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2012 Chronology

2012 January 9 - . 03:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Taiyuan. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 4B.
  • ZY 3 - . Mass: 2,636 kg (5,811 lb). Nation: China. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Phoenix Eye. USAF Sat Cat: 38046 . COSPAR: 2012-001A. Apogee: 508 km (315 mi). Perigee: 496 km (308 mi). Inclination: 97.5000 deg. Period: 94.70 min.

    First Chinese civil high-resolution stereoscopic Earth mapping satellite. The mission objective was to produce 1:50,000 scale maps and data for resource mapping, environmental surveying, disaster monitoring, city planning and national security needs. Project go-ahead was March 2008. For this mission the satellite had better positioning and attitude accuracy, multispectral capabilitym and high-data-rate data transmission to the ground - 2 x 450 Mbit/s. The satellite had a swath width of 51 km with a resolution of 2.1 m. The orbit provided a revisit period of 59 days.

  • Vesselsat 2 - . Mass: 23 kg (50 lb). Nation: Luxembourg. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: Vesselsat. Decay Date: 2016-10-27 . USAF Sat Cat: 38047 . COSPAR: 2012-001B. Apogee: 501 km (311 mi). Perigee: 489 km (303 mi). Inclination: 97.5000 deg. Period: 94.50 min. Built by LuxSpace for Orbcomm's AIS (maritime vessel tracking) system..

2012 January 11 - . 13:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Malemute. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Improved Malemute.
  • NASA 12.074GT - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi). Test flight..

2012 January 12 - . 14:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Vehicle: S-520.
  • S-520-26 - . Nation: Japan. Apogee: 298 km (185 mi). Atmospheric science payload..

2012 January 13 - . 00:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Xichang. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 3A.
  • FY-2F - . Mass: 1,380 kg (3,040 lb). Nation: China. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft: FY-2. USAF Sat Cat: 38049 . COSPAR: 2012-002A. Apogee: 35,811 km (22,251 mi). Perigee: 35,758 km (22,218 mi). Inclination: 2.4000 deg. Period: 1,436.00 min. Replenishment of China's geosynchronous weather satellite constellation..

2012 January 20 - . 00:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC37B. Launch Pad: SLC37B. LV Family: Delta IV. Launch Vehicle: Delta 4M+(5,4).
  • USA 233 - . Payload: WGS 4. Mass: 6,000 kg (13,200 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: HS 702. USAF Sat Cat: 38070 . COSPAR: 2012-003A. Apogee: 66,872 km (41,552 mi). Perigee: 27,959 km (17,372 mi). Inclination: 1.1000 deg. Period: 2,069.50 min. Fourth Wideband Global Satcom satellite, providing high bandwidth communications for the US military. Operated by US Army Space Command, placed in an initial supersynchronous geostationary transfer orbit..

2012 January 24 - . 23:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U-PVB.
  • Chibis-M - . Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft: Chibis-M. Decay Date: 2014-10-15 . USAF Sat Cat: 38051 . COSPAR: 2011-062C. Apogee: 502 km (311 mi). Perigee: 484 km (300 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 94.50 min. Released in low earth orbit from Progress M-13M after separation from ISS. Carried plasma wave experiment..

2012 January 25 - . 23:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U-PVB.
  • Progress M-14M - . Payload: Progress M s/n 414 / ISS-46P. Mass: 7,250 kg (15,980 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RKA. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned logistics spacecraft. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Progress M. Duration: 94.00 days. Decay Date: 2012-04-28 . USAF Sat Cat: 38073 . COSPAR: 2012-004A. Apogee: 405 km (251 mi). Perigee: 375 km (233 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 92.40 min. Docked with the International Space Station at the Pirs module on 28 January at 00:09 GMT. Undocked on 19 April 11:04 GMT to begin nine days of autonomous Radar-Progress ionospheric experiments. Deorbited over the Pacific Ocean on 28 April..

2012 January 28 - . 18:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Spaceport America. Launch Vehicle: STIG-A.
  • STIG-A-III - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 82 km (50 mi). Test flight..

2012 February 3 - . 00:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Semnan. LV Family: Nodong 1. Launch Vehicle: Safir.
  • Navid - . Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: Iran. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft: Navid. Duration: 59.00 days. Decay Date: 2012-04-02 . USAF Sat Cat: 38075 . COSPAR: 2012-005A. Apogee: 165 km (102 mi). Perigee: 149 km (92 mi). Inclination: 56.0000 deg. Period: 87.60 min. Earth observation satellite with 400 m resolution built by Iran University of Science and Technology in Tehran..

2012 February 10 - . 04:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Balasore. LV Family: S-75. Launch Vehicle: Prithvi.
  • Target - . Nation: India. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi). Target.

2012 February 10 - . 04:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Balasore. Launch Complex: Balasore IC4. Launch Vehicle: AAD.
  • AAD Interceptor - . Nation: India. Agency: IDRDL. Apogee: 15 km (9 mi).

2012 February 10 - . 09:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Mediterranean Sea. Launch Platform: F-15D. Launch Vehicle: Blue Sparrow.
  • Radar target - . Nation: Israel. Agency: IDF. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

2012 February 13 - . 09:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: VSB-30.
  • MASER 12 - . Nation: Sweden. Apogee: 260 km (160 mi). Microgravity payload..

2012 February 13 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELV. Launch Vehicle: Vega.
  • LARES - . Mass: 390 kg (850 lb). Nation: Italy. Class: Earth. Type: Geodetic satellite. Spacecraft: LARES. USAF Sat Cat: 38077 . COSPAR: 2012-006A. Apogee: 1,452 km (902 mi). Perigee: 1,436 km (892 mi). Inclination: 69.5000 deg. Period: 114.80 min.

    Laser Relativity Satellite, a 390 kg, 0.38 m diameter tungsten sphere covered with 92 laser retroreflectors. Used to probe relativistic effects in the Earth's gravitational field. The satellite had the lowest ballistic coefficient of any satellite ever launched. First launch of the ESA/Italian Vega launch vehicle.

  • UNICubeSat-GG - . Mass: 1.00 kg (2.20 lb). Nation: Italy. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 38078 . COSPAR: 2012-006B. Apogee: 1,415 km (879 mi). Perigee: 312 km (193 mi). Inclination: 69.5000 deg. Period: 102.20 min. Student 1U cubesat from the GAUSS team-Universita Roma La Sapienza with a gravity gradient experiment. First Italian CubeSat..
  • Almasat - . Mass: 12 kg (26 lb). Nation: Italy. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft: Almasat. USAF Sat Cat: 38078 . COSPAR: 2012-006B. Apogee: 1,415 km (879 mi). Perigee: 312 km (193 mi). Inclination: 69.5000 deg. Period: 102.20 min. Student satellite from the University of Bologna, testing a cold gas microthruster system and the platform for a future Earth observing satellite..
  • MaSat-1 - . Mass: 1.00 kg (2.20 lb). Nation: Hungary. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. Decay Date: 2015-01-16 . USAF Sat Cat: 38079 . COSPAR: 2012-006C. Apogee: 1,385 km (860 mi). Perigee: 305 km (189 mi). Inclination: 69.5000 deg. Period: 101.80 min. Student 1U cubesat from the Budapest University of Technology and Economics. Technological demonstration. Successful. First Hungarian satellite.
  • PWSat-1 - . Mass: 1.00 kg (2.20 lb). Nation: Poland. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. Decay Date: 2014-12-31 . USAF Sat Cat: 38080 . COSPAR: 2012-006D. Apogee: 1,384 km (859 mi). Perigee: 306 km (190 mi). Inclination: 69.5000 deg. Period: 101.80 min. 1U cubesat student satellite from the Warsaw Institute of Technology..
  • Goliat - . Mass: 1.00 kg (2.20 lb). Nation: Romania. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. Decay Date: 2015-01-09 . USAF Sat Cat: 38081 . COSPAR: 2012-006E. Apogee: 1,386 km (861 mi). Perigee: 305 km (189 mi). Inclination: 69.5000 deg. Period: 101.80 min. Student 1U cubesat from the University of Bucharest. Earth imaging and space environment measuring. First Romanian satellite..
  • e-st@r - . Mass: 1.00 kg (2.20 lb). Nation: Italy. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. Decay Date: 2014-08-31 . USAF Sat Cat: 38082 . COSPAR: 2012-006F. Apogee: 1,376 km (855 mi). Perigee: 305 km (189 mi). Inclination: 69.5000 deg. Period: 101.70 min. Student satellite from the Politecnico di Torino..
  • ROBUSTA - . Mass: 1.00 kg (2.20 lb). Nation: France. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. Decay Date: 2014-10-28 . USAF Sat Cat: 38083 . COSPAR: 2012-006G. Apogee: 1,379 km (856 mi). Perigee: 306 km (190 mi). Inclination: 69.5000 deg. Period: 101.80 min. Student 1U cubesat from the Universite' de Montpellier. Mission: Radiation effects on bipolar-transistor-based circuits. Status: Failed. First French CubeSat.
  • XaTcobeo - . Mass: 1.00 kg (2.20 lb). Nation: Spain. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. Decay Date: 2015-01-28 . USAF Sat Cat: 38084 . COSPAR: 2012-006H. Apogee: 1,390 km (860 mi). Perigee: 305 km (189 mi). Inclination: 69.5000 deg. Period: 101.90 min. Student satellite from the University of Vigo..
  • LARES Support System - . Mass: 300 kg (660 lb). Nation: Europe. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft: LARES Support System. Decay Date: 2016-11-02 . USAF Sat Cat: 38086 . COSPAR: 2012-006K. Apogee: 1,394 km (866 mi). Perigee: 270 km (160 mi). Inclination: 69.5000 deg. Period: 101.50 min. Remained attached to the AVUM upper stage. Included extensive instrumentation to monitor the launch vehicle during ascent. It also deployed seven 1U Cubesats from three P-POD deployers.

2012 February 14 - . 19:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC200/39. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-M/Briz-M.
  • SES-4 - . Mass: 6,180 kg (13,620 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: FS-1300. USAF Sat Cat: 38087 . COSPAR: 2012-007A. Apogee: 35,792 km (22,240 mi). Perigee: 35,782 km (22,233 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. SES World Skies communications satellite to replace NSS 7 at 22 deg West..

2012 February 16 - .
  • EVA ISS EO-30-1 - . Crew: Kononenko, Shkaplerov. EVA Duration: 0.26 days. Nation: Russia. Program: ISS. Flight: Soyuz TMA-03M. Relocated Strela 1 crane from Pirs module to Mini-Research Module 1 in preparation for undocking of Pirs docking compartment. Retrieved external materials exposure experiments..

2012 February 19 - . 05:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant IX.
  • NASA 36.273UE - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 325 km (201 mi). Auroral payload..

2012 February 22 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 734. LV Family: Trident. Launch Vehicle: Trident D-5.
  • 8 x USN Mk 5 RV? - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Operational test..

2012 February 24 - . 16:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Xichang. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 3C.
  • Beidou G5 - . Payload: Beidou DW 11. Mass: 3,800 kg (8,300 lb). Nation: China. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Beidou-GEO. USAF Sat Cat: 38091 . COSPAR: 2012-008A. Apogee: 35,790 km (22,230 mi). Perigee: 35,784 km (22,235 mi). Inclination: 1.7000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Stationed in geostationary orbit at 58.7 deg E..

2012 February 24 - . 22:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC41. Launch Pad: SLC41. LV Family: Atlas V. Launch Vehicle: Atlas V 551.
  • MUOS 1 - . Payload: A2100M. Mass: 6,740 kg (14,850 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: AS 2100. USAF Sat Cat: 38093 . COSPAR: 2012-009A. Apogee: 35,802 km (22,246 mi). Perigee: 35,771 km (22,227 mi). Inclination: 5.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. US Navy's first Mobile User Objective System launch, providing military UHF communications services. Launch mass 6740 kg; dry mass 3812 kg..

2012 February 25 - . 10:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF09. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3.
  • GT206GM - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi). Operational test..

2012 Mar? - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg WTR. Launch Platform: SSBN UNK. LV Family: Trident. Launch Vehicle: Trident D-5.
  • - (138ss) - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

2012 March 14 - . 18:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. Launch Vehicle: FTB.
  • Nation: Brazil. Agency: AEB. Apogee: 32 km (19 mi).

2012 March 17 - . Launch Site: Jiuquan. LV Family: DF-21. Launch Vehicle: Kuaizhou.
  • Test payload? - . Nation: China. Agency: PLA2AC. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi). Maybe orbital attempt.

2012 March 19 - . 14:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion.
  • REXUS 12 - . Nation: Sweden. Apogee: 82 km (50 mi). Microgravity payload..

2012 March 22 - . 09:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant IX.
  • NASA 36.277UG - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 320 km (190 mi). Infrared astronomy payload..

2012 March 23 - . 04:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5ES.
  • ATV-3 Edoardo Amaldi - . Mass: 19,714 kg (43,461 lb). Nation: Europe. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned logistics spacecraft. Spacecraft: ATV. Duration: 194.00 days. Decay Date: 2012-10-03 . USAF Sat Cat: 38096 . COSPAR: 2012-010A. Apogee: 406 km (252 mi). Perigee: 392 km (243 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 92.50 min.

    European cargo station resupply spacecraft. Docked at the aft Zvezda port of the International Space Station on 28 March at 22:31 GMT. Its engines were used on 31 March and 5 April to reboost the ISS to a 387 km x 398 km orbit. Undocked at 21:44 GMT on 28 September and was deorbited over the Pacific at 23:42 GMT on 2 October, with loss of signal at 01:25 GMT on 3 October.


2012 March 25 - . 12:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC200/39. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-M/Briz-M.
  • Intelsat IS-22 - . Payload: BSS-702MP. Mass: 6,200 kg (13,600 lb). Nation: Luxembourg. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: HS 702. USAF Sat Cat: 38098 . COSPAR: 2012-011A. Apogee: 35,795 km (22,241 mi). Perigee: 35,779 km (22,231 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min.

    The satellite hosted an Intelsat C- and Ku-band commercial communications payload and a UHF communications payload for the Australian Defense Forces. First Proton launch to use a supersynchronous orbit to maximize use of booster propellant and conserve spacecraft fuel.


2012 March 27 - . 08:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Oriole. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Mk 70 Oriole.
  • NASA 45.004UE - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 375 km (233 mi). Atmospheric science payload..

2012 March 27 - . 08:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Malemute. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Improved Malemute.
  • NASA 46.002UE - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi). Atmospheric science payload..

2012 March 27 - . 09:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Improved Orion.
  • NASA 41.097UE - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 157 km (97 mi). Atmospheric science payload..

2012 March 27 - . 09:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Malemute. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Improved Malemute.
  • NASA 46.003UE - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 254 km (157 mi). Atmospheric science payload..

2012 March 27 - . 09:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Mk 70 Orion.
  • NASA 41.098UE - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 169 km (105 mi). Atmospheric science payload..

2012 March 29 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Vehicle: R-UNK.
  • Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

2012 March 29 - . Launch Site: Natal. Launch Vehicle: FTB.
  • Nation: Brazil. Agency: AEB. Apogee: 32 km (19 mi).

2012 March 30 - . 05:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC81/24. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K/DM-2.
  • Cosmos 2479 - . Payload: US-KMO 71Kh6. Mass: 2,600 kg (5,700 lb). Nation: Russia. Class: Surveillance. Type: Early warning satellite. Spacecraft: Prognoz SPRN. USAF Sat Cat: 38101 . COSPAR: 2012-012A. Apogee: 35,883 km (22,296 mi). Perigee: 35,692 km (22,177 mi). Inclination: 2.1000 deg. Period: 1,436.20 min. Early warning satellite stationed in geosynchronous orbit at 80.1 deg E..

2012 March 31 - . 10:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Xichang. Launch Complex: Xichang LC2. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 3BE.
  • Apstar 7 - . Payload: Spacebus 4000C2. Mass: 5,054 kg (11,142 lb). Nation: China. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Spacebus 4000. USAF Sat Cat: 38107 . COSPAR: 2012-013A. Apogee: 35,792 km (22,240 mi). Perigee: 35,782 km (22,233 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min.

2012 April 3 - . 23:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC6. LV Family: Delta IV. Launch Vehicle: Delta 4M+(5,2).
  • USA 234 - . Payload: NROL-25. Nation: USA. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance radar satellite. Spacecraft: Topaz. USAF Sat Cat: 38109 . COSPAR: 2012-014A. Second FIA Radarsat mission, following NROL-41 / USA-25 / 2010-46A..

2012 April 5 - . 14:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Spaceport America. LV Family: SpaceLoft. Launch Vehicle: SpaceLoft XL.
  • SL-6 - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 117 km (72 mi). Technology.

2012 April 12 - . 22:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Tongchang-ri. LV Family: Unha. Launch Vehicle: Unha-3. FAILURE: Failed at second stage separation..
  • Kwangmyongsong-3 - . Mass: 100 kg (220 lb). Nation: Korea North. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft: Kwangmyongsong.

    Third North Korean satellite launch attempt, conducted despite international protests (that attempted to connect it with the country's missile program). Launched from a new site on the west coast of Korea on a southwest trajectory, to achieve a polar orbit and also avoid overflying Japan. Failed at first stage separation. Unusually North Korea provided the western press access to the launch site prior to the attempt, and admitted the launch failure after the fact.


2012 April 14 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 738. LV Family: Trident. Launch Vehicle: Trident D-5.
  • - (140ss) - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

2012 April 14 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 738. LV Family: Trident. Launch Vehicle: Trident D-5.
  • - (139ss) - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

2012 April 16 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 738. LV Family: Trident. Launch Vehicle: Trident D-5.
  • - (142ss) - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

2012 April 16 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 738. LV Family: Trident. Launch Vehicle: Trident D-5.
  • - (141ss) - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

2012 April 19 - . 02:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Balasore. LV Family: ASLV. Launch Vehicle: Agni 5.
  • Agni RV - . Nation: India. Apogee: 800 km (490 mi). R&D flight..

2012 April 20 - . 12:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U-PVB.
  • Progress M-15M - . Payload: Progress M s/n 415 / ISS-47P. Mass: 7,250 kg (15,980 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RKA. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned logistics spacecraft. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Progress M. Duration: 122.00 days. Decay Date: 2012-08-20 . USAF Sat Cat: 38222 . COSPAR: 2012-015A. Apogee: 406 km (252 mi). Perigee: 392 km (243 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 92.50 min.

    Docked at the Pirs module of the International Space Station on 22 April at 14:39 GMT. Undocked and after three weeks of independent flight involving Radar-Progress experiments using thruster burns to study the ionosphere, was deorbited over the Pacific on 20 August.


2012 April 23 - . 09:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: VS-30/Orion.
  • HiFire-5 - . Nation: Norway. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

2012 April 23 - . 22:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC200/39. Launch Pad: LC200/39. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-M/Briz-M.
  • Yahsat-1B - . Mass: 6,100 kg (13,400 lb). Nation: UAE. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Eurostar 3000. USAF Sat Cat: 38245 . COSPAR: 2012-016A. Apogee: 35,792 km (22,240 mi). Perigee: 35,781 km (22,233 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Communications satellite for Al Yah Satellite Communications of Abu Dhabi..

2012 April 25 - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: DF-15. Launch Vehicle: Shaheen 1A.
  • Shaheen RV - . Nation: Pakistan. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi). R&D flight..

2012 April 26 - . 00:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Sriharikota. Launch Complex: Sriharikota PSLV. LV Family: PSLV. Launch Vehicle: PSLV-XL.
  • RISAT-1 - . Mass: 1,858 kg (4,096 lb). Nation: India. Class: Surveillance. Type: Civilian surveillance radar satellite. Spacecraft: IRS. USAF Sat Cat: 38248 . COSPAR: 2012-017A. Apogee: 550 km (340 mi). Perigee: 529 km (328 mi). Inclination: 97.6000 deg. Period: 95.40 min. Radar Imaging Satellite with a C-band synthetic aperture radar payload mounted on an IRS- derived bus..

2012 April 29 - . 20:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Xichang. Launch Complex: Xichang LC2. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 3BE.
  • Beidou M3 - . Payload: Beidou DW 12. Mass: 6,000 kg (13,200 lb). Nation: China. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Beidou-MEO. USAF Sat Cat: 38250 . COSPAR: 2012-018A. Apogee: 21,594 km (13,417 mi). Perigee: 21,461 km (13,335 mi). Inclination: 55.2000 deg. Period: 773.20 min.
  • Beidou M4 - . Payload: Beidou DW 13. Mass: 6,000 kg (13,200 lb). Nation: China. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Beidou-MEO. USAF Sat Cat: 38251 . COSPAR: 2012-018B. Apogee: 21,602 km (13,422 mi). Perigee: 21,453 km (13,330 mi). Inclination: 55.1000 deg. Period: 773.20 min.

2012 May 1 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Oriole. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Terrier Oriole.
  • HiFire 2 - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFRL. Apogee: 43 km (26 mi).

2012 May 4 - . 18:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC41. Launch Pad: SLC41. LV Family: Atlas V. Launch Vehicle: Atlas V 531.
  • USA 235 - . Payload: AEHF 2 / A2100M. Mass: 6,168 kg (13,598 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: AS 2100. USAF Sat Cat: 38254 . COSPAR: 2012-019A. Apogee: 46,814 km (29,088 mi). Perigee: 25,572 km (15,889 mi). Inclination: 4.7000 deg. Period: 1,456.90 min. US Air Force Advanced EHF communications satellite, providing strategic military EHF communications. First reflight of the bus with the Japanese IHI BT-4 apogee thruster (which had failed on the prior mission) and an electric propulsion system..

2012 May 6 - . 07:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Jiuquan. Launch Complex: Jiuquan SLS-2. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 2D.
  • Tianhui 1-02 - . Payload: Tianhui 1B. Mass: 2,000 kg (4,400 lb). Nation: China. Class: Surveillance. Type: Cartographic satellite. Spacecraft: Tianhui. USAF Sat Cat: 38256 . COSPAR: 2012-020A. Apogee: 506 km (314 mi). Perigee: 485 km (301 mi). Inclination: 97.4000 deg. Period: 94.50 min. Mapping-1 Satellite 02; carried visible-band mapping cameras with 5 m resolution..

2012 May 10 - . 06:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Improved Orion.
  • FTM-16/2A Target - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi). ABM Target.

2012 May 10 - . 06:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. Launch Pad: USS Lake Erie. Launch Platform: CG-70. LV Family: Standard. Launch Vehicle: SM-3-IB.
  • FTM-16/2A KV - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi). Missile Interceptor..

2012 May 10 - . 07:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Taiyuan. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 4B.
  • Yaogan 14 - . Payload: Jianbing 11. Mass: 2,800 kg (6,100 lb). Nation: China. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Jianbing. Spacecraft: JB-11. USAF Sat Cat: 38257 . COSPAR: 2012-021A. Apogee: 479 km (297 mi). Perigee: 471 km (292 mi). Inclination: 97.2000 deg. Period: 94.10 min. Military remote sensing satellite..
  • Tiantuo 1 - . Mass: 2,500 kg (5,500 lb). Nation: China. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft: Tiantuo. Decay Date: 2014-11-03 . USAF Sat Cat: 38258 . COSPAR: 2012-021B. Apogee: 472 km (293 mi). Perigee: 466 km (289 mi). Inclination: 97.2000 deg. Period: 94.00 min. Technology satellite for the National University of Defense Technology; carried an imager, an atomic oxygen sensor, and an AIS (maritime tracking) receiver..

2012 May 15 - . 03:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-FG.
  • Soyuz TMA-04M - . Call Sign: Altair. Crew: Acaba, Padalka, Revin. Backup Crew: Ford, Kevin, Novitskiy, Tarelkin. Payload: Soyuz TMA s/n 705. Mass: 7,200 kg (15,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Soyuz TMA-04M. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Soyuz TMA. Duration: 124.99 days. Decay Date: 2012-09-17 . USAF Sat Cat: 38291 . COSPAR: 2012-022A. Apogee: 406 km (252 mi). Perigee: 392 km (243 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 92.50 min.

    Docked at the station's Poisk module on 17 May at 04:36 GMT. On 16 September at 23:09 GMT undocked from the station to return the crew to earth. Soyuz TMA-04M flew for 2 hr 47 min in a 403 km x 426 km orbit, then fired its engines for the deorbit burn at 01:56 GMT on 17 September to enter a 13 kmx 425 km reentry orbit. The crew landed safely in Kazakhstan at 02:23 GMT.


2012 May 15 - . 22:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5ECA.
  • JCSAT 13 - . Payload: A2100AXS. Mass: 4,528 kg (9,982 lb). Nation: Japan. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: AS 2100. USAF Sat Cat: 38331 . COSPAR: 2012-023A. Apogee: 35,790 km (22,230 mi). Perigee: 35,784 km (22,235 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Sky Perfect communications satellite..
  • Vinasat 2 - . Payload: A2100A. Mass: 2,969 kg (6,545 lb). Nation: Vietnam. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: AS 2100. USAF Sat Cat: 38332 . COSPAR: 2012-023B. Apogee: 35,788 km (22,237 mi). Perigee: 35,787 km (22,236 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Vietnam Posts and Telecom communications satellite..

2012 May 17 - . 14:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC16/2. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U-PVB.
  • Cosmos 2480 - . Payload: Kobalt-M. Mass: 6,700 kg (14,700 lb). Nation: Russia. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Yantar. Spacecraft: Yantar-4K1. Decay Date: 2012-09-24 . USAF Sat Cat: 38335 . COSPAR: 2012-024A. Apogee: 280 km (170 mi). Perigee: 199 km (123 mi). Inclination: 81.4000 deg. Period: 89.30 min. Kobalt-M film reconnaisance satellite. A deorbit burn on 24 September at 16:39 GMT was followed by separation of the service module and reentry of the pressurized main payload section which contained cameras and film. Landed at 17:03 GMT..

2012 May 17 - . 16:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Tanegashima. Launch Complex: Tanegashima Y. LV Family: H-2. Launch Vehicle: H-IIA 202.
  • Shizuku - . Mass: 1,991 kg (4,389 lb). Nation: Japan. Class: Earth. Type: Climate satellite. Spacecraft: Shizuku. USAF Sat Cat: 38337 . COSPAR: 2012-025A. Apogee: 694 km (431 mi). Perigee: 692 km (429 mi). Inclination: 98.2000 deg. Period: 98.60 min. Global Change Observation Mission. Primary instrument was the AMS-4 microwave scanning radiometer..
  • Arirang-3 - . Payload: Kompsat-3. Mass: 800 kg (1,760 lb). Nation: Korea South. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: T200. Spacecraft: Kompsat. USAF Sat Cat: 38338 . COSPAR: 2012-025B. Apogee: 677 km (420 mi). Perigee: 665 km (413 mi). Inclination: 98.1000 deg. Period: 98.20 min. South Korean imaging satellite..
  • SDS-4 - . Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: Japan. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft: JAXA SDS. USAF Sat Cat: 38339 . COSPAR: 2012-025C. Apogee: 673 km (418 mi). Perigee: 662 km (411 mi). Inclination: 98.2000 deg. Period: 98.10 min. Small Demonstration Satellite; carried four technology experiments including a space-based AIS (ship tracking) payload..
  • Horyu-2 - . Mass: 7.00 kg (15.40 lb). Nation: Japan. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft: Horyu. USAF Sat Cat: 38340 . COSPAR: 2012-025D. Apogee: 671 km (416 mi). Perigee: 652 km (405 mi). Inclination: 98.2000 deg. Period: 98.00 min. Kyushu Institute of Technology satellite to study spacecraft charging effects and test a camera payload for Surrey Satellite (which observed the second stage after payload deployment to support development of improved propellant insulation)..

2012 May 17 - . 19:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC81/24. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-M/Briz-M.
  • Nimiq 6 - . Mass: 4,500 kg (9,900 lb). Nation: Canada. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: FS-1300. USAF Sat Cat: 38342 . COSPAR: 2012-026A. Apogee: 35,429 km (22,014 mi). Perigee: 35,379 km (21,983 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,416.60 min. Canadian television broadcast satellite with 24 Ku-band transponders..

2012 May 21 - . 17:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. Launch Vehicle: FTB.
  • Nation: Brazil. Agency: AEB. Apogee: 32 km (19 mi).

2012 May 22 - . 07:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC40. Launch Pad: SLC40. LV Family: Falcon. Launch Vehicle: Falcon 9.
  • Dragon C2 - . Mass: 6,650 kg (14,660 lb). Nation: USA. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Spacecraft: Dragon. Duration: 9.00 days. Decay Date: 2012-05-31 . USAF Sat Cat: 38348 . COSPAR: 2012-027A. Apogee: 406 km (252 mi). Perigee: 392 km (243 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 92.50 min. First commercial delivery of cargo to a space station. After rendezvous with the International Space Station, it was captured by the station's SSRMS robot arm on 25 May at 13:56 GMT. Berthed at the nadir CBM port of the Harmony module at 16:02 GMT..
  • Celestis 11 - . Mass: 7.00 kg (15.40 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Burial. Type: Burial satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Pegasus-3. Spacecraft: Celestis. Decay Date: 2012-06-27 . USAF Sat Cat: 38349 . COSPAR: 2012-027B. Apogee: 298 km (185 mi). Perigee: 253 km (157 mi). Inclination: 51.7000 deg. Period: 90.00 min. Released from the Dragon spacecraft. Carried some of the ashes of Star Trek actor James Doohan, among others..

2012 May 23? - . Launch Site: Semnan. LV Family: Nodong 1. Launch Vehicle: Safir. FAILURE: Reported orbital launch failure.
2012 May 23 - . 06:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: Topol'. Launch Vehicle: Rubezh.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

2012 May 26 - . 15:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Xichang. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 3BE.
  • Zhongxing 2A - . Payload: Chinasat 2A / Shentong 2-1. Mass: 5,100 kg (11,200 lb). Nation: China. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: DFH-4. USAF Sat Cat: 38352 . COSPAR: 2012-028A. Apogee: 35,794 km (22,241 mi). Perigee: 35,780 km (22,230 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. First of the second generation of the Shentong series, operated by the Chinese Army to provide secure voice and data Ku-band communications to the ground forces..

2012 May 29 - . 07:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Taiyuan. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 4C.
  • Yaogan 15 - . Payload: Jianbing 9. Mass: 2,500 kg (5,500 lb). Nation: China. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance radar satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Jianbing. Spacecraft: JB-9. USAF Sat Cat: 38354 . COSPAR: 2012-029A. Apogee: 1,207 km (749 mi). Perigee: 1,201 km (746 mi). Inclination: 100.1000 deg. Period: 109.50 min.

2012 May 29 - . 16:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. Launch Vehicle: FTB.
  • Nation: Brazil. Agency: AEB. Apogee: 32 km (19 mi).

2012 May 31 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-30.
  • R&D - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RGMS. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

2012 June 1 - . 05:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiritimati. Launch Platform: Odyssey. LV Family: Zenit. Launch Vehicle: Zenit-3SL.
  • Intelsat 19 - . Payload: Intelsat IS-19. Mass: 5,600 kg (12,300 lb). Nation: Europe. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: FS-1300. USAF Sat Cat: 38356 . COSPAR: 2012-030A. Apogee: 35,791 km (22,239 mi). Perigee: 35,783 km (22,234 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min.

2012 June 7 - . 17:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Vehicle: Topol'.
  • RV - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Operational test mission..

2012 June 13 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. Launch Complex: Kwajalein DZ. Launch Pad: RW06/24. Launch Platform: L-1011. LV Family: Pegasus. Launch Vehicle: Pegasus XL.
  • Nustar - . Payload: Leostar. Mass: 360 kg (790 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Astronomy. Type: X-ray astronomy satellite. Spacecraft: SA-200. USAF Sat Cat: 38358 . COSPAR: 2012-031A. Apogee: 632 km (392 mi). Perigee: 614 km (381 mi). Inclination: 6.0000 deg. Period: 97.20 min. Hard X-ray observatory with ten-meter mast. Air dropped in Kwajalein Drop Zone..

2012 June 16 - . 10:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Jiuquan. Launch Complex: Jiuquan SLS. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 2F.
  • Shenzhou 9 - . Mass: 7,800 kg (17,100 lb). Nation: China. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Spacecraft: Shenzhou. Duration: 12.64 days. Decay Date: 2012-06-29 . USAF Sat Cat: 38461 . COSPAR: 2012-032A. Apogee: 355 km (220 mi). Perigee: 334 km (207 mi). Inclination: 42.8000 deg. Period: 91.40 min.

    First docking of a manned Shenzhou spacecraft with the Tiangong space laboratory. The crew was commanded by Jing Haipeng (who flew on Shenzhou 7) with rookies Liu Wang and Liu Yang, the first woman to fly in a Chinese space crew. At about 14:40 GMT on June 17 the ship maneuvered from 261 x 315 km to 315 x 326 km. On June 18 at 06:08 GMT the Shenzhou 9 spaceship docked with the Tiangong 1 spacelab. At 09:10 GMT the three astronauts opened the TG-1 hatch and entered the lab for the first time. The Shenzhou 9 crew undocked from Tiangong 1 at 030:9 GMT on June 24 and backed off to 300 m, then reapproached first to 140 m and then to a manually controlled redocking carried out by Liu Wang at 04:49 GMT. On June 28 at 01:22 GMT Shenhzhou 9 undocked again for the last time; a brief manual re-rendezvous to 140 m was carried out. Return to Earth came on June 29 with orbital module seperation at about 01:16 GMT, retrofire at 01:17 GMT, service module sep at 01:38 GMT and landing at 02:02 GMT in Siziwangqi, a district in Ulanqab prefecture in Inner Mongolia.


2012 June 20 - . 12:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC41. Launch Pad: SLC41. LV Family: Atlas V. Launch Vehicle: Atlas V 401.
  • USA 236 - . Payload: NROL-38. Nation: USA. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: Quasar. USAF Sat Cat: 38466 . COSPAR: 2012-033A. Apogee: 35,800 km (22,200 mi). Perigee: 35,800 km (22,200 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,440.00 min.

2012 June 21 - . 10:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Improved Orion.
  • NASA 41.101UO - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 117 km (72 mi). Education mission..

2012 June 21 - . 18:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. Launch Vehicle: FTB.
  • Nation: Brazil. Agency: AEB. Apogee: 32 km (19 mi).

2012 June 22 - . 19:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: S-40 sounding rocket series. Launch Vehicle: VS-40M.
  • SHEFEX II - . Nation: Sweden. Apogee: 177 km (109 mi). Hypersonic mission..

2012 June 23 - . 19:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant IX.
  • NASA 36.286UE - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi). Solar mission..

2012 June 26 - . Launch Site: Mojave. Launch Complex: Mojave RW12/30. Launch Platform: WK2. LV Family: Spaceship. Launch Vehicle: Spaceship Two.
  • WK2-87/GF17 - . Nation: USA. Agency: SCAL. Apogee: 15 km (9 mi).

2012 June 27 - . 09:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Castor 4A. Launch Vehicle: MRT.
  • FTM-18 Target - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi). Target mission..
  • Sep Target - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

2012 June 27 - . 09:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. Launch Pad: USS Lake Erie. Launch Platform: CG-70. LV Family: Standard. Launch Vehicle: SM-3-IB.
  • FTM-18 KV - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi). Intercept mission..

2012 June 29 - . Launch Site: Mojave. Launch Complex: Mojave RW12/30. Launch Platform: WK2. LV Family: Spaceship. Launch Vehicle: Spaceship Two.
  • WK2-88/GF18 - . Nation: USA. Agency: SCAL. Apogee: 15 km (9 mi).

2012 June 29 - . 13:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC37B. Launch Pad: SLC37B. LV Family: Delta IV. Launch Vehicle: Delta 4H.
  • USA 237 - . Payload: Orion 8 / NROL-15. Mass: 5,400 kg (11,900 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Surveillance. Type: ELINT. Spacecraft: Advanced Orion. USAF Sat Cat: 38528 . COSPAR: 2012-034A. Apogee: 35,800 km (22,200 mi). Perigee: 35,800 km (22,200 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,440.00 min. Probable geosynchronous signals intelligence satellite..

2012 July 3 - . Launch Site: Semnan. LV Family: Nodong 1. Launch Vehicle: Shahab 3.
  • Shahab RV - . Nation: Iran. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi). Exercise mission..

2012 July 3 - . Launch Site: Semnan. Launch Complex: Damghan. LV Family: R-11. Launch Vehicle: Shahab 2.
  • Shahab RV - . Nation: Iran. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi). Exercise mission..

2012 July 3 - . Launch Site: Semnan. Launch Complex: Damghan. LV Family: R-11. Launch Vehicle: Shahab 1.
  • Shahab RV - . Nation: Iran. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi). Exercise mission..

2012 July 5 - . 18:50 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant IX.
  • NASA 36.284NS - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 275 km (170 mi). Solar mission..

2012 July 5 - . 21:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5ECA.
  • Echostar 17 - . Mass: 6,100 kg (13,400 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: FS-1300. USAF Sat Cat: 38551 . COSPAR: 2012-035A. Apogee: 35,795 km (22,241 mi). Perigee: 35,778 km (22,231 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. High throughput Ku-band data satellite providing broadband Internet service across North America. Originally named Jupiter 1..
  • Meteosat 10 - . Payload: MSG 3. Mass: 2,000 kg (4,400 lb). Nation: Europe. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft: MSG. USAF Sat Cat: 38552 . COSPAR: 2012-035B. Apogee: 35,787 km (22,236 mi). Perigee: 35,784 km (22,235 mi). Inclination: 1.7000 deg. Period: 1,436.00 min. Third Meteosat Second Generation weather satellite..

2012 July 9 - . 18:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC81/24. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-M/Briz-M.
  • SES 5 - . Payload: SES-5. Mass: 6,008 kg (13,245 lb). Nation: Europe. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: FS-1300. USAF Sat Cat: 38652 . COSPAR: 2012-036A. Apogee: 35,794 km (22,241 mi). Perigee: 35,779 km (22,231 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Payload of two Ku-band beams, serving Scandinavia and the Baltic, and sub-Saharan Africa. Total of 36 Ku-band transponders..

2012 July 11 - . 18:50 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant IX.
  • NASA 36.272NS - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 268 km (166 mi). Solar mission..

2012 July 13 - . 04:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Balasore. LV Family: ASLV. Launch Vehicle: Agni 1.
  • Agni RV - . Nation: India. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi). Test mission..

2012 July 15 - . 02:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-FG.
  • Soyuz TMA-05M - . Call Sign: Agate. Crew: Hoshide, Malenchenko, Williams. Backup Crew: Hadfield, Marshburn, Romanenko, Roman. Payload: Soyuz TMA s/n 706. Mass: 7,200 kg (15,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Soyuz TMA-05M. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Soyuz TMA. Duration: 126.97 days. Decay Date: 2012-11-19 . USAF Sat Cat: 38671 . COSPAR: 2012-037A. Apogee: 428 km (265 mi). Perigee: 403 km (250 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 92.90 min. Docked with the ISS at 04:51 GMT on 17 July. Undocked at 22:26 GMT on 18 November; landed in Kazakhstan at 01:53 GMT on 29 November..

2012 July 18 - . Launch Site: Mojave. Launch Complex: Mojave RW12/30. Launch Platform: WK2. LV Family: Spaceship. Launch Vehicle: Spaceship Two.
  • WK2-90/GF19 - . Nation: USA. Agency: SCAL. Apogee: 15 km (9 mi).

2012 July 21 - . 02:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Tanegashima. Launch Complex: Tanegashima Y2. LV Family: H-2. Launch Vehicle: H-IIB.
  • Kounotori 3 / HTV-3 - . Mass: 19,000 kg (41,000 lb). Nation: Japan. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned logistics spacecraft. Spacecraft: HTV. Duration: 55.00 days. Decay Date: 2012-09-14 . USAF Sat Cat: 38706 . COSPAR: 2012-038A. Apogee: 421 km (261 mi). Perigee: 399 km (247 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 92.80 min.

    Arrived at the ISS on 27 July. Grappled by the station's Canadarm and berthed to the ISS Harmony module at 14:34 GMT. Unberthed by the SSRMS arm of the ISS at about 12:02 GMT on 12 September and released into space at 1550 GMT. After one of HTV-3's onboard computers failed, a planned small separation burn was replaced by a much larger abort burn which safely and rapidly separated HTV-3 from the vicinity of the ISS. HTV-3 was successfully deorbited over the Pacific on 14 September.


2012 July 22 - . 06:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-FG.
  • Kanopus-V 1 - . Payload: Kanopus-V. Mass: 473 kg (1,042 lb). Nation: Russia. Class: Surveillance. Type: Civilian surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Kanopus. USAF Sat Cat: 38707 . COSPAR: 2012-039A. Apogee: 507 km (315 mi). Perigee: 500 km (310 mi). Inclination: 97.5000 deg. Period: 94.70 min. Remote sensing satellite. Imager provided a resolution of 2.5 m in a 20 km swath and 12.5 m in four spectral channels along the same swath. A separate imager provided optical resolution of 25 m in a 250 km swath..
  • BKA 2 - . Payload: BelKA-2. Mass: 473 kg (1,042 lb). Nation: Belarus. Class: Surveillance. Type: Civilian surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Kanopus. USAF Sat Cat: 38708 . COSPAR: 2012-039B. Apogee: 507 km (315 mi). Perigee: 506 km (314 mi). Inclination: 97.5000 deg. Period: 94.80 min. Remote sensing satellite; replaced BelKa 1 satellite lost in an launch failure. Imager provided a resolution of 2.1 m and four spectral channels..
  • ExactView-1 - . Mass: 100 kg (220 lb). Nation: Canada. Agency: ExactView. Manufacturer: Surrey. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: MicroSat-100. USAF Sat Cat: 38709 . COSPAR: 2012-039C. Apogee: 822 km (510 mi). Perigee: 805 km (500 mi). Inclination: 98.9000 deg. Period: 101.20 min. Carried Automatic Identification System (AIS) for the identification and location of maritime vessels..
  • TET-1 - . Mass: 120 kg (260 lb). Nation: Germany. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft: TET. USAF Sat Cat: 38710 . COSPAR: 2012-039D. Apogee: 506 km (314 mi). Perigee: 504 km (313 mi). Inclination: 97.5000 deg. Period: 94.70 min. DLR Technologieerprobungsträger 1, as part of their On-Orbit Verification Program. Tested new space components; carried an imaging payload..
  • MKA-FKI 1 - . Payload: MKA-PN1. Mass: 156 kg (343 lb). Nation: Russia. Class: Earth. Type: Climate satellite. Spacecraft: MKA-FKI. USAF Sat Cat: 38711 . COSPAR: 2012-039E. Apogee: 822 km (510 mi). Perigee: 805 km (500 mi). Inclination: 98.9000 deg. Period: 101.20 min. Equipped with L-band UHF panoramic radiometer to map soil moisture and water salinity, studying the land-ocean-atmosphere energy system; and a multi-spectral Pribor EK camera..

2012 July 23 - . 11:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant XI.
  • NASA 39.011NR - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 458 km (284 mi). Reentry test mission..

2012 July 24 - . Launch Site: China. Launch Vehicle: DF-31.
  • RV - . Nation: China. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Test mission. Some sources claimed that it was a test of a new longer-range DF-41 ICBM.

2012 July 24 - . 19:17 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant IX.
  • NASA 36.263US - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 324 km (201 mi). Solar mission..

2012 July 25 - . 15:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Xichang. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 3C.
  • Tianlian 1-03 - . Mass: 2,300 kg (5,000 lb). Nation: China. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: DFH-3. USAF Sat Cat: 38730 . COSPAR: 2012-040A. Apogee: 35,802 km (22,246 mi). Perigee: 35,771 km (22,227 mi). Inclination: 1.9000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Provided communications relay to the Chinese space station. On station at 16.7 deg E by 6 August..

2012 July 28 - . 01:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/3. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: Rokot.
  • Cosmos 2481 - . Payload: Kosmos-2481. Mass: 225 kg (496 lb). Nation: Russia. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 38733 . COSPAR: 2012-041A. Apogee: 1,511 km (938 mi). Perigee: 1,482 km (920 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 115.90 min.
  • Gonets M 03 - . Payload: Gonets-M No. 13. Mass: 225 kg (496 lb). Nation: Russia. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 38734 . COSPAR: 2012-041B. Apogee: 1,509 km (937 mi). Perigee: 1,479 km (919 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 115.90 min.
  • Yubeleiniy 2 - . Payload: MiR. Mass: 65 kg (143 lb). Nation: Russia. Class: Communications. Type: Amateur radio communications satellite. Spacecraft: Yubeleiniy. USAF Sat Cat: 38735 . COSPAR: 2012-041C. Apogee: 1,509 km (937 mi). Perigee: 1,482 km (920 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 115.90 min. Technology testbed built by Reshetnev with the Siberian State Aerospace University, Krasnoyarsk..
  • Gonets M 04 - . Payload: Gonets-M No. 15. Mass: 225 kg (496 lb). Nation: Russia. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: Strela-3. USAF Sat Cat: 38736 . COSPAR: 2012-041D. Apogee: 1,510 km (930 mi). Perigee: 1,481 km (920 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 115.90 min.

2012 Aug - . Launch Vehicle: Fateh-110.
  • R&D - . Nation: Iran. Agency: IR. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

2012 August 1 - . 19:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U-PVB.
  • Progress M-16M - . Payload: Progress M s/n 416 / ISS-48P. Mass: 7,250 kg (15,980 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RKA. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned logistics spacecraft. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Progress M. Duration: 192.00 days. Decay Date: 2013-02-09 . USAF Sat Cat: 38738 . COSPAR: 2012-042A. Apogee: 428 km (265 mi). Perigee: 403 km (250 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 92.90 min. Undocked from the Pirs module at 13:16 GMT on 9 February. Deorbited over the Pacific Ocean at 16:19 GMT with debris impact at 17:05 GMT..

2012 August 2 - . Launch Site: Mojave. Launch Complex: Mojave RW12/30. Launch Platform: WK2. LV Family: Spaceship. Launch Vehicle: Spaceship Two.
  • WK2-91/GF20 - . Nation: USA. Agency: SCAL. Apogee: 15 km (9 mi).

2012 August 2 - . 20:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5ECA.
  • Intelsat 20 - . Payload: Intelsat IS-20. Mass: 6,094 kg (13,434 lb). Nation: Europe. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: FS-1300. USAF Sat Cat: 38740 . COSPAR: 2012-043A. Apogee: 35,794 km (22,241 mi). Perigee: 35,779 km (22,231 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min.
  • Hylas 2 - . Mass: 3,311 kg (7,299 lb). Nation: UK. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: Star bus. USAF Sat Cat: 38741 . COSPAR: 2012-043B. Apogee: 35,796 km (22,242 mi). Perigee: 35,776 km (22,230 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Carried 24 active Ka-band user beams and four gateway beams supporting corporate networking, broadband Internet access, and video distribution to Northern and Southern Africa, Eastern Europe and the Middle East..

2012 August 6 - . 19:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC81/24. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-M/Briz-M.
  • Telkom 3 - . Payload: Ekspress-1000N. Mass: 1,600 kg (3,500 lb). Nation: Indonesia. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Ekspress-1000. USAF Sat Cat: 38744 . COSPAR: 2012-044A. Apogee: 4,922 km (3,058 mi). Perigee: 264 km (164 mi). Inclination: 49.9000 deg. Period: 140.90 min. Failed mission. The Briz-M s/n 99532 upper stage exploded on 16 October, presumably when residual fuel and oxidizer came into contact, and generated a huge amount of orbital debris..
  • Ekspress MD2 - . Mass: 1,140 kg (2,510 lb). Nation: Russia. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: Yakhta. USAF Sat Cat: 38745 . COSPAR: 2012-044B. Apogee: 4,983 km (3,096 mi). Perigee: 264 km (164 mi). Inclination: 49.9000 deg. Period: 141.70 min. Failed mission. The Briz-M s/n 99532 upper stage exploded on 16 October, presumably when residual fuel and oxidizer came into contact, and generated a huge amount of orbital debris..

2012 August 7 - . Launch Site: Mojave. Launch Complex: Mojave RW12/30. Launch Platform: WK2. LV Family: Spaceship. Launch Vehicle: Spaceship Two.
  • WK2-92/GF21 - . Nation: USA. Agency: SCAL. Apogee: 15 km (9 mi).

2012 August 7 - . 07:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Vehicle: S-310.
  • S-310-41 - . Nation: Japan. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi). Reentry test mission..

2012 August 8 - . 19:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. Launch Vehicle: FTB.
  • Nation: Brazil. Agency: AEB. Apogee: 32 km (19 mi).

2012 August 9 - . 03:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Balasore. LV Family: ASLV. Launch Vehicle: Agni 2.
  • Agni RV - . Nation: India. Apogee: 220 km (130 mi). Test mission..

2012 August 11 - . Launch Site: Mojave. Launch Complex: Mojave RW12/30. Launch Platform: WK2. LV Family: Spaceship. Launch Vehicle: Spaceship Two.
  • WK2-93/GF22 - . Nation: USA. Agency: SCAL. Apogee: 15 km (9 mi).

2012 August 14 - . 18:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: B-52H. LV Family: ATACMS. Launch Vehicle: X-51A.
  • Nation: USA. Agency: AFRL. Air dropped in Point Mugu Drop Zone..

2012 August 16 - . Launch Pad: Xia sub, Bohai. Launch Platform: T094. LV Family: DF-31. Launch Vehicle: JL-2.
  • RV - . Nation: China. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Test mission..

2012 August 19 - . 06:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiritimati. Launch Platform: Odyssey. LV Family: Zenit. Launch Vehicle: Zenit-3SL.
  • Intelsat IS-21 - . Payload: BSS-702MP. Mass: 5,984 kg (13,192 lb). Nation: Europe. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: HS 702. USAF Sat Cat: 38749 . COSPAR: 2012-045A. Apogee: 35,789 km (22,238 mi). Perigee: 35,784 km (22,235 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. The IS-21 satellite replaced IS-9 and in providing western hemisphere communications satellite coverage..

2012 August 20 - .
  • EVA ISS VKD-31 - . Crew: Malenchenko, Padalka. EVA Duration: 0.26 days. Nation: Russia. Program: ISS. Flight: Soyuz TMA-05M.

    The crew exited from the Pirs module and ejected the Sfera-53 passive air density calibration satellite into orbit using a special handling device. Sfera-53 had been delivered to the station on Progress M-16M, and has a mass of 8.0 kg and a diameter of 0.53m. The astronauts then transferred the GsTM-2 crane from Pirs to Zarya. It and the GsTM-1 crane moved in February would remain available after the Pirs module is eventually discarded. The crew installed five space debris shields, delivered on Progress M-14M in January, on the Zvezda module. A Biorisk experiment canister was returned to the station.


2012 August 20 - . Launch Site: Taiyuan. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Dong Feng 5A.
  • RV - . Nation: China. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Test mission..

2012 August 25 - . 05:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Balasore. Launch Complex: Balasore IC3. LV Family: Prithvi. Launch Vehicle: Prithvi 2.
  • Test - . Nation: India. Agency: ISFC. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

2012 August 30 - .
  • EVA ISS USA-18 - . Crew: Hoshide, Williams. EVA Duration: 0.34 days. Nation: USA. Program: ISS. Flight: Soyuz TMA-05M.

    Attempted replacement of a failed Main Bus Switching Unit (MBSU) on the S0 truss. The failed MBSU-1 was removed from S0 and stowed temporarily at the ESP-2 outside of the Quest airlock. The STS-114 spare was removed from ESP-2 and moved to S0, becoming the 'new MBSU-1'. However, a problematic bolt stopped the astronauts completing the installation. They left the new MBSU-1 partly bolted to S0 and returned to the airlock, leaving the Station with two of its eight large solar arrays out of the main station power loop.


2012 August 30 - . Launch Site: Taiyuan. Launch Vehicle: DF-31.
  • RV - . Nation: China. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Test mission..

2012 August 30 - . 08:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC41. Launch Pad: SLC41. LV Family: Atlas V. Launch Vehicle: Atlas V 401.
  • RBSP A - . Mass: 648 kg (1,428 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft: RBSP. USAF Sat Cat: 38752 . COSPAR: 2012-046A. Apogee: 30,513 km (18,959 mi). Perigee: 596 km (370 mi). Inclination: 9.9000 deg. Period: 538.80 min.

    NASA's two Radiation Belt Storm Probes deployed a series of booms include electric field antennae spanning 100 meters. The instruments studied energetic particles, thermal plasma, ionospheric composition and electromagnetic fields and waves. The principal investigator for one experiment, the relativistic proton spectrometer, was at the National Reconnaissance Office.

  • RBSP B - . Mass: 667 kg (1,470 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft: RBSP. USAF Sat Cat: 38753 . COSPAR: 2012-046B. Apogee: 30,662 km (19,052 mi). Perigee: 606 km (376 mi). Inclination: 9.9000 deg. Period: 541.70 min.

2012 September 5 - .
  • EVA ISS USA-19 - . Crew: Hoshide, Williams. EVA Duration: 0.27 days. Nation: USA. Program: ISS. Flight: Soyuz TMA-05M.

    The crew removed the new MBSU-1, with some difficulty unjamming the critical bolt, and then spent an hour using several techniques to clean out metal shavings and foreign matter from the bolt. The installation of the new MBSU-1 was successfully carried out, and station power was mostly restored, although in the meantime the failure of the DSCU-3A box had taken down another of the arrays. The astronauts replaced a CLPA camera on the SSRMS robot arm and returned to the airlock. The old MBSU-1 remained in its temporary stowage location on ESP-2.


2012 September 8 - . Launch Complex: Damghan. LV Family: Fateh-110. Launch Vehicle: Kavoshgar K110.
  • Kavoshgar-6 - . Nation: Iran. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi). Sixth in Kavoshgar series of biology missions; Capsule C recovery test; crashed on recover, monkey killed..
  • Kavoshgar Class C - . Nation: Iran. Agency: IRSA. Apogee: 1.00 km (0.60 mi).

2012 September 9 - . 04:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Sriharikota. Launch Complex: Sriharikota PSLV. Launch Pad: LP1. Launch Vehicle: PSLV.
  • Spot 6 - . Mass: 712 kg (1,569 lb). Nation: France. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft: Astrobus. USAF Sat Cat: 38755 . COSPAR: 2012-047A. Apogee: 699 km (434 mi). Perigee: 697 km (433 mi). Inclination: 98.2000 deg. Period: 98.70 min. Earth observing satellite built by Astrium/Toulouse for Astrium subsidiary Spot Image (Toulouse)..
  • Proiteres - . Mass: 15 kg (33 lb). Nation: Japan. Class: Technology. Type: Ion engine technology satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 38756 . COSPAR: 2012-047B. Apogee: 657 km (408 mi). Perigee: 640 km (390 mi). Inclination: 98.3000 deg. Period: 97.70 min. 15 kg pulsed plasma thruster experiment: 'Project of Osaka Institute of Technology Electric Rocket Engine aboard small Spaceship'..

2012 September 12 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Lynx. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Lynx.
  • Radar target - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi). Target mission. NASA military mission; neither the flight number nor the DoD customer was identified. However previous Terrier Lynx flights were for the Naval Air Warfare Center and the Missile Defense Agency..

2012 September 13 - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: VS-30/Orion.
  • HiFire-3 - . Nation: Norway. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 345 km (214 mi).

2012 September 13 - . 12:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Wingate. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Juno test vehicle.
  • Patriot Target - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi). Target for Patriot missile defense test. The US Army/Orbital Juno target missile was similar to the old Hera, consisting of surplus Minuteman SR19 and M57A1 solid rocket motors..

2012 September 13 - . 21:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC3E. LV Family: Atlas V. Launch Vehicle: Atlas V 401.
  • USA 238 - . Payload: Intruder 10 / NROL-36. Mass: 6,500 kg (14,300 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Intruder. USAF Sat Cat: 38758 . COSPAR: 2012-048A. Apogee: 1,200 km (700 mi). Perigee: 1,010 km (620 mi). Inclination: 63.4000 deg. Period: 107.40 min. NROL-36 mission, believed to be a naval signals intelligence satellite.
  • SMDC One 1.2 - . Mass: 4.00 kg (8.80 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Technology. Type: Climate technology satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 38759 . COSPAR: 2012-048B. 3U cubesat operational Nanosatellite Effect communications experiment for US Army Space and Missile Defence Command, Huntsville, Alabama..
  • Aeneas - . Mass: 4.00 kg (8.80 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 38760 . COSPAR: 2012-048C. Cubesat with a cargo container tracking experiment by the University of Southern California, Los Angeles for the Department of Homeland Security.
  • CSSWE - . Mass: 4.00 kg (8.80 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 38761 . COSPAR: 2012-048D. University of Colorado, Boulder Colorado Student 3U cubesat with a Space Weather Experiment. Studied radiation belt electrons and protons. Extended mission was completed..
  • CXBN - . Mass: 3.00 kg (6.60 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Astronomy. Type: X-ray astronomy satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 38762 . COSPAR: 2012-048E. Morehead State University, Kentucky cosmic hard X-ray background radiation experiment..
  • CP5 - . Mass: 1.00 kg (2.20 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Technology. Type: Solar sail technology satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 38763 . COSPAR: 2012-048F. California Polytechnic State University San Luis Obispo solar sail deorbit technology experiment..
  • Cinema - . Payload: CINEMA 1. Mass: 4.00 kg (8.80 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 38764 . COSPAR: 2012-048G. University of California Berkeley magnetospheric experiment..
  • RE - . Payload: Re/STARE. Mass: 4.00 kg (8.80 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Surveillance. Type: Orbital object tracking satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 38765 . COSPAR: 2012-048H. Lawrence Livermore Natlional Laboratory space debris tracking experiment..
  • SMDC One 1.1 - . Mass: 4.00 kg (8.80 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 38766 . COSPAR: 2012-048J. 3U cubesat operational Nanosatellite Effect communications experiment for US Army Space and Missile Defence Command, Huntsville, Alabama..
  • Aerocube 4.5A - . Payload: Aerocube-4.5A. Mass: 1.00 kg (2.20 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 38767 . COSPAR: 2012-048K. Cubesat for Aerospace Corporation, El Segundo, California..
  • Aerocube 4.5B - . Payload: Aerocube-4.5B. Mass: 1.00 kg (2.20 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 38768 . COSPAR: 2012-048L. Cubesat for Aerospace Corporation, El Segundo, California..
  • Aerocube 4 - . Payload: Aerocube-4. Mass: 1.00 kg (2.20 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 38769 . COSPAR: 2012-048M. Cubesat for Aerospace Corporation, El Segundo, California..

2012 September 17 - . 16:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-2-1A.
  • METOP-B - . Mass: 4,244 kg (9,356 lb). Nation: Europe. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft: SPOT-5A-5B. USAF Sat Cat: 38771 . COSPAR: 2012-049A. Apogee: 811 km (503 mi). Perigee: 806 km (500 mi). Inclination: 98.7000 deg. Period: 101.00 min. European weather satellite agency EUMETSAT's second METOP satellite..

2012 September 18 - . 19:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Xichang. Launch Complex: Xichang LC2. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 3BE.
  • Beidou M5 - . Payload: Beidou DW14. Mass: 6,000 kg (13,200 lb). Nation: China. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Beidou-MEO. USAF Sat Cat: 38774 . COSPAR: 2012-050A. Apogee: 21,591 km (13,416 mi). Perigee: 21,462 km (13,335 mi). Inclination: 55.0000 deg. Period: 773.20 min.
  • Beidou M6 - . Payload: Beidou DW15. Mass: 6,000 kg (13,200 lb). Nation: China. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Beidou-MEO. USAF Sat Cat: 38775 . COSPAR: 2012-050B. Apogee: 21,578 km (13,407 mi). Perigee: 21,472 km (13,342 mi). Inclination: 55.1000 deg. Period: 773.10 min.

2012 September 19 - . Launch Site: Natal. Launch Vehicle: FTB.
  • Nation: Brazil. Agency: AEB. Apogee: 32 km (19 mi).

2012 September 19 - . 06:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Balasore. LV Family: ASLV. Launch Vehicle: Agni 4.
  • Agni RV - . Nation: India. Apogee: 900 km (550 mi). Test mission..

2012 September 20 - . 19:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Balasore. LV Family: ASLV. Launch Vehicle: Agni 3.
  • Agni III RV - . Nation: India. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi). Test mission..

2012 September 21 - . Launch Site: McGregor. LV Family: Falcon. Launch Vehicle: Grasshopper.
  • Nation: USA. Agency: SPX. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi). 2m hop.

2012 September 21 - . 11:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Malemute. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Improved Malemute.
  • NASA 46.004GO - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 153 km (95 mi). Education mission..

2012 Sep 22? - . Launch Site: Semnan. LV Family: Nodong 1. Launch Vehicle: Safir. FAILURE: Reported orbital launch failure.
2012 September 22 - . 11:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Oriole. Launch Vehicle: Talos Terrier Oriole.
  • NASA 12.075GT - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 269 km (167 mi).

    First test of a new NASA high performance sounding rocket. The Talos-Terrier-Oriole carried a dummy Nihka fourth stage as part of its 775 kg payload. The all-up Oriole 12 (Talos-Terrier-Oriole-Nihka) rocket was originally planned to be flown to 777 km above Poker Flat to study the aurora as flight NASA 49.001 in February 2013.

  • TATEOR/Dummy Nihka SRPO Diagnostic/APRA - . Nation: USA. Agency: GSFC. Apogee: 269 km (167 mi).

2012 September 27 - . 17:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. Launch Vehicle: FTB.
  • Nation: Brazil. Agency: AEB. Apogee: 32 km (19 mi).

2012 September 28 - . 21:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5ECA.
  • Astra 2F - . Mass: 5,968 kg (13,157 lb). Nation: Europe. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Eurostar 3000. USAF Sat Cat: 38778 . COSPAR: 2012-051A. Apogee: 35,806 km (22,248 mi). Perigee: 35,768 km (22,225 mi). Inclination: 0.0600 deg. Period: 1,436.12 min. Astrium Eurostar 3000 communications satellite for SES of Luxembourg.
  • GSAT-10 - . Mass: 3,435 kg (7,572 lb). Nation: Europe. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: I-3K. USAF Sat Cat: 38779 . COSPAR: 2012-051B. Apogee: 35,798 km (22,243 mi). Perigee: 35,777 km (22,230 mi). Inclination: 0.0200 deg. Period: 1,436.12 min.

2012 September 29 - . 04:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Jiuquan. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 2D.
  • Miranda VRSS-1 - . Payload: Miranda. Mass: 350 kg (770 lb). Nation: Venezuela. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft: CAST2000. USAF Sat Cat: 38782 . COSPAR: 2012-052A. Apogee: 654 km (406 mi). Perigee: 622 km (386 mi). Inclination: 98.0000 deg. Period: 97.50 min.

    Chinese CAST-2000 class remote sensing satellite delivered for Venezuela into a sun-synchronous orbit. Originally designated VRSS-1 (Venezuela Remote Sensing Satellite 1), it was renamed Miranda in orbit after Sebastian Francisco de Miranda Rodriguez 'El Precursor' (1750-1816).


2012 October 4 - . 03:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Balasore. LV Family: Prithvi. Launch Vehicle: Prithvi 2.
  • RV - . Nation: India. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi). Operational test mission..

2012 October 4 - . 14:37 GMT - . Launch Site: ISS.
  • RAIKO - . Mass: 1.00 kg (2.20 lb). Nation: Japan. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. Decay Date: 2013-08-06 . USAF Sat Cat: 38852 . COSPAR: 1998-067CN. Apogee: 414 km (257 mi). Perigee: 390 km (240 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 92.60 min. Released from the J-SSOD cubesat deployer outside the ISS Kibo module's equipment airlock by the JEM-RMS robot arm..
  • We Wish - . Mass: 1.00 kg (2.20 lb). Nation: Japan. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. Decay Date: 2013-03-11 . USAF Sat Cat: 38856 . COSPAR: 1998-067CS. Apogee: 400 km (240 mi). Perigee: 375 km (233 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 92.30 min. Released from ISS Kibo module..
  • Niwaka - . Mass: 1.00 kg (2.20 lb). Nation: Japan. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. Decay Date: 2013-07-04 . USAF Sat Cat: 38853 . COSPAR: 1998-067CP. Apogee: 410 km (250 mi). Perigee: 390 km (240 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 92.60 min. Released from ISS Kibo module..
  • TechEdSat - . Mass: 1.00 kg (2.20 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. Decay Date: 2013-05-05 . USAF Sat Cat: 38854 . COSPAR: 1998-067CQ. Apogee: 406 km (252 mi). Perigee: 385 km (239 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 92.50 min. Released from ISS Kibo module. 1U cubesat for San Jose State University. Mission: SPA hardware and software, inter-satellite communication link analysis ..
  • F-1 - . Mass: 1.00 kg (2.20 lb). Nation: Vietnam. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. Decay Date: 2013-05-09 . USAF Sat Cat: 38855 . COSPAR: 1998-067CR. Apogee: 407 km (252 mi). Perigee: 386 km (239 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 92.50 min. Released from ISS Kibo module..

2012 October 4 - . 00:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC37B. Launch Pad: SLC37B. LV Family: Delta IV. Launch Vehicle: Delta 4M+(4,2).
  • USA 239 - . Payload: Navstar 67 / GPS SVN 65 /IIF-3 / SV-1 Arcturus. Mass: 1,630 kg (3,590 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Boeing. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Navstar. Spacecraft: GPS Block 2F. USAF Sat Cat: 38833 . COSPAR: 2012-053A. Apogee: 20,192 km (12,546 mi). Perigee: 20,174 km (12,535 mi). Inclination: 55.0000 deg. Period: 718.00 min.

    Third GPS Block IIF satellite, spacecraft 65; replaced SVN 39 in the Navstar constellation. The upper stage and payload first entered a 163 km x 394 km x 41.6 deg parking orbit, followed by a 254 km x 20448 km x 43.3 deg transfer orbit and then a third burn into the final 20426 km x 20481 km x 55.0 deg circular orbit where the satellite was deployed. The RL-10 second stage engine operated at lower than planned thrust during the first two burns, but onboard software compensated by increasing the duration of the engine firings.


2012 October 5 - . 05:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Balasore. Launch Pad: Ship. Launch Platform: INS-P51. LV Family: Prithvi. Launch Vehicle: Dhanush.
  • RV - . Nation: India. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi). Operational test mission..

2012 October 6 - . Launch Site: Spaceport America. Launch Pad: VLA LC1. Launch Vehicle: STIG-B.
  • Nation: USA. Agency: ARMAD. Apogee: 1.00 km (0.60 mi).

2012 October 8 - . 00:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC40. Launch Pad: SLC40. LV Family: Falcon. Launch Vehicle: Falcon 9.
  • Dragon CRS-1 - . Mass: 9,500 kg (20,900 lb). Nation: USA. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Spacecraft: Dragon. Duration: 20.00 days. Decay Date: 2012-10-28 . USAF Sat Cat: 38846 . COSPAR: 2012-054A. Apogee: 425 km (264 mi). Perigee: 402 km (249 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 92.80 min.

    One first stage engine had an anomaly at max Q (T+1:20) with some debris observed falling away; the engine was shut down but the remaining engines and the second stage compensated to reach the initial orbit. However, extra propellant was used and stage two did not restart as planned. Nevertheless Dragon reached the ISS on 10 October and was captured by the station's SSRMS arm at 10:56 GMT and berthed to the Harmony module at 13:03 GMT. Following unloading of the cargo delivered to the ISS and loading of experimental results and failed equipment for return to earth, the SSRMS unberthed Dragon at 11:19 GMT on 28 October and released it at 13:29 GMT. At 14:22 GMT the Dragon made a burn to lower its orbit and at 18:28 GMT came the 10 minute 40 second long deorbit burn. The Dragon trunk was jettisoned at 18:41 GMT and the capsule reached entry interface at 19:02 GMT. Splashdown in the Pacific Ocean was at around 123 deg W 28 deg N at 19:22

  • Orbcomm OG2-1 - . Mass: 172 kg (379 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: SN-100. Decay Date: 2012-10-10 . USAF Sat Cat: 38847 . COSPAR: 2012-054B. Apogee: 204 km (126 mi). Perigee: 145 km (90 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 88.00 min.

    The mission's secondary payload, the first Orbcomm Second Generation communications satellite, was sacrificed in order to allow the Dragon cargo ship to reach the ISS after a rocket engine failure in the booster during ascent to orbit. The OG2 was ejected at 01:37 GMT into a 203 km x 323 km orbit instead of its planned 350 km x 750 km insertion orbit. Orbcomm was not be able to get to the operational 750 km x 750 km orbit. Instead the satellite reentered at 06:19 GMT on 10 October after two days in space, probably over the Pacific west of Vancouver, Canada. An Orbcomm press release stated that they were able to test out the satellite's systems before the reentry.


2012 October 12 - . 18:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELS. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-ST-B.
  • GalileoSat-3 - . Payload: Galileo IOV-3 / David. Mass: 640 kg (1,410 lb). Nation: Europe. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Galileo Navsat. USAF Sat Cat: 38857 . COSPAR: 2012-055A. Apogee: 23,228 km (14,433 mi). Perigee: 23,217 km (14,426 mi). Inclination: 55.3000 deg. Period: 844.70 min. In-orbit validation satellite for the Galileo navigation system. Nicknamed David in honor a competition winner, Mr. David Markarjanc (b.2001) of the Czech Republic..
  • GalileoSat-4 - . Payload: Galileo IOV-4 / Sif. Mass: 640 kg (1,410 lb). Nation: Europe. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Galileo Navsat. USAF Sat Cat: 38858 . COSPAR: 2012-055B. Apogee: 23,227 km (14,432 mi). Perigee: 23,218 km (14,426 mi). Inclination: 55.3000 deg. Period: 844.70 min. In-orbit validation satellite for the Galileo navigation system. Nicknamed Sif in honor a competition winner, Ms. Sif Skov Christensen (b.2002) of Denmark..

2012 October 14 - . 08:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC81/24. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-M/Briz-M.
  • Intelsat IS-23 - . Mass: 2,730 kg (6,010 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: Star bus. USAF Sat Cat: 38867 . COSPAR: 2012-057A. Apogee: 35,793 km (22,240 mi). Perigee: 35,781 km (22,233 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min.

    Communications satellite to provide Ku and C band communications services for the Americas, Europe and Africa from 53 deg W. First Star-2 class satellite to be directly inserted into geosynchronous orbit by its launch vehicle rather than using spacecraft liquid apogee motor burns from a transfer orbit.


2012 October 14 - . 00:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Taiyuan. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 2C.
  • Shi Jian 9 A - . Payload: CAST1000C. Mass: 200 kg (440 lb). Nation: China. Class: Technology. Type: Rendezvous technology satellite. Spacecraft: CAST1000. USAF Sat Cat: 38860 . COSPAR: 2012-056A. Apogee: 651 km (404 mi). Perigee: 622 km (386 mi). Inclination: 98.0000 deg. Period: 97.40 min.

    The pair of SJ-9 satellites carried technical experiments and to perform orbital rendezvous, intercept, and formation flying exercises under the control of the China Resources Satellite Applications Center. On 19 October SJ-9A began maneuvers, lowering its orbit to 619 km x 644 km and then returning to a 623 km x 650 km orbit on October 22-23.

  • Shi Jian 9 B - . Payload: CAST1000C. Mass: 200 kg (440 lb). Nation: China. Class: Technology. Type: Rendezvous technology satellite. Spacecraft: CAST1000. USAF Sat Cat: 38861 . COSPAR: 2012-056B. Apogee: 650 km (400 mi). Perigee: 623 km (387 mi). Inclination: 98.0000 deg. Period: 97.50 min.

2012 October 16 - . 08:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Sary Shagan. LV Family: A-135. Launch Vehicle: 53T6.
  • Test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: PRO. Apogee: 40 km (24 mi).

2012 October 19 - . Launch Site: Okhotsk. Launch Platform: K-433. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Volna.
  • RV x 4 - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Operational test launch of an R-29R SLBM from the K-433 submarine in the Sea of Okhotsk to the Chiza test range..

2012 October 19 - . 09:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Vehicle: Topol'.
  • RV - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Operational test mission..

2012 October 23 - . Launch Site: Semnan. LV Family: Unha. Launch Vehicle: Unha-3. FAILURE: Launch vehicle exploded on pad, causing extensive damage..
  • Fajr - . Nation: Iran. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Payload of the failed launch was a 50 kg satellite built by Iran Electronics Industry, with an imaging sensor and a small thruster..

2012 October 23 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: UK S30. LV Family: Trident. Launch Vehicle: Trident D-5.
  • - (143ss) - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

2012 October 23 - . 10:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-FG.
  • Soyuz TMA-06M - . Call Sign: Kazbek. Crew: Ford, Kevin, Novitskiy, Tarelkin. Backup Crew: Cassidy, Misurkin, Vinogradov. Payload: ISS-32S. Soyuz TMA s/n 707. Mass: 7,200 kg (15,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Soyuz TMA-06M. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Soyuz TMA. Duration: 143.68 days. Decay Date: 2013-03-16 . USAF Sat Cat: 38871 . COSPAR: 2012-058A. Apogee: 422 km (262 mi). Perigee: 401 km (249 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 92.80 min. Docked with the Poisk module of the ISS at 12:29 GMT on 25 October. Undocked at 23:43 GMT on 15 March 2013. Retrofire at 02:13 GMT the next day,followed by landing in Kazakhstan at about 03:06 GMT on 16 March..

2012 October 24 - . 18:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. LV Family: Topol'. Launch Vehicle: Rubezh.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

2012 October 25 - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. Launch Platform: DDG-62. LV Family: Standard-ER. Launch Vehicle: SM-3.
  • Aegis FTI-01 KV - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi). Interceptor mission, part of the FTI-01 missile defence experiment. Fired from DDG-62 USS Fitzgerald off Kwajaelein; failed to intercept the ARAV-B launched from Wake Island..

2012 October 25 - . Launch Site: Wake Island. LV Family: Oriole. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Oriole.
  • FTI-01 ARAV-B - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

    Target mission, part of the FTI-01 missile defence experiment. A two-stage Terrier Oriole rocket launched the ARAV-B target from Wake Island towards Kwajalein. DDG-62 USS Fitzgerald off Kwajaelein launched an SM-3 Block 1A missile which failed to intercept the ARAV-B.


2012 October 25 - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. Launch Complex: Kwajalein Meck. Launch Vehicle: THAAD.
  • THAAD FTI-01 - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi). Interceptor mission, part of the FTI-01 missile defence experiment. Successfully intercepted an E-LRALT target launched from a C-17 off Wake Island..

2012 October 25 - . Launch Site: Wake Island. Launch Pad: Drop Zone POR25. Launch Platform: C-17. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: E-LRALT.
  • FTI-01 THAAD Target - . Nation: USA. Agency: MDA. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

    Target mission, part of the FTI-01 missile defence experiment. Air dropped from a C-17 off Wake Island; ignited and headed towards the Reagan Test Site at Kwajalein. The E-LRALT consisted of two SR-19 motors, an Orbus 1A motor and a reentry vehicle. Successfully intercepted by a THAAD interceptor launched from Meck Island at Kwajalein.


2012 October 25 - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. Launch Pad: BOA-NE. Launch Platform: MLP. LV Family: R-11. Launch Vehicle: Scud.
  • FTI-01 PAC-3 Target - . Nation: USA. Agency: MDA. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

    Target mission, part of the FTI-01 missile defence experiment. A short range target missile, possibly a Scud, was launched from the Mobile Launch Platform at northeast Kwajalein; it was intercepted by a Patriot PAC-3 missile launched from Omelek. The PAC-3 interception was at low altitude and not considered a space launch. The exercise also included some low altitude intercepts of cruise missiles by PAC-2 interceptors.


2012 October 25 - . 15:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Xichang. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 3C.
  • Beidou G6 - . Payload: Beidou DW16. Mass: 3,800 kg (8,300 lb). Nation: China. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Beidou-GEO. USAF Sat Cat: 38953 . COSPAR: 2012-059A. Apogee: 35,797 km (22,243 mi). Perigee: 35,776 km (22,230 mi). Inclination: 1.8000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Reached geostationary orbital station at 80.4 E on 1 November. The transfer orbit had an unusually low perigee of around 160 km. Stationed at 80 deg E..

2012 October 31 - . 07:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U-PVB.
  • Progress M-17M - . Payload: Progress M s/n 417 / ISS-49P. Mass: 7,250 kg (15,980 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RKA. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned logistics spacecraft. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Progress M. Duration: 172.00 days. Decay Date: 2013-04-21 . USAF Sat Cat: 38975 . COSPAR: 2012-060A. Apogee: 422 km (262 mi). Perigee: 401 km (249 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 92.80 min.

    Docked with the Zvezda module of the ISS after a quick-rendezvous 5 hour 52 min flight. Undocked from Zvezda at 12:02 GMT on 15 April for independent flight to conduct Radar-Progress ionospheric tests. Retrofire on 21 April on 14:07 GMT lasted 173 seconds, producing a delta-V of 90 m/s. Impacted in the Pacific at 15:02 GMT.


2012 October 31 - . 17:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. Launch Vehicle: FTB.
  • Nation: Brazil. Agency: AEB. Apogee: 32 km (19 mi).

2012 November 1 - .
  • EVA ISS USA-20 - . Crew: Hoshide, Williams. EVA Duration: 0.28 days. Nation: USA. Program: ISS. Flight: Soyuz TMA-06M. Stopped a leak from the ammonia cooling system on channel 2B of the P6 truss by diverting flow to an unused loop of the Early External Thermal Control System..

2012 November 1 - . Launch Site: McGregor. LV Family: Falcon. Launch Vehicle: Grasshopper.
  • Nation: USA. Agency: SPX. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi). 5m hop.

2012 November 2 - . 17:55 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant IX.
  • NASA 36.255US - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 310 km (190 mi). Solar X-ray mission..

2012 November 2 - . 00:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC81/24. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-M/Briz-M.
  • Yamal-300K - . Payload: Ekspress-1000NTA. Mass: 1,870 kg (4,120 lb). Nation: Russia. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Ekspress-1000. USAF Sat Cat: 38978 . COSPAR: 2012-061B. Apogee: 35,810 km (22,250 mi). Perigee: 35,764 km (22,222 mi). Inclination: 0.5800 deg. Period: 1,436.11 min. Gazprom Space Systems communications satellite using an Ekspress-1000HTA bus with a C and Ku band payload, stationed at 90.8 deg E..
  • Luch-5B - . Payload: Ekspress-1000AM. Mass: 1,350 kg (2,970 lb). Nation: Russia. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft: Ekspress-1000. USAF Sat Cat: 38977 . COSPAR: 2012-061A. Apogee: 35,788 km (22,237 mi). Perigee: 35,785 km (22,235 mi). Inclination: 0.0500 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Launched to provide communications support to the International Space Station. Used an Ekspress-1000A bus and was the the second of a pair of Russian data relay satellites for the ISS..

2012 November 3 - . 16:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Spaceport America. Launch Pad: VLA LC1. Launch Vehicle: STIG-B.
  • Nation: USA. Agency: ARMAD. Apogee: 1.00 km (0.60 mi).

2012 November 7 - . 17:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. Launch Vehicle: FTB.
  • Nation: Brazil. Agency: AEB. Apogee: 32 km (19 mi).

2012 November 10 - . 00:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5ECA.
  • Star One C3 - . Mass: 3,200 kg (7,000 lb). Nation: Brazil. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: Star bus. USAF Sat Cat: 38991 . COSPAR: 2012-062A. Apogee: 35,790 km (22,230 mi). Perigee: 35,778 km (22,231 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.00 min. An Orbital Geostar-2.4E for Star One of Rio de Janeiro, successor to Brasilsat..
  • Eutelsat 21B - . Payload: Spacebus 4000C3. Mass: 5,012 kg (11,049 lb). Nation: Europe. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Spacebus 4000. USAF Sat Cat: 38992 . COSPAR: 2012-062B. Apogee: 35,789 km (22,238 mi). Perigee: 35,786 km (22,236 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. A Thales Alenia Spacebus 4000C3 launched for Eutelsat SA of Paris.

2012 November 13 - . 19:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: FTB. Launch Vehicle: FTI.
  • Nation: Brazil. Agency: AEB. Apogee: 53 km (32 mi). Z-3.

2012 November 14 - . 11:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/4. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-2-1A.
  • Meridian No. 16 - . Mass: 2,000 kg (4,400 lb). Nation: Russia. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Glonass. Spacecraft: Meridian. USAF Sat Cat: 38995 . COSPAR: 2012-063A. Apogee: 39,732 km (24,688 mi). Perigee: 986 km (612 mi). Inclination: 62.8000 deg. Period: 725.20 min. Sixth Meridian military communications satellite for the Russian Defense Ministry..

2012 November 14 - . 11:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF10. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3.
  • Mk 21 RV - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi). Operational test mission..

2012 November 16 - . 10:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Improved Orion.
  • EURO REXUS 11 - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: EUROL. Apogee: 79 km (49 mi).

2012 November 18 - . Launch Site: Taiyuan. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 2C.
  • HJ-1C - . Mass: 890 kg (1,960 lb). Nation: China. Class: Surveillance. Type: Civilian surveillance radar satellite. Spacecraft: CAST2000. USAF Sat Cat: 38997 . COSPAR: 2012-064A. Apogee: 503 km (312 mi). Perigee: 489 km (303 mi). Inclination: 97.3000 deg. Period: 94.50 min. Small Chinese S-band semi-active radar earth observation satellite providing all-weather imagery at 100 m resolution. Part of a constellation that includes of two small optical satellites, the HJ-1A and the HJ-1B..
  • Feng Niao 1 (FN-1) - . Mass: 800 kg (1,760 lb). Nation: China. Class: Technology. Type: Rendezvous technology satellite. Spacecraft: CAST2000. USAF Sat Cat: 38998 . COSPAR: 2012-064B. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi). Perigee: 488 km (303 mi). Inclination: 97.3000 deg. Period: 94.50 min. Demonstration of new CAST mini- and micro-satellite buses. FN-1 (Hummersat) was to release the 30 kg FN-1A for formation flying and interorbital communications experiments..
  • Xin Yan 1 (XY-1) - . Mass: 140 kg (300 lb). Nation: China. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft: XY-1. USAF Sat Cat: 38999 . COSPAR: 2012-064C. Apogee: 501 km (311 mi). Perigee: 489 km (303 mi). Inclination: 97.3000 deg. Period: 94.50 min. Technology mission..

2012 November 20 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-M/Briz-M.
  • Echostar 16 - . Mass: 6,650 kg (14,660 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: FS-1300. USAF Sat Cat: 39008 . COSPAR: 2012-065A. Apogee: 35,799 km (22,244 mi). Perigee: 35,773 km (22,228 mi). Inclination: 0.0200 deg. Period: 1,436.09 min.

    Geosynchronous direct broadcast satellite leased to DISH Network for use in direct-to-Home services in the United States. Payload 32 Ku-band high-power transponders, stationed at 61.5 deg W. Carried a Ku-band television payload, had a dry mass of 3520 kg plus 3130 kg of propellant.


2012 November 21 - . 10:55 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant IX.
  • NASA 36.260UG - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 291 km (180 mi). University of Massachusetts / Boston University IMAGER payload for ultraviolet imaging of the spiral galaxy M101 with a 0.5m telescope..

2012 November 23 - . 07:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Balasore. Launch Complex: Balasore IC3. LV Family: S-75. Launch Vehicle: Prithvi.
  • AAD Target - . Nation: India. Agency: IDRDL. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

2012 November 23 - . 07:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Balasore. Launch Complex: Balasore IC4. Launch Vehicle: AAD.
  • AAD Interceptor - . Nation: India. Agency: IDRDL. Apogee: 15 km (9 mi).

2012 November 25 - . 04:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Jiuquan. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 4C.
  • Yaogan 16A - . Mass: 2,000 kg (4,400 lb). Nation: China. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Jianbing. Spacecraft: JB-8. USAF Sat Cat: 39011 . COSPAR: 2012-066A. Apogee: 1,096 km (681 mi). Perigee: 1,085 km (674 mi). Inclination: 63.4000 deg. Period: 107.10 min. Believed to be a military naval SIGINT surveillance system, consisting of a main satellite and two subsatellites. Second such launch after 2010's Yaogan 9..
  • Yaogan 16B - . Mass: 200 kg (440 lb). Nation: China. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Jianbing. Spacecraft: JB-8. USAF Sat Cat: 39012 . COSPAR: 2012-066B. Apogee: 1,095 km (680 mi). Perigee: 1,086 km (674 mi). Inclination: 63.4000 deg. Period: 107.10 min.
  • Yaogan 16C - . Mass: 200 kg (440 lb). Nation: China. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Jianbing. Spacecraft: JB-8. USAF Sat Cat: 39013 . COSPAR: 2012-066C. Apogee: 1,096 km (681 mi). Perigee: 1,085 km (674 mi). Inclination: 63.4000 deg. Period: 107.10 min.

2012 November 25 - . 11:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Improved Orion.
  • MAPHEUS-3 - . Nation: Sweden. Apogee: 145 km (90 mi). Microgravity experiments..

2012 November 27 - . 10:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Xichang. Launch Complex: Xichang LC2. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 3BE.
  • Zhongxing 12 - . Payload: Chinasat 12 / Spacebus 4000C2. Mass: 4,500 kg (9,900 lb). Nation: China. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: Spacebus 4000. USAF Sat Cat: 39017 . COSPAR: 2012-067A. Apogee: 35,797 km (22,243 mi). Perigee: 35,776 km (22,230 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Civilian communications satellite for China Satcom. Part of capacity leased to Sri Lankan company SupremeSat. Stationed over over 81.5 deg E..

2012 November 28 - . Launch Site: Tilla. LV Family: Nodong 1. Launch Vehicle: Ghauri.
  • Haft-5 - . Nation: Pakistan. Apogee: 400 km (240 mi). Operational test..

2012 November 29 - . 17:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: FTB. Launch Vehicle: FTI.
  • Nation: Brazil. Agency: AEB. Apogee: 52 km (32 mi).

2012 November 30 - . Launch Site: Taiyuan. Launch Vehicle: DF-31.
  • Nation: China. Agency: PLA2AC. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

2012 December 2 - . 02:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELS. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-ST-A.
  • Pleiades 1B - . Mass: 970 kg (2,130 lb). Nation: France. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Pleiades. USAF Sat Cat: 39019 . COSPAR: 2012-068A. Apogee: 699 km (434 mi). Perigee: 697 km (433 mi). Inclination: 98.2000 deg. Period: 98.70 min. High resolution French military optical reconnaisance satellite..

2012 December 3 - . 20:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiritimati. Launch Platform: Odyssey. LV Family: Zenit. Launch Vehicle: Zenit-3SL.
  • Eutelsat 70B - . Mass: 5,250 kg (11,570 lb). Nation: Europe. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: Eurostar 3000. USAF Sat Cat: 39020 . COSPAR: 2012-069A. Apogee: 35,800 km (22,200 mi). Perigee: 35,774 km (22,228 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Stationed at 70.5 E, with 48 Ku-band transponders..

2012 December 8 - . 13:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC200/39. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-M/Briz-M.
  • Yamal 402 - . Payload: Spacebus 4000C3. Mass: 5,250 kg (11,570 lb). Nation: Russia. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: Spacebus 4000. USAF Sat Cat: 39022 . COSPAR: 2012-070A. Apogee: 35,791 km (22,239 mi). Perigee: 35,782 km (22,233 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Left in a lower than planned transfer orbit of 3038 km x 35680 km x 26.1 deg when the final Briz-M burn ended prematurely on 8 December. The satellite used its on-board fuel to reach geosynhronous orbit, reaching its station at 53 deg E on 17 December..

2012 December 8 - . 21:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: VS-30/Orion.
  • AEB VS30/O V10 - . Nation: Brazil. Apogee: 428 km (265 mi). Ionosphere instruments..

2012 December 10 - . Launch Site: Al Nasriyah. LV Family: R-11. Launch Vehicle: Scud.
  • Nation: Syria. Agency: SYMC. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

2012 Dec 10? - . Launch Site: Al Nasriyah. LV Family: R-11. Launch Vehicle: Scud.
  • Nation: Syria. Agency: SYMC. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

2012 Dec 10? - . Launch Site: Al Nasriyah. LV Family: R-11. Launch Vehicle: Scud.
  • Nation: Syria. Agency: SYMC. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

2012 Dec 10? - . Launch Site: Al Nasriyah. LV Family: R-11. Launch Vehicle: Scud.
  • Nation: Syria. Agency: SYMC. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

2012 December 10 - . Launch Site: Al Nasriyah. LV Family: R-11. Launch Vehicle: Scud.
  • Nation: Syria. Agency: SYMC. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

2012 Dec 10? - . Launch Site: Al Nasriyah. LV Family: R-11. Launch Vehicle: Scud.
  • Nation: Syria. Agency: SYMC. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

2012 December 11 - . 18:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC41. Launch Pad: SLC41. LV Family: Atlas V. Launch Vehicle: Atlas V 501.
  • USA 240 - . Payload: X-37B OTV-3. Mass: 5,400 kg (11,900 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft: X-37. USAF Sat Cat: 39025 . COSPAR: 2012-071A. Apogee: 360 km (220 mi). Perigee: 343 km (213 mi). Inclination: 43.5000 deg. X-37B flight vehicle 1 completed its second flight on Oct 17 2014, landing at Vandenberg AFB at 16:24 GMT after 674.9 days in space..

2012 December 12 - . 00:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Tongchang-ri. LV Family: Unha. Launch Vehicle: Unha-3.
  • Kwangmyongsong-3F2 - . Mass: 100 kg (220 lb). Nation: Korea North. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft: Kwangmyongsong. USAF Sat Cat: 39026 . COSPAR: 2012-072A. Apogee: 581 km (361 mi). Perigee: 498 km (309 mi). Inclination: 97.4000 deg. Period: 95.40 min.

    First successful North Korean satellite launch. Amateur observations showed the satellite to be tumbling, and no signals were picked up at the announced 470 MHZ frequency - it was assumed the spacecraft never functioned or failed shortly after orbital insertion.


2012 December 13 - . 05:20 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant IX.
  • NASA 36.283UH - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 257 km (159 mi). X-ray astronomy experiments. DXL mission of Miami University studied soft X-ray emission from the solar wind and the local interstellar medium..

2012 December 17 - . Launch Site: McGregor. LV Family: Falcon. Launch Vehicle: Grasshopper.
  • Nation: USA. Agency: SPX. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi). 40m hop.

2012 December 17 - . 07:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Vehicle: S-520.
  • S-520-28 - . Nation: Japan. Apogee: 312 km (193 mi). Microgravity experiments..

2012 December 18 - . 16:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Jiuquan. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 2D.
  • Gokturk 2 - . Mass: 1,100 kg (2,400 lb). Nation: Turkey. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: Proteus. USAF Sat Cat: 39030 . COSPAR: 2012-073A. Apogee: 691 km (429 mi). Perigee: 668 km (415 mi). Inclination: 98.2000 deg. Period: 98.30 min. Earth observation satellite for the Turkish Defense Ministry. Provides high-resolution imagery of 2.5 m esolution panchromatic, 10 m multispectral (VNIR) and 20 m SWIR..

2012 December 19 - . Launch Site: Mojave. Launch Complex: Mojave RW12/30. Launch Platform: WK2. LV Family: Spaceship. Launch Vehicle: Spaceship Two.
  • WK2-109/GF23 - . Nation: USA. Agency: SCAL. Apogee: 15 km (9 mi).

2012 December 19 - . 12:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-FG.
  • Soyuz TMA-07M - . Call Sign: Parus. Crew: Hadfield, Marshburn, Romanenko, Roman. Backup Crew: Nyberg, Parmitano, Yurchikhin. Payload: Soyuz TMA s/n 704A. Mass: 7,200 kg (15,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Soyuz TMA-07M. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Soyuz TMA. Duration: 145.60 days. Decay Date: 2013-05-14 . USAF Sat Cat: 39032 . COSPAR: 2012-074A. Apogee: 421 km (261 mi). Perigee: 402 km (249 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 92.80 min. Docked with the Rassvet module of the ISS at 14:09 GMT on 21 December. Undocked at 23:08 GMT on 13 May 2013. Retrofire at 01:37 GMT on 14 May was followed by landing in Kazakhstan at 02:31 GMT..

2012 December 19 - . 21:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5ECA.
  • Skynet 5D - . Payload: Eurostar 3000S. Mass: 4,638 kg (10,225 lb). Nation: UK. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: Eurostar 3000. USAF Sat Cat: 39034 . COSPAR: 2012-075A. Apogee: 35,800 km (22,200 mi). Perigee: 35,772 km (22,227 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Period: 1,436.00 min. British military communications..
  • Mexsat-Bicentenario - . Payload: Star-2.4 Bus. Mass: 3,050 kg (6,720 lb). Nation: Mexico. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: Star bus. USAF Sat Cat: 39035 . COSPAR: 2012-075B. Apogee: 35,794 km (22,241 mi). Perigee: 35,778 km (22,231 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Domestic Mexican Mobile Satellite Services using 12 Ku-band and 12 C-band transponders..

2012 December 20 - . Launch Site: Al Nasriyah. LV Family: R-11. Launch Vehicle: Scud.
  • Nation: Syria. Agency: SYMC. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

2012 December 20 - . Launch Site: Al Nasriyah. LV Family: R-11. Launch Vehicle: Scud.
  • Nation: Syria. Agency: SYMC. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

2012 December 20 - . Launch Site: Al Nasriyah. LV Family: R-11. Launch Vehicle: Scud.
  • Nation: Syria. Agency: SYMC. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

2012 December 20 - . Launch Site: Al Nasriyah. LV Family: R-11. Launch Vehicle: Scud.
  • Nation: Syria. Agency: SYMC. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

2012 December 20 - . 03:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Balasore. Launch Complex: Balasore IC3. LV Family: Prithvi. Launch Vehicle: Prithvi 2.
  • Prithvi RV - . Nation: India. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi). Operational test.

2012 Dec 25? - . Launch Site: Al Nasriyah. Launch Vehicle: Fateh-110.
  • Nation: Syria. Agency: SYMC. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).


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