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On November 20 in Space History

1913 November 20 - .
  • Birth of Li Xun - . Nation: China. Related Persons: Li Xun. Chinese Engineer. Metallurgist who developed alloys crucial to China's nuclear, missile, and space programmes..

1944 November 20 - . Launch Vehicle: Redstone.
  • Project Hermes - . Nation: USA.

    Ordnance Department entered into a research and development contract with the General Electric Company for study and development of long-range missiles that could be used against ground targets and high-altitude aircraft. This was the beginning of the Hermes project.


1947 November 20 - . Launch Vehicle: Atlas.
  • First static firing of MX-774 - . Nation: USA. Unsuccessful, small fire..

1947 November 20 - . 23:47 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. Launch Vehicle: V-2. FAILURE: Failure.
  • G.E. Special test - . Nation: USA. Agency: GE. Apogee: 29 km (18 mi). Launched 16:47 local time. Reached 26.8 km. Carried no upper atmospheric research experiments. Technology flight for General Electric..

1950 November 20 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Nike Ajax. Launch Vehicle: Nike X201 Ajax.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1952 November 20 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Vehicle: Nike Ajax.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1953 November 20 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Wasserfall. Launch Vehicle: Hermes A-3A.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

1953 November 20 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Triple Deacon HPAG.
  • E10 Hypersonic test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1954 November 20 - . Launch Vehicle: R-7.
  • R-7 draft project approved. - . Nation: Russia. Council of Soviet Ministers (SM) Decree 'On approval of the R-7 draft project' was issued..

1955 November 20 - .
  • Birth of Timothy Kristian Charles Mace - . Nation: UK. Related Persons: Mace, Timothy. British engineer cosmonaut, 1989-1998. Was married to the daughter of former Soviet Cosmonaut V Zholobov..

1956 November 20 - .
  • X-1E Flight 14 - . Crew: Walker, Joseph. Payload: X-1E flight 14. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Walker, Joseph. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft Bus: XS-1. Spacecraft: X-1E. NACA flight 13. No engine operation, ignition failure due to lack of manifold pressure..

1956 November 20 - .
  • Birth of Vladimir Gayevich Severin - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Severin, Vladimir. Russian engineer cosmonaut, 1990-1995. Son of design bureau chief Gay Ilich Severin..

1957 November 20 - .
  • USAF studies human spaceflight requirements. - . Spacecraft: Man-In-Space-Soonest.

    Air Force Missile Development Center (AFMDC) was investigating vital environmental elements applicable to manned space flight. One of two technical development projects was titled, "Human Factors of Space Flight. " The investigation covered exposure to space radiation, tolerance to high g loads and weightlessness, problems of descent and recovery from space, and physical and environmental problems of sealed cabins. A second study, "Biodynamics of Human Factors for Aviation", investigated tolerance to abrupt deceleration, total pressure changes, abrupt wind blasts and aircraft crash forces. These studies were symptomatic of a renaissance of scientific interest in space research throughout the Air Research and Development Command. (Memo, Maj D. L. Carter, Dep Dir, Tech Div, Weapon Sys, AFBMD, to Col C. H. Terhune, Dep Cmdr, Weapon Sys, 19 Dec 57, subj: Meeting With Major Simons, AFMDC.)


1957 November 20 - .
  • USAF to acquire recognized competence in astronautics and space technology. - . Spacecraft: Man-In-Space-Soonest.

    Air Force headquarters affirmed the necessity for the Air Force to acquire recognized competence in "astronautics and space technology." Therefore the Air Research and Development Command was instructed to prepare by 1 December 1957 an astronautics program with estimates of its funding requirements. The plan was to review those space programs already underway and make a projection of development in astronautics and space technology over the next five years. (Msg, Cmdr ARDC, to Comdr AFBMD, 20 Nov 57.)


1957 November 20 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Double Cajun T40.
  • MW-2 model test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1958 November 20 - . 03:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Loki. Launch Vehicle: Loki Dart. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Chemical release / plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: SUI. Apogee: 3.00 km (1.80 mi).

1959 November 20 - . 10:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Asp. Launch Vehicle: Nike Asp.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 236 km (146 mi).

1959 November 20 - . 17:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC29A. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A1.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1959 November 20 - . 18:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Diurnal density Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 119 km (73 mi).

1959 November 20 - . 19:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC1E. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor Agena A.
  • Discoverer 8 - . Payload: KH-1 9005 / Agena A 1050. Mass: 795 kg (1,752 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: WS-117. Spacecraft: KH-1. Decay Date: 1960-03-08 . USAF Sat Cat: 25 . COSPAR: 1959-Lambda-1. Apogee: 1,661 km (1,032 mi). Perigee: 186 km (115 mi). Inclination: 80.5000 deg. Period: 103.50 min. KH-1; 1st generation low resolution photo surveillance; film capsule recovery failed. Mission failed. Eccentric orbit negating recovery..

1959 November 20 - . 21:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. Launch Vehicle: R-7.
  • Phase 3 test flight - . Nation: Russia. Agency: MVS. Apogee: 1,350 km (830 mi). Flight over full missile design range..

1961 November 20 - .
  • North American to proceed with the Paraglider Development Program. - . Nation: USA. Program: Gemini. Spacecraft: Gemini, Gemini Paraglide.

    Manned Spacecraft Center notified North American to proceed with Phase II-A of the Paraglider Development Program. A letter contract, NAS 9-167, followed on November 21; contract negotiations were completed February 9, 1962; and the final contract was awarded on April 16, 1962. Phase I, the design studies that ran from the beginning of June to mid-August 1961, had already demonstrated the feasibility of the paraglider concept. Phase II-A, System Research and Development, called for an eight-month effort to develop the design concept of a paraglider landing system and to determine its optimal performance configuration. This development would lay the groundwork for Phase II, Part B, comprising prototype fabrication, unmanned and manned flight testing, and the completion of the final system design. Ultimately Phase III-Implementation-would see the paraglider being manufactured and pilots trained to fly it.


1961 November 20 - . LV Family: Saturn V. Launch Vehicle: Saturn C-5.
  • Rosen Group recommends direct ascent for the lunar landing mission mode - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Holmes, Brainard, Rosen, Milton. Program: Apollo. Milton W. Rosen, Director of Launch Vehicles and Propulsion, NASA Office of Manned Space Flight (OMSF), submitted to D. Brainerd Holmes, Director, OMSF, the report of the working group which had been set up on November 6.. Additional Details: here....

1961 November 20 - . Launch Site: Warren AFB. Launch Complex: Warren AFB. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas E.
  • Atlas SMS 549 operational. - . Nation: USA. Warren-3 AFB SMS 549 operational.

1961 November 20 - . 18:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. Launch Vehicle: Skylark.
  • Southern Sky Survey Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 209 km (129 mi).

1962 November 20 - . 21:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 300A.
  • Thermosphere Probe 1 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 345 km (214 mi).

1963 November 20 - . Launch Site: , Vandenberg. LV Family: Atlas.
  • The Defense Department announced that the Naval Missile Facility at Point Arguello, California, and the Navy tracking stations in the Pacific would be transferred to the Air Force. - . This would include control of the Atlantic Missile Range, the Pacific Missile Range, and the satellite control facilities at Sunnyvale, California, and combine them under a single component of the Air Force..

1963 November 20 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: EAG-154. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1963 November 20 - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. LV Family: Spartan ABM. Launch Vehicle: Nike Zeus.
  • Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1964 November 20 - . LV Family: Minuteman.
  • The Department of Defense directed a build-up of the Minuteman force to 20 squadrons (1,000 missile launchers) by the end of FY1967. - .

1964 November 20 - . Launch Site: Johnston Island. Launch Pad: SLBM Launch Area. Launch Platform: EAG-154. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3.
  • PX-2 - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1965 November 20 - . 00:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Ferdinand 12 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 122 km (75 mi).

1965 November 20 - . 05:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Auroral emissions Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 175 km (108 mi).

1965 November 20 - . 08:28 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Stellar Spectra Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: KPNO. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1965 November 20 - . 13:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: HJ NIke.
  • Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 1.00 km (0.60 mi).

1965 November 20 - . 17:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bechar. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Dragon 1.
  • MPE Ba-16? Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 404 km (251 mi).

1966 November 20 - . 02:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Yuma. LV Family: Martlet. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2C.
  • Y-21 Meteorites mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 142 km (88 mi).

1966 November 20 - . 04:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Yuma. LV Family: Martlet. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2C.
  • Y-22 Meteorites mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 111 km (68 mi).

1966 November 20 - . 05:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Yuma. LV Family: Martlet. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2C.
  • Y-23 Meteorites mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 111 km (68 mi).

1966 November 20 - . 06:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Yuma. LV Family: Martlet. Launch Vehicle: Martlet 2C.
  • Y-24 Meteorites mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 147 km (91 mi).

1967 November 20 - . 03:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: RH. Launch Vehicle: RH-75.
  • TERLS-54 test - . Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 9.00 km (5.50 mi). First RH-75 launch..

1967 November 20 - . 04:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: RH. Launch Vehicle: RH-75.
  • Test mission - . Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 9.00 km (5.50 mi).

1967 November 20 - . 10:42 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • AS&E X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 144 km (89 mi).

1968 November 20 - .
  • Soyuz spacesuit review - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Beregovoi, Mishin. Program: Lunar L1, Soyuz. Flight: Soyuz 3, Soyuz 4, Soyuz 4/5, Soyuz 5. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-L1, Yastreb.

    Kamanin attends an Yastreb spacesuit review with VVS doctors. The suit removes 200 cal/hour, but when the cosmonaut is exerting himself, he will generate 3 to 4 times more than this. So the cabin is chilled to 18 deg C prior to the EVA, and there will be lots of pauses during preparations to exit the spacecraft. The L1 cosmonaut-engineers at the meeting have little zero-G experience, and need to get a lot more. The new oxygen generating system for the L1 is still not complete. It will be 6 to 8 kg lighter than the old system (using calcium instead of the old material). Mishin insists that the new system should be completed and installed. Ground qualification testing will be completed on 1 January, but the system will not be flight-proven - Kamanin believes it needs test on low earth orbit missions before being adopted for lunar flights. Beregovoi's experience on Soyuz 3 is reviewed. He needed more time to adapt to zero-G before being required to attempt a docking. He had the impression he was upside-down and had intestinal tract problems.


1968 November 20 - .
  • Soviet manned circumlunar flight set for February - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Leonov, Titov. Program: Soyuz, Lunar L1. Flight: Soyuz 4, Soyuz 4/5, Soyuz 5, Soyuz 7K-L1 mission 1. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-L1, Soyuz 7K-OK.

    Titov still would prefer to be a test pilot, not a cosmonaut. The Soyuz group is scheduled to complete their training and to depart for the cosmodrome on 20 December for final preparations. Leonov's L1 group is to complete their training on 20 January 1969, then depart to the cosmodrome for a flight to the moon in February.


1968 November 20 - .
  • Birth of James Patrick Jr Dutton - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Dutton. American test pilot astronaut, 2004-on..

1968 November 20 - . 07:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Johnston Island. Launch Complex: Johnston Island LE1. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor DSV-2J.
  • AFP-437 combat evaluation interceptor mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 1,158 km (719 mi).

1968 November 20 - . 11:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

1968 November 20 - . 13:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Grenades Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 114 km (70 mi).

1968 November 20 - . 17:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Vehicle: Skua.
  • Met - . Nation: Australia. Agency: WRE. Apogee: 66 km (41 mi).

1968 November 20 - . 22:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC43. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

1969 November 20 - .
  • EVA Apollo 12-3 - . Crew: Bean, Conrad. EVA Duration: 0.0014 days. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Bean, Conrad. Program: Apollo. Class: Moon. Type: Manned lunar lander. Flight: Apollo 12. Spacecraft: Apollo LM. Internal Vehicular Activity. Threw excess equipment out of LM before lift-off..

1969 November 20 - . 00:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3 AC.
  • Solar ultraviolet Spectrum / PHC Solar ultraviolet and x-ray mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 242 km (150 mi).

1969 November 20 - . 03:54 GMT - .
  • EVA Apollo 12-2 - . Crew: Bean, Conrad. EVA Duration: 0.16 days. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Bean, Conrad. Program: Apollo. Class: Moon. Type: Manned lunar lander. Flight: Apollo 12. Spacecraft: Surveyor. Moonwalk to Surveyor 3, which had landed two years before. Recovered parts of Surveyor 3 which seemed to show that Earth bacteria could survive for that period in space and be revived..

1969 November 20 - . 20:19 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • 3-sphere ejection - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1970 November 20 - .
  • X-24 Flight 20 - . Crew: Gentry. Payload: X-24A flight 20. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Gentry. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft Bus: X-24. Spacecraft: X-24A. Maximum Speed - 1456 kph. Maximum Altitude - 20604 m. Flight Time - 432 sec..

1970 November 20 - . 19:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1970 November 20 - . 22:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 170 km (100 mi).

1970 November 20 - . 22:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1970 November 20 - . 22:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Mass spectrometer Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 121 km (75 mi).

1970 November 20 - . 22:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Mass spectrometer Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1970 November 20 - . 22:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 166 km (103 mi).

1970 November 20 - . 22:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 158 km (98 mi).

1970 November 20 - . 23:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • UM Pitot 52 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 181 km (112 mi).

1971 November 20 - . 07:21 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 170.
  • Astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1971 November 20 - . 08:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 170.
  • Astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1971 November 20 - . 18:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 457 - . Mass: 600 kg (1,320 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Sfera. USAF Sat Cat: 5614 . COSPAR: 1971-099A. Apogee: 1,218 km (756 mi). Perigee: 1,183 km (735 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 109.40 min. Investigation of the upper atmosphere and outer space. .

1972 November 20 - . Launch Site: , Vandenberg. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3.
  • The first Minuteman III Modified Operational Missile (MOM) test was conducted at Vandenberg AFB. - .

1972 November 20 - . 04:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3.
  • ESRO S94 X-ray Astronomy mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 210 km (130 mi).

1972 November 20 - . 17:07 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 200A.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 250 km (150 mi).

1973 November 20 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC104. LV Family: R-36M. Launch Vehicle: R-36M 15A14.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1973 November 20 - . 12:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 608 - . Payload: DS-P1-Yu s/n 69. Mass: 400 kg (880 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-Yu. Completed Operations Date: 1974-07-13 . Decay Date: 1974-07-10 . USAF Sat Cat: 6941 . COSPAR: 1973-091A. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi). Perigee: 269 km (167 mi). Inclination: 70.9000 deg. Period: 92.20 min. Development of systems for air defence and the control of outer space..

1974 November 20 - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 HRV. LV Family: Rook. Launch Vehicle: Jabiru 3.
1974 November 20 - . 09:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Chemical release/Plasma mission - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1974 November 20 - . 11:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 695 - . Payload: DS-P1-Yu s/n 73. Mass: 400 kg (880 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-Yu. Completed Operations Date: 1975-05-10 . Decay Date: 1975-07-15 . USAF Sat Cat: 7538 . COSPAR: 1974-091A. Apogee: 468 km (290 mi). Perigee: 273 km (169 mi). Inclination: 71.0000 deg. Period: 92.00 min. Development of systems for air defence and the control of outer space..

1975 November 20 - . 02:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17B. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Delta 2910.
  • Explorer 55 - . Payload: AE E. Mass: 721 kg (1,589 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Program: Explorer. Class: Earth. Type: Atmosphere satellite. Spacecraft: AE. Decay Date: 1981-06-10 . USAF Sat Cat: 8440 . COSPAR: 1975-107A. Apogee: 3,002 km (1,865 mi). Perigee: 154 km (95 mi). Inclination: 19.7000 deg. Period: 117.70 min. Atmospheric Explorer. Spacecraft engaged in research and exploration of the upper atmosphere or outer space (US Cat B). .

1978 November 20 - . 17:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 601. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3.
  • Demonstration and shakedown operations launch - . Nation: UK. Agency: RN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1979 November 20 - . 23:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 88 km (54 mi).

1980 November 20 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 86 km (53 mi).

1981 November 20 - . 01:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Delta 3910/PAM.
  • RCA Satcom 3R - . Payload: Satcom 3R. Mass: 1,078 kg (2,376 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: RCA Amer. Manufacturer: Lockheed. Program: Satcom. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: AS 3000. Completed Operations Date: 1991-04-10 . USAF Sat Cat: 12967 . COSPAR: 1981-114A. Apogee: 35,840 km (22,260 mi). Perigee: 35,824 km (22,259 mi). Inclination: 8.2000 deg. Period: 1,438.40 min. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 131 deg W in 1981-1991 As of 3 September 2001 located at 86.96 deg W drifting at 0.634 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 11 located at 140.04W drifting at 0.601W degrees per day..

1981 November 20 - . 08:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC107/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Bhaskara 2 - . Payload: SEO B. Mass: 444 kg (978 lb). Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft: Bhaskara. Decay Date: 1991-11-30 . USAF Sat Cat: 12968 . COSPAR: 1981-115A. Apogee: 372 km (231 mi). Perigee: 368 km (228 mi). Inclination: 50.6000 deg. Period: 92.00 min. Experimental earth observations. Launched from a cosmodrome in the USSR. .

1984 November 20 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Vehicle: Topol'.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1984 November 20 - . 18:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Point Mugu. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 70 km (43 mi).

1985 November 20 - . 10:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Nike Tomahawk.
  • CRRES Test Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1986 November 20 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: AN. Apogee: 79 km (49 mi).

1986 November 20 - . 12:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC16/2. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M.
  • Cosmos 1793 - . Payload: Oko #51. Mass: 1,800 kg (3,900 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Early warning satellite. Spacecraft: Oko. Decay Date: 2011-05-15 . USAF Sat Cat: 17134 . COSPAR: 1986-091A. Apogee: 36,922 km (22,942 mi). Perigee: 3,455 km (2,146 mi). Inclination: 67.2000 deg. Period: 718.20 min. Replaced Cosmos 1687. Covered Oko constellation plane 2 - 313 degree longitude of ascending node..

1987 November 20 - . 23:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U2.
  • Progress 33 - . Payload: Progress s/n 140. Mass: 6,895 kg (15,200 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Mir. Class: Manned. Type: Manned logistics spacecraft. Flight: Soyuz TM-2 Mir LD-1, Soyuz TM-3. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Progress. Duration: 28.58 days. Completed Operations Date: 1987-12-20 13:36:48 . Decay Date: 1987-12-20 13:36:48 . USAF Sat Cat: 18568 . COSPAR: 1987-094A. Apogee: 343 km (213 mi). Perigee: 326 km (202 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 91.20 min.

    Unmanned resupply vessel to Mir. Space station orbit at rendezvous was 326 km x 343 km. Docked on 23 Nov 1987 01:39:13 GMT. Undocked on 19 Dec 1987 08:15:46 GMT. Destroyed in reentry on 19 Dec 1987 13:37:00 GMT. Total free-flight time 2.30 days. Total docked time 26.28 days.


1988 November 20 - . 18:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant IX.
  • HRTS 6 / ASL-San Marco Test / solar mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1989 November 20 - . 02:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8B.
  • Astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 340 km (210 mi).

1990 November 20 - . LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Space Shuttle.
  • Backup shuttle carrier aircraft. - . Nation: USA. In the event of loss of N905NA, which has been in service for 15 years, NASA purchases a second 747, N911NA, for use as a shuttle carrier..

1990 November 20 - . 02:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC16/2. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M-PVB.
  • Cosmos 2105 - . Payload: Oko #67. Mass: 1,900 kg (4,100 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Early warning satellite. Spacecraft: Oko. Decay Date: 2008-01-21 . USAF Sat Cat: 20941 . COSPAR: 1990-099A. Apogee: 38,453 km (23,893 mi). Perigee: 1,936 km (1,202 mi). Inclination: 65.0000 deg. Period: 718.50 min. Covered Oko constellation planes 3/4 - 12 degree longitude of ascending node..

1990 November 20 - . 04:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC131. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: Rokot.
  • Naryad-V - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VKS. Apogee: 900 km (550 mi). Noted as a suborbital test mission; but one Russian source indicates the payload was a Naryad-V satellite. That would indicate a failure to achieve orbit. No other information is available on the 'Naryad-V'..

1990 November 20 - . 23:11 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA2. LV Family: Ariane. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 42P.
  • Satcom C1 - . Payload: Satcom C1. Mass: 1,169 kg (2,577 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: GE Americom. Manufacturer: Lockheed. Program: Satcom. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: AS 3000. USAF Sat Cat: 20945 . COSPAR: 1990-100A. Apogee: 35,794 km (22,241 mi). Perigee: 35,777 km (22,230 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min.

    Stationed at 137 deg W. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 137 deg W in 1990-1991; 139 deg W in 1991; 137 deg W in 1991-1999 As of 5 September 2001 located at 78.98 deg W drifting at 0.013 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 9 located at 151.83E drifting at 3.912W degrees per day.

  • GStar 4 - . Mass: 1,295 kg (2,854 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: GTE. Manufacturer: Lockheed. Program: GTE. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: AS 3000. USAF Sat Cat: 20946 . COSPAR: 1990-100B. Apogee: 35,790 km (22,230 mi). Perigee: 35,785 km (22,235 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min.

    Stationed at 125 deg W. Ku band communications satellite. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 125 deg W in 1990-1992; 105 deg W in 1992-1999 As of 6 September 2001 located at 104.95 deg W drifting at 0.005 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 74.47W drifting at 4.077W degrees per day.


1990 November 20 - .
1991 November 20 - . 08:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: R-36M. Launch Vehicle: R-36MU 15A18.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1991 November 20 - . 19:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/3. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U-PVB.
  • Cosmos 2171 - . Mass: 6,600 kg (14,500 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Yantar. Spacecraft: Yantar-4K1. Duration: 59.00 days. Decay Date: 1992-01-17 . USAF Sat Cat: 21787 . COSPAR: 1991-078A. Apogee: 321 km (199 mi). Perigee: 187 km (116 mi). Inclination: 62.8000 deg. Period: 89.60 min. High resolution photo reconnaissance; returned film in two small SpK capsules during the mission and with the main capsule at completion of the mission..

1992 November 20 - . 15:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/4. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U-PVB.
  • Cosmos 2220 - . Mass: 6,600 kg (14,500 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Yantar. Spacecraft: Yantar-4K1. Duration: 59.00 days. Decay Date: 1993-01-18 . USAF Sat Cat: 22226 . COSPAR: 1992-077A. Apogee: 341 km (211 mi). Perigee: 164 km (101 mi). Inclination: 67.2000 deg. Period: 89.60 min. High resolution photo reconnaissance; returned film in two small SpK capsules during the mission and with the main capsule at completion of the mission..

1993 November 20 - . 01:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA2. LV Family: Ariane. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 44LP.
  • Solidaridad 1 - . Mass: 2,776 kg (6,120 lb). Nation: Mexico. Agency: Tele Mex. Program: Morelos. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: HS 601. USAF Sat Cat: 22911 . COSPAR: 1993-073A. Apogee: 35,811 km (22,251 mi). Perigee: 35,766 km (22,223 mi). Inclination: 1.5000 deg. Period: 1,436.20 min. Stationed at 109.2 deg W. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 109 deg W in 1993-1999 As of 5 September 2001 located at 101.71 deg W drifting at 0.010 deg E per day. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 102.54W drifting at 0.027W degrees per day..
  • Meteosat 6 - . Payload: MOP 3. Mass: 704 kg (1,552 lb). Nation: Europe. Agency: ESA. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft: Meteosat. USAF Sat Cat: 22912 . COSPAR: 1993-073B. Apogee: 35,796 km (22,242 mi). Perigee: 35,776 km (22,230 mi). Inclination: 2.1000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min.

    Stationed at 0 deg. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 10 deg W in 1994-1997; deg W in 1997-1998; 9 deg W in 1998-1999 As of 4 September 2001 located at 9.14 deg W drifting at 0.012 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 11 located at 36.89E drifting at 0.610E degrees per day.


1994 November 20 - . 00:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC200/39. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K/DM-2.
  • Cosmos 2294 - . Payload: Glonass s/n 62L. Mass: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass . USAF Sat Cat: 23396 . COSPAR: 1994-076A. Apogee: 19,203 km (11,932 mi). Perigee: 19,057 km (11,841 mi). Inclination: 65.9000 deg. Period: 675.70 min. Glonass navigation satellite. .
  • Cosmos 2296 - . Payload: Glonass s/n 64L. Mass: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass. USAF Sat Cat: 23398 . COSPAR: 1994-076C. Apogee: 19,138 km (11,891 mi). Perigee: 19,122 km (11,881 mi). Inclination: 65.9000 deg. Period: 675.70 min. Glonass navigation satellite..
  • Cosmos 2295 - . Payload: Glonass s/n 63L. Mass: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft: Glonass. USAF Sat Cat: 23397 . COSPAR: 1994-076B. Apogee: 19,155 km (11,902 mi). Perigee: 19,105 km (11,871 mi). Inclination: 65.9000 deg. Period: 675.70 min. Glonass navigation satellite..

1995 November 20 - . 17:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 N. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant IX.
1995 November 20 - .
1996 November 20 - .
  • Mir News 334: Successful launch freighter Progress-M33 - . Nation: Russia. Program: Mir. Flight: Soyuz TM-24, STS-79 Mir NASA-2.

    This long-expected freighter blasted off from Baykonur on 19.11.1996 at 23 hrs 20 mins and 35 seconds UTC (for Moscow-time and for MEWT already on 20.11.1996). After some orbits the beacon- and TLM-transmissions could be monitored over here. The cargo of Progress-M33 consisting of post, food, spare-parts, containers for human waste and materials for experiments weighs 1650 KG. In the tank-compartment of Progress-M33 547 KG oxygen, fuel and water has been stored. Fuel for the Mir-complex itself weighs 2462 KG. Also among the 547 KG a new supply of nitrogen for the pressurising and purging of the oxygen-producing Elektron systems. Because of the fact that there will be no further deliveries of supplies before New Year the mail-bag also contains the Christmas- and New Year post for the crew.

    Progress-M32: This old freighter has to free the port at which she is docked now for the arrival of the Progress-M33. This is the aft docking port (Kvant-1, +X-axis). Progress-M32 can abandon the Mir-station for the systems of her successor are working normally. This will take place on 20.11.1996 at 1945 UTC. After a few orbits Progress-M32's engines will be fired for the de-orbit manoeuvre after which Progress-M32 will burn up over a designated area in the Pacific East of New Zealand.

    Expected time of arrival and docking Progress-M33 at Mir:

    This will be on 22.11.1996 at 0100 UTC. Progress-M33 has to approach and dock in the automatic mode by the system Kurs. If this system fails commander Korzun is ready to conduct the freighter manually with the system TORU.

    Chris v.d. Berg, NL-9165/A-UK3202.


1996 November 20 - .
  • STS-80 - Wakeup Song: I Can See For Miles - . Flight: STS-80. "I Can See For Miles" by The Who CAPCOM: Bill McArthur.

1997 November 20 - .
  • STS-87 - Wakeup Song: Hitchin' a Ride - . Flight: STS-87. "Hitchin' a Ride" by Vanity Fare CAPCOM: Bill McArthur.

1997 November 20 - . 17:30 GMT - . Launch Site: SvalRak. LV Family: RH. Launch Vehicle: RH-300 Mk II. FAILURE: Failure.
  • ISBJORN-1 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 71 km (44 mi).

1998 November 20 - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: M56A1.
  • TTV-1 Target mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA SMDC. Apogee: 322 km (200 mi).

1998 November 20 - . 06:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC81/23. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K.
  • Zarya - . Payload: FGB 77KM s/n 175-01. Mass: 20,000 kg (44,000 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Manufacturer: Chelomei bureau. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned space station. Spacecraft Bus: ISS. Spacecraft: ISS Zarya. USAF Sat Cat: 25544 . COSPAR: 1998-067A. Apogee: 403 km (250 mi). Perigee: 374 km (232 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 92.30 min.

    This was the first launch in the assembly of the International Space Station. The Zarya FGB was funded by NASA and built by Khrunichev in Moscow under subcontract from Boeing for NASA. Its design from the TKS military station resupply spacecraft of the 1970’s and the later 77KS Mir modules. Zarya included a multiple docking adapter, a pressurised cabin section, and a propulsion/instrument section with a rear docking port. Initial orbit was 176 lm x 343 km x 51.6 degrees. By November 25 it had manoeuvred to a 383 km x 396 km x 51.7 degree orbit, awaiting the launch of Shuttle mission STS-88 which docked the Unity node to it.

  • Radioscaf-B - . Payload: Suitsat. Nation: Russia. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Krechet. Spacecraft: Orlan. Decay Date: 2012-01-04 . USAF Sat Cat: 37772 . COSPAR: 1998-067CK. Apogee: 352 km (218 mi). Perigee: 345 km (214 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 91.50 min. Used Orlan spacesuit equipped with a radio transmitter. Released during an ISS EVA and transmitted for two days in a separate orbit. The astronauts shoved it into space with the words "Goodbye, Mr Smith.".

1999 November 20 - . 01:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Sriharikota. LV Family: RH. Launch Vehicle: RH-300 Mk II.
  • LMS Ionosphere / meteorology mission - . Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 135 km (83 mi).

2000 November 20 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M. FAILURE: Second stage failed to restart at apogee.. Failed Stage: 2.
  • QuickBird 1 - . Mass: 950 kg (2,090 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: DigitalGlobe. Manufacturer: Ball. Class: Surveillance. Type: Civilian surveillance satellite. Spacecraft: BCP-2000. Decay Date: 2000-11-21 . USAF Sat Cat: 26617 . COSPAR: 2000-074A. Apogee: 614 km (381 mi). Perigee: 80 km (49 mi). Inclination: 65.7000 deg. Period: 91.49 min.

    The Kosmos-3M second stage entered an 81 x 614 km x 65.8 deg orbit but failed to restart at apogee, and reentered at the next perigee over Uruguay. The loss of the QuickBird 1 satellite was a heavy blow to EarthWatch Inc. QuickBird1 was a 1-m resolution commerical imaging satellite using a Ball Aerospace BCP-2000 bus. Their earlier satellite, EarlyBird, failed after a few days in orbit in December 1997. EarthWatch's rival, SpaceImaging, lost one satellite as well but its second Ikonos was operating in orbit.


2002 November 20 - . 01:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Orion.
  • VALPE (fairing) test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 135 km (83 mi).

2002 November 20 - . 22:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC37B. Launch Pad: SLC37B. LV Family: Delta IV. Launch Vehicle: Delta 4M+(4,2).
  • Eutelsat W5 - . Payload: Spacebus 3000B2. Mass: 3,170 kg (6,980 lb). Nation: Europe. Agency: Eutelsat. Manufacturer: Cannes. Program: Eutelsat. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: Spacebus 3000. USAF Sat Cat: 27554 . COSPAR: 2002-051A. Apogee: 35,801 km (22,245 mi). Perigee: 35,788 km (22,237 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Period: 1,436.50 min.

    Maiden flight of the Delta 4 EELV booster, delayed due to development problems from January and November 2001, April 30, July 15, August 31, October 9, November 3, 16 and 19. EUTELSAT W5 was a European (EUTELSAT Consortium) geostationary communication spacecraft. EUTELSAT W5 was to provide voice, video, and Internet services to all countries in western Europe, central Asia, and the Indian subcontinent through its 24 Ku-band transponders after being parked over 70.5° E longitude. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 70.55E drifting at 0.004W degrees per day.


2004 November 20 - .
  • Cassini, Post Titan A Apoapsis Maneuver (OTM-6), Successful - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft: Cassini.

2004 November 20 - . 17:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. Launch Pad: SLC17A. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Delta 7320-10C.
  • Swift - . Payload: SA-200LL. Mass: 1,331 kg (2,934 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Manufacturer: Gilbert. Class: Astronomy. Type: Gamma ray astronomy satellite. Spacecraft Bus: SA-200. Spacecraft: Swift. USAF Sat Cat: 28485 . COSPAR: 2004-047A. Apogee: 604 km (375 mi). Perigee: 584 km (362 mi). Inclination: 20.6000 deg. Period: 96.60 min. NASA Medium-class Explorer satellite dedicated to study of gamma ray bursts, the third after the IMAGE and WMAP satellites. Delayed from December 5 and 29, 2003, January 14, April 29, July 15, September 1, October 7 and 26, November 8, 11, 17, 18 and 19..

2005 November 20 - .
  • Hayabusa (MUSES-C), first Asteroid 25143 Itokawa Sample Collection, Failed - . Nation: Japan. Spacecraft: Hayabusa.

2007 November 20 - .
  • ISS On-Orbit Status 11/20/07 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Love, Malenchenko, Tani, Whitson. Program: ISS. Flight: Soyuz TMA-11, STS-122.

    Today 9 years ago, at Baikonur/Kazakhstan a Proton-K rocket, Flight 1A/R, launched the Khrunichev-built FGB (Funktsionalnyi-Grusovoi Blok) Control Module 'Zarya' (Dawn), the first ISS element

    Crew sleep cycle: 1:00am - 4:30pm EST.

    EVA-11 'Bravo' was completed fully successfully in 7 hrs 16 min, accomplishing all objectives plus several get-ahead tasks. During the spacewalk, CDR Peggy Whitson (EV1) and FE-2 Dan Tani (EV2), supported by FE-1 Yuri Malenchenko as intravehicular (IV) crewmember, connected and configured one half of the Node-2 fluid, power, and cooling jumpers. The other half will be done on EVA-12 'Charlie' on 11/24 (Saturday).
    Specifically, the spacewalkers - Additional Details: here....


2007 November 20 - . 10:10 GMT - .
  • EVA ISS EO-16-2 - . Crew: Tani, Whitson. EVA Duration: 0.30 days. Related Persons: Tani, Whitson. Program: ISS. Flight: Soyuz TMA-11. The crew worked on external configuration of the PMA-2 and Harmony modules, including fluid, electrical, data line, avionics line, and heater cable hookups. They also relocated a fluid tray..

2008 November 20 - .
2008 November 20 - .
  • STS-126 - Wakeup Song: Summertime - . Flight: STS-126. "Summertime" played for Mission Specialist Donald Pettit. It was recorded by Bandella. Members of that group include singer Michi Pettit, Don Pettit’s wife, and astronauts Steve Robinson, Chris Hadfield and Cady Coleman..

2008 November 20 - . 02:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Oriole. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Oriole.
  • Aegis Target - . Nation: USA. Class: Military. Type: Anti-satellite system target.

2008 November 20 - . 02:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. Launch Platform: DDG-176. LV Family: Standard-ER. Launch Vehicle: SM-3.
  • Aegis JFTM-2 - . Nation: USA. Agency: JMSDF. Class: Military. Type: Anti-satellite system.

2009 November 20 - .
  • STS-129 - Wakeup Song: We Are Family - . Flight: STS-129. "We Are Family" by Sister Sledge was played for Mission Specialist Leland Melvin..

2009 November 20 - . 10:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U-PVB.
  • Cosmos 2455 - . Payload: Lotos-S. Mass: 6,620 kg (14,590 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: KVR. Class: Surveillance. Type: ELINT. Spacecraft: Lotos-S. USAF Sat Cat: 36095 . COSPAR: 2009-063A. Apogee: 908 km (564 mi). Perigee: 902 km (560 mi). Inclination: 67.2000 deg. Period: 103.10 min.

    First Lotos-S electronic intelligence satellite, built by TsSKB-Progress, Samara and KB Arsenal, Saint Petersburg, using the same bus as the Resurs-DK optical remote sensing satellites. Maneuvered from an initial orbit of 199 km x 904 km x 67.2 deg to operational orbit of 903 km x 906 km on 23 November.


2010 November 20 - . 01:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Kodiak. LV Family: Peacekeeper. Launch Vehicle: Minotaur IV.
  • USA 217 - . Payload: STPSat-2 SIV. Mass: 135 kg (297 lb). Nation: USA. Manufacturer: AeroAstro. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft: Astro-200. USAF Sat Cat: 37222 . COSPAR: 2010-062A. Technology experiments. Lead satellite of USAF Space Test Program mission S26..
  • USA 218 - . Payload: RAX. Mass: 3.00 kg (6.60 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 37223 . COSPAR: 2010-062B. Radio Aurora Explorer, a National Science Foundation 3U cubesat, built by the University of Michigan, to study the aurora by picking up ground-based radar signals..
  • USA 219 - . Payload: O/OREOS. Mass: 5.00 kg (11.00 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Biology. Type: Biology satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 37224 . COSPAR: 2010-062C. 3U cubesat by NASA-Ames with life science experiments to study microbes in free fall and the effects of ultraviolet light on organic materials..
  • USA 220 - . Payload: Fastsat-HSV. Mass: 140 kg (300 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft: Fastsat. USAF Sat Cat: 37225 . COSPAR: 2010-062D. Developed by NASA-Marshall and subcontractors in Huntsville; carried ionospheric and atmospheric experiments, a USAF experiment, and the Nanosail-D2 solar sail..
  • USA 221 - . Payload: Falconsat-5. Mass: 161 kg (354 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft: Falconsat. USAF Sat Cat: 37226 . COSPAR: 2010-062E. US Air Force Academy satellite with experiments to study plasma and the ionosphere..
  • USA 222 - . Payload: Fastrac 1. Mass: 30 kg (66 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Fastrac. Spacecraft: Fastrac satellite. USAF Sat Cat: 37227 . COSPAR: 2010-062F. Developed by University of Texas at Austin with USAF funding for formation flying experiments..
  • Ballast A - . Payload: S26 Ballast A. Nation: USA. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. USAF Sat Cat: 37230 . COSPAR: 2010-062J.
  • USA 228 - . Payload: Fastrac 2. Mass: 30 kg (66 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Fastrac. Spacecraft: Fastrac satellite. USAF Sat Cat: 37380 . COSPAR: 2010-062M. Developed by University of Texas at Austin with USAF funding for formation flying experiments..
  • Ballast B - . Payload: S26 Ballast B. Nation: USA. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. USAF Sat Cat: 37231 . COSPAR: 2010-062K.
  • Nanosail-D - . Mass: 4.00 kg (8.80 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 37361 . COSPAR: 2010-062L. 3U cubesat for NASA with 3-m span solar sail; ejected from USA 220 on 18 January 2011 unexpectedly after earlier ejection efforts failed..

2011 November 20 - . 00:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Jiuquan. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 2D.
  • Chuangxin 1-03 - . Mass: 88 kg (194 lb). Nation: China. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft: CX-1. USAF Sat Cat: 37930 . COSPAR: 2011-068A. Apogee: 805 km (500 mi). Perigee: 784 km (487 mi). Inclination: 98.5000 deg. Period: 100.80 min. Store-dump communications satellite developed by China Academy of Science, Shanghai Academy of Space Technology, and Shanghai Telecomm..
  • Shiyan 4 - . Mass: 204 kg (449 lb). Nation: China. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft: Shiyan. USAF Sat Cat: 37931 . COSPAR: 2011-068B. Apogee: 803 km (498 mi). Perigee: 784 km (487 mi). Inclination: 98.5000 deg. Period: 100.70 min. Civilian resource satellite with digital imaging system capable of stereo Earth-terrain mapping..

2012 November 20 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-M/Briz-M.
  • Echostar 16 - . Mass: 6,650 kg (14,660 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft: FS-1300. USAF Sat Cat: 39008 . COSPAR: 2012-065A. Apogee: 35,799 km (22,244 mi). Perigee: 35,773 km (22,228 mi). Inclination: 0.0200 deg. Period: 1,436.09 min.

    Geosynchronous direct broadcast satellite leased to DISH Network for use in direct-to-Home services in the United States. Payload 32 Ku-band high-power transponders, stationed at 61.5 deg W. Carried a Ku-band television payload, had a dry mass of 3520 kg plus 3130 kg of propellant.


2013 November 20 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. Launch Complex: Wallops Island LA0B. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minotaur 1.
  • Prometheus 1-1 - . Mass: 2.00 kg (4.40 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. Decay Date: 2015-12-12 . USAF Sat Cat: 39406 . COSPAR: 2013-064AC. Apogee: 482 km (299 mi). Perigee: 473 km (293 mi). Inclination: 40.5100 deg. Period: 94.15 min. 1.5 U Cubesat; part of a constellation of low orbit military tactical communications satellites for the US Southern Command (SOCOM); developed by Los Alamos..
  • Prometheus 1-1 - . Mass: 2.00 kg (4.40 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. Decay Date: 2015-12-12 . USAF Sat Cat: 39406 . COSPAR: 2013-064AC. Apogee: 482 km (299 mi). Perigee: 473 km (293 mi). Inclination: 40.5100 deg. Period: 94.15 min. 1.5 U Cubesat; part of a constellation of low orbit military tactical communications satellites for the US Southern Command (SOCOM); developed by Los Alamos..
  • Prometheus 1-3 - . Mass: 2.00 kg (4.40 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. Decay Date: 2015-12-08 . USAF Sat Cat: 39408 . COSPAR: 2013-064AE. Apogee: 482 km (299 mi). Perigee: 473 km (293 mi). Inclination: 40.5100 deg. Period: 94.16 min. 1.5 U Cubesat; part of a constellation of low orbit military tactical communications satellites for the US Southern Command (SOCOM); developed by Los Alamos..
  • ORSES - . Mass: 4.00 kg (8.80 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. Decay Date: 2016-01-03 . USAF Sat Cat: 39386 . COSPAR: 2013-064G. Apogee: 483 km (300 mi). Perigee: 474 km (294 mi). Inclination: 40.5000 deg. Period: 94.17 min. 3U ORS Enabler Satellite, a tactical communications satellite for the USAF Operationally Responsive Space office and the US Space and Missile Defense Command..
  • ORS Tech 1 - . Mass: 5.00 kg (11.00 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. Decay Date: 2015-03-23 . USAF Sat Cat: 39387 . COSPAR: 2013-064H. Apogee: 473 km (293 mi). Perigee: 457 km (283 mi). Inclination: 40.5200 deg. Period: 93.90 min. Cubesat; 3U technology demonstration satellites for USAF Operationally Responsive Space office developed by APL..
  • Prometheus 1-4 - . Mass: 2.00 kg (4.40 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. Decay Date: 2015-12-13 . USAF Sat Cat: 39390 . COSPAR: 2013-064L. Apogee: 482 km (299 mi). Perigee: 474 km (294 mi). Inclination: 40.5000 deg. Period: 94.16 min. 1.5 U Cubesat; part of a constellation of low orbit military tactical communications satellites for the US Southern Command (SOCOM); developed by Los Alamos..
  • Prometheus 1-2 - . Mass: 2.00 kg (4.40 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. Decay Date: 2015-12-10 . USAF Sat Cat: 39391 . COSPAR: 2013-064M. Apogee: 482 km (299 mi). Perigee: 474 km (294 mi). Inclination: 40.5000 deg. Period: 94.16 min. 1.5 U Cubesat; part of a constellation of low orbit military tactical communications satellites for the US Southern Command (SOCOM); developed by Los Alamos..
  • Prometheus 1-5 - . Mass: 2.00 kg (4.40 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. Decay Date: 2015-11-29 . USAF Sat Cat: 39393 . COSPAR: 2013-064P. Apogee: 482 km (299 mi). Perigee: 472 km (293 mi). Inclination: 40.5200 deg. Period: 94.14 min. 1.5 U Cubesat; part of a constellation of low orbit military tactical communications satellites for the US Southern Command (SOCOM); developed by Los Alamos..
  • Prometheus 1-6 - . Mass: 2.00 kg (4.40 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. Decay Date: 2015-12-10 . USAF Sat Cat: 39394 . COSPAR: 2013-064Q. Apogee: 482 km (299 mi). Perigee: 473 km (293 mi). Inclination: 40.5200 deg. Period: 94.16 min. 1.5 U Cubesat; part of a constellation of low orbit military tactical communications satellites for the US Southern Command (SOCOM); developed by Los Alamos..
  • ORS Tech 2 - . Mass: 5.00 kg (11.00 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. Decay Date: 2015-04-03 . USAF Sat Cat: 39396 . COSPAR: 2013-064S. Apogee: 474 km (294 mi). Perigee: 458 km (284 mi). Inclination: 40.5200 deg. Period: 93.92 min. Cubesat; 3U technology demonstration satellites for USAF Operationally Responsive Space office developed by APL..
  • Prometheus 1-8 - . Mass: 2.00 kg (4.40 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. Decay Date: 2015-12-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 39401 . COSPAR: 2013-064X. Apogee: 481 km (298 mi). Perigee: 473 km (293 mi). Inclination: 40.5200 deg. Period: 94.15 min. 1.5 U Cubesat; part of a constellation of low orbit military tactical communications satellites for the US Southern Command (SOCOM); developed by Los Alamos..
  • STPSAT-3 - . Mass: 180 kg (390 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft: Astro-200. USAF Sat Cat: 39380 . COSPAR: 2013-064A. Apogee: 498 km (309 mi). Perigee: 493 km (306 mi). Inclination: 40.5200 deg. Period: 94.52 min.

    Carried technology and space weather experiments, including a Total Solar Irradiance sensor, TCTE, to provide data lost when the Glory launch failed. Also on the launch vehicle were two CubeStack wafers which eject a record total of 28 cubesats. The upper wafer carried four 6U Cubesat dispensers for NRO missions, and the lower wafer carried eight 3U P-POD cubesat dispensers for various payloads including NASA's ELANA IV cubesat cluster.

  • Firefly - . Mass: 3.00 kg (6.60 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Science. Type: Science satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 39404 . COSPAR: 2013-064AA. Apogee: 487 km (302 mi). Perigee: 482 km (299 mi). Inclination: 40.5200 deg. Period: 94.30 min. Cubesat; a 3U science sat for the National Science Foundation built by the Hawk Institute for Space Sciences in Maryland in collaboration with Siena College, that studied terrestrial gamma-ray flashes..
  • PhoneSat-2.4 - . Mass: 1.00 kg (2.20 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. Decay Date: 2017-01-31 . USAF Sat Cat: 39381 . COSPAR: 2013-064B. Apogee: 487 km (302 mi). Perigee: 480 km (290 mi). Inclination: 40.5000 deg. Period: 94.28 min. Cubesat from NASA-Ames, with systems based on a Nexus/Android cellphone..
  • ChargerSat 1 - . Mass: 1.00 kg (2.20 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. Decay Date: 2016-03-19 . USAF Sat Cat: 39405 . COSPAR: 2013-064AB. Apogee: 484 km (300 mi). Perigee: 476 km (295 mi). Inclination: 40.5000 deg. Period: 94.21 min. Cubesat from University of Alabama-Huntsville..
  • CAPE 2 - . Mass: 1.00 kg (2.20 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. Decay Date: 2014-10-23 . USAF Sat Cat: 39382 . COSPAR: 2013-064C. Apogee: 445 km (276 mi). Perigee: 417 km (259 mi). Inclination: 40.4900 deg. Period: 93.20 min. Cubesat from University of Louisiana-Lafayette..
  • DragonSat - . Mass: 1.00 kg (2.20 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. Decay Date: 2016-08-31 . USAF Sat Cat: 39383 . COSPAR: 2013-064D. Apogee: 487 km (302 mi). Perigee: 478 km (297 mi). Inclination: 40.5100 deg. Period: 94.26 min. Cubesat from Drexel University, Penn. and the US Naval Academy, Annapolis..
  • Vermont Lunar Cubesat - . Mass: 1.00 kg (2.20 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. Decay Date: 2015-11-21 . USAF Sat Cat: 39407 . COSPAR: 2013-064AD. Apogee: 482 km (299 mi). Perigee: 473 km (293 mi). Inclination: 40.5300 deg. Period: 94.15 min. 1U cubesat from Vermont Technical College, testing equipment for a proposed future lunar mission. Testing navigation components to be used in a follow up 3U ion drive CubeSat to the Moon. Successful. First university satellite from New England..
  • KySat-2 - . Mass: 1.00 kg (2.20 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. Decay Date: 2015-02-12 . USAF Sat Cat: 39384 . COSPAR: 2013-064E. Apogee: 470 km (290 mi). Perigee: 452 km (280 mi). Inclination: 40.5000 deg. Period: 93.81 min. Cubesat from Kentucky Space, Lexington, Kentucky..
  • ORS-3 - . Nation: USA. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft: ORS-3. Decay Date: 2015-09-17 . USAF Sat Cat: 39385 . COSPAR: 2013-064F. Apogee: 481 km (298 mi). Perigee: 469 km (291 mi). Inclination: 40.5300 deg. Period: 94.10 min. The ORS-3 Minotaur final stage carried an experimental launch tracking system and a drag device to reduce the amount of time it spent in orbit..
  • TJ3Sat - . Mass: 1.00 kg (2.20 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. Decay Date: 2015-09-17 . USAF Sat Cat: 39385 . COSPAR: 2013-064F. Apogee: 481 km (298 mi). Perigee: 469 km (291 mi). Inclination: 40.5300 deg. Period: 94.10 min. Cubesat from Thomas Jefferson High School, Virginia..
  • SENSE-A - . Payload: SENSE SV1. Mass: 3.00 kg (6.60 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Earth. Type: Ionosphere satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. Decay Date: 2015-03-21 . USAF Sat Cat: 39388 . COSPAR: 2013-064J. Apogee: 473 km (293 mi). Perigee: 459 km (285 mi). Inclination: 40.5200 deg. Period: 93.91 min. 3U Cubesat ionospheric monitoring satellite for the USAF Space and Missile Center..
  • NPS-SCAT - . Mass: 1.00 kg (2.20 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. Decay Date: 2015-10-28 . USAF Sat Cat: 39389 . COSPAR: 2013-064K. Apogee: 482 km (299 mi). Perigee: 471 km (292 mi). Inclination: 40.5000 deg. Period: 94.13 min. Cubesat for the US Navy Postgraduate School, with a solar cell exposure experiment..
  • SENSE-B - . Payload: SENSE SV2. Mass: 3.00 kg (6.60 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Earth. Type: Ionosphere satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 39392 . COSPAR: 2013-064N. Apogee: 491 km (305 mi). Perigee: 483 km (300 mi). Inclination: 40.5100 deg. Period: 94.35 min. 3U Cubesat ionospheric monitoring satellite for the USAF Space and Missile Center..
  • COPPER - . Mass: 1.00 kg (2.20 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. Decay Date: 2016-02-04 . USAF Sat Cat: 39395 . COSPAR: 2013-064R. Apogee: 484 km (300 mi). Perigee: 475 km (295 mi). Inclination: 40.5000 deg. Period: 94.19 min. Cubesat from Saint Louis University, Missouri..
  • Horus/STARE-B - . Mass: 3.00 kg (6.60 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Surveillance. Type: Orbital object tracking satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 39397 . COSPAR: 2013-064T. Apogee: 489 km (303 mi). Perigee: 482 km (299 mi). Inclination: 40.5100 deg. Period: 94.32 min. Cubesat; a 3U Lawrence Livermore experiment for space debris monitoring..
  • Black Knight 1 - . Mass: 1.00 kg (2.20 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. Decay Date: 2015-07-16 . USAF Sat Cat: 39398 . COSPAR: 2013-064U. Apogee: 479 km (297 mi). Perigee: 467 km (290 mi). Inclination: 40.5300 deg. Period: 94.06 min. Cubesat for the US Military Academy at West Point, New York..
  • Trailblazer - . Mass: 1.00 kg (2.20 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. Decay Date: 2016-05-22 . USAF Sat Cat: 39400 . COSPAR: 2013-064W. Apogee: 485 km (301 mi). Perigee: 477 km (296 mi). Inclination: 40.5100 deg. Period: 94.23 min. Cubesat from University of New Mexico-Albequerque..
  • SwampSat - . Mass: 1.00 kg (2.20 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. Decay Date: 2015-12-13 . USAF Sat Cat: 39402 . COSPAR: 2013-064Y. Apogee: 483 km (300 mi). Perigee: 473 km (293 mi). Inclination: 40.5000 deg. Period: 94.17 min. Cubesat from University of Florida-Gainesville..
  • Ho oponopono 2 - . Mass: 3.00 kg (6.60 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Surveillance. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 39403 . COSPAR: 2013-064Z. Apogee: 492 km (305 mi). Perigee: 485 km (301 mi). Inclination: 40.5300 deg. Period: 94.38 min. 3U Cubesat for radar calibration, from University of Hawaii-Manoa..

2013 November 20 - . 03:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Taiyuan. Launch Pad: xxx. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 4C.
  • Yaogan 19 - . Payload: Jianbing 9. Mass: 2,500 kg (5,500 lb). Nation: China. Class: Surveillance. Type: Surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Jianbing. Spacecraft: JB-9. USAF Sat Cat: 39410 . COSPAR: 2013-065A. Apogee: 1,208 km (750 mi). Perigee: 1,201 km (746 mi). Inclination: 100.4500 deg. Period: 109.51 min. Thought to be an imaging satellite similar to Yaogan 8..

2013 November 20 - . 07:58 GMT - . Launch Site: ISS.
  • TechEdSat-3p - . Mass: 5.00 kg (11.00 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft: Cubesat. Decay Date: 2014-01-16 . USAF Sat Cat: 39415 . COSPAR: 1998-067DD. Apogee: 227 km (141 mi). Perigee: 205 km (127 mi). Inclination: 51.6200 deg. Period: 88.81 min.

    On 19 November a J-SSOD cubesat deployer was retrieved from the Kibo module airlock by the JEM RMS arm and moved to a deployment position. On 20 November it released this 3U cubesat from NASA-Ames and San Jose State University, which deployed an 0.6m `Exobrake' sail to test a way to increase the cubesat's drag and make it reenter quickly.


2013 November 20 - . 11:40 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant IX.
  • NASA 36.296UG - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 277 km (172 mi). Ultraviolet astronomy mission. Second flight of ultraviolet FORTIS telescope to get spectra of comet ISON..

2014 November 20 - . 07:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Jiuquan. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 2D.
  • Yaogan 24 - . Payload: Jianbing 6. Mass: 1,300 kg (2,800 lb). Nation: China. Class: Surveillance. Type: Surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Jianbing. Spacecraft: JB-6. USAF Sat Cat: 40310 . COSPAR: 2014-072A. Apogee: 652 km (405 mi). Perigee: 627 km (389 mi). Inclination: 97.9500 deg. Period: 97.51 min. Imaging spy satellite in the same series as Yaogan 2, 4, 7, and 11. The CZ-2D second stage was deorbited after deploying the satellite. Sun synchronous orbit; 1330 GMT local time of the descending node..

2015 November 20 - . 16:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Xichang. Launch Complex: Xichang LC2. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 3B.
  • LaoSat 1 - . Nation: China. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: DFH-3. USAF Sat Cat: 41034 . COSPAR: 2015-067A. Apogee: 41,778 km (25,959 mi). Perigee: 189 km (117 mi). Inclination: 18.4000 deg.

    Chinese-built DFH-3B communications satellite for Laos. LaoSat-1 was owned by Lao Satellite Joint Venture Co, a collab between China APMT Co. and the Lao National Authority for Science and Tech. LaoSat-1 was placed in a 189 x 41778 km x 18.4 deg geotransfer orbit. Onboard liquid thruster raised orbit to GEO at 128.5 deg E



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