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On June 12 in Space History

1900 June 12 - .
  • Birth of Wallace Reed Brode - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Brode. American scientist. Associate director of the National Bureau of Standards 1947-1958..

1924 June 12 - .
  • Birth of George H W Bush - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Bush. American Politician. George H.W. Bush served as president of the United States between 1989 and 1993. Before that time he had been a diplomat, director of the CIA, and vice president under Ronald Reagan.

1947 June 12 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: WAC. Launch Vehicle: WAC B.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA OR. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1949 June 12 - .
  • Birth of Yuri Mikhailovich Baturin - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Baturin. Jewish-Russian engineer cosmonaut 1997-2009. Flew on Mir EP-4, ISS EP-1..

1952 June 12 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Nike Ajax. Launch Vehicle: Nike Ajax.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1953 June 12 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: MGR-1.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1954 June 12 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-1 8A11.
1955 June 12 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Nike Ajax. Launch Vehicle: Nike Ajax.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1956 June 12 - .
  • System Requirement 126 for Robo rocket-bomber. - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft: Bomi, Dynasoar, Robo. ARDC headquarters issued System Requirement 126, outlining the requirements for a rocket-bomber, named Robo..

1958 June 12 - .
  • Birth of Fernando 'Frank' Caldeiro - . Nation: Argentina, USA. Related Persons: Caldeiro. Hispanic-American engineer mission specialist astronaut, 1996-2009..

1958 June 12 - . 01:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC6. LV Family: Redstone. Launch Vehicle: Jupiter A.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1959 June 12 - .
  • Source Selection Panel to evaluate Mercury tracking proposals. - . Nation: USA. Program: Mercury.

    A Source Selection Panel and a Technical Evaluation Board were organized and manned at the Langley Research Center to evaluate Mercury tracking and ground instrument action proposals. Technical evaluation of proposals was started on June 23, 1959, with seven companies under consideration. These were - in addition to Western Electric - Aeronutronics, Radio Corporation of America, Pan American Airways, Brown and Root, Chrysler Corporation, and Philco Corporation.


1961 June 12 - . 15:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC25A. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A2.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1962 June 12 - . 20:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Delamar Dry Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A RCS check, M=5 test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 56 km (34 mi). Maximum Speed - 5659 kph. Maximum Altitude - 56270 m. Air dropped in Delamar Dry Lake DZ..

1962 June 12 - . 21:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Extreme ultraviolet Monochromator Solar extreme ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 299 km (185 mi).

1963 June 12 - .
  • Vostok 5 preparations - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Bykovsky. Flight: Vostok 5. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Vostok. The next two days are spent waiting - on the beach in the heat, in fishing, and in politics between the brass at the site. .

1963 June 12 - .
  • Skip lunar reentry trajectories studied for Apollo - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM, CSM Recovery. The Mission Analysis Branch (MAB) of MSC's Flight Operations Division studied the phenomenon of a spacecraft's "skip" when reentering the earth's atmosphere from lunar trajectories and how that skip relates to landing accuracies.. Additional Details: here....

1963 June 12 - .
  • Brainerd-Holmes resignation as NASA's Deputy Associate Administrator - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Holmes, Brainard. Program: Apollo. D. Brainerd-Holmes announced his resignation as NASA's Deputy Associate Administrator and Director of Manned Space Flight, effective sometime in the fall. He had joined NASA in 1961 and was returning to industry..

1963 June 12 - .
  • Webb rules out Mercury MA-10 shot - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Webb. Program: Mercury. Flight: Mercury MA-10. Spacecraft: Mercury, Mercury Mark I.

    Testifying before the Senate Space Committee, James E. Webb, the NASA Administrator, said: 'There will be no further Mercury shots . . .' He felt that the manned space flight energies and personnel should focus on the Gemini and Apollo programs. Thus, after a period of 4 years, 8 months, and 1 week, Project Mercury, America's first manned space flight program, came to a close.


1963 June 12 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 1.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1963 June 12 - . Launch Site: Tonopah. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Tomahawk.
  • Seagull (IQSY) test - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 105 km (65 mi). Seagull (IQSY). Technology test of NASA version..

1963 June 12 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC3E. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas Agena B. FAILURE: Failure. Failed Stage: U.
  • Midas 8 - . Payload: Midas / Agena TV 1204. Mass: 2,000 kg (4,400 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Early warning satellite. Spacecraft Bus: WS-117. Spacecraft: Midas. Decay Date: 1963-06-12 . Missile Defense Alarm System. Carried ERS-7, ERS-8 subsatellites..
  • TRS 8 - . Payload: ERS 8. Mass: 1,840 kg (4,050 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Spacecraft Bus: WS-117. Spacecraft: Midas.
  • TRS 7 - . Payload: ERS 7. Mass: 1,840 kg (4,050 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Spacecraft Bus: WS-117. Spacecraft: Midas.

1963 June 12 - . 09:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 576A3. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D.
  • NTMP - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,800 km (1,100 mi).

1963 June 12 - . 09:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. LV Family: Spartan ABM. Launch Vehicle: Nike Zeus.
  • K-15 Atlas Intercept - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1963 June 12 - . 23:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC1W. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor SLV-2A Agena D.
  • KH-4 9054 - . Payload: KH-4 s/n 9054 / Agena D 1161 / OPS 0954. Mass: 1,500 kg (3,300 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: CIA, NRO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: WS-117. Spacecraft: KH-4. Decay Date: 1963-07-11 . USAF Sat Cat: 590 . COSPAR: 1963-019A. Apogee: 416 km (258 mi). Perigee: 193 km (119 mi). Inclination: 81.8000 deg. Period: 90.70 min. KH-4. Some imagery seriously affected by corona..

1964 June 12 - . LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan II.
  • Christopher C. Kraft, Jr., Assistant Director for Flight Operations, Manned Spacecraft Center, reported that three basic plans were under study for rendezvous missions. - . Nation: USA. Flight: Gemini 6.

    Rendezvous at first apogee would probably be rejected because of possible dispersions which might necessitate plane changes. Rendezvous from concentric orbits seemed to be desirable because of the freedom in selection of the geographic position of rendezvous. Major work thus far, however, had been expended on the tangential rendezvous. Subsequently, the concentric orbit plan was chosen for Gemini-Titan 6, the first rendezvous mission.


1964 June 12 - . 05:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Agate. Launch Vehicle: Rubis.
  • A-1 capsule test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 1,800 km (1,100 mi).

1965 June 12 - . 15:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: HJ Nike Nike.
  • LRL BOX-1 X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 172 km (106 mi).

1965 June 12 - . 19:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VB.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: Bristol. Apogee: 378 km (234 mi).

1966 June 12 - . 05:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Sandia 154-55 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 165 km (102 mi).

1966 June 12 - . 07:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Sandia 154-52 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1966 June 12 - . 08:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Sandia 154-56 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 170 km (100 mi).

1967 June 12 - . 02:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M.
  • Venera 4 - . Payload: 1V (V-67) s/n 310. Mass: 1,104 kg (2,433 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Venera. Class: Venus. Type: Venus probe. Spacecraft Bus: 2MV. Spacecraft: Venera 1V (V-67). Decay Date: 1967-10-18 . USAF Sat Cat: 2840 . COSPAR: 1967-058A.

    Venera 4 was successfully launched towards the planet Venus with the announced mission of direct atmospheric studies. On October 18, 1967, the descent vehicle entered the Venusian atmosphere. Signals were returned by the spacecraft, which deployed a parachute after braking to subsonic velocity in the Venusian atmosphere, until it reached an altitude of 24.96 km.


1967 June 12 - . 18:06 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 165 - . Payload: DS-P1-Yu s/n 11. Mass: 250 kg (550 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-Yu. Completed Operations Date: 1967-06-24 . Decay Date: 1968-01-15 . USAF Sat Cat: 2842 . COSPAR: 1967-059A. Apogee: 1,514 km (940 mi). Perigee: 200 km (120 mi). Inclination: 81.8000 deg. Period: 102.00 min. Development of systems for air defence and the control of outer space..

1968 June 12 - .
  • State Commission on Soyuz. - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Leonov, Ustinov. Program: Soyuz. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-OK.

    Mishin wants one more unpiloted Soyuz launch, resulting in a 0+1 unmanned/manned test flight in September, to be followed by the design 1+3 mission with crew transfer in November/December. The reserve chute failed in tests at an SA re-entry capsule mass of 2800 kg. Therefore, Mishin feels the 0+1 mission would be safe, resulting in a mass for the manned capsule of 2650 kg. But Ustinov insists on the 1+3 mission, meaning an SA mass of 2750 kg. Another consideration is that the capsule may need ballast anyway in order to obtain the correct centre of gravity location for the lifting re-entry manoeuvres. It must be balanced in such a way so that it can re-enter the atmosphere at its maximum 23 degree angle of attack.


1968 June 12 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 395-C. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan II.
  • Glory Trip 08T - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi). FOT GT08T Follow-on Test launch.

1968 June 12 - . 09:08 GMT - . Launch Site: Arecibo. Launch Complex: Arecibo VB. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • DOGWOOD Aeronomy / Fields mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: DARPA. Apogee: 188 km (116 mi).

1968 June 12 - . 10:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark.
1968 June 12 - . 13:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Vostok 8A92M.
  • Cosmos 226 - . Payload: Meteor no. 10. Mass: 4,730 kg (10,420 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Meteor. Spacecraft: Meteor. Decay Date: 1983-10-18 . USAF Sat Cat: 3282 . COSPAR: 1968-049A. Apogee: 639 km (397 mi). Perigee: 579 km (359 mi). Inclination: 81.2000 deg. Period: 96.90 min. Investigation of the upper atmosphere and outer space. .

1968 June 12 - . 15:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Smith Ranch Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A WTR/SA TPS/HS/FAB Test/Technology mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 67 km (41 mi). Maximum Speed - 5733 kph. Maximum Altitude - 67090 m. Air dropped in Smith Ranch Lake DZ..

1968 June 12 - . 22:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • DLR K-NA-12 Meteorites mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR, NASA. Apogee: 183 km (113 mi).

1969 June 12 - . Launch Site: Nizhniy Tagil. LV Family: R-16. Launch Vehicle: R-16U.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,210 km (750 mi).

1969 June 12 - . 22:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: UNKO. Launch Platform: SHIP-SOV. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1970 June 12 - .
1970 June 12 - . 01:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA6A. LV Family: Blue Streak. Launch Vehicle: Europa I. FAILURE: Payload fairing failed to separate.. Failed Stage: S.
  • Europa F-9 / STV 3 - . Mass: 249 kg (548 lb). Nation: Europe. Agency: ELDO. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: STV. Spacecraft: STV. Decay Date: 1970-06-12 . COSPAR: F700612A. Apogee: 2,000 km (1,200 mi).

1970 June 12 - . 09:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC86/4. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 347 - . Payload: DS-P1-Yu s/n 35. Mass: 250 kg (550 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-Yu. Completed Operations Date: 1970-11-13 . Decay Date: 1971-11-07 . USAF Sat Cat: 4411 . COSPAR: 1970-043A. Apogee: 373 km (231 mi). Perigee: 173 km (107 mi). Inclination: 48.3000 deg. Period: 89.90 min. Development of systems for air defence and the control of outer space..

1971 June 12 - .
  • Soyuz 11 Day 7 - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Dobrovolsky, Filipchenko, Lazarev, Patsayev, Volkov, Vorobyov. Program: Salyut. Flight: Soyuz 11.

    Launch, docking, and the first five days of work by the Soyuz 11 crew aboard the Salyut 1 station proceeded with virtually no failures whatsoever. Cosmonauts Filipchenko, Lavarev, and Vorobyov will fly with Kamanin to Yevpatoriya to act as capcoms and cosmonaut centre liaisons for the rest of the mission.


1971 June 12 - . 19:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique 61M.
  • GESAIR Biological/Geophysics mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 210 km (130 mi). FU194 GESAIR, Ionosphere + Biology mission..

1972 June 12 - . 15:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Antigua. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Met Para, Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 51 km (31 mi).

1973 June 12 - . 01:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 70 km (43 mi).

1973 June 12 - . 07:14 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC40. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan IIIC.
  • IMEWS 4 - . Payload: DSP Phase 1 s/n 4 / OPS 6157. Mass: 900 kg (1,980 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Early warning satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DSP. Spacecraft: DSP. Completed Operations Date: 1980-11-01 . USAF Sat Cat: 6691 . COSPAR: 1973-040A. Apogee: 35,786 km (22,236 mi). Perigee: 35,777 km (22,230 mi). Inclination: 0.3000 deg. Period: 1,435.90 min.

    First generation geosynchronous ballistic missile launch detection satellite, remained in service for over seven years. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit over the Indian Ocean at 75E in 1973; over the Americas at 105 deg W in 1979-1980. As of 1983 Jan 3 located at 73.21W drifting at 1.648W degrees per day.


1973 June 12 - . 16:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Ute Tomahawk.
  • D / E region ions Aeronomy / plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF CRL. Apogee: 124 km (77 mi).

1973 June 12 - . 16:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Ute Tomahawk.
  • D / E region ions Aeronomy / plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF CRL. Apogee: 125 km (77 mi).

1974 June 12 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M20.
  • Operational test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 600 km (370 mi).

1974 June 12 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VI.
  • STS - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 67 km (41 mi).

1975 June 12 - . 08:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC2W. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Delta 2910.
  • Nimbus 6 - . Payload: Nimbus F. Mass: 829 kg (1,827 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Nimbus. Spacecraft: Nimbus. USAF Sat Cat: 7924 . COSPAR: 1975-052A. Apogee: 1,114 km (692 mi). Perigee: 1,101 km (684 mi). Inclination: 100.0000 deg. Period: 107.40 min.

    Environmental research. The experiments selected for Nimbus-6 were the earth radiation budget (ERB), electrically scanning microwave radiometer (ESMR), high-resolution infrared radiation sounder (HIRS), limb radiance inversion radiometer (LRIR), pressure modulated radiometer (PMR), scanning microwave spectrometer (SCAMS), temperature-humidity infrared radiometer (THIR), tracking and data relay experiment (T+DRE), and the tropical wind energy conversion and reference level experiment (TWERLE). This complement of advanced sensors was capable of mapping tropospheric temperature, water vapor abundance, and cloud water content; providing vertical profiles of temperature, ozone, and water vapor; transmitting real-time data to a geostationary spacecraft (ATS 6); and yielding data on the earth's radiation budget.


1975 June 12 - . 12:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Cosmos 743 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-4MK. Duration: 13.00 days. Decay Date: 1975-06-25 . USAF Sat Cat: 7925 . COSPAR: 1975-053A. Apogee: 331 km (205 mi). Perigee: 181 km (112 mi). Inclination: 62.8000 deg. Period: 89.60 min. High resolution photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1977 June 12 - . 23:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 79 km (49 mi).

1978 June 12 - . 08:45 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Aries. Launch Vehicle: Aries.
  • Astro 8-2 X-ray astronomy / microgravity mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 355 km (220 mi).

1978 June 12 - . 10:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Cosmos 1022 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-4MKM. Duration: 13.00 days. Decay Date: 1978-06-25 . USAF Sat Cat: 10944 . COSPAR: 1978-059A. Apogee: 344 km (213 mi). Perigee: 171 km (106 mi). Inclination: 72.8000 deg. Period: 89.70 min. High resolution photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1979 June 12 - .
  • Fifth static firing, MPTA-098, flight nozzles - . Nation: USA. Program: STS. Fifth static firing, MPTA-098, NSTL, flight nozzles (54 seconds, early cutoff, accelerometer filters).

1979 June 12 - . 07:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/4. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Cosmos 1106 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-2M satellite. Duration: 13.00 days. Decay Date: 1979-06-25 . USAF Sat Cat: 11399 . COSPAR: 1979-054A. Apogee: 237 km (147 mi). Perigee: 216 km (134 mi). Inclination: 81.4000 deg. Period: 89.10 min.

    Zenit-2M area survey photo reconnaissance satellite used for earth resources studies as part of 'Gektor-Priroda' project. Investigation of the natural resources of the earth in the interests of various branches of the national economy of the USSR and international cooperation.

  • Nauka Cosmos 1106 - . Payload: Nauka?. Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Spacecraft Bus: Nauka. Spacecraft: Nauka. Decay Date: 1979-06-30 . USAF Sat Cat: 11415 . COSPAR: 1979-054D. Apogee: 204 km (126 mi). Perigee: 197 km (122 mi). Inclination: 81.3000 deg. Period: 88.50 min.

1980 June 12 - .
  • International Cosmonaut Training Group selected. - . Nation: France. Related Persons: Baudry. French astronaut trained for a flight to the Salyut space station..

1980 June 12 - . 12:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Cosmos 1187 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-6U. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1980-06-26 . USAF Sat Cat: 11837 . COSPAR: 1980-048A. Apogee: 294 km (182 mi). Perigee: 194 km (120 mi). Inclination: 72.9000 deg. Period: 89.40 min. Photo surveillance; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1981 June 12 - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. Launch Complex: Kwajalein RN. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: DOT.
  • DOT 4 Interceptor mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 303 km (188 mi).

1981 June 12 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF09. Launch Pad: LF09?. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3.
  • FOT GT82GM Follow-on Test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1982 June 12 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U. FAILURE: Failure. Failed Stage: U.
  • Yantar-4K1 - . Mass: 6,600 kg (14,500 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: UNKS. Spacecraft Bus: Yantar. Spacecraft: Yantar-4K1. High resolution photo reconnaissance; returned film in two small SpK capsules during the mission and with the main capsule at completion of the mission..

1984 June 12 - . 20:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 70 km (43 mi).

1985 June 12 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Eareckson. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 51 km (31 mi).

1986 June 12 - . 04:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32. Launch Pad: LC32/1. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Cosmos 1758 - . Payload: Tselina-D no. 56. Mass: 1,600 kg (3,500 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Tselina-D. Spacecraft: Tselina-D. USAF Sat Cat: 16791 . COSPAR: 1986-046A. Apogee: 636 km (395 mi). Perigee: 603 km (374 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 97.10 min. Replaced Cosmos 1666..

1987 June 12 - . 07:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/4. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M.
  • Cosmos 1851 - . Payload: Oko #54. Mass: 1,800 kg (3,900 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Early warning satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Oko. Spacecraft: Oko. USAF Sat Cat: 18103 . COSPAR: 1987-050A. Apogee: 33,453 km (20,786 mi). Perigee: 6,926 km (4,303 mi). Inclination: 67.9000 deg. Period: 718.30 min. Covered Oko constellation plane 6 - 113 degree longitude of ascending node..

1987 June 12 - . 16:55 GMT - .
1988 June 12 - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: RH. Launch Vehicle: RH-200.
  • Meteorological Chaff Meteorological mission - . Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 70 km (43 mi).

1990 June 12 - . 03:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: R-36M. Launch Vehicle: R-36M2 15A18M.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1990 June 12 - . 05:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17B. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Delta 4925-8.
  • Insat 1D - . Mass: 1,190 kg (2,620 lb). Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Program: Insat. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Insat 1. Spacecraft: Insat 1. USAF Sat Cat: 20643 . COSPAR: 1990-051A. Apogee: 35,851 km (22,276 mi). Perigee: 35,729 km (22,200 mi). Inclination: 3.7000 deg. Period: 1,436.30 min.

    Also performed Indian domestic communications tasks; 83.1 E. Operational multi-purpose satellite for telecommunications, meteorological imaging and data relay, radio and television programme distribution and direct television broadcasting for community reception. Orbital position 83 deg E. Also registered as 1990-5 1A in ST/SG/SER.E/250 by the United States, with category B and orbital parameters 1426.3 min, 35768 x 35811 km x 0.2 deg. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 83 deg E in 1990-1999; 74 deg E in 1999-2000 As of 5 September 2001 located at 73.85 deg E drifting at 0.000 deg E per day. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 71.63E drifting at 0.039E degrees per day.


1991 June 12 - .
  • STS-40 - Wakeup Song: Twistin' the Night Away - . Flight: STS-40. "Twistin' the Night Away" by Sam Cooke, from the movie,"Animal House".

1994 June 12 - . Launch Site: Palmachim. Launch Complex: Palmachim IAFTR. Launch Platform: SHIP-ISR. LV Family: Arrow. Launch Vehicle: Arrow 1.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Israel. Agency: IAI. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1995 June 12 - . 14:38 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Delta Clipper. Launch Vehicle: DC-X.
  • Nation: USA. Agency: BMDO. Apogee: 1.00 km (0.60 mi). First use of reaction control system thrusters; demonstrated change of angle of attack from 0 to 70 degrees. Reached altitude of 1740 m during a 132 second flight..

1997 June 12 - .
  • Mir News 360: Progress-M35 - . Nation: Russia. Program: Mir. Flight: Soyuz TM-25, STS-84 Mir NASA-4.

    This freighter is on schedule for late this month. If launch and flight will go as planned Progress-M34 will have to leave the aft docking port (+X-axis) the day before the arrival of Progress-M35. Apart from the normal cargo a badly needed component for the Antares-transmitter on board Mir has to be delivered by Progress-M35. Until the restoration of Mir's satellite relay system audio and video downlinks will be limited to ground station passes.

    Progress-M34: It might be possible that before the departure for decay in the Earth's atmosphere the Russians will execute an autonomous flight with the old freighter to test the TORU system. Thus far no confirmation about this operation. Radio-amateurism: The fact that the Mir-crew is active again on the radio-amateur-frequencies confirms that the situation on board though not fully back to normal, improved to such a degree that they got more time to relax.

    During almost every pass within our range the amateur station in the 145 mc band is active, mostly in Packet Radio, but also in Phone. Mike Foale (call KB5UAC) or the Russians (R0Mir) can be heard on Mir's downlink 145.800 mc. (uplink 145.200 mc). The crew transmitted a P/R message in which they said that they planned to increase P/R traffic. In another P/R message they reported that the Safex-2 transponder in the Priroda Module is operational again. Downlink is 437.950 mc, uplink 435.750 mc. To open the transponder a CTCSS tone of 141.3 hertz is needed. During docking operations with Soyuz-TM- and Progress-M ships and Shuttles Safex-2 will be OFF to avoid interference on crucial systems.

    Chris v.d. Berg, NL-9165/A-UK3202.


1998 June 12 - .
  • STS-91 - Wakeup Song: Homeward Bound - . Flight: STS-91. "Homeward Bound" by Simon and Garfunkel CAPCOM: Chris Hadfield.

1998 June 12 - .
1999 June 12 - . LV Family: Angara. Launch Vehicle: Angara 1.1.
  • Angara cold flow test article exhibited at the Paris Air Show - . Nation: Russia.

2001 June 12 - . 01:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • MIDAS Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Norway. Agency: NDRE. Apogee: 75 km (46 mi).

2002 June 12 - .
  • STS-111 Mission Status Report #15 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Bursch, Cockrell, Korzun, Lockhart, Onufrienko, Perrin, Shepherd, Walz, Whitson. Program: ISS. Flight: STS-108 ISS EO-4, STS-111, STS-111 ISS EO-5.

    Endeavour's astronauts - Commander Ken Cockrell, Pilot Paul Lockhart, Franklin Chang-Díaz, Philippe Perrin, Yury Onufrienko, Carl Walz and Dan Bursch - were awakened about 4:30 Central time this morning to the sound of "Chasing Sheep is Best Left to Shepherds," by Peter Greenaway, selected for Perrin by his family. The wakeup call began the eighth day of Endeavour's supply, assembly and maintenance mission to the International Space Station. Additional Details: here....


2002 June 12 - .
  • STS-111 - Wakeup Song: Chasing Sheep is Best Left to Shepherds - . Flight: STS-111. "Chasing Sheep is Best Left to Shepherds" by Peter Greenaway, selected for Philippe Perrin by his family..

2005 June 12 - . Launch Site: Yellow Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 35.0 N x 125.0 E. Launch Platform: XIA. LV Family: DF-31. Launch Vehicle: JL-2.
  • Nation: China. Agency: PRC. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

2007 June 12 - .
2007 June 12 - .
  • STS-117 - Wakeup Song: What a Wonderful World - . Flight: STS-117. "What a Wonderful World" by Louis Armstrong, played for Mission Specialist Danny Olivas..

2008 June 12 - .
  • STS-124 MCC Status Report #24 - . Nation: USA. Program: ISS. Flight: STS-124. The crew of Discovery will enjoy some off-duty time this morning after yesterday’s undocking from the International Space Station.. Additional Details: here....

2008 June 12 - .
  • STS-124 - Wakeup Song: Crystal Frontier - . Flight: STS-124. "Crystal Frontier" by Calexico was played for Commander Mark Kelly..

2008 June 12 - . 22:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA3. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5ECA.
  • Skynet 5C - . Payload: Eurostar 3000S. Mass: 4,638 kg (10,225 lb). Nation: UK. Agency: Arianespace. Program: Skynet. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Eurostar 3000. Spacecraft: Eurostar 3000. USAF Sat Cat: 33055 . COSPAR: 2008-030A. Apogee: 35,801 km (22,245 mi). Perigee: 35,772 km (22,227 mi). Inclination: 0.6000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min.
  • Turksat 3A - . Payload: Spacebus 4000B2. Mass: 3,110 kg (6,850 lb). Nation: Turkey. Agency: Arianespace. Program: Turksat. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Spacebus 4000. Spacecraft: Spacebus 4000. USAF Sat Cat: 33056 . COSPAR: 2008-030B. Apogee: 35,811 km (22,251 mi). Perigee: 35,761 km (22,220 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.00 min. Replacement for Turksat-1C, positioned at 42 deg E; 24 Ku-band transponders..


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