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N-1
Part of Thor Family
Nasda N-1
Nasda N-1
Nasda N-1 - COSPAR 1975-082
Licensed version of Delta built in Japan using both US and Japanese components. 4 stage vehicle.

AKA: N-1 Delta. Status: Retired 1982. First Launch: 1975-09-09. Last Launch: 1982-09-03. Number: 7 . Payload: 1,200 kg (2,600 lb). Thrust: 2,287.50 kN (514,250 lbf). Gross mass: 131,330 kg (289,530 lb). Height: 34.00 m (111.00 ft). Diameter: 2.44 m (8.00 ft). Apogee: 185 km (114 mi).

4 stage vehicle consisting of 3 x Castor 2 + 1 x LT Thor N + 1 x LE-3 + 1 x Star 37N.

LEO Payload: 70,000 kg (154,000 lb) to a 225 km orbit at 51.60 degrees. Flyaway Unit Cost 1985$: 604.000 million.


More at: N-1.

Family: orbital launch vehicle. Country: Japan. Engines: RS-27. Spacecraft: ETS, JISS, Ayame. Launch Sites: Tanegashima, Tanegashima N. Stages: Delta E, Delta Thor ELT, Castor 2. Agency: Mitsubishi.

1975 September 9 - . 05:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Tanegashima. Launch Complex: Tanegashima N. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: N-1.
  • Kiku 1 - . Payload: ETS 1 (JETS). Mass: 85 kg (187 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: NASDA. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: ETS. USAF Sat Cat: 8197 . COSPAR: 1975-082A. Apogee: 1,103 km (685 mi). Perigee: 975 km (605 mi). Inclination: 47.0000 deg. Period: 106.00 min.

    JETS-1 (Japanese Engineering Test Satellite -1, national name 'Kiku') is intended for preliminary experiments for confirmation of the launching technologies, acquiring the satellite tracking and control technologies, and for extension tests of the extenda ble antennas, measurement of satellite environment, measurement of satellite attitudes, etc. Launch time 0530 GMT.


1976 February 29 - . 03:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Tanegashima. Launch Complex: Tanegashima N. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: N-1.
  • ISS 1 - . Payload: ISS a. Mass: 139 kg (306 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: NASDA. Class: Earth. Type: Ionosphere satellite. Spacecraft: JISS. USAF Sat Cat: 8709 . COSPAR: 1976-019A. Apogee: 1,003 km (623 mi). Perigee: 988 km (613 mi). Inclination: 69.7000 deg. Period: 105.00 min.

    Ionospheric sounding. Japanese Ionospheric Sounding Satellite (JISS - national name 'Ume') is intended for regular observations by means of radio waves of the global distribution of the critical frequencies of the ionosphere, and for utilization of the results of the observati on for radio wave forecasts and warning necessary for effective operation of short-wave radio-communication. Time of launch 0330UT.


1977 February 23 - . 08:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Tanegashima. Launch Complex: Tanegashima N. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: N-1.
  • Kiku 2 - . Payload: ETS 2. Mass: 130 kg (280 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: NASDA. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: ETS. Completed Operations Date: 1990-12-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 9852 . COSPAR: 1977-014A. Apogee: 35,860 km (22,280 mi). Perigee: 35,854 km (22,278 mi). Inclination: 11.9000 deg. Period: 1,439.70 min.

    Engineering test satellite. Engineering Test Satellite Type II (ETS II), Kiku 2. Launch by N launch vehicle no 3. Geographical longitude of the geostationary orbit: 130 deg E. Preliminary experiments to acquire technologies to launch,track, and control geostationary satellites. P ropagation experiment of millimetre and quasi-millimetre waves. Characteristics: Weight at launch 245 kg. Configuration: cylindrical. Height 191 cm including antenna. Diameter 141 cm. Attitude control: spin stabilization. Expected life at least 6 months. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit over the Pacific Ocean at 130 deg E in 1977-1990 As of 5 September 2001 located at 16.93 deg E drifting at 0.930 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 9 located at 85.65W drifting at 0.986W degrees per day.


1978 February 16 - . 04:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Tanegashima. Launch Complex: Tanegashima N. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: N-1.
  • ISS 2 - . Payload: ISS b. Mass: 140 kg (300 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: NASDA. Class: Earth. Type: Ionosphere satellite. Spacecraft: JISS. USAF Sat Cat: 10674 . COSPAR: 1978-018A. Apogee: 1,216 km (755 mi). Perigee: 973 km (604 mi). Inclination: 69.4000 deg. Period: 107.20 min.

    Ionospheric sounding. Ionosphere Sounding Satellite-b . Launch time 0400 UT. Launch vehicle: N number 4. Spin-stabilized; Ionospheric Sounder, Radio Noise Receiver, Plasma Measuring Equipment, Ion Mass Spectrometer, and so on. The satellite is intended for regular observation of global distribution of critical frequencies of the ionosphere by means of radio waves. Weight about 141 kg. Shape: cylindrical, 3.9m diameter and 0.8m height. Expected life: probability of survival in 1.5 years is more than 70 percent.


1979 February 6 - . 08:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Tanegashima. Launch Complex: Tanegashima N. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: N-1. FAILURE: Third stage collided with ECS a.. Failed Stage: 3.
  • Ayame 1 - . Payload: ECS a; ECS 1. Mass: 260 kg (570 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: NASDA. Class: Technology. Type: Communications technology satellite. Spacecraft: Ayame. Completed Operations Date: 1979-02-09 . USAF Sat Cat: 11261 . COSPAR: 1979-009A. Apogee: 37,278 km (23,163 mi). Perigee: 29,407 km (18,272 mi). Inclination: 5.6000 deg. Period: 1,313.10 min.

    Experimental Communications Satellite. Experimental Communications Satellite (ECS). Launch time 0846 GMT. ECS was injected into the planned transfer orbit. On 9 Feb, however, ECS ceased radio transmissions about 10 seconds after the apogee kick motor was fired. Communicat ions and propagation experiments of satellite-communication systems. Operation and control experiment for geostationary satellites. Mass at launch 260 kg. Configuration - cylindrical. Height 1.9m including antenna. Diameter 1.4m. Spin stabilized. Last known longitude (13 June 1995) 146.23 deg W drifting at 33.817 deg E per day.


1980 February 22 - . 08:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Tanegashima. Launch Complex: Tanegashima N. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: N-1.
  • Ayame 2 - . Payload: ECS b; ECS 2. Mass: 260 kg (570 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: NASDA. Class: Technology. Type: Communications technology satellite. Spacecraft: Ayame. Completed Operations Date: 1980-02-24 . USAF Sat Cat: 11715 . COSPAR: 1980-018A. Apogee: 36,839 km (22,890 mi). Perigee: 32,785 km (20,371 mi). Inclination: 1.4000 deg. Period: 1,386.60 min. Last known longitude (17 November 1988) 146.47 deg W drifting at 12.888 deg E per day..

1982 September 3 - . 05:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Tanegashima. Launch Complex: Tanegashima N. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: N-1.
  • Kiku 4 - . Payload: ETS 3. Mass: 385 kg (848 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: NASDA. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: ETS. USAF Sat Cat: 13492 . COSPAR: 1982-087A. Apogee: 1,006 km (625 mi). Perigee: 988 km (613 mi). Inclination: 44.6000 deg. Period: 105.10 min.

    Engineering test satellite. Engineering Test Satellite III (ETS-III) launched 0500 GMT 3 Sep 1982 from Osaki launch site, Tanegashima. Launching organization: National Space Development Agency of Japan (NASDA). Verification of three axis attitude control function; verification of so lar array paddle deployment function; verification of active thermal control function; functional test of mission equipment in the space. N launch vehicle flight no 9.



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