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Jason sounding rocket
Part of Honest John Family
Jason
Jason
American sounding rocket. The five-stage Jason rocket was developed by the US Air Force for monitoring of radiation in near-earth space (700-800 km) after high altitude nuclear explosions. Originally known as the Argo E-5, it consisted of an Honest John plus Nike plus Nike plus Recruit plus T-55. First used in 1958.

AKA: Argo;Argo E-5;Jason. Status: Retired 1958. First Launch: 1958-07-11. Last Launch: 1958-09-02. Number: 22 . Payload: 57 kg (125 lb). Thrust: 365.00 kN (82,055 lbf). Gross mass: 3,330 kg (7,340 lb). Height: 17.50 m (57.40 ft). Diameter: 0.58 m (1.90 ft). Apogee: 800 km (490 mi).

They were used in July-September 1958 to study the effects before and after the Argus test series. The five stage vehicle consisting of an unmodified Honest John military rocket first stage, topped by two Nike stages in tandem, then a Recruit fourth stage and T-55 fifth stage. In later tests it was replaced by the simpler four-stage Javelin.

From NASA SOUNDING ROCKETS, 1958-1968 - A Historical Summary, NASA SP-4401, 1971, by William R. Corliss

During the first year of the existence of Goddard's Sounding Rocket Branch, several sounding rockets, whose development predated NASA, came into the "stable" of vehicles readily available to NASA. Chief among these were the Javelin and Journeyman, both in the so-called Argo series. The Argo series was developed by the Aerolab Development Co. under the sponsorship of NACA/NASA, with support from the Air Force Special Weapons Center, the Naval Bureau of Ordnance, and the Allegany Ballistics Laboratory.

The Argo vehicles were derived from a family of NACA/NASA hypersonic test vehicles, after the fashion of the Nike-Deacon and Nike-Cajun. Aerolab has designed a long series of Argo rockets, including the Argo E-20, designed to lift 4.5 kg (10 lb) to 24 384 m (80 000 ft); but only the Jason (Argo E-5), the Javelin (Argo D-4), and the Journeyman (Argo D-8) have seen significant use. NASA never employed the Jason, but it is the rocket that the Air Force employed to measure high-altitude nuclear radiation during the Argus experiments in the late summer of 1958, when nuclear weapons were exploded at high altitudes. NASA has used the Javelin to some extent. The Journeyman helped NASA gather radiation data prior to the Mercury flights and has also seen some Air Force use. In general, the Argos are rather large by sounding rocket standards. They were all put together from off-the-shelf military hardware, often following vehicle adaptations by Langley Research Center. NASA use of the Argo series has been minimal.

Payload: 57 kg (125 lb) to a 800 km altitude.


More at: Jason sounding rocket.

Country: USA. Launch Sites: Wallops Island, Cape Canaveral, Cape Canaveral LC10, Ramey. Stages: M-6, 1.5KS35000, M5E1, T-55. Agency: Aerolab. Bibliography: 2, 378.

1958 July 11 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Jason sounding rocket. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSWC. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1958 July 17 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Jason sounding rocket. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1958 August 1 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Jason sounding rocket.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 750 km (460 mi). In 3-week period, 19 five-stage Argo E5 sounding rockets were launched in USAF-NACA program to measure radiation caused by Project Argus, rockets reaching 500-mile altitude and were launched from Wallops Island, AMR, and Ramey AFB, Puerto Rico..

1958 August 15 - . 04:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC10. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Jason sounding rocket.
  • Nuclear test observation mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 693 km (430 mi).

1958 August 20 - . 11:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Ramey. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Jason sounding rocket.
  • Nuclear test observation mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 800 km (490 mi).

1958 August 25 - . 18:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Jason sounding rocket.
  • Nuclear test observation mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 800 km (490 mi).

1958 August 27 - . 03:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC10. Launch Pad: LC10?. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Jason sounding rocket.
  • Nuclear test observation mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 937 km (582 mi).

1958 August 27 - . 04:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Ramey. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Jason sounding rocket.
  • Nuclear test observation mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 800 km (490 mi).

1958 August 27 - . 06:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Ramey. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Jason sounding rocket.
  • Nuclear test observation mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 817 km (507 mi).

1958 August 27 - . 07:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Jason sounding rocket.
  • Nuclear test observation mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 800 km (490 mi).

1958 August 30 - . 03:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Jason sounding rocket.
  • Nuclear test observation mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 817 km (507 mi).

1958 August 30 - . 04:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC10. Launch Pad: LC10?. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Jason sounding rocket.
  • Nuclear test observation mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 878 km (545 mi).

1958 August 30 - . 05:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Jason sounding rocket.
  • Nuclear test observation mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 830 km (510 mi).

1958 August 30 - . 05:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Ramey. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Jason sounding rocket.
  • Nuclear test observation mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 825 km (512 mi).

1958 August 30 - . 06:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC10. Launch Pad: LC10?. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Jason sounding rocket.
  • Nuclear test observation mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 699 km (434 mi).

1958 August 30 - . 07:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Jason sounding rocket.
  • Nuclear test observation mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 815 km (506 mi).

1958 August 30 - . 22:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Jason sounding rocket.
  • Nuclear test observation mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 745 km (462 mi).

1958 August 30 - . 23:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Ramey. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Jason sounding rocket.
  • Nuclear test observation mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 800 km (490 mi).

1958 August 31 - . 00:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC10. Launch Pad: LC10?. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Jason sounding rocket.
  • Nuclear test observation mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 800 km (490 mi).

1958 September 2 - . 19:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Ramey. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Jason sounding rocket.
  • Nuclear test observation mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 800 km (490 mi).

1958 September 2 - . 20:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Jason sounding rocket.
  • Nuclear test observation mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 789 km (490 mi).

1958 September 2 - . 22:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC10. Launch Pad: LC10?. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Jason sounding rocket.
  • Nuclear test observation mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 789 km (490 mi).


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