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On October 8 in Space History

1903 October 8 - .
  • Johannesburg Observatory founded. - . Nation: South Africa.

1913 October 8 - .
  • Birth of Robert R Gilruth - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Gilruth. American engineer, at NASA 1937-1952. Head of Mercury, 1959-1962, Director, Houston, 1962-1972. Under his leadership Mercury, Gemini, and Apollo were designed and flown, America won the moon race, and the shuttle was designed..

1913 October 8 - .
  • Birth of Hans Eiseler - . Nation: Germany, Russia. Related Persons: Eiseler. German graduate engineer in WW2, member of the Rocket Team in the Soviet Union, worked on rocket engine development in Glushko's design bureau from 1947 to 1952. Worked in Engineering and Design; Dept. 61..

1946 October 8 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC33. LV Family: Nike Ajax. Launch Vehicle: Nike-46.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1947 October 8 - .
  • Birth of Dr Yelena Ivanovna Dobrokvashina - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Dobrokvashina. Russian physician cosmonaut, 1980-1993. Civilian Physician, Institute of Biological Medical Problems. Cosmonaut training October 1979 - July 1980. Returned to work at the IMBP..

1947 October 8 - .
  • XS-1 Flight 48 - . Crew: Yeager. Payload: XS-1 # 1 flight 29. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Yeager. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft Bus: XS-1. Spacecraft: XS-1. AF flight 7. Airspeed calibration flight. Plane attained mach 0.925..

1949 October 8 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-1.
1949 October 8 - . 06:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-2e.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: Korolev Design Bureau. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi). Range achieved 569.8 km. Deviation from aim point -0.8 km. Launched at 0905 local time..

1953 October 8 - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Nike Ajax. Launch Vehicle: Nike Ajax.
  • Test mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 10 km (6 mi).

1954 October 8 - .
  • X-1B Flight 4 - . Crew: Murray. Payload: X-1B flight 3. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Murray. Class: Manned. Type: Manned rocketplane. Spacecraft Bus: XS-1. Spacecraft: X-1B. AF flight 3. First powered flight..

1955 October 8 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: V-2. Launch Vehicle: R-1 8A11.
1956 October 8 - .
  • Birth of Dr Janice Elaine Voss - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Voss, Janice. American engineer mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-57, STS-63, STS-83, STS-94, STS-99. Engineer..

1957 October 8 - .
1958 October 8 - .
  • Manhigh III - . Nation: USA. Spacecraft Bus: Man-high. Spacecraft: Man-high. Manhigh III reached 98,000 feet (29,900 m) with Lieutenant Clifton McClure aboard..

1959 October 8 - .
  • Birth of Carlos Ismael Noriega - . Nation: Peru, USA. Related Persons: Noriega. Hispanic-American computer scientist mission specialist astronaut. Flew on STS-84, STS-97..

1959 October 8 - . 21:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: AN. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1960 October 8 - . 14:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Fort Churchill. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant I.
  • DRTE-04 Type II aurora Aurora mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: CARDE. Apogee: 116 km (72 mi).

1961 October 8 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC51. LV Family: R-9. Launch Vehicle: R-9A. FAILURE: Failure.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1962 October 8 - . 19:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. LV Family: Nike. Launch Vehicle: Nike.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 15 km (9 mi).

1963 October 8 - .
  • Joseph F Shea named manager of Apollo Spacecraft Project Office - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Low, George, Shea. Program: Apollo.

    NASA announced the appointment of Joseph F. Shea as ASPO Manager effective October 22. He had been Deputy Director (Systems) in OMSF. George M. Low, OMSF Deputy Director (Programs), would direct the Systems office as well as his own. Robert O. Piland, Acting Manager of ASPO since April 3, resumed his former duties as Deputy Manager.


1963 October 8 - . Launch Site: Kwajalein. LV Family: Spartan ABM. Launch Vehicle: Nike Zeus.
  • Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1963 October 8 - . 19:00 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Boosted Arcas.
  • UJO-1 Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: NASA, RTG. Apogee: 89 km (55 mi).

1964 October 8 - . Launch Site: Point Mugu. LV Family: Arcas. Launch Vehicle: Arcas.
  • ROCOZ - . Nation: USA. Agency: NOTS. Apogee: 50 km (31 mi).

1964 October 8 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC4E. LV Family: Atlas. Launch Vehicle: Atlas SLV-3 Agena D. FAILURE: Failure. Failed Stage: U.
  • KH-7 12 - . Payload: KH-7 no. 12. Mass: 2,000 kg (4,400 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: USAF. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: WS-117. Spacecraft: KH-7. Decay Date: 1964-10-08 . KH-7 type satellite..

1964 October 8 - . 05:32 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Honest John. Launch Vehicle: Javelin.
  • Ion composition Ionosphere / aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 1,004 km (623 mi).

1964 October 8 - . 10:23 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • Luminescent clouds Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 160 km (90 mi).

1964 October 8 - . 10:34 GMT - . Launch Site: Wallops Island. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • B Field 5 Magnetosphere mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 141 km (87 mi).

1965 October 8 - .
  • Failed drop of Apollo boilerplate 6A due to braking parachute - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft: Apollo CSM, CSM Parachute.

    A drop in the boilerplate 6A series, using flight-qualifiable earth landing system (ELS) components, failed because the braking parachute (not a part of the ELS) did not adequately stabilize the vehicle. MSC invited North American and Northrop-Ventura to Houston to explain the failure and to recommend corrective measures.


1965 October 8 - .
  • Apollo Lunar Landing Research Vehicle flown to 91 m - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo. Spacecraft Bus: Apollo LM. Spacecraft: Apollo LLRV.

    A test model of the Lunar Landing Research Vehicle, designed to simulate lunar landings, was flown by former NASA X-15 pilot Joseph Walker to an altitude of 91 m (300 ft). Built by Bell Aerosystems Company under contract to NASA, the research craft had a jet engine that supported five-sixths of its weight. The pilot manipulated solid-fuel lift rockets that supported the remaining one-sixth, and the craft's attitude was controlled with jets of hydrogen peroxide.


1966 October 8 - . Launch Site: Hammaguira. Launch Complex: Hammaguira Bacchus. Launch Pad: Bacchus?. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 1.
  • FU-109 test - . Nation: France. Agency: CNES. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1967 October 8 - . LV Family: Saturn V. Launch Vehicle: Saturn V.
  • Abort of Apollo in the near-pad region would result in land impact - . Nation: USA. Program: Apollo.

    Because of wind conditions, an abort of the Apollo spacecraft from a Saturn V in the near-pad region would result in land impact. To ensure the maximum potential safe recovery of the crew during a near-pad abort, certain forms of preparation within the abort area were being considered. Tests were being prepared at MSC and KSC to determine the most favorable soil condition for spacecraft landing. The capability of the spacecraft to sustain a land impact was also being investigated by MSC.


1968 October 8 - . Launch Site: Biscarosse. Launch Complex: Biscarosse BLB. LV Family: MSBS. Launch Vehicle: SSBS S01.
  • S01C-1 test - . Nation: France. Agency: DMA. Apogee: 500 km (310 mi).

1968 October 8 - . 02:26 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: AN. Apogee: 125 km (77 mi).

1968 October 8 - . 05:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Resolute Bay. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant III.
  • X-ray astronomy / ionosphere mission - . Nation: Canada. Agency: NRCC. Apogee: 153 km (95 mi).

1968 October 8 - . 11:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. Launch Complex: Kiruna C. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 2B.
  • ESRO C35 / 1 X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: Europe. Agency: ESRO. Apogee: 140 km (80 mi).

1969 October 8 - .
  • Soyuz 6/7/8 State Commission - . Nation: Russia. Related Persons: Grechko, Mishin, Shatalov, Volkov. Program: Soyuz. Flight: Soyuz 6, Soyuz 7, Soyuz 8.

    Kamanin takes General Efimov to see the roll-out of the Soyuz 6 booster. Mishin calls during the tour to ask that Volkov be switched with TsKBEM engineer Grechko on the Soyuz 7 crew. Kamanin refuses at this late date, noting in disgust Mishin is always pushing his staff for flight regardless of how it might affect the mission. Efimov is then taken to see the N1 MIK assembly building, the largest building in Europe. They view the construction of the 104-m-long booster's three stages. Next they go out to the pad, surveying the facility from 120 m up in one of the gantries. Kamanin muses that unless the N1 can be made reliable, the Russians will be 7 to 8 years behind the Americans in planetary and lunar exploration. Later the State Commission meets and fixes the launch schedule for the upcoming flights. Mishin does not raise the issue of Grechko flying to the commission. Shatalov is named commander of the entire three-spacecraft group flight.


1970 October 8 - .
  • President Pompidou of France visits Baikonur - . Nation: Russia. Pompidou visited Baikonur and was shown Bion and other open projects. This was in marked contrast to the exhibit provided to De Gaulle in 1966..

1970 October 8 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC142/34. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: R-36 8K67.
  • Palma-4 Operational test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 1,000 km (600 mi).

1970 October 8 - . 08:20 GMT - . Launch Site: Woomera. Launch Complex: Woomera LA2. Launch Pad: LA2 SL. LV Family: Skylark. Launch Vehicle: Skylark 6.
  • X-ray survey X-ray astronomy mission - . Nation: UK. Agency: BAC. Apogee: 232 km (144 mi).

1970 October 8 - . 12:39 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. Launch Pad: LC31. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Voskhod 11A57.
  • Cosmos 368 - . Payload: Bion precursor. Mass: 6,000 kg (13,200 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Zenit-2M satellite. Duration: 6.00 days. Decay Date: 1970-10-14 . USAF Sat Cat: 4571 . COSPAR: 1970-080A. Apogee: 383 km (237 mi). Perigee: 202 km (125 mi). Inclination: 65.0000 deg. Period: 90.40 min. Bion precursor mission. Conducted biological investigations and study of the physical characteristics of outer space..

1970 October 8 - . 13:29 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • DLR N-NA-32 Ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1970 October 8 - . 14:42 GMT - . Launch Site: Natal. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • DLR N-NA-33 Ionosphere / plasma mission - . Nation: Germany. Agency: DLR. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1970 October 8 - . 15:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/1. LV Family: R-12. Launch Vehicle: Kosmos 11K63.
  • Cosmos 369 - . Payload: DS-P1-Yu s/n 42. Mass: 325 kg (716 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Program: DS. Class: Military. Type: Military target satellite. Spacecraft Bus: DS. Spacecraft: DS-P1-Yu. Completed Operations Date: 1971-01-22 . Decay Date: 1971-01-22 . USAF Sat Cat: 4573 . COSPAR: 1970-081A. Apogee: 509 km (316 mi). Perigee: 268 km (166 mi). Inclination: 71.0000 deg. Period: 92.30 min. Development of systems for air defence and the control of outer space..

1971 October 8 - . 01:56 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF06. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B.
  • SSTTP M2-2 Target mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1971 October 8 - . 08:10 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Aerobee. Launch Vehicle: Aerobee 170.
  • Far ultraviolet Stellar photometer Ultraviolet astronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NRL. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1971 October 8 - . 11:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1971 October 8 - . 12:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1971 October 8 - . 14:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. Launch Complex: Kapustin Yar V-2. LV Family: MR-12. Launch Vehicle: MR-12.
  • Ionosphere mission - . Nation: Russia. Apogee: 150 km (90 mi).

1972 October 8 - . 16:10 GMT - . Launch Site: Kiruna. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Nike Apache.
  • SSC NNA 3 Meteorites mission - . Nation: Sweden. Agency: NASA, SSC. Apogee: 109 km (67 mi).

1973 October 8 - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC161/35. LV Family: R-36. Launch Vehicle: R-36 8K67PM. FAILURE: Failure.
  • State trials missile test - . Nation: Russia. Agency: RVSN. Apogee: 0 km (0 mi).

1974 October 8 - . 03:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF02. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 2.
  • FOT GT118M Follow-on Test launch - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF SAC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1975 October 8 - . 00:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC81/23. LV Family: Proton. Launch Vehicle: Proton-K/DM.
  • Cosmos 775 - . Payload: SPRN No. 1. Mass: 2,000 kg (4,400 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Surveillance. Type: Early warning satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Prognoz SPRN. Spacecraft: Prognoz SPRN. Completed Operations Date: 1975-10-08 . USAF Sat Cat: 8357 . COSPAR: 1975-097A. Apogee: 35,853 km (22,277 mi). Perigee: 35,749 km (22,213 mi). Inclination: 14.9000 deg. Period: 1,436.80 min.

    First launch of a prototype for a new geosynchronous ballistic missile early warning satellite. Exploded in orbit. The next launch did not come until nine years later, so this may have been a version of the Oko elliptical orbit early warning satellite. As of 29 August 2001 located at 113.71 deg E drifting at 0.044 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 54.82E drifting at 0.255W degrees per day.


1976 October 8 - . 17:44 GMT - . Launch Site: Thumba. LV Family: Belier. Launch Vehicle: Centaure 2B.
  • ISRO 5.34 Plasma mission - . Nation: India. Agency: ISRO. Apogee: 120 km (70 mi).

1977 October 8 - . 02:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Sea Launch Area. Launch Pad: UNKO. Launch Platform: KRENKEL'. LV Family: MMR-06. Launch Vehicle: MMR-06.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: Russia. Agency: GMS. Apogee: 59 km (36 mi).

1979 October 8 - . 13:30 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC43. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 62 km (38 mi).

1980 October 8 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF03. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B.
  • ABRES AMARV-2 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1980 October 8 - . 18:39 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands LC36. LV Family: Hawk. Launch Vehicle: Taurus Orion.
  • Aeronomy mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: NASA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1982 October 8 - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg LF03. LV Family: Minuteman. Launch Vehicle: Minuteman 1B.
  • RSLP STREP-21 re-entry vehicle test flight - . Nation: USA. Agency: USAF AFSC. Apogee: 1,300 km (800 mi).

1985 October 8 - . 21:05 GMT - . Launch Site: Kheysa. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Apogee: 85 km (52 mi).

1986 October 8 - . Launch Site: Molodezhnaya. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: AN. Apogee: 80 km (49 mi).

1986 October 8 - . Launch Site: Kapustin Yar. LV Family: M-100. Launch Vehicle: M-100B.
  • Nation: Russia. Agency: AN. Apogee: 79 km (49 mi).

1986 October 8 - . 12:45 GMT - . Launch Site: Ascension. LV Family: Deacon. Launch Vehicle: Rocketsonde.
  • Arcasonde - . Nation: USA. Agency: MRN. Apogee: 70 km (43 mi).

1990 October 8 - .
  • STS-41 - Wakeup Song: Semper Paratus - . Flight: STS-41. "Semper Paratus" (Always Ready) by The Coast Guard Band in honor of Bruce Melnick, the first Coast Guard member to fly in space..

1992 October 8 - .
1992 October 8 - . 19:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC43/4. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U-PVB.
  • Foton 8 - . Payload: Foton s/n 8L. Mass: 6,200 kg (13,600 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Class: Materials. Type: Materials science satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Vostok. Spacecraft: Foton. Duration: 15.60 days. Decay Date: 1992-10-24 . USAF Sat Cat: 22173 . COSPAR: 1992-065A. Apogee: 359 km (223 mi). Perigee: 218 km (135 mi). Inclination: 62.8000 deg. Period: 90.30 min. 250 orbits. Microgravity research. Space materials research (conducted jointly with Germany)..

1993 October 8 - . Launch Site: White Sands. Launch Complex: White Sands SULF. LV Family: Storm. Launch Vehicle: Storm.
  • BTTV-4 PAC-2 Target Target mission - . Nation: USA. Agency: US Army. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi).

1993 October 8 - . 08:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Jiuquan. Launch Complex: Jiuquan LA2B. Launch Pad: LA2B?. LV Family: CZ. Launch Vehicle: Chang Zheng 2C.
  • FSW-1 No. 5 - . Payload: Jian Bing 93. Mass: 2,099 kg (4,627 lb). Nation: China. Agency: CASC. Class: Surveillance. Type: Military surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: FSW. Spacecraft: FSW. Decay Date: 1993-10-28 . USAF Sat Cat: 22859 . COSPAR: 1993-063A. Apogee: 2,860 km (1,770 mi). Perigee: 181 km (112 mi). Inclination: 56.6000 deg. Period: 116.50 min.

    The only FSW-1 mission conducted during 1993-1994 was launched into an orbit of 209 km by 300 km at an inclination of 57.0 deg. In addition to an Earth observation Payload, FSW-1 5 carried microgravity research equipment and a diamond-studded medallion commemorating the 100th anniversary of Chairman Mao Tse-Tung's birth. The spacecraft operated normally until 16 October when an attempt to recover the satellite failed. An attitude control system failure aligned the spacecraft 90 deg from its desired position, causing the re-entry capsule to be pushed into a higher elliptical orbit (179 km by 3031 km) instead of returning to Earth. Natural decay did not bring the capsule back until March 12, 1996.


1994 October 8 - . 01:07 GMT - . Launch Site: Kourou. Launch Complex: Kourou ELA2. LV Family: Ariane. Launch Vehicle: Ariane 44L.
  • Solidaridad 2 - . Mass: 2,776 kg (6,120 lb). Nation: Mexico. Agency: Tele Mex. Program: Morelos. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: HS 601. Spacecraft: HS 601. USAF Sat Cat: 23313 . COSPAR: 1994-065A. Apogee: 35,796 km (22,242 mi). Perigee: 35,776 km (22,230 mi). Inclination: 0.0000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min.

    18 C-Band transponders. Stationed at 113.06 deg W. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 113 deg W in 1994-1999 As of 5 September 2001 located at 112.96 deg W drifting at 0.003 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 11 located at 114.89W drifting at 0.001W degrees per day.

  • Thaicom 2 - . Mass: 1,080 kg (2,380 lb). Nation: Thailand. Agency: Shinawat. Program: Thaicom. Class: Communications. Type: Civilian communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: HS 376. Spacecraft: HS 376. USAF Sat Cat: 23314 . COSPAR: 1994-065B. Apogee: 35,791 km (22,239 mi). Perigee: 35,782 km (22,233 mi). Inclination: 0.1000 deg. Period: 1,436.10 min.

    10 C-band, 2 Ku-band transponders. Stationed at 78.42 deg E. Positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 78 deg E in 1994-1999 As of 4 September 2001 located at 78.46 deg E drifting at 0.008 deg W per day. As of 2007 Mar 10 located at 78.52E drifting at 0.005W degrees per day.


1995 October 8 - . 18:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Baikonur. Launch Complex: Baikonur LC1. LV Family: R-7. Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-U-PVB.
  • Progress M-29 - . Payload: Progress M s/n 229. Mass: 7,122 kg (15,701 lb). Nation: Russia. Agency: MOM. Program: Mir. Class: Manned. Type: Manned logistics spacecraft. Flight: Soyuz TM-22. Spacecraft Bus: Soyuz. Spacecraft: Progress M. Duration: 71.89 days. Completed Operations Date: 1995-12-19 16:15:20 . Decay Date: 1995-12-19 16:15:20 . USAF Sat Cat: 23678 . COSPAR: 1995-053A. Apogee: 400 km (240 mi). Perigee: 391 km (242 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 92.50 min.

    Unmanned resupply vessel to Mir. Launched into an initial 194 x 242 km x 51.7 deg orbit. Docked with Mir's rear of the Kvant module port on 10 Oct 1995 20:32:40 GMT (Soyuz TM-22 was docked to the front port). Undocked on 19 Dec 1995 09:15:05 GMT. Destroyed in reentry on 19 Dec 1995 16:15:00 GMT. Total free-flight time 2.36 days. Total docked time 69.53 days.


1997 October 8 - . 02:00 GMT - . Launch Site: Ryori. LV Family: MT-135. Launch Vehicle: MT-135P.
  • Meteorological mission - . Nation: Japan. Agency: JMA. Apogee: 54 km (33 mi).

2001 October 8 - . 14:20 GMT - .
  • EVA ISS EO-3-1 - . Crew: Dezhurov, Tyurin. EVA Duration: 0.21 days. Nation: USA. Related Persons: Dezhurov, Tyurin. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spaceplane. Flight: STS-105 ISS EO-3. The cosmonauts made the spacewalk from the Pirs module. The crew installed the Strela crane on the outside of Pirs and jettisoned some thermal covers. There was some difficulty in closing the Pirs hatch. power to repress (NASA rules). .

2002 October 8 - .
  • STS-112 - Wakeup Song: Venus and Mars - . Flight: STS-112. "Venus and Mars" by Paul McCartney and Wings. It was for David Wolf, requested by his wife, Tammy..

2003 October 8 - . 03:13 GMT - . Launch Site: Sonmiani. LV Family: DF-15. Launch Vehicle: Shaheen 1.
2004 October 8 - .
  • International Space Station Status Report #04-55 - . Nation: USA. Related Persons: Chiao, Fincke, Padalka, Shargin, Sharipov. Program: ISS. Flight: Soyuz TMA-4, Soyuz TMA-5, Soyuz TMA-5 ISS EP-7.

    As the end of its mission approaches, the Expedition 9 crew aboard the International Space Station prepared for the trip home by wrapping up science experiments and continuing maintenance operations of the vehicle. After spending six months onboard, the crew will greet its first visitors one week from today. Additional Details: here....


2005 October 8 - . 15:02 GMT - . Launch Site: Plesetsk. Launch Complex: Plesetsk LC133/3. LV Family: UR-100N. Launch Vehicle: Rokot. FAILURE: The first stage burned to depletion due to a missing command in the software sequence. This resulted in the second stage failing to separate.. Failed Stage: 1.
  • CryoSat - . Mass: 717 kg (1,580 lb). Nation: Europe. Agency: ESA. Manufacturer: EADS Astrium. Class: Earth. Type: Sea satellite. Spacecraft Bus: CryoSat. Spacecraft: CryoSat. ESA Earth Explorer 1 mission failed to orbit. The satellite was to have used radar altimetry for environmental survey of polar ice with great accuracy. Delayed from November 2004, March 25, June 24, July 11, September 15 and 27, 2005..

2009 October 8 - . 18:51 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC2W. LV Family: Thor. Launch Vehicle: Delta 7920-10C.
  • WorldView-2 - . Mass: 2,615 kg (5,765 lb). Nation: USA. Agency: Martin. Class: Surveillance. Type: Surveillance satellite. Spacecraft Bus: WorldView. Spacecraft: WorldView. USAF Sat Cat: 35946 . COSPAR: 2009-055A. Apogee: 769 km (477 mi). Perigee: 766 km (475 mi). Inclination: 98.5000 deg. Period: 100.20 min. Commercial 0.5-meter-resolution, 8-band imaging satellite..

2011 October 8 - . 10:25 GMT - . Launch Site: White Sands. LV Family: Black Brant. Launch Vehicle: Black Brant IX.
  • NASA 36.225UG - . Nation: USA. Apogee: 200 km (120 mi). Astronomy mission. PICTURE payload attempted to image an exoplanet..

2012 October 8 - . 00:35 GMT - . Launch Site: Cape Canaveral. Launch Complex: Cape Canaveral LC40. Launch Pad: SLC40. LV Family: Falcon. Launch Vehicle: Falcon 9.
  • Dragon CRS-1 - . Mass: 9,500 kg (20,900 lb). Nation: USA. Program: ISS. Class: Manned. Type: Manned spacecraft. Spacecraft Bus: Dragon. Spacecraft: Dragon. Duration: 20.00 days. Decay Date: 2012-10-28 . USAF Sat Cat: 38846 . COSPAR: 2012-054A. Apogee: 425 km (264 mi). Perigee: 402 km (249 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 92.80 min.

    One first stage engine had an anomaly at max Q (T+1:20) with some debris observed falling away; the engine was shut down but the remaining engines and the second stage compensated to reach the initial orbit. However, extra propellant was used and stage two did not restart as planned. Nevertheless Dragon reached the ISS on 10 October and was captured by the station's SSRMS arm at 10:56 GMT and berthed to the Harmony module at 13:03 GMT. Following unloading of the cargo delivered to the ISS and loading of experimental results and failed equipment for return to earth, the SSRMS unberthed Dragon at 11:19 GMT on 28 October and released it at 13:29 GMT. At 14:22 GMT the Dragon made a burn to lower its orbit and at 18:28 GMT came the 10 minute 40 second long deorbit burn. The Dragon trunk was jettisoned at 18:41 GMT and the capsule reached entry interface at 19:02 GMT. Splashdown in the Pacific Ocean was at around 123 deg W 28 deg N at 19:22

  • Orbcomm OG2-1 - . Mass: 172 kg (379 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: SN-100. Spacecraft: SN-100. Decay Date: 2012-10-10 . USAF Sat Cat: 38847 . COSPAR: 2012-054B. Apogee: 204 km (126 mi). Perigee: 145 km (90 mi). Inclination: 51.6000 deg. Period: 88.00 min.

    The mission's secondary payload, the first Orbcomm Second Generation communications satellite, was sacrificed in order to allow the Dragon cargo ship to reach the ISS after a rocket engine failure in the booster during ascent to orbit. The OG2 was ejected at 01:37 GMT into a 203 km x 323 km orbit instead of its planned 350 km x 750 km insertion orbit. Orbcomm was not be able to get to the operational 750 km x 750 km orbit. Instead the satellite reentered at 06:19 GMT on 10 October after two days in space, probably over the Pacific west of Vancouver, Canada. An Orbcomm press release stated that they were able to test out the satellite's systems before the reentry.


2013 October 8 - . 06:50 GMT - . Launch Site: Balasore. LV Family: Prithvi. Launch Vehicle: Prithvi 2.
  • Prithvi RV - . Nation: India. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi). Operational test.

2015 October 8 - . 12:49 GMT - . Launch Site: Vandenberg. Launch Complex: Vandenberg SLC3E. LV Family: Atlas V. Launch Vehicle: Atlas V 401.
  • USA 264 - . Payload: Intruder 11 / NROL-55. Mass: 6,500 kg (14,300 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Intruder. Spacecraft: Intruder. USAF Sat Cat: 40964 . COSPAR: 2015-058A. Apogee: 1,201 km (746 mi). Perigee: 1,014 km (630 mi). Inclination: 63.4000 deg.

    The Atlas deployed two NRO satellites and a cluster of cubesats in orbit. Items listed as USA 264 and USA 264 'debris', thought to be a clandestine active payload, were deployed in a 1014 km x 1201 km x 63.4 deg orbit. The satellites were believed to be NRO/Navy signals intelligence satellites, the latest successors to the GRAB/POPPY series, and probably codenamed INTRUDER. Following deployment of the main payloads, the Centaur upper stage made two further burns to a 496 km x 800 km x 64.8 deg orbit and deployed the cubesats from GRACE, the fourth NPS Cubesat Launcher flown on an Atlas Aft Bulkhead Carrier.

  • Aerocube-5C - . Mass: 10 kg (22 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Cubesat. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 40965 . COSPAR: 2015-058B. Apogee: 802 km (498 mi). Perigee: 500 km (310 mi). Inclination: 64.8000 deg. Aerospace Corporation cubesat..
  • Aerocube-7 - . Mass: 2.00 kg (4.40 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Cubesat. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 40966 . COSPAR: 2015-058C. Apogee: 802 km (498 mi). Perigee: 500 km (310 mi). Inclination: 64.8000 deg. Aerospace Corporation cubesat..
  • AMSAT-OSCAR-85 - . Mass: 3.00 kg (6.60 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Technology. Type: Communications technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Cubesat. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 40967 . COSPAR: 2015-058D. Apogee: 802 km (498 mi). Perigee: 500 km (310 mi). Inclination: 64.8000 deg. Also called Fox-1A; amateur radio cubesat from AMSAT-North America..
  • Bisonsat - . Mass: 3.00 kg (6.60 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Cubesat. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 40968 . COSPAR: 2015-058E. Apogee: 802 km (498 mi). Perigee: 500 km (310 mi). Inclination: 64.8000 deg. Cubesat from Salish Kootenai College in Montana..
  • ARC-1 - . Mass: 3.00 kg (6.60 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Cubesat. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 40969 . COSPAR: 2015-058F. Apogee: 802 km (498 mi). Perigee: 500 km (310 mi). Inclination: 64.8000 deg. Alaska Research Cubesat 1 from University of Alaska, Fairbanks..
  • SNAP-3 ALICE - . Mass: 2.00 kg (4.40 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Cubesat. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 40970 . COSPAR: 2015-058G. Apogee: 802 km (498 mi). Perigee: 500 km (310 mi). Inclination: 64.8000 deg. One of three SMDC Nanosatellite Program (SNAP-3) communications cubesats for the US Army Strategica Missile Defence Command..
  • LMRST - . Mass: 2.00 kg (4.40 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Cubesat. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 40971 . COSPAR: 2015-058H. Apogee: 802 km (498 mi). Perigee: 500 km (310 mi). Inclination: 64.8000 deg. Low Mass Radio Science Transponder experiment cubesat from JPL..
  • SNAP-3 EDDIE - . Mass: 2.00 kg (4.40 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Cubesat. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 40972 . COSPAR: 2015-058J. Apogee: 802 km (498 mi). Perigee: 500 km (310 mi). Inclination: 64.8000 deg. One of three SMDC Nanosatellite Program (SNAP-3) communications cubesats for the US Army Strategica Missile Defence Command..
  • PropCube-3 Merryweather - . Mass: 2.00 kg (4.40 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Science. Type: Science satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Cubesat. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 40973 . COSPAR: 2015-058K. Apogee: 802 km (498 mi). Perigee: 500 km (310 mi). Inclination: 64.8000 deg. One of two PropCube ionospheric-propagation-study cubesats from Tyvak Nanosystems and the US Navy Postgraduate School..
  • SINOD-D 1 - . Mass: 2.00 kg (4.40 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Cubesat. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 40974 . COSPAR: 2015-058L. Apogee: 802 km (498 mi). Perigee: 500 km (310 mi). Inclination: 64.8000 deg. One of two SINOD-D cubesats with software-defined radio demonstrations from SRI International..
  • SNAP-3 JIMI - . Mass: 2.00 kg (4.40 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Communications. Type: Communications satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Cubesat. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 40975 . COSPAR: 2015-058M. Apogee: 802 km (498 mi). Perigee: 500 km (310 mi). Inclination: 64.8000 deg. One of three SMDC Nanosatellite Program (SNAP-3) communications cubesats for the US Army Strategica Missile Defence Command..
  • PropCube-1 Flora - . Mass: 2.00 kg (4.40 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Science. Type: Science satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Cubesat. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 40976 . COSPAR: 2015-058N. Apogee: 802 km (498 mi). Perigee: 500 km (310 mi). Inclination: 64.8000 deg. One of two PropCube ionospheric-propagation-study cubesats from Tyvak Nanosystems and the US Navy Postgraduate School..
  • SINOD-D 3 - . Mass: 2.00 kg (4.40 lb). Nation: USA. Class: Technology. Type: Technology satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Cubesat. Spacecraft: Cubesat. USAF Sat Cat: 40977 . COSPAR: 2015-058P. Apogee: 802 km (498 mi). Perigee: 500 km (310 mi). Inclination: 64.8000 deg. One of two SINOD-D cubesats with software-defined radio demonstrations from SRI International..
  • USA 264 Payload 2 - . Nation: USA. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval signals intelligence satellite. Spacecraft Bus: Intruder. Spacecraft: Intruder. USAF Sat Cat: 40981 . COSPAR: 2015-058R. Apogee: 1,201 km (746 mi). Perigee: 1,014 km (630 mi). Inclination: 63.4000 deg. Believed to be subsatellite of USA 246 sigint satellite..


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