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1962 Chronology

1962 January - . Launch Vehicle: Proton.
  • Proton design selected - . Nation: Russia. This 'polyblock' design was chosen for the Proton launch vehicle, following studies that indicated improved wind loads and bending moment characteristics compared to the monoblock design..

1962 - . Launch Vehicle: Sea Dragon.
  • Sea Dragon low cost heavy-lift vehicle proposed - . Nation: USA.

    Sea Dragon was a two-stage design capable of putting 550 tonnes into low Earth orbit. The concept was to achieve minimum launch costs through lower development and production costs. This meant accepting a larger booster with a lower performance propulsion system and higher stage dead weight then traditional NASA and USAF designs.


1962 During the Year - .
  • Draft project for Tsiklon experimental navigation satellite completed - . Nation: Russia. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Tsiklon satellite.

    Research institute NII-695 completed the draft project for a Tsiklon experimental navigation satellite. It was to use the Doppler navigation method and be placed in 800 to 1000 km altitude orbits. Experimental flights began in 1967 in order to develop a system meeting the required tactical and operational characteristics.


1962 January 1 - .
  • Only 84 NASA personnel move from Langley to Houston - . Nation: USA. A survey was performed at the Manned Spacecraft Center to ascertain the number of personnel who intended to move with the Center from Langley Field to Houston, Texas. Only 84 personnel indicated they would not make the move..

1962 During the Year - .
  • GR-2 (Global Rocket 2) requirement. - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Chelomei, Korolev, Yangel. The GR-2 was to be a kind of enormous multiple-warhead FOBS (fractional orbit bombing system). Competitors included Korolev's N-11GR; Chelomei's UR-500; and Yangel's R-56.

1962 January-June - .
  • Grumman study on lunar orbit rendezvous - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo LM, LM Mode Debate, LM Source Selection.

    The Grumman Aircraft Engineering Corporation developed a detailed, company-funded study on the lunar orbit rendezvous technique: characteristics of the system (relative cost of direct ascent, earth orbit rendezvous, and lunar orbit rendezvous); developmental problems (communications, propulsion); and elements of the system (tracking facilities, etc.). Joseph M. Gavin was appointed in the spring to head the effort, and Robert E. Mullaney was designated program manager.


1962 During the Year - .
  • Zvezda Long-term Lunar Base (DLB) - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Korolev. Spacecraft Bus: DLB Lunar Base. Spacecraft: DLB Module.

    The N1 draft project of 1962 spoke of 'establishment of a lunar base and regular traffic between the earth and the moon'. Korolev raised the matter informally at tea with Chief Designer of rocket complexes Vladimir Pavlovich Barmin, head of GSKB SpetsMash (State Union Design Bureau of Special Machine-Building). 'You just design the base', Korolev assured him, 'and I'll figure out how to get it there'. Under the DLB studies SpetsMash defined purposes of the base, the principles of its construction, phases of its deployment and composition of its scientific and support equipment. The enthusiasts that worked on the project at Zvezda were naturally known as 'lunatics'.


1962 During the Year - . Launch Vehicle: UR-700.
  • UR-700 launch vehicle for manned lunar landing missions. - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Chelomei. Spacecraft Bus: TKS. Spacecraft: LK-700.

    Chelomei's TsKBM began work on the UR-700. The conclusion was reached that a direct lunar landing would require a payload of 130 to 170 tonnes. Initial LK-700 spacecraft designs were derived from the 'Raketoplan' family of manned modular space vehicles. Korolev's N1-L3 design was selected in 1964 for the manned lunar landing, but the UR-700 would surface again when the N1 encountered delays.


During 1962 - .
  • First Chinese trainees in satellite technology - . Nation: China. Related Persons: Tsien. Spacecraft: DFH-1. Four engineers from the Shanghai Institute of Machine and Electrical Design receive the first Chinese training in satellite design..

Early 1962 - . LV Family: DF-3. Launch Vehicle: DF-4.
  • Chinese project management - . Nation: China. Related Persons: Tsien. Tsien introduced a computer tool for management of Chinese aerospace development projects analogous to the American PERT program..

1962 During the Year - . Launch Vehicle: UR-700.
  • Development of RD-270 engine begun - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Chelomei, Yangel. Program: Lunar L3. Class: Moon. Type: Manned lunar spacecraft. Spacecraft Bus: TKS. Spacecraft: LK-700.

    The RD-270 engine was proposed for Chelomei's UR-700 and Yangel R-56 lunar landing launchers in competition to Korolev N1. The RD-270 was in the same class as the F-1 engine developed for America's Saturn V launch vehicle, but burned storable but toxic propellants.


1962 During the Year - . LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511.
  • Vostok-Zh studies - . Nation: Russia. Program: Lunar L1. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Vostok-Zh.

    Vostok-Zh studies conducted for multiple dockings of rocket blocks and payloads in orbit for circumlunar missions, using Vostok rocket. Vostok-Zh spacecraft used to for manual dockings only. Manned reentry vehicle from circumlunar distance is Sever/Soyuz design. Korolev's reaction to Chelomei's exclusive assignment by Khrushchev to circumlunar mission.


1962? - . Launch Site: Sary Shagan. Launch Complex: Sary Shagan LC6. LV Family: A-35. Launch Vehicle: A-350Zh.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: PKO. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1962 - . Launch Site: Point Mugu. LV Family: Spartan ABM. Launch Vehicle: Nike Zeus.
  • PM-6 test - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1962 - . Launch Site: South Uist. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • Test / aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: MO-UK. Apogee: 70 km (43 mi).

1962 Q1? - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. LV Family: Spartan ABM. Launch Vehicle: Nike Zeus.
  • Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1962 January 3 - .
  • "Gemini" became the official designation of the Mercury Mark II program. - . Nation: USA. Program: Gemini. Spacecraft: Gemini.

    The name had been suggested by Alex P. Nagy of NASA Headquarters because the twin stars Castor and Pollux in constellation Gemini (the Twins) seemed to him to symbolize the program's two-man crew, its rendezvous mission, and its relation to Mercury. Coincidentally, the astronomical symbol (II) for Gemini, the third constellation of the zodiac, corresponded neatly to the Mark II designation.


1962 January 3 - . LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan II.
  • Statement of Work for the procurement of Titan II launch vehicles for the Gemini program. - . Nation: USA.

    Manned Spacecraft Center prepared a Statement of Work to be accomplished by Air Force Space Systems Division (SSD) in its role as contractor to NASA for the procurement of Titan II launch vehicles for the Gemini program. The launch vehicle would retain the general aerodynamic shape, basic systems, and propulsion concepts of the missile. Modifications, primarily for crew safety, were to be kept to a minimum. The Statement of Work accompanied a purchase request for $27 million, dated January 5, 1962, for 15 Titan launch vehicles. Pending ratification of the Gemini Operational and Management Plan, however, funding was limited to $3 million. To oversee this work, SSD established a Gemini Launch Vehicle Directorate, headed by Colonel Richard C. Dineen, on January 11. Initial budgeting and planning were completed by the end of March, and a final Statement of Work was issued May 14; although amended, it remained in effect throughout the program.


1962 January 3 - . LV Family: Titan.
  • NASA announced that the two-man Mercury Mark II spacecraft would be named "Gemini". - . Spacecraft: Mercury, Gemini. Fifty percent larger than the Mercury capsule, the Gemini spacecraft would be used to develop space rendezvous and docking techniques and would be boosted into orbit by modified man-rated Titan II missiles..

1962 January 4 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC41/4. LV Family: R-16. Launch Vehicle: R-16U.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,210 km (750 mi).

1962 January 5 - . Launch Vehicle: Saturn V.
  • Three-man Apollo spacecraft, Saturn C-5 launch vehicle announced - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo Lunar Landing. NASA made public the drawings of the three-man Apollo spacecraft to be used in the lunar landing development program, On January 9, NASA announced its decision that the Saturn C-5 would be the lunar launch vehicle..

1962 January 5 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC31B. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1A.
  • Research and development launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1962 January 8 - .
  • Dyna-Soar Step III study halted. - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft: Dynasoar. AFSC headquarters halted any further consideration of a Step III study..

1962 January 9 - . LV Family: Thor.
  • The Defense Department announced its approval of the conversion of the Thor IRBM to a space booster. - .

1962 January 9 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral AMR DZ. LV Family: Navaho. Launch Vehicle: Hound Dog.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1962 January 10 - . 20:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Mud Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. FAILURE: Emergency landing at Mud Lake..
  • X-15A High alpha, Aero test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Spacecraft: X-15A. Apogee: 13 km (8 mi). Emergency landing on Mud Lake after engine failed to light. Maximum Speed - 1038 kph. Maximum Altitude - 13,640 m. Air dropped in Mud Lake DZ..

1962 January 11 - .
  • In State of the Union message Kennedy discusses moon program - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Kennedy. Program: Apollo.

    In his State of the Union message to the Congress, President John F . Kennedy said: "With the approval of this Congress, we have undertaken in the past year a great new effort in outer space. Our aim is not simply to be first on the moon, any more than Charles Lindbergh's real aim was to be first to Paris. His aim was to develop the techniques and the authority of this country and other countries in the field of the air and the atmosphere, and our objective in making this effort, which we hope will place one of our citizens on the moon, is to develop in a new frontier of science, commerce and cooperation, the position of the United States and the free world. This nation belongs among the first to explore it. And among the first - if not the first - we shall be."


1962 January 11 - .
  • Headquarters Space Systems Division established the Gemini Launch Vehicle Directorate (SSVL) under Colonel R.C. Dineen as part of the Deputy for Launch Vehicles (SSV). - . Spacecraft: Gemini.

1962 January 11 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: R-14U.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1962 January 12 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC21/1. Launch Pad: LC21/pad?. LV Family: Matador. Launch Vehicle: Mace.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 12 km (7 mi).

1962 January 13 - . Launch Vehicle: Spiral 50-50.
  • VVS Military-Scientific Conference at Monino - . Nation: Russia. Spacecraft Bus: Spiral 50-50. Spacecraft: Spiral OS.

    Recommendations made by Kamanin's space unit included:

    • A KLA aerospace vehicle should be developed. This could be flown in a sub-orbital version at altitudes of 60 to 150 km and as an orbital aero-spaceplane at altitudes of 1000 to 3000 km.
    • An aircraft-launcher should be developed to allow air-launch of the KLA as well as air-to-space and space-to-earth missiles
    • Navigation, reconnaissance, guidance, and environmental control systems should be developed for the KLA suitable for flights of up to 30 days duration
    To achieve this it will be necessary to conduct research and development in air-launch and landing of the KLA, and train cosmonauts in engineering, medicine, and other specialties. The IAKM and TsPK would both need improvements.

1962 January 13 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC41/4. LV Family: R-16. Launch Vehicle: R-16U.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,210 km (750 mi).

1962 January 13 - . 16:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150A.
  • Attitude control test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 209 km (129 mi).

1962 January 13 - . 21:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC1W. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor Agena B. FAILURE: Failure. Failed Stage: U.
  • Discoverer 37 - . Payload: KH-3 s/n 9030. Mass: 1,150 kg (2,530 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: WS-117. Spacecraft: KH-3. Decay Date: 1962-01-13 . KH-3. Mission failed. Last attempted flight of KH-3 series..
  • SRV 571 - . Mass: 1,250 kg (2,750 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Spacecraft Bus: WS-117. Spacecraft: KH-3.

1962 January 15 - .
  • James A. Chamberlin named Manager of Gemini Project Office (GPO). - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Chamberlin, Gilruth. Program: Gemini. Spacecraft: Gemini.

    Director Robert R. Gilruth of Manned Spacecraft Center (MSC) appointed James A. Chamberlin, Chief of Engineering Division, as Manager of Gemini Project Office (GPO). The next day MSC advised McDonnell, by amendment No. 1 to letter contract NAS 9-170, that GPO had been established. It was responsible for planning and directing all technical activities and all contractor activities within the scope of the contract.


1962 January 15-17 - . LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D.
  • Recovery swimmers trained for Mercury MA-6. - . Nation: USA. Program: Mercury. Recovery area swimmers were trained at the Pensacola Naval Air Station, Florida, for use in the Mercury-Atlas 6 (MA-6) manned orbital mission. Instruction included films, briefings, auxiliary flotation collar deployment, and jumps from a helicopter..

1962 January 15 - . Launch Vehicle: Proton.
  • Proton configuration selected. - . Nation: Russia. Manufacturer: Chelomei bureau. Program: GR-2. The 'polyblock' design was chosen as most advantageous, following studies that indicated improved wind loads and bending moment characteristics compared to the conventional 'monoblock' design..

1962 January 15 - .
  • Apollo Spacecraft Project Office established - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM.

    The Apollo Spacecraft Project Office (ASPO) was established at MSC. Charles W. Frick was selected as Manager of the new Office, to assume his duties in February. Frick had been Chief of Technical Staff for General Dynamics Convair. Robert O. Piland was appointed Deputy Manager of ASPO and would serve as Acting Manager until Frick's arrival. ASPO would be responsible for the technical direction of NAA and other industrial contractors assigned to work on the Apollo spacecraft. Additional Details: here....


1962 January 15 - . 11:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor DSV-2D.
  • AVT-1 Satellite test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 1,400 km (800 mi).

1962 January 16 - . LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D.
  • Mercury spacecraft 16 delivered to Cape Canaveral - . Nation: USA. Program: Mercury. Spacecraft: Mercury. Spacecraft 16 was delivered to Cape Canaveral for the third manned (Schirra) orbital flight, Mercury-Atlas 8 (MA-8)..

1962 January 16 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Extreme ultraviolet Mon / X-ray counter Solar extreme ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1962 January 16 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC41/4. LV Family: R-16. Launch Vehicle: R-16U.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,210 km (750 mi).

1962 January 17 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC41/4. LV Family: R-16. Launch Vehicle: R-16U.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,210 km (750 mi).

1962 January 17 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Mud Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 003.
  • X-15A MH-96. Mach 5 test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Spacecraft: X-15A. Apogee: 40 km (24 mi). Maximum Speed - 6058 kph. Maximum Altitude - 40690 m. Air dropped in Mud Lake DZ..

1962 January 17 - . 21:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 576B2. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,800 km (1,100 mi).

1962 January 18 - . LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57.
  • Korolev requests new Vostoks - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Korolev. Program: Vostok. Spacecraft: Vostok, Vostok-Zh, Zenit-4.

    Korolev has issued a letter requested eight new Vostok 3A spacecraft to be built in 1962-1963. He recommends that they should be finished as the 1100 to 1300 kg heavier 'Vostok-2', to be boosted by the 11A57 rocket, developed originally for the Zenit-4 spy satellite. These Vostok-2's will be used for docking experiments, to form EO Experimental Orbital stations, and to develop spacecraft systems for flight to the moon. The VVS fully supports these plans. One of the docking spacecraft will be piloted, the other unpiloted.


1962 January 18 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Spartan ABM. Launch Vehicle: Nike Zeus.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1962 January 19 - . LV Family: Titan.
  • The Martin Marietta Corporation was awarded a letter contract for the development and production of 15 Titan Gemini Launch Vehicles and related aerospace ground equipment (AGE). - . Spacecraft: Gemini.

1962 January 19 - . LV Family: MMRBM.
  • The Defense Department authorized the Air Force (BSD) to proceed with the development of a mobile mid-range ballistic missile (MMRBM) for eventual deployment in Europe and the Far East. - .

1962 January 19 - . Launch Site: Aberporth. Launch Vehicle: Rook.
1962 January 21 - . 00:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 395-A3. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan I.
  • Demo - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1962 January 22 - .
  • First Apollo engineering order issued - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM. The first Apollo engineering order was issued to fabricate mockups of the Apollo command and service modules..

1962 January 22 - .
  • NASA Administrator James E. Webb and Secretary of Defense Robert S. McNamara announced the NASA-DoD agreement setting up the Gemini Program Planning Board. - . Related Persons: , McNamara. Spacecraft: Gemini. The provisions for the Gemini program previously agreed upon were reaffirmed..

1962 January 23 - . 17:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC29A. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A2. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1962 January 23 - . 21:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 576B3. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,800 km (1,100 mi).

1962 January 24 - . 09:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17B. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor Ablestar. FAILURE: Failure. Failed Stage: U.
  • Lofti 2 - . Mass: 99 kg (218 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft: Lofti 2. Decay Date: 1962-01-24 . Carried 5 satellites..
  • Solrad 4 - . Payload: Grab D. Mass: 18 kg (39 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: ELINT. Spacecraft: GRAB. ELINT satellite..

1962 January 25 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC41/4. LV Family: R-16. Launch Vehicle: R-16U.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,210 km (750 mi).

1962 January 25 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC31B. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1A.
  • Research and development launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1962 January 25 - . 22:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Point Mugu. LV Family: Spartan ABM. Launch Vehicle: Nike Zeus.
  • PM-7 Sim target - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1962 January 26 - . LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan II.
  • Titan II plans to ensure flight safety and enhance reliability. - . Nation: USA.

    After investigating potential malfunction problems of the modified Titan II/Gemini launch vehicle, Martin-Baltimore prepared a study report with plans to provide the components necessary to ensure flight safety and enhance reliability. Martin defined the malfunction problem quantitatively in terms of the probability of each cause and its characteristic effect on the system and vehicle. Martin intended to keep the launch vehicle as much like the weapon system as possible; thus the data obtained from the Air Force's weapon system development program would be applicable to the launch vehicle. Only minimal modifications to enhance probability of mission success, to increase pilot safety, and to accommodate the Gemini spacecraft as the payload were to be made. These included a malfunction detection system; backup guidance, control, and hydraulic systems; and selective electrical redundancies.


1962 January 26 - . 20:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC12. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas Agena B. FAILURE: Agena B second stage guidance system failure. Failed Stage: U.
  • Ranger 3 - . Payload: NASA P-34 (RA-3). Mass: 327 kg (720 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Ranger. Class: Moon. Type: Lunar probe. Spacecraft Bus: Ranger. Spacecraft: Ranger 3-4-5. USAF Sat Cat: 221 . COSPAR: 1962-Alpha-1.

    Lunar impact probe; missed the moon by 36,874 km and went into solar orbit. A malfunction in the booster guidance system resulted in excessive spacecraft speed. Reversed command signals caused the telemetry antenna to lose earth acquisition, and mid-course correction was not possible. Some useful data were obtained from the flight. Of four scientific experiments only one was partially completed: gamma-ray readings of the lunar surface. Attempts to relay television pictures of the moon and to bounce radar signals off the moon at close range were unsuccessful.


1962 January 27 - . LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D.
  • Mercury MA-6 postponed at T-minus 29 minutes - . Nation: USA. Program: Mercury. The Mercury-Atlas 6 (MA-6) manned orbital flight was postponed at T-minus 29 minutes due to weather conditions..

1962 January 29 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Astrobee. Launch Vehicle: Astrobee 200.
  • Day Airglow Test / aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1962 January 29 - . 23:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC19. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan I.
  • Mk 4 re-entry vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). The 47th, and final, Titan I research and development flight test missile (M-7) was successfully fired from Cape Canaveral. Of the launches, 34 were rated successes, nine partials, and only four as failures. .

1962 January 30 - . LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D.
  • Mercury MA-6 postponed - . Nation: USA. Program: Mercury. The Mercury-Atlas 6 (MA-6) mission was postponed because of technical difficulties with the launch vehicle..

1962 January 31 - .
  • 11 Atlas-Agenas rendezvous targets requested for Project Gemini. - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft: Gemini, Gemini Radar.

    Manned Spacecraft Center notified Marshall Space Flight Center, Huntsville, Alabama (which was responsible for managing NASA's Agena Programs) that Project Gemini required 11 Atlas-Agenas as rendezvous targets and requested Marshall to procure them. The procurement request was accompanied by an Exhibit 'A' describing proposed Gemini rendezvous techniques and defining the purpose of Project Gemini as development and demonstrating Earth-orbit rendezvous techniques as early as possible. If feasible, these techniques could provide a practical base for lunar and other deep space missions. Exhibit B to the purchase request was a Statement of Work for Atlas-Agena vehicles to be used in Project Gemini. Air Force Space Systems Division, acting as a NASA contractor, would procure the 11 vehicles required. Among the modifications needed to change the Atlas-Agena into the Agena rendezvous vehicle were: incorporation of radar and visual navigation and tracking aids; main engines capable of multiple restarts; addition of a secondary propulsion system, stabilization system, and command system; incorporation of an external rendezvous docking unit; and provision of a jettisonable aerodynamic fairing to enclose the docking unit during launch. The first rendezvous vehicle was to be delivered to the launch site in 20 months, with the remaining 10 to follow at 60-day intervals.


1962 January - .
  • Storable liquid propellant selected for Apollo service module - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM, CSM SPS.

    The solid propellant called for in the original NAA proposal on the service module propulsion system was replaced by a storable, hypergolic propellant. Multitank configurations under study appeared to present offloading capabilities for alternative missions.


1962 January - .
  • Preliminary layouts of the Apollo command module - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM, CSM Hatch.

    NAA engineers began preliminary layouts to define the elements of the command module (CM) configuration. Additional requirements and limitations imposed on the CM included reduction in diameter, paraglider compatibility, 250 pounds of radiation protection water, redundant propellant tankage for the attitude control system, and an increase in system weight and volume. Additional Details: here....


1962 January 31 - .
  • Headquarters Space Systems Division solicited requests for proposals (RFPs) for the development of a medium-altitude military communications satellite system that would be developed in place of Advent - . Spacecraft: IDCSP.

1962 February 1 - .
  • Communist China and Soviet Union split in conflict over Communist ideology. - . Nation: China.

1962 February 1 - .
  • Mercury MA-6 scheduled - . Nation: USA. Program: Mercury. Flight: Mercury MA-6. NASA Headquarters announced that the Mercury-Atlas 6 (MA-6) manned orbital mission would be scheduled no earlier than February 13, 1962, and that repair of the Atlas launch vehicle fuel tank leak would be completed well before that time..

During February 1962 - .
  • Pitsunda Conference - Decision to start design of UR-500 and N1 lunar boosters - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Chelomei, Grechko, Andrei, Khrushchev, Korolev, Kozlov, Mikoyan, Ustinov, Yangel.

    The Soviet leadership attends a secret exhibition of Soviet rocket technology in a sporting hall at Pitsunda, on the Black Sea. The Chief Designers offer competing designs. It is decided that the R-16, R-9, UR-200, UR-500, and N1 will go forward. Yangel's R-56 is rejected. Additional Details: here....


1962 Feb - . LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor DSV-2C.
  • Space Systems Division asked the Douglas Aircraft Company to define the performance and design of a Standard Thor (DSV-2C) using three strap-on, solid-propellant motors. - .

1962 February 1 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC38. LV Family: Spartan ABM. Launch Vehicle: Nike Zeus.
  • 3 stage control test - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1962 February 5 - . 20:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. Launch Vehicle: Skylark.
1962 February 6 - .
  • Langley presentation of lunar orbit rendezvous - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo LM, LM Mode Debate, LM Source Selection. John C. Houbolt of Langley Research Center and Charles W. Mathews of MSC made a presentation of lunar orbit rendezvous versus earth orbit rendezvous to the Manned Space Flight Management Council..

1962 February 6 - . LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan II.
  • A Titan II (N-16) completed a 6,500-mile flight down the Atlantic Missile Range carrying the heaviest payload ever to travel that far on a U.S. missile. - .

1962 February 7 - .
  • Single-engine design for the Apollo service module - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM, CSM SPS.

    On the basis of a study by NAA, a single-engine configuration was chosen as the optimum approach for the service module propulsion subsystem. The results of the study were presented to MSC representatives and NAA was authorized to issue a work statement to begin procurement of an engine for this configuration. Agreement was also reached at this meeting on a vacuum thrust level of 20,000 pounds for the engine. This would maintain a thrust-to-weight ratio of 0.4 and allow a considerable increase in the lunar liftoff weight of the spacecraft.


1962 February 7 - .
  • Kennedy comments on moon program - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Kennedy. Program: Apollo.

    At his regular press conference, President John F. Kennedy was asked for his "evaluation of our progress in space at this time" and whether the United States had changed its "timetable for landing a man on the moon." He replied: "As I said from the beginning, we have been behind . . . and we are running into the difficulties which came from starting late, We, however, are going to proceed by making a maximum effort. As you know, the expenditures in our space program are enormous . . . the time schedule, at least our hope, has not been changed by the recent setbacks (Ranger failures)."


1962 February 7 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC38. LV Family: Spartan ABM. Launch Vehicle: Nike Zeus.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1962 February 7 - . 11:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Javelin.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 960 km (590 mi).

1962 February 8 - . Launch Site: Grand Forks AFB. LV Family: Minuteman.
  • The Air Force officially announced the selection of Grand Forks AFB, North Dakota, as the site for the sixth and final Minuteman operational wing (Wing VI). - .

1962 February 8 - . 12:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor Delta.
  • Tiros 4 - . Payload: Tiros D (A-9). Mass: 129 kg (284 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Tiros. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft: Tiros. USAF Sat Cat: 226 . COSPAR: 1962-Beta-1. Apogee: 812 km (504 mi). Perigee: 693 km (430 mi). Inclination: 48.3000 deg. Period: 99.90 min. Returned 32593 cloud cover photos. Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C)..

1962 February 9 - .
  • General Electric selected for Apollo support - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM.

    NASA announced that the General Electric Company had been selected for a major supporting role in the Apollo project, to provide integration analysis of the total space vehicle (including booster-spacecraft interface), ensure reliability of the entire space vehicle, and develop and operate a checkout system.


1962 February 10 - .
  • Sever spacecraft trials - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Voronin. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Sever. Two officers start a 15 day test aboard a mock-up of the Sever spacecraft, but without the participation of the IAKM. The whole thing was planned by Voronin's OKB in GKNII..

1962 February 11 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar silo. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: R-14U.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1962 February 12 - . Launch Site: Point Mugu. LV Family: Spartan ABM. Launch Vehicle: Nike Zeus. FAILURE: Failure.
  • PM-8 Dummy St 3? - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1962 February 13 - .
  • Contract for Apollo launch escape system rocket - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM, CSM LES.

    A contract for the escape rocket of the Apollo spacecraft launch escape system was awarded to the Lockheed Propulsion Company by NAA. The initial requirements were for a 200,000-pound-thrust solid- propellant rocket motor with an active thrust-vector-control subsystem. Additional Details: here....


1962 February 13 - . 20:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC13. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas E.
  • Research and development test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 1,600 km (900 mi).

    Atlas 40E, the 18th and last Atlas E research and development flight test missile to be launched from the Atlantic Missile Range, completed its programmed 7,000-mile flight downrange. Of the 18 missiles launched, nine were successes, seven partials, and two failures. Last Atlas E R&D flight.


1962 February 14 - . LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D.
  • Mercury MA-6 postponed. - . Nation: USA. Program: Mercury. Unfavorable weather conditions caused the Mercury-Atlas 6 (MA-6) manned orbital mission to be postponed..

1962 February 14 - . LV Family: Thor.
  • NASA's Syncom I (Synchronous Communications) satellite was placed in orbit by a Thor/Delta launch vehicle. - . Spacecraft Bus: HS 301. Spacecraft: Syncom. During firing of the apogee kick motor, contact was lost with the satellite. Syncom was a NASA project supported by DoD ground stations and communications experiments..

1962 February 15 - . LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan II.
  • Aerospace Corporation to support of the Gemini Launch Vehicle Program. - . Nation: USA.

    Air Force Space Systems Division issued a Technical Operating Plan to Aerospace Corporation, El Segundo, California, for support of the Gemini Launch Vehicle Program; a contract followed on March 15. Aerospace was to assume responsibility for general systems engineering and technical direction of the development of the launch vehicle and its associated subsystems. Aerospace had already established a Gemini Launch Vehicle Program Office in January.


1962 February 15 - . 15:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC31B. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1A.
  • Research and development launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1962 February 16 - .
  • Delay of Mercury MA-6 schedule - . Nation: USA. Program: Mercury. Walter C. Williams, Project Mercury Operations Director, announced that because of weather conditions February 20, 1962, would be the earliest date that the Mercury-Atlas 6 mission could be launched..

1962 February 16 - .
  • Female Cosmonaut Training Group selected. - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Kuznetsova, Ponomaryova, Solovyova, Tereshkova, Yerkina.

    The group was selected to provide female astronauts for the Vostok manned spaceflight program.. Qualifications: Parachutists under 30 years of age; under 170 cm tall; under 70 kg in weight.. Cosmonaut commander Nikolai Kamanin obtained official approval to train a cadre of female cosmonauts in October 1961. The pool of Soviet female pilots being limited, potential candidates were also sought who were active sport parachutists. Five Soviet women were selected on 16 February 1962 and reported for training a month later. However the flight of a woman in space had little support from Chief Designer Korolev or Kamanin's military commanders.

    In May 1962 a Soviet delegation, including cosmonaut Gherman Titov and Kamanin, visited Washington. On May 3 Kamanin and Titov were invited to a barbecue at the home of astronaut John Glenn. Glenn, already politically-connected, was an enthusiastic supporter of the 'Mercury 13' - female pilots who had passed the astronaut physical and were lobbying to be trained as Mercury astronauts. Kamanin understood from Glenn that the first American woman would make a three-orbit Mercury flight by the end of 1962. Armed with the threat that 'the Americans will beat us', Kamanin was able to obtain a decision to go ahead with the first flight of a Soviet woman within weeks of his return.

    Meanwhile the five female cosmonaut were going through the complete course of cosmonaut training, including weightless flights, parachute jumps, isolation tests, centrifuge tests, and academic studies of rocket theory and spacecraft engineering. The women undertook 120 parachute jumps and received pilot training in MiG-15UTI jet trainers.

    Even though NASA's female astronaut flight never materialised, Valentina Tereshkova of the Soviet Union became the first woman in space on June 16, 1963. Following her flight the women were enrolled in the arduous test pilot course at the Zhukovskiy Academy (except Ponomareva, who was a graduate engineer from the Moscow Aviation Institute). There were plans for all-female Vostok or Soyuz flights, but these never materialised. The female training group was disbanded in October 1969. The Soviet Union used only male cosmonauts until the 1980's, when women were again recruited, in order to again have a Soviet woman in space before the Americans finally began flying female astronauts on the space shuttle.


1962 February 16 - . Launch Site: , Vandenberg. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan II.
  • The 6595th Aerospace Test Wing at Vandenberg AFB conducted the first and development test missile (N-7) from an underground silo. In this first silo launch of a Titan II, the missile destroyed itself - .

1962 February 16 - . LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan IIIC.
  • Space Systems Division awarded a contract to the Martin Marietta Corporation to study the design criteria for the Titan III standardized space launch vehicle. - .

1962 February 16 - . 23:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 576B2. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,800 km (1,100 mi).

1962 February 17 - .
  • Immediate Vostok launches demanded - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Nikolayev, Popovich, Titov, Ustinov. Program: Vostok. Flight: Vostok 3, Vostok 4.

    Ustinov wants launch of two cosmonauts within a month to answer the American Glenn flight. Of seven candidates, Nikolayev and Popovich are most likely to be selected. Meanwhile Titov has more incidents. He has driven his Volga into a bus. This is his third accident within a year.


1962 February 17 - . 19:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • LeRC LH2 test Technology test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 157 km (97 mi).

1962 February 18 - . LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D.
  • NASA announced Project Fire - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft Bus: Apollo CSM. Spacecraft: FIRE.

    NASA announced Project Fire, a high-speed reentry heat research program to obtain data on materials, heating rates, and radio signal attenuation on spacecraft reentering the atmosphere at speeds of about 24,500 miles per hour. Information from the program would support technology for manned and unmanned reentry from lunar missions. Under the management of the Langley Research Center, Project Fire would use Atlas D boosters and the reentry package would be powered by an Antares solid-fuel motor (third stage of the Scout).


1962 February 19 - .
  • AiResearch received subcontract to manufacture the environmental control system (ECS) for Gemini. - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft: Gemini, Gemini ECS.

    AiResearch Manufacturing Company, a division of the Garrett Corporation, Los Angeles, California, received a $15 million subcontract from McDonnell to manufacture the environmental control system (ECS) for the Gemini spacecraft. This was McDonnell's first purchase order on behalf of the Gemini contract. Patterned after the ECS used in Project Mercury (also built by AiResearch), the Gemini ECS consisted of suit, cabin, and coolant circuits, and an oxygen supply, all designed to be manually controlled whenever possible during all phases of flight. Primary functions of the ECS were controlling suit and cabin atmosphere, controlling suit and equipment temperatures, and providing drinking water for the crew and storage or disposal of waste water.


1962 February 19 - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Viper I.
  • Nation: USA. Agency: NOTS. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1962 February 20 - .
  • Vostok 3/4 training - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Bykovsky, Nelyubov, Nikolayev, Popovich, Ustinov. Program: Vostok. Flight: Vostok 3, Vostok 4.

    Kamanin selects the cosmonauts for the dual flight ordered by Ustinov: Nikolayev and Popovich, with Nelyubov and Bykovsky as back-ups. Ustinov has ordered launch by 10-12 March. - such is the Soviet's lousy leadership, Kamanin notes. They don't do anything for months, then suddenly want a manned launch within 10 days. Korolev wants a three-day flight, but the VVS wants no more than two days, and only then if the cosmonauts are in excellent condition after the first day.


1962 February 20 - . 13:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Composition Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 132 km (82 mi).

1962 February 20 - . 14:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC14. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D.
  • Mercury MA-6 - . Call Sign: Friendship 7. Crew: Glenn. Backup Crew: Carpenter. Payload: Mercury SC13. Mass: 1,355 kg (2,987 lb). Nation: USA. Related Persons: Carpenter, Glenn. Agency: NASA. Program: Mercury. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Mercury MA-6. Spacecraft: Mercury. Duration: 0.21 days. Decay Date: 1962-02-20 . USAF Sat Cat: 240 . COSPAR: 1962-Gamma-1. Apogee: 265 km (164 mi). Perigee: 159 km (98 mi). Inclination: 32.5000 deg. Period: 88.60 min.

    The 6555th Aerospace Test Wing launched the Mercury/Atlas D (MA-6), "Friendship 7," that placed the Mercury capsule containing LtColonel John Glenn, USMC, into orbit for the first Project Mercury manned orbital flight. "Friendship 7" completed three orbits before successful reentry and recovery in the Atlantic Ocean. First US manned orbital mission. John Glenn finally puts America in orbit. False landing bag deploy light led to reentry being started with retropack left in place on heat shield. It turned out that indicator light was false and a spectacular reentry ensued, with glowing chunks of the retropack whizzing by the window. After four hours and 43 minutes the spacecraft reentered the atmosphere and landed at 2:43 pm EST in the planned recovery area NE of the Island of Puerto Rico. All flight objectives were achieved. Glenn was reported to be in excellent condition. Beause of failure of one of the automatic systems, the astronaut took over manual control of the spacecraft during part of the flight. With this flight, the basic objectives of Project Mercury had been achieved.


1962 February 21 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: X-17. Launch Vehicle: RAM A.
  • RAM A-2 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1962 February 21 - . 18:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC1E. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor Agena B. FAILURE: Partial failure. Agena failed to restart to circularize orbit.. Failed Stage: U.
  • Ferret 1 - . Payload: Ferret 1 / Agena B 2301. Mass: 1,500 kg (3,300 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Ferret. Decay Date: 1962-03-04 . USAF Sat Cat: 242 . COSPAR: 1962-Delta-1. Apogee: 219 km (136 mi). Perigee: 169 km (105 mi). Inclination: 81.9000 deg. Period: 88.30 min.

1962 February 21 - . 22:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 576B3. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D. FAILURE: Failure. Failed Stage: 1.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,800 km (1,100 mi).

1962 February 22 - . LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan II.
  • Proposal for redundant subsystems for the Gemini launch vehicle. - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft: Gemini, Gemini Inertial Guidance System.

    Martin-Baltimore submitted its initial proposal for the redundant flight control and hydraulic subsystems for the Gemini launch vehicle; on March 1, Martin was authorized to proceed with study and design work. The major change in the flight control system from Titan II missile to Gemini launch vehicle was substitution of the General Electric Mod IIIG radio guidance system (RGS) and Titan I three-axis reference system for the Titan II inertial guidance system. Air Force Space Systems Division issued a letter contract to General Electric Company, Syracuse, New York, for the RGS on June 27. Technical liaison, computer programs, and ground-based computer operation and maintenance were contracted to Burroughs Corporation, Paoli, Pennsylvania, on July 3.


1962 February 23 - .
  • Dyna-Soar limited to an orbital research system. - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft: Dynasoar. Secretary of Defense, Robert S. McNamara, officially limited the objective of the Dyna-Soar program to the development of an orbital, research system. Now it is only a research and development program to demonstrate re-entry and landing of a spaceplane..

1962 February 23 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 395-A1. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan I. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Research and development Cat II / operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1962 February 23 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC38. LV Family: Spartan ABM. Launch Vehicle: Nike Zeus.
  • Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1962 February 24 - . Launch Site: Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: UNKPL. Launch Platform: HOTEL2. Launch Vehicle: R-21.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 293 km (182 mi).

1962 February 25 - . LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D.
  • Factory roll-out inspection of Mercury Atlas launch vehicle 107-D. - . Nation: USA. Program: Mercury. Flight: Mercury MA-7. Factory roll-out inspection of Atlas launch vehicle 107-D, designated for the Mercury-Atlas 7 (MA-7) manned orbital mission, was conducted at Convair..

1962 February 26 - .
  • John Glenn Day in Washington, D.C. - . Nation: USA. Program: Mercury. This featured the reception of the astronaut at the White House, a parade, and his address to joint session of Congress..

1962 February 27 - . 19:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC1W. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor Agena B.
  • Discoverer 38 - . Payload: KH-4 s/n 9031 / Agena B 1123. Mass: 1,150 kg (2,530 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: WS-117. Spacecraft: KH-4. Decay Date: 1962-03-21 . USAF Sat Cat: 247 . COSPAR: 1962-Epsilon-1. Apogee: 277 km (172 mi). Perigee: 207 km (128 mi). Inclination: 82.2000 deg. Period: 89.40 min. First mission of the KH-4 series. Much of film slightly out of focus.. Capsule recovered 4.1 days later..

1962 February - . Launch Vehicle: Little Joe.
  • Little Joe dropped for Apollo tests - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo.

    NASA wind tunnel data on the adaptation of the Project Mercury Little Joe booster to the Apollo launch escape system were analyzed. The booster fins were ineffective in maintaining the stability of the configuration and the project was canceled. The later Little Joe II depended on the inherent stability of the total vehicle to attain a successful ballistic trajectory to test altitude.


1962 February 28 - .
  • Representatives of McDonnell, North American, Manned Spacecraft Center, and NASA Headquarters met to begin coordinating the interface between spacecraft and paraglider. - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft: Gemini, Gemini Paraglide.

    The first problem was to provide adequate usable stowage volume for the paraglider landing system within the spacecraft. The external geometry of the spacecraft had already been firmly established, so the problem narrowed to determining possible volumetric improvements within the spacecraft's recovery compartment.


1962 March 1 - .
  • 4 million New Yorkers greet Glenn - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Gilruth, Glenn. Program: Mercury. An estimated 4 million people lined the streets of New York City for John Glenn Day. Mayor Robert Wagner presented Glenn and Robert R. Gilruth the city's Medal of Honor..

1962 March 1 - .
  • Chance Vought to study spacecraft rendezvous - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo LM, LM Mode Debate, LM Source Selection.

    NASA Headquarters selected the Chance Vought Corporation of Ling-Temco-Vought, Inc., as a contractor to study spacecraft rendezvous. A primary part of the contract would be a flight simulation study exploring the capability of an astronaut to control an Apollo-type spacecraft.


1962 March 1 - .
  • Plans for astronaut/cosmonaut meeting - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Gagarin, Glenn, Titov.

    Glenn is in Washington, and meets the Secretary General of the United Nations, who mentions a plan of the Soviet ambassador to the UN. Gagarin and Titov might visit New York to address the United Nations on 19 March. This would provide an opportunity for the cosmonauts and US astronauts to meet.


1962 Mar - . LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan I.
  • Construction work for all six Titan I squadrons was completed. - .

1962 Mar - . Launch Site: Warren AFB. LV Family: Minuteman.
  • Francis E. Warren AFB, Wyoming, was selected as the site for Minuteman Wing V. - .

1962 March 1 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC29A. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A2.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1962 March 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: RT-2. Launch Vehicle: RT-1. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1962 March 1 - . 00:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg OSTF1. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas E.
  • Research and development Category II test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 1,600 km (900 mi).

1962 March 1 - . 05:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA3. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout X-1A.
  • Reentry 1 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 214 km (132 mi).

1962 March 1 - . 17:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • 7-inch Sphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 144 km (89 mi).

1962 March 1 - . 23:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 135 km (83 mi).

1962 March 2 - .
  • Marquardt to build the reaction control rocket engines for the Apollo spacecraft - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM, CSM RCS. The Marquardt Corporation was selected by NAA's Space and Information Systems Division to design and build the reaction control rocket engines for the Apollo spacecraft. The contract was signed during April..

1962 March 2 - . 00:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 113 km (70 mi).

1962 March 2 - . 10:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Water test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 145 km (90 mi).

1962 March 2 - . 10:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 134 km (83 mi).

1962 March 2 - . 11:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 115 km (71 mi).

1962 March 3 - .
  • Aerojet-General named for the Apollo service module propulsion system - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM, CSM SPS. The Aerojet-General Corporation was named by NAA as a subcontractor for the Apollo service module propulsion system..

1962 March 5 - .
  • Vostok 3/4 delayed - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Bykovsky, Gagarin, Nelyubov, Nikolayev, Popovich, Titov. Program: Vostok. Flight: Vostok 3, Vostok 4. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-2 satellite.

    Due to technical problems and the launch failure of a Zenit spy satellite, the launch of the dual Vostoks is pushed back to April. Therefore a trip to New York by the cosmonauts in March will not be possible. In any case the Presidium has decided against allowing them to address the United Nations.


1962 March 5 - .
  • Birth of Robert Lee Jr 'Beamer' Curbeam - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Curbeam. African-American test pilot mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-85, STS-98, STS-116..

1962 March 5 - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. LV Family: Spartan ABM. Launch Vehicle: Nike Zeus.
  • KMR-2 Sim target - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1962 March 5 - . 09:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. Launch Vehicle: Skylark.
1962 March 6 - . LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D.
  • Mercury Atlas launch vehicle 107-D delivered to Cape Canaveral - . Nation: USA. Program: Mercury. Atlas launch vehicle 107-D was delivered to Cape Canaveral for the Mercury-Atlas 7 (MA-7) mission..

1962 March 6 - . 12:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. Launch Vehicle: Skylark.
1962 March 6 - . 13:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Ultraviolet Absorption Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 323 km (200 mi).

1962 March 7 - .
  • Orbiting Solar Observatory (OSO) - . Nation: USA. Program: Mercury.

    The first Orbiting Solar Observatory (OSO) performed remarkably well in conducting the thirteen different experiments for which it was programmed. Especially relevant to manned space flight were its measurements of solar radiation in high frequency ranges, of cosmic dust effects, and of the thermal properties of spacecraft surface materials.


1962 March 7 - . 16:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor Delta.
  • OSO 1 - . Payload: OSO A (S-16). Mass: 208 kg (458 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Class: Astronomy. Type: Solar satellite. Spacecraft: OSO. Decay Date: 1981-10-08 . USAF Sat Cat: 255 . COSPAR: 1962-Zeta-1. Apogee: 553 km (343 mi). Perigee: 522 km (324 mi). Inclination: 32.8000 deg. Period: 95.30 min. Orbiting Solar Observatory; solar flare observations. Spacecraft engaged in research and exploration of the upper atmosphere or outer space (US Cat B). .

1962 March 7 - . 22:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC3E. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas Agena B.
  • Samos 6 - . Payload: Samos E-5 no. 3. Mass: 1,860 kg (4,100 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: WS-117. Spacecraft: Samos. Decay Date: 1963-06-07 . USAF Sat Cat: 259 . COSPAR: 1962-Eta-3. Apogee: 686 km (426 mi). Perigee: 236 km (146 mi). Inclination: 90.9000 deg. Period: 93.90 min. First generation photo surveillance; return of camera and film by capsule; SAMOS type satellite. Failed to return camera and film. Samos film return project cancelled; remaining 4 cameras placed in warehouse and later used on KH-6 Lanyard..

1962 March 8 - .
  • Contract for the Apollo spacecraft fuel cell to Pratt & Whitney - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM, CSM Fuel Cell. NAA awarded a development contract for the Apollo spacecraft fuel cell to Pratt & Whitney Aircraft Division of United Aircraft Corporation..

1962 March 8 - . 15:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC31B. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1A.
  • Research and development launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1962 March 9 - .
  • Glenn presented Astronaut Wings - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Glenn. Program: Mercury. John Glenn became the third man to be presented with Astronaut Wings in a ceremony at the Pentagon..

1962 March 10 - .
  • Soyuz Technical Project approved. - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Korolev. Spacecraft: L1-1962, OS-1962, Vostok-Zh.

    Korolev approved the technical project 'Complex docking of spacecraft in earth orbit - Soyuz'. The Soyuz would first be tested using multiple launches of an R-7 derived rocket. In this concept a large spacecraft was assembled in earth orbit by a Vostok-Zh (or Vostok-7) manoeuvrable manned satellite, piloted by a 'cosmonaut assemblyman'. Following completion of assembly, the Vostok would return to earth. The assembled circumlunar craft would put the L1, with a crew of one to three, on a circumlunar trajectory. The Vostok-Zh could be used on another mission to assemble a 15 tonne OS orbital station with the mission of observing the earth.


1962 March 12 - .
  • Apollo program moved to Houston - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Primary MSC activities for the Apollo program were relocated from Langley Field, Va., to the Manned Spacecraft Center, Houston, Tex..

1962 March 13 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC38. LV Family: Spartan ABM. Launch Vehicle: Nike Zeus.
  • Simulated target - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1962 March 13 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC38. LV Family: Spartan ABM. Launch Vehicle: Nike Zeus.
  • Simulated target - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1962 March 14 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LC-B. LV Family: Asp. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Asp IV.
  • Vista-300 test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1962 March 15 - . LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D.
  • Carpenter replaces Slayton on Mercury-Atlas 7 (MA-7) - . Nation: USA. Program: Mercury. Flight: Mercury MA-7. NASA Headquarters publicly announced that Scott Carpenter would pilot the Mercury-Atlas 7 (MA-7) manned orbital mission replacing Donald Slayton. The latter, formerly scheduled for the flight, was disqualified because of a minor erratic heart rate..

1962 March 16 - . 11:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar Mayak-2. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 63S1.
  • Cosmos 1 - . Payload: DS-2 s/n 2. Mass: 47 kg (103 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Program: DS. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-2. Completed Operations Date: 1962-03-26 . Decay Date: 1962-05-25 . USAF Sat Cat: 266 . COSPAR: 1962-Theta-1. Apogee: 649 km (403 mi). Perigee: 207 km (128 mi). Inclination: 49.0000 deg. Period: 93.10 min.

    After five months of further work and tests to improve the reliability of the second stage, Yangel's team felt it was ready to again attempt a launch of the 63S1 booster. 63S1 s/n 6LK put a DS-2 satellite into orbit, which conducted studies of the ionosphere. This was the first successful launch of the Kosmos 63S1 launch vehicle. A decision was made after two unsuccessful launches of the DS-1 to create a simplified DS-2 spacecraft based on the equipment and structural elements of DS-1 spacecraft. The cylindrical section for mission avionics was completely omitted.


1962 March 16 - . 18:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC16. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan II.
  • Mk 6 re-entry vehicle test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

    The 6555th Aerospace Test Wing launched the first Titan II (XLGM-25C) research and development flight test missile (N-2) from Cape Canaveral. The Titan II was the most powerful ICBM yet launched by the U.S., its first stage engines generating 430,000 pounds of thrust and the second stage engine 100,000 pounds. The flight of N-2 also marked the first successful test of the AC Spark Plug inertial guidance system. The Air Force successfully launched a Titan II intercontinental ballistic missile. This was the first full-scale test of the vehicle; it flew 8000 km out over the Atlantic Ocean.


1962 March 17 - .
  • McDonnell awarded AiResearch a $5.5 million subcontract to provide the reactant supply system for the Gemini spacecraft fuel cells. - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft: Gemini, Gemini Fuel Cell.

    The oxygen and hydrogen required by the fuel cell were stored in two double-walled, vacuum-insulated, spherical containers located in the adapter section of the spacecraft. Reactants were maintained as single-phase fluids (neither gas nor liquid) in their containers by supercritical pressures at cryogenic temperatures. Heat exchangers converted them to gaseous form and supplied them to the fuel cells at operating temperatures.


1962 March 18 - . Launch Vehicle: Saturn V.
  • Saturn C-5 first launch scheduled in the last quarter of 1965 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: von Braun. Program: Apollo.

    Marshall Space Flight Center's latest schedule on the Saturn C-5 called for the first launch in the last quarter of 1965 and the first manned launch in the last quarter of 1967. If the C-5 could be man-rated on the eighth research and development flight in the second quarter of 1967, the spacecraft lead time would be substantially reduced.


1962 March 19 - . 11:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. Launch Vehicle: Skylark.
1962 March 19 - . 23:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC10E. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor DM-18A.
  • Combat training launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: RAF. Apogee: 520 km (320 mi).

1962 March 20 - .
  • Mercury spacecraft 19 delivered to Cape Canaveral. - . Nation: USA. Program: Mercury. Spacecraft: Mercury. Spacecraft 19 was delivered to Cape Canaveral in the orbital-manned configuration, but this mission was canceled after the successful six-orbit flight of Schirra..

1962 March 21 - . LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan II.
  • Contract to Aerojet-General for 15 propulsion systems for the Gemini launch vehicle. - . Nation: USA.

    Air Force Space Systems Division awarded a letter contract to Aerojet-General Corporation, Azusa, California, for the research, development, and procurement of 15 propulsion systems for the Gemini launch vehicle. It also included the design and development of the related aerospace ground equipment. Aerojet had been authorized to go ahead with work on the engines on February 14, 1962, and the final engine was scheduled for delivery by April 1965.


1962 March 21 - . LV Family: Titan.
  • Aerojet-General Corporation was given a letter contract for research, development, and manufacture of 15 sets of Titan Gemini Launch Vehicle propulsion systems and associated ground equipment. - . Spacecraft: Gemini.

1962 March 21 - . Launch Site: Jiuquan. Launch Complex: Jiuquan LA3. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: DF-2. FAILURE: Failure of guidance and engine mounting. Impacted after 69 seconds of flight.. Failed Stage: 1.
  • Nation: China. Agency: PRC. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

    First DF-2 launch attempt. The rocket impacted the earth after only 69 seconds of flight. Fundamental design errors were discovered in calculating flexing of the rocket in flight, placement of the guidance system, and engine mounting. The missile was completely redesigned for reduced thrust.


1962 March 21 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: R-9. Launch Vehicle: R-9A. FAILURE: Failure.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1962 March 22 - .
  • NASA Project Mercury Advance Recovery Requirements - . Nation: USA. Program: Mercury. Flight: Mercury MA-7. Manned Spacecraft Center personnel briefed the Chief of Naval Operations on the Mercury-Atlas 7 (MA-7) flight and ensuing Mercury flights. This material was incorporated in a document entitled, 'NASA Project Mercury Advance Recovery Requirements.'.

1962 March 23 - .
  • Luna E-6 soft lander approved. - . Nation: Russia. Spacecraft: Luna E-6. Central Committee of the Communist Party and Council of Soviet Ministers Decree 'On Luna spacecraft for soft-landing on the Moon' was issued..

1962 March 23 - . LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan II.
  • Air Force Space Systems Division published the "Development Plan for the Gemini Launch Vehicle System". - . Nation: USA. From experience in Titan II and Mercury programs, the planners estimated a budget of $164.4 million, including a 50 percent contingency for cost increases and unforeseen changes..

1962 March 23 - . LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 2.
  • A new contract with Boeing authorized initial planning and testing for the Wing VI Block Change - the new designation for Improved Minuteman, later to become Minuteman II (LGM-30F). - .

1962 March 23 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC32B. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1A.
  • Research and development launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1962 March 23 - . 23:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 142 km (88 mi).

1962 March 23 - . 23:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenade, Inflating Sphere 3 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 121 km (75 mi).

1962 March 24 - . 00:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 576B2. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D.
  • Demonstration and shakedown operations launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,800 km (1,100 mi).

    An Air Force crew launched Atlas 134D during the visit of President John F. Kennedy to Cape Canaveral. This was the first time that a President had witnessed a live ICBM launch. President John F. Kennedy visited Vandenberg AFB and witnessed the launch of Atlas 134D.


1962 March 25-31 - . Launch Vehicle: Little Joe II.
  • Little Joe II test launch vehicle development approved - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. NASA Headquarters approved plans for the development of the Little Joe II test launch vehicle. Prospective bidders were notified of a briefing to be held at MSC on April 6, at which time Requests for Proposals would be distributed..

1962 March 26 - .
  • Birth of Yuri Pavlovich Gidzenko - . Nation: Ukraine. Related Persons: Gidzenko. Ukrainian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Mir EO-20, ISS EO-1, ISS EP-3. Call sign: Uran (Uranus)..

1962 March 26 - . 19:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Platform: F-4H. Launch Vehicle: Caleb. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test / aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN NOTS. Apogee: 21 km (13 mi).

1962 March 27 - . 23:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 117 km (72 mi).

1962 March 28 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC38. LV Family: Spartan ABM. Launch Vehicle: Nike Zeus.
  • Hercules intercept - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 40 km (24 mi).

1962 March 28 - . 00:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 123 km (76 mi).

1962 March 29 - .
  • Chance Vought briefed on lunar orbit rendezvous - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo LM, LM Mode Debate, LM Source Selection.

    Members of Langley Research Center briefed representatives of the Chance Vought Corporation of Ling- Temco-Vought, Inc., on the lunar orbit rendezvous method of accomplishing the lunar landing mission. The briefing was made in connection with the study contract on spacecraft rendezvous awarded by NASA Headquarters to Chance Vought on March 1.


1962 March 29 - .
  • Republic to build two experimental FIRE spacecraft - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft Bus: Apollo CSM. Spacecraft: FIRE.

    NASA announced that a $5 million contract would be awarded to Republic Aviation Corporation for the construction of two experimental reentry spacecraft. Republic was selected from eight companies that submitted bids on March 12. The contract was part of Project Fire, to develop a spacecraft capable of withstanding reentry into the earth's atmosphere from a lunar mission. Plans called for the spacecraft to be tested during the second half of 1963.


1962 March 29 - . 02:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Akita. Launch Vehicle: K150.
  • Heating Test K-6S Prototype - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1962 March 29 - . 07:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA3. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout X-2.
  • P-21A Plasma / aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 6,291 km (3,909 mi).

1962 March 29 - . 09:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. LV Family: Lupus. Launch Vehicle: HAD.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Australia. Agency: WRE. Apogee: 125 km (77 mi).

1962 March 30 - . LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan II.
  • Martin-Baltimore submitted a "Description of the Launch Vehicle for the Gemini Spacecraft" to Air Force Space Systems Division. - . Nation: USA. This document laid the foundation for the design of the Gemini launch vehicle by defining the concept and philosophy of each proposed subsystem..

1962 March 30 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC25A. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A2. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1962 March 31 - .
  • The configuration of the Gemini spacecraft was formally frozen. - . Nation: USA. Program: Gemini. Spacecraft: Gemini.

    Following receipt of the program go-ahead on December 22, 1961, McDonnell began defining the Gemini spacecraft. At that time, the basic configuration was already firm. During the three-month period, McDonnell wrote a series of detailed specifications to define the overall vehicle, its performance, and each of the major subsystems. These were submitted to NASA and approved. During the same period, the major subsystems specification control drawings - the specifications against which equipment was procured - were written, negotiated with NASA, and distributed to potential subcontractors for bid.


1962 April 1-7 - .
  • Design criteria of the Apollo service module for the lunar landing maneuver - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM, Apollo Lunar Landing. NAA was directed by the MSC Apollo Spacecraft Project Office to begin a study to define the configuration and design criteria of the service module which would make the lunar landing maneuver and touchdown..

1962 April - . LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D.
  • Crash program completed to clear Atlas configuration problems. - . Nation: USA. Golden Ram follow-on completed at all Atlas D operational bases.

1962 April - . LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas F.
  • Atlas F training facility activated. - . Nation: USA. VAFB Atlas F training facility turned over to SAC.

1962 April 1 - . Launch Site: Little Rock AFB. Launch Complex: Little Rock AFB. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan II.
  • Titan 2 308th SMW and 373rd SMS (9 missiles) activated at Little Rock AFB, Arkansas - . Nation: USA.

1962 Q2? - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. LV Family: Spartan ABM. Launch Vehicle: Nike Zeus.
  • Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1962 Q2? - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. LV Family: Spartan ABM. Launch Vehicle: Nike Zeus.
  • Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1962 April 3 - . 04:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Trailblazer test vehicle. Launch Vehicle: Trailblazer 1.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 260 km (160 mi).

1962 April 4 - .
  • Mockup of the Apollo command module made public - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM. A mockup of the Apollo command module, built by the Space and Information Systems Division of NAA, was made public for the first time during a visit to NAA by news media representatives..

1962 April 4 - . Launch Site: Warren AFB. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1.
  • Headquarters USAF officially announced that Francis E. Warren AFB, Wyoming, would be the site for the fifth wing of Minuteman ICBMs. - .

1962 April 5 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC38. LV Family: Spartan ABM. Launch Vehicle: Nike Zeus.
  • Simulated target - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1962 April 5 - . 15:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. Launch Vehicle: Skylark.
1962 April 5 - . 18:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Hidden Hills DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 003.
  • X-15A MH-96 test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Spacecraft: X-15A. Apogee: 54 km (33 mi).

    Maximum Speed - 4586 kph. Maximum Altitude - 54860 m. The X-15 was flown in a test of a new automatic control system to be used in the Dyna-Soar and Apollo spacecraft. The previous electronic control system had been automatic only while the X-15 was in the atmosphere; the new system was automatic in space as well. Air dropped in Hidden Hills DZ.


1962 April 6 - . LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D.
  • Symposium on the results of Mercury MA-6 - . Nation: USA. Program: Mercury. NASA sponsored a 1-day symposium in Washington on the results of the Mercury-Atlas 6 (MA-6) three-orbit flight of John Glenn. One of the items of particular interest was Glenn's 'fire-flies,' or luminous particles, and their possible origin..

1962 April 6 - . Launch Vehicle: Little Joe II.
  • Request for proposal for the Little Joe II launch vehicle - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM.

    The request for a proposal on the Little Joe II test launch vehicle was submitted to bidders by a letter from MSC, together with a Work Statement. Five launches, which were to test boilerplate models of the Apollo spacecraft command module in abort situations, were called for: three in 1963 and two in 1964. Additional Details: here....


1962 April 6 - .
  • Thiokol selected for Apollo launch escape tower jettison motors - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM, CSM LES. The Thiokol Chemical Corporation was selected by NAA to build the solid-fuel rocket motor to be used to jettison the Apollo launch escape tower following a launch abort or during a normal mission..

1962 April 6 - . 17:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar Mayak-2. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 63S1.
  • Cosmos 2 - . Payload: 1MS s/n 1. Mass: 285 kg (628 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Program: MS. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: MS. Spacecraft: 1MS. Decay Date: 1963-08-20 . USAF Sat Cat: 269 . COSPAR: 1962-Iota-1. Apogee: 1,485 km (922 mi). Perigee: 207 km (128 mi). Inclination: 49.0000 deg. Period: 101.80 min. Radiation, cosmic ray data. Decay date suspect Investigation of the upper atmosphere and outer space; development of elements in the design of space craft. .

1962 April 7 - .
  • ACF Electronics Division, Riverdale, California, of ACF Industries, Inc., received a $1 million subcontract from McDonnell to provide C- and S-band radar beacons for the Gemini spacecraft. - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft: Gemini, Gemini Radar.

    These beacons formed part of the spacecraft's tracking system. With the exception of frequency-dependent differences, the C-band beacon was nearly identical to the S-band beacon. Their function was to provide tracking responses to interrogation signals from ground stations.


1962 April 7 - . LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan IIIC.
  • A Titan III source selection board recommended United Technology Center as the developer of the solid-propellant booster motors. - .

1962 April 8 - . Launch Site: Chelkar. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5A.
  • NIIP-A Target - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1962 April 9 - . 15:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC3E. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas Agena B.
  • Midas 5 - . Payload: Midas / Agena TV 1203. Mass: 1,860 kg (4,100 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Early warning satellite. Spacecraft Bus: WS-117. Spacecraft: Midas. USAF Sat Cat: 271 . COSPAR: 1962-Kappa-1. Apogee: 3,405 km (2,115 mi). Perigee: 2,784 km (1,729 mi). Inclination: 86.7000 deg. Period: 152.90 min. Missile Defense Alarm System..
  • West Ford Drag - . Payload: West Ford Drag Experiment. Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Spacecraft: WestFord Needles. Decay Date: 1962-05-04 . USAF Sat Cat: 272 . COSPAR: 1962-Kappa-2.

1962 April 9 - . 20:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC11. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas F. FAILURE: Failure. Failed Stage: 1.
  • Research and development launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF.

1962 April 10 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-12.
  • Nation: Ukraine. Agency: MVS. Apogee: 402 km (249 mi).

1962 April 11 - .
  • DX (highest) priority for the Apollo program - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Kennedy. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM. President John F, Kennedy designated the Apollo program including essential spacecraft, launch vehicles, and facilities as being in the highest national priority category (DX) for research and development and for achieving operational capability..

1962 April 12 - . Launch Vehicle: N1.
  • First Soviet announcement of manned lunar goals - . Nation: Russia. Program: Lunar L1. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Spacecraft: Soyuz A, Soyuz B, Soyuz V. First Soviet public announcement of manned lunar goals..

1962 April 12 - . Launch Site: Lowry AFB. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan I.
  • The Ballistic Systems Division Site Activation Task Force (SATAF) at Lowry AFB, Colorado, turned over Complex A, the first three-missile Titan I (HGM-25A) launch complex, to the 724th SMW. - . These were the first of 54 Titan I launchers programmed for SAC's operational inventory. All Titan I squadrons featured silo-lift facilities, that is, storage in an underground silo and erection to an above ground launch position..

1962 April 12 - . Launch Site: Point Mugu. LV Family: Spartan ABM. Launch Vehicle: Nike Zeus.
  • PM-10? 3-stage test - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1962 April 12 - . 01:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 576B2. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D.
  • Demonstration and shakedown operations launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,800 km (1,100 mi).

1962 April 12 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC18B. Launch Pad: LC18B. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Blue Scout I. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Reentry Test re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

1962 April 13 - . Launch Vehicle: N1.
  • N1 development slowed. - . Nation: Russia. Decree 'On restriction of work on the N1' was issued..

1962 April 14 - . LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan IIIC.
  • Space Systems Division selected the proposal submitted by United Technology Center for the 120-inch diameter, solid-propellant rocket motors for the Titan III. - .

1962 April 14 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-12.
  • Nation: Ukraine. Agency: MVS. Apogee: 402 km (249 mi).

1962 April 15 - .
  • Mercury MA-7 water exercise training program - . Nation: USA. Program: Mercury. Flight: Mercury MA-7.

    Scott Carpenter and Walter Schirra, designated as pilot and backup pilot, respectively, for the Mercury-Atlas 7 (MA-7) manned orbital mission, underwent a water exercise training program to review procedures for boarding the life raft and the use of survival packs.


1962 April 16 - .
  • Soyuz A circumlunar spacecraft authorised. - . Nation: Russia. Spacecraft: Soyuz A, Soyuz B, Soyuz V.

    Central Committee of the Communist Party and Council of Soviet Ministers Decree 'On the Development of the 'Soyuz' Complex for Piloted flight to the Moon--approving the Soyuz program for circumlunar flight' was issued. The Soyuz was to be capable of the following:

    • Automatic rendezvous with other spacecraft
    • Automatic approach and alignment
    • Automatic docking
    • Exit of crew into open space for transfer from spacecraft to spacecraft
    • Astronavigation
    • Maneuvering in orbit (changing of orbital parameters)
    • Test of re-entry using body lift to modify the landing point and alleviate G-forces
    • Test of the operation of radio equipment and tracking equipment
    • Scientific research

1962 April 16 - .
  • N1, R-36, R-36-O, and R-56 rockets authorised. - . Nation: Russia. Decree 'On Important Development of Intercontinental Ballistic and Global Missiles and Carriers-Rockets for Space Objects--work on the N1, R-36, R-36-O, and R-56' was issued..

1962 April 17 - . 09:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 119 km (73 mi).

1962 April 17 - . 09:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Asp. Launch Vehicle: Nike Asp.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 201 km (124 mi).

1962 April 17 - . 17:20 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Apogee: 286 km (177 mi).

1962 April 18 - . Launch Site: Lowry AFB. Launch Complex: Lowry AFB. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan I.
  • Titan I ICBM 848th SMS (nine missiles) declared operational at Lowry AFB - . Nation: USA.

1962 April 18 - . 00:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC1E. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor Agena B.
  • Discoverer 39 - . Payload: KH-4 s/n 9032 / Agena B 1124. Mass: 1,150 kg (2,530 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: WS-117. Spacecraft: KH-4. Decay Date: 1962-05-28 . USAF Sat Cat: 276 . COSPAR: 1962-Lambda-1. Apogee: 540 km (330 mi). Perigee: 158 km (98 mi). Inclination: 73.5000 deg. Period: 91.60 min. KH-4. Best mission to date..

1962 April 18 - . 18:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC26A. LV Family: Jupiter. Launch Vehicle: Jupiter IRBM.
  • CTL - . Nation: Turkey. Agency: TUAF. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

    Combat Training Launch fired from AMR at 1317 hours and 54.1 seconds EST to a predicted impact point of 1,514 nm from the firing site. All functions of the flight were normal up to 153 seconds, at which time fuel depletion was reached and normal guidance cut-off was not achieved. The missile impacted approximately 230 miles short of the intended target. All missions assigned to the NATO training launch crew were accomplished.


1962 April 19 - . Launch Site: Lowry AFB. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan I.
  • The last Titan I (HGM-25A) complex was turned over to the 724th Strategic Missile Squadron of the 451st Strategic Missile Wing (SAC) at Lowry AFB, Colorado. This completed activation. - .

1962 April 19 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral AMR DZ. Launch Pad: 29.0 N x 79.0 W. Launch Platform: B-52G. LV Family: Skybolt. Launch Vehicle: Skybolt ALBM. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1962 April 19 - . 18:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Mud Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 003.
  • X-15A ASAS, alpha 20, M=5 test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Spacecraft: X-15A. Apogee: 46 km (28 mi). Maximum Speed - 6220 kph. Maximum Altitude - 46940 m. Air dropped in Mud Lake DZ..

1962 April 20 - . Launch Vehicle: N1.
  • OP -Orbital Belt - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Korolev. Spacecraft Bus: OS. Spacecraft: OP.

    Korolev’s fantastic ‘Orbitalniy Poyas’ (OP -Orbital Belt) scheme anticipated Ronald Reagan’s Strategic Defence Initiative by 25 years. Two to three large N-I launched military manned stations would control a constellation of strategic assets. Geosynchronous nuclear-powered satellites would provide secure communications. Piloted reconnaissance spacecraft would surprise the enemy, observing military preparations without warning. The orbital stations would provide continuous observations of the territory of the imperialist block.


1962 April 20 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: R-9. Launch Vehicle: R-9A. FAILURE: Failure.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1962 April 20 - . 19:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Mud Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008.
  • X-15A MH-96, M=5 test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Spacecraft: X-15A. Apogee: 63 km (39 mi). Maximum Speed - 6097 kph. Maximum Altitude - 63250 m. Air dropped in Mud Lake DZ..

1962 April 21 - .
  • Titov tour - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Johnson, Lyndon, Titov. Titov is to go to New York, San Francisco, Seattle, and meet Vice President Lyndon Johnson. He is to head back on 1 May..

1962 April 21 - .
  • Birth of Sergey Viktorovich Zalyotin - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Zalyotin. Russian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Mir EO-28, ISS EP-4..

1962 April 23 - . 20:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC12. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas Agena B.
  • Ranger 4 - . Mass: 328 kg (723 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Ranger. Class: Moon. Type: Lunar probe. Spacecraft Bus: Ranger. Spacecraft: Ranger 3-4-5. Decay Date: 1962-04-26 . USAF Sat Cat: 280 . COSPAR: 1962-Mu-1.

    The 6555th Aerospace Test Wing launched an Atlas D/Agena B vehicle that carried NASA's Ranger IV to the moon. This was the first U.S. instrument package to impact on the moon. Ranger IV was launched by an Atlas-Agena B booster from the Atlantic Missile Range, attained a parking orbit, and was fired into the proper lunar trajectory by the restart of the Agena B engine. Failure of a timer in the spacecraft payload caused loss of both internal and ground control over the vehicle. The Goldstone Tracking Station maintained contact with the spacecraft until it passed behind the left edge of the moon on April 26. It impacted at a speed of 9,617 km per hour, the first American spacecraft to land on the lunar surface. The Agena B second stage passed to the right of the moon and later went into orbit around the sun. Lunar photography objectives were not achieved.


1962 April 24 - . LV Family: Nova. Launch Vehicle: Nova 8L.
  • Delay in award of a Nova launch vehicle study contract - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo.

    The Manned Space Flight Management Council decided to delay the awarding of a Nova launch vehicle study contract until July 1 at the earliest to allow time for an in-house study of bids submitted and for further examination of the schedule for a manned lunar landing using the direct ascent technique.


1962 April 24 - . Launch Vehicle: Proton.
  • Approval to proceed with the UR-500 (8K82) was provided in a Central Committee decree - . Nation: Russia. Spacecraft Bus: TKS. Spacecraft: LK-1.

    Council of Soviet Ministers (SM) Decree 'On start of work on the UR-500 missile and carrier-rocket' was issued. The rocket was to be built initially for the GR-2 requirement - a heavy rocket that could be used to launch large military payloads into space as well as act as a ballistic missile for multiple nuclear warheads up to 100 MT in yield. The decree ordered development of this powerful new rocket to be completed within three years. This was a difficult task, considering the factory and launch facilities that would have to be built to allow testing of the rocket to begin. The draft project UR-500 was completed in 1963.


1962 April 24 - .
  • Indecision on the lunar mission mode causing delays in Apollo program - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo LM, Apollo Lunar Landing, LM Mode Debate, LM Source Selection.

    MSC Associate Director Walter C. William reported to the Manned Space Flight Management Council that the lack of a decision on the lunar mission mode was causing delays in various areas of the Apollo spacecraft program, especially the requirements for the portions of the spacecraft being furnished by NAA.


1962 April 24 - . 04:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar Mayak-2. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 63S1.
  • Cosmos 3 - . Payload: 2MS s/n 1. Mass: 330 kg (720 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Program: MS. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: MS. Spacecraft: 2MS. Decay Date: 1962-10-17 . USAF Sat Cat: 281 . COSPAR: 1962-Nu-1. Apogee: 707 km (439 mi). Perigee: 216 km (134 mi). Inclination: 49.0000 deg. Period: 93.80 min. Cosmic ray, radiation data. Investigation of the upper atmosphere and outer space; development of elements in the design of space craft. .

1962 April 25 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Pad: Edwards. Launch Platform: NB-52. FAILURE: Failure.
  • X-15A test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Spacecraft: X-15A. Apogee: 14 km (8 mi). Maximum Speed - 5879 kph. Maximum Altitude - 32160 m..

1962 April 25 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC34. LV Family: Saturn I. Launch Vehicle: Saturn C-1.
  • Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 145 km (90 mi).

    Second suborbital test of Saturn I. The Saturn SA-2 first stage booster was launched successfully from Cape Canaveral. The rocket was blown up intentionally and on schedule about 2.5 minutes after liftoff at an altitude of 65 miles, dumping the water ballast from the dummy second and third stages into the upper atmosphere. The experiment, Project Highwater, produced a massive ice cloud and lightning-like effects. The eight clustered H-1 engines in the first stage produced 1.3 million pounds of thrust and the maximum speed attained by the booster was 3,750 miles per hour. Modifications to decrease the slight fuel sloshing encountered near the end of the previous flight test were successful.


1962 April 25 - . 16:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 609. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A2.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1962 April 26 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg.
  • First West Coast launch of a Scout space booster. - . Nation: USA.

x - . Launch Site: , Vandenberg. LV Family: Scout.
  • The first Scout vehicle (#111) was launched from Vandenberg AFB and carried the Navy's Solar Radiation (SOLRAD 4B) payload. However, a third stage failure resulted in payload impact 225-NM downrange. - .

1962 April 26 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC5. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout X-2. FAILURE: Failure.. Failed Stage: U.
  • Solrad 4B - . Payload: Grab E. Mass: 91 kg (200 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Class: Surveillance. Type: ELINT. Spacecraft: GRAB. Decay Date: 1962-04-26 .

    The first Scout vehicle (#111) was launched from Vandenberg AFB and carried the Navy's Solar Radiation (SOLRAD 4B) payload (which was actually the last classified Grab ELINT satellite). However, a third stage failure resulted in payload impact 225-NM downrange. Solar radiation monitor.


1962 April 26 - . 10:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Vostok 8K72K.
  • Cosmos 4 - . Payload: Zenit-2 11F61 s/n 2. Mass: 4,610 kg (10,160 lb). Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Nikolayev, Popovich. Agency: RVSN. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Flight: Vostok 3, Vostok 4. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-2 satellite. Duration: 3.00 days. Decay Date: 1962-04-29 . USAF Sat Cat: 287 . COSPAR: 1962-Xi-1. Apogee: 317 km (196 mi). Perigee: 285 km (177 mi). Inclination: 65.0000 deg. Period: 90.50 min.

    Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite. Program partially completed. Failure of primary spacecraft orientation system. It was to spend four days in space, to be followed by another mission during 5-10 May. This meant that Vostok 3/4 could not be launched before 20-30 May. The cosmonaut prime crew returned from their in-suit parachute training at Fedosiya.


1962 April 26 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Japan / US Ionosphere D-Reg Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 128 km (79 mi).

1962 April 26 - . 18:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor Delta.
  • Ariel 1 - . Payload: UK 1 (S-51). Mass: 60 kg (132 lb). Nation: UK. Agency: NASA. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft: Ariel. Decay Date: 1976-03-31 . USAF Sat Cat: 285 . COSPAR: 1962-Omicron-1. Apogee: 1,203 km (747 mi). Perigee: 398 km (247 mi). Inclination: 53.8000 deg. Period: 100.80 min. Ionospheric studies; returned X-ray, ionospheric, cosmic ray data. Spacecraft engaged in research and exploration of the upper atmosphere or outer space (US Cat B). .

1962 April 26 - . 18:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC3W. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas Agena B.
  • Samos 7 - . Payload: Samos E-6 no. 1 / Agena B 2401. Mass: 1,588 kg (3,500 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: WS-117. Spacecraft: Samos. Decay Date: 1962-04-28 . USAF Sat Cat: 286 . COSPAR: 1962-Pi-1. Second generation photo surveillance; radio relay of images; Satellite and Missile Observation Satellite. Poor results..
  • FTV 2401 RV - . Payload: E-6 RV. Mass: 1,900 kg (4,100 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Spacecraft Bus: WS-117. Spacecraft: Samos. COSPAR: 1962-Pi-xx.

1962 April 27 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC38. LV Family: Spartan ABM. Launch Vehicle: Nike Zeus.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1962 April 27 - . 23:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 576B2. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D.
  • Demonstration and shakedown operations launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,800 km (1,100 mi).

1962 April 28 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: RT-2. Launch Vehicle: RT-1.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1962 April 29 - . 00:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC1W. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor Agena B.
  • KH-4 9033 - . Payload: KH-4 s/n 9033 / Agena B 1125. Mass: 1,150 kg (2,530 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: WS-117. Spacecraft: KH-4. Decay Date: 1962-05-26 . USAF Sat Cat: 290 . COSPAR: 1962-Rho-1. Apogee: 475 km (295 mi). Perigee: 180 km (110 mi). Inclination: 73.1000 deg. Period: 91.10 min. KH-4. Mission failed. Parachute ejector squibs holding parachute container cover failed to fire. No recovery..

1962 April 30 - . LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D.
  • Swimmer training for Mercury MA-7 - . Nation: USA. Program: Mercury. Swimmer training was started for the Mercury-Atlas 7 (MA-7) manned orbital mission recovery area. Instruction consisted of films, briefings, exercises in deploying the auxiliary flotation collar, and jumps from a helicopter..

1962 April 30 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC38. LV Family: Spartan ABM. Launch Vehicle: Nike Zeus.
  • Simulated target - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1962 April 30 - . 18:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Mud Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008.
  • X-15A Alt, Low q, Aero test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Spacecraft: X-15A. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi). Design altitude flight. Maximum Speed - 5614 kph. Maximum Altitude - 75190 m. Air dropped in Mud Lake DZ..

1962 May - . Launch Vehicle: GR-1.
  • Draft project for the GR-1 was completed - . Nation: Russia.

1962 May - . Launch Vehicle: Proton.
  • Advanced project for the Proton UR-500 completed - . Nation: Russia.

    The initial design featured four ungimballed Glushko engines mounted below the core, with four steerable Kosberg engines on the lateral tanks. The second stage of the UR-500 was a larger-diameter variant of the first stage of the UR-200, with the engines gimballed for directional control. The third stage used the UR-200’s fixed engine with a four-nozzled steering engine. In order to meet the constant diameter requirement the third stage used toroidal propellant tanks.


1962 May - .
  • Mudflap approved. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: McNamara. Spacecraft: Program 505.

    US Secretary of Defence McNamara approved the US Army request to proceed with development, under the code-name Mudflap. America's first ASAT system was later known as Program 505, which used prototype Nike Zeus DM-15S anti-ballistic missiles, operated from Kwajalein Atoll by the U.S. Army.


1962 May 1 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Atlas, Thor.
  • Space Systems Division awarded a letter contract to the Douglas Aircraft Company for the design, development, fabrication, assembly, and pre-flight testing of one Douglas Space Vehicle 2C (DSV-2C). - .

    This was originally proposed by the company in June 1961. The DSV-2C, later SLV-2A in Air Force nomenclature, was the Thrust Augmented Thor (TAT) that was the first attempt to combine solid and liquid fuel engines in a single space booster. Intended to fill the gap between the basic Thor booster (LV-2) and the Atlas (SLV-3), the TAT was to use three TX-33-52 solid-pro-pellant Sergeant rocket motors installed around the engine section and attached to the three main thrust beams. Each of the solid-rocket motors would generate 54,500 pounds of thrust for 27 seconds after lift-off. This increased the total thrust of the vehicle to over 330,000 pounds, vastly improving its payload capabilities. The new TAT would have a 50 percent improvement in payload capacity since it could place 1,450 pounds into a 300-NM circular orbit when launched from Cape Canaveral - a 500-pound increase over the present Thor/Agena booster.


1962 May 1 - . 13:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA5B. Launch Pad: LA5B?. Launch Vehicle: Black Knight.
1962 May 2 - . LV Family: Athena RTV.
  • A letter contract was awarded to Atlantic Research Corporation for development and production of 77 Athena missiles for use in Ballistic Systems Division's subscale reentry - systems R&D. - .

1962 May 2 - . 22:53 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Day airglow Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 275 km (170 mi).

1962 May 2 - . 23:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Johnston Island. Launch Complex: Johnston Island LE1. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor DSV-2E.
  • TIGERFISH test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1962 May 3 - .
  • Titov meets Glenn - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Glenn, Johnson, Lyndon, Kennedy, Titov. Spacecraft: Mercury.

    They view the Redstone and Atlas rockets and a Mercury space capsule. Kamanin finds the Mercury very cramped, but notes that it is equipped with all the necessities. Glenn tells him it was possible for the astronaut to wear a parachute, but Glenn chose not to - he didn't believe he could really use it in an emergency anyway. Afterwards they were introduced to President Kennedy and Vice-President Johnson.


1962 May 3 - . 18:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA1. Launch Vehicle: Iris.
  • Structure Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 113 km (70 mi).

1962 May 3 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Javelin.
  • ELF electron trap Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 845 km (525 mi).

1962 May 4 - .
  • Titov in Baltimore - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Glenn, Titov, von Braun. Spacecraft: Mercury, Vostok.

    Titov and Kamanin meet journalist Drew Pierson, who claims that five Soviet cosmonauts died before Gagarin flew. They are introduced to Wernher Von Braun. In the afternoon they go to a barbecue at Glenn's house in Virginia. Kamanin carefully notes the technical information he has gleaned: Glenn wore no parachute; the Mercury's solid fuel retrorockets fire in 28 seconds, much more quickly and with more force than the Vostok's low-thrust liquid propellant engine; it is planned to launch a modernised version of Mercury on a one-day flight by the end of 1962; the astronauts train in the centrifuge to 16 G's (versus 12 G's for the cosmonauts); the NASA manned space headquarters is moving to Texas; Mercury is only capable of water landings, no work has been done on land landings or equipping the capsule with an ejection seat; several Amerrican women are considered fit for spaceflight, and the first American woman could make a three-orbit flight in the second half of 1962.


1962 May 4 - . 01:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC25A. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A2.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1962 May 4 - . 21:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 395-A1. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan I.
  • Research and development Category II test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

    The second Titan I (HGM-25A) squadron at Lowry AFB, Colorado, the 725th Strategic Missile Squadron of SAC's 451st Strategic Missile Wing, became operational with the turnover of the last of three, three-missile launch complexes. All launch facilities were silo-lift. Titan I flight test missile was the 100th major space and ballistic vehicle to be launched from Vandenberg AFB since 16 December 1958. A total of 21 Thors, 32 Atlases, 5 Titans, and 42 space boosters had been launched from the base.


1962 May 5 - . Launch Site: San Nicolas. Launch Vehicle: Caleb.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN NOTS. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1962 May 6 - .
  • Preliminary Statement of Work for Apollo lunar excursion module - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo LM, LM Source Selection. A preliminary Statement of Work for a proposed lunar excursion module was completed, although the mission mode had not yet been selected..

1962 May 6 - . 05:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Trailblazer test vehicle. Launch Vehicle: Trailblazer 2.
  • Meteor 1 Re-entry vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 280 km (170 mi).

1962 May 6 - . 23:17 GMT - . Launch Pad: Pacific Ocean, 12.5 N x 134.0 W. Launch Platform: SSBN 608. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A1.
  • FRIGATE BIRD Nuclear test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

    The only US test of an operational ballistic missile with a live 600 kiloton warhead. A Polaris A2 missile was launched from the ballistic missile submarine Ethan Allen (SSBN-608) 2800 km east-northeast of Christmas Island. The re-entry vehicle reached the target zone 1890 km away and detonated at 3,300 m. The resulting mushroom cloud was observed by the submarines Carbonero (SS-337) and Medregal (SS-480), both stationed within 25 km of the predicted impact point.


1962 May 7 - .
  • Mercury MA-7 delays - . Nation: USA. Program: Mercury. Flight: Mercury MA-7. NASA announced that the Mercury-Atlas 7 (MA-7) manned orbital flight would be delayed several days due to checkout problems with the Atlas launch vehicle..

1962 May 8 - . 15:05 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Radar test Technology test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 196 km (121 mi).

1962 May 8 - . 18:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Hidden Hills DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008.
  • X-15A Heat T/ASAS/High al. test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Spacecraft: X-15A. Apogee: 21 km (13 mi). Maximum Speed - 5670 kph. Maximum Altitude - 21460 m. First flight to exceed 2000 psf (136 bar) dynamic pressure. Air dropped in Hidden Hills DZ..

1962 May 8 - . 19:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC36A. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas Centaur. FAILURE: Vehicle exploded due to insulation problems on the Atlas.. Failed Stage: 1.
  • Research and development test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 6.00 km (3.70 mi).

    The first attempt to launch an Atlas/Centaur from the Atlantic Missile Range was unsuccessful when the Centaur stage blew up at T+55 seconds due to a second stage structural failure. Despite this failure, the launch marked the first U.S. use of a space vehicle fueled by a liquid hydrogen engine. First Centaur flight (unsuccessful).


1962 May 9 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. Launch Vehicle: Belier. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1962 May 10 - . Launch Site: Lowry AFB. Launch Complex: Lowry AFB. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan I.
  • Titan I ICBM 849th SMS (nine missiles) declared operational at Lowry AFB - . Nation: USA.

1962 May 10 - . 12:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17B. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor Ablestar. FAILURE: Able-Star failed to ignite.. Failed Stage: U.
  • Anna 1A - . Payload: Anna 1A. Mass: 160 kg (350 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Class: Earth. Type: Geodetic satellite. Spacecraft: Anna. Decay Date: 1962-05-10 . USN, USAF, US Army, NASA joint program..

1962 May 11 - . Launch Vehicle: Little Joe II.
  • Convair contract for the Little Joe II launch vehicle - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo.

    NASA awarded a letter contract to General Dynamics/Convair to design and manufacture the Little Joe II test launch vehicle which would be used to boost the Apollo spacecraft on unmanned suborbital test flights. The Little Joe II would be powered by clustered solid-fuel engines. At the same time, a separate 30-day contract was awarded to Convair to study the control system requirements. White Sands Missile Range, N. Mex., had been selected for the Little Joe II max q abort and high-altitude abort missions.


1962 May 11 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 609. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A2.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1962 May 11 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC32B. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1A.
  • Research and development launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1962 May 12 - .
  • Project Gemini cost estimates had tripled from the original estimate of $250 million. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Webb. Program: Gemini. Spacecraft: Gemini, Gemini Paraglide.

    James E. Webb, NASA's new Administrator, reviewed the Gemini program. Project Gemini cost estimates at this point ($744.3 million) had increased substantially over the original estimate of $250 million. Estimated spacecraft cost had risen from $240.5 to $391.6 million; Titan II cost, from $113.0 to $161.8 million; Atlas-Agena, from $88.0 to $106.3 million; and supporting development (including the paraglider program), from $29.0 to $36.8 million. Estimated operations costs had declined from $59.0 to $47.8 million.


1962 May 12 - .
  • Birth of Gregory Harold 'Box' Johnson - . Nation: UK, USA. Related Persons: Johnson, Gregory H. British-American test pilot astronaut. Flew on STS-123..

1962 May 12? - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC38. LV Family: Spartan ABM. Launch Vehicle: Nike Zeus.
  • Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1962 May 12 - . 00:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 576B3. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D.
  • Demonstration and shakedown operations launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,800 km (1,100 mi).

1962 May 14 - .
  • Dyna-Soar progam to include multi-orbital flights. - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft: Dynasoar. The Dyna-Soar program office completed a new system package progam, which included multi-orbital flights..

1962 May 15 - . Launch Vehicle: Proton.
1962 May 15 - .
  • Death of Alexis Belokonyov. Reported killed in an orbital flight on May 15, 1962. - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Belokonyov. Russian phantom cosmonaut, reported died in orbit 1962.05.15. Judica-Cordiglia reported radio trasnmission 1962.11. Named in 1959.10 Ogonyok article on high altitude equipment test. Basis for 1969 novel Autopsy for a Cosmonaut..

1962 May 15 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. Launch Vehicle: Belier. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1962 May 15 - . 19:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC1E. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor Agena B.
  • KH-5 9034A - . Payload: KH-5 s/n 9034A/Agena B 1126. Mass: 1,150 kg (2,530 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: WS-117. Spacecraft: KH-5. Decay Date: 1963-11-26 . USAF Sat Cat: 292 . COSPAR: 1962-Sigma-1. Apogee: 550 km (340 mi). Perigee: 283 km (175 mi). Inclination: 82.3000 deg. Period: 93.00 min. KH-5; film capsule recovered 4.1 days later. First successful KH-5 mission. Officially: Spacecraft Engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A)..

1962 May 16-17 - . LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan II.
  • A Launch Vehicle-Spacecraft Interface Working Group was established. - . Nation: USA.

    Gemini Project Office (GPO) and Aerospace had agreed on the need for such a group at a Gemini-Titan coordination meeting on May 11. The main function of the group, composed of Martin and McDonnell personnel with a McDonnell representative as chairman, was to provide mutual exchange of design and physical data on mechanical, electrical, and structural details between the spacecraft contractor and the booster contractor. The group would make no policy decisions; its actions were to be reviewed at regularly scheduled coordination meetings held by GPO.


1962 May 16 - . 17:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Japan / US ionosphere Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 121 km (75 mi).

1962 May 17 - .
  • Mercury MA-7 postponed a second time - . Nation: USA. Program: Mercury. Flight: Mercury MA-7. The Mercury-Atlas 7 (MA-7) manned orbital mission was postponed a second time because of necessary modifications to the altitude-sensing instrumentation in the parachute-deployment system..

1962 May 17 - . 02:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 127 km (78 mi).

1962 May 18 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC32B. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1A.
  • Research and development launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1962 May 18 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1962 May 18 - . 18:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Composition Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 135 km (83 mi).

1962 May 19 - .
  • Mercury MA-7 postponed a third time - . Nation: USA. Program: Mercury. Flight: Mercury MA-7. A third postponement was made for the Mercury-Atlas 7 (MA-7) flight mission due to irregularities detected in the temperature control device on a heater in the Atlas flight control system..

1962 May 21 - . LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan II.
  • Amendment No. 6 to the Gemini launch vehicle procurement contract assigned $2.609 million to fund the construction necessary to convert pad 19 at Cape Canaveral for Gemini flights. - . Nation: USA.

    The Air Force had originally constructed pad 19 for the Titan I development program. Following the final Titan I development flight (January 29) from the Cape, design of the required modifications had begun in February. In April, Gemini Project Office decided that Pad 19 would have an erector rather than a gantry, the upper third of which would be designed as a white room. The final design review of pad 19 modifications took place July 9-10, and the Army Corps of Engineers awarded the construction contract to Consolidated Steel, Cocoa Beach, Florida. Construction began in September. Work was completed and pad 19 was activated on October 17, 1963.


1962 May 22 - . 18:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Hidden Hills DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 003.
  • X-15A Local flow test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Spacecraft: X-15A. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi). Maximum Speed - 5551 kph. Maximum Altitude - 30600 m. Roller coaster flight with three peaks for local airflow investigation. Air dropped in Hidden Hills DZ..

1962 May 23 - . LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan II.
  • Avco proposal for a space station. - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft: MOL.

    Representatives from Avco Manufacturing Corporation made a presentation to MSC on a proposal for a space station. Prime purpose of the station, company spokesmen said, was to determine the effects of zero-g on the crew's ability to stand reentry and thus fix the limit that man could safely remain in orbit. Avco's proposed station design comprised three separate tubes about 3 m in diameter and 6 m long, launched separately aboard Titan IIs and joined in a triangular shape in orbit. A standard Gemini spacecraft was to serve as ferry vehicle.


1962 May 23 - .
  • Directives issued by Secretary of Defense Robert S. McNamara effectively cancelled the Advent program and approved development of a new minimum essential satellite communications system. - . Related Persons: , McNamara. Spacecraft: IDCSP.

1962 May 23 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 610. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A2.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1962 May 23 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 610. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A2.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1962 May 24 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. Launch Vehicle: Veronique.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 168 km (104 mi).

1962 May 24 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC5. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout X-2M. FAILURE: Failure.. Failed Stage: U.
  • P 35-1 - . Payload: FTV 3501. Nation: USA. Agency: AFSC. Program: DMSP. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft: Program 35. Decay Date: 1962-05-24 . Military weather satellite to provide targetting information for reconnaisance satellites..

1962 May 24 - . 10:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Akita. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 8. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1962 May 24 - . 12:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC14. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D.
  • Mercury MA-7 - . Call Sign: Aurora 7. Crew: Carpenter. Backup Crew: Schirra. Payload: Mercury SC18. Mass: 1,349 kg (2,974 lb). Nation: USA. Related Persons: Carpenter, Schirra. Agency: NASA. Program: Mercury. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Mercury MA-7. Spacecraft: Mercury. Duration: 0.21 days. Decay Date: 1962-05-24 . USAF Sat Cat: 295 . COSPAR: 1962-Tau-1. Apogee: 260 km (160 mi). Perigee: 154 km (95 mi). Inclination: 32.5000 deg. Period: 88.50 min.

    BSD's 6555th Aerospace Test Wing launched Mercury/Atlas 7 (MA-7), "Aurora 7", into orbit carrying Navy Commander M. Scott Carpenter. This was the second U.S. manned orbital flight mission. Scott Carpenter in Aurora 7 is enthralled by his environment but uses too much orientation fuel. Yaw error and late retrofire caused the landing impact point to be over 300 km beyond the intended area and beyond radio range of the recovery forces. Landing occurred 4 hours and 56 minutes after liftoff. Astronaut Carpenter was later picked up safely by a helicopter after a long wait in the ocean and fears for his safety. NASA was not impressed and Carpenter left the agency soon thereafter to become an aquanaut.


1962 May 25 - . 12:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150A.
  • Sea recovery test/Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi). Sea recovery test mission..

1962 May 26 - . Launch Vehicle: Saturn V.
  • Saturn F-1 engine first fired at full power - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. The F-1 engine was first fired at full power more than 1.5 million pounds of thrust) for 2.5 minutes at Edwards Rocket Site, Calif..

1962 May 26 - . 18:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Point Mugu. LV Family: Spartan ABM. Launch Vehicle: Nike Zeus.
  • PM-13 Altitude test - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1962 May 27 - .
  • Carpenter and Williams awarded NASA Distinguished Service Medal - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Carpenter. Program: Mercury. Scott Carpenter and Walter C. Williams were awarded the NASA Distinguished Service Medal by James Webb, NASA Administrator, in a ceremony at Cape Canaveral..

1962 May 28 - . 03:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar Mayak-2. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 63S1.
  • Cosmos 5 - . Payload: 2MS s/n 2. Mass: 280 kg (610 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Program: MS. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: MS. Spacecraft: 2MS. Decay Date: 1963-05-02 . USAF Sat Cat: 297 . COSPAR: 1962-Upsilon-1. Apogee: 1,578 km (980 mi). Perigee: 192 km (119 mi). Inclination: 49.1000 deg. Period: 102.60 min. Monitored artificial radiation. Investigation of the upper atmosphere and outer space; development of elements in the design of space craft. .

1962 May 29 - . Launch Vehicle: Saturn V.
  • Mobile launcher concept for the Saturn C-5 approved - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. The Manned Space Flight Management Council approved the mobile launcher concept for the Saturn C-5 at Launch Complex 39, Merritt Island, Fla..

1962 May 29 - . LV Family: Atlas, Thor. Launch Vehicle: Atlas Agena D, Thor Agena D.
  • The Defense Department and NASA signed a joint agreement that authorized the Defense Department to develop a standardized Agena D upper stage for joint use with Atlas and Thor booster stages. - . The Agena would use present flight-proven equipment, stress simplification of vehicle design, permit adaptability to advanced components without any basic changes, and permit production at lower costs..

1962 May 29 - . Launch Site: Reggane. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1962 May 29 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1962 May 29 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. Launch Pad: Bacchus?. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1962 May 30 - . 01:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC2E. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor Agena B.
  • KH-4 9035 - . Payload: KH-4 s/n 9035 / Agena B 1128. Mass: 1,150 kg (2,530 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: WS-117. Spacecraft: KH-4. Decay Date: 1962-06-11 . USAF Sat Cat: 302 . COSPAR: 1962-Phi-1. Apogee: 350 km (210 mi). Perigee: 192 km (119 mi). Inclination: 74.1000 deg. Period: 89.90 min. KH-4; film capsule recovered 3.1 days later. Slight corona static on film..

1962 May 31 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. Launch Vehicle: Veronique.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1962 May 31 - . 03:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Vehicle: Long Tom.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Australia. Agency: WRE. Apogee: 125 km (77 mi).

1962 May 31 - . 17:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LC-A. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Blue Scout Jr SLV-1C.
  • ERCS/279L 1 Communications mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 830 km (510 mi).

1962 June - . LV Family: Martlet. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 1.
  • Martlet One Flight Vehicle designed - . Nation: Canada. This was the first generation test vehicle for the HARP project..

1962 Jun - . LV Family: Minuteman.
  • The first Minuteman Wing I configuration missile, LGM-30A, was completed at Air Force Plant 77. - .

1962 June 1 - . Launch Site: Fort Wingate. Launch Vehicle: Redstone.
  • Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi). Successful missile test. Missed aimpoint by 378 m..

1962 June 1 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. Launch Vehicle: Veronique.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1962 June 1 - . 09:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Vostok 8A92. FAILURE: Shutdown of Block B strap-on engine stage 1.8 seconds after liftoff. The booster crashed 300 m from the pad. Pad damaged.. Failed Stage: 0.
  • Zenit-2 11F61 s/n 3 - . Payload: Zenit-2 11F61 s/n 3. Mass: 4,610 kg (10,160 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-2 satellite. Decay Date: 1962-06-01 .

    Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite. Third attempted launch of Zenit photo-reconnaissance satellite. It blew up 300 m from the pad, and did enough damage to put the launch complex out of operation for a month. Therefore the Vostok 3/4 launches could not take place until the end of July at the earliest.


1962 June 1 - . 18:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Delamar Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008.
  • X-15A ASAS, 23 alpha, M=5 test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Spacecraft: X-15A. Apogee: 40 km (24 mi). Maximum Speed - 5913 kph. Maximum Altitude - 40420 m. Steepest reentry descent with highest angle of attack (27 degrees) to date. Air dropped in Delamar Dry Lake DZ..

1962 June 2 - . 00:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC1W. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor Agena B.
  • KH-4 9036 - . Payload: KH-4 s/n 9036 / Agena B 1127. Mass: 1,150 kg (2,530 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: WS-117. Spacecraft: KH-4. Decay Date: 1962-06-28 . USAF Sat Cat: 304 . COSPAR: 1962-Chi-1. Apogee: 401 km (249 mi). Perigee: 211 km (131 mi). Inclination: 74.5000 deg. Period: 90.60 min. KH-4. Mission failed. During air catch, chute tore loose. Capsule sank..
  • Oscar 2 - . Mass: 10 kg (22 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Program: Oscar. Class: Communications. Type: Amateur radio communications satellite. Spacecraft: Oscar. Decay Date: 1962-06-21 . USAF Sat Cat: 305 . COSPAR: 1962-Chi-2. Apogee: 339 km (210 mi). Perigee: 188 km (116 mi). Inclination: 74.2000 deg. Period: 89.80 min.

    OSCAR II was launched piggyback with a United States Air Force satellite. OSCAR II was very similar to OSCAR I. Differences included (1) changing the surface thermal coatings to achieve a cooler internal spacecraft environment, (2) modifying the sensing system so the satellite temperature could be measured accurately as the batteries decayed, and (3) lowering the transmitter power output to 100 mW to extend the life of the onboard battery. OSCAR II lasted 18 days ceasing operation on June 20, 1962 and re-entered June 21, 1962.


1962 June 2 - . 19:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 610. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A2.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1962 June 2 - . 22:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 610. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A2.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1962 June 3 - . Launch Vehicle: UR-200.
  • US RORSAT development plans. - . Nation: Russia. Spacecraft Bus: Kosmoplan. Spacecraft: US-A. Decree 'On course of work on the US reconnaissance satellite system launched on the UR-2OO' was issued..

1962 June 4 - . Launch Site: Reggane. Launch Vehicle: Veronique. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1962 June 4 - . 09:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Johnston Island. Launch Complex: Johnston Island LE1. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor DSV-2E.
  • BLUEGILL Nuclear test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

    Initial attempt to launch a live nuclear weapon using the Thor IRBM from Johnston Atoll. The range safety radar had been unreliable before launch,. Five minutes after launch, after shutdown of the booster, the Johnston missile tracking system failed. Unable to monitor the warhead's flight path, the range safety officer destroyed it 10 minutes later, prior to warhead detonation.


1962 June 5 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1962 June 5 - . Launch Site: Reggane. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1962 June 5 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. Launch Pad: Bacchus?. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1962 June 5 - . Launch Site: Reggane. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1962 June 5 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. Launch Pad: Bacchus?. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1962 June 5 - . 12:45 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Extreme ultraviolet Monochromator Aeronomy / solar extreme ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 216 km (134 mi).

1962 June 6 - . Launch Site: Reggane. Launch Vehicle: Veronique.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1962 June 6 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. Launch Vehicle: Belier. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1962 June 6 - . 03:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. Launch Vehicle: Skylark.
1962 June 6 - . 23:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • UM Pitot 1 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 125 km (77 mi).

1962 June 7 - .
  • von Braun recommends lunar orbit rendezvous mode for Apollo - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: von Braun. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM, Apollo Lunar Landing, CSM Recovery, CSM SPS.

    Wernher von Braun, Director, Marshall Space Flight Center, recommended to the NASA Office of Manned Space Flight that the lunar orbit rendezvous mode be adopted for the lunar landing mission. He also recommended the development of an unmanned, fully automatic, one-way Saturn C-5 logistics vehicle in support of the lunar expedition; the acceleration of the Saturn C-1B program; the development of high-energy propulsion systems as a backup for the service module and possibly the lunar excursion module; and further development of the F-1 and J-2 engines to increase thrust or specific impulse.


1962 June 7 - . 00:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenade, Inflating Sphere 4 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

1962 June 7 - . 00:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Asp. Launch Vehicle: Nike Asp.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 162 km (100 mi).

1962 June 7 - . 14:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Pakistan. Agency: SUPARCO. Apogee: 126 km (78 mi).

1962 June 7 - . 18:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC15. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan II.
  • Mk 6 re-entry vehicle test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1962 June 7 - . 18:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Hidden Hills DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 003.
  • X-15A Local flow, M=5 test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Spacecraft: X-15A. Apogee: 31 km (19 mi). Maximum Speed - 5908 kph. Maximum Altitude - 31580 m. Air dropped in Hidden Hills DZ..

1962 June 8 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg. Launch Vehicle: Thor.
  • Last launch of a Thor IRBM from Vandenberg - . Nation: USA. Last launch of a Thor IRBM from Vandenberg. (First launch and first missile fired from Vandenberg AFB on 16 December 1958.).

1962 June 8 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC32B. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1A.
  • Research and development launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1962 June 8 - . 00:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 117 km (72 mi).

1962 June 9 - . LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan IIIC.
  • A Titan I liquid-fueled engine was strapped to the side of a 175-ton solid-propellant rocket motor, and the configuration was test fired by Aerojet-General Corporation. - . This evaluated the compatibility of liquid and solid engines for SSD's Titan III space launch vehicle. The combination generated 700,000 pounds of thrust..

1962 June 9 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: R-9. Launch Vehicle: R-9A.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,160 km (720 mi).

1962 June 11 - .
  • VVS Conference: Military Use of Space - the Short-Term Perspective - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Malinovskiy, Rudenko, Vershinin. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM, Soyuz A, Soyuz B, Soyuz V.

    The projection is made that the US will surpass the USSR in space in 1963-1964. Kennedy's 1961 speech announcing the Apollo project to land on the moon was passed to Vershinin for comment, but no reply was ever received. Rudenko, Vershinin, and especially Malinovskiy see no role for piloted space flight, let alone flights to the moon. America, with its superior electronics capability, is still proceeding with development of manned spacecraft that require the active piloting of the astronaut. Why then, Kamanin fumes, is the USSR trying to develop completely automated manned spacecraft? Military space is being run in the USSR by men who know nothing of it, he notes. Rudenko is ill, and not even at the conference.


1962 June 11 - .
  • The Department of Defense announced the reassignment of responsibility for the Defense Department Communication Satellite program (Advent). - . Spacecraft: IDCSP, Advent, .

    The Air Force was now given responsibility for the development, production, and launch of all space devices, in line with the policy on military space systems originally delineated on 6 March 1961. The Army retained responsibility for the ground system. The Defense Communications Agency (DCA) assumed overall responsibility for integration.


1962 June 11 - . 14:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Pakistan. Agency: SUPARCO. Apogee: 116 km (72 mi).

1962 June 12 - . 20:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Delamar Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008.
  • X-15A RCS check, M=5 test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Spacecraft: X-15A. Apogee: 56 km (34 mi). Maximum Speed - 5659 kph. Maximum Altitude - 56270 m. Air dropped in Delamar Dry Lake DZ..

1962 June 12 - . 21:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Extreme ultraviolet Monochromator Solar extreme ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 299 km (185 mi).

1962 June 13 - .
  • The Manned Spacecraft Center proposed a Mercury recoverable meteoroid experiment. - . Nation: USA. Program: Mercury.

    According to the proposal, sheets of aluminium would be extended from the Mercury spacecraft and exposed to a meteoroid environment for a period of about 2 weeks. The sheets would then be retracted into the spacecraft for protection during reentry and recovery.


1962 June 14 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC30. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 1. FAILURE: Failure.
  • P-38 test - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 40 km (24 mi).

1962 June 15 - . 16:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 143 km (88 mi).

1962 June 16-22 - .
  • 100 percent oxygen atmosphere for Apollo would save 30 pounds - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM, CSM ECS. Results of a preliminary investigation by NAA showed that a 100 percent oxygen atmosphere for the command module would save about 30 pounds in weight and reduce control complexity..

1962 June 16 - .
  • Apollo propulsion to be tested at White Sands - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM, CSM SPS. NASA announced that the Apollo service module propulsion system would be tested at a new facility at White Sands Missile Range, N. Mex..

1962 June 17 - . 18:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC3W. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas Agena B.
  • Samos 8 - . Payload: Samos E-2 no. 2 / Agena B 2402. Mass: 1,860 kg (4,100 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: WS-117. Spacecraft: Samos. Decay Date: 1962-06-18 . USAF Sat Cat: 307 . COSPAR: 1962-Psi-1. Apogee: 198 km (123 mi). Perigee: 198 km (123 mi). Inclination: 96.2000 deg. Period: 88.40 min. First generation photo surveillance; radio relay of images; Satellite and Missile Observation Satellite. Poor results..
  • FTV 2402 RV - . Payload: E-6 RV. Mass: 1,900 kg (4,100 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Spacecraft Bus: WS-117. Spacecraft: Samos. COSPAR: 1962-Psi-xx.

1962 June 18 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC1E. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor Agena B.
  • Ferret 2 - . Payload: Ferret 2 / Agena B 2312. Mass: 1,500 kg (3,300 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Ferret. Decay Date: 1963-10-30 . USAF Sat Cat: 308 . COSPAR: 1962-Omega-2. Apogee: 377 km (234 mi). Perigee: 347 km (215 mi). Inclination: 82.1000 deg. Period: 91.80 min.
  • FTV 2312 - . Payload: Ferret 2. Mass: 1,500 kg (3,300 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Spacecraft: Ferret. Decay Date: 1963-10-30 . USAF Sat Cat: 308 . COSPAR: 1962-Omega-1. Apogee: 170 km (100 mi). Perigee: 161 km (100 mi). Inclination: 82.2000 deg. Period: 87.80 min. A Royal Air Force crew launched the 22d and last operational test Thor IRBM (PGM-17A) from Vandenberg AFB. .

1962 June 19 - . 00:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LE-8. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor DM-18A.
  • Combat training launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: RAF. Apogee: 520 km (320 mi).

1962 June 19 - . 06:59 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • AS&E-3 (Sco X-1) X-ray Astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 224 km (139 mi).

1962 June 19 - . 12:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor Delta.
  • Tiros 5 - . Payload: Tiros E (A-50). Mass: 129 kg (284 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Tiros. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft: Tiros. USAF Sat Cat: 309 . COSPAR: 1962-A-Alpha-1. Apogee: 880 km (540 mi). Perigee: 580 km (360 mi). Inclination: 58.1000 deg. Period: 99.40 min. Returned 58226 cloud cover images. Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C)..

1962 June 20 - . 05:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. Launch Vehicle: Skylark.
1962 June 20 - . 08:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Johnston Island. Launch Complex: Johnston Island LE1. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor DSV-2E. FAILURE: Failure. Failed Stage: 1.
  • STARFISH Nuclear test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1962 June 20 - . 13:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150A.
  • LeRC LH2 test Technology test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 158 km (98 mi).

1962 Summer-Fall - .
  • Microcircuits to be used on the Apollo computer - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM, CSM Guidance. NASA and MIT agreed that the Instrumentation Laboratory would use the microcircuit for the prototype Apollo onboard computer. The Fairchild Controls Corporation microcircuit was the only one available in the United States..

1962 June 21 - . 17:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Delamar Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008.
  • X-15A MH-96 Demo, M=5 test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Spacecraft: X-15A. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi). Maximum Speed - 5858 kph. Maximum Altitude - 75190 m. Air dropped in Delamar Dry Lake DZ..

1962 June 22 - .
  • Selection of ablative material for Apollo heatshield - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo.

    MSC Director Robert R. Gilruth reported to the Manned Space Flight Management Council that the selection of the ablative material for the Apollo spacecraft heatshield would be made by September 1. The leading contender for the forebody ablative material was an epoxy resin with silica fibers for improving char strength and phenolic microballoons for reducing density.

    In addition, Gilruth noted that a reevaluation of the Saturn C-1 and C-1B launch capabilities appeared to indicate that neither vehicle would be able to test the complete Apollo spacecraft configuration, including the lunar excursion module. Complete spacecraft qualification would require the use of the Saturn C-5.


1962 June 23 - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Viper I.
  • Nation: USA. Agency: NOTS. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi). No telem.

1962 June 23 - . 00:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC1W. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor Agena B.
  • KH-4 9037 - . Payload: KH-4 s/n 9037 / Agena B 1129. Mass: 1,150 kg (2,530 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: WS-117. Spacecraft: KH-4. Decay Date: 1962-07-07 . USAF Sat Cat: 315 . COSPAR: 1962-A-Beta-1. Apogee: 314 km (195 mi). Perigee: 199 km (123 mi). Inclination: 75.1000 deg. Period: 89.60 min. KH-4. Corona static occurs on some film..

1962 June 25 - .
  • Gemini Project Office reported that a thorough study of the reentry tracking histories of the Mercury-Atlas 4, 5, 6 and 7 missions had been completed. - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft: Gemini, Gemini Radar. The study indicated that a C-band radar tracking beacon should be integrated into the spacecraft reentry section in place of the planned S-band beacon. The change would improve the probability of tracking spacecraft reentry through the ionization zone..

1962 June 26 - .
  • The Dyna-Soar was redesignated the X-20 manned space glider. - . Spacecraft: Dynasoar.

1962 June 26 - . 08:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. LV Family: Lupus. Launch Vehicle: HAD.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Australia. Agency: WRE. Apogee: 116 km (72 mi).

1962 June 26 - . 10:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 576B3. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D.
  • NTMP K-1 Target mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,800 km (1,100 mi). First launch of an Atlas from Vandenberg AFB as a target for an Army Nike-Zeus from Kwajalein..

1962 June 26 - . 11:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. LV Family: Spartan ABM. Launch Vehicle: Nike Zeus. FAILURE: Failure.
  • First launch of an Army Nike-Zeus from Kwajalein - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi). First launch of an Army Nike-Zeus from Kwajalein against an Atlas from Vandenberg AFB..

1962 June 27 - .
  • NTK formed. - . Nation: Russia. Ministry of Defence Decree 'On formation of the Scientific-Technical Council of the Strategic Missile Forces' was issued..

1962 June 27 - .
  • US Plans in Space - . Nation: Russia. Program: Vostok.

    Kamanin notes that the US launched 86 satellites up to June 1, 1962 compared to only 21 by the USSR. He believes the Soviet reply should be a vigorous program that would launch 10 to 12 Vostok manned spacecraft in 1963 alone; to finally resolve organisational issues that hindered the Soviet program; and to adopt a goal of landing a man on the moon.


1962 June 27 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. Launch Vehicle: Berenice.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1962 June 27 - . 14:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Asp. Launch Vehicle: Nike Asp.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1962 June 27 - . 21:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Mud Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 003.
  • X-15A High alpha, Mach 6 test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Spacecraft: X-15A. Apogee: 37 km (22 mi). Unofficial world speed record. Maximum Speed - 6603 kph. Maximum Altitude - 37700 m. Air dropped in Mud Lake DZ..

1962 June 28 - . 00:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Asp. Launch Vehicle: Nike Asp.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1962 June 28 - . 01:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC2E. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor Agena D.
  • KH-4 9038 - . Payload: KH-4 s/n 9038 / Agena D 1151. Mass: 1,150 kg (2,530 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: WS-117. Spacecraft: KH-4. Decay Date: 1962-09-14 . USAF Sat Cat: 316 . COSPAR: 1962-A-Gamma-1. Apogee: 698 km (433 mi). Perigee: 205 km (127 mi). Inclination: 76.0000 deg. Period: 93.60 min.

    The first Agena D (#1151) upper stage vehicle was successfully flown on a Thor booster (#340) launched from Vandenberg AFB. The Lockheed Agena D was a redesign of the basic Agena B and was intended to be the standard stage vehicle for most Defense Department and NASA programs. The program was begun in August 1961, revised and accelerated in November, and had its first flight in June 1962. KH-4; film capsule recovered 4.1 days later. Severe corona static.


1962 June 29 - .
  • Birth of George David 'Zambo' Zamka - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Zamka. Hispanic-American test pilot astronaut. Flew on STS-120, STS-130. US Marine Corps..

1962 June 29 - . 05:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC32B. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1A.
  • Research and development test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi). First Air Force crew launch.

1962 June 29 - . 14:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC25A. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A2.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1962 June 29 - . 18:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Hidden Hills DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008.
  • X-15A Heating rates, notch test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Spacecraft: X-15A. Apogee: 25 km (15 mi). Maximum Speed - 5278 kph. Maximum Altitude - 25360 m. Air dropped in Hidden Hills DZ..

1962 June 29 - . 21:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150A.
  • JHU Airglow 1 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 210 km (130 mi).

1962 June - . Launch Vehicle: Saturn V.
  • Study of repair of J-2 engine in space - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM.

    Five NASA scientists, dressed in pressure suits, completed an exploratory study at Rocketdyne Division of the feasibility of repairing, replacing, maintaining, and adjusting components of the J-2 rocket while in space. The scientific team also investigated the design of special maintenance tools and the effectiveness of different pressure suits in performing maintenance work in space.


1962 June 30 - . LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan II.
  • Martin-Baltimore's airborne systems functional test stand went into operation at Baltimore. - . Nation: USA.

    In this 3000-square-foot facility, all airborne systems in the Gemini launch vehicle - including flight control, hydraulic, electrical, instrumentation, and malfunction detection - were assembled on tables and benches; actual engines, but simulated propellant tanks and guidance, were used. In addition to individual and combined systems tests, the facility was used to check system design changes and trouble-shoot problems encountered in other test programs.


1962 June 30 - . 04:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150A.
  • JHU Airglow 2 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 208 km (129 mi).

1962 June 30 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar Mayak-2. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 63S1.
  • Cosmos 6 - . Payload: DS-P1 s/n 1. Mass: 355 kg (782 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1. Completed Operations Date: 1962-07-06 . Decay Date: 1962-09-08 . USAF Sat Cat: 338 . COSPAR: 1962-A-Delta-1. Apogee: 348 km (216 mi). Perigee: 261 km (162 mi). Inclination: 48.9000 deg. Period: 90.60 min. Prototype ABM radar target; supported developmental experiments for ABM systems..

1962 July - .
  • Hamilton Standard to develop the Apollo space suit - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: A7L. Hamilton Standard Division of United Aircraft Corporation selected by NASA to develop the Apollo space suit..

1962 July - . Launch Vehicle: UR-200.
  • Kosmoplan and UR-200 draft projects completed. - . Nation: Russia. Spacecraft: IS-A, Kosmoplan, US-A. Trial flights of the ICBM version ran from 4 November 1963 to 20 October 1964. Versions of the Kosmoplan would fly as the reactor-powered US-A and solar-powered US-P ELINT satellites and the I2P ASAT..

1962 July 1 - .
  • Kennedy Space Center founded. - . Nation: USA.

1962 July 1 - . Launch Site: Fort Wingate. Launch Vehicle: Redstone.
  • Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi). Successful missile test. Missed aimpoint by 390 m..

1962 Q3 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. Launch Vehicle: Berenice.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1962 July 2 - . Launch Vehicle: Saturn V.
  • Contracts to Rocketdyne for production of the Saturn's F-1 and J-2 rocket engines - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. NASA awarded three contracts totaling an estimated $289 million to NAA's Rocketdyne Division for the further development and production of the F-1 and J-2 rocket engines..

1962 July 4 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-12.
  • SSATC Target - . Nation: Ukraine. Agency: MVS. Apogee: 402 km (249 mi).

1962 July 5 - .
  • Defense communications satellite system responsibilities defined. - . Related Persons: , McNamara. Spacecraft: IDCSP.

    Secretary of Defense Robert S. McNamara issued to the Secretaries of the Air Force and Army and to the Director of the Defense Communications Agency (DCA) a memorandum which clearly defined the responsibilities of each organization in their joint task of developing a defense communications satellite system. The Air Force was assigned the development of the space vehicle and satellite communications components and would assume responsibility for operation of the space elements of the system. Space Systems Division was subsequently given these responsibilities for the development of the medium-altitude communications satellite system and point-to-point repeater satellites to be placed in synchronous orbit.


1962 July 5 - . 03:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. Launch Vehicle: Skylark.
1962 July 6 - . LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan II.
  • Martin prepared a plan for flight testing the malfunction detection system (MDS) for the Gemini launch vehicle on development flights of the Titan II weapon system. - . Nation: USA.

    Gemini Project Office (GPO) had requested Martin to prepare Systems Division and Aerospace approved the plan and won GPO concurrence early in August. This so-call 'piggyback plan' required installing the Gemini MDS in Titan II engines on six Titan II flights to demonstrate its reliability before it was flown on Gemini.


1962 July 6 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. Launch Vehicle: Berenice.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1962 July 8 - . LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78L.
  • Molniya 8K78L preliminary design completed - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Korolev.

    The Molniya 8K78L was designed by Korolev's design bureau for launching a manned spacecraft on a flyby of the Moon and return to earth. To achieve this it would have used Lox/LH2 engines in the third and fourth stages. Such technology was years away in the Soviet Union and the project was not pursued further.


1962 July 8 - .
  • Operation Dominic - . Nation: USA.

    Controversial Operation Dominic succeeded, after two previous attempts in June, in exploding a megaton-plus hydrogen device at more than 200-mile altitude over Johnston Island in the Pacific. Carried aloft by a Thor rocket and synchronized with the approach of a TRAAC satellite, this highest thermonuclear blast ever achieved was designed to test the influence of such an explosion on the Van Allen radiation belts. The sky above the Pacific Ocean from Wake Island to New Zealand was illuminated by the blast. Later observations by probes and satellites showed another artificial radiation belt to have been created by this series of nuclear tests.


1962 July 9 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LC-A. Launch Vehicle: Journeyman.
  • Magnetosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AEC. Apogee: 1,500 km (900 mi).

1962 July 9 - . Launch Site: Johnston Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Javelin.
  • Thermal electrons Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1962 July 9 - . Launch Site: Johnston Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Javelin.
  • Thermal electrons Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1962 July 9 - . 08:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Johnston Island. Launch Complex: Johnston Island LE1. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor DSV-2E.
  • STARFISH PRIME Nuclear test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 400 km (240 mi).

    Successful high-altitude test of a Thor IRBM with a live nuclear warhead. The payload included test instrumentation and a W-49 warhead/Mk-4 re-entry vehicle. The 1.45 megaton bomb exploded at an altitude of 400 km. The explosion was visible 2,600 km away, at Kwajalein Atoll; an artificial aurora lasted seven minutes. The unforeseen and most militarily significant effect was the electromagnetic pulse (EMP) generated by the test. This caused power mains surges in Oahu, knocking out street lights, blowing fuses and circuit breakers, and triggering burglar alarms (and this in the days before microelectronics). The explosion supercharged the Van Allen radiation belts, resulting in several satellites malfunctioning.


1962 July 9 - . 08:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Johnston Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: HJ Nike. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1962 July 9 - . 09:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Johnston Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: HJ Nike.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1962 July 10-11 - .
  • Apollo atmosphere to be pure oxygen - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM, CSM ECS.

    At the monthly Apollo spacecraft design review meeting with NAA, MSC officials directed NAA to design the spacecraft atmospheric system for 5 psia pure oxygen. From an engineering standpoint, the single-gas atmosphere offered advantages in minimizing weight and leakage, in system simplicity and reliability, and in the extravehicular suit interface. Additional Details: here....


1962 July 10 - .
  • First Apollo mockup inspection - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Gilruth, Grissom. Program: Apollo. The first Apollo spacecraft mockup inspection was held at NAA's Space and Information Systems Division. In attendance were Robert R. Gilruth, Director, MSC; Charles W. Frick, Apollo Program Manager, MSC; and Astronaut Virgil I. Grissom..

1962 July 10 - . 08:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17B. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor Delta.
  • Telstar 1 - . Mass: 77 kg (169 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: ATT. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Telstar. USAF Sat Cat: 340 . COSPAR: 1962-A-Epsilon-1. Apogee: 5,643 km (3,506 mi). Perigee: 945 km (587 mi). Inclination: 44.8000 deg. Period: 157.80 min.

    A NASA Thor/Delta boosted Telstar, the first commercially developed international communications satellite, into orbit. First commercial comsat; active repeater. Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C).


1962 July 10 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Radar test Technology test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1962 July 11 - .
  • Project Apollo to use lunar orbit rendezvous. - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo.

    NASA officials announced the basic decision for the manned lunar exploration program that Project Apollo shall proceed using the lunar orbit rendezvous as the prime mission mode. Based on more than a year of intensive study, this decision for the lunar orbit rendezvous (LOR), rather than for the alternative direct ascent or earth orbit rendezvous modes, enables immediate planning, research and development, procurement, and testing programs for the next phase of space exploration to proceed on a firm basis.


1962 July 11 - .
  • Selection of LOR as Apollo Mission Mode - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Class: Manned. Type: Manned space station. Spacecraft: Apollo Lunar Landing.

    Following a long controversy NASA selected Lunar Orbit Rendezvous (LOR) as the fastest, cheapest, and safest mode to accomplish the Apollo mission. LOR solved the engineering problem of how to land. The EOR or Direct Landing approaches required the Apollo crew to be on their backs during the landing and having to use television or mirrors to see the lunar surface. A lunar crasher stage approach had finally emerged as lesser of evils but raised other issues. LOR allowed a purpose-built lander with a logical helicopter-like crew station layout. Studies indicated LOR would allow landing 6-8 months earlier and cost $9.2 billion vs $ 10.6 billion for EOR or direct. Direct flight by this time would not involve Nova, but a scaled-down two-man spacecraft that could be launched by the Saturn C-5. Additional Details: here....


1962 July 11 - . 18:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC15. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan II.
  • Mk 6 re-entry vehicle test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1962 July 12 - . LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan II.
  • Gemini-Titan Launch Operations Committee. - . Nation: USA.

    A technical team at Air Force Missile Test Center, Cape Canaveral, Florida - responsible for detailed launch planning, consistency of arrangements with objectives, and coordination - met for the first time with official status and a new name. The group of representatives from all organizations supplying major support to the Gemini-Titan launch operations, formerly called the Gemini Operations Support Committee, was now called the Gemini-Titan Launch Operations Committee.


1962 July 12 - . 16:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 576B2. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D.
  • NTMP K-2 Target mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,800 km (1,100 mi).

1962 July 12 - . 18:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 611. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A2.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1962 July 12 - . 20:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 611. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A2.
  • Operational Test - Flight over 80 minutes - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1962 July 13 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC60/8. LV Family: R-16. Launch Vehicle: R-16U. FAILURE: Failure.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1962 July 13 - . 21:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg OSTF1. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas E. FAILURE: Failure. Failed Stage: 1.
  • Research and development Category II test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 1,800 km (1,100 mi). After two consecutive failures, the first successful launch and flight by an Atlas E (67E) from Vandenberg AFB took place. .

1962 July 14 - .
  • Titov again - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Titov. Titov is involved in another automobile accident at 4 am in the morning. Kamanin tries to contact him, but he has gone to Kiev and won't return his calls. .

1962 July 15 - . Launch Vehicle: UR-200.
1962 July 16 - . 22:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Mud Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. FAILURE: Power trips..
  • X-15A Notch/ASAS/Aero drag test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Spacecraft: X-15A. Apogee: 32 km (19 mi). Maximum Speed - 5911 kph. Maximum Altitude - 32670 m. Air dropped in Mud Lake DZ..

1962 July 17 - .
  • Nuclear blasts to clear inner radiation belts for Apollo - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Van Allen. Program: Apollo.

    In an address to the American Rocket Society lunar missions meeting in Cleveland, Ohio, James A. Van Allen, Chairman of the Department of Physics and Astronomy, State University of Iowa, said that protons of the inner radiation belt could be a serious hazard for extended manned space flight and that nuclear detonations might be able to clean out these inner belt protons, perhaps for a prolonged period, making possible manned orbits about 300 miles above the earth.


1962 July 17 - . 17:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Delamar Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 003.
  • X-15A MH-96 Demo test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Spacecraft: X-15A. Apogee: 95 km (59 mi). FAI world altitude record. Maximum Speed - 6166 kph. Maximum Altitude - 95940 m. First astronaut wings flight (USAF definition). Air dropped in Delamar Dry Lake DZ..

1962 July 18 - . 09:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor DSV-2D.
  • AVT 2 Satellite test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 1,484 km (922 mi).

1962 July 18 - . 20:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC3W. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas Agena B.
  • Samos 9 - . Payload: Samos E-2 no. 3 / Agena B 2403. Mass: 1,860 kg (4,100 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: WS-117. Spacecraft: Samos. Decay Date: 1962-07-25 . USAF Sat Cat: 342 . COSPAR: 1962-A-Zeta-1. Apogee: 234 km (145 mi). Perigee: 184 km (114 mi). Inclination: 96.0000 deg. Period: 88.60 min. First generation photo surveillance; radio relay of images; Satellite and Missile Observation Satellite. Poor results..
  • FTV 2403 RV - . Payload: E-6 RV. Mass: 1,900 kg (4,100 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Spacecraft Bus: WS-117. Spacecraft: Samos. Decay Date: 1962-07-27 . USAF Sat Cat: 343 . COSPAR: 1962-A-Zeta-2. Apogee: 215 km (133 mi). Perigee: 163 km (101 mi). Inclination: 96.1000 deg. Period: 88.30 min.

1962 July 19 - . 11:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 576B1. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D.
  • Demonstration and shakedown operations launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,800 km (1,100 mi).

1962 July 19 - . 17:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Hidden Hills DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008.
  • X-15A Heating rates, drag test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Spacecraft: X-15A. Apogee: 26 km (16 mi). Maximum Speed - 5590 kph. Maximum Altitude - 25680 m. Air dropped in Hidden Hills DZ..

1962 July 20 - .
  • NASA Mission Control Center would be located at Houston - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Webb. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Gemini.

    NASA Administrator James E. Webb announced that the Mission Control Center for future manned space flights would be located at MSC. The Center would be operational in time for Gemini rendezvous flights in 1964 and later Apollo lunar missions. The overriding factor in the choice of MSC was the existing location of the Apollo Spacecraft Project Office, the astronauts, and Flight Operations Division at Houston.


1962 July 21 - . Launch Vehicle: Saturn V.
  • Apollo advanced Saturn launch complex northwest of Cape Canaveral - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo.

    NASA announced plans for an advanced Saturn launch complex to be built on 80,000 acres northwest of Cape Canaveral. The new facility, Launch Complex 39, would include a building large enough for the vertical assembly of a complete Saturn launch vehicle and Apollo spacecraft.


1962 July 21 - .
  • Egyptians parade rockets - . Nation: Egypt. Related Persons: Kleinwaechter, Pilz, Saenger.

    The Egyptian government exhibits mock-ups of missiles they are developing with assistance from German engineers. The El Qahir (conqueror) is 11 m long and was said to have a range of 600 km. The El Zafir (Victor) is 5.5 km long and had a range of 300 km. Later it is announced that a two-stage Al Ared (Pioneer) rocket is being developed that will have a range of 1000 km. A modification of this will be capable of launching satellites. Engineers involved in development of the rockets are said to be Wolfgang Pilz, Hans Goercke, and Hans Kleinwaechter. Eugen Saenger at the Stuttgart Propulsion Institute is also implicated. Saenger, who is working with his wife on steam-rocket boosted ramjet aircraft, denies this.


1962 July 21 - . Launch Site: Al Kahir. Launch Vehicle: Al Kahir missile.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Egypt. Agency: EGAO. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1962 July 21 - . Launch Site: Al Kahir. Launch Vehicle: Al Kahir missile.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Egypt. Agency: EGAO. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1962 July 21 - . 00:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC1E. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor Agena B.
  • KH-4 9039 - . Payload: KH-4 s/n 9039 / Agena B 1130. Mass: 1,150 kg (2,530 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: WS-117. Spacecraft: KH-4. Decay Date: 1962-08-14 . USAF Sat Cat: 344 . COSPAR: 1962-A-Eta-1. Apogee: 376 km (233 mi). Perigee: 206 km (128 mi). Inclination: 70.0000 deg. Period: 90.30 min. KH-4. Aborted after 6 photo passes. Heavy corona and radiation fog..

1962 July 21 - . 20:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 611. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A2.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1962 July 21 - . 22:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 611. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A2.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1962 July 21 - . 23:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 611. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A2.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1962 July 22 - . 09:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC12. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas Agena B. FAILURE: Destroyed by range safety.. Failed Stage: U.
  • Mariner 1 - . Payload: Mariner R-1. Mass: 200 kg (440 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Mariner. Class: Venus. Type: Venus probe. Spacecraft Bus: Mariner. Spacecraft: Mariner 1-2. Decay Date: 1962-07-22 . Venus probe..

1962 July 23 - . Launch Site: Johnston Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Javelin.
  • Mass spectrometer Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1962 July 24 - . 17:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LC-A. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Blue Scout Jr SLV-1C.
  • ERCS / 279L 2 Communications mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1962 July 24 - . 21:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Lyra alpha test Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 208 km (129 mi).

1962 July 25-26 - . LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan II.
  • A reliability review of the Titan II launch vehicle engine system was held in Sacramento, California, at Aerojet-General's Liquid Rocket Plant, the site where the engines were being developed. - . Nation: USA.

    Gemini engines had to be more reliable than did intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM) engines. This requirement meant supplementing the ICBM engine reliability program, a task being performed by Aerojet under Air Force Space Systems Division direction.


1962 July 25 - .
  • Invitation to bid for the Apollo lunar excursion module - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo LM, Apollo Lunar Landing, LM Original Specification, LM Source Selection.

    MSC invited 11 firms to submit research and development proposals for the lunar excursion module (LEM) for the manned lunar landing mission. The firms were Lockheed Aircraft Corporation, The Boeing Airplane Company, Northrop Corporation, Ling-Temco-Vought, Inc., Grumman Aircraft Engineering Corporation, Douglas Aircraft Company, General Dynamics Corporation, Republic Aviation Corporation, Martin- Marietta Company, North American Aviation, Inc., and McDonnell Aircraft Corporation. Additional Details: here....


1962 July 25 - . 15:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Platform: F-4H. Launch Vehicle: Caleb.
  • Test / aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN NOTS. Apogee: 1,166 km (724 mi).

1962 July 25 - . 16:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC16. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan II.
  • Mk 6 re-entry vehicle test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1962 July 26 - .
  • Birth of Neil Whitney III Woodward - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Woodward. American test pilot mission specialist astronaut, 1998-2008..

1962 July 26 - . 09:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Johnston Island. Launch Complex: Johnston Island LE1. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor DSV-2E. FAILURE: Thor exploded on liftoff.. Failed Stage: 1.
  • BLUEGILL PRIME Nuclear test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

    Second attempt to launch a nuclear weapon using the Thor IRBM. The payload consisted of two re-entry vehicles, one with an instrument pod, the other with the warhead. The missile engine malfunctioned immediately on ignition. Range safety fired the destruct system whille the missile was still on the launch pad. The Johnston Island launch complex was heavily damaged and contaminated with plutonium. Three months of repairs and decontamination were necessary before tests could resume.


1962 July 26 - . 17:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC25A. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A2.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1962 July 26 - . 19:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Mud Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 003.
  • X-15A Aero stab. and drag test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Spacecraft: X-15A. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi). Maximum Speed - 6418 kph. Maximum Altitude - 30150 m. Roller coaster descent to simulate emergency reentry. Air dropped in Mud Lake DZ..

1962 July 27 - . LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D.
  • Mercury Atlas launch vehicle No. 113-D accepted - . Nation: USA. Program: Mercury. Atlas launch vehicle No. 113-D was inspected at Convair and accepted for the Mercury-Atlas 8 (MA-8) manned orbital mission..

1962 July 27 - .
  • First Zero-G training on Tu-104 - . Nation: Russia. Program: Vostok. Flight: Vostok 3, Vostok 4. The Soviets conduct their first cosmonaut zero-G training on an aircraft flying parabolic trajectories. 6 to 25 seconds of weightlessness is experienced on each manoeuvre..

1962 July 27 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 598. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A1.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1962 July 27 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 598. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A1.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1962 July 27 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 598. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A1.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1962 July 27 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 598. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A1.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1962 July 28 - . 00:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC1W. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor Agena B.
  • KH-4 9040 - . Payload: KH-4 s/n 9040 / Agena B 1131. Mass: 1,150 kg (2,530 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: WS-117. Spacecraft: KH-4. Decay Date: 1962-08-24 . USAF Sat Cat: 345 . COSPAR: 1962-A-Theta-1. Apogee: 403 km (250 mi). Perigee: 204 km (126 mi). Inclination: 71.0000 deg. Period: 90.60 min. KH-4; film capsule recovered 4.1 days later. No filters on slave horizon cameras. Heavy corona and radiation fog..

1962 July 28 - . 02:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Trailblazer test vehicle. Launch Vehicle: Trailblazer 1.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 280 km (170 mi).

1962 July 28 - . 09:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Vostok 8A92.
  • Cosmos 7 - . Payload: Zenit-2 11F61 s/n 4. Mass: 4,610 kg (10,160 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-2 satellite. Duration: 4.00 days. Decay Date: 1962-08-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 346 . COSPAR: 1962-A-Iota-1. Apogee: 356 km (221 mi). Perigee: 197 km (122 mi). Inclination: 64.9000 deg. Period: 90.00 min. Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite. Also performed radiation measurements..

1962 July 29 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: R-9. Launch Vehicle: R-9A. FAILURE: Failure.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1962 July 30 - .
  • Conclusions on the selection of a lunar mission mode based on studies conducted in 1961 and 1962 - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo LM, LM Mode Debate, LM Source Selection.

    The Office of Systems under NASA's Office of Manned Space Flight summarized its conclusions on the selection of a lunar mission mode based on NASA and industry studies conducted in 1961 and 1962:

    • There were no significant technical problems which would preclude the acceptance of any of the modes, if sufficient time and money were available. (The modes considered were the C-5 direct ascent, C-5 earth orbit rendezvous (EOR), C-5 lunar orbit rendezvous (LOR), Nova direct ascent, and solid-fuel Nova direct ascent.)
    • The C-5 direct ascent technique was characterized by high development risk and the least flexibility for further development.
    • The C-5 EOR mode had the lowest probability of mission success and the greatest development complexity.
    • The Nova direct ascent method would require the development of larger launch vehicles than the C-5. However, it would be the least complex from an operational and subsystem standpoint and had greater crew safety and initial mission capabilities than did LOR.
    • The solid-fuel Nova direct flight mode would necessitate a launch vehicle development parallel to the C-5. Such a development could not be financed under current budget allotments.
    • Only the LOR and EOR modes would make full use of the development of the C-5 launch vehicle and the command and service modules. Based on technical considerations, the LOR mode was distinctly preferable.
    • The Directors of MSC and Marshall Space Flight Center had both expressed strong preference for the LOR mode.
    On the basis of these conclusions, the LOR mode was recommended as most suitable for the manned lunar landing mission. (The studies summarized in this document were used by the Manned Space Flight Management Council in their mission mode decision on June 22.)

1962 July 30 - .
  • Birth of Vladimir Nikolayevich Dezhurov - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Dezhurov. Russian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Mir EO-18, ISS EO-3. Made nine spacewalks. Call sign: Uragan (Hurricane)..

1962 July - .
  • Design of heatshield for Apollo boilerplates completed - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM, CSM Heat Shield. NAA completed the analysis and design of the Fibreglass heatshield. It duplicated the stiffness of the aluminum heatshield and would be used on all boilerplate spacecraft..

1962 July 31 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC60/8. LV Family: R-16. Launch Vehicle: R-16U.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,210 km (750 mi).

1962 July 31 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC38. LV Family: Spartan ABM. Launch Vehicle: Nike Zeus.
  • Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1962 August 1 - .
  • Cuban missile crisis - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Kennedy. Cuban missile crisis - U.S.S.R. to build missile bases in Cuba; Kennedy orders Cuban blockade, lifts blockade after Russians back down .

1962 August 1 - .
  • Russian methods for sending a man to the moon - . Nation: Russia. Program: Lunar L3.

    A recent Russian article discussed various methods which the Soviet Union had been studying for sending a man to the moon during the decade. The earth orbital rendezvous method was reported the most reliable, but consideration also had been given to the direct ascent method, using the "Mastodon" rocket.


1962 August 1 - . Launch Site: Fort Wingate. Launch Vehicle: Redstone. FAILURE: Human error in repair of pitch .potentiometer..
  • Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi). Missile test failure. Missed aimpoint by 3,191 m..

1962 August 1 - . Launch Site: Fort Wingate. Launch Vehicle: Redstone.
  • Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi). Successful missile test. Missed aimpoint by 167 m..

1962 August 1 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC26A. LV Family: Jupiter. Launch Vehicle: Jupiter IRBM.
  • Combat training launch - . Nation: Italy. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1962 August 1 - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima TMP. Launch Vehicle: K150.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

1962 August 1 - . 21:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 576E. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas F.
  • Research and development test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 1,400 km (800 mi). The first Atlas F missile (15F) was launched from Vandenberg on an operational test flight. First successful Atlas F flight at operational site, SMS 576E (15F).

1962 August 2 - .
  • Apollo lunar bus - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Lunar Bus.

    NASA's Office of Manned Space Flight issued Requests for Proposals for a study of the lunar "bus" and studies for payloads which could be handled by the C-1B and C-5 launch vehicles. Contract awards were expected by September 1 and completion of the studies by December 1.


1962 August 2 - . Launch Site: Grand Forks AFB. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 2.
  • The designated Systems Management Group selected Grand Forks AFB, North Dakota, as the operational location for Minuteman Wing VI, the first Minuteman II (LGM-30F) unit. - .

1962 August 2 - . 00:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC2E. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor Agena D.
  • KH-4 9041 - . Payload: KH-4 s/n 9041 / Agena D 1152. Mass: 1,150 kg (2,530 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: WS-117. Spacecraft: KH-4. Decay Date: 1962-08-22 . USAF Sat Cat: 360 . COSPAR: 1962-A-Kappa-1. Apogee: 423 km (262 mi). Perigee: 212 km (131 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 90.80 min. KH-4; film capsule recovered 4.1 days later. Severe corona and radiation fog..

1962 August 2 - . 17:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Mud Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 003.
  • X-15A MH-96 fixed gain test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Spacecraft: X-15A. Apogee: 44 km (27 mi). Maximum Speed - 5532 kph. Maximum Altitude - 44040 m. Air dropped in Mud Lake DZ..

1962 August 3 - . 17:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Exos sounding rocket.
  • Bipolar Probe Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 365 km (226 mi).

1962 August 4 - .
  • Launch preparations - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Korolev, Nikolayev, Popovich. Program: Vostok. Flight: Vostok 3, Vostok 4. Spacecraft: Vostok, Zenit-2 satellite.

    Kamanin is at the Syr Darya River at 06:50, and arrives at Area 2 at 09:00. Suit communications tests are underway. From 11:00 to 13:00 there is a discussion on how the cosmonauts will observe the third stage of their booster, and how the spacecraft will be oriented. To stay pointed, they will need to put the spacecraft in a very slow maneuver of 0.06 deg/sec, or one revolution in 1.8 hours. Once they have achieved this, they have to put the spacecraft in a roll of 0.5 deg/sec, or one revolution in 12 minutes, in order to maintain the spacecraft's thermal balance due to solar heating. Kamanin does not understand why this is necessary - the Cosmos 4 spy satellite, of the same design, spent all four days of its mission in stabilised flight, using infrared horizon trackers, and maintained a stable internal temperature of 17 deg C. Korolev mentions that Cosmos 4 could distinguish types of aircraft on airfields, and the form and tonnage of ships at sea.


1962 August 5 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LC-B. LV Family: Hopi. Launch Vehicle: Kiva/Hopi.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1962 August 5 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC3W. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas Agena B.
  • Samos 10 - . Payload: Samos E-6 no. 2 / Agena B 2404. Mass: 1,860 kg (4,100 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: WS-117. Spacecraft: Samos. Decay Date: 1962-08-06 . USAF Sat Cat: 361 . COSPAR: 1962-A-Lambda-2. Apogee: 203 km (126 mi). Perigee: 201 km (124 mi). Inclination: 96.2000 deg. Period: 88.50 min. Second generation photo surveillance; radio relay of images; Satellite and Missile Observation Satellite. Poor results..
  • FTV 2404 - . Payload: AFP-201 PVP 854. Mass: 1,900 kg (4,100 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Spacecraft Bus: WS-117. Spacecraft: Samos. Decay Date: 1962-08-06 . USAF Sat Cat: 361 . COSPAR: 1962-A-Lambda-1. Apogee: 203 km (126 mi). Perigee: 203 km (126 mi). Inclination: 96.3000 deg. Period: 88.50 min.
  • FTV 2404 RV - . Payload: E-6 RV. Mass: 1,900 kg (4,100 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Spacecraft Bus: WS-117. Spacecraft: Samos. COSPAR: 1962-A-Lambda-xx.

1962 August 6 - .
  • MIT ordered Honeywell computer for work on the Apollo spacecraft navigation system - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM, CSM Guidance.

    The MIT Instrumentation Laboratory ordered a Honeywell 1800 electronic computer from the Minneapolis- Honeywell Regulator Company's Electronic Data Processing Division for work on the Apollo spacecraft navigation system. After installation in 1963, the computer would aid in circuitry design of the Apollo spacecraft computer and would also simulate full operation of a spaceborne computer during ground tests.


1962 August 6 - .
  • Birth of Gregory Errol Chamitoff - . Nation: Canada. Related Persons: Chamitoff. Jewish-Canadian engineer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on ISS EO-17-1..

1962 August 7 - .
  • Apollo BP- 25 impact test in the Pacific Ocean - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM, CSM Structural. The first completed boilerplate model of the Apollo command module, BP- 25, was subjected to a one-fourth-scale impact test in the Pacific Ocean near the entrance to Los Angeles Harbor. Three additional tests were conducted on August 9..

1962 August 7 - .
  • Birth of Jose Moreno Hernandez - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Hernandez. Hispanic-American engineer mission specialist astronaut, 2004-on..

1962 August 7 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC29A. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1962 August 7 - . 00:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Kronogard. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Air sample Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: AFCRL, RTG. Apogee: 105 km (65 mi).

1962 August 8 - . LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D.
  • Mercury Atlas launch vehicle 113-D delivered to Cape Canaveral - . Nation: USA. Program: Mercury. Atlas launch vehicle 113-D was delivered to Cape Canaveral for the Mercury-Atlas 8 (MA-8) manned orbital mission..

1962 August 8 - .
  • Two Apollo lunar logistic studies - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Lunar Bus.

    At a bidders' conference held at NASA Headquarters, proposals were requested from Centers and industry for two lunar logistic studies: a spacecraft "bus" concept that could be adapted for use first on the Saturn C-1B and later on the Saturn C-5 launch vehicles and a variety of payloads which could be soft-landed near manned Apollo missions. The latter study would determine how a crew's stay on the moon might be extended, how human capability for scientific investigation of the moon might be increased, and how man's mobility on the moon might be facilitated.


1962 August 8 - . 16:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Attitude control test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 149 km (92 mi).

1962 August 8 - . 18:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Hidden Hills DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008.
  • X-15A Heating, aero drag test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Spacecraft: X-15A. Apogee: 27 km (16 mi). Maximum Speed - 4735 kph. Maximum Altitude - 27700 m. Air dropped in Hidden Hills DZ..

1962 August 9 - . 22:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 576B3. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D.
  • Demonstration and shakedown operations launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,800 km (1,100 mi).

1962 August 9 - . 23:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 576B2. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D.
  • Demonstration and shakedown operations launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,800 km (1,100 mi).

1962 August 10 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC25A. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A2.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1962 August 10 - . 21:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg OSTF2. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas F. FAILURE: Failure. Failed Stage: 1.
  • Research and development launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1962 August 11 - .
  • Eight companies to bid on Apollo lunar excursion module - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo LM, LM Source Selection.

    Of the 11 companies invited to bid on the lunar excursion module on July 25, eight planned to respond. NAA had notified MSC that it would not bid on the contract. No information had been received from the McDonnell Aircraft Corporation and it was questionable whether the Northrop Corporation would respond.


1962 August 11 - .
  • NASA schedule for Apollo command and service modules - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM.

    A NASA program schedule for the Apollo spacecraft command and service modules through calendar year 1965 was established for financial planning purposes and distributed to the NASA Office of Manned Space Flight, Marshall Space Flight Center, and MSC. The key dates were: complete service module drawing release, May 1, 1963; complete command module drawing release, June 15, 1963; manufacture complete on the first spacecraft, February 1, 1964; first manned orbital flight, May 15, 1965. This tentative schedule depended on budget appropriations.


1962 August 11 - . 01:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Kronogard. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Air sample Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: AFCRL, RTG. Apogee: 105 km (65 mi).

1962 August 11 - . 08:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Vostok 8K72K.
  • Vostok 3 - . Call Sign: Sokol (Falcon ). Crew: Nikolayev. Backup Crew: Bykovsky, Volynov. Payload: Vostok 3KA s/n 5. Mass: 4,722 kg (10,410 lb). Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Barmin, Bykovsky, Gagarin, Khrushchev, Kirillov, Kozlov, Frol, Nikolayev, Popovich, Smirnov, Ustinov, Volynov. Agency: RVSN. Program: Vostok. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Vostok 3. Spacecraft: Vostok. Duration: 3.93 days. Decay Date: 1962-08-15 . USAF Sat Cat: 363 . COSPAR: 1962-A-Mu-1. Apogee: 218 km (135 mi). Perigee: 166 km (103 mi). Inclination: 65.0000 deg. Period: 88.30 min.

    Joint flight with Vostok 4. The first such flight, where Vostok capsules were launched one day apart, coming within a few kilometers of each other at the orbital insertion of the second spacecraft. The flight was supposed to occur in March, but following various delays, one of the two Vostok pads was damaged in the explosion of the booster of the third Zenit-2 reconnsat in May. Repairs were not completed until August. Vostok 3 studied man's ability to function under conditions of weightlessness; conducted scientific observations; furthered improvement of space ship systems, communications, guidance and landing. Immediately at orbital insertion of Vostok 4, the spacecraft were less than 5 km apart. Popovich made radio contact with Cosmonaut Nikolayev. Nikolayev reported shortly thereafter that he had sighted Vostok 4. Since the Vostok had no maneuvering capability, they could not rendezvous or dock, and quickly drifted apart. The launches did allow Korolev to offer something new and different, and gave the launch and ground control crews practice in launching and handling more than one manned spacecraft at a time. The cosmonaut took colour motion pictures of the earth and the cabin interior. Additional Details: here....


1962 August 12 - . 08:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Vostok 8K72K.
  • Vostok 4 - . Call Sign: Berkut (Golden Eagle ). Crew: Popovich. Backup Crew: Komarov, Volynov. Payload: Vostok 3KA s/n 6. Mass: 4,728 kg (10,423 lb). Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Komarov, Nikolayev, Popovich, Volynov. Agency: RVSN. Program: Vostok. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Vostok 4. Spacecraft: Vostok. Duration: 2.96 days. Decay Date: 1962-08-15 . USAF Sat Cat: 365 . COSPAR: 1962-A-Nu-1. Apogee: 211 km (131 mi). Perigee: 159 km (98 mi). Inclination: 65.0000 deg. Period: 88.20 min.

    Joint flight with Vostok 3. Acquisition of experimental data on the possibility of establishing a direct link between two space ships; coordination of astronauts' operations; study of the effects of identical spaceflight conditions on the human organism. The launch of Popovich proceeds exactly on schedule, the spacecraft launching with 0.5 seconds of the planned time, entering orbit just a few kilometers away from Nikolayev in Vostok 3. Popovich had problems with his life support system, resulting in the cabin temperature dropping to 10 degrees Centigrade and the humidity to 35%. The cosmonaut still managed to conduct experiments, including taking colour motion pictures of the terminator between night and day and the cabin interior.

    Despite the conditions, Popovich felt able to go for the full four days scheduled. But before the mission, Popovich had been briefed to tell ground control that he was 'observing thunderstorms' if he felt the motion sickness that had plagued Titov and needed to return on the next opportunity. Unfortunately he actually did report seeing thunderstorms over the Gulf of Mexico, and ground control took this as a request for an early return. He was ordered down a day early, landing within a few mintutes of Nikolayev. Only on the ground was it discovered that he was willing to go the full duration, and that ground control had thought he had given the code.


1962 August 13 - .
  • Ten Air Force pilots spend a month in a simulated space cabin - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo.

    Ten Air Force pilots emerged from a simulated space cabin in which they had spent the previous month participating in a psychological test to determine how long a team of astronauts could work efficiently on a prolonged mission in space. Project Director Earl Alluisi said the experiment had "far exceeded our expectations" and that the men could have stayed in the cabin for 40 days with no difficulty.


1962 August 13 - . 22:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC11. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas F.
  • Research and development / Pod 16 test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 1,400 km (800 mi).

1962 August 14 - .
  • Flight tests of the half-scale vehicle (HSTV) in the Paraglider Development Program. - . Nation: USA. Program: Gemini. Spacecraft: Gemini, Gemini Paraglide.

    North American began flight tests of the half-scale vehicle (HSTV) in Phase II-A of the Paraglider Development Program two months behind schedule. The instrumented HSTV with the paraglider predeployed was towed aloft by helicopter. Objectives of the predeployed flights were to evaluate flight performance, longitudinal and lateral control characteristics, effectiveness of control, and the flare maneuver capability of the paraglider. Despite various minor malfunctions in all five test flights (August 14, 17, 23, September 17, and October 23, 1962), test results verified the stability of the wing/vehicle combination in free flight and the adequacy of control effectiveness.


1962 August 14 - .
  • LEM added to Apollo CSM Statement of Work - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo LM, LM Communications, LM ECS, LM Guidance, LM Hatch, LM Source Selection.

    The NAA spacecraft Statement of Work was revised to include the requirements for the lunar excursion module (LEM) as well as other modifications. The LEM requirements were identical with those given in the LEM Development Statement of Work of July 24.

    The command module (CM) would now be required to provide the crew with a one-day habitable environment and a survival environment for one week after touching down on land or water. In case of a landing at sea, the CM should be able to recover from any attitude and float upright with egress hatches free of water. Additional Details: here....


1962 August 14 - . 15:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. Launch Vehicle: Skylark.
1962 August 14 - . 18:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Delamar Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. FAILURE: Roll damper failure..
  • X-15A Const Theta Entry test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Spacecraft: X-15A. Apogee: 59 km (36 mi). Maximum Speed - 6029 kph. Maximum Altitude - 59010 m. New reentry technique using pitch angle instrument instead of AOA. Air dropped in Delamar Dry Lake DZ..

1962 August 15 - .
  • Navy swimmers refresher training for Mercury MA-8 - . Nation: USA. Program: Mercury. Flight: Mercury MA-8.

    Navy swimmers, designated for the Mercury-Atlas 8 (MA-8) manned orbital mission recovery area, started refresher training at Pensacola, Florida. Instruction included installing the auxiliary flotation collar on a boilerplate spacecraft and briefings on assisting astronaut egress from the spacecraft.


1962 August 15-16 - .
  • Manned Spacecraft Center reviewed engineering mock-up of the Gemini spacecraft. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Chamberlin. Program: Gemini. Spacecraft: Gemini.

    Manned Spacecraft Center (MSC) formally reviewed McDonnell's engineering mock-up of the Gemini spacecraft in St Louis. The company had begun building the mock-up in January, shortly after receiving the spacecraft contract. Mock-up review had originally been scheduled for mid-July, but informal examinations by MSC representatives, including James A Chamberlin and several astronauts, had produced some suggested changes. The review itself resulted in McDonnell's receiving 167 requests for alterations. MSC inspected the revised mock-up in November.


1962 August 15 - .
  • Landing of Vostok 3 - . Return Crew: Nikolayev. Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Nikolayev, Popovich. Program: Vostok. Flight: Vostok 3. Recovered August 15, 1962 6:52 GMT. Landed 48:02N 75:45 E. Both the Vostok 3 and 4 spacecraft land successfully six minutes apart a short distance from each other..

1962 August 15 - .
  • Landing of Vostok 4 - . Return Crew: Popovich. Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Gagarin, Keldysh, Khrushchev, Korolev, Nikolayev, Popovich, Rudenko, Smirnov. Program: Vostok. Flight: Vostok 4.

    Recovered August 15, 1962 6:59 GMT. Landed 48:09 N 71:51 E. By 07:00 the temperature aboard Vostok 4 is down to 10 deg C, and the humidity at 35%. Popovich is ready to continue for a fourth day, but he admits the cold is getting to him. Keldysh and Rudenko now support returning Vostok 4 to earth on the 49th orbit, but Smirnov still wants to go for the extra day. Then Popovich radios 'I observe thunderstorms (groza). Groza is the pre-agreed code word to indicate that the cosmonaut is vomiting. It is believed he is declaring an emergency and requesting an immediate landing. The State Commission meets again and has to decide within 40 minutes whether to begin setting the spacecraft up for retrofire. But then when Korolev and Smirnov ask the cosmonaut to verify, he explains "I am excellent, I was observing meteorological thunderstorms and lightning". However Gagarin and Kamanin are suspicious of the explanation - they believe Popovich had an attack of nausea, panicked, made the emergency radio transmission, but then felt better and didn't want to admit to his weakness when confronted by the leadership. However it is now too late. He is set to return at nearly the same time as Nikolayev on Vostok 3. Both spacecraft land successfully six minutes apart a short distance from each other. However flight plans for the State Commission are wrecked due to bad weather at nearby airfields.


1962 August 16 - . Launch Vehicle: Saturn I.
  • S-IV successfully static-fired for the first time - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: von Braun. Program: Apollo. The second stage (S-IV) of the Saturn C-1 launch vehicle was successfully static-fired for the first time in a ten-second test at the Sacramento, Calif., facility by the Douglas Aircraft Company..

1962 August 16 - . Launch Site: Mountain Home AFB. Launch Complex: Mountain Home AFB. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan I.
  • Titan I ICBM 569th SMS (nine missiles) declared operational at Mountain Home AFB - . Nation: USA.

1962 August 16 - . Launch Site: Mountain Home AFB. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan I.
  • With the transfer of Complex A, the turnover of the 569th Strategic Missile Squadron to SAC was completed. All nine Titan I missiles were now operational at Mountain Home AFB, Idaho. - .

1962 August 17 - .
  • Carl Sagan warned scientists of need for sterilization of lunar spacecraft - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo.

    Carl Sagan, University of California astronomer, warned scientists at a lunar exploration conference, Blacksburg, Va., of the need for sterilization of lunar spacecraft and decontamination of Apollo crewmen, pointing out that Lunik II and Ranger IV probably had deposited terrestrial microorganisms on the moon. Even more serious, he said, was the possibility that lunar microorganisms might be brought to earth where they could multiply explosively.


1962 August 18 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar Mayak-2. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 63S1.
  • Cosmos 8 - . Payload: DS-K-8 s/n 1. Mass: 337 kg (742 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Program: DS. Class: Earth. Type: Micrometeoroid satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-K-8. Completed Operations Date: 1962-08-23 . Decay Date: 1963-08-17 . USAF Sat Cat: 367 . COSPAR: 1962-A-Xi-1. Apogee: 598 km (371 mi). Perigee: 244 km (151 mi). Inclination: 49.0000 deg. Period: 92.90 min. Detected meteoroid flux in near-earth space and carried unspecified military research equipment..

1962 August 19 - .
  • Birth of Michael James Massimino - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Massimino. American engineer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-109, STS-125..

1962 August 19 - . 00:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Kronogard. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Air sample Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: AFCRL, RTG. Apogee: 109 km (67 mi).

1962 August 20 - . LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan IIIC.
  • US Department of Defense announced Titan III launch vehicle. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: McNamara.

    The Department of Defense announced plans to develop a Titan III launch vehicle powered by both solid and liquid fuel rocket motors with a total thrust of over 11 million newtons (2.5 million Ibs). .Scheduled to become operational in 1965, the Titan III would be used to launch the Air Force's X-20 (Dyna Soar) manned spacecraft, as well as heavy unmanned military satellites. Martin Marietta Corporation had been selected as prime contractor for the project, at an estimated cost of between $500 million and $1 billion. At a news conference the following day, Defense Secretary Robert S. McNamara cited the Titan III as a major step toward overtaking the Soviet Union in various phases of military space development.


1962 August 20 - . LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan IIIC.
  • The Defense Department announced plans to develop the Titan III launch vehicle that was to be operational by 1965. - . Martin Marietta Corporation would be the systems integration (prime) contractor for the Titan III program that was managed by AFSC's Space Systems Division..

1962 August 20 - . 18:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Hidden Hills DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008.
  • X-15A Heating, drag, ASAS test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Spacecraft: X-15A. Apogee: 27 km (16 mi). Maximum Speed - 5686 kph. Maximum Altitude - 27000 m. Air dropped in Hidden Hills DZ..

1962 August 21 - .
  • Technical conference on the Mercury MA-7 mission - . Nation: USA. Program: Mercury. Flight: Mercury MA-7. A conference was held at the Rice Hotel, Houston, Texas, on the technical aspects of the Mercury-Atlas 7 (MA-7) manned orbital mission (Carpenter flight)..

1962 August 22 - .
  • Future Vostok flight plans discussed - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Keldysh, Korolev, Malinovskiy, Smirnov. Program: Vostok. Flight: Vostok 10, Vostok 11, Vostok 12, Vostok 5, Vostok 6, Vostok 6A, Vostok 7, Vostok 8, Vostok 9.

    At Baikonur for the launch of a Venera probe, the Soviet space leadership discussed future plans. The female cosmonaut training group was there for their first rocket launch. The next Vostok would carry the first woman into space; Ponomaryova, Solovyova, and Tereshkova were the leading candidates. Flight plans were discussed at a meeting in the evening between Kamanin and Leonid Smirnov. It would be possible to make the flight by the end of 1962, but March-April 1963 was more likely, depending on the final report on the Vostok 3/4 flights. The work force would be fully occupied in August-October in launching probes to Venus and Mars, also probably delaying any Vostok flight until the following spring. The next flight would probably be part of a group flight of two or three spacecraft, piloted by both men and women. The female flights would be limited to three days, while the male flights would last for 7 to 8 days. Additional Details: here....


1962 August 22 - .
  • Length of the Apollo service module increased - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM, CSM Structural. The length of the Apollo service module was increased from 11 feet 8 inches to 12 feet 11 inches to provide space for additional fuel..

1962 August 22 - .
  • Contractor for Apollo CM reaction controls changed - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM, CSM RCS. Responsibility for the design and manufacture of the reaction controls for the Apollo command module was shifted from The Marquardt Corporation to the Rocketdyne Division of NAA, with NASA concurrence..

1962 August 22 - . 15:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Solar extreme ultraviolet / x-ray mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Apogee: 234 km (145 mi).

1962 August 23 - . 07:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima TMP. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 8L.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 173 km (107 mi).

1962 August 23 - . 11:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC5. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout X-2M.
  • P 35-2 - . Mass: 91 kg (200 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Program: DMSP. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft: Program 35. USAF Sat Cat: 369 . COSPAR: 1962-A-Omicron-1. Apogee: 752 km (467 mi). Perigee: 578 km (359 mi). Inclination: 98.5000 deg. Period: 98.10 min. Military weather satellite to provide targetting information for reconnaisance satellites..

1962 August 23 - . 17:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Structure Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 129 km (80 mi).

1962 August 24 - .
  • Birth of Dr Mary Ellen Weber - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Weber. American chemical engineer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-70, STS-101. Chemist..

1962 August 24 - . 11:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA5B. Launch Pad: LA5A. Launch Vehicle: Black Knight.
1962 August 25 - . Launch Site: Point Mugu. LV Family: Spartan ABM. Launch Vehicle: Nike Zeus. FAILURE: Failure.
  • PM-14 test - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1962 August 25 - . 02:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78. FAILURE: At T+60 min 50 sec one of the four solid motors of the escape stage's BOZ unit did not fire. The resulting asymmetric torque caused the stage to lose correct attitude and three seconds after ignition of the main engine S1.5400A1 it began to tumble.. Failed Stage: U.
  • Sputnik 19 - . Payload: 2MV-1 s/n 1. Mass: 890 kg (1,960 lb). Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Kuznetsova, Ponomaryova, Solovyova, Tereshkova, Yerkina. Agency: RVSN. Program: Venera, Vostok. Class: Venus. Type: Venus probe. Spacecraft Bus: 2MV. Spacecraft: Mars 2MV-1. Decay Date: 1962-08-28 . USAF Sat Cat: 371 . COSPAR: 1962-A-Pi-1. Apogee: 252 km (156 mi). Perigee: 173 km (107 mi). Inclination: 64.9000 deg. Period: 88.70 min.

    Attempt to launch a probe towards Mars. The launch went well, but the fourth stage motor burnt for only 45s of the planned 240s. The stage remained in Earth orbit. However Kamanin notes that it was good that the launch of the basic vehicle was a success - it gave the visiting female cosmonauts confidence in the rocket they will have to ride.


1962 August 27 - .
  • Female Vostok flights delayed to 1963 - . Nation: Russia. Program: Vostok. Flight: Vostok 10, Vostok 11, Vostok 12, Vostok 5, Vostok 6, Vostok 6A, Vostok 7, Vostok 8, Vostok 9. Spacecraft Bus: Sokol. Spacecraft: Sokol SK-1.

    The prospects did not look good for authorisation of production of ten further Vostok spacecraft. In a heated discussion between Rudenko, Ivanovskiy, and Grechko, it was argued that production of further Vostoks would delay flight of the first Soyuz spacecraft by a year. On the other hand this would mean no Soviet manned flights in 1963-1964. Furthermore Ivanovskiy reported that production of the female version of the Vostok space suit could not be completed until the end of 1962. Therefore this meant that the flight of two female cosmonauts in the final two available Vostok spacecraft would be delayed until March-April 1963 - the very end of the storage life of the spacecraft.


1962 August 27 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC25A. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A2.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1962 August 27 - . 06:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC12. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas Agena B.
  • Mariner 2 - . Payload: Mariner R-2. Mass: 201 kg (443 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Mariner. Class: Venus. Type: Venus probe. Spacecraft Bus: Mariner. Spacecraft: Mariner 1-2. USAF Sat Cat: 374 . COSPAR: 1962-A-Rho-1.

    Mariner 2 was the first spacecraft to successfully flyby another planet. It was a backup for the Mariner 1 mission which failed shortly after launch to Venus. After launch and termination of the Agena first burn, the Agena-Mariner was in a 118 km altitude Earth parking orbit. The Agena second burn injected the Mariner 2 spacecraft into a geocentric escape hyperbola at 26 minutes 3 seconds after lift-off. Solar panel extension was completed about 44 minutes after launch. On 29 August 1962 cruise science experiments were turned on. A midcourse maneuver was initiated at 22:49:00 GMT on 4 September and completed at 2:45:25 GMT 5 September. On 8 September at 17:50 GMT the spacecraft suddenly lost its attitude control, which was restored by the gyroscopes 3 minutes later. The cause was unknown but may have been a collision with a small object. On October 31 the output from one solar panel deteriorated abruptly, and the science cruise instruments were turned off. A week later the panel resumed normal function and instruments were turned back on. The panel permanently failed on 15 November, but Mariner 2 was close enough to the Sun that one panel could supply adequate power. On December 14 the radiometers were turned on. Mariner 2 approached Venus from 30 degrees above the dark side of the planet, and passed below the planet at its closest distance of 34,773 km at 19:59:28 GMT 14 December 1962. After encounter, cruise mode resumed. Spacecraft perihelion occurred on 27 December at a distance of 105,464,560 km. The last transmission from Mariner 2 was received on 3 January 1963 at 07:00 GMT. Mariner 2 remains in heliocentric orbit. Scientific discoveries made by Mariner 2 included a slow retrograde rotation rate for Venus, hot surface temperatures and high surface pressures, a predominantly carbon dioxide atmosphere, continuous cloud cover with a top altitude of about 60 km, and no detectable magnetic field. It was also shown that in interplanetary space the solar wind streams continuously and the cosmic dust density is much lower than the near-Earth region. Improved estimates of Venus' mass and the value of the astronomical unit were made.


1962 August 27 - . 09:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. LV Family: Lupus. Launch Vehicle: HAD.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Australia. Agency: WRE. Apogee: 114 km (70 mi).

1962 August 28 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC38. LV Family: Spartan ABM. Launch Vehicle: Nike Zeus.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1962 August 28 - . 19:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • EM Absorption Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 148 km (91 mi).

1962 August 29 - . 01:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC2W. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor Agena D.
  • KH-4 9044 - . Payload: KH-4 s/n 9044 / Agena D 1153. Mass: 1,150 kg (2,530 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: WS-117. Spacecraft: KH-4. Decay Date: 1962-09-10 . USAF Sat Cat: 377 . COSPAR: 1962-A-Sigma-1. Apogee: 400 km (240 mi). Perigee: 187 km (116 mi). Inclination: 65.2000 deg. Period: 90.40 min. KH-4; film capsule recovered 4.1 days later. Erratic vehicle attitude. Radiation fog minimal..

1962 August 29 - . 01:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. Launch Vehicle: Skylark.
1962 August 29 - . 18:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Hidden Hills DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008.
  • X-15A Heating test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Spacecraft: X-15A. Apogee: 29 km (18 mi). Maximum Speed - 5546 kph. Maximum Altitude - 29630 m. Air dropped in Hidden Hills DZ..

1962 August 30 - .
  • Korolev supports military Vostok flights - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Khrushchev. Program: Vostok. Flight: Vostok 10, Vostok 11, Vostok 12, Vostok 13, Vostok 7, Vostok 8, Vostok 9.

    Korolev, still very ill in the hospital following a collapse six days earlier, supported Kamanin's plan for acceptance of the Vostok manned spacecraft for military service with the Soviet Air Force. It could enter series production and be used for continuous military research flights. However the General Staff continued to oppose any expansion of manned space flight. It it wasn't for Khrushchev, Korolev noted, there would not be any Soviet manned space programme at all.


1962 August - .
  • Limited testing planned of fire hazards in pure oxygen atmosphere for Apollo - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM, CSM ECS. A preliminary NAA report was completed on a literature search concerning fire hazards in 100 percent oxygen and oxygen-enriched atmospheres. This report showed that limited testing would be warranted..

1962 August 31 - . Launch Site: Davis-Monthan AFB. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan II.
  • The first Titan II (LGM-25C) operational missile was accepted by the Air Force. This missile was delivered to Davis-Monthan AFB, Arizona, on 11 December 1962. - .

1962 August 31 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA3. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout X-3A. FAILURE: Late stage 3 ignition.. Failed Stage: 3.
  • Reentry 2 - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Class: Technology. Type: Re-entry test vehicle. Decay Date: 1962-08-31 . Apogee: 217 km (134 mi).

1962 August 31 - . 00:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Kronogard. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Air sample Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: AFCRL, RTG. Apogee: 111 km (68 mi).

1962 September - .
  • M2-F1 lifting body first flight. - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft: HL-10, M2-F2, X-24A.

    The lifting body concept was first tested at Dryden with a plywood prototype designated the M2-F1 built in late 1962. It featured a plywood shell built by Gus Briegleb, a sailplane builder from Mirage Dry Lake, Calif., placed over a tubular frame built at Dryden. The M2-F1 was towed aloft, first behind an auto and then a C-47 more than 100 times, to validate basic lifting body stability and control characteristics. This led to establishment of the formal program which resulted in the HL-10, M2-F2, M2-F3, X-24A, and X-24B lifting bodies.


1962 September - . Launch Site: Schilling AFB. Launch Complex: Schilling AFB. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas F.
  • Atlas SMS 560 operational. - . Nation: USA. Schilling AFB SMS 550 operational.

1962 September 1 - . 02:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78. FAILURE: At T+ 61 min 30 sec the fuel valve did not open.; the ignition command was blocked from going to the main engine of Stage 4.. Failed Stage: U.
  • Sputnik 20 - . Payload: 2MV-1 s/n 2. Mass: 6,500 kg (14,300 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Program: Venera. Class: Venus. Type: Venus probe. Spacecraft Bus: 2MV. Spacecraft: Mars 2MV-1. Decay Date: 1962-09-06 . USAF Sat Cat: 381 . COSPAR: 1962-A-Tau-1. Apogee: 246 km (152 mi). Perigee: 185 km (114 mi). Inclination: 64.7000 deg. Period: 88.80 min.

1962 September 1 - . 20:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC1E. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor Agena B.
  • KH-5 9042A - . Payload: KH-5 s/n 9042A/Agena B 1132. Mass: 1,150 kg (2,530 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: WS-117. Spacecraft: KH-5. Decay Date: 1964-10-26 . USAF Sat Cat: 385 . COSPAR: 1962-A-Upsilon-1. Apogee: 639 km (397 mi). Perigee: 293 km (182 mi). Inclination: 82.8000 deg. Period: 94.00 min. KH-5. Mission failed. Parachute shrouds parted during air catch, capsule sank. Officially: Spacecraft Engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A)..
  • SRV 600 - . Mass: 1,274 kg (2,808 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Spacecraft Bus: WS-117. Spacecraft: KH-5. COSPAR: 1962-A-Upsilon-x.

1962 September 4 - .
  • Nine industry proposals for the Apollo lunar excursion module received - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo LM, LM Source Selection.

    Nine industry proposals for the lunar excursion module were received from The Boeing Company, Douglas Aircraft Company, General Dynamics Corporation, Grumman Aircraft Engineering Corporation, Ling-Temco-Vought, Inc., Lockheed Aircraft Corporation, Martin-Marietta Corporation, Northrop Corporation, and Republic Aviation Corporation. NASA evaluation began the next day. Additional Details: here....


1962 September 5 - .
  • Studies of Apollo unmanned logistic system - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft Bus: Apollo LM. Spacecraft: Apollo ULS.

    Two three-month studies of an unmanned logistic system to aid astronauts on a lunar landing mission would be negotiated with three companies, NASA announced. Under a $150,000 contract, Space Technology Laboratories, Inc., would look into the feasibility of developing a general-purpose spacecraft into which varieties of payloads could be fitted. Under two $75,000 contracts, Northrop Space laboratories and Grumman Aircraft Engineering Corporation would study the possible cargoes that such a spacecraft might carry. NASA Centers simultaneously would study lunar logistic: trajectories, launch vehicle adaptation, lunar landing touchdown dynamics, scheduling, and use of roving vehicles on the lunar surface.


1962 September 6 - .
  • Apollo mockups, and boilerplates deleted - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM. NASA deleted five Apollo mockups, three boilerplate spacecraft, and several ground support equipment items from the NAA contract because of funding limitations..

1962 September 6 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC29A. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1962 September 7 - .
  • Apollo boilerplate model BP-1 accepted by NASA - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM, CSM Block I.

    Apollo command module boilerplate model BP-1 was accepted by NASA and delivered to the NAA Engineering Development Laboratory for land and water impact tests. On September 25, BP-1 was drop-tested with good results. Earth-impact attenuation and crew shock absorption data were obtained.


1962 September 7 - . Launch Site: Schilling AFB. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas F.
  • The first Atlas F (HGM-16AF) missile squadron, the 550th Strategic Missile Squadron at Schilling AFB, Kansas, was turned over to SAC. - . This was the first Atlas unit to feature the silo-lift storage/launcher configuration for improved hardness and survivability..

1962 September 8 - . LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D.
  • Mercury Atlas vehicle 113-D static-fired - . Nation: USA. Program: Mercury. Atlas launch vehicle 113-D for the Mercury-Atlas 8 (MA-8) manned orbital mission was static-fired at Cape Canaveral. This test was conducted to check modifications that had been made to the booster for the purpose of smoother engine combustion..

1962 September 8 - . Launch Site: Beale AFB. Launch Complex: Beale AFB. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan I.
  • Titan I ICBM 851st SMS (nine missiles) declared operational at Beale AFB - . Nation: USA.

1962 September 8 - . LV Family: Titan.
  • Headquarters USAF announced that the Deputy Chief of Staff for Research and Development (DCS/R&D) would be the focal point for space projects within Headquarters USAF. - . Spacecraft: Dynasoar, Midas. Lt General James Ferguson, DCS/R&D, would possess Air Force headquarters responsibility for programs such as MIDAS, Titan III, Dyna-Soar, and others..

1962 September 8 - . Launch Site: Beale AFB. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan I.
  • The nine Titan I missile launchers at Beale AFB, California, were turned over to SAC's 851st Strategic Missile Squadron. - .

1962 September 9 - . Launch Site: Cuxhaven. Launch Complex: Cuxhaven.
  • Rocket mail at Cuxhaven - . Nation: Germany. The DRG (German Rocket Society) made postal launches from spaceport Cuxhaven..

1962 September 10 - .
  • Apollo command module boilerplate model BP-3 shipped - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM. Apollo command module boilerplate model BP-3, showing the arrangement of the cabin interior, was shipped to MSC..

1962 September 10 - .
  • Mercury MA-8 postponed - . Nation: USA. Program: Mercury. Flight: Mercury MA-8. The Mercury-Atlas 8 (MA-8) manned orbital mission was postponed and rescheduled for September 28, 1962, to allow additional time for flight preparation..

1962 September 10 - .
  • Fire in a simulated Air Force space cabin - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM.

    Fire broke out in a simulated space cabin at the Air Force School of Aerospace Medicine, Brooks Air Force Base, Tex., on the 13th day of a 14-day experiment to determine the effects of breathing pure oxygen in a long-duration space flight. One of the two Air Force officers was seriously injured. The cause of the fire was not immediately determined. The experiment was part of a NASA program to validate the use of a 5 psia pure oxygen atmosphere for the Gemini and Apollo spacecraft.


1962 September 11 - .
  • NASA Astronaut Training Group 2 selected. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Borman, Conrad, Lovell, McDivitt, See, Stafford, White, Young.

    The group was selected to provide pilots for the Gemini program and early Apollo missions.. Qualifications: Test pilot status (either military, NASA, or aircraft industry), qualified jet pilot with minimum 1,000 flight-hours, under 35 years old, under 183 cm height, excellent health. US citizen.. 253 applicants survived initial NASA screening of their records. Following physical and psychiatric tests, nine were selected. Eight made it to space (See was killed in a T-38 crash before his first spaceflight). This was generally considered the highest quality group of astronauts ever selected. They would command the missions during the glory days of the American space program - Gemini, Apollo, and Skylab. Young was the only astronaut to fly Gemini, Apollo, and the Shuttle program. Armstrong was the only one to fly the X-15, Gemini, and Apollo. Conrad was the only one to fly Gemini, Apollo, and Skylab.


1962 September 11 - . 13:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. Launch Vehicle: Skylark.
1962 September 11 - . 23:24 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Day Airglow Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 306 km (190 mi).

1962 September 12 - .
  • President Kennedy spoke at Rice University - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Kennedy. Program: Apollo.

    President John F. Kennedy spoke at Rice University, Houston, Tex., where he said:

    "Man, in his quest for knowledge and progress, is determined and cannot be deterred. The exploration of space will go ahead, whether we join in it or not, and it is one of the great adventures of all time, and no nation which expects to be the leader of other nations can expect to stay behind in this race for space. . . .

    "We choose to go to the moon in this decade and do the other things, not because they are easy, but because they are hard, because that goal will serve to organize and measure the best of our energies and skills, because that challenge is one that we are willing to accept, one we are unwilling to postpone, and one which we intend to win, and the others, too.

    "It is for these reasons that I regard the decision last year to shift our efforts in space from low to high gear as among the most important decisions that will be made during my incumbency in the office of the Presidency. . . ."


1962 September 12 - .
  • President Kennedy visited the Manned Spacecraft Center - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Kennedy. President John F. Kennedy visited the Manned Spacecraft Center and was shown exhibits including Mercury, Gemini, and Apollo spacecraft hardware..

1962 September 12 - .
  • First "mystery" satellite in history of space exploration - . Nation: USA.

    NASA announced it would launch a special satellite before the end of the year 'to obtain information on possible effects of radiation on future satellites and to give the world's scientific community additional data on the artificial environment created by the radiation belt.' The 100-pound satellite would be launched from Cape Canaveral into an elliptical orbit ranging from about 170-mile perigee to 10,350-mile apogee. First 'mystery' satellite in history of space exploration was launched, according to British magazine Flight International. The magazine said the satellite orbited at a height of 113 miles and reentered the earth's atmosphere 12 days later. The satellite was listed as belonging to the U.S. Air Force, but spokesman said this was a 'scientific guess based on our assessment of previous satellite launchings.' Launching was not confirmed, and no official U.S. listing included such a satellite.


1962 September 12 - . 00:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78. FAILURE: At T+531 sec, the fourth vernier chamber of Stage 3's 8D715K engine exploded because the LOX cut-off valve had not closed as scheduled and LOX flowed into the hot chamber.. Failed Stage: U.
  • Sputnik 21 - . Payload: 2MV-2 s/n 1. Mass: 6,500 kg (14,300 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Program: Venera. Class: Venus. Type: Venus probe. Spacecraft Bus: 2MV. Spacecraft: Mars 2MV-2. Decay Date: 1962-09-14 . USAF Sat Cat: 389 . COSPAR: 1962-A-Phi-1. Apogee: 218 km (135 mi). Perigee: 179 km (111 mi). Inclination: 64.9000 deg. Period: 88.40 min. The escape stage entered parking orbit but the main engine cut off just 0.8 s after ignition due to cavitation in the oxidiser pump and pump failure..

1962 September 12 - . 15:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC15. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan II.
  • Mk 6 re-entry vehicle test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1962 September 13 - .
  • General Staff tries to prevent further Soviet manned spaceflights - . Nation: Russia. Flight: Vostok 10, Vostok 11, Vostok 12, Vostok 5, Vostok 6, Vostok 6A, Vostok 7, Vostok 8, Vostok 9.

    At a meeting of the General Staff on space plans, it was reported that the Ministry of Defence supported completion of two additional Vostok spacecraft to allow four Vostok flights in 1963. But Malinovskiy was adamant: the Vostok fullfilled no military objectives, would not be accepted for military use, and he would recommend to the Military Industrial Commission that the additional flights be rejected. Kamanin noted that history was repeating itself - fifty years earlier Tsarist generals had rejected the acquisition of aircraft by the Imperial Russian Army.


1962 September 14 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: EAG-154. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A1.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1962 September 15 - . Launch Site: Lincoln AFB. Launch Complex: Lincoln AFB. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas F.
  • Atlas SMS 551 operational. - . Nation: USA. Lincoln AFB SMS 551 operational.

1962 September 15 - . Launch Site: Lincoln AFB. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas F.
  • The second silo-lift Atlas F squadron, the 551st Strategic Missile Squadron at Lincoln AFB, Nebraska, was turned over to SAC. - .

1962 September 15 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: EAG-154. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A1.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1962 September 17 - . LV Family: Minuteman.
  • The last elements of the Minuteman System Program Office completed their transfer from Los Angeles to Ballistic Systems Division's new headquarters at Norton AFB. - .

1962 September 17 - . 23:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC1W. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor Agena B.
  • KH-4 9043 / TRS 1 (ERS 2) - . Payload: KH-4 s/n 9043 / TRS 1 (ERS 2) / Agena B 1133. Mass: 1,150 kg (2,530 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: WS-117. Spacecraft: KH-4. Decay Date: 1962-11-16 . USAF Sat Cat: 396 . COSPAR: 1962-A-Chi-1. Apogee: 668 km (415 mi). Perigee: 204 km (126 mi). Inclination: 81.8000 deg. Period: 93.30 min. KH-4; film capsule recovered 1.1 days later; ERS-2 subsatellite failed to deploy. Capping shutter malfunction, slight corona and radiation fog..
  • TRS - . Payload: ERS 2. Mass: 45 kg (99 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft: ERS. COSPAR: 1962-A-Chi-xx.

1962 September 18 - .
  • Slayton designated Coordinator of Astronaut Activities - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Slayton. Program: Mercury. Donald Slayton, one of the seven chosen for the astronaut training program, was designated Coordinator of Astronaut Activities at the Manned Spacecraft Center..

1962 September 18 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC31B. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1A.
  • Research and development launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1962 September 18 - . 08:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor Delta.
  • Tiros 6 - . Payload: Tiros F2 (A-51). Mass: 127 kg (279 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Tiros. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft: Tiros. USAF Sat Cat: 397 . COSPAR: 1962-A-Psi-1. Apogee: 654 km (406 mi). Perigee: 631 km (392 mi). Inclination: 58.3000 deg. Period: 97.60 min. Returned 66674 cloud cover images. Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C)..

1962 September 19 - .
  • USAF announces six pilots selected for Dynasoar - . Nation: USA. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft: Dynasoar.

1962 September 19 - . 19:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC11. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas F.
  • Research and development / Pod 17 test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 1,400 km (800 mi). Atlas 8F, the seventh Series F R&D missile, was the 100th to be launched from Cape Canaveral since the first abortive launch on 11 June 1957 and the 145th Atlas to be launched from both Cape Canaveral and Vandenberg. .

1962 September 20 - . 04:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. Launch Vehicle: Skylark.
1962 September 20 - . 04:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC31B. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1A.
  • Research and development launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1962 September 21 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: X-17. Launch Vehicle: RAM B. FAILURE: Failure.
  • RAM B-1 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1962 September 22 - . 02:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150A.
  • Ultraviolet Photometer Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 187 km (116 mi).

1962 September 22 - . 06:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Vehicle: Journeyman.
  • Radio astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 1,691 km (1,050 mi).

1962 September 24 - .
  • N1 and GR-1 authorised. - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Keldysh, Korolev, Yangel. Program: Vostok.

    Central Committee of the Communist Party and Council of Soviet Ministers Decree 1021-436 'On start of work on the N1 and GR-1' was issued. Following a review of the N1 project by an Academy of Sciences expert commission headed by Keldysh in July, this decree provided a detailed plan leading to a first launch by the end of 1965. Planning and drawing release for the GR-1 were completed by this date and the decree ordered test flights to begin in the third quarter of 1963. However development problems with the NK-9 engine resulted in continual delays. Finally in 1964 Korolev's GR-1 was cancelled and Yangel’s R-36 was selected for the mission. This would deprive Korolev of a vital test-bed for flight test of the N1 engines.


1962 September 25 - . Launch Vehicle: N1.
  • N1 launch vehicle upgraded to accomodate OS-1 75 tonne manned platform with nuclear weapons. - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Khrushchev, Korolev. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft Bus: OS. Spacecraft: OS-1 (1965).

    Work on the OS-1 began following a meeting between Khrushchev and chief designers at Pitsunda. Korolev was authorized to proceed immediately to upgrade the three stage N vehicle to a maximum 75 tonne payload in order to launch the station. By 1965 the mockup of the huge station had been completed.


1962 September 26 - . Launch Vehicle: Saturn V.
  • Plans for Apollo Mississippi Test Facility - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo.

    NASA announced that it had completed preliminary plans for the development of the $500-million Mississippi Test Facility. The first phase of a three-phase construction program would begin in 1962 and would include four test stands for static-firing the Saturn C-5 S-IC and S-II stages; about 20 support and service buildings would be built in the first phase. A water transportation system had been selected, calling for improvement of about 15 miles of river channel and construction of about 15 miles of canals at the facility. Additional Details: here....


1962 September 26 - . Launch Site: Larson AFB. Launch Complex: Larson AFB. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan I.
  • Titan I ICBM 568th SMS (nine missiles) declared operational at Larson AFB - . Nation: USA.

1962 September 26 - . Launch Site: Ellsworth AFB. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan I.
  • The last complex of the 850th Strategic Missile Squadron (Titan I) at Ellsworth AFB, South Dakota, was turned over to SAC. - .

1962 September 27 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC38. LV Family: Spartan ABM. Launch Vehicle: Nike Zeus.
  • Simulated target - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1962 September 27 - . 09:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Vostok 8A92.
  • Cosmos 9 - . Payload: Zenit-2 11F61 s/n 7. Mass: 4,700 kg (10,300 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-2 satellite. Duration: 4.00 days. Decay Date: 1962-10-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 422 . COSPAR: 1962-A-Omega-1. Apogee: 981 km (609 mi). Perigee: 829 km (515 mi). Inclination: 67.6000 deg. Period: 103.10 min. Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite. Also performed radiation measurements..

1962 September 27 - . 18:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Electric structure Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 260 km (160 mi).

1962 September 28 - . Launch Site: Ellsworth AFB. Launch Complex: Ellsworth AFB. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan I.
  • Titan I ICBM 850th SMS (nine missiles) declared operational at Ellsworth AFB - . Nation: USA.

1962 September 28 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg.
  • First international satellite launch - Vandenberg - . Nation: USA.

1962 September 28 - . Launch Site: Larson AFB. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan I.
  • The last of the six operational Titan I squadrons, the 568th Strategic Missile Squadron at Larson AFB, Washington, was transferred to SAC. - . This brought the Titan I operational force to its programmed strength of six radio-guidance squadrons and 54 silo-lift launchers..

1962 September 28 - . 18:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Hidden Hills DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008.
  • X-15A Heating, VO Stab test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Spacecraft: X-15A. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi). This and most following flights without lower ventral. Maximum Speed - 4450 kph. Maximum Altitude - 20790 m. Air dropped in Hidden Hills DZ..

1962 September 28 - . 21:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF04. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1A. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Research and development Category I test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi). The first R&D Category I launch of a Wing I configuration Minuteman missile (LGM-30A), from Vandenberg AFB was completed. Initial launch of a Minuteman I from Vandenberg.

1962 September 29 - . 06:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC2E. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor Agena B.
  • Alouette 1 - . Payload: Alouette 1 / TAVE. Mass: 145 kg (319 lb). Nation: Canada. Agency: Clemson. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft: Alouette. USAF Sat Cat: 424 . COSPAR: 1962-B-Alpha-1. Apogee: 1,022 km (635 mi). Perigee: 987 km (613 mi). Inclination: 80.5000 deg. Period: 105.20 min. Ionospheric research. Spacecraft engaged in research and exploration of the upper atmosphere or outer space (US Cat B). .
  • TAVE - . Payload: TAVE. Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Spacecraft: TAVE. USAF Sat Cat: 426 . COSPAR: 1962-B-Alpha-2. Apogee: 1,019 km (633 mi). Perigee: 993 km (617 mi). Inclination: 80.5000 deg. Period: 105.20 min. Thor Agena Vibration Experiment.

1962 September 29 - . 23:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC2W. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor Agena D.
  • KH-4 9045 - . Payload: KH-4 s/n 9045 / Agena D 1154. Mass: 1,150 kg (2,530 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: WS-117. Spacecraft: KH-4. Decay Date: 1962-10-08 . USAF Sat Cat: 427 . COSPAR: 1962-B-Beta-1. Apogee: 388 km (241 mi). Perigee: 190 km (110 mi). Inclination: 65.4000 deg. Period: 90.30 min. KH-4. First use of stellar camera, erratic vehicle attitude, numerous light leaks..

1962 September - .
  • Structural design of the Apollo command module 65 percent complete - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM, CSM Structural. Release of the structural design of the Apollo command module was 65 percent complete; 100 percent release was scheduled for January 1 963..

1962 September - .
  • Tentative Apollo flight plan - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo.

    MSC outlined a tentative Apollo flight plan:

    Pad abort:
    Two tests to simulate an abort on the pad.
    Saturn C-1:
    Determine launch exit environment: SA-6 with SA-8 as backup. Flight- test the emergency detection system: SA-7, SA-9, and SA-10
    Saturn C-1B:
    Four launch vehicle development flights prior to the manned flight.
    Saturn C-5:
    Six unmanned Saturn C-5 launch vehicle development flights.
    Additional Details: here....

1962 September - . Launch Vehicle: Saturn V.
  • Apollo spacecraft weights - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM, LM Weight.

    The Apollo spacecraft weights had been apportioned within an assumed 90,000 pound limit. This weight was termed a "design allowable." A lower target weight for each module had been assigned. Achievement of the target weight would allow for increased fuel loading and therefore greater operational flexibility and mission reliability. The design allowable for the command module was 9,500 pounds; the target weight was 8,500 pounds. The service module design allowable was 11,500 pounds; the target weight was 11,000 pounds. The S-IVB adapter design allowable and target weight was 3,200 pounds. The amount of service module useful propellant was 40,300 pounds design allowable; the target weight was 37,120 pounds. The lunar excursion module design allowable was 25,500 pounds; the target weight was 24,500 pounds.


1962 September 30 - . 06:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150A.
  • Lockheed XR X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 171 km (106 mi).

1962 October 1 - . LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan II.
  • Air Force Space Systems Division revised the Development Plan for the Gemini launch vehicle. - . Nation: USA.

    The budget was raised to $181.3 million. Cost increases in work on the vertical test facility at Martin's Baltimore plant, on the conversion of pad 19 at Cape Canaveral, and on aerospace ground equipment had already generated a budget increase to $172.6 million during September. The new Development Plan also indicated that the first launch date had slipped to December 1963.


1962 October 1 - .
  • Storm "Daisy" threatens Mercury MA-8 - . Nation: USA. Program: Mercury. Flight: Mercury MA-8. Tropical storm 'Daisy' was studied by Mercury operations activities for its possible effects on the Mercury-Atlas 8 (MA-8) mission, but flight preparations continued..

1962 October - .
  • Project SAINT cut back. - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft: SAINT, SAINT II. Project SAINT satellite interceptor project was cut back, leading to its eventually cancellation. The spacecraft would have rendezvoused with hostile satellites, inspected them with television cameras, and then disabled them..

1962 Q4 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg WTR. Launch Platform: SSBN 608. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A2.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1962 Q4 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg WTR. Launch Platform: SSBN 608. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A2.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1962 Q4 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg WTR. Launch Platform: SSBN 608. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A2.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1962 Q4 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg WTR. Launch Platform: SSBN 608. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A2.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1962 October 2 - . 11:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 576B2. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D. FAILURE: Failure. Failed Stage: 1.
  • NTMP K-3 Target mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1962 October 2 - . 22:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17B. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor Delta A.
  • Explorer 14 - . Payload: EPE B (S-3A). Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Explorer. Class: Astronomy. Type: Solar satellite. Spacecraft: EPE. Decay Date: 1964-12-31 . USAF Sat Cat: 432 . COSPAR: 1962-B-Gamma-1. Apogee: 96,229 km (59,793 mi). Perigee: 2,558 km (1,589 mi). Inclination: 42.3000 deg. Period: 2,184.60 min. Magnetosphere studies. Spacecraft engaged in research and exploration of the upper atmosphere or outer space (US Cat B). .

1962 October 3 - .
  • Zagami Meteorite Fall (Mars Meteorite) - . Nation: Nigeria.

1962 October 3 - . 12:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC14. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D.
  • Mercury MA-8 - . Call Sign: Sigma 7. Crew: Schirra. Backup Crew: Cooper. Payload: Mercury SC16. Mass: 1,374 kg (3,029 lb). Nation: USA. Related Persons: Cooper, Schirra. Agency: NASA. Program: Mercury. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Mercury MA-8. Spacecraft: Mercury. Duration: 0.38 days. Decay Date: 1962-10-03 . USAF Sat Cat: 433 . COSPAR: 1962-B-Delta-1. Apogee: 285 km (177 mi). Perigee: 153 km (95 mi). Inclination: 32.5000 deg. Period: 88.80 min.

    The Sigma 7 spacecraft with Astronaut Walter M. Schirra, Jr., as pilot was launched into orbit by a Mercury-Atlas vehicle from Atlantic Missile Range. In the most successful American manned space flight to date, Schirra traveled nearly six orbits, returning to earth at a predetermined point in the Pacific Ocean 9 hours, 13 minutes after liftoff. Within 40 minutes after landing, he and his spacecraft were safely aboard the aircraft carrier U.S.S. Kearsarge. Schirra attempted and achieved a nearly perfect mission by sticking rigorously to mission plan.


1962 October 4 - . Launch Vehicle: Saturn V.
  • First full-duration static firing of the Apollo J-2 engine - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Rocketdyne Division successfully completed the first full-duration (250-seconds) static firing of the J-2 engine..

1962 October 4 - . 18:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Delamar Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. FAILURE: Failure of APU, ball nose, and yaw damper..
  • X-15A VO Stability test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Spacecraft: X-15A. Apogee: 34 km (21 mi). Maximum Speed - 5620 kph. Maximum Altitude - 34200 m. Air dropped in Delamar Dry Lake DZ..

1962 October 5 - .
  • Schirra would have been killed if Mercury MA-8 had gone above 640 km - . Nation: USA. Program: Mercury. Flight: Mercury MA-8.

    A U.S. Air Force spokesman, Lt. Colonel Albert C. Trakowski, announced that special instruments on unidentified military test satellites had confirmed the danger that astronaut Walter M. Schirra, Jr., could have been killed if his MA-8 space flight had taken him above a 400-mile altitude. The artificial radiation belt, created by the U.S. high altitude nuclear test in July, sharply increases in density above 400-miles altitude at the geomagnetic equator and reaches peak intensities of 100 to 1,000 times normal levels at altitudes above 1,000 miles.


1962 October 5 - .
  • European Southern Observatory founded. - . Nation: Europe.

1962 October 5 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC41/4. LV Family: R-16. Launch Vehicle: R-16U.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,210 km (750 mi).

1962 October 5 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC60/8. Launch Pad: LC60/8?. LV Family: R-16. Launch Vehicle: R-16U.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,210 km (750 mi).

1962 October 6 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 395-A1. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan I.
  • Research and development Category II test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1962 October 7 - . LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D.
  • The Mercury-Atlas 8 (MA-8) press conference was held at the Rice University, Houston, Texas. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Schirra. Program: Mercury. Astronaut Schirra expressed his belief that the spacecraft was ready for the 1-day mission, that he experienced absolutely no difficulties with his better than 9 hours of weightlessness, and that the flight was of the 'textbook' variety..

1962 October 8 - . 19:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 15 km (9 mi).

1962 October 9 - . LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D.
  • Mercury spacecraft 20 delivered to Cape Canaveral - . Nation: USA. Program: Mercury. Flight: Mercury MA-9. Spacecraft: Mercury. Spacecraft 20 was delivered to Cape Canaveral for the Mercury-Atlas 9 (MA-9) 1-day mission flight..

1962 October 9 - . Launch Site: Altus AFB. Launch Complex: Altus AFB. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas F.
  • Atlas SMS 577 operational. - . Nation: USA. Altus AFB SMS 577 operational.

1962 October 9 - . Launch Site: Altus AFB. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas F.
  • The 577th Strategic Missile Squadron at Altus AFB, Oklahoma, was the third Atlas F squadron turned over to SAC by Ballistic Systems Division site activation task forces (SATAFs). - .

1962 October 9 - . 18:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC1W. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor Agena B.
  • KH-5 9046A - . Payload: KH-5 s/n 9046A/Agena B 1134. Mass: 1,150 kg (2,530 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: WS-117. Spacecraft: KH-5. Decay Date: 1962-10-16 . USAF Sat Cat: 436 . COSPAR: 1962-B-Epsilon-1. Apogee: 427 km (265 mi). Perigee: 213 km (132 mi). Inclination: 82.0000 deg. Period: 91.00 min. KH-5; film capsule recovered 4.1 days later. 50% of stellar terrain film was blank due to shutter malfunction. Officially: Spacecraft Engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A)..
  • SRV 603 - . Mass: 1,274 kg (2,808 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Spacecraft Bus: WS-117. Spacecraft: KH-5. COSPAR: 1962-B-Epsilon-x.

1962 October 9 - . 18:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Delamar Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 003.
  • X-15A VO Stability test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Spacecraft: X-15A. Apogee: 39 km (24 mi). Maximum Speed - 5979 kph. Maximum Altitude - 39700 m. Air dropped in Delamar Dry Lake DZ..

1962 October 10 - .
  • Honeywell subcontract for Apollo stabilization and control system amended - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM, CSM Guidance. The Minneapolis-Honeywell Regulator Company letter subcontract for the Apollo stabilization and control system was suspended by NAA and amended in accordance with the current design concepts,.

1962 October 10 - .
  • Birth of Rex Joseph Walheim - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Walheim. American test pilot mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-110, STS-122..

1962 October 11 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: HJ Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1962 October 12 - . 16:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC16. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan II.
  • Mk 6 re-entry vehicle test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1962 October 13 - . Launch Vehicle: GR-1.
  • GR-1 FOBS missile authorised. - . Nation: Russia. State Committee for Defence Technology (GKOT) Decree 640/06 'On start of work on the GR-1' was issued..

1962 October 13 - .
  • Birth of Michael Timothy Good - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Good. American engineer mission specialist astronaut, 2000-on..

1962 October 13 - . 06:59 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • AS&E-4 X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 317 km (196 mi).

1962 October 14 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: EAG-154. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A1.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1962 October 15 - .
  • Ranger 3 showed that gamma-rays greater than expected - . Nation: USA. Program: Ranger. Spacecraft Bus: Ranger. Spacecraft: Ranger 3-4-5.

    The analysis of scientific measurements made by the Ranger III lunar probe showed that gamma-ray intensity in interplanetary space was ten times greater than expected, NASA reported. Measurements were taken by gamma-ray spectrometers on Ranger III after it was launched on January 26. NASA scientists, however, did not believe that gamma-ray intensity was "great enough to require any changes in the design of radiation shielding for manned spacecraft."


1962 October 15 - .
  • Five additional Ranger spacecraft to be added - . Nation: USA. Program: Ranger. Spacecraft Bus: Ranger. Spacecraft: Ranger 6-7-8-9. NASA announced that five additional Ranger spacecraft would be added to the lunar exploration program, raising the total to 14 to be launched through 1964..

1962 October 15 - . LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan IIIC.
  • Titan III research and development begun. - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft: Dynasoar.

    Following Congressional approval of development funding, Air Force headquarters issued System Program Directive 9, authorizing research and development of Titan III, System 624A. By this time the funding and schedule for development of the Titan IIIC booster was the pacing item in the Dynasoar project. The launch schedule had to be revised and reduced yet once again. Delivery of the first Dyna-Soar was to be made by October 1964 and first orbital launch by the end of 1965. While the first glider test would be 14 months later than the original July 1957 schedule, the first orbital flight was expected six months earlier.


1962 October 15 - . 08:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. Launch Vehicle: Veronique.
  • Bio (Rat) Life science mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

1962 October 15 - . 16:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. Launch Vehicle: Skylark.
1962 October 16 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC60/8. Launch Pad: LC60/8?. LV Family: R-16. Launch Vehicle: R-16U.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,210 km (750 mi).

1962 October 16 - . 09:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Johnston Island. Launch Complex: Johnston Island LE2. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor DSV-2E. FAILURE: At 86 seconds after launch a booster failure occurred and the missile began tumbling.. Failed Stage: 1.
  • BLUEGILL DOUBLE PRIME Nuclear test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

    The third attempt to launch a nuclear warhead using a Thor IRBM. At 86 seconds after launch a booster failure occurred and the missile began tumbling. Range safety destroyed the errant booster at 156 seconds after launch. Some radioactive fallout from the warhead was detected on Johnston Atoll.


1962 October 16 - . 15:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Langmir Probe / CWPE Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 166 km (103 mi).

1962 October 17 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC41/4. LV Family: R-16. Launch Vehicle: R-16U.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,210 km (750 mi).

1962 October 17 - . 09:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Vostok 8A92.
  • Cosmos 10 - . Payload: Zenit-2 11F61 s/n 5. Mass: 4,700 kg (10,300 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-2 satellite. Duration: 4.00 days. Decay Date: 1962-10-21 . USAF Sat Cat: 437 . COSPAR: 1962-B-Zeta-1. Apogee: 376 km (233 mi). Perigee: 178 km (110 mi). Inclination: 64.9000 deg. Period: 90.00 min. Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite. Also performed radiation measurements..

1962 October 17 - . 15:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • VLF Propagation Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 141 km (87 mi).

1962 October 18 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5B.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: AN. Apogee: 508 km (315 mi).

1962 October 18 - . 00:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC31B. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1A. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Research and development launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 1.00 km (0.60 mi).

1962 October 18 - . 08:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. Launch Vehicle: Veronique.
  • Bio (Rat) Life science mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 110 km (60 mi).

1962 October 18 - . 16:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC12. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas Agena B.
  • Ranger 5 - . Mass: 340 kg (740 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Ranger. Class: Moon. Type: Lunar probe. Spacecraft Bus: Ranger. Spacecraft: Ranger 3-4-5. USAF Sat Cat: 439 . COSPAR: 1962-B-Eta-1.

    The Ranger V lunar probe was launched from Atlantic Missile Range by an Atlas-Agena B launch vehicle. The Agena B stage attained parking orbit and 25 minutes later reignited to send Ranger V toward the moon. A malfunction in the Agena B guidance system resulted in excessive spacecraft velocity. The spacecraft's solar cells did not provide power and reversed command signals caused the telemetry antenna to lose earth acquisition. This made reception of the flight-path correction signal impossible and rendering its television cameras useless. Reversed command signals caused the telemetry antenna to lose earth acquisition, and mid-course correction was not possible. The spacecraft missed the Moon by 725 km and went into solar orbit. Gamma-ray data were collected for 4 hours prior to the loss of power. Ranger V was to have relayed television pictures of the lunar surface and rough-landed an instrumented capsule containing a seismometer. The spacecraft was tracked for 8 hours, 44 minutes, before its small reserve battery went dead. Additional Details: here....


1962 October 19 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. Launch Vehicle: Veronique.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 135 km (83 mi).

1962 October 19 - . 18:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC11. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas F.
  • Research and development launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,400 km (800 mi).

1962 October 20 - . 04:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar Mayak-2. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 63S1.
  • Cosmos 11 - . Payload: DS-A1 s/n 1. Mass: 315 kg (694 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Program: DS. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-A1. Completed Operations Date: 1962-10-28 . Decay Date: 1964-05-18 . USAF Sat Cat: 441 . COSPAR: 1962-B-Theta-1. Apogee: 858 km (533 mi). Perigee: 240 km (140 mi). Inclination: 48.9000 deg. Period: 95.60 min.

    Carried military experiments to test communications and navigation equipment needed for command and control of Soviet nuclear forces (later used on the Uragan navigation satellites). Also conducted operational monitoring of cosmic rays, radiation from nuclear tests, and natural and artifically-produced radiation belts.


1962 October 20 - . 08:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Johnston Island. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Castor-Recruit.
  • CHECKMATE Nuclear test - . Nation: USA. Agency: AEC. Apogee: 147 km (91 mi).

    Test of the Los Alamos XW-50X1 60 kiloton nuclear warhead. Launch vehicle was a solid propellant XM-33 Strypi rocket with a Recruit booster stage. The warhead detonated at an altitude of 147 km, 66 km from Johnston Island. Observers on the island saw a green and blue circular region surrounded by a red ring. This faded in less than a minute. Blue-green streamers and pink striations developed that lasted half an hour. At this yield, even with the high altitude, extensive disruption of communications were not reported.


1962 October 21 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: HJ Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1962 October 22 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5B.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: AN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1962 October 22 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Vehicle: R-12.
  • Nuclear test K-3 Nuclear test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi). The R-12 (other sources say an R-5M) launched a live thermonuclear warheads toward Sary Shagan which was detonated at an altitude of 300 km. High altitude tests designed to test electromagnetic pulse effects on electronics, especially ABM system radars..

1962 October 22 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: R-9. Launch Vehicle: R-9A. FAILURE: Failure.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1962 October 22 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. Launch Vehicle: Veronique.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

1962 October 23 - .
  • Gemini ground support equipment for Apollo program - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Gemini. At the request of NASA, about 300 pieces of Gemini ground support equipment were examined by NAA engineers. It appeared that about 190 items would be usable on the Apollo program..

1962 October 23 - . 11:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. Launch Vehicle: Veronique.
  • Airglow Aeronomy /ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 175 km (108 mi). Diffuse solar radiation mission..

1962 October 23 - . 19:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: HJ Nike Nike.
  • Firefly III ETHEL Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 137 km (85 mi).

1962 October 23 - . 19:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Mud Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008.
  • X-15A VO Stability test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Spacecraft: X-15A. Apogee: 41 km (25 mi). Maximum Speed - 6056 kph. Maximum Altitude - 41000 m. Air dropped in Mud Lake DZ..

1962 October 24 - .
  • Final manned lunar landing mode report - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Kennedy, Wiesner. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo LM, LM Mode Debate, LM Source Selection.

    Faced by opposition of mode selection by Jerome Wiesner, Kennedy's science adviser, NASA let contracts to McDonnell and STL for direct two-man flight modes. Both concluded that it was feasible but would require LH2/LOX stages for descent and ascent from lunar surface, which NASA/STG adamantly opposed. This was also the last stab - for the time being - at 'lunar Gemini'.

    The Office of Systems under NASA's Office of Manned Space Flight completed a manned lunar landing mode comparison embodying the most recent studies by contractors and NASA Centers. The report was the outgrowth of the decision announced by NASA on July 11 to continue studies on lunar landing modes while basing planning and procurement primarily on the lunar orbit rendezvous (LOR) technique. Additional Details: here....


1962 October 24 - . Launch Site: Malmstrom AFB. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1.
  • Flight A, 10th Strategic Missile Squadron, 341st Strategic Missile Wing at Malmstrom AFB, Montana, was the first flight of Minuteman I (LGM-30A) missile launchers to be delivered to SAC. - .

1962 October 24 - . 09:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. LV Family: Lupus. Launch Vehicle: HAD.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Australia. Agency: WRE. Apogee: 133 km (82 mi).

1962 October 24 - . 17:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78. FAILURE: 16 seconds after ignition of Stage 4, Block L's S1.5400A1 engine exploded. A lubricant leak resulted in the jamming of a shaft in the turbopump gearbox and break up of the turbine.. Failed Stage: U.
  • Sputnik 22 - . Payload: 2MV-4 s/n 3. Mass: 6,500 kg (14,300 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Program: Mars. Class: Mars. Type: Mars probe. Spacecraft Bus: 2MV. Spacecraft: Mars 2MV-4. Decay Date: 1962-10-29 . USAF Sat Cat: 443 . COSPAR: 1962-B-Iota-1. Apogee: 260 km (160 mi). Perigee: 202 km (125 mi). Inclination: 65.1000 deg. Period: 89.10 min.

    Mars probe intended to photograph Mars on a flyby trajectory. The spacecraft broke into many pieces, some of which apparently remained in Earth orbit for a few days. This occurred during the Cuban missile crisis and was picked up by U.S. military radar installations, who originally feared it might by the start of a Soviet nuclear attack.


1962 October 25 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar Mayak-2. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 63S1. FAILURE: Launch vehicle failed to orbit - unknown cause.. Failed Stage: U.
  • 1MS - . Mass: 285 kg (628 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Program: MS. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: MS. Spacecraft: 1MS.

1962 October 25 - . 06:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Exos sounding rocket.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 669 km (415 mi).

1962 October 25 - . 06:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Firefly III ENID Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 137 km (85 mi).

1962 October 25 - . 23:28 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Extreme ultraviolet Mon / XR / RPA Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 213 km (132 mi).

1962 October 26 - .
  • New numbering system for flight missions of the Apollo spacecraft - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo.

    Flight missions of the Apollo spacecraft were to be numerically identified in the future according to the following scheme :

    Pad aborts: PA-1, PA-2, etc.

    Missions using Little Joe II launch vehicles: A-001, A-002, etc. Missions using Saturn C-1 launch vehicles: A-101, A-102, etc. Missions using Saturn C-1B launch vehicles: A-201, A-202, etc. Missions using Saturn C-5 launch vehicles: A-501, A-502, etc.

    The 'A' denoted Apollo, the first digit stood for launch vehicle type or series, and the last two digits designated the order of Apollo spacecraft flights within a vehicle series.


1962 October 26 - . Launch Site: Johnston Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Javelin.
  • Mass spectrometer Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1962 October 26 - . 09:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Johnston Island. Launch Complex: Johnston Island LE1. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor DSV-2E.
  • BLUEGILL TRIPLE PRIME Nuclear test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

    On the fourth attempt, a Thor IRBM was used to launch a Mk 4 Re-entry Vehicle containing a 186 kg W-50 nuclear warhead of either 200 or 400 kilotons yield. The detonation occurred at an altitude of 50 km, 31 km SSW of Johnston Atoll. A fireball formed, the colourful afterglow continuing for 30 minutes of the explosion. At this altitude the extensive disruption of the ionosphere seen in later explosions did not occur.


1962 October 26 - . 09:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Johnston Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: HJ Nike.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1962 October 26 - . 10:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Johnston Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: HJ Nike.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1962 October 26 - . 10:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Johnston Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: HJ Nike.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1962 October 26 - . 10:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Johnston Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: HJ Nike.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1962 October 26 - . 10:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 576A1. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D.
  • NTMP K-5 / Pod 20 Target - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,800 km (1,100 mi). Atlas 159D was launched from Vandenberg AFB carrying the first payload in the Ballistic Systems Division's Nike Targets program in support of the Army's Nike-X anti-ballistic missile development effort. .

1962 October 26 - . 16:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC2W. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor Agena D.
  • Starfish Radiation 1 - . Payload: Star-Rad 1 / Agena D 1401. Mass: 1,100 kg (2,400 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft: Starfish. Decay Date: 1967-10-05 . USAF Sat Cat: 444 . COSPAR: 1962-B-Kappa-1. Apogee: 5,458 km (3,391 mi). Perigee: 197 km (122 mi). Inclination: 71.4000 deg. Period: 146.50 min. Artificial radiation data..

1962 October 26 - . 17:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC15. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan II.
  • Mk 6 re-entry vehicle test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1962 October 27 - . 23:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17B. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor Delta A.
  • Explorer 15 - . Payload: EPE C (S-3C SERB). Mass: 45 kg (99 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Explorer. Class: Astronomy. Type: Solar satellite. Spacecraft: EPE. Decay Date: 1978-12-19 . USAF Sat Cat: 445 . COSPAR: 1962-B-Lambda-1. Apogee: 17,610 km (10,940 mi). Perigee: 306 km (190 mi). Inclination: 17.9000 deg. Period: 314.70 min. Radiation decay data. Spacecraft engaged in research and exploration of the upper atmosphere or outer space (US Cat B). .

1962 October 28 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Vehicle: R-12.
  • Nuclear test K-4 Nuclear test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

    In a test of nuclear fratricide and ABM effectiveness, an R-5M (some sources say an R-12) launched a live thermonuclear warhead toward Semipalitinsk/Sary Shagan which was detonated at an altitude of 150 km. Two R-9 ICBM's were launched minutes earlier, timed to pass through the zone of the explosion. Both missiles guided to the planned impact zone without apparent ill-effect. This high altitude test was designed to test electromagnetic pulse effects on electronics, especially ABM system radars and incoming 'friendly' ICBM's.


1962 October 28 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC51. LV Family: R-9. Launch Vehicle: R-9A. FAILURE: Failure..
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

    In a test of nuclear fratricide and ABM effectiveness, an R-5M (some sources say an R-12) launched a live thermonuclear warhead toward Semipalitinsk/Sary Shagan which was detonated at an altitude of 150 km. Two R-9 ICBM's were launched minutes earlier, timed to pass through the zone of the explosion. Both missiles guided to the planned impact zone without apparent ill-effect. This high altitude test was designed to test electromagnetic pulse effects on electronics, especially ABM system radars and incoming 'friendly' ICBM's.


1962 October 29 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: HJ Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1962 October 29 - . 23:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. Launch Vehicle: Veronique.
  • Aeronomy /ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 180 km (110 mi).

1962 October 30 - . Launch Vehicle: Saturn V.
  • Contract for production of the S-II stage signed - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo.

    NASA announced the signing of a contract with the Space and Information Systems Division of NAA for the development and production of the second stage (S-II) of the Saturn C-5 launch vehicle. The $319.9-million contract, under the direction of Marshall Space Flight Center, covered the production of nine live flight stages, one inert flight stage, and several ground-test units for the advanced Saturn launch vehicle. NAA had been selected on September 11, 1961, to develop the S-II.


1962 October 30 - . 01:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150A.
  • OAO sensors Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 188 km (116 mi).

1962 October - .
  • Apollo CM blowout emergency escape hatch not needed - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM, CSM Hatch, CSM Parachute, CSM Recovery.

    Elimination of the requirement for personal parachutes nullified consideration of a command module (CM) blowout emergency escape hatch. A set of quick-acting latches for the inward-opening crew hatch would be needed, however, to provide a means of egress following a forced landing. The latches would be operable from outside as well as inside the pressure vessel. Outside hardware for securing the ablative panel over the crew door would be required as well as a method of releasing the panel from inside the CM.


1962 October 31 - .
  • NAA completed the firm-cost proposal for the definitive Apollo program - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM. NAA completed the firm-cost proposal for the definitive Apollo program and submitted it to NASA. MSC had reviewed the contract package and negotiated a program plan position with NAA..

1962 October - .
  • Gemini fuel cell for the lunar excursion module studied - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Gemini.

    The feasibility of using the Gemini fuel cell for the lunar excursion module was studied by NAA. However, because of modifications to meet Apollo control and auxiliary requirements, the much lighter Gemini system would ultimately weigh about as much as the Apollo fuel cell. In addition, the Gemini fuel cell schedule would slip if the system had to be adapted to the Apollo mission.


1962 October 31 - . Launch Vehicle: Saturn V.
  • Contract for the S-IVB stage for use in the Saturn C- 1B - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. NASA announced that the Douglas Aircraft Company had been awarded a $2.25million contract to modify the S-IVB stage for use in the Saturn C- 1B program..

1962 October 31 - . 08:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor Ablestar.
  • Anna 1B - . Mass: 161 kg (354 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Class: Earth. Type: Geodetic satellite. Spacecraft: Anna. USAF Sat Cat: 446 . COSPAR: 1962-B-Mu-1. Apogee: 1,181 km (733 mi). Perigee: 1,075 km (667 mi). Inclination: 50.1000 deg. Period: 107.90 min. Spacecraft engaged in research and exploration of the upper atmosphere or outer space (US Cat B). .

1962 October 31 - . 23:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: HJ Nike Nike. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Firefly III HAZEL Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1962 November - . LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan II.
  • During the first three weeks of the month, Air Force Space Systems Division and Martin-Baltimore negotiated the terms of the contract for Phase I of the Gemini launch vehicle program. - . Nation: USA.

    The resulting cost-plus-fixed-fee contract included an estimated cost of $52.5 million and a fixed fee of $3.465 million. This contract covered the development and procurement of the first launch vehicle and preparations for manufacturing and procuring the remaining 14 vehicles required by the Gemini program.


1962 November 1 - . Launch Vehicle: N1.
  • Chelomei takes over Lavochkin and Myasishchev OKBs - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Chelomei, Khrushchev, Lavochkin, Myasishchev. Program: Lunar L1. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-L1. At Khrushchev's decision Chelomei takes over Lavochkin's OKB-301 and Myasishchev's OKB-23. Lavochkin had built objects 205, 207, 400 (SA-1,2,5); Chelomei UR-96 ABM-1..

1962 November 1 - . LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan IIIC.
  • Space Systems Division awarded a $173 million contract to United Technology Center for Phase II development of the five-segment, 120-inch diameter, solid-propellant rocket motors for Titan III. - .

1962 November 1 - . Launch Site: Mountain Home AFB. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan I.
  • Ballistic Systems Division's Site Activation Task Forces (SATAFs) for Titan I at Larson, Lowry, and Mountain Home AFBs were discontinued. - .

1962 November 1 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. Launch Vehicle: Berenice.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1962 November 1 - . Launch Site: Sary Shagan. Launch Complex: Sary Shagan LC6. Launch Vehicle: V-1000.
  • Operation K-5 ABM test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: PKO. Apogee: 25 km (15 mi).

1962 November 1 - . 11:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-12.
  • Nuclear Test K-5 Nuclear test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

    R-12 test flight with live nuclear warhead, successful warhead detonation in Semipalitinsk at an altitude of 60 km. High altitude test designed to study electromagnetic pulse effects on electronics, especially ABM system radars. Communications were disrupted over a wide area for over an hour.


1962 November 1 - . 11:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Johnston Island. Launch Complex: Johnston Island LE2. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor DSV-2E.
  • KINGFISH Nuclear test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

    A Thor IRBM was used to launch a Mk 4 Reentry Vehicle containing a 186 kg W-50 nuclear warhead of either 200 or 400 kilotons yield. The detonation occurred at an altitude of 98 km, 69 km SSW of Johnston Atoll, and resulted in dramatic aurora-like effects visible as far away as Hawaii. More notably, the explosion had a massive effect on the ionosphere which disrupted radio communications over the entire central Pacific for three hours.


1962 November 1 - . 12:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Johnston Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: HJ Nike.
  • Electron density Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1962 November 1 - . 12:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Johnston Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: HJ Nike.
  • Electron density Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1962 November 1 - . 12:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Johnston Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: HJ Nike.
  • Electron density Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1962 November 1 - . 16:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78.
  • Mars 1 - . Payload: 2MV-4 s/n 4 / Sputnik 23. Mass: 894 kg (1,970 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Program: Mars. Class: Mars. Type: Mars probe. Spacecraft Bus: 2MV. Spacecraft: Mars 2MV-4. USAF Sat Cat: 450 . COSPAR: 1962-B-Nu-3.

    Mars probe intended to photograph Mars on a flyby trajectory. Launched from Sputnik 23 in a 157 x 238 km, 65 degree parking orbit. Sixty-one radio transmissions were held in which a large amount of data was collected. On March 21, 1963, when the spacecraft was at a distance of 106 million km communications ceased, possibly due to a malfunction in the spacecraft orientation system. Mars 1 closest approach to Mars occurred on June 19, 1963 at a distance of approximately 193,000 km, after which the spacecraft entered a heliocentric orbit. Announced mission: Prolonged exploration of outer space during flight to the planet Mars; establishment of inter-planetary radio communications; photgraphing of the planet Mars and subsquent radio-transmission to Earth of the photographs of the surface of Mars thus obtained.


1962 November 2 - . 04:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: HJ Nike Nike.
  • Firefly III LISA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 170 km (100 mi).

1962 November 3 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC41/4. LV Family: R-16. Launch Vehicle: R-16U.
  • Operational test launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,210 km (750 mi).

1962 November 4 - .
  • Mercury veteran Enos dies - . Nation: USA. Program: Mercury.

    Enos, the 6-year-old chimpanzee who made a two-orbit flight around the earth aboard the Mercury-Atlas 5 (MA-5) spacecraft (November 29, 1961, entry) died at Holloman Air Force Base, New Mexico. The chimpanzee had been under night and day observation and treatment for 2 months before his death. He was afflicted with shigella dysentary, a type resistant to antibiotics, and this caused his death. Officials at the Air Medical Research Laboratory stated that his illness and death were in no way related to his orbital flight the year before.


1962 November 4 - . Launch Site: Dyess AFB. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas F.
  • The Atlas F missile squadron located at Dyess AFB, Texas - the 578th Strategic Missile Squadron - was turned over to SAC. - .

1962 November 4 - . 07:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Johnston Island. Launch Vehicle: Nike Hercules.
  • DOMINIC TIGHTROPE Nuclear test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 24 km (14 mi).

    This was a DOD sponsored live test of the Nike Hercules air defense missile system. The low-kiloton range W-31 warhead detonated at 21 km altitude 3 km SSW of Johnston Atoll. This was the last U.S. atmospheric test. On Johnston Island an intense white flash was accompanied by a strong heat pulse. A yellow-orange disc formed, slowly changing to a purple toroid which faded from view after several minutes.


1962 November 4 - . 15:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78. FAILURE: After T+260 sec, a malfunction of the pressurization system of the central sustainer led to cavitation in the oxidizer pipeline and LOX pump, followed at T+292s by the fuel pump.. Failed Stage: 1.
  • Sputnik 24 - . Payload: 2MV-3 s/n 1. Mass: 890 kg (1,960 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Program: Mars. Class: Venus. Type: Venus probe. Spacecraft Bus: 2MV. Spacecraft: Mars 2MV-3. Decay Date: 1962-11-05 . USAF Sat Cat: 451 . COSPAR: 1962-B-Xi-1. Apogee: 170 km (100 mi). Perigee: 170 km (100 mi). Inclination: 64.8000 deg. Period: 87.90 min.

    Mars probe intended to make a soft landing on Mars. Although the escape stage and payload reached orbit, the strong third stage vibrations shook a fuse loose from its mount in the main nozzle of the escape stage Block L's engine. The engine could not be ignited and remained in Earth orbit. It decayed about two months after insertion.


1962 November 5 - .
  • Birth of Benjamin Alvin Jr Drew - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Drew. African-American engineer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-118..

1962 November 5 - . 22:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC1W. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor Agena B.
  • KH-4 9047 - . Payload: KH-4 s/n 9047 / Agena B 1136. Mass: 1,150 kg (2,530 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: WS-117. Spacecraft: KH-4. Decay Date: 1962-12-03 . USAF Sat Cat: 453 . COSPAR: 1962-B-Omicron-1. Apogee: 403 km (250 mi). Perigee: 208 km (129 mi). Inclination: 75.0000 deg. Period: 90.60 min. KH-4; film capsule; film capsule recovered 4.1 days later. Camera door malfunctioned, flare degraded 15% of film..
  • SRV 599 - . Mass: 1,200 kg (2,600 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Spacecraft Bus: WS-117. Spacecraft: KH-4. COSPAR: 1962-B-Omicron-x.

1962 November 6 - .
  • Birth of Nadezda Vasilyevna Kyzhelnaya - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Kuzhelnaya. Russian engineer cosmonaut, 1994-2004. Civilian Engineer, Energia NPO.

1962 November 6 - . 19:45 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • HR solar spectrum Solar extreme ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 308 km (191 mi).

1962 November 7 - .
  • Selection of Grumman to build the Apollo lunar excursion module - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Webb. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo LM, Apollo Lunar Landing, LM Source Selection.

    NASA announced that the Grumman Aircraft Engineering Corporation had been selected to build the lunar excursion module of the three-man Apollo spacecraft under the direction of MSC. The contract, still to be negotiated, was expected to be worth about $350 million, with estimates as high as $1 billion by the time the project would be completed. Additional Details: here....


1962 November 7 - . 10:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 132 km (82 mi).

1962 November 7 - . 10:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Sodium release (14.13?) Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 165 km (102 mi).

1962 November 7 - . 19:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC11. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas F.
  • Research and development launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,400 km (800 mi).

1962 November 8 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC38. LV Family: Spartan ABM. Launch Vehicle: Nike Zeus.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1962 November 9 - .
  • Plans for additional Vostoks quashed - . Nation: Russia. Program: Vostok. Flight: Vostok 10, Vostok 11, Vostok 12, Vostok 13, Vostok 7, Vostok 8, Vostok 9.

    Kamanin prepared recommendations for General Staff discussions on future Vostok military flights. His plan involved construction of ten additional spacecraft including new versions to test military equipment for reconnaisance, interception, and combat objectives. Flights would begin in 1963: manned flights of ten days duration; flights with biological payloads of 30 days duration; flights with biological payloads in high orbits to test the effects of Van Allen radiation belt exposure; flights that would conduct a range of technology experiments, including manual landing; landing with the cosmonaut within the capsule; depressurisation of the capsule to vacuum test equipment and suits for future spacewalks; etc). The plan was killed by his superiors.


1962 November 9 - .
  • Raytheon contracted for the Apollo spacecraft guidance computer - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM, CSM Guidance. The Manned Spacecraft Center (MSC) and the Raytheon Company came to terms on the definitive contract for the Apollo spacecraft guidance computer..

1962 November 9 - . 03:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Point Mugu. LV Family: Spartan ABM. Launch Vehicle: Nike Zeus.
  • PM-16? sim target - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1962 November 9 - . 18:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Mud Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. FAILURE: Engine failure. Crash landing on Mud Lake..
  • X-15A VO Stab, Bound.Layer test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Spacecraft: X-15A. Apogee: 16 km (9 mi). Engine only produced 35% power. Emergency landing at Mud Lake. Aircraft seriously damaged when gear failed. McKay injured. Maximum Speed - 1640 kph. Maximum Altitude - 16450 m. Air dropped in Mud Lake DZ..

1962 November 10 - . Launch Site: CELPA. Launch Vehicle: Gamma Centauro.
  • Nation: Argentina. Agency: IIAE. Apogee: 35 km (21 mi). 90-100 km claimed.

1962 Nov 11? - . Launch Site: CELPA. Launch Vehicle: Gamma Centauro.
1962 November 11 - . 01:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Firefly III FANNY Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 260 km (160 mi).

1962 November 11 - . 20:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC3W. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas Agena B.
  • Samos 11 - . Payload: Samos E-6 no. 3 / TRS 1 / Agena B 2405. Mass: 1,860 kg (4,100 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: WS-117. Spacecraft: Samos. Decay Date: 1962-11-12 . USAF Sat Cat: 455 . COSPAR: 1962-B-Pi-1. Apogee: 292 km (181 mi). Perigee: 128 km (79 mi). Inclination: 96.0000 deg. Period: 88.70 min. Second generation photo surveillance; radio relay of images; Satellite and Missile Observation Satellite. Poor results. SAMOS project cancelled..
  • FTV 2405 RV - . Payload: E-6 RV. Mass: 1,900 kg (4,100 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Spacecraft Bus: WS-117. Spacecraft: Samos. COSPAR: 1962-B-Pi-xx.
  • TRS 1 - . Payload: ERS 1. Mass: 45 kg (99 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft: ERS. COSPAR: 1962-B-Pi-xx.

1962 November 12 - .
  • Plans for Vostok female cosmonaut flight discussed. - . Nation: Russia. Program: Vostok. Flight: Vostok 5, Vostok 6, Vostok 6A.

    A meeting was held to discuss alternatives for the next two Vostok flights. Alternatives were simultaneous flight of two capsules, each with a female cosmonaut; or one female flight and a male 5 to 7 day flight. The flight would occur no earlier than April 1963.


1962 Nov 12? - . Launch Site: CELPA. Launch Vehicle: Gamma Centauro.
1962 November 13 - . LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D.
  • Cooper named for Mercury MA-9 1-day orbital mission - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Cooper, Shepard. Program: Mercury. Flight: Mercury MA-9. Gordon Cooper was named as the pilot for Mercury-Atlas 9 (MA-9) 1-day orbital mission slated for April 1963. Alan Shepard, pilot of Mercury-Redstone 3 (MR-3) was designated as backup pilot..

1962 November 13 - . 10:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. Launch Vehicle: Skylark.
1962 November 13 - . 22:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Firefly III GILDA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 253 km (157 mi).

1962 Nov 14? - . Launch Site: CELPA. Launch Vehicle: Gamma Centauro.
1962 November 14 - . 22:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg OSTF2. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas F. FAILURE: Failure. Failed Stage: 1.
  • Research and development launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1962 November 15 - .
  • Firings of the prototype Apollo service propulsion engine completed - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM, CSM SPS.

    The Aerojet-General Corporation reported completion of successful firings of the prototype service propulsion engine. The restartable engine, with an ablative thrust chamber, reached thrusts up to 21,500 pounds. (Normal thrust rating for the service propulsion engine is 20,500.)


1962 November 15 - . Launch Site: Dyess AFB. Launch Complex: Dyess AFB. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas F.
  • Atlas SMS 578 operational. - . Nation: USA. Dyess AFB SMS 578 operational.

1962 November 16 - . LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D.
  • Mercury spacecraft 15A delivered to Cape Canaveral - . Nation: USA. Program: Mercury. Flight: Mercury MA-10. Spacecraft: Mercury. Mercury spacecraft 15A was delivered to Cape Canaveral for the Mercury-Atlas 10 (MA-10) orbital manned 1-day mission..

1962 November 16 - . 01:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Firefly III KAREN Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 234 km (145 mi).

1962 November 16 - . 17:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC34. LV Family: Saturn I. Launch Vehicle: Saturn C-1.
  • Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 167 km (103 mi).

    Third suborbital test of Saturn I. Saturn-Apollo 3 (Saturn C-1, later called Saturn I) was launched from the Atlantic Missile Range. Upper stages of the launch vehicle were filled with 23000 gallons of water to simulate the weight of live stages. At its peak altitude of 167 kilometers (104 miles), four minutes 53 seconds after launch, the rocket was detonated by explosives upon command from earth. The water was released into the ionosphere, forming a massive cloud of ice particles several miles in diameter. By this experiment, known as "Project Highwater," scientists had hoped to obtain data on atmospheric physics, but poor telemetry made the results questionable. The flight was the third straight success for the Saturn C-1 and the first with maximum fuel on board.


1962 November 17 - .
  • Four injured when an electrical spark ignited a fire in a Navy altitude chamber - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM, CSM Electrical.

    Four Navy officers were injured when an electrical spark ignited a fire in an altitude chamber, near the end of a 14-day experiment at the U.S. Navy Air Crew Equipment Laboratory, Philadelphia, Pa. The men were participating in a NASA experiment to determine the effect on humans of breathing pure oxygen for 14 days at simulated altitudes.


1962 November 17 - . 17:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC29A. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1962 November 18 - .
  • Birth of Dr Vladimir Vladimirovich Karashtin - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Karashtin. Russian physician cosmonaut, 1989-2002..

1962 November 18 - . 04:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150A.
  • LeRC LH2 test Technology test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 206 km (128 mi).

1962 November 19 - .
1962 November 19 - . Launch Site: Cuxhaven. Launch Complex: Cuxhaven. Launch Vehicle: Seliger.
  • Seliger rocket reaches 40 km - . Nation: Germany. Related Persons: Seliger. Berthold Seliger made the first launches of his rockets from Cuxhaven. Three 3.4 m long, single stage rockets reached altitudes of 40 km. The on-board transmitters were tracked by the Bochum Observatory..

1962 November 19 - .
  • Birth of Nicole Marie Passonno Stott - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Stott. American engineer mission specialist astronaut, 2000-on..

1962 November 19 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC31B. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1A.
  • Research and development launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1962 November 19 - . Launch Site: Cuxhaven. Launch Vehicle: Seliger 1.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DRG. Apogee: 40 km (24 mi).

1962 November 19 - . Launch Site: Cuxhaven. Launch Vehicle: Seliger 1.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DRG. Apogee: 40 km (24 mi).

1962 November 19 - . Launch Site: Cuxhaven. Launch Vehicle: Seliger 1.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DRG. Apogee: 40 km (24 mi).

1962 November 20 - . 21:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 300A.
  • Thermosphere Probe 1 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 345 km (214 mi).

1962 November 21 - . Launch Site: Dbayeh. Launch Vehicle: Cedre 3.
  • Nation: Syria. Agency: LRS. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1962 November 21 - . 02:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Vehicle: K150.
  • Launcher Test - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

1962 November 21 - . 06:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Vehicle: K150.
  • Spin Test - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 6.00 km (3.70 mi).

1962 November 21 - . 18:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LC-A. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Blue Scout Jr SLV-1C.
  • ERCS / 279L 3 Communications mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1962 November 22 - . 01:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. Launch Vehicle: Skylark.
1962 November 23 - .
  • Ground instrumentation support for the near-earth phases of the Apollo missions - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo.

    A Goddard Space Flight Center report summarizing recommendations for ground instrumentation support for the near-earth phases of the Apollo missions was forwarded to the Apollo Task Group of the NASA Headquarters Office of Tracking and Data Acquisition (OTDA). This report presented a preliminary conception of the Apollo network.

    The tracking network would consist of stations equipped with 9-meter (30foot) antennas for near-earth tracking and communications and of stations having 26-meter (85-foot) antennas for use at lunar distances. A unified S-band system, capable of receiving and transmitting voice, telemetry, and television on a single radio-frequency band, was the basis of the network operation.

    On March 12, 1963, during testimony before a subcommittee of the House Committee on Science and Astronautics, Edmond C. Buckley, Director of OTDA, described additional network facilities that would be required as the Apollo program progressed. Three Deep Space Instrumentation Facilities with 26-meter (85- foot) antennas were planned: Goldstone, Calif. (completed); Canberra, Australia (to be built); and a site in southern Europe (to be selected). Three new tracking ships and special equipment at several existing network stations for earth-orbit checkout of the spacecraft would also be needed.


1962 November 24 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC41/4. LV Family: R-16. Launch Vehicle: R-16U.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,210 km (750 mi).

1962 November 24 - . 22:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC1W. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor Agena B.
  • KH-4 9048 - . Payload: KH-4 s/n 9048 / Agena B 1135. Mass: 1,150 kg (2,530 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: WS-117. Spacecraft: KH-4. Decay Date: 1962-12-13 . USAF Sat Cat: 481 . COSPAR: 1962-B-Rho-1. Apogee: 339 km (210 mi). Perigee: 206 km (128 mi). Inclination: 65.0000 deg. Period: 89.90 min. KH-4. Some film exposed through base..

1962 November 25 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC41/4. LV Family: R-16. Launch Vehicle: R-16U. FAILURE: Failure.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1962 November 25 - . 06:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Vehicle: K150.
  • Spin Test - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1962 November 26 - .
  • General Staff rejects construction of additional Vostoks - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Ustinov. Program: Vostok. Flight: Vostok 10, Vostok 7, Vostok 8, Vostok 9. The letter to Ustinov, head of the Military Industrial Commission, opposed acquisition of ten additional spacecraft. However Korolev had secretly begun final assembly of four additional Vostoks in his factory..

1962 November 26 - .
  • Space Systems Division published a Proposed System Package Plan for a point-to-point military voice and teletype communications system using stabilized active repeater satellites in synchronous orbit. - . Spacecraft: IDCSP.

1962 November 26 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. Launch Pad: Bacchus?. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1962 November 27 - . Launch Site: CELPA. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1962 November 27 - . Launch Site: Johnston Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Javelin.
  • RPA Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1962 November 27 - . 10:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. LV Family: Lupus. Launch Vehicle: HAD.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Australia. Agency: WRE. Apogee: 113 km (70 mi).

1962 November 27 - . 18:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Solar extreme ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 203 km (126 mi).

1962 November 28 - . LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D.
  • Retrofire initiated 2 seconds late during Mercury MA-8 - . Nation: USA. Program: Mercury.

    Retrofire was reported to have initiated 2 seconds late during the Mercury-Atlas 8 (MA-8) mission. Because of this, the mechanics and tolerances of the Mercury orbital timing device were reviewed for the benefit of operational personnel, and the procedural sequence for Mercury retrofire initiation was outlined.


1962 November 28 - . LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D.
  • Mercury Simulator 2 modified to the 1-day configuration. - . Nation: USA. Program: Mercury. Flight: Mercury MA-9. Spacecraft: Mercury. Mercury Simulator 2 was modified to the 1-day Mercury orbital configuration in preparation for the Mercury-Atlas 9 (MA-9) flight..

1962 November 28 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. Launch Pad: Bacchus?. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1962 November 28 - . 00:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: HJ Nike Nike.
  • Firefly III MABEL Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 121 km (75 mi).

1962 November 28 - . 10:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. Launch Vehicle: Skylark.
1962 November 28 - . 23:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Point Mugu. LV Family: Spartan ABM. Launch Vehicle: Nike Zeus.
  • PM-17? St3 guidance - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1962 November 29 - .
  • Final tests for female cosmonauts. - . Nation: Russia. Program: Vostok. Flight: Vostok 5, Vostok 6, Vostok 6A.

    Academic examinations were completed of the female cosmonaut corps. Kuznetsova had missed to much training and was excluded from even taking the test. Of the four women remaining, only Tereshkova did not receive the highest marks. This was attributed to her being too nervous and excited during the examination. All were given the rank of Junior Lieutenant in the VVS Soviet Air Force.

    Kamanin considered Tereshkova as the leading candidate for the first flight, with Solovyova as her back-up. In personality they were equivalent to Gagarin/Nikolayev - indeed, Tereshkova was considered 'Gagarin in a skirt'. Ponomaryova and Yerkina were equal candidates for the second female Vostok flight. The group would go to a resort in the Urals from 30 November to 10 January. The final decision as to which one would fly would only be made 3 or 4 days before the flight.


1962 November 29 - . Launch Site: Edwards AFB. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan IIIC.
  • Ground was broken at Edwards AFB, California for construction of the largest and most heavily instrumented solid-rocket motor test facility. - . It was designed to test the five-segment, 120-inch solid-propellant motors for the Titan III program but could handle engines up to and including 156 inches in diameter..

1962 November 29 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC38. LV Family: Spartan ABM. Launch Vehicle: Nike Zeus.
  • Simulated target - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1962 November 29 - . 16:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA5B. Launch Pad: LA5A. Launch Vehicle: Black Knight.
1962 November 30 - . Launch Site: Walker AFB. Launch Complex: Walker AFB. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas F.
  • Atlas SMS 579 operational. - . Nation: USA. Walker AFB SMS 579 operational.

1962 November 30 - . Launch Site: Walker AFB. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas F.
  • The Atlas F silo-lift squadron at Walker AFB, New Mexico, was turned over to SAC (579th SMS) and was declared fully operational 8 December. - .

1962 November 30 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. Launch Pad: Bacchus?. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1962 November 30 - . Launch Site: CELPA. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1962 November 30 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1962 November 30 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. Launch Pad: Bacchus?. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1962 November 30 - . Launch Site: Aberporth. LV Family: Rook. Launch Vehicle: Leopard.
1962 November 30 - . 10:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 122 km (75 mi).

1962 November 30 - . 11:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Langmuir / Sodium Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 170 km (100 mi).

By the end of 1962 - . LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D.
  • Mercury MA-9A (cancelled) - . Call Sign: Faith 7. Crew: Cooper. Backup Crew: Shepard. Payload: Mercury SC19. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Cooper, Kennedy, Shepard. Program: Mercury. Flight: Mercury MA-9A. Spacecraft: Mercury.

    NASA’s Mercury orbital operations plan of July 19, 1961 had four spacecraft equipped for three-orbit flights. However by Schirra’s flight the seven-astronaut corps was down to four. So even thought the flight-ready SC19 had been delivered to Cape Canaveral on March 20, 1962, the decision was taken to cancel the remaining short-duration mission and move directly to an 18 orbit mission.


1962 December - . LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan II.
  • Aerojet-General contract for the first phase of the Gemini launch vehicle engine program. - . Nation: USA.

    Air Force Space Systems Division and Aerojet-General negotiated a cost-plus-fixed-fee contract for the first phase of the Gemini launch vehicle engine program, February 14, 1962, through June 30, 1963. The contract required delivery of one set of engines, with the remaining 14 sets included for planning purposes. Estimated cost of the contract was $13.9 million, with a fixed fee of $917,400 for a total of $14,817,400.


1962 December - .
  • Nike Zeus ASAT test. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: McNamara. Spacecraft: Program 505.

    The extended range Nike Zeus was first tested in ASAT mode from White Sands against a point in space. After several tests with good results, McNamara authorised the Army to complete the ASAT facility at Kwajalein Atoll, including storage of the system's nuclear warheads.


1962 December - .
  • Soyuz draft project completed. - . Nation: Russia. Program: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Soyuz A, Soyuz B, Soyuz P, Soyuz R, Soyuz V. The draft project for a versatile manned spacecraft included the Soyuz-A circumlunar spacecraft, the military Soyuz-P fighter and Soyuz-R reconn bird..

December 1962 - .
  • SAINT is cancelled. - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft: SAINT, SAINT II. The unmanned SAINT-I and manned SAINT-II anti-satellite systems are cancelled..

1962 December 1 - . LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan IIIC.
  • Beginning the development phase of the Titan III program, the Martin Marietta Corporation was awarded a contract for Titan III airframe, systems, integration, and testing. - .

1962 December 1 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. Launch Pad: Bacchus?. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1962 December 1 - . 18:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 169 km (105 mi).

1962 December 1 - . 20:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • UM Pitot 2 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 131 km (81 mi).

1962 December 1 - . 21:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 126 km (78 mi).

1962 December 1 - . 21:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 108 km (67 mi).

1962 December 1 - . 23:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Firefly III TERRY Aeronomy sodium release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 222 km (137 mi).

1962 December 2 - . 21:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: GMS. Apogee: 43 km (26 mi).

1962 December 3 - . Launch Vehicle: Saturn V.
  • Four firms to design the Apollo Vertical Assembly Building (VAB) - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo.

    The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, acting for NASA, awarded a $3.332 million contract to four New York architectural engineering firms to design the Vertical Assembly Building (VAB) at Cape Canaveral. The massive VAB became a space-age hangar, capable of housing four complete Saturn V launch vehicles and Apollo spacecraft where they could be assembled and checked out. The facility would be 158.5 meters (520 feet high) and would cost about $100 million to build. Subsequently, the Corps of Engineers selected Morrison-Knudson Company, Perini Corp., and Paul Hardeman, Inc., to construct tile VAB.


1962 December 3 - .
  • The Defense Department announced cancellation of plans for the immediate development of a detector-interceptor satellite (Project Saint). SSD held program management responsibility for Saint. - . Spacecraft: Saint.

1962 December 3 - . 23:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Firefly III SHARON Aeronomy sodium release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL, NASA. Apogee: 222 km (137 mi).

1962 December 4 - . Launch Vehicle: Saturn V.
  • First test of the Apollo main parachute system - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo.

    The first test of the Apollo main parachute system, conducted at the Naval Air Facility, El Centro, Calif., foreshadowed lengthy troubles with the landing apparatus for the spacecraft. One parachute failed to inflate fully, another disreefed prematurely, and the third disreefed and inflated only after some delay. No data reduction was possible because of poor telemetry. North American was investigating.


1962 December 4 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1962 December 4 - . 00:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Firefly III IVY Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1962 December 4 - . 03:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Firefly III ESTHER Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 135 km (83 mi).

1962 December 4 - . 04:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: HJ Nike Nike.
  • Firefly III DINAH Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 115 km (71 mi).

1962 December 4 - . 07:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 114 km (70 mi).

1962 December 4 - . 07:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. Launch Vehicle: Skylark.
1962 December 4 - . 10:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. LV Family: Lupus. Launch Vehicle: HAD.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Australia. Agency: WRE. Apogee: 113 km (70 mi).

1962 December 4 - . 21:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC2W. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor Agena D.
  • KH-4 9049 - . Payload: KH-4 s/n 9049 / Agena D 1155. Mass: 1,150 kg (2,530 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: WS-117. Spacecraft: KH-4. Decay Date: 1962-12-08 . USAF Sat Cat: 490 . COSPAR: 1962-B-Sigma-1. Apogee: 273 km (169 mi). Perigee: 194 km (120 mi). Inclination: 65.1000 deg. Period: 89.20 min. KH-4. Mission failed. During air catch chute tore, capsule sank..

1962 December 5 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 395-A1. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan I.
  • Research and development Category II test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1962 December 5 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Dragon 1. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1962 December 5 - . 01:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: HJ Nike Nike.
  • Firefly III PATSY Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1962 December 5 - . 21:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC11. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas F.
  • Research and development test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,400 km (800 mi).

    The final Atlas F research and development flight test missile (21F) was launched down the Atlantic Missile Range. Ten missiles were launched in this series - seven were successes and three failures. The launch of Atlas 21F brought flight testing of Atlas operational missiles from Cape Canaveral to an end after almost five and one-half years. Since the first R&D Atlas was launched on 11 June 1957, 83 Atlas Series A through F missiles had been fired from the Cape - 52 of them successes or partials and 31 failures. Last Atlas F R&D flight.


1962 December 6 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC29A. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1962 December 6 - . 00:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 128 km (79 mi).

1962 December 6 - . 05:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 119 km (73 mi).

1962 December 6 - . 05:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 122 km (75 mi).

1962 December 6 - . 20:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC16. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan II. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Mk 4 re-entry vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

    Titan II flight N-11, the eighth in a series being conducted by the Air Force to develop the weapon system, was launched from Cape Canaveral. It carried a design change intended to reduce the amplitude of longitudinal oscillations which had appeared during first stage operation on all seven previous Titan II flights. This phenomenon, which subsequently became known as POGO, generated g-forces as high as nine in the first stage and over three at the position on the missile corresponding to the location of the spacecraft on the Gemini launch vehicle. Fearing the potentially adverse effect on astronaut performance of such superimposed g-forces, NASA established 0.25g at 11 cycles per second as the maximum level tolerable for Gemini flights. As a first try at solving the POGO problem, Titan II N-11 carried standpipes in each leg of the stage I oxidizer feed lines to interrupt the coupling between the missile's structure and its propulsion system. This coupling was presumed to be the cause of the instability. Postflight analysis, however, revealed that the POGO fix was unsuccessful; longitudinal oscillation had actually been multiplied by a factor of two.


1962 December 7 - . Launch Site: Plattsburgh AFB. LV Family: Atlas.
  • With the transfer of the 556th Strategic Missile Squadron at Plattsburgh AFB, New York, to SAC, the activation of the Atlas ICBM force was completed. - .

    The 556th was declared fully operational on 20 December. Between 7 September and 7 December 1962, Ballistic Systems Division had turned over 72 Atlas F missile launchers to SAC. Since August 1959, a total of 132 Atlas D, E, and F missile sites had been turned over to SAC.


1962 December 7 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. LV Family: Monica. Launch Vehicle: MD-01. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 17 km (10 mi).

1962 December 7 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC32B. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B.
  • Research and development launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi). The first Minuteman I (LGM-30B) flight test missile (FTM 424) was launched from Cape Canaveral. .

1962 December 8 - . Launch Site: CELPA. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1962 December 8 - . 01:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Firefly III LAURA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 220 km (130 mi).

1962 December 8 - . 21:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Point Mugu. LV Family: Spartan ABM. Launch Vehicle: Nike Zeus.
  • ZM-18 - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1962 December 9 - . Launch Site: CELPA. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1962 December 10 - .
  • Selection of lunar orbit rendezvous for Apollo explained to Kennedy - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Webb. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo LM, Apollo Lunar Landing, LM Mode Debate.

    NASA Administrator James E. Webb, in a letter to the President, explained the rationale behind the Agency's selection of lunar orbit rendezvous (rather than either direct ascent or earth orbit rendezvous) as the mode for landing Apollo astronauts on the moon. Arguments for and against any of the three modes could have been interminable: "We are dealing with a matter that cannot be conclusively proved before the fact," Webb said. "The decision on the mode . . . had to be made at this time in order to maintain our schedules, which aim at a landing attempt in late 1967."


1962 December 11 - .
  • First static firing of the Apollo tower jettison motor - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM, CSM LES. The first static firing of the Apollo tower jettison motor, under development by Thiokol Chemical Corporation, was successfully performed..

1962 December 11 - . Launch Site: Malmstrom AFB. LV Family: Minuteman.
  • Minuteman weapon system (WS 133A) became operational with the turnover of the first two flights of 10 missiles each to SAC's 341st Strategic Missile Wing at Malmstrom AFB, Montana. - .

1962 December 11 - . 01:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Firefly III DANA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 108 km (67 mi).

1962 December 11 - . 03:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Ferdinand 3 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 121 km (75 mi).

1962 December 12 - .
  • Apollo spacecraft systems modifications to achieve a 100-day Earth- orbital capability. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Maynard. Spacecraft Bus: Apollo CSM. Spacecraft: Apollo X.

    Owen E. Maynard, Head of MSC's Spacecraft Integration Branch, reported on his preliminary investigation of the feasibility of modifying Apollo spacecraft systems to achieve a 100-day Earth- orbital capability. His investigation examined four basic areas: (1) mission, propulsion, and flight time; (2) rendezvous, reentry, and landing; (3) human factors; and (4) spacecraft command and communications. Although modifications to some systems might be extensive- and would involve a considerable weight increase for the vehicle-such a mission using Apollo hardware was indeed feasible.


1962 December 12 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1962 December 12 - . Launch Site: Ile du Levant. Launch Pad: CERES. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1962 December 12 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC41/4. LV Family: R-16. Launch Vehicle: R-16U.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,210 km (750 mi).

1962 December 12 - . 11:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 576A3. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D.
  • NTMP K-6 Target mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,800 km (1,100 mi).

1962 December 12 - . 12:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. LV Family: Spartan ABM. Launch Vehicle: Nike Zeus.
  • K-6 Atlas Intercept - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1962 December 12 - . 23:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: HJ Nike Nike.
  • Firefly III NETTY Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 101 km (62 mi).

1962 December 13 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LC-B. LV Family: Asp. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Asp IV.
  • Vista-300 test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1962 December 13 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC41/4. LV Family: R-16. Launch Vehicle: R-16U.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,210 km (750 mi).

1962 December 13 - . 04:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC2E. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor Agena D.
  • Black Sphere - . Payload: NRL PL120 / Poppy 1A (Poppy 20-inch). Mass: 23 kg (50 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF, USN. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Poppy. Decay Date: 1967-02-09 . USAF Sat Cat: 502 . COSPAR: 1962-B-Tau-1. Apogee: 2,385 km (1,481 mi). Perigee: 230 km (140 mi). Inclination: 70.3000 deg. Period: 111.80 min. First launch of a pair of Poppy naval signals intelligence satellites, which would lead to the NOSS production series..
  • Calsphere 1A - . Mass: 23 kg (50 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF, USN. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Calsphere. Decay Date: 1967-02-05 . USAF Sat Cat: 513 . COSPAR: 1962-B-Tau-5. Apogee: 2,069 km (1,285 mi). Perigee: 228 km (141 mi). Inclination: 70.3000 deg. Period: 108.40 min. Surveillance calibration..
  • SURCAL 1A - . Mass: 37 kg (81 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF, USN. Class: Surveillance. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft: SURCAL. Decay Date: 1966-01-18 . USAF Sat Cat: 508 . COSPAR: 1962-B-Tau-4. Apogee: 2,160 km (1,340 mi). Perigee: 227 km (141 mi). Inclination: 70.3000 deg. Period: 109.30 min. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A). .
  • SURCAL 2A - . Payload: NRL PL121 / Poppy 1B (Poppy 20-inch). Mass: 3.00 kg (6.60 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF, USN. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Poppy. Decay Date: 1963-07-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 507 . COSPAR: 1962-B-Tau-3. Apogee: 2,762 km (1,716 mi). Perigee: 222 km (137 mi). Inclination: 70.2000 deg. Period: 115.80 min. Poppy naval signals intelligence satellite. Officially: Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A)..
  • Injun 3 - . Mass: 52 kg (114 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF, USN. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft: Injun. Decay Date: 1968-08-25 . USAF Sat Cat: 504 . COSPAR: 1962-B-Tau-2. Apogee: 2,406 km (1,495 mi). Perigee: 240 km (140 mi). Inclination: 70.3000 deg. Period: 112.10 min. Radiation decay data. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A). .

1962 December 13 - . 23:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor Delta B.
  • Relay 1 - . Payload: NASA A-15. Mass: 78 kg (171 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Class: Technology. Type: Communications technology satellite. Spacecraft: Relay. USAF Sat Cat: 503 . COSPAR: 1962-B-Upsilon-1. Apogee: 7,440 km (4,620 mi). Perigee: 1,319 km (819 mi). Inclination: 47.5000 deg. Period: 185.10 min. Communications satellite technology tests. Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C). .

1962 December 14 - .
1962 December 14 - . 18:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Mud Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008.
  • X-15A VO Stab, UVP Test/Ultraviolet Astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Spacecraft: X-15A. Apogee: 43 km (26 mi). Maximum Speed - 6021 kph. Maximum Altitude - 43100 m. Air dropped in Mud Lake DZ..

1962 December 14 - . 20:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Ferdinand 2 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 123 km (76 mi).

1962 December 14 - . 21:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC1E. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor Agena D.
  • KH-4 9050 - . Payload: KH-4 s/n 9050 / Agena D 1156. Mass: 1,150 kg (2,530 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: WS-117. Spacecraft: KH-4. Decay Date: 1963-01-08 . USAF Sat Cat: 505 . COSPAR: 1962-B-Phi-1. Apogee: 386 km (239 mi). Perigee: 200 km (120 mi). Inclination: 70.0000 deg. Period: 90.30 min. KH-4; film capsule recovered 4.1 days later. Best mission to date..

1962 December 15 - .
  • Preliminary statement of work for a manned space station study program . - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft: MORL, Orbital Workshop.

    MSC researchers compiled a preliminary statement of work for a manned space station study program in anticipation of study contracts to be let to industry for a supportive study. The study requirements outlined the general scope of such investigations and suggested guidelines for research areas such as configurations, onboard spacecraft systems, and operational techniques. Ideally, studies by aerospace companies would help NASA formulate a logical approach for a space station program and how it might be implemented. Throughout the study, an overall objective would be simplicity: no artificial gravity and maximum use of existing launch vehicles and spacecraft systems to achieve the earliest possible launch date.


1962 December 15 - . 03:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC31B. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B.
  • Research and development launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1962 December 15 - . 17:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Firefly III MARTHA Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 222 km (137 mi).

1962 December 16 - . 14:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA3. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout X-3.
  • Explorer 16 - . Payload: S-55B. Mass: 100 kg (220 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Explorer. Class: Earth. Type: Micrometeoroid satellite. Spacecraft: S-55. USAF Sat Cat: 506 . COSPAR: 1962-B-Chi-1. Apogee: 1,159 km (720 mi). Perigee: 744 km (462 mi). Inclination: 52.0000 deg. Period: 104.10 min. Micrometeoroid data. Spacecraft engaged in research and exploration of the upper atmosphere or outer space (US Cat B). .

1962 December 17 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC38. LV Family: Spartan. Launch Vehicle: Nike Zeus DM-15S.
  • DM-15S Test 1 - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 180 km (110 mi).

1962 December 17 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC41/4. LV Family: R-16. Launch Vehicle: R-16U.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,210 km (750 mi).

1962 December 17 - . 20:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC3E. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas Agena B. FAILURE: Failure. Failed Stage: U.
  • Midas 6 - . Payload: Midas / Agena TV 1205. Mass: 2,000 kg (4,400 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Early warning satellite. Spacecraft Bus: WS-117. Spacecraft: Midas. Decay Date: 1962-12-17 . Missile Defense Alarm System. Carried ERS-3, ERS-4 subsatellites..
  • TRS 3 - . Payload: ERS 3. Mass: 1,840 kg (4,050 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Spacecraft Bus: WS-117. Spacecraft: Midas.
  • TRS 4 - . Payload: ERS 4. Mass: 1,840 kg (4,050 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Spacecraft Bus: WS-117. Spacecraft: Midas.

1962 December 18 - . 05:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 8.
  • Cosmic rays mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 202 km (125 mi).

1962 December 18 - . 17:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg OSTF1. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas E. FAILURE: Failure. Failed Stage: 1.
  • NTMP K-4 ABM test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1962 December 18 - . 19:45 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Extreme ultraviolet Mon / RPA Solar extreme ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 224 km (139 mi).

1962 December 19 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Agate. Launch Vehicle: Topaze VE111.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1962 December 19 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LC-A. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Blue Scout Jr SLV-1B(m).
  • Ion Engine Test A Technology mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 2,000 km (1,200 mi).

    When the high-voltage power supplies were first turned-on, intermittent high-voltage breakdowns occurred, and the beam power supply became inoperative. Post-flight examination of the power supply indicated the high-voltage breakdowns were probably caused by pressure buildup in the primary propulsion unit due to gas vented from the spacecraft batteries. The primary propulsion unit high voltage section was not adequately vented to keep the pressure low enough. Engine thrusting was not accomplished in this test.


1962 December 19 - . 01:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC5. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout X-3.
  • Transit 5A - . Payload: Transit 5A-1. Mass: 61 kg (134 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Program: Transit. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Transit. Decay Date: 1986-09-25 . USAF Sat Cat: 509 . COSPAR: 1962-B-Psi-1. Apogee: 347 km (215 mi). Perigee: 336 km (208 mi). Inclination: 90.6000 deg. Period: 91.40 min. First operational solar-powered prototype; failed first day. The satellite verified a new technique for deploying the solar panels and for separating from the rocket, but otherwise it was not successful because of trouble with the power system..

1962 December 19 - . 07:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC25A. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A2.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1962 December 19 - . 20:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC15. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan II.
  • Mk 6 re-entry vehicle test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1962 December 19 - . 21:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Point Mugu. LV Family: Spartan ABM. Launch Vehicle: Nike Zeus.
  • PM-19/Eniwetok - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1962 December 20 - . Launch Site: Plattsburgh AFB. Launch Complex: Plattsburgh AFB. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas F.
  • Atlas SMS 556 - last Atlas squadron - operational. - . Nation: USA. Plattsburgh AFB SMS 556 (last Atlas squadron) operational.

1962 December 20 - . 03:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Vehicle: K150.
  • Operational Reliability Electronics test - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 12 km (7 mi).

1962 December 20 - . 19:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Mud Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008.
  • X-15A VO Stab, MH-96 test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Spacecraft: X-15A. Apogee: 48 km (29 mi). Maximum Speed - 6103 kph. Maximum Altitude - 48900 m. Air dropped in Mud Lake DZ..

1962 December 21 - .
  • Apollo CM boilerplate (BP) 3 delivered - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM, CSM Parachute, CSM Recovery. North American delivered CM boilerplate (BP) 3, to Northrop Ventura, for installation of an earth-landing system. BP-3 was scheduled to undergo parachute tests at El Centro, Calif., during early 1963..

1962 December 21 - . LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan IIIC.
  • USAF awarded a $30 million contract to United Technology Center (UTC) for the design, development, delivery, and flight of large, segmented, solid rocket motors for the Titan 3. - .

1962 December 22 - . 09:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Vostok 8A92.
  • Cosmos 12 - . Payload: Zenit-2 11F61 s/n 6. Mass: 4,700 kg (10,300 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-2 satellite. Duration: 8.00 days. Decay Date: 1962-12-30 . USAF Sat Cat: 517 . COSPAR: 1962-B-Omega-1. Apogee: 385 km (239 mi). Perigee: 202 km (125 mi). Inclination: 64.8000 deg. Period: 90.40 min. Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite. Also performed radiation measurements..

1962 December 22 - . 09:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 576A1. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D.
  • NTMP K-7 / Pod 4 ABM sensor test / plume characterization mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 2,259 km (1,403 mi).

1962 December 22 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. LV Family: Spartan ABM. Launch Vehicle: Nike Zeus.
  • K-7 Atlas Intercept - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1962 December 22 - . 14:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral AMR DZ. Launch Pad: 29.0 N x 79.0 W. Launch Platform: B-52. LV Family: Skybolt. Launch Vehicle: Skybolt ALBM.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 580 km (360 mi).

1962 December 24 - . 21:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: GMS. Apogee: 48 km (29 mi).

1962 December 25 - . Launch Site: Makat. Launch Vehicle: R-12.
  • Nation: Ukraine. Agency: MVS. Apogee: 402 km (249 mi).

1962 December 26 - . LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan II.
  • Gemini Launch Vehicle Configuration Control Board. - . Nation: USA.

    Air Force Space Systems Division established the Gemini Launch Vehicle Configuration Control Board to draw up and put into effect procedures for approving and disapproving specifications and engineering change proposals for the Gemini launch vehicle. It formally convened for the first time on March 5, 1963.


1962 December 27 - .
  • Absurd situations! - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Popovich. Program: Vostok. Flight: Vostok 4.

    A decree ordering the training of sixty cosmonauts has been laying around, and suddenly the leadership wants to enforce it. 15 new trainee male cosmonauts, and 15 women are to be recruited - an overall total of 20 by the end of 1962 and 40 by the end of 1963 And crews are to be formed and trained, even though there are no spacecraft being built for the missions. And the decision that Popovich is to go on his Cuba tour is handed down only 2.5 hours before he is supposed to depart.


1962 December 27 - . Launch Site: Davis-Monthan AFB. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan II.
  • The first operational Titan II (LGM-25C) missile was installed in the lead complex of the 570th Strategic Missile Squadron at Davis-Monthan AFB, Arizona. - . This was a major milestone in the transition of the Titan II from research and development to fully operational status with the Strategic Air Command..

1962 December 28 - .
  • First test firings of the Apollo CM reaction control engines - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM, CSM RCS. North American's Rocketdyne Division completed the first test firings of the CM reaction control engines..

1962 December 29 - .
  • Birth of Barry Eugene 'Butch' Wilmore - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Wilmore. American test pilot astronaut, 2000-on..

1962 December 29 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-12.
  • Nation: Ukraine. Agency: MVS. Apogee: 402 km (249 mi).

1962 December 30 - .
  • Cosmonaut training plan for 1963 - . Nation: Russia. Program: Vostok. Each cosmonaut is to get 50 flight hours piloting aircraft, of which 25 are to be in fighters. The amount of academic and spacecflight training will be double the load of a normal VVS officer..

1962 December - .
  • Static firings of the Apollo launch escape motor - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM, CSM LES. North American reported three successful static firings of the launch escape motor. The motor would pull the CM away from the launch vehicle if there were an abort early in a mission..

1962 December 31 - .
  • Mercury spacecraft contract status - . Nation: USA. Program: Mercury. Spacecraft: Mercury.

    As of this date, the cumulative cost of the Mercury spacecraft design and development program with the McDonnell Aircraft Corporation, Contract NAS 5-59, had reached $135,764,042. During the tenure of this contract, thusfar, there had been 56 amendments and approximately 379 contract change proposals (CCP). At the end of the year, McDonnell had about 325 personnel in direct labor support of Project Mercury. Between March and May of 1960, the personnel complement had been slightly better than 1,600, representing a considerable rise from the 50 people McDonnell had assigned in January 1959 when study and contract negotiations were in progress. Peak assignments by month and by activity were as follows: Tooling - February 1960; Engineering - April 1960; and Production - June 1960.



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