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On September 19 in Space History

1848 September 19 - .
  • William and George Bond's Discovery of Saturn Moon Hyperion - . Nation: UK.

1935 September 19 - .
  • Death of Konstantin E Tsiolkovskiy - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Tsiolkovskiy. Chief Soviet theorist of spaceflight, developed mathematics of rocketry and space travel, identifying basic rocket and spacecraft designs. But work little known outside the Soviet Union, did not influence Goddard and Oberth..

1944 September 19 - . Launch Site: V-2 Battery 444. Launch Complex: V-2 Battery 444. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2.
  • Allied operation 'Market Garden' forces the Battery 444 to leave Walcheren and move to the north to Rijs. - . Nation: Germany. Agency: Wehrmacht.

1949 September 19 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-1.
1951 September 19 - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LA. LV Family: Lark. Launch Vehicle: Lark.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 8.00 km (4.90 mi).

1952 September 19 - . 15:49 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: V-2. FAILURE: Failure.
  • Test / chemical release mission - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 7.00 km (4.30 mi). Launched 08:49 local time. Reached 27.1 km. Carried temperature, composition; cosmic radiation (National Institute of Health) experiments for Signal Corps Engineering Lab, University of Michigan. V-2 number TF-4 never flown..

1957 September 19 - .
  • X-1E Flight 17 - . Crew: Walker, Joseph. Payload: X-1E flight 17. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Walker, Joseph. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft Bus: XS-1. Spacecraft: X-1E. NACA flight 16. Planned mach number not attained, loss of power during pushover from climb..

1957 September 19 - .
  • Birth of Dr Richard Michael Linnehan - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Linnehan. American veterinarian mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-78, STS-90, STS-109, STS-123. US Army.

1957 September 19 - . 16:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Holloman. Launch Complex: Holloman A. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee.
  • Release A (Cs) Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1958 September 19 - .
  • X-1E Flight 23 - . Crew: McKay. Payload: X-1E flight 23. Nation: USA. Related Persons: McKay. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft Bus: XS-1. Spacecraft: X-1E. NACA flight 22. Checkout flight for John McKay..

1958 September 19 - . LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: DF-1.
  • Missile development plans set. - . Nation: China. Related Persons: Tsien. Program: Long March. Fifth Academy finalizes plan to proceed development of indigenous Dong Feng missiles (original DF-1, DF-2, DF-3 designations).

1958 September 19 - . 00:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: R-5. Launch Vehicle: R-5A.
  • E-1 Sodium test Aeronomy/Ionosphere/Meteorite mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: AN. Apogee: 430 km (260 mi). Carried dogs to 430 km altitude..

1959 September 19 - .
  • Mark II Mercury parachute test vehicle air launch - . Nation: USA. Program: Mercury. Spacecraft: Mercury, Mercury Parachute. An air launch of a Mark II parachute (drogue) test vehicle was conducted by the NASA Flight Research Center. This test, the 15th in the series, concluded the Project Mercury drogue parachute development and qualification tests..

1960 September 19 - . 16:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LC-A. LV Family: Journeyman. Launch Vehicle: Journeyman.
  • NERV I Cosmic rays mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 1,884 km (1,170 mi).

1960 September 19 - . 18:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC14. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas D.
  • Research and development test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 1,800 km (1,100 mi). Atlas ICBM fired 9030 statute miles, from Cape Canaveral to the Indian Ocean off the Cape of Good Hope in 50 minutes, the second record distance flight..

1961 September 19 - .
  • Selection of Houston for control center. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Webb. Program: Apollo.

    NASA Administrator Webb announced that location of the new Manned Spacecraft Center would be in Houston, Tex., the conclusion of an intensive nationwide study by a site selection team. The Manned Spacecraft Center would be the command center for the manned lunar landing mission and all follow-on manned space flight missions. This announcement was the third basic decision on major facilities required for the expanded U.S. Range and the establishment of the spacecraft fabrication center at the Michoud Ordnance Plant near New Orleans, La.


1961 September 19 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC51. LV Family: R-9. Launch Vehicle: R-9A. FAILURE: Failure.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1962 September 19 - .
  • USAF announces six pilots selected for Dynasoar - . Nation: USA. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Spacecraft Bus: Dynasoar. Spacecraft: Dynasoar.

1962 September 19 - . 19:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC11. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas F.
  • Research and development / Pod 17 test - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 1,400 km (800 mi). Atlas 8F, the seventh Series F R&D missile, was the 100th to be launched from Cape Canaveral since the first abortive launch on 11 June 1957 and the 145th Atlas to be launched from both Cape Canaveral and Vandenberg. .

1963 September 19 - .
  • Changes in the Apollo CM's landing requirements - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM, CSM Parachute, CSM Recovery.

    MSC made several changes in the CM's landing requirements. Impact attenuation would be passive, except for that afforded by the crew couches and the suspension system. The spacecraft would be suspended from the landing parachutes in a pitch attitude that imposed minimum accelerations on the crew. A crushable structure to absorb landing shock was required in the aft equipment bay area.


1965 September 19 - . 12:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: AN. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1966 September 19 - . LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan II.
  • Gemini launch vehicle (GLV) 12 was removed from storage and erected at complex 19. - . Nation: USA. Flight: Gemini 12. Umbilicals were connected after GLV inspection September 21. Power was applied the next day and Subsystems Reverification Tests (SSRT) began September 23. SSRT ended October 2 and Prespacecraft Mate Verification Combined Systems Test was run October 4..

1966 September 19 - . Launch Site: Johnston Island. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Nike Tomahawk.
  • Sampler (Camera) Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: Sandia. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

1967 September 19 - .
  • L1 Launch Commission. - . Nation: Russia. Program: Lunar L1, Soyuz. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-L1.

    The cosmonauts are training at Area 113, and the launch will be from Area 81. The State Commission meets from 15:00 to 18:30. So far there have been six successful Proton flights and only one failure. The Proton assembly was completed in 71 working days. UR-500 s/n 7 for this launch had 138 systems requiring rework at the launch site and 120 discrepancies (an increase: Proton number 5 for the first L1 launch had 208 reworks/223 discrepancies, while Proton number 6 for the first L1 launch was down to 70 reworks/194 defects). The L1 spacecraft had 15 notable defects on delivery, but this had increased to 100 by the time of the commission. Therefore Mishin should not be certifying readiness for launch. Manned flight to the moon requires a total mission probability of 0.99 to 0.9999, and Mishin puts the current Proton/L1 system reliability at only 0.6. It certainly has to be better- this is an 'all-up mission'. It will be the world's first re-entry at parabolic velocity. On return from the moon the spacecraft has to hit a re-entry corridor only 30 km across. The range of possible touchdown points extends along a 400 km wide corridor stretching from the equator to the North Pole, and extending over the Indian Ocean, India, Central Asia, and Siberia.


1967 September 19 - . 14:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC161/35. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: R-36O 8K69.
  • Cosmos 178 - . Mass: 1,700 kg (3,700 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Class: Military. Type: Orbital bombing system. Spacecraft Bus: OGCh. Spacecraft: OGCh. Decay Date: 1967-09-19 . USAF Sat Cat: 2951 . COSPAR: 1967-089A. Apogee: 258 km (160 mi). Perigee: 138 km (85 mi). Inclination: 49.7000 deg. Period: 88.40 min. Fractional Orbital Bombardment system test..

1967 September 19 - . 18:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC4W. LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan IIIB.
  • OPS 4941 - . Payload: KH-8 no. 08 / Agena D. Mass: 3,000 kg (6,600 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: NRO, USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: WS-117. Spacecraft: KH-8. Decay Date: 1967-09-30 . USAF Sat Cat: 2952 . COSPAR: 1967-090A. Apogee: 401 km (249 mi). Perigee: 122 km (75 mi). Inclination: 106.0000 deg. Period: 89.70 min. KH-8 type satellite. Space craft engaged in investigation of spaceflight techniques and technology (US Cat A). .

1968 September 19 - . LV Family: N1. Launch Vehicle: N1.
  • Bulldozer delays N1 launch by two months - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Afanasyev, Sergei. Program: Lunar L1, Lunar L3. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Soyuz 7K-L1.

    The Zond 5 situation remains the same. The star trackers quit working, and the use of the back-up systems has not been completely successful. However the spacecraft is on course for a ballistic re-entry. At Area 112 Afanasyev heads the State Commission for the N1-L3 first launch. There are problems with the launch complex. The main electrical cable to the launch complex was accidentally bulldozed. The back-up cables were buried only 30 cm from the main line and both were destroyed. The cables were poorly marked. It will take 50 days to repair the damage. This will delay first launch until the second half of November 1968, and the second launch to February 1969. Most likely the first launch cannot take place until next year.


1968 September 19 - . 00:09 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC17A. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor Delta M. FAILURE: Control system failure; destroyed by range safety.. Failed Stage: G.
1968 September 19 - . 01:58 GMT - . Launch Site: Tanegashima. Launch Complex: Tanegashima T. LV Family: LS-C. Launch Vehicle: LS-C.
  • Test mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: STA. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).

1969 September 19 - .
  • MSC reports that 136 flags of other nations were flown on Apollo 11 - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Flight: Apollo 11. Spacecraft Bus: Apollo CSM. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM. MSC replied to a query that 136 flags of other nations, the U.N. flag, and flags from each state and territory of the United States had been flown on Apollo 11. . Additional Details: here....

1969 September 19 - .
  • L1 state commission - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Brezhnev, Mishin, Tyulin. Program: Lunar L3, Lunar L1, Luna. Spacecraft: Luna Ye-8-5, Soyuz 7K-L1.

    VPK Deputy Chairman Tyulin headed a state commission on the L1 programme. Mishin pushed for a manned L1 circumlunar flight in 1970. This meeting was only five days before a Ye-8-5 robot spacecraft was to have returned lunar soil from the earth. The Block D stage failed in earth orbit, and the flight was given the cover name Cosmos 300. This indicated the L1 system still did not have the necessary reliability for manned flight. Furthermore, politically, Brezhnev and the Politburo did not want to see a Khrushchev-originated project like the L1 succeed.


1969 September 19 - . 03:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant IVA.
  • Plasma mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 856 km (531 mi).

1970 September 19 - . 11:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. Launch Complex: Kagoshima L. LV Family: Lambda. Launch Vehicle: Lambda 3H.
  • X-ray / ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 2,017 km (1,253 mi).

1971 September 19 - . 21:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Cajun.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 125 km (77 mi).

1971 September 19 - . 22:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 1.
  • CNES C146 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1971 September 19 - . 22:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ALFS. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 1.
  • CNES C132 Aeronomy mission - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1972 September 19 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF22. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3.
  • OT GT16GB operational test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1972 September 19 - . 19:19 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC41/1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Molniya 8K78M.
  • Cosmos 520 - . Payload: Oko #1. Mass: 1,250 kg (2,750 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Early warning satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Oko. Spacecraft: Oko. USAF Sat Cat: 6192 . COSPAR: 1972-072A. Apogee: 33,393 km (20,749 mi). Perigee: 6,841 km (4,250 mi). Inclination: 69.9000 deg. Period: 715.30 min. Covered Oko constellation plane 3 - 355 degree longitude of ascending node..

1973 September 19 - .
  • Skylab 2 - Wakeup Song: Marine Corps Hymn - . Flight: Skylab 2 . "Marine Corps Hymn" played for Jack Lousma. Jack said Mission Control should be standing at attention..

1973 September 19 - . 09:17 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. LV Family: Musca. Launch Vehicle: Kookaburra 2.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Australia. Agency: WRE. Apogee: 121 km (75 mi).

1974 September 19 - . 02:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kagoshima. LV Family: Kappa. Launch Vehicle: Kappa 9M.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: ISAS. Apogee: 328 km (203 mi).

1974 September 19 - . 14:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Solar Ultraviolet/Solar Extreme ultraviolet mission - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1974 September 19 - . 14:57 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC132/2. LV Family: R-14. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K65M.
  • Cosmos 677 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 73. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 7435 . COSPAR: 1974-072A. Apogee: 1,466 km (910 mi). Perigee: 1,397 km (868 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.50 min. Eight satellites launched by a single carrier rocket..
  • Cosmos 684 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 80. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 7442 . COSPAR: 1974-072H. Apogee: 1,466 km (910 mi). Perigee: 1,416 km (879 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.70 min.
  • Cosmos 678 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 74. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 7436 . COSPAR: 1974-072B. Apogee: 1,532 km (951 mi). Perigee: 1,466 km (910 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 116.00 min.
  • Cosmos 680 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 76. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 7438 . COSPAR: 1974-072D. Apogee: 1,492 km (927 mi). Perigee: 1,466 km (910 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.50 min.
  • Cosmos 679 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 75. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 7437 . COSPAR: 1974-072C. Apogee: 1,511 km (938 mi). Perigee: 1,466 km (910 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.70 min.
  • Cosmos 683 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 79. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 7441 . COSPAR: 1974-072G. Apogee: 1,466 km (910 mi). Perigee: 1,434 km (891 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 114.90 min.
  • Cosmos 682 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 78. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 7440 . COSPAR: 1974-072F. Apogee: 1,467 km (911 mi). Perigee: 1,452 km (902 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.10 min.
  • Cosmos 681 - . Payload: Strela-1M no. 77. Mass: 40 kg (88 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: Strela. Class: Communications. Type: Military store-dump communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Strela. Spacecraft: Strela-1M. USAF Sat Cat: 7439 . COSPAR: 1974-072E. Apogee: 1,472 km (914 mi). Perigee: 1,465 km (910 mi). Inclination: 74.0000 deg. Period: 115.30 min.

1974 September 19 - . 15:47 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere/Chemical release/Plasma mission - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1974 September 19 - . 17:31 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere/Chemical release/Plasma mission - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1974 September 19 - . 19:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy/Ionosphere/Chemical release/Plasma mission - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1975 September 19 - . Launch Site: Johnston Island. Launch Complex: Johnston Island LE2. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Thor DSV-2J.
  • DG-5 - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1975 September 19 - . 05:15 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Tomahawk. Launch Vehicle: Paiute Tomahawk.
  • NMS Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF CRL. Apogee: 128 km (79 mi).

1976 September 19 - . 07:40 GMT - . Launch Site: Poker Flat. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 70 km (43 mi).

1977 September 19 - . 14:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 72 km (44 mi).

1978 September 19 - . 08:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Cosmos 1032 - . Mass: 6,000 kg (13,200 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-2M satellite. Duration: 13.00 days. Decay Date: 1978-10-02 . USAF Sat Cat: 11029 . COSPAR: 1978-088A. Apogee: 226 km (140 mi). Perigee: 215 km (133 mi). Inclination: 81.3000 deg. Period: 88.90 min. Area survey photo reconnaissance satellite; returned film capsule; separated capsule..
  • Nauka Cosmos 1032 - . Payload: Nauka. Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Spacecraft Bus: Nauka. Spacecraft: Nauka. Decay Date: 1978-10-03 . USAF Sat Cat: 11038 . COSPAR: 1978-088D. Apogee: 187 km (116 mi). Perigee: 171 km (106 mi). Inclination: 81.3000 deg. Period: 88.07 min.

1978 September 19 - . 18:30 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 170.
  • Solar ultraviolet Solar ultraviolet mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF GL. Apogee: 192 km (119 mi).

1979 September 19 - . 22:15 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 88 km (54 mi).

1980 September 19 - . LV Family: Shuttle. Launch Vehicle: Space Shuttle.
  • SRB Hydroburst test - . Nation: USA. A production-representative shuttle Solid Rocket Booster was subjected to water pressure until the casing burst..

1980 September 19 - . LV Family: Titan. Launch Vehicle: Titan II.
  • Titan 2 explodes in silo. - . Nation: USA.

    An Air Force repairman doing routine maintenance in a Titan II ICBM silo dropped a wrench socket, which rolled off a work platform and fell to the bottom of the silo. The socket struck the missile, causing a leak from a pressurized fuel tank. The missile complex and surrounding areas were evacuated. Eight and a half hours later, the fuel vapors ignited, causing an explosion which killed an Air Force specialist and injured 21 others. The explosion also blew off the 670-tonne reinforced concrete-and-steel silo door and catapulted the warhead 200 m into the air. The silo was later filled in with gravel.


1980 September 19 - . 10:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Cosmos 1210 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-6U. Duration: 14.00 days. Decay Date: 1980-10-03 . USAF Sat Cat: 11980 . COSPAR: 1980-076A. Apogee: 239 km (148 mi). Perigee: 175 km (108 mi). Inclination: 82.3000 deg. Period: 88.60 min. Photo surveillance; returned film capsule; maneuverable..

1981 September 19 - . 21:28 GMT - . Launch Site: Jiuquan. Launch Complex: Jiuquan LA2B. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Feng Bao 1.
  • SJ-2A - . Payload: Shi Jian 2B. Mass: 257 kg (566 lb). Nation: China. Agency: MAI. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: SJ. Spacecraft: SJ. Decay Date: 1981-09-26 . USAF Sat Cat: 12842 . COSPAR: 1981-093A. Apogee: 1,598 km (992 mi). Perigee: 232 km (144 mi). Inclination: 59.5000 deg. Period: 103.30 min.
  • SJ-2B - . Payload: Shi Jian C. Mass: 28 kg (61 lb). Nation: China. Agency: MAI. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: SJ. Spacecraft: SJ. Decay Date: 1982-10-06 . USAF Sat Cat: 12843 . COSPAR: 1981-093B. Apogee: 1,615 km (1,003 mi). Perigee: 233 km (144 mi). Inclination: 59.4000 deg. Period: 103.50 min. Balloon for drag studies..
  • SJ-2 - . Payload: Shi Jian 2. Mass: 483 kg (1,064 lb). Nation: China. Agency: MAI. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: SJ. Spacecraft: SJ. Decay Date: 1982-08-17 . USAF Sat Cat: 12845 . COSPAR: 1981-093D. Apogee: 1,608 km (999 mi). Perigee: 232 km (144 mi). Inclination: 59.4000 deg. Period: 103.40 min.

1983 September 19 - . 05:59 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: OTRAG. Launch Vehicle: OTRAG. FAILURE: Failure. Failed Stage: 1.
  • Otrag Flight 18 - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR, OTRAG. Apogee: 4.00 km (2.40 mi). 1-3-B 4x9m Test mission.

1984 September 19 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF26. Launch Pad: LF26?. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 3.
  • FOT GT104GB Follow-on Test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1984 September 19 - . Launch Site: Balasore. LV Family: RH. Launch Vehicle: RH-200.
  • Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1984 September 19 - . 03:46 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant 8B.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 308 km (191 mi).

1985 September 19 - . 01:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC90/19. Launch Pad: LC90/pad?. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: Tsiklon-2.
  • Cosmos 1682 - . Mass: 3,000 kg (6,600 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: EORSAT. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Kosmoplan. Spacecraft: US-P. Decay Date: 1986-12-31 . USAF Sat Cat: 16054 . COSPAR: 1985-082A. Apogee: 446 km (277 mi). Perigee: 341 km (211 mi). Inclination: 65.0000 deg. Period: 92.40 min. Ocean surveillance..

1985 September 19 - . 10:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U.
  • Cosmos 1683 - . Mass: 6,300 kg (13,800 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Earth. Type: Earth resources satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-8. Duration: 15.00 days. Decay Date: 1985-10-04 . USAF Sat Cat: 16056 . COSPAR: 1985-083A. Apogee: 370 km (220 mi). Perigee: 193 km (119 mi). Inclination: 72.9000 deg. Period: 90.10 min. Military cartographic satellite; returned film capsule..

1986 September 19 - . 08:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: UNKO. Launch Platform: USHAKOV. LV Family: MMR-06. Launch Vehicle: MMR-06.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: GMS. Apogee: 60 km (37 mi).

1988 September 19 - . 09:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Palmachim. LV Family: Jericho. Launch Vehicle: Shaviyt.
  • Ofeq-1 - . Mass: 155 kg (341 lb). Nation: Israel. Agency: ISA. Program: Ofeq. Class: Technology. Type: Navigation technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Ofeq. Spacecraft: Ofeq 1-2. Decay Date: 1989-01-14 . USAF Sat Cat: 19519 . COSPAR: 1988-087A. Apogee: 1,149 km (713 mi). Perigee: 250 km (150 mi). Inclination: 142.9000 deg. Period: 98.80 min.

    First Israeli launch; possibly experimental surveillance mission. Experimental satellite 'Offeq-1'. Launch time 0934 GMT. Location: site on the coast south of Tel-Aviv. Launching organization: Israel Aircraft Industries, Ltd (IAI) and Israeli Space Agency (ISA). Function: 1) Experimentation in generation of solar power; 2) Experimentation in transmission reception from space; 3) Verification of system's ability to withstand vacuum and weightless conditions; 4) Data collection on space environment conditions and Earth's magnetic field.


1990 September 19 - . 21:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 93 km (57 mi).

1991 September 19 - . 16:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/3. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U-PVB.
  • Cosmos 2156 - . Mass: 6,600 kg (14,500 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Yantar. Spacecraft: Yantar-4K1. Duration: 59.00 days. Decay Date: 1991-11-17 . USAF Sat Cat: 21713 . COSPAR: 1991-066A. Apogee: 345 km (214 mi). Perigee: 160 km (90 mi). Inclination: 67.1000 deg. Period: 89.60 min. High resolution photo reconnaissance; returned film in two small SpK capsules during the mission and with the main capsule at completion of the mission..

1993 September 19 - .
  • STS-51 - Wakeup Song: Rendezvous - . Flight: STS-51. "Rendezvous" by Hudson Brothers.

1994 September 19 - .
  • Kompsat contract - . Nation: Korea South. Spacecraft Bus: KOMPSAT. Spacecraft: KOMPSAT. TRW and Korean engineers would work together to develop the spacecraft. KOMPSAT was based on TRW's Eagle class of light weight, modular spacecraft..

1994 September 19 - .
  • STS-64 - Wakeup Song: Yakety Yak - . Flight: STS-64. "Yakety Yak" by The Coasters..

1995 September 19 - .
  • Astronaut Dr Reinhard Alfred Furrer dies at age of 54 -- Airplane crash. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Furrer. Austrian physicist payload specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-61-A..

1996 September 19 - .
  • Mir News 329: Atlantis docked at Mir - . Nation: Russia. Program: Mir. Flight: Soyuz TM-24, STS-76 Mir NASA-1, STS-79, STS-79 Mir NASA-2.

    'Readdy was ready' and he controlled the free drift with a speed of appr. 2.5 cm/sec of Atlantis to Mir during the final phase of the approach. The result was a perfect soft docking on 19.09.96 at 0313 UTC. The original operation schedule was almost executed on the minute, except for the time of the 'touch', which had been put forward by 4 minutes. For friends in Western Europa who use to monitor radio transmissions during such operations this was a blessing for it meant that the docking could take place within the window for both objects on Mir's orbit nr. 60468, 0307-0315 UTC. So at 031330 UTC they could hear Readdy reporting in Russian: 'KASANIYE' (touch). For this report he used the 130.165 mc FM and immediately after his report commander Korzun in Mir reported on 143.625 mc that he had a positive indication about the docking. Monitoring people always hope that they can pick up that important word 'kasaniye' during dockings of Soyuz- and Progress-ships, but mostly the moment of that touch takes place just a few minutes after LOS of their position, in the past this occurred a few times during Soyuz-TM dockings. Of course it is always possible to log the traffic during such dockings in the final phase of the approach. This time there was not much radio traffic before the 'touch' for Readdy had to do his job with concentration and everybody was watching the operation silently. TV-images transmitted by TV-stations revealed that there were no direct images from camera's on board Mir. So possibly the geostationary Luches: Altair-1 and 2 were not in use. During the first 3 docking missions these images could be seen simultaneously with the images from Atlantis , relayed by TDRS-s. Certainly we will get images made from inside Mir during the docking operation, but these were recorded and transmitted to earth later. During the next pass of the enormous space-complex (in orb. Mir nr. 60469, 0441-0453 UTC) the Mir-crew already had accomplished the air-seal checks and opened 2 hatches of the SO (docking compartment). They also had removed things which had been necessary during the docking and now had to be stowed away. Just before LOS for our position Korzun tried to communicate via 130.165 mc with Atlantis to get information about the proceedings there. Opening of the hatches from Atlantis to Mir took place at 0539 UTC, so not in our VHF-range. Via TV-stations receiving relays via a TDRS we could see nice images of the meeting of both crews and the first gathering on board Mir.

    SAREX STS-79: During this mission there might be radio-amateur activities by the astronauts-radio-amateurs Jay Apt (N5QWL), Carl Walz (KC5TIE) and John Blaha (KC5TZQ). Sarex VHF downlink is 145.840 mc FM with uplink frequencies: 144.450 and 144.470 mc FM. Please do not use 145.840 mc FM for 'uplink' or -during Atlantis passes -local bragging. Chris v.d. Berg, NL-9165/A-UK3202


1996 September 19 - .
  • STS-79 - Wakeup Song: Whole Lotta Shakin' Goin' On - . Flight: STS-79. "Whole Lotta Shakin' Goin' On" by Jerry Lee Lewis referring to the ARIS experiment. ARIS = Active Rack Isolation System, a set of sensors and actuators which dampen out vibrations for ultra-sensitive microgravity experiments..

1996 September 19 - . Launch Site: Bay of Biscay Launch Area. Launch Pad: 47.5 N x 4.5 W. Launch Platform: S616. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: MSBS M45.
  • Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1997 September 19 - . 13:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant IX.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA Greenbelt. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).

2000 September 19 - .
  • STS-106 Mission Status Report #23 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Altman, Lu, Wilcutt. Program: ISS. Flight: STS-106.

    Atlantis' crew turned its attention to checking shuttle systems and packing up equipment for the return home scheduled for 2:56 a.m. CDT, Wednesday back at the Kennedy Space Center in Florida. The weather forecast calls for scattered clouds, a light sea-breeze, and only a slight chance of rain off the coast. Additional Details: here....


2000 September 19 - .
  • STS-106 - Wakeup Song: Houston - . Flight: STS-106. "Houston" performed by Dean Martin (played by crew as well as ground) ..

2003 September 19 - . Launch Site: Mojave. Launch Complex: Mojave. LV Family: SpaceShip. Launch Vehicle: Spaceship One.
  • White Knight Flight 35 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Binnie, Siebold. Program: X-Prize. Spacecraft Bus: SpaceShip. Spacecraft: Spaceship One.

    Flight Time: 2.1 hours. White Knight Pilot: Siebold. White Knight Copilot: Binnie White Knight Flt Engineer: Nichols. Objectives: SpaceShipOne approach and landing profile review Results: Evaluated a variety of different profiles to assess ease of set-up, forgiveness to off normal starts and pilot situation awareness during the approach.


2006 September 19 - .
2006 September 19 - .
  • Death of John Lawrence 'Jack' Finley at Memphis, Tennessee. Natural causes. - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Finley. American test pilot astronaut, 1965-1968..

2006 September 19 - .
  • STS-115 - Wakeup Song: Ne Partez Pas Sans Moi - . Flight: STS-115. "Ne Partez Pas Sans Moi" (Don't Leave Without Me) by Celine Dion for Mission Specialist Steve MacLean..

2007 September 19 - . 03:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Taiyuan. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 4B.
  • CBERS-2B ZY-1 FM2B - . Mass: 1,452 kg (3,201 lb). Nation: Brazil, China. Agency: SISE. Class: Surveillance. Type: Civilian surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Phoenix Eye. Spacecraft: Phoenix Eye. USAF Sat Cat: 32062 . COSPAR: 2007-042A. Apogee: 775 km (481 mi). Perigee: 773 km (480 mi). Inclination: 98.5000 deg. Period: 100.30 min.

    Third China-Brazil joint earth resources satellite. Much higher resolution optics and multispectral sensors expected to be useful for some military applications as well. The satellite raised its orbit to its operational altitude of 773 km two days after launch.


2008 September 19 - . 21:48 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC200/39. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-M/Briz-M.
  • Nimiq 4 - . Payload: Eurostar 3000S. Mass: 4,800 kg (10,500 lb). Nation: Canada. Agency: ILS. Program: Anik. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Eurostar 3000. Spacecraft: Eurostar 3000. USAF Sat Cat: 33373 . COSPAR: 2008-044A. Apogee: 35,749 km (22,213 mi). Perigee: 35,653 km (22,153 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Period: 1,431.70 min. Geostationary television broadcasting satellite launched for Telesat..

2009 September 19 - . 23:46 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant XI.
  • NASA 39.009DR - . Mass: 283 kg (623 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Clemson. Chemical release.

2012 September 19 - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: FTB. Launch Vehicle: FTB.
  • Nation: Brazil. Agency: AEB. Apogee: 32 km (19 mi).

2012 September 19 - . 06:18 GMT - . Launch Site: Balasore. LV Family: ASLV. Launch Vehicle: Agni 4.
  • Agni RV - . Nation: India. Apogee: 900 km (550 mi). Test mission..

2013 September 19 - . 00:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. LV Family: Sergeant. Launch Vehicle: Talos Castor.
  • ARAV-C++ FTM-21 Target - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi). ABM Target - Aegis Readiness Assessment Vehicle-C++.

2013 September 19 - . 00:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. Launch Pad: USS Lake Erie. Launch Platform: CG-70. LV Family: Standard. Launch Vehicle: SM-3-IB.
  • Aegis KV - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi). Anti-ballistic missile. The Aegis missiles were stated to have reached a record altitude for the type, in excess of the 250 km achieved in the 2008 USA 193 antisatellite test..

2013 September 19 - . 00:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Barking Sands. Launch Pad: USS Lake Erie. Launch Platform: CG-70. LV Family: Standard. Launch Vehicle: SM-3-IB.
  • Aegis KV - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi). Anti-ballistic missile. Two Aegis launches, of SM-3 Block IB missiles, took place against an ARAV-C++ separating target (probably a Talos-Castor rocket) launched from Kauai..

2015 September 19 - . 23:01 GMT - . Launch Site: Taiyuan. Launch Complex: Taiyuan LC16. LV Family: CZ-NGLV. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 6.
  • Kaituo-1 - . Mass: 130 kg (280 lb). Nation: China. Class: Technology. Type: Communications technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Kaituo. Spacecraft: Kaituo. USAF Sat Cat: 40899 . COSPAR: 2015-049A. Apogee: 537 km (333 mi). Perigee: 513 km (318 mi). Inclination: 97.4500 deg. Period: 95.13 min. Satellite from Shenzen DFH Company, also called XY 2 (Xinyan-2 or NewTech-2), which tested electric propulsion Hall thrusters. Deployed the DCBB subsatellite..
  • Zhineng hao - . Payload: NUDT-PHONESAT. Mass: 1.00 kg (2.20 lb). Nation: China. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. USAF Sat Cat: 40900 . COSPAR: 2015-049B. Apogee: 536 km (333 mi). Perigee: 511 km (317 mi). Inclination: 97.4500 deg. Period: 95.11 min.

    Zhineng hao shouji weixing (Smart Phone Satellite), a 1 kg satellite also known as NUDT-Phone-Sat, built around the motherboard of an Android smartphone. Deployed four Xingchen 100 gram picosats. The overall experiment was to control a cluster of satellites using intersatellite communications.

  • Zheda Pixing 2A - . Payload: ZDPS 2A. Mass: 12 kg (26 lb). Nation: China. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. USAF Sat Cat: 40901 . COSPAR: 2015-049C. Apogee: 537 km (333 mi). Perigee: 514 km (319 mi). Inclination: 97.4600 deg. Period: 95.14 min. One of a pair of Zhejian University (Hangzhou, Zhejiang) satellites to test MEMS microelectronic technology, including a small deployable truss antenna on top of each satellite..
  • Zheda Pixing 2B - . Payload: ZDPS 2B. Mass: 12 kg (26 lb). Nation: China. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. USAF Sat Cat: 40902 . COSPAR: 2015-049D. Apogee: 537 km (333 mi). Perigee: 514 km (319 mi). Inclination: 97.4500 deg. Period: 95.15 min. One of a pair of Zhejian University (Hangzhou, Zhejiang) satellites to test MEMS microelectronic technology, including a small deployable truss antenna on top of each satellite..
  • Xiwang-2A - . Payload: XW-2A. Mass: 25 kg (55 lb). Nation: China. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. USAF Sat Cat: 40903 . COSPAR: 2015-049E. Apogee: 475 km (295 mi). Perigee: 453 km (281 mi). Inclination: 97.4500 deg. Period: 93.87 min.

    The XiWang-2 ('Hope') cluster of amateur radio satellites was from CAMSAT, the Chinese AMSAT chapter, and Aerospace DFH Satellite Co (Beijing). The 25 kg XW-2A carried two 1.5 kg subsatellites, XW-2E/2F, while the 10 kg XW-2B, 2C and 2D satellites were deployed directly from the rocket third stage.

  • Luliang-1 - . Payload: KAITUO 1A. Mass: 20 kg (44 lb). Nation: China. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. USAF Sat Cat: 40904 . COSPAR: 2015-049F. Apogee: 539 km (334 mi). Perigee: 515 km (320 mi). Inclination: 97.4600 deg. Period: 95.18 min.

    The Tiantuo-3 constellation was from the National University of Defense Technology (Guofang Keji Daxue Yan) in Changsha, Hunan. Its primary satellite, the 20 kg, Luliang-1, was developed in collaboration with the municipal government of Luliang city in Shanxi, near the Taiyuan launch site, for tests of AIS (ship tracking) and ADS-B (airplane data relay) systems. Luliang-1 ejected the Zhineng hao shouji weixing (Smart Phone Satellite), a 1 kg satellite also known as NUDT-Phone-Sat,

  • Naxing-2 - . Payload: OBJECT G. Mass: 20 kg (44 lb). Nation: China. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. USAF Sat Cat: 40905 . COSPAR: 2015-049G. Apogee: 542 km (336 mi). Perigee: 517 km (321 mi). Inclination: 97.4500 deg. Period: 95.23 min. Tsinghua University (Beijing)'s Naxing-2 (Nanosatellite-2, NS-2) had a mass of 20 kg and tested MEMS microelectronic components and carried small Beidou/GPS receivers. It also deployed the Zijing 1 and 2 picosats..
  • Xiwang-2C - . Payload: XW-2C. Mass: 10 kg (22 lb). Nation: China. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. USAF Sat Cat: 40906 . COSPAR: 2015-049H. Apogee: 541 km (336 mi). Perigee: 516 km (320 mi). Inclination: 97.4600 deg. Period: 95.21 min. Part of the XiWang-2 ('Hope') cluster of amateur radio satellites was from CAMSAT, the Chinese AMSAT chapter, and Aerospace DFH Satellite Co (Beijing). The 10 kg XW-2B, 2C and 2D satellites were deployed directly from the rocket third stage..
  • Xiwang-2D - . Payload: XW-2D. Mass: 10 kg (22 lb). Nation: China. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. USAF Sat Cat: 40907 . COSPAR: 2015-049J. Apogee: 541 km (336 mi). Perigee: 517 km (321 mi). Inclination: 97.4500 deg. Period: 95.21 min. Part of the XiWang-2 ('Hope') cluster of amateur radio satellites was from CAMSAT, the Chinese AMSAT chapter, and Aerospace DFH Satellite Co (Beijing). The 10 kg XW-2B, 2C and 2D satellites were deployed directly from the rocket third stage..
  • Zidingxiang-2 - . Payload: LILACSAT 2. Mass: 11 kg (24 lb). Nation: China. Class: Technology. Type: Communications technology satellite. USAF Sat Cat: 40908 . COSPAR: 2015-049K. Apogee: 543 km (337 mi). Perigee: 518 km (321 mi). Inclination: 97.4600 deg. Period: 95.25 min. Zidingxiang-2 ("LilacSat-2") was from the Harbin Institute of Technology in Heilongjiang province, in China's far northeast. The 11 kg satellite carries an ADS-B reciever, and an FPGA radiation exposure test..
  • Xiwang-2E - . Payload: XW-2E. Mass: 2.00 kg (4.40 lb). Nation: China. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. USAF Sat Cat: 40909 . COSPAR: 2015-049L. Apogee: 539 km (334 mi). Perigee: 515 km (320 mi). Inclination: 97.4600 deg. Period: 95.18 min. 1.5 kg amateur radio subsatellite deployed from the XW-2A..
  • Xiwang-2F - . Payload: XW-2F. Mass: 2.00 kg (4.40 lb). Nation: China. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. USAF Sat Cat: 40910 . COSPAR: 2015-049M. Apogee: 541 km (336 mi). Perigee: 516 km (320 mi). Inclination: 97.4600 deg. Period: 95.21 min. 1.5 kg amateur radio subsatellite deployed from the XW-2A..
  • Xiwang-2B - . Payload: XW-2B. Mass: 10 kg (22 lb). Nation: China. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. USAF Sat Cat: 40911 . COSPAR: 2015-049N. Apogee: 540 km (330 mi). Perigee: 517 km (321 mi). Inclination: 97.4600 deg. Period: 95.21 min. Part of the XiWang-2 ('Hope') cluster of amateur radio satellites was from CAMSAT, the Chinese AMSAT chapter, and Aerospace DFH Satellite Co (Beijing). The 10 kg XW-2B, 2C and 2D satellites were deployed directly from the rocket third stage..
  • DCBB - . Payload: KAITUO 1B. Mass: 2.00 kg (4.40 lb). Nation: China. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Cubesat. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 40912 . COSPAR: 2015-049P. Apogee: 536 km (333 mi). Perigee: 510 km (310 mi). Inclination: 97.4600 deg. Period: 95.10 min. 2U cubesat with an amateur radio payload..
  • Xingchen 1 - . Mass: 0 kg (0 lb). Nation: China. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. COSPAR: 2015-049. Apogee: 536 km (333 mi). Perigee: 515 km (320 mi). Inclination: 97.5000 deg. Xingchen ('Starlight') 100 gram picosat, deployed from the Zhineng hao / NUDT-Phone-Sat, measuring only 98 x 98 x 7mm in size..
  • Xingchen 2 - . Mass: 0 kg (0 lb). Nation: China. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. COSPAR: 2015-049. Apogee: 536 km (333 mi). Perigee: 515 km (320 mi). Inclination: 97.5000 deg. Xingchen ('Starlight') 100 gram picosat, deployed from the Zhineng hao / NUDT-Phone-Sat..
  • Xingchen 3 - . Mass: 0 kg (0 lb). Nation: China. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. COSPAR: 2015-049. Apogee: 536 km (333 mi). Perigee: 515 km (320 mi). Inclination: 97.5000 deg. Xingchen ('Starlight') 100 gram picosat, deployed from the Zhineng hao / NUDT-Phone-Sat..
  • Xingchen 4 - . Mass: 0 kg (0 lb). Nation: China. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. COSPAR: 2015-049. Apogee: 536 km (333 mi). Perigee: 515 km (320 mi). Inclination: 97.5000 deg. Xingchen ('Starlight') 100 gram picosat, deployed from the Zhineng hao / NUDT-Phone-Sat..
  • Zijing-1 - . Mass: 0 kg (0 lb). Nation: China. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. COSPAR: 2015-049. Apogee: 541 km (336 mi). Perigee: 519 km (322 mi). Inclination: 97.5000 deg. 234 gram picosat deployed from Naxing-2..
  • Kongjian Shiyan 1 - . Mass: 0 kg (0 lb). Nation: China. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. COSPAR: 2015-049. Apogee: 541 km (336 mi). Perigee: 519 km (322 mi). Inclination: 97.5000 deg. 173 gram picosat, also called Ziging-2, deployed from Naxing-2. Built by the Xi'an University of Electronic Science and Technology (Xidian) in Jiangxi..


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