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1979 Chronology

1979 During the Year - . Launch Vehicle: Buran.
  • Buran model delivered to Baikonur - . Nation: Russia. Spacecraft: Buran. The EUK13 dimensional model of the launch vehicle was delivered to Baikonur for handling demonstrations and production of tooling..

1979 January 1 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg.
  • Demolition and construction work began at SLC-6 - . Nation: USA. Program: STS. Demolition and construction work began at Space Launch Complex 6 in preparation for the Space Shuttle program..

1979 Jan - . Launch Site: White Sands.
  • ril A transmitter and a receiver for a laser communications system were ground tested at the White Sands Missile Range in New Mexico. - . This was the second of three rounds of ground testing that was to take place. The ground testing was to pave the way for flight-testing of the equipment, and ultimately for development of a space-based laser communications system..

1979 Jan - . LV Family: Trident.
  • The ABRES program office participated in a Mark 500 Penetration Aid Concept Selection Study involving the Aerospace Corporation, MIT Lincoln Laboratory, and other contractors. - . Related Persons: ABRES. Participants in the study selected a penetration aid concept for the Navy's Trident C4/Mark 500 system..

1979 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: MR-UR-100. Launch Vehicle: Perimetr 15A11.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1979? - . Launch Site: Fort Bliss. Launch Complex: Fort Bliss MCG. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 1A.
  • P-371?[Launch count] - . Nation: USA. Agency: 79FA2. Apogee: 180 km (110 mi).

1979? - . Launch Site: Fort Bliss. Launch Complex: Fort Bliss MCG. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 1A.
  • P-373?[Launch count] - . Nation: USA. Agency: 79FA2. Apogee: 180 km (110 mi).

1979 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: RT-2. Launch Vehicle: RT-2P.
  • RT2 PL79-02 - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1979 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: RT-2. Launch Vehicle: RT-2P.
  • RT2 PL79-04 - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1979? - . Launch Site: Fort Bliss. Launch Complex: Fort Bliss MCG. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 1A.
  • P-372?[Launch count] - . Nation: USA. Agency: 79FA2. Apogee: 180 km (110 mi).

1979 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: RT-2. Launch Vehicle: RT-2P.
  • RT2 PL79-05 - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1979 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: RT-2. Launch Vehicle: RT-2P.
  • RT2 PL79-06 - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1979 - . Launch Site: Tatishchevo. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N.
  • Off site test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1979 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: RT-2. Launch Vehicle: RT-2P.
  • RT2 PL79-01 - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1979 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: RT-2. Launch Vehicle: RT-2P.
  • RT2 PL79-08 - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1979 - . Launch Site: Taiyuan. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Dong Feng 5.
  • Nation: China. Agency: XPRC. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1979 - . Launch Site: Tatishchevo. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N.
  • Off site test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1979 - . Launch Site: Tatishchevo. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N.
  • Off site test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1979? - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. LV Family: Temp-2S. Launch Vehicle: Pioner UTTKh.
  • R&D - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1979? - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. LV Family: Temp-2S. Launch Vehicle: Pioner UTTKh.
  • R&D - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1979? - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. LV Family: Temp-2S. Launch Vehicle: Pioner UTTKh.
  • R&D - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1979? - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. LV Family: Temp-2S. Launch Vehicle: Pioner UTTKh.
  • R&D - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1979 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: RT-2. Launch Vehicle: RT-2P.
  • RT2 PL79-07 - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1979 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: RT-2. Launch Vehicle: RT-2P.
  • RT2 PL79-03 - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1979? - . Launch Site: Fort Bliss. Launch Complex: Fort Bliss MCG. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 1A.
  • P-374?[Launch count] - . Nation: USA. Agency: 79FA2. Apogee: 180 km (110 mi).

1979? - . Launch Site: Fort Bliss. Launch Complex: Fort Bliss MCG. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 1A.
  • P-375?[Launch count] - . Nation: USA. Agency: 79FA2. Apogee: 180 km (110 mi).

1979 January 2 - .
  • Death of Andrei Grigoryevich Karas - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Karas. Russian officer, Commander, TsUKOS / GUKOS 1965-1979. Ended WW2 as commander of an artillery corps. After study at Dzerzhinsky, assigned to Kapustin Yar from 1951, followed by assignments at 4 NIIP MO and Baikonur. Chief of TsKIK 1959-1965..

1979 January 2 - .
  • Start fabrication crew module, Challenger - . Nation: USA. Program: STS. Start long-lead fabrication crew module, Challenger (OV-099).

1979 January 2 - .
  • Stanford Telecommunications, Incorporated, was awarded a contract to study the utility of a Satellite Control and Data Relay System. - . Spacecraft: TDRSS. The system would use a space-based network to track and control satellites and relay data to ground stations in the continental U.S..

1979 January 3 - . 19:44 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 98 km (60 mi).

1979 January 4 - . 21:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Point Mugu. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1979 January 5 - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: RH. Launch Vehicle: RH-200.
  • Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1979 January 5 - . 15:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC43. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 84 km (52 mi).

1979 January 7 - . Launch Site: Jiuquan. Launch Complex: Jiuquan LA2B. Launch Pad: LA2B?. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Dong Feng 5.
  • Nation: China. Agency: PRC. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Other sources say launch was from Taiyuan..

1979 January 8 - . 16:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Point Mugu. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 71 km (44 mi).

1979 January 9 - . 11:53 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Astrobee. Launch Vehicle: Astrobee F.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 214 km (132 mi).

1979 January 10 - .
  • DSCS II satellites 9441 and 9442 completed testing and were turned over to the Defense Communications Agency. This brougth the DSCS II space segment up to full strength - four operational satellites. - . Spacecraft: DSCS II.

1979 January 10 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Molodezhnaya. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1979 January 11 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Cosmos 1070 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-2M satellite. Duration: 9.00 days. Decay Date: 1979-01-20 . USAF Sat Cat: 11229 . COSPAR: 1979-001A. Apogee: 293 km (182 mi). Perigee: 205 km (127 mi). Inclination: 62.8000 deg. Period: 89.50 min. Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule..
  • Nauka Cosmos 1070 - . Payload: Nauka. Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Spacecraft: Nauka. Decay Date: 1979-01-27 . USAF Sat Cat: 11245 . COSPAR: 1979-001F. Apogee: 280 km (170 mi). Perigee: 199 km (123 mi). Inclination: 62.8000 deg. Period: 89.29 min.

1979 January 12 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 86 km (53 mi).

1979 January 13 - . 15:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Cosmos 1071 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-4MKM. Duration: 13.00 days. Decay Date: 1979-01-26 . USAF Sat Cat: 11233 . COSPAR: 1979-002A. Apogee: 339 km (210 mi). Perigee: 179 km (111 mi). Inclination: 62.8000 deg. Period: 89.70 min. High resolution photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1979 January 14 - . 15:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Koroni. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 83 km (51 mi).

1979 January 15 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 92 km (57 mi).

1979 January 16 - . 17:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1072 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 11238 . COSPAR: 1979-003A. Apogee: 1,012 km (628 mi). Perigee: 960 km (590 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.80 min. Military navigation satellite..

1979 January 16 - . 20:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 9M.
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 353 km (219 mi).

1979 January 17 - .
  • A contract to define a Stored Telemetry Processing System for the DMSP program was awarded to Systems and Applied Sciences, a minority small business. - . Spacecraft: DMSP Block 5D.

1979 January 17 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Astrobee. Launch Vehicle: Astrobee F.
  • Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 226 km (140 mi).

1979 January 18 - . 15:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/3. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M.
  • Molniya 3-11 - . Payload: Molniya-3 s/n 23. Mass: 1,600 kg (3,500 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Molniya. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-2. Spacecraft: Molniya-3. Decay Date: 1998-12-02 . USAF Sat Cat: 11240 . COSPAR: 1979-004A. Apogee: 39,973 km (24,838 mi). Perigee: 370 km (220 mi). Inclination: 63.0000 deg. Period: 717.60 min.

    Continued operation of the long-range telephone and telegraph radio-communication system within the Soviet Union and transmission of USSR central television programmes to stations in the Orbita and participating international networks (international cooperation scheme).


1979 January 19 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. LV Family: Shuttle.
  • The Army Corps of Engineers awarded a $3.8 million contract to Morrison-Knudsen, Inc. - . It was for site preparation at the space shuttle launch facility, Vandenberg AFB. Site preparation was the first phase of a three-phase construction effort at the launch facility. Ground-breaking took place on 24 January..

1979 January 19 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF06. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B.
  • ABRES STREP-1 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1979 January 19 - . 08:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Vehicle: S-310.
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 212 km (131 mi).

1979 January 20 - . Launch Site: Kwajalein, Vandenberg. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1.
  • STREP-1, an ABRES flight test conducted in support of the Army's System Technology Reentry Experiments Program, was launched on a Minuteman I booster from Vandenberg AFB to Kwajalein missile range. - . Related Persons: ABRES. The primary mission was successful, but a secondary payload, the advanced Star decoy sponsored by ABRES, deployed improperly because of improper loading, and data on its performance could not be collected..

1979 January 20 - . 15:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Koroni. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1979 January 21 - . 06:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 180 km (110 mi).

1979 January 21 - . 09:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 9M.
  • Test / aeronomy / ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 336 km (208 mi).

1979 January 22 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 88 km (54 mi).

1979 January 23 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC25C. LV Family: Trident. Launch Vehicle: Trident C-4.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1979 January 24 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF03. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B.
  • ABRES ABRV-1 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1979 January 25 - . 05:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. Launch Pad: LC1 or LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Vostok 8A92M.
  • Meteor 1-29 - . Payload: Meteor-Priroda s/n 2-3. Mass: 3,800 kg (8,300 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Meteor. Spacecraft: Meteor-Priroda. USAF Sat Cat: 11251 . COSPAR: 1979-005A. Apogee: 596 km (370 mi). Perigee: 546 km (339 mi). Inclination: 97.8000 deg. Period: 96.10 min.

    Obtaining information needed for research into the natural resources of the earth and the development of methods for remote sensing of the underlying surface, and obtaining meteorological information. In addition to Soviet apparatus, carried scientific ap paratus from the German Democratic Republic.


1979 January 25 - . 21:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 2.
  • Auroral pulsations Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 179 km (111 mi).

1979 January 26 - . 11:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Malemute. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Malemute. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 186 km (115 mi).

1979 January 27 - . Launch Site: White Sands.
  • A probe was launched from the White Sands Missile Range to take background measurements needed for development of a space-based space surveillance system. - . The probe's radiometer failed to deploy, and its parachute malfunctioned as it was returning to earth. As a result, no data was gathered, and the payload was severely damaged..

1979 January 27 - . 01:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Tanegashima. Launch Complex: Tanegashima T. LV Family: JCR. Launch Vehicle: TT-500.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: NASDA. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1979 January 27 - . 17:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • Substorm-GEOS Auroral mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 267 km (165 mi).

1979 January 27 - . 20:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 2.
  • Auroral pulsations Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 180 km (110 mi).

1979 January 27 - . 21:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C.
  • Substorm-GEOS Auroral mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 414 km (257 mi).

1979 January 27 - . 21:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • Substorm-GEOS Auroral mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 266 km (165 mi).

1979 January 28 - . 03:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Astrobee. Launch Vehicle: Astrobee F. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Nitric Oxide Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1979 January 28 - . 06:06 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Aries.
  • SPICE 1 Infrared astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 249 km (154 mi).

1979 January 29 - . 15:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Koroni. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 82 km (50 mi).

1979 January 30 - .
  • Start orbiter/ET/SRB burnout mated vibe tests - . Nation: USA. Program: STS. Start orbiter/ET/SRB burnout mated vertical ground vibration test, MSFC.

1979 January 30 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF08. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3.
  • FOT GT66GM Follow-on Test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1979 January 30 - . 15:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Cosmos 1073 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-4MKM. Duration: 29.00 days. Decay Date: 1979-02-12 . USAF Sat Cat: 11255 . COSPAR: 1979-006A. Apogee: 328 km (203 mi). Perigee: 182 km (113 mi). Inclination: 62.8000 deg. Period: 89.60 min. High resolution photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1979 January 30 - . 21:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17B. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Delta 2914.
  • SCATHA - . Payload: P 78-2. Mass: 360 kg (790 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Technology. Type: Communications technology satellite. Spacecraft: SCATHA. Completed Operations Date: 1991-05-28 . USAF Sat Cat: 11256 . COSPAR: 1979-007A. Apogee: 42,860 km (26,630 mi). Perigee: 28,018 km (17,409 mi). Inclination: 10.2000 deg. Period: 1,418.40 min.

    Flight P78-2 was successfully launched by SAMSO's Space Test Program. The mission was designated SCATHA (Spacecraft Charging at High Altitudes) and gathered data on the build-up of electrical charges on satellites operating at geosynchronous altitude. It was sponsored jointly by NASA and the Air Force. Spacecraft charging experiments. The SCATHA spacecraft had two charged particle injection systems, one of which was the Satellite Positive-Ion-Beam System (SPIBS). This was a xenon ion source which included some of the technologies used in thrusters: however, the discharge chamber was not performance optimized as was done with ion engines. Maximum operating power was 0.045 kW, and the ion source could produce a thrust of about 0.14 mN at a specific impulse of 350 s. Ions could be ejected at 1 keV or 2 keV. Neutralization was accomplished by a tantalum filament. The specific impulse was low because there was no attempt to optimize the propellant efficiency. The SPIBS system was ground-tested for a period of 600 hours. The SCATHA spacecraft was placed in a near geosynchronous orbit. Ion beam operations were performed intermittently over a 247 day period. The SCATHA flight demonstrated that a charged spacecraft, and the dielectric surfaces on it, could be safely discharged by emitting a very low energy (<50 eV) neutral plasma -- in effect shorting the spacecraft to the ambient plasma before dangerous charging levels could be reached. As of 28 August 2001 located at 153.98 deg W drifting at 4.513 deg E per day. As of 2007 Mar 8 located at 19.65W drifting at 4.513E degrees per day.


1979 January 31 - .
  • Mission Control Center ready for shuttle. - . Nation: USA. Program: STS. Mission Control Center-Houston/Goldstone ready for operational flight test early operations..

1979 January 31 - .
  • Start left-hand OMS Phase I qualification test - . Nation: USA. Program: STS.

1979 January 31 - .
  • Start left-hand OMS Phase I qualification test - . Nation: USA. Program: STS.

1979 January 31 - . 02:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Vehicle: S-310.
  • Ionosphere / fields mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 185 km (114 mi).

1979 January 31 - . 09:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Cosmos 1074 - . Payload: Soyuz T s/n 5L. Mass: 6,850 kg (15,100 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Salyut 6. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Soyuz T. Duration: 60.04 days. Decay Date: 1979-04-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 11259 . COSPAR: 1979-008A. Apogee: 238 km (147 mi). Perigee: 195 km (121 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 88.80 min.

    Manned precursor. Recovered April 1, 1979 10:09 GMT. Soyuz T Test.
    Maneuver Summary:
    197 km X 240 km orbit to 255 km X 297 km orbit. Delta V: 33 m/s
    255 km X 297 km orbit to 264 km X 306 km orbit. Delta V: 4 m/s
    264 km X 306 km orbit to 309 km X 321 km orbit. Delta V: 17 m/s
    309 km X 321 km orbit to 279 km X 357 km orbit. Delta V: 18 m/s
    279 km X 357 km orbit to 352 km X 402 km orbit. Delta V: 32 m/s
    352 km X 402 km orbit to 363 km X 384 km orbit. Delta V: 8 m/s
    Total Delta V: 112 m/s
    Officially: Investigation of the upper atmosphere and outer space.


1979 February - .
  • Almaz cancelled and consolidated with Mir - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Chelomei. Spacecraft: Almaz OPS-2, Mir, TKS.

    Following the decision to cancel Chelomei's manned Almaz military space station programme, a resolution consolidated the programs, with the Mir docking ports to be reinforced to accommodate 20 tonne space station modules based on Chelomei's TKS manned ferry spacecraft. NPO Energia was made responsible for the overall space station, but subcontracted the work to KB Salyut due to the press of in-house work on Energia, Salyut 7, Soyuz-T, and Progress. The subcontractor began work in the summer of 1979.


1979 February 1 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. Launch Vehicle: Strypi.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1979 February 2 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Koroni. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 81 km (50 mi).

1979 February 3 - .
  • Complete combined systems test, Palmdale, Columbia - . Nation: USA. Program: STS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft Bus: Shuttle. Spacecraft: Columbia.

1979 February 4 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Koroni. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 83 km (51 mi).

1979 February 5 - . 21:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Koroni. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 81 km (50 mi).

1979 February 6 - . LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3.
  • The integrated program of improvements to Minuteman ground systems was completed at Wing I and the sites were returned to the custody of SAC. - .

1979 February 6 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF26. Launch Pad: LF26?. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3.
  • FOT GT67GB Follow-on Test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1979 February 6 - . 08:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Tanegashima. Launch Complex: Tanegashima N. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: N-1. FAILURE: Third stage collided with ECS a.. Failed Stage: 3.
  • Ayame 1 - . Payload: ECS a; ECS 1. Mass: 260 kg (570 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: NASDA. Class: Technology. Type: Communications technology satellite. Spacecraft: Ayame. Completed Operations Date: 1979-02-09 . USAF Sat Cat: 11261 . COSPAR: 1979-009A. Apogee: 37,278 km (23,163 mi). Perigee: 29,407 km (18,272 mi). Inclination: 5.6000 deg. Period: 1,313.10 min.

    Experimental Communications Satellite. Experimental Communications Satellite (ECS). Launch time 0846 GMT. ECS was injected into the planned transfer orbit. On 9 Feb, however, ECS ceased radio transmissions about 10 seconds after the apogee kick motor was fired. Communicat ions and propagation experiments of satellite-communication systems. Operation and control experiment for geostationary satellites. Mass at launch 260 kg. Configuration - cylindrical. Height 1.9m including antenna. Diameter 1.4m. Spin stabilized. Last known longitude (13 June 1995) 146.23 deg W drifting at 33.817 deg E per day.


1979 February 7 - .
  • Death of Robert B Young - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Young, Robert. American engineer. Key manager at Aerojet, working there from the 1940's, responsible for the rocket engines for the Titan, the Apollo SPS, and Shuttle OMS..

1979 February 7 - . 19:14 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 98 km (60 mi).

1979 February 8 - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: Dauphin.
  • Ariane range test - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 135 km (83 mi).

1979 February 8 - . 04:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere/Chemical release/Plasma mission - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 155 km (96 mi).

1979 February 8 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1075 - . Mass: 1,080 kg (2,380 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft: Taifun-1. Decay Date: 1981-10-19 . USAF Sat Cat: 11262 . COSPAR: 1979-010A. Apogee: 516 km (320 mi). Perigee: 473 km (293 mi). Inclination: 65.8000 deg. Period: 94.40 min. Radar calibration mission..

1979 February 9 - . 20:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Koroni. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 83 km (51 mi).

1979 February 10 - . 19:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Koroni. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 82 km (50 mi).

1979 February 11 - . 19:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Koroni. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1979 February 12 - . 13:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32/2. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Cosmos 1076 - . Payload: Okean-E no. 1. Mass: 1,950 kg (4,290 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Okean. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources radar satellite. Spacecraft: Okean-E. Completed Operations Date: 1980-03-13 . Decay Date: 2001-08-10 . USAF Sat Cat: 11266 . COSPAR: 1979-011A. Apogee: 530 km (320 mi). Perigee: 514 km (319 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 95.10 min. Test mission of Okean satellite without the radar. Development of methods for obtaining operational information on the Pacific Ocean..

1979 February 13 - . LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Space Shuttle.
  • DM-4 Shuttle SRB development static firing - . Nation: USA. The fourth firing of a shuttle Solid Rocket Booster motor..

1979 February 13 - . LV Family: Shuttle, Titan. Launch Vehicle: Shuttle, Titan 34D.
  • A Critical Design Review was held for the Inertial Upper Stage. - .

    SAMSO felt that the design presented at this Review was not really complete, and it directed the contractor, Boeing, to do further work in the areas of software, rocket motors, and interface with the space shuttle and the Satellite Control Facility. Boeing was to present the results of its efforts at a follow-on design review to be held later in the year.


1979 February 13 - . 21:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Vostok 8A92M.
  • Cosmos 1077 - . Payload: Tselina-D no. 19. Mass: 4,000 kg (8,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Tselina. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-D. Decay Date: 2000-06-26 . USAF Sat Cat: 11268 . COSPAR: 1979-012A. Apogee: 491 km (305 mi). Perigee: 485 km (301 mi). Inclination: 81.2000 deg. Period: 94.40 min.

1979 February 14 - . Launch Site: , Vandenberg. LV Family: Shuttle.
  • HQ USAF stretched out the schedule for construction of space shuttle launch facilities at Vandenberg AFB, and it changed the Initial Operational Capability date for those facilities from mid-1983. - . The extra time was needed because NASA was adding strap-on solid rocket motors to the shuttle to augment its performance, and the launch facilities had to be modified to accommodate those motors..

1979 February 14 - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 HRV. LV Family: Stonechat. Launch Vehicle: Falstaff.
1979 February 15 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF21. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3.
  • Research and development launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi). A Minuteman III production verification missile (PVM-16) was launched from Vandenberg AFB to the Kwajalein missile range. It successfully deployed three Mark 12A reentry vehicles. .

1979 February 16 - .
  • Mir and Aelita production go-ahead. - . Nation: Russia. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Aelita satellite. Production of the Mir space station and Aelita free-flyer was authorised together..

1979 February 16 - .
  • Airlock on dock, Palmdale, Columbia (OV-102) - . Nation: USA. Program: STS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft Bus: Shuttle. Spacecraft: Columbia.

1979 February 16 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC41/1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U. FAILURE: Failure. Failed Stage: U.
  • Zenit-2M - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-2M satellite. Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite..

1979 February 17 - .
  • Fourth SRB firing, Thiokol - . Nation: USA. Program: STS.

1979 February 18 - . 16:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA3A. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout D-1.
  • SAGE - . Payload: AEM 2. Mass: 147 kg (324 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Class: Earth. Type: Atmosphere satellite. Spacecraft: SAGE. Decay Date: 1989-04-11 . USAF Sat Cat: 11270 . COSPAR: 1979-013A. Apogee: 506 km (314 mi). Perigee: 456 km (283 mi). Inclination: 55.0000 deg. Period: 94.20 min. Studied dust, liquid droplets in upper atmosphere. Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C). .

1979 February 19 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 645. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Poseidon C3.
  • FOT-36 Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1979 February 19 - . 03:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 645. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Poseidon C3.
  • FOT-36 Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1979 February 19 - . 03:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 645. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Poseidon C3.
  • FOT-36 Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1979 February 19 - . 05:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 645. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Poseidon C3.
  • FOT-36 Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1979 February 20 - . 17:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: UK S23. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3.
  • DASO? - . Nation: UK. Agency: RN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1979 February 21 - . 05:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima M. LV Family: Mu. Launch Vehicle: Mu-3C.
  • SS-04 Hakucho - . Payload: Corsa B. Mass: 100 kg (220 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft: SS. Decay Date: 1985-04-15 . USAF Sat Cat: 11272 . COSPAR: 1979-014A. Apogee: 566 km (351 mi). Perigee: 543 km (337 mi). Inclination: 29.8000 deg. Period: 95.70 min.

    Soft X-ray telescope. Launching organization: Institute of Space and Aeronautical Science, University of Tokyo. Function: Observation of X-ray radiation of celestial bodies with good time resolution over a wide spectrum range. Characterstics: weight 96 kg, configuration regula r octagonal prism, height 0.66 m, diameter 0.76m, spin stabilized. Expected life 2 years.


1979 February 21 - . 07:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC200/40. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K/DM.
  • Ekran 3 - . Payload: Ekran s/n 16L. Mass: 1,970 kg (4,340 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-3. Spacecraft: Ekran . Completed Operations Date: 1981-05-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 11273 . COSPAR: 1979-015A. Apogee: 35,919 km (22,318 mi). Perigee: 35,623 km (22,135 mi). Inclination: 14.6000 deg. Period: 1,435.30 min.

    Transmission of color and black-and-white USSR central television programmes to a network of receivers for collective use. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit over the Indian Ocean at 99 deg E in 1979-1981 As of 3 September 2001 located at 51.81 deg E drifting at 0.088 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 11 located at 98.64E drifting at 0.060E degrees per day.


1979 February 21 - . 15:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 2B.
  • Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 72 km (44 mi).

1979 February 22 - . 12:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Cosmos 1078 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-4MKM. Duration: 8.00 days. Decay Date: 1979-03-02 . USAF Sat Cat: 11276 . COSPAR: 1979-016A. Apogee: 280 km (170 mi). Perigee: 168 km (104 mi). Inclination: 72.9000 deg. Period: 89.00 min. High resolution photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1979 February 22 - . 12:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 6 AC.
  • Astro 4-2 X-ray Astronomy Telescope mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 192 km (119 mi).

1979 February 23 - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: RH. Launch Vehicle: RH-200.
  • Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1979 February 23 - . 14:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere/Chemical release/Plasma mission - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 187 km (116 mi).

1979 February 24 - . 08:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC3W. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas F/OIS.
  • Solwind (P 78-1) - . Payload: P 78-1. Mass: 1,331 kg (2,934 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft: Solwind. Decay Date: 1985-09-30 . USAF Sat Cat: 11278 . COSPAR: 1979-017A. Apogee: 317 km (196 mi). Perigee: 310 km (190 mi). Inclination: 97.8000 deg. Period: 90.80 min.

    Atlas booster 27F successfully launched Space Test Program Flight P78-1 from Space Launch Complex 3W, Vandenberg AFB, California. The primary payload on the spacecraft was a gamma spectrometer sponsored by the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA). Ionosphere and magnetosphere studies; destroyed on 13 September 1985 (while still functioning) as part of an American ASAT test.


1979 February 24 - . 16:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Red Lake. Launch Complex: Red Lake CHK. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Range check mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi). Range check. Launched from Red Lake, Chukuni Range, Ontario, Canada - Latitude: 50.88 N, Longitude:93.47 W..

1979 February 25 - . 11:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Soyuz 32 - . Call Sign: Proton (Proton ). Crew: Lyakhov, Ryumin. Backup Crew: Lebedev, Popov. Payload: Soyuz 7K-T s/n 48. Mass: 6,800 kg (14,900 lb). Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Lebedev, Lyakhov, Popov, Ryumin. Agency: MOM. Program: Salyut 6. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Soyuz 32. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-T. Duration: 110.18 days. Decay Date: 1979-06-13 . USAF Sat Cat: 11281 . COSPAR: 1979-018A. Apogee: 256 km (159 mi). Perigee: 193 km (119 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 88.90 min. Manned two crew. Docked with Salyut 6. Transported a team consisting of V A Lyakhov and V V Ryumin to the Salyut-6 space station to conduct scientific investigations and experiments and repair work. Recovered June 15, 1979 16:18 GMT. Returned unmanned..

1979 February 26 - . LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Space Shuttle.
  • Final shuttle tests at NASA Huntsville - . Nation: USA. These verified loadings on the full mated shuttle stack with the external tank and solid rocket motors loaded with water to simulate the weights at various flight phases. 36 x 670 N and 20 x 4400 N exciters were used to vibrate the vehicle..

1979 February 26 - .
  • Complete mated vertical ground vibe test program - . Nation: USA. Program: STS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft Bus: Shuttle. Spacecraft: Enterprise. Complete mated vertical ground vibration test program at MSFC, Enterprise (OV-101).

1979 February 26 - . Launch Site: Red Lake. Launch Complex: Red Lake CHK. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1979 February 26 - . Launch Site: Red Lake. Launch Complex: Red Lake CHK. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1979 February 26 - . Launch Site: Red Lake. Launch Complex: Red Lake CHK. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VA.
  • Eclipse mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 132 km (82 mi).

1979 February 26 - . Launch Site: Red Lake. Launch Complex: Red Lake CHK. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Eclipse DEN Sphere Eclipse / aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 215 km (133 mi). Eclipse DEN. Launched from Red Lake, Chukuni Range, Ontario, Canada - Latitude: 50.88 N, Longitude:93.47 W..

1979 February 26 - . 16:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Red Lake. Launch Complex: Red Lake CHK. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Eclipse ASL-SE-79B1 Eclipse aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 158 km (98 mi). Eclipse ASL-SE-79B1. Launched from Red Lake, Chukuni Range, Ontario, Canada - Latitude: 50.88 N, Longitude:93.47 W..

1979 February 26 - . 16:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Red Lake. Launch Complex: Red Lake CHK. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Eclipse ASL-SE-79A1 Eclipse aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 158 km (98 mi). Eclipse ASL-SE-79A1. Launched from Red Lake, Chukuni Range, Ontario, Canada - Latitude: 50.88 N, Longitude:93.47 W..

1979 February 26 - . 16:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Red Lake. Launch Complex: Red Lake CHK. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Eclipse LWIR Eclipse / aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 141 km (87 mi). Eclipse LWIR. Launched from Red Lake, Chukuni Range, Ontario, Canada - Latitude: 50.88 N, Longitude:93.47 W..

1979 February 26 - . 16:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Red Lake. Launch Complex: Red Lake CHK. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Eclipse Eclipse / aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 132 km (82 mi). Eclipse. Launched from Red Lake, Chukuni Range, Ontario, Canada - Latitude: 50.88 N, Longitude:93.47 W..

1979 February 26 - . 16:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Red Lake. Launch Complex: Red Lake CHK. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Paiute Tomahawk.
  • Eclipse / aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 115 km (71 mi).

1979 February 26 - . 16:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Red Lake. Launch Complex: Red Lake CHK. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Eclipse Eclipse / aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 132 km (82 mi). Eclipse. Launched from Red Lake, Chukuni Range, Ontario, Canada - Latitude: 50.88 N, Longitude:93.47 W..

1979 February 26 - . 17:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Red Lake. Launch Complex: Red Lake CHK. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Paiute Tomahawk.
  • Eclipse / aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 116 km (72 mi).

1979 February 27 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/3. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Cosmos 1079 - . Payload: Yantar-2K s/n 15. Mass: 6,600 kg (14,500 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Yantar. Spacecraft: Yantar-2K. Duration: 12.00 days. Decay Date: 1979-03-11 . USAF Sat Cat: 11283 . COSPAR: 1979-019A. Apogee: 337 km (209 mi). Perigee: 174 km (108 mi). Inclination: 67.1000 deg. Period: 89.60 min. Area survey photo reconnaissance. Spacecraft depressurization led to malfunction of spacecraft. Deorbited after 12 days..

1979 February 27 - . 17:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Intercosmos 19 - . Payload: AUOS-Z-I-IK. Mass: 1,015 kg (2,237 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: IK. Manufacturer: Yuzhnoye. Program: Intercosmos. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: AUOS. Completed Operations Date: 1982-04-27 . Decay Date: 2002-09-23 . USAF Sat Cat: 11285 . COSPAR: 1979-020A. Apogee: 711 km (441 mi). Perigee: 452 km (280 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 96.30 min.

    Comprehensive investigations of the structure of the earth's ionosphere, the characteristics of wave processes and the propagation of radio waves in the ionospheric plasma. Launched under the Intercosmos programme by the USSR in cooperation with the Peopl e's Republic of Bulgaria, the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic, the Hungarian People's Republic and the Polish People's Republic. Additional Details: here....


1979 February 28 - .
  • Operational readiness date, shuttle landing site. - . Nation: USA. Program: STS. Operational readiness date, shuttle landing site, Edwards (Edwards AFB) Runway 23, for first manned orbital flight.

1979 Mar - .
  • Spacetac, Inc., one of Rockwell's major subcontractors for the Teal Ruby program, went bankrupt. The bankruptcy contributed to a further delay in the projected launch date. - . Spacecraft: Teal Ruby (P80-1, AFP-888).

1979 Mar - .
  • A C-141 aircraft completed data collection flights using the Pulse Doppler MAP Match (PDMM) system, a candidate position-fixing system for the AMaRV. - . Spacecraft Bus: ABRES. Spacecraft: AMaRV.

1979 March 1 - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 6 AC.
  • Ionosphere mission? - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1979 March 1 - . 09:44 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • HRTS 3 Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 210 km (130 mi).

1979 March 1 - . 18:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Vostok 8A92M.
  • Meteor 2-04 - . Payload: Meteor-2 no. 4. Mass: 2,750 kg (6,060 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Meteor. Spacecraft: Meteor-2. USAF Sat Cat: 11288 . COSPAR: 1979-021A. Apogee: 872 km (541 mi). Perigee: 839 km (521 mi). Inclination: 81.2000 deg. Period: 102.00 min. Acquisition of meteorological information required for use in the operational weather service with the aid of advanced equipment..

1979 March 2 - . 21:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Point Mugu. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1979 March 5 - .
  • Voyager 1, Jupiter Flyby - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft: Voyager.

1979 March 5 - .
  • Complete postcheckout, Palmdale, Columbia (OV-102) - . Nation: USA. Program: STS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft Bus: Shuttle. Spacecraft: Columbia.

1979 March 5 - . 18:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 642. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Poseidon C3.
  • OT-37 Operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1979 March 5 - . 18:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 642. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Poseidon C3.
  • OT-37 Operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1979 March 5 - . 20:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 642. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Poseidon C3.
  • OT-37 Operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1979 March 5 - . 22:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 642. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Poseidon C3.
  • OT-37 Operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1979 March 6 - . LV Family: Shuttle, Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 34D, Shuttle.
  • A change order was added to the IUS contract, directing the contractor to take various steps to improve the performance of the vehicle - .

1979 March 6 - . 15:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere/Plasma mission - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1979 March 7 - . 19:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 98 km (60 mi).

1979 March 8 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards.
  • Columbia (OV-102) transported overland to Edwards. - . Nation: USA. Program: STS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft Bus: Shuttle. Spacecraft: Columbia. Columbia (OV-102) transported overland from Palmdale to Edwards (38 miles).

1979 March 9 - . LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Space Shuttle.
  • Shuttle carrier aircraft/Columbia test flight - . Nation: USA. Program: STS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft Bus: Shuttle. Spacecraft: Columbia. Shuttle carrier aircraft/Columbia (OV-102) test flight at NASA Edwards.

1979 March 10 - . 18:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Plasma/Fields mission - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1979 March 12 - . 05:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Progress 5 - . Payload: Progress s/n 104. Mass: 7,014 kg (15,463 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Salyut 6. Class: Manned. Type: Manned logistics spacecraft. Flight: Soyuz 32. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Progress. Duration: 23.77 days. Completed Operations Date: 1979-04-05 00:09:54 . Decay Date: 1979-04-05 00:09:54 . USAF Sat Cat: 11292 . COSPAR: 1979-022A. Apogee: 256 km (159 mi). Perigee: 183 km (113 mi). Inclination: 51.7000 deg. Period: 88.80 min.

    Unmanned supply vessel to Salyut 6. Delivery of fuel, consumable materials and equipment to the Salyut 6 station. Docked with Salyut 6 on 14 Mar 1979 07:19:21 GMT. Undocked on 3 Apr 1979 16:10:00 GMT. Destroyed in reentry on 5 Apr 1979 00:10:22 GMT. Total free-flight time 3.40 days. Total docked time 20.37 days.


1979 March 13 - . LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3.
  • Program Management Directive 0-02047(30) advised of an OSD-approved budget for the Minuteman airborne launch control system (ALCS) which was far below SAMSO's estimated minimum funding requirements. - .

1979 March 13 - . 00:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7 AC.
  • Astro 4-1 Solar x-ray mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 258 km (160 mi).

1979 March 13 - . 21:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere/Plasma mission - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 188 km (116 mi).

1979 March 14 - . 10:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Cosmos 1080 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-4MKM. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1979-03-28 . USAF Sat Cat: 11294 . COSPAR: 1979-023A. Apogee: 294 km (182 mi). Perigee: 169 km (105 mi). Inclination: 72.9000 deg. Period: 89.10 min. High resolution photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1979 March 15 - . 02:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1081 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 169. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 11296 . COSPAR: 1979-024A. Apogee: 1,465 km (910 mi). Perigee: 1,404 km (872 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.50 min. Eight satellites launched by a single carrier rocket..
  • Cosmos 1083 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 171. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 11298 . COSPAR: 1979-024C. Apogee: 1,466 km (910 mi). Perigee: 1,443 km (896 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.00 min.
  • Cosmos 1088 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 176. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 11303 . COSPAR: 1979-024H. Apogee: 1,548 km (961 mi). Perigee: 1,465 km (910 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 116.10 min.
  • Cosmos 1087 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 175. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 11302 . COSPAR: 1979-024G. Apogee: 1,524 km (946 mi). Perigee: 1,465 km (910 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.90 min.
  • Cosmos 1086 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 174. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 11301 . COSPAR: 1979-024F. Apogee: 1,482 km (920 mi). Perigee: 1,466 km (910 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.40 min.
  • Cosmos 1084 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 172. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 11299 . COSPAR: 1979-024D. Apogee: 1,464 km (909 mi). Perigee: 1,462 km (908 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.20 min.
  • Cosmos 1082 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 170. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 11297 . COSPAR: 1979-024B. Apogee: 1,465 km (910 mi). Perigee: 1,423 km (884 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.80 min.
  • Cosmos 1085 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 173. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 11300 . COSPAR: 1979-024E. Apogee: 1,504 km (934 mi). Perigee: 1,465 km (910 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.70 min.

1979 March 15 - . 05:20 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Astrobee. Launch Vehicle: Astrobee F.
  • X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 216 km (134 mi).

1979 March 16 - . LV Family: Shuttle, Titan. Launch Vehicle: Shuttle, Titan 34D.
  • The large rocket motor for the Inertial Upper Stage was test fired at the Arnold Engineering Development Center. - . The firing lasted 145 seconds and generated more than 50,000 pounds of thrust. This was the first development test firing of the large motor, and it was entirely successful..

1979 March 16 - . 18:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC4E. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan IIID.
  • KH-9 no. 15 - . Mass: 13,300 kg (29,300 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: CIA, NRO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: KH-9. Decay Date: 1979-09-22 . USAF Sat Cat: 11305 . COSPAR: 1979-025A. Apogee: 258 km (160 mi). Perigee: 170 km (100 mi). Inclination: 96.4000 deg. Period: 88.80 min. KH-9 type satellite. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A). .
  • OPS 6675 - . Payload: SSF-D No. 3. Mass: 60 kg (132 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO, USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft Bus: P 11. Spacecraft: SSF. USAF Sat Cat: 11306 . COSPAR: 1979-025B. Apogee: 628 km (390 mi). Perigee: 621 km (385 mi). Inclination: 95.8000 deg. Period: 97.20 min.

1979 March 17 - .
  • SSME 2005, flight engine delivered for acceptance - . Nation: USA. Program: STS. Space shuttle main engine 2005, first flight engine delivered to NSTL for acceptance test firings.

1979 March 17 - . 17:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere/Plasma mission - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 187 km (116 mi).

1979 March 18 - . 04:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 87 km (54 mi).

1979 March 19 - . 22:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna A. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Aries.
  • DLR K-AR-92 Porc. F3 Magnetospheric mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 460 km (280 mi).

1979 March 20 - .
  • Ferry flight, Edwards to El Paso - . Nation: USA. Program: STS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft Bus: Shuttle. Spacecraft: Columbia. Ferry flight, shuttle carrier aircraft/Columbia (OV-102) from Edwards to Biggs Army Air Base, El Paso, Texas (3 hours, 20 minutes).

1979 March 20 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S3.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1979 March 21 - .
  • SAMSO awarded the Harris Corporation a $10.3 million contract to develop a Satellite Data Handling System for the DMSP program. - . Spacecraft: DMSP Block 5D. The system would be installed at the Air Force Global Weather Central at Offutt AFB, Nebraska, and would allow forecasters to analyze and distribute weather data obtained from DMSP satellites..

1979 March 21 - . 03:45 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Astrobee. Launch Vehicle: Astrobee F.
  • Astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 221 km (137 mi).

1979 March 21 - . 04:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1089 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 11308 . COSPAR: 1979-026A. Apogee: 999 km (620 mi). Perigee: 966 km (600 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 104.70 min. Military navigation satellite..

1979 March 21 - . 23:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Chilca. LV Family: Rigel. Launch Vehicle: Castor (A). FAILURE: Failure.
  • Spread F Barium release mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1979 March 22 - .
  • Ferry flight El Paso to Kelly AFB - . Nation: USA. Program: STS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft Bus: Shuttle. Spacecraft: Columbia. Ferry flight, shuttle carrier aircraft/Columbia (OV-102) from Biggs Army Air Base to Kelly AFB, San Antonio, Texas (1 hr, 39 min).

1979 March 22 - . 23:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Chilca. LV Family: Rigel. Launch Vehicle: Castor (A).
  • Spread F Barium release mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 268 km (166 mi).

1979 March 23 - .
  • Ferry flight, Kelly AFB to Eglin AFB, Fla - . Nation: USA. Program: STS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft Bus: Shuttle. Spacecraft: Columbia. Ferry flight, shuttle carrier aircraft/Columbia (OV-102) from Kelly AFB to Eglin AFB, Fla. (2 hours, 12 minutes).

1979 March 23 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Shuttle.
  • NASA brought space shuttle orbiter 102 from Edwards AFB, California, to Cape Canaveral, Florida. Orbiter 102 would be the first orbiter to go into space, and Cape Canaveral would be the launch site. - .

1979 March 23 - . LV Family: Peacekeeper.
  • The final version of the environmental impact statement on Missile X air-mobile basing was filed with the Environmental Protection Agency. - .

1979 March 23 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF07. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 2.
  • FOT GT137M Follow-on Test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1979 March 23 - . 22:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 630. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Poseidon C3.
  • Demonstration and shakedown operations launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1979 March 24 - .
  • Ferry flight, Eglin AFB to KSC - . Nation: USA. Program: STS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft Bus: Shuttle. Spacecraft: Columbia. Ferry flight, shuttle carrier aircraft/Columbia (OV-102) from Eglin AFB to KSC (1 hour, 33 minutes).

1979 March 24 - . 11:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1979 March 25 - . 06:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1979 March 26 - . 02:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 165 km (102 mi).

1979 March 27 - .
  • SAMSO awarded IBM a $4.9 million contract to provide the Simplified Processing Station with the capability to receive health and status data as well as mission data from the DSP satellites. - . Spacecraft: DSP.

1979 March 27 - . LV Family: Peacekeeper.
  • A missile design review (MDR) for all four stages of Missile X was held at the Martin Marietta Corporation's facilities in Denver, Colorado. - .

1979 March 27 - . 19:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: UNKO. Launch Platform: SHOK. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1979 March 28 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF09. Launch Pad: LF09?. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3.
  • OT GT39GM operational test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1979 March 28 - . 15:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 2.
  • VLF waves Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 169 km (105 mi).

1979 March 29 - . 05:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 84 km (52 mi).

1979 March 30 - .
  • SSME 2007, flight engine delivered for acceptance - . Nation: USA. Program: STS. Space shuttle main engine 2007, flight engine delivered to NSTL for acceptance test firing.

1979 March 31 - . LV Family: Peacekeeper.
  • Missile X DSARC IIB met to consider studies of alternative Missile X configurations and basing modes, particularly the airmobile option developed by SAMSO at the direction of DSARC II in December 1978 - .

1979 March 31 - . 02:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 165 km (102 mi).

1979 March 31 - . 10:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Cosmos 1090 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-2M satellite. Duration: 13.00 days. Decay Date: 1979-04-13 . USAF Sat Cat: 11313 . COSPAR: 1979-027A. Apogee: 320 km (190 mi). Perigee: 217 km (134 mi). Inclination: 72.8000 deg. Period: 89.80 min. Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule..

1979 March 31 - . 22:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna A. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Aries.
  • DLR K-AR-93 Porc. F4 Magnetospheric mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 452 km (280 mi).

1979 April 1 - .
  • Intercosmos Cosmonaut Training Group selected. - . Nation: Vietnam. Related Persons: Liem, Tuan. Training group of potential Vietnamese 'guest cosmonauts' for propaganda flights to the Salyut space station. The 'guests', from states allied to the Soviet Union, would be flown on Soyuz lifeboat changeout missions to the station..

1979 Apr - . LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3.
  • Avco successfully completed a physical configuration audit (PCA) for production of Mark 12A carbon-carbon nosetips, and delivery of the nosetips proceeded on schedule. - .

1979 Apr - . LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3.
  • SAMSO released a request for proposal (RFP) to General Electric, asking for a bid on production of 120 additional Mark 12A reentry systems. - .

1979 April 1 - . 10:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1979 April 2 - . 05:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 87 km (54 mi).

1979 April 3 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 86 km (53 mi).

1979 April 4 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg WTR. Launch Platform: SSBN 608. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3.
  • Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1979 April 4 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg WTR. Launch Platform: SSBN 608. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3.
  • Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1979 April 4 - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 HRV. LV Family: Stonechat. Launch Vehicle: Falstaff.
1979 April 4 - . 23:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC29A. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3.
  • Chevaline warhead test launch - . Nation: UK. Agency: RN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1979 April 5 - . 00:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere/Plasma mission - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 175 km (108 mi).

1979 April 6 - .
  • Complete Phase I qualification tests, aft RCS - . Nation: USA. Program: STS.

1979 April 7 - . 01:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 170 km (100 mi).

1979 April 7 - . 06:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1091 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 11320 . COSPAR: 1979-028A. Apogee: 1,008 km (626 mi). Perigee: 960 km (590 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.80 min. Military navigation satellite..

1979 April 8 - . 04:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 86 km (53 mi).

1979 April 9 - . 04:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 86 km (53 mi).

1979 April 10 - . LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Space Shuttle.
  • Shuttle Enterprise delivered to Kennedy Space Centre - . Nation: USA.

    The decision was taken not to convert the Enterprise to a flight orbiter due to the numerous structural design changes made since its construction. Static test article OV-099 would be used for that instead. So Enterprise became a pathfinder vehicle at Cape Canaveral to verify fit and handling of ground facilities in the Vertical Assembly Building and LC39.


1979 April 10 - .
  • Ferry flight, MSFC to KSC - . Nation: USA. Program: STS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft Bus: Shuttle. Spacecraft: Enterprise. Ferry flight, shuttle carrier aircraft/Enterprise (OV-101) from MSFC to KSC (1 hour, 52 minutes).

1979 April 10 - . 17:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
1979 April 11 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg WTR. Launch Platform: SSBN 599. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3.
  • Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1979 April 11 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg WTR. Launch Platform: SSBN 599. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3.
  • Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1979 April 11 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg WTR. Launch Platform: SSBN 599. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3.
  • Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1979 April 11 - . 10:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere/Plasma mission - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 180 km (110 mi).

1979 April 11 - . 21:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1092 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Tsikada. USAF Sat Cat: 11326 . COSPAR: 1979-030A. Apogee: 1,005 km (624 mi). Perigee: 959 km (595 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 104.70 min. Civilian naval navigation satellite..

1979 April 12 - . 00:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M.
  • Molniya 1-43 - . Payload: Molniya-1T. Mass: 1,600 kg (3,500 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Molniya. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-2. Spacecraft: Molniya-1T. Decay Date: 1989-12-09 . USAF Sat Cat: 11328 . COSPAR: 1979-031A. Apogee: 39,936 km (24,815 mi). Perigee: 199 km (123 mi). Inclination: 64.0000 deg. Period: 713.40 min. Uncertain if Molniya-1T model was Molniya-1 or Molniya-1T. Operation of the long-range telephone and telegraph radiocommunications system in the USSR; transmission of television programmes to stations in the Orbita network..

1979 April 12 - .
1979 April 13 - . 22:05 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C.
  • Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 268 km (166 mi).

1979 April 14 - . 05:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Vostok 8A92M.
  • Cosmos 1093 - . Payload: Tselina-D no. 20. Mass: 4,000 kg (8,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Tselina. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-D. Decay Date: 2000-03-23 . USAF Sat Cat: 11331 . COSPAR: 1979-032A. Apogee: 487 km (302 mi). Perigee: 474 km (294 mi). Inclination: 81.2000 deg. Period: 94.20 min.

1979 April 14 - . 18:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere/Plasma mission - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 175 km (108 mi).

1979 April 15 - . 09:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1979 April 15 - . 09:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Malemute. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Malemute.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 671 km (416 mi).

1979 April 16 - .
  • SSME 2006, flight engine delivered for acceptance - . Nation: USA. Program: STS. Space shuttle main engine 2006, flight engine delivered to NSTL, for acceptance test firing.

1979 April 17 - . 21:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 88 km (54 mi).

1979 April 18 - .
  • Complete left-hand OMS/RCS Phase I qualification - . Nation: USA. Program: STS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft Bus: Shuttle. Spacecraft: Enterprise. Complete left-hand OMS/RCS Phase I qualification, WSTF May 1 Enterprise (OV-101)/ ET/SRBs mated on mobile launcher platform,.

1979 April 18 - . 09:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Malemute. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Malemute.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1979 April 18 - . 09:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1979 April 18 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC90/19. Launch Pad: LC90/pad?. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-2.
  • Cosmos 1094 - . Mass: 3,000 kg (6,600 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: EORSAT. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Kosmoplan. Spacecraft: US-P. Decay Date: 1979-09-30 . USAF Sat Cat: 11333 . COSPAR: 1979-033A. Apogee: 442 km (274 mi). Perigee: 426 km (264 mi). Inclination: 65.0000 deg. Period: 93.30 min. Ocean monitoring..

1979 April 19 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC106. LV Family: R-36M. Launch Vehicle: R-36M 15A14.
  • DP - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1979 April 19 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF21. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3.
  • Research and development launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi). A Minuteman III production verification missile (PVM-17) was launched from Vanden-berg AFB to the Kwajalein missile range. It successfully deployed two Mark 12A reentry vehicles. .

1979 April 19 - . Launch Site: Tonopah. Launch Vehicle: Malemute.
  • Malemute II test - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 165 km (102 mi).

1979 April 20 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC81/24.
  • TKS VA s/n 008 - . Payload: TKS VA s/n 008. Mass: 4,250 kg (9,360 lb). Nation: Russia. Program: Almaz. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: TKS VA s/n 008. Spacecraft Bus: TKS. Spacecraft: TKS VA .

    On 20 April 1979 LVI-4 VA (VA s/n 103 and s/n 008) was awaiting launch. The booster ignited, but then shut down on the pad. This triggered the launch escape system, which pulled the top capsule away from the booster. The parachute system failed and the capsule crashed to the ground. The lower capsule remained in the rocket. The top capsule was to have been manned, but the inability to demonstrate two consecutive failure-free launches of the Proton/TKS-VA combination made that (luckily) impossible.


1979 April 20 - .
  • TKS VA s/n 103 - . Payload: TKS VA s/n 103. Mass: 4,250 kg (9,360 lb). Nation: Russia. Program: Almaz. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Spacecraft Bus: TKS. Spacecraft: TKS VA .

1979 April 20 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC81/24. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K. FAILURE: Engines ignited but immediately shut down on launch pad. Booster could be reused with new payload.. Failed Stage: 1.
  • Payload: TKS VA s/n 008. Nation: Russia. Program: Almaz. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Spacecraft Bus: TKS. Spacecraft: TKS VA . Decay Date: 1979-05-23 . USAF Sat Cat: 11362 . Apogee: 223 km (138 mi). Perigee: 193 km (119 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 88.70 min.

1979 April 20 - . 11:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Cosmos 1095 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-6U. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1979-05-04 . USAF Sat Cat: 11335 . COSPAR: 1979-034A. Apogee: 379 km (235 mi). Perigee: 199 km (123 mi). Inclination: 72.8000 deg. Period: 90.30 min. Photo surveillance; returned film capsule..

1979 April 21 - . 10:10 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 317 km (196 mi).

1979 April 22 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Koroni. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 82 km (50 mi).

1979 April 23 - . 17:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: UNKO. Launch Platform: PRILIV. Launch Vehicle: MMR-06.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: GMS. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1979 April 24 - . LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3.
  • The Program Management Responsibility Transfer Working Group (PMRTWG) extended the completion dates of seven residual tasks related to the Minuteman Wing IV Update Program. - .

1979 April 24 - . 20:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Koroni. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 84 km (52 mi).

1979 April 25 - .
  • SAMSO awarded $200,000 contracts to five companies - RCA, GE, Rockwell International, Lockheed, and Hughes - to do conceptual studies on a DMSP Block 6 satellite. - . Spacecraft: DMSP Block 5D. The studies were finished in September, but by that time there were indications that the White House might disapprove the development of Block Six and order development of a shuttle-compatible Block 5D instead..

1979 April 25 - . 03:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC200/40. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K/DM.
  • Raduga 5 - . Payload: Raduga s/n 15L. Mass: 1,940 kg (4,270 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-3. Spacecraft: Raduga . Completed Operations Date: 1982-05-27 . USAF Sat Cat: 11343 . COSPAR: 1979-035A. Apogee: 35,802 km (22,246 mi). Perigee: 35,785 km (22,235 mi). Inclination: 11.9000 deg. Period: 1,436.50 min.

    Provision of uninterrupted round the clock telephone and telegraph radiocommunication in the USSR and simultaneous transmission of colour and black-and-white USSR central television programmes to stations in the Orbita network. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 85 deg E in 1979-1982 As of 29 August 2001 located at 84.16 deg E drifting at 0.043 deg E per day. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 65.45E drifting at 0.034E degrees per day.


1979 April 25 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC90/19. Launch Pad: LC90/pad?. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-2.
  • Cosmos 1096 - . Mass: 3,000 kg (6,600 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: EORSAT. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Kosmoplan. Spacecraft: US-P. Decay Date: 1979-11-24 . USAF Sat Cat: 11346 . COSPAR: 1979-036A. Apogee: 442 km (274 mi). Perigee: 428 km (265 mi). Inclination: 65.1000 deg. Period: 93.30 min. Ocean monitoring..

1979 April 25 - . 12:24 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1979 April 26 - .
  • SAMSO terminated the SIRE (Satellite Infrared Experiment) contract with Lockheed because of large cost overruns. - . Spacecraft Bus: P. Spacecraft: P80-2.

    The SIRE payload was to have been launched on flight P80-2 and was to have measured the long wave infrared signatures of space objects against the stellar background. SAMSO began to develop a program to fly the SIRE sensor on space shuttle sortie missions around the mid-1980s.


1979 April 26 - . 23:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Koroni. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 84 km (52 mi).

1979 April 27 - . 17:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/3. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Cosmos 1097 - . Payload: Yantar-4K1 s/n 1. Mass: 6,600 kg (14,500 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Yantar. Spacecraft: Yantar-4K1. Duration: 30.00 days. Decay Date: 1979-05-27 . USAF Sat Cat: 11348 . COSPAR: 1979-037A. Apogee: 331 km (205 mi). Perigee: 173 km (107 mi). Inclination: 62.8000 deg. Period: 89.50 min. First flight test of Yantar-4K1 satellite. Returned as planned after 30 days. High resolution photo reconnaissance; returned film in two small SpK capsules during the mission and with the main capsule at completion of the mission..

1979 April 28 - . 01:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1979 April 29 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Koroni. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1979 April 30 - . 18:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 67 km (41 mi).

1979 May 1 - . LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Space Shuttle.
  • First shuttle roll-out - . Nation: USA. Non-flight shuttle Enterprise, mated to External Tank number 2, and two inert solid rocket motors, is rolled out to LC39A for facility checks..

1979 May - . LV Family: Peacekeeper.
  • SAMSO's Deputy for ICBMs created a Multiple Protective Structure Deployment Area Selection Working group to coordinate site selection and land acquisition for deployment of Missile X. - .

1979 May - .
  • NATO's Infrastructure Committee held a series of meetings to decide who would manage acquisition of the NATO IV spacecraft. The committee passed up SAMSO and opted for the United Kingdom's RAE. - . Spacecraft Bus: ECS-Bus. Spacecraft: NATO 4A, 4B.

1979 May 2 - . 22:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Koroni. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 82 km (50 mi).

1979 May 3 - . 02:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 84 km (52 mi).

1979 May 4 - .
  • Fifth static firing, MPTA-098, flight nozzles - . Nation: USA. Program: STS. Fifth static firing, MPTA-098, NSTL, flight nozzles 1.5 seconds.

1979 May 4 - . 18:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC36A. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas SLV-3D Centaur.
  • Fltsatcom 2 - . Mass: 1,884 kg (4,153 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: Fltsatcom. Completed Operations Date: 1992-02-12 . USAF Sat Cat: 11353 . COSPAR: 1979-038A. Apogee: 36,331 km (22,574 mi). Perigee: 36,227 km (22,510 mi). Inclination: 13.5000 deg. Period: 1,461.30 min.

    The second FLTSATCOM satellite was successfully launched from Cape Canaveral, Florida, on board an Atlas/Centaur booster. Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C). Launch vehicle put payload into geosynchronous transfer orbit Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 23 deg W in 1979-1980; 72 deg E in 1980-1992 As of 5 September 2001 located at 90.48 deg W drifting at 6.234 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 9 located at 12.01W drifting at 6.223W degrees per day.


1979 May 5 - . 00:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Starute, Datasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1979 May 7 - .
  • DSCS II satellite 9437 lost its #2 narrow coverage high level travelling wave tube amplifier (TWTA). - . Spacecraft: DSCS II. Since the #1 narrow coverage high level TWTA had already failed, the satellite became unable to provide narrow coverage communications support and had to be placed in on-orbit storage..

1979 May 7 - . 14:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Thule AFB. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 72 km (44 mi).

1979 May 8 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Eareckson. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 55 km (34 mi).

1979 May 9 - . 18:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Point Mugu. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1979 May 10 - .
  • Deliver right-hand OMS/RCS for Columbia - . Nation: USA. Program: STS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft Bus: Shuttle. Spacecraft: Columbia. Deliver right-hand OMS/RCS from McDonnell Douglas, St. Louis, to KSC, Columbia (OV-102).

1979 May 11 - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: RH. Launch Vehicle: RH-200.
  • Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1979 May 11 - . 19:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 56 km (34 mi).

1979 May 12 - . 17:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 65 km (40 mi).

1979 May 13 - . 04:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Progress 6 - . Payload: Progress s/n 106. Mass: 7,014 kg (15,463 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Salyut 6. Class: Manned. Type: Manned logistics spacecraft. Flight: Soyuz 32. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Progress. Duration: 27.61 days. Completed Operations Date: 1979-06-09 18:52:36 . Decay Date: 1979-06-09 18:52:36 . USAF Sat Cat: 11356 . COSPAR: 1979-039A. Apogee: 247 km (153 mi). Perigee: 190 km (110 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 88.80 min.

    Unmanned supply vessel to Salyut 6. Delivery of fuel, consumable materials and equipment to the Salyut 6 station. Docked with Salyut 6 on 15 May 1979 06:19:22 GMT. Undocked on 8 Jun 1979 07:59:41 GMT. Destroyed in reentry on 9 Jun 1979 18:52:46 GMT. Total free-flight time 3.54 days. Total docked time 24.07 days.


1979 May 14 - . 13:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Antigua. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 72 km (44 mi).

1979 May 15 - .
  • Deliver left-hand OMS/RCS for Columbia - . Nation: USA. Program: STS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft Bus: Shuttle. Spacecraft: Columbia. Deliver left-hand OMS/RCS from McDonnell Douglas to KSC, Columbia (OV-102).

1979 May 15 - . 11:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Cosmos 1098 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-4MKM. Duration: 13.00 days. Decay Date: 1979-05-28 . USAF Sat Cat: 11358 . COSPAR: 1979-040A. Apogee: 354 km (219 mi). Perigee: 170 km (100 mi). Inclination: 72.9000 deg. Period: 89.80 min. High resolution photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; maneuverable; also performed earth resources tasks..

1979 May 16 - . 21:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Koroni. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 82 km (50 mi).

1979 May 17 - . 07:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/4. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Cosmos 1099 - . Payload: Zenit-4MKT no. 8. Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Resurs. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-4MKT. Duration: 13.00 days. Decay Date: 1979-05-30 . USAF Sat Cat: 11360 . COSPAR: 1979-041A. Apogee: 247 km (153 mi). Perigee: 215 km (133 mi). Inclination: 81.4000 deg. Period: 89.10 min. Investigation of the natural resources of the earth in the interests of various branches of the national economy of the USSR and international cooperation..

1979 May 18 - . 22:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Koroni. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 84 km (52 mi).

1979 May 19 - . 22:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Koroni. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 88 km (54 mi).

1979 May 21 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC170. LV Family: MR-UR-100. Launch Vehicle: MR-UR-100U 15A16.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1979 May 21 - . 05:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Astrobee. Launch Vehicle: Astrobee F.
  • UIT Prototype Astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 226 km (140 mi).

1979 May 21 - . 06:40 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Astrobee. Launch Vehicle: Astrobee F.
  • Astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 240 km (140 mi).

1979 May 22 - . 23:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC81/24. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K.
  • Cosmos 1100 - . Payload: TKS VA s/n 102P. Mass: 4,250 kg (9,360 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Almaz. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Cosmos 1100. Spacecraft Bus: TKS. Spacecraft: TKS VA . Duration: 0.0600 days. Decay Date: 1979-05-23 . USAF Sat Cat: 11362 . COSPAR: 1979-042A. Apogee: 222 km (137 mi). Perigee: 193 km (119 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 88.60 min.

    The Proton launch vehicle that shut down on the original LVI-4 launch attempt was undamaged, and just a month later, with a switch of payload, LVI-4 was orbited as Cosmos 1100 and 1101. The pair launched were the 102P/102L twins from LVI-3. One capsule failed when the automatic system suffered an electrical distribution failure and it did not land correctly, spending two orbits in space, while the other landed as planned after one orbit. The launch again successfully demonstrated the reusability of the VA capsule. Plans to launch the upper capsule manned were scrubbed due to the inability to get two consecutive failure-free launches of the Proton/TKS-VA.

  • Cosmos 1101 - . Payload: TKS VA s/n 102L. Mass: 4,250 kg (9,360 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Almaz. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Spacecraft Bus: TKS. Spacecraft: TKS VA. Decay Date: 1979-05-23 . USAF Sat Cat: 11363 . COSPAR: 1979-042B. Apogee: 222 km (137 mi). Perigee: 193 km (119 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 88.60 min. Test of TKS-VA manned capsule. Two satellites launched by a single rocket..

1979 May 23 - . 23:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Koroni. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 89 km (55 mi).

1979 May 24 - . 22:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Koroni. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1979 May 25 - . 07:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC41/1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Cosmos 1102 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-2M satellite. Duration: 13.00 days. Decay Date: 1979-06-07 . USAF Sat Cat: 11368 . COSPAR: 1979-043A. Apogee: 260 km (160 mi). Perigee: 212 km (131 mi). Inclination: 81.3000 deg. Period: 89.20 min.

    Zenit-2M area survey photo reconnaissance satellite used for earth resources studies as part of 'Gektor-Priroda' project. Nauka subsatellite 32KS jettisoned into independent orbit in the course of the mission. Investigation of the natural resources of the earth in the interests of various branches of the national economy of the USSR and international cooperation.

  • Nauka Cosmos 1102 - . Payload: Nauka. Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Spacecraft: Nauka. Decay Date: 1979-07-13 . USAF Sat Cat: 11390 . COSPAR: 1979-043D. Apogee: 180 km (110 mi). Perigee: 162 km (100 mi). Inclination: 81.3000 deg. Period: 87.91 min.

1979 May 26 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 631. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Poseidon C3.
  • Demonstration and shakedown operations launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1979 May 27 - . 21:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Koroni. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 79 km (49 mi).

1979 May 28 - . 18:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC4W. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 24B.
  • OPS 7164 - . Payload: KH-8 no. 50 / Agena D. Mass: 4,000 kg (8,800 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO, USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: WS-117. Spacecraft: KH-8. Decay Date: 1979-08-26 . USAF Sat Cat: 11372 . COSPAR: 1979-044A. Apogee: 285 km (177 mi). Perigee: 131 km (81 mi). Inclination: 96.4000 deg. Period: 88.70 min. KH-8 type satellite. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A). .

1979 May 29 - . 21:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Koroni. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 81 km (50 mi).

1979 May 30 - .
  • ET used for ground vibration to be refurbished. - . Nation: USA. Program: STS. Deliver ET used in mated vertical ground vibration test from MSFC to Martin Marietta for refurbishment.

1979 May 31 - .
  • Avco received a contract for an Instrumented Test Vehicle (ITV) that would be used in testing anti-satellite weapons. The basic contract was valued at $15.162 million. - . Spacecraft Bus: SRAM. Spacecraft: ASAT.

1979 May 31 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: MR-UR-100. Launch Vehicle: MR-UR-100U 15A16.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1979 May 31 - . 16:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Cosmos 1103 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-6U. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1979-06-14 . USAF Sat Cat: 11376 . COSPAR: 1979-045A. Apogee: 375 km (233 mi). Perigee: 257 km (159 mi). Inclination: 62.8000 deg. Period: 90.80 min. Photo surveillance; returned film capsule..

1979 May 31 - . 17:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1104 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 11378 . COSPAR: 1979-046A. Apogee: 1,005 km (624 mi). Perigee: 956 km (594 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 104.70 min. Military navigation satellite..

1979 Jun - .
  • A DMSP shipboard terminal was installed on the aircraft carrier USS Midway. - . Spacecraft: DMSP Block 5D.

1979 June 1 - . LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3.
  • HQ USAF directed the configuration of the installation of Minuteman C equipment integration. - .

1979 Jun - . LV Family: Shuttle.
  • SAMSO Det 2 was established at NASA's Johnson Space Center to train AF officers to become space shuttle mission controllers. - .

1979 Jun - .
  • A procurement contract with Goodyear Aerospace Corporation for the Range Only Correlation System (ROCS), a candidate position-fixing system for the AMaRV, was initiated. - . Spacecraft Bus: ABRES. Spacecraft: AMaRV.

1979 Jun - . LV Family: Peacekeeper.
  • President Jimmy Carter announced his decision to authorize full-scale engineering development (FSED) of the 92-inch Missile X. However, he deferred a decision on the basing mode. - .

1979 June 1 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1979 June 2 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Astrobee. Launch Vehicle: Astrobee F.
  • NRL far ultraviolet Spectrograph Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1979 June 2 - . 23:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA3A. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout D-1.
  • Ariel 6 - . Payload: UK 6. Mass: 154 kg (339 lb). Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft: Ariel. Decay Date: 1990-09-23 . USAF Sat Cat: 11382 . COSPAR: 1979-047A. Apogee: 383 km (237 mi). Perigee: 372 km (231 mi). Inclination: 55.0000 deg. Period: 92.10 min. Detection of heavy cosmic particles and X-ray astronomy. Launch time 2326 GMT. Also registered by the United States in ST/SG/SER.E/26, with parameters 97.2 min, 601 x 653 km x 55.0 deg, category A. .

1979 June 4 - . 14:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC43. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1979 June 5 - .
  • The Defense Systems Acquisition Review Council recommended that the Air Force be allowed to undertake full-scale development of the Global Positioning System. - . Spacecraft: Navstar. The Secretary of Defense implemented this recommendation in a memorandum dated 24 August. The same memorandum authorized the Air Force to integrate IONDS packages into the GPS satellites..

1979 June 5 - . 17:15 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C.
  • Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 325 km (201 mi).

1979 June 5 - . 23:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/4. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M.
  • Molniya 3-12 - . Payload: Molniya-3 s/n 21. Mass: 1,600 kg (3,500 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Molniya. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-2. Spacecraft: Molniya-3. Decay Date: 1992-09-26 . USAF Sat Cat: 11384 . COSPAR: 1979-048A. Apogee: 19,362 km (12,030 mi). Perigee: 126 km (78 mi). Inclination: 63.0000 deg. Period: 339.60 min. Continued operation of the long-range telephone and telegraph radio-communication system; transmission of USSR central television programmes to stations in the Orbita network and international cooperation. .

1979 June 6 - . 18:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Soyuz 34 - . Call Sign: Proton (Proton ). Payload: Soyuz 7K-T s/n 50. Mass: 6,800 kg (14,900 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Salyut 6. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Soyuz 32. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-T. Duration: 73.76 days. Decay Date: 1979-08-19 . USAF Sat Cat: 11387 . COSPAR: 1979-049A. Apogee: 254 km (157 mi). Perigee: 192 km (119 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 88.90 min.

    Docked with Salyut 6. Launched unmanned to provide return vehicle for Soyuz 32 crew of Lyakhov/Ryumin after Soyuz 33 primary propulsion system failure. Checked the operation of the spacecraft propulsion unit; transportated the crew of the Salyut-6 station back to earth.


1979 June 6 - . 18:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC10W. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor DSV-2U.
  • AMS 4 - . Payload: DMSP 5D S-5 / OPS 5390. Mass: 513 kg (1,130 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Program: DMSP. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft: DMSP Block 5D. USAF Sat Cat: 11389 . COSPAR: 1979-050A. Apogee: 826 km (513 mi). Perigee: 805 km (500 mi). Inclination: 98.6000 deg. Period: 101.20 min. A Thor LV-2F booster successfully launched the fourth DMSP Block 5D-1 satellite into low earth orbit. The launch site was Space Launch Complex 10, Vandenberg AFB, California. Defense Meteorological Satellite Program..

1979 June 7 - . 10:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Bhaskara 1 - . Payload: SEO. Mass: 441 kg (972 lb). Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft: Bhaskara. Decay Date: 1989-02-17 . USAF Sat Cat: 11392 . COSPAR: 1979-051A. Apogee: 399 km (247 mi). Perigee: 394 km (244 mi). Inclination: 50.7000 deg. Period: 92.50 min. Launched from a cosmodrome in the USSR. Experimental satellite for conducting earth resources survey over India. .

1979 June 8 - . 07:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC41/1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Cosmos 1105 - . Payload: Zenit-4MKT no. 9. Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Resurs. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-4MKT. Duration: 13.00 days. Decay Date: 1979-06-21 . USAF Sat Cat: 11394 . COSPAR: 1979-052A. Apogee: 254 km (157 mi). Perigee: 212 km (131 mi). Inclination: 81.4000 deg. Period: 89.20 min. Investigation of the natural resources of the earth in the interests of various branches of the national economy of the USSR and international cooperation..

1979 June 8 - . 18:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 657. LV Family: Trident. Launch Vehicle: Trident C-4.
  • PEM-3 operational test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1979 June 9 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kerguelen. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 88 km (54 mi).

1979 June 10 - . 13:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC40. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan IIIC.
  • IMEWS 10 - . Payload: DSP MOS/PIM s/n 11 / OPS 7484. Mass: 1,170 kg (2,570 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Early warning satellite. Spacecraft: DSP. Completed Operations Date: 1984-06-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 11397 . COSPAR: 1979-053A. Apogee: 35,854 km (22,278 mi). Perigee: 35,712 km (22,190 mi). Inclination: 1.8000 deg. Period: 1,435.90 min.

    First Multi-Orbit Satellite / Performance Improvement ballistic missile launch detection satellite, remained in service for nearly six years. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit over the Pacific Ocean at 135 deg W in 1979-1982; 85 deg W in 1982-1984; 135 deg W in 1984; 125 deg W in 1985..


1979 June 11 - . 14:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Antigua. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 64 km (39 mi).

1979 June 12 - .
  • Fifth static firing, MPTA-098, flight nozzles - . Nation: USA. Program: STS. Fifth static firing, MPTA-098, NSTL, flight nozzles (54 seconds, early cutoff, accelerometer filters).

1979 June 12 - . 07:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/4. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Cosmos 1106 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-2M satellite. Duration: 13.00 days. Decay Date: 1979-06-25 . USAF Sat Cat: 11399 . COSPAR: 1979-054A. Apogee: 237 km (147 mi). Perigee: 216 km (134 mi). Inclination: 81.4000 deg. Period: 89.10 min.

    Zenit-2M area survey photo reconnaissance satellite used for earth resources studies as part of 'Gektor-Priroda' project. Investigation of the natural resources of the earth in the interests of various branches of the national economy of the USSR and international cooperation.

  • Nauka Cosmos 1106 - . Payload: Nauka?. Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Spacecraft: Nauka. Decay Date: 1979-06-30 . USAF Sat Cat: 11415 . COSPAR: 1979-054D. Apogee: 204 km (126 mi). Perigee: 197 km (122 mi). Inclination: 81.3000 deg. Period: 88.50 min.

1979 June 13 - . LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Space Shuttle.
  • QM-1 Shuttle SRB qualification static firing - . Nation: USA. The fifth firing of a shuttle Solid Rocket Booster motor..

1979 June 13 - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: Eridan.
  • Ariane range test - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 350 km (210 mi).

1979 June 14 - .
  • Carter and Brezhnev sign SALT II agreement - . Nation: International.

1979 June 14 - . LV Family: Atlas.
  • SAMSO awarded the McDonnell Douglas Astronautics Company a contract for two SGS-II upper stage vehicles, with an option for five more. The vehicles would be used with Atlas boosters to launch GPS. - . Spacecraft: Navstar.

1979 June 15 - .
  • First SRB qualification firing - . Nation: USA. Program: STS. First SRB qualification firing, Thiokol, Utah, 122 seconds; nozzle extension severed at end of run as in actual mission; full cycle gimbal.

1979 June 15 - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: RH. Launch Vehicle: RH-200.
  • Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1979 June 15 - . 10:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Cosmos 1107 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-6U. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1979-06-29 . USAF Sat Cat: 11404 . COSPAR: 1979-055A. Apogee: 301 km (187 mi). Perigee: 198 km (123 mi). Inclination: 72.9000 deg. Period: 89.50 min. Photo surveillance; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1979 June 15 - . 18:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 170 km (100 mi).

1979 June 15 - .
1979 June 16 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kerguelen. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 88 km (54 mi).

1979 June 18 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kerguelen. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 73 km (45 mi).

1979 June 19 - . 18:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 657. LV Family: Trident. Launch Vehicle: Trident C-4.
  • PEM-2 operational test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1979 June 20 - . 21:02 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 98 km (60 mi).

1979 June 21 - .
  • Start assembly crew module, Challenger (OV-099) - . Nation: USA. Program: STS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft Bus: Shuttle. Spacecraft: Challenger.

1979 June 21 - . 05:25 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C.
  • Astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 215 km (133 mi).

1979 June 22 - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: RH. Launch Vehicle: RH-200.
  • Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1979 June 22 - . 07:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/4. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Cosmos 1108 - . Payload: Zenit-4MKT no. 10. Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Resurs. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-4MKT. Duration: 13.00 days. Decay Date: 1979-07-05 . USAF Sat Cat: 11413 . COSPAR: 1979-056A. Apogee: 245 km (152 mi). Perigee: 214 km (132 mi). Inclination: 81.3000 deg. Period: 89.10 min. Investigation of the natural resources of the earth in the interests of various branches of the national economy of the USSR and international cooperation..

1979 June 23 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: UNKO. Launch Platform: SHOK. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 88 km (54 mi).

1979 June 24 - . Launch Site: , Vandenberg. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas F.
  • Atlas booster 25F successfully launched NASA's NOAA-A satellite from Vandenberg AFB, California. - .

1979 June 24 - . 17:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Sriharikota. LV Family: RH. Launch Vehicle: RH-560.
  • X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 332 km (206 mi).

1979 June 25 - . LV Family: Shuttle, Titan. Launch Vehicle: Shuttle, Titan 34D.
  • The small rocket motor for the Inertial Upper Stage was test fired at the Arnold Engineering Development Center. This was the first development test firing of the small motor. - .

1979 June 25 - . 12:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: UNKO. Launch Platform: SHOK. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 88 km (54 mi).

1979 June 26 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: MR-UR-100. Launch Vehicle: MR-UR-100U 15A16.
  • SLI? - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1979 June 27 - . 15:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC3W. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas F.
  • NOAA 6 - . Payload: NOAA A. Mass: 723 kg (1,593 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NOAA. Program: Tiros. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft: Tiros N. USAF Sat Cat: 11416 . COSPAR: 1979-057A. Apogee: 800 km (490 mi). Perigee: 785 km (487 mi). Inclination: 98.6000 deg. Period: 100.70 min. Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C)..

1979 June 27 - . 18:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC41/1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M.
  • Cosmos 1109 - . Payload: Oko #11. Mass: 2,030 kg (4,470 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Early warning satellite. Spacecraft: Oko. USAF Sat Cat: 11417 . COSPAR: 1979-058A. Apogee: 36,998 km (22,989 mi). Perigee: 3,228 km (2,005 mi). Inclination: 68.2000 deg. Period: 715.20 min. Covered Oko constellation plane 9 - 237 degree longitude of ascending node..

1979 June 28 - . 09:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Progress 7 - . Payload: Progress s/n 107. Mass: 7,014 kg (15,463 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Salyut 6. Class: Manned. Type: Manned logistics spacecraft. Flight: Soyuz 32. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Progress. Duration: 21.69 days. Completed Operations Date: 1979-07-20 01:57:19 . Decay Date: 1979-07-20 01:57:19 . USAF Sat Cat: 11421 . COSPAR: 1979-059A. Apogee: 251 km (155 mi). Perigee: 186 km (115 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 88.80 min.

    Unmanned supply vessel to Salyut 6. Delivery of fuel, consumable materials and equipment to the Salyut 6 station. Docked with Salyut 6 on 30 Jun 1979 11:18:22 GMT. Undocked on 18 Jul 1979 03:49:55 GMT. Destroyed in reentry on 20 Jul 1979 01:57:30 GMT. Total free-flight time 4.0 days. Total docked time 17.69 days.

  • KRT-10 - . Payload: KRT-10. Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Salyut 6. Flight: Soyuz 32. Spacecraft: KRT-10. Decay Date: 1979-08-26 . USAF Sat Cat: 11493 . COSPAR: 1977-097BD. Apogee: 385 km (239 mi). Perigee: 359 km (223 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 91.99 min. 10 m diameter radio telescope. Attached to Salyut 6 docking hatch and deployed after separation of Progress from Mir..

1979 June 28 - . 20:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1110 - . Mass: 750 kg (1,650 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Strela-2M. USAF Sat Cat: 11425 . COSPAR: 1979-060A. Apogee: 797 km (495 mi). Perigee: 775 km (481 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 100.60 min.

1979 June 29 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC170. LV Family: MR-UR-100. Launch Vehicle: MR-UR-100U 15A16.
  • Operational test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1979 June 29 - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: RH. Launch Vehicle: RH-200.
  • Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1979 June 29 - . 08:15 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VB.
  • JHU FOT 3 Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 238 km (147 mi).

1979 June 29 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Cosmos 1111 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-6U. Duration: 15.00 days. Decay Date: 1979-07-14 . USAF Sat Cat: 11429 . COSPAR: 1979-061A. Apogee: 354 km (219 mi). Perigee: 255 km (158 mi). Inclination: 62.8000 deg. Period: 90.60 min. Photo surveillance; returned film capsule..

1979 June 30 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kerguelen. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 88 km (54 mi).

1979 Jul - . LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3.
  • The Minuteman Airborne Launch Control System (ALCS) Phase III underwent a successful system design review (SDR) at the Boeing facility. - .

1979 Jul - . Launch Site: Minot AFB. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3.
  • A successful technical acceptance demonstration (TAD) of the Mark 12A reentry system was held at Minot AFB, North Dakota with a newly installed Mark 12A trainer. - .

1979 July 1 - .
  • Installation of Mark IIA terminals for the DMSP Program was completed. The Mark IIA terminals had been created by reconfiguring and improving the Mark I and II transportable terminals. - . Spacecraft: DMSP Block 5D.

1979 July 1 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S613. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M20.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 600 km (370 mi).

1979 July 2 - . LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Space Shuttle.
  • Major Shuttle SSME failure - . Nation: USA. Engine 2002 explodes violently during a test run due to a hydrogen leak. The MPTA test article sustains major structural damage due to overpressure of the heat shield support..

1979 July 2 - .
  • Sixth static firing, MPTA-098, flight nozzles. - . Nation: USA. Program: STS. Sixth static firing, MPTA-098, NSTL, flight nozzles (19 seconds, early cutoff-main fuel valve rupture).

1979 July 3 - .
  • SAMSO awarded the Hughes Aircraft Company a $21.3 million contract to develop a microwave imager for the DMSP Block 5D-2 satellite. - . Spacecraft: DMSP Block 5D. The imager would measure the intensity of precipitation over land and water, the temperature of the sea surface, the speed of the wind over the ocean, the thickness and extent of sea ice, and the moisture content of the soil..

1979 July 3 - . 16:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C.
  • Solar Corona Solar x-ray telescope mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1979 July 4 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kerguelen. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 89 km (55 mi).

1979 July 5 - .
  • The Reentry Systems Program Office (ABRES) was transferred to the Deputy for ICBMs at Norton AFB, California. - . Related Persons: ABRES.

1979 July 5 - .
  • The final physical configuration audit of the Advanced Maneuvering Reentry Vehicle (AMaRV) flight test vehicle was completed preparatory to a flight test scheduled for November 1979. - . Spacecraft Bus: ABRES. Spacecraft: AMaRV.

1979 July 5 - . 23:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC200/40. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K/DM.
  • Gorizont 2 - . Payload: Gorizont s/n 12L. Mass: 2,100 kg (4,600 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-3. Spacecraft: Gorizont . Completed Operations Date: 1983-12-06 . USAF Sat Cat: 11440 . COSPAR: 1979-062A. Apogee: 35,782 km (22,233 mi). Perigee: 35,777 km (22,230 mi). Inclination: 11.5000 deg. Period: 1,435.80 min.

    Stationed at 14 deg W. Statsionar 4. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 14 deg W in 1979-1981; 90 deg E in 1981-1983 As of 26 August 2001 located at 59.72 deg E drifting at 0.012 deg E per day. As of 2007 Mar 8 located at 84.05E drifting at 0.107W degrees per day.


1979 July 6 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF03. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B.
  • ABRES LBRV-1 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

    The Large Ballistic Recovery Vehicle (LBRV) was launched from Vandenberg AFB to Kwajalein lagoon on a Minuteman 1 booster. The purpose of the experiment was to recover the external shell of a Mark 12A reentry vehicle intact after reentry in order to assess the performance of staple-fiber heatshields. The LBRV was successfully


1979 July 6 - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: RH. Launch Vehicle: RH-200.
  • Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1979 July 6 - . 01:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC29A. Launch Pad: LC29/pad?. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3.
  • Chevaline warhead test launch - . Nation: UK. Agency: RN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1979 July 6 - . 08:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1112 - . Mass: 1,190 kg (2,620 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft Bus: AUOS. Spacecraft: Taifun-2. Decay Date: 1980-01-21 . USAF Sat Cat: 11443 . COSPAR: 1979-063A. Apogee: 541 km (336 mi). Perigee: 357 km (221 mi). Inclination: 50.6000 deg. Period: 93.50 min. Radar calibration. Released 25 Romb radar calibration subsatellites..

1979 July 7 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kerguelen. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1979 July 8 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: UNKO. Launch Platform: SHOK. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 84 km (52 mi).

1979 July 9 - .
  • Voyager 2, Jupiter Flyby - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft: Voyager.

1979 July 10 - . 09:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. Launch Pad: LC1 or LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Cosmos 1113 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-4MKM. Duration: 13.00 days. Decay Date: 1979-07-23 . USAF Sat Cat: 11447 . COSPAR: 1979-064A. Apogee: 330 km (200 mi). Perigee: 173 km (107 mi). Inclination: 65.0000 deg. Period: 89.50 min. High resolution photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1979 July 10 - . 17:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF09. Launch Pad: LF09?. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3.
  • OT GT40GM operational test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1979 July 10 - . 17:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF08. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3.
  • FOT GT68GM Follow-on Test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1979 July 11 - .
  • Skylab Re-Enters Into Earth's Atmosphere - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft: Skylab.

1979 July 11 - .
  • Skylab re-enters the atmosphere - . Nation: USA. Program: Skylab. Spacecraft: Skylab.

    NASA had planned to use Skylab with the space shuttle. Plans for an additional Apollo mission to boost Skylab into a higher orbit for later use by the shuttle were not acted on, since NASA was confident that Skylab would stay in orbit until shuttle flights began in 1978 - 1979. But the shuttle was delayed, and faster atmospheric decay than expected resulted in Skylab crashing to earth before the first shuttle mission was flown. The media went into a frenzy over the event, and debris rained over a large swath of Australia. There was no damage and no injuries, but the publicity made NASA hyper-sensitive in ensuring that future heavy spacecraft were deorbited in a controlled manner.


1979 July 11 - . 15:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1114 - . Mass: 1,080 kg (2,380 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-O. Decay Date: 1981-12-26 . USAF Sat Cat: 11449 . COSPAR: 1979-065A. Apogee: 552 km (342 mi). Perigee: 506 km (314 mi). Inclination: 74.1000 deg. Period: 95.20 min. Replaced Cosmos 924. Possible ELINT satellite..

1979 July 12 - . Launch Vehicle: Shuttle.
  • A special working group with HQ USAF finished a concept of operations for the Consolidated Space Operations Center (CSOC). - . CSOC would serve both the space shuttle program and the Air Force Satellite Control Facility, functioning as a Shuttle Operations and Planning Center and a Satellite Operations Center..

1979 July 12 - . 20:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 89 km (55 mi).

1979 July 13 - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: RH. Launch Vehicle: RH-200.
  • Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1979 July 13 - . 08:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/4. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Cosmos 1115 - . Payload: Zenit-4MKT no. 11. Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Resurs. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-4MKT. Duration: 13.00 days. Decay Date: 1979-07-26 . USAF Sat Cat: 11451 . COSPAR: 1979-066A. Apogee: 235 km (146 mi). Perigee: 217 km (134 mi). Inclination: 81.4000 deg. Period: 89.00 min. Investigation of the natural resources of the earth in the interests of various branches of the national economy of the USSR and international cooperation..

1979 July 14 - . 18:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 657. LV Family: Trident. Launch Vehicle: Trident C-4.
  • PEM-4 test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1979 July 15 - . Launch Site: Jiuquan. Launch Complex: Jiuquan LA2B. Launch Pad: LA2B?. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Dong Feng 5.
  • Nation: China. Agency: PRC. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Other sources say launch was from Taiyuan..

1979 July 16 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF04. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 2.
  • ERCS GIANT MOON 9 operational test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1979 July 16 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S3.
  • Qualification test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1979 July 16 - . 12:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. LV Family: Malemute. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Malemute.
  • PLUMEX I Aeronomy / Chemical release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 590 km (360 mi).

1979 July 17 - .
  • The Data Multiplexing System was declared operational. The system had been installed at various DMSP ground sites, and it allowed payload data and telemetry to be transmitted from one site to another. - . Spacecraft: DMSP Block 5D.

    It also opened up a communication link between the Kaena Point Tracking Station, in Hawaii, and the Air Force Global Weather Central in Nebraska, thereby allowing the Global Weather Central to receive stored weather data from Hawaii as well as from Washington and Maine.


1979 July 17 - . 12:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 81 km (50 mi).

1979 July 18 - . 02:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 81 km (50 mi).

1979 July 19 - . 09:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Starute, Datasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 61 km (37 mi).

1979 July 20 - .
  • Magnavox and Rockwell International were awarded contracts for prototype operational models of Global Positioning System user equipment. The contracts were valued at $63.7 million and $68.1 million. - . Spacecraft: Navstar.

1979 July 20 - . Launch Site: South Uist. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Atomic oxygen Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 149 km (92 mi).

1979 July 20 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1979 July 20 - . Launch Site: South Uist. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Atomic oxygen Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 145 km (90 mi).

1979 July 20 - . Launch Site: South Uist. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Atomic oxygen Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 149 km (92 mi).

1979 July 20 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC172. LV Family: MR-UR-100. Launch Vehicle: MR-UR-100U 15A16.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1979 July 20 - . 11:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Vostok 8A92M.
  • Cosmos 1116 - . Payload: Tselina-D no. 21. Mass: 4,000 kg (8,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Tselina. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-D. Decay Date: 1993-03-11 . USAF Sat Cat: 11457 . COSPAR: 1979-067A. Apogee: 408 km (253 mi). Perigee: 396 km (246 mi). Inclination: 81.2000 deg. Period: 92.60 min.

1979 July 21 - . 01:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1979 July 22 - . 18:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 657. LV Family: Trident. Launch Vehicle: Trident C-4.
  • PEM-5 test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1979 July 23 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC39A.
  • First test STS stack move from VAB to LC39A - . Nation: USA. Program: STS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft Bus: Shuttle. Spacecraft: Enterprise. Enterprise (OV-101), ET, SRBs transported on mobile launcher platform from Launch Complex 39-A to Vehicle Assembly Building at KSC.

1979 July 23 - . 09:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. LV Family: Malemute. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Malemute.
  • PLUMEX II Aeronomy / Chemical release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 580 km (360 mi).

1979 July 25 - . 15:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Cosmos 1117 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-4MKM. Duration: 13.00 days. Decay Date: 1979-08-07 . USAF Sat Cat: 11463 . COSPAR: 1979-068A. Apogee: 325 km (201 mi). Perigee: 177 km (109 mi). Inclination: 62.8000 deg. Period: 89.50 min. High resolution photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1979 July 26 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF26. Launch Pad: LF26?. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3.
  • FOT GT69GB Follow-on Test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1979 July 27 - . 07:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/4. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Cosmos 1118 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-2M satellite. Duration: 13.00 days. Decay Date: 1979-08-09 . USAF Sat Cat: 11465 . COSPAR: 1979-069A. Apogee: 237 km (147 mi). Perigee: 210 km (130 mi). Inclination: 81.3000 deg. Period: 88.90 min.

    Zenit-2M area survey photo reconnaissance satellite used for earth resources studies as part of 'Gektor-Priroda' project. Investigation of the natural resources of the earth in the interests of various branches of the national economy of the USSR and international cooperation.


1979 July 28 - . Launch Site: Jiuquan. Launch Complex: Jiuquan LA2B. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Feng Bao 1. FAILURE: Second stage failure.. Failed Stage: 2.
  • SJ-1 - . Payload: Shi Jian 1. Mass: 221 kg (487 lb). Nation: China. Agency: PRC. Spacecraft: SJ. The SJ-1 was similar in appearance to the American Telstar and conducted communications technology tests..

1979 July 30 - . 13:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Antigua. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 73 km (45 mi).

1979 July 31 - .
  • SAMSO's NATO III Program Office was abolished, bringing the NATO III program to an end. Three satellites had been built and launched during the program, which had cost a total of $79.1 million. - . Spacecraft Bus: NATO. Spacecraft: NATO 3.

1979 July 31 - . 02:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 657. LV Family: Trident. Launch Vehicle: Trident C-4.
  • PEM-6 test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1979 July 31 - . 03:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M.
  • Molniya 1-44 - . Payload: Molniya-1T. Mass: 1,600 kg (3,500 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Molniya. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-2. Spacecraft: Molniya-1T. USAF Sat Cat: 11474 . COSPAR: 1979-070A. Apogee: 39,806 km (24,734 mi). Perigee: 550 km (340 mi). Inclination: 63.3000 deg. Period: 717.80 min. Operation of the long-range telephone and telegraph radiocommunications system in the USSR; transmission of television programmes to stations in the Orbita network. .

1979 July 31 - . 04:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 657. LV Family: Trident. Launch Vehicle: Trident C-4.
  • PEM-7 Demonstration and shakedown operations launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1979 August 1 - .
  • DoD Astronaut Training Group 1 selected. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Casserino, Detroye, Hamel, Higbee, Joseph, Lydon, Payton, Rij, Sefchek, Sundberg, Vidrine, Watterson, Wright, Keith.

    The group was selected to provide shuttle manned spaceflight engineers to operate military payloads.. Qualifications: USAF, Navy, or Army officers with bachelor's degree in science or engineering; four years experience in flying or space-related activities. Vision minimum 20/150 uncorrected, correctable to 20/20. Maximum sitting blood pressure of 140/90. Height between 150 and 193 cm.. 13 were selected from 222 candidates. The existence of the group was secret until 1985.


1979 August 1 - .
  • Death of Louis G Dunn at Mountain Ranch, Calaveras, CA. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Dunn. American engineer. At Ramo-Woolridge headed oversight of development of the Thor, Titan, Atlas, and Minuteman missiles for the USAF.

1979 August 1 - . LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Space Shuttle.
  • Start long-lead fabrication crew module, Discovery - . Nation: USA. Program: STS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft Bus: Shuttle. Spacecraft: Discovery.

1979 Aug - . LV Family: Peacekeeper.
  • At a Missile X horizontal shelter kickoff meeting, SAMSO's ICBM program office directed associate contractors to reorient their activities from vertical to horizontal shelters. - .

1979 Aug - . LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3.
  • SAMSO completed a successful system design review (SDR) of the WS-133A-M Minuteman C system and the common hardware developed by Boeing. - .

1979 August 1 - . Launch Site: Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: UNKPL. Launch Platform: K-140. Launch Vehicle: R-31.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1979 Aug - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Vehicle: Oka.
  • Stage 1, last - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

1979 August 2 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC170. LV Family: MR-UR-100. Launch Vehicle: MR-UR-100U 15A16.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1979 August 3 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF06. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B.
  • ABRES STREP-2 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1979 August 3 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC181. LV Family: MR-UR-100. Launch Vehicle: MR-UR-100U 15A16.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1979 August 3 - . Launch Site: Kostroma. Launch Vehicle: UR-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1979 August 3 - . 09:20 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Astrobee. Launch Vehicle: Astrobee F.
  • FWIR III Aeronomy / infrared astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 172 km (106 mi).

1979 August 3 - . 10:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Cosmos 1119 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-4MT. Duration: 12.00 days. Decay Date: 1979-08-15 . USAF Sat Cat: 11478 . COSPAR: 1979-071A. Apogee: 245 km (152 mi). Perigee: 213 km (132 mi). Inclination: 81.4000 deg. Period: 89.00 min. Military topography satellite; returned film capsule; separated capsule..

1979 August 4 - . 01:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 76 km (47 mi).

1979 August 6 - .
  • Complete limit test (STA-099) - . Nation: USA. Program: STS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft Bus: Shuttle. Spacecraft: Challenger. Complete limit test (STA-099), Lockheed facility, Palmdale.

1979 August 7 - . 17:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1979 August 7 - . 19:50 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • POSTBO ABM technology mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 219 km (136 mi).

1979 August 8 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1979 August 9 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: UNKO. Launch Platform: SHOK. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 92 km (57 mi).

1979 August 10 - .
  • Ferry flight, KSC to Atlanta - . Nation: USA. Program: STS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft Bus: Shuttle. Spacecraft: Enterprise. Ferry flight, shuttle carrier aircraft/Enterprise (OV-101), KSC to Atlanta (1 hour, 55 minutes).

1979 August 10 - . Launch Site: Sriharikota. Launch Complex: Sriharikota SLV. LV Family: SLV. Launch Vehicle: SLV-3. FAILURE: Thrust vectoring of second stage failed.. Failed Stage: 2.
  • Rohini 1A - . Payload: Rohini RS-1. Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: Rohini 1A. Decay Date: 1979-08-19 .

1979 August 10 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. LV Family: Temp-2S. Launch Vehicle: Pioner UTTKh.
  • R&D - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1979 August 10 - . 00:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Delta 2914.
  • Westar 3 - . Mass: 572 kg (1,261 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: WUTC. Program: Westar. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: HS 333. Completed Operations Date: 1990-01-24 . USAF Sat Cat: 11484 . COSPAR: 1979-072A. Apogee: 35,883 km (22,296 mi). Perigee: 35,868 km (22,287 mi). Inclination: 10.2000 deg. Period: 1,440.60 min.

    Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C). Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 91 deg W in 1979-1990 As of 2 September 2001 located at 7.26 deg W drifting at 1.139 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 9 located at 158.25E drifting at 1.129W degrees per day.


1979 August 10 - . 17:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1979 August 11 - .
  • Ferry flight, Atlanta to St. Louis - . Nation: USA. Program: STS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft Bus: Shuttle. Spacecraft: Enterprise. Ferry flight, shuttle carrier aircraft/Enterprise (OV-101), Atlanta to St. Louis (1 hour, 50 minutes).

1979 August 11 - . 09:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. Launch Pad: LC1 or LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Cosmos 1120 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-4MKM. Duration: 13.00 days. Decay Date: 1979-08-24 . USAF Sat Cat: 11485 . COSPAR: 1979-073A. Apogee: 362 km (224 mi). Perigee: 170 km (100 mi). Inclination: 70.6000 deg. Period: 89.80 min. High resolution photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1979 August 12 - .
  • Ferry flight, St. Louis to Tulsa - . Nation: USA. Program: STS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft Bus: Shuttle. Spacecraft: Enterprise. Ferry flight, shuttle carrier aircraft/Enterprise (OV-101), St. Louis to Tulsa (1 hour, 35 minutes).

1979 August 13 - .
  • Ferry flight, Tulsa to Denver - . Nation: USA. Program: STS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft Bus: Shuttle. Spacecraft: Enterprise. Ferry flight, shuttle carrier aircraft/Enterprise (OV-101), Tulsa to Denver (2 hours).

1979 August 14 - .
  • Ferry flight, Denver to Hill AFB, Ogden, Utah - . Nation: USA. Program: STS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft Bus: Shuttle. Spacecraft: Enterprise. Ferry flight, shuttle carrier aircraft/Enterprise (OV-101), Denver to Hill AFB, Ogden, Utah (1 hour, 30 minutes).

1979 August 14 - . 15:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/3. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Cosmos 1121 - . Payload: Yantar-2K s/n 929. Mass: 6,600 kg (14,500 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Yantar. Spacecraft: Yantar-2K. Duration: 30.00 days. Decay Date: 1979-09-13 . USAF Sat Cat: 11487 . COSPAR: 1979-074A. Apogee: 348 km (216 mi). Perigee: 171 km (106 mi). Inclination: 67.2000 deg. Period: 89.70 min. Area survey photo reconnaissance; returned film in two small SpK capsules during the mission and with the main capsule at completion of the mission..

1979 August 14 - . 16:50 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • DMSP MS Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 190 km (110 mi).

1979 August 14 - . 18:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Dummy Orion test - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: SSC. Apogee: 11 km (6 mi).

1979 August 14 - . 20:20 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 170.
  • DMSP UV Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 178 km (110 mi).

1979 August 15 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg.
  • Ferry flight, Ogden to Vandenberg AFB - . Nation: USA. Program: STS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft Bus: Shuttle. Spacecraft: Enterprise. Ferry flight, shuttle carrier aircraft/Enterprise (OV-101), Ogden to Vandenberg AFB (2 hours, 20 minutes).

1979 August 15 - . 14:16 GMT - .
1979 August 16 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards.
  • Ferry flight, Vandenberg AFB to Edwards - . Nation: USA. Program: STS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft Bus: Shuttle. Spacecraft: Enterprise. Ferry flight, shuttle carrier aircraft/Enterprise (OV-101), Vandenberg AFB to Edwards (1 hour, 10 minutes).

1979 August 16 - .
  • Technology Development Corporation, a minority small business, was awarded a contract to upgrade the Ground Communications Network for the DSP program. - . Spacecraft: DSP. The basic contract was valued at $5,251 million, and it carried options valued at $8,555 million. This was the largest contract ever awarded under the federal government's Disadvantaged Business Program..

1979 August 17 - . 07:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/4. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Cosmos 1122 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-2M satellite. Duration: 13.00 days. Decay Date: 1979-08-30 . USAF Sat Cat: 11491 . COSPAR: 1979-075A. Apogee: 227 km (141 mi). Perigee: 208 km (129 mi). Inclination: 81.3000 deg. Period: 88.90 min.

    Zenit-2M area survey photo reconnaissance satellite used for earth resources studies as part of 'Gektor-Priroda' project. Nauka subsatellite 31KS jettisoned into independent orbit in the course of the mission. Investigation of the natural resources of the earth in the interests of various branches of the national economy of the USSR and international cooperation.

  • Cosmos 1122 Nauka - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft: Nauka. COSPAR: 1979-075xx.

1979 August 17 - . 21:15 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Astrobee. Launch Vehicle: Astrobee F.
  • Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 225 km (139 mi).

1979 August 18 - . 07:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 9M.
  • TED / TPI / NEL / PWN Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 365 km (226 mi).

1979 August 19 - . 04:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 77 km (47 mi).

1979 August 19 - .
1979 August 20 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: UNKO. Launch Platform: SHOK. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1979 August 21 - . Launch Site: Jiuquan. Launch Complex: Jiuquan LA2B. Launch Pad: LA2B?. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Dong Feng 5.
  • Nation: China. Agency: PRC. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Other sources say launch was from Taiyuan on 2 August..

1979 August 21 - . 01:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • SSC S27 / 2 Twilight B Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: NASA, SSC. Apogee: 149 km (92 mi).

1979 August 21 - . 11:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC41/1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Cosmos 1123 - . Payload: Zenit-4MKT no. 12. Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Resurs. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-4MKT. Duration: 13.00 days. Decay Date: 1979-09-03 . USAF Sat Cat: 11496 . COSPAR: 1979-076A. Apogee: 236 km (146 mi). Perigee: 211 km (131 mi). Inclination: 81.3000 deg. Period: 88.90 min. Investigation of the natural resources of the earth in the interests of various branches of the national economy of the USSR and international cooperation..

1979 August 22 - . 16:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 155 km (96 mi).

1979 August 23 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards.
  • Enterprise / shuttle carrier demate, Edwards - . Nation: USA. Program: STS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft Bus: Shuttle. Spacecraft: Enterprise. Enterprise (OV-101)/ shuttle carrier demate, Edwards.

1979 August 23 - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 3.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 248 km (154 mi).

1979 August 24 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 86 km (53 mi).

1979 August 25 - . LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 34D.
  • Chemical Systems Division of United Technologies Corporation test fired a 5 segment solid rocket motor at its Coyote Test Facility at San Jose, California. - . This was the first test of the motor, and it was entirely successful. The 5% segment motor was to be used with the new Titan III 34D launch vehicle..

1979 August 25 - . 01:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Tanegashima. Launch Complex: Tanegashima T. LV Family: JCR. Launch Vehicle: TT-500.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: NASDA. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1979 August 27 - .
  • Start long-lead fabrication crew module, Discovery - . Nation: USA. Program: STS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft Bus: Shuttle. Spacecraft: Discovery.

1979 August 28 - . 00:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/4. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M.
  • Cosmos 1124 - . Payload: Oko #12. Mass: 2,030 kg (4,470 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Early warning satellite. Spacecraft: Oko. USAF Sat Cat: 11509 . COSPAR: 1979-077A. Apogee: 35,403 km (21,998 mi). Perigee: 4,913 km (3,052 mi). Inclination: 67.3000 deg. Period: 717.00 min. Replaced Cosmos 1030. Covered Oko constellation plane 4 - 36 degree longitude of ascending node..

1979 August 28 - . 00:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1125 - . Mass: 750 kg (1,650 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Strela-2M. USAF Sat Cat: 11510 . COSPAR: 1979-078A. Apogee: 795 km (493 mi). Perigee: 779 km (484 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 100.60 min.

1979 August 29 - . 00:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 657. LV Family: Trident. Launch Vehicle: Trident C-4.
  • DASO-1? demonstration and shakedown operations launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1979 August 30 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC170. LV Family: MR-UR-100. Launch Vehicle: MR-UR-100U 15A16.
  • SLI? - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1979 August 30 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF21. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3.
  • Research and development launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

    A Minuteman III standard test missile (STM 18-W) was launched from Vandenberg AFB to the Kwajalein missile range. This was the last of ten Minuteman III test flights designed to verify Mark 12A design objectives and the first operational test and evaluation demonstration for the operational Mark 12A system. The test was partially successful.


1979 August 31 - .
  • Complete OMS Phase II qualification tests - . Nation: USA. Program: STS.

1979 August 31 - . 11:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Cosmos 1126 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-6U. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1979-09-14 . USAF Sat Cat: 11515 . COSPAR: 1979-079A. Apogee: 391 km (242 mi). Perigee: 194 km (120 mi). Inclination: 72.8000 deg. Period: 90.40 min. Photo surveillance; returned film capsule..

1979 September 1 - .
1979 Sep - . LV Family: Shuttle.
  • Under Secretary of Defense William J. Perry decided that Teal Ruby would be_ built and flown on the space shuttle in November 1982. - . His decision was made in response to earlier suggestions within DOD that the program be cancelled because of cost overruns..

1979 Sep - .
  • The first Dormant Inertial Navigation System (DINS) flight unit, built by the Avionics Division of Honeywell, Inc. - . Spacecraft Bus: ABRES. Spacecraft: amarv. It was delivered to McDonnell Douglas Astronautics Company for installation xn the second scheduled AMaRV flight test vehicle. DINS was a laser-gyro-based strapdown inertial navigation system intended for use on maneuvering reentry vehicles..

1979 Sep - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Vehicle: Oka.
  • Stage 2, first - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

1979 September 1 - . 04:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC29A. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3.
  • Chevaline warhead test launch - . Nation: UK. Agency: RN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1979 September 3 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Eareckson. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 52 km (32 mi).

1979 September 4 - . LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Space Shuttle.
  • Shuttle SSME Failure - . Nation: USA. In a test run, a liquid oxygen turbopump fails 9.7 seconds into the burn..

1979 September 4 - . Launch Site: Jiuquan. Launch Complex: Jiuquan LA2B. Launch Pad: LA2B?. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Dong Feng 5.
  • Nation: China. Agency: PRC. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Other sources say launch was from Taiyuan..

1979 September 5 - . 10:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC41/1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Cosmos 1127 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Resurs. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Resurs F1-17F41. Duration: 13.00 days. Decay Date: 1979-09-18 . USAF Sat Cat: 11520 . COSPAR: 1979-080A. Apogee: 268 km (166 mi). Perigee: 210 km (130 mi). Inclination: 81.3000 deg. Period: 89.30 min.

    High resolution photo surveillance; film capsule; maneuverable; also performed earth resources tasks. Investigation of the natural resources of the earth in the interests of various branches of the national economy of the USSR and international cooperation.


1979 September 6 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 82 km (50 mi).

1979 September 7 - . LV Family: Peacekeeper.
  • President Jimmy Carter authorized full-scale engineering development (FSED) of a basing mode for Missile X. The basing mode would involve multiple horizontal protective structures. - .

1979 September 7 - . 17:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC43. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 95 km (59 mi).

1979 September 8 - . 02:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 77 km (47 mi).

1979 September 10 - . 17:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1979 September 11 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1979 September 11 - . 01:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 9M.
  • SUV / AUV / NEL / EPA Ionosphere / solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 353 km (219 mi).

1979 September 12 - . 14:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 91 km (56 mi).

1979 September 13 - . LV Family: Peacekeeper.
  • SAMSO exercised contract options to enter full-scale engineering development of all four stages of Missile X, and system development contracts were allowed to terminate on 30 September. - .

1979 September 13 - . 09:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 63 km (39 mi).

1979 September 14 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: MR-UR-100. Launch Vehicle: MR-UR-100U 15A16.
  • SLI? - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1979 September 14 - . 15:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Cosmos 1128 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-4MKM. Duration: 13.00 days. Decay Date: 1979-09-27 . USAF Sat Cat: 11529 . COSPAR: 1979-081A. Apogee: 328 km (203 mi). Perigee: 173 km (107 mi). Inclination: 62.8000 deg. Period: 89.50 min. High resolution photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1979 September 15 - . 11:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Vehicle: S-310.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 166 km (103 mi).

1979 September 16 - .
  • DMSP Satellite F-l was declared non-operational after the second of its two computers went off-line due to a failure in the power subsystem. - . Spacecraft: DMSP Block 5D.

1979 September 16 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Astrobee. Launch Vehicle: Astrobee D.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1979 September 17 - .
  • 37K space station module authorised - . Nation: Russia. Spacecraft: 37KB, 37K-Mir, 37KS, Kvant, LO, NPG.

    The basic 37K design consisted of a 4.2 m diameter pressurised cylinder with a docking port at the forward end. It was not equipped with its own propulsion system. The original authorisation was for a total of eight 37K's of various configurations. Of these, only the 37K-E (Kvant module of Mir) and the 37KS (instrumentation module in Buran) would fly.


1979 September 18 - . 17:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Primrose Lake. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 66 km (41 mi).

1979 September 19 - . 22:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 88 km (54 mi).

1979 September 20 - . 02:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima L. LV Family: Lambda. Launch Vehicle: Lambda 4SC.
  • TVC test - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 82 km (50 mi).

1979 September 20 - . 05:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC36B. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas SLV-3D Centaur.
  • HEAO 3 - . Payload: HEAO C. Mass: 3,150 kg (6,940 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Class: Astronomy. Type: X-ray astronomy satellite. Spacecraft: HEAO. Decay Date: 1981-12-07 . USAF Sat Cat: 11532 . COSPAR: 1979-082A. Apogee: 503 km (312 mi). Perigee: 487 km (302 mi). Inclination: 43.6000 deg. Period: 94.50 min. High Energy Astronomy Observatory; cosmic, gamma ray measurements. Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C)..

1979 September 20 - . 21:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 278 km (172 mi).

1979 September 21 - .
  • SAMSO signed a $24.1 million letter contract for two DMSP spacecraft (F-8 and F-9) and long lead parts for a third (F-10). - . Spacecraft: DMSP Block 5D. The contract incorporated the toughest negative incentives ever inserted into a spacecraft contract up to that time. It was structured in that manner in obedience to new procurement guidelines issued by the AFSC commander, General Slay..

1979 September 21 - . 14:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Thule AFB. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 72 km (44 mi).

1979 September 22 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF06. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B.
  • ABRES ABRV-2 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1979 September 24 - . 11:15 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Astrobee. Launch Vehicle: Astrobee F.
  • JHU UVS Astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 246 km (152 mi).

1979 September 24 - . 20:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C.
  • SSC S29 Barium-GEOS Aurora / chemical release mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: NASA, SSC. Apogee: 397 km (246 mi).

1979 September 25 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF04. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 2.
  • FOT GT138M Follow-on Test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1979 September 25 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Hydac. Launch Vehicle: Sergeant Hydac.
  • HAVE LENT IV ABRES test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 400 km (240 mi).

    The first of two secondary rocket flight tests designated HAVE LENT IV successfully demonstrated the use of aerosol masking dispensers as a penetration aids. The vehicle was a Sergeant-Hydac rocket launched from Barking Sands, Hawaii. Data collection was limited because of erratic behavior of the rocket. The mission was sponsored by ABRES.


1979 September 25 - . 15:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC41/1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Cosmos 1129 - . Payload: Bion no. 5. Mass: 6,000 kg (13,200 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Biology. Type: Biology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Bion. Duration: 18.50 days. Decay Date: 1979-10-14 . USAF Sat Cat: 11536 . COSPAR: 1979-083A. Apogee: 376 km (233 mi). Perigee: 213 km (132 mi). Inclination: 62.8000 deg. Period: 90.40 min.

    Biological experiments; embryo development, radiation medicine. Biosatellite for the continued investigation of the effects of space flight on living organisms. Capsule recovered 52 deg 17 min N, 65 deg 30 min E. Cosmos 1129 satellite carried biological and radiation physics experiment packages from Czechoslovakia, France, Hungary, Poland, Romania, the German Democratic Republic, the U.S. and the U.S.S.R. Additional Details: here....


1979 September 25 - . 21:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1130 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 177. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 11538 . COSPAR: 1979-084A. Apogee: 1,480 km (910 mi). Perigee: 1,398 km (868 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.60 min. Eight satellites launched by a single carrier rocket..
  • Cosmos 1137 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 184. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 11545 . COSPAR: 1979-084H. Apogee: 1,514 km (940 mi). Perigee: 1,473 km (915 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.80 min.
  • Cosmos 1131 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 178. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 11539 . COSPAR: 1979-084B. Apogee: 1,483 km (921 mi). Perigee: 1,411 km (876 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.80 min.
  • Cosmos 1132 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 179. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 11540 . COSPAR: 1979-084C. Apogee: 1,482 km (920 mi). Perigee: 1,426 km (886 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.00 min.
  • Cosmos 1133 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 180. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 11541 . COSPAR: 1979-084D. Apogee: 1,483 km (921 mi). Perigee: 1,439 km (894 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.10 min.
  • Cosmos 1134 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 181. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 11542 . COSPAR: 1979-084E. Apogee: 1,484 km (922 mi). Perigee: 1,454 km (903 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.30 min.
  • Cosmos 1135 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 182. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 11543 . COSPAR: 1979-084F. Apogee: 1,492 km (927 mi). Perigee: 1,462 km (908 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.50 min.
  • Cosmos 1136 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 183. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 11544 . COSPAR: 1979-084G. Apogee: 1,497 km (930 mi). Perigee: 1,473 km (915 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.60 min.

1979 September 26 - . Launch Site: White Sands.
  • A launch of the Multispectral Measurements Program (MSMP) at White Sands Missile Range in Nex Mexico was aborted 30 seconds before lift-off when a sensor falsely reported the nozzle was faulty. - . The launch was postponed until the booster could be recertified..

1979 September 26 - . 03:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5V.
  • Vertikal-8 Solar Ultraviolet/Solar X-ray mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: AN. Apogee: 505 km (313 mi).

1979 September 26 - . 23:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 657. LV Family: Trident. Launch Vehicle: Trident C-4.
  • DASO-2? demonstration and shakedown operations launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1979 September 27 - . LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Space Shuttle.
  • QM-2 Shuttle SRB qualification static firing - . Nation: USA. The sixth firing of a shuttle Solid Rocket Booster motor..

1979 September 27 - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: RH. Launch Vehicle: RH-200.
  • Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1979 September 27 - . 11:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 247 km (153 mi).

1979 September 28 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF08. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3.
  • FOT GT70GM Follow-on Test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1979 September 28 - . 12:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Cosmos 1138 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-6U. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1979-10-12 . USAF Sat Cat: 11548 . COSPAR: 1979-085A. Apogee: 373 km (231 mi). Perigee: 199 km (123 mi). Inclination: 72.9000 deg. Period: 90.20 min. Photo surveillance; returned film capsule..

1979 September 29 - . 01:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 82 km (50 mi).

1979 September 30 - . LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3.
  • All work on the Minuteman Airborne Launch Control System (ALCS) Phase III halted while SAMSO waited for further direction and funding. - .

1979 October 1 - . 11:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC40. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan IIIC.
  • Chalet 2 - . Payload: Chalet 2 (Vortex 2) / OPS 1948. Mass: 820 kg (1,800 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO, USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Chalet. USAF Sat Cat: 11558 . COSPAR: 1979-086A. Apogee: 41,497 km (25,784 mi). Perigee: 30,443 km (18,916 mi). Inclination: 7.5000 deg. Period: 1,445.50 min. Chalet ELINT satellite..

1979 October 2 - . 22:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 87 km (54 mi).

1979 October 3 - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: RH. Launch Vehicle: RH-200.
  • Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1979 October 3 - . 17:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC200/40. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K/DM.
  • Ekran 4 - . Payload: Ekran s/n 17L. Mass: 1,970 kg (4,340 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-3. Spacecraft: Ekran . Completed Operations Date: 1981-03-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 11561 . COSPAR: 1979-087A. Apogee: 35,827 km (22,261 mi). Perigee: 35,725 km (22,198 mi). Inclination: 14.5000 deg. Period: 1,435.60 min.

    Transmission of color and black-and-white USSR central television programmes to a network of receivers for collective use. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 99 deg E in 1979-1981 As of 4 September 2001 located at 52.52 deg E drifting at 0.007 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 4 located at 96.71E drifting at 0.048W degrees per day.


1979 October 3 - . 18:42 GMT - . Launch Site: El Arenosillo. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 2.
  • Plasma injection Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 145 km (90 mi).

1979 October 4 - . 01:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 73 km (45 mi).

1979 October 5 - . 11:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Cosmos 1139 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-4MT. Duration: 13.00 days. Decay Date: 1979-10-18 . USAF Sat Cat: 11564 . COSPAR: 1979-088A. Apogee: 329 km (204 mi). Perigee: 199 km (123 mi). Inclination: 72.8000 deg. Period: 89.80 min. Military topography satellite; returned film capsule; also performed mapping, geodesy, earth resources tasks; separated capsule..

1979 October 6 - . 04:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 79 km (49 mi).

1979 October 8 - . 13:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC43. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 62 km (38 mi).

1979 October 9 - . 23:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 83 km (51 mi).

1979 October 10 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Molodezhnaya. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 84 km (52 mi).

1979 October 11 - . 16:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1140 - . Mass: 750 kg (1,650 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Strela-2M. USAF Sat Cat: 11573 . COSPAR: 1979-089A. Apogee: 787 km (489 mi). Perigee: 765 km (475 mi). Inclination: 74.1000 deg. Period: 100.40 min.

1979 October 12 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/3. Launch Pad: LC43/pad?. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U. FAILURE: Failure. Failed Stage: U.
  • Zenit-6 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-6U. COSPAR: F791012A. Photo surveillance mission..

1979 October 12 - . 14:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. Launch Complex: Natal MAN. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 12 AC.
  • Astro-Hel Far ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 829 km (515 mi).

1979 October 13 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Malemute. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Malemute.
  • Malemute II Test / plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 533 km (331 mi).

1979 Oct 15? - . Launch Site: Taiyuan. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Dong Feng 5.
  • Nation: China. Agency: XPRC. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1979 October 15 - . 14:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Thule AFB. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 51 km (31 mi).

1979 October 16 - . 12:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1141 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 11585 . COSPAR: 1979-090A. Apogee: 998 km (620 mi). Perigee: 954 km (592 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 104.60 min. Military navigation satellite..

1979 October 17 - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: RH. Launch Vehicle: RH-200.
  • Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1979 October 17 - . 12:40 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C.
  • SPAR 6 Microgravity mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 185 km (114 mi).

1979 October 17 - . 14:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Ionosphere/Plasma/Fields mission - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1979 October 18 - . 00:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Ionosphere/Plasma/Fields mission - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 165 km (102 mi).

1979 October 19 - . 05:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Talos Castor.
  • EXCEDE 2 (SPECTRAL) Active plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 128 km (79 mi).

1979 October 20 - . 07:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M.
  • Molniya 1-45 - . Payload: Molniya-1T. Mass: 1,600 kg (3,500 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Molniya. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-2. Spacecraft: Molniya-1T. Decay Date: 1994-02-18 . USAF Sat Cat: 11589 . COSPAR: 1979-091A. Apogee: 39,615 km (24,615 mi). Perigee: 93 km (57 mi). Inclination: 61.7000 deg. Period: 704.70 min. Uncertain if Molniya-1T model was Molniya-1 or Molniya-1T. Operation of the long-range telephone and telegraph radiocommunications system in the USSR; transmission of television programmes to stations in the Orbita network..

1979 October 21 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1979 October 21 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1979 October 21 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1979 October 22 - . 09:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 170 km (100 mi).

1979 October 22 - . 12:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Cosmos 1142 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-6U. Duration: 13.00 days. Decay Date: 1979-11-04 . USAF Sat Cat: 11592 . COSPAR: 1979-092A. Apogee: 382 km (237 mi). Perigee: 198 km (123 mi). Inclination: 72.9000 deg. Period: 90.30 min. Photo surveillance; returned film capsule..

1979 October 22 - . 16:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Natal 6 test - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1979 October 23 - . 03:15 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Astrobee. Launch Vehicle: Astrobee F.
  • Astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 227 km (141 mi).

1979 October 23 - . 21:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 628. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Poseidon C3.
  • Demonstration and shakedown operations launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1979 October 24 - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: RH. Launch Vehicle: RH-200.
  • Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1979 October 24 - . 14:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC43. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 89 km (55 mi).

1979 October 25 - . 20:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere/Plasma mission - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1979 October 26 - . 18:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Vostok 8A92M.
  • Cosmos 1143 - . Payload: Tselina-D no. 22. Mass: 4,000 kg (8,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Tselina. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-D. Decay Date: 2002-02-17 . USAF Sat Cat: 11600 . COSPAR: 1979-093A. Apogee: 533 km (331 mi). Perigee: 524 km (325 mi). Inclination: 81.3000 deg. Period: 95.20 min.

1979 October 26 - . 21:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Natal 6 test - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1979 October 29 - . 15:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Thule AFB. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 69 km (42 mi).

1979 October 30 - . 14:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC5. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout G-1.
  • Magsat - . Payload: AEM 3. Mass: 181 kg (399 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft: Magsat. Decay Date: 1980-06-11 . USAF Sat Cat: 11604 . COSPAR: 1979-094A. Apogee: 561 km (348 mi). Perigee: 352 km (218 mi). Inclination: 96.8000 deg. Period: 93.70 min. Measured near-Earth magnetic field and crustal anomalies. Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C). .

1979 October 31 - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: RH. Launch Vehicle: RH-200.
  • Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1979 October 31 - . 09:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Vostok 8A92M.
  • Meteor 2-05 - . Payload: Meteor-2 no. 5. Mass: 2,750 kg (6,060 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Meteor. Spacecraft: Meteor-2. USAF Sat Cat: 11605 . COSPAR: 1979-095A. Apogee: 881 km (547 mi). Perigee: 862 km (535 mi). Inclination: 81.2000 deg. Period: 102.40 min. Acquisition of meteorological information required for use in the operational weather service with the aid of advanced equipment. .

1979 November 1 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1979 November 1 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1979 November 1 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1979 November 1 - . 08:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Intercosmos 20 - . Payload: AUOS-Z-R-P-IK. Mass: 1,100 kg (2,400 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: IK. Manufacturer: Yuzhnoye. Program: Intercosmos. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: AUOS. Completed Operations Date: 1980-12-11 . Decay Date: 1981-03-03 . USAF Sat Cat: 11609 . COSPAR: 1979-096A. Apogee: 519 km (322 mi). Perigee: 462 km (287 mi). Inclination: 74.1000 deg. Period: 94.40 min.

    Testing of methods for comprehensive study of the oceans and the surface of the earth, and testing of automatic gathering of scientific information from experimental sea and land stations. Launched under the INTERCOSMOS programme by the Soviet Union toget her with the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic, the German Democratic Republic, the Hungarian People's Republic and the Socialist Republic of Romania.


1979 November 2 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/3. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Cosmos 1144 - . Payload: Yantar-2K s/n 939. Mass: 6,600 kg (14,500 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Yantar. Spacecraft: Yantar-2K. Duration: 32.00 days. Decay Date: 1979-12-04 . USAF Sat Cat: 11611 . COSPAR: 1979-097A. Apogee: 337 km (209 mi). Perigee: 158 km (98 mi). Inclination: 67.2000 deg. Period: 89.40 min. Area survey photo reconnaissance; returned film in two small SpK capsules during the mission and with the main capsule at completion of the mission..

1979 November 3 - . 02:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 79 km (49 mi).

1979 November 4 - . 10:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 79 km (49 mi).

1979 November 5 - . 21:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 82 km (50 mi).

1979 November 6 - . 01:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 79 km (49 mi).

1979 November 7 - . 20:50 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C.
  • Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 271 km (168 mi).

1979 November 8 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1979 November 8 - . 22:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC29A. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3.
  • Chevaline warhead test launch - . Nation: UK. Agency: RN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1979 November 9 - . 20:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 84 km (52 mi).

1979 November 11 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: UNKO. Launch Platform: SHOK. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1979 November 12 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: UNKO. Launch Platform: SHOK. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1979 Nov 13? - . Launch Site: Fort Bliss. Launch Complex: Fort Bliss MCG. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 1A.
  • P-385? 79 Fall 01? - . Nation: USA. Agency: 79FA2. Apogee: 180 km (110 mi).

1979 November 13 - . 04:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Strypi. Launch Vehicle: Strypi II.
  • ECHO V Auroral mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 215 km (133 mi).

1979 November 14 - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Stromboli. Launch Vehicle: Eridan.
  • Ariane range test - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 350 km (210 mi).

1979 November 14 - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: RH. Launch Vehicle: RH-200.
  • Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1979 November 15 - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 2B.
  • AST 2 Technology test - . Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 148 km (91 mi).

1979 November 15 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: MR-UR-100. Launch Vehicle: MR-UR-100U 15A16.
  • Operational test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1979 November 16 - . 17:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 154 km (95 mi).

1979 November 17 - . 00:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 76 km (47 mi).

1979 November 19 - . 13:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Ascension. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 64 km (39 mi).

1979 November 20 - . 23:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 88 km (54 mi).

1979 November 21 - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: RH. Launch Vehicle: RH-200.
  • Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1979 November 21 - . 21:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC40. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan IIIC.
  • DSCS II-13 - . Payload: DSCS II F-13 / OPS 9443. Mass: 611 kg (1,347 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Program: DSCS. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: DSCS II. Completed Operations Date: 1994-07-19 . USAF Sat Cat: 11621 . COSPAR: 1979-098A. Apogee: 37,195 km (23,111 mi). Perigee: 37,104 km (23,055 mi). Inclination: 13.6000 deg. Period: 1,506.30 min.

    Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C). Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 12 deg W in 1980-1981; 131 deg W in 1981-1983; 179 deg W in 1983; 175 deg E in 1983-1989;179 deg W in 1989-1993 As of 3 September 2001 located at 21.08 deg E drifting at 16.828 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 37.50W drifting at 16.828W degrees per day.

  • DSCS II-14 - . Payload: DSCS II F-14 / OPS 9444. Mass: 611 kg (1,347 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Program: DSCS. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: DSCS II. Completed Operations Date: 1995-06-19 . USAF Sat Cat: 11622 . COSPAR: 1979-098B. Apogee: 36,351 km (22,587 mi). Perigee: 36,316 km (22,565 mi). Inclination: 13.3000 deg. Period: 1,464.10 min.

    Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C). Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 66 deg E in 1980-1981; 12 deg W in 1981-1986; 179 deg W in 1986-1990; 174 deg E in 1990; 65 deg E in 1991-1994 As of 31 August 2001 located at 27.01 deg W drifting at 6.916 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 11 located at 50.79E drifting at 6.926W degrees per day.


1979 November 22 - . 03:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 74 km (45 mi).

1979 November 23 - . 02:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 89 km (55 mi).

1979 November 24 - . 00:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 78 km (48 mi).

1979 November 26 - . Launch Site: Jiuquan. Launch Complex: Jiuquan LA2B. Launch Pad: LA2B?. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Dong Feng 5.
  • Nation: China. Agency: PRC. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Other sources say launch was from Taiyuan on 15 October..

1979 November 27 - . 09:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Vostok 8A92M.
  • Cosmos 1145 - . Payload: Tselina-D no. 23. Mass: 4,000 kg (8,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Tselina. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-D. Decay Date: 2000-06-16 . USAF Sat Cat: 11629 . COSPAR: 1979-099A. Apogee: 495 km (307 mi). Perigee: 484 km (300 mi). Inclination: 81.2000 deg. Period: 94.40 min.

1979 November 28 - . Launch Site: Sriharikota. LV Family: RH. Launch Vehicle: RH-200.
  • Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1979 November 28 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 91 km (56 mi).

1979 November 29 - . 16:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 91 km (56 mi).

1979 November 30 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Koroni. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 82 km (50 mi).

1979 December 1 - . Launch Site: Sary Shagan. LV Family: A-135. Launch Vehicle: 51T6.
  • ABM test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: PKO. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1979 December 3 - . 05:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8B.
  • Auroral substorm Aurora / ionosphere mission Aurora / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 344 km (213 mi).

1979 Dec 4? - . Launch Site: Fort Bliss. Launch Complex: Fort Bliss MCG. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 1A.
  • P-386? 79 Fall 02? - . Nation: USA. Agency: 79FA2. Apogee: 180 km (110 mi).

1979 December 4 - . 15:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1979 December 5 - . 09:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1146 - . Mass: 1,000 kg (2,200 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft: Taifun-1Yu. Decay Date: 1981-11-25 . USAF Sat Cat: 11632 . COSPAR: 1979-100A. Apogee: 493 km (306 mi). Perigee: 438 km (272 mi). Inclination: 65.9000 deg. Period: 93.90 min. Radar calibration..

1979 December 6 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 89 km (55 mi).

1979 December 7 - . 01:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Delta 3914.
  • RCA Satcom 3 - . Payload: Satcom 3. Mass: 463 kg (1,020 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: RCA Amer. Manufacturer: Lockheed. Program: Satcom. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: AS 1000. USAF Sat Cat: 11635 . COSPAR: 1979-101A. Apogee: 35,502 km (22,059 mi). Perigee: 8,306 km (5,161 mi). Inclination: 8.1000 deg. Period: 788.90 min. Failed before reaching geosynchronous orbit..

1979 December 10 - . 19:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1979 December 11 - . 11:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. Launch Vehicle: MMR-06.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: GMS. Apogee: 82 km (50 mi).

1979 December 12 - . 01:05 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • UM Airglow payload Magnetosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 122 km (75 mi).

1979 December 12 - . 12:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Cosmos 1147 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-6U. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1979-12-26 . USAF Sat Cat: 11638 . COSPAR: 1979-102A. Apogee: 377 km (234 mi). Perigee: 192 km (119 mi). Inclination: 72.9000 deg. Period: 90.20 min. Photo surveillance; returned film capsule..

1979 December 13 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF07. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 2.
  • FOT GT139M Follow-on Test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1979 December 13 - . 17:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 658. LV Family: Trident. Launch Vehicle: Trident C-4.
  • DASO-3? demonstration and shakedown operations launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1979 December 14 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Astrobee. Launch Vehicle: Astrobee F.
  • Astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1979 December 15 - . 01:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 81 km (50 mi).

1979 December 16 - . 12:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Soyuz T-1 - . Payload: Soyuz T s/n 6L. Mass: 6,850 kg (15,100 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Salyut 6. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Soyuz T. Duration: 100.38 days. Decay Date: 1980-03-25 . USAF Sat Cat: 11640 . COSPAR: 1979-103A. Apogee: 252 km (156 mi). Perigee: 213 km (132 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 89.20 min.

    New generation Soyuz capsule; unmanned flight to Salyut 6. Docked with Salyut 6. Recovered March 25, 1980 21:47 GMT. Unmanned test of Soyuz T design.
    Officially: Complex experimental testing of new on-board systems and assemblies under various flight conditions and operation in conjunction with the Salyut-6 orbital station.


1979 December 17 - . LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Space Shuttle.
  • First Shuttle SSME full-duration test - . Nation: USA.

    The first completely successful firing of the orbiter's engines is completed Three engines are run from 100% to 70% thrust for 514 seconds. Engines 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007 were to have been certified ready for flight in the first half on 1979. This involved each engine being given a 1.5 second start verification firing; a 100 second calibration firing; and a 520 second flight demonstration test. But continued failures resulted in multiple rebuilds of each engine to add required modifications. The result was a two-year delay to this schedule.


1979 December 17 - . 06:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VA.
  • Aurora mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 138 km (85 mi).

1979 December 18 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Astrobee. Launch Vehicle: Astrobee D.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1979 December 19 - . 01:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Solar Ultraviolet/Solar Extreme ultraviolet mission - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 165 km (102 mi).

1979 December 20 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF03. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B.
  • ABRES AMARV-1 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1979 December 20 - . 11:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Solar Ultraviolet/Solar Extreme ultraviolet mission - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 165 km (102 mi).

1979 December 21 - . 02:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 82 km (50 mi).

1979 December 24 - . 17:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA1. LV Family: Ariane. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 1.
  • CAT 1 - . Payload: CAT 01. Mass: 1,602 kg (3,531 lb). Nation: Europe. Agency: ESA. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: CAT. Decay Date: 1982-11-14 . USAF Sat Cat: 11645 . COSPAR: 1979-104A. Apogee: 14,047 km (8,728 mi). Perigee: 125 km (77 mi). Inclination: 17.8000 deg. Period: 259.10 min.

    Launch vehicle test. Technological Capsule (CAT). ESA registration number: ESA/79/2. Principal mission of the technological capsule (with ballast), which was equipped with batteries having a lifetime of approximately 8 orbits, was to transmit back to earth technological data on the first developmental flight L01 of the ARIANE launch vehicle. When the batteries were exhausted, the capsule ended its radio transmissions, and it is now inoperative but still in orbit.


1979 December 26 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC181. Launch Vehicle: MR-UR-100.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1979 December 26 - . 14:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 170 km (100 mi).

1979 December 27 - . 14:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 165 km (102 mi).

1979 December 28 - . 11:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC200/40. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K/DM.
  • Gorizont 3 - . Payload: Gorizont s/n 13L. Mass: 2,100 kg (4,600 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-3. Spacecraft: Gorizont . Completed Operations Date: 1989-12-28 . USAF Sat Cat: 11648 . COSPAR: 1979-105A. Apogee: 35,831 km (22,264 mi). Perigee: 35,779 km (22,231 mi). Inclination: 11.0000 deg. Period: 1,437.10 min. Stationed at 53 deg E. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 53 deg E in 1980-1984; 40 deg E in 1984-1989 As of 30 August 2001 located at 47.84 deg E drifting at 0.163 deg E per day. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 109.81E drifting at 0.002E degrees per day..

1979 December 28 - . 13:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Cosmos 1148 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-4MKM. Duration: 13.00 days. Decay Date: 1980-01-10 . USAF Sat Cat: 11649 . COSPAR: 1979-106A. Apogee: 340 km (210 mi). Perigee: 170 km (100 mi). Inclination: 67.1000 deg. Period: 89.60 min. High resolution photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1979 December 29 - . 03:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 77 km (47 mi).

1979 December 31 - . LV Family: Buran. Launch Vehicle: Energia.
  • Energia model delivered to Baikonur - . Nation: Russia. Program: Buran. Spacecraft: Buran. In 1979 the EUK13 dimensional model of the Energia launch vehicle was delivered to Baikonur for handling demonstrations and production of tooling..


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