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On July 16 in Space History

1934 July 16 - . Launch Site: Kummersdorf. Launch Complex: Kummersdorf. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2.
  • Liquid rocket explosion kills three. - . Nation: Germany. Related Persons: Wahmke. Dr Kurt Wahmke and two technicians were testing a 90% H2O2/Alcohol combination at Kummersdorf when the chamber exploded, killing them. These were the first and only deaths of technicians in the history of German rocket development..

1950 July 16 - .
  • Birth of Valery Yevgenyevich Maksimenko - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Maksimenko. Russian test pilot cosmonaut, 1990-1991..

1953 July 16 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Corporal. Launch Vehicle: Corporal.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 30 km (18 mi).

1954 July 16 - .
  • X-1A Flight 20 - . Crew: Murray. Payload: X-1A flight 20. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Murray. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft Bus: XS-1. Spacecraft: X-1A. AF flight 14. Date estimated..

1957 July 16 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC3. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris FTV-4.
  • Re-entry Vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1957 July 16 - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee.
  • Meteorites mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1958 July 16 - .
  • Congress passed the National Aeronautics and Space Act of 1958. - . Nation: USA. Program: Mercury.

1958 July 16 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Arcon. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Apogee: 1.00 km (0.60 mi).

1958 July 16 - . 22:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • B / ne probe Fields mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 142 km (88 mi).

1959 July 16 - . 17:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC5. LV Family: Jupiter. Launch Vehicle: Juno II. FAILURE: Control lost after 5.5 sec. Destroyed by range safety.. Failed Stage: 1.
  • Explorer S-1 - . Payload: S-1. Mass: 41 kg (90 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Explorer. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft Bus: S-1. Spacecraft: S-1. Decay Date: 1959-07-16 .

1962 July 16 - . 22:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Mud Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. FAILURE: Power trips..
  • X-15A Notch/ASAS/Aero drag test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 32 km (19 mi). Maximum Speed - 5911 kph. Maximum Altitude - 32670 m. Air dropped in Mud Lake DZ..

1963 July 16 - .
  • Cosmonauts brainstorm improvements - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Gagarin, Tereshkova. Flight: Vostok 6.

    Gagarin is in the hospital to have his inflamed tonsils removed. A brainstorming session is held with the flown cosmonauts to identify problems encountered in flight and necessary improvements to training and flight operations to prevent them from reoccurring. The Military Soviet meets but the issue of Odintsev is not taken up -- his defenders in the hierarchy manage to suppress discussion of his removal.


1963 July 16 - .
  • Five men began a 30-day engineering test of life support systems for a manned space station in The Boeing Company space chamber. - . Nation: USA.

    At Seattle, five men began a 30-day engineering test of life support systems for a manned space station in The Boeing Company space chamber. The system, designed and built for NASA's Office of Advanced Research and Technology, was the nation's first to include all life-support equipment for a multimanned, long-duration space mission (including environmental control, waste disposal, and crew hygiene and food techniques). In addition to the life support equipment, a number of crew tests simulated specific problems of space flight. Five days later, however, the simulated mission was halted because of a faulty reactor tank.


1963 July 16 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 395-A2. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan I.
  • Demonstration and shakedown operations launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1964 July 16 - . 02:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. LV Family: Lupus. Launch Vehicle: HAD.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Australia. Agency: WRE. Apogee: 106 km (65 mi).

1964 July 16 - . 05:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Carnarvon. Launch Complex: Carnarvon CARN. LV Family: Lupus. Launch Vehicle: HAD.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Australia. Agency: WRE. Apogee: 114 km (70 mi).

1964 July 16 - . 16:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Antenna impedance Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 137 km (85 mi).

1964 July 16 - . 16:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 629. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1964 July 16 - . 17:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 629. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1965 July 16 - .
  • Passive water landing for Apollo - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM, CSM Recovery.

    North American recommended to MSC that, for the time being, the present method for landing the CM (i.e., a passive water landing) be maintained. However, on the basis of a recent feasibility study, the contractor urged that a rocket landing system be developed for possible use later on. North American said that such a system would improve mission reliability through the increase in impact capability on both land and water.


1965 July 16 - . Launch Site: Green River. Launch Complex: Green River Pad 1. LV Family: Athena RTV. Launch Vehicle: Athena RTV.
  • USN B003 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1965 July 16 - . 03:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC41/15. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 65S3.
  • Cosmos 71 - . Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1. Decay Date: 1970-08-11 . USAF Sat Cat: 1441 . COSPAR: 1965-053A. Apogee: 542 km (336 mi). Perigee: 522 km (324 mi). Inclination: 56.0000 deg. Period: 95.20 min.
  • Cosmos 74 - . Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1. Decay Date: 1979-12-13 . USAF Sat Cat: 1444 . COSPAR: 1965-053D. Apogee: 616 km (382 mi). Perigee: 539 km (334 mi). Inclination: 56.0000 deg. Period: 96.20 min.
  • Cosmos 72 - . Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1. Decay Date: 1979-08-24 . USAF Sat Cat: 1442 . COSPAR: 1965-053B. Apogee: 588 km (365 mi). Perigee: 538 km (334 mi). Inclination: 56.1000 deg. Period: 95.90 min.
  • Cosmos 75 - . Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1. Decay Date: 1979-09-28 . USAF Sat Cat: 1445 . COSPAR: 1965-053E. Apogee: 644 km (400 mi). Perigee: 540 km (330 mi). Inclination: 56.0000 deg. Period: 96.50 min.
  • Cosmos 73 - . Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1. Decay Date: 1974-03-20 . USAF Sat Cat: 1443 . COSPAR: 1965-053C. Apogee: 556 km (345 mi). Perigee: 538 km (334 mi). Inclination: 56.1000 deg. Period: 95.50 min.

1965 July 16 - . 10:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 8.
  • Aeronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1965 July 16 - . 11:16 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC81/23. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: UR-500.
  • Proton 1 - . Payload: N-4 s/n 1. Mass: 8,300 kg (18,200 lb). Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Chelomei. Agency: MOM. Program: Proton. Class: Astronomy. Type: X-ray astronomy satellite. Spacecraft Bus: N-4. Spacecraft: N-4 . Decay Date: 1965-10-11 . USAF Sat Cat: 1466 . COSPAR: 1965-054A. Apogee: 578 km (359 mi). Perigee: 181 km (112 mi). Inclination: 63.4000 deg. Period: 92.20 min.

    The first launch of the Proton launch vehicle was not without problems. A leak in the oxidiser pipeline resulted in nitrogen tetroxide spilling on electrical wires. The question was: proceed with the launch or abort? Chelomei decided to go ahead, and on 16 July 1965 the first UR-500 successfully launched the Proton 1 satellite. In the first hours after launch specialists from OKB-52 could only receive signals in the first hours that indicated the satellite was ‘alive’. However it later functioned normally and provided physics data on ultra-high-energy cosmic particles for 45 days.

    At the first launch the rocket was called ‘Gerkules’ (other sources say ‘Atlantis’), as indicated by the large symbol on the second stage skin. This name was however was not taken up.


1966 July 16 - . 05:32 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 145 km (90 mi).

1967 July 16 - .
1968 July 16 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur PU31. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: R-36 8K67M.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1968 July 16 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: R-16. Launch Vehicle: R-16U. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Combat training launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1968 July 16 - . 13:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57.
  • Cosmos 232 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-4. Duration: 8.00 days. Decay Date: 1968-07-24 . USAF Sat Cat: 3322 . COSPAR: 1968-060A. Apogee: 348 km (216 mi). Perigee: 189 km (117 mi). Inclination: 65.3000 deg. Period: 89.90 min. High resolution photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; also performed weather experiments..

1968 July 16 - . 17:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: AN. Apogee: 146 km (90 mi).

1968 July 16 - . 22:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Railroad Valley Lake DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 003. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A WTR/HS/SB/FAB/FP Test/Technology/Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 67 km (41 mi). Maximum Speed - 5442 kph. Maximum Altitude - 67510 m. Air dropped in Railroad Valley Lake DZ..

1969 July 16 - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. Launch Complex: Kwajalein Meck. LV Family: Spartan ABM. Launch Vehicle: Spartan ABM.
  • KT-10 test - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1969 July 16 - . 02:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 209 km (129 mi).

1969 July 16 - . 13:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC39A. Launch Platform: LUT1. LV Family: Saturn V. Launch Vehicle: Saturn V.
  • Apollo 11 - . Call Sign: Columbia. Crew: Aldrin, Armstrong, Collins. Backup Crew: Anders, Haise, Lovell. Payload: Apollo CSM 107 / Apollo LM 5 / EASEP / S-IVB-506. Mass: 28,800 kg (63,400 lb). Nation: USA. Related Persons: Aldrin, Anders, Armstrong, Collins, Haise, Lovell. Agency: NASA Houston. Program: Apollo. Class: Moon. Type: Manned lunar spacecraft. Flight: Apollo 11. Spacecraft Bus: Apollo CSM. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM. Duration: 8.14 days. Decay Date: 1969-07-24 . USAF Sat Cat: 4039 . COSPAR: 1969-059A. Apogee: 186 km (115 mi). Perigee: 183 km (113 mi). Inclination: 32.5000 deg. Period: 88.19 min.

    First landing on moon. Apollo 11 (AS-506) - with astronauts Neil A. Armstrong, Michael Collins, and Edwin E. Aldrin, Jr., aboard - was launched from Pad A, Launch Complex 39, KSC, at 9:32 a.m. EDT July 16. The activities during earth-orbit checkout, translunar injection, CSM transposition and docking, spacecraft ejection, and translunar coast were similar to those of Apollo 10.

    At 4:40 p.m. EDT July 18, the crew began a 96-minute color television transmission of the CSM and LM interiors, CSM exterior, the earth, probe and drogue removal, spacecraft tunnel hatch opening, food preparation, and LM housekeeping. One scheduled and two unscheduled television broadcasts had been made previously by the Apollo 11 crew.

    The spacecraft entered lunar orbit at 1:28 p.m. EDT on July 19. During the second lunar orbit a live color telecast of the lunar surface was made. A second service-propulsion-system burn placed the spacecraft in a circularized orbit, after which astronaut Aldrin entered the LM for two hours of housekeeping including a voice and telemetry test and an oxygen-purge-system check.

    At 8:50 a.m. July 20, Armstrong and Aldrin reentered the LM and checked out all systems. They performed a maneuver at 1:11 p.m. to separate the LM from the CSM and began the descent to the moon. The LM touched down on the moon at 4:18 p.m. EDT July 20. Armstrong reported to mission control at MSC, "Houston, Tranquillity Base here - the Eagle has landed." (Eagle was the name given to the Apollo 11 LM; the CSM was named Columbia.) Man's first step on the moon was taken by Armstrong at 10:56 p.m. EDT. As he stepped onto the surface of the moon, Armstrong described the feat as "one small step for man - one giant leap for mankind."

    Aldrin joined Armstrong on the surface of the moon at 11:15 p.m. July 20. The astronauts unveiled a plaque mounted on a strut of the LM and read to a worldwide TV audience, "Here men from the planet earth first set foot on the moon July 1969, A.D. We came in peace for all mankind." After raising the American flag and talking to President Nixon by radiotelephone, the two astronauts deployed the lunar surface experiments assigned to the mission and gathered 22 kilograms of samples of lunar soil and rocks. They then reentered the LM and closed the hatch at 1:11 a.m. July 21. All lunar extravehicular activities were televised in black-and-white. Meanwhile, Collins continued orbiting moon alone in CSM Columbia.

    The Eagle lifted off from the moon at 1:54 p.m. EDT July 21, having spent 21 hours 36 minutes on the lunar surface. It docked with the CSM at 5:35 p.m. and the crew, with the lunar samples and film, transferred to the CSM. The LM ascent stage was jettisoned into lunar orbit. The crew then rested and prepared for the return trip to the earth.

    The CSM was injected into a trajectory toward the earth at 12:55 a.m. EDT July 22. Following a midcourse correction at 4:01 p.m., an 18-minute color television transmission was made, in which the astronauts demonstrated the weightlessness of food and water and showed shots of the earth and the moon.

  • Apollo 11 LM - . Call Sign: Eagle. Payload: Apollo LM 5. Mass: 15,095 kg (33,278 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Houston. Program: Apollo. Class: Moon. Type: Manned lunar spacecraft. Flight: Apollo 11. Spacecraft Bus: Apollo LM. Spacecraft: Apollo LM. Duration: 8.14 days. Decay Date: 1969-07-24 . USAF Sat Cat: 4039 . COSPAR: 1969-059x. Apogee: 186 km (115 mi). Perigee: 183 km (113 mi). Inclination: 32.5000 deg. Period: 88.19 min.

1969 July 16 - . 22:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3.
  • Dayglow / electrons Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 244 km (151 mi).

1970 July 16 - .
  • Soyuz 9 crew presses for new Soyuz series. - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Karas, Maksimov, Nikolayev, Sevastyanov. Program: Soyuz. Flight: Soyuz 9. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-OK, Soyuz 7K-S. Sevastyanov and Nikolayev visit GUKOS, and press for construction of a new Soyuz series. Karas and Maksimov say it would interrupt development of the 7K-S. The cosmonauts argue that the Soyuz 7K-OK is now proven, while the 7K-S exists only on paper..

1970 July 16 - . 16:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 143 km (88 mi).

1971 July 16 - . 01:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Vostok 8A92M.
  • Meteor 1-09 - . Payload: Meteor M no. 9. Mass: 3,800 kg (8,300 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Meteor. Spacecraft: Meteor M 11F614. Decay Date: 1991-08-27 . USAF Sat Cat: 5327 . COSPAR: 1971-059A. Apogee: 349 km (216 mi). Perigee: 342 km (212 mi). Inclination: 81.2000 deg. Period: 91.50 min. Acquisition of meteorological information needed for use by the weather service. .

1971 July 16 - . 10:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC1W. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thorad SLV-2H Agena D.
  • OPS 8373 - . Payload: Ferret 16 / Agena D 2737?. Mass: 1,500 kg (3,300 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO, USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Ferret. Spacecraft: Ferret. Decay Date: 1978-08-31 . USAF Sat Cat: 5329 . COSPAR: 1971-060A. Apogee: 460 km (280 mi). Perigee: 450 km (270 mi). Inclination: 74.9000 deg. Period: 93.60 min.

1972 July 16 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: UNKO. Launch Platform: SHIR. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1973 July 16 - . 17:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC2W. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Delta 0300. FAILURE: Second stage failure.. Failed Stage: U.
  • ITOS E - . Payload: ITOS E. Mass: 345 kg (760 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Program: Tiros. Class: Earth. Type: Weather satellite. Spacecraft Bus: ITOS. Spacecraft: ITOS. Decay Date: 1973-07-16 . Improved TIROS Operational System..

1974 July 16 - . 11:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC5. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout D-1.
  • Aeros 2 - . Payload: Aeros B. Mass: 127 kg (279 lb). Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft Bus: AEROS. Spacecraft: Aeros. Decay Date: 1975-09-25 . USAF Sat Cat: 7371 . COSPAR: 1974-055A. Apogee: 869 km (539 mi). Perigee: 224 km (139 mi). Inclination: 97.5000 deg. Period: 95.60 min. Upper atmospheric research. Spacecraft engaged in research and exploration of the upper atmosphere or outer space (US Cat B). .

1974 July 16 - . 14:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: UK S26. LV Family: Polaris. Launch Vehicle: Polaris A3.
  • Demonstration and shakedown operations launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1975 July 16 - .
  • ASTP - Rendezvous Maneuvers - . Nation: USA. Program: ASTP. Flight: Apollo (ASTP), Soyuz 19 (ASTP). Apollo and Soyuz modify their orbits in preparation for the docking in space planned for the next day.. Additional Details: here....

1975 July 16 - .
  • Skylab 2 - Wakeup Song: Good Morning Sunshine - . Flight: Skylab 2 . "Good Morning Sunshine" Chicago - (Apollo crew).

1976 July 16 - . 23:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Molodezhnaya. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 89 km (55 mi).

1977 July 16 - . 23:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1979 July 16 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF04. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 2.
  • ERCS GIANT MOON 9 operational test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1979 July 16 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S3.
  • Qualification test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1979 July 16 - . 12:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. LV Family: Malemute. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Malemute.
  • PLUMEX I Aeronomy / Chemical release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 590 km (360 mi).

1980 July 16 - . 14:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 79 km (49 mi).

1981 July 16 - . 18:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Point Mugu. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 90 km (55 mi).

1982 July 16 - . 17:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC2W. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Delta 3920.
  • Landsat 4 - . Payload: Landsat D. Mass: 1,942 kg (4,281 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Program: Landsat. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Landsat 4-5. Spacecraft: Landsat 4-5. USAF Sat Cat: 13367 . COSPAR: 1982-072A. Apogee: 705 km (438 mi). Perigee: 693 km (430 mi). Inclination: 98.2000 deg. Period: 98.80 min. Spacecraft engaged in practical applications and uses of space technology such as weather or communication (US Cat C)..

1983 July 16 - . Launch Site: Fort Bliss. Launch Complex: Fort Bliss MCG. LV Family: Pershing. Launch Vehicle: Pershing 2.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 365 km (226 mi).

1984 July 16 - . 12:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Antigua. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1985 July 16 - . 20:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 91 km (56 mi).

1986 July 16 - . 04:21 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/3. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1763 - . Mass: 700 kg (1,540 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Strela-2M. USAF Sat Cat: 16860 . COSPAR: 1986-052A. Apogee: 794 km (493 mi). Perigee: 749 km (465 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 100.30 min.

1986 July 16 - .
1987 July 16 - . 04:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32/2. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Cosmos 1869 - . Payload: Okean-O1 no. 2. Mass: 1,950 kg (4,290 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Okean. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources radar satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Okean-O1. Spacecraft: Okean-O1. Completed Operations Date: 1989-05-30 . USAF Sat Cat: 18214 . COSPAR: 1987-062A. Apogee: 632 km (392 mi). Perigee: 602 km (374 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 97.10 min. Oceanographic. Acquisition of operational oceanographic information in the interests of various branches of the national economy of the USSR and international cooperation. .

1990 July 16 - . 00:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Xichang. Launch Complex: Xichang LC2. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 2E.
  • Badr-A - . Payload: Badr 1 + R&D. Mass: 52 kg (114 lb). Nation: Pakistan. Agency: Suparco. Class: Technology. Type: Communications technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Badr. Spacecraft: Badr. Decay Date: 1990-12-08 . USAF Sat Cat: 20685 . COSPAR: 1990-059A. Apogee: 988 km (613 mi). Perigee: 208 km (129 mi). Inclination: 28.5000 deg. Period: 96.70 min. First launch of new Chinese launch vehicle. Experimental Pakistani payload..
  • HS-601 Model - . Mass: 3,400 kg (7,400 lb). Nation: China. Agency: PRC. Spacecraft Bus: HS 601. Spacecraft: HS 601. COSPAR: 1990-059xx. First launch of new Chinese launch vehicle..

1990 July 16 - . 07:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C.
  • Astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 340 km (210 mi).

1993 July 16 - .
  • Mir News 180: Movements of Progress-M's and Soyuz-TM's - . Nation: Russia. Program: Mir. Flight: Soyuz TM-16, Soyuz TM-17, Soyuz TM-17 Altair.

    Movements of Progress-M's and Soyuz-TM's in the near future:

    Progress-M18: Will undock from Mir and decay in the atmosphere on 24.07.93 (so 2 days after the departure of Soyuz-TM16).

    Progress-M19: Launch from Baykonur on 27.07.93.

    Progress-M20: Launch from Baykonur on 12.10.93.

    Soyuz-TM18 : Launch from Baykonur with crew Afanasyev and Usachov on 16.11.93.

    Progress-M21: Launch from Baykonur on 30.11.93.

    In May 1994 there will be a flight of a Soyuz-TM to Mir with on board Malenchenko and Strekalov. (Strekalov replaced Kaleri, because he has more experience than Kaleri.) The 3d crew member will be a physician for a long duration flight of one and a half year. For this flight 3 physicians are selected, one of them will fly, namely Polyakov, Arzamazov and Morukov.

    The Russians have the intention to launch Module Spektr on 20.12.93 for a flight to Mir. This long expected extension will be welcomed by the crew of the 15th Main expedition to Mir: Afanasyev and Usachov.

    Chris v.d. Berg, NL-9165/A-UK3202.


1994 July 16 - .
1994 July 16 - . 00:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Orion.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1995 July 16 - .
  • STS-70 - Wakeup Song: 'God Bless the USA.' - . Flight: STS-70. "'God Bless the USA.'" . The crew was awakened at 1:11 a.m. CDT to the sounds of Mission Specialist Nancy Currie's 8-year-old daughter, Stephanie, and her Ferguson Elementary School second-grade classmates singing 'God Bless the USA.'.

1996 July 16 - . 00:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Delta 7925.
  • USA 126 - . Payload: GPS 2A-26 / GPS SVN 40. Mass: 1,816 kg (4,003 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Manufacturer: Seal Beach. Program: Navstar. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Navstar. Spacecraft: GPS Block 2 and 2A. USAF Sat Cat: 23953 . COSPAR: 1996-041A. Apogee: 20,237 km (12,574 mi). Perigee: 20,127 km (12,506 mi). Inclination: 55.1000 deg. Period: 717.90 min. Placed in Plane E Slot 3 of the constellation..

1999 July 16 - .
  • Chinese Manned Program Announcement - . Nation: China. Spacecraft Bus: Shenzhou. Spacecraft: Shenzhou.

    Zhang Lihui, Director of Research and Development at the China Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation (CASC), said that a development plan for manned-space flight technology was issued by the Chinese State Council in 1992 and that China was on track to launch a manned space flight by early in the next century. This was the first direct official acknowledgement of such a program.


1999 July 16 - . 16:37 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U-PVB.
  • Progress M-42 - . Payload: Progress M s/n 242. Mass: 7,450 kg (16,420 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RAKA. Manufacturer: Korolev bureau. Program: Mir. Class: Manned. Type: Manned logistics spacecraft. Flight: Soyuz TM-28 Mir EO-26/-27, Soyuz TM-29. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Progress M. Duration: 200.57 days. Decay Date: 2000-02-04 . USAF Sat Cat: 25858 . COSPAR: 1999-038A. Apogee: 348 km (216 mi). Perigee: 340 km (210 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 91.42 min.

    Delivered supplies to the crew of the Mir complex. Docked with the Kvant port at 17:53 GMT on July 18. Remained docked to the station after the departure of the last operational crew in September 1999. Undocked on February 2. 2000, to clear the port for Progress M1, at 0311:52 GMT. Deorbited over the Pacific later the same day at 0610:40 UTC with an 8 minute burn.


2000 July 16 - . 09:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. Launch Pad: SLC17A. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Delta 7925-9.5.
  • USA 151 - . Payload: GPS 2R-5 / GPS SVN 44. Mass: 2,032 kg (4,479 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Manufacturer: Lockheed. Program: Navstar. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: AS 4000. Spacecraft: GPS Block 2R. USAF Sat Cat: 26407 . COSPAR: 2000-040A. Apogee: 20,650 km (12,830 mi). Perigee: 19,715 km (12,250 mi). Inclination: 56.0000 deg. Period: 718.00 min. Global Positioning satellite, placed in Plane B Slot 5. Launch delayed from June 15 and the June 21..

2000 July 16 - . 12:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U-PVB.
  • Samba - . Payload: Cluster 2-FM6. Mass: 1,200 kg (2,600 lb). Nation: Europe. Agency: ESA. Manufacturer: Friedrichshafen. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Cluster 2. Spacecraft: Cluster 2. USAF Sat Cat: 26410 . COSPAR: 2000-041A. Apogee: 116,279 km (72,252 mi). Perigee: 21,449 km (13,327 mi). Inclination: 88.5000 deg. Period: 3,423.40 min.

    The first two European Space Agency Cluster II satellites, Samba (FM7) and Salsa (FM6) were launched into an initial 200 km / 64.8 deg circular orbit. The Fregat upper stage then burned once before ejecting the satellites into a 250 x 18072 km x 64.7 deg transfer orbit. Both satellites then used their Astrium (former MBB) S400 liquid engines in a series of four additional burns before reaching their final 16869 x 121098 km x 90.6 deg orbits. Each magnetosphere research satellite deployed four 50-meter wire antennas.

  • Salsa - . Mass: 1,200 kg (2,600 lb). Nation: Europe. Agency: ESA. Manufacturer: Friedrichshafen. Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Cluster 2. Spacecraft: Cluster 2. USAF Sat Cat: 26411 . COSPAR: 2000-041B. Apogee: 116,294 km (72,261 mi). Perigee: 21,430 km (13,310 mi). Inclination: 88.6000 deg. Period: 3,423.20 min.

2001 July 16 - .
  • STS-104 - Wakeup Song: Nobody Does it Better - . Flight: STS-104. "Nobody Does it Better" by Carly Simon, from the soundtrack to the movie"The Spy Who Loved Me" for Mission Specialist Jim Reilly..

2001 July 16 - . 11:25 GMT - . Launch Site: SvalRak. Launch Complex: SvalRak LONG. LV Family: Viper. Launch Vehicle: Viper 3A.
  • ROMA Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 108 km (67 mi).

2004 July 16 - .
  • International Space Station Status Report #04-40 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Fincke, Padalka. Program: ISS. Flight: Soyuz TMA-4. Aboard the International Space Station, the Expedition 9 crew concentrated on a host of scientific experiments and routine systems maintenance work in its 13th week in orbit.. Additional Details: here....

2006 July 16 - .
2006 July 16 - .
  • STS-121 - Wakeup Song: Just Like Heaven - . Flight: STS-121. "Just Like Heaven" by The Cure for Mission Specialist Piers Sellers. It was requested by his family..

2008 July 16 - . 05:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiritimati. Launch Pad: 0.0 N x 154.0 W. Launch Platform: Odyssey. LV Family: Zenit. Launch Vehicle: Zenit-3SL.
  • Echostar 11 - . Mass: 5,511 kg (12,149 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: PanAmSat. Manufacturer: Palo Alto. Program: Echostar. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: FS-1300. Spacecraft: FS-1300. USAF Sat Cat: 33207 . COSPAR: 2008-035A. Apogee: 35,799 km (22,244 mi). Perigee: 35,774 km (22,228 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Satellite provided direct television broadcasting services for the North American Dish Network..

2009 July 16 - .
  • STS-127 - Wakeup Song: These Are Days - . Flight: STS-127. "These Are Days" by the band 10,000 Maniacs emanated from speakers inside Endeavour’s crew cabin, a wake-up call targeted especially for Mission Specialist Tim Kopra..

2011 July 16 - . 06:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC37B. Launch Pad: SLC37B. LV Family: Delta IV. Launch Vehicle: Delta 4M+(4,2).
  • USA 232 - . Payload: Navstar 66 / GPS SVN 63 / IIF-2 / Sirius. Mass: 1,630 kg (3,590 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Boeing. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Navstar. Spacecraft: GPS Block 2F. USAF Sat Cat: 37753 . COSPAR: 2011-036A. Apogee: 20,188 km (12,544 mi). Perigee: 20,177 km (12,537 mi). Inclination: 55.0000 deg. Period: 718.00 min. Second Block IIF Global Positioning System satellite..

2013 July 16 - .
  • EVA ISS USA-23 - . Crew: Cassidy, Parmitano. EVA Duration: 0.0576 days. Nation: USA. Program: ISS. Flight: Soyuz TMA-09M. Continued work on rearrangement of external hardware to accommodate future Russian module. Spacewalk aborted when coolant system in Parmitano's suit sprang a leak, putting 1.5 litres of water into the suit's interior, blinding and nearly drowning him..

2015 July 16 - . 06:41 GMT - . Launch Site: ISS. LV Family: Ariane 5. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5ECA.
  • Centennial-1 - . Mass: 1.00 kg (2.20 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Surveillance. Type: Radar calibration target. Spacecraft Bus: Cubesat. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 40742 . COSPAR: 1998-067GU. Apogee: 337 km (209 mi). Perigee: 328 km (203 mi). Inclination: 51.6400 deg. Period: 91.18 min. 1U cubesat by Booz Allen, used as a space surveillance target by the USAF..
  • Arkyd-3R - . Mass: 3.00 kg (6.60 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Cubesat. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 40743 . COSPAR: 1998-067GV. Apogee: 354 km (219 mi). Perigee: 345 km (214 mi). Inclination: 51.6400 deg. Period: 91.53 min. 3U cubesat from Planetary Resources, testing software and systems for future Arkyd satellites..


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