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Soyuz 37
Part of Salyut Family

Salyut 6 Engines

Salyut 6 Engines
Close-up of the engines of Salyut 6 as displayed in Moscow in 1981.
Credit: © Mark Wade

First Vietnamese astronaut. Mission to swap Soyuz lifeboats docked to station.

AKA: Salyut 6 EP-7;Terek (Terek - river in the Caucasus). Launched: 1980-07-23. Returned: 1980-07-31. Number crew: 2 . Duration: 7.86 days.

Soyuz 37 transported to the Salyut-6 station the sixth international crew under the Intercosmos program, comprising V V Gorbatko (USSR) and Pham Tuan (Viet Nam), to conduct scientific research and experiments. Tuan's experiments involved observing Vietnam from space, life sciences (including tests of growth of Vietnamese azolla water ferns, with application to future closed-loop life support systems), and materials processing.


More at: Soyuz 37.

Family: Manned spaceflight. People: Gorbatko, Tuan. Spacecraft: Salyut 6.

1980 July 23 - . 18:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Soyuz 37 - . Call Sign: Terek (Terek - river in the Caucasus). Crew: Gorbatko, Tuan. Backup Crew: Bykovsky, Liem. Payload: Soyuz 7K-T s/n 53. Mass: 6,800 kg (14,900 lb). Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Bykovsky, Gorbatko, Liem, Tuan. Agency: MOM. Program: Salyut 6. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Soyuz 35, Soyuz 37. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-T. Duration: 79.64 days. Decay Date: 1980-10-11 . USAF Sat Cat: 11905 . COSPAR: 1980-064A. Apogee: 273 km (169 mi). Perigee: 190 km (110 mi). Inclination: 51.5000 deg. Period: 89.10 min.

    Manned two crew. Transported to the Salyut-6 station the sixth international crew under the Intercosmos programme, comprising V V Gorbatko (USSR) and Pham Tuan (Viet Nam), to conduct scientific research and experiments. Returned crew of Soyuz 35 to Earth. Recovered October 11, 1980 9:50 GMT.


1980 July 31 - .

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