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1980 Chronology

1980 January - . LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 2 Spaceplane Launcher.
  • Chinese astronauts in training - . Nation: China. Spacecraft Bus: FSW. Spacecraft: Chinese Manned Capsule 1978.

    The Chinese press reported a visit with the Chinese astronaut trainees at the Chinese manned spaceflight training centre. Photographs appeared of the astronauts in training. Pressure suited astronauts were shown in pressure chamber tests. Other trainees were shown at the controls of a space shuttle-like spaceplane cockpit.


1980 - . LV Family: Babylon Gun. Launch Vehicle: Iraqi Gun Projectile.
  • From March of 1988 until the invasion of Kuwait in 1990, Iraq contracted with Gerard Bull to build three superguns: two full sized 'Project Babylon' 1000 mm guns and one 'Baby Babylon' 350 mm prototyp - . Nation: Iraq.

    Gerard Bull was first contracted by the Iraqi government in 1981. They desperately needed artillery to out-range the enemy in the protracted Iran-Iraq War. The association allowed Bull to yet again seek sponsorship of a space-launch supergun. Sadam Hussein liked the idea, and Project Babylon was born. Throughout the 1980's Bull's dealings with Iraq had the covert approval of Western governments, who saw Iraq as a counterweight to revolutionary Iran.

    In March of 1988, Bull received a contract to build two full sized 'Project Babylon' 1000 mm superguns and one 'Baby Babylon' 350 mm prototype for a total of $25 million. The project was given the cover designation 'PC-2' (Petrochemical Complex-2). British engineer Christopher Cowley was the project manager.

    The Project Babylon gun would have a barrel 156 meters long with a one meter bore. The launch tube would be 30 cm thick at the breech, tapering to 6.5 cm at the exit. Like the V-3 the gun would be built in segments. 26 six-meter-long sections would make up the barrel, totalling 1510 tonnes. Added to this would be four 220 tonne recoil cylinders, and the 165 tonne breech. The recoil force of the gun would be 27,000 tonnes - equivalent to a nuclear bomb and sufficient to register as a major seismic event all around the world. Nine tonnes of special supergun propellant would fire a 600 kg projectile over a range of 1,000 kilometres, or a 2,000 kg rocket-assisted projectile. The 2,000 kg projectile would place a net payload of about 200 kg into orbit at a cost of $ 600 per kg.

    In May of 1989 the Baby Babylon was completed at Jabal Hamrayn, 145 km north of Baghdad. The horizontally-mounted gun was 45-m long with a 350 mm barrel, and had a total mass of 102 tonnes. Following tests using lead projectiles the gun was reassembled on a hillside at a 45 degree angle. It was expected to achieve a range of 750 km. An Iraqi defector revealed later that the gun was to be used for several missions:

    • Long-range attack using chemical, biological, or nuclear warheads. However since the weapon was fixed, it could only be fired in one direction, and like the V-3 would be easily identified and neutralised by the targeted country. For this reason the Israelis did not consider it much of a threat.

    • As an anti-satellite weapon. It would launch a special shell in space that would explode near the target satellite, covering it with sticky material and blinding it.

    Production of components for the Babylon gun began in Britain with the knowledge of British and US intelligence services. These were officially 'oil pipeline segments' for the 'PC-2' petrochemical refinery.

    On 22 March 1990 Bull was assassinated and the project quickly unravelled. It is commonly thought that he was killed by the Israelis, concerned not so much by the supergun work but rather dynamics research Bull was doing to improve Iraqi ballistic missiles. Three weeks later British Customs seized the final eight sections of the Babylon Gun. On August 2, 1990, Iraq invaded Kuwait, precipitating the Gulf War. This ended Western covert sponsorship of Iraq.

    After the war UN teams destroyed the Baby Babylon 350 mm gun, components of the two Project Babylon 1000 mm guns (44 gun sections, four recoil cylinders), and one tonne of supergun propellant (the Iraqis destroyed the remaining 11 tonnes). Only seven slugs for the 350 mm gun were recovered and destroyed. Iraq claimed never to have received any design, assistance, materials or equipment for the planned rocket-assisted projectiles. At the end of September 1995 UNSCOM obtained information on an indigenous 600 mm indigenous Iraqi supergun design - evidence that the project had not died with Bull.


During 1980 - . LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Space Shuttle.
  • Shuttle TPS Tests - . Nation: USA. Shuttle thermal protection system tiles are tested mounted of F-15 and F-104 aircraft at speeds of up to Mach 1.4 and dynamic pressures of 470 N / sq m..

1980 January 1 - .
  • Female Cosmonaut Training Group selected. - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Ivanova, Klyushnikova. The training group was selected for planned female missions to upstage any American female 'first in space' missions aboard the space shuttle. Soviet women would make the first female spacewalk, and the first all-female crew was planned..

1980 January 1 - . Launch Site: Nenoksa. LV Family: R-39. Launch Vehicle: Rif.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1980 January 1 - . Launch Site: Nenoksa. LV Family: R-39. Launch Vehicle: Rif.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1980 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: K65M-R.
  • BOR-4 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1980 January 1 - . Launch Site: Nenoksa. LV Family: R-39. Launch Vehicle: Rif.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1980 January 1 - . Launch Site: Nenoksa. LV Family: R-39. Launch Vehicle: Rif.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1980 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: R-36M. Launch Vehicle: R-36MU 15A18.
  • DP operational test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1980 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: R-36M. Launch Vehicle: R-36MU 15A18.
  • DP operational test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1980 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: R-36M. Launch Vehicle: R-36MU 15A18.
  • DP operational test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1980 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: RT-2. Launch Vehicle: RT-2P.
  • RT2 PL80-01 - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1980 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: RT-2. Launch Vehicle: RT-2P.
  • RT2 PL80-02 - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1980 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: RT-2. Launch Vehicle: RT-2P.
  • RT2 PL80-03 - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1980 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: RT-2. Launch Vehicle: RT-2P.
  • RT2 PL80-04 - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1980 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: RT-2. Launch Vehicle: RT-2P.
  • RT2 PL80-05 - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1980? - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. LV Family: Temp-2S. Launch Vehicle: Pioner UTTKh.
  • R&D - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1980 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: RT-2. Launch Vehicle: RT-2P.
  • RT2 PL80-07 - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1980? - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. LV Family: Temp-2S. Launch Vehicle: Pioner UTTKh.
  • R&D - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1980 - . Launch Site: Teikovo. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100K.
  • ICBM operational test launch from missile base silo - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1980 - . Launch Site: Teikovo. LV Family: UR-100. Launch Vehicle: UR-100K.
  • ICBM operational test launch from missile base silo - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1980? - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. LV Family: Temp-2S. Launch Vehicle: Pioner UTTKh.
  • R&D - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1980? - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. LV Family: Temp-2S. Launch Vehicle: Pioner UTTKh.
  • R&D - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1980 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: RT-2. Launch Vehicle: RT-2P.
  • RT2 PL80-08 - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1980 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: RT-2. Launch Vehicle: RT-2P.
  • RT2 PL80-06 - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1980 January 2 - . 15:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC43. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1980 January 3 - . 07:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Koroni. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 84 km (52 mi).

1980 January 4 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 84 km (52 mi).

1980 January 5 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: UNKO. Launch Platform: SHOK. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1980 January 7 - . 04:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 83 km (51 mi).

1980 January 8 - . 01:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 72 km (44 mi).

1980 January 9 - . 12:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Cosmos 1149 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-6U. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1980-01-23 . USAF Sat Cat: 11652 . COSPAR: 1980-001A. Apogee: 384 km (238 mi). Perigee: 191 km (118 mi). Inclination: 72.9000 deg. Period: 90.30 min. Photo surveillance; returned film capsule..

1980 January 10 - . 01:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Eareckson. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 52 km (32 mi).

1980 January 11 - . 12:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M.
  • Molniya 1-46 - . Payload: Molniya-1T. Mass: 1,600 kg (3,500 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Molniya. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-2. Spacecraft: Molniya-1T. Decay Date: 1992-10-22 . USAF Sat Cat: 11662 . COSPAR: 1980-002A. Apogee: 28,891 km (17,952 mi). Perigee: 103 km (64 mi). Inclination: 63.2000 deg. Period: 500.30 min. Uncertain if Molniya-1T model was Molniya-1 or Molniya-1T. Operation of the long-range telephone and telegraph radiocommunications system in the USSR; transmission of television programmes to stations in the Orbita network..

1980 January 12 - . 01:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 74 km (45 mi).

1980 January 13 - .
  • Discovery of EETA 79001 (Mars Meteorite) - . Nation: USA.

1980 January 14 - . 19:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1150 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 11667 . COSPAR: 1980-003A. Apogee: 1,012 km (628 mi). Perigee: 964 km (599 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 104.90 min. Military navigation satellite..

1980 January 15 - . 01:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 74 km (45 mi).

1980 January 16 - . 03:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 9M.
  • TPE-1 Ionosphere / tether mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 328 km (203 mi).

1980 January 17 - . 15:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1980 January 18 - . 01:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC36A. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas SLV-3D Centaur.
  • Fltsatcom 3 - . Mass: 1,884 kg (4,153 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: FLTSATCOM. Spacecraft: Fltsatcom. Completed Operations Date: 1991-01-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 11669 . COSPAR: 1980-004A. Apogee: 35,851 km (22,276 mi). Perigee: 35,669 km (22,163 mi). Inclination: 9.1000 deg. Period: 1,434.80 min.

    Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C). Launch vehicle put payload into geosynchronous transfer orbit Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 22 deg W in 1980-1990 As of 28 August 2001 located at 174.83 deg W drifting at 0.082 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 84.20W drifting at 0.376E degrees per day.


1980 January 18 - . 06:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima L. Launch Pad: K. LV Family: S-520. Launch Vehicle: S-520.
  • Heat Pipe Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 329 km (204 mi).

1980 January 19 - .
  • Voyager 1's Discovery of Saturn Moon Janus - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft Bus: Voyager. Spacecraft: Voyager.

1980 January 21 - . 08:05 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Astrobee. Launch Vehicle: Astrobee F.
  • X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 216 km (134 mi).

1980 January 22 - . 14:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC43. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 92 km (57 mi).

1980 January 23 - . 07:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32/1. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Cosmos 1151 - . Payload: Okean-E no. 2. Mass: 1,950 kg (4,290 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Okean. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources radar satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Okean-E. Spacecraft: Okean-E. Completed Operations Date: 1981-10-13 . Decay Date: 2014-08-04 . USAF Sat Cat: 11671 . COSPAR: 1980-005A. Apogee: 589 km (365 mi). Perigee: 566 km (351 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 96.20 min. Test mission of Okean satellite without the radar. Testing of methods for obtaining operational information on the oceans..

1980 January 24 - . 15:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/3. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Cosmos 1152 - . Payload: Yantar-2K s/n 928. Mass: 6,600 kg (14,500 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Yantar. Spacecraft: Yantar-2K. Duration: 13.00 days. Decay Date: 1980-02-06 . USAF Sat Cat: 11678 . COSPAR: 1980-006A. Apogee: 341 km (211 mi). Perigee: 169 km (105 mi). Inclination: 67.1000 deg. Period: 89.60 min. Area survey photo reconnaissance. Mission terminated early for unknown reasons (normally 30 day duration)..

1980 January 24 - . 17:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Ferdinand 50 / COROBIER Test / ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 202 km (125 mi).

1980 January 25 - . 20:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1153 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 11680 . COSPAR: 1980-007A. Apogee: 1,014 km (630 mi). Perigee: 961 km (597 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.90 min. Military navigation satellite..

1980 January 26 - .
  • Voyager 1's Discovery of Saturn Moon Epimetheus - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft Bus: Voyager. Spacecraft: Voyager.

1980 January 27 - . 09:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Malemute. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Malemute.
  • ARCS 1 Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 433 km (269 mi).

1980 January 28 - . 01:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Tanegashima. Launch Complex: Tanegashima T. LV Family: JCR. Launch Vehicle: TT-500.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: NASDA. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1980 January 29 - . 21:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Eareckson. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 46 km (28 mi).

1980 January 30 - . 12:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Vostok 8A92M.
  • Cosmos 1154 - . Payload: Tselina-D no. 24. Mass: 3,800 kg (8,300 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Tselina. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Tselina-D. Spacecraft: Tselina-D. Decay Date: 2002-11-05 . USAF Sat Cat: 11682 . COSPAR: 1980-008A. Apogee: 545 km (338 mi). Perigee: 540 km (330 mi). Inclination: 81.2000 deg. Period: 95.50 min.

1980 January 31 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF21. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3.
  • Research and development launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1980 February 1 - . 02:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 81 km (50 mi).

1980 February 2 - . 08:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: S-310. Launch Vehicle: S-310.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 179 km (111 mi).

1980 February 3 - . 01:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 654. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Poseidon C3.
  • FOT-38? Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1980 February 3 - . 01:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 654. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Poseidon C3.
  • FOT-38? Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1980 February 3 - . 01:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 654. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Poseidon C3.
  • FOT-38? Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1980 February 4 - . 02:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 654. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Poseidon C3.
  • FOT-39? Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1980 February 5 - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. Launch Complex: Kwajalein RN. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: DOT.
  • DOT 2 Interceptor mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 324 km (201 mi).

1980 February 5 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF09. Launch Pad: LF09?. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3.
  • FOT GT71GM Follow-on Test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1980 February 6 - . Launch Site: Grand Turk Island. Launch Complex: Grand Turk Island DZ. Launch Pad: Aircraft from Cape Canaveral. Launch Platform: B-52. LV Family: SRAM. Launch Vehicle: SRAM.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1980 February 7 - . 11:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Cosmos 1155 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-6U. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1980-02-21 . USAF Sat Cat: 11685 . COSPAR: 1980-009A. Apogee: 393 km (244 mi). Perigee: 191 km (118 mi). Inclination: 72.8000 deg. Period: 90.30 min. Photo surveillance; returned film capsule..

1980 February 7 - . 21:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC4E. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan IIID.
  • KH-11 no. 3 - . Payload: KH-11 no. 3 / OPS 2581. Mass: 13,300 kg (29,300 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: CIA, NRO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KH-11. Spacecraft: KH-11. Decay Date: 1982-10-30 . USAF Sat Cat: 11687 . COSPAR: 1980-010A. Apogee: 498 km (309 mi). Perigee: 220 km (130 mi). Inclination: 97.0000 deg. Period: 91.70 min. KH-11 type satellite. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A). .

1980 February 8 - . 02:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 86 km (53 mi).

1980 February 9 - . 23:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC3E. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas F/SVS.
  • Navstar 5 - . Payload: GPS SVN 5 / OPS 5117. Mass: 770 kg (1,690 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Manufacturer: Seal Beach. Program: Navstar. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Navstar. Spacecraft: GPS Block 1. USAF Sat Cat: 11690 . COSPAR: 1980-011A. Apogee: 20,560 km (12,770 mi). Perigee: 19,805 km (12,306 mi). Inclination: 64.9000 deg. Period: 718.00 min. Global Positioning System..

1980 February 11 - . 23:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1156 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 185. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 11691 . COSPAR: 1980-012A. Apogee: 1,475 km (916 mi). Perigee: 1,398 km (868 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.60 min. Eight satellites launched by a single carrier rocket..
  • Cosmos 1157 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 186. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 11692 . COSPAR: 1980-012B. Apogee: 1,477 km (917 mi). Perigee: 1,415 km (879 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.80 min.
  • Cosmos 1158 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 187. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 11693 . COSPAR: 1980-012C. Apogee: 1,476 km (917 mi). Perigee: 1,434 km (891 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.00 min.
  • Cosmos 1159 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 188. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 11694 . COSPAR: 1980-012D. Apogee: 1,479 km (919 mi). Perigee: 1,450 km (900 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.20 min.
  • Cosmos 1160 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 189. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 11695 . COSPAR: 1980-012E. Apogee: 1,484 km (922 mi). Perigee: 1,465 km (910 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.40 min.
  • Cosmos 1161 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 190. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 11696 . COSPAR: 1980-012F. Apogee: 1,502 km (933 mi). Perigee: 1,468 km (912 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.70 min.
  • Cosmos 1162 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 191. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 11697 . COSPAR: 1980-012G. Apogee: 1,519 km (943 mi). Perigee: 1,472 km (914 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.90 min.
  • Cosmos 1163 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 192. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 11698 . COSPAR: 1980-012H. Apogee: 1,543 km (958 mi). Perigee: 1,471 km (914 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 116.10 min.

1980 February 12 - . 00:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/4. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M. FAILURE: Fourth stage failure.. Failed Stage: U.
  • Cosmos 1164 - . Payload: Oko #13. Mass: 1,890 kg (4,160 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Early warning satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Oko. Spacecraft: Oko. Decay Date: 1980-02-12 . USAF Sat Cat: 11700 . COSPAR: 1980-013A. Apogee: 40,856 km (25,386 mi). Perigee: 434 km (269 mi). Inclination: 62.8000 deg. Period: 736.80 min. Left in parking orbit. Decay date suspect Investigation of the upper atmosphere and outer space. Was intended to cover Oko constellation plane 9 - 241 degree longitude of ascending node..

1980 February 13 - . LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Space Shuttle.
  • QM-3 Shuttle SRB qualification static firing - . Nation: USA. The seventh and final firing of a shuttle Solid Rocket Booster motor prior to the first launch. None of the ground tests subjected the motors to expected flight loads..

1980 February 13 - . 22:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 635. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Poseidon C3.
  • Demonstration and shakedown operations launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1980 February 14 - . 15:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Delta 3910.
  • SMM - . Payload: Solar Maximum Mission. Mass: 2,315 kg (5,103 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Class: Astronomy. Type: Solar satellite. Spacecraft Bus: SMM. Spacecraft: SMM. Decay Date: 1989-12-02 . USAF Sat Cat: 11703 . COSPAR: 1980-014A. Apogee: 408 km (253 mi). Perigee: 405 km (251 mi). Inclination: 28.5000 deg. Period: 92.70 min. Solar Maximum Mission; solar observatory; repaired 4/9/84 by STS-41C in orbit. Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C). .

1980 February 15 - . Launch Site: Taiyuan. Launch Complex: Taiyuan. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Dong Feng 5.
  • Last DF-5 partial range test. - . Nation: China. Program: Long March. Other sources do not list this test..

1980 February 15 - . Launch Site: Taiyuan. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Dong Feng 5.
  • Nation: China. Agency: XPRC. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1980 February 15 - . 11:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Southend. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VB.
  • Pulsating aurora Aurora mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 156 km (96 mi).

1980 February 16 - . 08:23 GMT - . Launch Site: San Marco. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C.
  • LASL Eclipse La Solar eclipse mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 319 km (198 mi).

1980 February 16 - . 08:23 GMT - . Launch Site: San Marco. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C.
  • LASL Eclipse La Solar eclipse mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 298 km (185 mi).

1980 February 16 - . 08:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Sriharikota. LV Family: RH. Launch Vehicle: RH-560.
  • Eclipse control Eclipse mission - . Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 330 km (200 mi).

1980 February 16 - . 09:31 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C.
  • Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 268 km (166 mi).

1980 February 16 - . 10:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Sriharikota. LV Family: RH. Launch Vehicle: RH-560. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Eclipse F-region Eclipse mission - . Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1980 February 17 - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 2B.
  • NO Photometer Aeronomy mission - . Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1980 February 17 - . 00:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima M. LV Family: Mu. Launch Vehicle: Mu-3S.
  • Tansei 4 - . Payload: MS T4. Mass: 134 kg (295 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Tansei. Spacecraft: Tansei. Decay Date: 1983-05-12 . USAF Sat Cat: 11706 . COSPAR: 1980-015A. Apogee: 608 km (377 mi). Perigee: 517 km (321 mi). Inclination: 38.7000 deg. Period: 95.90 min.

1980 February 18 - . 19:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Super Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1980 February 19 - . 15:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Super Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 64 km (39 mi).

1980 February 20 - .
  • Birth of Maksim Vladimirovich Ponomarev - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Ponomarev. Russian pilot cosmonaut, 2006-on. Captain, Special-Purpose Command Staff (Moscow VO).

1980 February 20 - . 08:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC200/39. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K/DM.
  • Raduga 6 - . Payload: Raduga s/n 16L. Mass: 1,940 kg (4,270 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-3. Spacecraft: Raduga . Completed Operations Date: 1986-03-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 11708 . COSPAR: 1980-016A. Apogee: 35,816 km (22,254 mi). Perigee: 35,780 km (22,230 mi). Inclination: 11.4000 deg. Period: 1,436.70 min.

    Provision of uninterrupted round the clock telephone and telegraph radiocommunication in the USSR and simultaneous transmission of colour and black-and-white USSR central television programmes to stations in the Orbita network. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 35 deg E in 1980-1982; 45 deg E in 1982-1986 As of 1 September 2001 located at 41.36 deg E drifting at 0.001 deg W per day. As of 2007 Feb 27 located at 101.46E drifting at 0.146E degrees per day.


1980 February 21 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF26. Launch Pad: LF26?. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3.
  • FOT GT72GB Follow-on Test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1980 February 21 - . 00:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • PULSAUR I Test / aurora / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 196 km (121 mi).

1980 February 21 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Cosmos 1165 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-4MKM. Duration: 13.00 days. Decay Date: 1980-03-05 . USAF Sat Cat: 11713 . COSPAR: 1980-017A. Apogee: 350 km (210 mi). Perigee: 170 km (100 mi). Inclination: 72.9000 deg. Period: 89.70 min. High resolution photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule.

1980 February 22 - . 08:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Tanegashima. Launch Complex: Tanegashima N. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: N-1.
  • Ayame 2 - . Payload: ECS b; ECS 2. Mass: 260 kg (570 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: NASDA. Class: Technology. Type: Communications technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Ayame. Spacecraft: Ayame. Completed Operations Date: 1980-02-24 . USAF Sat Cat: 11715 . COSPAR: 1980-018A. Apogee: 36,839 km (22,890 mi). Perigee: 32,785 km (20,371 mi). Inclination: 1.4000 deg. Period: 1,386.60 min. Last known longitude (17 November 1988) 146.47 deg W drifting at 12.888 deg E per day..

1980 February 23 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF04. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 2.
  • FOT GT140M Follow-on Test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1980 February 23 - . 10:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Southend. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VB.
  • Pulsating aurora Aurora mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 148 km (91 mi).

1980 February 24 - . 15:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Super Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 54 km (33 mi).

1980 February 25 - . 19:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1980 February 26 - . 14:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Koroni. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 89 km (55 mi).

1980 February 27 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF08. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3.
  • FOT GT73GM Follow-on Test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1980 February 27 - . Launch Site: Balasore. LV Family: RH. Launch Vehicle: RH-200.
  • Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1980 February 27 - . Launch Site: Sriharikota. LV Family: RH. Launch Vehicle: RH-200.
  • Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1980 February 28 - . 13:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 657. LV Family: Trident. Launch Vehicle: Trident C-4.
  • OT-1 Operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1980 February 28 - . 13:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 657. LV Family: Trident. Launch Vehicle: Trident C-4.
  • OT-1 Operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1980 February 28 - . 14:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 657. LV Family: Trident. Launch Vehicle: Trident C-4.
  • OT-1 Operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1980 February 28 - . 14:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 657. LV Family: Trident. Launch Vehicle: Trident C-4.
  • OT-1 Operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1980 February 29 - . 11:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: UNKO. Launch Platform: SHIR. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 87 km (54 mi).

1980 March 1 - .
  • Laques & Lechaceux's Discovery of Saturn Moon Helene - . Nation: France.

1980 March 1 - .
  • Death of Sergei Osipovich Okhapkin - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Okhapkin. Russian engineer. Deputy Chief Designer 1952-1976 of Korolev design bureau. Led work on the N1 and was Mishin's First Deputy..

1980 March 3 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC3W. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas F/MSD.
  • EP-2 (NOSS 3) - . Payload: Plume shield / OPS 7245 DEB. Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft Bus: NOSS. Spacecraft: NOSS-Subsat. USAF Sat Cat: 11733 . COSPAR: 1980-019E. Apogee: 1,166 km (724 mi). Perigee: 1,048 km (651 mi). Inclination: 63.5000 deg. Period: 107.40 min.
  • NOSS 3 - . Payload: PARCAE 3 / OPS 7245. Mass: 700 kg (1,540 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft Bus: NOSS. Spacecraft: NOSS. USAF Sat Cat: 11720 . COSPAR: 1980-019A. Apogee: 1,150 km (710 mi). Perigee: 1,035 km (643 mi). Inclination: 63.0000 deg. Period: 107.10 min. Ocean surveillance; aka White Cloud type spacecraft; Navy Ocean Surveillance Satellite; PARCAE..
  • EP 2 - . Payload: SSU. Mass: 700 kg (1,540 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Spacecraft Bus: NOSS. Spacecraft: NOSS. USAF Sat Cat: 11732 . COSPAR: 1980-019D. Apogee: 1,484 km (922 mi). Perigee: 730 km (450 mi). Inclination: 63.4000 deg. Period: 107.41 min.
  • EP 1 - . Payload: SSU. Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft Bus: NOSS. Spacecraft: NOSS-Subsat. USAF Sat Cat: 11731 . COSPAR: 1980-019C. Apogee: 1,166 km (724 mi). Perigee: 1,048 km (651 mi). Inclination: 63.5000 deg. Period: 107.40 min. Deployed from NOSS 3..
  • EP 3 - . Payload: SSU. Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft Bus: NOSS. Spacecraft: NOSS-Subsat. USAF Sat Cat: 11745 . COSPAR: 1980-019G. Apogee: 1,166 km (724 mi). Perigee: 1,048 km (651 mi). Inclination: 63.5000 deg. Period: 107.40 min. Deployed from NOSS 3. .

1980 March 4 - . 10:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Cosmos 1166 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-6U. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1980-03-18 . USAF Sat Cat: 11722 . COSPAR: 1980-020A. Apogee: 371 km (230 mi). Perigee: 194 km (120 mi). Inclination: 72.8000 deg. Period: 90.20 min. Photo surveillance; returned film capsule..

1980 March 5 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 84 km (52 mi).

1980 March 6 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC109. LV Family: R-36M. Launch Vehicle: R-36M 15A14.
  • DP - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1980 March 6 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC172. LV Family: MR-UR-100. Launch Vehicle: MR-UR-100U 15A16.
  • Operational test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1980 March 7 - . 03:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1980 March 10 - . 15:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1980 March 11 - . 03:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 70 km (43 mi).

1980 March 12 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1980 March 13 - . 00:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 78 km (48 mi).

1980 March 14 - . 10:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC90/19. Launch Pad: LC90/pad?. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-2.
  • Cosmos 1167 - . Mass: 3,000 kg (6,600 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: EORSAT. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Kosmoplan. Spacecraft: US-P. Decay Date: 1981-10-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 11729 . COSPAR: 1980-021A. Apogee: 442 km (274 mi). Perigee: 426 km (264 mi). Inclination: 65.0000 deg. Period: 93.30 min. Ocean monitoring..

1980 March 15 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF06. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B.
  • ABRES ABRV-3 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1980 March 16 - . 11:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Tomahawk.
  • KING CRAB Plasma / barium release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 571 km (354 mi).

1980 March 17 - . 21:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1168 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Tsikada. USAF Sat Cat: 11735 . COSPAR: 1980-022A. Apogee: 1,009 km (626 mi). Perigee: 958 km (595 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 104.80 min. Civilian naval navigation satellite..

1980 March 18 - . 16:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/4. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Vostok 8A92M. FAILURE: Booster exploded on pad during servicing. Severe pad damage, 48 people killed. Cause found to be change in solder with tin to that with lead in H2O2 filters, causing decomposition and explosion.. Failed Stage: 0.
  • Tselina-D - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Program: Tselina. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Tselina-D. Spacecraft: Tselina-D. Decay Date: 1980-03-18 . COSPAR: F800318A.

    This was the worst disaster since the Nedelin Catastrophe on 24 October 1964. A commission of military officers and chief designers reviewed the incident and requested changes to equipment and procedures, especially as regarded liquid oxygen handling. Another source reports that the explosion occurred during the fuelling of the Block E upper stage, and was due to hydrogen peroxide being present in a lox line filter and a confusion between fuel and lox lines. This error had always been possible, but had never happened in the 20 years of use of the booster before the explosion. The launch pad was badly damaged and not put back into service until April 1983.


1980 March 19 - . Launch Site: Balasore. LV Family: RH. Launch Vehicle: RH-200.
  • Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1980 March 19 - . 07:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 596 km (370 mi).

1980 March 20 - . 03:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1980 March 21 - . 23:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC29A. Launch Pad: LC29/pad?. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3.
  • Chevaline warhead test launch - . Nation: UK. Agency: RN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1980 March 22 - . 10:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Astrobee. Launch Vehicle: Astrobee F.
  • Soft XRB 1 X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 217 km (134 mi).

1980 March 22 - . 11:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 618 km (384 mi).

1980 March 23 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: UNKO. Launch Platform: SHIR. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 83 km (51 mi).

1980 March 24 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1980 March 25 - . 01:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1980 March 26 - . Launch Site: Balasore. LV Family: RH. Launch Vehicle: RH-200.
  • Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1980 March 26 - . 12:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 655. LV Family: Trident. Launch Vehicle: Trident C-4.
  • DASO-4? demonstration and shakedown operations launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1980 March 27 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF21. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3.
  • Research and development launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1980 March 27 - . 07:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1169 - . Mass: 900 kg (1,980 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft Bus: Taifun-1. Spacecraft: Taifun-1. Decay Date: 1983-03-03 . USAF Sat Cat: 11741 . COSPAR: 1980-023A. Apogee: 513 km (318 mi). Perigee: 466 km (289 mi). Inclination: 65.8000 deg. Period: 94.40 min. Radar calibration mission..

1980 March 27 - . 18:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Progress 8 - . Payload: Progress s/n 108. Mass: 7,014 kg (15,463 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Salyut 6. Class: Manned. Type: Manned logistics spacecraft. Spacecraft Bus: Progress. Spacecraft: Progress. Duration: 29.50 days. Completed Operations Date: 1980-04-26 06:54:00 . Decay Date: 1980-04-26 06:54:00 . USAF Sat Cat: 11743 . COSPAR: 1980-024A. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi). Perigee: 185 km (114 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 88.90 min.

    Unmanned supply vessel for Salyut 6. Delivery of various cargoes to the Salyut-6 orbital station. Docked with Salyut 6 on 29 Mar 1980 20:01:00 GMT. Undocked on 25 Apr 1980 08:04:00 GMT. Destroyed in reentry on 26 Apr 1980 06:54:00 GMT. Total free-flight time 3.0 days. Total docked time 26.50 days.


1980 March 28 - . 06:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Astrobee. Launch Vehicle: Astrobee F.
  • UM Airglow Payload Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 198 km (123 mi).

1980 March 29 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: UNKO. Launch Platform: SHIR. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 84 km (52 mi).

1980 March 30 - . 14:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: UNKO. Launch Platform: SHIR. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 81 km (50 mi).

1980 March 31 - . 23:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 91 km (56 mi).

1980 April 1 - . LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Space Shuttle.
  • Shuttle ejection seat tests - . Nation: USA. Another series of tests of the shuttle ejection seat are held at Holloman AFB in support of the first shuttle orbital flights..

1980 April 1 - . 08:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. Launch Pad: LC1 or LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Cosmos 1170 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-4MKM. Duration: 11.00 days. Decay Date: 1980-04-12 . USAF Sat Cat: 11747 . COSPAR: 1980-025A. Apogee: 379 km (235 mi). Perigee: 178 km (110 mi). Inclination: 70.4000 deg. Period: 90.10 min. High resolution photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1980 April 1 - . 12:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 658. LV Family: Trident. Launch Vehicle: Trident C-4.
  • OT-2 Operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1980 April 2 - . 12:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 658. LV Family: Trident. Launch Vehicle: Trident C-4.
  • OT-2 Operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1980 April 2 - . 14:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 658. LV Family: Trident. Launch Vehicle: Trident C-4.
  • OT-2 Operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1980 April 2 - . 14:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 658. LV Family: Trident. Launch Vehicle: Trident C-4.
  • OT-2 Operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1980 April 3 - . 07:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1171 - . Payload: DS-P1-M. Mass: 650 kg (1,430 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Military. Type: Anti-satellite system target. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-M. USAF Sat Cat: 11750 . COSPAR: 1980-026A. Apogee: 1,001 km (621 mi). Perigee: 969 km (602 mi). Inclination: 65.8000 deg. Period: 104.80 min. ASAT target for Cosmos 1174 interceptor. First in a series of tests to validate functioning of system after extended storage..

1980 April 4 - . 15:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Ascension. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 61 km (37 mi).

1980 April 5 - . 03:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 67 km (41 mi).

1980 April 6 - . 03:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8B.
  • Waterhole 1 Aurora / aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 317 km (196 mi).

1980 April 7 - . 13:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Ascension. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 62 km (38 mi).

1980 April 8 - .
  • Voyager 1's Discovery of Saturn Moon Telesto - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft Bus: Voyager. Spacecraft: Voyager.

1980 April 9 - . 13:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Soyuz 35 - . Call Sign: Dnepr (Dnieper ). Crew: Popov, Ryumin. Backup Crew: Andreyev, Zudov. Payload: Soyuz 7K-T s/n 51. Mass: 6,800 kg (14,900 lb). Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Andreyev, Popov, Ryumin, Zudov. Agency: MOM. Program: Salyut 6. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Soyuz 35. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-T. Duration: 55.06 days. Decay Date: 1980-06-03 . USAF Sat Cat: 11753 . COSPAR: 1980-027A. Apogee: 247 km (153 mi). Perigee: 197 km (122 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 88.90 min. Manned two crew. Docked with Salyut 6. Carried crew comprising L I Popov and V V Ryumin to the Salyut-6 station to carry out scientific and technical research and experiments..

1980 April 10 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF03. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B.
  • ABRES STREP-4 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1980 April 11 - . 00:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC29A. Launch Pad: LC29/pad?. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3.
  • Chevaline warhead test launch - . Nation: UK. Agency: RN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1980 April 12 - . 20:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC41/1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M.
  • Cosmos 1172 - . Payload: Oko #14. Mass: 1,800 kg (3,900 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Early warning satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Oko. Spacecraft: Oko. Decay Date: 1997-12-26 . USAF Sat Cat: 11758 . COSPAR: 1980-028A. Apogee: 38,809 km (24,114 mi). Perigee: 1,476 km (917 mi). Inclination: 64.7000 deg. Period: 716.40 min. Replaced Cosmos 1109. Covered Oko constellation plane 9 - 240 degree longitude of ascending node..

1980 April 14 - . 15:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 89 km (55 mi).

1980 April 15 - . 03:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1980 April 16 - . Launch Site: Balasore. LV Family: RH. Launch Vehicle: RH-200.
  • Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1980 April 16 - . 17:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 91 km (56 mi).

1980 April 17 - . 08:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. Launch Pad: LC1 or LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Cosmos 1173 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-4MKM. Duration: 11.00 days. Decay Date: 1980-04-28 . USAF Sat Cat: 11763 . COSPAR: 1980-029A. Apogee: 352 km (218 mi). Perigee: 174 km (108 mi). Inclination: 70.3000 deg. Period: 89.80 min. High resolution photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1980 April 18 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC172. LV Family: MR-UR-100. Launch Vehicle: MR-UR-100U 15A16.
  • OT K - . Nation: Kazakhstan. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1980 April 18 - . 00:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC90/19. Launch Pad: LC90/pad?. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-2.
  • Cosmos 1174 - . Mass: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Military. Type: Anti-satellite system. Spacecraft Bus: Kosmoplan. Spacecraft: IS-A. Decay Date: 1980-04-20 . USAF Sat Cat: 11765 . COSPAR: 1980-030A. Apogee: 1,419 km (881 mi). Perigee: 372 km (231 mi). Inclination: 66.1000 deg. Period: 102.90 min.

    ASAT interceptor. First test of ASAT after extended storage. Missed Cosmos 1171 target by a large distance; over the two following days two more attempts were made with the backup engine, but all failed. On 20 April the satellite was ordered to self-destruct in orbit, ending the longest ASAT interceptor mission.


1980 April 18 - . 17:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC41/1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M. FAILURE: Fourth stage failure.. Failed Stage: U.
  • Cosmos 1175 - . Payload: Molniya-3 s/n 26. Mass: 1,600 kg (3,500 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Molniya. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-2. Spacecraft: Molniya-3. Decay Date: 1980-09-29 . USAF Sat Cat: 11769 . COSPAR: 1980-031C. Apogee: 458 km (284 mi). Perigee: 251 km (155 mi). Inclination: 62.8000 deg. Period: 91.60 min. Probable failed early warning. Investigation of the upper atmosphere and outer space..

1980 April 19 - . 09:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: UNKO. Launch Platform: PRILIV. LV Family: MMR-06. Launch Vehicle: MMR-06.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: GMS. Apogee: 56 km (34 mi).

1980 April 21 - . 21:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 656. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Poseidon C3.
  • FOT-40? Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1980 April 21 - . 21:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 656. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Poseidon C3.
  • FOT-40? Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1980 April 21 - . 21:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 656. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Poseidon C3.
  • FOT-40? Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1980 April 21 - . 21:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 656. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Poseidon C3.
  • FOT-40? Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1980 April 22 - . 23:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 77 km (47 mi).

1980 April 23 - . 00:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 73 km (45 mi).

1980 April 24 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 69 km (42 mi).

1980 April 25 - . 09:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: UNKO. Launch Platform: PRILIV. LV Family: MMR-06. Launch Vehicle: MMR-06.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: GMS. Apogee: 61 km (37 mi).

1980 April 26 - . 22:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC3E. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas F/SVS.
  • Navstar 6 - . Payload: GPS SVN 6 / OPS 5118. Mass: 770 kg (1,690 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Manufacturer: Seal Beach. Program: Navstar. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Navstar. Spacecraft: GPS Block 1. USAF Sat Cat: 11783 . COSPAR: 1980-032A. Apogee: 20,471 km (12,720 mi). Perigee: 19,387 km (12,046 mi). Inclination: 62.8000 deg. Period: 707.80 min. Global Positioning System..

1980 April 27 - . 06:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Progress 9 - . Payload: Progress s/n 109. Mass: 7,014 kg (15,463 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Salyut 6. Class: Manned. Type: Manned logistics spacecraft. Flight: Soyuz 35. Spacecraft Bus: Progress. Spacecraft: Progress. Duration: 24.76 days. Completed Operations Date: 1980-05-22 00:44:00 . Decay Date: 1980-05-22 00:44:00 . USAF Sat Cat: 11784 . COSPAR: 1980-033A. Apogee: 255 km (158 mi). Perigee: 185 km (114 mi). Inclination: 51.7000 deg. Period: 88.80 min.

    Unmanned supply vessel for Salyut 6. Delivery of various cargoes to the Salyut-6 orbital station. Docked with Salyut 6 on 29 Apr 1980 08:09:19 GMT. Undocked on 20 May 1980 18:51:00 GMT. Destroyed in reentry on 22 May 1980 00:44:00 GMT. Total free-flight time 3.32 days. Total docked time 21.45 days.


1980 April 28 - . 02:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Ariel-4 Aeronomy/Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 155 km (96 mi).

1980 April 28 - . 07:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7.
  • TEXUS 3A Microgravity mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 253 km (157 mi).

1980 April 28 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aelita-2 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 155 km (96 mi).

1980 April 29 - . 11:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC90/19. Launch Pad: LC90/pad?. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-2.
  • Cosmos 1176 - . Mass: 3,800 kg (8,300 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: RORSAT. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military naval surveillance radar satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Kosmoplan. Spacecraft: US-A. Decay Date: 1980-10-04 . USAF Sat Cat: 11968 . COSPAR: 1980-034B. Apogee: 962 km (597 mi). Perigee: 873 km (542 mi). Inclination: 64.8000 deg. Period: 103.40 min. Ocean surveillance; nuclear powered; test flight of modified safer design..

1980 April 29 - . 13:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/3. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Cosmos 1177 - . Payload: Yantar-4K1 s/n 2. Mass: 6,600 kg (14,500 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Yantar. Spacecraft: Yantar-4K1. Duration: 44.00 days. Decay Date: 1980-06-12 . USAF Sat Cat: 11789 . COSPAR: 1980-035A. Apogee: 331 km (205 mi). Perigee: 167 km (103 mi). Inclination: 67.2000 deg. Period: 89.50 min. Second flight test of Yantar-4K1 satellite. Demonstrated full spacecraft design duration of 45 days. High resolution photo reconnaissance; returned film in two small SpK capsules during the mission and with the main capsule at completion of the mission..

1980 April 30 - . 02:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 88 km (54 mi).

1980 May 1 - . Launch Pad: Atlantic Ocean, 68.0 N x 0.0 E. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1980 May 2 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kerguelen. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 86 km (53 mi).

1980 May 3 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kerguelen. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 82 km (50 mi).

1980 May 5 - .
  • Death of Hans Paul - . Nation: Germany, USA. Related Persons: Paul. German engineer in WW2, member of the Rocket Team in the United States thereafter..

1980 May 5 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kerguelen. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 82 km (50 mi).

1980 May 6 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Koroni. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 94 km (58 mi).

1980 May 7 - . 13:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Cosmos 1178 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-6U. Duration: 15.00 days. Decay Date: 1980-05-22 . USAF Sat Cat: 11793 . COSPAR: 1980-036A. Apogee: 386 km (239 mi). Perigee: 193 km (119 mi). Inclination: 72.8000 deg. Period: 90.30 min. Photo surveillance; returned film capsule..

1980 May 8 - . 22:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: UNKO. Launch Platform: SHIR. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 83 km (51 mi).

1980 May 9 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kerguelen. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 89 km (55 mi).

1980 May 10 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kerguelen. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 87 km (54 mi).

1980 May 12 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kerguelen. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1980 May 13 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kerguelen. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1980 May 14 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C.
  • SPAR 7 Microgravity mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 204 km (126 mi).

1980 May 14 - . 13:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1179 - . Mass: 650 kg (1,430 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft Bus: Taifun-1Yu. Spacecraft: Taifun-1Yu. Decay Date: 1989-07-18 . USAF Sat Cat: 11796 . COSPAR: 1980-037A. Apogee: 307 km (190 mi). Perigee: 202 km (125 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 89.60 min. Failure. Radar calibration mission..

1980 May 15 - . 05:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Cosmos 1180 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-4MT. Duration: 11.00 days. Decay Date: 1980-05-26 . USAF Sat Cat: 11798 . COSPAR: 1980-038A. Apogee: 279 km (173 mi). Perigee: 245 km (152 mi). Inclination: 62.8000 deg. Period: 89.80 min. Military topography satellite; returned film capsule; also performed mapping, geodesy, earth resources tasks; separated capsule..

1980 May 16 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kerguelen. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 89 km (55 mi).

1980 May 17 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kerguelen. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 89 km (55 mi).

1980 May 18 - . Launch Site: Jiuquan. Launch Complex: Jiuquan LA2B. Launch Pad: LA2B?. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Dong Feng 5.
  • Test mission - . Nation: China. Agency: PRC. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1980 May 19 - .
  • NASA Astronaut Training Group 9 selected. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Bagian, Blaha, Bolden, Bridges, Chang-Diaz, Cleave, Dunbar, Fisher, William, Gardner, Guy, Grabe, Hilmers, Leestma, Lounge, O Connor, Richards, Ross, Smith, Spring, Springer.

    The group was selected to provide pilot, engineer, and scientist astronauts for space shuttle flights.. Qualifications: Pilots: Bachelor's degree in engineering, biological science, physical science or mathematics. Advanced degree desirable. At least 1,000 flight-hours of pilot-in-command time. Flight test experience desirable. Excellent health. Vision minimum 20/50 uncorrected, correctable to 20/20 vision; maximum sitting blood pressure 140/90. Height between 163 and 193 cm.

    Mission Specialists: Bachelor's degree in engineering, biological science, physical science or mathematics and minimum three years of related experience or an advanced degree. Vision minimum 20/150 uncorrected, correctable to 20/20. Maximum sitting blood pressure of 140/90. Height between 150 and 193 cm..


1980 May 19 - . 00:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC29A. Launch Pad: LC29/pad?. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3.
  • Chevaline warhead test launch - . Nation: UK. Agency: RN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1980 May 20 - . 09:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1181 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 11803 . COSPAR: 1980-039A. Apogee: 1,004 km (623 mi). Perigee: 969 km (602 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.80 min. Military navigation satellite..

1980 May 21 - . 02:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Jiuquan. Launch Complex: Jiuquan LA2B. Launch Pad: LA2B?. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Dong Feng 5.
  • Test mission - . Nation: China. Agency: PRC. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1980 May 21 - . 12:08 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Aries. Launch Vehicle: Aries.
  • TEM-2 ABM infrared / ultraviolet sensor technology mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 232 km (144 mi).

1980 May 22 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Astrobee. Launch Vehicle: Astrobee F.
  • Solar Constant 3 Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 249 km (154 mi).

1980 May 23 - . 07:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/3. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Cosmos 1182 - . Payload: Zenit-4MKT no. 13. Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Resurs. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-4MKT. Duration: 13.00 days. Decay Date: 1980-06-05 . USAF Sat Cat: 11808 . COSPAR: 1980-040A. Apogee: 251 km (155 mi). Perigee: 211 km (131 mi). Inclination: 82.3000 deg. Period: 89.10 min. Investigation of the natural resources of the earth in the interests of various branches of the national economy of the USSR and international cooperation..

1980 May 23 - . 14:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA1. LV Family: Ariane. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 1. FAILURE: Stage 1 combustion instability.. Failed Stage: 1.
  • Firewheel - . Payload: Feuerrad. Nation: France. Agency: ESA. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Firewheel. Spacecraft: Firewheel. Decay Date: 1980-05-23 .
  • Amsat Phase 3A - . Payload: Amsat Phase 3A. Nation: USA. Agency: ESA. Program: Oscar. Spacecraft Bus: Oscar. Spacecraft: Oscar. The satellite never obtained orbit. Weight 92.2 kg. Mode B (435 MHz uplink and 145 MHz downlink) transponder and 145 MHz beacon. VHF and UHF helix wide beam antenna..
  • CAT - . Payload: CAT. Nation: Europe. Agency: ESA. Spacecraft Bus: CAT. Spacecraft: CAT.

1980 May 24 - . 20:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: UNKO. Launch Platform: SHIR. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 82 km (50 mi).

1980 May 25 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: UNKO. Launch Platform: SHIR. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 82 km (50 mi).

1980 May 26 - . 18:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Soyuz 36 - . Call Sign: Orion (Orion ). Crew: Farkas, Kubasov. Backup Crew: Dzhanibekov, Magyari. Payload: Soyuz 7K-T s/n 52. Mass: 6,800 kg (14,900 lb). Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Dzhanibekov, Farkas, Kubasov, Magyari. Agency: MOM. Program: Salyut 6. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Soyuz 35, Soyuz 36. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-T. Duration: 65.87 days. Decay Date: 1980-07-31 . USAF Sat Cat: 11811 . COSPAR: 1980-041A. Apogee: 263 km (163 mi). Perigee: 190 km (110 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 89.00 min. Transported the fifth international crew under the INTERCOSMOS programme, comprising V N Kubasov (USSR) and B Farkas (Hungary) to the Salyut-6 station to carry out scientific research and experiments..

1980 May 27 - . 19:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: UNKO. Launch Platform: SHIR. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 79 km (49 mi).

1980 May 28 - . 06:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 657. LV Family: Trident. Launch Vehicle: Trident C-4.
  • OT-3 Operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1980 May 28 - . 06:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 657. LV Family: Trident. Launch Vehicle: Trident C-4.
  • OT-3 Operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1980 May 28 - . 06:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 657. LV Family: Trident. Launch Vehicle: Trident C-4.
  • OT-3 Operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1980 May 28 - . 06:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 657. LV Family: Trident. Launch Vehicle: Trident C-4.
  • OT-3 Operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1980 May 28 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Cosmos 1183 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-6U. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1980-06-11 . USAF Sat Cat: 11816 . COSPAR: 1980-042A. Apogee: 384 km (238 mi). Perigee: 196 km (121 mi). Inclination: 72.8000 deg. Period: 90.30 min. Photo surveillance; returned film capsule..

1980 May 29 - . 10:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC3W. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas F. FAILURE: Atlas sustainer engine under-thrust resulted in 50 second extended burn time, and spacecraft attempted to separate and fired apogee kick motor while booster was still thrusting.. Failed Stage: P.
  • NOAA B - . Payload: NOAA B. Mass: 1,405 kg (3,097 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NOAA. Program: Tiros. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Tiros N. Spacecraft: Tiros N. Decay Date: 1981-05-03 . USAF Sat Cat: 11819 . COSPAR: 1980-043A. Apogee: 1,445 km (897 mi). Perigee: 264 km (164 mi). Inclination: 92.2000 deg. Period: 102.10 min.

    Unusable orbit; would have been NOAA 7. At engine start up, one of the booster engines suffered an internal fuel leak, causing it to run at about 80% thrust. As a result the booster was low on velocity and heavy on propellant over much of its flight and ran an incredible 50 seconds longer than the nominal burn. The NOAA Advanced TIROS payload was designed with no direct communication with the booster, and unaware of the booster problem, at 375 sec after liftoff attempted to separate with the booster still firing. The booster's continued thrusting defeated the payload's attempt to perform the required pitch maneuver. When the payload fired its apogee kick motor, it blew the top of the booster's liquid oxygen tank off. The spacecraft survived all this, but the resultant orbit was highly elliptical rather than the desired circular sun-synchronous. The mission was a total loss. Officially: Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C).>


1980 May 30 - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: RH. Launch Vehicle: RH-200.
  • Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1980 May 30 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1980 May 31 - . 09:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: UNKO. Launch Platform: PRILIV. LV Family: MMR-06. Launch Vehicle: MMR-06.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: GMS. Apogee: 62 km (38 mi).

1980 June 1 - . Launch Pad: Atlantic Ocean, 68.0 N x 0.0 E. Launch Platform: ZUB. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1980 June 2 - . 13:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 91 km (56 mi).

1980 June 3 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Koroni. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 81 km (50 mi).

1980 June 3 - .
1980 June 4 - . 07:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Vostok 8A92M.
  • Cosmos 1184 - . Payload: Tselina-D no. 25. Mass: 3,800 kg (8,300 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Tselina. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Tselina-D. Spacecraft: Tselina-D. Decay Date: 2002-04-29 . USAF Sat Cat: 11821 . COSPAR: 1980-044A. Apogee: 535 km (332 mi). Perigee: 532 km (330 mi). Inclination: 81.2000 deg. Period: 95.30 min.

1980 June 5 - . Launch Site: Tatishchevo. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N.
  • Off site test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1980 June 5 - . 14:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Soyuz T-2 - . Call Sign: Yupiter (Jupiter ). Crew: Aksyonov, Malyshev. Backup Crew: Kizim, Makarov. Payload: Soyuz T s/n 7L. Mass: 6,850 kg (15,100 lb). Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Aksyonov, Kizim, Makarov, Malyshev. Agency: MOM. Program: Salyut 6. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Soyuz 35, Soyuz T-2. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Soyuz T. Duration: 3.93 days. Decay Date: 1980-06-09 . USAF Sat Cat: 11825 . COSPAR: 1980-045A. Apogee: 232 km (144 mi). Perigee: 195 km (121 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 88.70 min. Test flight of new Soyuz T; docked with Salyut 6. Conducted testing and development of on-board systems in the improved Soyuz T series transport vehicle under piloted conditions..

1980 June 6 - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: RH. Launch Vehicle: RH-200.
  • Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1980 June 6 - . 07:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC41/1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Cosmos 1185 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Resurs. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Resurs F1-17F41. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1980-06-20 . USAF Sat Cat: 11827 . COSPAR: 1980-046A. Apogee: 277 km (172 mi). Perigee: 208 km (129 mi). Inclination: 82.3000 deg. Period: 89.30 min.

    High resolution photo surveillance; film capsule; maneuverable (?); also performed earth resource tasks. Investigation of the natural resources of the earth in the interests of various branches of the national economy of the USSR and international cooperation.


1980 June 6 - . 11:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1186 - . Mass: 900 kg (1,980 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft Bus: Taifun-2. Spacecraft: Taifun-2. Decay Date: 1982-01-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 11829 . COSPAR: 1980-047A. Apogee: 414 km (257 mi). Perigee: 388 km (241 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 92.60 min. Released 25 Romb radar calibration subsatellites..

1980 June 7 - . 03:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 76 km (47 mi).

1980 June 9 - . 16:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 62 km (38 mi).

1980 June 9 - .
1980 June 10 - . 11:45 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C.
  • Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 298 km (185 mi).

1980 June 11 - . 14:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC43. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 68 km (42 mi).

1980 June 12 - .
  • International Cosmonaut Training Group selected. - . Nation: France. Related Persons: Baudry. French astronaut trained for a flight to the Salyut space station..

1980 June 12 - . 12:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Cosmos 1187 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-6U. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1980-06-26 . USAF Sat Cat: 11837 . COSPAR: 1980-048A. Apogee: 294 km (182 mi). Perigee: 194 km (120 mi). Inclination: 72.9000 deg. Period: 89.40 min. Photo surveillance; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1980 June 13 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Molodezhnaya. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 91 km (56 mi).

1980 June 14 - . 00:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC200/39. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K/DM.
  • Gorizont 4 - . Payload: Gorizont s/n 15L. Mass: 2,100 kg (4,600 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-3. Spacecraft: Gorizont . Completed Operations Date: 1988-10-25 . USAF Sat Cat: 11841 . COSPAR: 1980-049A. Apogee: 36,269 km (22,536 mi). Perigee: 36,239 km (22,517 mi). Inclination: 14.3000 deg. Period: 1,460.10 min.

    Stationed at 14 deg W. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 14 deg W in 1980-1984; 11 deg W in 1984-1985; 14 deg W in 1985; 11 deg W in 1985-1988 As of 3 September 2001 located at 106.01 deg W drifting at 5.930 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 9 located at 145.19W drifting at 5.924W degrees per day.


1980 June 14 - . 20:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/3. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M.
  • Cosmos 1188 - . Payload: Oko #15. Mass: 1,800 kg (3,900 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Early warning satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Oko. Spacecraft: Oko. Decay Date: 2013-05-24 . USAF Sat Cat: 11844 . COSPAR: 1980-050A. Apogee: 36,280 km (22,540 mi). Perigee: 4,103 km (2,549 mi). Inclination: 68.0000 deg. Period: 718.40 min. Replaced Cosmos 1024. Covered Oko constellation plane 2 - 319 degree longitude of ascending node..

1980 June 16 - . 08:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Astrobee. Launch Vehicle: Astrobee F.
  • NRL far ultraviolet Spectrograph Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 217 km (134 mi).

1980 June 17 - . 02:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 72 km (44 mi).

1980 June 18 - . 06:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. Launch Pad: LC1 or LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Vostok 8A92M.
  • Meteor 1-30 - . Payload: Resurs-OE s/n 3-1. Mass: 3,475 kg (7,661 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Resurs. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Meteor. Spacecraft: Resurs-OE. Duration: 4,274.00 days. Decay Date: 1992-03-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 11848 . COSPAR: 1980-051A. Apogee: 457 km (283 mi). Perigee: 428 km (265 mi). Inclination: 97.7000 deg. Period: 93.40 min.

    First flight of prototype for Resurs-O1 spacecraft. Also performed remote sensing tasks. Acquisition of information required for continued investigation of the natural resources of the earth; development of remote sensing methods for measuring the status of the earth's surface and the atmosphere beneath the satellite.


1980 June 18 - . 18:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC4E. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan IIID.
  • KH-9 no. 16 - . Mass: 13,300 kg (29,300 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: CIA, NRO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KH-9. Spacecraft: KH-9. Decay Date: 1981-03-06 . USAF Sat Cat: 11850 . COSPAR: 1980-052A. Apogee: 262 km (162 mi). Perigee: 164 km (101 mi). Inclination: 96.4000 deg. Period: 88.80 min. KH-9 type satellite. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A). .
  • OPS 1292 - . Payload: SSF-C No. 6. Mass: 60 kg (132 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: CIA, USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft Bus: SSF. Spacecraft: SSF. USAF Sat Cat: 11852 . COSPAR: 1980-052C. Apogee: 1,333 km (828 mi). Perigee: 1,331 km (827 mi). Inclination: 96.6000 deg. Period: 112.30 min. ABM monitoring; may or may not have existed!!!..

1980 June 19 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 83 km (51 mi).

1980 June 20 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Molodezhnaya. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 87 km (54 mi).

1980 June 21 - . 18:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M.
  • Molniya 1-47 - . Payload: Molniya-1T. Mass: 1,600 kg (3,500 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Molniya. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-2. Spacecraft: Molniya-1T. Decay Date: 1991-04-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 11856 . COSPAR: 1980-053A. Apogee: 24,508 km (15,228 mi). Perigee: 98 km (60 mi). Inclination: 63.6000 deg. Period: 423.50 min. Uncertain if Molniya-1T model was Molniya-1 or Molniya-1T. Operation of the long-range telephone and telegraph radiocommunications system in the USSR; transmission of television programmes to stations in the Orbita network..

1980 June 22 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF08. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3.
  • FOT GT74GM Follow-on Test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1980 June 23 - . 15:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Thule AFB. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 71 km (44 mi).

1980 June 24 - . 05:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C.
  • X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 213 km (132 mi).

1980 June 25 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Molodezhnaya. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 91 km (56 mi).

1980 June 26 - . 12:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Cosmos 1189 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-6U. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1980-07-10 . USAF Sat Cat: 11863 . COSPAR: 1980-054A. Apogee: 305 km (189 mi). Perigee: 198 km (123 mi). Inclination: 72.9000 deg. Period: 89.60 min. Photo surveillance; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1980 June 27 - . 05:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 658. LV Family: Trident. Launch Vehicle: Trident C-4.
  • OT-4 Operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1980 June 27 - . 05:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 658. LV Family: Trident. Launch Vehicle: Trident C-4.
  • OT-4 Operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1980 June 27 - . 05:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 658. LV Family: Trident. Launch Vehicle: Trident C-4.
  • OT-4 Operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1980 June 27 - . 05:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 658. LV Family: Trident. Launch Vehicle: Trident C-4.
  • OT-4 Operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1980 June 27 - . 19:01 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Astrobee. Launch Vehicle: Astrobee F.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 260 km (160 mi).

1980 June 28 - . 00:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MMR-06. Launch Vehicle: MMR-06.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: GMS. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1980 June 29 - . 04:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Progress 10 - . Payload: Progress s/n 110. Mass: 7,014 kg (15,463 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Salyut 6. Class: Manned. Type: Manned logistics spacecraft. Flight: Soyuz 35. Spacecraft Bus: Progress. Spacecraft: Progress. Duration: 19.88 days. Completed Operations Date: 1980-07-19 01:47:18 . Decay Date: 1980-07-19 01:47:18 . USAF Sat Cat: 11867 . COSPAR: 1980-055A. Apogee: 264 km (164 mi). Perigee: 183 km (113 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 89.00 min.

    Unmanned supply vessel for Salyut 6. Delivery of various cargoes to the Salyut-6 orbital station. Docked with Salyut 6 on 1 Jul 1980 05:53:00 GMT. Undocked on 17 Jul 1980 22:21:00 GMT. Destroyed in reentry on 19 Jul 1980 01:47:00 GMT. Total free-flight time 3.19 days. Total docked time 16.69 days.


1980 June 30 - . 13:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC43. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 53 km (32 mi).

1980 July - . LV Family: Ariane. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 2/3.
  • Development of Ariane 2/3 launch vehicle authorised. - . Nation: France. The upgrade to the Ariane 1 had a total cost of 144 million 1986 ECU's..

1980 Jul - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. LV Family: Oka. Launch Vehicle: Oka.
  • Stage 2, last - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

1980 July 1 - . Launch Site: Tatishchevo. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100N.
  • Off site test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1980 July 1 - . 07:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1190 - . Mass: 750 kg (1,650 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Strela-2M. USAF Sat Cat: 11869 . COSPAR: 1980-056A. Apogee: 792 km (492 mi). Perigee: 777 km (482 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 100.60 min.

1980 July 2 - . 00:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC41/1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M.
  • Cosmos 1191 - . Payload: Oko #16. Mass: 1,800 kg (3,900 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Early warning satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Oko. Spacecraft: Oko. USAF Sat Cat: 11871 . COSPAR: 1980-057A. Apogee: 34,907 km (21,690 mi). Perigee: 5,403 km (3,357 mi). Inclination: 67.5000 deg. Period: 716.90 min. Replaced Cosmos 1124. Covered Oko constellation plane 4 - 39 degree longitude of ascending node..

1980 July 3 - . 00:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Eareckson. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 52 km (32 mi).

1980 July 4 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Molodezhnaya. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1980 July 5 - . 18:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Super Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 66 km (41 mi).

1980 July 6 - . 14:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Super Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 62 km (38 mi).

1980 July 7 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Molodezhnaya. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 86 km (53 mi).

1980 July 9 - . 00:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1192 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 193. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 11875 . COSPAR: 1980-058A. Apogee: 1,473 km (915 mi). Perigee: 1,397 km (868 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.60 min. Eight satellites launched by a single carrier rocket..
  • Cosmos 1194 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 195. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 11877 . COSPAR: 1980-058C. Apogee: 1,474 km (915 mi). Perigee: 1,432 km (889 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.00 min.
  • Cosmos 1199 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 200. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 11882 . COSPAR: 1980-058H. Apogee: 1,531 km (951 mi). Perigee: 1,473 km (915 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 116.00 min.
  • Cosmos 1198 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 199. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 11881 . COSPAR: 1980-058G. Apogee: 1,509 km (937 mi). Perigee: 1,474 km (915 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.80 min.
  • Cosmos 1197 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 198. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 11880 . COSPAR: 1980-058F. Apogee: 1,492 km (927 mi). Perigee: 1,471 km (914 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.60 min.
  • Cosmos 1195 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 196. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 11878 . COSPAR: 1980-058D. Apogee: 1,475 km (916 mi). Perigee: 1,450 km (900 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.20 min.
  • Cosmos 1193 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 194. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 11876 . COSPAR: 1980-058B. Apogee: 1,475 km (916 mi). Perigee: 1,414 km (878 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.80 min.
  • Cosmos 1196 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 197. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 11879 . COSPAR: 1980-058E. Apogee: 1,475 km (916 mi). Perigee: 1,468 km (912 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.40 min.

1980 July 9 - . 12:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Cosmos 1200 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-6U. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1980-07-23 . USAF Sat Cat: 11884 . COSPAR: 1980-059A. Apogee: 298 km (185 mi). Perigee: 195 km (121 mi). Inclination: 72.9000 deg. Period: 89.40 min. Photo surveillance; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1980 July 10 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Eareckson. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 55 km (34 mi).

1980 July 11 - . 16:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 642. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Poseidon C3.
  • FOT-41? Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1980 July 11 - . 16:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 642. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Poseidon C3.
  • FOT-41? Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1980 July 11 - . 16:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 642. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Poseidon C3.
  • FOT-41? Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1980 July 11 - . 16:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 642. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Poseidon C3.
  • FOT-41? Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1980 July 12 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Molodezhnaya. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 82 km (50 mi).

1980 July 14 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg.
  • Fifth and final launch of a Thor/Block 5D-I - . Nation: USA. Fifth and final launch of a Thor/Block 5D-I from Vandenberg AFB (first launch on 11 September 1976)..

1980 July 14 - . 22:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 634. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Poseidon C3.
  • DASO-48 demonstration and shakedown operations launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1980 July 14 - . 22:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC200/40. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K/DM.
  • Ekran 5 - . Payload: Ekran s/n 19L. Mass: 1,970 kg (4,340 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-3. Spacecraft: Ekran . Completed Operations Date: 1980-07-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 11890 . COSPAR: 1980-060A. Apogee: 35,834 km (22,266 mi). Perigee: 35,737 km (22,205 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min.

    Transmission of color and black-and-white USSR central television programmes to a network of receivers for collective use. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 99 deg E in 1980 Last known longitude (14 March 1994) 95.12 deg E drifting at 0.122 deg W per day.


1980 July 15 - . 02:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC10W. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor DSV-2U. FAILURE: Separation problem gutted wiring from spacecraft.. Failed Stage: 2.
  • AMS 5 - . Payload: DMSP 5D S-4. Mass: 513 kg (1,130 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Program: DMSP. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DMSP Block 5D. Spacecraft: DMSP Block 5D. Decay Date: 1980-07-14 .

    Defense Meteorological Satellite Program. Although there was a press release immediately after the launch (by the spacecraft SPO) that said the 2nd stage motor exploded, in reality the problem was found to be due to poor design of the electrical connectors between the 2nd and third stages and a separation problem that ripped the wiring out of the spacecraft.


1980 July 15 - . 07:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/3. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Cosmos 1201 - . Payload: Zenit-4MKT no. 14. Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Resurs. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-4MKT. Duration: 13.00 days. Decay Date: 1980-07-28 . USAF Sat Cat: 11894 . COSPAR: 1980-061A. Apogee: 243 km (150 mi). Perigee: 213 km (132 mi). Inclination: 82.3000 deg. Period: 89.10 min. Investigation of the natural resources of the earth in the interests of various branches of the national economy of the USSR and international cooperation..

1980 July 15 - . 17:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C.
  • Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 322 km (200 mi).

1980 July 16 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 79 km (49 mi).

1980 July 17 - . 13:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Super Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 64 km (39 mi).

1980 July 18 - . 02:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Sriharikota. Launch Complex: Sriharikota SLV. LV Family: ASLV. Launch Vehicle: SLV-3.
  • Rohini RS-1 - . Payload: Rohini 1B. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Rohini. Spacecraft: Rohini. Decay Date: 1981-05-20 . USAF Sat Cat: 11899 . COSPAR: 1980-062A. Apogee: 921 km (572 mi). Perigee: 307 km (190 mi). Inclination: 44.7000 deg. Period: 97.00 min. Experimental-technology mission. Rohini satellite RS-1. .

1980 July 18 - . 10:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/3. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M.
  • Molniya 3-13 - . Payload: Molniya-3 s/n 27. Mass: 1,600 kg (3,500 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Molniya. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-2. Spacecraft: Molniya-3. USAF Sat Cat: 11896 . COSPAR: 1980-063A. Apogee: 38,990 km (24,220 mi). Perigee: 1,364 km (847 mi). Inclination: 63.1000 deg. Period: 717.80 min.

    Continued operation of the long-range telephone and telegraph radio-communication system within the Soviet Union and transmission of USSR central television programmes to stations in the Orbita and participating international networks (international cooperation scheme).


1980 July 21 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Eareckson. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 47 km (29 mi).

1980 July 22 - . 03:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 629. LV Family: Trident. Launch Vehicle: Trident C-4.
  • DASO-5? demonstration and shakedown operations launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1980 July 23 - . 18:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Soyuz 37 - . Call Sign: Terek (Terek - river in the Caucasus). Crew: Gorbatko, Tuan. Backup Crew: Bykovsky, Liem. Payload: Soyuz 7K-T s/n 53. Mass: 6,800 kg (14,900 lb). Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Bykovsky, Gorbatko, Liem, Tuan. Agency: MOM. Program: Salyut 6. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Soyuz 35, Soyuz 37. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-T. Duration: 79.64 days. Decay Date: 1980-10-11 . USAF Sat Cat: 11905 . COSPAR: 1980-064A. Apogee: 273 km (169 mi). Perigee: 190 km (110 mi). Inclination: 51.5000 deg. Period: 89.10 min.

    Manned two crew. Transported to the Salyut-6 station the sixth international crew under the Intercosmos programme, comprising V V Gorbatko (USSR) and Pham Tuan (Viet Nam), to conduct scientific research and experiments. Returned crew of Soyuz 35 to Earth. Recovered October 11, 1980 9:50 GMT.


1980 July 24 - . 12:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Cosmos 1202 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-6U. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1980-08-07 . USAF Sat Cat: 11907 . COSPAR: 1980-065A. Apogee: 307 km (190 mi). Perigee: 198 km (123 mi). Inclination: 72.9000 deg. Period: 89.60 min. Photo surveillance; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1980 July 25 - . Launch Site: Balasore. LV Family: RH. Launch Vehicle: RH-200.
  • Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1980 July 25 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Molodezhnaya. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 91 km (56 mi).

1980 July 26 - . 23:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 2.
  • VLF propagation Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 168 km (104 mi).

1980 July 28 - . 19:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 229 km (142 mi).

1980 July 30 - . Launch Site: Balasore. LV Family: RH. Launch Vehicle: RH-200.
  • Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1980 July 30 - . 02:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 67 km (41 mi).

1980 July 31 - . 07:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/3. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Cosmos 1203 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Resurs. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Resurs F1-17F41. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1980-08-14 . USAF Sat Cat: 11915 . COSPAR: 1980-066A. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi). Perigee: 213 km (132 mi). Inclination: 82.3000 deg. Period: 89.40 min.

    High resolution photo surveillance; film capsule; maneuverable (?); also performed earth resources tasks. Investigation of the natural resources of the earth in the interests of various branches of the national economy of the USSR and international cooperation.


1980 July 31 - . 10:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1204 - . Mass: 900 kg (1,980 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft Bus: Taifun-2. Spacecraft: Taifun-2. Decay Date: 1981-02-23 . USAF Sat Cat: 11917 . COSPAR: 1980-067A. Apogee: 546 km (339 mi). Perigee: 349 km (216 mi). Inclination: 50.7000 deg. Period: 93.50 min. Radar calibration. Released 25 Romb radar calibration subsatellites..

1980 July 31 - . 12:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: HJ Orion.
  • E-Field Plasma / test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 111 km (68 mi).

1980 July 31 - .
1980 August 1 - .
  • Death of James S McDonnell at Saint Louis, MO. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: McDonnell. American engineer, president of McDonnell Aircraft 1939-1972. His innovative fighter designs were initially unsuccessful, but the F-4 and F-15 were the premier US fighters after 1960. Contractor for the Mercury, Gemini , and MOL spacecraft..

1980 August 1 - . 18:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Antigua. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 67 km (41 mi).

1980 August 4 - . 12:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Ascension. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 62 km (38 mi).

1980 August 5 - . 13:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC43. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 56 km (34 mi).

1980 August 6 - . 01:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 78 km (48 mi).

1980 August 7 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Eareckson. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 51 km (31 mi).

1980 August 8 - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: RH. Launch Vehicle: RH-200.
  • Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1980 August 8 - . 15:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Primrose Lake. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 63 km (39 mi).

1980 August 9 - . 07:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Astrobee. Launch Vehicle: Astrobee F.
  • UIT Prototype Astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 214 km (132 mi).

1980 August 11 - . 13:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Antigua. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 72 km (44 mi).

1980 August 12 - . 11:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Cosmos 1205 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-6U. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1980-08-26 . USAF Sat Cat: 11924 . COSPAR: 1980-068A. Apogee: 302 km (187 mi). Perigee: 195 km (121 mi). Inclination: 72.8000 deg. Period: 89.50 min. Photo surveillance; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1980 August 13 - .
  • Death of Konstantin Nikolayevich Rudnev - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Rudnev. Russian government official. Director of NII-88 1950-1952. Chaired GKOT 1958-1961..

1980 August 13 - . 02:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 83 km (51 mi).

1980 August 14 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. LV Family: Temp-2S. Launch Vehicle: Pioner UTTKh.
  • R&D - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1980 August 14 - . 02:02 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 192 km (119 mi).

1980 August 15 - . Launch Site: Jingyu. Launch Complex: Jingyu. LV Family: DF-3. Launch Vehicle: DF-4.
  • First DF-4 test from Jingyu. - . Nation: China. Program: Long March. First launch from Jingyu test site..

1980 August 15 - . 05:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Vostok 8A92M.
  • Cosmos 1206 - . Payload: Tselina-D no. 26. Mass: 3,800 kg (8,300 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Tselina. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Tselina-D. Spacecraft: Tselina-D. Decay Date: 2002-01-14 . USAF Sat Cat: 11932 . COSPAR: 1980-069A. Apogee: 531 km (329 mi). Perigee: 525 km (326 mi). Inclination: 81.2000 deg. Period: 95.20 min.

1980 August 16 - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: RH. Launch Vehicle: RH-200.
  • Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1980 August 16 - . 11:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 86 km (53 mi).

1980 August 18 - . 09:50 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Aries. Launch Vehicle: Aries.
  • ZIP I (BMP) Infrared astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 401 km (249 mi).

1980 August 19 - . 21:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 88 km (54 mi).

1980 August 20 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF26. Launch Pad: LF26?. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3.
  • FOT GT76GB Follow-on Test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1980 August 20 - . 21:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 625. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Poseidon C3.
  • FOT-42? Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1980 August 20 - . 21:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 625. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Poseidon C3.
  • FOT-42? Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1980 August 20 - . 21:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 625. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Poseidon C3.
  • FOT-42? Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1980 August 20 - . 21:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 625. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Poseidon C3.
  • FOT-42? Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1980 August 21 - . 21:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 71 km (44 mi).

1980 August 22 - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: RH. Launch Vehicle: RH-200.
  • Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1980 August 22 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC41/1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Cosmos 1207 - . Payload: Zenit-4MKT no. 15. Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Resurs. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-4MKT. Duration: 13.00 days. Decay Date: 1980-09-04 . USAF Sat Cat: 11938 . COSPAR: 1980-070A. Apogee: 256 km (159 mi). Perigee: 211 km (131 mi). Inclination: 82.3000 deg. Period: 89.20 min. Investigation of the natural resources of the earth in the interests of various branches of the national economy of the USSR and international cooperation..

1980 August 23 - .
  • Death of Boris Nikolayevich Petrov - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Petrov, Boris. Russian engineer, Department Chief 1951-1980 of the Institute of Control Problems, chair of the Inter-Cosmos Council, which promoted cooperation in space among eastern European nations during the height of the Cold War, 1966-1980..

1980 August 25 - . 13:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Ascension. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1980 August 26 - . 11:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 10.
  • GIR / GXV / STS X-ray astronomy / infrared astronomy mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 219 km (136 mi).

1980 August 26 - . 15:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC41/1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Cosmos 1208 - . Payload: Yantar-2K s/n 927. Mass: 6,600 kg (14,500 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Yantar. Spacecraft: Yantar-2K. Duration: 29.00 days. Decay Date: 1980-09-24 . USAF Sat Cat: 11945 . COSPAR: 1980-071A. Apogee: 339 km (210 mi). Perigee: 173 km (107 mi). Inclination: 67.1000 deg. Period: 89.60 min. Area survey photo reconnaissance; returned film in two small SpK capsules during the mission and with the main capsule at completion of the mission..

1980 August 27 - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 3.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 245 km (152 mi).

1980 August 27 - . Launch Site: Balasore. LV Family: RH. Launch Vehicle: RH-200.
  • Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1980 August 27 - . 02:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 655. LV Family: Trident. Launch Vehicle: Trident C-4.
  • OT-5 Operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1980 August 27 - . 02:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 655. LV Family: Trident. Launch Vehicle: Trident C-4.
  • OT-5 Operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1980 August 27 - . 02:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 655. LV Family: Trident. Launch Vehicle: Trident C-4.
  • OT-5 Operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1980 August 28 - . 16:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Primrose Lake. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 66 km (41 mi).

1980 August 29 - . Launch Site: Sriharikota. LV Family: RH. Launch Vehicle: RH-200.
  • Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1980 August 29 - . Launch Site: Balasore. LV Family: RH. Launch Vehicle: RH-200.
  • Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1980 August 29 - . 13:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC43. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 58 km (36 mi).

1980 August 30 - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: RH. Launch Vehicle: RH-200.
  • Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1980 September 1 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Strypi. Launch Vehicle: Strypi.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1980 September 1 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Strypi. Launch Vehicle: Strypi.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1980 September 2 - . 10:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 9M.
  • Test / aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 230 km (140 mi).

1980 September 3 - . 10:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC41/1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Cosmos 1209 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Resurs. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Resurs F1-17F41. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1980-09-17 . USAF Sat Cat: 11950 . COSPAR: 1980-072A. Apogee: 267 km (165 mi). Perigee: 206 km (128 mi). Inclination: 82.3000 deg. Period: 89.20 min.

    High resolution photo surveillance; film capsule; maneuverable; also performed earth resources tasks. Investigation of the natural resources of the earth in the interests of various branches of the national economy of the USSR and international cooperation.


1980 September 4 - . 12:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 9M.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 308 km (191 mi).

1980 September 5 - . 19:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Point Mugu. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 79 km (49 mi).

1980 September 8 - .
  • Cosmonaut Oleg Grigoryevich Kononenko dies at age of 42 -- Crash of Yak-38 VTOL fighter during takeoff from aircraft carrier Minsk in the South China Sea. - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Kononenko, Oleg G. Russian test pilot cosmonaut, 1980-1980. Graduated from Zhukovsky Air Force Institute, 1975 Civilian test pilot. Cosmonaut training December 1978 - July 1980..

1980 September 9 - . 11:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Vostok 8A92M.
  • Meteor 2-06 - . Payload: Meteor-2 no. 6. Mass: 2,750 kg (6,060 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Meteor. Spacecraft: Meteor-2. USAF Sat Cat: 11962 . COSPAR: 1980-073A. Apogee: 886 km (550 mi). Perigee: 834 km (518 mi). Inclination: 81.2000 deg. Period: 102.10 min. Gathering meteorological information and data on penetrating radiation fluxes in circumterrestrial space. .

1980 September 9 - . 22:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Delta 3914.
  • GOES 4 - . Payload: GOES D. Mass: 627 kg (1,382 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NOAA. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft Bus: GOES. Spacecraft: GOES. Completed Operations Date: 1988-11-09 . USAF Sat Cat: 11964 . COSPAR: 1980-074A. Apogee: 36,213 km (22,501 mi). Perigee: 35,948 km (22,337 mi). Inclination: 9.4000 deg. Period: 1,451.20 min.

    Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A). Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 98 deg W in 1980-1981; 135 deg W in 1981-1983; 135-143 deg W in 1983; 139 deg W in 1984-1985; 10 deg W in 1985; 44 deg W in 1985-1988 As of 5 September 2001 located at 37.03 deg E drifting at 3.758 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 45.89E drifting at 3.763W degrees per day.


1980 September 10 - . 02:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 88 km (54 mi).

1980 September 11 - . 21:55 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 67 km (41 mi).

1980 September 12 - . 07:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: UNKO. Launch Platform: KRENKEL'. LV Family: MMR-06. Launch Vehicle: MMR-06.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: GMS. Apogee: 56 km (34 mi).

1980 September 13 - . 22:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Tanegashima. Launch Complex: Tanegashima T. LV Family: JCR. Launch Vehicle: TT-500A.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: NASDA. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1980 September 15 - .
  • Birth of Dr Faiz bin Khaleed - . Nation: Malaysia. Related Persons: Khaleed. Malaysian physician cosmonaut, 2006-2007. Backup to first Malaysian in space..

1980 September 15 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF06. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B.
  • ABRES STREP-3 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1980 September 15 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1980 September 16 - . 04:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1980 September 17 - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. Launch Complex: Kwajalein RN. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: DOT.
  • DOT 3 Interceptor mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 296 km (183 mi).

1980 September 17 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF09. Launch Pad: LF09?. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3.
  • FOT GT77GM Follow-on Test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1980 September 18 - . 16:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 170.
  • Ultraviolet Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 197 km (122 mi).

1980 September 18 - . 19:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Soyuz 38 - . Call Sign: Taimyr (Taimyr - Russian peninsula). Crew: Romanenko, Tamayo Mendez. Backup Crew: Khrunov, Lopez Falcon. Payload: Soyuz 7K-T s/n 54. Mass: 6,800 kg (14,900 lb). Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Khrunov, Lopez Falcon, Romanenko, Tamayo Mendez. Agency: MOM. Program: Salyut 6. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Soyuz 35, Soyuz 38. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-T. Duration: 7.86 days. Decay Date: 1980-09-26 . USAF Sat Cat: 11977 . COSPAR: 1980-075A. Apogee: 257 km (159 mi). Perigee: 195 km (121 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 89.00 min. Manned two crew. Docked with Salyut 6. Transported to the Salyut-6 station the seventh international crew under the INTERCOSMOS programme, comprising Y V Romanenko (USSR) and A. Tomaio Mendez (Cuba), to conduct scientific research and experiments..

1980 September 19 - . LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan II.
  • Titan 2 explodes in silo. - . Nation: USA.

    An Air Force repairman doing routine maintenance in a Titan II ICBM silo dropped a wrench socket, which rolled off a work platform and fell to the bottom of the silo. The socket struck the missile, causing a leak from a pressurized fuel tank. The missile complex and surrounding areas were evacuated. Eight and a half hours later, the fuel vapors ignited, causing an explosion which killed an Air Force specialist and injured 21 others. The explosion also blew off the 670-tonne reinforced concrete-and-steel silo door and catapulted the warhead 200 m into the air. The silo was later filled in with gravel.


1980 September 19 - . LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Space Shuttle.
  • SRB Hydroburst test - . Nation: USA. A production-representative shuttle Solid Rocket Booster was subjected to water pressure until the casing burst..

1980 September 19 - . 10:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Cosmos 1210 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-6U. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1980-10-03 . USAF Sat Cat: 11980 . COSPAR: 1980-076A. Apogee: 239 km (148 mi). Perigee: 175 km (108 mi). Inclination: 82.3000 deg. Period: 88.60 min. Photo surveillance; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1980 September 20 - . 01:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Aries. Launch Vehicle: Aries.
  • LCXT X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 309 km (192 mi).

1980 September 22 - . 14:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Thule AFB. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 54 km (33 mi).

1980 September 23 - . 10:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Cosmos 1211 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-4MT. Duration: 11.00 days. Decay Date: 1980-10-04 . USAF Sat Cat: 11982 . COSPAR: 1980-077A. Apogee: 236 km (146 mi). Perigee: 211 km (131 mi). Inclination: 82.4000 deg. Period: 89.00 min. Military topography satellite; returned film capsule; also performed mapping, geodesy, earth resources tasks; separated capsule..

1980 September 23 - . 20:25 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C.
  • Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 296 km (183 mi).

1980 September 24 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF08. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3.
  • FOT GT78GM Follow-on Test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1980 September 25 - . 18:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Primrose Lake. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 65 km (40 mi).

1980 September 26 - . Launch Site: Balasore. LV Family: RH. Launch Vehicle: RH-200.
  • Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1980 September 26 - . 10:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC41/1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Cosmos 1212 - . Payload: Zenit-4MKT no. 16. Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Resurs. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-4MKT. Duration: 13.00 days. Decay Date: 1980-10-09 . USAF Sat Cat: 11985 . COSPAR: 1980-078A. Apogee: 244 km (151 mi). Perigee: 205 km (127 mi). Inclination: 82.3000 deg. Period: 88.90 min. Investigation of the natural resources of the earth in the interests of various branches of the national economy of the USSR and international cooperation..

1980 September 26 - . 22:35 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C.
  • X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1980 September 26 - .
1980 September 28 - . 15:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Progress 11 - . Payload: Progress s/n 111. Mass: 7,014 kg (15,463 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Salyut 6. Class: Manned. Type: Manned logistics spacecraft. Flight: Soyuz 35. Spacecraft Bus: Progress. Spacecraft: Progress. Duration: 73.95 days. Completed Operations Date: 1980-12-11 14:00:05 . Decay Date: 1980-12-11 14:00:05 . USAF Sat Cat: 11993 . COSPAR: 1980-079A. Apogee: 241 km (149 mi). Perigee: 188 km (116 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 88.70 min.

    Unmanned supply vessel for Salyut 6. Delivery of various cargoes to the Salyut-6 orbital station. Docked with Salyut 6 on 30 Sep 1980 17:03:00 GMT. Undocked on 9 Dec 1980 10:23:00 GMT. Destroyed in reentry on 11 Dec 1980 14:00:00 GMT. Total free-flight time 4.23 days. Total docked time 69.72 days.


1980 September 29 - . 14:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Thule AFB. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 68 km (42 mi).

1980 September 30 - . 18:16 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 281 km (174 mi).

1980 October 1 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 78 km (48 mi).

1980 October 2 - .
  • Death of Valentin Stepanovich Varlamov at Moscow, Russia. Hemorrhage in the brain after an accident at home. - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Varlamov. Russian pilot cosmonaut, 1960-1961. Left team after fracturing a vertebra in a diving accident in July 1960. Worked in the Soviet space program as a flight instructor for new cosmonauts within the TsPK..

1980 October 3 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Cosmos 1213 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-6U. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1980-10-17 . USAF Sat Cat: 11997 . COSPAR: 1980-080A. Apogee: 313 km (194 mi). Perigee: 192 km (119 mi). Inclination: 72.9000 deg. Period: 89.60 min. Photo surveillance; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1980 October 5 - . 17:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC200/39. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K/DM.
  • Raduga 7 - . Payload: Raduga s/n 17L. Mass: 1,940 kg (4,270 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-3. Spacecraft: Raduga . Completed Operations Date: 1986-10-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 12003 . COSPAR: 1980-081A. Apogee: 35,805 km (22,248 mi). Perigee: 35,755 km (22,217 mi). Inclination: 14.0000 deg. Period: 1,435.80 min.

    Radio, telegraph, TV. Provision of uninterrupted round the clock telephone and telegraph radiocommunication in the USSR and simultaneous transmission of colour and black-and-white USSR central television programmes to stations in the Orbita network. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 85 deg E in 1980-1981; 25 deg W in 1982-1986 As of 30 August 2001 located at 103.91 deg W drifting at 0.397 deg E per day. As of 2007 Mar 3 located at 30.06W drifting at 0.092W degrees per day.


1980 October 6 - . 23:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Super Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Wallops. Apogee: 84 km (52 mi).

1980 October 7 - . 03:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: HJ Orion.
  • E-Field (MAE) Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 122 km (75 mi).

1980 October 8 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF03. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B.
  • ABRES AMARV-2 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1980 October 8 - . 18:39 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1980 October 9 - . 01:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Super Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Wallops. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1980 October 10 - .
  • Very Large Array's (VLA) commissioned - . Nation: USA.

1980 October 10 - . 13:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Cosmos 1214 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-4MKM. Duration: 13.00 days. Decay Date: 1980-10-23 . USAF Sat Cat: 12008 . COSPAR: 1980-082A. Apogee: 347 km (215 mi). Perigee: 170 km (100 mi). Inclination: 67.2000 deg. Period: 89.70 min. High resolution photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1980 October 11 - . 21:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: HJ Orion.
  • E-Field (MAE) Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

1980 October 11 - .
1980 October 12 - . 00:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Super Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Wallops. Apogee: 82 km (50 mi).

1980 October 14 - . 20:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1215 - . Mass: 900 kg (1,980 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Tselina-O. Spacecraft: Tselina-O. Decay Date: 1983-05-12 . USAF Sat Cat: 12016 . COSPAR: 1980-083A. Apogee: 546 km (339 mi). Perigee: 493 km (306 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 95.00 min. Radar calibration. Investigation of the upper atmosphere and outer space. .

1980 October 15 - . Launch Site: Jingyu. Launch Complex: Jingyu. LV Family: DF-3. Launch Vehicle: DF-4.
1980 October 16 - . 12:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Cosmos 1216 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-6U. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1980-10-30 . USAF Sat Cat: 12019 . COSPAR: 1980-084A. Apogee: 367 km (228 mi). Perigee: 189 km (117 mi). Inclination: 72.9000 deg. Period: 90.10 min. Photo surveillance; returned film capsule..

1980 October 17 - . 07:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: UNKO. Launch Platform: BUGAEV. LV Family: MMR-06. Launch Vehicle: MMR-06.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: GMS. Apogee: 57 km (35 mi).

1980 October 18 - . 02:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: HJ Orion.
  • E-Field (MAE) Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 117 km (72 mi).

1980 October 20 - . 13:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC43. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 69 km (42 mi).

1980 October 22 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 78 km (48 mi).

1980 October 23 - .
  • Death of Hans Gruene - . Nation: Germany, USA. Related Persons: Gruene. German engineer in WW2, member of the Rocket Team in the United States thereafter..

1980 October 23 - . 19:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 84 km (52 mi).

1980 October 24 - .
  • Death of Leonid Georiyevich Ivanov at Akhtubinsk, Russia. Crash of MiG-27 aircraft during test flight. - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Ivanov, Leonid. Russian pilot cosmonaut, 1978-1980. Graduated from Higher Air Force School, Katchinsk, 1971 Major and pilot, Soviet Air Force. Cosmonaut training 23 August 1976 - 30 January 1979..

1980 October 24 - . 10:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC41/1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M.
  • Cosmos 1217 - . Payload: Oko #17. Mass: 1,800 kg (3,900 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Early warning satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Oko. Spacecraft: Oko. USAF Sat Cat: 12032 . COSPAR: 1980-085A. Apogee: 38,306 km (23,802 mi). Perigee: 2,007 km (1,247 mi). Inclination: 67.0000 deg. Period: 716.90 min. Replaced Cosmos 1188. Covered Oko constellation plane 2 - 316 degree longitude of ascending node..

1980 October 27 - . 14:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC43. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 57 km (35 mi).

1980 October 28 - . Launch Site: Fort Bliss. Launch Complex: Fort Bliss MCG. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 1A.
  • P-401? 80 Fall 05 - . Nation: USA. Agency: US7A. Apogee: 180 km (110 mi).

1980 October 28 - . Launch Site: Fort Bliss. Launch Complex: Fort Bliss MCG. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 1A.
  • P-402? 80 Fall 06 - . Nation: USA. Agency: US7A. Apogee: 180 km (110 mi).

1980 October 28 - . 21:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 630. LV Family: Trident. Launch Vehicle: Trident C-4.
  • DASO-6? demonstration and shakedown operations launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1980 October 29 - . Launch Site: Balasore. LV Family: RH. Launch Vehicle: RH-200.
  • Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1980 October 29 - . Launch Site: Sriharikota. LV Family: RH. Launch Vehicle: RH-200.
  • Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1980 October 29 - . 02:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1980 October 30 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Cosmos 1218 - . Payload: Yantar-4K1 s/n 3. Mass: 6,600 kg (14,500 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Yantar. Spacecraft: Yantar-4K1. Duration: 43.00 days. Decay Date: 1980-12-12 . USAF Sat Cat: 12039 . COSPAR: 1980-086A. Apogee: 285 km (177 mi). Perigee: 158 km (98 mi). Inclination: 64.9000 deg. Period: 88.90 min.

    Successful state acceptance test flight of Yantar-4K1 satellite. Led to Yantar-4K1 acceptance for Red Army service the following year. High resolution photo reconnaissance; returned film in two small SpK capsules during the mission and with the main capsule at completion of the mission.


1980 October 31 - . Launch Site: Sriharikota. LV Family: RH. Launch Vehicle: RH-200.
  • Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1980 October 31 - . Launch Site: Balasore. LV Family: RH. Launch Vehicle: RH-200.
  • Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1980 October 31 - . 03:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC36A. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas SLV-3D Centaur.
  • Fltsatcom 4 - . Mass: 1,800 kg (3,900 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: FLTSATCOM. Spacecraft: Fltsatcom. USAF Sat Cat: 12046 . COSPAR: 1980-087A. Apogee: 35,803 km (22,246 mi). Perigee: 35,769 km (22,225 mi). Inclination: 9.2000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min.

    Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C). Launch vehicle put payload into geosynchronous transfer orbit Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 171 deg E from 1981. Last known longitude (25 July 1999) 172.61 deg E drifting at 0.001 deg W per day.


1980 October 31 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Cosmos 1219 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-6U. Duration: 13.00 days. Decay Date: 1980-11-13 . USAF Sat Cat: 12050 . COSPAR: 1980-088A. Apogee: 312 km (193 mi). Perigee: 189 km (117 mi). Inclination: 72.9000 deg. Period: 89.50 min. Photo surveillance; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1980 November 1 - . 06:44 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Astrobee. Launch Vehicle: Astrobee F.
  • Astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 227 km (141 mi).

1980 November 3 - . 09:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Ascension. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1980 November 4 - . 15:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC90/19. Launch Pad: LC90/pad?. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-2.
  • Cosmos 1220 - . Mass: 3,000 kg (6,600 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: EORSAT. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Kosmoplan. Spacecraft: US-P. Decay Date: 1982-06-20 . USAF Sat Cat: 12054 . COSPAR: 1980-089A. Apogee: 759 km (471 mi). Perigee: 526 km (326 mi). Inclination: 65.0000 deg. Period: 97.60 min. Ocean monitoring..

1980 November 5 - . Launch Site: Grand Turk Island. Launch Complex: Grand Turk Island DZ. Launch Pad: Aircraft from Cape Canaveral. Launch Platform: FB-111. LV Family: SRAM. Launch Vehicle: SRAM.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1980 November 6 - . 12:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Ascension. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 62 km (38 mi).

1980 November 7 - . 14:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC43. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1980 November 10 - . 14:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC43. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 64 km (39 mi).

1980 November 11 - . 00:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • EBC-C E-4 Bugatti II Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 123 km (76 mi).

1980 November 11 - . 00:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 2.
  • EBC-C E5 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 170 km (100 mi).

1980 November 11 - . 00:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • EBC-C Ferdinand 57 / Trinom Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 146 km (90 mi).

1980 November 11 - . 00:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • EBC-C E6C Ionosphere / aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 198 km (123 mi).

1980 November 11 - . 01:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • EBC E7 - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 97 km (60 mi).

1980 November 12 - .
  • Voyager 1, Saturn Flyby - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft Bus: Voyager. Spacecraft: Voyager.

1980 November 12 - .
  • Death of Nikolai Nikolayevich Alekseyev - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Alekseyev, Nikolai. Russian officer. Marshal of Communications Forces, 1970; Deputy Minister of Defence for Armaments 1970-1980..

1980 November 12 - . 12:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Cosmos 1221 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-6U. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1980-11-26 . USAF Sat Cat: 12058 . COSPAR: 1980-090A. Apogee: 399 km (247 mi). Perigee: 196 km (121 mi). Inclination: 72.9000 deg. Period: 90.50 min. Photo surveillance; returned film capsule..

1980 November 13 - . 20:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Point Mugu. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1980 November 14 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: UK S26. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3.
  • Chevaline warhead test launch - . Nation: UK. Agency: RN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1980 November 15 - . 22:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Delta 3910/PAM.
  • SBS 1 - . Mass: 550 kg (1,210 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: SBS. Program: SBS. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: HS 376. Spacecraft: HS 376. Completed Operations Date: 1990-06-22 . USAF Sat Cat: 12065 . COSPAR: 1980-091A. Apogee: 35,928 km (22,324 mi). Perigee: 35,895 km (22,304 mi). Inclination: 6.1000 deg. Period: 1,442.50 min.

    Satellite Business Systems. Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C). Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 100 deg W in 1981-1984; 99 deg W in 1984-1990 As of 4 September 2001 located at 115.72 deg E drifting at 1.627 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 96.16E drifting at 1.647W degrees per day.


1980 November 16 - . 03:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7.
  • EBC-B E2 (ENERGY EB1) Ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 231 km (143 mi).

1980 November 16 - . 03:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 2.
  • EBC-B E5 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 174 km (108 mi).

1980 November 16 - . 03:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion.
  • ENERGY B Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 195 km (121 mi).

1980 November 16 - . 03:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • EBC-B E-4 Bugatti II Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NTNF. Apogee: 124 km (77 mi).

1980 November 16 - . 03:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • EBC-B Ferdinand 55 / Trinom Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: DLR, NTNF. Apogee: 149 km (92 mi).

1980 November 16 - . 03:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion.
  • EBC-B E11a Auroral mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 180 km (110 mi).

1980 November 16 - . 04:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion.
  • EBC-B E11b Auroral mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 181 km (112 mi).

1980 November 16 - . 04:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M.
  • Molniya 1-48 - . Payload: Molniya-1T. Mass: 1,600 kg (3,500 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Molniya. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-2. Spacecraft: Molniya-1T. Decay Date: 1995-11-18 . USAF Sat Cat: 12066 . COSPAR: 1980-092A. Apogee: 39,291 km (24,414 mi). Perigee: 870 km (540 mi). Inclination: 62.4000 deg. Period: 713.90 min. Uncertain if Molniya-1T model was Molniya-1 or Molniya-1T. Operation of the long-range telephone and telegraph radiocommunications system in the USSR; transmission of television programmes to stations in the Orbita network..

1980 November 16 - . 04:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • EBC-B E6A1 S10.12-1 Ionosphere / aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 165 km (102 mi).

1980 November 16 - . 05:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Skua. Launch Vehicle: Skua 2.
  • EBC E7 - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 96 km (59 mi).

1980 November 17 - . 12:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Ascension. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 59 km (36 mi).

1980 Nov 18? - . Launch Site: Fort Bliss. Launch Complex: Fort Bliss MCG. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 1A.
  • P-404 80 Fall 08 - . Nation: USA. Agency: US7A. Apogee: 180 km (110 mi).

1980 Nov 18? - . Launch Site: Fort Bliss. Launch Complex: Fort Bliss MCG. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 1A.
  • P-403? 80 Fall 07 - . Nation: USA. Agency: US7A. Apogee: 180 km (110 mi).

1980 November 18 - . 16:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: UK S26. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3.
  • Chevaline warhead test launch - . Nation: UK. Agency: RN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1980 November 19 - . 00:50 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C.
  • SPAR 8 (R-19) Microgravity mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 198 km (123 mi).

1980 November 20 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 86 km (53 mi).

1980 November 21 - . 07:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Energy Budget Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: GMS. Apogee: 166 km (103 mi).

1980 November 21 - . 11:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Vostok 8A92M.
  • Cosmos 1222 - . Payload: Tselina-D no. 27. Mass: 3,800 kg (8,300 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Tselina. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Tselina-D. Spacecraft: Tselina-D. Decay Date: 2011-04-27 . USAF Sat Cat: 12071 . COSPAR: 1980-093A. Apogee: 561 km (348 mi). Perigee: 557 km (346 mi). Inclination: 81.2000 deg. Period: 95.90 min.

1980 November 24 - . 17:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Primrose Lake. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 46 km (28 mi).

1980 November 25 - . 08:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Energy Budget Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: GMS. Apogee: 166 km (103 mi).

1980 November 26 - . 22:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Point Mugu. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 72 km (44 mi).

1980 November 27 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: R-36M. Launch Vehicle: R-36M 15A14.
1980 November 27 - . 14:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Soyuz T-3 - . Call Sign: Mayak (Beacon ). Crew: Kizim, Makarov, Strekalov. Backup Crew: Kovalyonok, Polyakov, Savinykh. Payload: Soyuz T s/n 8L. Mass: 6,850 kg (15,100 lb). Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Kizim, Kovalyonok, Makarov, Polyakov, Savinykh, Strekalov. Agency: MOM. Program: Salyut 6. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Soyuz T-3. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Soyuz T. Duration: 12.80 days. Decay Date: 1980-12-10 . USAF Sat Cat: 12077 . COSPAR: 1980-094A. Apogee: 260 km (160 mi). Perigee: 256 km (159 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 89.70 min.

    Manned three crew. Docked with Salyut 6. Tested the improved transport ship of the 'SOYUZ T' series; transported to the Salyut-6 orbital station a crew consisting of L D Kizim, O G Makarov and G M Strekalov to carry out repair and preventive work and scientific and technical investigation and experiments.


1980 November 27 - . 21:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC41/1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M.
  • Cosmos 1223 - . Payload: Oko #18. Mass: 1,800 kg (3,900 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Early warning satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Oko. Spacecraft: Oko. USAF Sat Cat: 12078 . COSPAR: 1980-095A. Apogee: 34,854 km (21,657 mi). Perigee: 5,517 km (3,428 mi). Inclination: 68.3000 deg. Period: 718.10 min. Replaced Cosmos 903. Covered Oko constellation planes 7/8 - 177 degree longitude of ascending node..

1980 November 28 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M4.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 800 km (490 mi).

1980 November 28 - . 03:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • EBC-A Ferdinand 56 Trinom Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 146 km (90 mi).

1980 November 30 - . 23:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion.
  • EBC-A2 E11a Auroral mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 171 km (106 mi).

1980 November 30 - . 23:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 2.
  • EBC-A2 E5 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 169 km (105 mi).

1980 December - .
  • First Tselina-2 spacecraft completed. - . Nation: Russia. Spacecraft Bus: Tselina-2. Spacecraft: Tselina-2.

    The first flight trials system was completed in December 1980, but delays in the development of the Zenit launch vehicle meant that the first two trials flights had to be aboard Proton boosters in 1984 and 1985. Zenit-boosted flights began in 1985 and the system was accepted into service in 1987.


1980 December - .
  • Work on early Chinese manned spacecraft ends - . Nation: China. Spacecraft Bus: FSW. Spacecraft: Chinese Manned Capsule 1978.

    Wang Zhuanshan, the Secretary General of the New China Space Research Society and Chief Engineer of the Space Centre of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, announced that Chinese manned flight was being postponed because of its cost. Fundamental economic development was given priority.


1980 December 1 - . 00:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • EBC-A2 E6A2 Ionosphere / aeronomy mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 161 km (100 mi).

1980 December 1 - . 01:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • EBC-A2 E6B Ionosphere / aeronomy mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 172 km (106 mi).

1980 December 1 - . 12:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Cosmos 1224 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-6U. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1980-12-15 . USAF Sat Cat: 12084 . COSPAR: 1980-096A. Apogee: 374 km (232 mi). Perigee: 194 km (120 mi). Inclination: 72.9000 deg. Period: 90.20 min. Photo surveillance; returned film capsule..

1980 December 2 - . 17:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Point Mugu. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 73 km (45 mi).

1980 December 3 - . 14:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 86 km (53 mi).

1980 December 4 - . 23:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Complex: Eglin A-15. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Tomahawk.
  • PLACES GAIL Plasma / ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DNA, Sandia. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1980 December 5 - . 04:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1225 - . Mass: 810 kg (1,780 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 12087 . COSPAR: 1980-097A. Apogee: 1,025 km (636 mi). Perigee: 945 km (587 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.80 min. Military navigation satellite..

1980 December 5 - . 08:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Energy Budget Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: GMS. Apogee: 166 km (103 mi).

1980 December 6 - . 23:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Complex: Eglin A-15. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Tomahawk.
  • PLACES HOPE Plasma / ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DNA, Sandia. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1980 December 6 - . 23:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC36B. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas SLV-3D Centaur.
  • Intelsat 5 F-2 - . Mass: 2,000 kg (4,400 lb). Nation: International. Agency: Intelsat. Program: Intelsat. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Intelsat 5. Spacecraft: Intelsat 5. Completed Operations Date: 1998-04-17 . USAF Sat Cat: 12089 . COSPAR: 1980-098A. Apogee: 36,242 km (22,519 mi). Perigee: 36,118 km (22,442 mi). Inclination: 9.7000 deg. Period: 1,456.20 min.

    Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C). Launch vehicle put payload into geosynchronous transfer orbit Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 21 deg W in 1981; 27 deg W in 1981-1983; 34 deg W in 1983-1985; 27 deg W in 1985; 1 deg W in 1985-1989; 21 deg W in 1989-1994; 40 deg W in 1994-1998 As of 2 September 2001 located at 103.82 deg W drifting at 5.004 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 81.84W drifting at 5.000W degrees per day.


1980 December 8 - . 23:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Complex: Eglin A-15. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Tomahawk.
  • PLACES IRIS Plasma / ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DNA, Sandia. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1980 December 8 - . 23:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Complex: Eglin A-15. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Tomahawk.
  • PLACES beacon 1 Plasma / ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DNA, Sandia. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1980 December 8 - . 23:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Complex: Eglin A-15. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Tomahawk.
  • PLACES beacon 2 Plasma / ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DNA, Sandia. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1980 December 9 - . 06:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C.
  • Astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 301 km (187 mi).

1980 December 9 - . 07:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC3W. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas E/MSD. FAILURE: Premature shut down of one of the Atlas booster engines turned the vehicle around, thereafter the sustainer thrust it back toward the earth.. Failed Stage: 1.
  • NOSS - . Payload: PARCAE 4. Mass: 700 kg (1,540 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft Bus: NOSS. Spacecraft: NOSS. Decay Date: 1980-12-08 . COSPAR: F801209A.

    Ocean surveillance; aka White Cloud type spacecraft; Navy Ocean Surveillance Satellite; PARCAE. Other sources give the payload designation ABSAD. The failure was caused by a loss of lubricating oil to one of the booster engines, causing the engine to fail approx 200 milliseconds before it was to have shut down on guidance command. The asymmetric thrust pivoted the booster around approximately 180 degrees, where it stabilized in a retrofire attitude with the sustainer engine still firing. It descended back toward earth through its own exhaust flame and exploded a couple of minutes later.

  • LIPS 1 - . Payload: LIPS 1. Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Spacecraft Bus: LIPS. Spacecraft: LIPS. COSPAR: F801209E.
  • SSU - . Payload: SSU. Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Spacecraft Bus: NOSS. Spacecraft: NOSS. COSPAR: F801209C.
  • SSU - . Payload: SSU. Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Spacecraft Bus: NOSS. Spacecraft: NOSS. COSPAR: F801209D.
  • SSU - . Payload: SSU. Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Spacecraft Bus: NOSS. Spacecraft: NOSS. COSPAR: F801209B.

1980 December 10 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S3.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1980 December 10 - . 20:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1226 - . Mass: 680 kg (1,490 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Tsikada. USAF Sat Cat: 12091 . COSPAR: 1980-099A. Apogee: 1,009 km (626 mi). Perigee: 960 km (590 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.80 min. Civilian naval navigation satellite..

1980 December 10 - .
1980 December 11 - . 16:44 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 98 km (60 mi).

1980 December 12 - . 01:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Energy Budget Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: GMS. Apogee: 166 km (103 mi).

1980 December 12 - . 01:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Energy Budget Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: GMS. Apogee: 166 km (103 mi).

1980 December 12 - . 07:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Energy Budget Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: GMS. Apogee: 166 km (103 mi).

1980 December 12 - . 17:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Siple. Launch Complex: Siple RAG. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 211 km (131 mi).

1980 December 12 - . 23:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Complex: Eglin A-15. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Tomahawk.
  • PLACES JAN Plasma / ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DNA, Sandia. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1980 December 12 - . 23:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Complex: Eglin A-15. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Tomahawk.
  • PLACES PPPE Plasma / ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DNA, Sandia. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1980 December 13 - . 16:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC4W. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan 34B.
  • SDS no. 4 - . Payload: SDS no. 4 / OPS 5805. Mass: 700 kg (1,540 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO, USAF. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Quasar. Spacecraft: Quasar. USAF Sat Cat: 12093 . COSPAR: 1980-100A. Apogee: 39,130 km (24,310 mi). Perigee: 250 km (150 mi). Inclination: 63.8000 deg. Period: 697.40 min.

1980 December 15 - . 12:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Ascension. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 56 km (34 mi).

1980 December 16 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF06. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B.
  • ABRES ABRV-4 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1980 December 16 - . 12:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Cosmos 1227 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-6U. Duration: 12.00 days. Decay Date: 1980-12-28 . USAF Sat Cat: 12100 . COSPAR: 1980-101A. Apogee: 296 km (183 mi). Perigee: 194 km (120 mi). Inclination: 72.8000 deg. Period: 89.40 min. Photo surveillance; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1980 December 17 - . 01:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Energy Budget Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: GMS. Apogee: 166 km (103 mi).

1980 December 18 - . 23:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Energy Budget Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: GMS. Apogee: 166 km (103 mi).

1980 December 19 - . 17:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Point Mugu. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 64 km (39 mi).

1980 December 20 - . 17:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Siple. Launch Complex: Siple RAG. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1980 December 22 - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 3.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 600 km (370 mi).

1980 December 23 - . 22:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1228 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 201. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 12107 . COSPAR: 1980-102A. Apogee: 1,465 km (910 mi). Perigee: 1,394 km (866 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.40 min. Eight satellites launched by a single carrier rocket..
  • Cosmos 1231 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 204. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 12110 . COSPAR: 1980-102D. Apogee: 1,464 km (909 mi). Perigee: 1,406 km (873 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.60 min.
  • Cosmos 1232 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 205. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 12111 . COSPAR: 1980-102E. Apogee: 1,464 km (909 mi). Perigee: 1,413 km (877 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.60 min.
  • Cosmos 1233 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 206. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 12112 . COSPAR: 1980-102F. Apogee: 1,465 km (910 mi). Perigee: 1,419 km (881 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.70 min.
  • Cosmos 1234 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 207. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 12113 . COSPAR: 1980-102G. Apogee: 1,465 km (910 mi). Perigee: 1,410 km (870 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.60 min.
  • Cosmos 1235 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 208. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 12114 . COSPAR: 1980-102H. Apogee: 1,465 km (910 mi). Perigee: 1,414 km (878 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.60 min.
  • Cosmos 1230 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 203. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 12109 . COSPAR: 1980-102C. Apogee: 1,464 km (909 mi). Perigee: 1,400 km (800 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.50 min.
  • Cosmos 1229 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 202. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 12108 . COSPAR: 1980-102B. Apogee: 1,464 km (909 mi). Perigee: 1,415 km (879 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.70 min.

1980 December 24 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1980 December 25 - . 04:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M.
  • Prognoz 8 - . Payload: SO-M s/n 508. Mass: 910 kg (2,000 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Prognoz. Spacecraft: Prognoz. Decay Date: 1984-12-28 . USAF Sat Cat: 12116 . COSPAR: 1980-103A. Apogee: 197,364 km (122,636 mi). Perigee: 978 km (607 mi). Inclination: 65.8000 deg. Period: 5,687.80 min.

    Examined solar wind interaction with magnetosphere. Investigation of the corpuscular and electromagnetic radiation of the sun and of solar plasma fluxes, study of the magnetic fields in circumterrestrial space in order to determine the effects of solar activity on the interplanetary medium and in the magne tosphere of the earth. In addition to Soviet apparatus, carried scientific apparatus produced in the USSR, the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic, the Polish People's Republic, and Sweden.


1980 December 26 - . 11:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC200/40. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K/DM.
  • Ekran 6 - . Payload: Ekran s/n 20L. Mass: 1,970 kg (4,340 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-3. Spacecraft: Ekran . Completed Operations Date: 1981-12-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 12120 . COSPAR: 1980-104A. Apogee: 35,801 km (22,245 mi). Perigee: 35,783 km (22,234 mi). Inclination: 14.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.40 min.

    Transmission of color and black-and-white USSR central television programmes to a network of receivers for collective use. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 99 deg E in 1981 As of 3 September 2001 located at 96.55 deg E drifting at 0.071 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 2 located at 55.67E drifting at 0.097E degrees per day.


1980 December 26 - . 16:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC41/1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Cosmos 1236 - . Payload: Yantar-2K s/n 941. Mass: 6,600 kg (14,500 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Yantar. Spacecraft: Yantar-2K. Duration: 26.00 days. Decay Date: 1981-01-21 . USAF Sat Cat: 12121 . COSPAR: 1980-105A. Apogee: 362 km (224 mi). Perigee: 168 km (104 mi). Inclination: 67.1000 deg. Period: 89.80 min. Area survey photo reconnaissance; returned film in two small SpK capsules during the mission and with the main capsule at completion of the mission..

1980 December 29 - . 14:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC43. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 44 km (27 mi).

1980 December 30 - . 22:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 91 km (56 mi).

1980 December 31 - . 02:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Molodezhnaya. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 87 km (54 mi).


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