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On December 9 in Space History

1918 December 9 - .
  • Birth of Alvin Swauger White - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: White, Alvin. American test pilot, 1954-1967. Chief test pilot for the XB-70..

1944 December 9 - . Launch Site: Peenemuende. Launch Complex: Peenemuende. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: A-4b.
  • Boosted A4b test planned. - . Nation: Germany.

    10 solid propellant rockets were delivered from the Wehrmacht to Pruefstand XII. Work was to be completed by the end of March to begin flight test of an extended-range using solid rocket boost. However Peenemuende was evacuated before the first flight test could be undertaken.


1944 December 9 - .
  • Wallops Island Launch Site founded. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Gilruth.

    A meeting was held at the Langley Aeronautical Laboratory, Langley Air Force Base, Virginia, to discuss the formation of an organization that would devote its efforts to the study of stability and maneuverability of high-speed weapons (guided missiles). From the outset, work was pointed toward supersonic flight testing. In early 1945, Congress was asked for a supplemental appropriation to fund the activation of such a unit, and in the spring of that year the Auxiliary Flight Research Station (AFRS - later known as the Pilotless Aircraft Research Division) was opened on Wallops Island, Virginia, with Robert R. Gilruth as its director. On July 4, 1945, the AFRS launched its first test vehicle, a small two-stage, solid-fuel rocket to check out the installation's instrumentation.


1946 December 9 - .
  • XS-1 Flight 15 - . Crew: Goodlin. Payload: XS-1 # 2 flight 5. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Goodlin. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft Bus: XS-1. Spacecraft: XS-1. Bell flight 5. First XS-1 powered flight. Mach 0.79 at 10675 m. Minor engine fire. At Edwards AFB, California..

1947 December 9 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Nike Ajax. Launch Vehicle: Nike-47.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1948 December 9 - . 16:08 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2.
  • Aeronomy / solar x-ray / biology mission - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 108 km (67 mi). Launched 09:08 local time. Reached 108.7 km. Carried Winds, pressure, temperature; solar radiation (Naval Research Lab) experiments for Signal Corps Engineering Lab, University of Michigan..

1952 December 9 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Nike Ajax. Launch Vehicle: Nike Ajax.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1953 December 9 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5.
1954 December 9 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Nike Ajax. Launch Vehicle: Nike Ajax.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1955 December 9 - . 14:50 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee Hi. FAILURE: Failure.
  • XRV-N-13 test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi). Rocket performance test. Launched at 0750 local time..

1957 December 9 - .
  • US Air Force recommends immediate goal of landing on the moon - . Nation: USA. Program: Lunex.

    The Air Force Scientific Advisory Board Ad Hoc Committee on Space Technology recommended acceleration of specific military projects and a vigorous space program with the immediate goal of landings on the moon because "Sputnik and the Russian ICBM (intercontinental ballistic missile) capability have created a national emergency."


1958 December 9 - .
  • Mercury astronaut selection procedure. - . Nation: USA. Program: Mercury.

    An aeromedical selection team composed of Major Stanley C. White, Air Force; Lt. Robert B. Voas, Navy; and Captain William Augerson, Army, drafted a tentative astronaut selection procedure. According to the plan, representatives from the services and industry would nominate 150 men by January 21, 1959; 36 of these would be selected for further testing which would reduce the group to 12; and in a 9-month training period, a hard core of 6 men would remain. At the end of December 1958, this plan was rejected.


1959 December 9 - . LV Family: Saturn I. Launch Vehicle: Saturn C-2.
  • Goett Committee - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Class: Manned. Type: Manned space station. Committee formed to recommend post-Mercury space program. After four meetings, and studying earth-orbit assembly using Saturn II or direct ascent using Nova, tended to back development of Nova..

1959 December 9 - . 00:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC13. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D.
  • Research and development launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 1,800 km (1,100 mi).

1960 December 9 - . 11:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 146 km (90 mi).

1960 December 9 - . 19:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Palmdale Omni DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A Ball nose, Stabil. test - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 15 km (9 mi). First hot nose flight. Maximum Speed - 1911 kph. Maximum Altitude - 15269 m. Air dropped in Palmdale Omni DZ..

1961 December 9 - . LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan IIIC.
  • First test of UTC 1205 rocket motors. - . Nation: USA. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft Bus: Dynasoar. Spacecraft: Dynasoar. Solid-propellent rocket motor generating nearly 500,000 pounds of thrust was fired in a static test of 80-second duration by United Technology Corp. at Sunnyvale, Calif., under USAF contract..

1961 December 9 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. Launch Pad: Bacchus?. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1961 December 9 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. Launch Pad: Bacchus?. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1961 December 9 - . Launch Site: Reggane. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1962 December 9 - . Launch Site: CELPA. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 130 km (80 mi).

1963 December 9 - . 05:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Astrobee. Launch Vehicle: Astrobee 200. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Ionization detector Aeronomy / aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 242 km (150 mi).

1964 December 9 - . LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan II.
  • Gemini-Titan (GT) 2 launch attempt. - . Nation: USA.

    Gemini-Titan (GT) 2 launch countdown began at 4:00 a.m., e.s.t., and proceeded normally, with minor holds, until about one second after engine ignition. At that point a shutdown signal from the master operations control set (MOCS) terminated the launch attempt. Loss of hydraulic pressure in the primary guidance and control system of stage I of the launch vehicle caused an automatic switchover to the secondary guidance and control system. During the 3.2-second holddown following ignition command, switchover was instrumented as a shutdown command. Accordingly, the MOCS killed the launch attempt. Subsequent investigation disclosed that loss of hydraulic pressure had been caused by failure of the primary servo-valve in one of the four tandem actuators which control movement of the stage I thrust chambers. All four stage I tandem actuators were replaced with redesigned actuators.


1964 December 9 - . LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan II.
  • Mission Control Center at Houston used passively in the Gemini-Titan 2 launch attempt. - . Nation: USA.

    The Mission Control Center at Houston was used passively and in parallel with the Mission Control Center at the Cape in the Gemini-Titan 2 launch attempt, primarily to validate the computer launch programs. In addition, considerable use was made of the telemetry processing program and related television display formats. The Houston control center received, processed, and displayed live and simulated Gemini launch vehicle and spacecraft data. Test results were considered very successful.


1964 December 9 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC38. LV Family: Spartan ABM. Launch Vehicle: Nike Zeus.
  • Special Comms Round - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1964 December 9 - . 02:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17B. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor DSV-2F.
  • ASSET 5 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

    Suborbital test of small scale spaceplane model to test structural concepts for the X-20 Dynasoar. Aero-environmental test vehicle (AEV) to test aerodynamic properties of flexing outer skin with corrugated columbium panel. Reached 4,000 m/s at 53.2 km altitude before being released from launch vehicle. Telemetry received for 900 seconds until spaceplane had reached Mach 2 1200 km downrange. It then became unstable and crashed into the Atlantic. Recovery was not planned.


1964 December 9 - . 08:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF08. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1964 December 9 - . 18:36 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Hidden Hills DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15.
  • X-15A 3D Flow Field,MA-45R Test/Technology mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 28 km (17 mi). Maximum Speed - 5990 kph. Maximum Altitude - 28164 m. Air dropped in Hidden Hills DZ..

1964 December 9 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF02. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B.
  • Operational missile test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1964 December 9 - . 23:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar LC86/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 63S1.
  • Cosmos 51 - . Payload: DS-MT s/n 3. Mass: 350 kg (770 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-MT. Completed Operations Date: 1965-01-04 . Decay Date: 1965-11-14 . USAF Sat Cat: 947 . COSPAR: 1964-080A. Apogee: 537 km (333 mi). Perigee: 258 km (160 mi). Inclination: 48.8000 deg. Period: 92.60 min. Payload developed by the VNIIEM to test electric gyrodyne orientation systems. Also studied variations in the intensity of cosmic rays, and measured the luminosity of the starry sky..

1965 December 9 - .
  • Voskhod 3 ECS trials - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Gorbatko, Volynov. Program: Voskhod. Flight: Voskhod 3. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Voskhod.

    The 15-day trial of the oxygen regeneration system for the long-duration Voskhod flights began at IMBP on 3 December. On 8 December Korolev ordered the test run extended to 20 days. The system has to maintain cabin temperature at 21 deg C, within a maximum range of 10 to 35 deg C. It produced 18 litres of oxygen per crew member per hour. In tests Volynov was found to consume 16.5 litres per hour, and Gorbatko 15.5 litres. But during intense activity these values can increase 5 to 6 times. Kamanin is particularly worried that in abort / high-G situations the system may prove inadequate.


1965 December 9 - .
  • Gemini 7 - Wakeup Song: What'd I Say - . Flight: Gemini 7.

    "What'd I Say" by Trini Lopez from"Trini Lopez at P.J.s" sent to crew, a favorite of Jim Lovell's. Later "I Saw Mommie Kissing Santa Claus" relayed from Tananarive station for Jim Lovell."A request from his daughter, Barbara, age 12 who hopes the song will bring her daddy home for Christmas, a little early"


1965 December 9 - . 20:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Sphere Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 139 km (86 mi).

1965 December 9 - . 21:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC1E. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor SLV-2A Agena D.
  • KH-4A 1027 - . Payload: KH-4A s/n 1027 / Agena D 1621 / OPS 7249. Mass: 1,500 kg (3,300 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: CIA, NRO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: WS-117. Spacecraft: KH-4A. Decay Date: 1965-12-26 . USAF Sat Cat: 1816 . COSPAR: 1965-102A. Apogee: 439 km (272 mi). Perigee: 186 km (115 mi). Inclination: 80.1000 deg. Period: 90.80 min. KH-4A. Erratic attitude necessitated recovery after two days of operation. All cameras operated satisfactorily..

1966 December 9 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Blandine. LV Family: Veronique. Launch Vehicle: Veronique AGI.
  • FU-149 ionosphere / mass spectrometer Ionosphere / aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 122 km (75 mi). FU149 Ion Density, mass spectrometry mission..

1966 December 9 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC41/4. LV Family: R-16. Launch Vehicle: R-16U.
  • Combat training launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,210 km (750 mi).

1966 December 9 - . 11:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Ozone Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

1967 December 9 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC41/4. LV Family: R-16. Launch Vehicle: R-16U.
  • Combat training launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,210 km (750 mi).

1967 December 9 - . 22:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC1W. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thorad SLV-2G Agena D.
  • KH-4B 1102 - . Payload: KH-4B s/n 1102 / Agena D 1642 / OPS 1001. Mass: 2,000 kg (4,400 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: CIA, NRO. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: WS-117. Spacecraft: KH-4B. Decay Date: 1967-12-25 . USAF Sat Cat: 3063 . COSPAR: 1967-122A. Apogee: 248 km (154 mi). Perigee: 151 km (93 mi). Inclination: 81.6000 deg. Period: 88.40 min. KH-4B. Noticeable image smear for forward camera, but best imagery to date..

1968 December 9 - .
  • HL-10 Flight 14 - . Crew: Gentry. Payload: HL-10 flight 14. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Gentry. Program: NASA Lifting Body. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft Bus: HL-10. Spacecraft: HL-10. 2 chambers. Maximum Speed - 872 kph. Maximum Altitude - 14450 m. Flight Time - 394 sec..

1968 December 9 - . LV Family: Saturn V. Launch Vehicle: Saturn V.
  • Launch preparations for Apollo 8 - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Flight: Apollo 8. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM, CSM SPS. Launch preparations for Apollo 8, scheduled for flight December 21, were on schedule, the NASA Associate Administrator for Manned Space Flight reported. . Additional Details: here....

1968 December 9 - . 13:17 GMT - . Launch Site: South Uist. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel.
  • Winter abs / Strato Ionosphere mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 118 km (73 mi).

1968 December 9 - . 21:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Nike Iroquois. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Smoke Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 118 km (73 mi).

1968 December 9 - . 21:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Nike Iroquois. Launch Vehicle: Nike Iroquois.
  • Smoke Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 124 km (77 mi).

1969 December 9 - . 01:41 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. LV Family: Musca. Launch Vehicle: Kookaburra.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Australia. Agency: WRE. Apogee: 73 km (45 mi).

1970 December 9 - .
  • Funds allocated to Cosmonaut Training Centre only a fraction of what is needed. - . Nation: Russia. Program: Almaz, Salyut. Spacecraft Bus: Almaz. Spacecraft: Almaz OPS.

    Kamanin reviews 1970. It has been a good year. The Soviet Union set a duration record with the Soyuz 9 flight, Luna-16 and Lunokhod-1 conducted successful robot missions to the moon, dozens of Kosmos satellites were successfully launched. In the next year cosmonaut training will concentrate on DOS-7K, Almaz, and Soyuz 7KT. The five-year plan for the centre includes construction of 5000 square metres of new laboratories, improved simulators, completion of a water tank for EVA training, and installation of the IF-20 centrifuge. However all of this will cost 11 million roubles, and only 2 to 3 million are likely to be allocated...


1970 December 9 - .
  • Death of Artem Ivanovich Mikoyan - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Mikoyan. Russian Chief Designer, brother of Stalinís foreign minister, headed MiG design bureau, preeminent manufacturer of light Soviet fighters. Dabbled in rocketplanes and built and flew the MiG-105 Spiral spaceplane..

1971 December 9 - . 15:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Chaff - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 78 km (48 mi).

1972 December 9 - . 01:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Astrobee. Launch Vehicle: Astrobee D.
  • Auroral Quiet infrared Ionosphere / aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF CRL. Apogee: 70 km (43 mi).

1973 December 9 - . 09:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: UNKMR. Launch Platform: NOKV. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 86 km (53 mi).

1974 December 9 - . 16:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Primrose Lake. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Starute, Datasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 61 km (37 mi).

1975 December 9 - . 18:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Point Mugu. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Starute, Datasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 59 km (36 mi).

1976 December 9 - . 10:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Cosmos 879 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-2M satellite. Duration: 13.00 days. Decay Date: 1976-12-22 . USAF Sat Cat: 9599 . COSPAR: 1976-119A. Apogee: 225 km (139 mi). Perigee: 213 km (132 mi). Inclination: 81.4000 deg. Period: 88.90 min. Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule..

1976 December 9 - . 20:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 880 - . Payload: DS-P1-M. Mass: 650 kg (1,430 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Military. Type: Anti-satellite system target. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-M. Decay Date: 1979-10-08 . USAF Sat Cat: 9601 . COSPAR: 1976-120A. Apogee: 614 km (381 mi). Perigee: 558 km (346 mi). Inclination: 65.8000 deg. Period: 96.30 min. ASAT target for Cosmos 886 interceptor..

1977 December 9 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards. LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Space Shuttle.
  • Complete approach and landing flight tests - . Nation: USA. Program: STS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft Bus: Shuttle. Spacecraft: Enterprise. Complete approach and landing flight tests, including ferry flights, Enterprise (OV-101).

1978 December 9 - .
1978 December 9 - .
  • Start OMS Phase I qualification tests - . Nation: USA. Program: STS.

1980 December 9 - . 06:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8C.
  • Astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 301 km (187 mi).

1980 December 9 - . 07:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC3W. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas E/MSD. FAILURE: Premature shut down of one of the Atlas booster engines turned the vehicle around, thereafter the sustainer thrust it back toward the earth.. Failed Stage: 1.
  • NOSS - . Payload: PARCAE 4. Mass: 700 kg (1,540 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft Bus: NOSS. Spacecraft: NOSS. Decay Date: 1980-12-08 . COSPAR: F801209A.

    Ocean surveillance; aka White Cloud type spacecraft; Navy Ocean Surveillance Satellite; PARCAE. Other sources give the payload designation ABSAD. The failure was caused by a loss of lubricating oil to one of the booster engines, causing the engine to fail approx 200 milliseconds before it was to have shut down on guidance command. The asymmetric thrust pivoted the booster around approximately 180 degrees, where it stabilized in a retrofire attitude with the sustainer engine still firing. It descended back toward earth through its own exhaust flame and exploded a couple of minutes later.

  • SSU - . Payload: SSU. Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Spacecraft Bus: NOSS. Spacecraft: NOSS. COSPAR: F801209D.
  • LIPS 1 - . Payload: LIPS 1. Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Spacecraft Bus: LIPS. Spacecraft: LIPS. COSPAR: F801209E.
  • SSU - . Payload: SSU. Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Spacecraft Bus: NOSS. Spacecraft: NOSS. COSPAR: F801209C.
  • SSU - . Payload: SSU. Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Spacecraft Bus: NOSS. Spacecraft: NOSS. COSPAR: F801209B.

1981 December 9 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF26. Launch Pad: LF26?. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3.
  • FOT GT85GB Follow-on Test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1981 December 9 - . 17:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Petrel. Launch Vehicle: Petrel 2.
  • Lithium / sodium release Aeronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: SRC. Apogee: 188 km (116 mi).

1981 December 9 - . 21:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna S. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 7.
  • EBC81 E2 (ENERGY EB2) Ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 237 km (147 mi).

1982 December 9 - . Launch Site: Tawiwa. LV Family: OTRAG. Launch Vehicle: OTRAG.
  • Otrag Flight 17 - . Nation: Germany. Agency: OTRAG. Alternative fuel (JP-4).

1983 December 9 - . 00:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 79 km (49 mi).

1985 December 9 - . 15:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC47. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 67 km (41 mi).

1986 December 9 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: UR-100NU 15A35.
  • LKI - . Nation: Kazakhstan. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi). Not in XPC.

1986 December 9 - . 21:53 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 70 km (43 mi).

1987 December 9 - . 10:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: UNKO. Launch Platform: SHIR. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 79 km (49 mi).

1988 December 9 - . 09:57 GMT - .
1991 December 9 - . 21:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Alcantara. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 2.
  • Aguas Belas Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: IAE, INPE. Apogee: 88 km (54 mi).

1992 December 9 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse CE. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 9CM1.
  • VERT (POIVRE) Test / imaging mission - . Nation: France. Agency: Toulouse. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1992 December 9 - . 00:00 GMT - . Launch Pad: Pacific Ocean, 40.0 N x 170.0 E. Launch Platform: PLBR. LV Family: R-27. Launch Vehicle: Zyb.
  • Efir Technology mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi). Payload was the 650-kilogram Efir reentry vehicle with the 80-kilogram Meduza biomedical zero-G experiment. The capsule was recovered, but it was found that the experiment failed to function..

1992 December 9 - . 11:25 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U-PVB.
  • Cosmos 2223 - . Mass: 6,600 kg (14,500 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Yantar. Spacecraft: Yantar-4KS1. Duration: 372.00 days. Decay Date: 1993-12-16 . USAF Sat Cat: 22260 . COSPAR: 1992-087A. Apogee: 271 km (168 mi). Perigee: 238 km (147 mi). Inclination: 64.6000 deg. Period: 89.60 min. Photo/digital surveillance..

1992 December 9 - .
1993 December 9 - .
  • STS-61 - Wakeup Song: A Hard Day's Night - . Flight: STS-61. "A Hard Day's Night" by The Beatles.

1993 December 9 - . 03:30 GMT - .
1996 December 9 - . 13:50 GMT - .
1997 December 9 - . 07:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC90/19. Launch Pad: LC90/pad?. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-2.
  • Cosmos 2347 - . Payload: US-PM s/n 9. Mass: 3,150 kg (6,940 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: EORSAT. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Kosmoplan. Spacecraft: US-PU. Decay Date: 1999-12-11 . USAF Sat Cat: 25088 . COSPAR: 1997-079A. Apogee: 417 km (259 mi). Perigee: 403 km (250 mi). Inclination: 65.0000 deg. Period: 92.80 min. EORSAT, in the 217 degree ascending node slot. Still in operation as of December 1997..

1998 December 9 - .
  • STS-88 - Wakeup Song: Floating in the Bathtub - . Flight: STS-88. "Floating in the Bathtub" selected for Mission Specialist Jim Newman by his wife, Mary Lee. CAPCOM: Jim Newman.

1998 December 9 - . 10:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-39. Launch Vehicle: RT-23U 15Zh61.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1999 December 9 - .
  • ISS Status Report: ISS 99-48 - . Nation: USA. Program: ISS.

    The International Space Station's first two components are in good shape with only minor issues facing the flight control teams in Houston and Moscow - none of which affect the operation of the complex. Since raising the altitude of the Station last week, controllers continue to manage electrical power generated by the Zarya module. Additional Details: here....


2000 December 9 - .
  • STS-97 - Wakeup Song: Back in the Saddle Again - . Flight: STS-97. "Back in the Saddle Again" - Gene Autry. In honor of Bloomfield, who is making his second space flight and his second fly-around of a space station..

2000 December 9 - . 12:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: Sonda 3.
  • Alecrim Microgravity mission - . Nation: Brazil. Agency: AEB. Apogee: 430 km (260 mi).

2001 December 9 - .
  • STS-108 - Wakeup Song: It's A Grand Ol' Flag - . Flight: STS-108.

    "It's A Grand Ol' Flag" performed by the Fire Department of New York Emerald Society Pipes & Drums. A New York firefighter presented Pilot Mark Kelly with today's wakeup music when Kelly visited the World Trade Center site with former NASA Administrator Dan Goldin shortly after the September 11 attacks.


2001 December 9 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 726. LV Family: Trident. Launch Vehicle: Trident C-4.
  • OT-III (218) operational test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

2001 December 9 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 726. LV Family: Trident. Launch Vehicle: Trident C-4.
  • OT-III (221) operational test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

2001 December 9 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 726. LV Family: Trident. Launch Vehicle: Trident C-4.
  • OT-III Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

2001 December 9 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 726. LV Family: Trident. Launch Vehicle: Trident C-4.
  • OT-III Operational test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

2002 December 9 - .
  • Stardust, End of second Interstellar Dust Collection - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft Bus: Stardust. Spacecraft: Stardust.

2002 December 9 - .
  • Death of Guenther Haukohl - . Nation: Germany, USA. Related Persons: Haukohl. German engineer in WW2, member of the Rocket Team in the United States thereafter..

2005 December 9 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral ETR. Launch Platform: SSBN 740. LV Family: Trident. Launch Vehicle: Trident D-5.
  • Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

2006 December 9 - .
2006 December 9 - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: DF-11. Launch Vehicle: Ghaznavi.
2007 December 9 - . 00:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC81/24. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-M/Briz-M.
  • Cosmos 2434 - . Mass: 1,900 kg (4,100 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: Chelomei Design Bureau. Class: Communications. Type: Military communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-3. Spacecraft: Raduga-1. USAF Sat Cat: 32373 . COSPAR: 2007-058A. Apogee: 35,802 km (22,246 mi). Perigee: 35,772 km (22,227 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min. Raduga-1 / Globus communications satellite..

2007 December 9 - . 02:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC2W. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Delta 7420-10C.
  • Cosmo-SkyMed 2 - . Mass: 1,700 kg (3,700 lb). Nation: Italy. Agency: ASI. Manufacturer: Alenia. Class: Surveillance. Type: Civilian surveillance radar satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Cosmo-SkyMed. Spacecraft: Cosmo-SkyMed. USAF Sat Cat: 32376 . COSPAR: 2007-059A. Apogee: 624 km (387 mi). Perigee: 621 km (385 mi). Inclination: 97.9000 deg. Period: 97.20 min. Second Italian military radar satellite in the Cosmo-Skymed system..

2008 December 9 - .
  • Death of Yuri Nikolayevich Glazkov - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Glazkov. Russian engineer cosmonaut. Flew on Soyuz 24..

2009 December 9 - . 06:45 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sea Launch Area. Launch Platform: TK-208. LV Family: Topol. Launch Vehicle: Bulava.
  • Bulava test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Failed Bulava launch. Third stage went into a wild spiral maneuver, creating a tremendous celestial spectacle visible all over Scandinavia..

2009 December 9 - . 08:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Jiuquan. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 2D.
  • Yaogan 7 - . Payload: Jianbing 6. Mass: 1,300 kg (2,800 lb). Nation: China. Agency: SISE. Class: Surveillance. Type: Surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Jianbing. Spacecraft: JB-6. USAF Sat Cat: 36110 . COSPAR: 2009-069A. Apogee: 659 km (409 mi). Perigee: 623 km (387 mi). Inclination: 97.8000 deg. Period: 97.50 min. Remote-Sensing Satellite, apparently a military optical surveillance satellite similar to YW-2 and YW-4..

2013 December 9 - . 03:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Taiyuan. Launch Pad: xxx. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 4B. FAILURE: Failed to reach orbit; third stage shut down 11 seconds early..
  • CBERS-3 ZY-1 FM 3 - . Mass: 1,450 kg (3,190 lb). Nation: Brazil. Class: Surveillance. Type: Surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Phoenix Eye. Spacecraft: Phoenix Eye. China-Brazil Earth Resources Satellite. It was initially reported the launch was a success, but in fact the CZ-4B rocket failed to reach orbit..


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