Home - Search - Browse - Alphabetic Index: 0- 1- 2- 3- 4- 5- 6- 7- 8- 9
A- B- C- D- E- F- G- H- I- J- K- L- M- N- O- P- Q- R- S- T- U- V- W- X- Y- Z
1986 Chronology

1986 - . LV Family: VKS series. Launch Vehicle: Tu-2000.
  • In reaction to US X-30 project, government decrees of 27 January and 19 July 1986 ordered development of a Soviet equivalent. The Ministry of Defence issued technical specifications on 1 September. - . Nation: Russia.

1986 During the Year - .
  • Mars 1986 - . Nation: Russia. Spacecraft Bus: TMK. Spacecraft: Mars 1986.

    Having completed design and development work on Energia-launched nuclear-electric upper stages, NPO Energia studied a manned Mars project again. The study revamped the 1969 studies to include launch by Energia and use of two reactors in the place of one and the use of tested systems developed on orbital stations.


1986 January - . Launch Vehicle: Buran.
  • Buran program shakeup - . Nation: Russia. Spacecraft: Buran.

    By January 1986 it was clear that the project, now three years behind schedule, had no prospect of completion due to problems in obtaining deliveries of equipment for Buran, numerous problems in assembling the orbiters and lack of manpower at Baikonur, and a general loss of management focus. Minister O D Bakhnov called large group of industry leaders to the cosmodrome to review measures to concentrate and accelerate the remaining work. Three 'Tiger Teams' were set up. The first, led by Semenov, was to finish the flight Buran orbiter and associated facilities in time for a third quarter 1987 launch. The second, led by B I Gubanov, was to finish the Energia launch vehicle and fly it, without the Buran mock-ups if necessary, at the earliest possible date. The third group, led by S S Banin, was to complete the assembly and launch facilities.


1986 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: R-36M. Launch Vehicle: R-36MU 15A18.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1986 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-39. Launch Vehicle: RT-23U 15Zh61.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1986 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: RT-2. Launch Vehicle: RT-2P.
  • RT2 PL86-02 - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1986 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: RT-2. Launch Vehicle: RT-2P.
  • RT2 PL86-01 - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1986 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Vehicle: Topol'.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1986 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-39. Launch Vehicle: RT-23U 15Zh60.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1986 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Vehicle: Topol'.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1986 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-39. Launch Vehicle: RT-23U 15Zh60.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1986 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Vehicle: Topol'.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1986 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-39. Launch Vehicle: RT-23U 15Zh60.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1986 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-39. Launch Vehicle: RT-23U 15Zh60.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1986 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-39. Launch Vehicle: RT-23U 15Zh61.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1986 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. LV Family: R-11. Launch Vehicle: R-17VTO.
  • UGCh ZLKI 8 - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 86 km (53 mi).

1986 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-39. Launch Vehicle: RT-23U 15Zh60.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1986 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-39. Launch Vehicle: RT-23U 15Zh61.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1986 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-39. Launch Vehicle: RT-23U 15Zh61.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1986 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-39. Launch Vehicle: RT-23U 15Zh61.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1986 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-39. Launch Vehicle: RT-23U 15Zh61.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1986 - . Launch Site: Derzhavinsk. LV Family: R-36M. Launch Vehicle: R-36MU 15A18.
  • ICBM operational test launch from missile base silo - . Nation: Kazakhstan. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1986 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: K63.
1986 January 1 - . 11:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 83 km (51 mi).

1986 January 3 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur Jubilee.
1986 January 3 - .
  • Stephen Synnott's Discovery of Uranus Moons Juliet & Portia - . Nation: USA.

1986 January 4 - . 10:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: UNKO. Launch Platform: SHIR. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 86 km (53 mi).

1986 January 5 - . 11:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 83 km (51 mi).

1986 January 6 - . 11:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 84 km (52 mi).

1986 January 7 - . 21:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 87 km (54 mi).

1986 January 8 - . 11:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U-PVB.
  • Cosmos 1715 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-8. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1986-01-22 . USAF Sat Cat: 16447 . COSPAR: 1986-001A. Apogee: 288 km (178 mi). Perigee: 192 km (119 mi). Inclination: 72.8000 deg. Period: 89.30 min. Military cartographic satellite; returned film capsule..

1986 January 9 - .
  • Stephen Synnott's Discovery of Uranus Moon Cressida - . Nation: USA.

1986 January 9 - . 02:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. Launch Pad: LC132/2?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1716 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 289. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 16449 . COSPAR: 1986-002A. Apogee: 1,492 km (927 mi). Perigee: 1,463 km (909 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.50 min. Eight satellites launched by a single carrier rocket..
  • Cosmos 1723 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 296. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 16456 . COSPAR: 1986-002H. Apogee: 1,482 km (920 mi). Perigee: 1,400 km (800 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.70 min.
  • Cosmos 1722 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 295. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 16455 . COSPAR: 1986-002G. Apogee: 1,484 km (922 mi). Perigee: 1,413 km (877 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.80 min.
  • Cosmos 1717 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 290. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 16450 . COSPAR: 1986-002B. Apogee: 1,513 km (940 mi). Perigee: 1,475 km (916 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.90 min.
  • Cosmos 1718 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 291. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 16451 . COSPAR: 1986-002C. Apogee: 1,496 km (929 mi). Perigee: 1,475 km (916 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.70 min.
  • Cosmos 1719 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 292. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 16452 . COSPAR: 1986-002D. Apogee: 1,485 km (922 mi). Perigee: 1,454 km (903 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.30 min.
  • Cosmos 1720 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 293. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 16453 . COSPAR: 1986-002E. Apogee: 1,484 km (922 mi). Perigee: 1,440 km (890 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.20 min.
  • Cosmos 1721 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 294. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 16454 . COSPAR: 1986-002F. Apogee: 1,483 km (921 mi). Perigee: 1,427 km (886 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.00 min.

1986 January 12 - .
  • STS-61-C - Wakeup Song: Monty Python's Flying Circus - . Flight: STS-61-C. "Monty Python's Flying Circus" TV show ("Liberty Bell March" by John Philip Sousa) . CAPCOM: Shannon Lucid.

1986 January 12 - . 11:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC39A. Launch Platform: MLP1. LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Space Shuttle.
  • STS-61-C - . Call Sign: Columbia. Crew: Bolden, Cenker, Chang-Diaz, Gibson, Hawley, Nelson, Nelson, Bill. Payload: Columbia F07 Satcom-K 1 [PAM-D2]. Mass: 14,724 kg (32,460 lb). Nation: USA. Related Persons: Bolden, Cenker, Chang-Diaz, Gibson, Hawley, Nelson, Nelson, Bill. Agency: NASA Houston. Program: STS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Flight: STS-61-C. Spacecraft Bus: Shuttle. Spacecraft: Columbia. Duration: 6.09 days. Decay Date: 1986-01-18 . USAF Sat Cat: 16481 . COSPAR: 1986-003A. Apogee: 338 km (210 mi). Perigee: 331 km (205 mi). Inclination: 28.5000 deg. Period: 91.20 min.

    Manned seven crew. Launched Satcom K1. Payloads: Deploy SATCOM (RCA-Satellite Communi-cations) Ku-1 with Payload Assist Module (PAM)-D II. Materials Science Laboratory, Comet Halley Active Monitoring Experiment (CHAMP), Hitchhiker (HH) Goddard (G)-1, thirteen getaway specials (GAS), student experiment, Initial Blood Storage Equipment (lBSE), Characterization of Space Motion Sickness (SMS).

  • GBA-1 - . Payload: GAS Bridge. Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: STS. Spacecraft Bus: Shuttle Attached Payloads. Spacecraft: GBA. Decay Date: 1986-01-18 . USAF Sat Cat: 16481 . COSPAR: 1986-003xx. Apogee: 347 km (215 mi). Perigee: 322 km (200 mi). Inclination: 28.5000 deg. Period: 91.20 min.
  • MSL-2 - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: STS. Spacecraft Bus: Shuttle Attached Payloads. Spacecraft: MSL-2. Decay Date: 1986-01-18 . USAF Sat Cat: 16481 . COSPAR: 1986-003xx. Apogee: 347 km (215 mi). Perigee: 322 km (200 mi). Inclination: 28.5000 deg. Period: 91.20 min.

    The Material Science Laboratory was a carrier system designed to utilize the residual space of the Shuttle cargo bay. Based on the multi-purpose experiment support structure (MPESS) carrier, it offered a full complement of power, data, and thermal control services to payloads mounted on it.

  • Satcom K1 - . Payload: Satcom-K 1 / PAM-D2. Mass: 1,923 kg (4,239 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: RCA Amer. Manufacturer: Lockheed. Program: Satcom. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: AS 4000. Completed Operations Date: 1997-07-02 . USAF Sat Cat: 16482 . COSPAR: 1986-003B. Apogee: 36,016 km (22,379 mi). Perigee: 35,965 km (22,347 mi). Inclination: 4.5000 deg. Period: 1,446.50 min. Stationed at 81 deg W. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 85 deg W in 1986-1997; 87 deg W in 1997 As of 31 August 2001 located at 61.19 deg W drifting at 2.593 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 125.55E drifting at 2.586W degrees per day..

1986 January 13 - .
  • Stephen Synnott's Discovery of Uranus Moons Desdemona, Rosalind & Belinda - . Nation: USA.

1986 January 14 - .
  • STS-61-C - Wakeup Song: Heart of Gold - . Flight: STS-61-C. "Heart of Gold" by Neil Young.

1986 January 14 - . 21:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 84 km (52 mi).

1986 January 15 - . 14:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U-PVB.
  • Cosmos 1724 - . Mass: 6,600 kg (14,500 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Yantar. Spacecraft: Yantar-4K1. Duration: 59.00 days. Decay Date: 1986-03-15 . USAF Sat Cat: 16490 . COSPAR: 1986-004A. Apogee: 330 km (200 mi). Perigee: 167 km (103 mi). Inclination: 67.1000 deg. Period: 89.50 min. High resolution photo reconnaissance; returned film in two small SpK capsules during the mission and with the main capsule at completion of the mission..

1986 January 16 - . 11:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1725 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 16493 . COSPAR: 1986-005A. Apogee: 1,002 km (622 mi). Perigee: 967 km (600 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.80 min. Military navigation satellite. Replaced Cosmos 1577..

1986 January 17 - . 07:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32. Launch Pad: LC32/1. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Cosmos 1726 - . Payload: Tselina-D no. 53. Mass: 2,000 kg (4,400 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-D. USAF Sat Cat: 16495 . COSPAR: 1986-006A. Apogee: 618 km (384 mi). Perigee: 590 km (360 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 96.80 min.

1986 January 17 - . 10:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC200/40. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K/DM.
  • Raduga 18 - . Payload: Raduga s/n 29L. Mass: 1,940 kg (4,270 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-3. Spacecraft: Raduga . Completed Operations Date: 1991-12-04 . USAF Sat Cat: 16497 . COSPAR: 1986-007A. Apogee: 36,493 km (22,675 mi). Perigee: 35,909 km (22,312 mi). Inclination: 5.8000 deg. Period: 1,457.30 min.

    Stationed at 335 deg. E. Provision of telephone and telegraph radiocommunications and television broadcasting. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 25 deg W in 1986-1989; 170 deg W in 1989-1991 As of 28 August 2001 located at 163.25 deg W drifting at 5.255 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 22.49E drifting at 5.257W degrees per day.


1986 January 18 - .
  • STS-61-C - Wakeup Song: Stars and Stripes Forever - . Flight: STS-61-C. "Stars and Stripes Forever".

1986 January 18 - . 18:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant X.
  • CENTAUR 2 Auroral mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 676 km (420 mi).

1986 January 18 - .
1986 January 19 - . 12:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 84 km (52 mi).

1986 January 20 - .
  • Rich Terrile's Discovery of Uranus Moons Cordelia & Ophelia - . Nation: USA.

1986 January 21 - . 22:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1986 January 22 - . 14:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Molodezhnaya. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1986 January 23 - .
  • Brad Smith's Discovery of Uranus Moon Bianca - . Nation: USA.

1986 January 23 - . 18:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1727 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Tsikada. USAF Sat Cat: 16510 . COSPAR: 1986-008A. Apogee: 1,014 km (630 mi). Perigee: 957 km (594 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 104.80 min. Civilian naval navigation satellite. Replaced Cosmos 1506..

1986 January 24 - .
  • Voyager 2, Uranus Flyby - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft: Voyager.

1986 January 25 - . Launch Site: Sriharikota. LV Family: RH. Launch Vehicle: RH-200.
  • Meteorological Chaff Meteorological mission - . Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 70 km (43 mi).

1986 January 26 - .
  • Voyager 2 spacecraft reports secrets of Uranus - . Nation: USA.

1986 January 27 - . LV Family: MVKS. Launch Vehicle: Tu-2000, Yakovlev MVKS.
  • Government decree orders design of a Soviet aerospaceplane - . Nation: Russia. Spacecraft: Tu-2000, VKS, Yakovlev MVKS. In reaction to US X-30 project government decree ordered development of a Soviet equivalent..

1986 January 28 - . 08:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. Launch Pad: LC1 or LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U-PVB.
  • Cosmos 1728 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-8. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1986-02-11 . USAF Sat Cat: 16512 . COSPAR: 1986-009A. Apogee: 278 km (172 mi). Perigee: 204 km (126 mi). Inclination: 70.0000 deg. Period: 89.30 min. Military cartographic satellite; returned film capsule..

1986 January 28 - . 16:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC39B. Launch Platform: MLP2. LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Space Shuttle. FAILURE: Seal on SRB failed, allowed hot gas to burn through External Tank.. Failed Stage: 0.
  • TDRS B - . Payload: TDRS B. Mass: 2,240 kg (4,930 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: STS. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: TDRS. Apogee: 15 km (9 mi).
  • Spartan-Halley - . Payload: Spartan-Halley. Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: STS. Spacecraft Bus: Shuttle Attached Payloads. Spacecraft: Spartan. Apogee: 15 km (9 mi).

    The Spartan series consists of low-cost, Shuttle-launched, short-duration, sounding-rocket-type payloads. The payloads were retrievable and reusable with a turnaround time of 6 to 9 months. Spartan operated as an autonomous sub-satellite, and the data was stored on an internal tape recorder. Pointing and stabilization were achieved by an attitude control system capable of three-axis stabilized pointing to any target within +/- 3 arc-minutes. The main objective of this spacecraft was to obtain UV spectra of the coma and tail of Comet Halley in January 1986 shortly before its perihelion. This spacecraft was lost when Space Shuttle Challenger exploded on launch.


1986 January 29 - . 14:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Molodezhnaya. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 83 km (51 mi).

1986 January 30 - . 21:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 79 km (49 mi).

1986 January 31 - . Launch Vehicle: Buran.
  • Buran project in crisis - . Nation: Russia. Program: Buran. Spacecraft: Buran.

    By January 1986 it was clear that the project, now three years behind schedule, had no prospect of completion due to problems in obtaining deliveries of equipment for Buran, numerous problems in assembling the orbiters and lack of manpower at Baikonur, and a general loss of management focus. Minister O D Bakhnov called a large group of industry leaders to the cosmodrome to review measures to concentrate and accelerate the remaining work. Three 'Tiger Teams' were set up. The first, led by Semenov, was to finish the flight Buran orbiter and associated facilities in time for a third quarter 1987 launch. The second, led by B I Gubanov, was to finish the Energia launch vehicle and fly it, without the Buran mock-ups if necessary, at the earliest possible date. The third group, led by S S Banin, was to complete the assembly and launch facilities.


1986 January 31 - . 08:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 9M.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 319 km (198 mi).

1986 February - . Launch Vehicle: Buran.
  • Frst Buran payload arrived in Baikonur - . Nation: Russia. Spacecraft: Buran.

    The first Buran payload, 37KB module s/n 37070, arrived in Baikonur. The 37KB modules, similar to the Kvant module of the Mir space station, were to be standard on the early Buran flights. 37KB-37070 itself primarily contained instrumentation to measure the performance of the orbiter and its structure on its first flight.


1986 February 1 - . 05:40 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C.
  • X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 228 km (141 mi).

1986 February 1 - . 12:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Xichang. Launch Complex: Xichang LC1. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 3.
  • STTW 1 - . Payload: STTW 1. Mass: 1,024 kg (2,257 lb). Nation: China. Agency: MAI. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: DFH-2. Completed Operations Date: 1990-06-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 16526 . COSPAR: 1986-010A. Apogee: 35,819 km (22,256 mi). Perigee: 35,774 km (22,228 mi). Inclination: 9.8000 deg. Period: 1,436.60 min.

    Second successful DFH-2 launch. Also designated STW-2, the satellite was positioned at 103 deg E. In comparison to the first two DFH-2's, a parabolic antenna reflector replaced the horn antenna. Operated in geosynchronous orbit at 103 deg E in 1986-1990. As of 3 September 2001 located at 102.75 deg E drifting at 0.030 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 46.50E drifting at 0.019E degrees per day.


1986 February 1 - . 12:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima L. Launch Pad: K. Launch Vehicle: S-310.
  • E-region Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 201 km (124 mi).

1986 February 1 - . 18:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC16/2. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M.
  • Cosmos 1729 - . Payload: Oko #46. Mass: 1,250 kg (2,750 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Early warning satellite. Spacecraft: Oko. USAF Sat Cat: 16527 . COSPAR: 1986-011A. Apogee: 33,130 km (20,580 mi). Perigee: 7,251 km (4,505 mi). Inclination: 68.0000 deg. Period: 718.30 min. Replaced Cosmos 1569. Covered Oko constellation plane 5 - 75 degree longitude of ascending node..

1986 February 2 - . 21:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 81 km (50 mi).

1986 February 3 - . 12:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 88 km (54 mi).

1986 February 3 - . 13:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • ISRO 8.853 - . Nation: India. Agency: AN. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1986 February 4 - . 11:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U-PVB.
  • Cosmos 1730 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-8. Duration: 9.00 days. Decay Date: 1986-02-13 . USAF Sat Cat: 16540 . COSPAR: 1986-012A. Apogee: 303 km (188 mi). Perigee: 191 km (118 mi). Inclination: 72.9000 deg. Period: 89.50 min. Military cartographic satellite; returned film capsule..

1986 February 5 - . 12:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1986 February 6 - . Launch Site: Sriharikota. LV Family: RH. Launch Vehicle: RH-200.
  • Meteorological Chaff Meteorological mission - . Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 70 km (43 mi).

1986 February 7 - . 08:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. Launch Pad: LC1 or LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U-PVB.
  • Cosmos 1731 - . Mass: 6,600 kg (14,500 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Yantar. Spacecraft: Yantar-4KS1. Duration: 238.00 days. Decay Date: 1986-10-03 . USAF Sat Cat: 16589 . COSPAR: 1986-013A. Apogee: 263 km (163 mi). Perigee: 233 km (144 mi). Inclination: 64.7000 deg. Period: 89.50 min. Photo/digital surveillance..

1986 February 8 - . Launch Site: Sriharikota. LV Family: RH. Launch Vehicle: RH-200.
  • Meteorological Chaff Meteorological mission - . Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 70 km (43 mi).

1986 February 9 - . 10:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC3E. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas H.
  • USA 15 - . Payload: PARCAE 8. Mass: 700 kg (1,540 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: NOSS. USAF Sat Cat: 16591 . COSPAR: 1986-014A. Apogee: 1,166 km (724 mi). Perigee: 1,049 km (651 mi). Inclination: 63.0000 deg. Period: 107.40 min. Ocean surveillance; aka White Cloud type spacecraft; Navy Ocean Surveillance Satellite; PARCAE..
  • USA 16 - . Payload: SSU. Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft Bus: NOSS. Spacecraft: NOSS-Subsat. USAF Sat Cat: 16624 . COSPAR: 1986-014E. Apogee: 1,161 km (721 mi). Perigee: 1,055 km (655 mi). Inclination: 63.0000 deg. Period: 107.40 min.
  • USA 18 - . Payload: SSU. Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft Bus: NOSS. Spacecraft: NOSS-Subsat. USAF Sat Cat: 16631 . COSPAR: 1986-014H. Apogee: 1,407 km (874 mi). Perigee: 817 km (508 mi). Inclination: 63.4140 deg. Period: 107.44 min.
  • USA 17 - . Payload: SSU. Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft Bus: NOSS. Spacecraft: NOSS-Subsat. USAF Sat Cat: 16625 . COSPAR: 1986-014F. Apogee: 1,165 km (723 mi). Perigee: 1,055 km (655 mi). Inclination: 63.0000 deg. Period: 107.40 min.

1986 February 10 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S3.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1986 February 11 - . 06:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32/2. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Cosmos 1732 - . Payload: Geo-IK no. 7. Mass: 1,500 kg (3,300 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Earth. Type: Geodetic satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Geo-IK. USAF Sat Cat: 16593 . COSPAR: 1986-015A. Apogee: 1,525 km (947 mi). Perigee: 1,480 km (910 mi). Inclination: 73.6000 deg. Period: 116.00 min. Investigation of the upper atmosphere and outer space. .

1986 February 12 - . 07:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Tanegashima. Launch Complex: Tanegashima N. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: N-2.
  • Yuri 2B - . Payload: BS-2b. Mass: 677 kg (1,492 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: NASDA. Manufacturer: Lockheed. Program: BS. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: AS 3000. Completed Operations Date: 1991-10-24 . USAF Sat Cat: 16597 . COSPAR: 1986-016A. Apogee: 36,135 km (22,453 mi). Perigee: 35,996 km (22,366 mi). Inclination: 2.7000 deg. Period: 1,450.40 min.

    Stationed at 117 deg E. BS-2b (Yuri-2b). Domestic satellite broadcasting; development of broadcasting satellite technology. Launching organization NASDA. N launch vehicle flight no 14. Launch time 0755 GMT. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 110 deg E in 1986-1991 As of 5 September 2001 located at 13.60 deg W drifting at 3.524 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 11 located at 77.04E drifting at 3.551W degrees per day.


1986 February 13 - . 14:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • ISRO 8.855 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 84 km (52 mi).

1986 February 14 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF26. Launch Pad: LF26?. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3.
  • FOT GT112GB Follow-on Test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1986 February 14 - . Launch Site: Fort Bliss. Launch Complex: Fort Bliss MCG. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 2.
  • P-477? 86 Spring 01 - . Nation: USA. Agency: US7A. Apogee: 320 km (190 mi).

1986 February 14 - . Launch Site: Fort Bliss. Launch Complex: Fort Bliss MCG. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 2.
  • P-478? 86 Spring 01 - . Nation: USA. Agency: US7A. Apogee: 320 km (190 mi).

1986 February 14 - . Launch Site: Fort Bliss. Launch Complex: Fort Bliss MCG. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 2.
  • P-479? 86 Spring 01 - . Nation: USA. Agency: US7A. Apogee: 320 km (190 mi).

1986 February 15 - .
  • First Buran payload arrives at Baikonur - . Nation: Russia. Program: Buran. Spacecraft: Buran.

    The first Buran payload, 37KB module s/n 37070, is delivered by freight car. The 37KB modules, similar to the Kvant module of the Mir space station, were to be standard on the early Buran flights. 37KB-37070 itself primarily contained instrumentation to measure the performance of the orbiter and its structure on its first flight.


1986 February 16 - .
  • First attempt to launch Mir. - . Nation: Russia. Program: Mir. Spacecraft: Mir. The first launch attempt at very low temperatures was scrubbed when the spacecraft communications failed..

1986 February 17 - . 12:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1986 February 18 - . 21:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 78 km (48 mi).

1986 February 19 - . 21:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC200/39. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K.
  • Mir - . Payload: Mir s/n 127-01. Mass: 20,100 kg (44,300 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Mir. Class: Manned. Type: Manned space station. Spacecraft: Mir . Decay Date: 2001-03-23 . USAF Sat Cat: 16609 . COSPAR: 1986-017A. Apogee: 395 km (245 mi). Perigee: 387 km (240 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 92.40 min.

    The core module of Russia's new space station was placed in an initial orbit of 172 x 301 km. It was established in its operational orbit on 6 March. It passed just 10 km from Salyut 7 on 8 March. First use of the geosynchronous Luch relay sattelite for communications with the station was on 29 March. Equipment launched with the core module included:

    • Splav-2 crystal growth facility
    • Zona zone melt facility
    • Kashtan electrophoresis unit
    • Bulgarian Rozhen photometer
    • Spektr-256 and MKS-M spectrometers
    • Pion-M multipurpose physics unit (41 kg)
    • Biryuza semiconductor materials unit
    • -Ruchei electrophoresis installation
    • Yantar metal coating equipment
    • Mariye magnetic spectrometer
    • Korund furnace (136 kg)

    Total costs of Mir from February 1986 through return of Soyuz TM-9 in April 1989 were given as 1.471 billion rubles. This sum ncluded Mir, Kvant, all Soyuz and Progress spacecraft, and 2 new modules. As of April 1989 50% of the scientific equipment was inoperable and the interior was cramped due to lack of extension modules. Electric power supply problems were first reported in April 1989 (batteries would not hold charge from panels). Mass 27,300 kg as of January 1990. Complex mass with Kvant-2 65,790 kg; with Kristall, Soyuz TM, and Progress M, 89,990 kg. Additional Details: here....


1986 February 19 - . 23:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32. Launch Pad: LC32/pad?. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Cosmos 1733 - . Payload: Tselina-D no. 54. Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-D. USAF Sat Cat: 16611 . COSPAR: 1986-018A. Apogee: 618 km (384 mi). Perigee: 594 km (369 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 96.80 min. Replaced Cosmos 1544..

1986 February 20 - . 13:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 86 km (53 mi).

1986 February 21 - . 17:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 732. LV Family: Trident. Launch Vehicle: Trident C-4.
  • Demonstration and shakedown operations launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1986 February 22 - . 01:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA1. LV Family: Ariane. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 1.
  • SPOT 1 - . Payload: Spot 1 / Viking. Mass: 1,830 kg (4,030 lb). Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Program: SPOT. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft: SPOT-1-2-3. USAF Sat Cat: 16613 . COSPAR: 1986-019A. Apogee: 826 km (513 mi). Perigee: 824 km (512 mi). Inclination: 98.7000 deg. Period: 101.40 min. Remote sensing satellite. Registration 1986-1.B.
  • Viking - . Payload: Spot 1 / Viking. Mass: 538 kg (1,186 lb). Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft: Viking (Sweden). USAF Sat Cat: 16614 . COSPAR: 1986-019B. Apogee: 13,524 km (8,403 mi). Perigee: 817 km (507 mi). Inclination: 98.8000 deg. Period: 261.60 min.

    Studied magnetic, electric, UV properties of auroral regions. Scientific satellite for the investigation of space plasma physics in the part of the magnetosphere close to the Earth, particularly in connection with the auroral phenomena. The nominal mission period is eight months but an extension can be envisaged. ST /SG/SER.E/167: The satellite Viking has ceased to function on 12 May 1987 due to a gradual degradation of its electrical power supply system. The satellite remains, however, in Earth orbit.


1986 February 23 - . 21:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 86 km (53 mi).

1986 February 24 - . 11:53 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant IX.
  • Halley Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 312 km (193 mi).

1986 February 25 - . Launch Site: Sriharikota. LV Family: RH. Launch Vehicle: RH-200.
  • Meteorological Chaff Meteorological mission - . Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 70 km (43 mi).

1986 February 26 - . 12:02 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. Launch Pad: LC35?. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VB.
  • JHU FOT 6 Halley Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 229 km (142 mi).

1986 February 26 - . 13:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U-PVB.
  • Cosmos 1734 - . Mass: 6,600 kg (14,500 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Yantar. Spacecraft: Yantar-4K1. Duration: 59.00 days. Decay Date: 1986-04-26 . USAF Sat Cat: 16618 . COSPAR: 1986-020A. Apogee: 343 km (213 mi). Perigee: 165 km (102 mi). Inclination: 67.1000 deg. Period: 89.60 min. High resolution photo reconnaissance; returned film in two small SpK capsules during the mission and with the main capsule at completion of the mission..

1986 February 27 - . Launch Site: Balasore. LV Family: RH. Launch Vehicle: RH-200.
  • Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1986 February 27 - . 01:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC90/19. Launch Pad: LC90/pad?. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-2.
  • Cosmos 1735 - . Mass: 3,000 kg (6,600 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: EORSAT. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Kosmoplan. Spacecraft: US-P. Decay Date: 1988-11-17 . USAF Sat Cat: 16620 . COSPAR: 1986-021A. Apogee: 442 km (274 mi). Perigee: 419 km (260 mi). Inclination: 65.0000 deg. Period: 93.20 min. Ocean surveillance..

1986 February 28 - . 07:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: UNKO. Launch Platform: PASSAT. Launch Vehicle: MMR-06.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: GMS. Apogee: 61 km (37 mi).

1986 March 1 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: SNLE. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M4.
  • Long range test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 800 km (490 mi).

1986 Mar? - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. LV Family: R-11. Launch Vehicle: R-17VTO.
  • UGCh LKI III-1 - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 86 km (53 mi).

1986 March 2 - .
  • Death of Theodor Anton Poppel - . Nation: Germany, USA. Related Persons: Poppel. German-American engineer, ember of von Braun's team, expert in guided missile ground support during WW2, and continued in that role in the US. Played a key role in designing Saturn I LC34, and the Saturn V's VAB and Transporter-Crawler..

1986 March 2 - . 21:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1986 March 3 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 76 km (47 mi).

1986 March 4 - . 21:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 83 km (51 mi).

1986 March 5 - . Launch Site: Balasore. LV Family: RH. Launch Vehicle: RH-200.
  • Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1986 March 5 - . 13:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 84 km (52 mi).

1986 March 6 - .
  • Vega 1, Comet Halley Flyby - . Nation: Russia. Spacecraft Bus: 5MV. Spacecraft: Vega 5VK.

1986 March 7 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF08. Launch Vehicle: Peacekeeper.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1986 March 7 - . 18:12 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 319 km (198 mi).

1986 March 7 - . 19:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1986 March 8 - .
  • Susei, Comet Halley Flyby - . Nation: Japan.

1986 March 9 - .
  • Vega 2, Comet Halley Flyby - . Nation: Russia. Spacecraft Bus: 5MV. Spacecraft: Vega 5VK.

1986 March 10 - .
  • Sakigake, Comet Halley Flyby - . Nation: Japan.

1986 March 10 - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • D-REG IONIZ. COMP. - . Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 105 km (65 mi).

1986 March 11 - . 21:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 86 km (53 mi).

1986 March 12 - . Launch Site: Balasore. LV Family: RH. Launch Vehicle: RH-200.
  • Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1986 March 12 - . 13:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1986 March 13 - .
  • Giotto, Comet Halley Flyby - . Nation: Europe. Spacecraft: Giotto.

1986 March 13 - . 10:54 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant IX.
  • Halley Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 312 km (193 mi).

1986 March 13 - . 11:20 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VB.
  • JHU FOT 7 Halley Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 231 km (143 mi).

1986 March 13 - . 12:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U2.
  • Soyuz T-15 - . Call Sign: Mayak (Beacon ). Crew: Kizim, Solovyov, Vladimir. Backup Crew: Aleksandrov, Viktorenko. Payload: Soyuz T 11F732 s/n 21L. Mass: 7,020 kg (15,470 lb). Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Aleksandrov, Kizim, Solovyov, Vladimir, Viktorenko. Agency: MOM. Program: Mir. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Soyuz T-15. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Soyuz T. Duration: 125.00 days. Decay Date: 1986-07-16 . USAF Sat Cat: 16643 . COSPAR: 1986-022A. Apogee: 366 km (227 mi). Perigee: 331 km (205 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 91.50 min.

    Mir Main Expedition EO-01. Epic repair mission. The crew, consisting of ship's commander L D Kizim and flight engineer V A Solovyov first docked with the Mir orbital station to conduct scientific and technical studies and experiments. Mir then maneuvered 17 April to match Salyut 7's orbit at 4000 km separation, then again on 4 May to catch up. After six weeks aboard Mir, Soyuz T-15 undocked on 5 May, then rendezvoused and manually docked with the inoperative Salyut 7 station. This was the only flight in history by a single spacecraft between two space stations. The Salyut-7 station was found to be ice bound and without electrical power. The crew repaired the station, regaining power, heat, and environmental control. The also removed experimental results left behind by last crew. Soyuz T-15 undocked Salyut 7 on 25 June, and redocked with Mir on 26 June, delivering 400 kg of scientific material from Salyut 7, including a multichannel spectrometer. Following further work aboard Mir, the crew landed on July 16, 1986 at 12:34 GMT. No crew ever revisited Salyut 7; it made an uncontrolled reentry over Argentina.


1986 March 14 - . 07:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: UNKO. Launch Platform: KRENKEL'. Launch Vehicle: MMR-06.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: GMS. Apogee: 65 km (40 mi).

1986 March 15 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF09. Launch Pad: LF09?. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3.
  • FOT GT113GM-1 Follow-on Test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1986 March 15 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF04. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3.
  • FOT GT114GM Follow-on Test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1986 March 16 - . 21:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1986 March 17 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF03. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B.
  • RSLP IPA-3 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1986 March 18 - . 21:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 86 km (53 mi).

1986 March 19 - . Launch Site: Balasore. LV Family: RH. Launch Vehicle: RH-200.
  • Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1986 March 19 - . 10:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U2.
  • Progress 25 - . Payload: Progress s/n 134. Mass: 7,270 kg (16,020 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Mir. Class: Manned. Type: Manned logistics spacecraft. Flight: Soyuz T-15. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Progress. Duration: 32.61 days. Completed Operations Date: 1986-04-21 00:48:05 . Decay Date: 1986-04-21 00:48:05 . USAF Sat Cat: 16645 . COSPAR: 1986-023A. Apogee: 251 km (155 mi). Perigee: 183 km (113 mi). Inclination: 51.7000 deg. Period: 88.80 min.

    Unmanned supply vessel transporting sundry cargoes to the Mir orbital station. Docked with Mir on 21 Mar 1986 11:16:02 GMT. Undocked on 20 Apr 1986 19:24:08 GMT. Destroyed in reentry on 21 Apr 1986 00:48:30 GMT. Total free-flight time 2.27 days. Total docked time 30.34 days.


1986 March 21 - . LV Family: Buran. Launch Vehicle: Energia.
  • First Energia full thrust test - . Nation: Russia. Program: Buran. Spacecraft: Buran.

    This was to be the first 20 second Energia main engine firing test. It was terminated at 2.58 seconds when the automatic control system detected a slow spool up of an engine turbine. In a the first attempt at a full-duration test helium leaks contaminated electro-hydraulic systems, leading to a situation where the tanks could not be drained. An engineering brigade had to work on the fuelled booster for 55 minutes, attach another helium tank, which led to successful de-fuelling of the vehicle.


1986 March 21 - . 10:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC90/19. Launch Pad: LC90/pad?. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-2.
  • Cosmos 1736 - . Mass: 3,800 kg (8,300 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: RORSAT. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military naval surveillance radar satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Kosmoplan. Spacecraft: US-A. Decay Date: 1986-09-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 16806 . COSPAR: 1986-024B. Apogee: 995 km (618 mi). Perigee: 936 km (581 mi). Inclination: 65.0000 deg. Period: 104.40 min. Ocean surveillance; nuclear powered..

1986 March 23 - . 21:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 84 km (52 mi).

1986 March 24 - . 13:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1986 March 25 - . 19:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC90/19. Launch Pad: LC90/pad?. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-2.
  • Cosmos 1737 - . Mass: 3,000 kg (6,600 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: EORSAT. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Kosmoplan. Spacecraft: US-P. Decay Date: 1986-12-03 . USAF Sat Cat: 16648 . COSPAR: 1986-025A. Apogee: 426 km (264 mi). Perigee: 414 km (257 mi). Inclination: 73.4000 deg. Period: 93.00 min. Ocean surveillance..

1986 March 26 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. Launch Pad: LC1 or LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U-PVB. FAILURE: Failure. Failed Stage: U.
  • Zenit-8 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: UNKS. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-8. Military cartographic mission..

1986 March 26 - . Launch Site: Balasore. LV Family: RH. Launch Vehicle: RH-200.
  • Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1986 March 27 - . 11:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 82 km (50 mi).

1986 March 28 - .
  • ICE, Comet Halley Distant Flyby - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft: ISEE.

1986 March 28 - . 23:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA2. LV Family: Ariane. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 3.
  • GStar 2 - . Payload: SBTS-2. Mass: 1,140 kg (2,510 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: GTE. Manufacturer: Lockheed. Program: GTE. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: AS 3000. Completed Operations Date: 1997-08-20 . USAF Sat Cat: 16649 . COSPAR: 1986-026A. Apogee: 35,943 km (22,333 mi). Perigee: 35,902 km (22,308 mi). Inclination: 5.6000 deg. Period: 1,443.10 min.

    Ku band communications satellite. Stationed at 70 degrees W. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 105 deg W in 1986-1992; 125 deg W in 1992-1997 As of 5 September 2001 located at 148.11 deg W drifting at 1.728 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 2.39W drifting at 1.699W degrees per day.

  • Brasilsat A2 - . Mass: 1,243 kg (2,740 lb). Nation: Brazil. Agency: Telebras. Manufacturer: El Segundo. Program: Brasilsat. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: HS 376. USAF Sat Cat: 16650 . COSPAR: 1986-026B. Apogee: 35,793 km (22,240 mi). Perigee: 35,781 km (22,233 mi). Inclination: 4.6000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min.

    Stationed at 105 deg W. Brazilsat 1 & 2 provide telecommunications services to Brazil. Canada's Spar Aerospace was awarded a $125 million contract to build, under license, two satellites based on Hughes' HS-376 design (similar to Anik D). Brazilsat 1 & 2 were the first two elements of Brazil's national Sistema Barasilero de Telecommunicacoes por Satelite (SBTS) network. Spacecraft: Based on Hughes HS-376, single antenna on despun platform, spin stabilised, hydrazine thrusters, body mounted solar cells provide 982 W BOL. Payload: 24 C-band transponders with 6 spares, 10 W TWTA, EIRP >34 dBW over most of Brazilian territory
    Financial/Operational:
    Contract issued in 1990 for 2 units HS-376W. B1-B2 have dedicated transponders for government use. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 70 deg W in 1986-1995; 92 deg W in 1995-1999 As of 4 September 2001 located at 62.91 deg W drifting at 0.007 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 7 located at 32.58W drifting at 2.263W degrees per day.


1986 March 30 - . LV Family: VKS series. Launch Vehicle: Tu-2000.
  • Tupolev starts developement of aerospace plane - . Nation: Russia. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. In reaction to US X-30 project, Tupolev OKB asked to start work on counterpart. By 1992 mockup completed, but solving of propulsion and inlet problems intractable without access to supercomputers..

1986 March 31 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 87 km (54 mi).

1986 April 1 - . 08:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant X.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 912 km (566 mi).

1986 April 2 - . Launch Site: Balasore. LV Family: RH. Launch Vehicle: RH-200.
  • Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1986 April 2 - . 11:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 83 km (51 mi).

1986 April 3 - . 10:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Malemute. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Malemute.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1986 April 4 - . 03:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC200/40. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K/DM.
  • Cosmos 1738 - . Payload: Potok no. 3 s/n 13L. Mass: 2,000 kg (4,400 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-4. Spacecraft: Potok. Completed Operations Date: 1989-04-07 . USAF Sat Cat: 16667 . COSPAR: 1986-027A. Apogee: 35,847 km (22,274 mi). Perigee: 35,712 km (22,190 mi). Inclination: 5.6000 deg. Period: 1,435.70 min.

    Stationed at 13.5 deg W. Continuation of the investigation of outer space; experimental retransmission of telephone and telegraph data in the centimetre band. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 14 deg W in 1986-1989 As of 3 September 2001 located at 0.26 deg W drifting at 0.077 deg E per day. As of 2007 Mar 9 located at 55.28W drifting at 0.287W degrees per day.


1986 April 6 - . 20:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 86 km (53 mi).

1986 April 7 - . 14:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1986 April 8 - . 09:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Talos Castor.
  • SPIRIT I Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 241 km (149 mi).

1986 April 9 - . Launch Site: Balasore. LV Family: RH. Launch Vehicle: RH-200.
  • Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1986 April 9 - . 08:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. Launch Pad: LC1 or LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U-PVB.
  • Cosmos 1739 - . Mass: 6,600 kg (14,500 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Yantar. Spacecraft: Yantar-4K1. Duration: 59.00 days. Decay Date: 1986-06-07 . USAF Sat Cat: 16677 . COSPAR: 1986-028A. Apogee: 326 km (202 mi). Perigee: 171 km (106 mi). Inclination: 64.9000 deg. Period: 89.50 min. High resolution photo reconnaissance; returned film in two small SpK capsules during the mission and with the main capsule at completion of the mission..

1986 April 10 - . 02:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Ryori. LV Family: MT-135. Launch Vehicle: MT-135P.
  • Meteorological mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: JMA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1986 April 11 - . Launch Site: Gladkaya/Krasnoyarsk. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100K.
  • ICBM operational test launch from missile base silo - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1986 April 11 - . 07:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: UNKO. Launch Platform: KRENKEL'. Launch Vehicle: MMR-06.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: GMS. Apogee: 59 km (36 mi).

1986 April 12 - .
  • Death of Wolfgang Hermann Steurer - . Nation: Austria, Germany. Related Persons: Steurer. Austrian-German engineer in WW2, member of the Rocket Team in the United States thereafter..

1986 April 13 - . 09:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant X.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 977 km (607 mi).

1986 April 14 - . 14:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 84 km (52 mi).

1986 April 15 - .
  • Cosmonaut Sergei Nikolayevich Anokhin dies at age of 76 -- Natural causes. - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Anokhin. Russian test pilot cosmonaut, 1966-1968..

1986 April 15 - . 11:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U-PVB.
  • Cosmos 1740 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-8. Duration: 13.00 days. Decay Date: 1986-04-28 . USAF Sat Cat: 16679 . COSPAR: 1986-029A. Apogee: 362 km (224 mi). Perigee: 193 km (119 mi). Inclination: 72.9000 deg. Period: 90.10 min. Military cartographic satellite; returned film capsule..

1986 April 16 - . Launch Site: Balasore. LV Family: RH. Launch Vehicle: RH-200.
  • Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1986 April 16 - . 14:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Molodezhnaya. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1986 April 17 - . 21:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1741 - . Mass: 700 kg (1,540 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Strela-2M. USAF Sat Cat: 16681 . COSPAR: 1986-030A. Apogee: 801 km (497 mi). Perigee: 773 km (480 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 100.60 min. Replaced Cosmos 1503..

1986 April 18 - . 15:35 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • CWAS 13 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1986 April 18 - . 17:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC4E. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 34D. FAILURE: SRM case insulation burned through, causing case burn-through and catastrophic explosion over pad at T+8.5 seconds.. Failed Stage: 0.
  • KH-9 no. 20 - . Mass: 13,300 kg (29,300 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: KH-9. Decay Date: 1986-04-18 . KH-9 type satellite..
  • SRV-3 - . Payload: SRV-3. Mass: 11,400 kg (25,100 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Spacecraft: KH-9.
  • SSF-D No. 6 - . Payload: SSF-D No. 6. Mass: 60 kg (132 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft Bus: P 11. Spacecraft: SSF. Decay Date: 1986-04-18 .
  • SRV-4 - . Payload: SRV-4. Mass: 11,400 kg (25,100 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Spacecraft: KH-9.
  • SRV-2 - . Payload: SRV-2. Mass: 11,400 kg (25,100 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Spacecraft: KH-9.
  • SRV-1 - . Payload: SRV-1. Mass: 11,400 kg (25,100 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Spacecraft: KH-9.

1986 April 18 - . 19:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC41/1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M.
  • Molniya 3-28 - . Payload: Molniya-3 s/n 43. Mass: 1,600 kg (3,500 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Molniya. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-2. Spacecraft: Molniya-3. Decay Date: 1999-02-25 . USAF Sat Cat: 16683 . COSPAR: 1986-031A. Apogee: 39,095 km (24,292 mi). Perigee: 1,255 km (779 mi). Inclination: 64.7000 deg. Period: 717.70 min.

    Replaced Molniya 3-23. Operation of the long-range telephone and telegraph radio communications system in the USSR; transmission of USSR Central Television programmes to stations in the Orbita network and within the framework of international cooperation.


1986 April 21 - . 14:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 79 km (49 mi).

1986 April 22 - . 07:11 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8B.
  • Astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 304 km (188 mi).

1986 April 22 - . 08:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant X.
  • Astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 900 km (550 mi).

1986 April 23 - . Launch Site: Balasore. LV Family: RH. Launch Vehicle: RH-200.
  • Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1986 April 23 - . 19:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U2.
  • Progress 26 - . Payload: Progress s/n 136. Mass: 7,250 kg (15,980 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Mir. Class: Manned. Type: Manned logistics spacecraft. Flight: Soyuz T-15. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Progress. Duration: 60.83 days. Completed Operations Date: 1986-06-23 15:40:56 . Decay Date: 1986-06-23 15:40:56 . USAF Sat Cat: 16687 . COSPAR: 1986-032A. Apogee: 257 km (159 mi). Perigee: 184 km (114 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 88.90 min.

    Unmanned supply vessel to Mir. Rendezvoused with Mir on 25 April, but problem with Mir's radio communication system delays docking until the next day. Docked with Mir on 26 Apr 1986 21:26:06 GMT. Undocked on 22 Jun 1986 18:25:00 GMT. Destroyed in reentry on 23 Jun 1986 15:41:01 GMT. Total free-flight time 3.96 days. Total docked time 56.87 days.


1986 April 24 - . 11:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 83 km (51 mi).

1986 April 25 - . 13:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion. FAILURE: Failure.
  • CWAS 14 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1986 April 26 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur Jubilee.
1986 April 26 - .
  • Major nuclear accident at Soviet Union's Chernobyl power station alarms world - . Nation: Russia.

1986 April 27 - . 09:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: UNKO. Launch Platform: SHIR. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 79 km (49 mi).

1986 April 28 - . 01:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Nike Tomahawk.
  • SPINEX 2 Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 420 km (260 mi).

1986 April 29 - . 08:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: UNKO. Launch Platform: SHIR. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1986 April 30 - . Launch Site: Balasore. LV Family: RH. Launch Vehicle: RH-200.
  • Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1986 April 30 - . 04:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7.
  • TEXUS 13 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 246 km (152 mi).

1986 May - . Launch Vehicle: Buran.
  • Electrical tests of the Buran flight vehicle began - . Nation: Russia. Spacecraft: Buran.

    Tests of the orbiter's ODU engine unit uncovered an apparent defect in gaseous oxygen valves of the reaction control system. Although it threatened to delay flight of the Buran, it was eventually discovered to be a software problem and remedied within days.


1986 May 1 - . Launch Site: Balasore. LV Family: RH. Launch Vehicle: RH-200.
  • Meteorological mission - . Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1986 May 2 - . 09:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: UNKO. Launch Platform: SHIR. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1986 May 3 - . 22:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Delta 3914. FAILURE: Stage one main engine shutdown at T+71 seconds due to electrical failure.. Failed Stage: 1.
  • GOES G - . Payload: GOES G. Mass: 836 kg (1,843 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NOAA. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft: GOES. Decay Date: 1986-04-26 .

1986 May 4 - . 07:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: UNKO. Launch Platform: SHIR. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 86 km (53 mi).

1986 May 6 - . 21:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 83 km (51 mi).

1986 May 7 - . 11:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 79 km (49 mi).

1986 May 8 - . 02:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Ryori. LV Family: MT-135. Launch Vehicle: MT-135P.
  • Meteorological mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: JMA. Apogee: 59 km (36 mi).

1986 May 9 - . 19:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Primrose Lake. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 58 km (36 mi).

1986 May 12 - . 04:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7.
  • TEXUS 14A Microgravity mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1986 May 13 - . 07:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant X.
  • CVE Ba Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 430 km (260 mi).

1986 May 13 - . 07:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA2. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Nike Tomahawk.
  • CVE Sr Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 547 km (339 mi).

1986 May 14 - . 12:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U-PVB.
  • Cosmos 1742 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-8. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1986-05-28 . USAF Sat Cat: 16717 . COSPAR: 1986-033A. Apogee: 358 km (222 mi). Perigee: 194 km (120 mi). Inclination: 72.8000 deg. Period: 90.00 min. Military cartographic satellite; returned film capsule..

1986 May 15 - .
  • Electrical tests of the Buran flight vehicle begin - . Nation: Russia. Program: Buran. Spacecraft: Buran.

1986 May 15 - . 04:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32. Launch Pad: LC32/1. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Cosmos 1743 - . Payload: Tselina-D no. 55. Mass: 1,600 kg (3,500 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-D. USAF Sat Cat: 16719 . COSPAR: 1986-034A. Apogee: 623 km (387 mi). Perigee: 594 km (369 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 96.90 min. Replaced Cosmos 1626..

1986 May 20 - . 16:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 659. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Poseidon C3.
  • Demonstration and shakedown operations launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1986 May 21 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF08. Launch Vehicle: Peacekeeper.
  • 10 Mk 21 warheads sent to KMR impact area. - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1986 May 21 - . Launch Site: Balasore. LV Family: RH. Launch Vehicle: RH-200.
  • Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1986 May 21 - . 08:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U2.
  • Soyuz TM-1 - . Payload: Soyuz TM s/n 51. Mass: 7,070 kg (15,580 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Mir. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Soyuz T-15. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Soyuz TM. Duration: 8.93 days. Decay Date: 1986-05-30 . USAF Sat Cat: 16722 . COSPAR: 1986-035A. Apogee: 225 km (139 mi). Perigee: 192 km (119 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 88.70 min.

    Test of new Soyuz vehicle. Recovered May 30, 1986 6:49 GMT. Unmanned test of Soyuz TM. Docked with Mir May 23 1987. Undocked 29 May.
    Officially: Comprehensive experimental testing of spacecraft in independent flight and jointly with the Mir orbital station.


1986 May 21 - . 16:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC41/1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U-PVB.
  • Cosmos 1744 / Foton 2 - . Payload: Foton s/n 2L. Mass: 6,200 kg (13,600 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Materials. Type: Materials science satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Foton. Duration: 13.19 days. Decay Date: 1986-06-04 . USAF Sat Cat: 16724 . COSPAR: 1986-036A. Apogee: 371 km (230 mi). Perigee: 217 km (134 mi). Inclination: 62.8000 deg. Period: 90.40 min. 216 orbits. Materials processing experiments. Continuation of research on materials science in space..

1986 May 22 - . 11:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 84 km (52 mi).

1986 May 23 - . 12:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1745 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 16727 . COSPAR: 1986-037A. Apogee: 1,010 km (620 mi). Perigee: 962 km (597 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 104.80 min. Military navigation satellite. Replaced Cosmos 1627..

1986 May 24 - .
  • Astronaut Steven Douglas Thorne dies at age of 33 -- Airplane crash - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Thorne. German test pilot mission specialist astronaut, 1985-1986..

1986 May 24 - . 01:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC200/39. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K/DM.
  • Ekran 15 - . Payload: Ekran s/n 30L. Mass: 1,970 kg (4,340 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-3. Spacecraft: Ekran . Completed Operations Date: 1988-01-18 . USAF Sat Cat: 16729 . COSPAR: 1986-038A. Apogee: 36,905 km (22,931 mi). Perigee: 36,824 km (22,881 mi). Inclination: 11.6000 deg. Period: 1,491.50 min.

    Stationed at 99 deg E. Transmission of Central Television programmes to a network of receivers for collective use. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 99 deg E in 1986-1988 As of 5 September 2001 located at 80.69 deg W drifting at 13.420 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 9 located at 63.41W drifting at 13.419W degrees per day.


1986 May 25 - . 08:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: UNKO. Launch Platform: SHIR. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1986 May 27 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur Jubilee.
1986 May 27 - . 09:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32. Launch Pad: LC32/1. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Meteor 2-14 - . Payload: Meteor-2 no. 14. Mass: 2,750 kg (6,060 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Meteor. Spacecraft: Meteor-2. USAF Sat Cat: 16735 . COSPAR: 1986-039A. Apogee: 956 km (594 mi). Perigee: 937 km (582 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 104.00 min. Gathering meteorological information and data on penetrating radiation fluxes in circumterrestrial space. .

1986 May 28 - . Launch Site: Balasore. LV Family: RH. Launch Vehicle: RH-200.
  • Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1986 May 28 - . 05:43 GMT - .
1986 May 28 - . 07:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/4. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U-PVB.
  • Cosmos 1746 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Resurs. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Resurs F1-17F41. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1986-06-11 . USAF Sat Cat: 16737 . COSPAR: 1986-040A. Apogee: 277 km (172 mi). Perigee: 176 km (109 mi). Inclination: 82.4000 deg. Period: 89.00 min. Investigation of the natural resources of the earth in the interests of various branches of the national economy of the USSR and international cooperation. .

1986 May 29 - . 09:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. Launch Pad: LC1 or LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U-PVB.
  • Cosmos 1747 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-8. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1986-06-12 . USAF Sat Cat: 16745 . COSPAR: 1986-041A. Apogee: 389 km (241 mi). Perigee: 204 km (126 mi). Inclination: 70.3000 deg. Period: 90.50 min. Military cartographic satellite; returned film capsule..

1986 May 30 - . 06:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: UNKO. Launch Platform: SHIR. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1986 May 31 - . 00:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA1. LV Family: Ariane. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 2. FAILURE: Third stage ignition failure. Destroyed by range safety.. Failed Stage: U.
1986 May 31 - . 04:57 GMT - .
1986 June 1 - . Launch Pad: Atlantic Ocean, 55.0 N x 40.0 W. Launch Platform: VISE. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1986 June 3 - . 20:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 86 km (53 mi).

1986 June 4 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 620. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Poseidon C3.
  • Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1986 June 4 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 620. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Poseidon C3.
  • Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1986 June 4 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 620. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Poseidon C3.
  • Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1986 June 4 - . 21:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 620. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Poseidon C3.
  • Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1986 June 6 - . Launch Site: Bershet. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100K.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1986 June 6 - . 03:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1748 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 297. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 16758 . COSPAR: 1986-042A. Apogee: 1,470 km (910 mi). Perigee: 1,454 km (903 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.10 min.
  • Cosmos 1753 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 302. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 16763 . COSPAR: 1986-042F. Apogee: 1,477 km (917 mi). Perigee: 1,462 km (908 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.30 min.
  • Cosmos 1752 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 301. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 16762 . COSPAR: 1986-042E. Apogee: 1,487 km (923 mi). Perigee: 1,468 km (912 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.50 min.
  • Cosmos 1751 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 300. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 16761 . COSPAR: 1986-042D. Apogee: 1,506 km (935 mi). Perigee: 1,467 km (911 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.70 min.
  • Cosmos 1750 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 299. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 16760 . COSPAR: 1986-042C. Apogee: 1,470 km (910 mi). Perigee: 1,408 km (874 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.70 min.
  • Cosmos 1755 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 304. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 16765 . COSPAR: 1986-042H. Apogee: 1,470 km (910 mi). Perigee: 1,424 km (884 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.80 min.
  • Cosmos 1749 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 298. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 16759 . COSPAR: 1986-042B. Apogee: 1,469 km (912 mi). Perigee: 1,394 km (866 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.50 min.
  • Cosmos 1754 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 303. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 16764 . COSPAR: 1986-042G. Apogee: 1,470 km (910 mi). Perigee: 1,438 km (893 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.00 min.

1986 June 6 - . 12:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. Launch Pad: LC1 or LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U-PVB.
  • Cosmos 1756 - . Mass: 6,600 kg (14,500 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Yantar. Spacecraft: Yantar-4K1. Duration: 59.00 days. Decay Date: 1986-08-04 . USAF Sat Cat: 16767 . COSPAR: 1986-043A. Apogee: 268 km (166 mi). Perigee: 172 km (106 mi). Inclination: 64.9000 deg. Period: 88.90 min. High resolution photo reconnaissance; returned film in two small SpK capsules during the mission and with the main capsule at completion of the mission..

1986 June 9 - . 16:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1986 June 10 - . 00:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC200/40. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K/DM.
  • Gorizont 12 - . Payload: Gorizont s/n 24L. Mass: 2,100 kg (4,600 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-3. Spacecraft: Gorizont . Completed Operations Date: 1991-01-23 . USAF Sat Cat: 16769 . COSPAR: 1986-044A. Apogee: 35,794 km (22,241 mi). Perigee: 35,763 km (22,222 mi). Inclination: 10.1000 deg. Period: 1,435.70 min.

    Stationed at 345 deg E. Provision of telephone and telegraph radiocommunications and television broadcasting. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 14 deg W in 1986-1989; 40 deg E in 1989-1990 As of 28 August 2001 located at 84.75 deg E drifting at 0.265 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 45.79E drifting at 0.142E degrees per day.


1986 June 11 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur Jubilee.
1986 June 11 - .
  • Death of Chesley Bonestell at Carmel, Monterey, CA. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Bonestell. Renowned American architectural artist who achieved greater fame as the illustrator of von Braun's vision of human space exploration in the 1950's. His realistic paintings inspired a generation of engineers to make space travel a reality..

1986 June 11 - . 07:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U-PVB.
  • Cosmos 1757 - . Payload: Zenit-8 / Oblik no. 2. Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-8. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1986-06-25 . USAF Sat Cat: 16772 . COSPAR: 1986-045A. Apogee: 220 km (130 mi). Perigee: 176 km (109 mi). Inclination: 82.3000 deg. Period: 88.50 min. Military cartographic satellite; returned film capsule. Also investigation of the natural resources of the earth in the interests of various branches of the national economy of the USSR and international cooperation..

1986 June 12 - . 04:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32. Launch Pad: LC32/1. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Cosmos 1758 - . Payload: Tselina-D no. 56. Mass: 1,600 kg (3,500 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-D. USAF Sat Cat: 16791 . COSPAR: 1986-046A. Apogee: 636 km (395 mi). Perigee: 603 km (374 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 97.10 min. Replaced Cosmos 1666..

1986 June 15 - . 08:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF26. Launch Pad: LF26?. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3.
  • FOT GT115GB Follow-on Test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1986 June 16 - . 21:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 72 km (44 mi).

1986 June 17 - . 20:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 89 km (55 mi).

1986 June 18 - . 20:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1759 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 16798 . COSPAR: 1986-047A. Apogee: 1,001 km (621 mi). Perigee: 965 km (599 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.80 min. Military navigation satellite. Replaced Cosmos 1634..

1986 June 19 - . 10:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. Launch Pad: LC1 or LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U-PVB.
  • Cosmos 1760 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-8. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1986-07-03 . USAF Sat Cat: 16800 . COSPAR: 1986-048A. Apogee: 412 km (256 mi). Perigee: 348 km (216 mi). Inclination: 70.0000 deg. Period: 92.20 min. Military cartographic satellite; returned film capsule..

1986 June 19 - . 21:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC41/1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M.
  • Molniya 3-29 - . Payload: Molniya-3 s/n 44. Mass: 1,600 kg (3,500 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Molniya. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-2. Spacecraft: Molniya-3. Decay Date: 1996-11-10 . USAF Sat Cat: 16802 . COSPAR: 1986-049A. Apogee: 38,815 km (24,118 mi). Perigee: 1,581 km (982 mi). Inclination: 64.7000 deg. Period: 718.60 min.

    Replaced Molniya 3-20. Operation of the long-range telephone and telegraph radio communications system in the USSR; transmission of USSR Central Television programmes to stations in the Orbita network and within the framework of international cooperation.


1986 June 20 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur Jubilee.
1986 June 23 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC47. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 63 km (39 mi).

1986 June 24 - . 20:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 87 km (54 mi).

1986 June 25 - . 11:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1986 June 26 - . 13:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC16. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 2.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1986 June 27 - . 17:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1986 June 28 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur Jubilee.
1986 July - . LV Family: Buran. Launch Vehicle: Energia.
  • Polyus mock-up delivered to Baikonur - . Nation: Russia. Spacecraft Bus: TKS. Spacecraft: Polyus. A Polyus mock-up was delivered by the Krunichev Factory to Baikonur Cosmodrome, for tests of the Polyus/Energia interface. The spacecraft was about 37 meters in length, 4.1 meters in diameter and weighed about 80 metric tons..

1986 July 1 - .
  • Death of Melvin Sherman Day - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Day. American engineer. Worked in leadership positions in the area of technical information services at the AEC (1947-1960) and NASA (1960-1970)..

1986 July 1 - . 20:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1986 July 2 - .
  • Death of Werner Dobrick - . Nation: Germany, USA. Related Persons: Dobrick. German engineer in WW2, member of the Rocket Team in the United States thereafter. German expert in guided missiles during WW2. As of January 1947, working at Fort Bliss, Texas. Died at Oberlenningen, Germany..

1986 July 2 - . 14:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Molodezhnaya. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 83 km (51 mi).

1986 July 3 - . 13:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 82 km (50 mi).

1986 July 5 - . 01:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/4. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M.
  • Cosmos 1761 - . Payload: Oko #47. Mass: 1,800 kg (3,900 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Early warning satellite. Spacecraft: Oko. USAF Sat Cat: 16849 . COSPAR: 1986-050A. Apogee: 35,495 km (22,055 mi). Perigee: 4,856 km (3,017 mi). Inclination: 67.8000 deg. Period: 717.70 min. Replaced Cosmos 1698. Covered Oko constellation plane 3 - 354 degree longitude of ascending node..

1986 July 7 - . 14:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Molodezhnaya. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1986 July 8 - . 20:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 88 km (54 mi).

1986 July 9 - . 11:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1986 July 10 - . 08:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC16/2. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U-PVB.
  • Cosmos 1762 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Resurs. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Resurs F1-14F40. Duration: 8.00 days. Decay Date: 1986-07-24 . USAF Sat Cat: 16855 . COSPAR: 1986-051A. Apogee: 263 km (163 mi). Perigee: 177 km (109 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 88.90 min. Investigation of the natural resources of the earth in the interests of various branches of the national economy of the USSR and international cooperation. .

1986 July 11 - . 22:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 63 km (39 mi).

1986 July 16 - . 04:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/3. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1763 - . Mass: 700 kg (1,540 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Strela-2M. USAF Sat Cat: 16860 . COSPAR: 1986-052A. Apogee: 794 km (493 mi). Perigee: 749 km (465 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 100.30 min.

1986 July 16 - .
1986 July 17 - . 12:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. Launch Pad: LC1 or LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U-PVB.
  • Cosmos 1764 - . Mass: 6,600 kg (14,500 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Yantar. Spacecraft: Yantar-4K1. Duration: 56.00 days. Decay Date: 1986-09-11 . USAF Sat Cat: 16861 . COSPAR: 1986-053A. Apogee: 339 km (210 mi). Perigee: 171 km (106 mi). Inclination: 64.9000 deg. Period: 89.60 min. High resolution photo reconnaissance; returned film in two small SpK capsules during the mission and with the main capsule at completion of the mission..

1986 July 19 - . LV Family: MVKS. Launch Vehicle: Tu-2000, Yakovlev MVKS.
  • Government decree orders development of a Soviet aerospaceplane - . Nation: Russia. Spacecraft: Tu-2000, VKS, Yakovlev MVKS. The decree of 27 January 1986 was reaffirmed..

1986 July 22 - . 20:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 89 km (55 mi).

1986 July 23 - . 11:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 84 km (52 mi).

1986 July 24 - . 12:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U-PVB.
  • Cosmos 1765 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-8. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1986-08-07 . USAF Sat Cat: 16874 . COSPAR: 1986-054A. Apogee: 367 km (228 mi). Perigee: 189 km (117 mi). Inclination: 72.9000 deg. Period: 90.10 min. Military cartographic satellite; returned film capsule..

1986 July 25 - . 22:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: UK S27. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3.
  • Chevaline PEM demonstration and shakedown operations launch - . Nation: UK. Agency: RN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1986 July 26 - . 02:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: UK S27. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3.
  • Chevaline PEM demonstration and shakedown operations launch - . Nation: UK. Agency: RN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1986 July 26 - . 22:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • MAED Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 101 km (62 mi).

1986 July 26 - . 23:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • MAED Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 99 km (61 mi).

1986 July 26 - . 23:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • MAED Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1986 July 27 - . 00:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
1986 July 28 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 655. LV Family: Trident. Launch Vehicle: Trident C-4.
  • Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1986 July 28 - . 21:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32/2. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Cosmos 1766 - . Payload: Okean-O1 no. 1. Mass: 1,950 kg (4,290 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Okean. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources radar satellite. Spacecraft: Okean-O1. Completed Operations Date: 1988-10-24 . USAF Sat Cat: 16881 . COSPAR: 1986-055A. Apogee: 631 km (392 mi). Perigee: 601 km (373 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 97.00 min.

    Oceanographic. Acquisition of operational oceanographic information in the interests of various branches of the national economy of the USSR and international cooperation; continued trials of new types of informational and measurement apparatus and methods of remote sen sing of the earth's surface and atmosphere.


1986 July 28 - . 21:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 655. LV Family: Trident. Launch Vehicle: Trident C-4.
  • Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1986 July 29 - . 11:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 84 km (52 mi).

1986 July 30 - . 08:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC45/1. LV Family: Zenit. Launch Vehicle: Zenit-2.
  • Cosmos 1767 - . Payload: Mass Model. Mass: 15,000 kg (33,000 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Spacecraft: Tselina-2. Decay Date: 1986-08-16 . USAF Sat Cat: 16883 . COSPAR: 1986-056A. Apogee: 205 km (127 mi). Perigee: 194 km (120 mi). Inclination: 64.9000 deg. Period: 88.50 min. Instrumented Tselina-2 mock-up, with mass to test maximum payload capacity of Zenit launch vehicle. Officially: Investigation of the upper atmosphere and outer space..

1986 July 30 - . 15:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M.
  • Molniya 1-67 - . Payload: Molniya-1T. Mass: 1,800 kg (3,900 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Molniya. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-2. Spacecraft: Molniya-1T. Decay Date: 2000-01-28 . USAF Sat Cat: 16885 . COSPAR: 1986-057A. Apogee: 38,765 km (24,087 mi). Perigee: 1,595 km (991 mi). Inclination: 64.7000 deg. Period: 717.90 min. Replaced Molniya 1-59. Operation of the long-range telephone and telegraph radio communications system in the USSR; transmission of USSR Central Television programmes to stations in the Orbita network. .

1986 July 31 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-39. Launch Vehicle: RT-23U 15Zh60.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1986 July 31 - . 12:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF09. Launch Pad: LF09?. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3.
  • FOT GT116GM Follow-on Test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1986 August - . LV Family: Buran. Launch Vehicle: Energia.
  • UKSS static tests of Energia - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Glushko. Spacecraft: Buran.

    Further UKSS tests of Energia were conducted in preparation of a test launch without Buran. These were conducted using a dummy payload and solid rocket motors to simulate loads from the booster rockets. Following this vehicle 6SL was selected for the first actual launch. The launch vehicle used by itself without Buran was named Energia by Glushko only just before the launch.


1986 Aug - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. LV Family: Tochka. Launch Vehicle: Tochka-U.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 26 km (16 mi).

1986 August 1 - . 22:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: UK S27. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3.
  • Chevaline PEM demonstration and shakedown operations launch - . Nation: UK. Agency: RN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1986 August 2 - . 01:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: UK S27. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3.
  • Chevaline demonstration and shakedown operations launch - . Nation: UK. Agency: RN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1986 August 2 - . 09:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC16/2. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U-PVB.
  • Cosmos 1768 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Resurs. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Resurs F1-14F40. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1986-08-16 . USAF Sat Cat: 16890 . COSPAR: 1986-058A. Apogee: 273 km (169 mi). Perigee: 180 km (110 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 89.00 min. Investigation of the natural resources of the earth in the interests of various branches of the national economy of the USSR and international cooperation. .

1986 August 4 - . 05:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC90/19. Launch Pad: LC90/pad?. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-2.
  • Cosmos 1769 - . Mass: 3,000 kg (6,600 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: EORSAT. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Kosmoplan. Spacecraft: US-P. Decay Date: 1987-09-30 . USAF Sat Cat: 16895 . COSPAR: 1986-059A. Apogee: 383 km (237 mi). Perigee: 287 km (178 mi). Inclination: 65.0000 deg. Period: 91.20 min. Ocean surveillance..

1986 August 5 - . 20:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 82 km (50 mi).

1986 August 6 - . 13:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. Launch Pad: LC1 or LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U-PVB.
  • Cosmos 1770 - . Mass: 6,600 kg (14,500 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Yantar. Spacecraft: Yantar-4KS1. Duration: 180.00 days. Decay Date: 1987-02-02 . USAF Sat Cat: 16897 . COSPAR: 1986-060A. Apogee: 292 km (181 mi). Perigee: 234 km (145 mi). Inclination: 64.7000 deg. Period: 89.80 min. Photo/digital surveillance..

1986 August 8 - . 14:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Molodezhnaya. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 83 km (51 mi).

1986 August 9 - . 12:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1986 August 12 - . 20:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Tanegashima. Launch Complex: Tanegashima N. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: H-1.
  • EGS - . Payload: EGP. Mass: 685 kg (1,510 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: NASDA. Class: Earth. Type: Geodetic satellite. Spacecraft: EGS. USAF Sat Cat: 16908 . COSPAR: 1986-061A. Apogee: 1,497 km (930 mi). Perigee: 1,479 km (919 mi). Inclination: 50.0000 deg. Period: 115.70 min.

    Experimental Geophysical Payload; new launch vehicle test flight. EGS (Ajisai). Improvement of the accuracy of domestic geodetic triangulation network. Determination of accurate location of remote islands. Clarification of the relationship between Japanese geodetic system network and those of other areas of the world. L aunch vehicle H-I (two-stage) test flight no. 1. Launch time 2045 GMT. Launching organization NASDA.

  • Oscar 12 - . Payload: JAS-1. Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: JARL. Program: Oscar. Class: Communications. Type: Amateur radio communications satellite. Spacecraft: Oscar. USAF Sat Cat: 16909 . COSPAR: 1986-061B. Apogee: 1,497 km (930 mi). Perigee: 1,479 km (919 mi). Inclination: 50.0000 deg. Period: 115.70 min.

    Japanese Amateur Satellite. JAS-1 (Fuji). Amateur satellite communications. Development of amateur satellite technology. Launch vehicle H-I (two-stage) test flight no. 1. Launch time 2045 GMT. Launching organization NASDA. Fuji-OSCAR 12 was launched piggyback with a Japanese experimental geodetic satellite Ajisai (EGS). Weight 50 kg. 26-sided polyhedron, 40 x 40 x 47 cm. FO-12 was the first Japanese amateur satellite developed by the Japan Amateur Radio League (English version) with system design and integration performed at NEC. FO-12 was taken out of service November 5, 1989 because of battery failure.

  • MABES - . Payload: Jindai/LE-5. Nation: Japan. Agency: NASDA. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: MABES. USAF Sat Cat: 16910 . COSPAR: 1986-061C. Apogee: 1,604 km (996 mi). Perigee: 1,483 km (921 mi). Inclination: 50.0000 deg. Period: 117.00 min. MABES (Jindai). Experiment on the levitation of the magnetic bearing flywheel under zero-g condition. .

1986 August 13 - . 11:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 89 km (55 mi).

1986 August 14 - . 08:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: UNKO. Launch Platform: VOKV. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 88 km (54 mi).

1986 August 15 - . LV Family: Buran. Launch Vehicle: Energia.
  • Tests of Energia with payload cannister - . Nation: Russia. Program: Buran. Spacecraft: Buran. Following the decision to make the first flight of Energia without a Buran orbiter, in August-September 1986 further UKSS tests of Energia were conducted. These used a dummy payload and solid rocket motors to simulate loads from the booster rockets..

1986 August 17 - . 11:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: UNKO. Launch Platform: VOKV. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 87 km (54 mi).

1986 August 19 - . 08:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: UNKO. Launch Platform: VOKV. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 86 km (53 mi).

1986 August 20 - . 12:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC90/19. Launch Pad: LC90/pad?. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-2.
  • Cosmos 1771 - . Mass: 3,800 kg (8,300 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: RORSAT. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military naval surveillance radar satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Kosmoplan. Spacecraft: US-A. Decay Date: 1986-11-29 . USAF Sat Cat: 17036 . COSPAR: 1986-062D. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Perigee: 909 km (564 mi). Inclination: 65.0000 deg. Period: 104.20 min. Ocean surveillance; nuclear powered..

1986 August 21 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: R-36M. Launch Vehicle: R-36M2 15A18M. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1986 August 21 - . 11:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U-PVB.
  • Cosmos 1772 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-8. Duration: 13.00 days. Decay Date: 1986-09-03 . USAF Sat Cat: 16918 . COSPAR: 1986-063A. Apogee: 338 km (210 mi). Perigee: 195 km (121 mi). Inclination: 72.9000 deg. Period: 89.90 min. Military cartographic satellite; returned film capsule..

1986 August 22 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Western Test Range DZ. Launch Pad: 35.0 N x 120.0 W. Launch Platform: F-15. LV Family: SRAM. Launch Vehicle: ASAT.
  • ASAT Test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Successful test; minitaure homing vehicle homed on the selected star..

1986 August 23 - . 18:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF02. Launch Vehicle: Peacekeeper.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1986 August 24 - . 04:40 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Aries. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 23 km (14 mi).

1986 August 25 - . 14:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1986 August 26 - . 20:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1986 August 27 - . 11:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. Launch Pad: LC1 or LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U-PVB.
  • Cosmos 1773 - . Mass: 6,600 kg (14,500 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Yantar. Spacecraft: Yantar-4K1. Duration: 55.00 days. Decay Date: 1986-10-21 . USAF Sat Cat: 16920 . COSPAR: 1986-064A. Apogee: 339 km (210 mi). Perigee: 171 km (106 mi). Inclination: 64.9000 deg. Period: 89.60 min. High resolution photo reconnaissance; returned film in two small SpK capsules during the mission and with the main capsule at completion of the mission..

1986 August 28 - . Launch Site: Balasore. LV Family: RH. Launch Vehicle: RH-200.
  • Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1986 August 28 - . 08:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC16/2. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M.
  • Cosmos 1774 - . Payload: Oko #48. Mass: 1,800 kg (3,900 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Early warning satellite. Spacecraft: Oko. Decay Date: 2010-10-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 16922 . COSPAR: 1986-065A. Apogee: 36,998 km (22,989 mi). Perigee: 3,405 km (2,115 mi). Inclination: 65.0000 deg. Period: 718.80 min. Replaced Cosmos 1547. Covered Oko constellation plane 7 - 156 degree longitude of ascending node..

1986 August 28 - . 14:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF04. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3.
  • FOT GT117GM Follow-on Test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1986 August 31 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 630. LV Family: Trident. Launch Vehicle: Trident C-4.
  • Demonstration and shakedown operations launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1986 September - . LV Family: MVKS. Launch Vehicle: Tu-2000, Yakovlev MVKS.
  • MVKS specification issued - . Nation: Russia. Spacecraft: Tu-2000, VKS, Yakovlev MVKS.

    The Ministry of Defence issued technical specifications on 1 September for an MVKS, a single-stage reusable aerospaceplane system. The MKVS was to provide effective and economic delivery to near-earth orbit; develop the technology for effective transatmospheric flight; provide super high-speed intercontinental transport, and fulfil military objectives in and from space.


1986 September 1 - . LV Family: Buran. Launch Vehicle: Energia.
  • Second Energia full thrust test - . Nation: Russia. Program: Buran. Spacecraft: Buran. The second engine test was a complete success, the engine running for 390 seconds. This test required the entire city of Leninsk to be without water for ten days in order to accumulate enough water for the UKSS cooling system..

1986 September 1 - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: DELTA2. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Vysota.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1986 September 3 - . 07:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. Launch Pad: LC1 or LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U-PVB.
  • Cosmos 1775 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-8. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1986-09-17 . USAF Sat Cat: 16926 . COSPAR: 1986-066A. Apogee: 412 km (256 mi). Perigee: 345 km (214 mi). Inclination: 70.4000 deg. Period: 92.10 min. Military cartographic satellite; returned film capsule..

1986 September 3 - . 09:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1776 - . Mass: 700 kg (1,540 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft Bus: AUOS. Spacecraft: Taifun-2. Decay Date: 1989-12-15 . USAF Sat Cat: 16928 . COSPAR: 1986-067A. Apogee: 417 km (259 mi). Perigee: 403 km (250 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 92.80 min. Released 25 Romb radar calibration subsatellites..

1986 September - .
1986 September 4 - . 17:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC47. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 68 km (42 mi).

1986 September 5 - . 09:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M.
  • Molniya 1-68 - . Payload: Molniya-1T. Mass: 1,800 kg (3,900 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Molniya. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-2. Spacecraft: Molniya-1T. Decay Date: 2000-06-20 . USAF Sat Cat: 16934 . COSPAR: 1986-068A. Apogee: 38,643 km (24,011 mi). Perigee: 1,710 km (1,060 mi). Inclination: 64.6000 deg. Period: 717.80 min. Replaced Molniya 1-57. Operation of the long-range telephone and telegraph radio communications system in the USSR; transmission of USSR Central Television programmes to stations in the Orbita network. .

1986 September 5 - . 15:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17B. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Delta 3920.
  • USA 19 - . Payload: Delta 180 / Payload Adapter System. Mass: 6,000 kg (13,200 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: SDIO. Class: Military. Type: Strategic defense satellite. Spacecraft: SDI. Decay Date: 1986-09-28 . USAF Sat Cat: 16937 . COSPAR: 1986-069A. Apogee: 748 km (464 mi). Perigee: 213 km (132 mi). Inclination: 39.1000 deg. Period: 94.20 min. SDIO sensor tests. Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C). .
  • Delta 180 Sensor Module - . Payload: DM 43 Sensor Module. Mass: 6,000 kg (13,200 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: SDIO. Spacecraft: SDI. Decay Date: 1986-11-25 . USAF Sat Cat: 16938 . COSPAR: 1986-069B. Apogee: 539 km (334 mi). Perigee: 215 km (133 mi). Inclination: 22.7000 deg. Period: 92.09 min.

1986 September 5 - . 16:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Aries.
  • Delta 180 Target Target mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: SDIO. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1986 September 6 - . 13:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima L. Launch Pad: K. Launch Vehicle: S-310.
  • Airglow Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 202 km (125 mi).

1986 September 7 - . 07:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: UNKO. Launch Platform: USHAKOV. Launch Vehicle: MMR-06.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: GMS. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1986 September 9 - . 20:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 81 km (50 mi).

1986 September 10 - . 01:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/3. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1777 - . Mass: 700 kg (1,540 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Strela-2M. USAF Sat Cat: 16952 . COSPAR: 1986-070A. Apogee: 803 km (498 mi). Perigee: 768 km (477 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 100.60 min. Replaced Cosmos 1624..

1986 September 12 - . 22:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Point Mugu. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 69 km (42 mi).

1986 September 14 - . Launch Site: Uzhur. LV Family: R-36M. Launch Vehicle: R-36MU 15A18.
  • ICBM operational test launch from missile base silo - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1986 September 16 - . 11:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC200/40. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K/DM-2.
  • Cosmos 1778 - . Payload: Glonass s/n 24L. Mass: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass . USAF Sat Cat: 16961 . COSPAR: 1986-071A. Apogee: 19,138 km (11,891 mi). Perigee: 19,121 km (11,881 mi). Inclination: 66.0000 deg. Period: 675.70 min. Glonass. Testing components and apparatus from the space navigation system being set up to determine the position of Soviet civil aircraft and vessels in the Soviet merchant marine and fishing fleet. Three satellites launched by a single rocket. .
  • Cosmos 1780 - . Payload: Glonass s/n 26L. Mass: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass. USAF Sat Cat: 16963 . COSPAR: 1986-071C. Apogee: 19,147 km (11,897 mi). Perigee: 19,112 km (11,875 mi). Inclination: 66.0000 deg. Period: 675.70 min. Glonass. Testing components and apparatus from the space navigation system being set up to determine the position of Soviet civil aircraft and vessels in the Soviet merchant marine and fishing fleet. Three satellites launched by a single rocket..
  • Cosmos 1779 - . Payload: Glonass s/n 25L. Mass: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass. USAF Sat Cat: 16962 . COSPAR: 1986-071B. Apogee: 19,133 km (11,888 mi). Perigee: 19,125 km (11,883 mi). Inclination: 64.9000 deg. Period: 675.70 min. Glonass. Testing components and apparatus from the space navigation system being set up to determine the position of Soviet civil aircraft and vessels in the Soviet merchant marine and fishing fleet. Three satellites launched by a single rocket..

1986 September 17 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 632. LV Family: Trident. Launch Vehicle: Trident C-4.
  • Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1986 September 17 - . 07:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. Launch Pad: LC1 or LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U-PVB.
  • Cosmos 1781 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-8. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1986-10-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 16966 . COSPAR: 1986-072A. Apogee: 379 km (235 mi). Perigee: 203 km (126 mi). Inclination: 70.4000 deg. Period: 90.40 min. Military cartographic satellite; returned film capsule..

1986 September 17 - . 15:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC3W. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas E.
  • NOAA 10 - . Payload: NOAA G. Mass: 1,700 kg (3,700 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NOAA. Program: Tiros. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft: Advanced Tiros N. USAF Sat Cat: 16969 . COSPAR: 1986-073A. Apogee: 816 km (507 mi). Perigee: 795 km (493 mi). Inclination: 98.5000 deg. Period: 101.00 min. Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C). .

1986 September 17 - . 19:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 632. LV Family: Trident. Launch Vehicle: Trident C-4.
  • Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1986 September 18 - . 12:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF08. Launch Vehicle: Peacekeeper.
  • 6 RVs to KMR - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1986 September 19 - . 08:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: UNKO. Launch Platform: USHAKOV. Launch Vehicle: MMR-06.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: GMS. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1986 September 20 - . 10:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Point Mugu. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 69 km (42 mi).

1986 September 21 - . 08:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: UNKO. Launch Platform: USHAKOV. Launch Vehicle: MMR-06.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: GMS. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1986 September 22 - . 08:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: UNKO. Launch Platform: USHAKOV. Launch Vehicle: MMR-06.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: GMS. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1986 September 23 - . 20:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 86 km (53 mi).

1986 September 24 - . 14:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 79 km (49 mi).

1986 September 25 - . 08:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF26. Launch Pad: LF26?. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3.
  • FOT GT118GB Follow-on Test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1986 September 28 - . 07:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: UNKO. Launch Platform: USHAKOV. Launch Vehicle: MMR-06.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: GMS. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1986 September 30 - . 10:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Western Test Range DZ. Launch Pad: 35.0 N x 120.0 W. Launch Platform: F-15. LV Family: SRAM. Launch Vehicle: ASAT.
  • ASAT Test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Successful test; minitaure homing vehicle homed on the selected star..

1986 September 30 - . 15:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 733. LV Family: Trident. Launch Vehicle: Trident C-4.
  • Demonstration and shakedown operations launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1986 September 30 - . 18:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32. Launch Pad: LC32/1. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Cosmos 1782 - . Payload: Tselina-D no. 57. Mass: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-D. USAF Sat Cat: 16986 . COSPAR: 1986-074A. Apogee: 628 km (390 mi). Perigee: 605 km (375 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 97.00 min.

1986 October - .
  • DOS-8 major equipment installation complete. - . Nation: Russia. Spacecraft: ISS, ISS Zvezda, Mir-2. DOS-8 serial number 128 was originally designed as the backup to Mir and possibly the core module of Mir-2..

1986 October 1 - . Launch Pad: Atlantic Ocean, 66.0 N x 0.0 E. Launch Platform: ZUB. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1986 October 1 - . Launch Site: Molodezhnaya. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: AN. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1986 October 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: AN. Apogee: 79 km (49 mi).

1986 October 3 - . 13:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC41/1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M. FAILURE: Fourth stage failure.. Failed Stage: U.
  • Cosmos 1783 - . Payload: Oko #49. Mass: 1,800 kg (3,900 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Early warning satellite. Spacecraft: Oko. USAF Sat Cat: 16993 . COSPAR: 1986-075A. Apogee: 18,679 km (11,606 mi). Perigee: 1,970 km (1,220 mi). Inclination: 64.6000 deg. Period: 358.00 min. Unusable orbit. Was intended to cover Oko constellation plane 1 - 272 degree longitude of ascending node..

1986 October 6 - . 05:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Jiuquan. Launch Complex: Jiuquan LA2B. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 2C.
  • FSW-0 No. 8 - . Payload: FSW-0 No. 08. Mass: 2,500 kg (5,500 lb). Nation: China. Agency: MAI. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: FSW. Duration: 5.00 days. Decay Date: 1986-10-23 . USAF Sat Cat: 17001 . COSPAR: 1986-076A. Apogee: 337 km (209 mi). Perigee: 169 km (105 mi). Inclination: 57.0000 deg. Period: 89.60 min. Fanhui Shi Weixing recoverable satellite; capsule re-entered October 11 after five day mission..

1986 October 6 - . 07:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. Launch Pad: LC1 or LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U-PVB.
  • Cosmos 1784 - . Payload: Yantar-1KFT no. 6. Mass: 6,600 kg (14,500 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Cartographic satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Yantar. Spacecraft: Yantar-1KFT. Duration: 36.00 days. Decay Date: 1986-11-11 . USAF Sat Cat: 17003 . COSPAR: 1986-077A. Apogee: 283 km (175 mi). Perigee: 190 km (110 mi). Inclination: 64.8000 deg. Period: 89.20 min. Military topographic / cartographic satellite..

1986 October 7 - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: AN. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1986 October 8 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: AN. Apogee: 79 km (49 mi).

1986 October 8 - . Launch Site: Molodezhnaya. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: AN. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1986 October 8 - . 12:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Ascension. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 70 km (43 mi).

1986 October 9 - . 15:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC47. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 66 km (41 mi).

1986 October 10 - . 18:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Antigua. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 63 km (39 mi).

1986 October 14 - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: AN. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1986 October 14 - . 21:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 69 km (42 mi).

1986 October 15 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32. Launch Pad: LC32/2. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3. FAILURE: First-stage failure as a result of leakage of the tank pressurization system.. Failed Stage: 1.
  • Strela-3 Nos. 5 to 10 - . Payload: Strela-3 Nos. 5 to 10. Mass: 1,320 kg (2,910 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: UNKS. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. First attempted launch of full load of Strela-3 military store-dump communications satellite fails to reach orbit..

1986 October 15 - . Launch Site: Molodezhnaya. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: AN. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1986 October 15 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: AN. Apogee: 79 km (49 mi).

1986 October 15 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32. Launch Pad: LC32/2. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3. FAILURE: Failure.
1986 October 15 - . 09:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC41/1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M.
  • Cosmos 1785 - . Payload: Oko #50. Mass: 1,800 kg (3,900 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Early warning satellite. Spacecraft: Oko. Decay Date: 2002-02-28 . USAF Sat Cat: 17031 . COSPAR: 1986-078A. Apogee: 37,013 km (22,998 mi). Perigee: 3,408 km (2,117 mi). Inclination: 67.0000 deg. Period: 719.10 min. Replaced Cosmos 1596. Covered Oko constellation plane 9 - 233 degree longitude of ascending node..

1986 October 15 - . 17:10 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C.
  • SERTS-2 Solar extreme ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 340 km (210 mi).

1986 October 16 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: AN. Apogee: 79 km (49 mi).

1986 October 16 - . 15:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Ascension. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 67 km (41 mi).

1986 October 17 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Antigua. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 68 km (42 mi).

1986 October 20 - . 08:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/4. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M.
  • Molniya 3-30 - . Payload: Molniya-3 s/n 41. Mass: 1,600 kg (3,500 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Molniya. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-2. Spacecraft: Molniya-3. Decay Date: 1999-10-15 . USAF Sat Cat: 17038 . COSPAR: 1986-079A. Apogee: 38,570 km (23,960 mi). Perigee: 1,742 km (1,082 mi). Inclination: 64.9000 deg. Period: 716.90 min.

    Replaced Molniya 3-21. Operation of the long-range telephone and telegraph radio communications system in the USSR; transmission of USSR Central Television programmes to stations in the Orbita network and within the framework of international cooperation.


1986 October 21 - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: AN. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1986 October 21 - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: AN. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1986 October 21 - . 22:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 68 km (42 mi).

1986 October 22 - . Launch Site: Molodezhnaya. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: AN. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1986 October 22 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: AN. Apogee: 79 km (49 mi).

1986 October 22 - . 08:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC45/1. LV Family: Zenit. Launch Vehicle: Zenit-2.
  • Cosmos 1786 - . Mass: 15,000 kg (33,000 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft: Koltso. Decay Date: 1988-03-06 . USAF Sat Cat: 17042 . COSPAR: 1986-080A. Apogee: 1,054 km (654 mi). Perigee: 149 km (92 mi). Inclination: 64.8000 deg. Period: 96.70 min. Radar calibration mission..
  • GVM - . Payload: Orlets-2 Mass Model. Mass: 14,000 kg (30,000 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Orlets. Spacecraft Bus: Yantar. Spacecraft: Orlets-2. Decay Date: 1988-04-08 . USAF Sat Cat: 17043 . COSPAR: 1986-080B. Apogee: 2,501 km (1,554 mi). Perigee: 185 km (114 mi). Inclination: 64.8000 deg. Period: 112.53 min. Mass model of Orlets-2 reconnaissance satellite..

1986 October 22 - . 09:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. Launch Pad: LC1 or LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U-PVB.
  • Cosmos 1787 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-8. Duration: 13.00 days. Decay Date: 1986-11-04 . USAF Sat Cat: 17044 . COSPAR: 1986-081A. Apogee: 262 km (162 mi). Perigee: 211 km (131 mi). Inclination: 70.0000 deg. Period: 89.20 min. Military cartographic satellite; returned film capsule..

1986 October 22 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C.
  • Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 340 km (210 mi).

1986 October 23 - . 02:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Ryori. LV Family: MT-135. Launch Vehicle: MT-135P.
  • Meteorological mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: JMA. Apogee: 54 km (33 mi).

1986 October 24 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: AN. Apogee: 79 km (49 mi).

1986 October 25 - . 15:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC200/40. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K/DM.
  • Raduga 19 - . Payload: Raduga s/n 30L. Mass: 1,965 kg (4,332 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-3. Spacecraft: Raduga . Completed Operations Date: 1993-09-30 . USAF Sat Cat: 17046 . COSPAR: 1986-082A. Apogee: 36,353 km (22,588 mi). Perigee: 36,252 km (22,525 mi). Inclination: 5.1000 deg. Period: 1,462.60 min.

    Stationed at 36 deg E. Provision of telephone and telegraph radiocommunications and television broadcasting. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 45 deg E in 1986-1991; 34 deg E in 1991-1993. Raduga 19 performed an end-of-life maneuver in September, 1993. As of 28 August 2001 located at 160.57 deg E drifting at 6.520 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 57.63W drifting at 6.529W degrees per day.


1986 October 27 - . 12:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/3. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1788 - . Mass: 700 kg (1,540 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft: Taifun-1. Decay Date: 1991-01-21 . USAF Sat Cat: 17050 . COSPAR: 1986-083A. Apogee: 263 km (163 mi). Perigee: 262 km (162 mi). Inclination: 65.8000 deg. Period: 89.80 min. Radar calibration mission..

1986 October 28 - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: AN. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1986 October 28 - . 20:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Point Mugu. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 65 km (40 mi).

1986 October 29 - . Launch Site: Molodezhnaya. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: AN. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1986 October 29 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC47. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 63 km (39 mi).

1986 October 30 - . 13:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Ascension. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 69 km (42 mi).

1986 October 31 - . 08:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC16/2. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U-PVB.
  • Cosmos 1789 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Resurs. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Resurs F1-14F40. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1986-11-14 . USAF Sat Cat: 17054 . COSPAR: 1986-084A. Apogee: 272 km (169 mi). Perigee: 178 km (110 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 89.00 min. Investigation of the natural resources of the earth in the interests of various branches of the national economy of the USSR and international cooperation. .

1986 November - .
  • Kvant module delivered to Baikonur - . Nation: Russia. Flight: Soyuz TM-2. Spacecraft Bus: 37K. Spacecraft: Kvant. Kvant was originally to be launched in late 1986 but problems with its scientific payload resulted in it spending 14 months (versus 5 planned!) at the spacecraft integration hall at Korolev..

1986 Nov - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Vehicle: Topol'.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1986 November 1 - . 01:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 3.
  • INPE-003 / 86 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 444 km (275 mi).

1986 November 3 - . Launch Site: Molodezhnaya. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: AN. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1986 November 4 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 644. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Poseidon C3.
  • Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1986 November 4 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 644. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Poseidon C3.
  • Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1986 November 4 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 644. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Poseidon C3.
  • Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1986 November 4 - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: AN. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1986 November 4 - . 11:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U-PVB.
  • Cosmos 1790 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-8. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1986-11-18 . USAF Sat Cat: 17056 . COSPAR: 1986-085A. Apogee: 286 km (177 mi). Perigee: 191 km (118 mi). Inclination: 72.9000 deg. Period: 89.30 min. Military cartographic satellite; returned film capsule..

1986 November 4 - . 20:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion.
  • Aureld-VIP-HIGH Auroral mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 206 km (128 mi).

1986 November 4 - . 20:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 644. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Poseidon C3.
  • Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1986 November 5 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: AN. Apogee: 79 km (49 mi).

1986 November 5 - . Launch Site: Molodezhnaya. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: AN. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1986 November 5 - . 13:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Ascension. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 67 km (41 mi).

1986 November 6 - . 16:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC47. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 55 km (34 mi).

1986 November 7 - . 18:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 51 km (31 mi).

1986 November 10 - . Launch Site: Fort Bliss. Launch Complex: Fort Bliss MCG. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 1A.
  • P-486? 86 Fall 02 - . Nation: USA. Agency: FKG. Apogee: 180 km (110 mi).

1986 November 10 - . Launch Site: Fort Bliss. Launch Complex: Fort Bliss MCG. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 1A.
  • P-485? 86 Fall 01 - . Nation: USA. Agency: FKG. Apogee: 180 km (110 mi).

1986 November 11 - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: AN. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1986 November 12 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: AN. Apogee: 79 km (49 mi).

1986 November 12 - . Launch Site: Molodezhnaya. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: AN. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1986 November 12 - . 16:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC47. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 62 km (38 mi).

1986 November 13 - . 06:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1791 - . Payload: Tsikada. Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Tsikada. USAF Sat Cat: 17066 . COSPAR: 1986-086A. Apogee: 1,010 km (620 mi). Perigee: 951 km (590 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 104.70 min. Replaced Cosmos 1553. Civilian navigation satellite. Positioned in plane 11 of constellation..

1986 November 13 - . 10:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. Launch Pad: LC1 or LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U-PVB.
  • Cosmos 1792 - . Mass: 6,600 kg (14,500 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Yantar. Spacecraft: Yantar-4K1. Duration: 53.00 days. Decay Date: 1987-01-05 . USAF Sat Cat: 17068 . COSPAR: 1986-087A. Apogee: 309 km (192 mi). Perigee: 184 km (114 mi). Inclination: 64.9000 deg. Period: 89.40 min. High resolution photo reconnaissance; returned film in two small SpK capsules during the mission and with the main capsule at completion of the mission..

1986 November 14 - . 00:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC5. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout G-1.
  • Polar Bear - . Payload: Transit O-16 / P 87-1. Mass: 125 kg (275 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF STP. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft: Transit. USAF Sat Cat: 17070 . COSPAR: 1986-088A. Apogee: 1,013 km (629 mi). Perigee: 955 km (593 mi). Inclination: 89.6000 deg. Period: 104.80 min.

    Tranist O-17 had been turned over to the National Air and Space Museum in 1976 and was displayed to the public for more than 8 years. In 1984, it was refurbished at APL and launched as the Polar Beacon Experiment and Auroral Research satellite to collect data for studying communications over the Earth’s polar regions.


1986 November 15 - . 21:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M.
  • Molniya 1-69 - . Payload: Molniya-1T. Mass: 1,800 kg (3,900 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Molniya. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-2. Spacecraft: Molniya-1T. USAF Sat Cat: 17078 . COSPAR: 1986-089A. Apogee: 38,824 km (24,124 mi). Perigee: 1,506 km (935 mi). Inclination: 64.0000 deg. Period: 717.30 min. Replaced Molniya 1-60. Operation of the long-range telephone and telegraph radio communications system in the USSR; transmission of USSR Central Television programmes to stations in the Orbita network. .

1986 November 17 - . Launch Site: Fort Bliss. Launch Complex: Fort Bliss MCG. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 1A.
  • P-487? 86 Fall 03 - . Nation: USA. Agency: FKG. Apogee: 180 km (110 mi).

1986 November 17 - . Launch Site: Fort Bliss. Launch Complex: Fort Bliss MCG. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 1A.
  • P-488? 86 Fall 04 - . Nation: USA. Agency: FKG. Apogee: 180 km (110 mi).

1986 November 17 - . Launch Site: Molodezhnaya. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: AN. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1986 November 18 - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: AN. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1986 November 18 - . 14:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC200/39. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K/DM.
  • Gorizont 13 - . Payload: Gorizont s/n 22L. Mass: 2,100 kg (4,600 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-3. Spacecraft: Gorizont . Completed Operations Date: 1991-04-18 . USAF Sat Cat: 17083 . COSPAR: 1986-090A. Apogee: 36,863 km (22,905 mi). Perigee: 36,759 km (22,840 mi). Inclination: 10.3000 deg. Period: 1,488.80 min.

    Stationed at 90 deg E. Provision of telephone and telegraph radiocommunications and television broadcasting. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 90 deg E in 1986-1991 As of 5 September 2001 located at 132.70 deg W drifting at 12.791 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 94.81E drifting at 12.778W degrees per day.


1986 November 19 - . Launch Site: Molodezhnaya. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: AN. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1986 November 19 - . 09:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Ascension. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 47 km (29 mi).

1986 November 20 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: AN. Apogee: 79 km (49 mi).

1986 November 20 - . 12:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC16/2. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M.
  • Cosmos 1793 - . Payload: Oko #51. Mass: 1,800 kg (3,900 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Early warning satellite. Spacecraft: Oko. Decay Date: 2011-05-15 . USAF Sat Cat: 17134 . COSPAR: 1986-091A. Apogee: 36,922 km (22,942 mi). Perigee: 3,455 km (2,146 mi). Inclination: 67.2000 deg. Period: 718.20 min. Replaced Cosmos 1687. Covered Oko constellation plane 2 - 313 degree longitude of ascending node..

1986 November 21 - . 02:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1794 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 305. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 17138 . COSPAR: 1986-092A. Apogee: 1,499 km (931 mi). Perigee: 1,467 km (911 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.60 min. Eight satellites launched by a single carrier rocket..
  • Cosmos 1795 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 306. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 17139 . COSPAR: 1986-092B. Apogee: 1,482 km (920 mi). Perigee: 1,466 km (910 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.40 min.
  • Cosmos 1800 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 311. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 17144 . COSPAR: 1986-092G. Apogee: 1,473 km (915 mi). Perigee: 1,399 km (869 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.60 min.
  • Cosmos 1797 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 308. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 17141 . COSPAR: 1986-092D. Apogee: 1,472 km (914 mi). Perigee: 1,444 km (897 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.10 min.
  • Cosmos 1796 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 307. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 17140 . COSPAR: 1986-092C. Apogee: 1,479 km (919 mi). Perigee: 1,454 km (903 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.20 min.
  • Cosmos 1798 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 309. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 17142 . COSPAR: 1986-092E. Apogee: 1,473 km (915 mi). Perigee: 1,428 km (887 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.90 min.
  • Cosmos 1801 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 312. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 17145 . COSPAR: 1986-092H. Apogee: 1,471 km (914 mi). Perigee: 1,385 km (860 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.40 min.
  • Cosmos 1799 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 310. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 17143 . COSPAR: 1986-092F. Apogee: 1,472 km (914 mi). Perigee: 1,414 km (878 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.70 min.

1986 November 24 - . 21:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1802 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 17159 . COSPAR: 1986-093A. Apogee: 1,022 km (635 mi). Perigee: 960 km (590 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.90 min. Military navigation satellite. Replaced Cosmos 1605..

1986 November 26 - . 15:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC47. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1986 November 27 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: R-36M. Launch Vehicle: R-36M2 15A18M. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1986 November 28 - . 13:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Ascension. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1986 November 29 - . 08:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC200/40. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K. FAILURE: Second stage explosion.. Failed Stage: 2.
  • Almaz-T s/n 303 Failure - . Payload: Almaz-K s/n 303. Mass: 18,550 kg (40,890 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: UNKS. Program: Almaz. Class: Surveillance. Type: Civilian surveillance radar satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Almaz. Spacecraft: Almaz-T. Decay Date: 1986-12-29 . In the second half of 1986 the first Almaz-T s/n 303 was readied for launch. General V V Favorskiy ordered it to be completed and launched with a full-up lab module in place of trials equipment. Unfortunately did not reach orbit..

1986 December 1 - . Launch Site: Thumba. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1986 December 2 - . 07:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32/1. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Cosmos 1803 - . Payload: Geo-IK no. 8. Mass: 1,500 kg (3,300 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Earth. Type: Geodetic satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Geo-IK. USAF Sat Cat: 17177 . COSPAR: 1986-094A. Apogee: 1,504 km (934 mi). Perigee: 1,497 km (930 mi). Inclination: 82.6000 deg. Period: 116.00 min. Investigation of the upper atmosphere and outer space. .

1986 December 3 - . 14:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Ascension. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 62 km (38 mi).

1986 December 4 - . 10:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. Launch Pad: LC1 or LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U-PVB.
  • Cosmos 1804 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-8. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1986-12-18 . USAF Sat Cat: 17179 . COSPAR: 1986-095A. Apogee: 421 km (261 mi). Perigee: 198 km (123 mi). Inclination: 70.0000 deg. Period: 90.70 min. Military cartographic satellite; returned film capsule..

1986 December 5 - . 02:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC36B. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas G Centaur.
  • USA 20 - . Payload: Fltsatcom 7. Mass: 2,310 kg (5,090 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: Fltsatcom. USAF Sat Cat: 17181 . COSPAR: 1986-096A. Apogee: 35,832 km (22,264 mi). Perigee: 35,740 km (22,200 mi). Inclination: 0.9000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min.

    Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C). Launch vehicle put payload into geosynchronous transfer orbit Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 100 deg W in 1987-1999 Last known longitude (27 July 1999) 100.33 deg W drifting at 0.027 deg W per day.


1986 December 5 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF02. Launch Vehicle: Peacekeeper.
  • 10 RV (2 ft deploy) - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1986 December 9 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU 15A35.
  • LKI - . Nation: Kazakhstan. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Not in XPC.

1986 December 9 - . 21:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 70 km (43 mi).

1986 December 10 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur Jubilee.
1986 December 10 - .
  • Death of Otto Karl Eisenhardt - . Nation: Germany, USA. Related Persons: Eisenhardt. German engineer in WW2, member of the Rocket Team in the United States thereafter..

1986 December 10 - . 07:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32. Launch Pad: LC32/2. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Cosmos 1805 - . Payload: Tselina-D no. 58. Mass: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-D. USAF Sat Cat: 17191 . COSPAR: 1986-097A. Apogee: 622 km (386 mi). Perigee: 598 km (371 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 96.90 min.

1986 December 12 - . 18:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/4. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M.
  • Cosmos 1806 - . Payload: Oko #52. Mass: 1,800 kg (3,900 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Early warning satellite. Spacecraft: Oko. USAF Sat Cat: 17213 . COSPAR: 1986-098A. Apogee: 32,850 km (20,410 mi). Perigee: 7,495 km (4,657 mi). Inclination: 67.9000 deg. Period: 717.60 min. Replaced Cosmos 1729. Covered Oko constellation plane 5 - 73 degree longitude of ascending node..

1986 December 12 - . 21:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion.
  • Aureld-VIP-LOW Auroral mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 185 km (114 mi).

1986 December 15 - . 19:35 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant IX.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1986 December 16 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U-PVB.
  • Cosmos 1807 - . Mass: 6,600 kg (14,500 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Yantar. Spacecraft: Yantar-4K1. Duration: 38.00 days. Decay Date: 1987-01-23 . USAF Sat Cat: 17217 . COSPAR: 1986-099A. Apogee: 366 km (227 mi). Perigee: 165 km (102 mi). Inclination: 67.1000 deg. Period: 89.80 min. High resolution photo reconnaissance; returned film in two small SpK capsules during the mission and with the main capsule at completion of the mission..

1986 December 17 - . 17:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1808 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 17239 . COSPAR: 1986-100A. Apogee: 1,019 km (633 mi). Perigee: 969 km (602 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 105.00 min. Military navigation satellite. Replaced Cosmos 1704, Cosmos 1598..

1986 December 18 - . 08:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32. Launch Pad: LC32/2. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Cosmos 1809 - . Payload: AUOS-Z Ionozond-E s/n 501. Mass: 700 kg (1,540 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Manufacturer: Yuzhnoye. Program: Intercosmos. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: AUOS. USAF Sat Cat: 17241 . COSPAR: 1986-101A. Apogee: 961 km (597 mi). Perigee: 941 km (584 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 104.10 min. Development of research apparatus and methods of remote sensing and monitoring of the Earth's ionosphere, and also study of the propagation of radio waves in the ionosphere. .

1986 December 22 - .
  • Zarya 'Super Soyuz' briefed to the Military-Industrial Commission. - . Nation: Russia. Spacecraft: Zarya.

1986 December 23 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur Jubilee.
1986 December 24 - . 12:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Ascension. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 65 km (40 mi).

1986 December 26 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-RB.
  • BOR-5 sn 503 subscale 1:8 Buran reentry test - . Mass: 1,450 kg (3,190 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: UNKS. Program: Buran. Spacecraft Bus: Buran. Spacecraft: BOR-5. Apogee: 210 km (130 mi). Range: 2,000 km (1,200 mi). Suborbital test of 1/8 scale model of Buran. Typical trajectory: ascent to 210 km; pitch down to drive model in atmosphere at 45 degree at Mach 18.5. None were reflown but at least 4 were recovered..

1986 December 26 - . 11:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. Launch Pad: LC1 or LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U-PVB.
  • Cosmos 1810 - . Mass: 6,600 kg (14,500 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Yantar. Spacecraft: Yantar-4KS1. Duration: 259.00 days. Decay Date: 1987-09-11 . USAF Sat Cat: 17262 . COSPAR: 1986-102A. Apogee: 275 km (170 mi). Perigee: 224 km (139 mi). Inclination: 64.7000 deg. Period: 89.50 min. Photo/digital surveillance..

1986 December 26 - . 15:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M.
  • Molniya 1-70 - . Payload: Molniya-1T. Mass: 1,800 kg (3,900 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Molniya. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-2. Spacecraft: Molniya-1T. Decay Date: 2006-02-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 17264 . COSPAR: 1986-103A. Apogee: 39,283 km (24,409 mi). Perigee: 1,070 km (660 mi). Inclination: 64.2000 deg. Period: 717.80 min. Replaced Molniya 1-62. Operation of the long-range telephone and telegraph radio communications system in the USSR; transmission of USSR Central Television programmes to stations in the Orbita network. .

1986 December 29 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur Jubilee.

Home - Search - Browse - Alphabetic Index: 0- 1- 2- 3- 4- 5- 6- 7- 8- 9
A- B- C- D- E- F- G- H- I- J- K- L- M- N- O- P- Q- R- S- T- U- V- W- X- Y- Z
© 1997-2017 Mark Wade - Contact
© / Conditions for Use