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On September 18 in Space History

1909 September 18 - .
  • Birth of Richard M Bissell - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Bissell. American CIA official who headed development of the U-2 and A-12 spy planes, and the first generation of spy satellites. Deputy Director for Plans at the time of the Bay of Pigs debacle, which resulted in his resignation..

1932 September 18 - .
  • Birth of Nikolai Nikolayevich Rukavishnikov - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Rukavishnikov. Russian engineer cosmonaut. Flew on Soyuz 10, Soyuz 16, Salyut 6 EP-5-1..

1933 September 18 - .
  • Birth of Valentina Leonidovna Ponomaryova - . Nation: Russia, Ukraine. Related Persons: Ponomaryova. Ukrainian pilot cosmonaut, 1962-1969. Was married to astronaut Yuri Ponomaryov..

1933 September 18 - . Launch Site: Schwielow Lake. Launch Vehicle: Magdeburg.
  • Nebel rocket - . Nation: Germany. Apogee: 0.10 km (0.06 mi). Final launch from Schwielow Lake using the new design. Results again 'poor'..

1944 September 18 - .
  • Birth of Charles Lacy Veach - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Veach. American engineer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-39, STS-52..

1944 September 18 - . Launch Site: Heidekraut. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: A-4.
  • V-2 Ma169 141 B5 - . Nation: Germany. Planned range 165 km. Impact 4.9 km to the right of the planned trajectory. Circular error 4.9 km from aim point..

1947 September 18 - .
  • U.S. Army Air Corps becomes U.S. Air Force - . Nation: USA. Program: Navaho.

    The Air Force was now a separate service from the US Army. The agreement was made that the Air Force would only handle missiles with ranges over 1600 km. So the range requirement for the MX-770 (later the Navaho) was increased to 1600 km, while carrying a 1350-kg payload with an 800 m CEP, and it became an Air Force missile. The 800-km MX-771 (later Matador) became an Army missile. The MX-775 Snark already had an intercontinental range requirement, and became an Air Force missile.


1952 September 18 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-2.
  • Third series controlled test launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: Korolev bureau. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi). 14th and last launch in quality assurance testing. 12 of the 14 reached their targets..

1954 September 18 - .
  • Birth of Dr Takao Doi - . Nation: Japan. Related Persons: Doi. Japanese engineer mission specialist astronaut 1985-2009. Flew on STS-87, STS-123..

1956 September 18 - .
  • X-1B Flight 14 - . Crew: McKay. Payload: X-1B flight 14. Nation: USA. Related Persons: McKay. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft Bus: XS-1. Spacecraft: X-1B. NACA flight 4. Glide flight, due to erratic engine start..

1957 September 18 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC9. LV Family: Navaho. Launch Vehicle: Navaho G-26.
  • Navaho G-26 Flight 6 - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 23 km (14 mi).

    The booster worked well, the cruise stage separated at 23.5 km altitude. The ramjets ignited, and the cruise stage accelerated to Mach 3.5. After 15 minutes, the missile began drifting off-course, and ground control took over and banked the missile. One of the ramjets flamed out, and the missile was commanded into a terminal dive and impacted 930 km downrange.


1958 September 18 - . 21:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC13. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas B. FAILURE: Failure. Failed Stage: 1.
  • Research and development launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1959 September 18 - .
  • Headquarters USAF notified AFBMD that the Secretary of Defense, Neil H. McElroy, approved the transfer of MIDAS (Missile Detection Alarm System) and SAMOS (Satellite and Missile Observation System. - . Related Persons: , McElroy. Spacecraft: WS-117, Midas, Samos.

1959 September 18 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. Launch Pad: ALA3. Launch Vehicle: Redstone.
  • Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi). Successful missile test. Missed aimpoint by 228 m..

1959 September 18 - . 05:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC18A. Launch Pad: LC18A. Launch Vehicle: Vanguard.
  • Vanguard 3 - . Payload: Vanguard 3C / Magne-Ray satellite. Mass: 23 kg (50 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Program: Vanguard. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft: Vanguard 3. USAF Sat Cat: 20 . COSPAR: 1959-Eta-1. Apogee: 3,413 km (2,120 mi). Perigee: 512 km (318 mi). Inclination: 33.4000 deg. Period: 126.40 min. Radiation, micrometeoroid data. Third stage failed to separate from payload. The TV-4BU burned-out third stage was left attached to the payload since the fiberglas case did not adversely affect the experiments..

1959 September 18 - . 16:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. Launch Vehicle: R-7.
  • Phase 3 test flight - . Nation: Russia. Agency: MVS. Apogee: 1,350 km (830 mi). R-7 development test flight..

1961 September 18 - . LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D.
  • Mission rules for the Mercury-Atlas 5 (MA-5) orbital flight. - . Nation: USA. Program: Mercury. Mission rules for the Mercury-Atlas 5 (MA-5) orbital flight were published. Revisions were issued on October 16 and 25, 1961, and November 11, 1961..

1961 September 18 - . 12:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. Launch Vehicle: Skylark.
  • Southern Sky Survey Ultraviolet Astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 193 km (119 mi). First of four scheduled Skylark rocket firings was launched from Woomera in the joint United States-Australian ultraviolet survey of the southern skies..

1962 September 18 - .
  • Slayton designated Coordinator of Astronaut Activities - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Slayton. Program: Mercury. Donald Slayton, one of the seven chosen for the astronaut training program, was designated Coordinator of Astronaut Activities at the Manned Spacecraft Center..

1962 September 18 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC31B. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1A.
  • Research and development launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1962 September 18 - . 08:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor Delta.
  • Tiros 6 - . Payload: Tiros F2 (A-51). Mass: 127 kg (279 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Tiros. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft: Tiros. USAF Sat Cat: 397 . COSPAR: 1962-A-Psi-1. Apogee: 654 km (406 mi). Perigee: 631 km (392 mi). Inclination: 58.3000 deg. Period: 97.60 min. Returned 66674 cloud cover images. Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C)..

1963 September 18 - .
  • AiResearch awarded contract for the Apollo CM environmental system - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM, CSM ECS. The AiResearch Manufacturing Company announced that it had been awarded a $20 million definitive contract for the CM environmental system. (AiResearch had been developing the system under a letter contract since 1961..

1963 September 18 - . 09:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17B. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor DSV-2F.
  • ASSET 1 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 56 km (34 mi).

    A Thor (SLV-2) booster lifted the first Aerothermodynamic/Elastic Structural Systems Environmental Tests (ASSET) program vehicle (ASV-1) on a successful suborbital flight from Cape Canaveral. The ASSET program was designed to test materials and study flight characteristics of glide reentry vehicles. SSD provided the boosters and launch services for the program, while Flight Dynamics Laboratory was responsible for overall program management. Suborbital test of small scale spaceplane model to test materials for the X-20 Dynasoar. Aero-thermodynamic structural test vehicle (ASV) for heat shield tests. Booster flew to peak altitude of 62 km, then pitched down, driving the spacecraft to separation at 59 km and 4,906 m/s. The spacecraft was sited under its parachute in the recovery zone at Ascension Island, but the flotation bag broke and it sank into the Atlantic.


1964 September 18 - .
  • Apollo Mission A-102 / SA-7 - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Apollo Mission A-102, using BP-15 for the command and service modules (CSM) and SA-7 for the launch vehicle, confirmed Saturn Block II and CSM compatibility as well as the launch escape vehicle system..

1964 September 18 - .
  • Voskhod State Commission - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Chertok, Kerimov, Korolev, Mrykin, Rudenko, Tyulin. Program: Voskhod. Flight: Voskhod 1. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Voskhod.

    The State Commission meets at Baikonur. Chertok advises that the failure of the parachute hatch to jettison in the trials in Fedosiya was due to a serious defect in the schematics of the electrical layout and will not occur again. Korolev declares he is ready to certify Voskhod ready for the final drop test at Fedosiya but would prefer to delay the launch of the spacecraft with mannequins until after the Fedosiya test. The state commission finally agrees to reschedule the launch from 28-30 September, subject to a successful test at Fedosiya on 24-25 September.

    Aftrwards Tyulin calls Korolev, Mrykin, Kerimov, Rudenko, and Kamanin aside. He tells them the Communist Party and Soviet Ministers have now taken a personal interest in the crew selection for Voskhod. Korolev and Kamanin bitterly debate their competing preferred crews.


1964 September 18 - . Launch Site: Warren AFB. LV Family: Minuteman.
  • The initial Minuteman squadron of Wing V, the 319th Strategic Missile Squadron of the 90th Strategic Missile Wing at Francis E. Warren AFB, Wyoming, was completed and turned over to SAC. - .

1964 September 18 - . 16:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC37B. Launch Vehicle: Saturn I.
  • Saturn 7 - . Payload: Apollo CSM Boilerplate 15. Mass: 16,700 kg (36,800 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Houston. Program: Apollo. Class: Moon. Type: Manned lunar spacecraft. Spacecraft Bus: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM, CSM Structural. Decay Date: 1964-09-22 . USAF Sat Cat: 883 . COSPAR: 1964-057A. Apogee: 215 km (133 mi). Perigee: 181 km (112 mi). Inclination: 31.7000 deg. Period: 88.50 min. Apollo systems test. Third orbital test. First closed-loop guidance test..

1964 September 18 - . 17:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150A.
  • Dayglow Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 168 km (104 mi).

1964 September 18 - . 17:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • REDLAMP / ne, particles Test / aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF CRL. Apogee: 105 km (65 mi).

1965 September 18 - .
  • Lunokhod - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Korolev. Program: Voskhod. Flight: Voskhod 4. Spacecraft: Lunokhod.

    The cosmonauts visit Lyapin's institute to view progress in developing a lunar rover. During the day Kamanin has a series of unpleasant conversations with Korolev. The military want the second Voskhod flight changed from a 15-day mission with a crew of two and a physician aboard to a 20-25 day mission, with a single pilot cosmonaut and a variety of military experiments. Korolev responds that there is no unity of support within the VVS for the mission or manned spaceflight; and that he can get along quite well without the VVS, and its cosmonaut training centre, and the VVS pilot-cosmonauts.


1965 September 18 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC41/3. LV Family: R-16. Launch Vehicle: R-16U.
  • PBG - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,210 km (750 mi).

1965 September 18 - . 07:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC41/15. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 65S3.
  • Cosmos 86 - . Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1. USAF Sat Cat: 1584 . COSPAR: 1965-073A. Apogee: 1,623 km (1,008 mi). Perigee: 1,291 km (802 mi). Inclination: 56.1000 deg. Period: 115.00 min.
  • Cosmos 89 - . Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1. USAF Sat Cat: 1587 . COSPAR: 1965-073D. Apogee: 1,652 km (1,026 mi). Perigee: 1,371 km (851 mi). Inclination: 56.1000 deg. Period: 116.20 min.
  • Cosmos 88 - . Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1. USAF Sat Cat: 1586 . COSPAR: 1965-073C. Apogee: 1,645 km (1,022 mi). Perigee: 1,341 km (833 mi). Inclination: 56.1000 deg. Period: 115.80 min.
  • Cosmos 90 - . Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1. USAF Sat Cat: 1588 . COSPAR: 1965-073E. Apogee: 1,666 km (1,035 mi). Perigee: 1,394 km (866 mi). Inclination: 56.1000 deg. Period: 116.70 min.
  • Cosmos 87 - . Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1. USAF Sat Cat: 1585 . COSPAR: 1965-073B. Apogee: 1,633 km (1,014 mi). Perigee: 1,317 km (818 mi). Inclination: 56.1000 deg. Period: 115.40 min.

1965 September 18 - . 22:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Coronie. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 205 km (127 mi).

1967 September 18 - . 19:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Thermosphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 286 km (177 mi).

1968 September 18 - . 21:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC1E. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thorad SLV-2G Agena D.
  • KH-4A 1048 - . Payload: KH-4A s/n 1048 / Agena D 1647 / OPS 0165. Mass: 2,000 kg (4,400 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: CIA, NRO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: WS-117. Spacecraft: KH-4A. Decay Date: 1968-10-08 . USAF Sat Cat: 3408 . COSPAR: 1968-078A. Apogee: 393 km (244 mi). Perigee: 167 km (103 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 90.10 min. KH-4A. Film in the forward camera separated and camera failed on mission 1048-2, also the stellar/index camera unit failed..
  • SRV 749 - . Payload: SRV 1048-1. Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft Bus: P 11. Spacecraft: SSF. Decay Date: 1969-09-28 . USAF Sat Cat: 3409 . COSPAR: 1968-078xx. Apogee: 236 km (146 mi). Perigee: 211 km (131 mi). Inclination: 83.2000 deg. Period: 89.00 min.
  • OPS 8595 - . Payload: EHH B13. Mass: 60 kg (132 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO, USAF. Spacecraft Bus: WS-117. Spacecraft: KH-4A. Decay Date: 1969-09-28 . USAF Sat Cat: 3409 . COSPAR: 1968-078B. Apogee: 514 km (319 mi). Perigee: 500 km (310 mi). Inclination: 83.2000 deg. Period: 94.80 min. Radar monitoring..

1969 September 18 - .
  • Soyuz 6/7/8 go-ahead - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Mishin, Smirnov. Program: Soyuz. Flight: Soyuz 6, Soyuz 7, Soyuz 8. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-OK.

    Smirnov recommended to the VPK Military-Industrial Commission that the flights go ahead in October. The triple Soyuz flight would make heavy demands on the Soviet tracking system. The problems were worked out in simulations and worldwide exercises conducted from the Baikonur cosmodrome.


1969 September 18 - .
  • Approval is given for proceeding with the Soyuz 6-7-8 flights - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Afanasyev, Sergei, Beregovoi, Kuznetsov, Nikolai F, Nikolayev, Smirnov. Program: Soyuz, Lunar L1, Lunar L3. Flight: Soyuz 6, Soyuz 7, Soyuz 8, Soyuz n 17, Soyuz n 18, Soyuz n 19, Soyuz n 20. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-L1.

    However the board makes a big fuss over Kamanin having trained only four back-up cosmonauts to support eight prime-crew cosmonauts. A follow-up meeting is held with Smirnov and Afanasyev at 19:15, where Kamanin's training is denounced as a big failure. Nevertheless at 22:00 the word comes from the Kremlin to proceed with the missions. Kamanin points out that simultaneously with this mission he had cosmonauts in training for Soyuz s/n 17, 18, 19, 20 (Kontakt missions) and L1 circumlunar fights. Kuznetsov, Beregovoi, and several other cosmonauts are also enraged with Kamanin for bumping Nikolyaev from the Soyuz 8 crew. Kamanin maintains that in the circumstances he only had enough training resources for 8 prime + 4 back-up crew, especially for a mission scenario that would not be flown again in the future.


1969 September 18 - .
  • HL-10 Flight 25 - . Crew: Manke. Payload: HL-10 flight 25. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Manke. Program: NASA Lifting Body. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft: HL-10. 4 chambers. Maximum Speed - 1340 kph. Maximum Altitude - 24140 m. Flight Time - 426 sec..

1969 September 18 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Vehicle: RT-2.
  • RT2 PL69-06 - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1969 September 18 - . 08:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. Launch Pad: LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57.
  • Cosmos 299 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-4. Duration: 4.00 days. Decay Date: 1969-09-22 . USAF Sat Cat: 4097 . COSPAR: 1969-078A. Apogee: 284 km (176 mi). Perigee: 207 km (128 mi). Inclination: 65.0000 deg. Period: 89.40 min. High resolution photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule.

1969 September 18 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 619. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A2E.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1970 September 18 - .
  • Luna 16 - . Nation: Russia. Program: Luna. Spacecraft Bus: Luna Ye-8. Spacecraft: Luna Ye-8-5. Luna 16 is underway. This is the latest attempt to obtain lunar soil Five previous launches failed, four due to UR-500K booster failures. Luna 15 almost made it but crashed on the moon..

1970 September 18 - . 11:39 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Winter Anomaly / Stratosphere Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 144 km (89 mi).

1971 September 18 - . 01:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Starute,Datasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 59 km (36 mi).

1972 September 18 - . 17:45 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Met Para - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 63 km (39 mi).

1973 September 18 - .
  • Birth of Mark Richard Republic 'Buranov' Shuttleworth - . Nation: South Africa. Related Persons: Shuttleworth. South African engineer cosmonaut. Flew on ISS EP-3. First South African astronaut..

1973 September 18 - .
  • Skylab 2 - Wakeup Song: String of Pearls - . Flight: Skylab 2 . "String of Pearls" by Glenn Miller Orchestra.

1973 September 18 - .
  • X-24 Flight 32 - . Crew: Manke. Payload: X-24B flight 4. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Manke. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft Bus: X-24. Spacecraft: X-24B. Maximum Speed - 724 kph. Maximum Altitude - 13720 m. Flight Time - 271 sec..

1973 September 18 - . Launch Site: Jiuquan. Launch Complex: Jiuquan LA2B. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Feng Bao 1. FAILURE: Failure. Failed Stage: U.
  • JSSW 1 - . Payload: JSSW 1. Mass: 1,100 kg (2,400 lb). Nation: China. Agency: PRC. Spacecraft: JSSW.

1973 September 18 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S2.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1973 September 18 - . 15:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Ute Tomahawk.
  • Polar disturbed ionosphere Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF CRL. Apogee: 127 km (78 mi).

1973 September 18 - . 17:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Ute Tomahawk.
  • Polar disturbed ionosphere Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF CRL. Apogee: 129 km (80 mi).

1974 September 18 - . Launch Site: Kourou. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Super Arcas.
  • EXAMETNET 35-57 - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1974 September 18 - . 17:43 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 170.
  • Solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 252 km (156 mi).

1975 September 18 - . 00:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Vostok 8A92M.
  • Meteor 1-22 - . Payload: Meteor M no. 22. Mass: 3,800 kg (8,300 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Meteor. Spacecraft: Meteor M 11F614. USAF Sat Cat: 8293 . COSPAR: 1975-087A. Apogee: 909 km (564 mi). Perigee: 800 km (490 mi). Inclination: 81.3000 deg. Period: 102.00 min. Acquisition of meteorological information needed for use by the weather service. .

1975 September 18 - . 19:47 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Paiute Tomahawk.
  • NMS Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF CRL. Apogee: 128 km (79 mi).

1976 September 18 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 9M.
  • Ionosphere / fields mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1976 September 18 - . 17:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 611. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3.
  • Demonstration and shakedown operations launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1977 September 18 - . 13:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC90/19. Launch Pad: LC90/pad?. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-2.
  • Cosmos 954 - . Mass: 3,800 kg (8,300 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: RORSAT. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military naval surveillance radar satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Kosmoplan. Spacecraft: US-A. Decay Date: 1978-01-24 . USAF Sat Cat: 10361 . COSPAR: 1977-090A. Apogee: 265 km (164 mi). Perigee: 251 km (155 mi). Inclination: 65.0000 deg. Period: 89.70 min. Ocean surveillance; nuclear powered; re-entered over Canada, spreading radioactive debris..

1978 September 18 - .
  • Death of Rudolf Nebel - . Nation: Germany. Related Persons: Nebel. German rocket enthusiast. Worked for Oberth; helped found VfR; built largest prewar German test rockets. Work shut down by government in 1934. Did not work on rockets during WW2. Promoted civilian rebirth of German rocketry in 1950's..

1978 September 18 - . LV Family: Titan, Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3, Titan 2.
  • Minuteman Program Management Directive 0-02047(26) and Titan PMD X-08071(l) provided direction for a restructured command and control communications integration program. - .

1978 September 18 - . 20:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Eareckson. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 49 km (30 mi).

1979 September 18 - . 17:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Primrose Lake. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 66 km (41 mi).

1980 September 18 - . 16:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 170.
  • Ultraviolet Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 197 km (122 mi).

1980 September 18 - . 19:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Soyuz 38 - . Call Sign: Taimyr (Taimyr - Russian peninsula). Crew: Romanenko, Tamayo Mendez. Backup Crew: Khrunov, Lopez Falcon. Payload: Soyuz 7K-T s/n 54. Mass: 6,800 kg (14,900 lb). Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Khrunov, Lopez Falcon, Romanenko, Tamayo Mendez. Agency: MOM. Program: Salyut 6. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Soyuz 35, Soyuz 38. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-T. Duration: 7.86 days. Decay Date: 1980-09-26 . USAF Sat Cat: 11977 . COSPAR: 1980-075A. Apogee: 257 km (159 mi). Perigee: 195 km (121 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 89.00 min. Manned two crew. Docked with Salyut 6. Transported to the Salyut-6 station the seventh international crew under the INTERCOSMOS programme, comprising Y V Romanenko (USSR) and A. Tomaio Mendez (Cuba), to conduct scientific research and experiments..

1981 September 18 - . Launch Site: Kostroma. Launch Vehicle: MR-UR-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1981 September 18 - . 03:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1308 - . Mass: 700 kg (1,540 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Parus. USAF Sat Cat: 12835 . COSPAR: 1981-091A. Apogee: 1,003 km (623 mi). Perigee: 960 km (590 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.70 min. Military navigation satellite. Replaced Cosmos 1275..

1981 September 18 - . 09:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Cosmos 1309 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-4MT. Duration: 13.00 days. Decay Date: 1981-10-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 12837 . COSPAR: 1981-092A. Apogee: 257 km (159 mi). Perigee: 212 km (131 mi). Inclination: 82.3000 deg. Period: 89.20 min. Military topography satellite; returned film capsule; also performed mapping, geodesy..

1981 September 18 - . 17:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/1. Launch Pad: LC107/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Vertikal' K65UP.
  • Gruziya-60-Spurt Active plasma mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,514 km (940 mi).

1982 September 18 - . 04:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Progress 15 - . Payload: Progress s/n 112. Mass: 7,020 kg (15,470 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Salyut 7. Class: Manned. Type: Manned logistics spacecraft. Flight: Soyuz T-5. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Progress. Duration: 28.51 days. Completed Operations Date: 1982-10-16 17:08:06 . Decay Date: 1982-10-16 17:08:06 . USAF Sat Cat: 13558 . COSPAR: 1982-094A. Apogee: 241 km (149 mi). Perigee: 188 km (116 mi). Inclination: 51.7000 deg. Period: 88.80 min. Unmanned supply vessel to Salyut 7. Docked with Salyut 7 on 20 Sep 1982 06:12:00 GMT. Undocked on 14 Oct 1982 13:46:00 GMT. Destroyed in reentry on 16 Oct 1982 17:08:00 GMT. Total free-flight time 4.19 days. Total docked time 24.32 days..
  • Astrozond - . Payload: Astrozond. Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Salyut 7. Flight: Soyuz T-5. Spacecraft: Astrozond. Decay Date: 1982-10-28 . USAF Sat Cat: 13596 . COSPAR: 1982-033AC. Apogee: 364 km (226 mi). Perigee: 307 km (190 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 91.24 min.

1982 September 18 - . 20:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 3.
  • Colored Bubbles Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 335 km (208 mi).

1983 September 18 - . Launch Site: Fort Bliss. Launch Complex: Fort Bliss MCG. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 2.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 317 km (196 mi).

1984 September 18 - . 17:45 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1985 September 18 - . 03:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1986 September 18 - . 12:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF08. Launch Vehicle: Peacekeeper.
  • 6 RVs to KMR - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1987 September 18 - . 19:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: UNKO. Launch Platform: KRENKEL'. Launch Vehicle: MMR-06.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: GMS. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1988 September 18 - .
  • Death of Friedrich Dhom - . Nation: Germany, USA. Related Persons: Dhom. German-American engineer in WW2, member of the Rocket Team in the United States thereafter. German expert in guided missiles during WW2. As of January 1947, working at Fort Bliss, Texas. Died at Brownsboro, Texas..

1989 September 18 - . 14:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Molodezhnaya. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 83 km (51 mi).

1991 September 18 - . 00:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • METAL/L-C2 - . Nation: Norway. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1991 September 18 - . 00:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • METAL/L-C3 - . Nation: Norway. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1991 September 18 - . 01:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • METAL/L-S4 - . Nation: Norway. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 108 km (67 mi).

1991 September 18 - . 01:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • METAL/L-C5 - . Nation: Norway. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1991 September 18 - .
1993 September 18 - .
  • STS-51 - Wakeup Song: A Whole New World - . Flight: STS-51. "A Whole New World" played to Mission Control followed by"Star Wars Theme" sent to Discovery..

1994 September 18 - .
  • STS-64 - Wakeup Song: This Is the Time - . Flight: STS-64. "This Is the Time" by Billy Joel..

1994 September 18 - . 02:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Vehicle: MT-135.
  • NNP-O3 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 53 km (32 mi).

1995 September 18 - .
1996 September 18 - .
  • STS-79 - Wakeup Song: Hold On (I'm Coming) - . Flight: STS-79. "Hold On (I'm Coming)" performed by Sam and Dave referring to the return of Shannon Lucid..

1997 September 18 - . 02:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Ryori. LV Family: MT-135. Launch Vehicle: MT-135P.
  • Meteorological mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: JMA. Apogee: 55 km (34 mi).

1998 September 18 - . 08:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF26. Launch Pad: LF26?. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3.
  • GRP-IDF-2 test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSPC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1998 September 18 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant IX.
  • SOAREX-1 Hypersonic test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Ames. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1999 September 18 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • TRAMP-99 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

2000 September 18 - .
  • STS-106 Mission Status Report #22 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Altman, Burbank, Lu, Malenchenko, Mastracchio, Morukov, Wilcutt. Program: ISS. Flight: STS-106.

    Having departed the International Space Station last night, Atlantis' crew will now spend a day checking the shuttle's equipment and stowing away gear in preparation for the trip home, aiming for a 2:56 a.m. CDT landing on Wednesday at the Kennedy Space Center in Florida. Additional Details: here....


2000 September 18 - .
  • Death of Carl Lawrence 'Larry' Hartshorn - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Hartshorn. American engineer. Chief of Design for Plant Engineering for the Atlas.

2000 September 18 - .
  • STS-106 - Wakeup Song: Home in the Islands - . Flight: STS-106. "Home in the Islands" by The Brothers Cazimero, played for Lu who considers Honolulu a hometown..

2001 September 18 - . Launch Site: Okhotsk. Launch Platform: K-223. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Volna.
  • Operational test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

2002 September 18 - . 22:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC36A. Launch Pad: SLC36A. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas IIAS.
  • Hispasat 1D - . Payload: Spacebus 3000B2. Mass: 3,250 kg (7,160 lb). Nation: Spain. Agency: Hispasat. Manufacturer: Cannes. Program: Hispasat. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Spacebus 3000. USAF Sat Cat: 27528 . COSPAR: 2002-044A. Apogee: 35,802 km (22,246 mi). Perigee: 35,772 km (22,227 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min.

    Launch delayed from May 28, August 14. Hispasat 1D was a Spanish geostationary communications spacecraft. The 3.3-ton, 7.0-kW satellite carried three antennae looking in different directions to provide video, data, and Internet services to Europe, North America, and North Africa via 28 Ku-band transponders after being parked over 30 W longitude alongside Hispasat 1A, 1B, and 1C. As of 2007 Mar 9 located at 29.97W drifting at 0.014W degrees per day.


2003 September 18 - . Launch Site: Mojave. Launch Complex: Mojave. LV Family: SpaceShip. Launch Vehicle: Spaceship One.
  • White Knight Flight 34 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Binnie, Melvill. Program: X-Prize. Spacecraft Bus: SpaceShip. Spacecraft: Spaceship One.

    Flight Time: 2.7 hours. White Knight Pilot: Binnie. White Knight Copilot: Melvill White Knight Flt Engineer: Alsbury. Objectives: SpaceShipOne approach and landing profile review Results: Evaluated a variety of different profiles to assess ease of set-up, forgiveness to off normal starts and pilot SA during the approach.


2006 September 18 - .
  • STS-115 - Wakeup Song: Rocky Mountain High - . Flight: STS-115. "Rocky Mountain High" by John Denver for Mission Specialist Joe Tanner..

2006 September 18 - . 04:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-FG.
  • Soyuz TMA-9 - . Call Sign: Vostok. Crew: Ansari, Lopez-Alegria, Tyurin. Return Crew: Lopez-Alegria, Simonyi, Tyurin. Payload: Soyuz TMA s/n 219. Mass: 7,250 kg (15,980 lb). Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Ansari, Lopez-Alegria, Simonyi, Tyurin. Agency: RAKA. Manufacturer: Korolev bureau. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Soyuz TMA-8, Soyuz TMA-9. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Soyuz TMA. Duration: 215.35 days. Decay Date: 2007-04-21 . USAF Sat Cat: 29400 . COSPAR: 2006-040A. Apogee: 348 km (216 mi). Perigee: 330 km (200 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 91.30 min.

    Carried the Expedition 14 crew and space tourist Anousheh Ansari to the International Space Station. Ansari replaced tourist Daisuke Enomoto, who was removed from flight status by the Russians just 28 days before the flight. Docked at the Zvezda port of the station at 05:21 GMT on September 20. On 21 April 2007, Lopez-Alegria, Tyurin and space tourist Charles Simonyi (who was taken to the station aboard Soyuz TMA-10) boarded Soyuz TMA-9, separated from the ISS, conducted retrofire, and landed in Kazakhstan at 12:31 GMT.


2007 September 18 - . 18:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC2W. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Delta 7920-10C.
  • WorldView 1 - . Mass: 2,500 kg (5,500 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Martin. Class: Surveillance. Type: Civilian surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: BCP-5000. Spacecraft: WorldView. USAF Sat Cat: 32060 . COSPAR: 2007-041A. Apogee: 496 km (308 mi). Perigee: 492 km (305 mi). Inclination: 97.5000 deg. Period: 94.50 min. Spacecraft was equipped with a 0.6-m aperture telescope for high resolution surveillance. Civilian, but primary customer was to be the US National Geospatial Intelligence Agency..

2012 September 18 - . 19:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Xichang. Launch Complex: Xichang LC2. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 3BE.
  • Beidou M5 - . Payload: Beidou DW14. Mass: 6,000 kg (13,200 lb). Nation: China. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Beidou-MEO. USAF Sat Cat: 38774 . COSPAR: 2012-050A. Apogee: 21,591 km (13,416 mi). Perigee: 21,462 km (13,335 mi). Inclination: 55.0000 deg. Period: 773.20 min.
  • Beidou M6 - . Payload: Beidou DW15. Mass: 6,000 kg (13,200 lb). Nation: China. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Beidou-MEO. USAF Sat Cat: 38775 . COSPAR: 2012-050B. Apogee: 21,578 km (13,407 mi). Perigee: 21,472 km (13,342 mi). Inclination: 55.1000 deg. Period: 773.10 min.

2013 September 18 - .
  • Scramspace 1 - . University of Queensland Scramspace 1 hypersonic research payload was launched 11:15 GMT Sep 18 from Andoya by the German space agency DLR. The first stage of the VS30/Orion rocket failed and it did not reach space..

2013 September 18 - . 08:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC41. Launch Pad: SLC41. LV Family: Atlas V. Launch Vehicle: Atlas V 531.
  • USA 246 - . Payload: AEHF 3 / A2100M. Mass: 6,168 kg (13,598 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: AS 2100. USAF Sat Cat: 39256 . COSPAR: 2013-050A. Third Advanced EHF communications satellite for the US Air Force. The satellite has a Japanese IHI BT-4 bipropellant thruster and an Aerojet electric propulsion system..

2013 September 18 - . 13:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: VS-30/Orion.
  • SCRAMSPACE 1 - . Nation: Norway. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

2013 September 18 - . 14:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA0A. LV Family: Antares LV. Launch Vehicle: Antares 110.
  • SS G David Low - . Payload: Cygnus OD-1. Mass: 4,127 kg (9,098 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Manufacturer: OSC. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned logistics spacecraft. Spacecraft: Cygnus. Duration: 35.00 days. Decay Date: 2013-10-23 . USAF Sat Cat: 39258 . COSPAR: 2013-051A. Apogee: 414 km (257 mi). Perigee: 411 km (255 mi). Inclination: 51.6500 deg. Period: 92.81 min.

    First Orbital Sciences Cygnus ISS resupply spacecraft. Named SS G. David Low after the late astronaut, son of the former NASA administrator, and Orbital employee. The Cygnus consisted of a pressurized cargo module (PCM) built by Thales Alenia in Torino, and a service module (SM) built by Orbital/Dulles. The craft carried 700 kg of cargo. Intiial orbit was 261 km x 277 km x 51.6 deg; at 20:07 GMT this was raised to 274 km x 384 km. On 22 September the first attempt at rendezvous with the ISS was cancelled due to a software problem in the GPS navigation system; Cygnus passed ISS at a distance of 4 km at 08:45 GMT. On 29 September Cygnus completed its rendezvous with ISS, reaching a 250 m hold point at 09:08 GMT. The SSRMS arm captured Cygnus at 11:00 GMT, and after berthing to the Harmony module of the ISS he astronauts began unloading the ship's cargo. Cygnus unberthed from Harmony at 10:04 GMT on 22 October and was released into a 415 x 419 km orbit by the SSRMS at 11:31 GMT. On 23 October Cygnus conducted its retrofire burn at 17:41 GMT, and burnt up at 18:16 GMT over the South Pacific.



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