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On August 1 in Space History

1914 August 1 - .
  • Birth of Emil A H, Hellebrandt - . Nation: Austria, Germany. Related Persons: Hellebrandt. Austrian-German engineer in WW2, member of the Rocket Team in the United States thereafter..

1922 August 1 - .
  • Birth of Fred Wallace - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Wallace. American engineer. Atlas Chief of Test Operations at Sycamore Canyon..

1927 August 1 - .
  • Birth of Benjamin Wier - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Wier. American engineer. Atlas-E flight test conductor and later Deputy Program Manager..

1929 August 1 - .
  • First JATO takeoff. - . Nation: Germany. Use of a battery of solid-propellant rockets on Junkers-33 seaplane, the first recorded jet-assisted take-off of an airplane, made in tests near Dessau, Germany..

1940 August 1 - .
  • British seek US assistance in rocket technology. - . Nation: USA.

    Sir Henry Tizard, scientific adviser to the British Ministry of Aircraft Production, headed mission of leading British and Canadian scientists to brief official American representatives on devices under active development for war use and to enlist the support of American scientists. This was the beginning of very close cooperation of Anglo-American scientists in many fields, including aeronautics and rocketry, and enabled American laboratories to catch up with war-accelerated progress.


1944 August 1 - .
  • Birth of Yuri Viktorovich Romanenko - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Romanenko. Russian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Salyut 6 EO-1, Salyut 6 EP-8, Mir LD-1. Father of cosmonaut Roman Romanenko. 430 cumulative days in space..

1944 August 1 - . LV Family: German Rocketplanes. Launch Vehicle: Me-163.
  • Me-163B first operational use. - . Nation: Germany. German Me-163B Komet rocket-powered fighters first attacked American bomber formations over Europe. The Me-163 had sweptback wings, Walther liquid-fuel rocket motor, speed of 590 mph, and powered flight duration of 8-10 minutes..

1944 August 1 - . Launch Site: Heidekraut. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: A-4.
1945 August 1 - .
  • XCALT-6000 rocket engine delivered. - . Nation: USA. First successful U.S. chemical gas, generator-driven, turbopump fed, regeneratively cooled rocket engine (XCALT-6000), delivered to AAF by Aerojet-General Corp..

1946 August 1 - .
  • Birth of Richard Oswalt 'Dick' Covey - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Covey. American test pilot astronaut. Flew on STS-51-I, STS-26, STS-38, STS-61..

1947 August 1 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Deacon.
  • Test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1950 August 1 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral.
  • Patrick AFB named. - . Nation: USA. Patrick Air Force Base, administrative headquarters of the AFMTC at Cape Canaveral, offiically named after Gen. Mason M. Patrick..

1951 August 1 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: MGR-1.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1952 August 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-2.
1954 August 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5.
  • Phase 3 state trials launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: Korolev Design Bureau. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

    Through February 1955 the state acceptance trials for the production missile were conducted. 19 launches were made, 10 of which passed the acceptance criteria, 5 did not, and 4 were used for test of the new radio-correction guidance system. This used the R-5R variant of the missile; one of those four tests was unsuccessful.


1954 August 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5.
1955 August 1 - . LV Family: Vanguard. Launch Vehicle: Vanguard.
  • Vanguard selected to launch first US satellite. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: von Braun. Program: Vanguard. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vanguard 1. Spacecraft: Vanguard 1. Ad Hoc Committee on Special Capabilities rejects Army/Von Brauns's Project Orbiter (Redstone) and USAF Atlas proposals; selects Navy/Vanguard for first US satellite..

1955 August 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-1 8A11.
1955 August 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-2.
1955 August 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5M.
1956 August 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5M.
  • R-7 component test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: MVS. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1956 August 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5M.
  • R-7 component test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: MVS. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1957 August 1 - . LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D.
  • Atlas IOC delayed. - . Nation: USA. Estimated operational capability date for Atlas changed from March 1959 to June 1959..

1957 August 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. LV Family: R-11. Launch Vehicle: R-11M.
1957 August 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar VLAD. LV Family: Burya La-350. Launch Vehicle: Burya La-350. FAILURE: Launch abort..
  • Burya first launch attempt - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

    Objective was limited to test of operation of first stage boosters. The AVD Engine Cutoff System activated on ignition due to destruction of an OT-155 propellant valve in one of the booster engines. The missile remained on the pad. The stage boosters were dismounted, checked, and reassembled.


1958 August 1 - .
  • NACA program on the technology of manned space flight vehicles. - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft Bus: Mercury. Spacecraft: Mercury. Dr. Hugh L. Dryden, NACA Director, presented a program on the technology of manned space flight vehicles to the Select Committees of Congress on Astronautics and Space Exploration..

1958 August 1 - . Launch Site: Johnston Island. LV Family: Asp. Launch Vehicle: ASCAMP.
  • Hardtack Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Livermore. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1958 August 1 - . Launch Site: Johnston Island. LV Family: Asp. Launch Vehicle: ASCAMP.
  • Hardtack Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Livermore. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1958 August 1 - . Launch Site: Johnston Island. LV Family: Asp. Launch Vehicle: ASCAMP.
  • Hardtack Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Livermore. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1958 August 1 - . Launch Site: Johnston Island. LV Family: Asp. Launch Vehicle: ASCAMP.
  • Hardtack Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Livermore. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1958 August 1 - . Launch Site: Johnston Island. LV Family: Asp. Launch Vehicle: ASCAMP.
  • Hardtack Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Livermore. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1958 August 1 - . Launch Site: Johnston Island. LV Family: Asp. Launch Vehicle: ASCAMP.
  • Hardtack Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Livermore. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1958 August 1 - . Launch Site: Johnston Island. LV Family: Asp. Launch Vehicle: ASCAMP.
  • Hardtack Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Livermore. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1958 August 1 - . Launch Site: Johnston Island. LV Family: Asp. Launch Vehicle: ASCAMP.
  • Hardtack Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Livermore. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1958 August 1 - . Launch Site: Johnston Island. LV Family: Asp. Launch Vehicle: ASCAMP.
  • Hardtack Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Livermore. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1958 August 1 - . Launch Site: Johnston Island. LV Family: Asp. Launch Vehicle: ASCAMP.
  • Hardtack Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Livermore. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1958 August 1 - . Launch Site: Johnston Island. LV Family: Asp. Launch Vehicle: ASCAMP.
  • Hardtack Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Livermore. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1958 August 1 - . Launch Site: Johnston Island. LV Family: Asp. Launch Vehicle: ASCAMP.
  • Hardtack Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Livermore. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1958 August 1 - . Launch Site: Johnston Island. LV Family: Asp. Launch Vehicle: ASCAMP.
  • Hardtack Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Livermore. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1958 August 1 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Jason sounding rocket.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 750 km (460 mi). In 3-week period, 19 five-stage Argo E5 sounding rockets were launched in USAF-NACA program to measure radiation caused by Project Argus, rockets reaching 500-mile altitude and were launched from Wallops Island, AMR, and Ramey AFB, Puerto Rico..

1958 August 1 - . 09:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Johnston Island. Launch Complex: Johnston Island LC1. LV Family: Redstone. Launch Vehicle: Redstone. FAILURE: Failure of tilt program device at lift-off causing vertical night flight did not preclude subsequent system operations and successful mission accomplishment..
  • Hardtack Teak Nuclear test - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 76 km (47 mi).

    Teak was a rocket-launched test of a live W-39 nuclear warhead. Purpose was to measure the effects of high altitude nuclear explosions in order to design warheads for the Nike-Zeus anti-ballistic missile system. The Hardtack Configuration Redstone shot the 3.8 megaton warhead to an altitude of 77.8 km. This was the first rocket-launched nuclear test by the United States.


1959 August 1 - . LV Family: Saturn V. Launch Vehicle: Saturn V.
  • Static firing of the first Saturn planned for early 1960 - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo.

    The Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA) directed the Army Ordnance Missile Command to proceed with the static firing of the first Saturn vehicle, the test booster SA-T, in early calendar year 1960 in accordance with the $70 million program and not to accelerate for a January 1960 firing. ARPA asked to be informed of the scheduled firing date.


1960 August 1 - . Launch Site: Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: UNKPL. Launch Platform: ZULUV. LV Family: R-13. Launch Vehicle: R-13.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1960 August 1 - . 08:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Firefly RUTHY Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 113 km (70 mi).

1960 August 1 - . 10:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Firefly HILDA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 126 km (78 mi).

1961 August 1 - . LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas Centaur LV-3C.
  • Centaur operational contracts initiated. - . Nation: USA. NASA directed Marshall Space Flight Center to enter contract negotiations with contractors for procurement of five operational Atlas-Centaur vehicles. These launchings were planned to begin in second quarter of 1964..

1961 August 1 - .
  • McDonnell proposal for Gemini - . Nation: USA. Program: Gemini. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Spacecraft Bus: Gemini. Spacecraft: Gemini. Baseline 10 earth orbit flights; also proposed for docking with Centaur and circumlunar flights by March 1965. NASA not interested - threat to Apollo..

1961 August 1 - . Launch Site: Fort Wingate. LV Family: Redstone. Launch Vehicle: Redstone. FAILURE: Human error in laying launch azimuth. Drop in inter-compartment pressure suspected..
  • Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi). Missile test failure. Missed aimpoint by 5,085 m..

1961 August 1 - . 11:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark.
1961 August 1 - . 20:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LC-A. LV Family: Astrobee. Launch Vehicle: Astrobee 1500. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test / geodetic mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1962 August 1 - .
  • Russian methods for sending a man to the moon - . Nation: Russia. Program: Lunar L3.

    A recent Russian article discussed various methods which the Soviet Union had been studying for sending a man to the moon during the decade. The earth orbital rendezvous method was reported the most reliable, but consideration also had been given to the direct ascent method, using the "Mastodon" rocket.


1962 August 1 - .
  • Cuban missile crisis - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Kennedy. Cuban missile crisis - U.S.S.R. to build missile bases in Cuba; Kennedy orders Cuban blockade, lifts blockade after Russians back down .

1962 August 1 - . Launch Site: Fort Wingate. LV Family: Redstone. Launch Vehicle: Redstone.
  • Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi). Successful missile test. Missed aimpoint by 167 m..

1962 August 1 - . Launch Site: Fort Wingate. LV Family: Redstone. Launch Vehicle: Redstone. FAILURE: Human error in repair of pitch .potentiometer..
  • Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi). Missile test failure. Missed aimpoint by 3,191 m..

1962 August 1 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC26A. LV Family: Jupiter. Launch Vehicle: Jupiter IRBM.
  • Combat training launch - . Nation: Italy. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1962 August 1 - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima TMP. LV Family: K150. Launch Vehicle: K150.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

1962 August 1 - . 21:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 576E. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas F.
  • Research and development test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 1,400 km (800 mi). The first Atlas F missile (15F) was launched from Vandenberg on an operational test flight. First successful Atlas F flight at operational site, SMS 576E (15F).

1963 August 1 - .
  • Birth of Koichi Wakata - . Nation: Japan. Related Persons: Wakata. Japanese engineer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-72, STS-92, STS-119..

1963 August 1 - . 08:06 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Bennett Mass Spec 2 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Apogee: 232 km (144 mi).

1963 August 1 - . 23:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Kronogard. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: RTG. Apogee: 126 km (78 mi).

1964 August 1 - .
  • Full scale development of Soviet manned lunar flyby and landing projects authorised. - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Chelomei, Korolev. Program: Lunar L1, Lunar L3. Flight: Soyuz A-1, Soyuz A-2, Soyuz A-3, Soyuz A-4. Spacecraft: LK, LK-1, Luna Ye-8, Soyuz 7K-LOK, Soyuz A.

    Central Committee of the Communist Party and Council of Soviet Ministers Decree 655-268 'On Work on the Exploration of the Moon and Mastery of Space--piloted LK-1 circumlunar and L3 lunar landing projects and the Ye-6M lunar lander' was issued. Chelomei was to develop the three-stage UR-500K booster and LK-1 spacecraft for the manned lunar flyby. Korolev was to develop the totally different N1 booster and L3 spacecraft complex for the manned lunar landing. First launch of the N1 was to be by the first quarter 1966, with manned lunar landings in 1967 to 1968. Reprioritization led to work being stopped on Korolev's Zvezda 6-man orbiting weapons platform by mid-1965, after a huge mockup had been built.

    Korolev felt that if he had the full support of the Communist Party, the military, and industry he could achieve this goal, and this decree ordered such support. The USSR would be first on the moon. But in truth the draft project behind the decree had not solved all of the technical problems, or provided a solution on how to achieve the required payload on either the booster or spacecraft side. New technology features required for success of the scheme included an advanced guidance system in the N1 third stage equipment bay, the enormous fuel tanks in the N1 first stage, and the Lox/LH2 fuel cells needed for the LOK lunar orbiter. But the real technical problem with the N1-L3 design was the total lack of any weight growth reserve. Even thought the systems had not even been developed yet, engineers were fighting over tens of grams in their weight allocations, let alone the kilograms normally at issue.

    Development of Korolev's Soyuz A-B-V, a competing circumlunar project, was evidently still authorised, although it duplicated Chelomei's LK-1.


1964 August 1 - . Launch Site: Vik. LV Family: Dragon. Launch Vehicle: Dragon.
  • FU-125 ionosphere / particles Aeronomy /ionosphere mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 440 km (270 mi).

1964 August 1 - . 05:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC90/19. LV Family: UR-200. Launch Vehicle: UR-200.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 686 km (426 mi).

1965 August 1 - .
  • Development of military versions of Voskhod and Soyuz approved. - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Krylov, Smirnov, Vershinin. Program: Voskhod. Flight: Soyuz VI Flight 1, Voskhod 3, Voskhod 4, Voskhod 5, Voskhod 6. Spacecraft: Soyuz VI, Voskhod.

    Military-Industrial Commission (VPK) Decree 'On creation of military Voskhod and Soyuz spacecraft' was issued. Eight days later, Kamanin receives the resolution, signed by Marshal Zharkov, countersigned by Smirnov. Krylov, Vershinin, Sudts, and Gorshkov are ordered to immediately begin military space research aboard Voskhod and also develop a special version of the Soyuz spacecraft for visual and photographic military reconnaissance, satellite inspection, interception in orbit, as well as development of nuclear missile early warning systems. This is old hat to Kamanin. Krylov has no interest in military spacecraft, and will not implement the order.


1966 August 1 - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Javelin. Launch Vehicle: HJ Nike Hydac.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 544 km (338 mi).

1966 August 1 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF24. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 2.
  • Demonstration and shakedown operations launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1966 August 1 - . 19:11 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Sphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1966 August 1 - . 22:11 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Sphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1967 August 1 - .
  • NASA program to develop the technology of flexible wings for spacecraft recovery. - . Nation: USA.

    NASA's Office of Manned Space Flight and Office of Advanced Research and Technology were engaged in a cooperative program to develop the technology of flexible wings for spacecraft recovery. The technology was expected to have broad applicability in the Apollo Applications Program, as well as follow-on manned space flight programs. The principal technology effort would concentrate on parawing and sailwing configurations. LaRC would manage the parawing technology program with support from MSC. The sailwing technology effort would be managed by MSC with LaRC providing wind tunnel support.


1967 August 1 - . LV Family: Saturn I. Launch Vehicle: Saturn IB.
  • AS-208 - . Payload: LM-2. Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Class: Moon. Type: Manned lunar lander. Spacecraft Bus: Apollo LM. Spacecraft: Apollo LM. Before fire, planned in-orbit test of LM. CSM-101 would dock with and crew would maneuver together..

1967 August 1 - . 19:25 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • SPEEDBALL II 105SN49 - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1967 August 1 - . 22:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC13. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas SLV-3 Agena D.
  • Lunar Orbiter 5 - . Payload: Lunar Orbiter E. Mass: 389 kg (857 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Langley. Class: Moon. Type: Lunar probe. Spacecraft Bus: Lunar Orbiter. Spacecraft: Lunar Orbiter. Decay Date: 1968-01-31 . USAF Sat Cat: 2907 . COSPAR: 1967-075A.

    Lunar Orbiter V was launched from the Eastern Test Range at 6:33 p.m. EDT August 1. The Deep Space Net Tracking Station at Woomera, Australia, acquired the spacecraft about 50 minutes after liftoff. Signals indicated that all systems were performing normally and that temperatures were within acceptable limits. At 12:48 p.m. EDT August 5, Lunar Orbiter V executed a deboost maneuver that placed it in orbit around the moon. The spacecraft took its first photograph of the moon at 7:22 a.m. EDT August 6. Before it landed on the lunar surface on January 31, 1968, Lunar Orbiter V had photographed 23 previously unphotographed areas of the moon's far side, the first photo of the full earth, 36 sites of scientific interest, and 5 Apollo sites for a total of 425 photos.


1968 August 1 - . 00:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Electron fluxes Aeronomy / plasma mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: AN. Apogee: 168 km (104 mi).

1968 August 1 - . 02:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Electron fluxes Plasma / fields mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: AN. Apogee: 176 km (109 mi).

1968 August 1 - . 09:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Noctilucent sampler Aeronomy / meteorites mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 115 km (71 mi).

1968 August 1 - . 10:27 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Solar X-rays / La / ne Ionosphere / solar x-rays mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 145 km (90 mi).

1969 August 1 - . LV Family: N1. Launch Vehicle: N1.
  • VPK hearing on N1 improvements - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Brezhnev, Kuznetsov, Mishin. Program: Lunar L3.

    The VPK Military-Industrial Commission and the Central Committee of he Party discussed the matter of delaying further N1 tests until completely redesigned engines became available. Back came the ritual reply -- a Soviet manned lunar landing must be achieved by the 100th Anniversary of the Birth of Lenin (April 22, 1970). On that date a Soviet man would plant the Red Banner and unveil a bust of Lenin on the lunar surface. Unlike the US President, Brezhnev would never get to see a manned launch to the moon. Additional Details: here....


1969 August 1 - . LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K/D.
  • The DOS Conspiracy begins - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Chelomei, Mishin. Program: Lunar L3, Almaz, Salyut. Spacecraft: Almaz OPS, LK, MKBS, Soyuz 7K-LOK.

    With the collapse of the work on the N1, the whole reason for Mishin's design bureau's existence simply vanished in the air. A new high-priority project was needed. Korolev had begun development of a Multi-Module Space Base (MKBS) before 1966. However MKBS was to be launched by the N1; as long as this was not available, there would be no MKBS. Almaz on the other hand did not require a new launch vehicle, although the UR-500 was in a period of intense 'baby sickness'. So while TsKBEM was in a period of analysis and instability, Chelomei's Reutov and Fili facilities were building space stations for the Ministry of Defence.

    On one of these August 1969 days, three of Chelomei's TsKBM engineers came to the office of Mishin's deputy, Chertok, with a plan to get a space station orbited before the American Skylab. They wanted a collaboration between the two competing design bureaux. Their plan was to take an Almaz spaceframe, install Soyuz systems, add a new docking tunnel with a hatch to reach the interior, and presto - a space station was finished. Tentative discussions with potential allies within Chelomei's design bureau found support there as well. The DOS 'long-duration orbiting station' was the result of this 'conspiracy'.


1970 August 1 - .
  • Middle East preoccupies VVS leadership. - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Kutakhov.

    Kutakhov flies to Egypt, but before leaving tells Kamanin he is not happy with his draft decree on future space plans. In Egypt, four MiG-21's with Russian pilots aboard have been shot down by Israel, killing two of the pilots. These are the first Russian casualties in the Middle East. July 1970 has been the worst month for safety in the history of the VVS - 20 aircraft losses and crashes (previous record - 16 in July 1964).


1970 August 1 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100M.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1970 August 1 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100M.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1971 August 1 - . LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Space Shuttle.
  • Shuttle delta wings - . Nation: USA. NASA Houston finally abandoned its straight wing design and studied a series of delta wing orbiters with external tanks through the summer of 1971 (MSC-020B, MSC-036, MSC-046, MSC-040)..

1971 August 1 - . 00:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 2C.
  • ESRO C59/2 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 119 km (73 mi).

1971 August 1 - . 11:48 GMT - .
1972 August 1 - . Launch Site: White Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 65.5 N x 38.0 E. Launch Platform: PLBR. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Vysota.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Launched from White Sea Launch Area, Beloye More, Archangel'sk Oblast' - Latitude: 65.50 N - Longitude: 38.00 E..

1973 August 1 - .
  • X-24 Flight 29 - . Crew: Manke. Payload: X-24B flight 1. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Manke. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft Bus: X-24. Spacecraft: X-24B. First glide flight. Maximum Speed - 740 kph. Maximum Altitude - 12190 m. Flight Time - 252 sec..

1973 August 1 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: Temp-2S. Launch Vehicle: Temp-2S.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1973 August 1 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1973 August 1 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57.
  • Cosmos 578 - . Mass: 6,000 kg (13,200 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-2M satellite. Duration: 12.00 days. Decay Date: 1973-08-13 . USAF Sat Cat: 6759 . COSPAR: 1973-051A. Apogee: 292 km (181 mi). Perigee: 200 km (120 mi). Inclination: 65.4000 deg. Period: 89.40 min. Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule..

1973 August 1 - . 22:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • SSC NNA 6 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: NASA, SSC. Apogee: 109 km (67 mi).

1973 August 1 - . 22:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • SSC NNA 7 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: NASA, SSC. Apogee: 111 km (68 mi).

1974 August 1 - .
  • New heavy-lift vehicle - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Brezhnev, Glushko, Keldysh, Mishin, Ustinov. Spacecraft Bus: Buran. Spacecraft: Buran.

    Glushko's first action was to implement a decision of the leadership to develop a completely new heavy-lift launch vehicle. This work started in 1974, with a planned first flight in 1984, at a total estimated cost of 5 to 6 billion roubles. One factor in the decision was the fact that Keldysh was greatly disturbed by the manoeuvrability of the space shuttle. He talked the matter up until he managed to get Ustinov and Brezhnev worked as well. He told them a US shuttle could manoeuvre around Soviet PVO and PKO anti-missile and satellite defences and deliver a 25 tonne nuclear bomb of greater than 25 megatons force directly on Moscow.

    Keldysh was convinced that the US planned to use the shuttle for a pre-emptive nuclear strike on Russia. Therefore the USSR needed an analogous capability to maintain the strategic balance. While this discussion was going on, the energies of TsKBEM were completely absorbed in the Apollo-Soyuz program, on which the prestige of the Soviet Union depended. Additional Details: here....


1974 August 1 - .
  • Death of Charles A Lindbergh - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Lindbergh. American pioneering aviator, first pilot to fly solo across the Atlantic in 1927. Appointed to senior government committees on aerospace development. Worked with Guggenheim to support Goddard's rocket development in Roswell in 1930s..

1974 August 1 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF03. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B.
  • SSTTP M2-46 Target mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1975 August 1 - . 14:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Antigua. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 72 km (44 mi).

1976 August 1 - .
  • Start overland roadway construction from Palmdale - . Nation: USA. Program: STS. Start overland roadway construction from Palmdale to Edwards Air Force Base..

1977 August 1 - . 23:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1979 August 1 - .
  • DoD Astronaut Training Group 1 selected. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Casserino, Detroye, Hamel, Higbee, Joseph, Lydon, Payton, Rij, Sefchek, Sundberg, Vidrine, Watterson, Wright, Keith.

    The group was selected to provide shuttle manned spaceflight engineers to operate military payloads.. Qualifications: USAF, Navy, or Army officers with bachelor's degree in science or engineering; four years experience in flying or space-related activities. Vision minimum 20/150 uncorrected, correctable to 20/20. Maximum sitting blood pressure of 140/90. Height between 150 and 193 cm.. 13 were selected from 222 candidates. The existence of the group was secret until 1985.


1979 August 1 - .
  • Death of Louis G Dunn at Mountain Ranch, Calaveras, CA. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Dunn. American engineer. At Ramo-Woolridge headed oversight of development of the Thor, Titan, Atlas, and Minuteman missiles for the USAF.

1979 August 1 - . LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Space Shuttle.
  • Start long-lead fabrication crew module, Discovery - . Nation: USA. Program: STS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft Bus: Shuttle. Spacecraft: Discovery.

1979 August 1 - . Launch Site: Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: UNKPL. Launch Platform: K-140. LV Family: R-31. Launch Vehicle: R-31.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1980 August 1 - .
  • Death of James S McDonnell at Saint Louis, MO. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: McDonnell. American engineer, president of McDonnell Aircraft 1939-1972. His innovative fighter designs were initially unsuccessful, but the F-4 and F-15 were the premier US fighters after 1960. Contractor for the Mercury, Gemini , and MOL spacecraft..

1980 August 1 - . 18:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Antigua. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 67 km (41 mi).

1981 August 1 - . 22:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Tanegashima. Launch Complex: Tanegashima T. LV Family: JCR. Launch Vehicle: TT-500A.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: NASDA. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1983 August 1 - . Launch Pad: Atlantic Ocean, 68.0 N x 30.0 W. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1984 August 1 - . 04:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Nike Tomahawk.
  • SPINEX 1 Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 423 km (262 mi).

1984 August 1 - . 21:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC200/40. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K/DM.
  • Gorizont 10 - . Payload: Gorizont s/n 20L. Mass: 2,100 kg (4,600 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-3. Spacecraft: Gorizont . Completed Operations Date: 1990-08-22 . USAF Sat Cat: 15144 . COSPAR: 1984-078A. Apogee: 35,810 km (22,250 mi). Perigee: 35,793 km (22,240 mi). Inclination: 6.8000 deg. Period: 1,436.90 min.

    Stationed at 80 deg E. Provision of telephone and telegraph radiocommunications and television broadcasting. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 80 deg E in 1984-1989; 170 deg W in 1989-1990 As of 5 September 2001 located at 157.76 deg W drifting at 0.193 deg E per day. As of 2007 Mar 8 located at 46.55W drifting at 0.187W degrees per day.


1985 August 1 - .
  • Buran Cosmonaut Training Group 2 selected. - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Afanasyev, Artsebarsky, Manakov. Experienced test pilots were selected to train for manned missions using the Buran space shuttle..

1985 August 1 - . 05:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC90/19. Launch Pad: LC90/pad?. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-2.
  • Cosmos 1670 - . Mass: 3,800 kg (8,300 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: RORSAT. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military naval surveillance radar satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Kosmoplan. Spacecraft: US-A. Decay Date: 1985-12-08 . USAF Sat Cat: 16196 . COSPAR: 1985-064C. Apogee: 1,007 km (625 mi). Perigee: 893 km (554 mi). Inclination: 64.9000 deg. Period: 104.10 min. Ocean surveillance; nuclear powered..

1986 August 1 - . 22:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: UK S27. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3.
  • Chevaline PEM demonstration and shakedown operations launch - . Nation: UK. Agency: RN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1987 August 1 - . 03:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC45/1. LV Family: Zenit. Launch Vehicle: Zenit-2.
  • Cosmos 1871 - . Payload: Uragan boilerplate or Orlets-2 Mass Model. Mass: 15,000 kg (33,000 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft Bus: Spiral 50-50. Spacecraft: Uragan Space Interceptor. Duration: 9.00 days. Decay Date: 1987-08-10 . USAF Sat Cat: 18259 . COSPAR: 1987-065A. Apogee: 188 km (116 mi). Perigee: 168 km (104 mi). Inclination: 97.0000 deg. Period: 88.10 min. Considered by some observors as possible spite test of Uragan space interceptor boilerplate mass model, just prior to project cancellation.
    Officially: Investigation of the upper atmosphere and outer space..

1988 August 1 - . Launch Site: Eareckson. LV Family: Aries. Launch Vehicle: Aries.
  • Recovery failed ABM infrared sensor technology mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: SDIO. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1988 August 1 - . 21:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC200/39. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K/DM-2.
  • Cosmos 1961 - . Payload: Potok no. 5 s/n 16L. Mass: 2,000 kg (4,400 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-4. Spacecraft: Potok. Completed Operations Date: 1993-12-15 . USAF Sat Cat: 19344 . COSPAR: 1988-066A. Apogee: 35,796 km (22,242 mi). Perigee: 35,780 km (22,230 mi). Inclination: 8.6000 deg. Period: 1,436.20 min.

    Stationed at 13.5 deg W; later moved to 80 deg E. Investigation of outer space and relay of telegraph and telephone messages. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 14 deg W in 1988-1992; 80 deg E in 1992-1993. In September, 1993, Cosmos 1961 began drifting off station after a mission of five years had apparently been terminated. As of 4 September 2001 located at 80.01 deg E drifting at 0.015 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 11 located at 74.58E drifting at 0.039E degrees per day.


1989 August 1 - . Launch Pad: Atlantic Ocean, 72.0 N x 5.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1990 August 1 - .
  • CNES Astronaut Training Group 2 selected. - . Nation: France. Related Persons: Eyharts, Gasparini. French astronauts trained for flights to the Mir space station..

1990 August 1 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg.
  • Troops from the 30th Space Wing began deployed - . Nation: USA. Troops from the 30th Space Wing began deployment to the Persian Gulf in support of Operation Desert Shield..

1990 August 1 - . Launch Site: Balasore. LV Family: RH. Launch Vehicle: RH-200.
  • Meteo Chaff - . Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 70 km (43 mi).

1990 August 1 - . 09:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U2.
  • Soyuz TM-10 - . Call Sign: Vulkan (Volcano ). Crew: Manakov, Strekalov. Backup Crew: Afanasyev, Manarov. Payload: Soyuz TM s/n 61A. Mass: 7,150 kg (15,760 lb). Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Afanasyev, Manakov, Manarov, Strekalov. Agency: MOM. Program: Mir. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Soyuz TM-10, Soyuz TM-9. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Soyuz TM. Duration: 130.86 days. Decay Date: 1990-12-10 . USAF Sat Cat: 20722 . COSPAR: 1990-067A. Apogee: 219 km (136 mi). Perigee: 198 km (123 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 88.70 min.

    Manned two crew. Docked with Mir. Mir Expedition EO-07. Transported to the Mir manned orbital station the crew consisting of the cosmonauts G M Manakov and G M Strekalov for the purpose of carrying out a programme of geophysical and astrophysical research, biological and biotechnological experiments, and work on space-materials science.


1991 August 1 - . 01:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VB.
  • N-B-E03 EFIELD-B Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 99 km (61 mi).

1991 August 1 - . 11:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/4. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M.
  • Molniya 1-82 - . Payload: Molniya-1T. Mass: 1,600 kg (3,500 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Molniya. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-2. Spacecraft: Molniya-1T. Decay Date: 2004-10-09 . USAF Sat Cat: 21630 . COSPAR: 1991-053A. Apogee: 39,591 km (24,600 mi). Perigee: 763 km (474 mi). Inclination: 64.5000 deg. Period: 717.80 min. Operation of the long-range telephone and telegraph radio communications system in the USSR; transmission of USSR Central Television programmes to stations in the Orbita network. .

1993 August 1 - . 01:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • SCT-06 (CONE) Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1996 August 1 - .
  • Mir News 319: Progress-M32 - . Nation: Russia. Program: Mir. Flight: Soyuz TM-23, STS-76 Mir NASA-1.

    This freighter was launched from Baykonur on 31.07.1996 at 20.00.06 UTC. All went well and during passes within our range the signals of the beacon- and telemetry transmitters in the 166, 165 and 922.755mc could be monitored. During the pass in orbit 4, 020700-021220 UTC TCA (Time Closest Approach) for the Hague was 020808 UTC (922.755 mc Doppler dip).

    If all continues to go according to plan the Progress-M32 will link up with Mir on 2.08.1996 at 2158 UTC. The first pass (of that sequence) of Mir and Progress-M32 in Mir's orbit 59727, will last from 2147 until 2154 UTC. So during this pass the final approach is going on and radio communications regarding this operation possibly can be monitored in the VHF-band.

    The Progress-M32 will deliver to the Mir-station a cargo of 2478 KG. 328 KG of this cargo consists of experiments and equipment to be used by the French spacionaute Claudie Andre-Deshays during her Cassiopeia mission to Mir this month. The cargo further consists of water, food, fuel, oxygen, letters, equipment, software, spare parts etc.

    Progress-M31: This freighter is still docked at the forward (-X axis) port of the Mir-station and this port has to be free for the arrival of Progress-M31's successor Progress-M32. For that reason Progress-M31 will separate from Mir on 1.08.1996 at 1642 UTC and after a short autonomous flight this freighter will be put on a destruction course and burn up in the atmosphere over a designated area of the Pacific East of New-Zealand.

    Chris v.d. Berg, NL-9165/A-UK-3202.


1997 August 1 - .
  • Death of Byron Gordon MacNabb - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: MacNabb. American engineer. Headed Convair operations at Cape Canaveral throughout development flight test of the Atlas..

1997 August 1 - . 20:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Point Arguello. Launch Complex: Point Arguello WADZ. Launch Pad: Aircraft from Vandenberg.. Launch Platform: L-1011. LV Family: Pegasus. Launch Vehicle: Pegasus XL.
  • Orbview-2 - . Payload: Seastar. Nation: USA. Agency: Orbimage. Manufacturer: Germantown. Program: Orbview. Class: Surveillance. Type: Civilian surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Orbview. Spacecraft: Orbview-2. USAF Sat Cat: 24883 . COSPAR: 1997-037A. Apogee: 708 km (439 mi). Perigee: 707 km (439 mi). Inclination: 98.2000 deg. Period: 98.90 min. Air dropped in Point Arguello WADZ..

1998 August 1 - .
  • ESA Astronaut Training Group 3 selected. - . Nation: Europe. Related Persons: De Winne, Kuipers. European Space Agency astronauts sent to Russia for cosmonaut training..

2000 August 1 - .
  • Discovery of the SAU 051 Meteorite (Mars Meteorite) - . Nation: Oman.

2000 August 1 - .
  • Discovery of NWA 2737 Mars Meteorite - . Nation: Morocco.

2000 August 1 - .
  • Gauchito hybrid tests. - . Nation: Argentina. Program: X-Prize. Pablo de León (Buenos Aires, Argentina) performs sub-scale, hot fire, hybrid rocket engine tests..

2001 August 1 - .
  • ISS Status Report: ISS 01-23 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Barry, Culbertson, Dezhurov, Forrester, Helms, Horowitz, Sturckow, Tyurin, Voss. Program: ISS. Flight: STS-102 ISS EO-2.

    A week and a half removed from the most recent shuttle visit to the International Space Station, the Expedition Two crew continues preparations for ending its mission aboard the complex as Discovery is readied for the STS-105 launch a week from tomorrow at 4:38 p.m. Central time to deliver supplies, logistics and the next crew to live aboard the orbiting outpost. Additional Details: here....


2002 August 1 - . Launch Site: Mojave. Launch Complex: Mojave. LV Family: SpaceShip. Launch Vehicle: Spaceship One.
  • White Knight Flight 1 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Shane, Siebold. Program: X-Prize. Spacecraft Bus: SpaceShip. Spacecraft: Spaceship One.

    Flight Time: 0.2 hours Pilot: Shane Copilot: Siebold. Objectives: First flight. Handling qualities assessment and basic performance evaluation. Systems evaluation. Cabin un-pressurized. Results: Un-commanded hammering auxiliary spoiler deployments after takeoff. Flight aborted to downwind for an uneventful landing. No apparent flying qualities issues noted. Auxiliary spoilers were disabled for future flights.


2003 August 1 - . 10:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Mk 70 Orion.
2005 August 1 - .
2005 August 1 - .
  • STS-114 - Wakeup Song: Big Rock Candy Mountain - . Flight: STS-114. "Big Rock Candy Mountain" by Harry McClintock for Mission Specialist Andy Thomas..

2005 August 1 - . 04:44 GMT - .
  • EVA STS-114-2 - . Crew: Noguchi, Robinson. EVA Duration: 0.30 days. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Noguchi, Robinson. Program: ISS. Flight: STS-114. Robinson and Noguchi replaced ISS Control Moment Gyroscope-1, leaving the Station with four functioning CMG's..

2006 August 1 - .
  • SMART-1, End of Extended Mission - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft Bus: SMART-1. Spacecraft: SMART-1.

2012 August 1 - . 19:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U-PVB.
  • Progress M-16M - . Payload: Progress M s/n 416 / ISS-48P. Mass: 7,250 kg (15,980 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RKA. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned logistics spacecraft. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Progress M. Duration: 192.00 days. Decay Date: 2013-02-09 . USAF Sat Cat: 38738 . COSPAR: 2012-042A. Apogee: 428 km (265 mi). Perigee: 403 km (250 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 92.90 min. Undocked from the Pirs module at 13:16 GMT on 9 February. Deorbited over the Pacific Ocean at 16:19 GMT with debris impact at 17:05 GMT..


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