Encyclopedia Astronautica
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On December 1 in Space History

1896 December 1 - .
  • Birth of Georgiy Konstantinovich Zhukov - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Zhukov. Russian officer. Minister of Defence 1955-1957..

1932 December 1 - .
  • Birth of Robert Tralles Herres - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Herres. American pilot astronaut, 1967-1969..

1937 December 1 - . LV Family: Truax. Launch Vehicle: Truax.
  • Truax first rocket test. - . Nation: USA. Initial rocket thrust chamber tests by R. C. Truax at Annapolis, Md., using compressed air and gasoline as fuels..

1942 December 1 - . Launch Site: Peenemuende. Launch Complex: Peenemuende. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2.
  • Train-launched A4. - . Nation: Germany.

    A rail-launched A4 was considered from the beginning of the project. At the end of 1942 the first train launcher wagon was completed and trials began from Test Stand VII at Peenemuende. In service the trains would have hidden in double-tracked train tunnels. Development was interrupted to get the vehicle-towed standard version of the weapon into service.


1943 December 1 - .
  • NACA rocket program. - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft Bus: XS-1. Spacecraft: XS-1. The rocket aircraft research program conceived by NACA's John Stack, to investigage the flight characteristics of an airplane flying beyond the speed of sound or Mach 1..

1944 December 1 - . Launch Site: Peenemuende. Launch Complex: Peenemuende. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2.
  • Work resumes on train-launched A4. - . Nation: Germany. At Kammler's orders work resumes on getting the train-launched version of the A4 into service..

1944 December 1 - . LV Family: Hermes. Launch Vehicle: Hermes missile.
  • V-2 technology targeted for Hermes. - . Nation: Germany. Army Ordnance made plans under the Hermes program to study the German V-2 missile..

1944 December 1 - . LV Family: Private. Launch Vehicle: Private F.
  • First Private launch. - . Nation: USA. At Camp Irwin, Calif., 24 Private "A" rockets were launched by JPL, only 11 months after the start of Project ORDCIT..

1946 December 1 - .
  • Test Pilot Jack Woolams dies at age of 29 -- Killed during a practice flight for a race that was to occur the next day. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Woolams. American Bell test pilot, flew XP-59A and XS-1. Killed in air crash in 1944..

1948 December 1 - .
  • XS-1 Flight 100 - . Crew: Yeager. Payload: XS-1 # 1 flight 58. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Yeager. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft Bus: XS-1. Spacecraft: XS-1. AF flight 36. Handling qualities and wing and tail loads at mach 1..

1948 December 1 - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman ZEL. LV Family: Matador. Launch Vehicle: Matador.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 12 km (7 mi).

1950 December 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-2.
1950 December 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-2.
1950 December 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-2.
1950 December 1 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: HVAR. Launch Vehicle: HVAR.
  • Rascal Model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

1951 December 1 - .
  • Birth of Aleksandr Panayotov 'Sasha' Aleksandrov - . Nation: Bulgaria. Related Persons: Aleksandrov, Aleksandr. Bulgarian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Mir EP-2. Graduated from Air Force Academy, 1974. Candidate of technical sciences degree, 1983. Lieutenant Colonel, Bulgarian Air Force..

1953 December 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5.
1953 December 1 - . 15:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee RTV-N-10.
  • Oxygen content Solar x-ray / ultraviolet / aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Apogee: 129 km (80 mi). Solar spectrum research. Launched at 0830 local time. Reached 129.6 km..

1954 December 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-1 8A11.
1954 December 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. LV Family: R-11. Launch Vehicle: R-11.
1954 December 1 - . Launch Site: Edwards. LV Family: Navaho. Launch Vehicle: Navaho X-10.
  • Navaho X-10 flight 11 - . Nation: USA. Program: Navaho. First successful automated landing system flight..

1955 December 1 - . LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor.
  • Missile programs get highest priority. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Eisenhower. President Eisenhower assigned highest priority to ICBM and Thor and Jupiter IRBM programs..

1955 December 1 - . Launch Site: Point Mugu. LV Family: Asp. Launch Vehicle: Asp.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

1955 December 1 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC3. LV Family: X-17. Launch Vehicle: X-17.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1955 December 1 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Platform: B-29. LV Family: X-7. Launch Vehicle: X-7A-3.
  • Nation: USA. Agency: ARDC. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1957 December 1 - .
  • Mercury ballistic shape proposed. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Faget. Program: Mercury. Maxime Faget of NACA Langley proposed ballistic shape of Mercury capsule, while A. Eggers of Ames and E. S. Love and J. V. Becker of Langley proposed glider configurations of manned spacecraft later incorporated in Dyna-Soar and Apollo studies..

1958 December 1 - .
  • Tsien joins Communist Party - . Nation: China. Related Persons: Tsien. Tsien was allowed to join the Communist Party..

1958 December 1 - .
  • Design of the Mercury Big Joe spacecraft completed. - . Nation: USA. Program: Mercury.

    Design of the Big Joe spacecraft for the Project Mercury reentry test (the spacecraft would be boosted by an Atlas launch vehicle over a ballistic trajectory) was accomplished by the Space Task Group. Construction of the spacecraft was assigned as a joint task of the Langley and Lewis Research Centers under the direction of the Space Task Group. The instrument package was developed by Lewis personnel assigned to the Space Task Group, and these individuals later became the nucleus of the Space Task Group's Flight Operations Division at Cape Canaveral.


1958 December 1 - . 19:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 300. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Field / ne probe Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Apogee: 97 km (60 mi).

1959 December 1 - .
  • Antarctic continent treaty - . Nation: International.

    Twelve nations signed a treaty making the Antarctic continent a preserve for scientific research, immune from political and military strife. Signatories were Argentina, Australia, Great Britain, Chile, France, New Zealand, Norway, Belgium, Japan, South Africa, the Soviet Union, and the United States. Legal experts have suggested that the Antarctic Treaty provided a precedent for similar agreements demilitarizing the moon and other bodies in space.


1959 December 1 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Trailblazer test vehicle. Launch Vehicle: Trailblazer 1.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 260 km (160 mi).

1959 December 1 - . 11:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark.
1959 December 1 - . 17:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC18B. Launch Pad: LC18B. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor DM-18A.
  • Series IV research and development launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 520 km (320 mi).

1960 December 1 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC38. LV Family: Spartan ABM. Launch Vehicle: Nike Zeus.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1960 December 1 - . Launch Site: Jiuquan. Launch Complex: Jiuquan LA3. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: DF-1.
  • Test mission - . Nation: China. Agency: PRC. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1960 December 1 - . Launch Site: Jiuquan. Launch Complex: Jiuquan LA3. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: DF-1.
  • Nation: China. Agency: PRC. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi). Two further launches are made from Jiuquan..

1960 December 1 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC38. LV Family: Spartan ABM. Launch Vehicle: Nike Zeus.
  • Guidance test - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1960 December 1 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: HJ Nike Nike Recruit T55.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 26 km (16 mi).

1960 December 1 - . 07:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Vostok 8K72.
  • Korabl-Sputnik 3 - . Payload: Vostok 1K s/n 3. Mass: 4,563 kg (10,059 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Program: Vostok. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Vostok. Duration: 0.99 days. Decay Date: 1960-12-02 . USAF Sat Cat: 65 . COSPAR: 1960-Rho-1. Apogee: 269 km (167 mi). Perigee: 123 km (76 mi). Inclination: 65.0000 deg. Period: 88.40 min.

    The Soviet Union launched its third spaceship satellite, Korabl Sputnik III, or Sputnik VI. The spacecraft, similar to those launched on May 15 and August 19, carried the dogs Pcheka and Mushka in addition to other animals, insects, and plants. Deorbited December 2, 1960 7:15 GMT. Burned up on reentry due to steep entry angle (retrofire engine did not shut off on schedule and burned to fuel depletion).
    Officially: Medical and biological research under space flight conditions.
    Officially: Medical and biological research under space flight conditions.


1961 December 1 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral.
  • Roksonde first Cape Launch. - . Nation: USA.

    Two Roksonde meteorological sounding rockets were successfully fired from Cape Canaveral, telemetered measurements of winds and temperatures at altitudes above 180,000 feet. Produced by Marquardt for the Army, Roksondes had already completed a series of tests at White Sands Missile Range and Pacific Missile Range.


1961 December 1 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC29A. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A2.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1961 December 1 - . 20:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC13. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas E.
  • Research and development / Pod 23 test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 1,600 km (900 mi).

1962 December 1 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. Launch Pad: Bacchus?. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1962 December 1 - . 18:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 169 km (105 mi).

1962 December 1 - . 20:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • UM Pitot 2 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 131 km (81 mi).

1962 December 1 - . 21:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 126 km (78 mi).

1962 December 1 - . 21:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 108 km (67 mi).

1962 December 1 - . 23:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Firefly III TERRY Aeronomy sodium release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 222 km (137 mi).

1963 December 1 - . Launch Site: Shijiedu. LV Family: T-7. Launch Vehicle: T-7A.
  • Test mission - . Nation: China. Agency: Shanghai. Apogee: 115 km (71 mi).

1964 December 1 - .
  • Apollo X missions following completion of Apollo's prime goal of landing on the Moon. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Phillips, Samuel, Shea. Spacecraft Bus: Apollo CSM. Spacecraft: Apollo X.

    In a letter to Apollo Program Director Samuel C. Phillips regarding tentative spacecraft development and mission planning schedules, Joseph F. Shea, Apollo Spacecraft Program Manager, touched upon missions following completion of Apollo's prime goal of landing on the Moon. Such missions, Shea said, would in general fall under the heading of a new program (such as Apollo X). Although defining missions a number of years in the future was most complex, Shea advised that MSC was planning to negotiate program package contracts with both North American and Grumman through Fiscal Year 1969, based upon the agency's most recent program planning schedules.


1964 December 1 - . LV Family: Redstone. Launch Vehicle: Redstone.
  • Redstone support contract terminated. - . Nation: USA. The initial Redstone production contract awarded to Chrysler in October 1952 was closed out..

1964 December 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC86/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 63S1. FAILURE: Payload shroud did not separate.. Failed Stage: U.
  • DS-2 s/n 2 - . Payload: DS-2. Mass: 315 kg (694 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Program: DS. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-2. A decision was made after two unsuccessful launches of the DS-1 to create a simplified DS-2 spacecraft based on the equipment and structural elements of DS-1 spacecraft. The cylindrical section for mission avionics was completely omitted..

1964 December 1 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk. FAILURE: Failure.
  • ACS technology mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1964 December 1 - . 01:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Rehbar 6 (Na) Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1964 December 1 - . 04:20 GMT - . Launch Site: CELPA. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 134 km (83 mi).

1964 December 1 - . 06:15 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Ultraviolet Airglow Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 182 km (113 mi).

1964 December 1 - . 08:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 576A1. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D.
  • ABRES LORV-5 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,800 km (1,100 mi).

1965 December 1 - .
  • Green light to begin the Saturn IVB Orbital Workshop program - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Mueller, von Braun. Spacecraft Bus: Skylab. Spacecraft: Orbital Workshop.

    George E. Mueller, Associate Administrator for Manned Space Flight, and MSFC Director Wernher von Braun discussed Marshall's briefing on the S-IVB Workshop concept presented at Headquarters the previous day. Mueller asked that MSFC formulate a program development plan and present it at the next meeting of the Manned Space Flight Management Council. Specifically, Mueller demanded that the plan include experiments to be carried aboard the Workshop; funding arrangements; and where development work should be done (in house, or elsewhere). In addition, he asked that MSFC submit two such plans, one for the unpressurized and another for the pressurized version of the Workshop. In effect, Mueller gave Marshall the 'green light' to begin the Orbital Workshop program. At von Braun's request, the Workshop received the status of a separate project, with William Ferguson as Project Manager.


1965 December 1 - . Launch Site: Sary Shagan. Launch Complex: Sary Shagan LC6. LV Family: A-35. Launch Vehicle: A-350Zh.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: PKO. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1965 December 1 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-16. Launch Vehicle: R-16U.
  • Verification Operational test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,210 km (750 mi).

1965 December 1 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-16. Launch Vehicle: R-16U.
  • Verification Operational test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,210 km (750 mi).

1966 December 1 - . 20:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: AN. Apogee: 168 km (104 mi).

1967 December 1 - . LV Family: Saturn V. Launch Vehicle: Saturn V.
  • Plans resulting from Apollo 4 mission - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Flight: Apollo 8.

    NASA Hq. announced that, as concurred in by the Center Apollo Program Managers, the following decisions, based on the results of the Apollo 4 mission, were firmly established:

    • CSM 020 would be flown on the Apollo 6 mission.
    • Boilerplate 30 was assigned to the AS-503 unmanned mission.
    • If Apollo 6 was successful, AS-503 would be flown as the first Saturn V manned mission.

1967 December 1 - .
  • Birth of Konstantin Mirovich Kozeyev - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Kozeyev. Russian engineer cosmonaut. Flew on ISS EP-2. Graduated from Moscow Aviation Technology Institute, 1992. Civilian Engineer, Energia NPO. Cosmonaut training 3 June 1996 - 17 November 1998..

1967 December 1 - .
  • Death of Rawson Bennett - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Bennett. American engineer. Chief of Naval Research from 1956 to 1961.

1967 December 1 - .
  • Birth of Terry Wayne Jr Virts - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Virts. American test pilot astronaut, 2000-on..

1967 December 1 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF03. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B.
  • FOT GB50 Follow-on Test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1967 December 1 - . 06:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark.
1968 December 1 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Sergeant.
  • Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1969 December 1 - .
  • Final L1 State Commission - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Mishin, Semenov, Tyulin. Program: Lunar L1. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-L1.

    Yuri Semenov proved his management abilities in the successful unmanned launches and recoveries of Zond 7 and 8 on circumlunar missions. At the final state commission on the L1 program, VPK Deputy Chairman Tyulin said that if had been in charge instead of Mishin, the N1 would have succeeded. Semenov proved himself skilful in coordinating the work of four major, often hostile organizations -- TskBEM, NIIAP, TsKBM, and ZIKh. This would lead to his assignment to head the DOS/Salyut space station programme, and ultimately, head RKK Energia.


1969 December 1 - . LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K.
  • First flight Almaz station close to completion - . Nation: Russia. Program: Almaz. Class: Manned. Type: Manned space station. Spacecraft Bus: Almaz. Spacecraft: Almaz OPS. Ten stations 'in advanced stage of completion' by end of year..

1970 December 1 - . LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Space Shuttle.
  • Shuttle Phase B preliminary proposals - . Nation: USA. The teams of McDonnell Douglas/Martin Marrietta and North American Rockwell/General Dynamics made their preliminary proposals under shuttle Phase B contracts..

1970 December 1 - .
  • Death of Thomas Power at Palm Springs, Riverside, CA. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Power. American USAF officer, commanded Air Research and Development Command, in 1950s during development of early missiles. Commander of SAC, 1957-1964, during the crash program to deploy the Atlas, Titan, and Minuteman ICBMs..

1971 December 1 - .
  • M2 Flight 28 - . Crew: Dana. Payload: M2-F3 flight 12. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Dana. Program: NASA Lifting Body. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft Bus: M2-F2. Spacecraft: M2-F3. Maximum Speed - 1356 kph. Maximum Altitude - 21580 m. Flight Time - 391 sec..

1971 December 1 - . LV Family: Buran. Launch Vehicle: Buran.
  • Study of reusable space shuttle authorised. - . Nation: Russia. Spacecraft Bus: Buran. Spacecraft: Buran. Military-Industrial Commission (VPK) Decree 'On Carrying out Work on Reusable Space Systems-response to NASA's Space Shuttle' was issued..

1971 December 1 - . 12:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1971 December 1 - . 13:34 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • D-region Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 146 km (90 mi).

1972 December 1 - . 01:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant IIIB.
  • Microwave background Submillimeter radio astronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 185 km (114 mi).

1972 December 1 - . 05:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission? - . Nation: Russia. Agency: AN. Apogee: 165 km (102 mi).

1972 December 1 - . 09:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission? - . Nation: Russia. Agency: AN. Apogee: 180 km (110 mi).

1972 December 1 - . 12:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission? - . Nation: Russia. Agency: AN. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1973 December 1 - .
  • Death of Josef Maria Boehm - . Nation: Austria, Germany. Related Persons: Boehm. Austrian-German engineer in WW2, member of the Rocket Team in the United States thereafter..

1973 December 1 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: Temp-2S. Launch Vehicle: Temp-2S.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1973 December 1 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1974 December 1 - .
  • Death of Marion Dietrich - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Dietrich, Marion. American pilot, one of the Mercury 13 female pilots declared fit for astronaut duty in 1961, but never entered training..

1974 December 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC86/1. Launch Pad: LC86/pad?. LV Family: R-31. Launch Vehicle: R-31.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1975 December 1 - .
  • Enterprise upper forward fuselage complete. - . Nation: USA. Program: STS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft Bus: Shuttle. Spacecraft: Enterprise. Upper forward fuselage on dock, Palmdale, Enterprise (OV-101).

1976 December 1 - .
  • GLONASS system development authorised. - . Nation: Russia. Spacecraft Bus: Glonass. Spacecraft: Glonass. Central Committee of the Communist Party and Council of Soviet Ministers Decree 'On Expansion of the Global Navigation Satellite System (GLONASS) Single Space Navigation System--development of GLONASS' was issued..

1976 December 1 - . Launch Site: Kourou. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas.
  • EXAMETNET 35-100 - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1976 December 1 - . 23:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Complex: Eglin A-15. Launch Pad: A-15A Pad 3. LV Family: Javelin. Launch Vehicle: HJ Hydac.
  • STRESS ANNE - . Nation: USA. Agency: DNA. Apogee: 180 km (110 mi).

1977 December 1 - . LV Family: N1. Launch Vehicle: N1.
  • Glushko uninterested in further lunar base work - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Bushuyev. Spacecraft: Buran, LEK, Lunokhod LEK, LZhM, LZM.

    Bushuyev tells Chertok that the lunar base work did not interest Glushko. The VPK Military-Industrial Commission was only interested in duplicating the American shuttle, not in any other ventures in space. With the N1-Sr booster, Russia could have had a six man lunar base established with 8 to 10 launches in the late 1970's. Bushuyev died on 26 October 1978, having seen his dream completely tossed away.


1977 December 1 - . Launch Site: Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: UNKPL. Launch Platform: PLBR. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Volna.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1977 December 1 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU 15A35.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1978 December 1 - .
1978 December 1 - .
  • Buran Cosmonaut Training Group 1 selected. - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Chirkin, Mosolov, Sattarov, Sokovykh. Experienced test pilots were selected to train for manned missions using the Buran space shuttle..

1978 December 1 - .
  • Almaz Engineer Cosmonaut Training Group 3 selected. - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Gevorkyan, Grechanik, Khatulev, Romanov. The group was selected to provide flight engineers for planned Almaz military space station missions..

1978 December 1 - .
  • IMBP Cosmonaut Training Group 2 selected. - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Arzamazov, Borodin, Potapov. Physicians and biomedical specialist cosmonauts for planned missions to the Salyut space station..

1978 December 1 - .
  • Buran Cosmonaut Training Group selected. - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Kononenko, Oleg G. Experienced test pilots were selected to train for manned missions using the Buran space shuttle..

1978 December 1 - . 00:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere/Plasma mission - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 165 km (102 mi).

1978 December 1 - . 07:20 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Astrobee. Launch Vehicle: Astrobee F.
  • JHU UVT F9 (Jupiter) Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 238 km (147 mi).

1979 December 1 - . Launch Site: Sary Shagan. LV Family: A-135. Launch Vehicle: 51T6.
  • ABM test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: PKO. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1980 December 1 - . 00:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • EBC-A2 E6A2 Ionosphere / aeronomy mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 161 km (100 mi).

1980 December 1 - . 01:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • EBC-A2 E6B Ionosphere / aeronomy mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 172 km (106 mi).

1980 December 1 - . 12:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Cosmos 1224 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-6U. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1980-12-15 . USAF Sat Cat: 12084 . COSPAR: 1980-096A. Apogee: 374 km (232 mi). Perigee: 194 km (120 mi). Inclination: 72.9000 deg. Period: 90.20 min. Photo surveillance; returned film capsule..

1981 December 1 - . Launch Site: Nenoksa. LV Family: R-39. Launch Vehicle: Rif.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1981 December 1 - . 01:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Parry. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant X.
  • CENTAUR Auroral mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 612 km (380 mi).

1981 December 1 - . 15:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Lithium / sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 187 km (116 mi).

1982 December 1 - .
  • Death of George B Kistiakowsky at Cambridge, Middlesex, MA. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Kistiakowsky. American chemist, associated with the development of the atomic bomb, and later an advocate of banning nuclear weapons..

1982 December 1 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-39. Launch Vehicle: RT-23 15Zh44.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1982 December 1 - . 15:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Complex: Andoya Haugnes. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Hero 2 Ionosphere / active mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 295 km (183 mi).

1983 December 1 - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1983 December 1 - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: RH. Launch Vehicle: RH-200.
  • Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1984 December 1 - .
  • Death of Alfred Johannes Finzel - . Nation: Germany, USA. Related Persons: Finzel. German engineer in WW2, member of the Rocket Team in the United States thereafter..

1984 December 1 - .
  • Death of Krafft Arnold Ehricke - . Nation: Germany, USA. Related Persons: Ehricke. Visionary German-American engineer. Protege of Thiel at Peenemuende; early concepts for nuclear and Lox/LH2 engines. Left von Braun team, developed Centaur at Convair 1956-1964. Prolific output of advanced concepts, but poor program manager..

1984 December 1 - .
  • Death of Clifford P Phoebus at Pensacola, Escambia, FL. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Phoebus. American naval aviator, flight surgeon and medical corps officer who rose to the rank of captain in 1953 and was commander of the U.S. Naval School of Aviation Medicine in Pensacola, Florida, from 1960-1964..

1984 December 1 - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1985 December 1 - .
  • EVA STS-61-B-2 - . Crew: Ross, Spring. EVA Duration: 0.28 days. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Ross, Spring. Program: STS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Flight: STS-61-B. Spacecraft Bus: Shuttle. Spacecraft: Atlantis. Completed EASE/ACCESS (Assembly of Structures / Assembly Concept for Construction of Erectable Space Structures) structural assembly experiments..

1985 December 1 - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: VLS-R1. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1986 December 1 - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1987 December 1 - .
  • Astronaut Donn Fulton Eisele dies at age of 57 -- Natural causes - Heart attack. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Eisele. American test pilot astronaut. Flew on Apollo 7..

1987 December 1 - . 14:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/3. Launch Pad: LC133/3?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1898 - . Mass: 750 kg (1,650 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Strela-2M. USAF Sat Cat: 18585 . COSPAR: 1987-098A. Apogee: 800 km (490 mi). Perigee: 770 km (470 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 100.60 min.

1988 December 1 - . Launch Pad: Pacific Ocean, 40.0 N x 135.0 E. Launch Platform: VISE. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-20.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1989 December 1 - . 20:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC200/40. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K/D-1.
  • Granat - . Payload: Granat 1AS s/n 1. Mass: 3,200 kg (7,000 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Astronomy. Type: X-ray astronomy satellite. Spacecraft Bus: 4MV. Spacecraft: Granat. Decay Date: 1999-05-25 . USAF Sat Cat: 20352 . COSPAR: 1989-096A. Apogee: 149,862 km (93,119 mi). Perigee: 53,697 km (33,365 mi). Inclination: 86.6000 deg. Period: 5,899.90 min. X-, gamma-ray observatory; Danish, French, Bulgarian payloads. Granat orbital observatory. Conduct of studies of X-ray and soft gamma ray radiation sources in space by the USSR jointly with France, Denmark and Bulgaria. .

1990 December 1 - . Launch Site: Scud Batteries. Launch Pad: IRAQ-A. LV Family: R-11. Launch Vehicle: Al Hussein.
  • Weapon/test - . Nation: Iraq. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1990 December 1 - . Launch Site: Scud Batteries. Launch Pad: IRAQ-A. LV Family: R-11. Launch Vehicle: Al Hussein.
  • Weapon/test - . Nation: Iraq. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1990 December 1 - . Launch Site: Scud Batteries. Launch Pad: IRAQ-A. LV Family: R-11. Launch Vehicle: Al Hussein.
  • Weapon/test - . Nation: Iraq. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1990 December 1 - . 15:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC3W. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas E. FAILURE: Failure of the spacecraft's TEM-364-15 AKM nozzle due to a manufacturing defect led to the satellite being placed into lower than planned orbit.. Failed Stage: P.
  • USA 68 - . Payload: DMSP S-10. Mass: 750 kg (1,650 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Program: DMSP. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DMSP Block 5D-2. Spacecraft: DMSP Block 5D-2. USAF Sat Cat: 20978 . COSPAR: 1990-105A. Apogee: 837 km (520 mi). Perigee: 724 km (449 mi). Inclination: 98.7000 deg. Period: 100.50 min. Defense Meteorological Satellite Program; broken nozzle prevented satellite from reaching desired orbit..

1991 December 1 - .
  • STS-44 - Wakeup Song: In the Mood - . Flight: STS-44. "In the Mood" ..

1991 December 1 - .
  • Death of James C Fletcher - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Fletcher. American engineer, administrator of NASA 1971-1977 (completion of Apollo and beginning of shuttle) and 1986-1989 (NASA restructuring after Challenger disaster)..

1991 December 1 - . Launch Site: Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: UNKPL. Launch Platform: KALMAR. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Volna.
  • Operational test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1991 December 1 - . Launch Site: Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: UNKPL. Launch Platform: PLBR. LV Family: R-27. Launch Vehicle: Zyb.
  • Sprint Technology mission - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1992 December 1 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Standard-ER. Launch Vehicle: SM-2-IV.
  • Block IV Demo test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1992 December 1 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU 15A35. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1992 December 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: Mera. Launch Vehicle: MERA.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: TsAO. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1992 December 1 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: Mera. Launch Vehicle: MERA.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: TsAO. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1992 December 1 - . 22:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA2. LV Family: Ariane. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 42P.
  • Superbird A1 - . Mass: 2,780 kg (6,120 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: SCC. Program: Superbird. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: FS-1300. Spacecraft: FS-1300. USAF Sat Cat: 22253 . COSPAR: 1992-084A. Apogee: 35,800 km (22,200 mi). Perigee: 35,774 km (22,228 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min.

    Stationed at 158 deg E. Domestic communications. Launching states: Japan and France. Launch time 2248 GMT. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 158 deg E in 1993-1999 As of 31 August 2001 located at 157.95 deg E drifting at 0.011 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 9 located at 158.03E drifting at 0.006W degrees per day.


1993 December 1 - . Launch Site: Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: UNKPL. Launch Platform: KALMAR. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Volna.
  • Operational test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1993 December 1 - . Launch Pad: Pacific Ocean, 40.0 N x 170.0 E. Launch Platform: PLBR. LV Family: R-27. Launch Vehicle: Zyb.
  • Efir - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi). Payload was the 650-kilogram Efir reentry vehicle with the 80-kilogram Meduza biomedical zero-G experiment. The capsule was recovered, the experiment was successful..

1994 December 1 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 740. LV Family: Trident. Launch Vehicle: Trident D-5.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1994 December 1 - . 21:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: S-520. Launch Vehicle: S-520.
  • Auroral mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 344 km (213 mi).

1994 December 1 - . 22:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA2. LV Family: Ariane. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 42P. FAILURE: Stage 3 gas generator.. Failed Stage: U.
1996 December 1 - .
  • STS-80 - Wakeup Song: Shooting Star - . Flight: STS-80. "Shooting Star" by Bad Company CAPCOM: Dom Gorie.

1997 December 1 - .
  • Chinese Astronauts Complete Training in Russia - . Nation: China. Related Persons: Li Qinglong, Wu Jie. Spacecraft Bus: Shenzhou. Spacecraft: Shenzhou. Two Chinese astronauts completed their training in Russia and returned to China. They would act as instructors for China's own astronaut training program. At the same time the largest thermal vacum test equipment in Asia finished construction..

1997 December 1 - .
  • STS-87 - Wakeup Song: Ultraman - . Flight: STS-87. "Ultraman" Theme from Japanese TV science fiction cartoon show CAPCOM: Chris Hadfield.

2000 December 1 - .
  • Discovery of NWA 817 Mars Meteorite - . Nation: Morocco.

2000 December 1 - .
  • STS-97 - Wakeup Song: Stardust - . Flight: STS-97. "Stardust" by Willie Nelson, played for Canadian Space Agency astronaut Garneau.

2000 December 1 - . 03:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC39B. Launch Platform: MLP1. LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Space Shuttle.
  • STS-97 - . Call Sign: Endeavour. Crew: Bloomfield, Garneau, Jett, Noriega, Tanner. Payload: Endeavour F15. Mass: 120,742 kg (266,190 lb). Nation: USA. Related Persons: Bloomfield, Garneau, Jett, Noriega, Tanner. Agency: NASA Houston. Manufacturer: North American. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Flight: STS-97. Spacecraft Bus: Shuttle. Spacecraft: Endeavour. Duration: 10.83 days. Decay Date: 2000-12-11 . USAF Sat Cat: 26630 . COSPAR: 2000-078A. Apogee: 365 km (226 mi). Perigee: 352 km (218 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 91.70 min.

    Endeavour was launched on an assembly mission to the to the International Space Station (ISS). The main mission was to install a 72 m x 11.4 m, 65 kW double-wing solar panel on the Unity module of the ISS. The external tank and the Orbiter entered a 74 x 325 km orbit at 0314 GMT. Endeavour's OMS burn raised its perigee to 205 km at around 0347 GMT; the ET re-entered over the Pacific. Endeavour docked with the Station's PMA-3 docking port at 1959 GMT on December 2. Astronauts then installed the P6 solar panel truss to the station during a series of spacewalks. The P6 was made up of the LS (Long Spacer), PV-1 IEA (Integrated Equipment Assembly) and the PVAA (Photovoltaic Array). The LS carried two Thermal Control Systems with radiators to eject waste heat from the Station; these radiators were to be moved to truss segments S4 and S6 later in assembly. The PVAA had solar array wings SAW-2B and SAW-4B, which deployed to a span of 73 meters. Only after completion of three station assembly space walks on December 3, 5, and 7 did the Endeavour crew enter the station (at 1436 GMT on December 8), delivering supplies to Alpha's Expedition One crew. Hatches were closed again at 1551 GMT December 9, and Endeavour undocked at 1913 GMT the same day. After one flyaround of the station, Endeavour fired its engines to depart the vicinity at 2017 GMT December 9. The deorbit burn was at 2158 GMT on December 11, changing the orbit from 351 x 365 km to 27 x 365 km, with landing at Runway 15 of Kennedy Space Center at 2303 GMT.

    The payload bay of Endeavour for STS-97 contained a total cargo of 18740 kg:

    • Bay 1-2:
      • Orbiter Docking System 1800 kg
      • 3 EMU spacesuits (S/N unknown) 360 kg
      • FPPU experiment (in airlock) 23 kg. The FPPU (Floating Potential Probe Experiment) was installed on P6 to measure charge build-up as the arrays pass through the ionosphere plasma. P6 had devices to bleed off excess charge, and FPPU would monitor their effectiveness.
      • APCU Assembly Power Converter Unit 35 kg
      • APCU Assembly Power Converter Unit 35 kg
    • Bay 3-6:
      • ITS P6 Long Spacer 4000 kg
      • TCS radiator (aft) 500 kg
      • TCS radiator (starboard) 500 kg
    • Bay 8-11:
      • ITS P6 Integrated Equipment Assembly 7200 kg
      • PV radiator P6 500 kg
    • Bay 12-13:
      • ITS P6 Photovoltaic Array/Beta Gimbal Assembly. 1000 kg
      • Solar array wing 2B 1070 kg
      • Solar array wing 4B 1070 kg
    • Bay 13S: IMAX Cargo Bay Camera 238 kg
    • Sill: Canadarm RMS 303 410 kg


2001 December 1 - . 18:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC81/24. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K/DM-2.
  • Cosmos 2380 - . Payload: Glonass 790. Mass: 1,415 kg (3,119 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: KNITs. Manufacturer: Reshetnev bureau. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Glonass. Spacecraft: Glonass. USAF Sat Cat: 26987 . COSPAR: 2001-053A. Apogee: 19,146 km (11,896 mi). Perigee: 19,114 km (11,876 mi). Inclination: 64.9000 deg. Period: 675.70 min. Three navigation satellites of the GLONASS system were launched to replenish the constellation. This was the second end-of-year replenishment launch since 2000..
  • Cosmos 2382 - . Payload: Glonass-M 711. Mass: 1,480 kg (3,260 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: KNITs. Manufacturer: Reshetnev bureau. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Glonass. Spacecraft: Glonass. USAF Sat Cat: 26989 . COSPAR: 2001-053C. Apogee: 19,156 km (11,902 mi). Perigee: 19,104 km (11,870 mi). Inclination: 64.9000 deg. Period: 675.70 min. First launch of the Uragan-M improved model GLONASS satellite..
  • Cosmos 2381 - . Payload: Glonass 789. Mass: 1,415 kg (3,119 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: KNITs. Manufacturer: Reshetnev bureau. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Glonass. Spacecraft: Glonass. USAF Sat Cat: 26988 . COSPAR: 2001-053B. Apogee: 19,185 km (11,920 mi). Perigee: 19,074 km (11,852 mi). Inclination: 64.9000 deg. Period: 675.70 min.

2002 December 1 - .
  • STS-113 - Wakeup Song: Roll With It - . Flight: STS-113. "Roll With It" by Steve Winwood.

2002 December 1 - . 12:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: VS-30. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Cuma Microgravity mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: AEB. Apogee: 145 km (90 mi).

2002 December 1 - . 19:25 GMT - .
  • EVA STS-113-3 - . Crew: Herrington, Lopez-Alegria. EVA Duration: 0.29 days. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Herrington, Lopez-Alegria. Program: ISS. Flight: STS-113.

    It was planned to use the Mobile Transporter as a base for the SSRMS arm during the spacewalk. The MT was moved from worksite 4 on S0 to worksite 7 at the end of P1. Motion began at 1621 UTC but the MT got stuck a few meters short of its goal. The crew fell back on contingency training and opened the hatch of the Quest module at 1924 UTC. Instead of using the SSRMS for transport they spacewalked down the truss to the location of the MT. Here it was found that the MT was blocked by the undeployed P1 UHF antenna. The astronauts deployed it, clearing the MT's path. The MT finally reached its destination at 0011 UTC. This incident indicated problems with ISS configuration control but also showed the value of the astronauts' ability to handle unforeseen contingencies. During the spacewalk, the astronauts installed more fixes to the Station's ammonia line connectors, although dealing with the MT problem meant not all of the planned work could be completed.


2005 December 1 - .
  • Hayabusa (MUSES-C), Asteroid 25143 Itokawa Departure - . Nation: Japan. Spacecraft Bus: Hayabusa. Spacecraft: Hayabusa.

2005 December 1 - . 09:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: VSB-30.
  • TEXUS EML-1/TEXUS 42 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: DLR, SSC. Apogee: 263 km (163 mi).

    This was the first launch of the Brazilian sounding rocket VSB-30, replacing the British Skylark, from Esrange. The speed when leaving the launcher was about 60 m/s and after 45 seconds of acceleration the max speed was over 200 m/s. During the flight the experiments onboard spent approximately 6 minutes of microgravity and all experiments worked successfully. The payload was brought back for analysis at Esrange by helicopter within one hour after landing.


2006 December 1 - .
2007 December 1 - .
  • ISS On-Orbit Status 12/01/07 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Kotov, Love, Malenchenko, Tani, Whitson. Program: ISS. Flight: Soyuz TMA-10, STS-122.

    Saturday. FE-1 Malenchenko continued preparations for operating the Russian/German TEKh-20 Plasma Crystal-3 Plus (PK-3+) experiment payload.

    (After yesterday's hardware setup, leak checking of the electronics box and evacuation of the vacuum work chamber (ZB) with the turbopump, the CDR conducted more testing and calibration, uploaded new software from a USB stick to the payload laptop, checked out the software installation and verified the readiness of the experiment. After additional leak checking on the work chamber during the day, Yuri will deactivate the turbopump tonight at ~4:25pm EST. The experiment is performed on plasma, i.e., fine particles charged and excited by HF (high frequency) radio power inside the evacuated work chamber. Main objective is to obtain a homogeneous plasma dust cloud at various pressures and particle quantities with or without superimposition of an LF (low frequency) harmonic electrical field. The experiment is conducted in automated mode. PK-3+ has more advanced hardware and software than the previously used Russian PKE-Nefedov payload.) Additional Details: here....


2008 December 1 - . 04:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Jiuquan. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 2D.
  • Yaogan 4 - . Payload: Jianbing 6. Mass: 1,300 kg (2,800 lb). Nation: China. Agency: SISE. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance radar satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Jianbing. Spacecraft: JB-6. USAF Sat Cat: 33446 . COSPAR: 2008-061A. Apogee: 654 km (406 mi). Perigee: 632 km (392 mi). Inclination: 97.9000 deg. Period: 97.60 min. Fourth 'Remote Sensing Satellite'; presumed military mission..

2011 December 1 - . 04:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Balasore. Launch Complex: Balasore IC4. LV Family: ASLV. Launch Vehicle: Agni 1.
  • Agni RV? - . Nation: India. Agency: ISFC. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

2011 December 1 - . 21:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Xichang. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 3A.
  • Beidou IGS 5 - . Payload: Beidou DW10. Mass: 2,600 kg (5,700 lb). Nation: China. Agency: SISE. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Beidou-IGSO. Spacecraft: Beidou-IGSO. USAF Sat Cat: 37948 . COSPAR: 2011-073A. Apogee: 35,866 km (22,286 mi). Perigee: 35,705 km (22,186 mi). Inclination: 55.2000 deg. Period: 1,436.00 min. Fifth satellite placed in the Beidou-2 inclined geosynchronous orbit constellation; placed in Plane 2 at 95 deg E. This ended launches into the IGSO component for the next several years..

2013 December 1 - . 17:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Xichang. Launch Pad: xxx. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 3BE.
  • Chang'e 3 - . Mass: 3,800 kg (8,300 lb). Nation: China. Class: Moon. Type: Lunar probe. Spacecraft Bus: Chang'e. Spacecraft: Chang'e. Decay Date: 2013-12-14 . USAF Sat Cat: 39458 . COSPAR: 2013-070A.

    Unmanned lunar rover. Boosted into a 210 x 389 109 km x 28.5 deg lunar transfer orbit. On December 6 at 09:50 GMT the spacecraft entered a 100 km polar orbit around the Moon. The 3,800 kg wet / 1,200 kg at landing spacecraft had a descent engine and landing legs, and a variety of lunar surface science experiments. It also carried Yutu, a small 140 kg rover. On December 10 at 13:20 GMT the orbit was lowered from 100 x 100 to 15 x 100 km. At 12:59:52 GMT December 14, near perilune, the descent engine was turned on to decelerate the probe and fly it down to the surface. Chang'e-3 touched down at 13:11:18 GMT, at 19.51W 44.12N, about 43 km south of crater Laplace F in the Mare Imbrium. This was the first lunar soft landing since the USSR's Luna-24 in 1976.

  • Yutu - . Mass: 140 kg (300 lb). Nation: China. Class: Moon. Type: Lunar rover. Spacecraft Bus: Yutu. Spacecraft: Yutu. USAF Sat Cat: 39459 . COSPAR: 2013-070B. Apogee: 884,144 km (549,380 mi). Perigee: 23,826 km (14,804 mi). Inclination: 26.7700 deg. Period: 51,809.63 min.

    Lunar rover delivered to lunar surface by Chang'e-3. At 20:35 GMT on December 14 the `Yutu hao' (`rabbit') rover drove down the Chang'e-3 ramp onto the lunar surface. Yutu and Chang'e-3 are both solar powered, but also carry small Pu-238 radioactive heater units to keep systems from freezing during the 14-day lunar night. Yutu had six wheels.



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