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On December 10 in Space History

1938 December 10 - .
  • Rocket engine test. - . Nation: USA. First static test of James Wyld's regeneratively cooled rocket thrust chambers, which achieved 90-pound thrust..

1943 December 10 - . Launch Site: Peenemuende. Launch Complex: Peenemuende P7. Launch Vehicle: V-2.
  • V-2 4060 - . Nation: Germany. Burnout at T+69 seconds. Flight duration 247 seconds..

1944 December 10 - . Launch Site: V-2 Battery 836. Launch Pad: 1./836. Launch Vehicle: V-2.
  • V-2 combat launch from Hachenburg to Antwerp - . Nation: Germany. Hachenburg, Hillscheid, (2) rockets fired, (impacts unknown), (one failure)..

1950 December 10 - .
  • St. Louis Meteorite Fall (Hit Car) - . Nation: USA.

1953 December 10 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Vehicle: Corporal.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

1954 December 10 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Vehicle: Nike Ajax.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1957 December 10 - . Launch Vehicle: Saturn I.
  • National Integrated Missile and Space Vehicle Development Program - . Nation: USA. Program: Horizon.

    The Army Ballistic Missile Agency completed and forwarded to higher authority the first edition of A National Integrated Missile and Space Vehicle Development Program, which had been in preparation since April 1957. Included was a "short-cut development program" for large payload capabilities, covering the clustered-engine booster of 1.5 million pounds of thrust to be operational in 1963. The total development cost of $850 million during the years 1958-1963 covered 30 research and development flights, some carrying manned and unmanned space payloads. One of six conclusions given in the document was that "Development of the large (1520 K-pounds thrust) booster is considered the key to space exploration and warfare." Later vehicles with greater thrust were also described.


1957 December 10 - .
  • Air Force Directorate of Astronautics. - . Nation: USA.

    The Air Force created a Directorate of Astronautics to manage and coordinate astronautical research programs, including work on satellites and antimissile-missile weapons. Brigadier General Homer A. Boushey was named to head the office. Later in the month the order was rescinded by James H. Douglas, Secretary of the Air Force, who considered the creation of such a group before the activation of the Advanced Research Projects Agency to be premature.


1957 December 10 - .
  • USAF to increase space research funding by 50 percent. - . Spacecraft: Man-In-Space-Soonest.

    Although the tempo of space technology research within recent months had been significantly accelerated by the Air Research and Development Command, a further increase was yet desirable. A plan, which would increase space research by 50 percent or more by fiscal 1959 and place management responsibility for the over-all space technology program within command headquarters, now adopted. (Ltr, Lt Gen S. E. Anderson, Cmdr ARDC, was to Cmdr AFMDC, 10 Dec 57, subj: Space Technology.)


1957 December 10 - .
  • USAF establishes Directorate of Astronautics. - . Spacecraft: Man-In-Space-Soonest.

    Lieutenant General D. L. Putt, Deputy Chief of Staff Development at Air Force headquarters, announced establishment of the Directorate of Astronautics, to be headed by Brigadier General Homer A. Boushey. There was, however, an adverse Department of Defense reaction to this action. The Secretary of Defense objected to the use of the term "astronautics" and William Holaday, Defense Director of Guided Missiles, publicly stated the Air Force "wanted to grab the lime light and establish a position. " Just three days later General Putt directed that the organizational change be cancelled. (Bowen, Threshold of Space, p. 20.)


1957 December 10 - . 17:35 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Ionosphere / fields mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 145 km (90 mi).

1957 December 10 - . 18:10 GMT - . Launch Site: San Nicolas. LV Family: Asp. Launch Vehicle: Nike Asp.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 169 km (105 mi).

1957 December 10 - . 21:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 2.00 km (1.20 mi).

1958 December 10 - . 11:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: AN. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1959 December 10 - .
  • Raketoplan development authorised. - . Nation: Russia. Spacecraft: Raketoplan. Central Committee of the Communist Party and Council of Soviet Ministers Decree 'On the Development of Research on Cosmic Space-future of Soviet space program (piloted. interplanetary, spaceplane)' was issued..

1959 December 10 - .
  • Further development of Soviet Lunar and Planetary probes approved. - . Nation: Russia. Spacecraft: Luna E-6, Mars 1M. Central Committee of the Communist Party and Council of Soviet Ministers Decree 1386-618 'On the Creation of AMS for Landing on the Moon. and Flights to Venus and Mars-- approving automated lunar and interplanetary spacecraft' was issued..

1959 December 10 - . 00:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC6. LV Family: Jupiter. Launch Vehicle: Jupiter IRBM.
  • Research and development test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Huntsville, USAF. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi). Fired from AMR at 1908 hours EST. The original countdown of 480 minutes was shortened to 240 minutes. The flight was successful in all phases. The nose cone impacted 0.3 nm over and 2.0 nm right of the 2,299.4 nm range..

1960 December 10 - .
  • Lunar orbit method of accomplishing the lunar landing mission - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo LM, LM Mode Debate, LM Source Selection. Representatives of the Langley Research Center briefed members of STG on the lunar orbit method of accomplishing the lunar landing mission..

1960 December 10 - . Launch Site: Chelkar. Launch Vehicle: R-5.
  • Target mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: OKB-30. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1960 December 10 - . 22:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Javelin.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 716 km (444 mi).

1961 December 10 - . 17:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Auroral radiation Cosmic rays mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 132 km (82 mi).

1962 December 10 - .
  • Selection of lunar orbit rendezvous for Apollo explained to Kennedy - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Webb. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo LM, Apollo Lunar Landing, LM Mode Debate.

    NASA Administrator James E. Webb, in a letter to the President, explained the rationale behind the Agency's selection of lunar orbit rendezvous (rather than either direct ascent or earth orbit rendezvous) as the mode for landing Apollo astronauts on the moon. Arguments for and against any of the three modes could have been interminable: "We are dealing with a matter that cannot be conclusively proved before the fact," Webb said. "The decision on the mode . . . had to be made at this time in order to maintain our schedules, which aim at a landing attempt in late 1967."


1963 December 10 - .
  • Cancellation of the X-20 DynaSoar project and start of the MOL project - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: McNamara. Spacecraft: Dynasoar, MOL.

    Secretary of Defense Robert S. McNamara announced cancellation of the X-20 Dyna Soar project at a news briefing at the Pentagon. McNamara stated that fiscal resources thereby saved would be channeled into broader research on the problems and potential value of manned military operations in space, chiefly the Manned Orbiting Laboratory (MOL) project. These decisions on the X-20 and MOL had been discussed and coordinated with NASA, and, although the Air Force received responsibility for the MOL project, NASA would continue to provide technical support. By the end of 1963 $410 million had been spent on Dynasoar, with another $373 million needed through the first flight. It was decided to complete re-entry testing of the Asset subscale unmanned vehicle, at a cost of $ 41 million.


1963 December 10 - .
  • MOL development approved - . Nation: Russia.

1963 December 10 - . LV Family: Titan.
  • Secretary of Defense Robert S. McNamara assigned responsibility for the development of a near-earth Manned Orbiting Laboratory (MOL) to the Air Force. - . Related Persons: , McNamara. Spacecraft: MOL. First manned flight was tentatively planned for late 1967 or early 1968. A modified Titan III, the Titan HIM, would be used to place the laboratories in orbit from Vandenberg..

1963 December 10 - .
  • The Department of Defense announced cancellation of the Dyna-Soar (X-20) program. - . Spacecraft: Dynasoar.

1963 December 10 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LC-A. Launch Vehicle: DAC Roc.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1963 December 10 - . Launch Site: Elmendorf AFB. Launch Pad: Elmendorf S. Launch Vehicle: Nike Hercules.
  • ASF - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1963 December 10 - . 03:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC25A. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1964 December 10 - . LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B, Minuteman 2, Minuteman 3.
  • Headquarters USAF issued a System Program Directive making revisions in the Minuteman program. - .

    The operational Minuteman force would number 1,000 missiles in six operational wings with a total of 20 squadrons by the end of FY1967 rather than the previously planned 1,200 missiles. The Office of the Secretary of Defense directed a Force Modernization program that would provide the Minuteman I wings with capabilities equivalent to those of the Minuteman II (LGM-30F). Force Modernization was to begin in July 1966, with retrofit to proceed on a squadron-by-squadron basis (later changed to wing-by-wing). Other improvements in the Minuteman systems were directed.


1964 December 10 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC20. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan IIIA.
  • Titan 3A Transtage 2 - . Payload: Transtage 1. Mass: 4,077 kg (8,988 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Decay Date: 1964-12-13 . USAF Sat Cat: 949 . COSPAR: 1964-081A. Apogee: 180 km (110 mi). Perigee: 166 km (103 mi). Inclination: 32.1000 deg. Period: 88.00 min. The second Titan 1IIA (Vehicle #1) military space booster was launched from Cape Canaveral and achieved a completely successful test flight. Launch vehicle test. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A). .

1964 December 10 - . 10:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. LV Family: Lupus. Launch Vehicle: HAD.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Australia. Agency: WRE. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1964 December 10 - . 19:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Delamar Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 003.
  • X-15A IFDS/MIT/Air Den Test/Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Spacecraft: X-15A. Apogee: 34 km (21 mi). Maximum Speed - 5913 kph. Maximum Altitude - 34503 m. Air dropped in Delamar Dry Lake DZ..

1965 December 10 - .
  • Apollo at-sea operational qualification tests completed - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM, CSM Recovery. At-sea operational qualification tests, using boilerplate 29 to simulate spacecraft 009, were completed. All mechanical system components performed satisfactorily, except for the recovery flashing light.. Additional Details: here....

1965 December 10 - . Launch Site: Green River. Launch Complex: Green River Pad 1. Launch Vehicle: Athena RTV.
  • USAF C023 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1965 December 10 - . 05:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Sphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 141 km (87 mi).

1965 December 10 - . 08:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Vostok 8A92.
  • Cosmos 99 - . Payload: Zenit-2 11F61 s/n 32. Mass: 4,720 kg (10,400 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-2 satellite. Duration: 8.00 days. Decay Date: 1965-12-18 . USAF Sat Cat: 1817 . COSPAR: 1965-103A. Apogee: 309 km (192 mi). Perigee: 203 km (126 mi). Inclination: 65.0000 deg. Period: 89.60 min. Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite..

1966 December 10 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur PU32. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: R-36 8K67. FAILURE: Failure.
  • 8F764 warhead state trials flight - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1966 December 10 - . 02:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 8L.
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere / solar mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 147 km (91 mi).

1966 December 10 - . 02:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Vehicle: Scanner.
  • Scanner 2 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 709 km (440 mi).

1966 December 10 - . 11:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 10.
  • Aeronomy / solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 253 km (157 mi).

1967 December 10 - . 22:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • SPARCS test / optical astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1968 December 10 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF06. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B.
  • ST - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1968 December 10 - . 08:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57.
  • Cosmos 258 - . Payload: Zenit-2 11F61 s/n 69. Mass: 4,720 kg (10,400 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-2 satellite. Duration: 8.00 days. Decay Date: 1968-12-18 . USAF Sat Cat: 3602 . COSPAR: 1968-111A. Apogee: 298 km (185 mi). Perigee: 205 km (127 mi). Inclination: 65.0000 deg. Period: 89.60 min. Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite..

1968 December 10 - . 17:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Javelin.
  • Helium ionization Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 837 km (520 mi).

1968 December 10 - . 18:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Mass spectrometer Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 122 km (75 mi).

1969 December 10 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S02.
  • S02C3 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1969 December 10 - . 04:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Polar disturbance Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 168 km (104 mi).

1969 December 10 - . 08:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: AN. Apogee: 165 km (102 mi).

1969 December 10 - . 20:59 GMT - . Launch Pad: Atlantic Ocean, 45.0 N x 46.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: AN. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1969 December 10 - . 22:13 GMT - . Launch Pad: Atlantic Ocean, 45.0 N x 46.0 W. Launch Platform: ZUB. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: AN. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1970 December 10 - . 11:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57.
  • Cosmos 384 - . Mass: 6,000 kg (13,200 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-2M satellite. Duration: 12.00 days. Decay Date: 1970-12-22 . USAF Sat Cat: 4791 . COSPAR: 1970-105A. Apogee: 292 km (181 mi). Perigee: 203 km (126 mi). Inclination: 72.9000 deg. Period: 89.50 min. Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; deployed science capsule..

1970 December 10 - . 16:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • DLR W-NT-36 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 270 km (160 mi).

1971 December 10 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC67/21. Launch Vehicle: MR-UR-100. FAILURE: Failure.
  • BI-2 - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1971 December 10 - . 01:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF03. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B.
  • FOT GT99B-1 Follow-on Test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1971 December 10 - . 04:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3 AC.
  • X-ray BCS Solar x-ray mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 198 km (123 mi).

1971 December 10 - . 11:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57.
  • Cosmos 464 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-4M. Duration: 6.00 days. Decay Date: 1971-12-16 . USAF Sat Cat: 5670 . COSPAR: 1971-108A. Apogee: 311 km (193 mi). Perigee: 180 km (110 mi). Inclination: 72.0000 deg. Period: 89.40 min. High resolution photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1971 December 10 - . 12:22 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Electron temp Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1971 December 10 - . 14:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • 7-in Density Sphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 253 km (157 mi).

1971 December 10 - . 16:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • 7-in Density Sphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 292 km (181 mi).

1971 December 10 - . 18:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • 7-in Density Sphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 248 km (154 mi).

1973 December 10 - .
  • Skylab 2 - Wakeup Song: Lonely Bull (El Solo Toro) - . Flight: Skylab 2 . "Lonely Bull (El Solo Toro)" by Herb Alpert & Tijuana Brass.

1973 December 10 - . 19:10 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • CALROC 3 Solar extreme ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 269 km (167 mi).

1973 December 10 - . 19:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Ute Tomahawk.
  • Composition Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF CRL. Apogee: 101 km (62 mi).

1974 December 10 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VI.
  • STS/Starute - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 78 km (48 mi).

1974 December 10 - . 07:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC41. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan IIIE.
  • Helios 1 - . Mass: 370 kg (810 lb). Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Class: Astronomy. Type: Solar satellite. Spacecraft: Helios. USAF Sat Cat: 7567 . COSPAR: 1974-097A.

    A Titan IIIE/Centaur launched from Cape Canaveral boosted the United States-West German HELIOS spacecraft into heliocentric orbit as a solar probe to investigate the properties and processes of solar/terrestrial relationships. This was the first completely successful flight of the Titan IIIE/Centaur booster combination. Solar probe. Solar Orbit (Heliocentric). Launched by the United States and the Federal Republic of Germany. Helios A (Helios I). Heliocentric orbit 190 days, 0.309 x 0.985 AU x 0 deg. Exploration of the interplanetary space between the earth and the sun and study of solar influences on that area.


1975 December 10 - . 09:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 88 km (54 mi).

1976 December 10 - .
  • Plasma-A construction authorised. - . Nation: Russia. Spacecraft Bus: Kosmoplan. Spacecraft: Plazma-A. Military-Industrial Commission (VPK) Decree 342 'On development of the Topaz-1 thermionic nuclear reactor for Plasma-A spacecraft' was issued..

1976 December 10 - .
  • Tselina-D accepted for military service. - . Nation: Russia. Spacecraft: Tselina-D. Central Committee of the Communist Party and Council of Soviet Ministers Decree 'On adoption of the Tselina-D into armaments' was issued..

1976 December 10 - .
  • Complete overland roadway construction to Edwards - . Nation: USA. Program: STS. Complete overland roadway construction, Palmdale to Edwards Air Force Base.

1977 December 10 - . 01:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Soyuz 26 - . Call Sign: Taimyr (Taimyr - Russian peninsula). Crew: Grechko, Romanenko. Backup Crew: Ivanchenkov, Kovalyonok. Payload: Soyuz 7K-T s/n 43. Mass: 6,800 kg (14,900 lb). Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Grechko, Ivanchenkov, Kovalyonok, Romanenko. Agency: MOM. Program: Salyut 6. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Soyuz 26. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-T. Duration: 37.42 days. Decay Date: 1978-01-16 . USAF Sat Cat: 10506 . COSPAR: 1977-113A. Apogee: 235 km (146 mi). Perigee: 205 km (127 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 88.80 min. Manned two crew. Docked with Salyut 6. Carried Yuri Romanenko, Georgi Grechko to Salyut 6; returned crew of Soyuz 27 to Earth. Conduct of joint experiments with the Salyut-6 scientific station..

1979 December 10 - . 19:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1980 December 10 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S3.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1980 December 10 - . 20:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1226 - . Mass: 680 kg (1,490 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Tsikada. USAF Sat Cat: 12091 . COSPAR: 1980-099A. Apogee: 1,009 km (626 mi). Perigee: 960 km (590 mi). Inclination: 82.9000 deg. Period: 104.80 min. Civilian naval navigation satellite..

1980 December 10 - .
1981 December 10 - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 3.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE. Apogee: 239 km (148 mi).

1982 December 10 - . 11:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1982 December 10 - .
1983 December 10 - . 21:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • M-D 03A Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 83 km (51 mi).

1984 December 10 - .
  • Claxton Meteorite Fall (Hit Mailbox) - . Nation: USA.

1984 December 10 - . 19:20 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 312 km (193 mi).

1985 December 10 - . 14:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 93 km (57 mi).

1986 December 10 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur Jubilee.
1986 December 10 - .
  • Death of Otto Karl Eisenhardt - . Nation: Germany, USA. Related Persons: Eisenhardt. German engineer in WW2, member of the Rocket Team in the United States thereafter..

1986 December 10 - . 07:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32. Launch Pad: LC32/2. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Cosmos 1805 - . Payload: Tselina-D no. 58. Mass: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-D. USAF Sat Cat: 17191 . COSPAR: 1986-097A. Apogee: 622 km (386 mi). Perigee: 598 km (371 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 96.90 min.

1987 December 10 - . 11:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC200/40. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K/DM-2.
  • Raduga 21 - . Payload: Raduga s/n 32L. Mass: 1,965 kg (4,332 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-3. Spacecraft: Raduga . Completed Operations Date: 1997-09-30 . USAF Sat Cat: 18631 . COSPAR: 1987-100A. Apogee: 35,793 km (22,240 mi). Perigee: 35,789 km (22,238 mi). Inclination: 3.9000 deg. Period: 1,436.40 min.

    Stationed at 128 deg E. Provision of telephone and telegraph radiocommunications and television broadcasting. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 128 deg E in 1987-1991; 170 deg W in 1991-1997 As of 3 September 2001 located at 140.92 deg W drifting at 0.213 deg E per day. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 154.31W drifting at 0.091W degrees per day.


1988 December 10 - . 11:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC200/40. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K/DM-2.
  • Ekran 19 - . Payload: Ekran-M s/n 12L. Mass: 1,970 kg (4,340 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-3. Spacecraft: Ekran-M . Completed Operations Date: 1997-05-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 19683 . COSPAR: 1988-108A. Apogee: 36,980 km (22,970 mi). Perigee: 36,684 km (22,794 mi). Inclination: 8.8000 deg. Period: 1,489.90 min.

    Stationed at 99 deg E. Transmission of Central Television programmes to a network of receivers for collective use. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 99 deg E in 1988-1996 As of 28 August 2001 located at 156.78 deg W drifting at 13.031 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 9 located at 173.37E drifting at 13.036W degrees per day.


1990 December 10 - . 07:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/3. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 2112 - . Mass: 900 kg (1,980 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Strela-2M. USAF Sat Cat: 21014 . COSPAR: 1990-111A. Apogee: 807 km (501 mi). Perigee: 764 km (474 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 100.60 min.

1990 December 10 - .
1992 December 10 - .
  • Mihonoseki Meteor Fall (Fell Through Roof of A House In Japan) - . Nation: Japan.

1992 December 10 - .
  • Air Force Space Command assumed management responsibility for the SDIO's National Test Facility. - . Nation: USA.

1993 December 10 - .
  • Mir News 199: Progress-M21 - . Nation: Russia. Program: Mir. Flight: Soyuz TM-17.

    For a long time we expected the launch of the freighter towards the end of November 1993. Due to economic and other problems this launch has been put back. The launch is now on schedule for 26.01.1994, so long after the relief of the present crew.

    SOYUZ-TM18:

    This ship will be launched for a flight to the Mir-station on 6.01.1994. If all goes according to the original planning the relief crew will consist of 3 cosmonauts. One of them is a doctor (Polyakov or Arazamov) who must remain in space for 1.5 year. Whether the crew will consist of 2 or 3 cosmonauts is not sure for 100%.

    Mir-routine:

    In this period Mir's passes are in the night hours. The crew is still busy in keeping the station operational. They have to pay a lot of attention to the life-support systems: air pressure- and air composition and the water regeneration systems Elektron and S.R.V.-U.

    Visit of the American vice-president to TsUP:

    The Russians very badly need financial support from the United States for the upgrading of the partly worn-out Mir-station. So they are very pleased that vice-president Gore will visit Kaliningrad near Moscow around 14.12.93. He will also visit the flight control centre TsUP.

    Chris v.d. Berg, NL-9165/A-UK3202


1993 December 10 - .
  • STS-61 - Wakeup Song: Mamas Don't Let Your Babies Grow Up to Be Cowboys - . Flight: STS-61. "Mamas Don't Let Your Babies Grow Up to Be Cowboys" by Willie Nelson.

1996 December 10 - .
  • Mir News 338: 2d Spacewalk (EVA) 22d Main expedition - . Nation: Russia. Program: Mir. Flight: Soyuz TM-24, STS-79 Mir NASA-2.

    This EVA took place on 9.12.1996 between 1352 UTC (opening hatch) and 2028 UTC (closing hatch). So a duration of 6 hrs 36 mins. The EVA lasted longer for Korzun wished to accomplish all what had to be done and there also was a problem with something which bungled loose. Before return they restored the connection of the radio-amateur antenna for the 145 mc. Probably this antenna had been disconnected by accident during the 1st EVA. They connected the antenna again and while they were flying over Chile and Brazil they asked John Blaha to listen out on the 145.800 mc to check whether the antenna was working or not. There was no traffic on that frequency in that area and so they had to wait until they came in range of European amateurs. I asked the English radio-amateur Pat Gowen (G3IOR) to give calls on 145.800 mc as soon as Mir would come in range (at abt. 1934 UTC). So he did and these signals could be heard by John Blaha while Mir was flying over France. He reported this to the still being on EVA Korzun and Kaleri and congratulated them with their success. Korzun urged John not to transmit, but to listen only. The cosmonauts fully accomplished their tasks: installing the truss construction Rapana at the truss Ferma-3 and the replacement of the Kurs-antenna on the outer surface of the P.Kh.O. (transition section). John Blaha who stayed inside the complex took care of the communications and executed commands given to him by TsUP. He gave the cosmonauts all possible moral and technical help. The cosmonauts and Blaha did an excellent job during this EVA, they gave an example of fruitful international co-operation and so they all deserve a loud: 'MOLODTSY' (very well done). Of course the cosmonauts were very tired after the EVA and back in the airlock they had to do hard labour to put off their spacesuits. Just before midnight Korzun could be heard in a contact with a Portuguese radio-amateur via the repaired antenna for the 145 mc.

    Thus far there are no more EVA's on schedule for this crew.

    Chris v.d. Berg, NL-9165/A-UK3202.


1997 December 10 - . 02:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Ryori. LV Family: MT-135. Launch Vehicle: MT-135P.
  • Meteorological mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: JMA. Apogee: 56 km (34 mi).

1998 December 10 - .
  • STS-88 - Wakeup Song: God Bless the USA - . Flight: STS-88. "God Bless the USA" -Lee Greenwood. Played for Mission Specialist -2, Nancy Currie at the request of her husband, David. CAPCOM: Bob Curbeam.

1998 December 10 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU 15A35.
  • Operational test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1998 December 10 - . 11:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Nadezhda 5 - . Payload: Tsikada-Kospas. Mass: 820 kg (1,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Manufacturer: AKO Polyot. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Nadezhda. USAF Sat Cat: 25567 . COSPAR: 1998-072A. Apogee: 1,013 km (629 mi). Perigee: 974 km (605 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 105.00 min.
  • Astrid-2 - . Mass: 30 kg (66 lb). Nation: Sweden. Agency: RVSN. Manufacturer: SSC. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Astrid 1. Spacecraft: Astrid-2. USAF Sat Cat: 25568 . COSPAR: 1998-072B. Apogee: 1,011 km (628 mi). Perigee: 973 km (604 mi). Inclination: 83.0000 deg. Period: 105.00 min. Swedish Space Corporation micro-satellite Astrid-2 was ejected from the Nadezdha 5 COSPAS satellite at 15:25 GMT and was to measure the auroral electromagnetic fields and particle environment..

1998 December 10 - . 20:33 GMT - .
  • EVA STS-88-2 - . Crew: Newman, Ross. EVA Duration: 0.29 days. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Newman, Ross. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned space station. Flight: STS-88. Spacecraft: ISS. Continued assembly of International Space Station. Connected cables between Zarya and Unity modules and deployed antennae..

1999 December 10 - . 14:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5G.
  • XMM - . Mass: 3,764 kg (8,298 lb). Nation: Europe. Agency: ESA. Manufacturer: Friedrichshafen. Class: Astronomy. Type: X-ray astronomy satellite. Spacecraft: XMM. USAF Sat Cat: 25989 . COSPAR: 1999-066A. Apogee: 104,406 km (64,874 mi). Perigee: 16,709 km (10,382 mi). Inclination: 62.5000 deg. Period: 2,872.40 min. ESA's X-ray Multi-Mirror space observatory was the biggest science satellite ever built in Europe. Complementary in characteristics to NASA's Chandra satellite, the spacecraft were expected to make major new astronomical discoveries..

2000 December 10 - .
  • STS-97 Mission Status Report #21 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Bloomfield, Garneau, Gidzenko, Jett, Noriega, Shepherd, Tanner. Program: ISS. Flight: Soyuz TM-31, STS-97.

    After their successful mission to the International Space Station, Endeavour astronauts spent much of Sunday getting ready to land at Kennedy Space Center Monday afternoon. They tested Endeavour's controls and stowed equipment in preparation for their 5:04 p.m. CST landing in Florida. Additional Details: here....


2000 December 10 - .
  • STS-97 - Wakeup Song: Beyond the Sea - . Flight: STS-97. "Beyond the Sea" - Bobby Darin. A reference to the traditions observed on the station by Navy Commander Jett and Navy Captain Shepherd, including the ringing of the station's ship's bell when the shuttle crew departed Saturday..

2001 December 10 - .
  • STS-108 - Wakeup Song: Jumpin' at the Woodside - . Flight: STS-108. "Jumpin' at the Woodside" performed by Mission Specialist Linda Godwin's own band, Brass, Rhythm and Reeds composed mostly of NASA and NASA contractor personnel. Godwin plays tenor sax in this 18-piece big band recording..

2001 December 10 - . 17:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC45/1. LV Family: Zenit. Launch Vehicle: Zenit-2.
  • Meteor-3M - . Payload: Meteor 3M-N1. Mass: 2,500 kg (5,500 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RAKA. Manufacturer: VNIIEM. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Meteor. Spacecraft: Meteor-3M. USAF Sat Cat: 27001 . COSPAR: 2001-056A. Apogee: 1,014 km (630 mi). Perigee: 994 km (617 mi). Inclination: 99.2000 deg. Period: 105.20 min.

    Meteorology satellite. Launch postponed from late 2000, then delayed from November 30. The Meteor-3M weather satellite carried visible and IR sensors as well as NASA's SAGE III instrument which studied aerosols and the ozone layer. This was the first launched of a modernised version of the spacecraft. Launch be Zenit launch vehicle from Baikonur rather than Tsyklon 3 from Plesetsk allowed the spacecraft to be 350 kg heavier, carrying additional sensors and various piggy-back payloads.

  • Reflektor - . Mass: 8.00 kg (17.60 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RAKA. Manufacturer: NII KP. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: Reflektor. USAF Sat Cat: 27005 . COSPAR: 2001-056E. Apogee: 1,012 km (628 mi). Perigee: 985 km (612 mi). Inclination: 99.2000 deg. Period: 105.10 min.

    The 8 kg Reflektor was built by NII KP in Russia for space debris studies in a joint experiment with the Air Force Research Lab. The satellite consisted of of four triangular fins on a square base plus a deployable boom, with an array of laser retroreflectors. The satellite was 1.4 m long and 0.5 m wide but only 6 kg in mass. It will be used to calibrate laser imaging systems and other optical sensors.

  • Maroc-Tubsat - . Mass: 45 kg (99 lb). Nation: Morocco. Agency: RAKA. Manufacturer: TuB. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft: Tubsat. USAF Sat Cat: 27004 . COSPAR: 2001-056D. Apogee: 1,014 km (630 mi). Perigee: 985 km (612 mi). Inclination: 99.2000 deg. Period: 105.10 min.

    Maroc-Tubsat was built by the Technical University of Berlin for the Centre Royal de Teledetection Spatiale, Morocco, and had a mass of 47 kg. It carried an imager and a store-forward communications test payload. The satellite measured 32x34x36,2 cm and was still in operation as of 2003.

  • Kompas - . Mass: 80 kg (176 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RAKA. Manufacturer: Makeyev bureau. Class: Earth. Type: Seismology satellite. Spacecraft: Kompas. USAF Sat Cat: 27002 . COSPAR: 2001-056B. Apogee: 1,013 km (629 mi). Perigee: 985 km (612 mi). Inclination: 99.2000 deg. Period: 105.10 min.

    The Russian Kompas satellite, built by Makeyev for the IZMIRAN geophysics institute, was an 80 kg satellite with a magnetometer and other sensors designed to attempt prediction of earthquakes. The satellite was originally built for use on the Shtil rocket.

  • Badr B - . Mass: 70 kg (154 lb). Nation: Pakistan. Agency: RAKA. Manufacturer: SIL. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Badr. USAF Sat Cat: 27003 . COSPAR: 2001-056C. Apogee: 1,014 km (630 mi). Perigee: 985 km (612 mi). Inclination: 99.2000 deg. Period: 105.10 min. Badr B was Pakistan's second satellite. Built in collaboration with the English company SIL, it had a mass of 70 kg and carried an Earth imager..

2001 December 10 - . 17:49 GMT - .
  • EVA STS-108-1 - . Crew: Godwin, Tani. EVA Duration: 0.17 days. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Godwin, Tani. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Flight: STS-108.

    The astronauts exited from the Shuttle's airlock and installed thermal blankets on the International Space Stations's P6 solar array gimbal motor bearings, which were distorting due to temperature changes. The blankets were installed by 2010 GMT; after failing to engage a solar array latch, the crew moved on to retrieve tools for the next mission and returned to the airlock.


2002 December 10 - . 05:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC132. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU 15A35.
  • OT 6RVs operational test launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Suborbital ICBM test with dummy warhead. Test delayed from November 1, December 5..

2003 December 10 - . 17:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC81/24. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton/Briz K/M.
  • Cosmos 2402 - . Payload: Glonass 794. Mass: 1,415 kg (3,119 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: KNITs. Manufacturer: Reshetnev bureau. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass. USAF Sat Cat: 28112 . COSPAR: 2003-056A. Apogee: 19,314 km (12,001 mi). Perigee: 19,018 km (11,817 mi). Inclination: 65.1000 deg. Period: 677.20 min. Three navigation satellites of the GLONASS system were launched to replenish the constellation. This was the fourth end-of-year replenishment launch since 2000..
  • Cosmos 2403 - . Payload: Glonass 795. Mass: 1,415 kg (3,119 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: KNITs. Manufacturer: Reshetnev bureau. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass. USAF Sat Cat: 28113 . COSPAR: 2003-056B. Apogee: 19,102 km (11,869 mi). Perigee: 18,963 km (11,783 mi). Inclination: 65.1000 deg. Period: 671.90 min.
  • Cosmos 2404 - . Payload: Glonass-M 701. Mass: 1,480 kg (3,260 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: KNITs. Manufacturer: Reshetnev bureau. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass. USAF Sat Cat: 28114 . COSPAR: 2003-056C. Apogee: 19,104 km (11,870 mi). Perigee: 18,961 km (11,781 mi). Inclination: 65.1000 deg. Period: 671.90 min. Improved version of the Glonass satellite..

2004 December 10 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg. LV Family: Pegasus. Launch Vehicle: GBI.
  • GBI Deployment at Vandenberg - . Nation: USA. Agency: MDA. Manufacturer: OSC. The first of two operational anti-ballistic missiles to be deployed during 2005 at Vandenberg AFB was lowered into its underground silo. This marked the first installation in the continental United States..

2005 December 10 - . 11:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Orion.
  • FASTT Scramjet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DARPA, NASA. Apogee: 19 km (11 mi).

2006 December 10 - .
  • STS-116 - Wakeup Song: Here Comes the Sun - . Flight: STS-116. "Here Comes the Sun" by the Beatles for Mark Polansky..

2006 December 10 - . 01:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC39B. LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Space Shuttle.
  • STS-116 - . Call Sign: Discovery. Crew: Curbeam, Fuglesang, Higginbotham, Oefelein, Patrick, Polansky, Williams. Return Crew: Curbeam, Fuglesang, Higginbotham, Oefelein, Patrick, Polansky, Reiter. Payload: Discovery F32 / P5. Mass: 120,420 kg (265,480 lb). Nation: USA. Related Persons: Curbeam, Fuglesang, Higginbotham, Oefelein, Patrick, Polansky, Reiter, Williams. Agency: NASA. Manufacturer: Boeing. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Flight: Soyuz TMA-9, STS-116, STS-121 Astrolab. Spacecraft Bus: Shuttle. Spacecraft: Discovery. Duration: 12.86 days. Decay Date: 2006-12-10 . USAF Sat Cat: 29647 . COSPAR: 2006-055A. Apogee: 358 km (222 mi). Perigee: 326 km (202 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 91.40 min.

    The mission used solid rocket booster pair RSRM-95 and external tank ET-123. At SSME burnout Discovery was in a 58 km x 220 km x 51.6 deg preliminary burn. The OMS-2 burn at 02:25 GMT placed the shuttle in a stable 225 x 250 km orbit from which rendezvous maneuvers began. Discovery docked with the ISS at 22:12 GMT on December 11. In the most demanding ISS assembly mission ever, the crew would require an additional spacewalk to complete installation of the P5 truss, retraction of the recalcitrant port P6 solar array wing, and activation of the truss electrical and cooling system. Sunita Williams rode the shuttle to the station, and remained behind with the EO-14 crew; ESA astronaut Thomas Reiter, already aboard the station, was returned to earth. Due to weather problems a landing at White Sands was considered; but in the end Discovery landed safely at Kennedy Space Center, after which it was to enter a year-long overhaul cycle.


2007 December 10 - . 22:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC41. Launch Pad: SLC41. LV Family: Atlas V. Launch Vehicle: Atlas V 401.
  • USA 198 - . Payload: NROL-24. Nation: USA. Agency: Martin. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: Quasar. USAF Sat Cat: 32378 . COSPAR: 2007-060A. Apogee: 35,800 km (22,200 mi). Perigee: 35,800 km (22,200 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,440.00 min.

    Classified National Reconnaisance Office payload; probable primary payload data relay communications. May also have carried SBIRS HEO-2 infrared missile warning sensor and a TWINS-B magnetospheric research experiment. Initial orbit 261 x 16776 km x 60.0 deg.


2008 December 10 - . 13:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-M/Briz-M.
  • Ciel-2 - . Payload: Spacebus 4000C4. Mass: 5,600 kg (12,300 lb). Nation: Canada. Agency: ILS. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: Spacebus 4000. USAF Sat Cat: 33453 . COSPAR: 2008-063A. Apogee: 35,793 km (22,240 mi). Perigee: 35,779 km (22,231 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Communications satellite owned by Ciel Satellite Group, Ottawa and controlled from Saskatoon, Canada. Ciel was at the time using Echostar V (redesignated Ciel-1)..

2009 December 10 - . 11:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Vehicle: Topol'.
  • Topol test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. ICBM test, flew to impact area at Sary Shagan..

2010 December 10 - . 04:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Balasore. Launch Complex: Balasore IC4. LV Family: ASLV. Launch Vehicle: Agni 2P.
  • Agni RV? - . Nation: India. Agency: IDRDL. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

2011 December 10 - . 10:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant IX.
  • CODEX - . Nation: USA. Agency: GSFC. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

2012 December 10 - . Launch Site: Al Nasriyah. LV Family: R-11. Launch Vehicle: Scud.
  • Nation: Syria. Agency: SYMC. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

2012 December 10 - . Launch Site: Al Nasriyah. LV Family: R-11. Launch Vehicle: Scud.
  • Nation: Syria. Agency: SYMC. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

2014 December 10 - . 19:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Jiuquan. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 4C.
  • Yaogan 25a - . Mass: 2,000 kg (4,400 lb). Nation: China. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Jianbing. Spacecraft: JB-8. USAF Sat Cat: 40338 . COSPAR: 2014-080A. Apogee: 1,106 km (687 mi). Perigee: 1,074 km (667 mi). Inclination: 63.4100 deg. Period: 107.05 min. Fifth Yaogan mission. Each consisted of a main satellite and two subsatellites..
  • Yaogan 25b - . Mass: 200 kg (440 lb). Nation: China. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Jianbing. Spacecraft: JB-8. USAF Sat Cat: 40339 . COSPAR: 2014-080B. Apogee: 1,106 km (687 mi). Perigee: 1,074 km (667 mi). Inclination: 63.4100 deg. Period: 107.05 min.
  • Yaogan 25c - . Mass: 200 kg (440 lb). Nation: China. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Jianbing. Spacecraft: JB-8. USAF Sat Cat: 40340 . COSPAR: 2014-080C. Apogee: 1,106 km (687 mi). Perigee: 1,074 km (667 mi). Inclination: 63.4100 deg. Period: 107.05 min.

2015 December 10 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Standard-ER. Launch Vehicle: SM-3.
  • Aegis KV - . Nation: USA. Type: ABM Interceptor. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi). ABM Interceptor mission..
  • FTO-O2E1a Target - . Nation: USA. Type: ABM Target. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi). ABM Target mission. Intercepted..
  • Target - . Nation: Israel. Type: ABM Target. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi). ABM Target mission. Intercepted..
  • Arrow 3 KV - . Nation: Israel. Type: ABM Interceptor. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi). ABM Interceptor mission..
  • PAC-3 Target - . Nation: USA. Type: ABM Target. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi). ABM Target mission. Impacted in White Sands..

2016 December 10 - . 16:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Xichang. Launch Complex: Xichang LC3. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 3B/G2.
  • Fengyun-4 01 - . Payload: Fengyun 4A. Nation: China. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft: FY-4. USAF Sat Cat: 41882 . COSPAR: 2016-077A. Apogee: 35,803 km (22,246 mi). Perigee: 184 km (114 mi). Inclination: 28.4000 deg.

    First satellite in the FY-4 series, placed in a geotransfer orbit. China's FY-1 and newer FY-3 series were polar orbiting weather satellites comparable to the NOAA polar series, while the FY-2 constellation, to be superseded by the FY-4 system, consistd of geostationary satellites like NOAA's GOES. FY-4 No. 1 carried a 0.5 km resolution imager, a 913-channel IR sounder, a lightning mapping imager, and a space environment package.



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