Encyclopedia Astronautica
Home - Search - Browse - Alphabetic Index: 0- 1- 2- 3- 4- 5- 6- 7- 8- 9
A- B- C- D- E- F- G- H- I- J- K- L- M- N- O- P- Q- R- S- T- U- V- W- X- Y- Z

On February 11 in Space History

1906 February 11 - .
  • Birth of Erich Kaschig - . Nation: Germany, USA. Related Persons: Kaschig. German engineer in WW2, member of the Rocket Team in the United States thereafter..

1919 February 11 - .
  • Birth of Siegfried Reinhard - . Nation: Germany, Russia. Related Persons: Reinhard. German designer in WW2, member of the Rocket Team in the Soviet Union, worked on rocket engine development in Glushko's design bureau from 1947 to 1952. Worked in Engineering and Design; Dept. 61..

1921 February 11 - .
  • Birth of James Wesley Crooks - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Crooks. American engineer. Inventor of the Atlas radio guidance system and the Azusa and Glotrac launch vehicle tracking systems..

1944 February 11 - . Launch Site: Peenemuende. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2.
1945 February 11 - . Launch Site: Peenemuende. Launch Complex: Peenemuende SK. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. FAILURE: Guidance failure after 8 seconds.
  • V-2 Ma370 U4 - . Nation: Germany. 'Kitz' launch - listed under Heidekraut launches, but actually made from Karlshagen or railhead area of Peenemuende..

1946 February 11 - .
  • XS-1 Flight 4 - . Crew: Woolams. Payload: XS-1 # 1 flight 4. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Woolams. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft Bus: XS-1. Spacecraft: XS-1. Bell flight 4. Gear retracted, left wing damaged. At Pinecastle AAF, Florida..

1947 February 11 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: FFAR. Launch Vehicle: FFAR.
  • RM-10 model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

1952 February 11 - . LV Family: von Braun concept vehicle. Launch Vehicle: Von Braun 1952.
  • Collier's Man Will Conquer Space Soon - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Ley, von Braun. Collier's magazine published papers from First Symposium on Space Flight, under the title "Man Will Conquer Space Soon.". This was an important step in the popularization of the idea of manned space flight..

1953 February 11 - .
  • Birth of Steven Douglas Thorne - . Nation: Germany. Related Persons: Thorne. German test pilot mission specialist astronaut, 1985-1986..

1953 February 11 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Wasserfall. Launch Vehicle: Hermes A-2.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1954 February 11 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: MGR-1.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1955 February 11 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: MGR-1.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1958 February 11 - . 09:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: MVS. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1959 February 11 - .
  • Redstone and Jupiter flight phases of Project Mercury. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: von Braun. Program: Mercury. Spacecraft Bus: Mercury. Spacecraft: Mercury.

    Space Task Group and Army Ballistic Missile Agency personnel met at Huntsville, Alabama, to discuss Redstone and Jupiter flight phases of Project Mercury. During the course of the meeting the following points became firm: (1) Space Task Group was the overall manager and technical director of this phase of the program, (2) ABMA was responsible for the launch vehicle until spacecraft separation, (3) ABMA was responsible for the Redstone launch vehicle recovery (this phase of the program was later eliminated since benefits from recovering the launch vehicle would have been insignificant), (4) Space Task Group was responsible for the spacecraft flight after separation, (5) McDonnell was responsible for the adapters for the Mercury-Redstone configuration, and (6) ABMA would build adapters for the Mercury-Jupiter configuration. Because many points could only be settled by detailed design studies, it was decided to establish several working panels for later meetings.


1960 February 11 - .
  • Birth of Richard Alan 'Rick' Mastracchio - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Mastracchio. American engineer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-106, STS-118, STS-131..

1960 February 11 - . 18:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Rosamund Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 26 km (16 mi). Maximum Speed - 2359 kph. Maximum Altitude - 26858 m. Air dropped in Rosamund Dry Lake DZ..

1961 February 11 - . 10:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique.
  • Airglow Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CASDN. Apogee: 91 km (56 mi).

1962 February 11 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar silo. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: R-14U.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 675 km (419 mi).

1963 February 11 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC70. LV Family: R-9. Launch Vehicle: R-9A.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,160 km (720 mi).

1963 February 11 - . 15:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC25A. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1964 February 11 - .
  • Apollo LEM to use an inertial reference system - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo LM, LM Guidance.

    ASPO directed Grumman to provide an abort guidance system (AGS) in the LEM using an inertial reference system attached to the structure of the vehicle. Should the spacecraft's navigation and guidance system fail, the crew could use the AGS to effect an abort. Such a device eliminated the need for redundancy in the primary guidance system (and proved to be a lighter and simpler arrangement).


1964 February 11 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF06. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1A.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1965 February 11 - .
  • Drogue parachutes tested to ultimate load - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM, CSM Parachute.

    A drop test at EI Centro, Calif., demonstrated the ability of the drogue parachutes to sustain the ultimate disreefed load that would be imposed upon them during reentry. (For the current CM weight, that maximum load would be 7,711 kg (17,000 lbs) per parachute.) Preliminary data indicated that the two drogues had withstood loads of 8,803 and 8,165 kg (19,600 and 18,000 lbs). One of the drogues emerged unscathed; the other suffered only minor damage near the pocket of the reefing cutter.


1965 February 11 - . 15:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC20. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan IIIA.
  • LES 1 - . Mass: 31 kg (68 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Technology. Type: Communications technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: LES. Spacecraft: LES. USAF Sat Cat: 1002 . COSPAR: 1965-008C. Apogee: 2,809 km (1,745 mi). Perigee: 2,783 km (1,729 mi). Inclination: 32.1000 deg. Period: 145.80 min.

    Titan IIIA, Vehicle #3, was launched from Cape Canaveral. In a maneuverability test involving three separate orbits, the Transtage and two satellites were successfully placed into their programmed orbits. The primary objective of the mission was the triple ignition of the Transtage engine that was required for the three separate orbits. When it placed the Lincoln Experimental Satellite (LES-1) into orbit, the vehicle became the first Titan III to inject an operational payload into orbit. Lincoln Experimental Satellite; communications experiments. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A).


1965 February 11 - . 17:55 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Solar spectrum Solar ultraviolet / solar extreme ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1966 February 11 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF07. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B.
  • Follow-on operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1966 February 11 - . 01:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC31B. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 2.
  • Research and development launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1966 February 11 - . 13:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 576B2. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D.
  • NTMP KX-51 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,800 km (1,100 mi).

1966 February 11 - . 18:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC86/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 63S1.
  • Cosmos 108 - . Payload: DS-U1-G s/n 1. Mass: 355 kg (782 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Earth. Type: Ionosphere satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-U1-G. Completed Operations Date: 1966-02-26 . Decay Date: 1966-11-21 . USAF Sat Cat: 2002 . COSPAR: 1966-011A. Apogee: 850 km (520 mi). Perigee: 220 km (130 mi). Inclination: 48.8000 deg. Period: 95.30 min. Studied the relationship between variations in the upper atmosphere and solar activity..

1969 February 11 - . LV Family: N1. Launch Vehicle: N1.
  • Military space objectives - . Nation: Russia. Program: Lunar L3, Luna. Spacecraft Bus: Luna Ye-8. Spacecraft: Luna Ye-8.

    The Ye-8 and N1 are on schedule for their respective launches. Kamanin discusses the cosmonaut training curriculum with Kerimov. No one has ever defined what it is cosmonauts are actually supposed to do in space. No one really knows what their purpose is --- not Keldysh, not Mishin, not Smirnov, not Ustinov. Kerimov agrees to put together a state commission to define the role of man in space and draw up plans for future space missions.


1969 February 11 - .
  • Unmanned Apollo LM landing discussed - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft Bus: Apollo LM. Spacecraft: Apollo LM.

    The possibility of an unmanned LM landing was discussed at NASA Hq. The consensus was that such a landing would be a risky venture. Proposals had been made which included an unmanned LM landing as a prerequisite to a manned landing on the moon. However, the capability to land the LM unmanned did not exist and development of the capability would seriously delay the program.


1969 February 11 - . 21:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Electrons Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 157 km (97 mi).

1970 February 11 - .
  • TsUKOS to be GUKOS - . Nation: Russia. Meeting of senior generals. The decision is made to reorganise TsUKOS as GUKOS and place it on an equal footing with the other services..

1970 February 11 - . 04:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima L. LV Family: Lambda. Launch Vehicle: Lambda 4S.
  • Ohsumi 5 - . Payload: L-4S-5. Mass: 12 kg (26 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Osumi. Spacecraft: Osumi. Decay Date: 2003-08-02 . USAF Sat Cat: 4330 . COSPAR: 1970-011A. Apogee: 2,440 km (1,510 mi). Perigee: 323 km (200 mi). Inclination: 31.0000 deg. Period: 113.40 min. Engineering tests. Engineering test for the launching of scientific satellites. Injection point 29.7 N, 145.8 E .

1970 February 11 - . 08:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC10W. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor Burner 2.
  • DMSP-Block-5A F1 - . Payload: DAPP 1524 / OPS 0054. Mass: 195 kg (429 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Program: DMSP. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DMSP Block 4/5 satellites. Spacecraft: DMSP Block 5A. USAF Sat Cat: 4331 . COSPAR: 1970-012A. Apogee: 840 km (520 mi). Perigee: 749 km (465 mi). Inclination: 98.8000 deg. Period: 100.80 min. Defense Meteorological Satellite Program..

1971 February 11 - . 02:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Ryori. LV Family: MT-135. Launch Vehicle: MT-135P.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: JMA. Apogee: 51 km (31 mi).

1972 February 11 - . 03:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere/Plasma mission - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 177 km (109 mi).

1972 February 11 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Plasma mission - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 173 km (107 mi).

1972 February 11 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Syowa Base. LV Family: S-210. Launch Vehicle: S-210.
  • Mass spectrometer Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: NIPR. Apogee: 108 km (67 mi).

1974 February 11 - . 13:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC41. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan IIIE. FAILURE: Centaur LOX pump failure.. Failed Stage: U.
  • Sphinx - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Spacecraft Bus: Sphinx. Spacecraft: Sphinx. Decay Date: 1974-02-12 . Space Plasma High Voltage Interaction Experiment. Payload carried on test flight of Titan 3E booster..
  • Viking Dynamic Simulator - . Payload: VDS. Mass: 3,399 kg (7,493 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Spacecraft Bus: Viking. Spacecraft: Viking.

1975 February 11 - . 02:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Javelin.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 791 km (491 mi). Final successful Javelin launch..

1976 February 11 - . 08:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. Launch Pad: LC1 or LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57.
  • Cosmos 802 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-4MK. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1976-02-25 . USAF Sat Cat: 8681 . COSPAR: 1976-013A. Apogee: 334 km (207 mi). Perigee: 172 km (106 mi). Inclination: 65.0000 deg. Period: 89.60 min. High resolution photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1977 February 11 - . 04:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 212 km (131 mi).

1977 February 11 - . 12:33 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1977 February 11 - . 13:18 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 132 km (82 mi).

1977 February 11 - . 13:59 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Atomic oxygen Atmospheric mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 142 km (88 mi).

1977 February 11 - . 14:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M.
  • Molniya 2-17 - . Payload: Molniya-2. Mass: 1,600 kg (3,500 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Molniya. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-2. Spacecraft: Molniya-2. USAF Sat Cat: 9829 . COSPAR: 1977-010A. Apogee: 38,214 km (23,745 mi). Perigee: 2,176 km (1,352 mi). Inclination: 63.3000 deg. Period: 718.50 min.

    Continued operation of the long-range telephone and telegraph radio-communication system within the Soviet Union and transmission of USSR central television programmes to stations in the Orbita and participating international networks (international cooperation scheme).


1977 February 11 - . 20:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • SSC S21 / 2 TRIGGER Aurora mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: NASA, SSC. Apogee: 220 km (130 mi).

1978 February 11 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC109. LV Family: R-36M. Launch Vehicle: R-36M 15A14.
  • Missile accuracy test launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1979 February 11 - . 19:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Koroni. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1980 February 11 - . 23:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1156 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 185. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 11691 . COSPAR: 1980-012A. Apogee: 1,475 km (916 mi). Perigee: 1,398 km (868 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.60 min. Eight satellites launched by a single carrier rocket..
  • Cosmos 1158 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 187. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 11693 . COSPAR: 1980-012C. Apogee: 1,476 km (917 mi). Perigee: 1,434 km (891 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.00 min.
  • Cosmos 1160 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 189. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 11695 . COSPAR: 1980-012E. Apogee: 1,484 km (922 mi). Perigee: 1,465 km (910 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.40 min.
  • Cosmos 1161 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 190. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 11696 . COSPAR: 1980-012F. Apogee: 1,502 km (933 mi). Perigee: 1,468 km (912 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.70 min.
  • Cosmos 1162 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 191. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 11697 . COSPAR: 1980-012G. Apogee: 1,519 km (943 mi). Perigee: 1,472 km (914 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.90 min.
  • Cosmos 1157 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 186. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 11692 . COSPAR: 1980-012B. Apogee: 1,477 km (917 mi). Perigee: 1,415 km (879 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.80 min.
  • Cosmos 1163 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 192. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 11698 . COSPAR: 1980-012H. Apogee: 1,543 km (958 mi). Perigee: 1,471 km (914 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 116.10 min.
  • Cosmos 1159 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 188. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 11694 . COSPAR: 1980-012D. Apogee: 1,479 km (919 mi). Perigee: 1,450 km (900 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.20 min.

1981 February 11 - .
  • Production of the Production of four 37KS modules for Mir approved - . Nation: Russia. Spacecraft Bus: Mir. Spacecraft: 37KS.

    Production of the four 37KS modules was approved following review of the draft projects. The four modules would be placed into orbit by a Proton launch vehicle. An FGO tug section, connected to the 37KS module by a light lattice structure, would rendezvous with the Mir station and dock the module to one of the radial ports of the Mir station. It would then separate and deorbit itself into the earth's atmosphere. The plan was that production of all of the modules would be completed in 1984. They would be assembled with the Mir base block in one year and have an operational lifetime of five years.


1981 February 11 - . Launch Site: Uzhur. LV Family: R-36M. Launch Vehicle: R-36M 15A14.
  • ICBM operational test launch from missile base silo - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1981 February 11 - . 08:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Tanegashima. Launch Complex: Tanegashima N. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: N-2.
  • Kiku 3 - . Payload: ETS 4. Mass: 640 kg (1,410 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: NASDA. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: ETS. Spacecraft: ETS. USAF Sat Cat: 12295 . COSPAR: 1981-012A. Apogee: 16,237 km (10,089 mi). Perigee: 305 km (189 mi). Inclination: 28.5000 deg. Period: 294.10 min.

    Kiku 3 (ETS-IV). Launching organization NASDA. Acquisition of the technology to handle a large-scale heavy satellite and test of the functions of on-board equipment and devices, as well as confirmation of the launching capacity of the N-II launch vehicle. Also tested ion thruster.


1982 February 11 - . 01:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC90/19. Launch Pad: LC90/pad?. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-2.
  • Cosmos 1337 - . Mass: 3,000 kg (6,600 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: EORSAT. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Kosmoplan. Spacecraft: US-P. Decay Date: 1982-07-25 . USAF Sat Cat: 13061 . COSPAR: 1982-010A. Apogee: 444 km (275 mi). Perigee: 426 km (264 mi). Inclination: 65.0000 deg. Period: 93.30 min. Ocean monitoring..

1984 February 11 - .
  • STS-41-B - Wakeup Song: In the Mood - . Flight: STS-41-B. "In the Mood" by"Contraband", a musical group composed of JSC employees..

1984 February 11 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Super Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Wallops. Apogee: 109 km (67 mi).

1984 February 11 - .
1985 February 11 - . 10:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima L. Launch Pad: K. LV Family: S-520. Launch Vehicle: S-520.
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 362 km (224 mi).

1986 February 11 - . 06:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32/2. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Cosmos 1732 - . Payload: Geo-IK no. 7. Mass: 1,500 kg (3,300 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Earth. Type: Geodetic satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Geo-IK. Spacecraft: Geo-IK. USAF Sat Cat: 16593 . COSPAR: 1986-015A. Apogee: 1,525 km (947 mi). Perigee: 1,480 km (910 mi). Inclination: 73.6000 deg. Period: 116.00 min. Investigation of the upper atmosphere and outer space. .

1987 February 11 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan IIIB.
  • Last launch of the Titan IIIB/Agena - . Nation: USA. Last launch of the Titan IIIB/Agena (first launch on 29 July 1966)..

1989 February 11 - . 14:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC47. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 62 km (38 mi).

1990 February 11 - . 06:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U2.
  • Soyuz TM-9 - . Call Sign: Rodnik (Spring - water spring). Crew: Balandin, Solovyov. Backup Crew: Manakov, Strekalov. Payload: Soyuz TM s/n 60. Mass: 7,150 kg (15,760 lb). Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Balandin, Manakov, Solovyov, Strekalov. Agency: MOM. Program: Mir. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Soyuz TM-8, Soyuz TM-9. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Soyuz TM. Duration: 179.05 days. Decay Date: 1990-08-09 . USAF Sat Cat: 20494 . COSPAR: 1990-014A. Apogee: 387 km (240 mi). Perigee: 373 km (231 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 92.20 min.

    Manned two crew. Mir Expedition EO-06. Docked with Mir. Transported to the Mir orbital station a crew comprising the cosmonauts A Y Solovyov and A N Balandin to conduct an extensive programme of geophysical and astrophysical research, experiments on biology and biotechnology and work on space materials science.


1991 February 11 - . Launch Site: Sriharikota. LV Family: S-75. Launch Vehicle: Prithvi.
  • Test mission - . Nation: India. Agency: IDRDL. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1991 February 11 - . 19:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Scud Batteries. Launch Pad: IRAQ-S. LV Family: R-11. Launch Vehicle: Al Hussein.
  • Riyadh - . Nation: Iraq. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1992 February 11 - . 00:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC36A. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas II.
  • USA 78 - . Payload: DSCS III B-14. Mass: 2,613 kg (5,760 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Program: DSCS. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DSCS III. Spacecraft: DSCS III. USAF Sat Cat: 21873 . COSPAR: 1992-006A. Apogee: 35,503 km (22,060 mi). Perigee: 30,675 km (19,060 mi). Inclination: 0.9000 deg. Period: 1,300.50 min. Spacecraft engaged in research and exploration of the upper atmosphere or outer space (US Cat B). Launch vehicle put payload into geosynchronous transfer orbit with GCS trajectory option. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit; at 135 deg W in 1995..

1992 February 11 - . 01:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Tanegashima. Launch Complex: Tanegashima N. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: H-1.
  • JERS-1 - . Payload: ERS-1. Mass: 1,340 kg (2,950 lb). Nation: Japan. Agency: NASDA. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft Bus: JERS. Spacecraft: JERS. Completed Operations Date: 1998-10-12 . Decay Date: 2001-12-03 . USAF Sat Cat: 21867 . COSPAR: 1992-007A. Apogee: 568 km (352 mi). Perigee: 567 km (352 mi). Inclination: 97.7000 deg. Period: 96.00 min.

    Japanese Research Satellite-1. JERS-1 (FUYO-1). To verify functions and performance of optical sensors and a Synthetic Aperture Radar and to establish an integrated system for observing the Earth's resources; to perform observations and measurements for land survey, agriculture, forest ry, fishery, environmental preservation, disaster prevention and coastal surveillance. Launch time 0150 GMT. Launching organization NASDA. The Japanese Fuyo-1 (ERS-1) satellite failed on Oct 12, 1998 after six years of operation.


1993 February 11 - . Launch Site: Wake Island. LV Family: Talos. Launch Vehicle: HPB. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: OSC. Apogee: 2.00 km (1.20 mi).

1994 February 11 - .
  • Mir News 208: Mir again can be montiored - . Nation: Russia. Program: Mir. Flight: Soyuz TM-18, Soyuz TM-18 Mir LD-4.

    For a period of almost a fortnight Mir passed over here during the night hours and this meant radio silence on 143.625 mc. Now we again can monitor traffic during the evening hours. 145.550 mc remained active all the time, mainly with Packet radio. During the first passes this week the Mir crew spoke with their colleagues Manarov (U2Mir), Volkov (U4Mir) and Artsebarskiy (U7Mir) in Russia and Tognini in France. These contacts were in the Russian language and they used their operational call sign 'Derbenty'. The 145.550 mc was also in use on board of the space shuttle Discovery (STS-60) during the flight of the Russian 'astronaut' Krikolyov, who got permission for the temporary use of his own call sign U5Mir. The contacts between Discovery and Mir took place out of our range. On 8.02.94 they communicated via TDRS-es and the first direct contact on VHF took place on 10.02.94. During the night and early morning of 10.02.94 both objects regularly passed within our range during overlaps of their footprints.

    Schedule for operations with Progress-M freighters:

    Progress-M22: Launch on 16.03.94, docking with Mir on 18.03.- 94. This freighter does not carry a VBK (ballistic return capsule). Progress-M21: Separation from Mir on 17.03.94 if Progress-M22 is in the right orbit and functioning normally. Progress-M21 has no VBK on board. Progress-M23: Launch on 18.03.94, docking to Mir at 20.04.94. This freighter carries a VBK. Progress-M22: Separation from Mir on 19.05.94 if all is going well with Progress-M23. A schedule for the freighters after Progress-23 has been published, but data might be subject to changes. The transport ship Soyuz-TM19, had to be launched on 24.06.94, but this launch has been put forward to 20.06.94, docking to Mir on 22.06.94. The first crew consisted of Malenchenko, Musabayev and Strekalov. Strekalov had to return with the relieved Afanasyev and Usachov after 12 days. Possibly Strekalov will fly with Soyuz-TM21 together with Dezhurov and an American cosmonaut on 01.03.95.

    American 'cosmonauts': 2 American astronauts had to arrive in Starcity near Moscow on one of these days to begin with their training for a flight as 'cosmonaut'. Due to technical reasons their departure has been postponed for 1 or 2 weeks.

    Chris v.d. Berg, NL-9165/A-UK3202.


1994 February 11 - .
  • STS-60 - Wakeup Song: Homeward Bound - . Flight: STS-60. "Homeward Bound" by Simon and Garfunkel. .

1994 February 11 - .
1995 February 11 - .
  • Mir News 243: Discovery-Mir - . Nation: Russia. Program: Mir. Flight: Soyuz TM-18 Mir LD-4, Soyuz TM-20, STS-63.

    The rendezvous operation got sufficient attention in the media. So I refrain from repeating the extensively published facts. I monitored as much as possible radio traffic related to the rendezvous. Here some items which might be interesting for insiders and 'real spaceflight freaks': 1. During the rendezvous TV transmissions from Mir with images of Discovery were relayed via Altair, the Russian TDRS over 17 degs. West. These transmissions reached K.S.C. and Houston and have been widely used by TV-organisations, for instance CNN. As soon as the windows for Mir-Altair traffic closed the new Luch-1 over 97 degrees East and a number of Russian tracking stations took over. 2. Co-operation and co-ordination between both FCC-s (Houston and Kaliningrad) went smoothly. 3. For direct radio contact between Mir and Discovery the VHF- channels 121.750 and 130.1625MC -in fact Mir-channels- were in use. Vladimir Titov also used a handset for communications in the ham band: 145.325 and 145.625Mc. Before and after the rendezvous operation Mir and Discovery now and then used Altair and TDRS channels for contact with each other. 4. Regularly commentators emphasised the fact that the operation was a rehearsal for the docking operation of Atlantis in June 1995. This rehearsal was a success: Discovery remained stable on the closest approach of 10 M just in a position opposite to the docking port of the Kristall-module to be used by Atlantis for the docking. Before that docking the Russians will have to move the Kristall from the side- to the axial forward docking port of the transition section.

    Radio traffic during the days before the launch of Discovery and before the rendezvous: A lot of traffic was related to the preparations of the rendezvous. For the Mir-crew this meant a lot of work to install TV- and Photo camera's and training in communication procedures. Conversations about these subjects could be monitored during communication sessions via Altair. Also via Altair the Mir-crew regularly spoke with cosmonaut Titov on K.S.C. where he was waiting for the launch.

    After the rendezvous: Unfortunately the passes of Mir and Discovery for our position occurred during the night hours and the cosmonauts stuck to their normal day- and night routine. This made it impossible for us to monitor direct radio traffic between Mir and Discovery being not far from each other for a long time. During all possible windows for visual observations dense clouds made these observations impossible.

    Mir-routine now: Now the Russians are again among themselves. This will not often be the case in 1995 and 1996. (To be continued in the next MirNEWS).

    Chris v.d. Berg, NL-9165/A-UK3202.


1995 February 11 - .
  • STS-63 - Wakeup Song: The End - . Flight: STS-63. "The End" by The Doors..

1995 February 11 - .
1996 February 11 - . 11:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima L. Launch Pad: K. LV Family: S-310. Launch Vehicle: S-310.
  • NTV-1 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 199 km (123 mi).

1996 February 11 - . 23:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Tanegashima. Launch Complex: Tanegashima N. LV Family: J-1. Launch Vehicle: J-1.
  • Hyflex Spacecraft test - . Nation: Japan. Agency: NASDA. Apogee: 110 km (60 mi).

1997 February 11 - . 08:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant XII.
  • Auroral Turbulence 2 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 546 km (339 mi).

1997 February 11 - . 08:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC39A. Launch Platform: MLP1. LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Space Shuttle.
  • STS-82 - . Call Sign: Discovery. Crew: Bowersox, Harbaugh, Hawley, Horowitz, Lee, Smith, Steven, Tanner. Payload: Discovery F22 / SAC. Mass: 116,884 kg (257,685 lb). Nation: USA. Related Persons: Bowersox, Harbaugh, Hawley, Horowitz, Lee, Smith, Steven, Tanner. Agency: NASA Houston. Manufacturer: North American. Program: STS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Flight: STS-82. Spacecraft Bus: Shuttle. Spacecraft: Discovery. Duration: 9.98 days. Decay Date: 1997-02-21 . USAF Sat Cat: 24719 . COSPAR: 1997-004A. Apogee: 618 km (384 mi). Perigee: 584 km (362 mi). Inclination: 28.5000 deg. Period: 96.70 min.

    After a spectacular night launch, the Shuttle completed its rendezvous with Hubble Space Telescope on February 13. Over the next four days five spacewalks were undertaken to renovate Hubble.

    The Hubble Space Telescope was released back into orbit at 06:41 GMT on February 19. Discovery landed on Runway 15 at Kennedy Space Center at 08:32 GMT on February 21.

  • External Airlock - . Payload: EAL/ODS. Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: STS. Spacecraft Bus: Shuttle Attached Payloads. Spacecraft: EAL/ODS. Decay Date: 1997-02-21 . USAF Sat Cat: 24719 . COSPAR: 1997-004xx. Apogee: 618 km (384 mi). Perigee: 584 km (362 mi). Inclination: 28.5000 deg. Period: 96.70 min.
  • SAC - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: STS. Spacecraft Bus: Shuttle Attached Payloads. Spacecraft: Second Axial Carrier. Decay Date: 1997-02-21 . USAF Sat Cat: 24719 . COSPAR: 1997-004xx. Apogee: 618 km (384 mi). Perigee: 584 km (362 mi). Inclination: 28.5000 deg. Period: 96.70 min.
  • FSS - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: STS. Spacecraft Bus: Shuttle Attached Payloads. Spacecraft: FSS. Decay Date: 1997-02-21 . USAF Sat Cat: 24719 . COSPAR: 1997-004xx. Apogee: 618 km (384 mi). Perigee: 584 km (362 mi). Inclination: 28.5000 deg. Period: 96.70 min.
  • ORUC - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: STS. Spacecraft Bus: Shuttle Attached Payloads. Spacecraft: SLP. Decay Date: 1997-02-21 . USAF Sat Cat: 24719 . COSPAR: 1997-004xx. Apogee: 618 km (384 mi). Perigee: 584 km (362 mi). Inclination: 28.5000 deg. Period: 96.70 min.

1998 February 11 - . 09:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Improved Orion.
  • Mini-Texus 5 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1999 February 11 - . 06:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant X.
  • ENSTROPHY Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 1,071 km (665 mi).

2000 February 11 - .
  • STS-99 - Wakeup Song: Time for Me to Fly - . Flight: STS-99. "Time for Me to Fly" - REO Speedwagon (Blue Team wakeup call).

2000 February 11 - . 17:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC39A. Launch Platform: MLP3. LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Space Shuttle.
  • STS-99 - . Call Sign: Endeavour. Crew: Gorie, Kavandi, Kregel, Mohri, Thiele, Voss, Janice. Payload: Endeavour F14. Mass: 116,277 kg (256,346 lb). Nation: USA. Related Persons: Gorie, Kavandi, Kregel, Mohri, Thiele, Voss, Janice. Agency: NASA Houston. Manufacturer: Boeing. Program: STS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Flight: STS-99. Spacecraft Bus: Shuttle. Spacecraft: Endeavour. Duration: 11.23 days. Decay Date: 2000-02-22 . USAF Sat Cat: 26088 . COSPAR: 2000-010A. Apogee: 234 km (145 mi). Perigee: 226 km (140 mi). Inclination: 57.0000 deg. Period: 89.10 min.

    On an extremely successful mission the space shuttle Endeavour deployed the 61 metre long STRM mast. This was a side-looking radar that digitally mapped with unprecedented accuracy the entire land surface of the Earth between latitudes 60 deg N and 54 deg S. Sponsors of the flight included the US National Imagery and Mapping Agency (NIMA), NASA, and the German and Italian space agencies. Some of the NIMA data would remain classified for exclusive use by the US Department of Defense.


2001 February 11 - .
  • STS-98 - Wakeup Song: Blue Danube Waltz - . Flight: STS-98. "Blue Danube Waltz" - Johann Strauss, Jr. from the film"2001 - a Space Odyssey".

2002 February 11 - . 17:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC2W. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Delta 7920-10C.
  • Iridium 90 - . Payload: Iridium s/n SV 90. Mass: 690 kg (1,520 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Iridium. Manufacturer: Lockheed, Motorola. Program: Iridium. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: LM 700. Spacecraft: LM 700. USAF Sat Cat: 27372 . COSPAR: 2002-005A. Apogee: 684 km (425 mi). Perigee: 660 km (410 mi). Inclination: 86.6000 deg. Period: 98.20 min.
  • Iridium 96 - . Payload: Iridium s/n SV 96. Mass: 690 kg (1,520 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Iridium. Manufacturer: Lockheed, Motorola. Program: Iridium. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: LM 700. Spacecraft: LM 700. USAF Sat Cat: 27376 . COSPAR: 2002-005E. Apogee: 679 km (421 mi). Perigee: 665 km (413 mi). Inclination: 86.6000 deg. Period: 98.20 min.
  • Iridium 91 - . Payload: Iridium s/n SV 91. Mass: 690 kg (1,520 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Iridium. Manufacturer: Lockheed, Motorola. Program: Iridium. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: LM 700. Spacecraft: LM 700. USAF Sat Cat: 27373 . COSPAR: 2002-005B. Apogee: 679 km (421 mi). Perigee: 665 km (413 mi). Inclination: 86.6000 deg. Period: 98.20 min.
  • Iridium 95 - . Payload: Iridium s/n SV 95. Mass: 690 kg (1,520 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Iridium. Manufacturer: Lockheed, Motorola. Program: Iridium. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: LM 700. Spacecraft: LM 700. USAF Sat Cat: 27375 . COSPAR: 2002-005D. Apogee: 679 km (421 mi). Perigee: 665 km (413 mi). Inclination: 86.6000 deg. Period: 98.20 min.

    Mobile Telephony satellite. Return to flight after GEM solid booster failure on GBI launch. Launch delayed from February 8, 9 and 10. Five Motorola Iridium satellites were launched for Iridium Satellite LLC, the new company that bought out the bankrupt Iridium LLC. This was the first system replenishment launch since the bankruptcy.

  • Iridium 94 - . Payload: Iridium s/n SV 94. Mass: 690 kg (1,520 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Iridium. Manufacturer: Lockheed, Motorola. Program: Iridium. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: LM 700. Spacecraft: LM 700. USAF Sat Cat: 27374 . COSPAR: 2002-005C. Apogee: 677 km (420 mi). Perigee: 667 km (414 mi). Inclination: 86.6000 deg. Period: 98.20 min.

2003 February 11 - .
  • STS-107 MCC Status Report #27 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Bowersox, Budarin, Pettit. Program: ISS. Flight: STS-113 ISS EO-6.

    Columbia debris recovery efforts continued today centered in areas of eastern Texas and western Louisiana. More than 1,600 recovered items are at Barksdale Air Force Base, Shreveport, La. Barksdale is the central field collection point for debris being shipped to the Kennedy Space Center (KSC), Fla., to begin Shuttle Columbia reconstruction. Additional Details: here....


2005 February 11 - .
  • International Space Station Status Report #05-7 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Chiao, Sharipov. Program: ISS. Flight: Soyuz TMA-5. The Expedition 10 crew of the International Space Station completed another productive week of their mission, focusing on science experiments, Progress undocking preparations and robotic arm operations.. Additional Details: here....

2007 February 11 - . 18:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Palmachim. LV Family: Arrow. Launch Vehicle: Arrow 2.
  • AST Black Sparrow - . Nation: Israel. Agency: IAI. Apogee: 40 km (24 mi).

2008 February 11 - .
  • STS-122 - Wakeup Song: Fly Like An Eagle - . Flight: STS-122. "Fly Like An Eagle" ” written by Steve Miller, was played for Mission Specialist Leland Melvin on the day he will use the station’s robotic arm to lift the Columbus research module from Atlantis’ payload bay..

2008 February 11 - . 11:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-M/Briz-M.
  • Thor 5 - . Mass: 1,940 kg (4,270 lb). Nation: Norway. Agency: ILS. Program: Thor Comsat. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Star bus. Spacecraft: Star bus. USAF Sat Cat: 32487 . COSPAR: 2008-006A. Apogee: 35,796 km (22,242 mi). Perigee: 35,777 km (22,230 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Ku-band light geostationary satellite operated by Telenor Satellite Broadcasting..

2008 February 11 - . 14:13 GMT - .
  • EVA STS-122-1 - . Crew: Love, Walheim. EVA Duration: 0.33 days. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Love, Walheim. Program: ISS. Flight: Soyuz TMA-11, STS-122. The crew assisted in the installation of the Columbus module to the station, removed a grapple fixture from the payload bay, and installed it on Columbus..

2009 February 11 - . 00:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC200/39. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-M/Briz-M.
  • Ekspress AM-44 - . Mass: 3,672 kg (8,095 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: Chelomei Design Bureau. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-4. Spacecraft: Gals. USAF Sat Cat: 33595 . COSPAR: 2009-007A. Apogee: 35,790 km (22,230 mi). Perigee: 35,783 km (22,234 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min.
  • Express MD1 - . Mass: 1,140 kg (2,510 lb). Nation: Russia. Manufacturer: Chelomei bureau. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Yakhta. Spacecraft: Yakhta. USAF Sat Cat: 33596 . COSPAR: 2009-007B. Apogee: 35,795 km (22,241 mi). Perigee: 35,779 km (22,231 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. C and L-band transponders..

2009 February 11 - . 22:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5ECA.
  • NSS 9 - . Mass: 2,400 kg (5,200 lb). Nation: Netherlands. Agency: Arianespace. Program: Intelsat. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Star bus. Spacecraft: Star bus. USAF Sat Cat: 33749 . COSPAR: 2009-008A. Apogee: 35,793 km (22,240 mi). Perigee: 35,780 km (22,230 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min.
  • Hot Bird 10 - . Mass: 4,875 kg (10,747 lb). Nation: Europe. Agency: Arianespace. Program: Eutelsat. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Eurostar 3000. Spacecraft: Eurostar 3000. USAF Sat Cat: 33750 . COSPAR: 2009-008B. Apogee: 35,804 km (22,247 mi). Perigee: 35,769 km (22,225 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min.
  • Spirale A - . Mass: 117 kg (257 lb). Nation: France. Agency: Arianespace. Class: Surveillance. Type: Early warning satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Myriade. Spacecraft: Myriade. USAF Sat Cat: 33751 . COSPAR: 2009-008C. Apogee: 35,693 km (22,178 mi). Perigee: 631 km (392 mi). Inclination: 1.8000 deg. Period: 637.60 min. Demonstrator to prove infrared sensors designed to detect ballistic missile launches and other military targets..
  • Spirale B - . Mass: 117 kg (257 lb). Nation: France. Agency: Arianespace. Class: Surveillance. Type: Early warning satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Myriade. Spacecraft: Myriade. USAF Sat Cat: 33752 . COSPAR: 2009-008D. Apogee: 35,681 km (22,171 mi). Perigee: 641 km (398 mi). Inclination: 1.8000 deg. Period: 637.60 min.

2010 February 11 - .
  • STS-130 - Wakeup Song: Beautiful Day - . Flight: STS-130. "Beautiful Day" by U2, played for Mission Specialist Kay Hire..

2010 February 11 - . 15:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC41. Launch Pad: SLC41. LV Family: Atlas V. Launch Vehicle: Atlas V 401.
  • SDO - . Mass: 3,200 kg (7,000 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Martin. Class: Astronomy. Type: Solar satellite. Spacecraft Bus: SDO. Spacecraft: SDO. USAF Sat Cat: 36395 . COSPAR: 2010-005A. Apogee: 35,800 km (22,200 mi). Perigee: 35,773 km (22,228 mi). Inclination: 28.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min.

    Solar Dynamics Observatory. The Centaur AV-021 upper stage moved from an initial 175 km x 3706 km x 28.7 deg parking orbit to a 2480 km x 35369 km x 28.6 deg transfer orbitand then released the satellite, which used its own R4D thruster to reach geosynchronous orbit.


2013 February 11 - . 14:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Progress M-18M - . Payload: Progress M s/n 418 / ISS-50P. Mass: 7,250 kg (15,980 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RKA. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned logistics spacecraft. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Progress M. Duration: 165.00 days. Decay Date: 2013-07-26 . USAF Sat Cat: 39082 . COSPAR: 2013-007A. Apogee: 421 km (261 mi). Perigee: 409 km (254 mi). Inclination: 51.6500 deg. Period: 92.88 min. Docked with the Pirs module of the ISS at 20:34 GMT on launch day. Undocked from the Pirs module at 20:53 GMT on July 25 and was deorbited over the South Pacific three hours later, with debris ocean impact around 00:42 GMT July 26..

2013 February 11 - . 18:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC3E. LV Family: Atlas V. Launch Vehicle: Atlas V 401.
  • Landsat 8 - . Payload: SA-200HP / LEOStar-3. Mass: 2,623 kg (5,782 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources radar satellite. Spacecraft Bus: SA-200. Spacecraft: SA-200. USAF Sat Cat: 39084 . COSPAR: 2013-008A. Apogee: 704 km (437 mi). Perigee: 701 km (435 mi). Inclination: 98.2100 deg. Period: 98.83 min. Carried the OLI (Operational Land Imager) and TIRS (Thermal Infrared Sensor) cameras to continue collection of comparable earth resource data that began with Landsat 1 in 1972. Total launch mass of 2787 kg included 395 kg of hydrazine propellant..

2014 February 11 - . 08:31 GMT - . Launch Site: ISS. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K.
  • Flock1-1 - . Mass: 5.00 kg (11.00 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Surveillance. Type: Surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Cubesat. Spacecraft: Cubesat. Decay Date: 2014-05-15 . USAF Sat Cat: 39512 . COSPAR: 1998-067DG. Apogee: 195 km (121 mi). Perigee: 181 km (112 mi). Inclination: 51.6200 deg. Period: 88.26 min.

    Flock-1 satellites, 3U Dove-class Earth imaging cubesats, for the San Francisco based company PlanetLabs, were deployed by the ISS JEM RMS at about 08:31 GMT on February 11. By February 15 all 16 satellites from the first Nanoracks bag had been ejected; by 19 February all of the Flock-1 satellites had been ejected.

  • Flock1-2 - . Mass: 5.00 kg (11.00 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Surveillance. Type: Surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Cubesat. Spacecraft: Cubesat. Decay Date: 2014-06-09 . USAF Sat Cat: 39513 . COSPAR: 1998-067DH. Apogee: 162 km (100 mi). Perigee: 155 km (96 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 87.65 min. Part of a Planetary Labs constellation of over 100 3U cubesats to provide continuous optical surveillance of the earth..
  • Flock1-3 - . Mass: 5.00 kg (11.00 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Surveillance. Type: Surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Cubesat. Spacecraft: Cubesat. Decay Date: 2014-05-25 . USAF Sat Cat: 39514 . COSPAR: 1998-067DJ. Apogee: 170 km (100 mi). Perigee: 162 km (100 mi). Inclination: 51.6300 deg. Period: 87.81 min. Part of a Planetary Labs constellation of over 100 3U cubesats to provide continuous optical surveillance of the earth..
  • Flock1-4 - . Mass: 5.00 kg (11.00 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Surveillance. Type: Surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Cubesat. Spacecraft: Cubesat. Decay Date: 2014-06-18 . USAF Sat Cat: 39515 . COSPAR: 1998-067DK. Apogee: 185 km (114 mi). Perigee: 169 km (105 mi). Inclination: 51.6200 deg. Period: 88.03 min. Part of a Planetary Labs constellation of over 100 3U cubesats to provide continuous optical surveillance of the earth..

2015 February 11 - . 13:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ZLV. LV Family: Vega. Launch Vehicle: Vega.
  • IXV - . Mass: 1,844 kg (4,065 lb). Nation: Europe. Class: Technology. Type: Re-entry test vehicle. Spacecraft Bus: IXV. Spacecraft: IXV. COSPAR: 2015-0U01. Apogee: 416 km (258 mi). Perigee: 76 km (47 mi). Inclination: 5.4000 deg.

    Fourth flight of the Vega booster. The AVUM 4th stage entered a 76 km x 416 km x 5.4 deg orbit at 13:53 GMT. ESA's Intermediate Experimental Vehicle was a reentry vehicle designed to study hypersonic aerothermodynamics. The IXV reentered over the Pacific at 14:44 GMT, with parachute deployment at 15:09 GMT and splashdown at 123 deg W / 3 deg N at about 15:18 GMT.

  • AVUM VV04 - . Nation: Europe. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. COSPAR: 2015-0U01. Apogee: 430 km (260 mi). Perigee: 220 km (130 mi). Inclination: 5.4000 deg.

    The AVUM stage made a second burn at apogee at 14:11 GMT and entered a 220 km x 430 km x 5 deg orbit. A third burn followed at 15:29 GMT as the AVUM passed over Kourou again, to deorbit the stage after one trip around Earth. The AVUM reentered over the Indian Ocean around 16:15 GMT.


2015 February 11 - . 23:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC40. Launch Pad: Cape Canaveral SLC40. LV Family: Falcon. Launch Vehicle: Falcon 9 v1.1.
  • DSCOVR - . Mass: 570 kg (1,250 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Science. Type: Space science. Spacecraft Bus: DSCOVR. Spacecraft: DSCOVR. USAF Sat Cat: 40390 . COSPAR: 2015-007A. Apogee: 1,371,156 km (851,995 mi). Perigee: 187 km (116 mi). Inclination: 33.1000 deg.

    The Deep Space Climate Observatory, DSCOVR, was launched after many years of gestation. Originally a NASA mission called Triana and centered around its Earth observation camera, it had at one point been scheduled for launch on the fatal STS-107 flight of Columbia, but was cancelled amid political controversy (it grew out of an idea by Vice-President Gore for whole-Earth imaging to raise eco-awareness) and placed in storage. The mission was reactivated as part of a NOAA (US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration) effort to monitor 'space weather', the flux of particles and radiation in the solar wind and its interaction with the Earth's outer atmosphere. DSCOVR 145 kg of hydrazine propellant, and was stationed at the Earth-Sun L1 point, 1.5 million km noonward from Earth. It carried a Faraday cup instrument to measure solar wind speed, an electron spectrometer and a magnetometer to measure local plasma and fields, a broad band (0.2 to 100 microns) radiometer to measure the Earth's total energy output, and the Earth Polychomatic Imaging Camera to return images of the full Earth disk. DSCOVR was launched into a 184 km x 186 km x 37 deg parking orbit; 30 minutes after launch the Falcon 9 second stage restarted to boost DSCOVR into a 187 km x 1,371,156 km x 37 deg transfer orbit. When the probe reached the L1 point it entered a Lissajous orbit, tracing out a complex pattern around the gravitationally stable balance point. Radius of this pattern was initially around 250,000 km.



Home - Search - Browse - Alphabetic Index: 0- 1- 2- 3- 4- 5- 6- 7- 8- 9
A- B- C- D- E- F- G- H- I- J- K- L- M- N- O- P- Q- R- S- T- U- V- W- X- Y- Z
© 1997-2016 Mark Wade - Contact
© / Conditions for Use