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On July 1 in Space History

1908 July 1 - .
  • Birth of Cai Jintao - . Nation: China. Related Persons: Cai Jintao. Chinese Engineer. Chinese communications and telemetry systems engineer..

1930 July 1 - .
  • Birth of Frank Marshall - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Marshall. American engineer. Part of the Atlas management team; headed the Golden Ram program that cleared the Atlas missile for operations..

1939 July 1 - . LV Family: JATO. Launch Vehicle: JATO.
  • JATO project funded. - . Nation: USA. National Academy of Sciences sponsored a $10,000 research program at Cal Tech Rocket Research Project for development of rockets suitable to assist Air Corps planes in takeoffs, the first U.S. rocket program..

1940 July 1 - .
  • Rocket ordnance research begun. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Goddard.

    National Defense Research Committee established Jet Propulsion Research Committee under Section H of Division A, at Naval Powder Factory, Indian Head, Md., to conduct fundamental research on rocket ordnance. C. N. Hickman, who had worked with Goddard during World War I, was named as head.


1943 July 1 - . Launch Site: Peenemuende. Launch Complex: Peenemuende P7. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: A-4. FAILURE: Exploded at T+2 seconds..
1944 July 1 - . Launch Site: Peenemuende. Launch Complex: Peenemuende P10. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2.
1945 July 1 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island.
  • First launch from Wallops Island. - . Nation: USA.

    First launching of a two-stage rocket-propelled research model, the Tiamat missile, which employed six rockets as boosters, had automatic stabilization, its maneuvers were programed, and its testing was the first research program of the NACA's Wallops Island Station.


1946 July 1 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: FFAR. Launch Vehicle: FFAR.
  • RM-5 Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

1947 July 1 - . LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas.
  • MX-774 cancelled. - . Nation: USA.

    Contract with Convair for the MX-774 "Upper Air Test Vehicle," predecessor of the Atlas ICBM, was cancelled by the AAF. However the service approves Convair use of unexpended MX-774 funds to launch the MX-774 test vehicles already built. The decision made to move Vultee operations to San Diego.


1948 July 1 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Nike Ajax. Launch Vehicle: Nike-481.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1951 July 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-2.
1953 July 1 - .
  • Ministry of Medium Machine Building formed. - . Nation: Russia. Council of Soviet Ministers (SM) Decree 'On unification of the First and Third Chief Directorates of Council of Ministers into the new Ministry of Medium Machine Building' was issued..

1953 July 1 - . 17:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-A-1a.
  • AF / Utah Ionosphere 4 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 138 km (85 mi). Ionosphere research. Launched at 1052 local time. Reached 138.4 km..

1954 July 1 - . LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas A.
  • Western Development Division (WDD) established by USAF - . Nation: USA. Western Development Division (WDD) established by AF under ARDC to manage Atlas development; Rocketdyne put on contract for propulsion system.

1954 July 1 - . LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas A.
  • Rocketdyne put on contract for Atlas engines. - . Nation: USA. Western Development Division (WDD) established by AF under ARDC to manage Atlas development; .

1954 July 1 - . Launch Site: Edwards. LV Family: Navaho. Launch Vehicle: Navaho X-10.
  • Navaho X-10 flight 7 - . Nation: USA. Program: Navaho. Vehicle crashed and burned after 8 minutes of flight when a fire developed aboard..

1955 July 1 - . LV Family: Rockoon. Launch Vehicle: Rockoon.
  • Rockoon launches. - . Nation: USA.

    Instrumented Loki I and Deacon rockets were successfully balloon launched (Rockoons) from shipboard off the coast of Greenland in cosmic-ray studies by State University of Iowa research group. Army Ordnance supplied JPL-developed Loki rockets and ONR sponsored the project.


1955 July 1 - . LV Family: Jupiter. Launch Vehicle: Jupiter IRBM.
  • Jupiter IRBM proposed. - . Nation: USA. Huntsville proposes Jupiter 1500 miles range/2500 lb payload. AF proposes Thor. Both authorized. Jupiter also ship-launch capable..

1955 July 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. LV Family: R-11. Launch Vehicle: R-11FM.
1955 July 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. LV Family: R-11. Launch Vehicle: R-11FM.
1955 July 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-2.
1955 July 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. LV Family: R-11. Launch Vehicle: R-11FM.
1955 July 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5M.
1956 July 1 - .
  • Death of Patrick Dawson Fleming. Died in first crash of a B-52. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Fleming. American test pilot, flew numerous test aircraft at Edwards AFB until killed in first crash of a B-52..

1956 July 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5M.
  • R-7 component test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: MVS. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1957 July 1 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D.
  • First Atlas wing activated at Cooke AFB. - . Nation: USA. Air Research and Development Command activated the 704th Strategic Missile Wing (Atlas) at Cooke AFB..

1957 July 1 - . LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee.
  • Aerobee completes 165th flight. - . Nation: USA. Aerobee upper air research rocket developed by the Applied Physics Laboratory of Johns Hopkins, and first fired on September 25, 1947, completed 165 successful firings to date..

1958 July 1 - .
  • Korolev letter to Politburo - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Korolev. Program: Vostok. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Vostok. First explanation to leadership of advantages of manned spaceflight..

1958 July 1 - . LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa.
  • Kappa-6tw rocket reaches 30 miles. - . Nation: Japan. Japanese Kappa-6tw two-stage rocket flown to 30-mile altitude over Michikawa Rocket Center, Japan..

1958 July 1 - . Launch Site: San Clemente. Launch Platform: AVM1. LV Family: X-17. Launch Vehicle: X-17. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Argus test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1958 July 1 - . Launch Site: San Clemente. Launch Platform: AVM1. LV Family: X-17. Launch Vehicle: X-17. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Argus test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1959 July 1 - . LV Family: Jupiter. Launch Vehicle: Jupiter IRBM.
  • Jupiter launch vehicles in Project Mercury canceled - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: von Braun. Program: Mercury. Spacecraft Bus: Mercury. Spacecraft: Mercury. The order for Jupiter launch vehicles in support of Project Mercury was canceled because the same or better data could be obtained from Atlas flights..

1959 July 1 - .
  • Mercury astronaut MASTIF training. - . Nation: USA. Program: Mercury. Project Mercury astronauts completed disorientation flights on three-axis space-flight simulator, the MASTIF (Multiple Axis Space Test Inertia Facility), at NASA Lewis Research Center..

1959 July 1 - .
  • Kiwi-A first experimental nuclear rocket tested. - . Nation: USA. Program: NERVA. The first experimental reactor (Kiwi-A) in the nuclear space rocket program operated successfully at full temperature and duration at Jackass Flats, Nev..

1960 July 1 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg.
  • Major expansion of Pacific Missile Range - . Nation: USA. Major expansion of Pacific Missile Range with acquisition of Eniwetok and Kwajalein Atolls in the Marshall Islands by the United States Navy for instrumentation complexes (in support of Air Force launches from Vandenberg AFB)..

1960 July 1 - . 14:35 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Meteorites mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 162 km (100 mi).

1960 July 1 - . 17:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC20. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan I. FAILURE: Destroyed 90 m above pad. Failed Stage: 1.
  • Mk 4 re-entry vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 1.00 km (0.60 mi). The attempt to launch the first operational configuration Titan I ICBM (J-2) from Cape Canaveral was a failure. Titan 1 J (Mk 4 RV).

1961 July 1 - .
  • Mercury global network assigned to Goddard - . Nation: USA. Program: Mercury. Responsibility for the operation of the Mercury global network was assigned to the Goddard Space Flight Center. During active mission periods, network control would revert to Space Task Group personnel..

1961 July 1 - .
  • Birth of Dr Kalpana Chawla - . Nation: India, USA. Related Persons: Chawla. Indian-American engineer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-87, STS-107. She perished with the rest of the crew of the shuttle Columbia on 1 February 2003..

1962 July 1 - .
  • Kennedy Space Center founded. - . Nation: USA.

1962 July 1 - . Launch Site: Fort Wingate. LV Family: Redstone. Launch Vehicle: Redstone.
  • Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi). Successful missile test. Missed aimpoint by 390 m..

1963 July 1 - .
  • Vostok 5/6 international press conference - . Nation: Russia. Flight: Vostok 5, Vostok 6. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Vostok.

    Big international press conference with the cosmonauts, beginning at 13:00. The session goes 1 hour and 45 minutes and all answers given by the cosmonauts are acceptable. After this conference they disappear from public view for seven days of medical examinations and monitoring.


1963 July 1 - .
  • Birth of Dr Edward Tsang Lu - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Lu. American engineer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-84, STS-106, ISS EO-7..

1963 July 1 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC38. LV Family: Spartan ABM. Launch Vehicle: Nike Zeus.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1963 July 1 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Nitehawk-9 test - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1963 July 1 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC32B. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B.
  • Research and development launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi). The first Minuteman I (LGM-30B) Wing II configuration flight test missile to be launched from Cape Canaveral was launched from Silo 32B. .

1964 July 1 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg.
  • Point Arguello transferred to Air Force - . Nation: USA. Point Arguello (nearly 20,000 acres) transferred from the Navy to the Air Force and annexed to Vandenberg AFB..

1964 July 1 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC41/4. LV Family: R-16. Launch Vehicle: R-16U.
  • Operational test launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,210 km (750 mi).

1964 July 1 - . 11:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57.
  • Cosmos 34 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: Korolev Design Bureau. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-4. Duration: 8.00 days. Decay Date: 1964-07-09 . USAF Sat Cat: 822 . COSPAR: 1964-034A. Apogee: 342 km (212 mi). Perigee: 201 km (124 mi). Inclination: 64.9000 deg. Period: 89.90 min. High resolution photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule.

1965 July 1 - .
  • Apollo Site Selection Board - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Mueller. Program: Apollo. Within its Office of Manned Space Flight, NASA organized an Apollo Site Selection Board. As an advisory body to the Associate Administrator for Manned Space Flight, George E. Mueller, the group would recommend landing sites for Apollo..

1965 July 1 - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. LV Family: Spartan. Launch Vehicle: Nike Zeus DM-15S.
  • Interceptor mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1965 July 1 - . Launch Site: Barbados Site. Launch Complex: Barbados HARP gun 16 inch. LV Family: Martlet. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: HARP. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1965 July 1 - . 01:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark.
1965 July 1 - . 09:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 576B1. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D.
  • NTMP KX-32 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,800 km (1,100 mi).

1966 July 1 - .
  • Three additional backup Apollo missions studied - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Kraft. Program: Apollo. Flight: Apollo 8.

    Director of Flight Operations Christopher C. Kraft, Jr., said that MSC had been directed by NASA OMSF to outline technical problems and both cost and schedule impact of adding three backup Apollo missions to the planned flight schedule. The missions to be evaluated would be AS-207/208 or AS-206/207; AS-503D; and AS-503F. Each of these missions would provide alternate means of obtaining primary program objectives in the event of flight contingencies during tests or of major schedule adjustments. Additional Details: here....


1966 July 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar PL87. LV Family: RT-2. Launch Vehicle: RT-2.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1966 July 1 - . 16:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor Delta E1.
  • Explorer 33 - . Payload: AIMP D. Mass: 93 kg (205 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Program: Explorer. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft Bus: IMP. Spacecraft: IMP. USAF Sat Cat: 2258 . COSPAR: 1966-058A. Apogee: 480,762 km (298,731 mi). Perigee: 265,679 km (165,084 mi). Inclination: 24.1000 deg. Period: 38,792.40 min. Intended to enter lunar orbit. Spacecraft engaged in research and exploration of the upper atmosphere or outer space (US Cat B). .

1966 July 1 - . 19:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Mud Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. FAILURE: Erroneous failure indication results in emergency landing at Mud Lake..
  • X-15A-2 External Tank test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 13 km (8 mi). First flight with fueled external tanks. Engine shutdown at 34.6 seconds due to fuel flow anomalies. Maximum Speed - 1646 kph. Maximum Altitude - 13720 m. Air dropped in Mud Lake DZ..

1967 July 1 - . LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-2.
  • Tsiklon-2 launch vehicle authorised. - . Nation: Russia. Spacecraft: IS-A, Meteor, US-A. Council of Soviet Ministers (SM) Decree 'On use of the R-36-based launcher for the Kosmos and Meteor satellites' was issued..

1967 July 1 - . 13:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC41. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan IIIC.
  • IDCSP 3-1 - . Payload: IDCSP 16 / OPS 9331. Mass: 45 kg (99 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: IDCSP. Spacecraft: IDCSP. USAF Sat Cat: 2862 . COSPAR: 1967-066A. Apogee: 33,515 km (20,825 mi). Perigee: 33,030 km (20,520 mi). Inclination: 11.9000 deg. Period: 1,309.60 min.

    A Titan IIIC booster (Vehicle #14) launched from Cape Canaveral placed a multiple payload of six satellites into orbit. Three of the satellites completed the Pacific link of the Initial Defense Satellite Communication System (IDSCS) program between Washington D.C., and South Vietnam. A fourth was a special communications satellite, the Despun Antenna Test Satellite (DATS), designed to test a despun antenna system for possible use on future communications satellites. DATS was designed to transmit 75 percent of radio signal strength to earth stations compared to the 15 percent for previous systems. Also included in the payload were a Defense Department Gravity Gradient Experiment (DODGE) satellite and a Lincoln Experimental Satellite, LES-5, the first all solid-state Ultra-high Frequency (UHF) band communication satellite intended to test communications with frontline troops. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A).

  • DODGE 1 - . Mass: 102 kg (224 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USN NASC. Class: Technology. Type: Gravity gradient technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DODGE. Spacecraft: DODGE. USAF Sat Cat: 2867 . COSPAR: 1967-066F. Apogee: 33,670 km (20,920 mi). Perigee: 33,257 km (20,664 mi). Inclination: 12.0000 deg. Period: 1,319.10 min.

    A Titan IIIC booster (Vehicle #14) launched from Cape Canaveral placed a multiple payload of six satellites into orbit. Three of the satellites completed the Pacific link of the Initial Defense Satellite Communication System (IDSCS) program between Washington D.C., and South Vietnam. A fourth was a special communications satellite, the Despun Antenna Test Satellite (DATS), designed to test a despun antenna system for possible use on future communications satellites. DATS was designed to transmit 75 percent of radio signal strength to earth stations compared to the 15 percent for previous systems. Also included in the payload were a Defense Department Gravity Gradient Experiment (DODGE) satellite and a Lincoln Experimental Satellite, LES-5, the first all solid-state Ultra-high Frequency (UHF) band communication satellite intended to test communications with frontline troops. Gravity gradient experiments. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A).

  • LES 5 - . Mass: 194 kg (427 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Technology. Type: Communications technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: LES. Spacecraft: LES. USAF Sat Cat: 2866 . COSPAR: 1967-066E. Apogee: 33,609 km (20,883 mi). Perigee: 33,196 km (20,626 mi). Inclination: 12.0000 deg. Period: 1,316.00 min. Experimental commsat. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A). .
  • IDCSP 3-2 - . Payload: IDCSP 17 / OPS 9332. Mass: 45 kg (99 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: IDCSP. Spacecraft: IDCSP. USAF Sat Cat: 2863 . COSPAR: 1967-066B. Apogee: 33,517 km (20,826 mi). Perigee: 33,046 km (20,533 mi). Inclination: 11.9000 deg. Period: 1,310.00 min. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A)..
  • IDCSP 3-4 - . Payload: IDCSP 19/DATS / OPS 9334. Mass: 68 kg (149 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: IDCSP. Spacecraft: IDCSP. USAF Sat Cat: 2865 . COSPAR: 1967-066D. Apogee: 33,560 km (20,850 mi). Perigee: 33,145 km (20,595 mi). Inclination: 11.9000 deg. Period: 1,313.50 min. Antenna tests. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A). .
  • IDCSP 3-3 - . Payload: IDCSP 18 / OPS 9333. Mass: 45 kg (99 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: IDCSP. Spacecraft: IDCSP. USAF Sat Cat: 2864 . COSPAR: 1967-066C. Apogee: 33,547 km (20,845 mi). Perigee: 33,079 km (20,554 mi). Inclination: 11.9000 deg. Period: 1,311.60 min. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A)..

1968 July 1 - .
  • Death of Henry J E Reid at Gloucester Point, Gloucester, VA. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Reid. American engineer, at NASA 1921-1961, designed basic instruments for flight research..

1968 July 1 - . 09:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: GMS. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1969 July 1 - .
  • Borman arrival in Russia delayed - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Borman.

    Borman was to arrive with his wife and two sons (ages 15 and 17). There is lots of high-level interest in the visit and meetings. They are unsure -- is Borman just a visiting astronaut or an official representative of the American aggressors? Borman's plane makes an emergency landing in Canada when an engine fails en route. His late arrival wrecks Kamanin's carefully-laid out schedule for his trip. Kamanin notes that in June 1968 the VVS suffered four times the accident rate as a year earlier. Two An-12's, one An-12 and an Il-14, and two Tu-22's were lost in three midair collisions, costing 131 lives.


1969 July 1 - .
  • Death of Andrei Mikoyan - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Mikoyan, Andrei. Russian phantom cosmonaut. Story made rounds at ESA in 2000 of two Russian cosmonauts that died in 1969 on lunar landing attempt. Source was TV series, 'The Cape', episode 'Buried in Peace', aired 1996.10.28..

1969 July 1 - . Launch Site: Jiuquan. LV Family: T-7. Launch Vehicle: T-7A.
  • FSW satellite technology test - . Nation: China. Agency: CAST. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1969 July 1 - . 04:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF03. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B.
  • FOT GT38B Follow-on Test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1969 July 1 - . 18:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: AN. Apogee: 141 km (87 mi).

1969 July 1 - . 22:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Nike Iroquois. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Mass spectrometer Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 137 km (85 mi).

1970 July 1 - . 17:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 149 km (92 mi).

1971 July 1 - .
  • Soyuz 11 capsule evaluated at landing site. - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Dobrovolsky, Patsayev, Volkov. Program: Salyut. Flight: Soyuz 11. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7KT-OK.

    At 05:00 specialists arrive from Moscow to the Soyuz 11 landing site to test the hermetic seal of the cabin. By 08:00 the pressure tests of the cabin show a slight loss, but it takes 1.5 hours for the cabin to fully depressurise. There are no cracks or holes in the cabin. Therefore the only cause could be the two air valves. The medical experts have already determined that the cosmonauts died from depressurisation of the spacecraft. The crew have haemorrhages in their brains, blood in their lungs, and nitrogen in their blood. The flight recorder shows that four seconds after the depressurisation began Dobrovolsky's breathing rate went to 48/minute (normally 16/minute), asphyxiation began, and 20 to 30 seconds later he was dead. By 19:30 Kamanin is in Moscow, and he sees the bodies laying in state at 21:40. They are cremated at 22:00.


1972 July 1 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Molodezhnaya. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 94 km (58 mi).

1973 July 1 - .
  • Death of Richard T Mittauer - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Mittauer. American journalist, worked in NASA public information 1959-1972..

1973 July 1 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: Temp-2S. Launch Vehicle: Temp-2S.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1973 July 1 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1973 July 1 - . 10:15 GMT - . Launch Pad: Atlantic Ocean, 50.0 N x 30.0 W. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 175 km (108 mi).

1974 July 1 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1975 July 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. LV Family: Temp-2S. Launch Vehicle: Pioner.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1975 July 1 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF26. Launch Pad: LF26?. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3.
  • Research and development launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1975 July 1 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC177. LV Family: MR-UR-100. Launch Vehicle: MR-UR-100.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1976 July 1 - .
  • Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum founded. - . Nation: USA.

1976 July 1 - . Launch Site: Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: UNKPL. Launch Platform: PLBR. LV Family: R-27. Launch Vehicle: Zyb.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1976 July 1 - . 08:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/4. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M. FAILURE: Fourth stage failure.. Failed Stage: U.
  • Cosmos 837 - . Payload: Molniya-2 s/n 27. Mass: 1,600 kg (3,500 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Molniya. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-2. Spacecraft: Molniya-2. Decay Date: 1983-11-18 . USAF Sat Cat: 8927 . COSPAR: 1976-062A. Apogee: 936 km (581 mi). Perigee: 438 km (272 mi). Inclination: 62.8000 deg. Period: 98.50 min. Failed Molniya..

1977 July 1 - .
  • Death of Oskar Morgenstern - . Nation: Germany, USA. Related Persons: Morgenstern. German-American economist, came to the United States in 1925, and worked at Princeton after 1938. Founded Mathematica, which provided economic analyses to government, notoriously the study that found the shuttle cheaper than expendable LVs..

1977 July 1 - . 11:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 923 - . Mass: 750 kg (1,650 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Strela-2M. USAF Sat Cat: 10120 . COSPAR: 1977-059A. Apogee: 800 km (490 mi). Perigee: 781 km (485 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 100.70 min.

1978 July 1 - . Launch Pad: Atlantic Ocean, 38.0 N x 75.0 W. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeron/Ionos - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1979 July 1 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Platform: S613. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M20.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 600 km (370 mi).

1980 July 1 - . Launch Site: Tatishchevo. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N.
  • Off site test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1980 July 1 - . 07:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1190 - . Mass: 750 kg (1,650 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Strela-2M. USAF Sat Cat: 11869 . COSPAR: 1980-056A. Apogee: 792 km (492 mi). Perigee: 777 km (482 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 100.60 min.

1981 July 1 - . 09:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. Launch Pad: LC1 or LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Cosmos 1279 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-6U. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1981-07-15 . USAF Sat Cat: 12571 . COSPAR: 1981-062A. Apogee: 364 km (226 mi). Perigee: 206 km (128 mi). Inclination: 70.4000 deg. Period: 90.20 min. Photo surveillance; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1982 July 1 - . 15:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 95 km (59 mi).

1983 July 1 - . 12:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M.
  • Prognoz 9 - . Payload: SO-M s/n 509. Mass: 1,060 kg (2,330 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Prognoz. Spacecraft: Prognoz. USAF Sat Cat: 14163 . COSPAR: 1983-067A. Apogee: 720,000 km (440,000 mi). Perigee: 380 km (230 mi). Inclination: 1.3000 deg. Period: 38,448.00 min.

    Investigation of residual radiation from the Big Bang and gamma flares in deep space, and solar corpuscular and electromagnetic radiation plasma flows and magnetic fields in circumterrestrial space to determine the effects of solar activity on the interpl anetary medium and the earth's magnetosphere. In addition to Soviet scientific apparatus, carried instruments built in Czechoslovakia and France.


1984 July 1 - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1985 July 1 - . Launch Site: Balasore. LV Family: RH. Launch Vehicle: RH-200.
  • Meteorological mission - . Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1986 July 1 - .
  • Death of Melvin Sherman Day - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Day. American engineer. Worked in leadership positions in the area of technical information services at the AEC (1947-1960) and NASA (1960-1970)..

1986 July 1 - . 20:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1987 July 1 - .
  • Death of Charles Stark Draper - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Draper, Charles. American engineer. Pioneered development of inertial navigation systems in the United States and designed the Apollo navigation system..

1987 July 1 - . 19:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32. Launch Pad: LC32/2. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Cosmos 1862 - . Payload: Tselina-D no. 62. Mass: 1,600 kg (3,500 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Tselina-D. Spacecraft: Tselina-D. USAF Sat Cat: 18152 . COSPAR: 1987-055A. Apogee: 636 km (395 mi). Perigee: 602 km (374 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 97.10 min.

1987 July 1 - . 21:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • MAC-SINE S-F12 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 112 km (69 mi).

1987 July 1 - . 23:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • MAC-SINE S-F13 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 113 km (70 mi).

1988 July 1 - . Launch Pad: Pacific Ocean, 40.0 N x 135.0 E. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1989 July 1 - . Launch Pad: Atlantic Ocean, 72.0 N x 5.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1990 July 1 - .
  • Death of Ivan Aleksandrovich Serov - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Serov. Russian government official. First Deputy Minister of Internal Affairs. Chaired KGB 1954-1958..

1991 July 1 - .
  • Warsaw Pact dissolved - . Nation: Russia.

1991 July 1 - .
  • Responsibility for USAF astronauts transferred from Air Force District of Washington to HQ Air Force Space Command. - . Nation: USA.

1991 July 1 - . Launch Site: Chiha-ri. LV Family: R-11. Launch Vehicle: Hwasong 6.
1991 July 1 - . 21:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC200/39. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K/DM-2.
  • Gorizont 23 - . Payload: Gorizont s/n 34L. Mass: 2,125 kg (4,684 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-3. Spacecraft: Gorizont . Completed Operations Date: 1992-06-24 . USAF Sat Cat: 21533 . COSPAR: 1991-046A. Apogee: 36,188 km (22,486 mi). Perigee: 36,158 km (22,467 mi). Inclination: 6.8000 deg. Period: 1,455.90 min.

    Stationed at 103 deg E. Maintenance of telephone and telegraph radio communications and transmission of television broadcasts. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 103 deg E in 1991-1992 As of 5 September 2001 located at 159.68 deg E drifting at 4.917 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 0.82W drifting at 4.909W degrees per day.


1992 July 1 - . Launch Pad: Unreported location in Syria. LV Family: R-11. Launch Vehicle: Hwasong 6.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Syria. Agency: SYMC. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1992 July 1 - . 02:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF02. LV Family: Peacekeeper. Launch Vehicle: Peacekeeper.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF ACC. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1992 July 1 - . 20:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/3. Launch Pad: LC133/3?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 2195 - . Mass: 825 kg (1,818 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 22006 . COSPAR: 1992-036A. Apogee: 1,010 km (620 mi). Perigee: 956 km (594 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.80 min. Military navigation satellite. Positioned in plane 1 of constellation. Replaced Cosmos 2135. Failed after 12 months in orbit..

1993 July 1 - .
  • Air Force Space Command assumed responsibility for intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM)†mission from Air Combat Command (ACC), and gained F.E. Warren AFB, Wyoming. - . Nation: USA.

1993 July 1 - .
  • STS-57 - Wakeup Song: I'll Be Home For Christmas - . Flight: STS-57.

    "I'll Be Home For Christmas" The mission was extended twice to wait for acceptable landing weather in Florida. On July 1st if the weather was acceptable it would land in Florida, otherwise it would be sent to California. So it wasn't a question of whether they would land that day but where. Of course after that many delays the crew may have wondered when they would finally make it home... Capcom Susan Helms played"I'll Be Home For Christmas". Given that it was July 1st they presumably did make it home in time.


1993 July 1 - .
  • Death of Werner Voss - . Nation: Germany, USA. Related Persons: Voss, Werner. German-American engineer in WW2, member of the German rocket team, went to America after the first group. Died at Huntsville, Alabama..

1993 July 1 - . 14:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U2.
  • Soyuz TM-17 - . Call Sign: Sirius (Sirius ). Crew: Haignere, Serebrov, Tsibliyev. Backup Crew: Afanasyev, Andre-Deshays, Usachyov. Payload: Soyuz TM s/n 66. Mass: 7,150 kg (15,760 lb). Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Afanasyev, Andre-Deshays, Haignere, Serebrov, Tsibliyev, Usachyov. Agency: MOM. Program: Mir. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Soyuz TM-16, Soyuz TM-17, Soyuz TM-17 Altair. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Soyuz TM. Duration: 196.74 days. Decay Date: 1994-02-14 . USAF Sat Cat: 22704 . COSPAR: 1993-043A. Apogee: 397 km (246 mi). Perigee: 388 km (241 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 92.40 min.

    Mir Expedition EO-14. Carried Vasili Tsibliyev, Alexander Serebrov, Jean-Pierre Haignere to Mir; returned Serebrov, Tsibliyev to Earth. Progress M-18 undocked from Mir's front port at around 17:25 GMT on July 3, and Soyuz TM-17 docked at the same port only 20 minutes later at 17:45 GMT.


1993 July 1 - .
1994 July 1 - .
  • Air Force Space Command gained Malmstrom AFB, Montana. - . Nation: USA.

1994 July 1 - . 12:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U2.
1995 July 1 - .
  • STS-71 - Wakeup Song: Kuca, Kuca, Kuca - . Flight: STS-71. "Kuca, Kuca, Kuca" Russian pop song (pronounced Keesa Keesa Keesa).

1995 July 1 - . Launch Site: Taiyuan. LV Family: DF-21. Launch Vehicle: DF-21.
  • Test mission - . Nation: China. Agency: PRC. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1996 July 1 - .
  • STS-78 - Wakeup Song: O, Canada - . Flight: STS-78. "O, Canada" the Canadian National Anthem for Brent Thirsk CAPCOM: Bill McArthur.

1997 July 1 - . 18:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC39A. Launch Platform: MLP1. LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Space Shuttle.
  • STS-94 - . Call Sign: Columbia. Crew: Crouch, Gernhardt, Halsell, Kilrain, Linteris, Thomas, Voss, Janice. Payload: Columbia F23 / Spacelab LM Unit 1 / EDO. Mass: 115,900 kg (255,500 lb). Nation: USA. Related Persons: Crouch, Gernhardt, Halsell, Kilrain, Linteris, Thomas, Voss, Janice. Agency: NASA Houston. Manufacturer: Bremen. Program: STS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Flight: STS-94. Spacecraft Bus: Shuttle. Spacecraft: Columbia. Duration: 15.70 days. Decay Date: 1997-07-17 . USAF Sat Cat: 24849 . COSPAR: 1997-032A. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi). Perigee: 296 km (183 mi). Inclination: 28.5000 deg. Period: 90.50 min.

    STS-94 was the reflight, with the same equipment and crew, of the curtailed STS-83 mission. Cargo Bay Payloads:

    • MSL-1: The Microgravity Science Laboratory included the first test of the International Space Stationís EXPRESS Rack. MSL-1 also contained numerous other experiment payloads to test materials and combustion processes in zero gravity.
    • CRYOFD: The Cryogenic Flexible Diode (CRYOFD) heat pipe was a Hitchhiker payload.
    • OARE: The Orbital Acceleration Research Experiment was a self-calibrating instrument that monitored extremely small accelerations and vibrations experienced during orbit of the Shuttle.
    In-Cabin Payloads: SAREX, MSX

    The mission this time went for its full two week duration and the crew completed the full list of experiments. The deorbit burn was on July 17, 1997 at 09:44 GMT and Columbia landed on KSC's Runway 33 at 10:46:34 GMT.

  • EDO - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: STS. Spacecraft Bus: Shuttle Attached Payloads. Spacecraft: EDO. Decay Date: 1997-07-17 . USAF Sat Cat: 24849 . COSPAR: 1997-032xx. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi). Perigee: 296 km (183 mi). Inclination: 28.5000 deg. Period: 90.50 min.
  • Spacelab MSL-1R - . Payload: Spacelab Long Module. Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Houston. Manufacturer: Bremen. Program: Spacelab. Class: Manned. Type: Manned space laboratory. Spacecraft Bus: Spacelab. Spacecraft: Spacelab. Decay Date: 1997-07-17 . USAF Sat Cat: 24849 . COSPAR: 1997-032xx. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi). Perigee: 296 km (183 mi). Inclination: 28.5000 deg. Period: 90.50 min. Remained attached to OV-102.

1998 July 1 - . 00:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/3. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M.
  • Molniya-3-49 - . Payload: Molniya-3 s/n 61. Mass: 1,600 kg (3,500 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Manufacturer: Reshetnev bureau. Program: Molniya. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-2. Spacecraft: Molniya-3. Decay Date: 2011-02-02 . USAF Sat Cat: 25379 . COSPAR: 1998-040A. Apogee: 39,850 km (24,760 mi). Perigee: 501 km (311 mi). Inclination: 62.8000 deg. Period: 717.70 min.

1999 July 1 - .
1999 July 1 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Malemute. Launch Vehicle: Malemute.
  • Malemute II Slugger Target mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

2000 July 1 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. Launch Complex: Barking Sands POA. Launch Platform: CG-70. LV Family: Standard-ER. Launch Vehicle: SM-3. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Aegis LEPI test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

2002 July 1 - . 23:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Orion.
  • MM-MW-08 MacWAVE Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

2003 July 1 - .
  • 2060 Chiron Closest Approach To Earth (11.183 AU) - .

2004 July 1 - .
  • International Space Station Status Report #04-37 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Fincke, Padalka. Program: ISS. Flight: Soyuz TMA-4. Flight controllers today fully revved up a gyroscope on the International Space Station that spacewalkers brought back to life Wednesday. They plan to return it to the set of gyroscopes controlling the Station's orientation Friday morning.. Additional Details: here....

2004 July 1 - . 21:19 GMT - .
  • EVA ISS EO-9-2 - . Crew: Fincke, Padalka. EVA Duration: 0.24 days. Related Persons: Fincke, Padalka. The crew serviced an ISS gyroscope..

2005 July 1 - .
  • International Space Station Status Report #05-34 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Krikalyov, Phillips. Program: ISS. Flight: Soyuz TMA-6, STS-114. The residents of the International Space Station were informed today that they may welcome visitors arriving on a Space Shuttle in two weeks. . Additional Details: here....

2006 July 1 - . 06:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Improved Orion.
  • ESPRIT (SPIRIT 3) Ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

2008 July 1 - .
  • ISS EO-17: Busy Week of Spacewalk Preparations For Crew - .

    Spacewalk training activities and preparations continue for the Expedition 17 crew members aboard the International Space Station.

    The three crew members participated in meetings with specialists on Earth and conducted reviews and checks of the systems and procedures that will be used during upcoming spacewalks.

    Commander Sergei Volkov and Flight Engineer Oleg Kononenko are scheduled to embark on the first of two spacewalks July 10.

    During that spacewalk, the cosmonauts will inspect their Soyuz TMA-12 spacecraft, checking the attachment of the return module to the propulsion module. They also will retrieve a suspect pyrotechnic bolt for inspection by engineers on the ground.

    Volkov and Kononenko are scheduled to conduct a second spacewalk on July 15. During that excursion, they will install experiments and attach rendezvous equipment to the hull of the Zvezda service module.

    Flight Engineer Greg Chamitoff reviewed procedures that would be employed in the unlikely event that the Pirs docking compartment airlock fails to repressurize after either of the spacewalks.

    The crew members took a break from their activities to participate in an interview with KGPE-TV in Fresno, Calif.

    The crew members also completed a variety of station maintenance tasks and performed their daily physical exercise routines to counteract the effects of long-term exposure to weightlessness in space.


2009 July 1 - . 17:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5ECA.
  • Terrestar-1 - . Mass: 6,910 kg (15,230 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Arianespace. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: FS-1300. Spacecraft: FS-1300. USAF Sat Cat: 35496 . COSPAR: 2009-035A. Apogee: 35,790 km (22,230 mi). Perigee: 35,783 km (22,234 mi). Inclination: 5.9000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Heaviest communications satellite to date; equipped with an 18-meter deployable antenna for S-band mobile communications..

2013 July 1 - . 18:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Sriharikota. Launch Complex: Sriharikota PSLV. Launch Pad: LP1. LV Family: PSLV. Launch Vehicle: PSLV-XL.
  • IRNSS-1A - . Mass: 1,425 kg (3,141 lb). Nation: India. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: I-1K. Spacecraft: I-1K. USAF Sat Cat: 39199 . COSPAR: 2013-034A. Apogee: 35,866 km (22,286 mi). Perigee: 35,706 km (22,186 mi). Inclination: 27.3500 deg. Period: 1,436.06 min. First Indian operational navigation satellite, beginning the Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System. Provides L-band and S-band navigation signals..


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