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KH-11
American military surveillance satellite. Also known as Kennan, Program 1010. Used systems developed for KH-10 Manned Orbiting Laboratory. Reconnaissance, electro-optical satellite built by Lockheed => Lockheed Martin for NRO, USA. Launched 1976 - 2013. Used Bus-1.

AKA: 5500;Crystal;Kennan. Status: Operational 1976. First Launch: 1976-12-19. Last Launch: 1988-11-06. Number: 9 . Gross mass: 13,500 kg (29,700 lb). Height: 19.50 m (63.90 ft).

First electro-optical digital transmission imaging reconnaissance satellite. Ground resolution 0.15 m with a 2.3 m diameter mirror. Believed to be similar to Hubble Space Telescope (they used same shipping container and specially-modified aircraft). Data transmitted via SDS military relay satellites.


More at: KH-11.

Family: Military surveillance sat, Surveillance, Surveillance orbit. Country: USA. Launch Vehicles: Titan, Titan IIID, Titan 34D. Launch Sites: Vandenberg, Vandenberg SLC4E. Agency: USAF, Lockheed. Bibliography: 2, 5, 6, 6617, 12716.

1976 December 19 - . 18:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC4E. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan IIID.
  • KH-11 no. 1 - . Payload: KH-11 no. 1 / OPS 5705. Mass: 13,300 kg (29,300 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: CIA, NRO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: KH-11. Decay Date: 1979-01-28 . USAF Sat Cat: 9627 . COSPAR: 1976-125A. Apogee: 531 km (329 mi). Perigee: 246 km (152 mi). Inclination: 96.9000 deg. Period: 92.30 min. KH-11 type satellite. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A)..

1978 June 14 - . 18:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC4E. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan IIID.
  • KH-11 no. 2 - . Payload: KH-11 no. 2 / OPS 4515. Mass: 13,000 kg (28,000 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: CIA, NRO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: KH-11. Decay Date: 1981-08-23 . USAF Sat Cat: 10947 . COSPAR: 1978-060A. Apogee: 509 km (316 mi). Perigee: 223 km (138 mi). Inclination: 97.0000 deg. Period: 91.90 min.

    SAMSO held a successful preliminary design review with Martin Marietta on the radio guidance system equipment for Titan III34Ds launched from Vandenberg AFB. KH-11 type satellite. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A).


1980 February 7 - . 21:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC4E. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan IIID.
  • KH-11 no. 3 - . Payload: KH-11 no. 3 / OPS 2581. Mass: 13,300 kg (29,300 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: CIA, NRO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: KH-11. Decay Date: 1982-10-30 . USAF Sat Cat: 11687 . COSPAR: 1980-010A. Apogee: 498 km (309 mi). Perigee: 220 km (130 mi). Inclination: 97.0000 deg. Period: 91.70 min. KH-11 type satellite. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A). .

1981 September 3 - . 18:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC4E. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan IIID.
  • KH-11 no. 4 - . Payload: KH-11 no. 4 / OPS 3984. Mass: 13,300 kg (29,300 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: CIA, NRO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: KH-11. Decay Date: 1984-11-23 . USAF Sat Cat: 12799 . COSPAR: 1981-085A. Apogee: 526 km (326 mi). Perigee: 244 km (151 mi). Inclination: 97.0000 deg. Period: 92.30 min. KH-11 type satellite. Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C). .

1982 November 17 - . 21:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC4E. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan IIID.
  • KH-11 no. 5 - . Payload: KH-11 no. 5 / OPS 9627. Mass: 13,300 kg (29,300 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: CIA, NRO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: KH-11. Decay Date: 1985-08-13 . USAF Sat Cat: 13659 . COSPAR: 1982-111A. Apogee: 520 km (320 mi). Perigee: 280 km (170 mi). Inclination: 97.0000 deg. Period: 92.60 min. KH-11 type satellite. Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C). .

1984 December 4 - . 18:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC4E. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 34D.
  • USA 6 - . Payload: KH-11 no. 6. Mass: 13,000 kg (28,000 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: CIA, NRO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: KH-11. Decay Date: 1990-12-31 . USAF Sat Cat: 15423 . COSPAR: 1984-122A. Apogee: 650 km (400 mi). Perigee: 300 km (180 mi). Inclination: 97.1000 deg. Period: 93.50 min. KH-11 type satellite. Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C). .

1985 August 28 - . 21:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC4E. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 34D. FAILURE: Stage 1 propellant feed system failure forced premature engine shutdown.. Failed Stage: 1.
  • KH-11 no. 7 - . Payload: KH-11 no. 7. Mass: 13,300 kg (29,300 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: KH-11. Decay Date: 1985-08-28 . KH-11 type satellite..

1987 October 26 - . 21:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC4E. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 34D.
  • USA 27 - . Payload: KH-11 no. 8. Mass: 13,300 kg (29,300 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: CIA, NRO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: KH-11. Decay Date: 1992-05-31 . USAF Sat Cat: 18441 . COSPAR: 1987-090A. Apogee: 1,029 km (639 mi). Perigee: 153 km (95 mi). Inclination: 97.8000 deg. Period: 96.50 min. KH-11 type satellite. Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C). .

1988 November 6 - . 18:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC4E. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 34D.
  • USA 33 - . Payload: KH-11 no. 9. Mass: 13,500 kg (29,700 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: CIA, NRO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: KH-11. USAF Sat Cat: 19625 . COSPAR: 1988-099A. Apogee: 1,012 km (628 mi). Perigee: 156 km (96 mi). Inclination: 97.9000 deg. Period: 96.40 min. Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C). .


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