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Holloman A
Part of Holloman Family
Aerobee launch complex. Aerobee tower

First Launch: 1949-12-02. Last Launch: 1959-06-24. Number: 110 . Longitude: -106.0714 deg. Latitude: 32.8954 deg.



Launch Vehicles: Aerobee RTV-A-1, Aerobee RTV-A-1b, Aerobee RTV-A-1a, Aerobee RTV-A-1c, Aerobee Hi, Aerobee AJ10-27, Aerobee AJ10-34, Aerobee AJ10-25, Aerobee, Aerobee 150. Launch Sites: Holloman.

1949 December 2 - . 22:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-A-1.
  • MX-1011 Solar x-ray / aeronomy / imaging mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 96 km (59 mi). Solar radiation, temperature, photography research. Launched at 1520 local time. Reached 96 km. First firing of USAF Aerobee research rocket (RTV-A-1a) at Holoman AFB, the development of which was initiated earlier in the year..

1949 December 15 - . 17:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-A-1. FAILURE: Failure.
  • MX-1011 Solar x-ray / aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi). Solar radiation, pressure, temperature, photography research. Launched at 1010 local time. Reached 0.3 km..

1950 March 14 - . 20:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-A-1. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Solar X-rays / Airglow Solar x-ray / ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 3.00 km (1.80 mi). Solar radiation, sky brightness research. Launched at 1343 local time. Reached 3.2 km..

1950 May 26 - . 19:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-A-1.
  • Insolation Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 67 km (41 mi). Solar radiation research. Launched at 1243 local time. Reached 67.6 km..

1950 June 2 - . 17:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-A-1.
  • Optical Astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 24 km (14 mi). Sky brightness research. Launched at 1007 local time. Reached 24.8 km..

1950 June 20 - . 15:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-A-1.
  • UM T / p Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 93 km (57 mi). Temperature, pressure research. Launched at 0838 local time. Reached 92.6 km..

1950 October 12 - . 19:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-A-1.
  • Photo / Temp Imaging mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 87 km (54 mi). Photography research. Launched at 1236 local time. Reached 91.3 km..

1950 November 2 - . 16:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-A-1.
  • Airglow Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 92 km (57 mi). Airglow research. Launched at 0929 local time. Reached 91.8 km..

1950 December 12 - . 18:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-A-1.
  • UM T / p Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 106 km (65 mi). Pressure, temperature research. Launched at 1126 local time. Reached 108.2 km..

1951 March 28 - . 23:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-A-1.
  • GRD-2 NaCl release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 66 km (41 mi). Airglow research. Launched at 1614 local time. Reached 68 km..

1951 April 12 - . 17:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-A-1.
  • Colorado UVS Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 29 km (18 mi). Solar radiation research. Launched at 1029 local time. Reached 20 km..

1951 April 18 - . 18:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-A-1.
  • Aeromed 1 Biological mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 61 km (37 mi). Biological research. Launched at 1139 local time. Reached 61.2 km. The first Aerobee research rocket containing a biomedical experiment (monkey - name unknown)..

1951 May 29 - . 19:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-A-1. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Ionosphere Propagation Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 4.00 km (2.40 mi). Ionosphere research. Launched at 1246 local time. Reached 3.7 km..

1951 June 8 - . 00:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-A-1.
  • Solar X-rays / NaCl release Solar x-ray / aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 88 km (54 mi). Solar radiation, airglow research. Launched at 1711 local time. Reached 88.5 km..

1951 July 25 - . 16:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-A-1.
  • Airglow / NLC Imager Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 71 km (44 mi). Sky brightness, photography research. Launched at 0926 local time. Reached 71.3 km..

1951 August 7 - . 16:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-A-1.
  • Ionosphere Propagation Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 83 km (51 mi). Ionosphere research. Launched at 0036 local time. Reached 83.5 km..

1951 August 30 - . 22:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-A-1b.
  • Rocket test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi). Rocket performance test. Launched at 1540 local time. Reached 75.7 km..

1951 September 13 - . 11:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-A-1.
  • UM T / p Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 76 km (47 mi). Pressure, temperature research. Launched at 0437 local time. Reached 75.7 km..

1951 September 20 - . 16:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-A-1.
  • Aeromed 2 Biological mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 71 km (44 mi).

    Biological research. Launched at 0931 local time. Reached 70.8 km. USAF made first successful recovery of animals from a rocket flight when an instrumented monkey (Yorick aka Albert VI) and 11 mice survived an Aerobee flight to an altitude of 70.8 km from Holloman AFB.


1951 October 17 - . 18:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-A-1a.
  • Ionosphere Propagation Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 114 km (70 mi). lonosphere research. Launched at 1117 local time. Reached 114..3 km..

1952 January 30 - . 20:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-A-1a. FAILURE: Failure..
  • AF / Utah Ionosphere 1 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi). Ionosphere research. Launched at 1345 local time. Failure..

1952 February 19 - . 14:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-A-1c. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Airglow Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1952 February 29 - . 14:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-A-1.
  • Airglow Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 88 km (54 mi). Sky brightness research. Launched at 0740 local time. Reached 89.3 km..

1952 April 22 - . 17:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-A-1.
  • Ionosphere Propagation Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 116 km (72 mi). Ionosphere research. Launched at 1028 local time. Reached 112.7 km..

1952 May 1 - . 15:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-A-1.
  • Solar flux Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 91 km (56 mi).

1952 May 21 - . 15:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-A-1.
  • Aeromed 3 Biological mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 61 km (37 mi).

    Biological research. Launched at 0818 local time. Reached 26.1 km. Air Force Aerobee rocket placed an aeromedical payload containing two Phillipine monkeys (Pat and Mike) and two mice to an altitude of 26.1 km, which were recovered unharmed and without apparent ill effect.


1952 June 18 - . 17:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-A-1.
  • UV / Opt spectrographs Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi). Solar radiation research. Launched at 1050 local time. Reached 99.8 km..

1952 June 30 - . 14:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-A-1.
  • AF Airglow 1 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 101 km (62 mi). Sky brightness research. Launched at 0732 local time. Reached 101.4 km..

1952 August 26 - . 18:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-A-1a. FAILURE: Failure..
  • AF / Utah Ionosphere 2 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 32 km (19 mi). Ionosphere research. Launched at 1153 local time. Altitude not reported; possible failure..

1952 October 10 - . 14:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-A-1.
  • UV / Opt spectrographs Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 101 km (62 mi). Solar radiation research. Launched at 0724 local time. Reached 109.5 km..

1952 October 22 - . 14:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-A-1.
  • T-day Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi). Pressure, temperature research. Launched at 0735 local time. Reached 99.8 km..

1952 November 6 - . 15:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-A-1.
  • AF Airglow 2 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 76 km (47 mi). Sky brightness research. Launched at 0858 local time. Reached 75.7 km..

1952 December 12 - . 19:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-A-1.
  • Colorado / UVS? Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 88 km (54 mi). Solar radiation research. Launched at 1238 local time. Reached 88.5 km..

1953 February 18 - . 17:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-A-1a.
  • Heating / beacon test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 117 km (72 mi). Rocket performance test. Launched at 1042 local time. Reached 117.5 km..

1953 April 14 - . 15:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-A-1a.
  • Heating test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 122 km (75 mi). Rocket performance test. Launched at 0847 local time. Reached 122.3 km..

1953 May 20 - . 14:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-A-1a.
  • AF Airglow 3 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 114 km (70 mi). Sky brightness, day airglow research. Launched at 0704 local time. Reached 114.3 km..

1953 May 21 - . 15:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-A-1a.
  • AF Airglow 4 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 114 km (70 mi). Sky brightness, day airglow research. Launched at 0847 local time. Reached 114.3 km..

1953 June 26 - . 19:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-A-1a.
  • AF / Utah Ionosphere 3 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 135 km (83 mi). Ionosphere research. Launched at 1210 local time. Reached 135.2 km..

1953 July 1 - . 17:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-A-1a.
  • AF / Utah Ionosphere 4 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 138 km (85 mi). Ionosphere research. Launched at 1052 local time. Reached 138.4 km..

1953 July 14 - . 15:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-A-1a.
  • Solar flux Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 103 km (64 mi). Solar radiation research. Launched at 0830 local time. Reached 103 km..

1953 July 23 - . 09:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-A-1a.
  • Airglow spectrograph Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 95 km (59 mi). Atmospheric composition research. Launched at 0247 local time. Reached 95.6 km..

1953 September 15 - . 15:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-A-1a. FAILURE: Early cut-off due to a thrust chamber burn-through..
  • AF Airglow 5 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 32 km (19 mi). Sky brightness research. Launched at 0802 local time. Reached 32.2 km. Suffered an early cut-off due to a thrust chamber burn-through. Improved chamber cooling was developed in subsequent engines..

1953 October 7 - . 17:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-A-1a.
  • Solar spectrum Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi). Solar radiation research. Launched at 1000 local time. Reached 99.8 km..

1953 November 2 - . 18:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-A-1a.
  • AF / Utah Ionosphere 5 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi). Ionosphere research. Launched at 1132 local time. Reached 120.7 km..

1953 November 3 - . 18:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-A-1a.
  • AF / Utah Ionosphere 6 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 121 km (75 mi). Ionosphere research. Launched at 1115 local time. Reached 121.5 km..

1954 May 11 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-A-1a.
  • Beacon test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 98 km (60 mi). Rocket performance test. Launched at 0800 local time. Reached 98.2 km..

1954 June 2 - . 16:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-A-1a.
  • Solar ultraviolet spectrum test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 93 km (57 mi). Rocket performance test. Launched at 0910 local time. Reached 93.4 km..

1954 July 14 - . 13:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-A-1a.
  • UM wind vanes Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 92 km (57 mi). Temperature, aspect research. Launched at 0855 local time. Reached 91.8 km..

1954 August 11 - . 17:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-A-1a.
  • AF / Utah D-layer Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 92 km (57 mi). Ionosphere research. Launched at 1025 local time. Reached 91.8 km..

1954 September 17 - . 14:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-A-1a.
  • Solar flux Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 94 km (58 mi). Solar radiation research. Launched at 1731 local time. Reached 94.7 km..

1955 January 22 - . 00:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-A-1a.
  • Sodium Release 1 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 94 km (58 mi). Airglow research. Launched at 1754 local time. Reached 94.8 km..

1955 February 7 - . 18:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-A-1a.
  • AF / Utah D-layer Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi). Ionosphere research. Launched at 1151 local time. Reached 120.4 km..

1955 February 10 - . 22:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-A-1a.
  • AF / Utah D-layer Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 76 km (47 mi). Ionosphere research. Launched at 1538 local time. Reached 76.1 km..

1955 March 29 - . 16:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-A-1a.
  • Solar far ultraviolet / Lyra Alpha Solar / aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 112 km (69 mi). Solar radiation research. Launched at 0947 local time. Reached 112.7 km..

1955 April 21 - . 15:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee Hi.
  • AJ11-6 engine test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 198 km (123 mi). First launcing of USAF Aerobee-Hi sounding rocket. Rocket test, 98 kg payload. Launched at 0858 local time. Reached 198 km..

1955 June 16 - . 01:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee AJ10-27.
  • Classified mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 203 km (126 mi). Special classified flight research. Launched at 1811 local time. Reached 202.8 km..

1955 June 23 - . 12:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee Hi. FAILURE: Failure.
  • AJ11-6 engine test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 64 km (39 mi). Rocket test, 90 kg payload. Burnt-out thrust chamber. Launched at 0540 local time. Reached 64 km..

1955 September 14 - . 13:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee AJ10-27.
  • UM wind vanes Test / aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 95 km (59 mi). Rocket aerodynamics test. Launched at 0630 local time. Reached 95 km..

1955 September 30 - . 15:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee AJ10-27.
  • Colorado UVS Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 74 km (45 mi). Solar limb darkening research. Launched at 0850 local time. Reached 74 km..

1955 October 13 - . 01:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-A-1a.
  • Sodium Release 2 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 101 km (62 mi). Sodium studies research. Launched at 1800 local time. Reached 101.4 km..

1955 December 13 - . 17:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee AJ10-27.
  • Colorado UVS Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 138 km (85 mi). Lyman alpha, solar limb darkening research. Launched at 1058 local time. Reached 138.4 km..

1956 March 12 - . 21:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-A-1a.
  • Release B (NO) Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 95 km (59 mi). Nitric oxide attempt to produce sporadic E research. Launched at 1415 local time. Reached 95 km..

1956 March 14 - . 08:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-A-1a.
  • Release (NO) Ionosphere / aeronomy / chemica mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 106 km (65 mi). Nitric oxide attempt to recombine atomic oxygen research. Launched at 0145 local time. Reached 106.2 km..

1956 April 12 - . 02:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-A-1a.
  • Sodium Release 3 Ionosphere / aeronomy / chemica mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 106 km (65 mi). Sodium cloud, ionization research. Launched at 1005 local time. Reached 106.2 km..

1956 May 8 - . 14:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee AJ10-34.
  • Far ultraviolet spectrometer / La imager Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 143 km (88 mi).

1956 May 16 - . 15:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee Hi. FAILURE: Failure.
  • AJ11-6 engine test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 169 km (105 mi). Rocket test, 86 kg payload. Insufficient fin-cuff protection caused aerodynamic instability. Launched at 0840 local time. Reached 169 km..

1956 June 13 - . 20:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee AJ10-34.
  • E-layer Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 138 km (85 mi). Ionosphere research. Launched at 1351 local time. Reached 137.8 km..

1956 June 18 - . 20:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee AJ10-34.
  • E-layer Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 136 km (84 mi). Ionosphere research. Launched at 1342 local time. Reached 130.8 km..

1956 June 21 - . 18:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee AJ10-34.
  • E-layer Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 146 km (90 mi). Ionosphere research. Launched at 1148 local time. Reached 146.5 km..

1956 June 26 - . 18:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee AJ10-34.
  • E-layer Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 111 km (68 mi). Ionosphere research. Launched at 1120 local time. Reached 111.1 km..

1956 July 31 - . 00:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee AJ10-34.
  • Airglow Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 129 km (80 mi). Day airglow research. Launched at 1756 local time. Reached 128.8 km..

1956 August 3 - . 12:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-A-1a. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Ultraviolet Spectrograph Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 2.00 km (1.20 mi). Solar spectrum and atmospheric composition research. Launched at 0556 local time. Reached 2.4 km..

1956 November 1 - . 12:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee AJ10-34.
  • Sodium Release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 66 km (41 mi). Sodium emission research. Launched at 0557 local time. Reached 68 km..

1956 November 2 - . 05:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee AJ10-34.
  • Sodium Release 4 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 146 km (90 mi).

1956 December 13 - . 21:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee Hi.
  • AJ11-6 engine test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 193 km (119 mi). Rocket test, 80 kg payload payload. Launched at 1444 local time. Reached 193 km..

1957 February 2 - . 08:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee AJ10-34.
  • Firefly (Ethelyne) Aeronomy / chemical release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 143 km (88 mi). Ethylene gas release (Firefly). Launched at 0105 local time. Reached 140.6 km..

1957 April 9 - . 15:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee AJ10-25.
  • Meteorites mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 61 km (37 mi). Micrometeorites research. Launched at 0819 local time. Reached 61 km..

1957 June 18 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee Hi.
  • AU4.26 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 171 km (106 mi). Ionosphere research. Launched at 0700 local time. Reached 171 km..

1957 June 25 - . 14:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee Hi.
  • AU4.27 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 202 km (125 mi). Ionosphere research. Launched at 0707 local time. Reached 202 km..

1957 July 16 - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee.
  • Meteorites mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1957 July 18 - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee.
  • Meteorites mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1957 August 6 - . 15:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee AJ10-34.
  • Solar ultraviolet spectrum Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 145 km (90 mi).

1957 August 19 - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee.
  • Na - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 178 km (110 mi). [Or Sep 19?].

1957 September 19 - . 16:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee.
  • Release A (Cs) Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1957 September 21 - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1957 October 14 - . 01:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee.
  • Meteorites mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1957 October 17 - . 05:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee.
  • Meteorites mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 87 km (54 mi).

    USAF successfully launched pellets at a speed faster than 15 km/sec (some 3.5 km/sec faster than the velocity necessary to escape from the earth) by an Aerobee rocket to a height of 56 km; the nose section then ascended to a height of 87 km where shaped charges blasted the pellets into space. It is claimed that the Superschmidt Telescope at Sacremento Peak photographed the trajectory with a rotating shutter. These little metal pellets would therefore be the first objects to be shot into interplanetary space, months before the first launch to escape velocity (Luna 1, January 1959). But also see August 1957 nuclear test that may have blasted a manhole cover to escape velocity.


1957 October 23 - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1957 October 25 - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1957 November 7 - . 16:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1957 November 8 - . 14:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test / ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1957 November 10 - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1957 November 19 - . 16:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee.
  • Release 1, KNO3-Al Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 121 km (75 mi).

1957 November 26 - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1958 March 19 - . 01:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee.
  • NO / O2 composition Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1958 March 21 - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1958 June 4 - . 15:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee Hi.
  • Solar extreme ultraviolet Spectrum Solar extreme ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1958 August 13 - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1958 August 15 - . 15:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee.
  • Test / ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1959 February 5 - . 14:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Meteorites mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 212 km (131 mi).

1959 February 27 - . 15:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee.
  • Solar extreme ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 210 km (130 mi).

1959 March 12 - . 15:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee Hi.
  • Solar extreme ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 210 km (130 mi).

1959 March 30 - . 15:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Solar extreme ultraviolet Spectrum Solar extreme ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 201 km (124 mi).

1959 April 15 - . 14:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1959 April 21 - . 01:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 235 km (146 mi).

1959 May 12 - . 11:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 145 km (90 mi).

1959 May 22 - . 11:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1959 June 10 - . 16:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 225 km (139 mi).

1959 June 22 - . 14:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee.
  • Solar infrared mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 110 km (60 mi).

1959 June 24 - . 12:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).


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