Home - Search - Browse - Alphabetic Index: 0- 1- 2- 3- 4- 5- 6- 7- 8- 9
A- B- C- D- E- F- G- H- I- J- K- L- M- N- O- P- Q- R- S- T- U- V- W- X- Y- Z
On December 3 in Space History

1904 December 3 - .
  • Charles Perrine's Discovery of Himalia (Jupiter Moon) - . Nation: Argentina.

1912 December 3 - .
  • Birth of Edward S Forman - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Forman. Early American rocket pioneer; co-founder of Aerojet.

1934 December 3 - .
  • Birth of Viktor Vassilyevich Gorbatko - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Gorbatko. Russian pilot cosmonaut. Flew on Soyuz 7, Soyuz 24, Salyut 6 EP-7..

1943 December 3 - . Launch Site: Peenemuende. Launch Complex: Peenemuende. Launch Vehicle: V-1.
  • Decision to destroy the ski ramps - . Nation: Germany. Although their purpose is not understood, it is decided to start a bombing campaign to destroy the German 'ski ramps'. By December 1, 64 had been found, and 75 by 21 December..

1944 December 3 - . Launch Site: V-2 Battery SS Abt 500. Launch Vehicle: V-2.
  • V-2 combat launch from Hellendoorn - . Nation: Germany. Hellendoorn, rocket fired, (Time Unknown), crashes on firing site killing three German soldiers..

1946 December 3 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: WAC. Launch Vehicle: WAC B.
  • Modified WAC A test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA OR. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

1949 December 3 - .
  • Birth of Terry Alan Higbee - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Higbee. American engineer military spaceflight engineer astronaut, 1979-1985..

1952 December 3 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Vehicle: Nike Ajax.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1953 December 3 - . LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas A.
  • Convair leases test facility. - . Nation: USA. A five-year Pt. Loma lease was approved..

1954 December 3 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Vehicle: Nike Ajax.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1955 December 3 - .
  • X-1E Flight 1 - . Payload: X-1E flight 1. Nation: USA. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft Bus: XS-1. Spacecraft: X-1E. Captive flight..

1956 December 3 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC3. Launch Vehicle: X-17.
  • Re-entry vehicle test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 125 km (77 mi).

1958 December 3 - .
  • Jet Propulsion Laboratory transferred to NASA - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Eisenhower.

    By Executive Order, President Dwight D. Eisenhower transferred the Jet Propulsion Laboratory JPL, a government-owned facility staffed and operated by the California Institute of Technology, from Army to NASA jurisdiction. The new JPL radio telescope at Camp Irwin, Calif., called the Goldstone Tracking Facility, was capable of maintaining radio contact at distances of up to 400,000 miles and was the first of NASA's deep-space tracking stations.


1958 December 3 - .
  • Army / NASA cooperative agreements - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Glennan, von Braun. Program: Apollo.

    Secretary of the Army Wilber M. Brucker and NASA Administrator T. Keith Glennan signed cooperative agreements concerning NASA, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Army Ordnance Missile Command AOMC, and Department of the Army relationships. The agreement covering NASA utilization of the von Braun team made "the AOMC and its subordinate organizations immediately, directly, and continuously responsive to NASA requirements."


1958 December 3 - .
  • National Aeronautics and Space Administration representatives met at Air Force Ballistic Missile Division to hear a Space Technology Laboratories briefing on its space capsule efforts. - . Spacecraft: Mercury.

1958 December 3 - . 10:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. Launch Vehicle: Skylark.
1958 December 3 - . 18:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 300.
  • Field / ne probe Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Apogee: 225 km (139 mi).

1959 December 3 - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: R-11. Launch Vehicle: R-11A.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: AN. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1959 December 3 - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: R-11. Launch Vehicle: R-11A.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: AN. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1960 December 3 - . LV Family: Redstone. Launch Vehicle: Redstone MRLV.
  • Mercury Redstone launch vehicle No. 3 shipped to Cape Canaveral - . Nation: USA. Program: Mercury. Spacecraft: Mercury. Redstone launch vehicle No. 3 was shipped to Cape Canaveral for the Mercury-Redstone 1A (MR-1A) mission..

1960 December 3 - .
  • Birth of Steven Ray 'Swanny' Swanson - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Swanson. American computer scientist mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-117, STS-119..

1962 December 3 - . Launch Vehicle: Saturn V.
  • Four firms to design the Apollo Vertical Assembly Building (VAB) - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo.

    The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, acting for NASA, awarded a $3.332 million contract to four New York architectural engineering firms to design the Vertical Assembly Building (VAB) at Cape Canaveral. The massive VAB became a space-age hangar, capable of housing four complete Saturn V launch vehicles and Apollo spacecraft where they could be assembled and checked out. The facility would be 158.5 meters (520 feet high) and would cost about $100 million to build. Subsequently, the Corps of Engineers selected Morrison-Knudson Company, Perini Corp., and Paul Hardeman, Inc., to construct tile VAB.


1962 December 3 - .
  • The Defense Department announced cancellation of plans for the immediate development of a detector-interceptor satellite (Project Saint). SSD held program management responsibility for Saint. - . Spacecraft: Saint.

1962 December 3 - . 23:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Firefly III SHARON Aeronomy sodium release mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL, NASA. Apogee: 222 km (137 mi).

1963 December 3 - .
  • Soyuz circumlunar spacecraft approved. - . Nation: Russia. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-OK, Soyuz A, Soyuz B, Soyuz V.

    Decree 'On approval of work on the Soyuz 7K-9K-11K circumlunar complex' was issued. This elaborated on the Soyuz design made under the prior decree of 16 April 1962. Initial design work was authorised on the Soyuz 7K earth orbit basic version - capable of automatic rendezvous and docking with other spacecraft; and the 9K and 11K tanker / refuelable rocket blocks to put the 7K in high altitude or circumlunar orbits.


1963 December 3 - . LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan II.
  • The Gemini Program Planning Board issued a memorandum of understanding of the correction of the Titan II deficiencies for the Gemini program. - . Nation: USA.

    This agreement formalized NASA specifications and Air Force plans to clean up problems related to longitudinal oscillations (POGO), combustion instability, and engine improvement. The program to alleviate the POGO effect included ground proof tests of all subsystems modified to control oscillations. Flight tests of the solutions would be flown on Titan II missiles before application to the Gemini launch vehicle. For the combustion stability program, dynamic stability would be demonstrated through the use of artificially produced disturbances, with the engines being flight tested on unmanned vehicles as final proof of man-rating. Engine improvement was a program to correct all design deficiencies that had cropped up during the Titan II development flights.


1963 December 3 - . 04:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. Launch Vehicle: Skylark. FAILURE: Failure.
1963 December 3 - . 08:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC67/21. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: R-36 8K67.
  • Kura state trials missile launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 903 km (561 mi).

1964 December 3 - . 17:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Dragon 1.
  • FU-103B MPE Ba-11 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 390 km (240 mi).

1965 December 3 - . 10:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78.
  • Luna 8 - . Payload: E-6 s/n 12. Mass: 1,550 kg (3,410 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Luna. Class: Moon. Type: Lunar probe. Spacecraft: Luna E-6. Decay Date: 1965-12-06 . USAF Sat Cat: 1810 . COSPAR: 1965-099A.

    Lunar soft landing attempt failed. Luna 8's objectives were to test a soft lunar landing system and scientific research. Weighing 1,552 kg (3,422 lbs), the spacecraft was following a trajectory close to the calculated one and the equipment was functioning normally. However, a puncture to a cushioning airbag caused the spacecraft to spin, losing attitude control and preventing full firing of the retrorockets. The spacecraft impacted the lunar surface at 9.1 N, 63.3 W in the Sea of Storms at 21:51:30 UT on 6 December 1965. The mission did complete the experimental development of the star-orientation system and ground control of radio equipment, flight trajectory, and other instrumentation.


1966 December 3 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-16. Launch Vehicle: R-16U.
  • Test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,210 km (750 mi).

1966 December 3 - . 08:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57.
  • Cosmos 134 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-4. Duration: 8.00 days. Decay Date: 1966-12-11 . USAF Sat Cat: 2603 . COSPAR: 1966-108A. Apogee: 286 km (177 mi). Perigee: 206 km (128 mi). Inclination: 64.9000 deg. Period: 89.50 min. High resolution photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; also carried scientific experiments..

1967 December 3 - .
  • L3 trainer controversy. - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Mishin. Program: Lunar L3. Spacecraft: LK, Soyuz 7K-LOK.

    Mishin wants only his organisation to build L3 trainers, not the VVS. A whole series of previously-unmentioned trainers and simulators are mentioned, included the Turbolet, a V-10 helicopter with a lunar cabin, etc. For the L3 simulator Mishin wants to develop the specification documents without inputs from the VVS and have it built only to Mishin's requirements. This is rejected by Kamanin, who insists on a decision by 20 December, with issuance of the specifications for the L3 trainers with the input of VVS. If two simulators are buit, one must be installed at TsPK and the other at TsKBEM. If only one is built, it will have to be at TsPK.


1967 December 3 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-16. Launch Vehicle: R-16U.
  • Test R-16 PL67-24 - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,210 km (750 mi).

1967 December 3 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57.
  • Cosmos 194 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-4. Duration: 8.00 days. Decay Date: 1967-12-11 . USAF Sat Cat: 3055 . COSPAR: 1967-119A. Apogee: 312 km (193 mi). Perigee: 201 km (124 mi). Inclination: 65.6000 deg. Period: 89.60 min. High resolution photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule.

1967 December 3 - . 22:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Smoke Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 119 km (73 mi).

1967 December 3 - . 22:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Smoke Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 124 km (77 mi).

1968 December 3 - . 08:10 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Pandora F Aeronomy / meteorites mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 153 km (95 mi).

1968 December 3 - . 14:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 257 - . Payload: DS-P1-Yu s/n 17. Mass: 325 kg (716 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-Yu. Completed Operations Date: 1969-03-05 . Decay Date: 1969-03-05 . USAF Sat Cat: 3578 . COSPAR: 1968-107A. Apogee: 462 km (287 mi). Perigee: 286 km (177 mi). Inclination: 70.9000 deg. Period: 92.00 min. Development of systems for air defence and the control of outer space..

1968 December 3 - . 19:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant IVA.
  • DLR N-BB4 Magnetospheric mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 700 km (430 mi).

1968 December 3 - . 20:38 GMT - . Launch Site: Salto di Quirra. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3.
  • Ultraviolet telescope Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 198 km (123 mi).

1968 December 3 - . 21:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant III.
  • DLR K-BB3-16 Ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 165 km (102 mi).

1969 December 3 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg 576A1. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas F.
  • ABRES RVTO-1A-6 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,400 km (800 mi).

1969 December 3 - . 13:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/4. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57.
  • Cosmos 313 - . Mass: 6,000 kg (13,200 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-2M satellite. Duration: 12.00 days. Decay Date: 1969-12-15 . USAF Sat Cat: 4262 . COSPAR: 1969-104A. Apogee: 335 km (208 mi). Perigee: 198 km (123 mi). Inclination: 65.4000 deg. Period: 89.80 min. Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule..

1969 December 3 - . 18:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant III.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

1969 December 3 - . 23:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant III.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 117 km (72 mi).

1970 December 3 - . 13:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57.
  • Cosmos 383 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-4MK. Duration: 13.00 days. Decay Date: 1970-12-16 . USAF Sat Cat: 4787 . COSPAR: 1970-104A. Apogee: 279 km (173 mi). Perigee: 204 km (126 mi). Inclination: 65.4000 deg. Period: 89.30 min. High resolution photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1971 December 3 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/3. Launch Pad: LC43/4. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57. FAILURE: Failure. Failed Stage: U.
  • Zenit-2M - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-2M satellite. Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite..

1971 December 3 - . 03:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF09. Launch Pad: LF09?. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B.
  • FOT GT100B Follow-on Test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1971 December 3 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Syowa Base. Launch Vehicle: S-210.
  • Auroral mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: NIPR. Apogee: 131 km (81 mi).

1971 December 3 - . 12:58 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • D-region Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1971 December 3 - . 13:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC90/19. Launch Pad: LC90/20. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-2.
  • Cosmos 462 - . Mass: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: PKO. Class: Military. Type: Anti-satellite system. Spacecraft Bus: Kosmoplan. Spacecraft: IS-A. Decay Date: 1975-04-04 . USAF Sat Cat: 5646 . COSPAR: 1971-106A. Apogee: 1,800 km (1,100 mi). Perigee: 229 km (142 mi). Inclination: 65.0000 deg. Period: 105.40 min.

    ASAT interceptor. Successfully intercepted and destroyed Cosmos 459 target. This completed state trials test series and in 1972 the Istrebitel Sputnik was adopted as armament for the Soviet Army. Cosmos 462 produced the lowest number of fragments (27) of any of the ASAT's tested.


1973 December 3 - .
1973 December 3 - .
  • Skylab 2 - Wakeup Song: The Sea - . Flight: Skylab 2 . "The Sea" by Rod McKuen CAPCOM: Bob Crippen.

1974 December 3 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF25. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3.
  • FOT GT47GB Follow-on Test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1975 December 3 - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Talos. Launch Vehicle: Tater.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAMSO. Apogee: 5.00 km (3.10 mi).

1975 December 3 - . 00:35 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Astrobee. Launch Vehicle: Astrobee D.
  • Twilight D-Region Aeronomy / technology mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF CRL. Apogee: 125 km (77 mi).

1975 December 3 - . 00:59 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Astrobee. Launch Vehicle: Astrobee D.
  • Twilight D-Region Aeronomy / technology mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF CRL. Apogee: 125 km (77 mi).

1975 December 3 - . 02:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Astrobee. Launch Vehicle: Astrobee D.
  • Twilight D-Region Aeronomy / technology mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF CRL. Apogee: 127 km (78 mi).

1975 December 3 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57.
  • Cosmos 784 - . Mass: 6,000 kg (13,200 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-2M satellite. Duration: 12.00 days. Decay Date: 1975-12-15 . USAF Sat Cat: 8463 . COSPAR: 1975-113A. Apogee: 231 km (143 mi). Perigee: 215 km (133 mi). Inclination: 81.3000 deg. Period: 88.90 min. Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; separated science capsule..
  • Nauka Cosmos 784 - . Payload: Nauka. Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Spacecraft: Nauka. Decay Date: 1975-12-21 . USAF Sat Cat: 8485 . COSPAR: 1975-113G. Apogee: 217 km (134 mi). Perigee: 204 km (126 mi). Inclination: 81.3000 deg. Period: 88.71 min.

1975 December 3 - . 16:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 122 km (75 mi).

1976 December 3 - . LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan IIIC.
  • Negotiations were completed between SAMSO and Martin Marietta for procurement of eight new Titan III launch vehicles.These were to be delivered by 30 September 1980 at a price of $79.35 million. - .

1976 December 3 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S3.
  • Test mission - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1977 December 3 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral.
  • The first flight model of the FLTSATCOM satellite was shipped to Cape Canaveral. Launch was scheduled for February 1978. - . Spacecraft: FLTSATCOM.

1977 December 3 - . 19:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Koroni. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1979 December 3 - . 05:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8B.
  • Auroral substorm Aurora / ionosphere mission Aurora / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 344 km (213 mi).

1980 December 3 - . 14:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 86 km (53 mi).

1981 December 3 - . 11:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC32/1. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-3.
  • Cosmos 1328 - . Payload: Tselina-D no. 32. Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Tselina. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: Tselina-D. USAF Sat Cat: 12987 . COSPAR: 1981-117A. Apogee: 619 km (384 mi). Perigee: 597 km (370 mi). Inclination: 82.5000 deg. Period: 96.90 min.

1982 December 3 - . 12:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Cosmos 1422 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-6U. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1982-12-17 . USAF Sat Cat: 13677 . COSPAR: 1982-114A. Apogee: 288 km (178 mi). Perigee: 228 km (141 mi). Inclination: 72.9000 deg. Period: 89.70 min. Photo surveillance; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1983 December 3 - . 02:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Eareckson. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 38 km (23 mi).

1984 December 3 - . 13:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Ascension. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 84 km (52 mi).

1985 December 3 - .
  • STS-61-B - Wakeup Song: Born in the U.S.A - . Flight: STS-61-B. "Born in the U.S.A" Bruce Springsteen.

1985 December 3 - . 12:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Cosmos 1705 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-8. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1985-12-17 . USAF Sat Cat: 16296 . COSPAR: 1985-111A. Apogee: 358 km (222 mi). Perigee: 193 km (119 mi). Inclination: 72.9000 deg. Period: 90.00 min. Military cartographic satellite; returned film capsule..

1985 December 3 - .
1986 December 3 - . 14:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Ascension. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 62 km (38 mi).

1987 December 3 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU 15A35.
  • UBP - . Nation: Kazakhstan. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Not in XPC.

1987 December 3 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: UNKO. Launch Platform: PRILIV. Launch Vehicle: MMR-06.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: GMS. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1988 December 3 - .
  • STS-27 - Wakeup Song: Army Fight Song - . Flight: STS-27. "Army Fight Song" and Navy"Fight Song" because"Hoot" Gibson and Bill Shepherd were Navy grads and Mike Mullane graduated from West Point..

1992 December 3 - .
  • STS-53 - Wakeup Song: Jingle Bells - . Flight: STS-53. "Jingle Bells" by the Singing Dogs..

1993 December 3 - .
  • STS-61 - Wakeup Song: Get Ready - . Flight: STS-61. "Get Ready" by Rare Earth.

1994 December 3 - . 07:45 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant IX.
  • WISP 1 Astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1996 December 3 - .
  • Mir News 337: 1st Spacewalk (EVA) crew 22d Main Expedition - . Nation: Russia. Program: Mir. Flight: Soyuz TM-24, STS-79 Mir NASA-2.

    Korzun and Kaleri did this EVA on 2.12.1996 between 1554 and 2151 UTC (duration 5 hrs. 57 mins). They had to deploy and connect cables to the American solar panel on the outer surface of Kvant-1. They accomplished their task successfully and without problems. The solar panel has been checked and can deliver a current of 80 Amperes. When Mir for the first time came within our range (orbit 61636, 2015-2022 UTC) the cosmonauts were still working near the Sofora girder. Somewhat later they returned to the airlock. During the 2d pass for our position (orb. 61637, 2149-2159 UTC) Korzun reported the closure of the hatch at 2157 UTC. Regularly John Blaha could be heard in contacts with TsUP and the cosmonauts. Inside the Mir- complex he assisted the cosmonauts, checked systems and executed commands given to him by TsUP. While Korzun and Kaleri were still in the airlock to equalise the air pressure Blaha in co-ordination with TsUP loaded control-data in the central computer. On 3.12.1996 at abt. 0108 UTC, everybody, your scribe inclusive, though tired but satisfied, went to sleep. 2d EVA 22d M.E.: This EVA is on schedule for 9.12.1996. During this EVA Korzun and Kaleri will have to accomplish the following tasks: 1st: The mounting of Rapana on the 3d truss construction at the outer surface of the Kvant-1 module: 2d: The installation of a new Kurs-antenna on the transition section (P.Kh.O.). Chris v.d. Berg, NL-9165/A-UK3202


1996 December 3 - .
  • STS-80 - Wakeup Song: Return to Sender - . Flight: STS-80. "Return to Sender" by Elvis Presley CAPCOM: Marc Garneau.

1997 December 3 - .
  • STS-87 - Wakeup Song: Flight of the Bumble Bee - . Flight: STS-87. "Flight of the Bumble Bee" Rimsky-Korsakov CAPCOM: Marc Garneau.

1997 December 3 - . 09:06 GMT - . Launch Site: SvalRak. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant IX.
1997 December 3 - . 09:09 GMT - .
1998 December 3 - . 11:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Improved Orion.
  • Mini-Texus 6 Microgravity mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1999 December 3 - .
  • Contact lost with Mars Polar Lander - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft: Mars Polar Lander.

    Mars landing was planned for December 3, 1999, with the end of the primary mission by February 29, 2000. All contact with the spacecraft was lost at the point of separation of the lander and multiprobes. Subsequent investigations pointed to shortcomings in project management and preflight testing, with the result that future 'faster, better, cheaper' NASA missions would be not quite so 'cheap'.


1999 December 3 - . 16:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA2. LV Family: Ariane. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 40.
  • Helios 1B - . Mass: 2,750 kg (6,060 lb). Nation: France. Agency: DGA. Manufacturer: Toulouse. Program: Helios. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: SPOT-4. Spacecraft: Helios 1A-1B. USAF Sat Cat: 25977 . COSPAR: 1999-064A. Apogee: 682 km (423 mi). Perigee: 680 km (420 mi). Inclination: 98.2000 deg. Period: 98.40 min.

    French optical military reconnaisance satellite based on Spot 4. Taken out of service in mid-October 2004, when the orbit of the satellite was lowered to 637 x 640 km, taking it out of the path of Helios 1A and the Helios 2A that would be launched in December 2004.

  • Clementine - . Mass: 50 kg (110 lb). Nation: France. Agency: CNES, DGA. Manufacturer: Surrey. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft: SSTL-70. USAF Sat Cat: 25978 . COSPAR: 1999-064B. Apogee: 616 km (382 mi). Perigee: 602 km (374 mi). Inclination: 98.1000 deg. Period: 96.90 min. Customer: Alcatel Espace(France). French government military electronic intelligence research payload incorporated into an advance microsatellite platform. Based on CERISE with enhanced EMC subsystem. Still operational as of 2000..

2000 December 3 - .
  • Discovery of Y000749 Meteorite (Mars Meteorite) - . Nation: Japan.

2000 December 3 - .
  • STS-97 - Wakeup Song: Sunshine of Your Love - . Flight: STS-97. "Sunshine of Your Love" -Cream.

2001 December 3 - . 13:20 GMT - .
  • EVA ISS EO-3-4 - . Crew: Dezhurov, Tyurin. EVA Duration: 0.12 days. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Dezhurov, Tyurin. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Flight: STS-105 ISS EO-3.

    The cosmonauts exited from the Pirs airlock and then moved to the aft end of the Zvezda module. They identified debris preventing Progress M1-7 from docking as a rubber O-ring from the Progress M-45 docking system. At 1453 GMT the debris was removed. A minute later ground controllers successfully commanded the Progress M1-7 to complete a hard docking.


2002 December 3 - .
2002 December 3 - .
  • Death of Horace A Hanes - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Hanes. American test pilot. Flew the X-1B..

2002 December 3 - .
  • STS-113 - Wakeup Song: Flot - . Flight: STS-113. "Flot" (phonetic spelling), which means"Raft" in Russian, by Yuri Loza.

2004 December 3 - .
  • International Space Station Status Report #04-65 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Chiao, Sharipov. Program: ISS. Flight: Soyuz TMA-5. The International Space Station's Expedition 10 crewmembers completed the first 50 days of their six-month mission this week, highlighted by a short flight in their Soyuz spacecraft.. Additional Details: here....

2007 December 3 - . 16:07 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Orion sounding rocket.
  • NCADE Target - . Nation: USA. Agency: MDA. Apogee: 20 km (12 mi).

2011 December 3 - . 07:21 GMT - . Launch Site: SvalRak. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: VS-30/Orion.
  • ICI-3 - . Nation: Sweden. Apogee: 354 km (219 mi).

2012 December 3 - . 20:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiritimati. Launch Platform: Odyssey. LV Family: Zenit. Launch Vehicle: Zenit-3SL.
  • Eutelsat 70B - . Mass: 5,250 kg (11,570 lb). Nation: Europe. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: Eurostar 3000. USAF Sat Cat: 39020 . COSPAR: 2012-069A. Apogee: 35,800 km (22,200 mi). Perigee: 35,774 km (22,228 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Stationed at 70.5 E, with 48 Ku-band transponders..

2013 December 3 - . 22:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC40. Launch Pad: SLC40. LV Family: Falcon. Launch Vehicle: Falcon 9.
  • SES-8 - . Payload: GeoStar-2.4 Bus. Mass: 3,170 kg (6,980 lb). Nation: SES. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft: Star bus. USAF Sat Cat: 39460 . COSPAR: 2013-071A. Apogee: 35,801 km (22,245 mi). Perigee: 35,774 km (22,228 mi). Inclination: 0.0200 deg. Period: 1,436.13 min.

    Communications satellite for SES World Skies. First geostationary launch for Falcon 9 launch vehicle. After reaching parking orbit the second stage reignited at 2308 GMT and placed SES-8 in a 423 x 79,977 km x 20.47 deg supersynchronous transfer orbit. SES-8 used its engine to move into its final geosynchronous orbit.


2014 December 3 - . 04:22 GMT - . Launch Site: Tanegashima. Launch Complex: Tanegashima Y. Launch Pad: Tanegashima Y1. LV Family: H-2. Launch Vehicle: H-IIA 202.
  • Hayabusa-2 - . Mass: 590 kg (1,300 lb). Nation: Japan. Class: Astronomy. Type: Space probe. Spacecraft: Hayabusa. USAF Sat Cat: 40319 . COSPAR: 2014-076A. Apogee: -50,912 km (-50,912 mi). Perigee: 245 km (152 mi). Inclination: 29.9000 deg.

    The spacecraft was intended to rendezvous with asteroid 1999 JU3, survey it from orbit, touch down briefly to sample the surface, and return samples to Earth. Launched into a 0.915 AU x 1.089 AU x 6.8 deg solar orbit. Five small, beanbag-like 'target markers' could be ejected onto the surface in advance to help guide the vehicle. Hayabusa-2 also carried three 1 kg class lander/hopper devices, Minerva II-1a, II-1b and II-2, which were to be ejected onto the surface, together with a 10 kg German-built lander called MASCOT. Hayabusa-2 was also to eject a 'Self-Contained Impactor' (SCI) device onto the surface. As the parent spacecraft moved off to the side it would further eject the DCAM-3 camera subsatellite, which would monitor detonation of SCI's high explosive, intended to ram the SCI's body into the asteroid and generate an artificial crater.

  • Shin'en-2 - . Mass: 15 kg (33 lb). Nation: Japan. Class: Technology. Type: Communications technology satellite. Spacecraft: Shin'en. USAF Sat Cat: 40320 . COSPAR: 2014-076B. Apogee: -50,912 km (-50,912 mi). Perigee: 245 km (152 mi). Inclination: 29.9000 deg. Communications payload designed to demonstrate deep space communications with a small spacecraft from a 0.915 AU x 1.089 AU x 6.8 deg solar orbit..
  • DESPATCH - . Mass: 32 kg (70 lb). Nation: Japan. Class: Technology. Type: Art satellite. Spacecraft: DESPATCH. USAF Sat Cat: 40321 . COSPAR: 2014-076C. Apogee: -50,912 km (-50,912 mi). Perigee: 245 km (152 mi). Inclination: 29.9000 deg.

    Also known as ArtSat-2; from Tama Art University. The yellowish, tapered-helix assembly was intended mainly as a work of art although it also carries an amateur radio communications payload with a limited range. In a 0.915 AU x 1.089 AU x 6.8 deg solar orbit.

  • PROCYON - . Mass: 59 kg (130 lb). Nation: Japan. Class: Astronomy. Type: Space probe. USAF Sat Cat: 40322 . COSPAR: 2014-076D. Apogee: -50,912 km (-50,912 mi). Perigee: 245 km (152 mi). Inclination: 29.9000 deg.

    Small spacecraft experiment to test interplanetary navigation with an ion engine. As of May 2015 the mission plan to perform an Earth swingby followed by flyby of asteroid 2000 DP107 had been abandoned following malfunction of its ion engine. The probe, in solar orbit, continued to make scientific measurements with its ultraviolet camera. Procyon was originally in a 0.9 x 1.1 AU x 6.8 deg solar orbit.

  • MASCOT - . Nation: Japan. Spacecraft: MASCOT. COSPAR: 2014-076. Attached to Hayabusa-2.
  • Minerva II-1a - . Nation: Japan. Spacecraft: Minerva II. COSPAR: 2014-076. Attached to Hayabusa-2.
  • Minerva II-1b - . Nation: Japan. Spacecraft: Minerva II. COSPAR: 2014-076. Attached to Hayabusa-2.
  • Minerva II-2 - . Nation: Japan. Spacecraft: Minerva II. COSPAR: 2014-076. Attached to Hayabusa-2.
  • SCI - . Nation: Japan. Spacecraft: Hayabusa. COSPAR: 2014-076. Attached to Hayabusa-2.
  • DCAM-3 - . Nation: Japan. Spacecraft: DCAM. COSPAR: 2014-076. Attached to Hayabusa-2.
  • Target Marker 1 - . Nation: Japan. Spacecraft: Target Marker. COSPAR: 2014-076. Attached to Hayabusa-2.
  • Target Marker 2 - . Nation: Japan. Spacecraft: Target Marker. COSPAR: 2014-076. Attached to Hayabusa-2.
  • Target Marker 3 - . Nation: Japan. Spacecraft: Target Marker. COSPAR: 2014-076. Attached to Hayabusa-2.
  • Target Marker 4 - . Nation: Japan. Spacecraft: Target Marker. COSPAR: 2014-076. Attached to Hayabusa-2.
  • Target Marker 5 - . Nation: Japan. Spacecraft: Target Marker. COSPAR: 2014-076. Attached to Hayabusa-2.

2015 December 3 - . 04:04 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ZLV. Launch Vehicle: Vega.
  • LISA Pathfinder - . Nation: Europe. Class: Astronomy. Type: Astronomy satellite. Spacecraft: LISA Pathfinder. USAF Sat Cat: 41043 . COSPAR: 2015-070A. Apogee: 24,805 km (15,413 mi). Perigee: 748 km (464 mi). Inclination: 6.0000 deg. En route to L1 Lagrangian point..


Home - Search - Browse - Alphabetic Index: 0- 1- 2- 3- 4- 5- 6- 7- 8- 9
A- B- C- D- E- F- G- H- I- J- K- L- M- N- O- P- Q- R- S- T- U- V- W- X- Y- Z
© 1997-2017 Mark Wade - Contact
© / Conditions for Use