1985 March 29 - . 17:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1985 April 1 - .
  • Death of Ralph E Ulmer at Washington, DC. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Ulmer. American engineer, at NASA 1938-1973, budget officer and program analyst..

1985 April 1 - . 16:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1985 April 2 - . 07:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion sounding rocket.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1985 April 3 - . 08:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. Launch Pad: LC1 or LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Cosmos 1644 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-8. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1985-04-17 . USAF Sat Cat: 15636 . COSPAR: 1985-027A. Apogee: 335 km (208 mi). Perigee: 206 km (128 mi). Inclination: 70.3000 deg. Period: 90.30 min. Military cartographic satellite; returned film capsule..

1985 April 4 - . 15:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Super Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • ROCOZ-A 341 - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1985 April 8 - . 20:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Eareckson. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 52 km (32 mi).

1985 April 9 - . 17:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Primrose Lake. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 66 km (41 mi).

1985 April 10 - . 13:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Ascension. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 62 km (38 mi).

1985 April 12 - .
  • Decision to ship Mir to Baikonur - . Nation: Russia. Spacecraft Bus: Mir. Spacecraft: Mir. It was clear that the planned processing flow could not be followed and still make the spring 1986 launch date. The decision was taken on Cosmonautics Day to ship the flight model to Baikonur and conduct the systems testing and integration there..

1985 April 12 - . 13:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC39A. Launch Platform: MLP1. LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Space Shuttle.
  • STS-51-D - . Call Sign: Discovery. Crew: Bobko, Garn, Griggs, Hoffman, Seddon, Walker, Williams, Donald. Payload: Discovery F04 / Anik C1[PAM-D] / Syncom-4 3 /Orbus. Mass: 16,249 kg (35,822 lb). Nation: USA. Related Persons: Bobko, Garn, Griggs, Hoffman, Seddon, Walker, Williams, Donald. Agency: NASA Houston. Program: STS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Flight: STS-51-D. Spacecraft Bus: Shuttle. Spacecraft: Discovery. Duration: 7.00 days. Decay Date: 1985-04-19 . USAF Sat Cat: 15641 . COSPAR: 1985-028A. Apogee: 535 km (332 mi). Perigee: 445 km (276 mi). Inclination: 28.5000 deg. Period: 94.40 min.

    Manned seven crew. Payloads: Telesat (Canada communications satellite)-I with Payload Assist Module (PAM)-D deployment, Syncom IV-3 communications satellite deploy-ment with its unique stage (unique stage failed to ignite), Continuous Flow Electrophoresis (CFES), Phase Partitioning Experiment (PPE), student experiments, two getaway specials (GAS) Informal science studies (Toys in Space).

  • Syncom IV-3 - . Payload: Discovery F4 / Anik C1 [PAM-D] / Syncom-4 3 [Orbus. Mass: 1,315 kg (2,899 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: HCI. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: HS 381. Spacecraft: HS 381. Completed Operations Date: 1996-09-30 . USAF Sat Cat: 15643 . COSPAR: 1985-028C. Apogee: 37,080 km (23,040 mi). Perigee: 36,401 km (22,618 mi). Inclination: 14.4000 deg. Period: 1,485.10 min.

    Released by STS 51D 4/13/85; failed to orbit and subsequently repaired by STS 51-I on 8/31/85; 178 deg E; leased by U.S. government. Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C). Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 175 deg W in 1985-1987; 105 deg W in 1987-1996 As of 31 August 2001 located at 106.85 deg E drifting at 11.920 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 158.41W drifting at 11.917W degrees per day.

  • Anik C1 - . Payload: Anik C1 [PAM-D]. Mass: 1,238 kg (2,729 lb). Nation: Canada. Agency: Telesat. Program: Anik. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: HS 376. Spacecraft: HS 376. Completed Operations Date: 2000-04-14 . USAF Sat Cat: 15642 . COSPAR: 1985-028B. Apogee: 35,792 km (22,240 mi). Perigee: 35,783 km (22,234 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.20 min.

    Released by STS 51D 4/13/85; 107.5 deg W. Telecommunications. Operating entity TELESAT Canada. Longitude 107.5 W. Transmit power 11.2 W on each frequency. Frequencies 11730, 11743, 11791, 11804, 11852, 11865, 11913, 11926, 11974, 11987, 12035, 12048, 12096, 12109, 12157, 121 70 MHz. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 107 deg W in 1985-1991; 109 deg W in 1991-1993; 72 deg W in 1993-1997; 118 deg W in 1997-1998; 106 deg W in 1998-1999 As of 5 September 2001 located at 63.20 deg W drifting at 0.009 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 2 located at 112.29E drifting at 2.201W degrees per day.


1985 April 13 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: Zenit. Launch Vehicle: Zenit-2. FAILURE: Failure.
  • R&D suborbital Zenit launch vehicle test failure - . Nation: Russia. Agency: UNKS.

1985 April 14 - . 14:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 63 km (39 mi).

1985 April 15 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-39. Launch Vehicle: RT-23 15Zh52.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1985 April 16 - .
1985 April 16 - . 17:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC41/1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Cosmos 1645 / Foton 1 - . Payload: Foton s/n 1L. Mass: 6,200 kg (13,600 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Materials. Type: Materials science satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Foton. Duration: 12.16 days. Decay Date: 1985-04-29 . USAF Sat Cat: 15645 . COSPAR: 1985-029A. Apogee: 388 km (241 mi). Perigee: 214 km (132 mi). Inclination: 62.8000 deg. Period: 90.50 min. Materials processing tests..

1985 April 17 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-RB.
  • BOR-5 sn 502 subscale 1:8 Buran reentry test - . Mass: 1,450 kg (3,190 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: UNKS. Program: Buran. Spacecraft Bus: Buran. Spacecraft: BOR-5. Apogee: 210 km (130 mi). Range: 2,000 km (1,200 mi). Suborbital test of 1/8 scale model of Buran. Typical trajectory: ascent to 210 km; pitch down to drive model in atmosphere at 45 degree at Mach 18.5. None were reflown but at least 4 were recovered..

1985 April 18 - . 21:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC90/19. Launch Pad: LC90/pad?. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-2.
  • Cosmos 1646 - . Mass: 3,000 kg (6,600 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: EORSAT. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Kosmoplan. Spacecraft: US-P. Decay Date: 1987-11-30 . USAF Sat Cat: 15653 . COSPAR: 1985-030A. Apogee: 399 km (247 mi). Perigee: 378 km (234 mi). Inclination: 65.0000 deg. Period: 92.30 min. Ocean monitoring..

1985 April 19 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Cosmos 1647 - . Mass: 6,600 kg (14,500 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Yantar. Spacecraft: Yantar-4K1. Duration: 53.00 days. Decay Date: 1985-06-11 . USAF Sat Cat: 15655 . COSPAR: 1985-031A. Apogee: 321 km (199 mi). Perigee: 167 km (103 mi). Inclination: 67.1000 deg. Period: 89.40 min. High resolution photo reconnaissance; returned film in two small SpK capsules during the mission and with the main capsule at completion of the mission..

1985 April 19 - .
1985 April 20 - . 07:50 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C.
  • IMAPS 2 Far ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 265 km (164 mi).

1985 April 22 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: Topol. Launch Vehicle: Topol'.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1985 April 22 - . 20:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Eareckson. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 55 km (34 mi).

1985 April 24 - . 16:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Primrose Lake. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 57 km (35 mi).

1985 April 25 - . 09:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Cosmos 1648 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-8. Duration: 11.00 days. Decay Date: 1985-05-06 . USAF Sat Cat: 15659 . COSPAR: 1985-032A. Apogee: 234 km (145 mi). Perigee: 179 km (111 mi). Inclination: 82.3000 deg. Period: 88.60 min. Military cartographic satellite; returned film capsule..

1985 April 26 - . 05:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M.
  • Intercosmos 23 - . Payload: SO-M s/n 510. Mass: 1,000 kg (2,200 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Intercosmos. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Prognoz. Spacecraft: Prognoz. Completed Operations Date: 1985-11-19 . Decay Date: 1994-01-12 . USAF Sat Cat: 15661 . COSPAR: 1985-033A. Apogee: 194,734 km (121,001 mi). Perigee: 5,975 km (3,712 mi). Inclination: 76.8000 deg. Period: 5,783.70 min.

    Magnetosphere and solar wind investigations. Prognoz-10-Intercosmos. Investigation of the structure of interplanetary and circumterrestrial shock waves generated by the interaction of the solar wind and the earth's magnetosphere. Carries scientific apparatus developed by scientists and specialists o f the USSR and the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic in the 'Intercosmos' programme of international cooperation in the exploration and peaceful uses of outer space.


1985 April 27 - . 04:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7.
  • TEXUS 11 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 266 km (165 mi).

1985 April 29 - . 16:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC39A. Launch Platform: MLP2. LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Space Shuttle.
  • STS-51-B - . Call Sign: Challenger. Crew: Gregory, Lind, Overmyer, Thagard, Thornton, Bill, van den Berg, Lodewijk, Wang. Payload: Challenger F07 / SL 3 MPESS. Mass: 14,245 kg (31,404 lb). Nation: USA. Related Persons: Gregory, Lind, Overmyer, Thagard, Thornton, Bill, van den Berg, Lodewijk, Wang. Agency: NASA Houston. Program: STS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Flight: STS-51-B. Spacecraft Bus: Shuttle. Spacecraft: Challenger. Duration: 7.01 days. Decay Date: 1985-05-06 . USAF Sat Cat: 15665 . COSPAR: 1985-034A. Apogee: 353 km (219 mi). Perigee: 346 km (214 mi). Inclination: 57.0000 deg. Period: 91.50 min.

    Manned seven crew. Deployed Nusat; carried Spacelab 3. Payloads: Spacelab-3 experiments, habitable Spacelab and mission peculiar experiment support structure. The experiments represented a total of five different disciplines: materials processing in space, environmental observa-tions, life science, astrophysics, and technology experiments. Two getaway specials (GAS). The flight crew was split into gold and silver shifts working 12-hour days during the flight.

  • GLOMR - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: STS. Spacecraft Bus: GLOMR. Spacecraft: GLOMR. Decay Date: 1985-05-06 . USAF Sat Cat: 15665 . COSPAR: 1985-034xx. Apogee: 359 km (223 mi). Perigee: 346 km (214 mi). Inclination: 57.0000 deg. Period: 91.60 min.
  • SL 3 MPESS - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: STS. Spacecraft Bus: Shuttle Attached Payloads. Spacecraft: SLP. Decay Date: 1985-05-06 . USAF Sat Cat: 15665 . COSPAR: 1985-034xx. Apogee: 359 km (223 mi). Perigee: 346 km (214 mi). Inclination: 57.0000 deg. Period: 91.60 min.
  • Spacelab 3 - . Payload: SL 3 LM. Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Spacelab. Class: Manned. Type: Manned space laboratory. Spacecraft Bus: Spacelab. Spacecraft: Spacelab. Decay Date: 1985-05-06 . USAF Sat Cat: 15665 . COSPAR: 1985-034xx. Apogee: 359 km (223 mi). Perigee: 346 km (214 mi). Inclination: 57.0000 deg. Period: 91.60 min.
  • NUSAT-1 - . Payload: Challenger F7 / Nusat / GLOMR [1]. Mass: 52 kg (114 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Weber. Class: Surveillance. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft Bus: NUSAT. Spacecraft: NUSAT. Decay Date: 1986-12-15 . USAF Sat Cat: 15666 . COSPAR: 1985-034B. Apogee: 354 km (219 mi). Perigee: 345 km (214 mi). Inclination: 57.0000 deg. Period: 91.50 min. Air traffic control radar calibration. Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C). .

1985 May 1 - .
  • Death of Arthur B Bronwell - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Bronwell. American electrical engineer, professor at Northwestern University, then president of the Worcester Polytechnic Institute from 1955-1962, then the dean of engineering at the University of Connecticut at Storrs..

1985 May 1 - . Launch Site: Taiyuan. LV Family: DF-21. Launch Vehicle: DF-21.
  • Test mission - . Nation: China. Agency: PRC. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1985 May 3 - . 16:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 61 km (37 mi).

1985 May 5 - . 15:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Point Mugu. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 72 km (44 mi).

1985 May 6 - .
  • Mir space station delivered to Baikonur - . Nation: Russia. Program: Mir. Spacecraft Bus: Mir. Spacecraft: Mir. 1100 of 2500 cables required rework based on results of testing of the ground test model at Khrunichev..

1985 May 6 - .
  • Death of Smith J DeFrance at Virginia. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: DeFrance. American engineer. Designer and director of research for wind tunnels at Langley, 1922-1940, and Ames, 1940-1965. His work in the 1950's established blunt-body shapes for re-entry vehicles..

1985 May 6 - . 04:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7.
  • TEXUS 12 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 253 km (157 mi).

1985 May 6 - . 22:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant IIIB.
  • SMERF 2 (Ozone) Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 114 km (70 mi).

1985 May 6 - .
1985 May 8 - . 01:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA1. LV Family: Ariane. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 3.
  • GStar 1 - . Mass: 705 kg (1,554 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: GTE. Manufacturer: Lockheed. Program: GTE. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: AS 3000. Spacecraft: AS 3000. Completed Operations Date: 1997-01-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 15677 . COSPAR: 1985-035A. Apogee: 35,791 km (22,239 mi). Perigee: 35,783 km (22,234 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min.

    Stationed at 103 deg W. Ku band communications satellite. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 103 deg W in 1985-1996; 105 deg W in 1997-1999 As of 5 September 2001 located at 105.33 deg W drifting at 0.011 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 9 located at 105.07W drifting at 0.006W degrees per day.

  • Telecom 1B - . Mass: 690 kg (1,520 lb). Nation: France. Agency: France Telecom. Program: Telecom. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: ECS/OTS. Spacecraft: ECS/OTS. Completed Operations Date: 1988-01-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 15678 . COSPAR: 1985-035B. Apogee: 35,784 km (22,235 mi). Perigee: 35,764 km (22,222 mi). Inclination: 5.4000 deg. Period: 1,435.50 min.

    Stationed at 5 deg W; business communications. Communications satellite. Registration France 1984-2.B (Telecom 1A) 1985-2.B (Telecom 1B). 1988-1-C (Telecom 1C). Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 5 deg W in 1985-1988 As of 3 September 2001 located at 4.82 deg E drifting at 0.111 deg E per day. As of 2007 Mar 9 located at 86.72E drifting at 0.424E degrees per day.


1985 May 9 - . 17:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Primrose Lake. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 64 km (39 mi).

1985 May 14 - . 04:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion sounding rocket.
  • DFVLR Strafam 1 / 5 Aurora mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 56 km (34 mi).

1985 May 15 - . 12:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Cosmos 1649 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-8. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1985-05-29 . USAF Sat Cat: 15694 . COSPAR: 1985-036A. Apogee: 366 km (227 mi). Perigee: 193 km (119 mi). Inclination: 72.9000 deg. Period: 90.10 min. Military cartographic satellite; returned film capsule..

1985 May 16 - . 20:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 71 km (44 mi).

1985 May 17 - . 22:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC200/39. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K/DM-2.
  • Cosmos 1650 - . Payload: Glonass s/n 20L. Mass: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Glonass. Spacecraft: Glonass . USAF Sat Cat: 15697 . COSPAR: 1985-037A. Apogee: 19,177 km (11,916 mi). Perigee: 19,081 km (11,856 mi). Inclination: 64.9000 deg. Period: 675.70 min. Glonass. Testing components and apparatus from the space navigation system being set up to determine the position of Soviet civil aircraft and vessels in the Soviet merchant marine and fishing fleet. Three satellites launched by a single rocket. .
  • Cosmos 1651 - . Payload: Glonass s/n 21L. Mass: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Glonass. Spacecraft: Glonass. USAF Sat Cat: 15698 . COSPAR: 1985-037B. Apogee: 19,143 km (11,894 mi). Perigee: 19,111 km (11,875 mi). Inclination: 64.9000 deg. Period: 675.60 min. Glonass. Testing components and apparatus from the space navigation system being set up to determine the position of Soviet civil aircraft and vessels in the Soviet merchant marine and fishing fleet. Three satellites launched by a single rocket..
  • Cosmos 1652 - . Payload: Glonass Dummy. Mass: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Glonass. Spacecraft: Glonass. USAF Sat Cat: 15699 . COSPAR: 1985-037C. Apogee: 19,155 km (11,902 mi). Perigee: 19,110 km (11,870 mi). Inclination: 66.0000 deg. Period: 675.90 min. Glonass. Testing components and apparatus from the space navigation system being set up to determine the position of Soviet civil aircraft and vessels in the Soviet merchant marine and fishing fleet. Three satellites launched by a single rocket..

1985 May 19 - . 00:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: UK S22. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Chevaline demonstration and shakedown operations launch - . Nation: UK. Agency: RN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1985 May 20 - . 18:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Super Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 74 km (45 mi).

1985 May 22 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. LV Family: Temp-2S. Launch Vehicle: Pioner.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1985 May 22 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF03. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B.
  • RSLP IPA-2 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1985 May 22 - . 08:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC41/1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Cosmos 1653 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Resurs. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Resurs F1-17F41. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1985-06-05 . USAF Sat Cat: 15732 . COSPAR: 1985-038A. Apogee: 290 km (180 mi). Perigee: 206 km (128 mi). Inclination: 82.3000 deg. Period: 89.50 min.

    High resolution photo surveillance; film capsule; maneuverable; also performed earth resource tasks. Investigation of the natural resources of the earth in the interests of various branches of the national economy of the USSR and international cooperation.


1985 May 23 - . 12:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. Launch Pad: LC1 or LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Cosmos 1654 - . Mass: 6,600 kg (14,500 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Yantar. Spacecraft: Yantar-4K1. Duration: 29.00 days. Decay Date: 1985-06-30 . USAF Sat Cat: 15734 . COSPAR: 1985-039A. Apogee: 341 km (211 mi). Perigee: 170 km (100 mi). Inclination: 64.9000 deg. Period: 89.60 min. High resolution photo reconnaissance. Spacecraft failed. Blown up in orbit on June 21..

1985 May 25 - . 00:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 72 km (44 mi).

1985 May 28 - . 15:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Ascension. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 61 km (37 mi).

1985 May 29 - . 00:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Syowa Base. LV Family: S-310. Launch Vehicle: S-310.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: NIPR. Apogee: 212 km (131 mi).

1985 May 29 - . 07:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/4. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M.
  • Molniya 3-24 - . Payload: Molniya-3 s/n 39. Mass: 1,600 kg (3,500 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Molniya. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-2. Spacecraft: Molniya-3. USAF Sat Cat: 15738 . COSPAR: 1985-040A. Apogee: 38,895 km (24,168 mi). Perigee: 1,449 km (900 mi). Inclination: 64.1000 deg. Period: 717.60 min.

    Replaced Molniya 3-18. Operation of the long-range telephone and telegraph radio communications system in the USSR; transmission of USSR Central Television programmes to stations in the Orbita network and within the framework of international cooperation.


1985 May 30 - . 01:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1655 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Tsikada. USAF Sat Cat: 15751 . COSPAR: 1985-041A. Apogee: 1,013 km (629 mi). Perigee: 976 km (606 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 105.00 min. Civilian naval navigation satellite. Replaced Cosmos 1447..

1985 May 30 - . 14:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC200/40. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K/DM-2.
  • Cosmos 1656 - . Payload: Tselina-2 no. 2. Mass: 6,000 kg (13,200 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Tselina. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Tselina-2. Spacecraft: Tselina-2. USAF Sat Cat: 15755 . COSPAR: 1985-042A. Apogee: 852 km (529 mi). Perigee: 802 km (498 mi). Inclination: 71.1000 deg. Period: 101.40 min.

1985 June 1 - .
  • Death of Eugene M Emme at Silver Spring, Montgomery, MD.4512. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Emme. American NASA Historian. Eugene M. Emme became the NASA chief historian in 1959 and served until his retirement in 1979. Previously he had been a historian with the Air University of the U.S. Air Force..

1985 June 1 - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1985 June 3 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg TP-01. LV Family: Peacekeeper. Launch Vehicle: Peacekeeper.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1985 June 4 - . 00:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1985 June 5 - . 19:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Primrose Lake. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 63 km (39 mi).

1985 June 6 - . 06:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U2.
  • Soyuz T-13 - . Call Sign: Pamir (Pamir mountains). Crew: Dzhanibekov, Savinykh. Backup Crew: Aleksandrov, Popov. Payload: Soyuz T s/n 19L. Mass: 6,850 kg (15,100 lb). Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Aleksandrov, Dzhanibekov, Popov, Savinykh. Agency: MOM. Program: Salyut 7. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Soyuz T-13 EO-4-a, Soyuz T-13 EO-4-b. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Soyuz T. Duration: 112.13 days. Decay Date: 1985-09-26 . USAF Sat Cat: 15804 . COSPAR: 1985-043A. Apogee: 222 km (137 mi). Perigee: 198 km (123 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 88.70 min.

    Docked with Salyut 7. Delivered to the Salyut-7 orbital station a crew consisting of flight commander V A Dzhanibekov and flight engineer V P Savinykh to carry out emergency repairs to inert Salyut 7 station and to conduct scientific and technical research and experiments.


1985 June 7 - . 07:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/4. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Cosmos 1657 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Resurs. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Resurs F1-17F41. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1985-06-21 . USAF Sat Cat: 15806 . COSPAR: 1985-044A. Apogee: 282 km (175 mi). Perigee: 177 km (109 mi). Inclination: 82.3000 deg. Period: 89.10 min. High resolution photo surveillance; film capsule; maneuverable (?). Investigation of the natural resources of the earth in the interests of various branches of the national economy of the USSR and international cooperation..

1985 June 10 - . 08:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: UK S22. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3.
  • Chevaline demonstration and shakedown operations launch - . Nation: UK. Agency: RN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1985 June 11 - .
  • Vega 1, Venus Landing/Balloon - . Nation: Russia. Spacecraft Bus: 5MV. Spacecraft: Vega 5VK.

1985 June 11 - . 14:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC41/1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M.
  • Cosmos 1658 - . Payload: Oko #39. Mass: 1,250 kg (2,750 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Early warning satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Oko. Spacecraft: Oko. Decay Date: 2005-11-12 . USAF Sat Cat: 15808 . COSPAR: 1985-045A. Apogee: 36,933 km (22,949 mi). Perigee: 3,366 km (2,091 mi). Inclination: 65.6000 deg. Period: 716.70 min. Replaced Cosmos 1481. Covered Oko constellation plane 6 - 114 degree longitude of ascending node..

1985 June 12 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Eareckson. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 51 km (31 mi).

1985 June 13 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 644. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Poseidon C3.
  • Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1985 June 13 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 644. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Poseidon C3.
  • Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1985 June 13 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 644. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Poseidon C3.
  • Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1985 June 13 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 644. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Poseidon C3.
  • Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1985 June 13 - . 12:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Cosmos 1659 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-8. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1985-06-27 . USAF Sat Cat: 15818 . COSPAR: 1985-046A. Apogee: 350 km (210 mi). Perigee: 196 km (121 mi). Inclination: 72.9000 deg. Period: 90.00 min. Military cartographic satellite; returned film capsule..

1985 June 14 - .
  • Vega 2, Venus Landing/Balloon - . Nation: Russia. Spacecraft Bus: 5MV. Spacecraft: Vega 5VK.

1985 June 14 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C.
  • BERT Active plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 244 km (151 mi).

1985 June 14 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: Topol. Launch Vehicle: Topol'.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1985 June 14 - . 07:15 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VB.
  • JHU FOT 5 Io Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 238 km (147 mi).

1985 June 14 - . 10:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32/1. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Cosmos 1660 - . Payload: Geo-IK no. 6. Mass: 1,500 kg (3,300 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Earth. Type: Geodetic satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Geo-IK. Spacecraft: Geo-IK. USAF Sat Cat: 15821 . COSPAR: 1985-047A. Apogee: 1,525 km (947 mi). Perigee: 1,482 km (920 mi). Inclination: 73.6000 deg. Period: 116.10 min. Investigation of the upper atmosphere and outer space. .

1985 June 16 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF04. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3.
  • FOT GT108GM Follow-on Test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1985 June 16 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF26. Launch Pad: LF26?. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3.
  • FOT GT109GB Follow-on Test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1985 June 17 - .
  • Death of Kirill Semenovich Moskalenko - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Moskalenko, Kirill. Russian officer. Commander·in-Chief of the Strategic Missile Forces 1960-1962. Succeeded Nedelin..

1985 June 17 - . 04:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Castor Lance. FAILURE: Failure.
  • BEAM Infrared astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1985 June 17 - . 11:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC39A. Launch Platform: MLP1. LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Space Shuttle.
  • STS-51-G - . Call Sign: Discovery. Crew: Al-Saud, Baudry, Brandenstein, Creighton, Fabian, Lucid, Nagel. Payload: Discovery F05 / Morelos 1[PAM-D] / Telstar 303. Mass: 20,174 kg (44,476 lb). Nation: USA. Related Persons: Al-Saud, Baudry, Brandenstein, Creighton, Fabian, Lucid, Nagel. Agency: NASA Houston. Program: STS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Flight: STS-51-G. Spacecraft Bus: Shuttle. Spacecraft: Discovery. Duration: 7.07 days. Decay Date: 1985-06-24 . USAF Sat Cat: 15823 . COSPAR: 1985-048A. Apogee: 369 km (229 mi). Perigee: 358 km (222 mi). Inclination: 28.5000 deg. Period: 91.80 min.

    Deployed and retrieved Spartan 1; launched Morelos 1, Arabsat 1B, Telstar 3D.Payloads: Shuttle Pointed Autono-mous Research Tool for Astronomy (SPARTAN)-1; Automated Directional Solidification Furnace (ADSF); High Precision Tracking Experiment (HPTE); Orbiter Experiments (OEX); French Echocardiograph Experiment (FEE) and French Pocket Experiment (FPE).

  • Morelos 1 - . Payload: Morelos-A / PAM-D. Mass: 512 kg (1,128 lb). Nation: Mexico. Agency: Morelos. Program: Morelos. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: HS 376. Spacecraft: HS 376. Completed Operations Date: 1994-03-04 . USAF Sat Cat: 15824 . COSPAR: 1985-048B. Apogee: 36,030 km (22,380 mi). Perigee: 35,999 km (22,368 mi). Inclination: 6.3000 deg. Period: 1,447.80 min.

    Released by STS 51G 17 June 1985; 113.5 deg W. Coverage of the national territory with television, radio and telephony signals and data transmission. Geostationary satellite. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 113 deg W in 1985-1994 As of 4 September 2001 located at 123.32 deg W drifting at 2.909 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 176.84E drifting at 2.883W degrees per day.

  • Arabsat 1B - . Payload: Discovery F5 / Morelos 1 [PAM-D] / Telstar 303 [PA. Mass: 592 kg (1,305 lb). Nation: Arab States. Agency: Arabsat. Program: Arabsat. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Spacebus 100. Spacecraft: Spacebus 100. Completed Operations Date: 1992-06-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 15825 . COSPAR: 1985-048C. Apogee: 35,746 km (22,211 mi). Perigee: 35,737 km (22,205 mi). Inclination: 1.9000 deg. Period: 1,433.80 min. Released by STS 51G 18 June 1985; 26 deg E. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 26 deg E in 1985-1992 As of 5 September 2001 located at 135.45 deg W drifting at 0.555 deg E per day. As of 2007 Mar 9 located at 165.57E drifting at 0.400E degrees per day..
  • Telstar 3D - . Payload: Telstar 303 / PAM-D. Mass: 630 kg (1,380 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: ATT. Program: Telstar series. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: HS 376. Spacecraft: HS 376. Completed Operations Date: 1999-02-04 . USAF Sat Cat: 15826 . COSPAR: 1985-048D. Apogee: 35,911 km (22,314 mi). Perigee: 35,888 km (22,299 mi). Inclination: 5.4000 deg. Period: 1,441.90 min.

    Released by STS 51G 19 June 1985; stationed at 76 deg W. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 125 deg W in 1985-1992; 123 deg W in 1992-1996; 120 deg W in 1996-1999 As of 31 August 2001 located at 16.95 deg W drifting at 1.400 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 6.47W drifting at 1.400W degrees per day.

  • Spartan 1 - . Payload: Spartan 101. Mass: 1,008 kg (2,222 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Class: Astronomy. Type: X-ray astronomy satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Shuttle Attached Payloads. Spacecraft: Spartan. Decay Date: 1985-06-24 . USAF Sat Cat: 15831 . COSPAR: 1985-048E. Apogee: 395 km (245 mi). Perigee: 359 km (223 mi). Inclination: 28.5000 deg. Period: 92.10 min. Released by STS 51G 20 June 1985, retrieved 22 June 1985..

1985 June 18 - .
  • STS-51-G - Wakeup Song: I Feel the Earth Move - . Flight: STS-51-G. "I Feel the Earth Move" by Carole King CAPCOM: Bob Springer.

1985 June 18 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 633. LV Family: Trident. Launch Vehicle: Trident C-4.
  • Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1985 June 18 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 633. LV Family: Trident. Launch Vehicle: Trident C-4.
  • Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1985 June 18 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 633. LV Family: Trident. Launch Vehicle: Trident C-4.
  • Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1985 June 18 - . 00:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC16/2. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M.
  • Cosmos 1661 - . Payload: Oko #40. Mass: 1,250 kg (2,750 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Early warning satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Oko. Spacecraft: Oko. USAF Sat Cat: 15827 . COSPAR: 1985-049A. Apogee: 36,253 km (22,526 mi). Perigee: 4,148 km (2,577 mi). Inclination: 67.4000 deg. Period: 718.70 min. Covered Oko constellation plane 1 - 275 degree longitude of ascending node..

1985 June 18 - . 03:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 633. LV Family: Trident. Launch Vehicle: Trident C-4.
  • Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1985 June 18 - . 23:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. LV Family: Temp-2S. Launch Vehicle: Pioner.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1985 June 19 - . 11:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1662 - . Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft Bus: Taifun-2. Spacecraft: Taifun-2. Decay Date: 1989-11-16 . USAF Sat Cat: 15833 . COSPAR: 1985-050A. Apogee: 410 km (250 mi). Perigee: 386 km (239 mi). Inclination: 65.8000 deg. Period: 92.50 min. Released 25 Romb radar calibration subsatellites..

1985 June 20 - . 02:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Ryori. LV Family: MT-135. Launch Vehicle: MT-135P.
  • Meteorological mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: JMA. Apogee: 56 km (34 mi).

1985 June 21 - .
  • STS-51-G - Wakeup Song: Proud Mary - . Flight: STS-51-G. "Proud Mary" by Creedence Clearwater Revival CAPCOM: David Leetsma.

1985 June 21 - . 00:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Progress 24 - . Payload: Progress s/n 125. Mass: 7,020 kg (15,470 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Salyut 7. Class: Manned. Type: Manned logistics spacecraft. Flight: Soyuz T-13 EO-4-a, Soyuz T-13 EO-4-b. Spacecraft Bus: Progress. Spacecraft: Progress. Duration: 24.91 days. Completed Operations Date: 1985-07-15 22:33:50 . Decay Date: 1985-07-15 22:33:50 . USAF Sat Cat: 15838 . COSPAR: 1985-051A. Apogee: 251 km (155 mi). Perigee: 189 km (117 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 88.90 min.

    Delivery to the Salyut-7 orbital station of a mixed cargo with a total mass of 2,000 kg. Docked with Salyut 7 on 23 Jun 1985 02:54:00 GMT. Undocked on 15 Jul 1985 12:28:00 GMT. Destroyed in reentry on 15 Jul 1985 22:33:31 GMT. Total free-flight time 2.51 days. Total docked time 22.40 days.


1985 June 21 - . 07:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC41/1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Cosmos 1663 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Resurs. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Resurs F1-17F41. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1985-07-05 . USAF Sat Cat: 15840 . COSPAR: 1985-052A. Apogee: 256 km (159 mi). Perigee: 210 km (130 mi). Inclination: 82.3000 deg. Period: 89.20 min.

    High resolution photo surveillance; film capsule; maneuverable; also performed earth resource tasks. Investigation of the natural resources of the earth in the interests of various branches of the national economy of the USSR and international cooperation.


1985 June 21 - . 08:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC45/1. Launch Pad: LC45/pad?. LV Family: Zenit. Launch Vehicle: Zenit-2.
  • Zenit launch vehicle test - . Payload: Mass Model. Nation: Russia. Agency: VKS. Program: Tselina. Decay Date: 1985-06-28 . USAF Sat Cat: 15842 . COSPAR: 1985-053A. Apogee: 338 km (210 mi). Perigee: 197 km (122 mi). Inclination: 64.4000 deg. Period: 89.90 min. Intended to be suborbital, but some debris reached orbit. Rocket debris decayed by 6/28/85..

1985 June 22 - .
  • STS-51-G - Wakeup Song: Sailing - . Flight: STS-51-G. "Sailing" by Christopher Cross CAPCOM: David Leetsma.

1985 June 23 - .
  • STS-51-G - Wakeup Song: Jonathan Livingston Seagull - . Flight: STS-51-G. "Jonathan Livingston Seagull" Theme from movie by Neil Diamond;Untitled Saudi Arabian music; (First Wakeup). CAPCOM: David Leetsma Second Wakeup:"Happy Talk" from movie"South Pacific" . CAPCOM: Bob Springer.

1985 June 24 - .
  • STS-51-G - Wakeup Song: William Tell Overture - . Flight: STS-51-G. "William Tell Overture" by Rossini 2."Wedding March" by Felix Mendelssohn 3."Get Me to the Church on Time" from"My Fair Lady" by Lerner and Loewe. In honor of pilot John Creighton's upcoming marriage CAPCOM: David Leetsma.

1985 June 24 - . 17:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1985 June 24 - .
1985 June 26 - . 12:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Cosmos 1664 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-8. Duration: 9.00 days. Decay Date: 1985-07-05 . USAF Sat Cat: 15860 . COSPAR: 1985-054A. Apogee: 376 km (233 mi). Perigee: 193 km (119 mi). Inclination: 72.8000 deg. Period: 90.20 min. Military cartographic satellite; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1985 June 26 - . 17:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1985 June 28 - . 13:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Syowa Base. LV Family: MT-135. Launch Vehicle: MT-135JA.
  • Meteorological mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: NIPR. Apogee: 61 km (37 mi).

1985 June 30 - . 00:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC36B. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas G Centaur.
  • Intelsat 5A F-11 - . Mass: 1,098 kg (2,420 lb). Nation: International. Agency: Intelsat. Program: Intelsat. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Intelsat 5. Spacecraft: Intelsat 5A. USAF Sat Cat: 15873 . COSPAR: 1985-055A. Apogee: 35,799 km (22,244 mi). Perigee: 35,773 km (22,228 mi). Inclination: 0.7000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min.

    Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 27 deg W in 1985-1990; 63 deg E in 1990-1992; 177 deg E in 1992-1994; 180 deg E in 1994-1997; 29 deg W in 1998-1999 As of 4 September 2001 located at 29.54 deg W drifting at 0.005 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 9 located at 113.07W drifting at 0.696W degrees per day.


1985 July 1 - . Launch Site: Balasore. LV Family: RH. Launch Vehicle: RH-200.
  • Meteorological mission - . Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1985 July 2 - . 11:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA1. LV Family: Ariane. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 1.
  • Giotto - . Mass: 583 kg (1,285 lb). Nation: Europe. Agency: ESA. Class: Comet. Type: Comet probe. Spacecraft Bus: Giotto. Spacecraft: Giotto. USAF Sat Cat: 15875 . COSPAR: 1985-056A. Apogee: 35,807 km (22,249 mi). Perigee: 201 km (124 mi). Inclination: 6.9000 deg. Period: 631.51 min.

    Encountered comet Halley March 13, 1986. The Giotto mission was designed to study Comet P/Halley, and also studied Comet P/Grigg-Skjellerup during its extended mission. The spacecraft encountered Halley on March 13, 1986, at a distance of 0.89 AU from the sun and 0.98 AU from the Earth and an angle of 107 degrees from the comet-sun line. The actual closest approach was measured at 596 km. All experiments performed well and returned a wealth of new scientific results, of which perhaps the most important was the clear identification of the cometary nucleus. Fourteen seconds before closest approach, Giotto was hit by a `large' dust particle. The impact caused the spacecraft angular momentum vector to shift 0.9 degrees. Scientific data were received intermittently for the next 32 minutes. Some experiment sensors suffered damage during this 32-minute interval. Other experiments (the camera baffle and deflecting mirror, the dust detector sensors on the front sheet of the bumper shield, and most experiment apertures) were exposed to dust particles regardless of the accident and also suffered damage. Many of the sensors survived the encounter with little or no damage. Questionable or partially damaged sensors included the camera (later proved to not be functional) and one of the plasma analyzers (RPA). Inoperable experiments included the neutral and ion mass spectrometers and one sensor each on the dust detector and the other plasma analyzer (JPA). During the Giotto extended mission, the spacecraft successfully encountered Comet P/Grigg-Skjellerup on July 10, 1992. The closest approach was approximately 200 km. The heliocentric distance of the spacecraft was 1.01 AU, and the geocentric distance, 1.43 AU at the time of the encounter. The payload was switched-on in the evening of July 9. Eight experiments were operated and provided a surprising wealth of data. The Johnstone Plasma Analyser detected the first presence of cometary ions 600,000 km from the nucleus at 12 hours before the closest approach. The Dust Impact Detectors reported the first impact of a fairly large particle at 15:30:56. Bow shocks/waves and acceleration regions were also detected. After the P/Grigg-Skjellerup encounter operation were terminated on 23 July 1992. The spacecraft will fly by the Earth on 1 July 1999.


1985 July 3 - . 12:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Cosmos 1665 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-8. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1985-07-17 . USAF Sat Cat: 15877 . COSPAR: 1985-057A. Apogee: 280 km (170 mi). Perigee: 193 km (119 mi). Inclination: 72.9000 deg. Period: 89.20 min. Military cartographic satellite; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1985 July 4 - . 17:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 79 km (49 mi).

1985 July 5 - . 14:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Molodezhnaya. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1985 July 6 - . 00:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 731. LV Family: Trident. Launch Vehicle: Trident C-4.
  • Demonstration and shakedown operations launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1985 July 8 - . 23:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32. Launch Pad: LC32/2. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Cosmos 1666 - . Payload: Tselina-D no. 49. Mass: 1,500 kg (3,300 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Tselina-D. Spacecraft: Tselina-D. USAF Sat Cat: 15889 . COSPAR: 1985-058A. Apogee: 622 km (386 mi). Perigee: 595 km (369 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 96.90 min.

1985 July 9 - . 20:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 86 km (53 mi).

1985 July 10 - . 03:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC41/1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Cosmos 1667 - . Payload: Bion no. 7. Mass: 5,700 kg (12,500 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Biology. Type: Biology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Bion. Duration: 6.90 days. Decay Date: 1985-07-17 . USAF Sat Cat: 15891 . COSPAR: 1985-059A. Apogee: 262 km (162 mi). Perigee: 206 km (128 mi). Inclination: 82.4000 deg. Period: 89.20 min.

    Biological research. Carried monkeys Verniy and Gordiy. Continued investigations of the influence of space flight factors on living organisms and radiation physics research. Cosmos 1667 was the second USSR biosatellite mission with a primate payload. Cosmos 1667 also featured a large rodent payload, however the U.S. only conducted a single experiment cardiovascular experiment on one of the two flight monkeys. Mission parameters were very similar to those of Cosmos 1514. Countries participating in the mission included the USSR, U.S., France, Czechoslovakia, the German Democratic Republic, Poland, Romania, Bulgaria and Hungary. Additional Details: here....


1985 July 11 - . 14:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC47. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 69 km (42 mi).

1985 July 12 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC39A. LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Space Shuttle.
  • Shuttle Challenger Pad Abort - . Nation: USA. Program: STS. Flight: STS-51-F. Spacecraft Bus: Shuttle. Spacecraft: Challenger. The countdown for Challenger's launch was halted at T-3 seconds when on-board computers detected a problem with a coolant valve on main engine #2. The valve was replaced and Challenger was launched on July 29, 1985..

1985 July 12 - . 19:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Syowa Base. LV Family: S-310. Launch Vehicle: S-310.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: NIPR. Apogee: 222 km (137 mi).

1985 July 14 - . 15:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. Launch Complex: Barking Sands KP. LV Family: Malemute. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Malemute.
  • ACE I Target - . Nation: USA. Agency: Lincoln, SDIO. Apogee: 497 km (308 mi).

1985 July 15 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF09. Launch Pad: LF09?. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3.
  • FOT GT110GM Follow-on Test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1985 July 15 - . 06:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. Launch Pad: LC1 or LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Cosmos 1668 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-8. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1985-07-29 . USAF Sat Cat: 15906 . COSPAR: 1985-060A. Apogee: 271 km (168 mi). Perigee: 206 km (128 mi). Inclination: 70.4000 deg. Period: 89.30 min. Military cartographic satellite; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1985 July 16 - . 20:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 91 km (56 mi).

1985 July 17 - . 01:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/4. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M.
  • Molniya 3-25 - . Payload: Molniya-3 s/n 37. Mass: 1,600 kg (3,500 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Molniya. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-2. Spacecraft: Molniya-3. Decay Date: 2002-09-21 . USAF Sat Cat: 15909 . COSPAR: 1985-061A. Apogee: 38,334 km (23,819 mi). Perigee: 1,797 km (1,116 mi). Inclination: 64.7000 deg. Period: 713.30 min. Operation of the long-range telephone and telegraph radio communications system in the USSR; transmission of USSR Central Television programmes to stations in the Orbita network and within the framework of international cooperation. .

1985 July 18 - . 11:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1985 July 19 - .
  • NASA Astronaut Training Group 17 selected. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Anderson, Clayton, Archambault, Caldwell, Chamitoff, Creamer, Ferguson, Foreman, Fossum, Ham, Hilliard, Johnson, Gregory C, Johnson, Gregory H, Love, Melvin, Morgan, Nespoli, Oefelein, Olivas, Patrick, Poindexter, Pontes, Reisman, Swanson, Vittori.

    The group was selected to provide pilot, engineer, and scientist astronauts for space shuttle flights.. Qualifications: Pilots: Bachelor's degree in engineering, biological science, physical science or mathematics. Advanced degree desirable. At least 1,000 flight-hours of pilot-in-command time. Flight test experience desirable. Excellent health. Vision minimum 20/50 uncorrected, correctable to 20/20 vision; maximum sitting blood pressure 140/90. Height between 163 and 193 cm.

    Mission Specialists: Bachelor's degree in engineering, biological science, physical science or mathematics and minimum three years of related experience or an advanced degree. Vision minimum 20/150 uncorrected, correctable to 20/20. Maximum sitting blood pressure of 140/90. Height between 150 and 193 cm.. Of 25 Americans, eight pilots and 17 mission specialists.


1985 July 19 - . 13:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Cosmos 1669 - . Payload: Progress s/n 126. Mass: 7,020 kg (15,470 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Salyut 7. Class: Manned. Type: Manned logistics spacecraft. Flight: Soyuz T-13 EO-4-a, Soyuz T-13 EO-4-b. Spacecraft Bus: Progress. Spacecraft: Progress. Duration: 41.51 days. Completed Operations Date: 1985-08-30 01:19:52 . Decay Date: 1985-08-30 01:19:52 . USAF Sat Cat: 15918 . COSPAR: 1985-062A. Apogee: 247 km (153 mi). Perigee: 187 km (116 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 88.80 min.

    Progress vehicle, given Cosmos designation instead of Progress because control lost early in mission but regained later. Resupplied Salyut 7. On departure briefly undocked and redocked to verify reliability of docking system. Transported of various cargoes to the Salyut-7 orbital station. Docked with Salyut 7 on 21 Jul 1985 15:05:00 GMT. Undocked on 28 Aug 1985 21:50:00 GMT. Destroyed in reentry on 30 Aug 1985 01:20:00 GMT. Total free-flight time 3.23 days. Total docked time 38.28 days.


1985 July 22 - . 11:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1985 July 23 - . 20:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1985 July 24 - . 11:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 81 km (50 mi).

1985 July 26 - . 11:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1985 July 29 - . 21:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC39A. Launch Platform: MLP2. LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Space Shuttle.
  • STS-51-F - . Call Sign: Challenger. Crew: Acton, Bartoe, Bridges, England, Fullerton, Henize, Musgrave. Payload: Challenger F08 / PDP / Spacelab 2 PLT. Mass: 15,603 kg (34,398 lb). Nation: USA. Related Persons: Acton, Bartoe, Bridges, England, Fullerton, Henize, Musgrave. Agency: NASA Houston. Program: STS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Flight: STS-51-F. Spacecraft Bus: Shuttle. Spacecraft: Challenger. Duration: 7.95 days. Decay Date: 1985-08-06 . USAF Sat Cat: 15925 . COSPAR: 1985-063A. Apogee: 337 km (209 mi). Perigee: 203 km (126 mi). Inclination: 49.5000 deg. Period: 89.90 min.

    Manned seven crew. At 5 minutes, 45 seconds into ascent the number one engine shut down prematurely due to a a sensor problem and an abort to orbit was declared. Despite the anomaly the mission continued. Launched PDP; carried Spacelab 2. Payloads: Spacelab-2 with 13 experiments, Shuttle Amateur Radio Experiment (SAREX), Protein Crystal Growth (PCG). The flight crew was divided into a red and blue team. Each team worked 12-hour shifts for 24-hour-a-day operation.

  • Spacelab 2 PLT - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Spacelab. Class: Manned. Type: Manned space laboratory. Spacecraft Bus: Shuttle Attached Payloads. Spacecraft: SLP. Decay Date: 1985-08-06 . USAF Sat Cat: 15925 . COSPAR: 1985-063xx. Apogee: 328 km (203 mi). Perigee: 300 km (180 mi). Inclination: 49.5000 deg. Period: 90.80 min.
  • Spacelab 2 PLT - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Spacelab. Class: Manned. Type: Manned space laboratory. Spacecraft Bus: Shuttle Attached Payloads. Spacecraft: SLP. Decay Date: 1985-08-06 . USAF Sat Cat: 15925 . COSPAR: 1985-063xx. Apogee: 328 km (203 mi). Perigee: 300 km (180 mi). Inclination: 49.5000 deg. Period: 90.80 min.
  • Spacelab 2 PLT - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Spacelab. Class: Manned. Type: Manned space laboratory. Spacecraft Bus: Shuttle Attached Payloads. Spacecraft: SLP. Decay Date: 1985-08-06 . USAF Sat Cat: 15925 . COSPAR: 1985-063xx. Apogee: 328 km (203 mi). Perigee: 300 km (180 mi). Inclination: 49.5000 deg. Period: 90.80 min.
  • CRNE - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: STS. Spacecraft Bus: Shuttle Attached Payloads. Spacecraft: CRNE. Decay Date: 1985-08-06 . USAF Sat Cat: 15925 . COSPAR: 1985-063xx. Apogee: 328 km (203 mi). Perigee: 300 km (180 mi). Inclination: 49.5000 deg. Period: 90.80 min.
  • PDP - . Payload: Challenger F8 / PDP. Mass: 285 kg (628 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Huntsville. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft Bus: PDP. Spacecraft: PDP. Decay Date: 1985-08-06 . USAF Sat Cat: 15929 . COSPAR: 1985-063B. Apogee: 321 km (199 mi). Perigee: 311 km (193 mi). Inclination: 49.5000 deg. Period: 90.90 min. Plasma Diagnostics Package; released by STS 51F 8/1/85, retrieved 8/2/85. .

1985 July 30 - . 20:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 63 km (39 mi).

1985 July 31 - . 11:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 81 km (50 mi).

1985 August 1 - .
  • Buran Cosmonaut Training Group 2 selected. - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Afanasyev, Artsebarsky, Manakov. Experienced test pilots were selected to train for manned missions using the Buran space shuttle..

1985 August 1 - . 05:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC90/19. Launch Pad: LC90/pad?. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-2.
  • Cosmos 1670 - . Mass: 3,800 kg (8,300 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: RORSAT. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military naval surveillance radar satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Kosmoplan. Spacecraft: US-A. Decay Date: 1985-12-08 . USAF Sat Cat: 16196 . COSPAR: 1985-064C. Apogee: 1,007 km (625 mi). Perigee: 893 km (554 mi). Inclination: 64.9000 deg. Period: 104.10 min. Ocean surveillance; nuclear powered..

1985 August 2 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur Jubilee.
1985 August 2 - . 07:15 GMT - .
1985 August 2 - . 11:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Cosmos 1671 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-8. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1985-08-16 . USAF Sat Cat: 15931 . COSPAR: 1985-065A. Apogee: 281 km (174 mi). Perigee: 195 km (121 mi). Inclination: 72.9000 deg. Period: 89.30 min. Military cartographic satellite; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1985 August 3 - . 03:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC5. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout G-1.
  • Transit O-24 - . Mass: 55 kg (121 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Program: Transit. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Transit. Spacecraft: Transit. USAF Sat Cat: 15935 . COSPAR: 1985-066A. Apogee: 1,254 km (779 mi). Perigee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Inclination: 89.9000 deg. Period: 107.90 min. First operational Transits launched in 12 years due to reliability of original constellation. First paired Transit launch..
  • Transit O-30 - . Mass: 55 kg (121 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Program: Transit. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Transit. Spacecraft: Transit. USAF Sat Cat: 15936 . COSPAR: 1985-066B. Apogee: 1,255 km (779 mi). Perigee: 999 km (620 mi). Inclination: 89.9000 deg. Period: 107.90 min.

1985 August 6 - . 20:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 93 km (57 mi).

1985 August 6 - .
1985 August 7 - . 09:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/4. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Cosmos 1672 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Resurs. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Resurs F1-17F41. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1985-08-21 . USAF Sat Cat: 15940 . COSPAR: 1985-067A. Apogee: 255 km (158 mi). Perigee: 183 km (113 mi). Inclination: 82.3000 deg. Period: 88.90 min. High resolution photo surveillance; film capsule; maneuverable. Investigation of the natural resources of the earth in the interests of various branches of the national economy of the USSR and international cooperation..

1985 August 8 - . 10:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. Launch Pad: LC1 or LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Cosmos 1673 - . Payload: Yantar-1KFT no. 5. Mass: 6,600 kg (14,500 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Cartographic satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Yantar. Spacecraft: Yantar-1KFT. Duration: 42.00 days. Decay Date: 1985-09-19 . USAF Sat Cat: 15942 . COSPAR: 1985-068A. Apogee: 271 km (168 mi). Perigee: 195 km (121 mi). Inclination: 64.8000 deg. Period: 89.20 min. Military topographic / cartographic satellite..

1985 August 8 - . 11:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32. Launch Pad: LC32/1. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Cosmos 1674 - . Payload: Tselina-D no. 50. Mass: 1,500 kg (3,300 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Tselina-D. Spacecraft: Tselina-D. USAF Sat Cat: 15944 . COSPAR: 1985-069A. Apogee: 620 km (380 mi). Perigee: 594 km (369 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 96.80 min. Replaced Cosmos 1536..

1985 August 8 - . 21:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC200/39. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K/DM.
  • Raduga 16 - . Payload: Raduga s/n 26L. Mass: 1,940 kg (4,270 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-3. Spacecraft: Raduga . Completed Operations Date: 1988-10-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 15946 . COSPAR: 1985-070A. Apogee: 35,818 km (22,256 mi). Perigee: 35,788 km (22,237 mi). Inclination: 10.8000 deg. Period: 1,436.90 min.

    Stationed at 45 deg. E. Provision of telephone and telegraph radiocommunications and television broadcasting. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 45 deg E in 1985-1987; 170 deg W in 1987-1988 As of 1 September 2001 located at 34.20 deg W drifting at 0.087 deg E per day. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 161.95W drifting at 0.182W degrees per day.


1985 August 9 - . 14:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Molodezhnaya. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 81 km (50 mi).

1985 August 10 - . 17:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 656. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Poseidon C3.
  • Demonstration and shakedown operations launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1985 August 12 - . 15:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC16/2. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M.
  • Cosmos 1675 - . Payload: Oko #41. Mass: 1,250 kg (2,750 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Early warning satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Oko. Spacecraft: Oko. USAF Sat Cat: 15952 . COSPAR: 1985-071A. Apogee: 36,967 km (22,970 mi). Perigee: 3,363 km (2,089 mi). Inclination: 67.4000 deg. Period: 717.30 min. Replaced Cosmos 1581. Covered Oko constellation plane 8 - 195 degree longitude of ascending node..

1985 August 13 - . 20:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 83 km (51 mi).

1985 August 14 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: Topol. Launch Vehicle: Topol'.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1985 August 14 - . 02:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 81 km (50 mi).

1985 August 16 - . 15:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Cosmos 1676 - . Mass: 6,600 kg (14,500 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Yantar. Spacecraft: Yantar-4K1. Duration: 59.00 days. Decay Date: 1985-10-14 . USAF Sat Cat: 15959 . COSPAR: 1985-072A. Apogee: 332 km (206 mi). Perigee: 169 km (105 mi). Inclination: 67.1000 deg. Period: 89.50 min. High resolution photo reconnaissance; returned film in two small SpK capsules during the mission and with the main capsule at completion of the mission..

1985 August 18 - . 23:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima M. Launch Pad: M1. LV Family: Mu. Launch Vehicle: Mu-3S-II.
  • SS-11 Suisei - . Payload: Planet A. Mass: 141 kg (310 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft Bus: SS. Spacecraft: SS. USAF Sat Cat: 15967 . COSPAR: 1985-073A.

    Rendezvoused with comet Halley 3/8/86. Solar Orbit (Heliocentric). PLANET-A (SUISEI). Launch time 2333 GMT. Imaging of the hydrogen coma of Halley's comet by the hydrogen Lyman alpha line. Measurement of the solar wind in the cruising phase and in the vicinity of the comet. Launching organiza tion ISAS. Heliocentric orbit parameters 282 days, inclination 0.888 deg, 151.42 x 100.5 million km (1.0122 x 0.6718 AU).


1985 August 20 - . 20:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 84 km (52 mi).

1985 August 21 - . 14:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Molodezhnaya. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 82 km (50 mi).

1985 August 22 - . 19:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M.
  • Molniya 1-64 - . Payload: Molniya-1T. Mass: 1,800 kg (3,900 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Molniya. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-2. Spacecraft: Molniya-1T. Decay Date: 2000-03-22 . USAF Sat Cat: 15977 . COSPAR: 1985-074A. Apogee: 38,370 km (23,840 mi). Perigee: 1,987 km (1,234 mi). Inclination: 64.7000 deg. Period: 717.80 min. Replaced Molniya 1-61. Operation of the long-range telephone and telegraph radio communications system in the USSR; transmission of USSR Central Television programmes to stations in the Orbita network. .

1985 August 23 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg.
  • First Peacekeeper ICBM "cold launch" - . Nation: USA. First Peacekeeper ICBM 'cold launch' from an underground silo (LF08). First eight launches conducted from an above ground launch stand at Test Pad 01..

1985 August 23 - . 22:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC90/19. Launch Pad: LC90/pad?. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-2.
  • Cosmos 1677 - . Mass: 3,800 kg (8,300 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: RORSAT. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military naval surveillance radar satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Kosmoplan. Spacecraft: US-A. Decay Date: 1985-12-14 . USAF Sat Cat: 16192 . COSPAR: 1985-075B. Apogee: 1,001 km (621 mi). Perigee: 880 km (540 mi). Inclination: 64.7000 deg. Period: 103.90 min. Ocean surveillance; nuclear powered..

1985 August 24 - . 16:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF08. LV Family: Peacekeeper. Launch Vehicle: Peacekeeper.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1985 August 25 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: Topol. Launch Vehicle: Topol'.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1985 August 27 - . 10:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC39A. Launch Platform: MLP1. LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Space Shuttle.
  • STS-51-I - . Call Sign: Discovery. Crew: Covey, Engle, Fisher, William, Lounge, van Hoften. Payload: Discovery F06 / Syncom-4 4 [Orbus-7S] / Aussat A1. Mass: 19,952 kg (43,986 lb). Nation: USA. Related Persons: Covey, Engle, Fisher, William, Lounge, van Hoften. Agency: NASA Houston. Program: STS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Flight: STS-51-I. Spacecraft Bus: Shuttle. Spacecraft: Discovery. Duration: 7.10 days. Decay Date: 1985-09-03 . USAF Sat Cat: 15992 . COSPAR: 1985-076A. Apogee: 364 km (226 mi). Perigee: 351 km (218 mi). Inclination: 28.5000 deg. Period: 91.70 min.

    Manned five crew. Launched Aussat 1, ASC 1, Leasat 4; repaired Leasat 3. Payloads: Deploy ASC (American Satellite Company)-1 with Payload Assist Modue (PAM)-D. Deploy AUSSAT (Australian communications satellite)-1 with PAM-D. Deploy Syncom IV-4 communications satellite with its unique stage. Retrieve Leasat-3 communications satellite, repair and deploy by extravehicular activity (EVA) astronauts. Physical Vapor Transport Organic Solids (PVTOS) experiment.

  • ASC-1 - . Mass: 1,271 kg (2,802 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: new. Program: GTE. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: ASC. Spacecraft: ASC. Completed Operations Date: 1994-08-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 15994 . COSPAR: 1985-076C. Apogee: 35,796 km (22,242 mi). Perigee: 35,778 km (22,231 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min.

    Released by STS 51I 8/27/85; stationed at 81 deg E. C, Ku band communications satellite. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 128 deg W in 1985-1994 As of 5 September 2001 located at 99.97 deg W drifting at 0.156 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 119.21W drifting at 0.126W degrees per day.

  • Syncom IV-4 - . Payload: Discovery F6 / Syncom-4 4 [Orbus-7S] / Aussat A1 [. Mass: 1,388 kg (3,060 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: HCI. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: HS 381. Spacecraft: HS 381. Completed Operations Date: 1996-10-30 . USAF Sat Cat: 15995 . COSPAR: 1985-076D. Apogee: 36,503 km (22,681 mi). Perigee: 36,486 km (22,671 mi). Inclination: 9.5000 deg. Period: 1,472.40 min.

    Released by STS 51I 8/29/85; 178 deg E; leased by U.S. government. Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C). Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 177 deg W in 1985-1987 As of 3 September 2001 located at 149.81 deg W drifting at 8.908 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 84.34W drifting at 8.912W degrees per day.

  • Aussat A1 - . Payload: Aussat A1 [PAM-D]. Mass: 1,260 kg (2,770 lb). Nation: Australia. Agency: Aussat. Program: Aussat. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: HS 376. Spacecraft: HS 376. Completed Operations Date: 1993-08-24 . USAF Sat Cat: 15993 . COSPAR: 1985-076B. Apogee: 35,934 km (22,328 mi). Perigee: 35,922 km (22,320 mi). Inclination: 7.0000 deg. Period: 1,443.30 min.

    Released by STS 51I 8/27/85. Aussat A1 was decommissioned in early 1993 at the ned of its nominal life. It is currently in a non-synchronous graveyard orbit.. It spent its active life at 160 deg. E. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 160 deg E in 1985-1993 As of 5 September 2001 located at 174.28 deg W drifting at 1.831 deg W per day. As of 2007 Feb 27 located at 120.19E drifting at 1.838W degrees per day.


1985 August 28 - .
  • STS-51-I - Wakeup Song: Waltzing Matilda - . Flight: STS-51-I. "Waltzing Matilda" awakened the crew as they passed over Australia. CAPCOM: David Leetsma.

1985 August 28 - . 21:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC4E. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 34D. FAILURE: Stage 1 propellant feed system failure forced premature engine shutdown.. Failed Stage: 1.
  • KH-11 no. 7 - . Payload: KH-11 no. 7. Mass: 13,300 kg (29,300 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KH-11. Spacecraft: KH-11. Decay Date: 1985-08-28 . KH-11 type satellite..

1985 August 29 - .
  • Death of Ivan Ivanovich Utkin - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Utkin, Ivan. Russian engineer. Chief Designer 1960-1970 of NII IT. Specialised in spacecraft memory data recorders..

1985 August 29 - .
  • STS-51-I - Wakeup Song: Over the Rainbow - . Flight: STS-51-I. "Over the Rainbow" - Judy Garland CAPCOM: David Leetsma.

1985 August 29 - . 10:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC41/1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Cosmos 1678 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Resurs. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Resurs F1-17F41. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1985-09-12 . USAF Sat Cat: 15997 . COSPAR: 1985-077A. Apogee: 280 km (170 mi). Perigee: 178 km (110 mi). Inclination: 82.3000 deg. Period: 89.10 min.

    High resolution photo surveillance; film capsule; maneuverable; also performed earth resource tasks. Investigation of the natural resources of the earth in the interests of various branches of the national economy of the USSR and international cooperation.


1985 August 29 - . 11:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. Launch Pad: LC1 or LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Cosmos 1679 - . Mass: 6,600 kg (14,500 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Yantar. Spacecraft: Yantar-4K1. Duration: 50.00 days. Decay Date: 1985-10-18 . USAF Sat Cat: 15999 . COSPAR: 1985-078A. Apogee: 341 km (211 mi). Perigee: 172 km (106 mi). Inclination: 64.9000 deg. Period: 89.60 min. High resolution photo reconnaissance; returned film in two small SpK capsules during the mission and with the main capsule at completion of the mission..

1985 August 30 - .
  • STS-51-I - Wakeup Song: I Saw the Light - . Flight: STS-51-I. "I Saw the Light" by Willie Nelson CAPCOM: David Leetsma.

1985 August 30 - . 07:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: UNKO. Launch Platform: KRENKEL'. LV Family: MMR-06. Launch Vehicle: MMR-06.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: GMS. Apogee: 59 km (36 mi).

1985 August 31 - .
1985 August 31 - .
  • STS-51-I - Wakeup Song: I Get Around - . Flight: STS-51-I. "I Get Around" by Beach Boys CAPCOM: James D. Wetherbee.

1985 September 1 - .
1985 September 1 - .
  • DoD Astronaut Training Group 3 selected. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Carretto, Crombie, DeArmond, Staib, Tittle.

    The group was selected to provide shuttle manned spaceflight engineers to operate military payloads.. Qualifications: USAF officers with bachelor's degree in science or engineering; four years experience in flying or space-related activities. Vision minimum 20/150 uncorrected, correctable to 20/20. Maximum sitting blood pressure of 140/90. Height between 150 and 193 cm.. 5 were selected from 160 candidates.


1985 September 1 - .
  • STS-51-I - Wakeup Song: Lucky Old Sun - . Flight: STS-51-I. "Lucky Old Sun" by Willie Nelson.

1985 September 2 - .
  • Energia Engineer Cosmonaut Training Group 8 selected. - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Krikalyov, Zaitsev.

1985 September 2 - .
  • MAP Cosmonaut Training Group 4 selected. - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Sheffer, Tresvyatski. The group was selected to provide test pilots for Buran spaceplane..

1985 September 2 - .
  • IMBP Cosmonaut Training Group 4 selected. - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Stepanov, Yuri. Physicians and biomedical specialist cosmonauts for planned missions to the Mir space station..

1985 September 2 - .
  • STS-51-I - Wakeup Song: Stormy Weather - . Flight: STS-51-I. "Stormy Weather" by Willie Nelson. It was chosen due to the powerful Gulf Coast hurricane Elena observed from the Discovery. CAPCOMS: James D. Wetherbee/Joe Engle.

1985 September 2 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 626. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Poseidon C3.
  • Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1985 September 2 - . 05:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 626. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Poseidon C3.
  • Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1985 September 3 - .
  • STS-51-I - Wakeup Song: Living in the USA - . Flight: STS-51-I. "Living in the USA" by Linda Ronstadt CAPCOMS: James D. Wetherbee/Joe Engle.

1985 September 3 - . 20:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 78 km (48 mi).

1985 September 3 - .
1985 September 4 - . 07:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1680 - . Mass: 700 kg (1,540 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Strela-2M. USAF Sat Cat: 16011 . COSPAR: 1985-079A. Apogee: 798 km (495 mi). Perigee: 774 km (480 mi). Inclination: 74.1000 deg. Period: 100.60 min. Replaced Cosmos 1538..

1985 September 5 - . 13:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Loki Dart.
  • Test / aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 53 km (32 mi).

1985 September 6 - . 10:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC41/1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Cosmos 1681 - . Payload: Zenit-4MKT no. 27. Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Resurs. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-4MKT. Duration: 13.00 days. Decay Date: 1985-09-19 . USAF Sat Cat: 16018 . COSPAR: 1985-080A. Apogee: 225 km (139 mi). Perigee: 206 km (128 mi). Inclination: 82.3000 deg. Period: 88.80 min. Investigation of the natural resources of the earth in the interests of various branches of the national economy of the USSR and international cooperation..

1985 September 6 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • CWAS 11 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1985 September 7 - . 09:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion sounding rocket.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1985 September 9 - .
  • CNES Cosmonaut Training Group selected. - . Nation: France. Related Persons: Viso. French astronaut sent to Russia for cosmonaut training..

1985 September 9 - .
  • CNES Astronaut Training Group 1 selected. - . Nation: France. Related Persons: Andre-Deshays, Haignere. French astronauts trained for flights to the Mir space station..

1985 September 10 - . 00:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1985 September 10 - . 00:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1985 September 11 - .
  • ICE, Comet Giacobini-Zinner Flyby - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft Bus: ISEE. Spacecraft: ISEE.

1985 September 12 - . 14:50 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • CWAS 12 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1985 September 12 - . 23:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA1. LV Family: Ariane. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 3. FAILURE: Geosynchronous orbit injection failure. Third stage igniter cartridge failure was determined to be the most likely cause.. Failed Stage: U.
1985 September 13 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Western Test Range DZ. Launch Pad: 35.0 N x 120.0 W. Launch Platform: F-15. LV Family: SRAM. Launch Vehicle: ASAT.
  • First US ASAT intercept - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi). Successful ASAT intercept test; rammed and destroyed the Solwind P78-1 satellite..

1985 September 14 - . 14:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 9M.
  • CBR Submillimeter radio astronomy mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 297 km (184 mi).

1985 September 16 - . 07:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: UNKO. Launch Platform: KRENKEL'. LV Family: MMR-06. Launch Vehicle: MMR-06.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: GMS. Apogee: 58 km (36 mi).

1985 September 17 - . 12:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U2.
1985 September 18 - . 03:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1985 September 19 - . 01:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC90/19. Launch Pad: LC90/pad?. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-2.
  • Cosmos 1682 - . Mass: 3,000 kg (6,600 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: EORSAT. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Kosmoplan. Spacecraft: US-P. Decay Date: 1986-12-31 . USAF Sat Cat: 16054 . COSPAR: 1985-082A. Apogee: 446 km (277 mi). Perigee: 341 km (211 mi). Inclination: 65.0000 deg. Period: 92.40 min. Ocean surveillance..

1985 September 19 - . 10:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Cosmos 1683 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-8. Duration: 15.00 days. Decay Date: 1985-10-04 . USAF Sat Cat: 16056 . COSPAR: 1985-083A. Apogee: 370 km (220 mi). Perigee: 193 km (119 mi). Inclination: 72.9000 deg. Period: 90.10 min. Military cartographic satellite; returned film capsule..

1985 September 20 - . Launch Site: Uzhur. LV Family: R-36M. Launch Vehicle: R-36MU 15A18.
  • ICBM operational test launch from missile base silo - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1985 September 20 - . 01:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Loki Dart.
  • Test / aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 52 km (32 mi).

1985 September 21 - . 03:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Loki Dart.
  • PWN-8B Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1985 September 23 - .
  • United States Space Command activated at Peterson AFB, Colorado. - . Nation: USA.

1985 September 24 - . 01:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/4. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M.
  • Cosmos 1684 - . Payload: Oko #42. Mass: 1,250 kg (2,750 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Early warning satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Oko. Spacecraft: Oko. USAF Sat Cat: 16064 . COSPAR: 1985-084A. Apogee: 32,715 km (20,328 mi). Perigee: 7,606 km (4,726 mi). Inclination: 67.9000 deg. Period: 717.10 min. Replaced Cosmos 1586. Covered Oko constellation plane 4 - 35 degree longitude of ascending node..

1985 September 25 - . 14:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Molodezhnaya. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1985 September 26 - .
  • Consolidated Space Operations Center (CSOC) opened at Falcon AFS, Colorado, and transferred from Air Force Systems Command (AFSC) to Space Command. - . Nation: USA.

1985 September 26 - . 08:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF04. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3.
  • FOT GT111GM Follow-on Test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1985 September 26 - . 11:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Cosmos 1685 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-8. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1985-10-10 . USAF Sat Cat: 16088 . COSPAR: 1985-085A. Apogee: 350 km (210 mi). Perigee: 194 km (120 mi). Inclination: 72.9000 deg. Period: 90.00 min. Military cartographic satellite; returned film capsule..

1985 September 26 - .
1985 September 27 - . 08:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC200/39. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K.
  • Cosmos 1686 - . Payload: TKS-M s/n 16501. Mass: 20,000 kg (44,000 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Almaz. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Soyuz T-13 EO-4-a, Soyuz T-14 EO-4-c. Spacecraft Bus: TKS. Spacecraft: TKS . Duration: 1,958.80 days. Decay Date: 1991-02-07 . USAF Sat Cat: 16095 . COSPAR: 1985-086A. Apogee: 284 km (176 mi). Perigee: 280 km (170 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 90.20 min.

    Modification of cancelled TKS manned ferry; docked with Salyut 7. All landing systems were removed from the VA re-entry capsule and replaced with military optical sensor experiments (infrared telescope and Ozon spectrometer). Burned up in the atmosphere and together with the Salyut 7 station over Argentina on February 7, 1991 04:00 GMT. Re-entered with unused 3 m diameter recoverable capsule of 2-3,000 kg mass, solid rocket motors, and cesium sensors.

    Maneuver Summary:
    172 km X 302 km orbit to 284 km X 319 km orbit. Delta V: 36 m/s
    281 km X 315 km orbit to 290 km X 336 km orbit. Delta V: 8 m/s
    290 km X 336 km orbit to 335 km X 352 km orbit. Delta V: 16 m/s
    Maneuvers after docking with Salyut 7:
    336 km X 353 km orbit to 338 km X 358 km orbit. Delta V: 1 m/s
    338 km X 358 km orbit to 358 km X 359 km orbit. Delta V: 5 m/s
    331 km X 333 km orbit to 333 km X 385 km orbit. Delta V: 14 m/s
    333 km X 385 km orbit to 332 km X 468 km orbit. Delta V: 23 m/s
    332 km X 468 km orbit to 466 km X 468 km orbit. Delta V: 37 m/s
    466 km X 468 km orbit to 470 km X 475 km orbit. Delta V: 2 m/s
    470 km X 475 km orbit to 475 km X 475 km orbit. Delta V: 1 m/s
    Total Delta V: 143 m/s
    Officially: Testing the equipment, assemblies and design components of a satellite in various modes of flight, including joint flight with the Salyut-7 station.


1985 September 27 - . 15:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. Launch Complex: Barking Sands KP. LV Family: Malemute. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Malemute.
  • ACE II Target - . Nation: USA. Agency: Lincoln, SDIO. Apogee: 497 km (308 mi).

1985 September 28 - . Launch Site: Yellow Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 35.0 N x 125.0 E. Launch Platform: XIA. LV Family: DF-21. Launch Vehicle: JL-1. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Reported first launch of JL-1 SLBM. Partial failure? - . Nation: China. Agency: PRC. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1985 September 28 - . 23:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC36B. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas G Centaur.
  • Intelsat 5A F-12 - . Mass: 1,096 kg (2,416 lb). Nation: International. Agency: Intelsat. Program: Intelsat. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Intelsat 5. Spacecraft: Intelsat 5A. Completed Operations Date: 1998-06-23 . USAF Sat Cat: 16101 . COSPAR: 1985-087A. Apogee: 36,140 km (22,450 mi). Perigee: 36,086 km (22,422 mi). Inclination: 6.2000 deg. Period: 1,452.80 min.

    Telephone communications; 31 deg E. Launch vehicle put payload into geosynchronous transfer orbit Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 60 deg E in 1985-1989; 1 deg W in 1989-1994; 21 deg W in 1994-1996; 56 deg W in 1996-1998 As of 28 August 2001 located at 145.57 deg E drifting at 4.159 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 19.14E drifting at 4.163W degrees per day.


1985 September 30 - .
  • International Cosmonaut Training Group selected. - . Nation: Syria. Related Persons: Faris, Habib. Training group of Syrian 'guest cosmonauts' for propaganda flights to the Salyut space station..

1985 September 30 - . 19:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC16/2. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M.
  • Cosmos 1687 - . Payload: Oko #43. Mass: 1,250 kg (2,750 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Early warning satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Oko. Spacecraft: Oko. USAF Sat Cat: 16103 . COSPAR: 1985-088A. Apogee: 36,187 km (22,485 mi). Perigee: 4,160 km (2,580 mi). Inclination: 67.7000 deg. Period: 717.70 min. Replaced Cosmos 1401. Covered Oko constellation plane 2 - 314 degree longitude of ascending node..

1985 October - .
  • Mir free-air communications tests. - . Nation: Russia. Program: Mir. Spacecraft Bus: Mir. Spacecraft: Mir. Mir was rolled outside of its clean room to conduct communications tests of the Altair system with the Cosmos 1700 satellite already in orbit..

1985 October 1 - . LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Space Shuttle.
  • SLC-6 at Vandenberg declared operation for shuttle flights. - . Nation: USA.

    The launch complex and support buildings had been built on the old Manned Orbiting Laboratory facilities at a total cost of $ 5.5 billion. Checks of the facilities with non-flight shuttle Enterprise, an external tank, and inert solid rocket boosters were conducted from late 1984 to early 1985. Later fundamental design flaws were found that would cost another $1 billion and two years to fix. The US Air Force was no longer interested in the shuttle as a booster for its payloads, and the facility was mothballed without ever launching a shuttle.


1985 October 2 - . 06:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1688 - . Mass: 550 kg (1,210 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft Bus: Taifun-2. Spacecraft: Taifun-2. Decay Date: 1988-07-02 . USAF Sat Cat: 16107 . COSPAR: 1985-089A. Apogee: 434 km (269 mi). Perigee: 320 km (190 mi). Inclination: 50.7000 deg. Period: 92.10 min. Released 25 Romb radar calibration subsatellites..

1985 October 3 - . 05:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Vostok 8A92M.
  • Cosmos 1689 - . Payload: Resurs-O1 no. 1. Mass: 1,500 kg (3,300 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Resurs. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Meteor. Spacecraft: Resurs-O1. Decay Date: 2001-01-14 . USAF Sat Cat: 16110 . COSPAR: 1985-090A. Apogee: 545 km (338 mi). Perigee: 496 km (308 mi). Inclination: 97.6000 deg. Period: 95.10 min.

    First flight of Resurs-O1. Acquisition of operational information on the natural resources of the earth in the interests of various branches of the national economy of the USSR; continued trials of new types of informational and measurement apparatus and methods of remote sensing of the earth's surface and atmosphere. Operated for one year, two months. Re-entered January 14, 2001.


1985 October 3 - . 07:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/4. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M.
  • Molniya 3-26 - . Payload: Molniya-3 s/n 38. Mass: 1,600 kg (3,500 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Molniya. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-2. Spacecraft: Molniya-3. Decay Date: 2001-02-22 . USAF Sat Cat: 16112 . COSPAR: 1985-091A. Apogee: 38,722 km (24,060 mi). Perigee: 1,660 km (1,030 mi). Inclination: 64.6000 deg. Period: 718.40 min. Operation of the long-range telephone and telegraph radio communications system in the USSR; transmission of USSR Central Television programmes to stations in the Orbita network and within the framework of international cooperation. .

1985 October 3 - . 15:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC39A. Launch Platform: MLP2. LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Space Shuttle.
  • STS-51-J - . Call Sign: Atlantis. Crew: Bobko, Grabe, Hilmers, Pailes, Stewart. Payload: Atlantis F01 / DSCS-3 2 / DSCS-3 3 [IUS]. Mass: 115,900 kg (255,500 lb). Nation: USA. Related Persons: Bobko, Grabe, Hilmers, Pailes, Stewart. Agency: NASA Houston. Program: STS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Flight: STS-51-J. Spacecraft Bus: Shuttle. Spacecraft: Atlantis. Duration: 4.07 days. Decay Date: 1985-10-07 . USAF Sat Cat: 16115 . COSPAR: 1985-092A. Apogee: 486 km (301 mi). Perigee: 476 km (295 mi). Inclination: 28.5000 deg. Period: 94.20 min.

    Manned five crew. Atlantis (first flight); deployed USA 11, USA 12. Reusable space transportation system.

    Orbits of Earth: 63. Landed at: Runway 23 dry lake bed at Edwards Air Force Base, . Touchdown miss distance: 754.00 m. Landing Rollout: 2,455.00 m. Payloads: Classified DoD Mission - Record altitude (as of 5/93).

  • USA 12 - . Payload: DSCS III F-3. Mass: 2,613 kg (5,760 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Program: DSCS. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DSCS III. Spacecraft: DSCS III. USAF Sat Cat: 16117 . COSPAR: 1985-092C. Apogee: 35,963 km (22,346 mi). Perigee: 35,633 km (22,141 mi). Inclination: 0.3000 deg. Period: 1,436.00 min.

    Released from STS 51J 4 October 1985; boosted into orbit with DSCS 3 F3 on single IUS booster. Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C). Positioned in geosynchronous orbit; at 180 deg E in 1994.

  • USA 11 - . Payload: DSCS III F-2. Mass: 2,613 kg (5,760 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Program: DSCS. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DSCS III. Spacecraft: DSCS III. USAF Sat Cat: 16116 . COSPAR: 1985-092B. Apogee: 35,963 km (22,346 mi). Perigee: 35,434 km (22,017 mi). Inclination: 0.3000 deg. Period: 1,436.00 min. Released from STS 51J 10/4/85. Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C). Positioned in geosynchronous orbit; at 12 deg W in 1986; 42 deg W in 1995..

1985 October 4 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: Topol. Launch Vehicle: Topol'.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1985 October 5 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur Jubilee.
1985 October 7 - .
1985 October 8 - . 21:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1985 October 9 - . 02:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC3W. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas E/SGS-2.
  • USA 10 - . Payload: GPS SVN 11. Mass: 770 kg (1,690 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Manufacturer: Seal Beach. Program: Navstar. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Navstar. Spacecraft: GPS Block 1. USAF Sat Cat: 16129 . COSPAR: 1985-093A. Apogee: 21,673 km (13,466 mi). Perigee: 20,765 km (12,902 mi). Inclination: 65.0000 deg. Period: 760.40 min. Global Positioning System..

1985 October 9 - . 21:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32. Launch Pad: LC32/1. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Cosmos 1690 - . Payload: Strela-3 no. 3. Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 16138 . COSPAR: 1985-094A. Apogee: 1,417 km (880 mi). Perigee: 1,381 km (858 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 113.80 min. Military store-dump communications satellite. Six satellites launched by a single carrier rocket..
  • Cosmos 1691 - . Payload: Strela-3 no. 4. Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 16139 . COSPAR: 1985-094B. Apogee: 1,414 km (878 mi). Perigee: 1,413 km (877 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 114.10 min.
  • Cosmos 1692 - . Payload: Strela-3 Mass Model. Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 16140 . COSPAR: 1985-094C. Apogee: 1,417 km (880 mi). Perigee: 1,388 km (862 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 113.80 min. Mass model of Strela-3..
  • Cosmos 1694 - . Payload: Strela-3 Mass Model. Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 16142 . COSPAR: 1985-094E. Apogee: 1,417 km (880 mi). Perigee: 1,399 km (869 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 114.00 min. Mass model of Strela-3..
  • Cosmos 1695 - . Payload: Strela-3 Mass Model. Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 16143 . COSPAR: 1985-094F. Apogee: 1,417 km (880 mi). Perigee: 1,405 km (873 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 114.00 min. Mass model of Strela-3..
  • Cosmos 1693 - . Payload: Strela-3 Mass Model. Mass: 220 kg (480 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 16141 . COSPAR: 1985-094D. Apogee: 1,417 km (880 mi). Perigee: 1,393 km (865 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 113.90 min. Mass model of Strela-3..

1985 October 10 - . 15:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. Launch Complex: Barking Sands KP. LV Family: Malemute. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Malemute.
  • ACE III Target - . Nation: USA. Agency: Lincoln, SDIO. Apogee: 479 km (297 mi).

1985 October 11 - . 21:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1985 October 15 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur Jubilee.
1985 October 15 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg.
  • SLC-6 declared operational for shuttle flights - . Nation: USA. Program: STS. Space Launch Complex 6, site of future Space Shuttle operations, declared operational. However, much additional work and testing required..

1985 October 16 - . 09:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. Launch Pad: LC1 or LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Cosmos 1696 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-8. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1985-10-30 . USAF Sat Cat: 16169 . COSPAR: 1985-095A. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi). Perigee: 205 km (127 mi). Inclination: 70.4000 deg. Period: 89.30 min. Military cartographic satellite; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1985 October 17 - . 14:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Molodezhnaya. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 83 km (51 mi).

1985 October 21 - . 05:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Jiuquan. Launch Complex: Jiuquan LA2B. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 2C.
  • FSW-0 No. 7 - . Payload: FSW-0 No. 07. Mass: 2,500 kg (5,500 lb). Nation: China. Agency: MAI. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: FSW. Spacecraft: FSW. Duration: 5.00 days. Decay Date: 1985-11-07 . USAF Sat Cat: 16177 . COSPAR: 1985-096A. Apogee: 393 km (244 mi). Perigee: 171 km (106 mi). Inclination: 63.0000 deg. Period: 90.20 min. Fanhui Shi Weixing photo surveillance satellite; film capsule recovered 26 October..

1985 October 22 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg.
  • First launch of Ground Launch Cruise Missile - . Nation: USA. First launch of Ground Launch Cruise Missile from Vandenberg AFB..

1985 October 22 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg HP-06. LV Family: GLCM. Launch Vehicle: GLCM.
  • ICBM operational test launch from missile base silo - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFTAC. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1985 October 22 - . 07:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC45/1. LV Family: Zenit. Launch Vehicle: Zenit-2.
  • Cosmos 1697 - . Payload: Tselina-2 no. 3 (Mass Model). Mass: 6,000 kg (13,200 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Tselina-2. Spacecraft: Tselina-2. USAF Sat Cat: 16181 . COSPAR: 1985-097A. Apogee: 853 km (530 mi). Perigee: 843 km (523 mi). Inclination: 71.0000 deg. Period: 101.90 min. First launch of new Tselina-2 ELINT satellite on Zenit-2 launch vehicle..

1985 October 22 - . 20:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/4. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M.
  • Cosmos 1698 - . Payload: Oko #44. Mass: 1,250 kg (2,750 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Early warning satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Oko. Spacecraft: Oko. USAF Sat Cat: 16183 . COSPAR: 1985-098A. Apogee: 35,412 km (22,003 mi). Perigee: 4,994 km (3,103 mi). Inclination: 67.8000 deg. Period: 718.80 min. Replaced Cosmos 1541. Covered Oko constellation plane 3 - 351 degree longitude of ascending node..

1985 October 23 - . 00:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. Launch Pad: LC1 or LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M.
  • Molniya 1-65 - . Payload: Molniya-1T. Mass: 1,800 kg (3,900 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Molniya. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-2. Spacecraft: Molniya-1T. Decay Date: 1999-02-13 . USAF Sat Cat: 16187 . COSPAR: 1985-099A. Apogee: 39,239 km (24,381 mi). Perigee: 1,104 km (685 mi). Inclination: 64.5000 deg. Period: 717.60 min. Replaced Molniya 1-58. Operation of the long-range telephone and telegraph radio communications system in the USSR; transmission of USSR Central Television programmes to stations in the Orbita network. .

1985 October 23 - . 17:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/3. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. FAILURE: Launch vehicle failed to orbit - unknown cause.. Failed Stage: U.
  • Parus - . Mass: 825 kg (1,818 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: UNKS. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus.

1985 October 24 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: Topol. Launch Vehicle: Topol'.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1985 October 24 - . 02:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32. Launch Pad: LC32/1. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Meteor 3-01 - . Payload: Meteor-3 s/n 2. Mass: 2,150 kg (4,730 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Meteor. Spacecraft: Meteor-3. USAF Sat Cat: 16191 . COSPAR: 1985-100A. Apogee: 1,210 km (750 mi). Perigee: 1,182 km (734 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 109.30 min. First successful launch of new Meteor-3 spacecraft. Further improvement of the meteorological system using artificial earth satellite, including development of informational and measurement apparatus and remote sensing methods..

1985 October 25 - .
  • Death of Viktor Petrovich Makeyev - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Makeyev. Russian engineer. Chief Designer 1955-1985 of SKB-385. Leading designer of tactical and submarine-launched ballistic missiles. Innovations included submerged engines, stellar-updated inertial navigation, and extendible nozzles..

1985 October 25 - . 14:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Cosmos 1699 - . Mass: 6,600 kg (14,500 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Yantar. Spacecraft: Yantar-4K1. Duration: 59.00 days. Decay Date: 1985-12-23 . USAF Sat Cat: 16198 . COSPAR: 1985-101A. Apogee: 335 km (208 mi). Perigee: 166 km (103 mi). Inclination: 67.1000 deg. Period: 89.50 min. High resolution photo reconnaissance; returned film in two small SpK capsules during the mission and with the main capsule at completion of the mission..

1985 October 25 - . 15:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC200/40. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K/DM-2.
  • Cosmos 1700 - . Payload: Luch s/n 11L. Mass: 2,000 kg (4,400 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-4. Spacecraft: Luch . Completed Operations Date: 1986-09-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 16199 . COSPAR: 1985-102A. Apogee: 35,794 km (22,241 mi). Perigee: 35,777 km (22,230 mi). Inclination: 5.9000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min.

    Stationed at 95 deg E. Experimental retransmission of telephone and telegraph data in the centimetre band. First launch in Altair/SR system for communication with Mir space station and other orbital spacecraft. First tests with Mir were conducted on 29 March 1986 using Mir’s large aft antenna communicating with Cosmos 1700 stationed in geosynchronous orbit at 95 degrees East. In September 1986 Cosmos 1700 ceased operating and drifted off its geosynchronous orbit position. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 95 deg E in 1985-1986 As of 4 September 2001 located at 85.03 deg E drifting at 0.142 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 76.37E drifting at 0.157E degrees per day.


1985 October 25 - . 17:20 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C.
  • Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 290 km (180 mi).

1985 October 28 - . 17:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M.
  • Molniya 1-66 - . Payload: Molniya-1T. Mass: 1,800 kg (3,900 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Molniya. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-2. Spacecraft: Molniya-1T. Decay Date: 2002-08-02 . USAF Sat Cat: 16220 . COSPAR: 1985-103A. Apogee: 38,699 km (24,046 mi). Perigee: 1,656 km (1,028 mi). Inclination: 64.1000 deg. Period: 717.80 min. Replaced Molniya 1-56. Operation of the long-range telephone and telegraph radio communications system in the USSR; transmission of USSR Central Television programmes to stations in the Orbita network. .

1985 October 29 - . 15:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MMR-06. Launch Vehicle: MMR-06.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: GMS. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1985 October 30 - . 17:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC39A. Launch Platform: MLP1. LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Space Shuttle.
  • STS-61-A - . Call Sign: Challenger. Crew: Bluford, Buchli, Dunbar, Furrer, Hartsfield, Messerschmid, Nagel, Ockels. Payload: Challenger F09 / GLOMR 1. Mass: 14,451 kg (31,859 lb). Nation: USA. Related Persons: Bluford, Buchli, Dunbar, Furrer, Hartsfield, Messerschmid, Nagel, Ockels. Agency: NASA Houston. Program: STS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Flight: STS-61-A. Spacecraft Bus: Shuttle. Spacecraft: Challenger. Duration: 7.03 days. Decay Date: 1985-11-06 . USAF Sat Cat: 16230 . COSPAR: 1985-104A. Apogee: 331 km (205 mi). Perigee: 319 km (198 mi). Inclination: 57.0000 deg. Period: 91.00 min.

    Manned eight crew. Launched GLOMR; carried Spacelab D1. Payloads: Spacelab D-1 with habitable module and 76 experiments. Six of the eight crew members were divided into a blue and red team working 12-hour shifts for 24-hour-a-day operation. The remaining two crew members were 'switch hitters.'.

  • Spacelab D-1 - . Payload: Spacelab Long Module. Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Spacelab. Class: Manned. Type: Manned space laboratory. Spacecraft Bus: Spacelab. Spacecraft: Spacelab. Decay Date: 1985-11-06 . USAF Sat Cat: 16230 . COSPAR: 1985-104xx. Apogee: 332 km (206 mi). Perigee: 322 km (200 mi). Inclination: 57.0000 deg. Period: 91.10 min.
  • USS - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: STS. Spacecraft Bus: Shuttle Attached Payloads. Spacecraft: USS. Decay Date: 1985-11-06 . USAF Sat Cat: 16230 . COSPAR: 1985-104xx. Apogee: 332 km (206 mi). Perigee: 322 km (200 mi). Inclination: 57.0000 deg. Period: 91.10 min.
  • GLOMR; GLOMAR - . Payload: Challenger F9 / GLOMR 1. Mass: 52 kg (114 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: GLOMR. Spacecraft: GLOMR. Decay Date: 1986-12-26 . USAF Sat Cat: 16231 . COSPAR: 1985-104B. Apogee: 332 km (206 mi). Perigee: 317 km (196 mi). Inclination: 57.0000 deg. Period: 91.00 min. Released from STS 61A 11/1/85. Spacecraft engaged in research and exploration of the upper atmosphere or outer space (US Cat B)..

1985 October 31 - . 03:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Eareckson. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 55 km (34 mi).

1985 November - . LV Family: Aries. Launch Vehicle: ERIS.
  • Lockheed awarded a five year contract, $ 490 million contract for the ERIS flight test vehicle - . Nation: USA.

    Flight test vehicle for Exoatmospheric Re-Entry Interceptor Subsystem, an anti-ballistic missile hit-to-kill interceptor warhead. The ERIS vehicle itself consisted of surplus Minuteman ICBM second and third stages. Four test vehicles were built. First launch was made on 28 January 1991 from Kwajalein Atoll against an Aries sounding rocket. A second test on 13 March 1992 against a Minuteman I was considered successful enough that no further tests were planned. Further develoment of the technology was to be accomplished by the Orbital Sciences' Aries test vehicle with spectacularly poor results.


1985 November 1 - . Launch Site: Sriharikota. LV Family: RH. Launch Vehicle: RH-300 TV.
  • Test mission - . Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1985 November 3 - . 11:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1985 November 4 - . 14:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: UNKO. Launch Platform: SHIR. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 86 km (53 mi).

1985 November 5 - . 14:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: UNKO. Launch Platform: SHIR. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 79 km (49 mi).

1985 November 6 - . 17:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC47. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 73 km (45 mi).

1985 November 6 - .
1985 November 8 - . 14:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: UNKO. Launch Platform: SHIR. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 87 km (54 mi).

1985 November 9 - . 08:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC41/1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M.
  • Cosmos 1701 - . Payload: Oko #45. Mass: 1,250 kg (2,750 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Early warning satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Oko. Spacecraft: Oko. Decay Date: 2001-05-11 . USAF Sat Cat: 16235 . COSPAR: 1985-105A. Apogee: 36,974 km (22,974 mi). Perigee: 3,375 km (2,097 mi). Inclination: 67.2000 deg. Period: 717.70 min. Replaced Cosmos 1675. Covered Oko constellation plane 8 - 192 degree longitude of ascending node..

1985 November 10 - .
  • First OK-GLI Buran analogue flight - . Nation: Russia. Spacecraft Bus: Buran. Spacecraft: Buran.

    Cosmonaut Igor Volk was at the controls; takeoff was from the Zhukovskiy test flight centre near Moscow. Two flying labs, based on Tu-154 transports, were used to prior to this to duplicate anticipated Buran handling and test systems software. They conducted 140 flights before Buran's first flight, including 69 automatic landings at Zhukovskiy and at the Jubilee airfield at Baikonur.


1985 November 10 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur Jubilee.
1985 November 10 - . 18:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant IX.
  • Ferdinand 62 / MAIMIK Active plasma / tether mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NASA, NDRE. Apogee: 381 km (236 mi).

1985 November 12 - . 21:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 86 km (53 mi).

1985 November 13 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF08. LV Family: Peacekeeper. Launch Vehicle: Peacekeeper.
  • 4 RVs Test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1985 November 13 - . 12:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Cosmos 1702 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-8. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1985-11-27 . USAF Sat Cat: 16247 . COSPAR: 1985-106A. Apogee: 370 km (220 mi). Perigee: 192 km (119 mi). Inclination: 72.9000 deg. Period: 90.10 min. Military cartographic satellite; returned film capsule..

1985 November 15 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur Jubilee.
1985 November 15 - .
  • Space Command redesignated Air Force Space Command. - . Nation: USA.

1985 November 15 - . 14:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC200/39. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K/DM.
  • Raduga 17 - . Payload: Raduga s/n 28L. Mass: 1,940 kg (4,270 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-3. Spacecraft: Raduga . Completed Operations Date: 1992-12-18 . USAF Sat Cat: 16250 . COSPAR: 1985-107A. Apogee: 35,873 km (22,290 mi). Perigee: 35,774 km (22,228 mi). Inclination: 5.8000 deg. Period: 1,438.00 min.

    Stationed at 49 deg. E. Provision of telephone and telegraph radiocommunications and television broadcasting. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 35 deg E in 1985-1988; 69 deg E in 1988-1990; 85 deg E in 1990-1991; 49 deg E in 1991-1992 As of 5 September 2001 located at 174.18 deg W drifting at 0.357 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 98.19E drifting at 0.512W degrees per day.


1985 November 16 - . 12:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Super Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • Test / aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 77 km (47 mi).

1985 November 18 - . 17:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1985 November 19 - .
  • Reagan and Gorbachev meet at summit, agree to step up arms control talks and renew cultural contacts - . Nation: International.

1985 November 19 - . 13:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 4.
  • GL A40.401 (HARP) test - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 667 km (414 mi).

1985 November 20 - . 10:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Nike Tomahawk.
  • CRRES Test Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1985 November 21 - .
1985 November 22 - . 22:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32. Launch Pad: LC32/2. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Cosmos 1703 - . Payload: Tselina-D no. 51. Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Tselina-D. Spacecraft: Tselina-D. USAF Sat Cat: 16262 . COSPAR: 1985-108A. Apogee: 621 km (385 mi). Perigee: 596 km (370 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 96.90 min. Replaced Cosmos 1674..

1985 November 25 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: UNKO. Launch Platform: SHIR. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 87 km (54 mi).

1985 November 26 - .
  • STS-61-B - Wakeup Song: Air Force Hymn - . Flight: STS-61-B. "Air Force Hymn" for first Air Force space shuttle commander, Brewster H. Shaw, Jr..

1985 November 26 - . 21:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 82 km (50 mi).

1985 November 27 - . 00:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC39A. Launch Platform: MLP2. LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Space Shuttle.
  • STS-61-B - . Call Sign: Atlantis. Crew: Cleave, Neri Vela, O Connor, Ross, Shaw, Spring, Walker. Payload: Atlantis F02 / EASE / ACCESS. Mass: 21,791 kg (48,040 lb). Nation: USA. Related Persons: Cleave, Neri Vela, O Connor, Ross, Shaw, Spring, Walker. Agency: NASA Houston. Program: STS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Flight: STS-61-B. Spacecraft Bus: Shuttle. Spacecraft: Atlantis. Duration: 6.88 days. Decay Date: 1985-12-03 . USAF Sat Cat: 16273 . COSPAR: 1985-109A. Apogee: 370 km (220 mi). Perigee: 361 km (224 mi). Inclination: 28.5000 deg. Period: 91.90 min.

    Manned seven crew. Deployed Morelos 2, Aussat 2, Satcom K2, OEX. Payloads: Deploy SATCOM (RCA-Satellite Communi-cations) Ku-2 with Payload Assist Module (PAM)-D II. Deploy Morelos (Mexico communications satellite)-B with PAM-D. Deploy AUSSAT (Australian communications satellite)-2 with PAM-D. EASE/ACCESS (Assembly of Structures— Assembly Concept for Construction of Erectable Space Structures) by extravehicular activity (EVA) astronauts, Continuous Flow Electrophore-sis System (CFES), Diffusive Mixing of Organic Solutions (DMOS), IMAX camera, one getaway special (GAS), Linhof camera and Hasseblad camera.

  • EASE/ACCESS - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: STS. Spacecraft Bus: Shuttle Attached Payloads. Spacecraft: EASE/ACCESS. Decay Date: 1985-12-03 . USAF Sat Cat: 16273 . COSPAR: 1985-109xx. Apogee: 385 km (239 mi). Perigee: 323 km (200 mi). Inclination: 28.5000 deg. Period: 91.60 min.
  • Morelos 2 - . Payload: Morelos-B / PAM-D. Mass: 645 kg (1,421 lb). Nation: Mexico. Agency: Morelos. Program: Morelos. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: HS 376. Spacecraft: HS 376. USAF Sat Cat: 16274 . COSPAR: 1985-109B. Apogee: 35,792 km (22,240 mi). Perigee: 35,782 km (22,233 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min.

    Released by STS 61B 11/27/85. Coverage of the national territory with television, radio and telephony signals and data transmission. Geostationary satellite. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 116 deg W in 1985-1998; 120 deg W in 1999. As of 5 September 2001 located at 120.20 deg W drifting at 0.004 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 148.53W drifting at 2.555W degrees per day.

  • OEX Target - . Payload: Atlantis F2 / Aussat A2 [PAM-D] / Morelos 2 [PAM-D. Mass: 16 kg (35 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Houston. Program: STS. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: OEX Target. Spacecraft: OEX Target. Decay Date: 1987-03-02 . USAF Sat Cat: 16277 . COSPAR: 1985-109E. Apogee: 386 km (239 mi). Perigee: 373 km (231 mi). Inclination: 28.4000 deg. Period: 92.10 min. Released from STS 61B 11/30/85; shuttle autopilot software test target. Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C). .
  • Satcom K2 - . Payload: Satcom-K 2 / PAM-D2. Mass: 1,812 kg (3,994 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: RCA Amer. Manufacturer: Lockheed. Program: Satcom. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: AS 4000. Spacecraft: AS 4000. USAF Sat Cat: 16276 . COSPAR: 1985-109D. Apogee: 36,002 km (22,370 mi). Perigee: 35,944 km (22,334 mi). Inclination: 4.2000 deg. Period: 1,445.60 min.

    Released by STS 61B 11/28/85; 81 deg W. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 81 deg W in 1985-1996; 85 deg W in 1996-1997; 81 deg W in 1997-1999 As of 6 September 2001 located at 80.95 deg W drifting at 0.009 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 9 located at 157.11W drifting at 2.398W degrees per day.

  • Aussat A2 - . Payload: Aussat A2 [PAM-D]. Mass: 1,259 kg (2,775 lb). Nation: Australia. Agency: Aussat. Program: Aussat. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: HS 376. Spacecraft: HS 376. USAF Sat Cat: 16275 . COSPAR: 1985-109C. Apogee: 35,886 km (22,298 mi). Perigee: 35,866 km (22,286 mi). Inclination: 6.7000 deg. Period: 1,440.70 min.

    Released by STS 61B 11/28/85; 156 deg E. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 156 deg E in 1985-1993; 164 deg E in 1993-1999 As of 1 September 2001 located at 24.67 deg W drifting at 1.153 deg W per day. As of 2007 Feb 27 located at 133.30E drifting at 1.163W degrees per day.


1985 November 28 - . 13:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/3. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1704 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 16291 . COSPAR: 1985-110A. Apogee: 1,007 km (625 mi). Perigee: 962 km (597 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.80 min. Military navigation satellite. Replaced Cosmos 1598..

1985 November 29 - .
  • EVA STS-61-B-1 - . Crew: Ross, Spring. EVA Duration: 0.23 days. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Ross, Spring. Program: STS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Flight: STS-61-B. Spacecraft Bus: Shuttle. Spacecraft: Atlantis. Began EASE/ACCESS (Assembly of Structures / Assembly Concept for Construction of Erectable Space Structures) structural assembly experiments..

1985 November 29 - .
  • STS-61-B - Wakeup Song: America the Beautiful - . Flight: STS-61-B. "America the Beautiful".

1985 November 30 - .
  • STS-61-B - Wakeup Song: Marine Corps Hymn - . Flight: STS-61-B. "Marine Corps Hymn" for pilot Bryan O'Connor.

1985 December 1 - .
  • EVA STS-61-B-2 - . Crew: Ross, Spring. EVA Duration: 0.28 days. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Ross, Spring. Program: STS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Flight: STS-61-B. Spacecraft Bus: Shuttle. Spacecraft: Atlantis. Completed EASE/ACCESS (Assembly of Structures / Assembly Concept for Construction of Erectable Space Structures) structural assembly experiments..

1985 December - . LV Family: Buran. Launch Vehicle: Energia.
  • Buran wings delivered to Baikonur - . Nation: Russia. Spacecraft Bus: Buran. Spacecraft: Buran.

    In December 1985 the wings of the first flight OK arrived at Baikonur. This was followed by what was to be the first 20 second Energia main engine firing test. This was terminated at 2.58 seconds when the automatic control system detected a slow spool up of an engine turbine. In a the first attempt at a full-duration test helium leaks contaminated electro-hydraulic systems, leading to a situation where the tanks could not be drained. An engineering brigade had to work on the fuelled booster for 55 minutes, attach another helium tank, which led to successful de-fuelling of the vehicle. The second engine test was a complete success, the engine running for 390 seconds. This test required the entire city of Leninsk to be without water for ten days in order to accumulate enough water for the UKSS cooling system.


1985 December 1 - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: VLS-R1. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1985 December 2 - .
  • STS-61-B - Wakeup Song: Notre Dame Fight Song - . Flight: STS-61-B. "Notre Dame Fight Song" or"Notre Dame Victory March", a joke played on Jerry Ross, a graduate of Purdue, one of Notre Dame's rivals by Jim Wetherbee. CAPCOM: James Wetherbee.

1985 December 3 - .
  • STS-61-B - Wakeup Song: Born in the U.S.A - . Flight: STS-61-B. "Born in the U.S.A" Bruce Springsteen.

1985 December 3 - . 12:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Cosmos 1705 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-8. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1985-12-17 . USAF Sat Cat: 16296 . COSPAR: 1985-111A. Apogee: 358 km (222 mi). Perigee: 193 km (119 mi). Inclination: 72.9000 deg. Period: 90.00 min. Military cartographic satellite; returned film capsule..

1985 December 3 - .
1985 December 4 - . 11:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 83 km (51 mi).

1985 December 5 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 95 km (59 mi).

1985 December 6 - . 13:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1985 December 7 - . 15:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 657. LV Family: Trident. Launch Vehicle: Trident C-4.
  • Demonstration and shakedown operations launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1985 December 8 - . 03:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Loki Dart.
  • PWN-8B Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 56 km (34 mi).

1985 December 9 - . 15:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC47. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 67 km (41 mi).

1985 December 10 - . 14:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 93 km (57 mi).

1985 December 11 - . 14:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Cosmos 1706 - . Mass: 6,600 kg (14,500 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Yantar. Spacecraft: Yantar-4K1. Duration: 60.00 days. Decay Date: 1986-02-09 . USAF Sat Cat: 16306 . COSPAR: 1985-112A. Apogee: 323 km (200 mi). Perigee: 175 km (108 mi). Inclination: 67.1000 deg. Period: 89.50 min. High resolution photo reconnaissance; returned film in two small SpK capsules during the mission and with the main capsule at completion of the mission..

1985 December 11 - . 23:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 3.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 516 km (320 mi).

1985 December 12 - . 15:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32. Launch Pad: LC32/1. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Cosmos 1707 - . Payload: Tselina-D no. 52. Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Tselina-D. Spacecraft: Tselina-D. USAF Sat Cat: 16326 . COSPAR: 1985-113A. Apogee: 623 km (387 mi). Perigee: 596 km (370 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 96.90 min. Replaced Cosmos 1515..

1985 December 13 - . 02:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA3A. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout G-1.
  • USA 13 - . Payload: ITV 1 ASAT Balloon Target. Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Military. Type: Anti-satellite system target. Spacecraft Bus: ITV. Spacecraft: ITV. Decay Date: 1989-05-11 . USAF Sat Cat: 16328 . COSPAR: 1985-114A. Apogee: 691 km (429 mi). Perigee: 311 km (193 mi). Inclination: 37.1000 deg. Period: 94.60 min. Target balloon for F-15-launched ASAT missile. The battery-powered vehicle remained uninflated in orbit until a test was planned. Orbital decay data indicated the balloon was never inflated. It decayed without an intercept being attempted..
  • ITV 1 Balloon - . Payload: ITV 1 Balloon. Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Military. Type: Anti-satellite system target. Spacecraft Bus: ITV. Spacecraft: ITV. Decay Date: 1987-03-02 . USAF Sat Cat: 17247 . COSPAR: 1985-114D. Apogee: 737 km (457 mi). Perigee: 310 km (190 mi). Inclination: 37.0000 deg. Period: 95.10 min.
  • ITV 1 Balloon - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Class: Military. Type: Anti-satellite system target. Spacecraft Bus: ITV. Spacecraft: ITV. Decay Date: 1989-05-11 . USAF Sat Cat: 16328 . COSPAR: 1985-114xx. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi). Perigee: 148 km (91 mi). Inclination: 37.0000 deg. Period: 87.60 min.
  • USA 14 - . Payload: ITV 2 ASAT Balloon Target. Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Military. Type: Anti-satellite system target. Spacecraft Bus: ITV. Spacecraft: ITV. Decay Date: 1987-08-09 . USAF Sat Cat: 16329 . COSPAR: 1985-114B. Apogee: 450 km (270 mi). Perigee: 284 km (176 mi). Inclination: 37.1000 deg. Period: 91.90 min.

    Target balloon for F-15-launched ASAT missile. The battery-powered vehicle remained uninflated in orbit until a test was planned. Orbital decay data indicates the balloon was inflated on 18 December 1986. However for operational or political reasons no intercept was ever attempted.


1985 December 13 - . 07:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/4. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Cosmos 1708 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Resurs. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Resurs F1-17F41. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1985-12-27 . USAF Sat Cat: 16331 . COSPAR: 1985-115A. Apogee: 281 km (174 mi). Perigee: 179 km (111 mi). Inclination: 82.3000 deg. Period: 89.10 min.

    High resolution photo surveillance; film capsule; maneuverable; also performed earth resource tasks. Investigation of the natural resources of the earth in the interests of various branches of the national economy of the USSR and international cooperation.


1985 December 14 - . 07:16 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant IXB.
  • CHARGE 2 (TPE-4) Plasma / tether mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 261 km (162 mi).

1985 December 15 - .
  • Wings for first flight Buran arrive at Baikonur - . Nation: Russia. Program: Buran. Spacecraft Bus: Buran. Spacecraft: Buran.

1985 December 16 - . 19:10 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant IX.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 251 km (155 mi).

1985 December 17 - . 01:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Super Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • Test / aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 112 km (69 mi).

1985 December 18 - . 00:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Super Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • Test / aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 115 km (71 mi).

1985 December 19 - . 08:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1709 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 16368 . COSPAR: 1985-116A. Apogee: 1,012 km (628 mi). Perigee: 958 km (595 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.80 min. Military navigation satellite. Replaced Cosmos 1610..

1985 December 23 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: Topol. Launch Vehicle: Topol'.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1985 December 24 - . 18:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/4. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M.
  • Molniya 3-27 - . Payload: Molniya-3 s/n 40. Mass: 1,600 kg (3,500 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Molniya. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-2. Spacecraft: Molniya-3. USAF Sat Cat: 16393 . COSPAR: 1985-117A. Apogee: 38,555 km (23,956 mi). Perigee: 1,554 km (965 mi). Inclination: 64.5000 deg. Period: 712.80 min. Operation of the long-range telephone and telegraph radio communications system in the USSR; transmission of USSR Central Television programmes to stations in the Orbita network and within the framework of international cooperation. .

1985 December 24 - . 21:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC200/39. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K/DM-2.
  • Cosmos 1710 - . Payload: Glonass s/n 22L. Mass: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Glonass. Spacecraft: Glonass . USAF Sat Cat: 16396 . COSPAR: 1985-118A. Apogee: 19,146 km (11,896 mi). Perigee: 19,112 km (11,875 mi). Inclination: 66.3000 deg. Period: 675.70 min. Glonass. Testing components and apparatus from the space navigation system being set up to determine the position of Soviet civil aircraft and vessels in the Soviet merchant marine and fishing fleet. Three satellites launched by a single rocket. .
  • Cosmos 1711 - . Payload: Glonass s/n 23L. Mass: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Glonass. Spacecraft: Glonass. USAF Sat Cat: 16397 . COSPAR: 1985-118B. Apogee: 19,150 km (11,890 mi). Perigee: 19,108 km (11,873 mi). Inclination: 66.3000 deg. Period: 675.70 min. Glonass. Testing components and apparatus from the space navigation system being set up to determine the position of Soviet civil aircraft and vessels in the Soviet merchant marine and fishing fleet. Three satellites launched by a single rocket..
  • Cosmos 1712 - . Payload: Glonass Dummy. Mass: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Glonass. Spacecraft: Glonass. USAF Sat Cat: 16398 . COSPAR: 1985-118C. Apogee: 19,154 km (11,901 mi). Perigee: 19,135 km (11,889 mi). Inclination: 65.2000 deg. Period: 676.30 min. Glonass. Testing components and apparatus from the space navigation system being set up to determine the position of Soviet civil aircraft and vessels in the Soviet merchant marine and fishing fleet. Three satellites launched by a single rocket..

1985 December 25 - . 14:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 86 km (53 mi).

1985 December 26 - . 01:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32. Launch Pad: LC32/1. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Meteor 2-13 - . Payload: Meteor-2 no. 13. Mass: 2,750 kg (6,060 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Meteor. Spacecraft: Meteor-2. USAF Sat Cat: 16408 . COSPAR: 1985-119A. Apogee: 957 km (594 mi). Perigee: 936 km (581 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 104.00 min. Gathering meteorological information and data on penetrating radiation fluxes in circumterrestrial space. .

1985 December 27 - . 17:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Cosmos 1713 - . Payload: Efir s/n 2. Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Efir. Duration: 26.00 days. Decay Date: 1986-01-22 . USAF Sat Cat: 16429 . COSPAR: 1985-120A. Apogee: 397 km (246 mi). Perigee: 215 km (133 mi). Inclination: 62.8000 deg. Period: 90.60 min.

1985 December 28 - . 09:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC45/1. Launch Pad: LC45/pad?. LV Family: Zenit. Launch Vehicle: Zenit-2. FAILURE: Second stage failed to ignite. Partial Failure.. Failed Stage: 2.
  • Cosmos 1714 - . Payload: Tselina-2 no. 4. Mass: 6,000 kg (13,200 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Tselina-2. Spacecraft: Tselina-2. Decay Date: 1986-02-27 . USAF Sat Cat: 16434 . COSPAR: 1985-121A. Apogee: 850 km (520 mi). Perigee: 160 km (90 mi). Inclination: 71.0000 deg. Period: 94.70 min. Tselina-2 ELINT satellite placed in unusable orbit due to second stage failure..

1985 December 30 - .
  • Stephen Synnott's Discovery of Uranus Moon Puck - . Nation: USA.

1985 December 30 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Loki Dart.
  • Final US MET Loki Test / aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 55 km (34 mi).


Home - Search - Browse - Alphabetic Index: 0- 1- 2- 3- 4- 5- 6- 7- 8- 9
A- B- C- D- E- F- G- H- I- J- K- L- M- N- O- P- Q- R- S- T- U- V- W- X- Y- Z
© 1997-2016 Mark Wade - Contact
© / Conditions for Use