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Granat
Part of 4MV Family
Granat
Granat
Russian x-ray astronomy satellite. Granat was a Lavochkin design with the mission of making gamma ray observations in energy ranges of 3 to 200 keV. Astronomy, X-Ray, Gamma satellite, Russia. Launched 1989. Used Venera-Bus.

Status: Operational 1989. First Launch: 1989-12-01. Last Launch: 1989-12-01. Number: 1 . Gross mass: 3,200 kg (7,000 lb). Height: 8.05 m (26.41 ft). Diameter: 0.44 m (1.44 ft). Span: 3.11 m (10.20 ft).

It was equipped with the ART-P and Sigma telescopes for observation of galactic cores, x-ray pulsars, and black holes. The satellite conducted studies of X-ray and soft gamma ray radiation sources in space by the USSR jointly with France, Denmark and Bulgaria.


More at: Granat.

Subtopics

Granat RK-55 Russian intermediate range cruise missile. Land-based version. Banned under INF.

Family: Astronomy, High earth orbit, X-ray astronomy satellite. Country: Russia. Engines: RD-0231. Launch Vehicles: Proton, Proton-K/D-1. Launch Sites: Baikonur, Baikonur LC200/40. Agency: MOM, Lavochkin bureau. Bibliography: 2, 274, 6, 67, 6541, 12520.
Photo Gallery

GranatGranat
Credit: Manufacturer Image



1989 December 1 - . 20:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC200/40. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K/D-1.
  • Granat - . Payload: Granat 1AS s/n 1. Mass: 3,200 kg (7,000 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Astronomy. Type: X-ray astronomy satellite. Spacecraft Bus: 4MV. Spacecraft: Granat. Decay Date: 1999-05-25 . USAF Sat Cat: 20352 . COSPAR: 1989-096A. Apogee: 149,862 km (93,119 mi). Perigee: 53,697 km (33,365 mi). Inclination: 86.6000 deg. Period: 5,899.90 min. X-, gamma-ray observatory; Danish, French, Bulgarian payloads. Granat orbital observatory. Conduct of studies of X-ray and soft gamma ray radiation sources in space by the USSR jointly with France, Denmark and Bulgaria. .


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