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On October 12 in Space History

1932 October 12 - .
  • Birth of Edwin Jacob 'Jake' Garn - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Garn. American senator payload specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-51-D..

1944 October 12 - . Launch Site: Peenemuende. Launch Complex: Peenemuende SK. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2.
1945 October 12 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: WAC. Launch Vehicle: WAC A.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USA OR. Apogee: 72 km (44 mi). The parachute failed, but the nose cone also came off. This set the rocket on a tumbling re-entry, providing sufficient braking that it hit the ground pretty well intact..

1949 October 12 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-1.
1950 October 12 - . LV Family: von Braun concept vehicle. Launch Vehicle: Von Braun 1948.
  • First Symposium on Space Flight - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Haber, Ley, von Braun.

    The First Symposium on Space Flight was held at the Hayden Planetarium in New York City. Participants included Wernher von Braun, Joseph Kaplan, Heinz Haber, Willy Ley, Oscar Schachter, and Fred L. Whipple. Among the topics discussed were an orbiting astronomical observatory, problems of survival in space, circumlunar flight, a manned orbiting space station, and the question of sovereignty in outer space.


1951 October 12 - .
  • First Symposium on Space Flight at the Hayden Planetarium in New York City. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Ley, von Braun. Spacecraft Bus: Von Braun Station. Spacecraft: Von Braun Station. The Von Braun rocket, space station, and lunar lander designs presented were popularised in the series in Colliers magazine, illustrated with gorgeous Chesley Bonestell paintings, in 1953..

1954 October 12 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LA. Launch Pad: LA?. LV Family: Snark. Launch Vehicle: Snark.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1956 October 12 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LA. Launch Pad: LA?. LV Family: Matador. Launch Vehicle: Matador.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 12 km (7 mi).

1958 October 12 - .
  • Rocket tests from Easter Island. - . Nation: USA. Naval Research Laboratory rocket firings in Easter Island region of the South Pacific from U.S.S. Point Defiance, reached 139, 148, 152, and 150 miles altitude to chart solar spectrum in the utraviolet and X-ray portion..

1958 October 12 - . 08:32 GMT - . Launch Pad: Pacific Ocean, 40.0 N x 150.0 W. Launch Platform: LSD-31. LV Family: Asp. Launch Vehicle: Nike Asp.
  • Solar extreme ultraviolet and x-ray mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 222 km (137 mi). Launched by vessel LSD-31 during 1958 Point Defiance Expedition, Pacific Ocean..

1958 October 12 - . 08:42 GMT - . Launch Pad: Pacific Ocean, 40.0 N x 150.0 W. Launch Platform: LSD-31. LV Family: Asp. Launch Vehicle: Nike Asp.
  • Solar extreme ultraviolet and x-ray mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 236 km (146 mi). Launched by vessel LSD-31 during 1958 Point Defiance Expedition, Pacific Ocean..

1958 October 12 - . 08:43 GMT - . Launch Pad: Pacific Ocean, 40.0 N x 150.0 W. Launch Platform: LSD-31. LV Family: Asp. Launch Vehicle: Nike Asp.
  • Solar extreme ultraviolet and x-ray mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 242 km (150 mi). Launched by vessel LSD-31 during 1958 Point Defiance Expedition, Pacific Ocean..

1958 October 12 - . 08:52 GMT - . Launch Pad: Pacific Ocean, 40.0 N x 150.0 W. Launch Platform: LSD-31. LV Family: Asp. Launch Vehicle: Nike Asp.
  • Solar extreme ultraviolet and x-ray mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Apogee: 240 km (140 mi). Launched by vessel LSD-31 during 1958 Point Defiance Expedition, Pacific Ocean..

1959 October 12 - . 09:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 123 km (76 mi).

1959 October 12 - . 10:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Eglin. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 123 km (76 mi).

1960 October 12 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LC-B. LV Family: Hopi. Launch Vehicle: Kiva/Hopi.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: AFCRL. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1961 October 12 - . LV Family: N1. Launch Vehicle: N1.
  • TMK-1 draft project was completed. - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Korolev. Spacecraft Bus: TMK. Spacecraft: TMK-1.

    Design of the manned Mars flyby spacecraft had involved nearly all sections of Korolev's OKB-1. Those who worked on the TMK included A I Dylnev, A K Algypov, A A Kochkin, A A Dashkov, V N Kubasov, V E Bugrov, and N N Protacov. Kubasov would be selected as a cosmonaut in 1966.


1961 October 12 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC51. LV Family: R-9. Launch Vehicle: R-9A.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,160 km (720 mi).

1961 October 12 - . 13:21 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • Ultraviolet absorption Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 192 km (119 mi).

1962 October 12 - . 16:24 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC16. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan II.
  • Mk 6 re-entry vehicle test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1963 October 12 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-UNK. Launch Vehicle: R-UNK.
  • SSATC Target - . Nation: Russia. Agency: MVS. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi). Missile launch, unknown type..

1964 October 12 - . LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K.
  • Almaz project starts - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Chelomei. Spacecraft: Almaz APOS, Soyuz R.

    The day before the overthrow of his patron, Chelomei obtained permission to begin development of a larger military space station, the Almaz. This 20 tonne station would take three cosmonauts to orbit in a single launch of his UR-500K Proton rocket. Therefore there were now two competing projects for the same mission - Almaz and Soyuz-R. First flight of the Almaz, with a one year operational period, was set for 1968.


1964 October 12 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. LV Family: Agate. Launch Vehicle: Rubis. FAILURE: Failure.
  • A-1 capsule test - . Nation: France. Agency: ONERA. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1964 October 12 - . 07:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57.
  • Voskhod 1 - . Call Sign: Rubin (Ruby ). Crew: Feoktistov, Komarov, Yegorov. Backup Crew: Katys, Lazarev, Volynov. Payload: Voskhod 3KV s/n 3. Mass: 5,320 kg (11,720 lb). Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Feoktistov, Gagarin, Katys, Komarov, Korolev, Lazarev, Rudenko, Tyulin, Volynov, Yegorov. Agency: Korolev Design Bureau. Program: Voskhod. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Voskhod 1. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Voskhod. Duration: 1.01 days. Decay Date: 1964-10-13 . USAF Sat Cat: 904 . COSPAR: 1964-065A. Apogee: 336 km (208 mi). Perigee: 178 km (110 mi). Inclination: 64.7000 deg. Period: 89.60 min.

    The U.S.S.R. launched the world's first multi-manned spacecraft, Voskhod I, the first to carry a scientist and a physician into space. The crew were Col. Vladimir Komarov, pilot; Konstantin Feoktistov, scientist; and Boris Yegorov, physician. Potentially dangerous modification of Vostok to upstage American Gemini flights; no spacesuits, ejection seats, or escape tower. One concession was backup solid retrorocket package mounted on nose of spacecraft. Seats mounted perpendicular to Vostok ejection seat position, so crew had to crane their necks to read instruments, still mounted in their original orientation. Tested the new multi-seat space ship; investigated the in-flight work potential and co-operation of a group of cosmonauts consisting of specialists in different branches of science and technology; conducted scientific physico-technical and medico-biological research. The mission featured television pictures of the crew from space.

    Coming before the two-man Gemini flights, Voskhod 1 had a significant worldwide impact. In the United States, the "space race" was again running under the green flag. NASA Administrator James E. Webb, commenting on the spectacular, called it a "significant space accomplishment." It was, he said, "a clear indication that the Russians are continuing a large space program for the achievement of national power and prestige." Additional Details: here....


1965 October 12 - .
  • Parachute mortar failed during static testing - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM, CSM Block I.

    On August 26, the attachments for the pilot parachute mortar had failed during static testing on CM 006. The fittings had been redesigned and the test was not repeated. This test, the final one in the limit load series for the earth landing system, certified the structural interface between the CM and the earth landing system for the 009 flight.


1965 October 12 - . 17:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Hidden Hills DZ. Launch Pad: Edwards RW04/22. Launch Platform: NB-52 008. LV Family: X-15. Launch Vehicle: X-15. FAILURE: APU shutdown..
  • X-15A Checkout mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA, USAF. Apogee: 28 km (17 mi). Maximum Speed - 5001 kph. Maximum Altitude - 28770 m. Air dropped in Hidden Hills DZ..

1966 October 12 - .
  • Apollo environment control unit in serious trouble - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Phillips, Samuel. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM, CSM ECS.

    Apollo Program Director Samuel C. Phillips told Mark E. Bradley, Vice President and Assistant to the President of The Garrett Corp., that "the environment control unit, developed and produced by Garrett's AiResearch Division under subcontract to North American Aviation for the Apollo spacecraft was again in serious trouble and threatened a major delay in the first flight of Apollo." Additional Details: here....


1966 October 12 - .
  • Apollo LM-1 not capable of manned flight - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Shea. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft Bus: Apollo LM. Spacecraft: Apollo LM.

    MSC Apollo Spacecraft Program Office Manager Joseph F. Shea reported that LM-1 would no longer be capable of both manned and unmanned flight and that it would be configured and checked out for unmanned flight only. In addition, LM-2 would no longer be capable of completely unmanned flight, but would be configured and checked out for partially manned flights, such as the planned AS-278A mission (with unmanned final depletion burn of the ascent stage) and AS-278B (with all main propulsions unmanned).


1966 October 12 - .
  • M2 Flight 11 - . Crew: Gentry. Payload: M2-F2 flight 11. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Gentry. Program: NASA Lifting Body. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft Bus: M2-F2. Spacecraft: M2-F2. Maximum Speed - 692 kph. Maximum Altitude - 13720 m. Flight Time - 234 sec..

1966 October 12 - .
  • Voskhod 3 resurfaces - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Gagarin, Komarov, Kuznetsov, Nikolai F, Leonov, Mishin, Ustinov. Program: Voskhod. Flight: Voskhod 3. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Voskhod.

    Ustinov calls Gagarin, Komarov, and Leonov to his office to discuss their long-unanswered letter to Brezhnev. He asks about cosmonaut training for Soyuz flights, and surprisingly, Voskhod 3 (long buried by Mishin, though no resolution or decision ever cancelled the mission). He urges the cosmonauts to stop quarrelling and work more closely with OKB-1. Kamanin judges from the report of this strange conversation that Ustinov has a completely distorted view of affairs, as a result of falsehoods fed to him by Mishin and Smirnov. Shortly after this debriefing General Kuznetsov calls with the surprising news that Mishin has issued orders for work to resume in preparing Voskhod 3 for flight. But this is the last that is ever heard of the Voskhod 3 mission...


1966 October 12 - . 01:52 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC35. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 150.
  • AS / E X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 148 km (91 mi).

1966 October 12 - . 19:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC4E. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas SLV-3 Agena D.
  • KH 7-33 - . Payload: KH-7 no. 33 / OPS 2055. Mass: 2,000 kg (4,400 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO, USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: WS-117. Spacecraft: KH-7. Decay Date: 1966-10-20 . USAF Sat Cat: 2489 . COSPAR: 1966-090A. Apogee: 287 km (178 mi). Perigee: 155 km (96 mi). Inclination: 91.0000 deg. Period: 89.00 min. KH-7 type satellite. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A). .
  • OPS 5345/Agena D - . Payload: SGLS 1 / OPS 5345. Mass: 60 kg (132 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft Bus: SSF. Spacecraft: SSF. Decay Date: 1966-10-21 . USAF Sat Cat: 2490 . COSPAR: 1966-090B. Apogee: 258 km (160 mi). Perigee: 181 km (112 mi). Inclination: 90.9000 deg. Period: 89.00 min. Not identified as a subsatellite ferret by McDowell..

1967 October 12 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC41/15. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65.
  • VKZ - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 4,400 km (2,700 mi).

1969 October 12 - .
  • Decision that Apollo 12 mission would examine Surveyor III and recover its TV camera - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Flight: Apollo 12. Spacecraft Bus: Surveyor. Spacecraft: Surveyor. A portion of the Apollo 12 mission would be devoted to an examination of Surveyor III and recovery of its TV camera and thermal-switch glass mirror fragments, MSC announced.. Additional Details: here....

1969 October 12 - . 10:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz 11A511.
  • Soyuz 7 - . Call Sign: Buran (Snowstorm ). Crew: Filipchenko, Gorbatko, Volkov. Backup Crew: Kolodin, Shatalov, Yeliseyev. Payload: Soyuz 7K-OK s/n 15. Mass: 6,570 kg (14,480 lb). Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Filipchenko, Gorbatko, Kolodin, Kubasov, Mishin, Shatalov, Shonin, Volkov, Yeliseyev. Agency: MOM. Program: Soyuz. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Soyuz 6, Soyuz 7, Soyuz 8. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-OK. Duration: 4.94 days. Decay Date: 1969-10-17 . USAF Sat Cat: 4124 . COSPAR: 1969-086A. Apogee: 223 km (138 mi). Perigee: 210 km (130 mi). Inclination: 51.7000 deg. Period: 88.80 min.

    Tested spacecraft systems and designs, manoeuvring of space craft with respect to each other in orbit, conducted scientific, technical and medico-biological experiments in group flight. Was to have docked with Soyuz 8 and transferred crew while Soyuz 6 took film from nearby. However failure of rendezvous electronics in all three craft due to a new helium pressurization integrity test prior to the mission did not permit successful rendezvous and dockings. Additional Details: here....


1970 October 12 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC161/35. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: R-36 8K67. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Palma-4 Operational test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1970 October 12 - . 13:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. Launch Pad: LC132/pad?. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 371 - . Mass: 775 kg (1,708 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Tsiklon satellite. USAF Sat Cat: 4578 . COSPAR: 1970-083A. Apogee: 728 km (452 mi). Perigee: 722 km (448 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 99.30 min. Military navigation satellite..

1970 October 12 - . 14:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • DLR N-NA-34 Ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1971 October 12 - .
  • Birth of Oleg Viktorovich Novitskiy - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Novitskiy. Russian pilot cosmonaut, 2006-on. Lieutenant Colonel, VVS and PVO 4th Army.

1971 October 12 - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 3.
  • ESRO S81 X-ray Astronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC, ESRO. Apogee: 210 km (130 mi).

1972 October 12 - . 15:33 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • SSC NNA 5 Meteorites mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: NASA, SSC. Apogee: 109 km (67 mi).

1973 October 12 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC101. LV Family: R-36M. Launch Vehicle: R-36M 15A14. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Joint flight trials launch - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1974 October 12 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg.
  • Final use of an Atlas booster in ABRES - . Nation: USA. Final use of an Atlas booster in the Advanced Ballistic Reentry System (ABRES) program..

1974 October 12 - . 05:54 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF21. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3.
  • Research and development launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1974 October 12 - . 08:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF25. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3.
  • Research and development launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1975 October 12 - . 06:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC5. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout D-1.
  • Triad 2 - . Payload: TIP 2. Mass: 94 kg (207 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Program: Transit. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: TIP. Spacecraft: TIP. Decay Date: 1991-05-26 . USAF Sat Cat: 8361 . COSPAR: 1975-099A. Apogee: 490 km (300 mi). Perigee: 427 km (265 mi). Inclination: 90.4000 deg. Period: 93.80 min.

    A Scout vehicle carrying a Transit Improvement Program payload was launched from SLC-5, Western Test Range. Launch was successful, but the solar panels of the satellite failed to deploy after the satellite had reached orbit. Prototype of improved Transit satellite. Tested pulsed plasma engine.


1976 October 12 - . LV Family: Buran. Launch Vehicle: Buran.
  • First ground test of Block R LH2/LOX upper stage - . Nation: Russia. Program: Buran. From 1976 to 1977 two Block R stages underwent thorough tests of all of their systems. The Block R could have operated up to 7 hours with 7 restarts. Not adopted for production for unknown reasons..

1977 October 12 - . Launch Site: Edwards. Launch Complex: Edwards. LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Space Shuttle.
  • Enterprise flight 7 - . Call Sign: Enterprise. Crew: Engle, Truly. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Engle, Truly. Program: STS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft Bus: Shuttle. Spacecraft: Enterprise. Fourth free flight, ALT, first tail cone off, Edwards (2 minutes, 34 seconds), Enterprise (OV-101), lake bed Runway 17.

1979 October 12 - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/3. Launch Pad: LC43/pad?. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U. FAILURE: Failure. Failed Stage: U.
  • Zenit-6 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-6U. COSPAR: F791012A. Photo surveillance mission..

1979 October 12 - . 14:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. Launch Complex: Natal MAN. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 12 AC.
  • Astro-Hel Far ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DFVLR. Apogee: 829 km (515 mi).

1980 October 12 - . 00:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Super Loki. Launch Vehicle: Super Loki.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Wallops. Apogee: 82 km (50 mi).

1981 October 12 - . 12:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Ascension. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 59 km (36 mi).

1982 October 12 - . Launch Site: Yellow Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 35.0 N x 125.0 E. Launch Platform: GOLF-C. LV Family: DF-21. Launch Vehicle: JL-1.
  • Test mission - . Nation: China. Agency: PRC. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1982 October 12 - . 14:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC200/39. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K/DM-2.
  • Cosmos 1413 - . Payload: Glonass s/n 11L. Mass: 1,250 kg (2,750 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Glonass. Spacecraft: Glonass . USAF Sat Cat: 13603 . COSPAR: 1982-100A. Apogee: 19,076 km (11,853 mi). Perigee: 19,062 km (11,844 mi). Inclination: 65.9000 deg. Period: 673.30 min. Glonass test flight. Testing of the components and equipment of the space navigation system established in order to locate the Soviet Union's civil aircraft and its merchant and fishing vessels. Three satellites launched by a single carrier rocket. .
  • Cosmos 1415 - . Payload: Glonass Dummy. Mass: 1,250 kg (2,750 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Spacecraft Bus: Glonass. Spacecraft: Glonass. USAF Sat Cat: 13607 . COSPAR: 1982-100E. Apogee: 19,100 km (11,800 mi). Perigee: 19,100 km (11,800 mi). Inclination: 64.8000 deg. Period: 673.00 min. Glonass test flight. Testing of the components and equipment of the space navigation system established in order to locate the Soviet Union's civil aircraft and its merchant and fishing vessels. Three satellites launched by a single carrier rocket..
  • Cosmos 1414 - . Payload: Glonass Dummy. Mass: 1,250 kg (2,750 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Spacecraft Bus: Glonass. Spacecraft: Glonass. USAF Sat Cat: 13606 . COSPAR: 1982-100D. Apogee: 19,230 km (11,940 mi). Perigee: 19,028 km (11,823 mi). Inclination: 64.8000 deg. Period: 675.70 min. Glonass test flight. Testing of the components and equipment of the space navigation system established in order to locate the Soviet Union's civil aircraft and its merchant and fishing vessels. Three satellites launched by a single carrier rocket..

1983 October 12 - . 00:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/1. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 1503 - . Mass: 750 kg (1,650 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: KAUR-1. Spacecraft: Strela-2M. USAF Sat Cat: 14401 . COSPAR: 1983-103A. Apogee: 800 km (490 mi). Perigee: 779 km (484 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 100.70 min. Replaced Cosmos 1486..

1984 October 12 - . 01:43 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC5. LV Family: Scout. Launch Vehicle: Scout G-1.
  • Nova 3 - . Mass: 165 kg (363 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USN. Program: Transit. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: TIP. Spacecraft: TIP. USAF Sat Cat: 15362 . COSPAR: 1984-110A. Apogee: 1,200 km (700 mi). Perigee: 1,152 km (715 mi). Inclination: 89.9000 deg. Period: 108.90 min. Improved Transit. Pulsed plasma engine..

1987 October 12 - .
  • Death of Helmut Hoelzer - . Nation: Germany, USA. Related Persons: Hoelzer. German-American engineer. Worked at Peenemuende from 1939 on V-2 guidance system and Messina telemetry system. Led similar efforts for von Braun's later missiles, becoming Director, Computation Division, at Huntsville..

1987 October 12 - . 19:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1988 October 12 - . Launch Site: Balasore. LV Family: RH. Launch Vehicle: RH-200.
  • Meteo Chaff - . Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 70 km (43 mi).

1988 October 12 - . 13:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 88 km (54 mi).

1989 October 12 - . 18:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: UNKO. Launch Platform: SHIR. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 86 km (53 mi).

1990 October 12 - .
  • Death of Aleksandr Aleksandrovich Maksimov - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Maksimov. Russian officer. Deputy Chief of TsKIK. Later Commander of GUKOS / UNKS 1979-1989..

1990 October 12 - . 20:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant VC.
  • NEED II (F-80) Aurora mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 304 km (188 mi).

1990 October 12 - . 22:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA2. LV Family: Ariane. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 44L.
  • SBS 6 - . Mass: 2,478 kg (5,463 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: HCI. Program: SBS. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: HS 376. Spacecraft: HS 376. USAF Sat Cat: 20872 . COSPAR: 1990-091A. Apogee: 35,794 km (22,241 mi). Perigee: 35,780 km (22,230 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min.

    Stationed at 99 deg W. Spacecraft engaged in research and exploration of the upper atmosphere or outer space (US Cat B). Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 97 deg W in 1990; 99 deg W in 1991-1994; 95 deg W in 1994-1995; 74 deg W in 1995-1999 As of 1 September 2001 located at 74.05 deg W drifting at 0.010 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 11 located at 74.06W drifting at 0.011W degrees per day.

  • Galaxy 6 - . Payload: Westar 6S. Mass: 1,212 kg (2,672 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: HCI. Program: Galaxy. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: HS 376. Spacecraft: HS 376. USAF Sat Cat: 20873 . COSPAR: 1990-091B. Apogee: 35,791 km (22,239 mi). Perigee: 35,784 km (22,235 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min.

    Geostationary at 99 deg W. Spacecraft engaged in research and exploration of the upper atmosphere or outer space (US Cat B). Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 91 deg W in 1990-1991; 99 deg W in 1991-1993; 103 deg W in 1993-1994; 74 deg W in 1994-1998; 99 deg W in 1998-1999; 91 deg W in 2000.; 74 deg W in 2000. As of 5 September 2001 located at 73.96 deg W drifting at 0.015 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 14.62E drifting at 1.829W degrees per day.


1992 October 12 - . 09:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17B. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Delta 7925.
  • DFS 3 - . Payload: Kopernikus 3. Mass: 1,400 kg (3,000 lb). Nation: Germany. Agency: Bundespost. Program: DFS. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Spacebus 100. Spacecraft: Spacebus 100. USAF Sat Cat: 22175 . COSPAR: 1992-066A. Apogee: 35,799 km (22,244 mi). Perigee: 35,773 km (22,228 mi). Inclination: 0.5000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min.

    Stationed at 33.5 deg E. Communication satellite. Longitude 33.5 deg E. Delta II flight no 212. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 31 deg E in 1992; 23 deg E in 1993-1999 As of 1 September 2001 located at 23.45 deg E drifting at 0.001 deg E per day. As of 2007 Mar 9 located at 29.79E drifting at 1.955W degrees per day.


1993 October 12 - .
  • Mir News 192: Progress-M20 - . Nation: Russia. Program: Mir. Flight: Soyuz TM-17.

    The launch of this freighter took place on 11.10.93 at 2133 UTC (for the Russians, using 'decree-time', already 12.10.93 0033 hrs). Progress-M20 reached the right initial orbit and the first corrections have been executed successfully. Progress-M20's transmissions in the 166, 165 and 922 bands could be monitored in the pass in the 2d orbit on 12.10.93 between 0035 and 0037 UTC. Progress-M20 has to deliver to the Mir-station spare parts, food, water, fuel and post. It contains also a package of experiments in the framework of Biokrist. These are protein-crystallisation experiments from several countries. One experiment is of Dr. Grip of the Faculty for Eye Surgery, University of Nijmegen (the Netherlands). A Biokrist container, including the same Dutch experiment, has been on board of the Mir-complex in the first 3 months of 1992. During the transport, after the skilful delivery on earth by the cosmonauts Volkov and Krikalyov, something went wrong due to extreme low temperatures and the results suffered damages. The present experiment will return to earth by the crew of this expedition in December 1993. In 2 days Progress-M20 will fly to Mir and if all goes well the freighter will dock to Mir on 13.10.93 at abt. 2316 UTC (so for the Russians already on 14.10.93, 0216 Msc decree-time).

    Chris v.d. Berg, NL-9165/A-UK3202.


1994 October 12 - .
  • Magellan Burnup in Venus' Atmosphere - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft Bus: Magellan. Spacecraft: Magellan.

1997 October 12 - .
  • Death of John Denver. Crash of Long-EZ aircraft he was piloting. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Denver. American pop singer who sought to fly into space before his death in an air crash..

1997 October 12 - . 01:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Andoya. LV Family: Sonda. Launch Vehicle: VS-30.
  • DLR AL-VS30-226 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR, INPE. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

2000 October 12 - .
  • STS-92 Mission Status Report #03 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Chiao, Duffy, Lopez-Alegria, McArthur, Melroy, Wakata, Wisoff. Program: ISS. Flight: STS-92.

    The seven crew members aboard the Space Shuttle Discovery spent their first full day in orbit today checking equipment in preparation for the major events to come: docking with the International Space Station on Friday and, in following days, attaching an exterior framework and additional Shuttle docking port to the orbiting outpost. Additional Details: here....


2000 October 12 - .
  • STS-92 - Wakeup Song: Incense and Peppermints - . Flight: STS-92. "Incense and Peppermints" - Strawberry Alarm Clock. The tune is part of the "Austin Powers: International Man of Mystery" movie soundtrack and was played for the crew members, who are fans of the film..

2002 October 12 - .
  • STS-112 - Wakeup Song: Push It - . Flight: STS-112. "Push It" performed by the group Garbage. It was for Piers Sellers, requested by his family..

2002 October 12 - .
  • Death of Dr Dianne Kasnic Prinz at Arlington, Virginia. Lymphoma. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Prinz. American physicist payload specialist astronaut, 1978-1985..

2002 October 12 - . 09:12 GMT - . Launch Site: Okhotsk. Launch Platform: PLBR. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Volna.
  • Operational test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

2002 October 12 - . 09:52 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: Topol. Launch Vehicle: Topol'.
  • Operational test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

2002 October 12 - . 09:55 GMT - . Launch Site: Barents Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: 69.5 N x 34.2 E. Launch Platform: TK-20. LV Family: R-29. Launch Vehicle: Shtil'.
  • Operational test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: VMF. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

2002 October 12 - . 14:31 GMT - .
  • EVA STS-112-2 - . Crew: Sellers, Wolf. EVA Duration: 0.26 days. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Sellers, Wolf. Program: ISS. Flight: STS-112. Second spacewalk to continue installation activities on the S1 truss began at 1429 UTC..

2004 October 12 - . Launch Site: Tilla. LV Family: Nodong 1. Launch Vehicle: Ghauri.
  • Ghauri test - . Nation: Pakistan. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

2005 October 12 - . 01:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Jiuquan. Launch Complex: Jiuquan SLS. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 2F.
  • Shenzhou 6 - . Crew: Fei Junlong, Nie Haisheng. Backup Crew: Jing Haipen, Liu Buoming. Return Crew: Wu Jie, Zhai Zhigang. Mass: 8,040 kg (17,720 lb). Nation: China. Related Persons: Fei Junlong, Jing Haipen, Liu Buoming, Nie Haisheng, Wu Jie, Zhai Zhigang. Agency: SISE. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Shenzhou 6. Spacecraft Bus: Shenzhou. Spacecraft: Shenzhou. Duration: 4.81 days. Decay Date: 2005-10-16 . USAF Sat Cat: 28879 . COSPAR: 2005-040A. Apogee: 338 km (210 mi). Perigee: 331 km (205 mi). Inclination: 42.4000 deg. Period: 91.20 min.

    Moved up from October 13. Second Chinese manned space mission. The two-astronaut crew spent 5 days in space, and worked in the Shenzhou orbital module for the first time. Aside from biomedical experiments, the nature of their work was not divulged, and few images of the interior of the orbital module (with its probable military experiments) were released.


2008 October 12 - . 07:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-FG.
  • Soyuz TMA-13 - . Call Sign: Titan. Crew: Fincke, Garriott, Richard, Lonchakov. Payload: Soyuz TMA s/n 223. Mass: 7,200 kg (15,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Fincke, Garriott, Richard, Lonchakov. Agency: RKA. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Flight: Soyuz TMA-13. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Soyuz TMA. Duration: 178.01 days. Decay Date: 2009-04-08 . USAF Sat Cat: 33399 . COSPAR: 2008-050A. Apogee: 362 km (224 mi). Perigee: 352 km (218 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 91.70 min. Docked at the Zarya port of the ISS on 14 October at 08:26 GMT..

2009 October 12 - . 04:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Balasore. LV Family: Prithvi. Launch Vehicle: Prithvi 2.
  • Prithvi-2 - . Nation: India. Agency: IDRDL. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

2009 October 12 - . 05:03 GMT - . Launch Site: Balasore. LV Family: Prithvi. Launch Vehicle: Prithvi 2.
  • Prithvi-2 - . Nation: India. Agency: IDRDL. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

2011 October 12 - . 05:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Sriharikota. LV Family: PSLV. Launch Vehicle: PSLV.
  • Megha-Tropique - . Mass: 1,000 kg (2,200 lb). Nation: India. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft Bus: IRS. Spacecraft: IRS. USAF Sat Cat: 37838 . COSPAR: 2011-058A. Apogee: 868 km (539 mi). Perigee: 853 km (530 mi). Inclination: 20.0000 deg. Period: 102.20 min. Joint Indian-French remote sensing satellite; carried a MADRAS microwave imager, a Saphir water vapor profile instrument, and a ScaRaB radiation budget scanner..
  • JUGNU - . Mass: 10 kg (22 lb). Nation: India. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Cubesat. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 37839 . COSPAR: 2011-058B. Apogee: 866 km (538 mi). Perigee: 839 km (521 mi). Inclination: 20.0000 deg. Period: 102.00 min. 3U cubesat for the Indian Institute of Technology in Kanpur. Micro-imaging system, near infrared camera to observe vegetation, and GPS Receiver to aid tracking. Successful..
  • Vesselsat 1 - . Mass: 29 kg (63 lb). Nation: Luxembourg. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vesselsat. Spacecraft: Vesselsat. USAF Sat Cat: 37840 . COSPAR: 2011-058C. Apogee: 868 km (539 mi). Perigee: 847 km (526 mi). Inclination: 20.0000 deg. Period: 102.10 min. OHB LuxSpace of Luxembourg satllite to provide AIS (ship tracking) services for Orbcomm..
  • SRMSAT - . Mass: 10 kg (22 lb). Nation: India. Class: Earth. Type: Climate satellite. Spacecraft Bus: SRMSAT. Spacecraft: SRMSAT. USAF Sat Cat: 37841 . COSPAR: 2011-058D. Apogee: 868 km (539 mi). Perigee: 850 km (520 mi). Inclination: 20.0000 deg. Period: 102.10 min. SRM University in Chennai satellite for greenhouse gas monitoring..

2012 October 12 - . 18:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELS. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-ST-B.
  • GalileoSat-3 - . Payload: Galileo IOV-3 / David. Mass: 640 kg (1,410 lb). Nation: Europe. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Galileo Navsat. Spacecraft: Galileo Navsat. USAF Sat Cat: 38857 . COSPAR: 2012-055A. Apogee: 23,228 km (14,433 mi). Perigee: 23,217 km (14,426 mi). Inclination: 55.3000 deg. Period: 844.70 min. In-orbit validation satellite for the Galileo navigation system. Nicknamed David in honor a competition winner, Mr. David Markarjanc (b.2001) of the Czech Republic..
  • GalileoSat-4 - . Payload: Galileo IOV-4 / Sif. Mass: 640 kg (1,410 lb). Nation: Europe. Class: Navigation. Type: Navigation satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Galileo Navsat. Spacecraft: Galileo Navsat. USAF Sat Cat: 38858 . COSPAR: 2012-055B. Apogee: 23,227 km (14,432 mi). Perigee: 23,218 km (14,426 mi). Inclination: 55.3000 deg. Period: 844.70 min. In-orbit validation satellite for the Galileo navigation system. Nicknamed Sif in honor a competition winner, Ms. Sif Skov Christensen (b.2002) of Denmark..

2014 October 12 - . 04:27 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Lynx. Launch Vehicle: Terrier Lynx.
  • MDA Target? - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi). ABM test target..


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